Utility Allowance Submetering, 7283-7285 [2019-03827]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 42 / Monday, March 4, 2019 / Rules and Regulations in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section, unless that person: (i) Is already authorized to hold interlocking positions of the type governed by this section; (ii) Is exempt from filing an informational report pursuant to § 45.4; or (iii) Will hold a temporary interlocking position pursuant to § 45.1(c). (2) The Commission will consider failures to timely file the informational report on a case-by-case basis. * * * * * PART 46—PUBLIC UTILITY FILING REQUIREMENTS AND FILING REQUIREMENTS FOR PERSONS HOLDING INTERLOCKING POSITIONS 9. The authority citation for part 46 continues to read as follows: ■ 10. Amend § 46.2 by revising paragraph (a), removing and reserving paragraph (b), and revising paragraphs (c) and (e) to read as follows: ■ Definitions. * * * * * (a) Public utility has the same meaning as in section 201(e) of the Federal Power Act. Such term does not include any rural electric cooperative which is regulated by the Rural Utilities Service of the Department of Agriculture or any other entities covered in section 201(f) of the Federal Power Act. * * * * * (c) Purchaser means any individual or corporation within the meaning of section 3 of the Federal Power Act who purchases electric energy from a public utility. Such term does not include the United States or any agency or instrumentality of the United States or any rural electric cooperative which is regulated by the Rural Utilities Service of the Department of Agriculture. * * * * * (e) Entity means any firm, company, or organization including any corporation, joint-stock company, partnership, association, business trust, organized group of persons, whether incorporated or not, or a receiver or receivers, trustee or trustees of any of the foregoing. Such term does not include municipality as defined in section 3 of the Federal Power Act and does not include any Federal, State, or local government agencies or any rural electric cooperative which is regulated VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Mar 01, 2019 Jkt 247001 [FR Doc. 2019–03419 Filed 3–1–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6717–01–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [TD 9850] RIN 1545–BM28 Utility Allowance Submetering Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Final regulations and removal of temporary regulations. AGENCY: This document contains final regulations that amend the utility allowance regulations concerning the low-income housing credit under section 42 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code). These final regulations extend the principles of the current submetering rules. The current rules address situations in which a building owner purchases a utility from a utility company and then separately charges the tenants for the utility. In those situations, if the utility costs paid by a tenant are based on actual consumption in the tenant’s submetered, rentrestricted unit and if certain other requirements are satisfied, then the charges for the utility are treated as paid by the tenant directly to the utility company, even though the payment passes through the building owner. The final regulations extend these principles and apply to situations in which a building owner sells to tenants energy that is produced from a renewable source and that the owner did not purchase from or through a local utility company. The final regulations affect owners of low-income housing projects that claim the credit, the tenants in those low-income housing projects, and the State and local housing credit agencies that administer the credit. DATES: Effective date: These final regulations are effective on March 4, 2019. Applicability date: For dates of applicability, see § 1.42–12(a)(5). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dillon Taylor, (202) 317–4137 (not a toll-free number). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Authority: 16 U.S.C. 792–828c; 16 U.S.C. 2601–2645; 42 U.S.C. 7101–7352; E.O. 12009, 3 CFR 142. § 46.2 by the Rural Utilities Service of the Department of Agriculture. * * * * * Background On March 3, 2016, the Department of the Treasury (Treasury Department) and PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 7283 the IRS published in the Federal Register (81 FR 11104) final and temporary regulations (TD 9755) that amended § 1.42–10 of the Income Tax Regulations. The final regulations in TD 9755 clarified the circumstances in which utility costs paid by a tenant based on actual consumption in a submetered, rent-restricted unit are treated as paid by the tenant directly to the utility company and not to the building owner. In such a case, for purposes of section 42, the tenant’s payments to the owner for the utilities are not treated as payments of gross rent, and the rent that the owner might otherwise have collected for the unit is reduced by an amount that is called a ‘‘utility allowance.’’ The temporary regulations extended the principles of those final regulations to situations in which a building owner sold to tenants energy that was produced from a renewable source and that the owner had not purchased from or through a local utility company. In the same issue of the Federal Register (81 FR 11160), the Treasury Department and the IRS published a notice of proposed rulemaking (REG– 123867–14) (the proposed regulations). The text of the proposed regulations incorporated by cross-reference the text of the temporary regulations. The Treasury Department and the IRS received written and electronic comments responding to the proposed regulations. No requests for a public hearing were made, and no public hearing was held. After consideration of all the comments, the proposed regulations are adopted as amended by this Treasury Decision. Summary of Comments and Explanation of Provisions The temporary regulations in TD 9755 applied the submetering principles to energy that the building owner sold to tenants if the energy was ‘‘produced from a renewable source’’ and if the owner had acquired it from the renewable source without the intervention of a local utility company. Qualification for this submetering treatment, however, depended on the charges to the tenants for this energy being comparable to local utility rates. That is, under the temporary regulations, to the extent that tenants consumed this energy, the rate charged by the building owner could not exceed the rate at which the local utility company would have charged the tenants if they had instead acquired the energy from that company. A commenter requested that the final regulations clarify how a building E:\FR\FM\04MRR1.SGM 04MRR1 7284 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 42 / Monday, March 4, 2019 / Rules and Regulations owner may demonstrate that the rate that the owner charges tenants for renewable energy satisfies this requirement (the evidentiary issue). In addition, if there are multiple local utility rates that the tenants might have been charged (possibly from multiple utility companies), the commenter asked for clarification as to which rate or rates should be taken into account in determining whether the owner’s charges to the tenants qualify (the reference-rate issue). The final regulations resolve both of these issues. Addressing the referencerate issue, the final regulations require that the rate that the owner charges must not exceed the highest rate at which the tenants might have obtained energy from a local utility company. This criterion has several advantages over alternatives. For example, it is easily administrable (as compared, for example, with a requirement that the owner’s rate not exceed the ‘‘most typical rate’’ in the community). Also, the criterion protects an owner’s qualifying rate from being disqualified by the introduction of new rates in the community (as might be the case, for example, if the reference for the criterion were the average or median of local rates). Regarding the evidentiary issue, in determining the acceptability of the rate that a building owner charges tenants, the owner may rely on the rates published by local utility companies. The temporary regulations in TD 9755 provide that, for purposes of qualifying for submetering treatment, energy is ‘‘produced from a renewable source’’ if it is energy that is produced from energy property described in section 48; energy that is produced from a facility described in section 45(d)(1), (2), (3), (4), (6), (9), or (11); or energy that is described in guidance published for this purpose in the Internal Revenue Bulletin. Sections 45 and 48 of the Code determine whether a taxpayer is entitled to certain energy-related credits. A commenter requested that the final regulations clarify the extent to which these cross-references to ‘‘energy property’’ and ‘‘facility’’ incorporate the various requirements for earning those credits. The final regulations clarify that the building owner need not own the source from which the utility is produced and need not qualify for, or receive, any credit under section 45 or 48 associated with the source. Indeed, energy may qualify as ‘‘produced from a renewable resource’’ even if potential entitlement to credits under these Code sections has expired. Thus, the final regulations clarify that they refer to ‘‘energy VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Mar 01, 2019 Jkt 247001 property’’ and ‘‘facility’’ as a means of describing certain types of production of renewable energy but that they do not also incorporate any other criteria from those Code sections. Under section 42(g)(1) and (2), a residential unit may qualify as a lowincome unit only if it is ‘‘rentrestricted.’’ The amount that qualifies as restricted rent is determined based on the assumption that most utilities are generally covered by that rent. See H.R. Conf. Rep. 99–841, at II–94 (1986). For that reason, if the tenant pays for a utility directly, the rent that the owner may require from the tenant is reduced. The amount of this reduction is called a ‘‘utility allowance.’’ See section 42(g)(2)(B)(ii) and § 1.42–10(a). Language in the preamble of TD 9755 states that utility costs paid by a tenant based on actual consumption in a submetered, rent-restricted unit are treated as paid by the tenant directly to the utility and thus do not count against the maximum rent that the building owner can charge. Referencing this language, one commenter requested that the final regulations clarify whether a building owner of a submetered building is required to reduce its maximum gross rents by the amount of a utility allowance. Because § 1.42–10(e) treats a tenant in a submetered, rentrestricted unit as having paid for a utility directly and not by or through the owner of the building, the proper treatment of the tenant’s submetered utility payments is the same as if the tenant had made those payments directly to the utility company—(1) Although the payments pass through the building owner, they are not treated for purposes of the rent restriction as if they were payments of rent; and (2) The amount of rent that the owner might otherwise have demanded from the tenant is reduced by the amount of an applicable utility allowance. Special Analyses This regulation is not subject to review under section 6(b) of Executive Order 12866 pursuant to the Memorandum of Agreement (April 11, 2018) between the Department of the Treasury and the Office of Management and Budget regarding review of tax regulations. Therefore, a regulatory impact assessment is not required. It has also been determined that the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not apply because the regulations do not impose a collection of information on small entities. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, this proposed rule preceding these final regulations was submitted to the Chief Counsel for PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small business and no comments were received. Drafting Information The principal author of this regulation is James W. Rider, formerly of the Office of the Associate Chief Counsel (Passthroughs and Special Industries). However, other personnel from the Treasury Department and the IRS participated in its development. List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1 Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Adoption of Amendments to the Regulations Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is amended as follows: PART 1—INCOME TAXES Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 is amended by removing the entry for § 1.42–10T to read in part as follows: ■ Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * * Sections 1.42–6, 1.42–8, 1.42–9, 1.42–10, 1.42–11, and 1.42–12, also issued under 26 U.S.C. 42(n). § 1.42–0T [Amended] Par. 2. Section 1.42–0T is amended by removing the entries for § 1.42–10T. ■ Par. 3. Section 1.42–10 is amended by: ■ 1. Revising paragraph (e)(1)(i) introductory text. ■ 2. Revising paragraph (e)(1)(i)(B). ■ 3. Adding paragraphs (e)(1)(i)(C) and (D). ■ 4. Revising paragraph (e)(1)(iv)(B). The revisions and additions read as follows: ■ § 1.42–10 Utility allowances. * * * * * (e) * * * (1) * * * (i) The utility consumed in the unit is described in paragraph (e)(1)(i)(A) or (e)(1)(i)(B) of this section; * * * * * (B) The utility is not purchased from or through a local utility company and is produced from a renewable source (within the meaning of paragraph (e)(1)(i)(C) of this section). (C) For purposes of paragraph (e)(1)(i)(B) of this section, a utility is produced from a renewable source if— (1) It is energy that is produced from energy property described in section 48; (2) It is energy that is produced from a facility described in section 45(d)(1), (2), (3), (4), (6), (9), or (11); or E:\FR\FM\04MRR1.SGM 04MRR1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 42 / Monday, March 4, 2019 / Rules and Regulations (3) It is a utility that is described in guidance published for this purpose in the Internal Revenue Bulletin (see § 601.601(d)(2)(ii) of this chapter). (D) Determinations under paragraphs (e)(1)(i)(C)(1) and (2) of this section take into account only the manner in which the energy is produced and not who owns the energy property or the facility or whether the applicability of relevant portions of sections 45 and 48 has expired. * * * * * (iv) * * * (B) To the extent that the utility consumed is described in paragraph (e)(1)(i)(B) of this section, the utility rate charged to the tenants of the unit does not exceed the highest rate that the tenants would have paid if they had obtained the utility from a local utility company. In determining whether a rate satisfies the preceding sentence, a building owner may rely on the rates published by local utility companies. * * * * * § 1.42–10T [Removed] Par. 5. Section 1.42–10T is removed. ■ Par. 6. Section 1.42–12 is amended by: ■ 1. Revising paragraph (a)(5)(i)(E). ■ 2. Revising paragraph (a)(5)(ii). ■ 3. Adding paragraph (a)(5)(iii). The revisions and addition read as follows: ■ § 1.42–12 rules. Effective dates and transitional (a) * * * (5) * * * (i) * * * (E) Section 1.42–10(e), except as provided in paragraph (a)(5)(iii) of this section. (ii) Except as provided in paragraph (a)(5)(iii) of this section, a building owner may apply the provisions described in paragraphs (a)(5)(i)(A) through (E) of this section to the building owner’s taxable years beginning before March 3, 2016. Otherwise, the utility allowance provisions that apply to those taxable years are contained in § 1.42–10, as contained in 26 CFR part 1, revised as of April 1, 2015. (iii) The provisions in § 1.42– 10(e)(1)(i) introductory text, (e)(1)(i)(B) through (D), and (e)(1)(iv)(B) apply to a building owner’s taxable years beginning on or after March 4, 2019. A building owner, however, may apply these provisions to earlier taxable years. Otherwise, the submetering provisions that apply to taxable years beginning after March 3, 2016, and before March 4, 2019, are contained in § 1.42–10 and VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Mar 01, 2019 Jkt 247001 § 1.42–10T as contained in 26 CFR part 1 revised as of April 1, 2016. In addition, a building owner may apply those submetering provisions to taxable years beginning before March 3, 2016. * * * * * Kirsten Wielobob, Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement. Approved: February 26, 2019. David J. Kautter, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury (Tax Policy). [FR Doc. 2019–03827 Filed 2–27–19; 4:15 pm] BILLING CODE 4830–01–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Parts 100 and 165 [Docket No. USCG–2018–0231] RIN 1625–AA00, 1625–AA08, 1625–AA11, 1625–AA87 Removal of Regulated Navigation Areas, Safety Zones, Security Zones, and Special Local Regulations Within District 7 Coast Guard, DHS. Final rule. AGENCY: ACTION: The Coast Guard is updating District 7 regulations to reflect the current status of identified regulated navigation areas, special local regulations, safety zones, and security zones within the District. This rule removes safety zones and special local regulations for rules where the enforcement period has expired or where the event is no longer held. This rule also removes special local regulations where the event no longer meets the criteria for a permitted event and is not suitable for coverage under a special local regulation in accordance with Coast Guard regulations. DATES: This rule is effective April 3, 2019. ADDRESSES: To view documents mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket, go to https:// www.regulations.gov, type USCG–2018– 0231 in the ‘‘SEARCH’’ box and click ‘‘SEARCH.’’ Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this rule. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information about this document, call or email Paul Lehmann, District Seven Prevention Division, U.S. Coast Guard; telephone 301–415–6796, email Paul.D.Lehmann@uscg.mil. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 7285 SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Table of Abbreviations CATEX Criteria for Categorical Exclusion CFR Code of Federal Regulations COTP Captain of the Port DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register OMB Office of Management and Budget § Section U.S.C. United States Code II. Background, Purpose, and Legal Basis This rulemaking project was identified as part of the Coast Guard’s Regulatory Reform Task Force initiative. These District 7 field regulation changes were identified as part of the deregulation identification process required by Executive Order 13771 (Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs), Executive Order 13777 (Enforcing the Regulatory Reform Agenda Deregulatory Process), and associated guidance issued in 2017. This rule provides updates and clarifications to existing regulatory text in title 33 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) parts 100 and 165. This rule removes safety zones and special local regulations for regulations where the enforcement period has expired or where the event is no longer held. This rule also removes special local regulations where the event no longer meets the criteria for a permitted event and is not suitable for coverage under a special local regulation in accordance with 33 CFR 100.35. District 7 has determined that normal navigation rules cover the safety of participants and spectators at these events adequately. If a change in circumstance indicates that additional safety measures are necessary, the Coast Guard might choose to promulgate new regulations for safety zones at these events at that time. The changes to 33 CFR part 100 are specifically authorized under 33 U.S.C. 1233, which vests the Commandant of the Coast Guard with authority to issue regulations to promote the safety of life on navigable waters during regattas or marine parades. The changes to 33 CFR part 165 are authorized under the general authority of 22 U.S.C. 1231, which grants the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security broad authority to issue, amend, or repeal regulations necessary to implement 33 U.S.C. chapter 25, Ports and Waterways Safety Program. The Secretary has delegated rulemaking authority under 33 U.S.C. 1231 to the Commandant via Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. The Coast Guard is issuing this rule without prior notice and opportunity to E:\FR\FM\04MRR1.SGM 04MRR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 42 (Monday, March 4, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 7283-7285]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-03827]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Internal Revenue Service

26 CFR Part 1

[TD 9850]
RIN 1545-BM28


Utility Allowance Submetering

AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION: Final regulations and removal of temporary regulations.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This document contains final regulations that amend the 
utility allowance regulations concerning the low-income housing credit 
under section 42 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code). These final 
regulations extend the principles of the current submetering rules. The 
current rules address situations in which a building owner purchases a 
utility from a utility company and then separately charges the tenants 
for the utility. In those situations, if the utility costs paid by a 
tenant are based on actual consumption in the tenant's submetered, 
rent-restricted unit and if certain other requirements are satisfied, 
then the charges for the utility are treated as paid by the tenant 
directly to the utility company, even though the payment passes through 
the building owner. The final regulations extend these principles and 
apply to situations in which a building owner sells to tenants energy 
that is produced from a renewable source and that the owner did not 
purchase from or through a local utility company. The final regulations 
affect owners of low-income housing projects that claim the credit, the 
tenants in those low-income housing projects, and the State and local 
housing credit agencies that administer the credit.

DATES: 
    Effective date: These final regulations are effective on March 4, 
2019.
    Applicability date: For dates of applicability, see Sec.  1.42-
12(a)(5).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dillon Taylor, (202) 317-4137 (not a 
toll-free number).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    On March 3, 2016, the Department of the Treasury (Treasury 
Department) and the IRS published in the Federal Register (81 FR 11104) 
final and temporary regulations (TD 9755) that amended Sec.  1.42-10 of 
the Income Tax Regulations. The final regulations in TD 9755 clarified 
the circumstances in which utility costs paid by a tenant based on 
actual consumption in a submetered, rent-restricted unit are treated as 
paid by the tenant directly to the utility company and not to the 
building owner. In such a case, for purposes of section 42, the 
tenant's payments to the owner for the utilities are not treated as 
payments of gross rent, and the rent that the owner might otherwise 
have collected for the unit is reduced by an amount that is called a 
``utility allowance.'' The temporary regulations extended the 
principles of those final regulations to situations in which a building 
owner sold to tenants energy that was produced from a renewable source 
and that the owner had not purchased from or through a local utility 
company.
    In the same issue of the Federal Register (81 FR 11160), the 
Treasury Department and the IRS published a notice of proposed 
rulemaking (REG-123867-14) (the proposed regulations). The text of the 
proposed regulations incorporated by cross-reference the text of the 
temporary regulations. The Treasury Department and the IRS received 
written and electronic comments responding to the proposed regulations. 
No requests for a public hearing were made, and no public hearing was 
held.
    After consideration of all the comments, the proposed regulations 
are adopted as amended by this Treasury Decision.

Summary of Comments and Explanation of Provisions

    The temporary regulations in TD 9755 applied the submetering 
principles to energy that the building owner sold to tenants if the 
energy was ``produced from a renewable source'' and if the owner had 
acquired it from the renewable source without the intervention of a 
local utility company. Qualification for this submetering treatment, 
however, depended on the charges to the tenants for this energy being 
comparable to local utility rates. That is, under the temporary 
regulations, to the extent that tenants consumed this energy, the rate 
charged by the building owner could not exceed the rate at which the 
local utility company would have charged the tenants if they had 
instead acquired the energy from that company.
    A commenter requested that the final regulations clarify how a 
building

[[Page 7284]]

owner may demonstrate that the rate that the owner charges tenants for 
renewable energy satisfies this requirement (the evidentiary issue). In 
addition, if there are multiple local utility rates that the tenants 
might have been charged (possibly from multiple utility companies), the 
commenter asked for clarification as to which rate or rates should be 
taken into account in determining whether the owner's charges to the 
tenants qualify (the reference-rate issue).
    The final regulations resolve both of these issues. Addressing the 
reference-rate issue, the final regulations require that the rate that 
the owner charges must not exceed the highest rate at which the tenants 
might have obtained energy from a local utility company. This criterion 
has several advantages over alternatives. For example, it is easily 
administrable (as compared, for example, with a requirement that the 
owner's rate not exceed the ``most typical rate'' in the community). 
Also, the criterion protects an owner's qualifying rate from being 
disqualified by the introduction of new rates in the community (as 
might be the case, for example, if the reference for the criterion were 
the average or median of local rates).
    Regarding the evidentiary issue, in determining the acceptability 
of the rate that a building owner charges tenants, the owner may rely 
on the rates published by local utility companies.
    The temporary regulations in TD 9755 provide that, for purposes of 
qualifying for submetering treatment, energy is ``produced from a 
renewable source'' if it is energy that is produced from energy 
property described in section 48; energy that is produced from a 
facility described in section 45(d)(1), (2), (3), (4), (6), (9), or 
(11); or energy that is described in guidance published for this 
purpose in the Internal Revenue Bulletin. Sections 45 and 48 of the 
Code determine whether a taxpayer is entitled to certain energy-related 
credits. A commenter requested that the final regulations clarify the 
extent to which these cross-references to ``energy property'' and 
``facility'' incorporate the various requirements for earning those 
credits.
    The final regulations clarify that the building owner need not own 
the source from which the utility is produced and need not qualify for, 
or receive, any credit under section 45 or 48 associated with the 
source. Indeed, energy may qualify as ``produced from a renewable 
resource'' even if potential entitlement to credits under these Code 
sections has expired. Thus, the final regulations clarify that they 
refer to ``energy property'' and ``facility'' as a means of describing 
certain types of production of renewable energy but that they do not 
also incorporate any other criteria from those Code sections.
    Under section 42(g)(1) and (2), a residential unit may qualify as a 
low-income unit only if it is ``rent-restricted.'' The amount that 
qualifies as restricted rent is determined based on the assumption that 
most utilities are generally covered by that rent. See H.R. Conf. Rep. 
99-841, at II-94 (1986). For that reason, if the tenant pays for a 
utility directly, the rent that the owner may require from the tenant 
is reduced. The amount of this reduction is called a ``utility 
allowance.'' See section 42(g)(2)(B)(ii) and Sec.  1.42-10(a). Language 
in the preamble of TD 9755 states that utility costs paid by a tenant 
based on actual consumption in a submetered, rent-restricted unit are 
treated as paid by the tenant directly to the utility and thus do not 
count against the maximum rent that the building owner can charge. 
Referencing this language, one commenter requested that the final 
regulations clarify whether a building owner of a submetered building 
is required to reduce its maximum gross rents by the amount of a 
utility allowance. Because Sec.  1.42-10(e) treats a tenant in a 
submetered, rent-restricted unit as having paid for a utility directly 
and not by or through the owner of the building, the proper treatment 
of the tenant's submetered utility payments is the same as if the 
tenant had made those payments directly to the utility company--(1) 
Although the payments pass through the building owner, they are not 
treated for purposes of the rent restriction as if they were payments 
of rent; and (2) The amount of rent that the owner might otherwise have 
demanded from the tenant is reduced by the amount of an applicable 
utility allowance.

Special Analyses

    This regulation is not subject to review under section 6(b) of 
Executive Order 12866 pursuant to the Memorandum of Agreement (April 
11, 2018) between the Department of the Treasury and the Office of 
Management and Budget regarding review of tax regulations. Therefore, a 
regulatory impact assessment is not required. It has also been 
determined that the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) 
does not apply because the regulations do not impose a collection of 
information on small entities. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the 
Internal Revenue Code, this proposed rule preceding these final 
regulations was submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the 
Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small 
business and no comments were received.

Drafting Information

    The principal author of this regulation is James W. Rider, formerly 
of the Office of the Associate Chief Counsel (Passthroughs and Special 
Industries). However, other personnel from the Treasury Department and 
the IRS participated in its development.

List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1

    Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

Adoption of Amendments to the Regulations

    Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is amended as follows:

PART 1--INCOME TAXES

0
Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 is amended by removing 
the entry for Sec.  1.42-10T to read in part as follows:

    Authority:  26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *
    Sections 1.42-6, 1.42-8, 1.42-9, 1.42-10, 1.42-11, and 1.42-12, 
also issued under 26 U.S.C. 42(n).


Sec.  1.42-0T   [Amended]

0
Par. 2. Section 1.42-0T is amended by removing the entries for Sec.  
1.42-10T.

0
Par. 3. Section 1.42-10 is amended by:
0
1. Revising paragraph (e)(1)(i) introductory text.
0
2. Revising paragraph (e)(1)(i)(B).
0
3. Adding paragraphs (e)(1)(i)(C) and (D).
0
4. Revising paragraph (e)(1)(iv)(B).
    The revisions and additions read as follows:


Sec.  1.42-10  Utility allowances.

* * * * *
    (e) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (i) The utility consumed in the unit is described in paragraph 
(e)(1)(i)(A) or (e)(1)(i)(B) of this section;
* * * * *
    (B) The utility is not purchased from or through a local utility 
company and is produced from a renewable source (within the meaning of 
paragraph (e)(1)(i)(C) of this section).
    (C) For purposes of paragraph (e)(1)(i)(B) of this section, a 
utility is produced from a renewable source if--
    (1) It is energy that is produced from energy property described in 
section 48;
    (2) It is energy that is produced from a facility described in 
section 45(d)(1), (2), (3), (4), (6), (9), or (11); or

[[Page 7285]]

    (3) It is a utility that is described in guidance published for 
this purpose in the Internal Revenue Bulletin (see Sec.  
601.601(d)(2)(ii) of this chapter).
    (D) Determinations under paragraphs (e)(1)(i)(C)(1) and (2) of this 
section take into account only the manner in which the energy is 
produced and not who owns the energy property or the facility or 
whether the applicability of relevant portions of sections 45 and 48 
has expired.
* * * * *
    (iv) * * *
    (B) To the extent that the utility consumed is described in 
paragraph (e)(1)(i)(B) of this section, the utility rate charged to the 
tenants of the unit does not exceed the highest rate that the tenants 
would have paid if they had obtained the utility from a local utility 
company. In determining whether a rate satisfies the preceding 
sentence, a building owner may rely on the rates published by local 
utility companies.
* * * * *


Sec.  1.42-10T   [Removed]

0
Par. 5. Section 1.42-10T is removed.

0
Par. 6. Section 1.42-12 is amended by:
0
1. Revising paragraph (a)(5)(i)(E).
0
2. Revising paragraph (a)(5)(ii).
0
3. Adding paragraph (a)(5)(iii).
    The revisions and addition read as follows:


Sec.  1.42-12  Effective dates and transitional rules.

    (a) * * *
    (5) * * *
    (i) * * *
    (E) Section 1.42-10(e), except as provided in paragraph (a)(5)(iii) 
of this section.
    (ii) Except as provided in paragraph (a)(5)(iii) of this section, a 
building owner may apply the provisions described in paragraphs 
(a)(5)(i)(A) through (E) of this section to the building owner's 
taxable years beginning before March 3, 2016. Otherwise, the utility 
allowance provisions that apply to those taxable years are contained in 
Sec.  1.42-10, as contained in 26 CFR part 1, revised as of April 1, 
2015.
    (iii) The provisions in Sec.  1.42-10(e)(1)(i) introductory text, 
(e)(1)(i)(B) through (D), and (e)(1)(iv)(B) apply to a building owner's 
taxable years beginning on or after March 4, 2019. A building owner, 
however, may apply these provisions to earlier taxable years. 
Otherwise, the submetering provisions that apply to taxable years 
beginning after March 3, 2016, and before March 4, 2019, are contained 
in Sec.  1.42-10 and Sec.  1.42-10T as contained in 26 CFR part 1 
revised as of April 1, 2016. In addition, a building owner may apply 
those submetering provisions to taxable years beginning before March 3, 
2016.
* * * * *

Kirsten Wielobob,
Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement.
    Approved: February 26, 2019.
David J. Kautter,
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury (Tax Policy).
[FR Doc. 2019-03827 Filed 2-27-19; 4:15 pm]
 BILLING CODE 4830-01-P