Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments, 10670-10676 [2019-05507]

Download as PDF 10670 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 56 / Friday, March 22, 2019 / Rules and Regulations (d) Subject Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 27, Flight Controls. (e) Reason This AD was prompted by a report of untorqued nuts on certain slat and flap shaft junctions of the wings. We are issuing this AD to address two or more missing or incorrectly torqued nuts on a junction of certain slat and flap shafts, concurrent failure of an alternate flap shaft, and consequent uncommanded slat or flap movement, which could result in loss of control of the airplane. (f) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. (g) One-Time Inspection and Corrective Action Within 3 months after the effective date of this AD: Do a one-time detailed inspection (including a torque check on any affected nut) on each junction of flap torque-shaft 2 and slat torque-shafts 2 and 4 of the right and left hand wing for discrepancies (including missing torque marking on any nut, any untorqued nut, or any missing bolt), and do all applicable corrective actions in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of Airbus Service Bulletin A350– 27–P022, Revision 00, dated June 6, 2018. Do all applicable corrective actions at the applicable times specified in paragraph 1.E., ‘‘Compliance,’’ of Airbus Service Bulletin A350–27–P022, Revision 00, dated June 6, 2018. (h) Other FAA AD Provisions The following provisions also apply to this AD: (1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the International Section, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (i)(2) of this AD. Information may be emailed to: 9-ANM-116-AMOCREQUESTS@faa.gov. Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding district office. (2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD to obtain corrective actions from a manufacturer, the action must be accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA; or the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA); or Airbus SAS’s EASA Design Organization Approval (DOA). If approved by the DOA, the approval must include the DOAauthorized signature. (3) Required for Compliance (RC): If any service information contains procedures or tests that are identified as RC, those VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Mar 21, 2019 Jkt 247001 procedures and tests must be done to comply with this AD; any procedures or tests that are not identified as RC are recommended. Those procedures and tests that are not identified as RC may be deviated from using accepted methods in accordance with the operator’s maintenance or inspection program without obtaining approval of an AMOC, provided the procedures and tests identified as RC can be done and the airplane can be put back in an airworthy condition. Any substitutions or changes to procedures or tests identified as RC require approval of an AMOC. (i) Related Information (1) Refer to Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information (MCAI) EASA AD 2018–0244, dated November 13, 2018, for related information. This MCAI may be found in the AD docket on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2019–0122. (2) For more information about this AD, contact Kathleen Arrigotti, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206–231–3218. (j) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise. (i) Airbus Service Bulletin A350–27–P022, Revision 00, dated June 6, 2018. (ii) [Reserved] (3) For service information identified in this AD, contact Airbus SAS, Airworthiness Office—EAL, Rond-Point Emile Dewoitine No: 2, 31700 Blagnac Cedex, France; telephone +33 5 61 93 36 96; fax +33 5 61 93 45 80; email continuedairworthiness.a350@airbus.com; internet http://www.airbus.com. (4) You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206–231–3195. (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http:// www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibrlocations.html. Issued in Des Moines, Washington, on March 13, 2019. Michael Kaszycki, Acting Director, System Oversight Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2019–05490 Filed 3–21–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement 30 CFR Parts 723, 724, 845, and 846 [Docket ID: OSM–2018–0009; S1D1S SS08011000 SX064A000 190S180110; S2D2S SS08011000 SX064A00 19XS501520] RIN 1029–AC76 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Interior. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act), which further amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (1990 Act), and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance, this rule adjusts for inflation the level of civil monetary penalties assessed under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA). DATES: This rule is effective on March 22, 2019. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kathleen Vello, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, 1849 C Street NW, Mail Stop 4550, Washington, DC 20240; Telephone (202) 208–1908. Email: kvello@osmre.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Table of Contents I. Background A. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 B. Calculation of Adjustments C. Effect of the Rule in Federal Program States and on Indian Lands D. Effect of the Rule on Approved State Programs II. Procedural Matters and Required Determinations A. Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866, 13563, and 13771) B. Regulatory Flexibility Act C. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act E. Takings (Executive Order 12630) F. Federalism (Executive Order 13132) G. Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988) H. Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and Departmental Policy) I. Paperwork Reduction Act J. National Environmental Policy Act K. Effects on Energy Supply, Distribution, and Use (Executive Order 13211) L. Clarity of This Regulation E:\FR\FM\22MRR1.SGM 22MRR1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 56 / Friday, March 22, 2019 / Rules and Regulations M. Data Quality Act N. Administrative Procedure Act I. Background A. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 Section 518 of SMCRA, 30 U.S.C. 1268, authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to assess civil monetary penalties (CMPs) for violations of SMCRA. The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement’s (OSMRE) regulations implementing the CMP provisions of section 518 are located in 30 CFR parts 723, 724, 845, and 846. We are adjusting CMPs in four sections—30 CFR 723.14, 724.14, 845.14, and 846.14. On November 2, 2015, the President signed the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Sec. 701 of Pub. L. 114–74) (2015 Act) into law. The 2015 Act, which further amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (codified as amended at 28 U.S.C. 2461 note), requires Federal agencies to promulgate rules to adjust the level of CMPs to account for inflation. The 2015 Act required an initial ‘‘catch-up’’ adjustment. OSMRE published the initial adjustment in the Federal Register on July 8, 2016 (81 FR 44535), and the adjustment took effect on August 1, 2016. The 2015 Act also requires agencies to publish annual inflation adjustments in the Federal Register no later than January 15 of each year. These adjustments are aimed at maintaining the deterrent effect of civil penalties and furthering the policy goals of the statutes that authorize the penalties. Further, the 2015 Act provides that agencies must adjust civil monetary penalties ‘‘notwithstanding 30 CFR 723.14 .......................................................................................................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Mar 21, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 section 553 of [the Administrative Procedure Act].’’ Therefore, the public procedure that the Administrative Procedure Act generally requires for rulemaking—notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay in the effective date—is not required for agencies to issue regulations implementing the annual CMP adjustments. See December 14, 2018, Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies (M–19–04), from Mick Mulvaney, Director, Office of Management and Budget, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (OMB Memorandum). Pursuant to SMCRA and the 2015 Act, this final rule reflects the statutorily required CMP adjustments as follows: Current penalty dollar amounts ($) Points (where applicable) CFR citation Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 10671 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 E:\FR\FM\22MRR1.SGM $65 132 197 262 328 394 459 524 590 656 721 787 852 918 985 1,050 1,115 1,182 1,247 1,312 1,378 1,444 1,509 1,574 1,640 1,968 2,296 2,623 2,827 3,281 3,608 3,936 4,264 4,592 4,920 5,248 5,577 5,904 6,232 6,559 6,889 7,216 7,544 7,872 22MRR1 Adjusted penalty dollar amounts ($) $67 135 202 269 336 404 471 537 605 673 739 807 873 941 1,010 1,076 1,143 1,212 1,278 1,345 1,413 1,480 1,547 1,614 1,681 2,018 2,354 2,689 2,898 3,364 3,699 4,035 4,372 4,708 5,044 5,380 5,718 6,053 6,389 6,724 7,063 7,398 7,734 8,071 10672 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 56 / Friday, March 22, 2019 / Rules and Regulations Points (where applicable) CFR citation 30 CFR 723.15(b) (Assessment of separate violations for each day) ...................... 30 CFR 724.14(b) (Individual civil penalties) ............................................................ 30 CFR 845.14 .......................................................................................................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Mar 21, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Current penalty dollar amounts ($) 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 .............................. .............................. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 E:\FR\FM\22MRR1.SGM 8,200 8,529 8,856 9,185 9,512 9,840 10,167 10,497 10,825 11,152 11,481 11,808 12,136 12,464 12,793 13,120 13,448 13,777 14,105 14,433 14,760 15,089 15,416 15,744 16,072 16,401 2,460 16,401 65 132 197 262 328 394 459 524 590 656 721 787 852 918 985 1,050 1,115 1,182 1,247 1,312 1,378 1,444 1,509 1,574 1,640 1,968 2,296 2,623 2,827 3,281 3,608 3,936 4,264 4,592 4,920 5,248 5,577 5,904 6,232 6,559 6,889 7,216 22MRR1 Adjusted penalty dollar amounts ($) 8,407 8,744 9,079 9,417 9,752 10,088 10,423 10,762 11,098 11,433 11,771 12,106 12,442 12,778 13,116 13,451 13,787 14,124 14,461 14,797 15,132 15,470 15,805 16,141 16,477 16,815 2,522 16,815 67 135 202 269 336 404 471 537 605 673 739 807 873 941 1,010 1,076 1,143 1,212 1,278 1,345 1,413 1,480 1,547 1,614 1,681 2,018 2,354 2,689 2,898 3,364 3,699 4,035 4,372 4,708 5,044 5,380 5,718 6,053 6,389 6,724 7,063 7,398 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 56 / Friday, March 22, 2019 / Rules and Regulations Points (where applicable) CFR citation 30 CFR 845.15(b) (Assessment of separate violations for each day) ...................... 30 CFR 846.14(b) (Individual civil penalties) ............................................................ In the chart above, there are no numbers listed in the ‘‘Points’’ column relative to 30 CFR 723.15(b), 30 CFR 724.14(b), 30 CFR 845.15(b), and 30 CFR 846.14(b) because those regulatory provisions do not set forth numbers of points. For those provisions, the current regulations only set forth the dollar amounts shown in the chart in the ‘‘Current Penalty Dollar Amounts’’ column; the adjusted amounts, which we are adopting in this rule, are shown in the ‘‘Adjusted Penalty Dollar Amounts’’ column. B. Calculation of Adjustments OMB issued guidance on the 2019 annual adjustments for inflation. See OMB Memorandum (December 14, 2018). The OMB Memorandum notes that the 1990 Act defines ‘‘civil monetary penalty’’ as ‘‘any penalty, fine, or other sanction that . . . is for a specific monetary amount as provided by Federal law; or . . . has a maximum amount provided for by Federal law; and . . . is assessed or enforced by an agency pursuant to Federal law; and . . . is assessed or enforced pursuant to an administrative proceeding or a civil action in the Federal courts . . . .’’ It further instructs that agencies ‘‘are to adjust ‘the maximum civil monetary penalty or the range of minimum and VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Mar 21, 2019 Jkt 247001 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 .............................. .............................. maximum civil monetary penalties, as applicable, for each civil monetary penalty by the cost-of-living adjustment.’ ’’ See December 14, 2018 OMB Memorandum. The 1990 Act and the OMB Memorandum specify that the annual inflation adjustments are based on the percent change between the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (the CPI–U) published by the Department of Labor for the month of October in the year of the previous adjustment, and the October CPI–U for the preceding year. The recent OMB Memorandum specified that the cost-ofliving adjustment multiplier for 2019, not seasonally adjusted, is 1.02522 (the October 2018 CPI–U (252.885) divided by the October 2017 CPI–U (246.663) = 1.02522). OSMRE used this guidance to identify applicable CMPs and calculate the required inflation adjustments. The 1990 Act specifies that any resulting increases in CMPs must be rounded according to a stated rounding formula and that the increased CMPs apply only to violations that occur after the date the increase takes effect. Generally, OSMRE assigns points to a violation as described in 30 CFR 723.13 and 845.13. The CMP owed is based on the number of points received, ranging from one point to 70 points. For example, under our existing regulations PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Current penalty dollar amounts ($) 7,544 7,872 8,200 8,529 8,856 9,185 9,512 9,840 10,167 10,497 10,825 11,152 11,481 11,808 12,136 12,464 12,793 13,120 13,448 13,777 14,105 14,433 14,760 15,089 15,416 15,744 16,072 16,401 2,460 16,401 10673 Adjusted penalty dollar amounts ($) 7,734 8,071 8,407 8,744 9,079 9,417 9,752 10,088 10,423 10,762 11,098 11,433 11,771 12,106 12,442 12,778 13,116 13,451 13,787 14,124 14,461 14,797 15,132 15,470 15,805 16,141 16,477 16,815 2,522 16,815 in 30 CFR 845.14, a violation totaling 70 points would amount to a $16,401 CMP. To adjust this amount, we multiply $16,401 by the 2019 inflation factor of 1.02522, resulting in a raw adjusted amount of $16,814.65. Because the 2015 Act requires us to round any increase in the CMP amount to the nearest dollar, in this case a violation of 70 points would amount to a new CMP of $16,815. Pursuant to the 2015 Act, the increases in this Final Rule apply to CMPs assessed after the date the increases take effect, even if the associated violation predates the applicable increase. C. Effect of the Rule in Federal Program States and on Indian Lands OSMRE directly regulates surface coal mining and reclamation operations within a State or on Tribal lands if the State or Tribe does not obtain its own approved program pursuant to sections 503 or 710(j) of SMCRA, 30 U.S.C. 1253 or 1300(j). The increases in CMPs contained in this rule will apply to the following Federal program States: Arizona, California, Georgia, Idaho, Massachusetts, Michigan, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Washington. The Federal programs for those States appear at 30 CFR parts 903, 905, 910, E:\FR\FM\22MRR1.SGM 22MRR1 10674 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 56 / Friday, March 22, 2019 / Rules and Regulations 912, 921, 922, 933, 937, 939, 941, 942, and 947, respectively. Under 30 CFR 750.18, the increase in CMPs also applies to Indian lands under the Federal program for Indian lands. D. Effect of the Rule on Approved State Programs As a result of litigation, see In re Permanent Surface Mining Regulation Litigation, No. 79–1144, Mem. Op. (D.D.C. May 16, 1980), 19 Env’t. Rep. Cas. (BNA) 1477, State regulatory programs are not required to mirror all of the penalty provisions of our regulations. Thus, this rule has no effect on CMPs in States with SMCRA primacy. II. Procedural Matters and Required Determinations A. Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866, 13563, and 13771) Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) in the Office of Management and Budget will review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that agency regulations exclusively implementing the annual inflation adjustments are not significant, provided they are consistent with the OMB Memorandum. Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of Executive Order 12866 while calling for improvements in the Nation’s regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The Executive Order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. Executive Order 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements, to the extent permitted by statute. Executive Order 13771 of January 30, 2017 directs Federal agencies to reduce the regulatory burden on regulated entities and control regulatory costs. Executive Order 13771, however, applies only to significant regulatory actions, as defined in Section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. As mentioned above, OIRA has determined that agency regulations exclusively implementing the annual adjustment are not VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Mar 21, 2019 Jkt 247001 significant regulatory actions under Executive Order 12866, provided they are consistent with the OMB Memorandum (see OMB Memorandum, M–19–04, at 3). Thus, Executive Order 13771 does not apply to this rulemaking. B. Regulatory Flexibility Act The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) requires an agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis for all rules unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The RFA applies only to rules for which an agency is required to first publish a proposed rule. See 5 U.S.C. 603(a) and 604(a). The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 requires agencies to adjust civil penalties annually for inflation ‘‘notwithstanding section 553 [of the Administrative Procedure Act].’’ Thus, no proposed rule will be published, and the RFA does not apply to this rulemaking. C. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. This rule: (a) Will not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. (b) Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for consumers, individual industries, Federal, State, or local government agencies, or geographic regions. (c) Will not have significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of United States-based enterprises to compete with foreignbased enterprises. D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act This rule does not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or Tribal governments, or the private sector, of more than $100 million per year. The rule does not have a significant or unique effect on State, local, or Tribal governments or the private sector. A statement containing the information required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) is not required. E. Takings (Executive Order 12630) This rule does not effect a taking of private property or otherwise have takings implications under Executive Order 12630. A takings implication assessment is not required. PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 F. Federalism (Executive Order 13132) Under the criteria in section 1 of Executive Order 13132, this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. A federalism summary impact statement is not required. G. Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988) This rule complies with the requirements of Executive Order 12988. Specifically, this rule: (a) Meets the criteria of section 3(a) requiring that all regulations be reviewed to eliminate errors and ambiguity and be written to minimize litigation; and (b) Meets the criteria of section 3(b)(2) requiring that all regulations be written in clear language and contain clear legal standards. H. Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and Departmental Policy) The Department of the Interior strives to strengthen its government-togovernment relationship with Tribes through a commitment to consultation with Tribes and recognition of their right to self-governance and Tribal sovereignty. We have evaluated this rule under the Department’s consultation policy, under Departmental Manual Part 512, Chapters 4 and 5, and under the criteria in Executive Order 13175 and have determined that it has no substantial direct effects on Federallyrecognized Tribes or Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) Corporations, and that consultation under the Department’s Tribal consultation policy is not required. I. Paperwork Reduction Act This rule does not contain information collection requirements, and a submission to the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) is not required. We may not conduct or sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. J. National Environmental Policy Act This rule does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. A detailed statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) is not required because the rule is covered by a categorical exclusion. This rule is excluded from the requirement to prepare a detailed statement because it is a regulation of an E:\FR\FM\22MRR1.SGM 22MRR1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 56 / Friday, March 22, 2019 / Rules and Regulations administrative nature. (For further information see 43 CFR 46.210(i).) We have also determined that the rule does not involve any of the extraordinary circumstances listed in 43 CFR 46.215 that would require further analysis under NEPA. K. Effects on Energy Supply, Distribution, and Use (Executive Order 13211) This rule is not a significant energy action under the definition in Executive Order 13211. A Statement of Energy Effects is not required. L. Clarity of This Regulation We are required by Executive Orders 12866 (section 1(b)(12)), 12988 (section 3(b)(1)(B)), and 13563 (section 1(a)), and by the Presidential Memorandum of June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain language. This means that each rule we publish must: (a) Be logically organized; (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly; (c) Use common, everyday words and clear language rather than jargon; (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible. If you believe that we have not met these requirements in issuing this final rule, please contact the individual listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section. Your comments should be as specific as possible in order to help us determine whether any future revisions to the rule are necessary. For example, you should tell us the numbers of the sections or paragraphs that you find unclear, which sections or sentences are too long, the sections where you feel lists or tables would be useful, etc. 2015 Act. See OMB Memorandum, M–19–04, at 4. List of Subjects 30 CFR Part 723 Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, Underground mining. 30 CFR Part 724 Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, Underground mining. 30 CFR Part 845 Administrative practice and procedure, Law enforcement, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Surface mining, Underground mining. 30 CFR Part 846 Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, Underground mining. Dated: February 22, 2019. Joseph R. Balash, Assistant Secretary, Land and Minerals Management. For the reasons given in the preamble, the Department of the Interior amends 30 CFR parts 723, 724, 845, and 846 as set forth below. PART 723—CIVIL PENALTIES 1. The authority citation for part 723 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 U.S.C. 3701. 2. Revise the table in § 723.14 to read as follows: ■ § 723.14 penalty. * M. Data Quality Act In developing this rule, we did not conduct or use a study, experiment, or survey requiring peer review under the Data Quality Act (Pub. L. 106–554). N. Administrative Procedure Act We are issuing this final rule without prior public notice or opportunity for public comment. As discussed above, the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 requires agencies to publish adjusted penalties annually. Under the 2015 Act, the public procedure that the Administrative Procedure Act generally requires—notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay in the effective date—is not required for agencies to issue regulations implementing the annual adjustments required by the VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Mar 21, 2019 Jkt 247001 Points * Determination of amount of * * * Points Frm 00011 Fmt 4700 .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. Dollars 1,480 1,547 1,614 1,681 2,018 2,354 2,689 2,898 3,364 3,699 4,035 4,372 4,708 5,044 5,380 5,718 6,053 6,389 6,724 7,063 7,398 7,734 8,071 8,407 8,744 9,079 9,417 9,752 10,088 10,423 10,762 11,098 11,433 11,771 12,106 12,442 12,778 13,116 13,451 13,787 14,124 14,461 14,797 15,132 15,470 15,805 16,141 16,477 16,815 Dollars 1 ................................................ 2 ................................................ 3 ................................................ 4 ................................................ 5 ................................................ 6 ................................................ 7 ................................................ 8 ................................................ 9 ................................................ 10 .............................................. 11 .............................................. 12 .............................................. 13 .............................................. 14 .............................................. 15 .............................................. 16 .............................................. 17 .............................................. 18 .............................................. 19 .............................................. 20 .............................................. 21 .............................................. PO 00000 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 10675 Sfmt 4700 67 135 202 269 336 404 471 537 605 673 739 807 873 941 1,010 1,076 1,143 1,212 1,278 1,345 1,413 3. In § 723.15, revise paragraph (b) introductory text to read as follows: ■ § 723.15 Assessment of separate violations for each day. * * * * * (b) In addition to the civil penalty provided for in paragraph (a) of this section, whenever a violation contained in a notice of violation or cessation order has not been abated within the abatement period set in the notice or order or as subsequently extended pursuant to section 521(a) of the Act, 30 U.S.C. 1271(a), a civil penalty of not less than $2,522 will be assessed for each day during which such failure to abate continues, except that: * * * * * E:\FR\FM\22MRR1.SGM 22MRR1 10676 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 56 / Friday, March 22, 2019 / Rules and Regulations PART 724—INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES Points 4. The authority citation for part 724 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 U.S.C. 3701. 5. In § 724.14, revise the first sentence of paragraph (b) to read as follows: ■ § 724.14 Amount of individual civil penalty. * * * * * (b) The penalty will not exceed $16,815 for each violation. * * * PART 845—CIVIL PENALTIES 6. The authority citation for part 845 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., 31 U.S.C. 3701, Pub. L. 100–202, and Pub. L. 100–446. 7. Revise the table in § 845.14 to read as follows: ■ § 845.14 Determination of amount of penalty. * * * * * Points 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 Dollars .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. 7,734 8,071 8,407 8,744 9,079 9,417 9,752 10,088 10,423 10,762 11,098 11,433 11,771 12,106 12,442 12,778 13,116 13,451 13,787 14,124 14,461 14,797 15,132 15,470 15,805 16,141 16,477 16,815 Dollars 8. In § 845.15, revise paragraph (b) introductory text to read as follows: ■ 1 ................................................ 2 ................................................ 3 ................................................ 4 ................................................ 5 ................................................ 6 ................................................ 7 ................................................ 8 ................................................ 9 ................................................ 10 .............................................. 11 .............................................. 12 .............................................. 13 .............................................. 14 .............................................. 15 .............................................. 16 .............................................. 17 .............................................. 18 .............................................. 19 .............................................. 20 .............................................. 21 .............................................. 22 .............................................. 23 .............................................. 24 .............................................. 25 .............................................. 26 .............................................. 27 .............................................. 28 .............................................. 29 .............................................. 30 .............................................. 31 .............................................. 32 .............................................. 33 .............................................. 34 .............................................. 35 .............................................. 36 .............................................. 37 .............................................. 38 .............................................. 39 .............................................. 40 .............................................. 41 .............................................. 42 .............................................. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Mar 21, 2019 67 135 202 269 336 404 471 537 605 673 739 807 873 941 1,010 1,076 1,143 1,212 1,278 1,345 1,413 1,480 1,547 1,614 1,681 2,018 2,354 2,689 2,898 3,364 3,699 4,035 4,372 4,708 5,044 5,380 5,718 6,053 6,389 6,724 7,063 7,398 Jkt 247001 § 845.15 Assessment of separate violations for each day. * * * * * (b) In addition to the civil penalty provided for in paragraph (a) of this section, whenever a violation contained in a notice of violation or cessation order has not been abated within the abatement period set in the notice or order or as subsequently extended pursuant to section 521(a) of the Act, 30 U.S.C. 1271(a), a civil penalty of not less than $2,522 will be assessed for each day during which such failure to abate continues, except that: * * * * * PART 846—INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES 9. The authority citation for part 846 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 U.S.C. 3701. 10. In § 846.14, revise the first sentence of paragraph (b) to read as follows: ■ § 846.14 Amount of individual civil penalty. * * * * * (b) The penalty will not exceed $16,815 for each violation. * * * [FR Doc. 2019–05507 Filed 3–21–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4310–05–P PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 [Docket No. USCG–2019–0155] RIN 1625–AA09 Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Bayou Lafourche, LA Coast Guard, DHS. Notice of temporary deviation from regulations; request for comments. AGENCY: ACTION: The Coast Guard is issuing a temporary deviation to the operating schedule that regulates six drawbridges across Bayou Lafourche, Lafourche Parish, Louisiana. These drawbridges are located south of the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and cross Bayou Lafourche at miles 38.7, 36.3, 33.9, 30.6, 27.8 and 23.9. This deviation is needed to collect and analyze information on vehicle traffic congestion on SR 308 and LA–1 created when the drawbridges open to vessels and the impact to the reasonable needs of navigation when the bridges close to vessels during periods of high vehicle traffic. During this temporary deviation the drawbridge will remain closed to navigation. DATES: This deviation is effective from 6 a.m. on March 25, 2019 to 6 a.m. on July 22, 2019. Comments and related material must be received by the Coast Guard on or before August 22, 2019. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by docket number USCG– 2019–0155 using Federal eRulemaking Portal at http://www.regulations.gov. See the ‘‘Public Participation and Request for Comments’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for further instructions on submitting comments. SUMMARY: If you have questions about this rulemaking, call or email Mr. Doug Blakemore, Eighth Coast Guard District Bridge Administrator; telephone (504) 671–2128, email Douglas.A.Blakemore@ uscg.mil. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: I. Table of Abbreviations CFR Code of Federal Regulations DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register LADOTD Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development GLPC Greater Lafourche Port Commission § Section U.S.C. United States Code E:\FR\FM\22MRR1.SGM 22MRR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 56 (Friday, March 22, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 10670-10676]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-05507]


=======================================================================
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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement

30 CFR Parts 723, 724, 845, and 846

[Docket ID: OSM-2018-0009; S1D1S SS08011000 SX064A000 190S180110; S2D2S 
SS08011000 SX064A00 19XS501520]
RIN 1029-AC76


Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments

AGENCY: Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Interior.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment 
Act Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act), which further amended the 
Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (1990 Act), 
and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance, this rule adjusts 
for inflation the level of civil monetary penalties assessed under the 
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA).

DATES: This rule is effective on March 22, 2019.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kathleen Vello, Office of Surface 
Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, 1849 C Street NW, Mail Stop 4550, 
Washington, DC 20240; Telephone (202) 208-1908. Email: 
kvello@osmre.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Table of Contents

I. Background
    A. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act 
Improvements Act of 2015
    B. Calculation of Adjustments
    C. Effect of the Rule in Federal Program States and on Indian 
Lands
    D. Effect of the Rule on Approved State Programs
II. Procedural Matters and Required Determinations
    A. Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866, 
13563, and 13771)
    B. Regulatory Flexibility Act
    C. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act
    D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    E. Takings (Executive Order 12630)
    F. Federalism (Executive Order 13132)
    G. Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988)
    H. Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and 
Departmental Policy)
    I. Paperwork Reduction Act
    J. National Environmental Policy Act
    K. Effects on Energy Supply, Distribution, and Use (Executive 
Order 13211)
    L. Clarity of This Regulation

[[Page 10671]]

    M. Data Quality Act
    N. Administrative Procedure Act

I. Background

A. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements 
Act of 2015

    Section 518 of SMCRA, 30 U.S.C. 1268, authorizes the Secretary of 
the Interior to assess civil monetary penalties (CMPs) for violations 
of SMCRA. The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's 
(OSMRE) regulations implementing the CMP provisions of section 518 are 
located in 30 CFR parts 723, 724, 845, and 846. We are adjusting CMPs 
in four sections--30 CFR 723.14, 724.14, 845.14, and 846.14.
    On November 2, 2015, the President signed the Federal Civil 
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Sec. 701 
of Pub. L. 114-74) (2015 Act) into law. The 2015 Act, which further 
amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 
(codified as amended at 28 U.S.C. 2461 note), requires Federal agencies 
to promulgate rules to adjust the level of CMPs to account for 
inflation. The 2015 Act required an initial ``catch-up'' adjustment. 
OSMRE published the initial adjustment in the Federal Register on July 
8, 2016 (81 FR 44535), and the adjustment took effect on August 1, 
2016. The 2015 Act also requires agencies to publish annual inflation 
adjustments in the Federal Register no later than January 15 of each 
year. These adjustments are aimed at maintaining the deterrent effect 
of civil penalties and furthering the policy goals of the statutes that 
authorize the penalties. Further, the 2015 Act provides that agencies 
must adjust civil monetary penalties ``notwithstanding section 553 of 
[the Administrative Procedure Act].'' Therefore, the public procedure 
that the Administrative Procedure Act generally requires for 
rulemaking--notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay in the 
effective date--is not required for agencies to issue regulations 
implementing the annual CMP adjustments. See December 14, 2018, 
Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies (M-19-
04), from Mick Mulvaney, Director, Office of Management and Budget, 
Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to 
the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act 
of 2015 (OMB Memorandum).
    Pursuant to SMCRA and the 2015 Act, this final rule reflects the 
statutorily required CMP adjustments as follows:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                             Current penalty    Adjusted penalty
                      CFR citation                         Points (where      dollar amounts     dollar amounts
                                                            applicable)            ($)                ($)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
30 CFR 723.14..........................................                  1                $65                $67
                                                                         2                132                135
                                                                         3                197                202
                                                                         4                262                269
                                                                         5                328                336
                                                                         6                394                404
                                                                         7                459                471
                                                                         8                524                537
                                                                         9                590                605
                                                                        10                656                673
                                                                        11                721                739
                                                                        12                787                807
                                                                        13                852                873
                                                                        14                918                941
                                                                        15                985              1,010
                                                                        16              1,050              1,076
                                                                        17              1,115              1,143
                                                                        18              1,182              1,212
                                                                        19              1,247              1,278
                                                                        20              1,312              1,345
                                                                        21              1,378              1,413
                                                                        22              1,444              1,480
                                                                        23              1,509              1,547
                                                                        24              1,574              1,614
                                                                        25              1,640              1,681
                                                                        26              1,968              2,018
                                                                        27              2,296              2,354
                                                                        28              2,623              2,689
                                                                        29              2,827              2,898
                                                                        30              3,281              3,364
                                                                        31              3,608              3,699
                                                                        32              3,936              4,035
                                                                        33              4,264              4,372
                                                                        34              4,592              4,708
                                                                        35              4,920              5,044
                                                                        36              5,248              5,380
                                                                        37              5,577              5,718
                                                                        38              5,904              6,053
                                                                        39              6,232              6,389
                                                                        40              6,559              6,724
                                                                        41              6,889              7,063
                                                                        42              7,216              7,398
                                                                        43              7,544              7,734
                                                                        44              7,872              8,071

[[Page 10672]]

 
                                                                        45              8,200              8,407
                                                                        46              8,529              8,744
                                                                        47              8,856              9,079
                                                                        48              9,185              9,417
                                                                        49              9,512              9,752
                                                                        50              9,840             10,088
                                                                        51             10,167             10,423
                                                                        52             10,497             10,762
                                                                        53             10,825             11,098
                                                                        54             11,152             11,433
                                                                        55             11,481             11,771
                                                                        56             11,808             12,106
                                                                        57             12,136             12,442
                                                                        58             12,464             12,778
                                                                        59             12,793             13,116
                                                                        60             13,120             13,451
                                                                        61             13,448             13,787
                                                                        62             13,777             14,124
                                                                        63             14,105             14,461
                                                                        64             14,433             14,797
                                                                        65             14,760             15,132
                                                                        66             15,089             15,470
                                                                        67             15,416             15,805
                                                                        68             15,744             16,141
                                                                        69             16,072             16,477
                                                                        70             16,401             16,815
30 CFR 723.15(b) (Assessment of separate violations for  .................              2,460              2,522
 each day).............................................
30 CFR 724.14(b) (Individual civil penalties)..........  .................             16,401             16,815
30 CFR 845.14..........................................                  1                 65                 67
                                                                         2                132                135
                                                                         3                197                202
                                                                         4                262                269
                                                                         5                328                336
                                                                         6                394                404
                                                                         7                459                471
                                                                         8                524                537
                                                                         9                590                605
                                                                        10                656                673
                                                                        11                721                739
                                                                        12                787                807
                                                                        13                852                873
                                                                        14                918                941
                                                                        15                985              1,010
                                                                        16              1,050              1,076
                                                                        17              1,115              1,143
                                                                        18              1,182              1,212
                                                                        19              1,247              1,278
                                                                        20              1,312              1,345
                                                                        21              1,378              1,413
                                                                        22              1,444              1,480
                                                                        23              1,509              1,547
                                                                        24              1,574              1,614
                                                                        25              1,640              1,681
                                                                        26              1,968              2,018
                                                                        27              2,296              2,354
                                                                        28              2,623              2,689
                                                                        29              2,827              2,898
                                                                        30              3,281              3,364
                                                                        31              3,608              3,699
                                                                        32              3,936              4,035
                                                                        33              4,264              4,372
                                                                        34              4,592              4,708
                                                                        35              4,920              5,044
                                                                        36              5,248              5,380
                                                                        37              5,577              5,718
                                                                        38              5,904              6,053
                                                                        39              6,232              6,389
                                                                        40              6,559              6,724
                                                                        41              6,889              7,063
                                                                        42              7,216              7,398

[[Page 10673]]

 
                                                                        43              7,544              7,734
                                                                        44              7,872              8,071
                                                                        45              8,200              8,407
                                                                        46              8,529              8,744
                                                                        47              8,856              9,079
                                                                        48              9,185              9,417
                                                                        49              9,512              9,752
                                                                        50              9,840             10,088
                                                                        51             10,167             10,423
                                                                        52             10,497             10,762
                                                                        53             10,825             11,098
                                                                        54             11,152             11,433
                                                                        55             11,481             11,771
                                                                        56             11,808             12,106
                                                                        57             12,136             12,442
                                                                        58             12,464             12,778
                                                                        59             12,793             13,116
                                                                        60             13,120             13,451
                                                                        61             13,448             13,787
                                                                        62             13,777             14,124
                                                                        63             14,105             14,461
                                                                        64             14,433             14,797
                                                                        65             14,760             15,132
                                                                        66             15,089             15,470
                                                                        67             15,416             15,805
                                                                        68             15,744             16,141
                                                                        69             16,072             16,477
                                                                        70             16,401             16,815
30 CFR 845.15(b) (Assessment of separate violations for  .................              2,460              2,522
 each day).............................................
30 CFR 846.14(b) (Individual civil penalties)..........  .................             16,401             16,815
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the chart above, there are no numbers listed in the ``Points'' 
column relative to 30 CFR 723.15(b), 30 CFR 724.14(b), 30 CFR 
845.15(b), and 30 CFR 846.14(b) because those regulatory provisions do 
not set forth numbers of points. For those provisions, the current 
regulations only set forth the dollar amounts shown in the chart in the 
``Current Penalty Dollar Amounts'' column; the adjusted amounts, which 
we are adopting in this rule, are shown in the ``Adjusted Penalty 
Dollar Amounts'' column.

B. Calculation of Adjustments

    OMB issued guidance on the 2019 annual adjustments for inflation. 
See OMB Memorandum (December 14, 2018). The OMB Memorandum notes that 
the 1990 Act defines ``civil monetary penalty'' as ``any penalty, fine, 
or other sanction that . . . is for a specific monetary amount as 
provided by Federal law; or . . . has a maximum amount provided for by 
Federal law; and . . . is assessed or enforced by an agency pursuant to 
Federal law; and . . . is assessed or enforced pursuant to an 
administrative proceeding or a civil action in the Federal courts . . . 
.'' It further instructs that agencies ``are to adjust `the maximum 
civil monetary penalty or the range of minimum and maximum civil 
monetary penalties, as applicable, for each civil monetary penalty by 
the cost-of-living adjustment.' '' See December 14, 2018 OMB 
Memorandum. The 1990 Act and the OMB Memorandum specify that the annual 
inflation adjustments are based on the percent change between the 
Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (the CPI-U) published by 
the Department of Labor for the month of October in the year of the 
previous adjustment, and the October CPI-U for the preceding year. The 
recent OMB Memorandum specified that the cost-of-living adjustment 
multiplier for 2019, not seasonally adjusted, is 1.02522 (the October 
2018 CPI-U (252.885) divided by the October 2017 CPI-U (246.663) = 
1.02522). OSMRE used this guidance to identify applicable CMPs and 
calculate the required inflation adjustments. The 1990 Act specifies 
that any resulting increases in CMPs must be rounded according to a 
stated rounding formula and that the increased CMPs apply only to 
violations that occur after the date the increase takes effect.
    Generally, OSMRE assigns points to a violation as described in 30 
CFR 723.13 and 845.13. The CMP owed is based on the number of points 
received, ranging from one point to 70 points. For example, under our 
existing regulations in 30 CFR 845.14, a violation totaling 70 points 
would amount to a $16,401 CMP. To adjust this amount, we multiply 
$16,401 by the 2019 inflation factor of 1.02522, resulting in a raw 
adjusted amount of $16,814.65. Because the 2015 Act requires us to 
round any increase in the CMP amount to the nearest dollar, in this 
case a violation of 70 points would amount to a new CMP of $16,815. 
Pursuant to the 2015 Act, the increases in this Final Rule apply to 
CMPs assessed after the date the increases take effect, even if the 
associated violation predates the applicable increase.

C. Effect of the Rule in Federal Program States and on Indian Lands

    OSMRE directly regulates surface coal mining and reclamation 
operations within a State or on Tribal lands if the State or Tribe does 
not obtain its own approved program pursuant to sections 503 or 710(j) 
of SMCRA, 30 U.S.C. 1253 or 1300(j). The increases in CMPs contained in 
this rule will apply to the following Federal program States: Arizona, 
California, Georgia, Idaho, Massachusetts, Michigan, North Carolina, 
Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Washington. The 
Federal programs for those States appear at 30 CFR parts 903, 905, 910,

[[Page 10674]]

912, 921, 922, 933, 937, 939, 941, 942, and 947, respectively. Under 30 
CFR 750.18, the increase in CMPs also applies to Indian lands under the 
Federal program for Indian lands.

D. Effect of the Rule on Approved State Programs

    As a result of litigation, see In re Permanent Surface Mining 
Regulation Litigation, No. 79-1144, Mem. Op. (D.D.C. May 16, 1980), 19 
Env't. Rep. Cas. (BNA) 1477, State regulatory programs are not required 
to mirror all of the penalty provisions of our regulations. Thus, this 
rule has no effect on CMPs in States with SMCRA primacy.

II. Procedural Matters and Required Determinations

A. Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866, 13563, and 
13771)

    Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and 
Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) in the Office of Management and Budget will 
review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that agency 
regulations exclusively implementing the annual inflation adjustments 
are not significant, provided they are consistent with the OMB 
Memorandum.
    Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of Executive Order 
12866 while calling for improvements in the Nation's regulatory system 
to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, 
most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory 
ends. The Executive Order directs agencies to consider regulatory 
approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of 
choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, 
and consistent with regulatory objectives. Executive Order 13563 
emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available 
science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public 
participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this 
rule in a manner consistent with these requirements, to the extent 
permitted by statute.
    Executive Order 13771 of January 30, 2017 directs Federal agencies 
to reduce the regulatory burden on regulated entities and control 
regulatory costs. Executive Order 13771, however, applies only to 
significant regulatory actions, as defined in Section 3(f) of Executive 
Order 12866. As mentioned above, OIRA has determined that agency 
regulations exclusively implementing the annual adjustment are not 
significant regulatory actions under Executive Order 12866, provided 
they are consistent with the OMB Memorandum (see OMB Memorandum, M-19-
04, at 3). Thus, Executive Order 13771 does not apply to this 
rulemaking.

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) requires an agency to prepare 
a regulatory flexibility analysis for all rules unless the agency 
certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on 
a substantial number of small entities. The RFA applies only to rules 
for which an agency is required to first publish a proposed rule. See 5 
U.S.C. 603(a) and 604(a). The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation 
Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 requires agencies to adjust 
civil penalties annually for inflation ``notwithstanding section 553 
[of the Administrative Procedure Act].'' Thus, no proposed rule will be 
published, and the RFA does not apply to this rulemaking.

C. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

    This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small 
Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. This rule:
    (a) Will not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million 
or more.
    (b) Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for 
consumers, individual industries, Federal, State, or local government 
agencies, or geographic regions.
    (c) Will not have significant adverse effects on competition, 
employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of 
United States-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based 
enterprises.

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    This rule does not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or 
Tribal governments, or the private sector, of more than $100 million 
per year. The rule does not have a significant or unique effect on 
State, local, or Tribal governments or the private sector. A statement 
containing the information required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act 
(2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) is not required.

E. Takings (Executive Order 12630)

    This rule does not effect a taking of private property or otherwise 
have takings implications under Executive Order 12630. A takings 
implication assessment is not required.

F. Federalism (Executive Order 13132)

    Under the criteria in section 1 of Executive Order 13132, this rule 
does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the 
preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. A federalism 
summary impact statement is not required.

G. Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988)

    This rule complies with the requirements of Executive Order 12988. 
Specifically, this rule:
    (a) Meets the criteria of section 3(a) requiring that all 
regulations be reviewed to eliminate errors and ambiguity and be 
written to minimize litigation; and
    (b) Meets the criteria of section 3(b)(2) requiring that all 
regulations be written in clear language and contain clear legal 
standards.

H. Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and 
Departmental Policy)

    The Department of the Interior strives to strengthen its 
government-to-government relationship with Tribes through a commitment 
to consultation with Tribes and recognition of their right to self-
governance and Tribal sovereignty. We have evaluated this rule under 
the Department's consultation policy, under Departmental Manual Part 
512, Chapters 4 and 5, and under the criteria in Executive Order 13175 
and have determined that it has no substantial direct effects on 
Federally-recognized Tribes or Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act 
(ANCSA) Corporations, and that consultation under the Department's 
Tribal consultation policy is not required.

I. Paperwork Reduction Act

    This rule does not contain information collection requirements, and 
a submission to the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork 
Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) is not required. We may not 
conduct or sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a 
collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB 
control number.

J. National Environmental Policy Act

    This rule does not constitute a major Federal action significantly 
affecting the quality of the human environment. A detailed statement 
under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) is not 
required because the rule is covered by a categorical exclusion. This 
rule is excluded from the requirement to prepare a detailed statement 
because it is a regulation of an

[[Page 10675]]

administrative nature. (For further information see 43 CFR 46.210(i).) 
We have also determined that the rule does not involve any of the 
extraordinary circumstances listed in 43 CFR 46.215 that would require 
further analysis under NEPA.

K. Effects on Energy Supply, Distribution, and Use (Executive Order 
13211)

    This rule is not a significant energy action under the definition 
in Executive Order 13211. A Statement of Energy Effects is not 
required.

L. Clarity of This Regulation

    We are required by Executive Orders 12866 (section 1(b)(12)), 12988 
(section 3(b)(1)(B)), and 13563 (section 1(a)), and by the Presidential 
Memorandum of June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain language. This 
means that each rule we publish must:

    (a) Be logically organized;
    (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly;
    (c) Use common, everyday words and clear language rather than 
jargon;
    (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and
    (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible.

    If you believe that we have not met these requirements in issuing 
this final rule, please contact the individual listed in the FOR 
FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section. Your comments should be as 
specific as possible in order to help us determine whether any future 
revisions to the rule are necessary. For example, you should tell us 
the numbers of the sections or paragraphs that you find unclear, which 
sections or sentences are too long, the sections where you feel lists 
or tables would be useful, etc.

M. Data Quality Act

    In developing this rule, we did not conduct or use a study, 
experiment, or survey requiring peer review under the Data Quality Act 
(Pub. L. 106-554).

N. Administrative Procedure Act

    We are issuing this final rule without prior public notice or 
opportunity for public comment. As discussed above, the Federal Civil 
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 requires 
agencies to publish adjusted penalties annually. Under the 2015 Act, 
the public procedure that the Administrative Procedure Act generally 
requires--notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay in the 
effective date--is not required for agencies to issue regulations 
implementing the annual adjustments required by the 2015 Act. See OMB 
Memorandum, M-19-04, at 4.

List of Subjects

30 CFR Part 723

    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, 
Underground mining.

30 CFR Part 724

    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, 
Underground mining.

30 CFR Part 845

    Administrative practice and procedure, Law enforcement, Penalties, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Surface mining, Underground 
mining.

30 CFR Part 846

    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, 
Underground mining.

    Dated: February 22, 2019.
Joseph R. Balash,
Assistant Secretary, Land and Minerals Management.

    For the reasons given in the preamble, the Department of the 
Interior amends 30 CFR parts 723, 724, 845, and 846 as set forth below.

PART 723--CIVIL PENALTIES

0
1. The authority citation for part 723 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 
U.S.C. 3701.


0
2. Revise the table in Sec.  723.14 to read as follows:


Sec.  723.14  Determination of amount of penalty.

* * * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Points                              Dollars
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1..........................................................           67
2..........................................................          135
3..........................................................          202
4..........................................................          269
5..........................................................          336
6..........................................................          404
7..........................................................          471
8..........................................................          537
9..........................................................          605
10.........................................................          673
11.........................................................          739
12.........................................................          807
13.........................................................          873
14.........................................................          941
15.........................................................        1,010
16.........................................................        1,076
17.........................................................        1,143
18.........................................................        1,212
19.........................................................        1,278
20.........................................................        1,345
21.........................................................        1,413
22.........................................................        1,480
23.........................................................        1,547
24.........................................................        1,614
25.........................................................        1,681
26.........................................................        2,018
27.........................................................        2,354
28.........................................................        2,689
29.........................................................        2,898
30.........................................................        3,364
31.........................................................        3,699
32.........................................................        4,035
33.........................................................        4,372
34.........................................................        4,708
35.........................................................        5,044
36.........................................................        5,380
37.........................................................        5,718
38.........................................................        6,053
39.........................................................        6,389
40.........................................................        6,724
41.........................................................        7,063
42.........................................................        7,398
43.........................................................        7,734
44.........................................................        8,071
45.........................................................        8,407
46.........................................................        8,744
47.........................................................        9,079
48.........................................................        9,417
49.........................................................        9,752
50.........................................................       10,088
51.........................................................       10,423
52.........................................................       10,762
53.........................................................       11,098
54.........................................................       11,433
55.........................................................       11,771
56.........................................................       12,106
57.........................................................       12,442
58.........................................................       12,778
59.........................................................       13,116
60.........................................................       13,451
61.........................................................       13,787
62.........................................................       14,124
63.........................................................       14,461
64.........................................................       14,797
65.........................................................       15,132
66.........................................................       15,470
67.........................................................       15,805
68.........................................................       16,141
69.........................................................       16,477
70.........................................................       16,815
------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
3. In Sec.  723.15, revise paragraph (b) introductory text to read as 
follows:


Sec.  723.15  Assessment of separate violations for each day.

* * * * *
    (b) In addition to the civil penalty provided for in paragraph (a) 
of this section, whenever a violation contained in a notice of 
violation or cessation order has not been abated within the abatement 
period set in the notice or order or as subsequently extended pursuant 
to section 521(a) of the Act, 30 U.S.C. 1271(a), a civil penalty of not 
less than $2,522 will be assessed for each day during which such 
failure to abate continues, except that:
* * * * *

[[Page 10676]]

PART 724--INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES

0
4. The authority citation for part 724 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 
U.S.C. 3701.


0
5. In Sec.  724.14, revise the first sentence of paragraph (b) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  724.14  Amount of individual civil penalty.

* * * * *
    (b) The penalty will not exceed $16,815 for each violation. * * *

PART 845--CIVIL PENALTIES

0
6. The authority citation for part 845 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., 31 U.S.C. 
3701, Pub. L. 100-202, and Pub. L. 100-446.


0
7. Revise the table in Sec.  845.14 to read as follows:


Sec.  845.14  Determination of amount of penalty.

* * * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Points                              Dollars
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1..........................................................           67
2..........................................................          135
3..........................................................          202
4..........................................................          269
5..........................................................          336
6..........................................................          404
7..........................................................          471
8..........................................................          537
9..........................................................          605
10.........................................................          673
11.........................................................          739
12.........................................................          807
13.........................................................          873
14.........................................................          941
15.........................................................        1,010
16.........................................................        1,076
17.........................................................        1,143
18.........................................................        1,212
19.........................................................        1,278
20.........................................................        1,345
21.........................................................        1,413
22.........................................................        1,480
23.........................................................        1,547
24.........................................................        1,614
25.........................................................        1,681
26.........................................................        2,018
27.........................................................        2,354
28.........................................................        2,689
29.........................................................        2,898
30.........................................................        3,364
31.........................................................        3,699
32.........................................................        4,035
33.........................................................        4,372
34.........................................................        4,708
35.........................................................        5,044
36.........................................................        5,380
37.........................................................        5,718
38.........................................................        6,053
39.........................................................        6,389
40.........................................................        6,724
41.........................................................        7,063
42.........................................................        7,398
43.........................................................        7,734
44.........................................................        8,071
45.........................................................        8,407
46.........................................................        8,744
47.........................................................        9,079
48.........................................................        9,417
49.........................................................        9,752
50.........................................................       10,088
51.........................................................       10,423
52.........................................................       10,762
53.........................................................       11,098
54.........................................................       11,433
55.........................................................       11,771
56.........................................................       12,106
57.........................................................       12,442
58.........................................................       12,778
59.........................................................       13,116
60.........................................................       13,451
61.........................................................       13,787
62.........................................................       14,124
63.........................................................       14,461
64.........................................................       14,797
65.........................................................       15,132
66.........................................................       15,470
67.........................................................       15,805
68.........................................................       16,141
69.........................................................       16,477
70.........................................................       16,815
------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
8. In Sec.  845.15, revise paragraph (b) introductory text to read as 
follows:


Sec.  845.15  Assessment of separate violations for each day.

* * * * *
    (b) In addition to the civil penalty provided for in paragraph (a) 
of this section, whenever a violation contained in a notice of 
violation or cessation order has not been abated within the abatement 
period set in the notice or order or as subsequently extended pursuant 
to section 521(a) of the Act, 30 U.S.C. 1271(a), a civil penalty of not 
less than $2,522 will be assessed for each day during which such 
failure to abate continues, except that:
* * * * *

PART 846--INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES

0
9. The authority citation for part 846 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 
U.S.C. 3701.


0
10. In Sec.  846.14, revise the first sentence of paragraph (b) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  846.14  Amount of individual civil penalty.

* * * * *
    (b) The penalty will not exceed $16,815 for each violation. * * *

[FR Doc. 2019-05507 Filed 3-21-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4310-05-P