Marketing Order Regulating the Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced in the Far West; Salable Quantities and Allotment Percentages for the 2019-2020 Marketing Year, 4381-4387 [2019-02514]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 32 / Friday, February 15, 2019 / Proposed Rules D. Executive Order 13175 This proposed rule has been reviewed in accordance with the requirements of Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments. The review reveals that this regulation will not have substantial and direct effects on tribal governments and will not have significant tribal implications. F. General Notice of Public Rulemaking This proposed rule reflects recommendations submitted by the NOSB to the Secretary to add two substances to the National List and to reclassify one substance on the National List. A 60-day period for interested persons to comment on this rule is provided. List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 205 Administrative practice and procedure, Agriculture, Archives and records, Crops, Imports, Labeling, National List, Organically produced products, Plants, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Seals and insignia, Soil conservation. For the reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 205, subpart G is proposed to be amended as follows: PART 205—NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Authority: 7 U.S.C. 6501–6522. 2. Amend § 205.601 as follows: a. Revise paragraph (h) and add new paragraphs (h)(1) and (h)(2), ■ b. Add new paragraph (i)(11). The revision and additions to read as follows: ■ ■ § 205.601 Synthetic substances allowed for use in organic crop production. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS * * * * (h) As slug or snail bait. (1) Ferric phosphate (CAS # 10045– 86–0). (2) Elemental sulfur. * * * * * (i) * * * (11) Polyoxin D zinc salt. * * * * * ■ 3. Amend § 205.605 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), add in alphabetical order, an entry for ‘‘magnesium chloride.’’ ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the entry for ‘‘magnesium chloride—derived from seawater.’’ The addition to read as follows: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:13 Feb 14, 2019 Jkt 247001 * * * * * (a) * * * * * * * * Magnesium chloride. * * * * * Dated: February 12, 2019. Bruce Summers, Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. [FR Doc. 2019–02518 Filed 2–14–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–02–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 985 [Doc. No. AMS–SC–18–0084; SC19–985–1 PR] Marketing Order Regulating the Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced in the Far West; Salable Quantities and Allotment Percentages for the 2019– 2020 Marketing Year Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: This proposed rule invites comments on a recommendation from the Far West Spearmint Oil Administrative Committee (Committee) to establish salable quantities and producer allotments of Class 1 (Scotch) and Class 3 (Native) spearmint oil produced in Washington, Idaho, Oregon, and designated parts of Nevada and Utah (the Far West) for the 2019– 2020 marketing year. This proposed rule would also remove references to past volume regulation no longer in effect. DATES: Comments must be received by March 18, 2019. ADDRESSES: Interested persons are invited to submit written comments concerning this proposed rule. Comments must be sent to the Docket Clerk, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Specialty Crops Program, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, STOP 0237, Washington, DC 20250–0237; Fax: (202) 720–8938; or internet: http://www.regulations.gov. Comments should reference the document number and the date and page number of this issue of the Federal Register and will be made available for public inspection in the Office of the Docket Clerk during regular business hours or can be viewed at: http:// SUMMARY: 1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 205 continues to read as follows: ■ * § 205.605 Nonagricultural (nonorganic) substances allowed as ingredients in or on processed products labeled as ‘‘organic’’ or ‘‘made with organic (specified ingredients or food group(s)).’’ PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 4381 www.regulations.gov. All comments submitted in response to this proposed rule will be included in the record and will be made available to the public. Please be advised that the identity of the individuals or entities submitting the comments will be made public on the internet at the address provided above. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Barry Broadbent, Marketing Specialist, or Gary Olson, Regional Director, Northwest Marketing Field Office, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Specialty Crops Program, AMS, USDA; Telephone: (503) 326– 2724, Fax: (503) 326–7440, or Email: Barry.Broadbent@usda.gov or GaryD.Olson@usda.gov. Small businesses may request information on complying with this regulation by contacting Richard Lower, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Specialty Crops Program, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, STOP 0237, Washington, DC 20250–0237; Telephone: (202) 720– 2491, Fax: (202) 720–8938, or Email: Richard.Lower@usda.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This action, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, proposes to amend regulations issued to carry out a marketing order as defined in 7 CFR 900.2(j). This proposed rule is issued under Marketing Order No. 985, as amended (7 CFR part 985), regulating the handling of spearmint oil produced in the Far West. Part 985 (referred to as the ‘‘Order’’) is effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601–674), hereinafter referred to as the ‘‘Act.’’ The Committee locally administers the Order and is comprised of spearmint oil producers operating within the area of production, and a public member. The Department of Agriculture (USDA) is issuing this proposed rule in conformance with Executive Orders 13563 and 13175. This action falls within a category of regulatory actions that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) exempted from Executive Order 12866 review. Additionally, because this proposed rule does not meet the definition of a significant regulatory action, it does not trigger the requirements contained in Executive Order 13771. See OMB’s Memorandum titled ‘‘Interim Guidance Implementing Section 2 of the Executive Order of January 30, 2017, titled ‘Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs’ ’’ (February 2, 2017). This proposed rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule is not intended to have retroactive effect. Under the Order now in effect, salable quantities E:\FR\FM\15FEP1.SGM 15FEP1 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS 4382 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 32 / Friday, February 15, 2019 / Proposed Rules and producer allotment percentages may be established for classes of spearmint oil produced in the Far West. This proposed rule would establish quantities and percentages for Class 1 (Scotch) and Class 3 (Native) spearmint oil for the 2019–2020 marketing year, which begins on June 1, 2019. The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 608c(15)(A) of the Act, any handler subject to an order may file with USDA a petition stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. Such a handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After the hearing, USDA would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States in any district in which the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or her principal place of business, has jurisdiction to review USDA’s ruling on the petition, provided an action is filed not later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the ruling. Pursuant to §§ 985.50, 985.51, and 985.52, the Order requires the Committee to meet each year to consider supply and demand of spearmint oil and to adopt a marketing policy for the ensuing marketing year. When such considerations indicate a need to establish or to maintain stable market conditions through volume regulation, the Committee recommends salable quantity limitations and producer allotments (allotments) to regulate the quantity of Far West spearmint oil available to the market. According to § 985.12, ‘‘salable quantity’’ is the total quantity of each class of oil (Scotch or Native) that handlers may purchase from, or handle on behalf of, producers during a given marketing year. The total industry allotment base is the aggregate of all allotment bases held individually by producers as prescribed under § 985.53(d)(1). The total allotment base is generally revised each year on June 1 due to producer base being lost because of the ‘‘bona fide effort’’ production provision of § 985.53(e). Each producer’s prorated share of the salable quantity of each class of oil, or their ‘‘annual allotment’’ as defined in § 985.13, is calculated by using an allotment percentage. The percentage is derived by dividing the salable quantity by the total industry allotment base for that same class of oil. The Committee met on October 17, 2018, to consider its marketing policy VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:13 Feb 14, 2019 Jkt 247001 for the 2019–2020 marketing year. At that meeting, the Committee determined that, based on the current market and supply conditions, volume regulation for both classes of oil would be necessary. With a 6–2 vote, the Committee recommended a salable quantity and allotment percentage for Scotch spearmint oil of 832,081 pounds and 38 percent. The two members voting in opposition to the recommendation favored volume regulation, but at an undesignated higher level than what was proposed. The Committee voted unanimously on its recommended salable quantity and allotment percentage for Native spearmint oil of 1,395,813 pounds and 56 percent. Salable quantities and allotment percentages have been placed into effect each season since the Order’s inception in 1980. Scotch Spearmint Oil The Committee’s recommended 2019– 2020 marketing year salable quantity and allotment percentage for Scotch spearmint oil represent an increase from the previous year’s levels. The proposed 2019–2020 marketing year salable quantity of 832,081 pounds is 71,421 pounds more than the 2018–2019 marketing year salable quantity of 760,660 pounds. The allotment percentage, recommended at 38 percent for the 2019–2020 marketing year, is an increase from the 35 percent in effect the previous year. The total estimated allotment base for the coming marketing year is estimated at 2,189,668 pounds. This figure represents a one-percent increase over the 2018–2019 marketing year total allotment base of 2,168,008. The Committee considered several factors in making its recommendation, including the current and projected future supply, estimated future demand, production costs, and producer prices. The Committee’s recommendation also accounts for established acreage of Scotch spearmint oil, consumer demand, existing carry-in, reserve pool volume, and increased production in competing markets. According to the Committee, as costs of production have increased, many producers have forgone new plantings of Scotch spearmint. This has resulted in a significant decline in production of Scotch spearmint oil over past years. Production has decreased from 1,113,346 pounds produced in 2016, to 817,857 pounds produced in 2017, and to an estimated 671,662 pounds for 2018. Industry reports also indicate that the relatively low trade demand for Scotch spearmint oil is likely the result of decreased consumer demand for PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 spearmint-flavored products, especially chewing gum in China and India. Scotch spearmint oil sales have averaged 794,808 pounds per year over the last three years, and 902,076 pounds over the last five years. For the 2018– 2019 crop, the Committee estimates trade demand to be 805,000 pounds. In addition, increasing production of spearmint oil in competing markets, most notably Canada and the U.S. Midwest, has also put downward pressure on the Scotch market. Given the general decline in demand and anticipated market conditions for the coming year, the Committee decided it was prudent to estimate that the Scotch spearmint oil trade demand for the 2019–2020 marketing year trade would be 805,000 pounds, unchanged from the prior year. Should the proposed volume regulation levels prove insufficient to adequately supply the market, the Committee has the authority to recommend intra-seasonal increases, as it has in previous marketing years. The Committee calculated the minimum salable quantity of Scotch spearmint oil that would be required during the 2019–2020 marketing year (590,335 pounds) by subtracting the estimated salable carry-in on June 1, 2019, (214,645) from the estimated trade demand (805,000). This minimum salable quantity represents the minimum amount of Scotch spearmint oil that may be needed to satisfy estimated demand for the coming year. To ensure that the market would be fully supplied, the Committee recommended a 2019–2020 marketing year salable quantity of 832,081 pounds. The recommended salable quantity of 832,081 pounds, combined with an estimated 214,645 pounds of salable quantity carried in from the previous year, would yield a total available supply of 1,046,726 pounds Scotch spearmint oil for the 2019–2020 marketing year, and would leave an estimated 241,726 pounds of salable oil to carry into the 2020–2021 marketing year. Salable carry-in is the primary measure of excess spearmint oil supply under the Order, as it represents overproduction in prior years that is currently available to the market without restriction. Under volume regulation, spearmint oil that is designated as salable continues to be available to the market until it is sold and may be marketed at any time at the discretion of the owner. Salable quantities established under volume regulation over the last three seasons have exceeded sales, leading to a E:\FR\FM\15FEP1.SGM 15FEP1 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 32 / Friday, February 15, 2019 / Proposed Rules gradual build of Scotch spearmint oil salable carry-in. The Committee estimates that there will be 215,757 pounds of salable carryin of Scotch spearmint oil on June 1, 2019. If current market conditions are maintained and the Committee’s projections are correct, salable carry-in would increase to 241,726 pounds at the beginning of the 2020–2021 marketing year. This level would be above the quantity that the Committee generally considers favorable (150,000 pounds). However, the Committee anticipates that this higher salable carry-in would be manageable given the expected declining production levels of Scotch spearmint oil. The Committee believes that, given the current economic conditions in the Scotch spearmint oil industry, some Scotch spearmint oil producers will not produce enough oil in the 2019–2020 marketing year to fill all of their base allotment. Therefore, it is anticipated that the actual quantity of Scotch spearmint oil carried into the next marketing year will be less than the quantity calculated above. Spearmint oil held in reserve is oil that has been produced in excess of a producer’s marketing year allotment and is not available to the market in the current marketing year without an increase in the salable quantity and allotment percentage. Oil held in the reserve pool is another indicator of excess supply. Scotch spearmint oil held in the reserve pool, which was completely depleted at the beginning of the 2014–2015 marketing year, has been gradually increasing over the past five years. The Committee reported that there were 71,088 pounds of Scotch spearmint oil held in the reserve pool as of May 31, 2017. The reserve pool increased to 202,638 pounds on May 31, 2018 but is expected to drop back down to 115,473 pounds by May 31, 2019. This quantity of reserve pool oil should be an adequate buffer to supply the market, if necessary, if the industry experiences an unexpected increase in demand. The Committee recommended a producer allotment percentage of 38 percent for the 2019–2020 marketing year for Scotch spearmint oil. During its October 17, 2018, meeting, the Committee calculated an initial allotment percentage by dividing the minimum required salable quantity (590,355 pounds) by the total estimated allotment base (2,189,688 pounds), resulting in 27 percent. However, producers and handlers at the meeting indicated that the computed percentage (27 percent) might not adequately supply the potential 2019–2020 Scotch spearmint oil market demand and may VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:13 Feb 14, 2019 Jkt 247001 also result in inadequate carry-in for the subsequent marketing year. After deliberation, the Committee increased the recommended allotment percentage to 38 percent. The total estimated allotment base (2,189,688 pounds) for the 2019–2020 marketing year multiplied by the recommended salable allotment percentage (38 percent) yields 832,081 pounds, which is the recommended salable quantity for the 2019–2020 marketing year. The 2019–2020 marketing year computational data for the Committee’s recommendations is detailed below. (A) Estimated carry-in of Scotch spearmint oil on June 1, 2019: 214,645 pounds. This figure is the difference between the 2018–2019 marketing year total available supply of 1,019,645 pounds and the 2018–2019 marketing year estimated trade demand of 805,000 pounds. (B) Estimated trade demand of Scotch spearmint oil for the 2019–2020 marketing year: 805,000 pounds. This figure was established at the Committee meeting held on October 17, 2018. (C) Salable quantity of Scotch spearmint oil required from the 2019– 2020 marketing year production: 590,355 pounds. This figure is the difference between the estimated 2019– 2020 marketing year trade demand (805,000 pounds) and the estimated carry-in on June 1, 2019 (214,645 pounds). This salable quantity represents the minimum amount of Scotch spearmint oil production that may be needed to satisfy estimated demand for the coming year. (D) Total estimated Scotch spearmint oil allotment base of for the 2019–2020 marketing year: 2,189,688 pounds. This figure represents a one-percent increase over the 2018–2019 total actual allotment base of 2,168,008 pounds, as prescribed by § 985.53(d)(1). The onepercent increase equals 21,680 pounds. This total estimated allotment base is generally revised each year on June 1 in accordance with § 985.53(e). (E) Computed Scotch spearmint oil allotment percentage for the 2019–2020 marketing year: 27 percent. This percentage is computed by dividing the minimum required salable quantity (590,355 pounds) by the total estimated allotment base (2,189,688 pounds). (F) Recommended Scotch spearmint oil allotment percentage for the 2019– 2020 marketing year: 38 percent. This is the Committee’s recommendation and is based on the computed allotment percentage (27 percent) and input from producers and handlers at the October 17, 2018, meeting. The recommended 38 percent allotment percentage reflects the Committee’s belief that the computed PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 4383 percentage (27 percent) may not adequately supply anticipated 2019– 2020 Scotch spearmint oil market demand. (G) Recommended Scotch spearmint oil salable quantity for the 2019–2020 marketing year: 832,081 pounds. This figure is the product of the recommended salable allotment percentage (38 percent) and the total estimated allotment base (2,189,688 pounds) for the 2019–2020 marketing year. (H) Estimated total available supply of Scotch spearmint oil for the 2019– 2020 marketing year: 1,046,726 pounds. This figure is the sum of the 2019–2020 marketing year recommended salable quantity (832,081 pounds) and the estimated carry-in on June 1, 2019 (214,645 pounds). For the reasons stated above, the Committee believes that the recommended salable quantity and allotment percentage would adequately satisfy trade demand, would result in a reasonable carry-in for the following year, and would contribute to the orderly marketing of Scotch spearmint oil. Native Spearmint Oil The Committee recommended a Native spearmint oil salable quantity of 1,395,813 pounds and an allotment percentage of 56 percent for the 2019– 2020 marketing year. These figures are, respectively, 87,866 pounds and 3 percentage points higher than the levels established for the 2018–2019 marketing year. The Committee utilized handlers’ anticipated sales estimates of Native spearmint oil for the coming year, historical and current Native spearmint oil production, inventory statistics, and international market data obtained from consultants for the spearmint oil industry to arrive at these recommendations. The Committee anticipates that 2018 production will total 1,477,128 pounds, similar to last year’s production but down from 1,694,684 pounds produced in 2016. Committee figures show that total Native spearmint acres remained relatively static and that the estimated yield, at 167.4 pounds per acre, was up from 160.9 pounds per acre in 2017. Sales of Native spearmint oil for the 2017–2018 marketing year spiked, up 21 percent from the previous year to 1,565,515 pounds. Sales for the current marketing year have cooled a bit, but the Committee still estimates sales through the 2018–2019 marketing year of 1,450,000 pounds. The Committee expects that only 8,005 pounds of salable Native E:\FR\FM\15FEP1.SGM 15FEP1 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS 4384 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 32 / Friday, February 15, 2019 / Proposed Rules spearmint oil from prior years will be carried into the 2019–2020 marketing year. This amount is down from the 48,062 pounds of salable oil carried into the 2018–2019 marketing year, and 143,011 pounds carried into the 2017– 2018 marketing year. Further, the Committee estimates that there will be 1,150,927 pounds of Native spearmint oil in the reserve pool at the beginning of the 2019–2020 marketing year. This figure is 130,344 pounds higher than the quantity of reserve pool oil held by producers the previous year and is consistent with the gradual increase in reserves experienced over the past three marketing years. The Committee expects end users of Native spearmint oil to continue to rely on Far West production as their main source of high-quality Native spearmint oil, but demand may be at lower quantities than the past year moving forward in response to long-term market factors. A sharp spike in demand for Native spearmint oil was experienced by handlers late in the 2017–2018 marketing year, spurred by the popularity of a new product in the market. This sharp spike in demand caused the remaining available 2017– 2018 marketing year salable quantity to be depleted. While sales in the 2018– 2019 marketing year are expected to come down from the prior year spike, the Committee still anticipates demand at relatively high levels. The Committee estimates the 2019– 2020 marketing year Native spearmint oil trade demand to be 1,400,000 pounds. This figure is based on input provided by producers at six production area meetings held in mid-October 2018, as well as estimates provided by handlers and other meeting participants at the October 17, 2018, meeting. This figure represents a decrease of 50,000 pounds from the previous year’s estimate. The average estimated trade demand for Native spearmint oil derived from the producer meetings was 1,380,000 pounds, whereas the handlers’ estimates ranged from 1,300,000 to 1,500,000 pounds. The average of Native spearmint oil sales over the last three years is 1,364,782 pounds. The quantity marketed over the most recent full marketing year, 2017– 2018, was 1,565,515 pounds. However, the Committee considers that year to be an anomaly. The Committee chose to be slightly conservative in the establishment of its trade demand estimate for the 2019–2020 marketing year to avoid oversupplying the market. The estimated 2019–2020 marketing year carry-in of 8,005 pounds of Native spearmint oil, plus the recommended salable quantity of 1,395,813 pounds, VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:13 Feb 14, 2019 Jkt 247001 would result in an estimated total available supply of 1,403,818 pounds of oil during the 2019–2020 marketing year. With the corresponding estimated trade demand of 1,400,000 pounds, the Committee projects that 3,818 pounds of oil will be carried into the 2019–2020 marketing year, resulting in a decrease of 4,187 pounds year-over-year. The Committee estimates that there will be 1,150,927 pounds of Native spearmint oil held in the reserve pool at the beginning of the 2019–2020 marketing year. Should the industry experience an unexpected increase in trade demand, oil in the Native spearmint oil reserve pool could be released to satisfy that demand. The Committee recommended a producer allotment percentage of 56 percent for the 2019–2020 marketing year. During its October 17, 2018, meeting, the Committee calculated an initial producer allotment percentage by dividing the minimum required salable quantity (1,391,995 pounds) by the total estimated allotment base (2,492,523 pounds), resulting in 55.8 percent. However, producers and handlers at the meeting expressed that the computed percentage of 55.8 percent may not adequately supply the potential 2019– 2020 Native spearmint oil market demand or result in adequate carry-in for the subsequent marketing year. After deliberation, the Committee increased the recommended allotment percentage to 56 percent. The total estimated allotment base (2,492,523 pounds) for the 2019–2020 marketing year multiplied by the recommended salable allotment percentage (56 percent) yields 1,395,813 pounds, the recommended salable quantity for the year. The 2019–2020 marketing year computational data for the Committee’s recommendations is further outlined below. (A) Estimated carry-in of Native spearmint oil on June 1, 2019: 8,005 pounds. This figure is the difference between the revised 2018–2019 marketing year total available supply of 1,458,005 pounds and the revised 2018– 2019 marketing year estimated trade demand of 1,450,000 pounds. (B) Estimated trade demand of Native spearmint oil for the 2019–2020 marketing year: 1,400,000 pounds. This estimate was established by the Committee at the October 17, 2018, meeting. (C) Salable quantity of Native spearmint oil required from the 2019– 2020 marketing year production: 1,391,995 pounds. This figure is the difference between the estimated 2019– 2020 marketing year estimated trade demand (1,400,000 pounds) and the PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 estimated carry-in on June 1, 2019 (8,005 pounds). This is the minimum amount of Native spearmint oil that the Committee believes would be required to meet the anticipated 2019–2020 marketing year trade demand. (D) Total estimated allotment base of Native spearmint oil for the 2019–2020 marketing year: 2,492,523 pounds. This figure represents a one-percent increase over the 2018–2019 total actual allotment base of 2,467,845 pounds as prescribed in § 985.53(d)(1). The onepercent increase equals 24,678 pounds of oil. This estimate is generally revised each year on June 1, due to adjustments resulting from the bona fide effort production provisions of § 985.53(e). (E) Computed Native spearmint oil allotment percentage for the 2019–2020 marketing year: 55.8 percent. This percentage is calculated by dividing the required salable quantity (1,391,995 pounds) by the total estimated allotment base (2,492,523 pounds) for the 2019– 2020 marketing year. (F) Recommended Native spearmint oil allotment percentage for the 2019– 2020 marketing year: 56 percent. This is the Committee’s recommendation based on the computed allotment percentage (55.8 percent) and input from producers and handlers at the October 17, 2018, meeting. The recommended 56 percent allotment percentage is also based on the Committee’s belief that the computed percentage (55.8 percent) may not adequately supply the potential market for Native spearmint oil in the 2019–2020 marketing year. (G) Recommended Native spearmint oil 2019–2020 marketing year salable quantity: 1,395,813 pounds. This figure is the product of the recommended allotment percentage (56 percent) and the total estimated allotment base (2,492,523 pounds). This amount is slightly less than the estimated trade demand for the 2019–2020 marketing year but could be increased as needed through an intra-seasonal increase in the salable quantity and allotment percentage. (H) Estimated available supply of Native spearmint oil for the 2019–2020 marketing year: 1,403,808 pounds. This figure is the sum of the 2019–2020 recommended salable quantity (1,395,813 pounds) and the estimated carry-in on June 1, 2019 (8,005 pounds). The Committee’s recommended Scotch and Native spearmint oil salable quantities and allotment percentages of 832,081 pounds and 38 percent, and 1,395,813 pounds and 56 percent, respectively, would match the available supply of each class of spearmint oil to the estimated demand of each, thus avoiding extreme fluctuations in E:\FR\FM\15FEP1.SGM 15FEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 32 / Friday, February 15, 2019 / Proposed Rules khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS inventories and prices. This proposed rule, if finalized, would be similar to regulations issued in prior seasons. The salable quantities in this proposed rule are not expected to cause a shortage of either class of spearmint oil. Any unanticipated or additional market demand for either class of spearmint oil which may develop during the marketing year could be satisfied by an intra-seasonal increase in the salable quantity and corresponding allotment percentage. The Order contains a provision in § 985.51 for intra-seasonal increases to allow the Committee the flexibility to respond quickly to changing market conditions. Under volume regulation, producers who produce more than their annual allotments during the marketing year may transfer such excess spearmint oil to producers who have produced less than their annual allotment. In addition, on December 1 of each year, producers who have not transferred their excess spearmint oil to other producers must place their excess spearmint oil production into the reserve pool to be released in the future in accordance with market needs and under the Committee’s direction. In conjunction with the issuance of this proposed rule, USDA has reviewed the Committee’s marketing policy statement for the 2019–2020 marketing year. The Committee’s marketing policy statement, a requirement whenever the Committee recommends volume regulation, meets the requirements of §§ 985.50 and 985.51. The establishment of the proposed salable quantities and allotment percentages would allow for anticipated market needs. In determining anticipated market needs, the Committee considered historical sales, as well as changes and trends in production and demand. This proposal would also provide producers with information regarding the amount of spearmint oil that should be produced for the 2019–2020 season to meet anticipated market demand. Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act Pursuant to requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601–612), the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has considered the economic impact of this proposed rule on small entities. Accordingly, AMS has prepared this initial regulatory flexibility analysis. The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of businesses subject to such actions in order that small businesses will not be unduly or disproportionately burdened. Marketing orders issued pursuant to the VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:13 Feb 14, 2019 Jkt 247001 Act, and the rules issued thereunder, are unique in that they are brought about through group action of essentially small entities acting on their own behalf. There are approximately 33 producers and 90 producers of Scotch and Native spearmint oil, respectively, in the regulated production area and approximately 8 spearmint oil handlers subject to regulation under the Order. Small agricultural service firms are defined by the Small Business Administration (SBA) as those having annual receipts of less than $7,500,000, and small agricultural producers are defined as those having annual receipts of less than $750,000 (13 CFR 121.201). The Committee reported that recent producer prices for spearmint oil range from $15.50 to $18.00 per pound. The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) reported that the 2017 U.S. season average spearmint oil producer price per pound was $16.20. Multiplying $16.20 per pound by 2016– 17 spearmint oil utilization of 2,186,751 million pounds yields a crop value estimate of about $35.4 million. Total 2016–17 spearmint oil utilization, reported by the Committee, is 621,236 pounds and 1,565,515 pounds for Scotch and Native spearmint oil, respectively. Given the accounting requirements for the volume regulation provisions of the Order, the Committee maintains accurate records of each producer’s production and sales. Using the $16.20 average spearmint oil price, and Committee production data for each producer, the Committee estimates that 11 of the 33 Scotch spearmint oil producers and 34 of the 90 Native spearmint oil producers could be classified as small entities under the SBA definition. There is no third party or governmental entity that collects and reports spearmint oil prices received by spearmint oil handlers. However, the Committee estimates an average spearmint oil handling markup at approximately 20 percent of the price received by producers. Multiplying 1.20 by the 2016 producer price of $16.20 yields a handler f.o.b. price per pound estimate of $19.44. Multiplying this handler f.o.b price by spearmint oil utilization of 2,186,751 pounds results in an estimated handlerlevel spearmint oil value of $42.5 million. Dividing this figure by the number of handlers (8) yields estimated average annual handler receipts of about $5.3 million, which is below the SBA threshold for small agricultural service firms. PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 4385 Furthermore, using confidential data on pounds handled by each handler, and the abovementioned estimated handler price per pound, the Committee reported that it is likely that at least two of the eight handlers had 2017–2018 marketing year spearmint oil sales value that exceeded the SBA threshold. Therefore, in view of the foregoing, the majority of producers of spearmint oil may be classified as large entities and the majority of handlers of spearmint oil may be classified as small entities. This proposed rule would establish the quantity of spearmint oil produced in the Far West, by class, which handlers may purchase from, or handle on behalf of, producers during the 2019–2020 marketing year. The Committee recommended this action to help maintain stability in the spearmint oil market by matching supply to estimated demand, thereby avoiding extreme fluctuations in supplies and prices. Establishing quantities that may be purchased or handled during the marketing year through volume regulations allows producers to coordinate their spearmint oil production with the expected market demand. Authority for this proposal is provided in §§ 985.50, 985.51, and 985.52. The Committee estimated trade demand for the 2019–2020 marketing year for both classes of oil at 2,205,000 pounds and expects that the combined salable carry-in will be 222,650 pounds. The combined required salable quantity is 1,982,350 pounds. Under volume regulation, total sales of spearmint oil by producers for the 2019–2020 marketing year would be held to 2,450,544 pounds (the recommended salable quantity for both classes of spearmint oil of 2,227,894 pounds plus 222,650 pounds of carry-in). This total available supply of 2,450,544 pounds should be more than adequate to supply the 2,205,000 pounds of anticipated total trade demand for spearmint oil. In addition, as of May 31, 2018, the total reserve pool for both classes of spearmint oil stood at 1,223,221 pounds. Furthermore, that quantity is expected to rise over the course of the 2018–2019 marketing year to 1,266,400. Should trade demand increase unexpectedly during the 2019–2020 marketing year, reserve pool spearmint oil could be released into the market to supply that increase in demand. The recommended allotment percentages, upon which 2019–2020 producer allotments are based, are 38 percent for Scotch spearmint oil and 56 percent for Native spearmint oil. Without volume regulation, producers E:\FR\FM\15FEP1.SGM 15FEP1 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS 4386 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 32 / Friday, February 15, 2019 / Proposed Rules would not be held to these allotment levels, and could sell unrestricted quantities of spearmint oil. The USDA econometric model estimated that the season average producer price per pound (from both classes of spearmint oil) would decline about $2.20 per pound because of the higher quantities of spearmint oil that would be produced and marketed without volume regulation. The surplus situation for the spearmint oil market that would exist without volume regulation in 2019– 2020 also would likely dampen prospects for improved producer prices in future years because of the buildup in stocks. The use of volume regulation allows the industry to fully supply spearmint oil markets while avoiding the negative consequences of over-supplying these markets. The use of volume regulation is believed to have little or no effect on consumer prices of products containing spearmint oil and would not result in fewer retail sales of such products. The Committee discussed alternatives to the recommendations contained in this rule for both classes of spearmint oil. The Committee rejected the idea of not regulating any volume for either class of spearmint oil because of the severe, price-depressing effects that would likely occur without volume regulation. The Committee also discussed and considered salable quantities and allotment percentages that were above and below the levels that were ultimately recommended for both classes of spearmint oil. Ultimately, the action taken by the Committee was to increase the salable quantity and allotment percentage for both Scotch and Native spearmint oil from the levels established for the 2018– 2019 marketing year. As noted earlier, the Committee’s recommendation to establish salable quantities and allotment percentages for both classes of spearmint oil was made after careful consideration of all available information including: (1) The estimated quantity of salable oil of each class held by producers and handlers; (2) the estimated demand for each class of oil; (3) the prospective production of each class of oil; (4) the total of allotment bases of each class of oil for the current marketing year and the estimated total of allotment bases of each class for the ensuing marketing year; (5) the quantity of reserve oil, by class, in storage; (6) producer prices of oil, including prices for each class of oil; and (7) general market conditions for each class of oil, including whether the estimated season average price to producers is likely to exceed parity. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:13 Feb 14, 2019 Jkt 247001 Based on its review, the Committee believes that the salable quantities and allotment percentages recommended would achieve the objectives sought. The Committee also believes that, should there be no volume regulation in effect for the upcoming marketing year, the Far West spearmint oil industry would return to the pronounced cyclical price patterns that occurred prior to the promulgation of the Order. As previously stated, annual salable quantities and allotment percentages have been issued for both classes of spearmint oil since the Order’s inception. The salable quantities and allotment percentages proposed herein are expected to facilitate the goal of maintaining orderly marketing conditions for Far West spearmint oil for the 2019–2020 and future marketing years. Costs to producers and handlers, large and small, resulting from this proposal are expected to be offset by the benefits derived from a more stable market and increased returns. The benefits of this rule are expected to be equally available to all producers and handlers regardless of their size. In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35), the Order’s information collection requirements have been previously approved by OMB and assigned OMB No. 0581–0178, Specialty Crops. No changes are necessary in those requirements as a result of this action. Should any changes become necessary, they would be submitted to OMB for approval. This proposed rule would establish the salable quantities and allotment percentages for Scotch spearmint oil and Native spearmint oil produced in the Far West during the 2019–2020 marketing year. Accordingly, this proposal would not impose any additional reporting or recordkeeping requirements on either small or large spearmint oil producers or handlers. As with all Federal marketing order programs, reports and forms are periodically reviewed to reduce information requirements and duplication by industry and publicsector agencies. AMS is committed to complying with the E-Government Act, to promote the use of the internet and other information technologies to provide increased opportunities for citizen access to Government information and services, and for other purposes. USDA has not identified any relevant Federal rules that duplicate, overlap, or conflict with this proposed rule. In addition, the Committee’s meeting was widely publicized throughout the PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 spearmint oil industry and all interested persons were invited to attend the meeting and participate in Committee deliberations on all issues. Like all Committee meetings, the October 17, 2018, meeting was a public meeting and all entities, both large and small, were able to express views on this issue. Finally, interested persons are invited to submit comments on this proposed rule, including the regulatory and informational impacts of this action on small businesses. A small business guide on complying with fruit, vegetable, and specialty crop marketing agreements and orders may be viewed at: http://www.ams.usda.gov/ rules-regulations/moa/small-businesses. Any questions about the compliance guide should be sent to Richard Lower at the previously mentioned address in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section. A 30-day comment period is provided to allow interested persons to respond to this proposal. All written comments timely received will be considered before a final determination is made on this matter. List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 985 Marketing agreements, Oils and fats, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Spearmint oil. For the reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 985 is proposed to be amended as follows: PART 985—MARKETING ORDER REGULATING THE HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST 1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 985 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 7 U.S.C. 601–674. 2. A new § 985.234 is added to read as follows: ■ § 985.234 Salable quantities and allotment percentages—2019–2020 marketing year. The salable quantity and allotment percentage for each class of spearmint oil during the marketing year beginning on June 1, 2019, shall be as follows: (a) Class 1 (Scotch) oil—a salable quantity of 832,081 pounds and an allotment percentage of 38 percent. (b) Class 3 (Native) oil—a salable quantity of 1,395,813 pounds and an allotment percentage of 56 percent. § 985.236 ■ [Removed] 3. Remove § 985.236. E:\FR\FM\15FEP1.SGM 15FEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 32 / Friday, February 15, 2019 / Proposed Rules Dated: February 12, 2019 Bruce Summers, Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. [FR Doc. 2019–02514 Filed 2–14–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–02–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2019–0020; Product Identifier 2018–NM–144–AD] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus SAS Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). AGENCY: We propose to supersede Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2018–19– 18, which applies to certain Airbus SAS Model A300 B4–603, B4–620, and B4– 622 airplanes; Model A300 B4–600R series airplanes; Model A300 C4–605R Variant F airplanes; and Model A300 F4–605R airplanes. AD 2018–19–18 requires, depending on airplane configuration, a modification of certain angle fitting attachment holes; repetitive inspections for cracking of certain holes of the internal lower angle fitting web, certain holes of the internal lower angle fitting horizontal splicing, the aft bottom panel, and a certain junction area; and related investigative and corrective actions if necessary. Since we issued AD 2018–19–18, we have determined that additional airplanes are affected by the unsafe condition. This proposed AD would retain the actions required by AD 2018–19–18, expand the applicability, and, for certain airplanes, would require repetitive inspections for cracking of certain holes of the center wing box (CWB) lower angle fittings and the CWB lower panel, and corrective actions if necessary. We are proposing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: We must receive comments on this proposed AD by April 1, 2019. ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:13 Feb 14, 2019 Jkt 247001 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. For the incorporation by reference (IBR) material described in the ‘‘Related IBR material under 1 CFR part 51’’ section in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION, contact European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 89990 1000; email ADs@ easa.europa.eu; internet www.easa.europa.eu. You may find this IBR material on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu. You may view this IBR material at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206–231–3195. It is also available in the AD docket on the internet at http:// www.regulations.gov. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2019– 0020; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this NPRM, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for Docket Operations (telephone 800–647–5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dan Rodina, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206–231–3225. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Comments Invited We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ‘‘Docket No. FAA– 2019–0020; Product Identifier 2018– NM–144–AD’’ at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this NPRM. We will consider all comments received by the closing PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 4387 date and may amend this NPRM based on those comments. We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we receive about this NPRM. Discussion We issued AD 2018–19–18, Amendment 39–19418 (83 FR 49793, October 3, 2018) (‘‘AD 2018–19–18’’), for certain Airbus SAS Model A300 B4– 603, B4–620, and B4–622 airplanes; Model A300 B4–600R series airplanes; Model A300 C4–605R Variant F airplanes; and Model A300 F4–605R airplanes. AD 2018–19–18 requires, depending on airplane configuration, a modification of certain angle fitting attachment holes; repetitive inspections for cracking of certain holes of the internal lower angle fitting web, certain holes of the internal lower angle fitting horizontal splicing, the aft bottom panel, and a certain junction area; and related investigative and corrective actions if necessary. AD 2018–19–18 resulted from reports of cracking on a certain frame (FR) angle fitting. We issued AD 2018–19–18 to address cracking of the FR47 angle fitting, which could result in reduced structural integrity of the airplane. Actions Since AD 2018–19–18 Was Issued We have determined that additional airplanes are affected by the unsafe condition. Airbus SAS Model A300 B4– 622R and Model A300 F4–600R series airplanes that have accomplished Airbus Modification 12171 and Airbus Modification 12249 need to be inspected in order to address the unsafe condition. EASA, which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the European Union, has issued EASA AD 2018–0229, dated October 23, 2018 (‘‘EASA AD 2018–0229’’) (also referred to as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or ‘‘the MCAI’’), to correct an unsafe condition for certain Airbus SAS Model A300 B4–603, B4–620, B4– 622, B4–605R, B4–622R, C4–605R Variant F, F4–605R, and F4–622R airplanes. The MCAI states: Prompted by cracks found on CWB FR47 angle fittings, Airbus issued SB [service bulletin] A300–57–6049, SB A300–57–6050, and SB A300–57–6086. These cracks, if not detected and corrected, could affect the structural integrity of the CWB of the aeroplane. Consequently, DGAC [Direction Ge´ne´rale de l’Aviation Civile] France published AD E:\FR\FM\15FEP1.SGM 15FEP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 32 (Friday, February 15, 2019)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 4381-4387]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-02514]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Agricultural Marketing Service

7 CFR Part 985

[Doc. No. AMS-SC-18-0084; SC19-985-1 PR]


Marketing Order Regulating the Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced 
in the Far West; Salable Quantities and Allotment Percentages for the 
2019-2020 Marketing Year

AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.

ACTION: Proposed rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This proposed rule invites comments on a recommendation from 
the Far West Spearmint Oil Administrative Committee (Committee) to 
establish salable quantities and producer allotments of Class 1 
(Scotch) and Class 3 (Native) spearmint oil produced in Washington, 
Idaho, Oregon, and designated parts of Nevada and Utah (the Far West) 
for the 2019-2020 marketing year. This proposed rule would also remove 
references to past volume regulation no longer in effect.

DATES: Comments must be received by March 18, 2019.

ADDRESSES: Interested persons are invited to submit written comments 
concerning this proposed rule. Comments must be sent to the Docket 
Clerk, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Specialty Crops Program, 
AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, STOP 0237, Washington, DC 
20250-0237; Fax: (202) 720-8938; or internet: http://www.regulations.gov. Comments should reference the document number and 
the date and page number of this issue of the Federal Register and will 
be made available for public inspection in the Office of the Docket 
Clerk during regular business hours or can be viewed at: http://www.regulations.gov. All comments submitted in response to this 
proposed rule will be included in the record and will be made available 
to the public. Please be advised that the identity of the individuals 
or entities submitting the comments will be made public on the internet 
at the address provided above.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Barry Broadbent, Marketing Specialist, 
or Gary Olson, Regional Director, Northwest Marketing Field Office, 
Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Specialty Crops Program, AMS, 
USDA; Telephone: (503) 326-2724, Fax: (503) 326-7440, or Email: 
Barry.Broadbent@usda.gov or GaryD.Olson@usda.gov.
    Small businesses may request information on complying with this 
regulation by contacting Richard Lower, Marketing Order and Agreement 
Division, Specialty Crops Program, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue 
SW, STOP 0237, Washington, DC 20250-0237; Telephone: (202) 720-2491, 
Fax: (202) 720-8938, or Email: Richard.Lower@usda.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This action, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, 
proposes to amend regulations issued to carry out a marketing order as 
defined in 7 CFR 900.2(j). This proposed rule is issued under Marketing 
Order No. 985, as amended (7 CFR part 985), regulating the handling of 
spearmint oil produced in the Far West. Part 985 (referred to as the 
``Order'') is effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act 
of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601-674), hereinafter referred to as the 
``Act.'' The Committee locally administers the Order and is comprised 
of spearmint oil producers operating within the area of production, and 
a public member.
    The Department of Agriculture (USDA) is issuing this proposed rule 
in conformance with Executive Orders 13563 and 13175. This action falls 
within a category of regulatory actions that the Office of Management 
and Budget (OMB) exempted from Executive Order 12866 review. 
Additionally, because this proposed rule does not meet the definition 
of a significant regulatory action, it does not trigger the 
requirements contained in Executive Order 13771. See OMB's Memorandum 
titled ``Interim Guidance Implementing Section 2 of the Executive Order 
of January 30, 2017, titled `Reducing Regulation and Controlling 
Regulatory Costs' '' (February 2, 2017).
    This proposed rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, 
Civil Justice Reform. This rule is not intended to have retroactive 
effect. Under the Order now in effect, salable quantities

[[Page 4382]]

and producer allotment percentages may be established for classes of 
spearmint oil produced in the Far West. This proposed rule would 
establish quantities and percentages for Class 1 (Scotch) and Class 3 
(Native) spearmint oil for the 2019-2020 marketing year, which begins 
on June 1, 2019.
    The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted 
before parties may file suit in court. Under section 608c(15)(A) of the 
Act, any handler subject to an order may file with USDA a petition 
stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation 
imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and 
request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. Such a 
handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. 
After the hearing, USDA would rule on the petition. The Act provides 
that the district court of the United States in any district in which 
the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or her principal place of 
business, has jurisdiction to review USDA's ruling on the petition, 
provided an action is filed not later than 20 days after the date of 
the entry of the ruling.
    Pursuant to Sec. Sec.  985.50, 985.51, and 985.52, the Order 
requires the Committee to meet each year to consider supply and demand 
of spearmint oil and to adopt a marketing policy for the ensuing 
marketing year. When such considerations indicate a need to establish 
or to maintain stable market conditions through volume regulation, the 
Committee recommends salable quantity limitations and producer 
allotments (allotments) to regulate the quantity of Far West spearmint 
oil available to the market.
    According to Sec.  985.12, ``salable quantity'' is the total 
quantity of each class of oil (Scotch or Native) that handlers may 
purchase from, or handle on behalf of, producers during a given 
marketing year. The total industry allotment base is the aggregate of 
all allotment bases held individually by producers as prescribed under 
Sec.  985.53(d)(1). The total allotment base is generally revised each 
year on June 1 due to producer base being lost because of the ``bona 
fide effort'' production provision of Sec.  985.53(e).
    Each producer's prorated share of the salable quantity of each 
class of oil, or their ``annual allotment'' as defined in Sec.  985.13, 
is calculated by using an allotment percentage. The percentage is 
derived by dividing the salable quantity by the total industry 
allotment base for that same class of oil.
    The Committee met on October 17, 2018, to consider its marketing 
policy for the 2019-2020 marketing year. At that meeting, the Committee 
determined that, based on the current market and supply conditions, 
volume regulation for both classes of oil would be necessary. With a 6-
2 vote, the Committee recommended a salable quantity and allotment 
percentage for Scotch spearmint oil of 832,081 pounds and 38 percent. 
The two members voting in opposition to the recommendation favored 
volume regulation, but at an undesignated higher level than what was 
proposed. The Committee voted unanimously on its recommended salable 
quantity and allotment percentage for Native spearmint oil of 1,395,813 
pounds and 56 percent. Salable quantities and allotment percentages 
have been placed into effect each season since the Order's inception in 
1980.

Scotch Spearmint Oil

    The Committee's recommended 2019-2020 marketing year salable 
quantity and allotment percentage for Scotch spearmint oil represent an 
increase from the previous year's levels. The proposed 2019-2020 
marketing year salable quantity of 832,081 pounds is 71,421 pounds more 
than the 2018-2019 marketing year salable quantity of 760,660 pounds. 
The allotment percentage, recommended at 38 percent for the 2019-2020 
marketing year, is an increase from the 35 percent in effect the 
previous year. The total estimated allotment base for the coming 
marketing year is estimated at 2,189,668 pounds. This figure represents 
a one-percent increase over the 2018-2019 marketing year total 
allotment base of 2,168,008.
    The Committee considered several factors in making its 
recommendation, including the current and projected future supply, 
estimated future demand, production costs, and producer prices. The 
Committee's recommendation also accounts for established acreage of 
Scotch spearmint oil, consumer demand, existing carry-in, reserve pool 
volume, and increased production in competing markets.
    According to the Committee, as costs of production have increased, 
many producers have forgone new plantings of Scotch spearmint. This has 
resulted in a significant decline in production of Scotch spearmint oil 
over past years. Production has decreased from 1,113,346 pounds 
produced in 2016, to 817,857 pounds produced in 2017, and to an 
estimated 671,662 pounds for 2018.
    Industry reports also indicate that the relatively low trade demand 
for Scotch spearmint oil is likely the result of decreased consumer 
demand for spearmint-flavored products, especially chewing gum in China 
and India. Scotch spearmint oil sales have averaged 794,808 pounds per 
year over the last three years, and 902,076 pounds over the last five 
years. For the 2018-2019 crop, the Committee estimates trade demand to 
be 805,000 pounds.
    In addition, increasing production of spearmint oil in competing 
markets, most notably Canada and the U.S. Midwest, has also put 
downward pressure on the Scotch market.
    Given the general decline in demand and anticipated market 
conditions for the coming year, the Committee decided it was prudent to 
estimate that the Scotch spearmint oil trade demand for the 2019-2020 
marketing year trade would be 805,000 pounds, unchanged from the prior 
year. Should the proposed volume regulation levels prove insufficient 
to adequately supply the market, the Committee has the authority to 
recommend intra-seasonal increases, as it has in previous marketing 
years.
    The Committee calculated the minimum salable quantity of Scotch 
spearmint oil that would be required during the 2019-2020 marketing 
year (590,335 pounds) by subtracting the estimated salable carry-in on 
June 1, 2019, (214,645) from the estimated trade demand (805,000). This 
minimum salable quantity represents the minimum amount of Scotch 
spearmint oil that may be needed to satisfy estimated demand for the 
coming year. To ensure that the market would be fully supplied, the 
Committee recommended a 2019-2020 marketing year salable quantity of 
832,081 pounds. The recommended salable quantity of 832,081 pounds, 
combined with an estimated 214,645 pounds of salable quantity carried 
in from the previous year, would yield a total available supply of 
1,046,726 pounds Scotch spearmint oil for the 2019-2020 marketing year, 
and would leave an estimated 241,726 pounds of salable oil to carry 
into the 2020-2021 marketing year.
    Salable carry-in is the primary measure of excess spearmint oil 
supply under the Order, as it represents overproduction in prior years 
that is currently available to the market without restriction. Under 
volume regulation, spearmint oil that is designated as salable 
continues to be available to the market until it is sold and may be 
marketed at any time at the discretion of the owner. Salable quantities 
established under volume regulation over the last three seasons have 
exceeded sales, leading to a

[[Page 4383]]

gradual build of Scotch spearmint oil salable carry-in.
    The Committee estimates that there will be 215,757 pounds of 
salable carry-in of Scotch spearmint oil on June 1, 2019. If current 
market conditions are maintained and the Committee's projections are 
correct, salable carry-in would increase to 241,726 pounds at the 
beginning of the 2020-2021 marketing year. This level would be above 
the quantity that the Committee generally considers favorable (150,000 
pounds). However, the Committee anticipates that this higher salable 
carry-in would be manageable given the expected declining production 
levels of Scotch spearmint oil. The Committee believes that, given the 
current economic conditions in the Scotch spearmint oil industry, some 
Scotch spearmint oil producers will not produce enough oil in the 2019-
2020 marketing year to fill all of their base allotment. Therefore, it 
is anticipated that the actual quantity of Scotch spearmint oil carried 
into the next marketing year will be less than the quantity calculated 
above.
    Spearmint oil held in reserve is oil that has been produced in 
excess of a producer's marketing year allotment and is not available to 
the market in the current marketing year without an increase in the 
salable quantity and allotment percentage. Oil held in the reserve pool 
is another indicator of excess supply. Scotch spearmint oil held in the 
reserve pool, which was completely depleted at the beginning of the 
2014-2015 marketing year, has been gradually increasing over the past 
five years. The Committee reported that there were 71,088 pounds of 
Scotch spearmint oil held in the reserve pool as of May 31, 2017. The 
reserve pool increased to 202,638 pounds on May 31, 2018 but is 
expected to drop back down to 115,473 pounds by May 31, 2019. This 
quantity of reserve pool oil should be an adequate buffer to supply the 
market, if necessary, if the industry experiences an unexpected 
increase in demand.
    The Committee recommended a producer allotment percentage of 38 
percent for the 2019-2020 marketing year for Scotch spearmint oil. 
During its October 17, 2018, meeting, the Committee calculated an 
initial allotment percentage by dividing the minimum required salable 
quantity (590,355 pounds) by the total estimated allotment base 
(2,189,688 pounds), resulting in 27 percent. However, producers and 
handlers at the meeting indicated that the computed percentage (27 
percent) might not adequately supply the potential 2019-2020 Scotch 
spearmint oil market demand and may also result in inadequate carry-in 
for the subsequent marketing year. After deliberation, the Committee 
increased the recommended allotment percentage to 38 percent. The total 
estimated allotment base (2,189,688 pounds) for the 2019-2020 marketing 
year multiplied by the recommended salable allotment percentage (38 
percent) yields 832,081 pounds, which is the recommended salable 
quantity for the 2019-2020 marketing year.
    The 2019-2020 marketing year computational data for the Committee's 
recommendations is detailed below.
    (A) Estimated carry-in of Scotch spearmint oil on June 1, 2019: 
214,645 pounds. This figure is the difference between the 2018-2019 
marketing year total available supply of 1,019,645 pounds and the 2018-
2019 marketing year estimated trade demand of 805,000 pounds.
    (B) Estimated trade demand of Scotch spearmint oil for the 2019-
2020 marketing year: 805,000 pounds. This figure was established at the 
Committee meeting held on October 17, 2018.
    (C) Salable quantity of Scotch spearmint oil required from the 
2019-2020 marketing year production: 590,355 pounds. This figure is the 
difference between the estimated 2019-2020 marketing year trade demand 
(805,000 pounds) and the estimated carry-in on June 1, 2019 (214,645 
pounds). This salable quantity represents the minimum amount of Scotch 
spearmint oil production that may be needed to satisfy estimated demand 
for the coming year.
    (D) Total estimated Scotch spearmint oil allotment base of for the 
2019-2020 marketing year: 2,189,688 pounds. This figure represents a 
one-percent increase over the 2018-2019 total actual allotment base of 
2,168,008 pounds, as prescribed by Sec.  985.53(d)(1). The one-percent 
increase equals 21,680 pounds. This total estimated allotment base is 
generally revised each year on June 1 in accordance with Sec.  
985.53(e).
    (E) Computed Scotch spearmint oil allotment percentage for the 
2019-2020 marketing year: 27 percent. This percentage is computed by 
dividing the minimum required salable quantity (590,355 pounds) by the 
total estimated allotment base (2,189,688 pounds).
    (F) Recommended Scotch spearmint oil allotment percentage for the 
2019-2020 marketing year: 38 percent. This is the Committee's 
recommendation and is based on the computed allotment percentage (27 
percent) and input from producers and handlers at the October 17, 2018, 
meeting. The recommended 38 percent allotment percentage reflects the 
Committee's belief that the computed percentage (27 percent) may not 
adequately supply anticipated 2019-2020 Scotch spearmint oil market 
demand.
    (G) Recommended Scotch spearmint oil salable quantity for the 2019-
2020 marketing year: 832,081 pounds. This figure is the product of the 
recommended salable allotment percentage (38 percent) and the total 
estimated allotment base (2,189,688 pounds) for the 2019-2020 marketing 
year.
    (H) Estimated total available supply of Scotch spearmint oil for 
the 2019-2020 marketing year: 1,046,726 pounds. This figure is the sum 
of the 2019-2020 marketing year recommended salable quantity (832,081 
pounds) and the estimated carry-in on June 1, 2019 (214,645 pounds).
    For the reasons stated above, the Committee believes that the 
recommended salable quantity and allotment percentage would adequately 
satisfy trade demand, would result in a reasonable carry-in for the 
following year, and would contribute to the orderly marketing of Scotch 
spearmint oil.

Native Spearmint Oil

    The Committee recommended a Native spearmint oil salable quantity 
of 1,395,813 pounds and an allotment percentage of 56 percent for the 
2019-2020 marketing year. These figures are, respectively, 87,866 
pounds and 3 percentage points higher than the levels established for 
the 2018-2019 marketing year.
    The Committee utilized handlers' anticipated sales estimates of 
Native spearmint oil for the coming year, historical and current Native 
spearmint oil production, inventory statistics, and international 
market data obtained from consultants for the spearmint oil industry to 
arrive at these recommendations.
    The Committee anticipates that 2018 production will total 1,477,128 
pounds, similar to last year's production but down from 1,694,684 
pounds produced in 2016. Committee figures show that total Native 
spearmint acres remained relatively static and that the estimated 
yield, at 167.4 pounds per acre, was up from 160.9 pounds per acre in 
2017. Sales of Native spearmint oil for the 2017-2018 marketing year 
spiked, up 21 percent from the previous year to 1,565,515 pounds. Sales 
for the current marketing year have cooled a bit, but the Committee 
still estimates sales through the 2018-2019 marketing year of 1,450,000 
pounds.
    The Committee expects that only 8,005 pounds of salable Native

[[Page 4384]]

spearmint oil from prior years will be carried into the 2019-2020 
marketing year. This amount is down from the 48,062 pounds of salable 
oil carried into the 2018-2019 marketing year, and 143,011 pounds 
carried into the 2017-2018 marketing year.
    Further, the Committee estimates that there will be 1,150,927 
pounds of Native spearmint oil in the reserve pool at the beginning of 
the 2019-2020 marketing year. This figure is 130,344 pounds higher than 
the quantity of reserve pool oil held by producers the previous year 
and is consistent with the gradual increase in reserves experienced 
over the past three marketing years.
    The Committee expects end users of Native spearmint oil to continue 
to rely on Far West production as their main source of high-quality 
Native spearmint oil, but demand may be at lower quantities than the 
past year moving forward in response to long-term market factors. A 
sharp spike in demand for Native spearmint oil was experienced by 
handlers late in the 2017-2018 marketing year, spurred by the 
popularity of a new product in the market. This sharp spike in demand 
caused the remaining available 2017-2018 marketing year salable 
quantity to be depleted. While sales in the 2018-2019 marketing year 
are expected to come down from the prior year spike, the Committee 
still anticipates demand at relatively high levels.
    The Committee estimates the 2019-2020 marketing year Native 
spearmint oil trade demand to be 1,400,000 pounds. This figure is based 
on input provided by producers at six production area meetings held in 
mid-October 2018, as well as estimates provided by handlers and other 
meeting participants at the October 17, 2018, meeting. This figure 
represents a decrease of 50,000 pounds from the previous year's 
estimate. The average estimated trade demand for Native spearmint oil 
derived from the producer meetings was 1,380,000 pounds, whereas the 
handlers' estimates ranged from 1,300,000 to 1,500,000 pounds. The 
average of Native spearmint oil sales over the last three years is 
1,364,782 pounds. The quantity marketed over the most recent full 
marketing year, 2017-2018, was 1,565,515 pounds. However, the Committee 
considers that year to be an anomaly. The Committee chose to be 
slightly conservative in the establishment of its trade demand estimate 
for the 2019-2020 marketing year to avoid oversupplying the market.
    The estimated 2019-2020 marketing year carry-in of 8,005 pounds of 
Native spearmint oil, plus the recommended salable quantity of 
1,395,813 pounds, would result in an estimated total available supply 
of 1,403,818 pounds of oil during the 2019-2020 marketing year. With 
the corresponding estimated trade demand of 1,400,000 pounds, the 
Committee projects that 3,818 pounds of oil will be carried into the 
2019-2020 marketing year, resulting in a decrease of 4,187 pounds year-
over-year. The Committee estimates that there will be 1,150,927 pounds 
of Native spearmint oil held in the reserve pool at the beginning of 
the 2019-2020 marketing year. Should the industry experience an 
unexpected increase in trade demand, oil in the Native spearmint oil 
reserve pool could be released to satisfy that demand.
    The Committee recommended a producer allotment percentage of 56 
percent for the 2019-2020 marketing year. During its October 17, 2018, 
meeting, the Committee calculated an initial producer allotment 
percentage by dividing the minimum required salable quantity (1,391,995 
pounds) by the total estimated allotment base (2,492,523 pounds), 
resulting in 55.8 percent. However, producers and handlers at the 
meeting expressed that the computed percentage of 55.8 percent may not 
adequately supply the potential 2019-2020 Native spearmint oil market 
demand or result in adequate carry-in for the subsequent marketing 
year. After deliberation, the Committee increased the recommended 
allotment percentage to 56 percent. The total estimated allotment base 
(2,492,523 pounds) for the 2019-2020 marketing year multiplied by the 
recommended salable allotment percentage (56 percent) yields 1,395,813 
pounds, the recommended salable quantity for the year.
    The 2019-2020 marketing year computational data for the Committee's 
recommendations is further outlined below.
    (A) Estimated carry-in of Native spearmint oil on June 1, 2019: 
8,005 pounds. This figure is the difference between the revised 2018-
2019 marketing year total available supply of 1,458,005 pounds and the 
revised 2018-2019 marketing year estimated trade demand of 1,450,000 
pounds.
    (B) Estimated trade demand of Native spearmint oil for the 2019-
2020 marketing year: 1,400,000 pounds. This estimate was established by 
the Committee at the October 17, 2018, meeting.
    (C) Salable quantity of Native spearmint oil required from the 
2019-2020 marketing year production: 1,391,995 pounds. This figure is 
the difference between the estimated 2019-2020 marketing year estimated 
trade demand (1,400,000 pounds) and the estimated carry-in on June 1, 
2019 (8,005 pounds). This is the minimum amount of Native spearmint oil 
that the Committee believes would be required to meet the anticipated 
2019-2020 marketing year trade demand.
    (D) Total estimated allotment base of Native spearmint oil for the 
2019-2020 marketing year: 2,492,523 pounds. This figure represents a 
one-percent increase over the 2018-2019 total actual allotment base of 
2,467,845 pounds as prescribed in Sec.  985.53(d)(1). The one-percent 
increase equals 24,678 pounds of oil. This estimate is generally 
revised each year on June 1, due to adjustments resulting from the bona 
fide effort production provisions of Sec.  985.53(e).
    (E) Computed Native spearmint oil allotment percentage for the 
2019-2020 marketing year: 55.8 percent. This percentage is calculated 
by dividing the required salable quantity (1,391,995 pounds) by the 
total estimated allotment base (2,492,523 pounds) for the 2019-2020 
marketing year.
    (F) Recommended Native spearmint oil allotment percentage for the 
2019-2020 marketing year: 56 percent. This is the Committee's 
recommendation based on the computed allotment percentage (55.8 
percent) and input from producers and handlers at the October 17, 2018, 
meeting. The recommended 56 percent allotment percentage is also based 
on the Committee's belief that the computed percentage (55.8 percent) 
may not adequately supply the potential market for Native spearmint oil 
in the 2019-2020 marketing year.
    (G) Recommended Native spearmint oil 2019-2020 marketing year 
salable quantity: 1,395,813 pounds. This figure is the product of the 
recommended allotment percentage (56 percent) and the total estimated 
allotment base (2,492,523 pounds). This amount is slightly less than 
the estimated trade demand for the 2019-2020 marketing year but could 
be increased as needed through an intra-seasonal increase in the 
salable quantity and allotment percentage.
    (H) Estimated available supply of Native spearmint oil for the 
2019-2020 marketing year: 1,403,808 pounds. This figure is the sum of 
the 2019-2020 recommended salable quantity (1,395,813 pounds) and the 
estimated carry-in on June 1, 2019 (8,005 pounds).
    The Committee's recommended Scotch and Native spearmint oil salable 
quantities and allotment percentages of 832,081 pounds and 38 percent, 
and 1,395,813 pounds and 56 percent, respectively, would match the 
available supply of each class of spearmint oil to the estimated demand 
of each, thus avoiding extreme fluctuations in

[[Page 4385]]

inventories and prices. This proposed rule, if finalized, would be 
similar to regulations issued in prior seasons.
    The salable quantities in this proposed rule are not expected to 
cause a shortage of either class of spearmint oil. Any unanticipated or 
additional market demand for either class of spearmint oil which may 
develop during the marketing year could be satisfied by an intra-
seasonal increase in the salable quantity and corresponding allotment 
percentage. The Order contains a provision in Sec.  985.51 for intra-
seasonal increases to allow the Committee the flexibility to respond 
quickly to changing market conditions.
    Under volume regulation, producers who produce more than their 
annual allotments during the marketing year may transfer such excess 
spearmint oil to producers who have produced less than their annual 
allotment. In addition, on December 1 of each year, producers who have 
not transferred their excess spearmint oil to other producers must 
place their excess spearmint oil production into the reserve pool to be 
released in the future in accordance with market needs and under the 
Committee's direction.
    In conjunction with the issuance of this proposed rule, USDA has 
reviewed the Committee's marketing policy statement for the 2019-2020 
marketing year. The Committee's marketing policy statement, a 
requirement whenever the Committee recommends volume regulation, meets 
the requirements of Sec. Sec.  985.50 and 985.51.
    The establishment of the proposed salable quantities and allotment 
percentages would allow for anticipated market needs. In determining 
anticipated market needs, the Committee considered historical sales, as 
well as changes and trends in production and demand. This proposal 
would also provide producers with information regarding the amount of 
spearmint oil that should be produced for the 2019-2020 season to meet 
anticipated market demand.

Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Pursuant to requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility 
Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601-612), the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) 
has considered the economic impact of this proposed rule on small 
entities. Accordingly, AMS has prepared this initial regulatory 
flexibility analysis.
    The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of 
businesses subject to such actions in order that small businesses will 
not be unduly or disproportionately burdened. Marketing orders issued 
pursuant to the Act, and the rules issued thereunder, are unique in 
that they are brought about through group action of essentially small 
entities acting on their own behalf.
    There are approximately 33 producers and 90 producers of Scotch and 
Native spearmint oil, respectively, in the regulated production area 
and approximately 8 spearmint oil handlers subject to regulation under 
the Order. Small agricultural service firms are defined by the Small 
Business Administration (SBA) as those having annual receipts of less 
than $7,500,000, and small agricultural producers are defined as those 
having annual receipts of less than $750,000 (13 CFR 121.201).
    The Committee reported that recent producer prices for spearmint 
oil range from $15.50 to $18.00 per pound. The National Agricultural 
Statistics Service (NASS) reported that the 2017 U.S. season average 
spearmint oil producer price per pound was $16.20. Multiplying $16.20 
per pound by 2016-17 spearmint oil utilization of 2,186,751 million 
pounds yields a crop value estimate of about $35.4 million. Total 2016-
17 spearmint oil utilization, reported by the Committee, is 621,236 
pounds and 1,565,515 pounds for Scotch and Native spearmint oil, 
respectively.
    Given the accounting requirements for the volume regulation 
provisions of the Order, the Committee maintains accurate records of 
each producer's production and sales. Using the $16.20 average 
spearmint oil price, and Committee production data for each producer, 
the Committee estimates that 11 of the 33 Scotch spearmint oil 
producers and 34 of the 90 Native spearmint oil producers could be 
classified as small entities under the SBA definition.
    There is no third party or governmental entity that collects and 
reports spearmint oil prices received by spearmint oil handlers. 
However, the Committee estimates an average spearmint oil handling 
markup at approximately 20 percent of the price received by producers. 
Multiplying 1.20 by the 2016 producer price of $16.20 yields a handler 
f.o.b. price per pound estimate of $19.44.
    Multiplying this handler f.o.b price by spearmint oil utilization 
of 2,186,751 pounds results in an estimated handler-level spearmint oil 
value of $42.5 million. Dividing this figure by the number of handlers 
(8) yields estimated average annual handler receipts of about $5.3 
million, which is below the SBA threshold for small agricultural 
service firms.
    Furthermore, using confidential data on pounds handled by each 
handler, and the abovementioned estimated handler price per pound, the 
Committee reported that it is likely that at least two of the eight 
handlers had 2017-2018 marketing year spearmint oil sales value that 
exceeded the SBA threshold.
    Therefore, in view of the foregoing, the majority of producers of 
spearmint oil may be classified as large entities and the majority of 
handlers of spearmint oil may be classified as small entities.
    This proposed rule would establish the quantity of spearmint oil 
produced in the Far West, by class, which handlers may purchase from, 
or handle on behalf of, producers during the 2019-2020 marketing year. 
The Committee recommended this action to help maintain stability in the 
spearmint oil market by matching supply to estimated demand, thereby 
avoiding extreme fluctuations in supplies and prices. Establishing 
quantities that may be purchased or handled during the marketing year 
through volume regulations allows producers to coordinate their 
spearmint oil production with the expected market demand. Authority for 
this proposal is provided in Sec. Sec.  985.50, 985.51, and 985.52.
    The Committee estimated trade demand for the 2019-2020 marketing 
year for both classes of oil at 2,205,000 pounds and expects that the 
combined salable carry-in will be 222,650 pounds. The combined required 
salable quantity is 1,982,350 pounds. Under volume regulation, total 
sales of spearmint oil by producers for the 2019-2020 marketing year 
would be held to 2,450,544 pounds (the recommended salable quantity for 
both classes of spearmint oil of 2,227,894 pounds plus 222,650 pounds 
of carry-in). This total available supply of 2,450,544 pounds should be 
more than adequate to supply the 2,205,000 pounds of anticipated total 
trade demand for spearmint oil. In addition, as of May 31, 2018, the 
total reserve pool for both classes of spearmint oil stood at 1,223,221 
pounds. Furthermore, that quantity is expected to rise over the course 
of the 2018-2019 marketing year to 1,266,400. Should trade demand 
increase unexpectedly during the 2019-2020 marketing year, reserve pool 
spearmint oil could be released into the market to supply that increase 
in demand.
    The recommended allotment percentages, upon which 2019-2020 
producer allotments are based, are 38 percent for Scotch spearmint oil 
and 56 percent for Native spearmint oil. Without volume regulation, 
producers

[[Page 4386]]

would not be held to these allotment levels, and could sell 
unrestricted quantities of spearmint oil. The USDA econometric model 
estimated that the season average producer price per pound (from both 
classes of spearmint oil) would decline about $2.20 per pound because 
of the higher quantities of spearmint oil that would be produced and 
marketed without volume regulation. The surplus situation for the 
spearmint oil market that would exist without volume regulation in 
2019-2020 also would likely dampen prospects for improved producer 
prices in future years because of the buildup in stocks.
    The use of volume regulation allows the industry to fully supply 
spearmint oil markets while avoiding the negative consequences of over-
supplying these markets. The use of volume regulation is believed to 
have little or no effect on consumer prices of products containing 
spearmint oil and would not result in fewer retail sales of such 
products.
    The Committee discussed alternatives to the recommendations 
contained in this rule for both classes of spearmint oil. The Committee 
rejected the idea of not regulating any volume for either class of 
spearmint oil because of the severe, price-depressing effects that 
would likely occur without volume regulation. The Committee also 
discussed and considered salable quantities and allotment percentages 
that were above and below the levels that were ultimately recommended 
for both classes of spearmint oil. Ultimately, the action taken by the 
Committee was to increase the salable quantity and allotment percentage 
for both Scotch and Native spearmint oil from the levels established 
for the 2018-2019 marketing year.
    As noted earlier, the Committee's recommendation to establish 
salable quantities and allotment percentages for both classes of 
spearmint oil was made after careful consideration of all available 
information including: (1) The estimated quantity of salable oil of 
each class held by producers and handlers; (2) the estimated demand for 
each class of oil; (3) the prospective production of each class of oil; 
(4) the total of allotment bases of each class of oil for the current 
marketing year and the estimated total of allotment bases of each class 
for the ensuing marketing year; (5) the quantity of reserve oil, by 
class, in storage; (6) producer prices of oil, including prices for 
each class of oil; and (7) general market conditions for each class of 
oil, including whether the estimated season average price to producers 
is likely to exceed parity.
    Based on its review, the Committee believes that the salable 
quantities and allotment percentages recommended would achieve the 
objectives sought. The Committee also believes that, should there be no 
volume regulation in effect for the upcoming marketing year, the Far 
West spearmint oil industry would return to the pronounced cyclical 
price patterns that occurred prior to the promulgation of the Order. As 
previously stated, annual salable quantities and allotment percentages 
have been issued for both classes of spearmint oil since the Order's 
inception. The salable quantities and allotment percentages proposed 
herein are expected to facilitate the goal of maintaining orderly 
marketing conditions for Far West spearmint oil for the 2019-2020 and 
future marketing years.
    Costs to producers and handlers, large and small, resulting from 
this proposal are expected to be offset by the benefits derived from a 
more stable market and increased returns. The benefits of this rule are 
expected to be equally available to all producers and handlers 
regardless of their size.
    In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 
Chapter 35), the Order's information collection requirements have been 
previously approved by OMB and assigned OMB No. 0581-0178, Specialty 
Crops. No changes are necessary in those requirements as a result of 
this action. Should any changes become necessary, they would be 
submitted to OMB for approval.
    This proposed rule would establish the salable quantities and 
allotment percentages for Scotch spearmint oil and Native spearmint oil 
produced in the Far West during the 2019-2020 marketing year. 
Accordingly, this proposal would not impose any additional reporting or 
recordkeeping requirements on either small or large spearmint oil 
producers or handlers. As with all Federal marketing order programs, 
reports and forms are periodically reviewed to reduce information 
requirements and duplication by industry and public-sector agencies.
    AMS is committed to complying with the E-Government Act, to promote 
the use of the internet and other information technologies to provide 
increased opportunities for citizen access to Government information 
and services, and for other purposes.
    USDA has not identified any relevant Federal rules that duplicate, 
overlap, or conflict with this proposed rule.
    In addition, the Committee's meeting was widely publicized 
throughout the spearmint oil industry and all interested persons were 
invited to attend the meeting and participate in Committee 
deliberations on all issues. Like all Committee meetings, the October 
17, 2018, meeting was a public meeting and all entities, both large and 
small, were able to express views on this issue. Finally, interested 
persons are invited to submit comments on this proposed rule, including 
the regulatory and informational impacts of this action on small 
businesses.
    A small business guide on complying with fruit, vegetable, and 
specialty crop marketing agreements and orders may be viewed at: http://www.ams.usda.gov/rules-regulations/moa/small-businesses. Any questions 
about the compliance guide should be sent to Richard Lower at the 
previously mentioned address in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT 
section.
    A 30-day comment period is provided to allow interested persons to 
respond to this proposal. All written comments timely received will be 
considered before a final determination is made on this matter.

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 985

    Marketing agreements, Oils and fats, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Spearmint oil.

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 985 is 
proposed to be amended as follows:

PART 985--MARKETING ORDER REGULATING THE HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL 
PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST

0
1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 985 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority:  7 U.S.C. 601-674.

0
2. A new Sec.  985.234 is added to read as follows:


Sec.  985.234  Salable quantities and allotment percentages--2019-2020 
marketing year.

    The salable quantity and allotment percentage for each class of 
spearmint oil during the marketing year beginning on June 1, 2019, 
shall be as follows:
    (a) Class 1 (Scotch) oil--a salable quantity of 832,081 pounds and 
an allotment percentage of 38 percent.
    (b) Class 3 (Native) oil--a salable quantity of 1,395,813 pounds 
and an allotment percentage of 56 percent.


Sec.  985.236   [Removed]

0
3. Remove Sec.  985.236.


[[Page 4387]]


    Dated: February 12, 2019
Bruce Summers,
Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 2019-02514 Filed 2-14-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 3410-02-P