Civil Monetary Penalty Adjustments for Inflation, 13499-13513 [2019-06745]

Download as PDF 13499 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 84, No. 66 Friday, April 5, 2019 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY 6 CFR Part 27 8 CFR Parts 270, 274a, and 280 U.S. Customs and Border Protection 19 CFR Part 4 Table of Contents I. Statutory and Regulatory Background II. Overview of Final Rule III. Adjustments by Component A. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency B. U.S. Customs and Border Protection C. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement D. U.S. Coast Guard E. Transportation Security Administration IV. Administrative Procedure Act V. Regulatory Analyses A. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 B. Regulatory Flexibility Act C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act D. Paperwork Reduction Act VI. Signing Authority Coast Guard I. Statutory and Regulatory Background 33 CFR Part 27 On November 2, 2015, the President signed into law the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Pub. L. 114– 74 section 701 (Nov. 2, 2015)) (2015 Act).1 The 2015 Act amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note) to improve the effectiveness of civil monetary penalties and to maintain their deterrent effect. The 2015 Act required agencies to: (1) Adjust the level of civil monetary penalties with an initial ‘‘catch-up’’ adjustment through issuance of an Interim Final Rule (IFR) and (2) make subsequent annual adjustments for inflation. Through the ‘‘catch-up’’ adjustment, agencies were required to adjust the maximum amounts of civil monetary penalties to more accurately reflect inflation rates. For the subsequent annual adjustments, the 2015 Act requires agencies to increase the penalty amounts by a cost-of-living adjustment. The 2015 Act directs OMB to provide guidance to agencies each year to assist agencies in making the annual adjustments. The 2015 Act requires agencies to make the annual adjustments no later than January 15 of each year and to publish the adjustments in the Federal Register. Pursuant to the 2015 Act, DHS undertook a review of the civil penalties that DHS and its components Transportation Security Administration 49 CFR Part 1503 RIN 1601–AA80 Civil Monetary Penalty Adjustments for Inflation Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: In this final rule, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is making the 2019 annual inflation adjustment to its civil monetary penalties. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act) was signed into law on November 2, 2015. Pursuant to the 2015 Act, all agencies must adjust civil monetary penalties annually and publish the adjustment in the Federal Register. Accordingly, this final rule adjusts DHS’s civil monetary penalties for 2019 pursuant to the 2015 Act and OMB guidance. The new penalties will be effective for penalties assessed after April 5, 2019 whose associated violations occurred after November 2, 2015. SUMMARY: khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Phone: 202–447–4384. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: DATES: This rule is effective on April 5, 2019. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Megan Westmoreland, AttorneyAdvisor, Office of the General Counsel, VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 1 The 2015 Act was enacted as part of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015, Public Law 114–74 (Nov. 2, 2015). PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 administer.2 On July 1, 2016, DHS published an IFR adjusting the maximum civil monetary penalties with an initial ‘‘catch-up’’ adjustment, as required by the 2015 Act.3 DHS calculated the adjusted penalties based upon nondiscretionary provisions in the 2015 Act and upon guidance that OMB issued to agencies on February 24, 2016.4 The adjusted penalties were effective for civil penalties assessed after August 1, 2016 (the effective date of the IFR) whose associated violations occurred after November 2, 2015 (the date of enactment of the 2015 Act). On January 27, 2017, DHS published a final rule finalizing the IFR and making the annual adjustment for 2017.5 DHS made the 2018 annual inflation adjustment on April 2, 2018.6 II. Overview of the Final Rule This final rule makes the 2019 annual inflation adjustments to civil monetary penalties pursuant to the 2015 Act and pursuant to guidance OMB issued to agencies on December 14, 2018.7 The penalty amounts in this final rule will be effective for penalties assessed after April 5, 2019 where the associated violation occurred after November 2, 2015. Consistent with OMB guidance, the 2015 Act does not change previously assessed penalties that the agency is actively collecting or has collected. The adjusted penalty amounts will apply to penalties assessed after the effective date of this final rule. We discuss civil penalties by DHS component in Section III below. For 2 The 2015 Act applies to all agency civil penalties except for any penalty (including any addition to tax and additional amount) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) and the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1202 et seq.). See sec. 4(a)(1) of the 2015 Act. In the case of DHS, several civil penalties that are assessed by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and the U.S. Coast Guard fall under the Tariff Act of 1930, and thus DHS did not adjust those civil penalties in this rulemaking. 3 See 81 FR 42987. 4 OMB, Implementation of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Table A, 24 February 2016. https:// www.whitehouse.gov/sites/whitehouse.gov/files/ omb/memoranda/2016/m-16-06.pdf (last accessed Dec. 5, 2017). 5 See 82 FR 8572. 6 See 83 FR 13826. 7 OMB Memorandum M–19–04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. Available at https://www.whitehouse.gov/wpcontent/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf. E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 13500 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations each component identified in Section III, below, we briefly describe the relevant civil penalty (or penalties), and we provide a table showing the increase in the penalties for 2019. In the table for each component, we show (1) the penalty name, (2) the penalty statutory and/or regulatory citation, (3) the penalty amount as adjusted in the 2017 final rule, (4) the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier for 2019 that OMB provided in its December 14, 2018 guidance, and (5) the new 2019 adjusted penalty. The 2015 Act instructs agencies to round penalties to the nearest $1. For a more complete discussion of the method used for calculating the initial ‘‘catch-up’’ inflation adjustments and a component-by-component breakdown to the nature of the civil penalties and relevant legal authorities, please see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 42987–43000. III. Adjustments by Component In the following sections, we briefly describe the civil penalties that DHS and its components assess. We include tables at the end of each section, which list the individual adjustments for each penalty. A. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) (formerly the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD)) 8 administers only one civil penalty that the 2015 Act affects. That penalty assesses fines for violations of the Chemical Facility AntiTerrorism Standards (CFATS). CFATS is a program that regulates the security of chemical facilities that, in the discretion of the Secretary, present high levels of security risk. DHS established the CFATS program in 2007 pursuant to section 550 of the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 109–295).9 The CFATS regulation is located in part 27 of title 6 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment for the CFATS penalty that CISA administers. TABLE 1—CFATS CIVIL PENALTY ADJUSTMENT Penalty amount as adjusted in the 2018 FR Penalty name Citation Penalty for non-compliance with CFATS regulations .. 6 U.S.C. 624(b)(1); 6 CFR 27.300(b)(3). Multiplier * $34,013 per day .... New penalty as adjusted by this final rule 1.02522 $34,871 * OMB Memorandum M–19–04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf. B. U.S. Customs and Border Protection U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) assesses civil monetary penalties under various titles of the United States Code and the CFR. These include penalties for certain violations of title 8 of the CFR regarding the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (Pub. L. 82– 414, as amended) (INA). The INA contains provisions that impose penalties on persons, including carriers and aliens, who violate specified provisions of the INA. The relevant penalty provisions are located in numerous sections of the INA, however CBP has enumerated these penalties in regulation in one location—8 CFR 280.53. For a complete list of the INA sections for which penalties are assessed, in addition to a brief description of each violation, see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 42989–42990. On December 8, 2017, CBP adjusted three non-INA penalties inadvertently left out of the IFR and 2017 final rule.10 The three penalties concerned the following violations: Transporting passengers between coastwise points in the United States by a non-coastwise qualified vessel; towing a vessel between coastwise points in the United States by a non-coastwise qualified vessel; and dealing in or using an empty stamped imported liquor container after it has already been used once. On December 28, 2018, CBP adjusted two additional non-INA penalties inadvertently left out of the IFR and 2018 final rule.11 The two penalties concern the following violations: Transporting passengers coastwise for hire by certain vessels (known as Bowaters vessels) that do not meet specified conditions; and employing a vessel in a trade without a required Certificate of Documentation. This final rule incorporates these penalties, in addition to the other CBP penalties, and adjusts them according to the 2019 multiplier. Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment for the penalties that CBP administers. TABLE 2—U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION CIVIL PENALTIES ADJUSTMENTS Penalty name khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Penalties for non-compliance with arrival and departure manifest requirements for passengers, crewmembers, or occupants transported on commercial vessels or aircraft arriving to or departing from the United States. 8 On November 16, 2018, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act of 2018 (Pub. L. 115–278), was enacted to redesignate NPPD as CISA. Henceforth, CISA is the DHS operational component responsible for overseeing critical infrastructure protection, cybersecurity, and other related programs. VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 Penalty amount as adjusted in the 2018 FR Citation 8 U.S.C. 1221(g); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(1) (INA section 231(g)). $1,360 .................... 9 Section 550 has since been superseded by the Protecting and Securing Chemical Facilities from Terrorist Attacks Act of 2014 (Pub. L. 113–254). The new legislation codified the statutory authority for the CFATS program within Title XXI of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended. See 6 U.S.C. 621 et seq. Public Law 113–254 authorized the CFATS program from January 18, 2015 to PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Multiplier * 1.02522 New penalty as adjusted by this final rule $1,394. January 17, 2019. The Chemical Facility AntiTerrorism Standards Program Extension Act (Pub. L. 116–2) extends the CFATS program authorization to April 17, 2020. DHS is adding these citations to the authority citation for part 27 of title 6 of the Code of Federal Regulations. 10 See 82 FR 57821. 11 See 83 FR 67069. E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 13501 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations TABLE 2—U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION CIVIL PENALTIES ADJUSTMENTS—Continued Penalties for non-compliance with landing requirements at designated ports of entry for aircraft transporting aliens. Penalties for failure to depart voluntarily ..................... 8 U.S.C. 1224; 8 CFR 280.53(b)(2); (INA section 234). 8 U.S.C. 1229c(d); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(3) (INA section 240B(d)). 8 U.S.C. 1253(c)(1)(A); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(4); (INA section 243(c)(1)(A)). 3,695 ...................... 1.02522 3,788. 1,558–7,791 ........... 1.02522 1,597–7,987. 3,116 ...................... 1.02522 3,195. 8 U.S.C. 1253(c)(1)(B); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(5) (INA section 243(c)(1)(B)). 8 U.S.C. 1281(d); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(6); (INA section 251(d)). 7,791 ...................... 1.02522 7,987. 369 for each alien .. 1.02522 378. 8 U.S.C. 1281(d); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(6); (INA section 251(d)). 8 U.S.C. 1284(a); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(7) (INA section 254(a)). 8 U.S.C. 1285; 8 CFR 280.53(b)(8) (INA section 255). 8 U.S.C. 1286; 8 CFR 280.53(b)(9) (INA section 256). 8 U.S.C. 1287; 8 CFR 280.53(b)(10); (INA section 257). 8 U.S.C. 1321(a); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(11) (INA section 271(a)). 8 U.S.C. 1322(a); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(12) (INA section 272(a)). 8 U.S.C. 1323(b); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(13) (INA section 273(b)). 8 U.S.C. 1324d; 8 CFR 280.53(b)(14) (INA section 274D). 8 U.S.C. 1325(b); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(15) (INA section 275(b)). 19 U.S.C. 469 ................... 9,239 ...................... 1.02522 9,472. 924–5,543 .............. 1.02522 947–5,683. 1,848 ...................... 1.02522 1,895. 2,771–5,543 ........... 1.02522 2,841–5,683. 18,477 .................... 1.02522 18,943. 5,543 ...................... 1.02522 5,683. 5,543 ...................... 1.02522 5,683. 5,543 ...................... 1.02522 5,683. 779 ......................... 1.02522 799. 78–390 ................... 1.02522 80–400. 518 ......................... 1.02522 *** 531. 1296 ....................... 1.02522 1329. 518 ......................... 1.02522 *** 531. 46 U.S.C. 55103(b); 19 CFR 4.80(b)(2). 778 ......................... 1.02522 798. 46 U.S.C. 55111(c); 19 CFR 4.92. 907–2852, plus 155 per ton. 1.02522 930–2,924, plus 159 per ton. Penalties for failure to report an illegal landing or desertion of alien crewmen, and for each alien not reported on arrival or departure manifest or lists required in accordance with section 251 of the INA. Penalties for use of alien crewmen for longshore work in violation of section 251(d) of the INA. Penalties for failure to control, detain, or remove alien crewmen. Penalties for employment on passenger vessels of aliens afflicted with certain disabilities. Penalties for discharge of alien crewmen ................... Penalties for bringing into the United States alien crewmen with intent to evade immigration laws. Penalties for failure to prevent the unauthorized landing of aliens. Penalties for bringing to the United States aliens subject to denial of admission on a health-related ground. Penalties for bringing to the United States aliens without required documentation. Penalties for failure to depart ...................................... Penalties for improper entry ........................................ Penalty for dealing in or using empty stamped imported liquor containers. Penalty for employing a vessel in a trade without a required Certificate of Documentation **. Penalty for transporting passengers coastwise for hire by certain vessels (known as Bowaters vessels) that do not meet specified conditions **. Penalty for transporting passengers between coastwise points in the United States by a non-coastwise qualified vessel. Penalty for towing a vessel between coastwise points in the United States by a non-coastwise qualified vessel. 19 U.S.C. 1706a; 19 CFR 4.80(i). 46 U.S.C. 12118(f)(3) ....... Multiplier * New penalty as adjusted by this final rule Citation Penalties for violations of removal orders relating to aliens transported on vessels or aircraft under section 241(d) of the INA, or for costs associated with removal under section 241(e) of the INA. Penalties for failure to remove alien stowaways under section 241(d)(2) of the INA. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Penalty amount as adjusted in the 2018 FR Penalty name * OMB Memorandum M–19–04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf. ** Adjustments made in the December 28, 2018 final rule, 83 FR 67069. *** No applicable conforming edit to regulatory text. VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 13502 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations C. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) assesses civil monetary penalties for certain employment-related violations arising from the INA. ICE’s civil penalties are located in title 8 of the CFR. There are three different sections in the INA that impose civil monetary penalties for violations of the laws that relate to employment actions: Sections 274A, 274B, and 274C. ICE has primary enforcement responsibilities for two of these civil penalty provisions (sections 274A and 274C), and the Department of Justice (DOJ) has enforcement responsibilities for one of these civil penalty provisions (section 274B). The INA, in sections 274A and 274C, provides for imposition of civil penalties for various specified unlawful acts pertaining to the employment eligibility verification process (Form I– 9, Employment Eligibility Verification), the employment of unauthorized aliens, and document fraud. Because both DHS and DOJ implement the three employmentrelated penalty sections in the INA, both Departments’ implementing regulations reflect the civil penalty amounts. For a complete description of the civil money penalties assessed and a discussion of DHS’s and DOJ’s efforts to update the penalties in years past, see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 42991. Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment for the penalties that ICE administers.12 TABLE 3—U.S. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT CIVIL PENALTIES ADJUSTMENTS Penalty amount as adjusted in the 2018 FR Multiplier * New penalty as adjusted by this final rule Penalty name Citation Civil penalties for failure to depart voluntarily, INA section 240B(d). Civil penalties for violation of INA sections 274C(a)(1)–(a)(4), penalty for first offense. Civil penalties for violation of INA sections 274C(a)(5)–(a)(6), penalty for first offense. Civil penalties for violation of INA sections 274C(a)(1)–(a)(4), penalty for subsequent offenses. Civil penalties for violation of INA sections 274C(a)(5)–(a)(6), penalty for subsequent offenses. Violation/prohibition of indemnity bonds ....................... Civil penalties for knowingly hiring, recruiting, referral, or retention of unauthorized aliens—Penalty for first offense (per unauthorized alien). Penalty for second offense (per unauthorized alien) ... Penalty for third or subsequent offense (per unauthorized alien). Civil penalties for I–9 paperwork violations .................. Civil penalties for failure to depart, INA section 274D 8 U.S.C. 1229c(d); 8 CFR 280.53(b)(3). 8 CFR 270.3(b)(1)(ii)(A) ... $1,558–$7,791 1.02522 $1,597–$7,987 461–3,695 1.02522 473–3,788 8 CFR 270.3(b)(1)(ii)(B) ... 390–3,116 1.02522 400–3,195 8 CFR 270.3(b)(1)(ii)(C) ... 3,695–9,239 1.02522 3,788–9,472 8 CFR 270.3(b)(1)(ii)(D) ... 3,116–7,791 1.02522 3,195–7,987 8 CFR 274a.8(b) .............. 8 CFR 274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(A) 2,236 559–4,473 1.02522 1.02522 2,292 573–4,586 8 CFR 274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(B) 8 CFR 274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(C) 4,473–11,181 6,709–22,363 1.02522 1.02522 4,586–11,463 6,878–22,927 8 CFR 274a.10(b)(2) ........ 8 U.S.C. 1324d; 8 CFR 280.53(b)(14). 224–2,236 779 1.02522 1.02522 230–2,292 13 799 * OMB Memorandum M–19–04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf. The Coast Guard is authorized to assess close to 150 penalties involving maritime safety and security and environmental stewardship that are critical to the continued success of Coast Guard missions. Various statutes in titles 14, 16, 19, 33, 42, 46, and 49 of the United States Code authorize these penalties. Titles 33 and 46 authorize the vast majority of these penalties as these statutes deal with navigation, navigable waters, and shipping. Beyond titles 33 and 46, the Coast Guard is also authorized to collect civil monetary penalties related to the organization and management of the Coast Guard, aquatic species conservation, obstruction of revenue, and hazardous substances and materials. For a complete discussion of the civil monetary penalties assessed by the Coast Guard, see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 42992. The Coast Guard has identified the penalties it administers, adjusted those penalties for inflation, and is listing those new penalties in a table located in the CFR—specifically, Table 1 in 33 CFR 27.3. Table 1 in 33 CFR 27.3 identifies the statutes that provide the Coast Guard with civil monetary penalty authority and sets out the inflationadjusted maximum penalty that the Coast Guard may impose pursuant to each statutory provision. Table 1 in 33 CFR 27.3 provides the current maximum penalty for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015.14 The applicable civil penalty amounts for violations occurring on or before November 2, 2015 are set forth in previously published regulations amending 33 CFR part 27. To find the applicable penalty amount for a violation that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, look to the prior versions of the CFR that pertain to the date on which the violation occurred. Table 4 below shows the 2019 adjustment for the penalties that the Coast Guard administers. 12 Table 3 also includes two civil penalties that are also listed as penalties administered by CBP. These are penalties for failure to depart voluntarily, INA section 240B(d), and failure to depart after a final order of removal, INA section 274D. Both CBP and ICE may administer these penalties, but as ICE is the DHS component primarily responsible for assessing and collecting them, they are also listed among the penalties ICE administers. 13 As written prior to this final rule, the regulatory text at 8 CFR 280.53(b)(14) did not make clear that the amount stated is a maximum. The statutory authority for the penalty, 8 U.S.C. 1324d, is clear that the amount reflects a maximum penalty. Thus, consistent with the statutory authority, and to prevent any confusion, DHS is making a technical clarification with this final rule by adding the word ‘‘maximum’’ to paragraph (b)(14). 14 The Frank LoBiondo Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2018 re-designated certain existing sections of the United States Code, including 14 U.S.C. 88 (now 14 U.S.C. 521) and 33 U.S.C. 1232 and 1236 (now 46 U.S.C. 70036 and 70041). The revised table reflects those changes to the statutory citations. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES D. U.S. Coast Guard VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations 13503 TABLE 4—U.S. COAST GUARD CIVIL PENALTIES ADJUSTMENTS Saving Life and Property .............................................. Saving Life and Property; Intentional Interference with Broadcast. Confidentiality of Medical Quality Assurance Records (first offense). Confidentiality of Medical Quality Assurance Records (subsequent offenses). Aquatic Nuisance Species in Waters of the United States. Obstruction of Revenue Officers by Masters of Vessels. Obstruction of Revenue Officers by Masters of Vessels—Minimum Penalty. Failure to Stop Vessel When Directed; Master, Owner, Operator or Person in Charge. Failure to Stop Vessel When Directed; Master, Owner, Operator or Person in Charge—Minimum Penalty. Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations General ......... 14 U.S.C. 521(c) ............... 14 U.S.C. 521(e) .............. $10,389 1,066 1.02522 1.02522 $10,651 1,093 14 U.S.C. 645(i); 33 CFR 27.3. 14 U.S.C. 645(i); 33 CFR 27.3. 16 U.S.C. 4711(g)(1); 33 CFR 27.3. 19 U.S.C. 70; 33 CFR 27.3. 19 U.S.C. 70; 33 CFR 27.3. 19 U.S.C. 1581(d) ............ 5,218 1.02522 5,350 34,791 1.02522 35,668 38,954 1.02522 39,936 7,779 1.02522 7,975 1,815 1.02522 1,861 ** 5,000 N/A ** 5,000 19 U.S.C. 1581(d) ............ ** 1,000 N/A ** 1,000 33 U.S.C. 471; 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 474; 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 495(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 499(c); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 502(c); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 533(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1208(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1208(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C); 33 CFR 27.3. 11,279 1.02522 11,563 778 1.02522 798 28,474 1.02522 29,192 28,474 1.02522 29,192 28,474 1.02522 29,192 28,474 1.02522 29,192 2,074 1.02522 2,126 2,074 1.02522 2,126 18,477 1.02522 18,943 46,192 1.02522 47,357 18,477 1.02522 18,943 230,958 1.02522 236,783 46,192 1.02522 47,357 1,848 1.02522 1,895 46,192 1.02522 47,357 46,192 1.02522 47,357 5,543 1.02522 5,683 184,767 1.02522 189,427 7,779 1.02522 7,975 20,742 1.02522 21,265 14,543 1.02522 14,910 14,543 1.02522 14,910 72,718 1.02522 74,552 14,543 1.02522 14,910 Bridges/Drawbridges ..................................................... Bridges/Failure to Alter Bridge Obstructing Navigation Bridges/Maintenance and Operation ............................ Bridge to Bridge Communication; Master, Person in Charge or Pilot. Bridge to Bridge Communication; Vessel ..................... Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class I per violation). Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class I total under paragraph). Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class II per day of violation). Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class II total under paragraph). Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (per day of violation) Judicial Assessment. Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (per barrel of oil or unit discharged) Judicial Assessment. Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure to Carry Out Removal/Comply With Order (Judicial Assessment). Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure to Comply with Regulation Issued Under 1321(j) (Judicial Assessment). Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges, Gross Negligence (per barrel of oil or unit discharged) Judicial Assessment. Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges, Gross Negligence—Minimum Penalty (Judicial Assessment). Marine Sanitation Devices; Operating .......................... Marine Sanitation Devices; Sale or Manufacture ......... International Navigation Rules; Operator ..................... International Navigation Rules; Vessel ......................... Pollution from Ships; General ....................................... Pollution from Ships; False Statement ......................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1322(j); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1322(j); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1608(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1608(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(1); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(2); 33 CFR 27.3. Frm 00005 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM Multiplier * New penalty as adjusted by this final rule Citation Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations St. Mary’s river. Bridges/Failure to Comply with Regulations ................ khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Penalty amount as adjusted in the 2018 FR Penalty name 05APR1 13504 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations TABLE 4—U.S. COAST GUARD CIVIL PENALTIES ADJUSTMENTS—Continued Penalty name Inland Navigation Rules; Operator ............................... Inland Navigation Rules; Vessel ................................... Shore Protection; General ............................................ Shore Protection; Operating Without Permit ................ Oil Pollution Liability and Compensation ...................... Clean Hulls ................................................................... Clean Hulls-related to false statements ....................... Clean Hulls—Recreational Vessel ................................ Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Class I). Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Class II). Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Class II subsequent offense). Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Judicial Assessment). Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Judicial Assessment subsequent offense). Safe Containers for International Cargo ....................... Suspension of Passenger Service ............................... Vessel Inspection or Examination Fees ....................... Alcohol and Dangerous Drug Testing .......................... Negligent Operations: Recreational Vessels ................ Negligent Operations: Other Vessels ........................... Operating a Vessel While Under the Influence of Alcohol or a Dangerous Drug. Vessel Reporting Requirements: Owner, Charterer, Managing Operator, or Agent. Vessel Reporting Requirements: Master ...................... Immersion Suits ............................................................ Inspection Permit .......................................................... Vessel Inspection; General ........................................... Vessel Inspection; Nautical School Vessel .................. Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give Notice IAW 3304(b) Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give Notice IAW 3309(c) khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Vessel Inspection; Vessel ≥1,600 Gross Tons ............ Vessel Inspection; Vessel <1,600 Gross Tons ............ Vessel Inspection; Failure to Comply with 3311(b) ...... Vessel Inspection; Violation of 3318(b)–3318(f) .......... List/count of Passengers .............................................. VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 Penalty amount as adjusted in the 2018 FR Citation PO 00000 33 U.S.C. 2072(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 2072(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 2609(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 2609(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 2716a(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A); 33 CFR 27.3. 33 U.S.C. 3852(c); 33 CFR 27.3. 42 U.S.C. 9609(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 42 U.S.C. 9609(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 42 U.S.C. 9609(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 42 U.S.C. 9609(c); 33 CFR 27.3. 42 U.S.C. 9609(c); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. App 1505(a)(2) (codified as 46 U.S.C. 80509); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. App 1805(c)(2) (codified 46 U.S.C. 70305); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 2110(e); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 2115; 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 2302(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 2302(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 2302(c)(1); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 2306(a)(4); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 2306(b)(2); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3102(c)(1); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3302(i)(5); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3318(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3318(g); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3318(h); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3318(i); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3318(k); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3318(l); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3502(e); 33 CFR 27.3. Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Multiplier * New penalty as adjusted by this final rule 14,543 1.02522 14,910 14,543 1.02522 14,910 51,302 1.02522 52,596 20,521 1.02522 21,039 46,192 1.02522 47,357 42,292 1.02522 43,359 56,391 1.02522 57,813 5,639 1.02522 5,781 55,907 1.02522 57,317 55,907 1.02522 57,317 167,722 1.02522 171,952 55,907 1.02522 57,317 167,722 1.02522 171,952 6,111 1.02522 6,265 61,115 1.02522 62,656 9,239 1.02522 9,472 7,520 1.02522 7,710 6,802 1.02522 6,974 34,013 1.02522 34,871 7,520 1.02522 7,710 11,712 1.02522 12,007 2,343 1.02522 2,402 11,712 1.02522 12,007 2,443 1.02522 2,505 11,712 1.02522 12,007 11,712 1.02522 12,007 2,343 1.02522 2,402 2,343 1.02522 2,402 23,426 1.02522 24,017 4,685 1.02522 4,803 23,426 1.02522 24,017 11,712 1.02522 12,007 244 1.02522 250 E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations 13505 TABLE 4—U.S. COAST GUARD CIVIL PENALTIES ADJUSTMENTS—Continued Citation Notification to Passengers ............................................ 46 U.S.C. 3504(c); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3504(c); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3506; 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 3718(a)(1); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 4106; 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 4311(b)(1); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 4311(b)(1); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 4311(c); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 4507; 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 4703; 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 5116(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 5116(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 5116(c); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 6103(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 6103(b); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 8101(e); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 8101(f); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 8101(g); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 8101(h); 33 CFR 27.3. Notification to Passengers; Sale of Tickets .................. Copies of Laws on Passenger Vessels; Master .......... Liquid Bulk/Dangerous Cargo ....................................... Uninspected Vessels .................................................... Recreational Vessels (maximum for related series of violations). Recreational Vessels; Violation of 4307(a) .................. Recreational vessels ..................................................... Uninspected Commercial Fishing Industry Vessels ..... Abandonment of Barges ............................................... Load Lines .................................................................... Load Lines; Violation of 5112(a) .................................. Load Lines; Violation of 5112(b) .................................. Reporting Marine Casualties ........................................ Reporting Marine Casualties; Violation of 6104 ........... Manning of Inspected Vessels; Failure to Report Deficiency in Vessel Complement. Manning of Inspected Vessels ..................................... khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Penalty amount as adjusted in the 2018 FR Penalty name Manning of Inspected Vessels; Employing or Serving in Capacity not Licensed by USCG. Manning of Inspected Vessels; Freight Vessel <100 GT, Small Passenger Vessel, or Sailing School Vessel. Watchmen on Passenger Vessels ............................... Citizenship Requirements ............................................. Watches on Vessels; Violation of 8104(a) or (b) ......... Watches on Vessels; Violation of 8104(c), (d), (e), or (h). Staff Department on Vessels ........................................ Officer’s Competency Certificates ................................ Coastwise Pilotage; Owner, Charterer, Managing Operator, Agent, Master or Individual in Charge. Coastwise Pilotage; Individual ...................................... Federal Pilots ................................................................ Merchant Mariners Documents .................................... Crew Requirements ...................................................... Small Vessel Manning .................................................. Pilotage: Great Lakes; Owner, Charterer, Managing Operator, Agent, Master or Individual in Charge. Pilotage: Great Lakes; Individual .................................. Pilotage: Great Lakes; Violation of 9303 ...................... Failure to Report Sexual Offense ................................. Pay Advances to Seamen ............................................ Pay Advances to Seamen; Remuneration for Employment. Allotment to Seamen .................................................... Seamen Protection; General ........................................ Coastwise Voyages: Advances .................................... Coastwise Voyages: Advances; Remuneration for Employment. Coastwise Voyages: Seamen Protection; General ...... Effects of Deceased Seamen ....................................... Complaints of Unfitness ................................................ Proceedings on Examination of Vessel ........................ VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Multiplier * New penalty as adjusted by this final rule 24,421 1.02522 25,037 1,220 1.02522 1,251 489 1.02522 501 61,055 1.02522 62,595 10,260 1.02522 10,519 323,027 1.02522 331,174 6,460 1.02522 6,623 2,443 1.02522 2,505 10,260 1.02522 10,519 1,739 1.02522 1,783 11,181 1.02522 11,463 22,363 1.02522 22,927 11,181 1.02522 11,463 38,954 1.02522 39,936 10,260 1.02522 10,519 1,848 1.02522 1,895 18,477 1.02522 18,943 18,477 1.02522 18,943 2,443 1.02522 2,505 8102(a) ............ 8103(f) ............. 8104(i) ............. 8104(j) ............. 2,443 1,220 18,477 18,477 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 2,505 1,251 18,943 18,943 46 U.S.C. 8302(e) ............ 46 U.S.C. 8304(d) ............ 46 U.S.C. 8502(e) ............ 244 244 18,477 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 250 250 18,943 46 46 46 46 46 46 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 8502(f) ............. 8503 ................. 8701(d) ............ 8702(e) ............ 8906 ................. 9308(a) ............ 18,477 58,562 1,220 18,477 38,954 18,477 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 18,943 60,039 1,251 18,943 39,936 18,943 46 46 46 46 46 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 9308(b) ............ 9308(c) ............ 10104(b) .......... 10314(a)(2) ...... 10314(b) .......... 18,477 18,477 9,819 1,220 1,220 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 18,943 18,943 10,067 1,251 1,251 46 46 46 46 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 10315(c) .......... 10321 ............... 10505(a)(2) ...... 10505(b) .......... 1,220 8,465 8,465 8,465 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1,251 8,678 8,678 8,678 46 46 46 46 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 10508(b) .......... 10711 ............... 10902(a)(2) ...... 10903(d) .......... 8,465 489 1,220 244 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 8,678 501 1,251 250 46 46 46 46 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 13506 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations TABLE 4—U.S. COAST GUARD CIVIL PENALTIES ADJUSTMENTS—Continued Penalty name Penalty amount as adjusted in the 2018 FR Citation Permission to Make Complaint ..................................... Accommodations for Seamen ...................................... Medicine Chests on Vessels ........................................ Destitute Seamen ......................................................... Wages on Discharge .................................................... Log Books; Master Failing to Maintain ......................... Log Books; Master Failing to Make Entry .................... Log Books; Late Entry .................................................. Carrying of Sheath Knives ............................................ Vessel Documentation .................................................. Documentation of Vessels—Related to Activities involving mobile offshore drilling units. Vessel Documentation; Fishery Endorsement ............. Numbering of Undocumented Vessels—Willful violation. Numbering of Undocumented Vessels ......................... Vessel Identification System ......................................... Measurement of Vessels .............................................. Measurement; False Statements .................................. Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens ............... Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens; Mortgagor. Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens; Violation of 31329. Ports and Waterway Safety Regulations ...................... Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine Parades; Unlicensed Person in Charge. Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine Parades; Owner Onboard Vessel. Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine Parades; Other Persons. Port Security ................................................................. Port Security—Continuing Violations ............................ Maritime Drug Law Enforcement .................................. Hazardous Materials: Related to Vessels .................... Hazardous Materials: Related to Vessels—Penalty from Fatalities, Serious Injuries/Illness or substantial Damage to Property. Hazardous Materials: Related to Vessels; Training ..... 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 New penalty as adjusted by this final rule 10907(b) .......... 11101(f) ........... 11102(b) .......... 11104(b) .......... 11105(c) .......... 11303(a) .......... 11303(b) .......... 11303(c) .......... 11506 ............... 12151(a)(1) ...... 12151 (a)(2) ..... 1,220 1,220 1,220 244 1,220 489 489 366 122 15,995 26,659 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1,251 1,251 1,251 250 1,251 501 501 375 125 16,398 27,331 46 U.S.C. 12151(c) ........... 46 U.S.C. 12309(a) .......... 122,231 12,211 1.02522 1.02522 125,314 12,519 12309(b) .......... 12507(b) .......... 14701 ............... 14702 ............... 31309 ............... 31330(a)(2) ...... 2,443 20,521 44,727 44,727 20,521 20,521 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 2,505 21,039 45,855 45,855 21,039 21,039 46 U.S.C. 31330(b)(2) ...... 51,302 1.02522 52,596 46 U.S.C. 70036(a); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 70041(d)(1)(B); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 70041(d)(1)(C); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 70041(d)(1)(D); 33 CFR 27.3. 46 U.S.C. 70119(a) .......... 46 U.S.C. 70119(b) .......... 46 U.S.C. 70506(c) .......... 49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(1) ........ 49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(2) ........ 91,901 1.02522 94,219 9,239 1.02522 9,472 9,239 1.02522 9,472 4,619 1.02522 4,735 34,013 61,115 5,639 79,976 186,610 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 1.02522 34,871 62,656 5,781 81,993 191,316 49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(3) ........ 481 1.02522 493 46 46 46 46 46 46 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. Multiplier * U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. * OMB Memorandum M–19–04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf. ** Enacted under the Tariff Act; exempt from inflation adjustments. E. Transportation Security Administration The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is updating its civil penalties regulation in accordance with the 2015 Act. Pursuant to its statutory authority in 49 U.S.C. 46301(a)(1), (4), (5), 49 U.S.C. 46301(d)(8), and 49 U.S.C. 114(v),15 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES 15 As amended by sec. 1302 of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110–53, 121 Stat. 266 (Aug. 3, 2007)). VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 TSA may impose penalties for violations of any statute that TSA administers, whether an implementing regulation or order imposes the penalty. TSA assesses these penalties for a wide variety of aviation and surface security requirements, including violations of TSA’s requirements applicable to Transportation Worker Identification Credentials (TWIC),16 as well as violations of requirements described in chapter 449 of title 49 of the United States Code. These penalties can apply to a wide variety of situations, as described in the statutory and regulatory provisions, as well as in guidance that TSA publishes. Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment for the penalties that TSA administers. 16 See, e.g., 46 U.S.C. 70105, 49 U.S.C. 46302 and 46303, and 49 U.S.C. chapter 449. PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 13507 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations TABLE 5—TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION CIVIL PENALTIES ADJUSTMENTS Penalty name Citation Penalty amount as adjusted in the 2018 FR Violation of 49 U.S.C. ch. 449 (except secs. 44902, 44903(d), 44907(a)–(d)(1)(A), 44907(d)(1)(C)–(f), 44908, and 44909), or 49 U.S.C. 46302 or 46303, a regulation prescribed, or order issued thereunder by a person operating an aircraft for the transportation of passengers or property for compensation. Violation of 49 U.S.C. ch. 449 (except secs. 44902, 44903(d), 44907(a)–(d)(1)(A), 44907(d)(1)(C)–(f), 44908, and 44909), or 49 U.S.C. 46302 or 46303, a regulation prescribed, or order issued thereunder by an individual (except an airman serving as an airman), any person not operating an aircraft for the transportation of passengers or property for compensation, or a small business concern. Violation of any other provision of title 49 U.S.C. or of 46 U.S.C. ch. 701, a regulation prescribed, or order issued thereunder. 49 U.S.C. 46301(a)(1), (4), (5); 49 U.S.C. 46301(d)(8); 49 CFR 1503.401(c)(3) $33,333 (up to a total of $533,324 per civil penalty action). 1.02522 $34,174 (up to a total of $546,774 per civil penalty action). 49 U.S.C. 46301(a)(1), (4), (5); 49 U.S.C. 46301(d)(8); 49 CFR 1503.401(c)(1) and (2). $13,333 (up to a total of $66,666 total for small businesses, $533,324 for others). 1.02522 $13,669 (up to a total of $68,347 total for small business, $546,774 for others). 49 U.S.C. 114(v); 49 CFR 1503.401(b). $11,410 (up to a total of $57,051 total for small businesses, $456,409 for others). 1.02522 $11,698 (up to a total of $58,490 total for small businesses, $467,920 for others). Multiplier * New penalty as adjusted by this final rule * OMB Memorandum M–19–04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES IV. Administrative Procedure Act DHS is promulgating this final rule to ensure that the amount of civil penalties that DHS assesses or enforces reflects the statutorily mandated ranges as adjusted for inflation. The 2015 Act provides a clear formula for adjustment of the civil penalties, leaving DHS and its components with little room for discretion. DHS and its components have been charged only with performing ministerial computations to determine the amounts of adjustments for inflation to civil monetary penalties. In these annual adjustments DHS is merely updating the penalty amounts by applying the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier that OMB has provided to agencies. Furthermore, the 2015 Act specifically instructed that agencies make the required annual adjustments notwithstanding section 553 of title 5 of the United States Code. Thus, as specified in the 2015 Act, the prior public notice-and-comment procedures and delayed effective date requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) do not apply to this rule. Further, as described above, this rule also makes to minor amendments to the regulations to reflect clear statutory authority, and DHS finds that prior notice and comment procedures for these amendments are unnecessary. alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting flexibility. OMB has not designated this final rule a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, OMB has not reviewed this rule. This final rule makes nondiscretionary adjustments to existing civil monetary penalties in accordance with the 2015 Act and OMB guidance.17 DHS therefore did not consider alternatives and does not have the flexibility to alter the adjustments of the civil monetary penalty amounts as provided in this rule. To the extent this final rule increases civil monetary penalties, it would result in an increase in transfers from persons or entities assessed a civil monetary penalty to the government. B. Regulatory Flexibility Act The Regulatory Flexibility Act applies only to rules for which an agency publishes a notice of proposed V. Regulatory Analyses A. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 17 OMB Memorandum M–19–04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/ 2017/11/m_19_04.pdf. PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 rulemaking pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(b). See 5 U.S.C. 601–612. The Regulatory Flexibility Act does not apply to this final rule, because a notice of proposed rulemaking was not required for the reasons stated above. C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1531–1538, requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or Tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for inflation) or more in any one year. This final rule will not result in such an expenditure. D. Paperwork Reduction Act The provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. chapter 35, and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR part 1320, do not apply to this final rule, because this final rule does not trigger any new or revised recordkeeping or reporting. VI. Signing Authority The amendments to 19 CFR part 4 in this document are issued in accordance with 19 CFR 0.2(a), which provides that the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury with respect to CBP regulations that are not related to customs revenue functions was transferred to the Secretary of Homeland Security pursuant to Section 403(l) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002. Accordingly, this final rule to amend E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 13508 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations such regulations may be signed by the Secretary of Homeland Security (or his or her delegate). List of Subjects 6 CFR Part 27 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Security measures. 8 CFR Part 270 Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Employment, Fraud, Penalties. 8 CFR Part 274a Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Employment, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. 8 CFR Part 280 Administrative practice and procedure, Immigration, Penalties. Title 6—Domestic Security PART 27—CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTITERRORISM STANDARDS 1. The authority citation for part 27 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 6 U.S.C. 624; Pub. L. 101–410, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 114– 74, 129 Stat. 599; Pub. L. 113–254, 128 Stat. 2898, as amended by Pub. L. 116–2, 133 Stat. 5. 2. In § 27.300, revise paragraph (b)(3) to read as follows: ■ Orders. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES * * * * (b) * * * (3) Where the Assistant Secretary determines that a facility is in violation of an Order issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section and issues an Order Assessing Civil Penalty pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this section, a chemical facility is liable to Jkt 247001 Authority: 8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, and 1324c; Pub. L. 101–410, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 104–134, 110 Stat. 1321 and Pub. L. 114–74, 129 Stat. 599. Penalties. * Amendments to the Regulations Accordingly, for the reasons stated in the preamble, DHS is amending 6 CFR part 27, 8 CFR parts 270, 274a, and 280, 19 CFR part 4, 33 CFR part 27, and 49 CFR part 1503 as follows: 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 3. The authority citation for part 270 continues to read as follows: ■ § 270.3 49 CFR Part 1503 Administrative practice and procedure, Investigations, Law enforcement, Penalties. VerDate Sep<11>2014 PART 270—PENALTIES FOR DOCUMENT FRAUD 4. In § 270.3, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) through (D) to read as follows: 33 CFR Part 27 Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties. * Title 8—Aliens and Nationality ■ 19 CFR Part 4 Exports, Freight, Harbors, Maritime carriers, Oil pollution, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Vessels. § 27.300 the United States for a civil penalty of not more than $25,000 for each day during which the violation continues, if the violation of the Order occurred on or before November 2, 2015, or $34,871 for each day during which the violation of the Order continues, if the violation occurred after November 2, 2015. * * * * * * * * * (b) * * * (1) * * * (ii) * * * (A) First offense under section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4). Not less than $275 and not exceeding $2,200 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $375 and not exceeding $3,200 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $473 and not exceeding $3,788 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act after November 2, 2015. (B) First offense under section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6). Not less than $250 and not exceeding $2,000 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $275 and not exceeding $2,200 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $400 and not exceeding $3,195 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act after November 2, 2015. (C) Subsequent offenses under section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4). Not less than $2,200 and not more than $5,500 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $3,200 and not exceeding $6,500 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act occurring on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $3,788 and not more than $9,472 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act after November 2, 2015. (D) Subsequent offenses under section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6). Not less than $2,000 and not more than $5,000 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $2,200 and not exceeding $5,500 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act occurring on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $3,195 and not more than $7,987 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act after November 2, 2015. * * * * * PART 274a—CONTROL OF EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS 5. The authority citation for part 274a continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, 1324a; 48 U.S.C. 1806; 8 CFR part 2; Pub. L. 101–410, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 114– 74, 129 Stat. 599. 6. In § 274a.8, revise paragraph (b) to read as follows: ■ § 274a.8 Prohibition of indemnity bonds. * * * * * (b) Penalty. Any person or other entity who requires any individual to post a bond or security as stated in this section shall, after notice and opportunity for an administrative hearing in accordance with section 274A(e)(3)(B) of the Act, be subject to a civil monetary penalty of $1,000 for each violation before September 29, 1999, of $1,100 for each violation occurring on or after September 29, 1999 but on or before November 2, 2015, and of $2,292 for each violation occurring after November 2, 2015, and to an administrative order requiring the return to the individual of any amounts received in violation of this section or, if the individual cannot be located, to the general fund of the Treasury. 7. In § 274a.10, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) through (C) and the first ■ E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations sentence of paragraph (b)(2) to read as follows: § 274a.10 Penalties. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES * * * * * (b) * * * (1) * * * (ii) * * * (A) First offense—not less than $275 and not more than $2,200 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the offense occurred before March 27, 2008; not less than $375 and not exceeding $3,200, for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the offense occurred occurring on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $573 and not more than $4,586 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the offense occurred occurring after November 2, 2015; (B) Second offense—not less than $2,200 and not more than $5,500 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second offense occurred before March 27, 2008; not less than $3,200 and not more than $6,500, for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second offense occurred on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $4,586 and not more than $11,463 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second offense occurred after November 2, 2015; or (C) More than two offenses—not less than $3,300 and not more than $11,000 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the third or subsequent offense occurred before March 27, 2008; not less than $4,300 and not exceeding $16,000, for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the third or subsequent offense occurred on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $6,878 and not more than $22,927 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the third or subsequent offense occurred after November 2, 2015; and * * * * * (2) A respondent determined by the Service (if a respondent fails to request a hearing) or by an administrative law judge, to have failed to comply with the employment verification requirements as set forth in § 274a.2(b), shall be subject to a civil penalty in an amount of not less than $100 and not more than $1,000 for each individual with respect to whom such violation occurred before September 29, 1999; not less than $110 and not more than $1,100 for each individual with respect to whom such violation occurred on or after September 29, 1999 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $230 and not more than $2,292 for each individual VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 with respect to whom such violation occurred after November 2, 2015. * * * * * * * * PART 280—IMPOSITION AND COLLECTION OF FINES 8. The authority citation for part 280 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 8 U.S.C. 1103, 1221, 1223, 1227, 1229, 1253, 1281, 1283, 1284, 1285, 1286, 1322, 1323, 1330; 66 Stat. 173, 195, 197, 201, 203, 212, 219, 221–223, 226, 227, 230; Pub. L. 101–410, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 114–74, 129 Stat. 599. 9. In § 280.53 revise paragraphs (b)(1) through (15) to read as follows: ■ § 280.53 Civil monetary penalties inflation adjustment. * * * * * (b) * * * (1) Section 231(g) of the Act, Penalties for non-compliance with arrival and departure manifest requirements for passengers, crewmembers, or occupants transported on commercial vessels or aircraft arriving to or departing from the United States: From $1,360 to $1,394. (2) Section 234 of the Act, Penalties for non-compliance with landing requirements at designated ports of entry for aircraft transporting aliens: From $3,695 to $3,788. (3) Section 240B(d) of the Act, Penalties for failure to depart voluntarily: From $1,558 minimum/ $7,791 maximum to $1,597 minimum/ $7,987 maximum. (4) Section 243(c)(1)(A) of the Act, Penalties for violations of removal orders relating to aliens transported on vessels or aircraft, under section 241(d) of the Act, or for costs associated with removal under section 241(e) of the Act: From $3,116 to $3,195. (5) Penalties for failure to remove alien stowaways under section 241(d)(2): From $7,791 to $7,987. (6) Section 251(d) of the Act, Penalties for failure to report an illegal landing or desertion of alien crewmen, and for each alien not reported on arrival or departure manifest or lists required in accordance with section 251 of the Act: From $369 to $378; and penalties for use of alien crewmen for longshore work in violation of section 251(d) of the Act: From $9,239 to $9,472. (7) Section 254(a) of the Act, Penalties for failure to control, detain, or remove alien crewmen: From $924 minimum/ $5,543 maximum to $947 minimum/ $5,683 maximum. (8) Section 255 of the Act, Penalties for employment on passenger vessels of aliens afflicted with certain disabilities: From $1,848 to $1,895. (9) Section 256 of the Act, Penalties for discharge of alien crewmen: From PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 13509 $2,771 minimum/$5,543 maximum to $2,841 minimum/$5,683 maximum. (10) Section 257 of the Act, Penalties for bringing into the United States alien crewmen with intent to evade immigration laws: From $18,477 maximum to $18,943 maximum. (11) Section 271(a) of the Act, Penalties for failure to prevent the unauthorized landing of aliens: From $5,543 to $5,683. (12) Section 272(a) of the Act, Penalties for bringing to the United States aliens subject to denial of admission on a health-related ground: From $5,543 to $5,683. (13) Section 273(b) of the Act, Penalties for bringing to the United States aliens without required documentation: From $5,543 to $5,683. (14) Section 274D of the Act, Penalties for failure to depart: From $779 maximum to $799 maximum, for each day the alien is in violation. (15) Section 275(b) of the Act, Penalties for improper entry: From $78 minimum/$390 maximum to $80 minimum/$400 maximum, for each entry or attempted entry. Title 19—Customs Duties PART 4—VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES 10. The authority citation for part 4 continues to read in part as follows: ■ Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 19 U.S.C. 66, 1431, 1433, 1434, 1624, 2071 note; 46 U.S.C. 501, 60105. * * * * * Sections 4.80, 4.80a, and 4.80b also issued under 19 U.S.C. 1706a; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note; 46 U.S.C. 12112, 12117, 12118, 50501–55106, 55107, 55108, 55110, 55114, 55115, 55116, 55117, 55119, 56101, 55121, 56101, 57109; Pub. L. 108–7, Division B, Title II, § 211; * * * * * Section 4.92 also issued under 28 U.S.C. 2461 note; 46 U.S.C. 55111; * * * * * 11. In § 4.80, revise paragraphs (b)(2) and (i) to read as follows: ■ § 4.80 Vessels entitled to engage in coastwise trade. * * * * * (b) * * * (2) The penalty imposed for the unlawful transportation of passengers between coastwise points is $300 for each passenger so transported and landed on or before November 2, 2015, and $798 for each passenger so transported and landed after November 2, 2015 (46 U.S.C. 55103, as adjusted by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 13510 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015). * * * * * (i) Any vessel, entitled to be documented and not so documented, employed in a trade for which a Certificate of Documentation is issued under the vessel documentation laws (see § 4.0(c)), other than a trade covered by a registry, is liable to a civil penalty of $500 for each port at which it arrives without the proper Certificate of Documentation on or before November 2, 2015, and $1329 for each port at which it arrives without the proper Certificate of Documentation after November 2, 2015 (19 U.S.C. 1706a, as adjusted by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015). If such a vessel has on board any foreign merchandise (sea stores excepted), or any domestic taxable alcoholic beverages, on which the duty and taxes have not been paid or secured to be paid, the vessel and its cargo are subject to seizure and forfeiture. ■ 12. In § 4.92, revise the second and third sentences to read as follows: § 4.92 Title 33—Navigation and Navigable Waters PART 27—ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION Towing. * * * The penalties for violation of this provision occurring on or before November 2, 2015, are a fine of from $350 to $1,100 against the owner or master of the towing vessel and a further penalty against the towing vessel of $60 per ton of the towed vessel. The penalties for violation of this provision occurring after November 2, 2015, are a fine of from $930 to $2,924 against the owner or master of the towing vessel and a further penalty against the towing vessel of $159 per ton of the towed vessel (46 U.S.C. 55111, as adjusted by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015). 13. The authority citation for part 27 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: Secs. 1–6, Pub. L. 101–410, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Sec. 31001(s)(1), Pub. L. 104–134, 110 Stat. 1321 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1, sec. 2 (106). 14. In § 27.3, revise the third sentence of the introductory text and table 1 to read as follows: ■ § 27.3 Penalty adjustment table. * * * The adjusted civil penalty amounts listed in Table 1 are applicable for penalty assessments issued after April 5, 2019, with respect to violations occurring after November 2, 2015. * * * TABLE 1—CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS U.S. Code citation 14 14 14 14 16 19 19 19 19 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 521(c) .......................... 521(e) ......................... 645(i) ........................... 645(i) ........................... 4711(g)(1) ................... 70 ................................ 70 ................................ 1581(d) ....................... 1581(d) ....................... 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 471 .............................. 474 .............................. 495(b) ......................... 499(c) .......................... 502(c) .......................... 533(b) ......................... 1208(a) ....................... 1208(b) ....................... 1321(b)(6)(B)(i) ........... 1321(b)(6)(B)(i) ........... 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii) .......... 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii) .......... 1321(b)(7)(A) .............. 1321(b)(7)(A) .............. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B) .............. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C) .............. 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D) .............. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES 33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D) .............. 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 1322(j) ......................... 1322(j) ......................... 1608(a) ....................... 1608(b) ....................... 1908(b)(1) ................... 1908(b)(2) ................... 2072(a) ....................... 2072(b) ....................... 2609(a) ....................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 2019 Adjusted maximum penalty amount ($) Civil monetary penalty description Saving Life and Property ..................................................................................................... Saving Life and Property; Intentional Interference with Broadcast .................................... Confidentiality of Medical Quality Assurance Records (first offense) ................................. Confidentiality of Medical Quality Assurance Records (subsequent offenses) .................. Aquatic Nuisance Species in Waters of the United States ................................................ Obstruction of Revenue Officers by Masters of Vessels .................................................... Obstruction of Revenue Officers by Masters of Vessels—Minimum Penalty .................... Failure to Stop Vessel When Directed; Master, Owner, Operator or Person in Charge 1 Failure to Stop Vessel When Directed; Master, Owner, Operator or Person in Charge— Minimum Penalty 1. Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations General ................................................................ Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations St. Mary’s River ................................................... Bridges/Failure to Comply with Regulations ....................................................................... Bridges/Drawbridges ........................................................................................................... Bridges/Failure to Alter Bridge Obstructing Navigation ...................................................... Bridges/Maintenance and Operation ................................................................................... Bridge to Bridge Communication; Master, Person in Charge or Pilot ................................ Bridge to Bridge Communication; Vessel ........................................................................... Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class I per violation) .......................................... Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class I total under paragraph) ........................... Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class II per day of violation) .............................. Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class II total under paragraph) .......................... Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (per day of violation) Judicial Assessment ......... Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (per barrel of oil or unit discharged) Judicial Assessment. Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure to Carry Out Removal/Comply With Order (Judicial Assessment). Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure to Comply with Regulation Issued Under 1321(j) (Judicial Assessment). Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges, Gross Negligence (per barrel of oil or unit discharged) Judicial Assessment. Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges, Gross Negligence—Minimum Penalty (Judicial Assessment). Marine Sanitation Devices; Operating ................................................................................ Marine Sanitation Devices; Sale or Manufacture ............................................................... International Navigation Rules; Operator ............................................................................ International Navigation Rules; Vessel ............................................................................... Pollution from Ships; General ............................................................................................. Pollution from Ships; False Statement ................................................................................ Inland Navigation Rules; Operator ...................................................................................... Inland Navigation Rules; Vessel ......................................................................................... Shore Protection; General ................................................................................................... Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 $10,651 1,093 5,350 35,668 39,936 7,975 1,861 5,000 1,000 11,563 798 29,192 29,192 29,192 29,192 2,126 2,126 18,943 47,357 18,943 236,783 47,357 1,895 47,357 47,357 5,683 189,427 7,975 21,265 14,910 14,910 74,552 14,910 14,910 14,910 52,596 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations 13511 TABLE 1—CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS—Continued U.S. Code citation 33 33 33 33 33 42 42 42 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 2609(b) ....................... 2716a(a) ..................... 3852(a)(1)(A) .............. 3852(a)(1)(A) .............. 3852(c) ........................ 9609(a) ....................... 9609(b) ....................... 9609(b) ....................... 42 U.S.C. 9609(c) ........................ 42 U.S.C. 9609(c) ........................ 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 80509(a) ..................... 70305(c) ...................... 2110(e) ....................... 2115 ............................ 2302(a) ....................... 2302(a) ....................... 2302(c)(1) ................... 2306(a)(4) ................... 2306(b)(2) ................... 3102(c)(1) ................... 3302(i)(5) .................... 3318(a) ....................... 3318(g) ....................... 3318(h) ....................... 3318(i) ......................... 3318(j)(1) .................... 3318(j)(1) .................... 3318(k) ........................ 3318(l) ......................... 3502(e) ....................... 3504(c) ........................ 3504(c) ........................ 3506 ............................ 3718(a)(1) ................... 4106 ............................ 4311(b)(1) ................... 4311(b)(1) ................... 4311(c) ........................ 4507 ............................ 4703 ............................ 5116(a) ....................... 5116(b) ....................... 5116(c) ........................ 6103(a) ....................... 6103(b) ....................... 8101(e) ....................... 8101(f) ........................ 8101(g) ....................... khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES 46 U.S.C. 8101(h) ....................... 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 8102(a) ....................... 8103(f) ........................ 8104(i) ......................... 8104(j) ......................... 8302(e) ....................... 8304(d) ....................... 8502(e) ....................... 46 46 46 46 46 46 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 8502(f) ........................ 8503 ............................ 8701(d) ....................... 8702(e) ....................... 8906 ............................ 9308(a) ....................... 46 U.S.C. 9308(b) ....................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 2019 Adjusted maximum penalty amount ($) Civil monetary penalty description Shore Protection; Operating Without Permit ....................................................................... Oil Pollution Liability and Compensation ............................................................................ Clean Hulls; Civil Enforcement ........................................................................................... Clean Hulls; related to false statements ............................................................................. Clean Hulls; Recreational Vessels ...................................................................................... Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Class I) ................................ Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Class II) ............................... Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Class II subsequent offense). Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Judicial Assessment) .......... Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability, Compensation (Judicial Assessment subsequent offense). Safe Containers for International Cargo ............................................................................. Suspension of Passenger Service ...................................................................................... Vessel Inspection or Examination Fees .............................................................................. Alcohol and Dangerous Drug Testing ................................................................................. Negligent Operations: Recreational Vessels ...................................................................... Negligent Operations: Other Vessels .................................................................................. Operating a Vessel While Under the Influence of Alcohol or a Dangerous Drug .............. Vessel Reporting Requirements: Owner, Charterer, Managing Operator, or Agent .......... Vessel Reporting Requirements: Master ............................................................................ Immersion Suits ................................................................................................................... Inspection Permit ................................................................................................................. Vessel Inspection; General ................................................................................................. Vessel Inspection; Nautical School Vessel ......................................................................... Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give Notice IAW 3304(b) ..................................................... Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give Notice IAW 3309(c) ..................................................... Vessel Inspection; Vessel ≥1,600 Gross Tons ................................................................... Vessel Inspection; Vessel <1,600 Gross Tons ................................................................... Vessel Inspection; Failure to Comply with 3311(b) ............................................................ Vessel Inspection; Violation of 3318(b)–3318(f) ................................................................. List/count of Passengers ..................................................................................................... Notification to Passengers .................................................................................................. Notification to Passengers; Sale of Tickets ........................................................................ Copies of Laws on Passenger Vessels; Master ................................................................. Liquid Bulk/Dangerous Cargo ............................................................................................. Uninspected Vessels ........................................................................................................... Recreational Vessels (maximum for related series of violations) ....................................... Recreational Vessels; Violation of 4307(a) ......................................................................... Recreational Vessels ........................................................................................................... Uninspected Commercial Fishing Industry Vessels ............................................................ Abandonment of Barges ..................................................................................................... Load Lines ........................................................................................................................... Load Lines; Violation of 5112(a) ......................................................................................... Load Lines; Violation of 5112(b) ......................................................................................... Reporting Marine Casualties ............................................................................................... Reporting Marine Casualties; Violation of 6104 ................................................................. Manning of Inspected Vessels; Failure to Report Deficiency in Vessel Complement ....... Manning of Inspected Vessels ............................................................................................ Manning of Inspected Vessels; Employing or Serving in Capacity not Licensed by USCG. Manning of Inspected Vessels; Freight Vessel <100 GT, Small Passenger Vessel, or Sailing School Vessel. Watchmen on Passenger Vessels ...................................................................................... Citizenship Requirements ................................................................................................... Watches on Vessels; Violation of 8104(a) or (b) ................................................................ Watches on Vessels; Violation of 8104(c), (d), (e), or (h) .................................................. Staff Department on Vessels .............................................................................................. Officer’s Competency Certificates ....................................................................................... Coastwise Pilotage; Owner, Charterer, Managing Operator, Agent, Master or Individual in Charge. Coastwise Pilotage; Individual ............................................................................................ Federal Pilots ...................................................................................................................... Merchant Mariners Documents ........................................................................................... Crew Requirements ............................................................................................................. Small Vessel Manning ......................................................................................................... Pilotage: Great Lakes; Owner, Charterer, Managing Operator, Agent, Master or Individual in Charge. Pilotage: Great Lakes; Individual ........................................................................................ Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 21,039 47,357 43,359 57,813 5,781 57,317 57,317 171,952 57,317 171,952 6,265 62,656 9,472 7,710 6,974 34,871 7,710 12,007 2,402 12,007 2,505 12,007 12,007 2,402 2,402 24,017 4,803 24,017 12,007 250 25,037 1,251 501 62,595 10,519 331,174 6,623 2,505 10,519 1,783 11,463 22,927 11,463 39,936 10,519 1,895 18,943 18,943 2,505 2,505 1,251 18,943 18,943 250 250 18,943 18,943 60,039 1,251 18,943 39,936 18,943 18,943 13512 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations TABLE 1—CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS—Continued U.S. Code citation 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 49 49 U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. U.S.C. 9308(c) ........................ 10104(b) ..................... 10314(a)(2) ................. 10314(b) ..................... 10315(c) ...................... 10321 .......................... 10505(a)(2) ................. 10505(b) ..................... 10508(b) ..................... 10711 .......................... 10902(a)(2) ................. 10903(d) ..................... 10907(b) ..................... 11101(f) ...................... 11102(b) ..................... 11104(b) ..................... 11105(c) ...................... 11303(a) ..................... 11303(b) ..................... 11303(c) ...................... 11506 .......................... 12151(a)(1) ................. 12151(a)(2) ................. 12151(c) ...................... 12309(a) ..................... 12309(b) ..................... 12507(b) ..................... 14701 .......................... 14702 .......................... 31309 .......................... 31330(a)(2) ................. 31330(b)(2) ................. 70036(a) ..................... 70041(d)(1)(B) ............ 70041(d)(1)(C) ............ 70041(d)(1)(D) ............ 70119(a) ..................... 70119(b) ..................... 70506 .......................... 5123(a)(1) ................... 5123(a)(2) ................... 49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(3) ................... 1 Enacted Pilotage: Great Lakes; Violation of 9303 ............................................................................ Failure to Report Sexual Offense ....................................................................................... Pay Advances to Seamen ................................................................................................... Pay Advances to Seamen; Remuneration for Employment ............................................... Allotment to Seamen ........................................................................................................... Seamen Protection; General ............................................................................................... Coastwise Voyages: Advances ........................................................................................... Coastwise Voyages: Advances; Remuneration for Employment ....................................... Coastwise Voyages: Seamen Protection; General ............................................................. Effects of Deceased Seamen ............................................................................................. Complaints of Unfitness ...................................................................................................... Proceedings on Examination of Vessel .............................................................................. Permission to Make Complaint ........................................................................................... Accommodations for Seamen ............................................................................................. Medicine Chests on Vessels ............................................................................................... Destitute Seamen ................................................................................................................ Wages on Discharge ........................................................................................................... Log Books; Master Failing to Maintain ............................................................................... Log Books; Master Failing to Make Entry ........................................................................... Log Books; Late Entry ......................................................................................................... Carrying of Sheath Knives .................................................................................................. Vessel Documentation ........................................................................................................ Documentation of Vessels- Related to activities involving mobile offshore drilling units ... Vessel Documentation; Fishery Endorsement .................................................................... Numbering of Undocumented Vessels—Willful violation .................................................... Numbering of Undocumented Vessels ............................................................................... Vessel Identification System ............................................................................................... Measurement of Vessels ..................................................................................................... Measurement; False Statements ........................................................................................ Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens ..................................................................... Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens; Mortgagor ................................................... Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens; Violation of 31329 ...................................... Ports and Waterways Safety Regulations .......................................................................... Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine Parades; Unlicensed Person in Charge .............. Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine Parades; Owner Onboard Vessel ........................ Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine Parades; Other Persons ...................................... Port Security ........................................................................................................................ Port Security—Continuing Violations .................................................................................. Maritime Drug Law Enforcement; Penalties ....................................................................... Hazardous Materials: Related to Vessels—Maximum Penalty .......................................... Hazardous Materials: Related to Vessels—Penalty from Fatalities, Serious Injuries/Illness or Substantial Damage to Property. Hazardous Materials: Related to Vessels—Training .......................................................... PART 1503—INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES 15. The authority citation for part 1503 continues to read as follows: ■ khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES 18,943 10,067 1,251 1,251 1,251 8,678 8,678 8,678 8,678 501 1,251 250 1,251 1,251 1,251 250 1,251 501 501 375 125 16,398 27,331 125,314 12,519 2,505 21,039 45,855 45,855 21,039 21,039 52,596 94,219 9,472 9,472 4,735 34,871 62,656 5,781 81,993 191,316 493 under the Tariff Act of 1930, exempt from inflation adjustments. Title 49—Transportation Authority: 6 U.S.C. 1142; 18 U.S.C. 6002; 28 U.S.C. 2461 (note); 49 U.S.C. 114, 20109, 31105, 40113–40114, 40119, 44901–44907, 46101–46107, 46109–46110, 46301, 46305, 46311, 46313–46314; Pub. L. 104–134, as amended by Pub. L. 114–74. 16. In § 1503.401, revise paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) and (c)(1) through (3) to read as follows: ■ § 1503.401 * 2019 Adjusted maximum penalty amount ($) Civil monetary penalty description Maximum penalty amounts. * * (b) * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 * * 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 (1) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, $10,000 per violation, up to a total of $50,000 per civil penalty action, in the case of an individual or small business concern, as defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632). For violations that occurred after November 2, 2015 $11,698 per violation, up to a total of $58,490 per civil penalty action, in the case of an individual or small business concern; and (2) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, $10,000 per violation, up to a total of $400,000 per civil penalty action, in the case of any other person. For violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, $11,698 per violation, up to a total of PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 $467,920 per civil penalty action, in the case of any other person. (c) * * * (1) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, $10,000 per violation, up to a total of $50,000 per civil penalty action, in the case of an individual or small business concern, as defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632). For violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, $13,669 per violation, up to a total of $68,347 per civil penalty action, in the case of an individual (except an airman serving as an airman), or a small business concern. (2) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, $10,000 per violation, up to a total of $400,000 per civil penalty action, in the case of any E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules and Regulations other person (except an airman serving as an airman) not operating an aircraft for the transportation of passengers or property for compensation. For violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, $13,669 per violation, up to a total of $546,774 per civil penalty action, in the case of any other person (except an airman serving as an airman) not operating an aircraft for the transportation of passengers or property for compensation. (3) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, $25,000 per violation, up to a total of $400,000 per civil penalty action, in the case of a person operating an aircraft for the transportation of passengers or property for compensation (except an individual serving as an airman). For violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, $34,174 per violation, up to a total of $546,774 per civil penalty action, in the case of a person (except an individual serving as an airman) operating an aircraft for the transportation of passengers or property for compensation. John M. Mitnick, General Counsel. [FR Doc. 2019–06745 Filed 4–4–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–9–P, 9111–14–P, 9111–28–P, 9110– 04–P, 9110–05–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 956 [Doc. No.: AMS–SC–18–0028; SC–18–956– 1] Sweet Onions Grown in the Walla Walla Valley of Southeast Washington and Northeast Oregon; Amendments to Marketing Order 956 Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This final rule amends Marketing Order No. 956, which regulates the handling of sweet onions grown in the Walla Walla Valley of Southeast Washington and Northeast Oregon. The three amendments, which were proposed by the Walla Walla Sweet Onion Marketing Committee (Committee), were approved by producers in a referendum. This action also updates the term of office and staggered term limits for producers and handlers. DATES: This rule is effective May 6, 2019. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Apr 04, 2019 Jkt 247001 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Geronimo Quinones, Marketing Specialist, or Patty Bennett, Director, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Specialty Crops Program, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, Stop 0237, Washington, DC 20250–0237; Telephone: (202) 720– 2491, Fax: (202) 720–8938, or Email: Geronimo.Quinones@usda.gov or Patty.Bennett@usda.gov. Small businesses may request information on complying with this regulation by contacting Richard Lower, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Specialty Crops Program, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, STOP 0237, Washington, DC 20250–0237; Telephone: (202) 720– 2491, Fax: (202) 720–8938, or Email: Richard.Lower@usda.gov. This action, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, amends regulations issued to carry out a marketing order as defined in 7 CFR 900.2(j). This rule is issued under Marketing Order No. 956, as amended (7 CFR part 956), regulating the handling of sweet onions grown in the Walla Walla Valley of Southeast Washington and Northeast Oregon. Part 956 (referred to as the ‘‘Order’’) is effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601–674), hereinafter referred to as the ‘‘Act.’’ The Committee, which is responsible for the local administration of the Order, is comprised of sweet onion producers and handlers operating within the area of production and a public member. Section 608c(17) of the Act and the applicable rules of practice and procedure governing the formulation of marketing agreements and orders (7 CFR part 900) authorize amendment of the Order through this informal rulemaking action. The Department of Agriculture (USDA) is issuing this rule in conformance with Executive Orders 13563 and 13175. This action falls within a category of regulatory actions that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) exempted from Executive Order 12866 review. Additionally, because this final rule does not meet the definition of a significant regulatory action, it does not trigger the requirements contained in Executive Order 13771. See OMB’s Memorandum titled ‘‘Interim Guidance Implementing Section 2 of the Executive Order of January 30, 2017, titled ‘Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs’ ’’ (February 2, 2017). This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 13513 Reform. This rule is not intended to have retroactive effect. The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 8c(15)(A) of the Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(15)(A)), any handler subject to an order may file with USDA a petition stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. A handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After the hearing, USDA would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States in any district in which the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or her principal place of business, has jurisdiction to review USDA’s ruling on the petition, provided an action is filed no later than 20 days after the date of entry of the ruling. Section 1504 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (2008 Farm Bill) (Pub. L. 110–246) amended section 8c(17) of the Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(17), which in turn required the addition of supplemental rules of practice to 7 CFR part 900 (73 FR 49307; August 21, 2008). The amendment of section 8c(17) of the Act and additional supplemental rules of practice authorize the use of informal rulemaking (5 U.S.C. 553) to amend Federal fruit, vegetable, and nut marketing agreements and orders. USDA may use informal rulemaking to amend marketing orders based on the nature and complexity of the proposed amendments, the potential regulatory and economic impacts on affected entities, and any other relevant matters. The USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) considered these factors and has determined that amending the Order as proposed could appropriately be accomplished through informal rulemaking. The proposed amendments were unanimously recommended by the Committee following deliberations at two public meetings held on November 14, 2017, and March 3, 2018. A proposed rule soliciting comments on the amendment was issued on July 19, 2018, and published in the Federal Register on July 24, 2018 (83 FR 34953). One comment in support of the amendments was received. As a result, no changes to the proposed rule were made. A proposed rule and referendum order was then issued on December 11, 2018, and published in the Federal Register on December 14, 2018 (83 FR 64296). This document directed that a referendum among Walla Walla sweet E:\FR\FM\05APR1.SGM 05APR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 66 (Friday, April 5, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 13499-13513]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-06745]



========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents 
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed 
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published 
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.

The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. 

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules 
and Regulations

[[Page 13499]]



DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

6 CFR Part 27

8 CFR Parts 270, 274a, and 280

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

19 CFR Part 4

Coast Guard

33 CFR Part 27

Transportation Security Administration

49 CFR Part 1503

RIN 1601-AA80


Civil Monetary Penalty Adjustments for Inflation

AGENCY: Department of Homeland Security.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: In this final rule, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) 
is making the 2019 annual inflation adjustment to its civil monetary 
penalties. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act 
Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act) was signed into law on November 2, 
2015. Pursuant to the 2015 Act, all agencies must adjust civil monetary 
penalties annually and publish the adjustment in the Federal Register. 
Accordingly, this final rule adjusts DHS's civil monetary penalties for 
2019 pursuant to the 2015 Act and OMB guidance. The new penalties will 
be effective for penalties assessed after April 5, 2019 whose 
associated violations occurred after November 2, 2015.

DATES: This rule is effective on April 5, 2019.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Megan Westmoreland, Attorney-Advisor, 
Office of the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 
Phone: 202-447-4384.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Table of Contents

I. Statutory and Regulatory Background
II. Overview of Final Rule
III. Adjustments by Component
    A. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency
    B. U.S. Customs and Border Protection
    C. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
    D. U.S. Coast Guard
    E. Transportation Security Administration
IV. Administrative Procedure Act
V. Regulatory Analyses
    A. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563
    B. Regulatory Flexibility Act
    C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    D. Paperwork Reduction Act
VI. Signing Authority

I. Statutory and Regulatory Background

    On November 2, 2015, the President signed into law the Federal 
Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Pub. 
L. 114-74 section 701 (Nov. 2, 2015)) (2015 Act).\1\ The 2015 Act 
amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 
(28 U.S.C. 2461 note) to improve the effectiveness of civil monetary 
penalties and to maintain their deterrent effect. The 2015 Act required 
agencies to: (1) Adjust the level of civil monetary penalties with an 
initial ``catch-up'' adjustment through issuance of an Interim Final 
Rule (IFR) and (2) make subsequent annual adjustments for inflation. 
Through the ``catch-up'' adjustment, agencies were required to adjust 
the maximum amounts of civil monetary penalties to more accurately 
reflect inflation rates.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ The 2015 Act was enacted as part of the Bipartisan Budget 
Act of 2015, Public Law 114-74 (Nov. 2, 2015).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For the subsequent annual adjustments, the 2015 Act requires 
agencies to increase the penalty amounts by a cost-of-living 
adjustment. The 2015 Act directs OMB to provide guidance to agencies 
each year to assist agencies in making the annual adjustments. The 2015 
Act requires agencies to make the annual adjustments no later than 
January 15 of each year and to publish the adjustments in the Federal 
Register.
    Pursuant to the 2015 Act, DHS undertook a review of the civil 
penalties that DHS and its components administer.\2\ On July 1, 2016, 
DHS published an IFR adjusting the maximum civil monetary penalties 
with an initial ``catch-up'' adjustment, as required by the 2015 
Act.\3\ DHS calculated the adjusted penalties based upon 
nondiscretionary provisions in the 2015 Act and upon guidance that OMB 
issued to agencies on February 24, 2016.\4\ The adjusted penalties were 
effective for civil penalties assessed after August 1, 2016 (the 
effective date of the IFR) whose associated violations occurred after 
November 2, 2015 (the date of enactment of the 2015 Act). On January 
27, 2017, DHS published a final rule finalizing the IFR and making the 
annual adjustment for 2017.\5\ DHS made the 2018 annual inflation 
adjustment on April 2, 2018.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ The 2015 Act applies to all agency civil penalties except 
for any penalty (including any addition to tax and additional 
amount) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et 
seq.) and the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1202 et seq.). See sec. 
4(a)(1) of the 2015 Act. In the case of DHS, several civil penalties 
that are assessed by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and 
the U.S. Coast Guard fall under the Tariff Act of 1930, and thus DHS 
did not adjust those civil penalties in this rulemaking.
    \3\ See 81 FR 42987.
    \4\ OMB, Implementation of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation 
Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Table A, 24 February 2016. 
https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/whitehouse.gov/files/omb/memoranda/2016/m-16-06.pdf (last accessed Dec. 5, 2017).
    \5\ See 82 FR 8572.
    \6\ See 83 FR 13826.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Overview of the Final Rule

    This final rule makes the 2019 annual inflation adjustments to 
civil monetary penalties pursuant to the 2015 Act and pursuant to 
guidance OMB issued to agencies on December 14, 2018.\7\ The penalty 
amounts in this final rule will be effective for penalties assessed 
after April 5, 2019 where the associated violation occurred after 
November 2, 2015. Consistent with OMB guidance, the 2015 Act does not 
change previously assessed penalties that the agency is actively 
collecting or has collected.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation 
Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties 
Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. 
Available at https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The adjusted penalty amounts will apply to penalties assessed after 
the effective date of this final rule. We discuss civil penalties by 
DHS component in Section III below. For

[[Page 13500]]

each component identified in Section III, below, we briefly describe 
the relevant civil penalty (or penalties), and we provide a table 
showing the increase in the penalties for 2019. In the table for each 
component, we show (1) the penalty name, (2) the penalty statutory and/
or regulatory citation, (3) the penalty amount as adjusted in the 2017 
final rule, (4) the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier for 2019 that 
OMB provided in its December 14, 2018 guidance, and (5) the new 2019 
adjusted penalty. The 2015 Act instructs agencies to round penalties to 
the nearest $1. For a more complete discussion of the method used for 
calculating the initial ``catch-up'' inflation adjustments and a 
component-by-component breakdown to the nature of the civil penalties 
and relevant legal authorities, please see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 
42987-43000.

III. Adjustments by Component

    In the following sections, we briefly describe the civil penalties 
that DHS and its components assess. We include tables at the end of 
each section, which list the individual adjustments for each penalty.

A. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency

    The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) 
(formerly the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD)) \8\ 
administers only one civil penalty that the 2015 Act affects. That 
penalty assesses fines for violations of the Chemical Facility Anti-
Terrorism Standards (CFATS). CFATS is a program that regulates the 
security of chemical facilities that, in the discretion of the 
Secretary, present high levels of security risk. DHS established the 
CFATS program in 2007 pursuant to section 550 of the Department of 
Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 109-295).\9\ The 
CFATS regulation is located in part 27 of title 6 of the Code of 
Federal Regulations (CFR). Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment 
for the CFATS penalty that CISA administers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ On November 16, 2018, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure 
Security Agency Act of 2018 (Pub. L. 115-278), was enacted to 
redesignate NPPD as CISA. Henceforth, CISA is the DHS operational 
component responsible for overseeing critical infrastructure 
protection, cybersecurity, and other related programs.
    \9\ Section 550 has since been superseded by the Protecting and 
Securing Chemical Facilities from Terrorist Attacks Act of 2014 
(Pub. L. 113-254). The new legislation codified the statutory 
authority for the CFATS program within Title XXI of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002, as amended. See 6 U.S.C. 621 et seq. Public 
Law 113-254 authorized the CFATS program from January 18, 2015 to 
January 17, 2019. The Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards 
Program Extension Act (Pub. L. 116-2) extends the CFATS program 
authorization to April 17, 2020. DHS is adding these citations to 
the authority citation for part 27 of title 6 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations.

                                     Table 1--CFATS Civil Penalty Adjustment
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                New penalty as
         Penalty name                Citation          Penalty amount as       Multiplier *    adjusted by this
                                                    adjusted in the 2018 FR                       final rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Penalty for non-compliance      6 U.S.C.           $34,013 per day..........         1.02522             $34,871
 with CFATS regulations.         624(b)(1); 6 CFR
                                 27.300(b)(3).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal
  Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.

B. U.S. Customs and Border Protection

    U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) assesses civil monetary 
penalties under various titles of the United States Code and the CFR. 
These include penalties for certain violations of title 8 of the CFR 
regarding the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (Pub. L. 82-414, 
as amended) (INA). The INA contains provisions that impose penalties on 
persons, including carriers and aliens, who violate specified 
provisions of the INA. The relevant penalty provisions are located in 
numerous sections of the INA, however CBP has enumerated these 
penalties in regulation in one location--8 CFR 280.53. For a complete 
list of the INA sections for which penalties are assessed, in addition 
to a brief description of each violation, see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 
42989-42990.
    On December 8, 2017, CBP adjusted three non-INA penalties 
inadvertently left out of the IFR and 2017 final rule.\10\ The three 
penalties concerned the following violations: Transporting passengers 
between coastwise points in the United States by a non-coastwise 
qualified vessel; towing a vessel between coastwise points in the 
United States by a non-coastwise qualified vessel; and dealing in or 
using an empty stamped imported liquor container after it has already 
been used once. On December 28, 2018, CBP adjusted two additional non-
INA penalties inadvertently left out of the IFR and 2018 final 
rule.\11\ The two penalties concern the following violations: 
Transporting passengers coastwise for hire by certain vessels (known as 
Bowaters vessels) that do not meet specified conditions; and employing 
a vessel in a trade without a required Certificate of Documentation. 
This final rule incorporates these penalties, in addition to the other 
CBP penalties, and adjusts them according to the 2019 multiplier.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ See 82 FR 57821.
    \11\ See 83 FR 67069.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment for the penalties that 
CBP administers.

                                         Table 2--U.S. Customs and Border Protection Civil Penalties Adjustments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Penalty amount as adjusted in the                   New penalty as adjusted by this
             Penalty name                        Citation                        2018 FR                Multiplier *               final rule
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Penalties for non-compliance with       8 U.S.C. 1221(g); 8 CFR    $1,360............................         1.02522  $1,394.
 arrival and departure manifest          280.53(b)(1) (INA
 requirements for passengers,            section 231(g)).
 crewmembers, or occupants transported
 on commercial vessels or aircraft
 arriving to or departing from the
 United States.

[[Page 13501]]

 
Penalties for non-compliance with       8 U.S.C. 1224; 8 CFR       3,695.............................         1.02522  3,788.
 landing requirements at designated      280.53(b)(2); (INA
 ports of entry for aircraft             section 234).
 transporting aliens.
Penalties for failure to depart         8 U.S.C. 1229c(d); 8 CFR   1,558-7,791.......................         1.02522  1,597-7,987.
 voluntarily.                            280.53(b)(3) (INA
                                         section 240B(d)).
Penalties for violations of removal     8 U.S.C. 1253(c)(1)(A); 8  3,116.............................         1.02522  3,195.
 orders relating to aliens transported   CFR 280.53(b)(4); (INA
 on vessels or aircraft under section    section 243(c)(1)(A)).
 241(d) of the INA, or for costs
 associated with removal under section
 241(e) of the INA.
Penalties for failure to remove alien   8 U.S.C. 1253(c)(1)(B); 8  7,791.............................         1.02522  7,987.
 stowaways under section 241(d)(2) of    CFR 280.53(b)(5) (INA
 the INA.                                section 243(c)(1)(B)).
Penalties for failure to report an      8 U.S.C. 1281(d); 8 CFR    369 for each alien................         1.02522  378.
 illegal landing or desertion of alien   280.53(b)(6); (INA
 crewmen, and for each alien not         section 251(d)).
 reported on arrival or departure
 manifest or lists required in
 accordance with section 251 of the
 INA.
Penalties for use of alien crewmen for  8 U.S.C. 1281(d); 8 CFR    9,239.............................         1.02522  9,472.
 longshore work in violation of          280.53(b)(6); (INA
 section 251(d) of the INA.              section 251(d)).
Penalties for failure to control,       8 U.S.C. 1284(a); 8 CFR    924-5,543.........................         1.02522  947-5,683.
 detain, or remove alien crewmen.        280.53(b)(7) (INA
                                         section 254(a)).
Penalties for employment on passenger   8 U.S.C. 1285; 8 CFR       1,848.............................         1.02522  1,895.
 vessels of aliens afflicted with        280.53(b)(8) (INA
 certain disabilities.                   section 255).
Penalties for discharge of alien        8 U.S.C. 1286; 8 CFR       2,771-5,543.......................         1.02522  2,841-5,683.
 crewmen.                                280.53(b)(9) (INA
                                         section 256).
Penalties for bringing into the United  8 U.S.C. 1287; 8 CFR       18,477............................         1.02522  18,943.
 States alien crewmen with intent to     280.53(b)(10); (INA
 evade immigration laws.                 section 257).
Penalties for failure to prevent the    8 U.S.C. 1321(a); 8 CFR    5,543.............................         1.02522  5,683.
 unauthorized landing of aliens.         280.53(b)(11) (INA
                                         section 271(a)).
Penalties for bringing to the United    8 U.S.C. 1322(a); 8 CFR    5,543.............................         1.02522  5,683.
 States aliens subject to denial of      280.53(b)(12) (INA
 admission on a health-related ground.   section 272(a)).
Penalties for bringing to the United    8 U.S.C. 1323(b); 8 CFR    5,543.............................         1.02522  5,683.
 States aliens without required          280.53(b)(13) (INA
 documentation.                          section 273(b)).
Penalties for failure to depart.......  8 U.S.C. 1324d; 8 CFR      779...............................         1.02522  799.
                                         280.53(b)(14) (INA
                                         section 274D).
Penalties for improper entry..........  8 U.S.C. 1325(b); 8 CFR    78-390............................         1.02522  80-400.
                                         280.53(b)(15) (INA
                                         section 275(b)).
Penalty for dealing in or using empty   19 U.S.C. 469............  518...............................         1.02522  *** 531.
 stamped imported liquor containers.
Penalty for employing a vessel in a     19 U.S.C. 1706a; 19 CFR    1296..............................         1.02522  1329.
 trade without a required Certificate    4.80(i).
 of Documentation **.
Penalty for transporting passengers     46 U.S.C. 12118(f)(3)....  518...............................         1.02522  *** 531.
 coastwise for hire by certain vessels
 (known as Bowaters vessels) that do
 not meet specified conditions **.
Penalty for transporting passengers     46 U.S.C. 55103(b); 19     778...............................         1.02522  798.
 between coastwise points in the         CFR 4.80(b)(2).
 United States by a non-coastwise
 qualified vessel.
Penalty for towing a vessel between     46 U.S.C. 55111(c); 19     907-2852, plus 155 per ton........         1.02522  930-2,924, plus 159 per ton.
 coastwise points in the United States   CFR 4.92.
 by a non-coastwise qualified vessel.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act
  Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
** Adjustments made in the December 28, 2018 final rule, 83 FR 67069.
*** No applicable conforming edit to regulatory text.


[[Page 13502]]

C. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

    U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) assesses civil 
monetary penalties for certain employment-related violations arising 
from the INA. ICE's civil penalties are located in title 8 of the CFR.
    There are three different sections in the INA that impose civil 
monetary penalties for violations of the laws that relate to employment 
actions: Sections 274A, 274B, and 274C. ICE has primary enforcement 
responsibilities for two of these civil penalty provisions (sections 
274A and 274C), and the Department of Justice (DOJ) has enforcement 
responsibilities for one of these civil penalty provisions (section 
274B). The INA, in sections 274A and 274C, provides for imposition of 
civil penalties for various specified unlawful acts pertaining to the 
employment eligibility verification process (Form I-9, Employment 
Eligibility Verification), the employment of unauthorized aliens, and 
document fraud.
    Because both DHS and DOJ implement the three employment-related 
penalty sections in the INA, both Departments' implementing regulations 
reflect the civil penalty amounts. For a complete description of the 
civil money penalties assessed and a discussion of DHS's and DOJ's 
efforts to update the penalties in years past, see the IFR preamble at 
81 FR 42991. Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment for the 
penalties that ICE administers.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ Table 3 also includes two civil penalties that are also 
listed as penalties administered by CBP. These are penalties for 
failure to depart voluntarily, INA section 240B(d), and failure to 
depart after a final order of removal, INA section 274D. Both CBP 
and ICE may administer these penalties, but as ICE is the DHS 
component primarily responsible for assessing and collecting them, 
they are also listed among the penalties ICE administers.

                  Table 3--U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Civil Penalties Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Penalty amount as                    New penalty as
           Penalty name                   Citation          adjusted in the    Multiplier *    adjusted by this
                                                                2018 FR                           final rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Civil penalties for failure to      8 U.S.C. 1229c(d); 8       $1,558-$7,791         1.02522       $1,597-$7,987
 depart voluntarily, INA section     CFR 280.53(b)(3).
 240B(d).
Civil penalties for violation of    8 CFR                          461-3,695         1.02522           473-3,788
 INA sections 274C(a)(1)-(a)(4),     270.3(b)(1)(ii)(A).
 penalty for first offense.
Civil penalties for violation of    8 CFR                          390-3,116         1.02522           400-3,195
 INA sections 274C(a)(5)-(a)(6),     270.3(b)(1)(ii)(B).
 penalty for first offense.
Civil penalties for violation of    8 CFR                        3,695-9,239         1.02522         3,788-9,472
 INA sections 274C(a)(1)-(a)(4),     270.3(b)(1)(ii)(C).
 penalty for subsequent offenses.
Civil penalties for violation of    8 CFR                        3,116-7,791         1.02522         3,195-7,987
 INA sections 274C(a)(5)-(a)(6),     270.3(b)(1)(ii)(D).
 penalty for subsequent offenses.
Violation/prohibition of indemnity  8 CFR 274a.8(b).....               2,236         1.02522               2,292
 bonds.
Civil penalties for knowingly       8 CFR                          559-4,473         1.02522           573-4,586
 hiring, recruiting, referral, or    274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(A
 retention of unauthorized aliens--  ).
 Penalty for first offense (per
 unauthorized alien).
Penalty for second offense (per     8 CFR                       4,473-11,181         1.02522        4,586-11,463
 unauthorized alien).                274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(B
                                     ).
Penalty for third or subsequent     8 CFR                       6,709-22,363         1.02522        6,878-22,927
 offense (per unauthorized alien).   274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(C
                                     ).
Civil penalties for I-9 paperwork   8 CFR 274a.10(b)(2).           224-2,236         1.02522           230-2,292
 violations.
Civil penalties for failure to      8 U.S.C. 1324d; 8                    779         1.02522            \13\ 799
 depart, INA section 274D.           CFR 280.53(b)(14).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal
  Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.

     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ As written prior to this final rule, the regulatory text at 
8 CFR 280.53(b)(14) did not make clear that the amount stated is a 
maximum. The statutory authority for the penalty, 8 U.S.C. 1324d, is 
clear that the amount reflects a maximum penalty. Thus, consistent 
with the statutory authority, and to prevent any confusion, DHS is 
making a technical clarification with this final rule by adding the 
word ``maximum'' to paragraph (b)(14).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

D. U.S. Coast Guard

    The Coast Guard is authorized to assess close to 150 penalties 
involving maritime safety and security and environmental stewardship 
that are critical to the continued success of Coast Guard missions. 
Various statutes in titles 14, 16, 19, 33, 42, 46, and 49 of the United 
States Code authorize these penalties. Titles 33 and 46 authorize the 
vast majority of these penalties as these statutes deal with 
navigation, navigable waters, and shipping. Beyond titles 33 and 46, 
the Coast Guard is also authorized to collect civil monetary penalties 
related to the organization and management of the Coast Guard, aquatic 
species conservation, obstruction of revenue, and hazardous substances 
and materials. For a complete discussion of the civil monetary 
penalties assessed by the Coast Guard, see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 
42992.
    The Coast Guard has identified the penalties it administers, 
adjusted those penalties for inflation, and is listing those new 
penalties in a table located in the CFR--specifically, Table 1 in 33 
CFR 27.3. Table 1 in 33 CFR 27.3 identifies the statutes that provide 
the Coast Guard with civil monetary penalty authority and sets out the 
inflation-adjusted maximum penalty that the Coast Guard may impose 
pursuant to each statutory provision. Table 1 in 33 CFR 27.3 provides 
the current maximum penalty for violations that occurred after November 
2, 2015.\14\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ The Frank LoBiondo Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2018 
re-designated certain existing sections of the United States Code, 
including 14 U.S.C. 88 (now 14 U.S.C. 521) and 33 U.S.C. 1232 and 
1236 (now 46 U.S.C. 70036 and 70041). The revised table reflects 
those changes to the statutory citations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The applicable civil penalty amounts for violations occurring on or 
before November 2, 2015 are set forth in previously published 
regulations amending 33 CFR part 27. To find the applicable penalty 
amount for a violation that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
look to the prior versions of the CFR that pertain to the date on which 
the violation occurred. Table 4 below shows the 2019 adjustment for the 
penalties that the Coast Guard administers.

[[Page 13503]]



                              Table 4--U.S. Coast Guard Civil Penalties Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Penalty amount as                    New penalty as
           Penalty name                   Citation          adjusted in the    Multiplier *    adjusted by this
                                                                2018 FR                           final rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Saving Life and Property..........  14 U.S.C. 521(c)....             $10,389         1.02522             $10,651
Saving Life and Property;           14 U.S.C. 521(e)....               1,066         1.02522               1,093
 Intentional Interference with
 Broadcast.
Confidentiality of Medical Quality  14 U.S.C. 645(i); 33               5,218         1.02522               5,350
 Assurance Records (first offense).  CFR 27.3.
Confidentiality of Medical Quality  14 U.S.C. 645(i); 33              34,791         1.02522              35,668
 Assurance Records (subsequent       CFR 27.3.
 offenses).
Aquatic Nuisance Species in Waters  16 U.S.C.                         38,954         1.02522              39,936
 of the United States.               4711(g)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Obstruction of Revenue Officers by  19 U.S.C. 70; 33 CFR               7,779         1.02522               7,975
 Masters of Vessels.                 27.3.
Obstruction of Revenue Officers by  19 U.S.C. 70; 33 CFR               1,815         1.02522               1,861
 Masters of Vessels--Minimum         27.3.
 Penalty.
Failure to Stop Vessel When         19 U.S.C. 1581(d)...            ** 5,000             N/A            ** 5,000
 Directed; Master, Owner, Operator
 or Person in Charge.
Failure to Stop Vessel When         19 U.S.C. 1581(d)...            ** 1,000             N/A            ** 1,000
 Directed; Master, Owner, Operator
 or Person in Charge--Minimum
 Penalty.
Anchorage Ground/Harbor             33 U.S.C. 471; 33                 11,279         1.02522              11,563
 Regulations General.                CFR 27.3.
Anchorage Ground/Harbor             33 U.S.C. 474; 33                    778         1.02522                 798
 Regulations St. Mary's river.       CFR 27.3.
Bridges/Failure to Comply with      33 U.S.C. 495(b); 33              28,474         1.02522              29,192
 Regulations.                        CFR 27.3.
Bridges/Drawbridges...............  33 U.S.C. 499(c); 33              28,474         1.02522              29,192
                                     CFR 27.3.
Bridges/Failure to Alter Bridge     33 U.S.C. 502(c); 33              28,474         1.02522              29,192
 Obstructing Navigation.             CFR 27.3.
Bridges/Maintenance and Operation.  33 U.S.C. 533(b); 33              28,474         1.02522              29,192
                                     CFR 27.3.
Bridge to Bridge Communication;     33 U.S.C. 1208(a);                 2,074         1.02522               2,126
 Master, Person in Charge or Pilot.  33 CFR 27.3.
Bridge to Bridge Communication;     33 U.S.C. 1208(b);                 2,074         1.02522               2,126
 Vessel.                             33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                         18,477         1.02522              18,943
 Discharges (Class I per             1321(b)(6)(B)(i);
 violation).                         33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                         46,192         1.02522              47,357
 Discharges (Class I total under     1321(b)(6)(B)(i);
 paragraph).                         33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                         18,477         1.02522              18,943
 Discharges (Class II per day of     1321(b)(6)(B)(ii);
 violation).                         33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                        230,958         1.02522             236,783
 Discharges (Class II total under    1321(b)(6)(B)(ii);
 paragraph).                         33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                         46,192         1.02522              47,357
 Discharges (per day of violation)   1321(b)(7)(A); 33
 Judicial Assessment.                CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                          1,848         1.02522               1,895
 Discharges (per barrel of oil or    1321(b)(7)(A); 33
 unit discharged) Judicial           CFR 27.3.
 Assessment.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure   33 U.S.C.                         46,192         1.02522              47,357
 to Carry Out Removal/Comply With    1321(b)(7)(B); 33
 Order (Judicial Assessment).        CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure   33 U.S.C.                         46,192         1.02522              47,357
 to Comply with Regulation Issued    1321(b)(7)(C); 33
 Under 1321(j) (Judicial             CFR 27.3.
 Assessment).
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                          5,543         1.02522               5,683
 Discharges, Gross Negligence (per   1321(b)(7)(D); 33
 barrel of oil or unit discharged)   CFR 27.3.
 Judicial Assessment.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                        184,767         1.02522             189,427
 Discharges, Gross Negligence--      1321(b)(7)(D); 33
 Minimum Penalty (Judicial           CFR 27.3.
 Assessment).
Marine Sanitation Devices;          33 U.S.C. 1322(j);                 7,779         1.02522               7,975
 Operating.                          33 CFR 27.3.
Marine Sanitation Devices; Sale or  33 U.S.C. 1322(j);                20,742         1.02522              21,265
 Manufacture.                        33 CFR 27.3.
International Navigation Rules;     33 U.S.C. 1608(a);                14,543         1.02522              14,910
 Operator.                           33 CFR 27.3.
International Navigation Rules;     33 U.S.C. 1608(b);                14,543         1.02522              14,910
 Vessel.                             33 CFR 27.3.
Pollution from Ships; General.....  33 U.S.C.                         72,718         1.02522              74,552
                                     1908(b)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Pollution from Ships; False         33 U.S.C.                         14,543         1.02522              14,910
 Statement.                          1908(b)(2); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.

[[Page 13504]]

 
Inland Navigation Rules; Operator.  33 U.S.C. 2072(a);                14,543         1.02522              14,910
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Inland Navigation Rules; Vessel...  33 U.S.C. 2072(b);                14,543         1.02522              14,910
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Shore Protection; General.........  33 U.S.C. 2609(a);                51,302         1.02522              52,596
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Shore Protection; Operating         33 U.S.C. 2609(b);                20,521         1.02522              21,039
 Without Permit.                     33 CFR 27.3.
Oil Pollution Liability and         33 U.S.C. 2716a(a);               46,192         1.02522              47,357
 Compensation.                       33 CFR 27.3.
Clean Hulls.......................  33 U.S.C.                         42,292         1.02522              43,359
                                     3852(a)(1)(A); 33
                                     CFR 27.3.
Clean Hulls-related to false        33 U.S.C.                         56,391         1.02522              57,813
 statements.                         3852(a)(1)(A); 33
                                     CFR 27.3.
Clean Hulls--Recreational Vessel..  33 U.S.C. 3852(c);                 5,639         1.02522               5,781
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(a);                55,907         1.02522              57,317
 Liability, Compensation (Class I).  33 CFR 27.3.
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(b);                55,907         1.02522              57,317
 Liability, Compensation (Class      33 CFR 27.3.
 II).
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(b);               167,722         1.02522             171,952
 Liability, Compensation (Class II   33 CFR 27.3.
 subsequent offense).
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(c);                55,907         1.02522              57,317
 Liability, Compensation (Judicial   33 CFR 27.3.
 Assessment).
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(c);               167,722         1.02522             171,952
 Liability, Compensation (Judicial   33 CFR 27.3.
 Assessment subsequent offense).
Safe Containers for International   46 U.S.C. App                      6,111         1.02522               6,265
 Cargo.                              1505(a)(2)
                                     (codified as 46
                                     U.S.C. 80509); 33
                                     CFR 27.3.
Suspension of Passenger Service...  46 U.S.C. App                     61,115         1.02522              62,656
                                     1805(c)(2)
                                     (codified 46 U.S.C.
                                     70305); 33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection or Examination    46 U.S.C. 2110(e);                 9,239         1.02522               9,472
 Fees.                               33 CFR 27.3.
Alcohol and Dangerous Drug Testing  46 U.S.C. 2115; 33                 7,520         1.02522               7,710
                                     CFR 27.3.
Negligent Operations: Recreational  46 U.S.C. 2302(a);                 6,802         1.02522               6,974
 Vessels.                            33 CFR 27.3.
Negligent Operations: Other         46 U.S.C. 2302(a);                34,013         1.02522              34,871
 Vessels.                            33 CFR 27.3.
Operating a Vessel While Under the  46 U.S.C.                          7,520         1.02522               7,710
 Influence of Alcohol or a           2302(c)(1); 33 CFR
 Dangerous Drug.                     27.3.
Vessel Reporting Requirements:      46 U.S.C.                         11,712         1.02522              12,007
 Owner, Charterer, Managing          2306(a)(4); 33 CFR
 Operator, or Agent.                 27.3.
Vessel Reporting Requirements:      46 U.S.C.                          2,343         1.02522               2,402
 Master.                             2306(b)(2); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Immersion Suits...................  46 U.S.C.                         11,712         1.02522              12,007
                                     3102(c)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Inspection Permit.................  46 U.S.C.                          2,443         1.02522               2,505
                                     3302(i)(5); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Vessel Inspection; General........  46 U.S.C. 3318(a);                11,712         1.02522              12,007
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Nautical School  46 U.S.C. 3318(g);                11,712         1.02522              12,007
 Vessel.                             33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give  46 U.S.C. 3318(h);                 2,343         1.02522               2,402
 Notice IAW 3304(b).                 33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give  46 U.S.C. 3318(i);                 2,343         1.02522               2,402
 Notice IAW 3309(c).                 33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Vessel >=1,600   46 U.S.C.                         23,426         1.02522              24,017
 Gross Tons.                         3318(j)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Vessel <1,600    46 U.S.C.                          4,685         1.02522               4,803
 Gross Tons.                         3318(j)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Failure to       46 U.S.C. 3318(k);                23,426         1.02522              24,017
 Comply with 3311(b).                33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Violation of     46 U.S.C. 3318(l);                11,712         1.02522              12,007
 3318(b)-3318(f).                    33 CFR 27.3.
List/count of Passengers..........  46 U.S.C. 3502(e);                   244         1.02522                 250
                                     33 CFR 27.3.

[[Page 13505]]

 
Notification to Passengers........  46 U.S.C. 3504(c);                24,421         1.02522              25,037
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Notification to Passengers; Sale    46 U.S.C. 3504(c);                 1,220         1.02522               1,251
 of Tickets.                         33 CFR 27.3.
Copies of Laws on Passenger         46 U.S.C. 3506; 33                   489         1.02522                 501
 Vessels; Master.                    CFR 27.3.
Liquid Bulk/Dangerous Cargo.......  46 U.S.C.                         61,055         1.02522              62,595
                                     3718(a)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Uninspected Vessels...............  46 U.S.C. 4106; 33                10,260         1.02522              10,519
                                     CFR 27.3.
Recreational Vessels (maximum for   46 U.S.C.                        323,027         1.02522             331,174
 related series of violations).      4311(b)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Recreational Vessels; Violation of  46 U.S.C.                          6,460         1.02522               6,623
 4307(a).                            4311(b)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Recreational vessels..............  46 U.S.C. 4311(c);                 2,443         1.02522               2,505
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Uninspected Commercial Fishing      46 U.S.C. 4507; 33                10,260         1.02522              10,519
 Industry Vessels.                   CFR 27.3.
Abandonment of Barges.............  46 U.S.C. 4703; 33                 1,739         1.02522               1,783
                                     CFR 27.3.
Load Lines........................  46 U.S.C. 5116(a);                11,181         1.02522              11,463
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Load Lines; Violation of 5112(a)..  46 U.S.C. 5116(b);                22,363         1.02522              22,927
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Load Lines; Violation of 5112(b)..  46 U.S.C. 5116(c);                11,181         1.02522              11,463
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Reporting Marine Casualties.......  46 U.S.C. 6103(a);                38,954         1.02522              39,936
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Reporting Marine Casualties;        46 U.S.C. 6103(b);                10,260         1.02522              10,519
 Violation of 6104.                  33 CFR 27.3.
Manning of Inspected Vessels;       46 U.S.C. 8101(e);                 1,848         1.02522               1,895
 Failure to Report Deficiency in     33 CFR 27.3.
 Vessel Complement.
Manning of Inspected Vessels......  46 U.S.C. 8101(f);                18,477         1.02522              18,943
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Manning of Inspected Vessels;       46 U.S.C. 8101(g);                18,477         1.02522              18,943
 Employing or Serving in Capacity    33 CFR 27.3.
 not Licensed by USCG.
Manning of Inspected Vessels;       46 U.S.C. 8101(h);                 2,443         1.02522               2,505
 Freight Vessel <100 GT, Small       33 CFR 27.3.
 Passenger Vessel, or Sailing
 School Vessel.
Watchmen on Passenger Vessels.....  46 U.S.C. 8102(a)...               2,443         1.02522               2,505
Citizenship Requirements..........  46 U.S.C. 8103(f)...               1,220         1.02522               1,251
Watches on Vessels; Violation of    46 U.S.C. 8104(i)...              18,477         1.02522              18,943
 8104(a) or (b).
Watches on Vessels; Violation of    46 U.S.C. 8104(j)...              18,477         1.02522              18,943
 8104(c), (d), (e), or (h).
Staff Department on Vessels.......  46 U.S.C. 8302(e)...                 244         1.02522                 250
Officer's Competency Certificates.  46 U.S.C. 8304(d)...                 244         1.02522                 250
Coastwise Pilotage; Owner,          46 U.S.C. 8502(e)...              18,477         1.02522              18,943
 Charterer, Managing Operator,
 Agent, Master or Individual in
 Charge.
Coastwise Pilotage; Individual....  46 U.S.C. 8502(f)...              18,477         1.02522              18,943
Federal Pilots....................  46 U.S.C. 8503......              58,562         1.02522              60,039
Merchant Mariners Documents.......  46 U.S.C. 8701(d)...               1,220         1.02522               1,251
Crew Requirements.................  46 U.S.C. 8702(e)...              18,477         1.02522              18,943
Small Vessel Manning..............  46 U.S.C. 8906......              38,954         1.02522              39,936
Pilotage: Great Lakes; Owner,       46 U.S.C. 9308(a)...              18,477         1.02522              18,943
 Charterer, Managing Operator,
 Agent, Master or Individual in
 Charge.
Pilotage: Great Lakes; Individual.  46 U.S.C. 9308(b)...              18,477         1.02522              18,943
Pilotage: Great Lakes; Violation    46 U.S.C. 9308(c)...              18,477         1.02522              18,943
 of 9303.
Failure to Report Sexual Offense..  46 U.S.C. 10104(b)..               9,819         1.02522              10,067
Pay Advances to Seamen............  46 U.S.C.                          1,220         1.02522               1,251
                                     10314(a)(2).
Pay Advances to Seamen;             46 U.S.C. 10314(b)..               1,220         1.02522               1,251
 Remuneration for Employment.
Allotment to Seamen...............  46 U.S.C. 10315(c)..               1,220         1.02522               1,251
Seamen Protection; General........  46 U.S.C. 10321.....               8,465         1.02522               8,678
Coastwise Voyages: Advances.......  46 U.S.C.                          8,465         1.02522               8,678
                                     10505(a)(2).
Coastwise Voyages: Advances;        46 U.S.C. 10505(b)..               8,465         1.02522               8,678
 Remuneration for Employment.
Coastwise Voyages: Seamen           46 U.S.C. 10508(b)..               8,465         1.02522               8,678
 Protection; General.
Effects of Deceased Seamen........  46 U.S.C. 10711.....                 489         1.02522                 501
Complaints of Unfitness...........  46 U.S.C.                          1,220         1.02522               1,251
                                     10902(a)(2).
Proceedings on Examination of       46 U.S.C. 10903(d)..                 244         1.02522                 250
 Vessel.

[[Page 13506]]

 
Permission to Make Complaint......  46 U.S.C. 10907(b)..               1,220         1.02522               1,251
Accommodations for Seamen.........  46 U.S.C. 11101(f)..               1,220         1.02522               1,251
Medicine Chests on Vessels........  46 U.S.C. 11102(b)..               1,220         1.02522               1,251
Destitute Seamen..................  46 U.S.C. 11104(b)..                 244         1.02522                 250
Wages on Discharge................  46 U.S.C. 11105(c)..               1,220         1.02522               1,251
Log Books; Master Failing to        46 U.S.C. 11303(a)..                 489         1.02522                 501
 Maintain.
Log Books; Master Failing to Make   46 U.S.C. 11303(b)..                 489         1.02522                 501
 Entry.
Log Books; Late Entry.............  46 U.S.C. 11303(c)..                 366         1.02522                 375
Carrying of Sheath Knives.........  46 U.S.C. 11506.....                 122         1.02522                 125
Vessel Documentation..............  46 U.S.C.                         15,995         1.02522              16,398
                                     12151(a)(1).
Documentation of Vessels--Related   46 U.S.C. 12151                   26,659         1.02522              27,331
 to Activities involving mobile      (a)(2).
 offshore drilling units.
Vessel Documentation; Fishery       46 U.S.C. 12151(c)..             122,231         1.02522             125,314
 Endorsement.
Numbering of Undocumented Vessels-- 46 U.S.C. 12309(a)..              12,211         1.02522              12,519
 Willful violation.
Numbering of Undocumented Vessels.  46 U.S.C. 12309(b)..               2,443         1.02522               2,505
Vessel Identification System......  46 U.S.C. 12507(b)..              20,521         1.02522              21,039
Measurement of Vessels............  46 U.S.C. 14701.....              44,727         1.02522              45,855
Measurement; False Statements.....  46 U.S.C. 14702.....              44,727         1.02522              45,855
Commercial Instruments and          46 U.S.C. 31309.....              20,521         1.02522              21,039
 Maritime Liens.
Commercial Instruments and          46 U.S.C.                         20,521         1.02522              21,039
 Maritime Liens; Mortgagor.          31330(a)(2).
Commercial Instruments and          46 U.S.C.                         51,302         1.02522              52,596
 Maritime Liens; Violation of        31330(b)(2).
 31329.
Ports and Waterway Safety           46 U.S.C. 70036(a);               91,901         1.02522              94,219
 Regulations.                        33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Navigation: Regattas or      46 U.S.C.                          9,239         1.02522               9,472
 Marine Parades; Unlicensed Person   70041(d)(1)(B); 33
 in Charge.                          CFR 27.3.
Vessel Navigation: Regattas or      46 U.S.C.                          9,239         1.02522               9,472
 Marine Parades; Owner Onboard       70041(d)(1)(C); 33
 Vessel.                             CFR 27.3.
Vessel Navigation: Regattas or      46 U.S.C.                          4,619         1.02522               4,735
 Marine Parades; Other Persons.      70041(d)(1)(D); 33
                                     CFR 27.3.
Port Security.....................  46 U.S.C. 70119(a)..              34,013         1.02522              34,871
Port Security--Continuing           46 U.S.C. 70119(b)..              61,115         1.02522              62,656
 Violations.
Maritime Drug Law Enforcement.....  46 U.S.C. 70506(c)..               5,639         1.02522               5,781
Hazardous Materials: Related to     49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(1)              79,976         1.02522              81,993
 Vessels.
Hazardous Materials: Related to     49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(2)             186,610         1.02522             191,316
 Vessels--Penalty from Fatalities,
 Serious Injuries/Illness or
 substantial Damage to Property.
Hazardous Materials: Related to     49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(3)                 481         1.02522                 493
 Vessels; Training.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal
  Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
** Enacted under the Tariff Act; exempt from inflation adjustments.

E. Transportation Security Administration

    The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is updating its 
civil penalties regulation in accordance with the 2015 Act. Pursuant to 
its statutory authority in 49 U.S.C. 46301(a)(1), (4), (5), 49 U.S.C. 
46301(d)(8), and 49 U.S.C. 114(v),\15\ TSA may impose penalties for 
violations of any statute that TSA administers, whether an implementing 
regulation or order imposes the penalty. TSA assesses these penalties 
for a wide variety of aviation and surface security requirements, 
including violations of TSA's requirements applicable to Transportation 
Worker Identification Credentials (TWIC),\16\ as well as violations of 
requirements described in chapter 449 of title 49 of the United States 
Code. These penalties can apply to a wide variety of situations, as 
described in the statutory and regulatory provisions, as well as in 
guidance that TSA publishes. Below is a table showing the 2019 
adjustment for the penalties that TSA administers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ As amended by sec. 1302 of the Implementing Recommendations 
of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110-53, 121 Stat. 266 
(Aug. 3, 2007)).
    \16\ See, e.g., 46 U.S.C. 70105, 49 U.S.C. 46302 and 46303, and 
49 U.S.C. chapter 449.

[[Page 13507]]



                                       Table 5--Transportation Security Administration Civil Penalties Adjustments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Penalty amount as adjusted in                    New penalty as adjusted by this
               Penalty name                         Citation                     the 2018 FR             Multiplier *              final rule
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Violation of 49 U.S.C. ch. 449 (except      49 U.S.C. 46301(a)(1),    $33,333 (up to a total of                1.02522  $34,174 (up to a total of
 secs. 44902, 44903(d), 44907(a)-            (4), (5); 49 U.S.C.       $533,324 per civil penalty                        $546,774 per civil penalty
 (d)(1)(A), 44907(d)(1)(C)-(f), 44908, and   46301(d)(8); 49 CFR       action).                                          action).
 44909), or 49 U.S.C. 46302 or 46303, a      1503.401(c)(3)
 regulation prescribed, or order issued
 thereunder by a person operating an
 aircraft for the transportation of
 passengers or property for compensation.
Violation of 49 U.S.C. ch. 449 (except      49 U.S.C. 46301(a)(1),    $13,333 (up to a total of                1.02522  $13,669 (up to a total of
 secs. 44902, 44903(d), 44907(a)-            (4), (5); 49 U.S.C.       $66,666 total for small                           $68,347 total for small
 (d)(1)(A), 44907(d)(1)(C)-(f), 44908, and   46301(d)(8); 49 CFR       businesses, $533,324 for                          business, $546,774 for others).
 44909), or 49 U.S.C. 46302 or 46303, a      1503.401(c)(1) and (2).   others).
 regulation prescribed, or order issued
 thereunder by an individual (except an
 airman serving as an airman), any person
 not operating an aircraft for the
 transportation of passengers or property
 for compensation, or a small business
 concern.
Violation of any other provision of title   49 U.S.C. 114(v); 49 CFR  $11,410 (up to a total of                1.02522  $11,698 (up to a total of
 49 U.S.C. or of 46 U.S.C. ch. 701, a        1503.401(b).              $57,051 total for small                           $58,490 total for small
 regulation prescribed, or order issued                                businesses, $456,409 for                          businesses, $467,920 for
 thereunder.                                                           others).                                          others).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act
  Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.

IV. Administrative Procedure Act

    DHS is promulgating this final rule to ensure that the amount of 
civil penalties that DHS assesses or enforces reflects the statutorily 
mandated ranges as adjusted for inflation. The 2015 Act provides a 
clear formula for adjustment of the civil penalties, leaving DHS and 
its components with little room for discretion. DHS and its components 
have been charged only with performing ministerial computations to 
determine the amounts of adjustments for inflation to civil monetary 
penalties. In these annual adjustments DHS is merely updating the 
penalty amounts by applying the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier 
that OMB has provided to agencies. Furthermore, the 2015 Act 
specifically instructed that agencies make the required annual 
adjustments notwithstanding section 553 of title 5 of the United States 
Code. Thus, as specified in the 2015 Act, the prior public notice-and-
comment procedures and delayed effective date requirements of the 
Administrative Procedure Act (APA) do not apply to this rule. Further, 
as described above, this rule also makes to minor amendments to the 
regulations to reflect clear statutory authority, and DHS finds that 
prior notice and comment procedures for these amendments are 
unnecessary.

V. Regulatory Analyses

A. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563

    Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the 
costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive 
Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and 
benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting 
flexibility. OMB has not designated this final rule a ``significant 
regulatory action'' under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. 
Accordingly, OMB has not reviewed this rule.
    This final rule makes nondiscretionary adjustments to existing 
civil monetary penalties in accordance with the 2015 Act and OMB 
guidance.\17\ DHS therefore did not consider alternatives and does not 
have the flexibility to alter the adjustments of the civil monetary 
penalty amounts as provided in this rule. To the extent this final rule 
increases civil monetary penalties, it would result in an increase in 
transfers from persons or entities assessed a civil monetary penalty to 
the government.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation 
Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties 
Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. 
https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act applies only to rules for which an 
agency publishes a notice of proposed rulemaking pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 
553(b). See 5 U.S.C. 601-612. The Regulatory Flexibility Act does not 
apply to this final rule, because a notice of proposed rulemaking was 
not required for the reasons stated above.

C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, 
requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary 
regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may 
result in the expenditure by a State, local, or Tribal government, in 
the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for 
inflation) or more in any one year. This final rule will not result in 
such an expenditure.

D. Paperwork Reduction Act

    The provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 
chapter 35, and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR part 1320, do not 
apply to this final rule, because this final rule does not trigger any 
new or revised recordkeeping or reporting.

VI. Signing Authority

    The amendments to 19 CFR part 4 in this document are issued in 
accordance with 19 CFR 0.2(a), which provides that the authority of the 
Secretary of the Treasury with respect to CBP regulations that are not 
related to customs revenue functions was transferred to the Secretary 
of Homeland Security pursuant to Section 403(l) of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002. Accordingly, this final rule to amend

[[Page 13508]]

such regulations may be signed by the Secretary of Homeland Security 
(or his or her delegate).

List of Subjects

6 CFR Part 27

    Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Security measures.

8 CFR Part 270

    Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Employment, Fraud, 
Penalties.

8 CFR Part 274a

    Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Employment, 
Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

8 CFR Part 280

    Administrative practice and procedure, Immigration, Penalties.

19 CFR Part 4

    Exports, Freight, Harbors, Maritime carriers, Oil pollution, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Vessels.

33 CFR Part 27

    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties.

49 CFR Part 1503

    Administrative practice and procedure, Investigations, Law 
enforcement, Penalties.

Amendments to the Regulations

    Accordingly, for the reasons stated in the preamble, DHS is 
amending 6 CFR part 27, 8 CFR parts 270, 274a, and 280, 19 CFR part 4, 
33 CFR part 27, and 49 CFR part 1503 as follows:

Title 6--Domestic Security

PART 27--CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS

0
1. The authority citation for part 27 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  6 U.S.C. 624; Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as 
amended by Pub. L. 114-74, 129 Stat. 599; Pub. L. 113-254, 128 Stat. 
2898, as amended by Pub. L. 116-2, 133 Stat. 5.


0
2. In Sec.  27.300, revise paragraph (b)(3) to read as follows:


Sec.  27.300   Orders.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (3) Where the Assistant Secretary determines that a facility is in 
violation of an Order issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section 
and issues an Order Assessing Civil Penalty pursuant to paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section, a chemical facility is liable to the United 
States for a civil penalty of not more than $25,000 for each day during 
which the violation continues, if the violation of the Order occurred 
on or before November 2, 2015, or $34,871 for each day during which the 
violation of the Order continues, if the violation occurred after 
November 2, 2015.
* * * * *

Title 8--Aliens and Nationality

PART 270--PENALTIES FOR DOCUMENT FRAUD

0
3. The authority citation for part 270 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, and 1324c; Pub. L. 101-410, 104 
Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321 and Pub. L. 
114-74, 129 Stat. 599.


0
4. In Sec.  270.3, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) through (D) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  270.3   Penalties.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (A) First offense under section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4). Not less 
than $275 and not exceeding $2,200 for each fraudulent document or each 
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of 
the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $375 and not exceeding 
$3,200 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity 
described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act on or after 
March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than 
$473 and not exceeding $3,788 for each fraudulent document or each 
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of 
the Act after November 2, 2015.
    (B) First offense under section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6). Not less than 
$250 and not exceeding $2,000 for each fraudulent document or each 
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the 
Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $275 and not exceeding $2,200 
for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in 
section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act on or after March 27, 2008 and 
on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $400 and not exceeding 
$3,195 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity 
described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act after November 2, 
2015.
    (C) Subsequent offenses under section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4). 
Not less than $2,200 and not more than $5,500 for each fraudulent 
document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) 
through (a)(4) of the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $3,200 
and not exceeding $6,500 for each fraudulent document or each 
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of 
the Act occurring on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 
2, 2015; and not less than $3,788 and not more than $9,472 for each 
fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section 
274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act after November 2, 2015.
    (D) Subsequent offenses under section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6). Not 
less than $2,000 and not more than $5,000 for each fraudulent document 
or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) 
of the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $2,200 and not 
exceeding $5,500 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed 
activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act occurring 
on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not 
less than $3,195 and not more than $7,987 for each fraudulent document 
or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) 
of the Act after November 2, 2015.
* * * * *

PART 274a--CONTROL OF EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS

0
5. The authority citation for part 274a continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, 1324a; 48 U.S.C. 1806; 8 CFR 
part 2; Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 114-
74, 129 Stat. 599.


0
6. In Sec.  274a.8, revise paragraph (b) to read as follows:


Sec.  274a.8   Prohibition of indemnity bonds.

* * * * *
    (b) Penalty. Any person or other entity who requires any individual 
to post a bond or security as stated in this section shall, after 
notice and opportunity for an administrative hearing in accordance with 
section 274A(e)(3)(B) of the Act, be subject to a civil monetary 
penalty of $1,000 for each violation before September 29, 1999, of 
$1,100 for each violation occurring on or after September 29, 1999 but 
on or before November 2, 2015, and of $2,292 for each violation 
occurring after November 2, 2015, and to an administrative order 
requiring the return to the individual of any amounts received in 
violation of this section or, if the individual cannot be located, to 
the general fund of the Treasury.


0
7. In Sec.  274a.10, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) through (C) and 
the first

[[Page 13509]]

sentence of paragraph (b)(2) to read as follows:


Sec.  274a.10   Penalties.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (A) First offense--not less than $275 and not more than $2,200 for 
each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the offense occurred 
before March 27, 2008; not less than $375 and not exceeding $3,200, for 
each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the offense occurred 
occurring on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; 
and not less than $573 and not more than $4,586 for each unauthorized 
alien with respect to whom the offense occurred occurring after 
November 2, 2015;
    (B) Second offense--not less than $2,200 and not more than $5,500 
for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second offense 
occurred before March 27, 2008; not less than $3,200 and not more than 
$6,500, for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second 
offense occurred on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 
2, 2015; and not less than $4,586 and not more than $11,463 for each 
unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second offense occurred 
after November 2, 2015; or
    (C) More than two offenses--not less than $3,300 and not more than 
$11,000 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the third or 
subsequent offense occurred before March 27, 2008; not less than $4,300 
and not exceeding $16,000, for each unauthorized alien with respect to 
whom the third or subsequent offense occurred on or after March 27, 
2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $6,878 and 
not more than $22,927 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom 
the third or subsequent offense occurred after November 2, 2015; and
* * * * *
    (2) A respondent determined by the Service (if a respondent fails 
to request a hearing) or by an administrative law judge, to have failed 
to comply with the employment verification requirements as set forth in 
Sec.  274a.2(b), shall be subject to a civil penalty in an amount of 
not less than $100 and not more than $1,000 for each individual with 
respect to whom such violation occurred before September 29, 1999; not 
less than $110 and not more than $1,100 for each individual with 
respect to whom such violation occurred on or after September 29, 1999 
and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $230 and not more 
than $2,292 for each individual with respect to whom such violation 
occurred after November 2, 2015. * * *
* * * * *

PART 280--IMPOSITION AND COLLECTION OF FINES

0
8. The authority citation for part 280 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  8 U.S.C. 1103, 1221, 1223, 1227, 1229, 1253, 1281, 
1283, 1284, 1285, 1286, 1322, 1323, 1330; 66 Stat. 173, 195, 197, 
201, 203, 212, 219, 221-223, 226, 227, 230; Pub. L. 101-410, 104 
Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 114-74, 129 Stat. 599.


0
9. In Sec.  280.53 revise paragraphs (b)(1) through (15) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  280.53   Civil monetary penalties inflation adjustment.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) Section 231(g) of the Act, Penalties for non-compliance with 
arrival and departure manifest requirements for passengers, 
crewmembers, or occupants transported on commercial vessels or aircraft 
arriving to or departing from the United States: From $1,360 to $1,394.
    (2) Section 234 of the Act, Penalties for non-compliance with 
landing requirements at designated ports of entry for aircraft 
transporting aliens: From $3,695 to $3,788.
    (3) Section 240B(d) of the Act, Penalties for failure to depart 
voluntarily: From $1,558 minimum/$7,791 maximum to $1,597 minimum/
$7,987 maximum.
    (4) Section 243(c)(1)(A) of the Act, Penalties for violations of 
removal orders relating to aliens transported on vessels or aircraft, 
under section 241(d) of the Act, or for costs associated with removal 
under section 241(e) of the Act: From $3,116 to $3,195.
    (5) Penalties for failure to remove alien stowaways under section 
241(d)(2): From $7,791 to $7,987.
    (6) Section 251(d) of the Act, Penalties for failure to report an 
illegal landing or desertion of alien crewmen, and for each alien not 
reported on arrival or departure manifest or lists required in 
accordance with section 251 of the Act: From $369 to $378; and 
penalties for use of alien crewmen for longshore work in violation of 
section 251(d) of the Act: From $9,239 to $9,472.
    (7) Section 254(a) of the Act, Penalties for failure to control, 
detain, or remove alien crewmen: From $924 minimum/$5,543 maximum to 
$947 minimum/$5,683 maximum.
    (8) Section 255 of the Act, Penalties for employment on passenger 
vessels of aliens afflicted with certain disabilities: From $1,848 to 
$1,895.
    (9) Section 256 of the Act, Penalties for discharge of alien 
crewmen: From $2,771 minimum/$5,543 maximum to $2,841 minimum/$5,683 
maximum.
    (10) Section 257 of the Act, Penalties for bringing into the United 
States alien crewmen with intent to evade immigration laws: From 
$18,477 maximum to $18,943 maximum.
    (11) Section 271(a) of the Act, Penalties for failure to prevent 
the unauthorized landing of aliens: From $5,543 to $5,683.
    (12) Section 272(a) of the Act, Penalties for bringing to the 
United States aliens subject to denial of admission on a health-related 
ground: From $5,543 to $5,683.
    (13) Section 273(b) of the Act, Penalties for bringing to the 
United States aliens without required documentation: From $5,543 to 
$5,683.
    (14) Section 274D of the Act, Penalties for failure to depart: From 
$779 maximum to $799 maximum, for each day the alien is in violation.
    (15) Section 275(b) of the Act, Penalties for improper entry: From 
$78 minimum/$390 maximum to $80 minimum/$400 maximum, for each entry or 
attempted entry.

Title 19--Customs Duties

PART 4--VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES

0
10. The authority citation for part 4 continues to read in part as 
follows:

    Authority:  5 U.S.C. 301; 19 U.S.C. 66, 1431, 1433, 1434, 1624, 
2071 note; 46 U.S.C. 501, 60105.
* * * * *
    Sections 4.80, 4.80a, and 4.80b also issued under 19 U.S.C. 
1706a; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note; 46 U.S.C. 12112, 12117, 12118, 50501-
55106, 55107, 55108, 55110, 55114, 55115, 55116, 55117, 55119, 
56101, 55121, 56101, 57109; Pub. L. 108-7, Division B, Title II, 
Sec.  211;

* * * * *

    Section 4.92 also issued under 28 U.S.C. 2461 note; 46 U.S.C. 
55111;

* * * * *

0
11. In Sec.  4.80, revise paragraphs (b)(2) and (i) to read as follows:


Sec.  4.80   Vessels entitled to engage in coastwise trade.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) The penalty imposed for the unlawful transportation of 
passengers between coastwise points is $300 for each passenger so 
transported and landed on or before November 2, 2015, and $798 for each 
passenger so transported and landed after November 2, 2015 (46 U.S.C. 
55103, as adjusted by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation

[[Page 13510]]

Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015).
* * * * *
    (i) Any vessel, entitled to be documented and not so documented, 
employed in a trade for which a Certificate of Documentation is issued 
under the vessel documentation laws (see Sec.  4.0(c)), other than a 
trade covered by a registry, is liable to a civil penalty of $500 for 
each port at which it arrives without the proper Certificate of 
Documentation on or before November 2, 2015, and $1329 for each port at 
which it arrives without the proper Certificate of Documentation after 
November 2, 2015 (19 U.S.C. 1706a, as adjusted by the Federal Civil 
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015). If such a 
vessel has on board any foreign merchandise (sea stores excepted), or 
any domestic taxable alcoholic beverages, on which the duty and taxes 
have not been paid or secured to be paid, the vessel and its cargo are 
subject to seizure and forfeiture.

0
12. In Sec.  4.92, revise the second and third sentences to read as 
follows:


Sec.  4.92   Towing.

    * * * The penalties for violation of this provision occurring on or 
before November 2, 2015, are a fine of from $350 to $1,100 against the 
owner or master of the towing vessel and a further penalty against the 
towing vessel of $60 per ton of the towed vessel. The penalties for 
violation of this provision occurring after November 2, 2015, are a 
fine of from $930 to $2,924 against the owner or master of the towing 
vessel and a further penalty against the towing vessel of $159 per ton 
of the towed vessel (46 U.S.C. 55111, as adjusted by the Federal Civil 
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015).

Title 33--Navigation and Navigable Waters

PART 27--ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION

0
13. The authority citation for part 27 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  Secs. 1-6, Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as 
amended by Sec. 31001(s)(1), Pub. L. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321 (28 
U.S.C. 2461 note); Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 
0170.1, sec. 2 (106).


0
14. In Sec.  27.3, revise the third sentence of the introductory text 
and table 1 to read as follows:


Sec.  27.3   Penalty adjustment table.

    * * * The adjusted civil penalty amounts listed in Table 1 are 
applicable for penalty assessments issued after April 5, 2019, with 
respect to violations occurring after November 2, 2015. * * *

                              Table 1--Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                 2019 Adjusted
                   U.S. Code citation                      Civil monetary penalty description   maximum penalty
                                                                                                   amount ($)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14 U.S.C. 521(c)........................................  Saving Life and Property...........            $10,651
14 U.S.C. 521(e)........................................  Saving Life and Property;                        1,093
                                                           Intentional Interference with
                                                           Broadcast.
14 U.S.C. 645(i)........................................  Confidentiality of Medical Quality               5,350
                                                           Assurance Records (first offense).
14 U.S.C. 645(i)........................................  Confidentiality of Medical Quality              35,668
                                                           Assurance Records (subsequent
                                                           offenses).
16 U.S.C. 4711(g)(1)....................................  Aquatic Nuisance Species in Waters              39,936
                                                           of the United States.
19 U.S.C. 70............................................  Obstruction of Revenue Officers by               7,975
                                                           Masters of Vessels.
19 U.S.C. 70............................................  Obstruction of Revenue Officers by               1,861
                                                           Masters of Vessels--Minimum
                                                           Penalty.
19 U.S.C. 1581(d).......................................  Failure to Stop Vessel When                      5,000
                                                           Directed; Master, Owner, Operator
                                                           or Person in Charge \1\.
19 U.S.C. 1581(d).......................................  Failure to Stop Vessel When                      1,000
                                                           Directed; Master, Owner, Operator
                                                           or Person in Charge--Minimum
                                                           Penalty \1\.
33 U.S.C. 471...........................................  Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations             11,563
                                                           General.
33 U.S.C. 474...........................................  Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations                798
                                                           St. Mary's River.
33 U.S.C. 495(b)........................................  Bridges/Failure to Comply with                  29,192
                                                           Regulations.
33 U.S.C. 499(c)........................................  Bridges/Drawbridges................             29,192
33 U.S.C. 502(c)........................................  Bridges/Failure to Alter Bridge                 29,192
                                                           Obstructing Navigation.
33 U.S.C. 533(b)........................................  Bridges/Maintenance and Operation..             29,192
33 U.S.C. 1208(a).......................................  Bridge to Bridge Communication;                  2,126
                                                           Master, Person in Charge or Pilot.
33 U.S.C. 1208(b).......................................  Bridge to Bridge Communication;                  2,126
                                                           Vessel.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i)..............................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                       18,943
                                                           Discharges (Class I per violation).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i)..............................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                       47,357
                                                           Discharges (Class I total under
                                                           paragraph).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii).............................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                       18,943
                                                           Discharges (Class II per day of
                                                           violation).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii).............................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                      236,783
                                                           Discharges (Class II total under
                                                           paragraph).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                       47,357
                                                           Discharges (per day of violation)
                                                           Judicial Assessment.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                        1,895
                                                           Discharges (per barrel of oil or
                                                           unit discharged) Judicial
                                                           Assessment.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure               47,357
                                                           to Carry Out Removal/Comply With
                                                           Order (Judicial Assessment).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure               47,357
                                                           to Comply with Regulation Issued
                                                           Under 1321(j) (Judicial
                                                           Assessment).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                        5,683
                                                           Discharges, Gross Negligence (per
                                                           barrel of oil or unit discharged)
                                                           Judicial Assessment.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                      189,427
                                                           Discharges, Gross Negligence--
                                                           Minimum Penalty (Judicial
                                                           Assessment).
33 U.S.C. 1322(j).......................................  Marine Sanitation Devices;                       7,975
                                                           Operating.
33 U.S.C. 1322(j).......................................  Marine Sanitation Devices; Sale or              21,265
                                                           Manufacture.
33 U.S.C. 1608(a).......................................  International Navigation Rules;                 14,910
                                                           Operator.
33 U.S.C. 1608(b).......................................  International Navigation Rules;                 14,910
                                                           Vessel.
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(1)....................................  Pollution from Ships; General......             74,552
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(2)....................................  Pollution from Ships; False                     14,910
                                                           Statement.
33 U.S.C. 2072(a).......................................  Inland Navigation Rules; Operator..             14,910
33 U.S.C. 2072(b).......................................  Inland Navigation Rules; Vessel....             14,910
33 U.S.C. 2609(a).......................................  Shore Protection; General..........             52,596

[[Page 13511]]

 
33 U.S.C. 2609(b).......................................  Shore Protection; Operating Without             21,039
                                                           Permit.
33 U.S.C. 2716a(a)......................................  Oil Pollution Liability and                     47,357
                                                           Compensation.
33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A).................................  Clean Hulls; Civil Enforcement.....             43,359
33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A).................................  Clean Hulls; related to false                   57,813
                                                           statements.
33 U.S.C. 3852(c).......................................  Clean Hulls; Recreational Vessels..              5,781
42 U.S.C. 9609(a).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                 57,317
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Class I).
42 U.S.C. 9609(b).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                 57,317
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Class II).
42 U.S.C. 9609(b).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                171,952
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Class II
                                                           subsequent offense).
42 U.S.C. 9609(c).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                 57,317
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Judicial
                                                           Assessment).
42 U.S.C. 9609(c).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                171,952
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Judicial
                                                           Assessment subsequent offense).
46 U.S.C. 80509(a)......................................  Safe Containers for International                6,265
                                                           Cargo.
46 U.S.C. 70305(c)......................................  Suspension of Passenger Service....             62,656
46 U.S.C. 2110(e).......................................  Vessel Inspection or Examination                 9,472
                                                           Fees.
46 U.S.C. 2115..........................................  Alcohol and Dangerous Drug Testing.              7,710
46 U.S.C. 2302(a).......................................  Negligent Operations: Recreational               6,974
                                                           Vessels.
46 U.S.C. 2302(a).......................................  Negligent Operations: Other Vessels             34,871
46 U.S.C. 2302(c)(1)....................................  Operating a Vessel While Under the               7,710
                                                           Influence of Alcohol or a
                                                           Dangerous Drug.
46 U.S.C. 2306(a)(4)....................................  Vessel Reporting Requirements:                  12,007
                                                           Owner, Charterer, Managing
                                                           Operator, or Agent.
46 U.S.C. 2306(b)(2)....................................  Vessel Reporting Requirements:                   2,402
                                                           Master.
46 U.S.C. 3102(c)(1)....................................  Immersion Suits....................             12,007
46 U.S.C. 3302(i)(5)....................................  Inspection Permit..................              2,505
46 U.S.C. 3318(a).......................................  Vessel Inspection; General.........             12,007
46 U.S.C. 3318(g).......................................  Vessel Inspection; Nautical School              12,007
                                                           Vessel.
46 U.S.C. 3318(h).......................................  Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give               2,402
                                                           Notice IAW 3304(b).
46 U.S.C. 3318(i).......................................  Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give               2,402
                                                           Notice IAW 3309(c).
46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1)....................................  Vessel Inspection; Vessel >=1,600               24,017
                                                           Gross Tons.
46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1)....................................  Vessel Inspection; Vessel <1,600                 4,803
                                                           Gross Tons.
46 U.S.C. 3318(k).......................................  Vessel Inspection; Failure to                   24,017
                                                           Comply with 3311(b).
46 U.S.C. 3318(l).......................................  Vessel Inspection; Violation of                 12,007
                                                           3318(b)-3318(f).
46 U.S.C. 3502(e).......................................  List/count of Passengers...........                250
46 U.S.C. 3504(c).......................................  Notification to Passengers.........             25,037
46 U.S.C. 3504(c).......................................  Notification to Passengers; Sale of              1,251
                                                           Tickets.
46 U.S.C. 3506..........................................  Copies of Laws on Passenger                        501
                                                           Vessels; Master.
46 U.S.C. 3718(a)(1)....................................  Liquid Bulk/Dangerous Cargo........             62,595
46 U.S.C. 4106..........................................  Uninspected Vessels................             10,519
46 U.S.C. 4311(b)(1)....................................  Recreational Vessels (maximum for              331,174
                                                           related series of violations).
46 U.S.C. 4311(b)(1)....................................  Recreational Vessels; Violation of               6,623
                                                           4307(a).
46 U.S.C. 4311(c).......................................  Recreational Vessels...............              2,505
46 U.S.C. 4507..........................................  Uninspected Commercial Fishing                  10,519
                                                           Industry Vessels.
46 U.S.C. 4703..........................................  Abandonment of Barges..............              1,783
46 U.S.C. 5116(a).......................................  Load Lines.........................             11,463
46 U.S.C. 5116(b).......................................  Load Lines; Violation of 5112(a)...             22,927
46 U.S.C. 5116(c).......................................  Load Lines; Violation of 5112(b)...             11,463
46 U.S.C. 6103(a).......................................  Reporting Marine Casualties........             39,936
46 U.S.C. 6103(b).......................................  Reporting Marine Casualties;                    10,519
                                                           Violation of 6104.
46 U.S.C. 8101(e).......................................  Manning of Inspected Vessels;                    1,895
                                                           Failure to Report Deficiency in
                                                           Vessel Complement.
46 U.S.C. 8101(f).......................................  Manning of Inspected Vessels.......             18,943
46 U.S.C. 8101(g).......................................  Manning of Inspected Vessels;                   18,943
                                                           Employing or Serving in Capacity
                                                           not Licensed by USCG.
46 U.S.C. 8101(h).......................................  Manning of Inspected Vessels;                    2,505
                                                           Freight Vessel <100 GT, Small
                                                           Passenger Vessel, or Sailing
                                                           School Vessel.
46 U.S.C. 8102(a).......................................  Watchmen on Passenger Vessels......              2,505
46 U.S.C. 8103(f).......................................  Citizenship Requirements...........              1,251
46 U.S.C. 8104(i).......................................  Watches on Vessels; Violation of                18,943
                                                           8104(a) or (b).
46 U.S.C. 8104(j).......................................  Watches on Vessels; Violation of                18,943
                                                           8104(c), (d), (e), or (h).
46 U.S.C. 8302(e).......................................  Staff Department on Vessels........                250
46 U.S.C. 8304(d).......................................  Officer's Competency Certificates..                250
46 U.S.C. 8502(e).......................................  Coastwise Pilotage; Owner,                      18,943
                                                           Charterer, Managing Operator,
                                                           Agent, Master or Individual in
                                                           Charge.
46 U.S.C. 8502(f).......................................  Coastwise Pilotage; Individual.....             18,943
46 U.S.C. 8503..........................................  Federal Pilots.....................             60,039
46 U.S.C. 8701(d).......................................  Merchant Mariners Documents........              1,251
46 U.S.C. 8702(e).......................................  Crew Requirements..................             18,943
46 U.S.C. 8906..........................................  Small Vessel Manning...............             39,936
46 U.S.C. 9308(a).......................................  Pilotage: Great Lakes; Owner,                   18,943
                                                           Charterer, Managing Operator,
                                                           Agent, Master or Individual in
                                                           Charge.
46 U.S.C. 9308(b).......................................  Pilotage: Great Lakes; Individual..             18,943

[[Page 13512]]

 
46 U.S.C. 9308(c).......................................  Pilotage: Great Lakes; Violation of             18,943
                                                           9303.
46 U.S.C. 10104(b)......................................  Failure to Report Sexual Offense...             10,067
46 U.S.C. 10314(a)(2)...................................  Pay Advances to Seamen.............              1,251
46 U.S.C. 10314(b)......................................  Pay Advances to Seamen;                          1,251
                                                           Remuneration for Employment.
46 U.S.C. 10315(c)......................................  Allotment to Seamen................              1,251
46 U.S.C. 10321.........................................  Seamen Protection; General.........              8,678
46 U.S.C. 10505(a)(2)...................................  Coastwise Voyages: Advances........              8,678
46 U.S.C. 10505(b)......................................  Coastwise Voyages: Advances;                     8,678
                                                           Remuneration for Employment.
46 U.S.C. 10508(b)......................................  Coastwise Voyages: Seamen                        8,678
                                                           Protection; General.
46 U.S.C. 10711.........................................  Effects of Deceased Seamen.........                501
46 U.S.C. 10902(a)(2)...................................  Complaints of Unfitness............              1,251
46 U.S.C. 10903(d)......................................  Proceedings on Examination of                      250
                                                           Vessel.
46 U.S.C. 10907(b)......................................  Permission to Make Complaint.......              1,251
46 U.S.C. 11101(f)......................................  Accommodations for Seamen..........              1,251
46 U.S.C. 11102(b)......................................  Medicine Chests on Vessels.........              1,251
46 U.S.C. 11104(b)......................................  Destitute Seamen...................                250
46 U.S.C. 11105(c)......................................  Wages on Discharge.................              1,251
46 U.S.C. 11303(a)......................................  Log Books; Master Failing to                       501
                                                           Maintain.
46 U.S.C. 11303(b)......................................  Log Books; Master Failing to Make                  501
                                                           Entry.
46 U.S.C. 11303(c)......................................  Log Books; Late Entry..............                375
46 U.S.C. 11506.........................................  Carrying of Sheath Knives..........                125
46 U.S.C. 12151(a)(1)...................................  Vessel Documentation...............             16,398
46 U.S.C. 12151(a)(2)...................................  Documentation of Vessels- Related               27,331
                                                           to activities involving mobile
                                                           offshore drilling units.
46 U.S.C. 12151(c)......................................  Vessel Documentation; Fishery                  125,314
                                                           Endorsement.
46 U.S.C. 12309(a)......................................  Numbering of Undocumented Vessels--             12,519
                                                           Willful violation.
46 U.S.C. 12309(b)......................................  Numbering of Undocumented Vessels..              2,505
46 U.S.C. 12507(b)......................................  Vessel Identification System.......             21,039
46 U.S.C. 14701.........................................  Measurement of Vessels.............             45,855
46 U.S.C. 14702.........................................  Measurement; False Statements......             45,855
46 U.S.C. 31309.........................................  Commercial Instruments and Maritime             21,039
                                                           Liens.
46 U.S.C. 31330(a)(2)...................................  Commercial Instruments and Maritime             21,039
                                                           Liens; Mortgagor.
46 U.S.C. 31330(b)(2)...................................  Commercial Instruments and Maritime             52,596
                                                           Liens; Violation of 31329.
46 U.S.C. 70036(a)......................................  Ports and Waterways Safety                      94,219
                                                           Regulations.
46 U.S.C. 70041(d)(1)(B)................................  Vessel Navigation: Regattas or                   9,472
                                                           Marine Parades; Unlicensed Person
                                                           in Charge.
46 U.S.C. 70041(d)(1)(C)................................  Vessel Navigation: Regattas or                   9,472
                                                           Marine Parades; Owner Onboard
                                                           Vessel.
46 U.S.C. 70041(d)(1)(D)................................  Vessel Navigation: Regattas or                   4,735
                                                           Marine Parades; Other Persons.
46 U.S.C. 70119(a)......................................  Port Security......................             34,871
46 U.S.C. 70119(b)......................................  Port Security--Continuing                       62,656
                                                           Violations.
46 U.S.C. 70506.........................................  Maritime Drug Law Enforcement;                   5,781
                                                           Penalties.
49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(1)....................................  Hazardous Materials: Related to                 81,993
                                                           Vessels--Maximum Penalty.
49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(2)....................................  Hazardous Materials: Related to                191,316
                                                           Vessels--Penalty from Fatalities,
                                                           Serious Injuries/Illness or
                                                           Substantial Damage to Property.
49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(3)....................................  Hazardous Materials: Related to                    493
                                                           Vessels--Training.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Enacted under the Tariff Act of 1930, exempt from inflation adjustments.

Title 49--Transportation

PART 1503--INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES

0
15. The authority citation for part 1503 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  6 U.S.C. 1142; 18 U.S.C. 6002; 28 U.S.C. 2461 
(note); 49 U.S.C. 114, 20109, 31105, 40113-40114, 40119, 44901-
44907, 46101-46107, 46109-46110, 46301, 46305, 46311, 46313-46314; 
Pub. L. 104-134, as amended by Pub. L. 114-74.


0
16. In Sec.  1503.401, revise paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) and (c)(1) 
through (3) to read as follows:


Sec.  1503.401   Maximum penalty amounts.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$10,000 per violation, up to a total of $50,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of an individual or small business concern, as 
defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632). For 
violations that occurred after November 2, 2015 $11,698 per violation, 
up to a total of $58,490 per civil penalty action, in the case of an 
individual or small business concern; and
    (2) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$10,000 per violation, up to a total of $400,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of any other person. For violations that occurred 
after November 2, 2015, $11,698 per violation, up to a total of 
$467,920 per civil penalty action, in the case of any other person.
    (c) * * *
    (1) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$10,000 per violation, up to a total of $50,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of an individual or small business concern, as 
defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632). For 
violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, $13,669 per violation, 
up to a total of $68,347 per civil penalty action, in the case of an 
individual (except an airman serving as an airman), or a small business 
concern.
    (2) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$10,000 per violation, up to a total of $400,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of any

[[Page 13513]]

other person (except an airman serving as an airman) not operating an 
aircraft for the transportation of passengers or property for 
compensation. For violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, 
$13,669 per violation, up to a total of $546,774 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of any other person (except an airman serving as an 
airman) not operating an aircraft for the transportation of passengers 
or property for compensation.
    (3) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$25,000 per violation, up to a total of $400,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of a person operating an aircraft for the 
transportation of passengers or property for compensation (except an 
individual serving as an airman). For violations that occurred after 
November 2, 2015, $34,174 per violation, up to a total of $546,774 per 
civil penalty action, in the case of a person (except an individual 
serving as an airman) operating an aircraft for the transportation of 
passengers or property for compensation.

John M. Mitnick,
General Counsel.
[FR Doc. 2019-06745 Filed 4-4-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 9110-9-P, 9111-14-P, 9111-28-P, 9110-04-P, 9110-05-P