Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 36 Southeastern Species, 14669-14672 [2019-07175]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 70 / Thursday, April 11, 2019 / Notices endangered or threatened based on one or more of the following five factors: A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes; C. Disease or predation; D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence. Request for New Information To do any of the following, contact the persons associated with the subspecies under the table in Which Species Are Under Review?: A. To get more information on this subspecies; B. To submit information on this subspecies; or C. To review information we receive, which will be available for public inspection by appointment, during normal business hours, at the addresses given in the table. Public Availability of Comments Comments we receive become part of the administrative record associated with this action. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can request in your comment that we withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. All submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, will be Common name/scientific name made available for public disclosure in their entirety. Availability of Status Reviews All completed status reviews under the ESA are available via either of the following websites: • Service: https://www.fws.gov/ endangered/species/us-species.html. • NOAA–NMFS: https:// www.fisheries.noaa.gov/resources/ documents?title=&field_category_ document_value%5Besa_five_ review%5D=esa_five_review&sort_ by=created. Authority: We publish this document under the authority of the Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). Dated: February 20, 2019. Mike Oetker, Acting Regional Director, Southeast Region. [FR Doc. 2019–07174 Filed 4–10–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4333–15–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service [FWS–R4–ES–2018–N165; FXES11130900000C2–190–FF09E32000] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 36 Southeastern Species Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information. AGENCY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year status reviews of 36 species under the Endangered Species Act. A 5-year review is an assessment of the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review. We are requesting submission of information SUMMARY: Contact person, email, phone 14669 that has become available since the last reviews of these species. DATES: To ensure consideration, we are requesting submission of new information no later than June 10, 2019. However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any time. ADDRESSES: For instructions on how to submit information and review information that we receive on these species, see Request for New Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. For species-specific information, see Request for New Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800–877–8339 for TTY assistance. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Why do we conduct 5-year reviews? Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species in title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the ESA requires us to review each listed species’ status at least once every 5 years. Our regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing those species under active review. For additional information about 5-year reviews, go to http:// www.fws.gov/endangered/what-we-do/ recovery-overview.html. Which species are under review? This notice announces our active 5year reviews of the species in the following table. States where the species is known to occur Final listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date) Endangered .......... Florida .................... 49 FR 34504; 8/31/ 1984. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .......... Florida .................... 50 FR 23872; 6/6/ 1985. USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405. Florida .................... 32 FR 4001; 3/11/ 1967. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Status (endangered or threatened) Contact’s mailing address ANIMALS Mammals amozie on DSK9F9SC42PROD with NOTICES Mouse, Key Largo cotton (Peromyscus gossypinus allapaticola). Mouse, Perdido Key beach (Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis). Roxanna Hinzman, keylargocottonmouse_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4357. Kristi Yanchis, panamacity@ fws.gov, 850–769–0552. Birds Sparrow, Cape-sable seaside (Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis). VerDate Sep<11>2014 Roxanna Hinzman, CSSS_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4358. 16:50 Apr 10, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Endangered .......... Frm 00028 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\11APN1.SGM 11APN1 14670 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 70 / Thursday, April 11, 2019 / Notices Common name/scientific name Contact person, email, phone Caracara, Audubon’s crested Roxanna Hinzman, (Polyborus plancus audubonii). crestedcaracara_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4359. Kite, Everglade snail Roxanna Hinzman, (Rostrhamus sociabilis Evergladesnailkite_5plumbeus). yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4360. Final listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date) Status (endangered or threatened) States where the species is known to occur Threatened ........... Florida .................... 32 FR 4001; 3/11/ 1967. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .......... Florida .................... 32 FR 4001; 3/11/ 1967. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Threatened ........... Florida .................... 52 FR 42658; 11/6/ 1987. USFWS, 1339 20th St. Vero Beach, FL 32960. Threatened ........... Florida .................... 52 FR 42658; 11/6/ 1987. USFWS, 1339 20th St. Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .......... Tennessee .............. Endangered .......... USFWS, 446 Cookeville, USFWS, 446 Cookeville, USFWS, 446 Cookeville, Threatened ........... Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia. Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee. North Carolina ........ 58 FR 68480; 12/ 27/1993. 58 FR 25758; 4/27/ 1993. 49 FR 27510; 7/5/ 1984. Threatened ........... Alabama ................. 52 FR 11277; 4/8/ 1987. 78 FR 60766; 10/2/ 2013. USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F, Raleigh, NC 27606. USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526. USFWS, 110 South Amity Rd., Suite 300, Conway, AR 72032. USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405. USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405. USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405. USFWS, 110 South Amity Rd., Suite 300, Conway, AR 72032. USFWS, 110 South Amity Rd., Suite 300, Conway, AR 72032. Contact’s mailing address Reptiles Skink, bluetail mole (Eumeces egregious lividus). Skink, sand (Neoseps reynoldsi) Roxanna Hinzman, Bluetailmoleskink_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4338. Roxanna Hinzman, sandskink_5-yearreview@ fws.gov, 772–469–4339. Fishes Darter, bluemask (Etheostoma akatulo). Darter, duskytail (Etheostoma percnurum). Darter, snail (Percina tanasi) ..... Silverside, Waccamaw (Menidia extensa). Sunfish, spring pygmy (Elassoma alabamae). Todd Shaw, cookeville@ fws.gov, 931–528–6481. Warren Stiles, cookeville@ fws.gov, 931–528–6481. Stephanie Chance, cookeville@fws.gov, 931– 528–6481. Sarah McRae, raleigh_es@ fws.gov, 919–856–4520. Evan Collins, alabama@ fws.gov, 251–441–5184. Threatened ........... Neal Street, TN 38501. Neal Street, TN 38501. Neal Street, TN 38501. Clams Fatmucket, Arkansas (Lampsilis powellii). Bean, Choctaw (Villosa choctawensis). Pigtoe, fuzzy (Pleurobema stodeanum). Pigtoe, narrow (Fusconaia escambia). Mucket, Neosho (Lampsiis rafineoqueana). Rabbitsfoot (Quadrula cylindrica cylindrica). Ebonyshell, round (Fusconaia rotulata). Kidneyshell, southern (Ptychobranchus jonesii). Sandshell, southern (Hamiota australis). Pigtoe, tapered (Fusconaia burkei). Chris Davidson, arkansas-es_ recovery@fws.gov, 501– 513–4483. Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@ fws.gov, 850–769–0552. Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@ fws.gov, 850–769–0552. Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@ fws.gov, 850–769–0552. Chris Davidson, arkansas-es_ recovery@fws.gov, 501– 513–4483. Rebecca Peak, arkansas-es_ recovery@fws.gov, 501– 513–4475. Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@ fws.gov, 850–769–0552. Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@ fws.gov, 850–769–0552. Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@ fws.gov, 850–769–0552. Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@ fws.gov, 850–769–0552. Threatened ........... Arkansas ................ 55 FR 12797; 4/5/ 1990. Endangered .......... Florida .................... Threatened ........... Florida .................... Threatened ........... Florida .................... Endangered .......... Endangered .......... Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma. Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee. Florida .................... 77 FR 61663; 10/2012. 77 FR 61663; 10/2012. 77 FR 61663; 10/2012. 78 FR 57076; 2013. Endangered .......... Florida .................... Threatened ........... Florida .................... Threatened ........... Florida/Georgia ....... Threatened ........... 10/ 10/ 10/ 9/17/ 78 FR 57076; 9/17/ 2013. 77 FR 61663; 10/2012. 77 FR 61663; 10/2012. 77 FR 61663; 10/2012. 77 FR 61663; 10/2012. 10/ 10/ 10/ 10/ USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405. USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405. USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405. USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405. amozie on DSK9F9SC42PROD with NOTICES Snails Snail, noonday, (Mesodon clarki nantahala). Marstonia, royal (Pyrgulopsis ogmorhaphe). Jason Mays, fw4esasheville@ fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Stephanie Chance, cookeville@fws.gov, 931– 528–6481. Threatened ........... North Carolina ........ Endangered .......... Tennessee .............. 43 FR 28932; 7/3/ 1978. 59 FR 17994; 4/15/ 1994. USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. USFWS, 446 Neal Street, Cookeville, TN 38501. 60 FR 5264; 1/26/ 1995. USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F, Raleigh, NC 27606. Insects Butterfly, Saint Francis satyr (Neonympha mitchellii francisci). VerDate Sep<11>2014 Rebecca Harrison, raleigh_ admin@fws.gov, 919–856– 4520. 16:50 Apr 10, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Endangered .......... Frm 00029 Fmt 4703 North Carolina ........ Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\11APN1.SGM 11APN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 70 / Thursday, April 11, 2019 / Notices Common name/scientific name Contact person, email, phone Status (endangered or threatened) States where the species is known to occur Final listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date) 14671 Contact’s mailing address PLANTS Flowering Plants Arabis georgiana (Georgia rockcress). Michele Elmore, georgiaes@ fws.gov, 706–613–9493. Threatened ........... Alabama, Georgia .. 79 FR 54627; 9/12/ 2014. Banara vanderbiltii (palo de ramon). Carlos Pacheco, caribbean_ Endangered .......... es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297. Puerto Rico ............ 52 FR 1459; 1/14/ 1987. Chionanthus pygmaeus (pygmy fringe tree). Roxanna Hinzman, pygmyfringetree_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4324. Roxanna Hinzmanc, capesablethoroughwort_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4325. Roxanna Hinzman, garrettsmint_5-yearreview@ fws.gov, 772–469–4326. Roxanna Hinzman, scrubmint_ 5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4328. Rebekkah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Rebekkah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Endangered .......... Florida .................... 52 FR 2227; 1/21/ 1987. USFWS, 355 East Hancock Ave., Room 320, Athens, GA 30601. USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .......... Florida .................... 78 FR 63795; 10/ 24/2013. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .......... Florida .................... 54 FR 38946; 9/21/ 1983. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .......... Florida .................... 50 FR 12587; 11/1/ 1985. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .......... North Carolina, Tennessee. 55 FR 12793; 4/5/ 1990. USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. Endangered .......... 60 FR 3557; 1/18/ 1995. USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. Endangered .......... Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia. Florida .................... 52 FR 2227; 1/21/ 1987. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .......... Florida .................... 52 FR 2227; 1/21/ 1987. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .......... Florida .................... 54 FR 31190; 7/27/ 1989. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Chromolaena frustrata (Cape Sable thoroughwort). Dicerandra christmanii (Garrett’s mint). Dicerandra frutescens (scrub mint). Geum radiatum (spreading avens). Gymnoderma lineare (rock gnome lichen). Hypericum cumulicola (Highlands scrub hypericum). Warea carteri (Carter’s mustard) Ziziphus celata (Florida ziziphus). Roxanna Hinzman, Highlands scrubhypericum_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4308. Roxanna Hinzman, cartersmustard_5earreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4312. Roxanna Hinzman, ziziphus_ 5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4302. amozie on DSK9F9SC42PROD with NOTICES What information do we consider in our review? A 5-year review considers the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the current listing determination or most recent status review of each species, such as: A. Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics; B. Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability; C. Conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the species; D. Threat status and trends (see the five factors under How Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?); and E. Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:50 Apr 10, 2019 Jkt 247001 We request any new information concerning the status of any of these 36 species. Information submitted should be supported by documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources. We may conduct a species status assessment (SSA) for some of these species. An SSA is a biological risk assessment to aid decision makers who must use the best available scientific information to make policy decisions or recommendations under the ESA. The SSA provides decisionmakers with a scientifically rigorous characterization of a species’ status, and of the likelihood that the species will sustain populations, along with key uncertainties in that characterization. It presents a compilation of the best available information on a species, as well as its ecological needs, based on environmental factors. An SSA also describes the current condition of the species’ habitat and demographics, and PO 00000 Frm 00030 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 probable explanations for past and ongoing changes in abundance and distribution within the species’ range. Finally, it forecasts the species’ response to probable future scenarios of environmental conditions and conservation efforts. Overall, an SSA uses the conservation biology principles of resiliency, redundancy, and representation (collectively known as the ‘‘3 Rs’’) to evaluate the current and future condition of the species. As a result, the SSA characterizes a species’ ability to sustain populations in the wild over time based on the best scientific understanding of current and future abundance and distribution within the species’ ecological settings. Definitions A. Species means any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, or plant, and any distinct population segment of any species of vertebrate which interbreeds when mature. B. Endangered means any species that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. E:\FR\FM\11APN1.SGM 11APN1 14672 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 70 / Thursday, April 11, 2019 / Notices C. Threatened means any species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. How do we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened? Section 4(a)(1) of the ESA requires that we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the following five factors: A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes; C. Disease or predation; D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence. Request for New Information To do any of the following, contact the person associated with the species you are interested in under the table in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A. To get more information on a species; B. To submit information on a species; or C. To review information we receive, which will be available for public inspection by appointment, during normal business hours, at the listed addresses. amozie on DSK9F9SC42PROD with NOTICES Public Availability of Comments Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices where the comments are submitted. Comments we receive become part of the administrative record associated with this action. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can request in your comment that we withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. All submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, will be made available for public disclosure in their entirety. Availability of Status Reviews All completed status reviews under the ESA are available via the Service VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:50 Apr 10, 2019 Jkt 247001 website, at https://www.fws.gov/ endangered/species/us-species.html. Authority This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). Dated: February 20, 2019. Mike Oetker, Acting Regional Director, Southeast Region. [FR Doc. 2019–07175 Filed 4–10–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4333–15–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [LLORW00000.L10200000.DF0000.19XL1 109AF.LXSSH1070000.HAG 19–00XX] Notice of Public Meeting for the John Day—Snake Resource Advisory Council Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. AGENCY: In accordance with the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 and the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972, the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) John Day— Snake Resource Advisory Council (JDSRAC) will meet as indicated below. DATES: The JDSRAC will hold a public meeting on Thursday and Friday, June 20–21, 2019. The meeting will run from 11:00 a.m. PST to 5:30 p.m. on June 20, and from 8:00–2:00 p.m. PST on June 21. A public comment period will be available from 1:00 p.m. until 1:30 p.m. PST on June 21. The JDSRAC will hold a meeting on October 17–18, 2019. The meeting will run from 12:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. PST on October 17, and from 8:00– 12:30 p.m. PST on October 18. A public comment period will be available from 11:30 a.m. until 12:00 p.m. PST on October 18. ADDRESSES: The June JDSRAC meeting will be held at the Memorial Hall, 120 S. Main St., Condon, OR. This meeting will start with a field trip to the John Day River down Armstrong Canyon Road on June 20. The public is welcome to attend this field trip; however, they must provide their own transportation and a high-clearance vehicle is needed. The meeting will reconvene at Memorial Hall at 3:00 p.m. On June 21, the meeting will begin at Memorial Hall and then the group will travel to Cottonwood Canyon State Park for the remainder of the day. The October JDSRAC meeting will be held at the SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00031 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Umatilla National Forest Office at 72510 Coyote Rd., Pendleton, OR. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Lisa Clark, Public Affairs Officer, 3050 NE 3rd Street, Prineville, OR 97754; 541– 416–6864; lmclark@blm.gov. Persons who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Relay Service (FRS) at 1–800–877–8339 to contact the above individual during normal business hours. The FRS is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to leave a message or question with the above individual. You will receive a reply during normal business hours. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The 15member JDSRAC was chartered to provide information and advice regarding the use and development of the lands administered by the BLM and Forest Service in central and eastern Oregon. Members represent an array of stakeholder interests in the land and resources from within the local area and statewide. All meetings are open to the public in their entirety. The JDSRAC meeting agenda for June includes a continuing discussion on wilderness permits and sustainable recreation on the Deschutes National Forest, a presentation on the issue of illegal occupancy and impacts to public land in Central Oregon, a visit to Cottonwood Canyon State Park, and an introduction to a fee revison proposal for the National Historic Oregon Trail Interpretive Center (NHOTIC). The October meeting agenda includes an update on the Deschutes Wilderness Permit process, an update on the public outreach for the Lower Deschutes River fee change proposals, an update on the Thirtymile Management Plan, an overview of the Virtue Flat OHV area, and a continuation of the NHOTIC fee proposal discussion. Final agendas will be posted online at https:// www.blm.gov/get-involved/resourceadvisory-council/near-you/oregonwashington/john-day-rac. Each meeting will offer a 30-minute public comment period; depending on the number of persons wishing to comment, the length of comments may be limited. The public may also send written comments to the John Day— Snake RAC at BLM Prineville District, Attn. Lisa Clark, 3050 NE 3rd Street, Prineville, OR 97754. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comments, please be aware that your entire comment— including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from E:\FR\FM\11APN1.SGM 11APN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 70 (Thursday, April 11, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 14669-14672]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-07175]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

[FWS-R4-ES-2018-N165; FXES11130900000C2-190-FF09E32000]


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-
Year Status Reviews for 36 Southeastern Species

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year 
status reviews of 36 species under the Endangered Species Act. A 5-year 
review is an assessment of the best scientific and commercial data 
available at the time of the review. We are requesting submission of 
information that has become available since the last reviews of these 
species.

DATES: To ensure consideration, we are requesting submission of new 
information no later than June 10, 2019. However, we will continue to 
accept new information about any listed species at any time.

ADDRESSES: For instructions on how to submit information and review 
information that we receive on these species, see Request for New 
Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For species-specific information, see 
Request for New Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. 
Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the 
Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

    Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA; 16 
U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened 
wildlife and plant species in title 50 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for 
plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the ESA requires us to review each 
listed species' status at least once every 5 years. Our regulations at 
50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register 
announcing those species under active review. For additional 
information about 5-year reviews, go to http://www.fws.gov/endangered/what-we-do/recovery-overview.html.

Which species are under review?

    This notice announces our active 5-year reviews of the species in 
the following table.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                               Final listing rule
                                       Contact person,        Status (endangered or       States where the      (Federal Register     Contact's mailing
    Common name/scientific name          email, phone              threatened)          species is known to       citation and             address
                                                                                               occur            publication date)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         ANIMALS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Mammals
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mouse, Key Largo cotton             Roxanna Hinzman,       Endangered................  Florida..............  49 FR 34504; 8/31/    USFWS, 1339 20th
 (Peromyscus gossypinus              keylargocottonmouse_                                                      1984.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
 allapaticola).                      5-                                                                                              32960.
                                     [email protected],
                                     772-469-4357.
Mouse, Perdido Key beach            Kristi Yanchis,        Endangered................  Florida..............  50 FR 23872; 6/6/     USFWS, 1601 Balboa
 (Peromyscus polionotus              [email protected],                                                       1985.                 Ave., Panama City,
 trissyllepsis).                     850-769-0552.                                                                                   FL 32405.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                          Birds
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sparrow, Cape-sable seaside         Roxanna Hinzman,       Endangered................  Florida..............  32 FR 4001; 3/11/     USFWS, 1339 20th
 (Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis).   CSSS_5-                                                                   1967.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                             32960.
                                     772-469-4358.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 14670]]

 
Caracara, Audubon's crested         Roxanna Hinzman,       Threatened................  Florida..............  32 FR 4001; 3/11/     USFWS, 1339 20th
 (Polyborus plancus audubonii).      crestedcaracara_5-                                                        1967.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                             32960.
                                     772-469-4359.
Kite, Everglade snail (Rostrhamus   Roxanna Hinzman,       Endangered................  Florida..............  32 FR 4001; 3/11/     USFWS, 1339 20th
 sociabilis plumbeus).               Evergladesnailkite_5-                                                     1967.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                             32960.
                                     772-469-4360.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Reptiles
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Skink, bluetail mole (Eumeces       Roxanna Hinzman,       Threatened................  Florida..............  52 FR 42658; 11/6/    USFWS, 1339 20th St.
 egregious lividus).                 Bluetailmoleskink_5-                                                      1987.                 Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                             32960.
                                     772-469-4338.
Skink, sand (Neoseps reynoldsi)...  Roxanna Hinzman,       Threatened................  Florida..............  52 FR 42658; 11/6/    USFWS, 1339 20th St.
                                     sandskink_5-                                                              1987.                 Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                             32960.
                                     772-469-4339.
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                                                                         Fishes
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Darter, bluemask (Etheostoma        Todd Shaw,             Endangered................  Tennessee............  58 FR 68480; 12/27/   USFWS, 446 Neal
 akatulo).                           [email protected],                                                       1993.                 Street, Cookeville,
                                     931-528-6481.                                                                                   TN 38501.
Darter, duskytail (Etheostoma       Warren Stiles,         Endangered................  Kentucky, Tennessee,   58 FR 25758; 4/27/    USFWS, 446 Neal
 percnurum).                         [email protected],                                Virginia.              1993.                 Street, Cookeville,
                                     931-528-6481.                                                                                   TN 38501.
Darter, snail (Percina tanasi)....  Stephanie Chance,      Threatened................  Alabama, Georgia,      49 FR 27510; 7/5/     USFWS, 446 Neal
                                     [email protected],                                Mississippi,           1984.                 Street, Cookeville,
                                     931-528-6481.                                      Tennessee.                                   TN 38501.
Silverside, Waccamaw (Menidia       Sarah McRae,           Threatened................  North Carolina.......  52 FR 11277; 4/8/     USFWS, 551 Pylon
 extensa).                           [email protected],                                                       1987.                 Drive, #F, Raleigh,
                                     919-856-4520.                                                                                   NC 27606.
Sunfish, spring pygmy (Elassoma     Evan Collins,          Threatened................  Alabama..............  78 FR 60766; 10/2/    USFWS, 1208B Main
 alabamae).                          [email protected], 251-                                                     2013.                 Street, Daphne, AL
                                     441-5184.                                                                                       36526.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                          Clams
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Fatmucket, Arkansas (Lampsilis      Chris Davidson,        Threatened................  Arkansas.............  55 FR 12797; 4/5/     USFWS, 110 South
 powellii).                          arkansas-                                                                 1990.                 Amity Rd., Suite
                                     [email protected],                                                                            300, Conway, AR
                                     501-513-4483.                                                                                   72032.
Bean, Choctaw (Villosa              Sandy Pursiful,        Endangered................  Florida..............  77 FR 61663; 10/10/   USFWS, 1601 Balboa
 choctawensis).                      [email protected],                                                       2012.                 Ave., Panama City,
                                     850-769-0552.                                                                                   FL 32405.
Pigtoe, fuzzy (Pleurobema           Sandy Pursiful,        Threatened................  Florida..............  77 FR 61663; 10/10/   USFWS, 1601 Balboa
 stodeanum).                         [email protected],                                                       2012.                 Ave., Panama City,
                                     850-769-0552.                                                                                   FL 32405.
Pigtoe, narrow (Fusconaia           Sandy Pursiful,        Threatened................  Florida..............  77 FR 61663; 10/10/   USFWS, 1601 Balboa
 escambia).                          [email protected],                                                       2012.                 Ave., Panama City,
                                     850-769-0552.                                                                                   FL 32405.
Mucket, Neosho (Lampsiis            Chris Davidson,        Endangered................  Arkansas, Kansas,      78 FR 57076; 9/17/    USFWS, 110 South
 rafineoqueana).                     arkansas-                                          Missouri, Oklahoma.    2013.                 Amity Rd., Suite
                                     [email protected],                                                                            300, Conway, AR
                                     501-513-4483.                                                                                   72032.
Rabbitsfoot (Quadrula cylindrica    Rebecca Peak,          Threatened................  Alabama, Arkansas,     78 FR 57076; 9/17/    USFWS, 110 South
 cylindrica).                        arkansas-                                          Illinois, Indiana,     2013.                 Amity Rd., Suite
                                     [email protected],                               Kansas, Kentucky,                            300, Conway, AR
                                     501-513-4475.                                      Louisiana,                                   72032.
                                                                                        Mississippi,
                                                                                        Missouri, Ohio,
                                                                                        Oklahoma,
                                                                                        Pennsylvania,
                                                                                        Tennessee.
Ebonyshell, round (Fusconaia        Sandy Pursiful,        Endangered................  Florida..............  77 FR 61663; 10/10/   USFWS, 1601 Balboa
 rotulata).                          [email protected],                                                       2012.                 Ave., Panama City,
                                     850-769-0552.                                                                                   FL 32405.
Kidneyshell, southern               Sandy Pursiful,        Endangered................  Florida..............  77 FR 61663; 10/10/   USFWS, 1601 Balboa
 (Ptychobranchus jonesii).           [email protected],                                                       2012.                 Ave., Panama City,
                                     850-769-0552.                                                                                   FL 32405.
Sandshell, southern (Hamiota        Sandy Pursiful,        Threatened................  Florida..............  77 FR 61663; 10/10/   USFWS, 1601 Balboa
 australis).                         [email protected],                                                       2012.                 Ave., Panama City,
                                     850-769-0552.                                                                                   FL 32405.
Pigtoe, tapered (Fusconaia burkei)  Sandy Pursiful,        Threatened................  Florida/Georgia......  77 FR 61663; 10/10/   USFWS, 1601 Balboa
                                     [email protected],                                                       2012.                 Ave., Panama City,
                                     850-769-0552.                                                                                   FL 32405.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Snails
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Snail, noonday, (Mesodon clarki     Jason Mays,            Threatened................  North Carolina.......  43 FR 28932; 7/3/     USFWS, 160 Zillicoa
 nantahala).                         [email protected]                                                      1978.                 St., Asheville, NC
                                     ov, 828-258-3939.                                                                               28801.
Marstonia, royal (Pyrgulopsis       Stephanie Chance,      Endangered................  Tennessee............  59 FR 17994; 4/15/    USFWS, 446 Neal
 ogmorhaphe).                        [email protected],                                                       1994.                 Street, Cookeville,
                                     931-528-6481.                                                                                   TN 38501.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Insects
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Butterfly, Saint Francis satyr      Rebecca Harrison,      Endangered................  North Carolina.......  60 FR 5264; 1/26/     USFWS, 551 Pylon
 (Neonympha mitchellii francisci).   [email protected]                                                      1995.                 Drive, #F, Raleigh,
                                     v, 919-856-4520.                                                                                NC 27606.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 14671]]

 
                                                                         PLANTS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Flowering Plants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arabis georgiana (Georgia           Michele Elmore,        Threatened................  Alabama, Georgia.....  79 FR 54627; 9/12/    USFWS, 355 East
 rockcress).                         [email protected],                                                        2014.                 Hancock Ave., Room
                                     706-613-9493.                                                                                   320, Athens, GA
                                                                                                                                     30601.
Banara vanderbiltii (palo de        Carlos Pacheco,        Endangered................  Puerto Rico..........  52 FR 1459; 1/14/     USFWS, Road 301, Km
 ramon).                             [email protected]                                                      1987.                 5.1, P.O. Box 491,
                                     , 787-851-7297.                                                                                 Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                                                                                                                     00622.
Chionanthus pygmaeus (pygmy fringe  Roxanna Hinzman,       Endangered................  Florida..............  52 FR 2227; 1/21/     USFWS, 1339 20th
 tree).                              pygmyfringetree_5-                                                        1987.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                             32960.
                                     772-469-4324.
Chromolaena frustrata (Cape Sable   Roxanna Hinzmanc,      Endangered................  Florida..............  78 FR 63795; 10/24/   USFWS, 1339 20th
 thoroughwort).                      capesablethoroughwor                                                      2013.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     t_5-                                                                                            32960.
                                     [email protected],
                                     772-469-4325.
Dicerandra christmanii (Garrett's   Roxanna Hinzman,       Endangered................  Florida..............  54 FR 38946; 9/21/    USFWS, 1339 20th
 mint).                              garrettsmint_5-                                                           1983.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                             32960.
                                     772-469-4326.
Dicerandra frutescens (scrub mint)  Roxanna Hinzman,       Endangered................  Florida..............  50 FR 12587; 11/1/    USFWS, 1339 20th
                                     scrubmint_5-                                                              1985.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                             32960.
                                     772-469-4328.
Geum radiatum (spreading avens)...  Rebekkah Reid,         Endangered................  North Carolina,        55 FR 12793; 4/5/     USFWS, 160 Zillicoa
                                     [email protected]                               Tennessee.             1990.                 St., Asheville, NC
                                     ov, 828-258-3939.                                                                               28801.
Gymnoderma lineare (rock gnome      Rebekkah Reid,         Endangered................  Georgia, North         60 FR 3557; 1/18/     USFWS, 160 Zillicoa
 lichen).                            [email protected]                               Carolina, South        1995.                 St., Asheville, NC
                                     ov, 828-258-3939.                                  Carolina, Tennessee,                         28801.
                                                                                        Virginia.
Hypericum cumulicola (Highlands     Roxanna Hinzman,       Endangered................  Florida..............  52 FR 2227; 1/21/     USFWS, 1339 20th
 scrub hypericum).                   Highlandsscrubhyperi                                                      1987.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     cum_5-                                                                                          32960.
                                     [email protected],
                                     772-469-4308.
Warea carteri (Carter's mustard)..  Roxanna Hinzman,       Endangered................  Florida..............  52 FR 2227; 1/21/     USFWS, 1339 20th
                                     cartersmustard_5-                                                         1987.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                              32960.
                                     772-469-4312.
Ziziphus celata (Florida ziziphus)  Roxanna Hinzman,       Endangered................  Florida..............  54 FR 31190; 7/27/    USFWS, 1339 20th
                                     ziziphus_5-                                                               1989.                 St., Vero Beach, FL
                                     [email protected],                                                                             32960.
                                     772-469-4302.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

What information do we consider in our review?

    A 5-year review considers the best scientific and commercial data 
that have become available since the current listing determination or 
most recent status review of each species, such as:
    A. Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, 
distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;
    B. Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, 
distribution, and suitability;
    C. Conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the 
species;
    D. Threat status and trends (see the five factors under How Do We 
Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?); and
    E. Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not 
limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of 
erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical 
methods.
    We request any new information concerning the status of any of 
these 36 species. Information submitted should be supported by 
documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to 
gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent 
publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.
    We may conduct a species status assessment (SSA) for some of these 
species. An SSA is a biological risk assessment to aid decision makers 
who must use the best available scientific information to make policy 
decisions or recommendations under the ESA. The SSA provides 
decisionmakers with a scientifically rigorous characterization of a 
species' status, and of the likelihood that the species will sustain 
populations, along with key uncertainties in that characterization. It 
presents a compilation of the best available information on a species, 
as well as its ecological needs, based on environmental factors. An SSA 
also describes the current condition of the species' habitat and 
demographics, and probable explanations for past and ongoing changes in 
abundance and distribution within the species' range. Finally, it 
forecasts the species' response to probable future scenarios of 
environmental conditions and conservation efforts. Overall, an SSA uses 
the conservation biology principles of resiliency, redundancy, and 
representation (collectively known as the ``3 Rs'') to evaluate the 
current and future condition of the species. As a result, the SSA 
characterizes a species' ability to sustain populations in the wild 
over time based on the best scientific understanding of current and 
future abundance and distribution within the species' ecological 
settings.

Definitions

    A. Species means any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, or 
plant, and any distinct population segment of any species of vertebrate 
which interbreeds when mature.
    B. Endangered means any species that is in danger of extinction 
throughout all or a significant portion of its range.

[[Page 14672]]

    C. Threatened means any species that is likely to become an 
endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a 
significant portion of its range.

How do we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened?

    Section 4(a)(1) of the ESA requires that we determine whether a 
species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the 
following five factors:
    A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or 
curtailment of its habitat or range;
    B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or 
educational purposes;
    C. Disease or predation;
    D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or
    E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued 
existence.

Request for New Information

    To do any of the following, contact the person associated with the 
species you are interested in under the table in Supplementary 
Information:
    A. To get more information on a species;
    B. To submit information on a species; or
    C. To review information we receive, which will be available for 
public inspection by appointment, during normal business hours, at the 
listed addresses.

Public Availability of Comments

    Comments and materials received will be available for public 
inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices 
where the comments are submitted. Comments we receive become part of 
the administrative record associated with this action. Before including 
your address, phone number, email address, or other personal 
identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your 
entire comment--including your personal identifying information--may be 
made publicly available at any time. While you can request in your 
comment that we withhold your personal identifying information from 
public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. All 
submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals 
identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations 
or businesses, will be made available for public disclosure in their 
entirety.

Availability of Status Reviews

    All completed status reviews under the ESA are available via the 
Service website, at https://www.fws.gov/endangered/species/us-species.html.

Authority

    This document is published under the authority of the Endangered 
Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

    Dated: February 20, 2019.
Mike Oetker,
Acting Regional Director, Southeast Region.
[FR Doc. 2019-07175 Filed 4-10-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4333-15-P