Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, 3748-3757 [2019-02223]

Download as PDF 3748 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices the meeting. Written comments may be mailed to the Regional Programs Unit, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, 230 S Dearborn, Suite 2120, Chicago, IL 60604. They may also be faxed to the Commission at (312) 353–8324, or emailed to Corrine Sanders at csanders@ usccr.gov. Persons who desire additional information may contact the Regional Programs Unit at (312) 353– 8311. Records generated from this meeting may be inspected and reproduced at the Regional Programs Unit Office, as they become available, both before and after the meeting. Records of the meeting will be available via www.facadatabase.gov under the Commission on Civil Rights, Nebraska Advisory Committee link. Persons interested in the work of this Committee are directed to the Commission’s website, http:// www.usccr.gov, or may contact the Regional Programs Unit at the above email or street address. Agenda Welcome and Roll Call Civil Rights in Nebraska: Prisons and Mental Health Future Plans and Actions Public Comment Adjournment Exceptional Circumstance: Pursuant to 41 CFR 102–3.150, the notice for this meeting is given less than 15 calendar days prior to the meeting because of the exceptional circumstances of the federal government shutdown. Dated: February 7, 2019. David Mussatt, Supervisory Chief, Regional Programs Unit. comment period; the full census description will be considered as a substantive change to the approved OMB materials. This notice was previously posted on December 28, 2018, (Volume 83, No. 248, pp 67213– 67222, FR Doc No.: 2018–28164) for a 30-day comment period, but public comments could not be received during the partial government shutdown. In addition, this document has been updated to reflect pending litigation regarding the reinstatement of the citizenship question as well as some minor edits. OMB Control Number: 0607–1006. Form Number(s): D–CN(E/S) (included with Address Canvassing approval), D–Q, D–Q(E/S), D–Q–GE, D– Q–GE(S), D–Q–UL, D–Q–UL(E/S), D–Q– TL, D–Q–TL(S), D–Q–UE, D–Q–RA, D– Q–TLRA, D–Q–GERA, D–Q–MV, D–CQ– TL, D–CQ–TL(S), D–CQ–UE, D–CQ–RA, D–CQ–TLRA, D–Q–AS, D–Q–MI, D–Q– GU, D–Q–VI, D–Q–VI(S), D–CQ–AS, D– CQ–MI, D–CQ–GU, D–CQ–VI, D–CQ– VI(S), D–Q–GE–AS, D–Q–GE–MI, D–Q– GE–GU, D–Q–GE–VI, D–Q–GE–VI(S), D–Q–ULPR(E/S), D–Q–GEPR, D–Q– GEPR(S), D–Q–PR(E/S), D–Q–TLPR, D– Q–TLPR(S), D–CQ–TLPR, D–CQ– TLPR(S). Type of Request: Revision of a currently approved collection. Number of Respondents: 180,962,929 for all operations in the 2020 Census. Average Hours per Response: 10 minutes for census enumeration. Burden Hours: 26,531,594 for 2020 Census. [FR Doc. 2019–02108 Filed 2–12–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Census Bureau Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request The Department of Commerce will submit to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for clearance the following proposal for collection of information under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act. Agency: U.S. Census Bureau. Title: 2020 Census The initial Federal Register Notice (‘‘2020 Census,’’ June 8, 2018, Vol. 83, Number 111, pp. 26643–26653, FR Doc No.: 2018–12365) described the 2020 Census in full. Approval for the 2020 Census is being sought from OMB in phases. The first phase of approval was for the 2020 Census Address Canvassing operation only, which was described in Federal Register Notice ‘‘2020 Census,’’ October 2, 2018 (Vol. 83, No. 191, pp. 49535–49539, FR Doc No.: 2018–21386). Address Canvassing creates the address list for the census and precedes census enumeration data collection. The remaining operations scoped for the 2020 Census data collection will be described below in this Federal Register Notice for an additional 30-day 2020 CENSUS Estimated number of respondents Operation or category Estimated time per response (minutes) Total burden hours Address Canvassing .................................................................................................................... Address Canvassing Listing QC .................................................................................................. 15,786,734 1,578,673 5 5 1,315,561 131,556 Address Canvassing Subtotal .............................................................................................. 17,365,407 ........................ 1,447,117 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Geographic Areas Focused on Self-Response (this includes Mailout and Update Leave) Internet/Telephone/Paper ............................................................................................................ Update Leave .............................................................................................................................. Update Leave QC ........................................................................................................................ Nonresponse Followup ................................................................................................................ Nonresponse Followup Reinterview ............................................................................................ Self-Response Quality Assurance ............................................................................................... Field Verification .......................................................................................................................... Field Verification QC .................................................................................................................... Coverage Improvement ............................................................................................................... Non-ID Processing Phone Followup ........................................................................................... 80,700,000 11,900,000 1,190,000 52,700,000 2,760,000 250,000 400,000 40,000 3,200,000 750,000 10 5 5 10 5 10 2 2 7 5 13,450,000 991,667 99,167 8,783,333 230,000 41,667 13,333 1,333 373,333 62,500 Self-Response Areas Subtotal ............................................................................................. 153,890,000 ........................ 24,046,333 506,000 50,600 12 5 101,200 4,217 Geographic Area Focused on Update Enumerate Update Enumerate Production .................................................................................................... Update Enumerate Listing QC .................................................................................................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1 3749 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices 2020 CENSUS—Continued Estimated number of respondents Operation or category Estimated time per response (minutes) Total burden hours Update Enumerate Reinterview ................................................................................................... 25,300 10 4,217 Update Enumerate Subtotal ................................................................................................. 581,900 ........................ 109,634 GQ Update Program .................................................................................................................... GQ Advance Contact (facility) ..................................................................................................... GQ Enumeration—eResponse (facility) ...................................................................................... GQ Enumeration—person contact .............................................................................................. Group Quarters QC ..................................................................................................................... 7,168 297,000 14,300 8,000,000 8,500 10 10 20 5 5 1,195 49,500 4,767 666,667 708 Group Quarters Subtotal ............................................................................................................. 8,326,968 ........................ 722,837 Enumeration at Transitory Locations—Advance Contact ........................................................... Enumeration at Transitory Locations—Units ............................................................................... Federally Affiliated Count Overseas ............................................................................................ Island Areas Censuses—Housing Units ..................................................................................... Island Areas Censuses—Group Quarters ................................................................................... 50,000 600,000 82 138,281 10,291 10 10 5 40 30 8,333 100,000 7 92,187 5,146 Totals .................................................................................................................................... 180,962,929 ........................ 26,531,594 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Group Quarters Overview of 2020 Census Operations Below is a summary of the needs and uses of the 2020 Census, followed by a more detailed overview of data collection operations. The geographic areas discussed in this notice refer only to the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, unless otherwise noted. The 2020 Census also includes the Island Areas (U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands). Needs and Uses: Article 1, Section 2 of the United States Constitution mandates that the U.S. House of Representatives be reapportioned every ten years by conducting a national census of all residents. In addition to the reapportionment of the U.S. Congress, census data are used to draw legislative district boundaries within states. Census data are also used by numerous agencies to determine funding allocations for the distribution of an estimated $675 billion of federal funds each year. The Census Bureau plans to conduct the most automated, modern, and dynamic decennial census in history. The 2020 Census includes design changes in four key areas, discussed below: (1) New methodologies to conduct the Address Canvassing operation. (2) Innovative ways of optimizing selfresponse. (3) The use of administrative records and third-party data to reduce the Nonresponse Followup (NRFU) operation workload. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 (4) The use of technology to reduce the manual effort and improve the productivity of field operations, while decreasing the amount of physical space required to perform the field operations. (1) Reengineering Address Canvassing An accurate address list is the cornerstone of a successful census. In order to manage the work for the decennial census, the Census Bureau uses the address and physical location of each place where someone is, or could be, living. The Census Bureau maintains this address list and spatial data for the United States and Puerto Rico in its Master Address File (MAF)/ Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (TIGER) System database. This database was created using the address files from the 1990 Census and has been subsequently and regularly updated using: • Information collected from decennial census operation updates, including address and spatial updates. • The Delivery Sequence File of addresses from the United States Postal Service (USPS). • Input from tribal, state, and local governments and third parties, including address and boundary updates from various programs conducted over the decade, such as the Local Update of Census Addresses operation. • Information collected in other Census Bureau programs, such as the American Community Survey. The purpose of Address Canvassing is (1) to deliver a complete and accurate PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 address list and spatial database for enumeration and tabulation, and (2) to determine the type and address characteristics for each living quarter. Prior to a field Address Canvassing data collection, the Census Bureau will delineate the entire land area of the United States, Puerto Rico, and Island Areas into Type of Enumeration Areas (TEAs). Most stateside United States living quarters will be delineated into the self-response area, where the census address list will be created before the census, census materials will be provided in the mail, and self-response modes will be supported and promoted. Other areas will be designated for Update Leave, Update Enumerate (including Remote Alaska), Military Enumeration, or Island Areas Enumeration. For the 2020 Census, there will be a full Address Canvassing of the country that will consist of In-Office Address Canvassing complemented with In-Field Address Canvassing. In-Office Address Canvassing is the process of using empirical geographic evidence (e.g., imagery, comparison of the Census Bureau’s address list to address lists provided by the United States Postal Service and governmental units that partner with the Census Bureau) to assess the current address list and make changes where necessary. This component also detects and captures areas of change from high-quality administrative records and third-party data. Advancements in technology have enabled continual address and spatial updates to occur throughout the decade E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1 3750 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices as part of the In-Office Address Canvassing effort. Since 2015, satellite imagery has been used for the identification of areas where there are changes in living quarters. Where the necessary updates can be captured from electronic sources and are deemed to be sufficiently accurate, In-Office Address Canvassing will complete the update process prior to the census. The remaining blocks will become eligible to be sent to In-Field Address Canvassing for updating on the ground by field staff. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES (2) Optimizing Self-Response The goal of this innovation area is to make it as easy and efficient as possible for people to respond to the 2020 Census by offering new response options through the internet and telephone, in addition to the traditional mailback paper questionnaire option. Self-response reduces the need to conduct in-person follow-up operations to complete the enumeration, by far the most expensive method of data collection. To that end, the Census Bureau will motivate people to respond, as well as make it easy for people to respond, from any location at any time, even if they don’t have the Census Bureau’s preassigned ID for the address. The importance of responding to the 2020 Census will be communicated in a variety of ways, including through mailings, questionnaire delivery, advertising, and partnership efforts. In particular, the Integrated Partnership and Communications operation is responsible for communicating the importance of responding to the 2020 Census. Internet response represents a substantial innovation for the Census Bureau. The internet was not a response option in the 2010 Census. The internet response option has been included in multiple tests leading up to the 2020 Census: the 2014 Census Test; all three census tests performed in 2015; the 2016 Census Test; the 2017 Census Test; and the 2018 End-to-End Census Test. It has also been used in the American Community Survey since 2013. (3) Utilizing Administrative Records and Third-Party Data For the 2020 Census, ‘‘administrative records’’ and ‘‘third-party data’’ are terms used to describe microdata records contained in files collected and maintained by federal, state, and local government agencies (‘‘administrative records’’) and commercial entities (‘‘third-party data’’) for administering programs and providing services. For many decades, the Census Bureau has successfully and securely used administrative records and third-party VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 data for statistical purposes. For the 2020 Census, the Census Bureau intends to use administrative records from both internal sources, such as data from prior decennial censuses and the American Community Survey, and from a range of other federal agencies, including the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the Social Security Administration, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Indian Health Service, the Selective Service, and the U.S. Postal Service. The Census Bureau is also working to acquire state government administrative records from enrollment in federal block grant programs, such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. Throughout the decade, the Census Bureau continuously conducted analyses and assessments to verify that the proposed uses of administrative records and third-party data sources in the 2020 Census were appropriate in each instance. Based on this research, testing, and analyses, the Census Bureau announced its plans in November 2015 to utilize administrative records and third-party data in the 2020 Census. The 2020 Census Operational Plan calls for employing this information for the following purposes: I. Consistent with previous decennial censuses, the Census Bureau will utilize administrative records from federal and state government agencies and thirdparty data to refine contact strategies and build and update the residential address list. II. Also consistent with previous decennial censuses, the Census Bureau will utilize federal and state administrative records to edit or impute invalid, inconsistent, or missing responses. III. The new use of administrative records for the 2020 Census is to use data exclusively from federal administrative records to improve the accuracy and efficiency of the NRFU operation by: a. Reducing follow-up on vacant housing units and nonresidential addresses, as designated by administrative records. b. Enumerating households that do not self-respond and whom we were unable to contact after six mailings and one in-person field visit. For each of the purposes listed in items II, IIIa, and IIIb, the Census Bureau will use or plans to use administrative data only when it can confirm empirically across multiple sources that the data are consistent, of PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 high quality, and can be accurately applied to the addresses and households in question. The Census Bureau plans to enumerate households utilizing administrative records only from federal government agencies, such as the IRS. Use of administrative records for nonresponding addresses will be evaluated under a strict set of Census Bureau rules throughout the process to ensure completeness and accuracy. Based on the research and tests conducted, the Census Bureau estimates that under the current operational plan, federal administrative records will be used to enumerate up to 6.2 million households of the projected total of approximately 62 million addresses that are expected to be in the NRFU workload for the 2020 Census. These 6.2 million households represent less than five percent of the approximately 147 million addresses in the Census master address file. Where the Census Bureau does not have confidence in the data, such as when the data are inconsistent or missing in the federal administrative records, the household will remain in the NRFU workload to be enumerated in person. (4) Reengineering Field Operations The final innovation area, ‘‘Reengineering Field Operations,’’ has a goal of using technology to manage the 2020 Census fieldwork efficiently and effectively, and as a result, reduce the staffing, infrastructure, and brick and mortar footprint for the 2020 Census. The Census Bureau plans to provide most listers and enumerators with the capability to work completely remotely and perform all administrative and data collection tasks directly from a mobile device. Supporting Documents About the 2020 Census Design and the 2020 Census Objectives Multiple Census Bureau publications provide background on the plans for the 2020 Census. The 2020 Census Operational Plan describes each of the 35 operations scoped and defined for the census. Every task performed for the 2020 Census must be assigned to one of the 35 operations. The operational plan also summarizes the major findings of the census tests performed this decade. Moreover, this document shows the planned design of the 2020 Census as of December 2018 and identifies design decisions made, as well as remaining decisions to be made using census test results. Key design components for the 2020 Census for every operation are discussed in Chapter 5 of the 2020 Census Operational Plan. In addition, for most of the 2020 Census operations, E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices the Census Bureau is developing a detailed operational plan to document objectives and procedures of the operation, major tasks involved in implementation, the overall workflow, and the overall resources required. The 2020 Census operational plan and detailed operational plans are available at https://www.census.gov/programssurveys/decennial-census/2020-census/ planning-management/memoseries.html can be referenced for more details about the tasks performed for each operation. related to the presence of ice. Military areas require special procedures due to security restrictions. Update Leave is an update of the address list at the same time that a questionnaire is left at each individual housing unit and the enumeration data is expected to be returned or submitted by a respondent. Puerto Rico is designated as entirely Update Leave (except for military locations) in order to create a current address list at the time of the census, in response to changes that may have occurred due to natural disasters. Type of Enumeration Areas A. Content and Forms Design The Content and Forms Design (CFD) operation is responsible for identifying and finalizing the content and design of questionnaires and associated nonquestionnaire materials. To support the 2020 Census, the CFD operation ensures content consistency across data collection modes and operations, as question wording varies depending on mode of data collection. The CFD operation is responsible for creating, refining, and finalizing instrument specifications for all data collection modes—internet, phone, paper, and field enumeration. This is a significant departure from the 2010 Census, which relied on paper for virtually all data collection. As required by law (Title 13, United States Code), the subjects planned for the 2020 Census were submitted to Congress on March 29, 2017, and the questions planned for the 2020 Census were submitted to Congress on March 29, 2018. The questions proposed for the 2020 Census questionnaire in the March 29, 2018 submission included age, citizenship, Hispanic origin, race, relationship, sex and tenure. Should the government prevail in pending litigation regarding the reinstatement of the citizenship question, the Census Bureau will include the citizenship question on the 2020 Census questionnaire. Prior to the census, it is necessary to delineate all geographic areas into Type of Enumeration Areas (TEAs). These TEAs describe what methodology will be used for census material delivery and household enumeration in order to use the most cost-effective enumeration approach for achieving maximum accuracy and completeness. TEAs also describe what methodology will be used for updating the address frame. For the United States and Puerto Rico, TEAs are delineated at the block level based on the address and spatial data in the MAF/TIGER database. The MAF/TIGER does not contain data for the Island Areas, so a separate TEA is designated for these areas. The TEAs designated for the 2020 Census are: * TEA 1 = Self-Response. * TEA 2 = Update Enumerate. * TEA 3 = Island Areas. * TEA 4 = Remote Alaska. * TEA 5 = Military. * TEA 6 = Update Leave. The most common enumeration method by percentage of households is self-response (TEA 1), where materials will be delivered to each address through the mail, and self-response will be supported and promoted. After the initial self-response phase, nonresponding households will be enumerated in the NRFU operation. Update Enumerate uses the methodology of updating the address list and attempting household enumeration at the same time. This will be used for a very small portion of the addresses in the country, such as those with access problems or minimal mail service. The Island Areas are not included in MAF/TIGER. For these areas, the address list will be created and enumeration will be attempted at the same time. Remote Alaska uses the Update Enumerate methodology but in remote areas of Alaska that require a different schedule for enumeration due to changes in transportation accessibility and living situations VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 B. Language Services The Language Services operation provides questionnaires and related materials in non-English materials for respondents of Limited English Proficiency. For the 2020 Census, the internet instrument and Census Questionnaire Assistance will be available in Spanish, Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean, Russian, Arabic, Tagalog, Polish, French, Haitian Creole, Portuguese, and Japanese, in addition to English. The bilingual paper questionnaire, enumerator instrument, and field enumeration materials will be available in Spanish. In addition, language guides and language identification cards will be available in PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 3751 the following languages: Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Farsi, French, German, Gujarati, Greek, Haitian Creole, Hebrew, Hindi, Hmong, Hungarian, Igbo, Ilocano, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Khmer, Korean, Lao, Lithuanian, Malayalam, Marathi, Navajo, Nepali, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhala, Slovak, Somali, Spanish, Swahili, Tagalog, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkish, Twi, Ukrainian, Urdu, Vietnamese, Yiddish, and Yoruba. C. Address Canvassing Address Canvassing, as described above, consists of two major components: In-Office Address Canvassing and In-Field Address Canvassing. In-Office Address Canvassing is the process of using empirical geographic evidence (e.g., imagery, comparison of the Census Bureau’s address list to partnerprovided lists) to assess the current address list and make changes where necessary. This component detects and captures areas of change from highquality administrative records and third-party data. Advancements in technology have enabled continual address and spatial updates to occur throughout the decade as part of the InOffice Address Canvassing effort. Areas not resolved by In-Office Address Canvassing become the universe of geographic areas worked during In-Field Address Canvassing. Only the In-Field component of Address Canvassing involves in-person collection of information from residents at their living quarters. For In-Field Address Canvassing, an extract of addresses from the MAF is created, and this address list is verified and updated in the field, as needed. Updates can include adding units missing from the address list and removing nonexistent or nonresidential units from the list. In addition, living quarters are classified as housing units or group quarters. Group quarters are living quarters where people who are typically unrelated have group living arrangements and frequently are receiving some type of service. College/ university student housing and nursing/ skilled-nursing facilities are examples of group quarters. The MAF also has geographic data for transitory locations, which include recreational vehicle parks, campgrounds, racetracks, circuses, carnivals, marinas, hotels, and motels. People residing at transitory locations during the census are recorded as living E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices in housing units located at transitory locations. During In-Field Address Canvassing, listers knock on doors at every structure in the assignment in an attempt to locate living quarters and classify each living quarter as a housing unit, group quarter, or transitory location. If someone answers, the lister will provide a Confidentiality Notice and ask about the address in order to verify or update the information, as appropriate. The listers will then ask if there are any additional living quarters in the structure or on the property. If there are additional living quarters, the listers will collect or update that information, as appropriate. In addition, there will be a check on the quality of the address listing work on approximately 10 percent of the address listing workload. The results of Address Canvassing are processed with MAF/TIGER and then used as input into the creation of the census address list for enumeration. This address list in turn, is used in conjunction with the TEA delineation to determine which materials should be printed for use in the operation(s) designated for each area of the country. D. Forms Printing and Distribution The Forms Printing and Distribution operation prints and distributes paper forms to support the 2020 Census mailing strategy and enumeration of the population. The Forms Printing and Distribution operation is responsible for khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Internet Self-Response Instrument The internet application and all related support systems are designed to handle the volume of responses that are expected to be received by internet in the 2020 Census. It is imperative that the application and systems service the scale of the operation in order to ensure that users do not experience delays VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 the printing and distribution of mailed internet invitations, reminder cards or letters, and questionnaire mail packages where materials are mailed, in multiple languages as determined by the Language Services operation. The letters, reminder cards, and questionnaires are delivered according to the mailing contact strategy, which is part of the internet Self-Response operation (discussed below). Every address record will be identified by an ID, which will be printed on questionnaires and letters and used for tracking responses. Paper questionnaires and responses from field operations will be linked to the ID in data capture. Internet and telephone respondents will be requested but not required to provide the ID. When an ID is not provided, the response will be considered a Non-ID response. The NonID operation is discussed below. E. Internet Self-Response The internet Self-Response (ISR) operation performs the following functions: • Maximize online response to the 2020 Census through contact strategies and improved access for respondents. • Collect response data via the internet to reduce paper and the NRFU universe. Contact Strategies for Mailing Materials ‘‘Contact strategies for mailing materials’’ refers to all attempts by the while completing the survey or unavailability of the application. In addition, the internet application and other associated systems were developed to adhere to the highest standards of data security in order to ensure that all respondent data are secure and confidential. PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Census Bureau to make direct contact with individual households by mail. Types of contact strategies include invitation letters, postcards, and questionnaires mailed to households. A primary objective of the 2020 Census is for a majority of selfrespondents to complete their census questionnaire online. An approach called ‘‘internet First,’’ in which the first mailing includes an invitation to respond to the census online, has been developed for TEA 1 areas to encourage respondents to use the internet. Subsequent mailings will be reminders to respond to the census online, until all remaining nonresponding households in the internet First areas receive a paper questionnaire in the fourth mailing. In TEA 1 areas with low internet coverage or connectivity or other characteristics that may make it less likely the respondents will complete the census questionnaire online, the ‘‘internet Choice’’ contact strategy will be designated for use instead. This strategy includes both an invitation to complete the census online and a paper questionnaire as part of the first mailing. The Census Bureau anticipates about 20 percent of the households in the selfresponse TEA will receive the internet Choice treatment. In summary, the contact strategies for mailing materials including mailing date are outlined in the table below: F. Census Questionnaire Assistance The Census Questionnaire Assistance (CQA) operation has three primary functions: • Provide questionnaire assistance by answering questions about specific items on the census questionnaire or other frequently asked questions about the census. E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1 EN13FE19.011</GPH> 3752 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES • Provide an option for respondents to complete a census interview over the telephone. • Provide outbound calling in support of Coverage Improvement (discussed in the NRFU section below). Respondents using the internet instrument will have the ability to contact CQA by telephone when webbased self-service help tools cannot answer their questions. Each of the 13 supported languages, including English, will have its own toll-free number for callers. Respondents calling the English and Spanish language lines will initially be presented with a self-service Interactive Voice Response system, offering an assortment of automated responses to Frequently Asked Questions. At any time, respondents may opt to transfer to a customer service representative, who is prepared to further assist and enumerate them. All callers who need assistance in other languages will be connected directly to an appropriately skilled customer service representative fluent in the language, based on the toll-free number called. G. Update Leave The Update Leave (UL) operation is designed for areas where the majority of housing units either do not have mail delivered to the physical location of the housing unit or the mail delivery information for the housing unit cannot be verified. Designated during TEA delineation, UL can occur in geographic areas that: • Do not have city-style addresses. • Do not receive mail through citystyle addresses. • Receive mail at post office boxes. • Have been affected by major disasters. The purpose of the UL operation is to update the address and feature data for the area assigned and to leave an internet Choice questionnaire package at every housing unit identified to allow the household to self-respond. Enumerators do not attempt to enumerate the household in person at this point. Occupants can respond online, using the ID printed on the questionnaire, or they can fill out and mail back the paper questionnaire. If they have questions or wish to respond on the telephone, they can call the CQA number, which is provided in the package. The UL operation includes mailing a reminder letter and a reminder postcard to addresses that are capable of receiving mail within the areas designated for UL. These mailed materials include the ID for the given address and the website address for the VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 household to use in order to respond online. As in TEA 1, where all materials are mailed to housing units, any households that do not self-respond will be contacted during the NRFU operation. Finally, the UL operation performs a check on the quality of the address listing work (quality control [QC]) on approximately 10 percent of the production workload. H. Update Enumerate The Update Enumerate (UE) operation is designated for areas where the initial visit requires enumerating at the living quarters while updating the address list. The majority of the operation will occur in remote geographic areas that have unique challenges associated with accessibility. UE can occur in the following geographic areas: • Remote Alaska. • Areas that were a part of the 2010 Census Remote UE operation, such as northern parts of Maine and southeast Alaska. • Select American Indian areas that request to be enumerated in person during the initial visit. Note that the areas included in the 2010 Census Remote Update Enumerate operation might be delineated into TEA 1 or TEA 6 for the 2020 Census, based on changes in address type or mailability. In the UE operation, field staff update the address and feature data and enumerate respondents in person. The address and feature data are updated on paper address registers and paper maps. The enumeration is collected on paper questionnaires. Field staff conducting UE follow a specific contact strategy for the remote locations and conduct any needed follow-up. The UE operation will promote the quality of the address work and of the enumeration data by having staff work in pairs and by supervisors reviewing all data collected for completion and any anomalies. Supervisors will rework an area to collect geographic and/or enumeration data when necessary to improve the quality of the collected data. Rework is expected on no more than 10 percent of the total workload of cases. I. Non-ID Processing For the 2020 Census, respondents will be encouraged, but not required, to use the Census Bureau’s preassigned ID for the living quarters. Within the internet instrument, and, consequently, within CQA, it will be possible for respondents to submit their census response without the preassigned ID. Non-ID Processing is the effort to associate census responses that lack a Census ID with records included on the Census Bureau’s 2020 PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 3753 Census address frame. This processing can occur through automated or clerical procedures. With the ISR instrument collecting the response and address data, it will be possible to perform automated processing to determine whether the address was already included on the address frame and extracted from the MAF. For those NonID responses not matched during automated processing, a clerical operation will make a further attempt to match the address to the 2020 Census address frame and validate nonmatching addresses. Some of the clerical work may require contacting the respondent to help determine a match or to verify the existence and location of the address; this is known as Non-ID Processing Phone Followup. Any nonmatching address whose existence and location cannot be verified by the clerical Non-ID operation will become a Field Verification assignment, handled as a component of the NRFU operation. Notably, Field Verification is only an address verification effort and does not include collection of the census questionnaire data. J. Nonresponse Followup The NRFU operation serves two primary purposes: • Determines or resolves housing unit status for addresses included in the NRFU workload. • Enumerates housing units that are determined to have a housing unit status of occupied. The NRFU workload is comprised of addresses from a number of sources, including: • Nonresponding addresses in TEAs 1 and 6. • Blank mail returns or mail returns otherwise deemed to be too incomplete. • Addresses considered to represent new or recently completed housing. These addresses are identified by the spring 2020 USPS Delivery Sequence File and other special efforts undertaken to identify new housing around the time of the census—New Construction and Housing Unit Count Review; addresses upheld in the Local Update of Census Addresses appeals process; and potentially other addresses determined to require follow-up after the initial enumeration universe is established. • Addresses with a vacant status (reported as 0 occupants) from internet Self-Response. • Field Verification cases. • Coverage Improvement cases. • Self-Response Quality Assurance cases. The 2020 Census NRFU operation will be different from the NRFU operation conducted in the 2010 E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES 3754 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices Census. The Census Bureau will implement a NRFU operational design that utilizes a combination of the following: • Automation to facilitate data collection. • Administrative records and thirdparty data usage to reduce the workload. • Reengineering of staffing and management of field operations. • A best-time-to-contact model to increase the likelihood of making contact attempts when an enumerator will find people at home. After giving the population in the United States and Puerto Rico an opportunity to self-respond to the 2020 Census, the Census Bureau will use the most cost-effective strategy for contacting and counting people to ensure an accurate count. During the NRFU operation, enumerators will visit each housing unit designated for follow-up and determine whether the unit exists and then the occupancy status of the unit on April 1, 2020. If the unit exists, they complete an interview using an automated application on a smartphone. The devices will use a secure Census Bureau-provided enumeration application solution for conducting the NRFU field data collection. Enumeration data and workload updates will be transmitted between the NRFU instruments and response processing systems on a regular basis. Various techniques will be used during NRFU to make the data collection as efficient as possible. The number of allowed attempts to contact will be controlled within the automated instrument, and best-time-to-contact modeling will be used in the creation of the daily assignments. Every case in the NRFU workload will initially have a maximum of six unique contact days. (During the Closeout phase of the operation, cases may receive additional attempts, as necessary, to resolve incomplete cases.) After a third attempt to contact a household does not yield a respondent, a case will become proxy-eligible. A proxy is a neighbor, landlord, real estate agent, or other knowledgeable person who can provide information about the unit and the people who live there. An enumerator should attempt three proxies after each noninterview for a proxy-eligible case. In addition to the initial in-person contact attempt, these addresses will also receive a final mailing that encourages occupants to self-respond to the 2020 Census. If the initial in-person contact attempt is unsuccessful, the Census Bureau will use administrative records for the unit status or as the household response data when it has VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 high-quality administrative records from trusted sources. Undeliverable-AsAddressed information from the USPS will serve as the primary administrative records source for the identification of vacant addresses and addresses that do not exist. Examples of sources of administrative records and third-party data used to enumerate occupied housing units include IRS Individual Tax Returns, IRS Information Returns, and the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Statistics Medicare Enrollment Database. Addresses will also be removed from the workload throughout the course of the NRFU operation as self-responses continue to be received. Early NRFU Early NRFU occurs in areas where there are high concentrations of college students living in off-campus housing who are unlikely to be present during the scheduled dates for regular NRFU. The enumeration procedures for early NRFU are the same as regular NRFU, but just conducted at an earlier time to accommodate the schedules of select colleges and universities. Any early NRFU addresses that are unresolved by the start of NRFU will receive additional field attempts during regular NRFU. NRFU Reinterview The NRFU Reinterview program will check the quality of the work done by enumerators in NRFU. A sample of approximately 5 percent of NRFU interviews will be selected for verification through NRFU Reinterview. The NRFU Reinterview program involves conducting an independent field reinterview for selected cases to verify that an enumerator conducted the interview and followed procedures. The NRFU Reinterview interviewer/ enumerator always attempts to contact the respondent from the original interview, which may be a household member, neighbor, or some other proxy. If the original respondent confirms that he/she was contacted and an enumerator conducted the original interview, the NRFU Reinterview interviewer/enumerator collects roster names and ends the interview. If the respondent was not contacted or does not know if an enumerator conducted the original interview, the NRFU Reinterview interviewer/enumerator conducts a full interview with the respondent. During the early weeks of NRFU, enumerators will conduct interviews with multiunit structure managers to determine the occupancy status of nonresponding units within the multiunit structure. This Manager Visit PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 (MV) allows enumerators to identify several units as vacant or delete without having to attempt each unit individually. Enumerators have a maximum of two unique contact days to complete the MV cases. The MV Reinterview program will check the quality of work done by enumerators during the MV and will target MVs with high numbers of vacant and delete unit statuses. During the MV Reinterview, the enumerator will ask to speak to the manager from the original MV interview. If the respondent confirms that he/she was contacted and an enumerator conducted the original interview, the MV RI enumerator asks about a subset of the list checked during the MV. If the respondent was not contacted or does not know if an enumerator conducted the original MV interview, the MV Reinterview enumerator conducts a full interview and asks about the entire list during the MV. The NRFU universe also includes cases from Non-ID Processing that were not able to be matched to the address frame. As discussed in the Non-ID section, these are Field Verification (FV) cases, where the enumerators attempt to locate the address in question and collect its Global Positioning System (GPS) coordinates. A sample of the FV cases is selected for verification through FV QC. Since FV cases only require an enumerator to determine the existence of an address and will not require an interview with a respondent, the FV QC program will consist of an independent check of the production enumerators where the FV QC enumerator will conduct the same procedures as the FV enumerator. FV cases, along with their QC component, have a maximum of one field contact day. The Coverage Improvement operation resolves categories of erroneous enumerations (people counted in the wrong place or counted more than once) and omissions (people who were missed) identified through collected enumeration data. The Coverage Improvement operation will attempt to resolve these issues from both selfresponse and NRFU responses. All cases that are selected for Coverage Improvement with a valid phone number will be subject to an interview attempt by a CQA Customer Service Representative. The workload identified for the Coverage Improvement operation will be responses where a household enumeration shows a difference between the answer for the number of people within the household and the number of people enumerated, and answers to coverage questions in the initial enumeration that reflect potential E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices coverage errors. Automation and the internet self-response option should reduce the prevalence of these types of respondent errors as compared to the 2010 Census, which was completed almost entirely on paper questionnaires. Self-Response Quality Assurance cases are generated as part of the quality assurance efforts for self-response. This re-collection of the enumeration data will also be worked within NRFU. K. Group Quarters The 2020 Census Group Quarters (GQ) operation will enumerate people living or staying in group quarters and will provide an opportunity for people experiencing homelessness and receiving service at a service-based location, such as a soup kitchen, to be counted in the census. The 2020 Census GQ operation consists of the following components: • In-Office GQ Advance Contact. • GQ Enumeration. • Service-Based Enumeration. • Military Enumeration. • Maritime Vessel (Shipboard) Enumeration. In-Office GQ Advance Contact The In-Office GQ Advance Contact is an in-office activity conducted in the area census offices. Preferred dates, times, methods of enumeration, and expected population on Census Day will be collected. Special instructions or concerns related to privacy, confidentiality, and security will also be addressed. GQ Enumeration The GQ Enumeration will cover all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. An additional late GQ enumeration phase allows for the stakeholder identification and enumeration of group quarters that may have been missed during the earlier time frame. The primary method of conducting in-person enumeration of people residing in group quarters will be by using the Individual Census Questionnaire as the paper data collection instrument. In-person interviewing is planned for all group quarter types that are part of the field enumeration workload. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES GQ Enumeration—eResponse Data Transfer eResponse uses electronic data transfer from GQ administrators to the Census Bureau. Client-level data from systems maintained by GQ Administrators can be transferred to a standardized Census Bureau system that will accept electronically submitted data in a standardized template. These VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 data will be accepted in lieu of use of the Individual Census Questionnaire if data are deemed to be of sufficiently high quality and completeness. Service-Based Enumeration The Service-Based Enumeration is specifically designed to approach people using service facilities because they may be missed during the traditional enumeration at housing units and group quarters. These service locations and outdoor locations include the following: • Shelters: Shelters with sleeping facilities for people experiencing homelessness; shelters for children who are runaways, neglected, or experiencing homelessness. • Soup kitchens. • Regularly scheduled mobile food vans: Stops where regularly scheduled mobile food vans distribute meals. • Targeted nonsheltered outdoor locations. For the 2020 Census, the ServiceBased Enumeration operation will be conducted over the three-day period that ends on April 1, 2020, Census Day. Service providers for shelters, soup kitchens, and regularly scheduled mobile food vans will be given the flexibility for their facility to be enumerated on any one of the three days. Targeted nonsheltered outdoor locations will be enumerated April 1, 2020. Field partnership specialists with local knowledge will help to identify nonsheltered outdoor locations during the time of the census. Domestic Violence Shelters Domestic violence shelters are facilities for those seeking safety from domestic violence. Domestic violence shelters are enumerated using special procedures and specially trained personnel. These special procedures include inviting members of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence state coalitions to participate in the 2020 Census Group Quarters Update Program to create a comprehensive and current address listing for domestic violence shelters. These special procedures are designed to protect the safety and security of respondents being enumerated at these locations. Military Enumeration and Maritime Vessel Enumeration Military Enumeration involves enumeration of people living in GQs or barracks on stateside military installations or military vessels. Military installations are fenced, secured areas used for military purposes. An important feature of the military PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 3755 enumeration operation is that it includes both group quarters and housing units. A military vessel is defined as a United States Navy or United States Coast Guard vessel assigned to a home port in the United States. See part Q for methods we will use to count overseas military. L. Paper Data Capture The Paper Data Capture operation scans and converts data from 2020 Census paper questionnaires. Core sources for the Paper Data Capture operation include housing unit selfresponse questionnaires mailed back by respondents and Group Quarters Individual Census Reports. The Census Bureau’s in-house Integrated Computer Assisted Data Entry system is used to capture paper responses from questionnaires. Each write-in and checkbox data field is data-captured, and Optical Character Recognition and Optical Mark Recognition are performed. If Key From Image is needed for forms that cannot be processed through Optical Character Recognition or Optical Mark Recognition, staff are presented the image of the page and are able to clarify, correct, or add to what was captured. The Census Bureau maintains the data, images of the forms, and the paper forms themselves until confirmation that the data have been correctly captured, at which point the paper forms are sent to destruction while the data and images are retained. The Census Bureau maintains the images for archiving purposes until such time as the National Archiving and Records Administration takes possession of the images for permanent archiving. M. Response Processing The Response Processing Operation (RPO) supports the three major components of the 2020 Census: Predata collection activities, data collection activities, and post-data collection activities. Specifically, the operation supports the following activities: Pre-data collection: • Create and distribute the initial 2020 Census enumeration universe of living quarters. • Assign the specific enumeration strategy for each living quarter based on case status and associated paradata. Data collection: • Create and distribute workload files required for enumeration operations. • Track case enumeration status. • Check for suspicious returns. Post-data collection: • Run post-data collection processing actions in preparation for producing the final 2020 Census results. E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1 3756 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES N. Redistricting Data Program The purpose of the 2020 Census Redistricting Data Program (RDP) is to provide to each state the legally required redistricting data tabulations by the mandated deadline of one year from Census Day: April 1, 2021. In compliance with Public Law (P.L.) 94– 171, the Census Bureau will tabulate for each state the total population counts by race and Hispanic origin. The Census Bureau will tabulate these counts for the total population and for the population age 18 and over in a prototype redistricting data file released as part of the 2018 End-to-End Census Test. The Census Bureau intends to work with stakeholders, specifically ‘‘the officers or public bodies having initial responsibility for the legislative apportionment of each state,’’ to solicit feedback on the content of the prototype redistricting data file. If those stakeholders indicate a need for tabulations of citizenship data on the 2020 Census Public Law 94–171 Redistricting Data File, the Census Bureau will make a design change to include citizenship as part of that data, if collected. That new design would then be published in the Federal Register after it is completed in the summer of 2019. The Census Bureau will also tabulate housing unit counts by occupancy status (occupied or vacant) and provide total population counts for group quarters by group quarters type. For the prototype and for the 2020 Census Redistricting Data Files, the Census Bureau will provide these tabulations for a variety of standard census geographic areas including state, county, place, tract, and tabulation block. If states provide their congressional, legislative, and voting district boundaries through the Redistricting Data Program, the Census Bureau will also provide the tabulations for these areas. Tabulations by congressional, legislative, and voting districts will be available for the 50 states; equivalent tabulations will be available for the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. This program has a separate OMB clearance number. There is more detail about this program in Federal Register Notice ‘‘Redistricting Data Program,’’ July 26, 2018, (Vol. 83, No. 144, pp. 35458–35460. FR Doc No. 2018–15972). O. Data Products and Dissemination The Data Products and Dissemination (DPD) operation performs three primary functions: • Prepare and deliver the 2020 Census apportionment data for the VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 President of the United States to provide to Congress by December 31, 2020. • Tabulate 2020 Census data products for use by the states for redistricting. • Tabulate and disseminate 2020 Census data for use by the public. The DPD operation produces information required by Public Law to satisfy apportionment and redistricting requirements. Title 13, U.S. Code (U.S.C.) requires that the apportionment population counts be delivered to the Office of the President within nine months of the census date. Apportionment counts are based on the Census Unedited File, the Federally Affiliated Overseas Personnel and Dependents Count File, and a geographic file of state changes. For the 2020 Census, the census date is April 1, 2020, and the President will receive the counts by December 31, 2020. The DPD operation is also responsible for the production and dissemination of many data products, including national and state summary files, tabulated informational files, and data comparison tables. This includes electronic and printed products that cover population and housing unit tabulations, geographical maps, and products specific to the Island Areas (U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands). The Center for Enterprise Dissemination Services and Consumer Innovation initiative is responsible for developing enterprise dissemination requirements. DPD is conducting a thorough review of the past product design (cross-tabulations and iterations of characteristics), while also looking to ensure that users can find data after the 2020 Census quickly and easily. The Census Bureau will undertake a thorough analysis of the proposed 2020 Census data products in keeping with our sworn obligation to protect respondents’ data as data stewards under Title 13. Federal Register Notice ‘‘Soliciting Feedback from Users on 2020 Census Data Products,’’ July 19, 2018 (Vol. 83, pp. 34111—34112, FR Doc No. 2018–15458) was published with a 60-day comment period. It requested feedback from users on specific tables and geographic detail for decennial census products such as Summary File 1, Summary File 2, and the Demographic Profile. The last day to provide comment on the notice was September 17, 2018. Subsequently, this notice was reopened for an additional 30-day comment period on October 9, 2018 (Vol. 83, p. 50636, FR Doc No. 2018–21837). The last day to provide comments on this notice was November 8, 2018. The final suite of 2020 Census PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 data products will be determined in the summer of 2019. P. Archiving The Archiving (ARC) operation performs the following functions: • Coordinate storage of the materials and data and provides records deemed permanent as the official data of the 2020 Census, including files containing the individual responses to the 2020 Census, to the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). • Provide similar files to the Census Bureau’s National Processing Center in Indiana to use as source materials to conduct the Age Search Service. • Store data to cover in-house needs. Q. Federally Affiliated Count Overseas The Federally Affiliated Count Overseas operation obtains counts by home state of United States military and federal civilian employees who are stationed or assigned overseas and their dependents living with them. For the 2020 Census, overseas is defined as anywhere outside the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Island Areas: American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands. Counts are submitted from federal agencies and the Department of Defense (Defense Manpower Data Command) through a Census Bureau secure server and are used to allocate the federally affiliated population living overseas to their home state for the purposes of apportioning seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. If military and federal civilian employees of the U.S. government are deployed overseas while stationed or assigned within the U.S., they are counted at their U.S. residence where they live or sleep most of the time using administrative data provided by federal agencies and the Department of Defense. See Section K for more info on how we count stateside military personnel. R. Island Areas Censuses The purpose of the Island Areas Censuses (IAC) operation is to enumerate all residents of American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands; process and tabulate the collected data; and disseminate data products to the public. All data collection activities for the IAC will rely on the use of paper questionnaires, paper maps, and paper address registers to record the physical addresses of housing units and group quarters. The IAC questionnaire will leverage the American Community E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 30 / Wednesday, February 13, 2019 / Notices khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Survey questionnaire with minor wording changes in order to take into account the Island Areas local governments’ concerns, where possible. Enumerators will list the addresses using paper address registers. Once the addresses have been listed, enumerators will visit every living quarter to conduct interviews with household members and follow up as necessary. The IAC will perform a clerical review of all completed questionnaires for completeness and data consistency, a reinterview for a sample of questionnaires, and an independent address check. The response data will be processed through the Decennial Response Processing System. Data products will include counts of the population and housing units, data profiles, subject tables, ranking tables, and supplemental tables. S. Evaluations and Experiments The Census Bureau is not currently planning a separate package for the Evaluations and Experiments program, as has been done in past censuses. For the 2020 Census, these evaluations and experiments will be described either as Substantive Changes to this package, to the Census Bureau’s Post-Enumeration Survey Independent Listing and QC OMB package, or within the Generic Clearance for Decennial Census Field Tests and Evaluations, covered under OMB approval 0607–0971. Affected Public: Individuals or Households. Frequency: Once every 10 years. Respondent’s Obligation: Mandatory. Legal Authority: Title 13, United States Code, Section 141. This information collection request may be viewed at www.reginfo.gov. Follow the instructions to view Department of Commerce collections currently under review by OMB. Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection, identified by Docket number OMB–2018–0004, may be submitted to the Federal eRulemaking portal: https:// www.regulations.gov within 30 days of publication of this notice. You may also submit comments and recommendations to 2020_Census_Comments@ omb.eop.gov or fax to (202) 395–5806. All comments received are part of the public record and will be posted to http://www.regulations.gov for public viewing. Comments will generally be posted without change. All Personally Identifiable Information (for example, name and address) voluntarily submitted by the commenter may be publicly accessible. Do not submit confidential business information or VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:22 Feb 12, 2019 Jkt 247001 otherwise sensitive or protected information. You may submit attachments to electronic comments in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF file formats only. Sheleen Dumas, Departmental Lead PRA Officer, Office of the Chief Information Officer, Commerce Department. [FR Doc. 2019–02223 Filed 2–12–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–07–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Form ED–840P, Petition by a Firm for Certification of Eligibility To Apply for Trade Adjustment Assistance, and Adjustment Proposals; Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms Program Economic Development Administration (EDA), Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: The Department of Commerce, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on the proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Written comments must be submitted on or before April 15, 2019. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce, Room 6616, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230 (or via the internet at PRAcomments@doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information or copies of the information collection instrument and instructions should be directed to Irette Patterson, Program Analyst, Trade Adjustment Assistance Division, Room 71030, Economic Development Administration, 1401 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20230 at taac@eda.gov or 202–482– 2743. SUMMARY: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract EDA administers the Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms (TAAF) Program, which is authorized PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 3757 under chapters 3 and 5 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2341–2356) (Trade Act), through a national network of non-profit and university-affiliated Trade Adjustment Assistance Centers (TAACs), each of which serves a different geographic region. EDA certifies firms as eligible to participate in the TAAF Program and provides funding to allow eligible client-firms to receive adjustment assistance through the TAACs. The information collected on Form ED–840P and relevant supporting documentation is used to determine whether a firm is eligible to participate in the TAAF Program. In accordance with the Trade Act and EDA’s regulations as set out at 13 CFR part 315, EDA must verify that the following have occurred: (1) A significant reduction in the number or proportion of the workers in the firm, a reduction in the workers’ wage or work hours, or an imminent threat of such reductions; (2) sales or production of the firm have decreased absolutely, or sales or production, or both, of any article or service accounting for at least 25 percent of the firm’s sales or production has decreased absolutely; and (3) an increase in imports of articles or services like or directly competitive with those produced or provided by the petitioning firm, which has contributed importantly to the decline in employment and sales or production of that firm. Additionally, to document the connection of increased imports to declining employment and sales or production, the firm must demonstrate that its customers have reduced purchases from the firm in favor of buying items or services from foreign suppliers. The use of Form ED–840P standardizes and limits the information collected as part of the certification process and eases the burden on applicants and reviewers alike. In addition, after being certified as eligible for TAAF Program assistance following submission of Form ED–840P, firms must create an EDA-approved adjustment proposal in order to receive financial assistance under the TAAF Program. The adjustment proposal is each firm’s business plan to remain viable in the current global economy. Each adjustment proposal must meet certain requirements as set out in the Trade Act and EDA’s regulation at 13 CFR 315.16. This notice also includes an estimate of the amount of time a firm spends to research and compile information for adjustment proposals. II. Method of Collection Form ED–840P may be obtained in Portable Document Format (PDF) from EDA or the TAACs upon request. E:\FR\FM\13FEN1.SGM 13FEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 30 (Wednesday, February 13, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 3748-3757]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-02223]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Census Bureau


Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    The Department of Commerce will submit to the Office of Management 
and Budget (OMB) for clearance the following proposal for collection of 
information under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act.
    Agency: U.S. Census Bureau.
    Title: 2020 Census
    The initial Federal Register Notice (``2020 Census,'' June 8, 2018, 
Vol. 83, Number 111, pp. 26643-26653, FR Doc No.: 2018-12365) described 
the 2020 Census in full. Approval for the 2020 Census is being sought 
from OMB in phases. The first phase of approval was for the 2020 Census 
Address Canvassing operation only, which was described in Federal 
Register Notice ``2020 Census,'' October 2, 2018 (Vol. 83, No. 191, pp. 
49535-49539, FR Doc No.: 2018-21386). Address Canvassing creates the 
address list for the census and precedes census enumeration data 
collection. The remaining operations scoped for the 2020 Census data 
collection will be described below in this Federal Register Notice for 
an additional 30-day comment period; the full census description will 
be considered as a substantive change to the approved OMB materials. 
This notice was previously posted on December 28, 2018, (Volume 83, No. 
248, pp 67213-67222, FR Doc No.: 2018-28164) for a 30-day comment 
period, but public comments could not be received during the partial 
government shutdown. In addition, this document has been updated to 
reflect pending litigation regarding the reinstatement of the 
citizenship question as well as some minor edits.
    OMB Control Number: 0607-1006.
    Form Number(s): D-CN(E/S) (included with Address Canvassing 
approval), D-Q, D-Q(E/S), D-Q-GE, D-Q-GE(S), D-Q-UL, D-Q-UL(E/S), D-Q-
TL, D-Q-TL(S), D-Q-UE, D-Q-RA, D-Q-TLRA, D-Q-GERA, D-Q-MV, D-CQ-TL, D-
CQ-TL(S), D-CQ-UE, D-CQ-RA, D-CQ-TLRA, D-Q-AS, D-Q-MI, D-Q-GU, D-Q-VI, 
D-Q-VI(S), D-CQ-AS, D-CQ-MI, D-CQ-GU, D-CQ-VI, D-CQ-VI(S), D-Q-GE-AS, 
D-Q-GE-MI, D-Q-GE-GU, D-Q-GE-VI, D-Q-GE-VI(S), D-Q-ULPR(E/S), D-Q-GEPR, 
D-Q-GEPR(S), D-Q-PR(E/S), D-Q-TLPR, D-Q-TLPR(S), D-CQ-TLPR, D-CQ-
TLPR(S).
    Type of Request: Revision of a currently approved collection.
    Number of Respondents: 180,962,929 for all operations in the 2020 
Census.
    Average Hours per Response: 10 minutes for census enumeration.
    Burden Hours: 26,531,594 for 2020 Census.

                                                   2020 Census
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     Estimated    Estimated time
                      Operation or category                          number of     per response    Total burden
                                                                    respondents      (minutes)         hours
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Address Canvassing..............................................      15,786,734               5       1,315,561
Address Canvassing Listing QC...................................       1,578,673               5         131,556
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Address Canvassing Subtotal.................................      17,365,407  ..............       1,447,117
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Geographic Areas Focused on Self-Response (this includes Mailout and Update Leave)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Internet/Telephone/Paper........................................      80,700,000              10      13,450,000
Update Leave....................................................      11,900,000               5         991,667
Update Leave QC.................................................       1,190,000               5          99,167
Nonresponse Followup............................................      52,700,000              10       8,783,333
Nonresponse Followup Reinterview................................       2,760,000               5         230,000
Self-Response Quality Assurance.................................         250,000              10          41,667
Field Verification..............................................         400,000               2          13,333
Field Verification QC...........................................          40,000               2           1,333
Coverage Improvement............................................       3,200,000               7         373,333
Non-ID Processing Phone Followup................................         750,000               5          62,500
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Self-Response Areas Subtotal................................     153,890,000  ..............      24,046,333
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Geographic Area Focused on Update Enumerate
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Update Enumerate Production.....................................         506,000              12         101,200
Update Enumerate Listing QC.....................................          50,600               5           4,217

[[Page 3749]]

 
Update Enumerate Reinterview....................................          25,300              10           4,217
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Update Enumerate Subtotal...................................         581,900  ..............         109,634
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Group Quarters
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
GQ Update Program...............................................           7,168              10           1,195
GQ Advance Contact (facility)...................................         297,000              10          49,500
GQ Enumeration--eResponse (facility)............................          14,300              20           4,767
GQ Enumeration--person contact..................................       8,000,000               5         666,667
Group Quarters QC...............................................           8,500               5             708
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
Group Quarters Subtotal.........................................       8,326,968  ..............         722,837
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Enumeration at Transitory Locations--Advance Contact............          50,000              10           8,333
Enumeration at Transitory Locations--Units......................         600,000              10         100,000
Federally Affiliated Count Overseas.............................              82               5               7
Island Areas Censuses--Housing Units............................         138,281              40          92,187
Island Areas Censuses--Group Quarters...........................          10,291              30           5,146
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Totals......................................................     180,962,929  ..............      26,531,594
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Overview of 2020 Census Operations

    Below is a summary of the needs and uses of the 2020 Census, 
followed by a more detailed overview of data collection operations. The 
geographic areas discussed in this notice refer only to the 50 states, 
the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, unless otherwise noted. The 
2020 Census also includes the Island Areas (U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, 
American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands).
    Needs and Uses: Article 1, Section 2 of the United States 
Constitution mandates that the U.S. House of Representatives be 
reapportioned every ten years by conducting a national census of all 
residents. In addition to the reapportionment of the U.S. Congress, 
census data are used to draw legislative district boundaries within 
states. Census data are also used by numerous agencies to determine 
funding allocations for the distribution of an estimated $675 billion 
of federal funds each year.
    The Census Bureau plans to conduct the most automated, modern, and 
dynamic decennial census in history. The 2020 Census includes design 
changes in four key areas, discussed below:
    (1) New methodologies to conduct the Address Canvassing operation.
    (2) Innovative ways of optimizing self-response.
    (3) The use of administrative records and third-party data to 
reduce the Nonresponse Followup (NRFU) operation workload.
    (4) The use of technology to reduce the manual effort and improve 
the productivity of field operations, while decreasing the amount of 
physical space required to perform the field operations.

(1) Reengineering Address Canvassing

    An accurate address list is the cornerstone of a successful census. 
In order to manage the work for the decennial census, the Census Bureau 
uses the address and physical location of each place where someone is, 
or could be, living. The Census Bureau maintains this address list and 
spatial data for the United States and Puerto Rico in its Master 
Address File (MAF)/Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and 
Referencing (TIGER) System database.
    This database was created using the address files from the 1990 
Census and has been subsequently and regularly updated using:
     Information collected from decennial census operation 
updates, including address and spatial updates.
     The Delivery Sequence File of addresses from the United 
States Postal Service (USPS).
     Input from tribal, state, and local governments and third 
parties, including address and boundary updates from various programs 
conducted over the decade, such as the Local Update of Census Addresses 
operation.
     Information collected in other Census Bureau programs, 
such as the American Community Survey.
    The purpose of Address Canvassing is (1) to deliver a complete and 
accurate address list and spatial database for enumeration and 
tabulation, and (2) to determine the type and address characteristics 
for each living quarter. Prior to a field Address Canvassing data 
collection, the Census Bureau will delineate the entire land area of 
the United States, Puerto Rico, and Island Areas into Type of 
Enumeration Areas (TEAs). Most stateside United States living quarters 
will be delineated into the self-response area, where the census 
address list will be created before the census, census materials will 
be provided in the mail, and self-response modes will be supported and 
promoted. Other areas will be designated for Update Leave, Update 
Enumerate (including Remote Alaska), Military Enumeration, or Island 
Areas Enumeration.
    For the 2020 Census, there will be a full Address Canvassing of the 
country that will consist of In-Office Address Canvassing complemented 
with In-Field Address Canvassing. In-Office Address Canvassing is the 
process of using empirical geographic evidence (e.g., imagery, 
comparison of the Census Bureau's address list to address lists 
provided by the United States Postal Service and governmental units 
that partner with the Census Bureau) to assess the current address list 
and make changes where necessary. This component also detects and 
captures areas of change from high-quality administrative records and 
third-party data. Advancements in technology have enabled continual 
address and spatial updates to occur throughout the decade

[[Page 3750]]

as part of the In-Office Address Canvassing effort. Since 2015, 
satellite imagery has been used for the identification of areas where 
there are changes in living quarters. Where the necessary updates can 
be captured from electronic sources and are deemed to be sufficiently 
accurate, In-Office Address Canvassing will complete the update process 
prior to the census. The remaining blocks will become eligible to be 
sent to In-Field Address Canvassing for updating on the ground by field 
staff.

(2) Optimizing Self-Response

    The goal of this innovation area is to make it as easy and 
efficient as possible for people to respond to the 2020 Census by 
offering new response options through the internet and telephone, in 
addition to the traditional mailback paper questionnaire option. Self-
response reduces the need to conduct in-person follow-up operations to 
complete the enumeration, by far the most expensive method of data 
collection. To that end, the Census Bureau will motivate people to 
respond, as well as make it easy for people to respond, from any 
location at any time, even if they don't have the Census Bureau's 
preassigned ID for the address.
    The importance of responding to the 2020 Census will be 
communicated in a variety of ways, including through mailings, 
questionnaire delivery, advertising, and partnership efforts. In 
particular, the Integrated Partnership and Communications operation is 
responsible for communicating the importance of responding to the 2020 
Census.
    Internet response represents a substantial innovation for the 
Census Bureau. The internet was not a response option in the 2010 
Census. The internet response option has been included in multiple 
tests leading up to the 2020 Census: the 2014 Census Test; all three 
census tests performed in 2015; the 2016 Census Test; the 2017 Census 
Test; and the 2018 End-to-End Census Test. It has also been used in the 
American Community Survey since 2013.

(3) Utilizing Administrative Records and Third-Party Data

    For the 2020 Census, ``administrative records'' and ``third-party 
data'' are terms used to describe microdata records contained in files 
collected and maintained by federal, state, and local government 
agencies (``administrative records'') and commercial entities (``third-
party data'') for administering programs and providing services. For 
many decades, the Census Bureau has successfully and securely used 
administrative records and third-party data for statistical purposes. 
For the 2020 Census, the Census Bureau intends to use administrative 
records from both internal sources, such as data from prior decennial 
censuses and the American Community Survey, and from a range of other 
federal agencies, including the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the 
Social Security Administration, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid 
Services, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Indian 
Health Service, the Selective Service, and the U.S. Postal Service. The 
Census Bureau is also working to acquire state government 
administrative records from enrollment in federal block grant programs, 
such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Supplemental Nutrition 
Assistance Program and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for 
Women, Infants, and Children.
    Throughout the decade, the Census Bureau continuously conducted 
analyses and assessments to verify that the proposed uses of 
administrative records and third-party data sources in the 2020 Census 
were appropriate in each instance. Based on this research, testing, and 
analyses, the Census Bureau announced its plans in November 2015 to 
utilize administrative records and third-party data in the 2020 Census. 
The 2020 Census Operational Plan calls for employing this information 
for the following purposes:
    I. Consistent with previous decennial censuses, the Census Bureau 
will utilize administrative records from federal and state government 
agencies and third-party data to refine contact strategies and build 
and update the residential address list.
    II. Also consistent with previous decennial censuses, the Census 
Bureau will utilize federal and state administrative records to edit or 
impute invalid, inconsistent, or missing responses.
    III. The new use of administrative records for the 2020 Census is 
to use data exclusively from federal administrative records to improve 
the accuracy and efficiency of the NRFU operation by:
    a. Reducing follow-up on vacant housing units and nonresidential 
addresses, as designated by administrative records.
    b. Enumerating households that do not self-respond and whom we were 
unable to contact after six mailings and one in-person field visit.
    For each of the purposes listed in items II, IIIa, and IIIb, the 
Census Bureau will use or plans to use administrative data only when it 
can confirm empirically across multiple sources that the data are 
consistent, of high quality, and can be accurately applied to the 
addresses and households in question. The Census Bureau plans to 
enumerate households utilizing administrative records only from federal 
government agencies, such as the IRS. Use of administrative records for 
nonresponding addresses will be evaluated under a strict set of Census 
Bureau rules throughout the process to ensure completeness and 
accuracy.
    Based on the research and tests conducted, the Census Bureau 
estimates that under the current operational plan, federal 
administrative records will be used to enumerate up to 6.2 million 
households of the projected total of approximately 62 million addresses 
that are expected to be in the NRFU workload for the 2020 Census. These 
6.2 million households represent less than five percent of the 
approximately 147 million addresses in the Census master address file. 
Where the Census Bureau does not have confidence in the data, such as 
when the data are inconsistent or missing in the federal administrative 
records, the household will remain in the NRFU workload to be 
enumerated in person.

(4) Reengineering Field Operations

    The final innovation area, ``Reengineering Field Operations,'' has 
a goal of using technology to manage the 2020 Census fieldwork 
efficiently and effectively, and as a result, reduce the staffing, 
infrastructure, and brick and mortar footprint for the 2020 Census. The 
Census Bureau plans to provide most listers and enumerators with the 
capability to work completely remotely and perform all administrative 
and data collection tasks directly from a mobile device.

Supporting Documents About the 2020 Census Design and the 2020 Census 
Objectives

    Multiple Census Bureau publications provide background on the plans 
for the 2020 Census. The 2020 Census Operational Plan describes each of 
the 35 operations scoped and defined for the census. Every task 
performed for the 2020 Census must be assigned to one of the 35 
operations. The operational plan also summarizes the major findings of 
the census tests performed this decade. Moreover, this document shows 
the planned design of the 2020 Census as of December 2018 and 
identifies design decisions made, as well as remaining decisions to be 
made using census test results. Key design components for the 2020 
Census for every operation are discussed in Chapter 5 of the 2020 
Census Operational Plan. In addition, for most of the 2020 Census 
operations,

[[Page 3751]]

the Census Bureau is developing a detailed operational plan to document 
objectives and procedures of the operation, major tasks involved in 
implementation, the overall workflow, and the overall resources 
required. The 2020 Census operational plan and detailed operational 
plans are available at https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census/2020-census/planning-management/memo-series.html can 
be referenced for more details about the tasks performed for each 
operation.

Type of Enumeration Areas

    Prior to the census, it is necessary to delineate all geographic 
areas into Type of Enumeration Areas (TEAs). These TEAs describe what 
methodology will be used for census material delivery and household 
enumeration in order to use the most cost-effective enumeration 
approach for achieving maximum accuracy and completeness. TEAs also 
describe what methodology will be used for updating the address frame. 
For the United States and Puerto Rico, TEAs are delineated at the block 
level based on the address and spatial data in the MAF/TIGER database.
    The MAF/TIGER does not contain data for the Island Areas, so a 
separate TEA is designated for these areas. The TEAs designated for the 
2020 Census are:

    * TEA 1 = Self-Response.
    * TEA 2 = Update Enumerate.
    * TEA 3 = Island Areas.
    * TEA 4 = Remote Alaska.
    * TEA 5 = Military.
    * TEA 6 = Update Leave.

    The most common enumeration method by percentage of households is 
self-response (TEA 1), where materials will be delivered to each 
address through the mail, and self-response will be supported and 
promoted. After the initial self-response phase, nonresponding 
households will be enumerated in the NRFU operation. Update Enumerate 
uses the methodology of updating the address list and attempting 
household enumeration at the same time. This will be used for a very 
small portion of the addresses in the country, such as those with 
access problems or minimal mail service. The Island Areas are not 
included in MAF/TIGER. For these areas, the address list will be 
created and enumeration will be attempted at the same time. Remote 
Alaska uses the Update Enumerate methodology but in remote areas of 
Alaska that require a different schedule for enumeration due to changes 
in transportation accessibility and living situations related to the 
presence of ice. Military areas require special procedures due to 
security restrictions. Update Leave is an update of the address list at 
the same time that a questionnaire is left at each individual housing 
unit and the enumeration data is expected to be returned or submitted 
by a respondent. Puerto Rico is designated as entirely Update Leave 
(except for military locations) in order to create a current address 
list at the time of the census, in response to changes that may have 
occurred due to natural disasters.

A. Content and Forms Design

    The Content and Forms Design (CFD) operation is responsible for 
identifying and finalizing the content and design of questionnaires and 
associated nonquestionnaire materials. To support the 2020 Census, the 
CFD operation ensures content consistency across data collection modes 
and operations, as question wording varies depending on mode of data 
collection. The CFD operation is responsible for creating, refining, 
and finalizing instrument specifications for all data collection 
modes--internet, phone, paper, and field enumeration. This is a 
significant departure from the 2010 Census, which relied on paper for 
virtually all data collection.
    As required by law (Title 13, United States Code), the subjects 
planned for the 2020 Census were submitted to Congress on March 29, 
2017, and the questions planned for the 2020 Census were submitted to 
Congress on March 29, 2018. The questions proposed for the 2020 Census 
questionnaire in the March 29, 2018 submission included age, 
citizenship, Hispanic origin, race, relationship, sex and tenure. 
Should the government prevail in pending litigation regarding the 
reinstatement of the citizenship question, the Census Bureau will 
include the citizenship question on the 2020 Census questionnaire.

B. Language Services

    The Language Services operation provides questionnaires and related 
materials in non-English materials for respondents of Limited English 
Proficiency. For the 2020 Census, the internet instrument and Census 
Questionnaire Assistance will be available in Spanish, Chinese, 
Vietnamese, Korean, Russian, Arabic, Tagalog, Polish, French, Haitian 
Creole, Portuguese, and Japanese, in addition to English. The bilingual 
paper questionnaire, enumerator instrument, and field enumeration 
materials will be available in Spanish. In addition, language guides 
and language identification cards will be available in the following 
languages: Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, 
Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Farsi, French, 
German, Gujarati, Greek, Haitian Creole, Hebrew, Hindi, Hmong, 
Hungarian, Igbo, Ilocano, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Khmer, Korean, 
Lao, Lithuanian, Malayalam, Marathi, Navajo, Nepali, Polish, 
Portuguese, Punjabi, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhala, Slovak, 
Somali, Spanish, Swahili, Tagalog, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tigrinya, 
Turkish, Twi, Ukrainian, Urdu, Vietnamese, Yiddish, and Yoruba.

C. Address Canvassing

    Address Canvassing, as described above, consists of two major 
components: In-Office Address Canvassing and In-Field Address 
Canvassing. In-Office Address Canvassing is the process of using 
empirical geographic evidence (e.g., imagery, comparison of the Census 
Bureau's address list to partner-provided lists) to assess the current 
address list and make changes where necessary. This component detects 
and captures areas of change from high-quality administrative records 
and third-party data. Advancements in technology have enabled continual 
address and spatial updates to occur throughout the decade as part of 
the In-Office Address Canvassing effort.
    Areas not resolved by In-Office Address Canvassing become the 
universe of geographic areas worked during In-Field Address Canvassing. 
Only the In-Field component of Address Canvassing involves in-person 
collection of information from residents at their living quarters.
    For In-Field Address Canvassing, an extract of addresses from the 
MAF is created, and this address list is verified and updated in the 
field, as needed. Updates can include adding units missing from the 
address list and removing nonexistent or nonresidential units from the 
list. In addition, living quarters are classified as housing units or 
group quarters. Group quarters are living quarters where people who are 
typically unrelated have group living arrangements and frequently are 
receiving some type of service. College/university student housing and 
nursing/skilled-nursing facilities are examples of group quarters.
    The MAF also has geographic data for transitory locations, which 
include recreational vehicle parks, campgrounds, racetracks, circuses, 
carnivals, marinas, hotels, and motels. People residing at transitory 
locations during the census are recorded as living

[[Page 3752]]

in housing units located at transitory locations.
    During In-Field Address Canvassing, listers knock on doors at every 
structure in the assignment in an attempt to locate living quarters and 
classify each living quarter as a housing unit, group quarter, or 
transitory location. If someone answers, the lister will provide a 
Confidentiality Notice and ask about the address in order to verify or 
update the information, as appropriate. The listers will then ask if 
there are any additional living quarters in the structure or on the 
property. If there are additional living quarters, the listers will 
collect or update that information, as appropriate. In addition, there 
will be a check on the quality of the address listing work on 
approximately 10 percent of the address listing workload.
    The results of Address Canvassing are processed with MAF/TIGER and 
then used as input into the creation of the census address list for 
enumeration. This address list in turn, is used in conjunction with the 
TEA delineation to determine which materials should be printed for use 
in the operation(s) designated for each area of the country.

D. Forms Printing and Distribution

    The Forms Printing and Distribution operation prints and 
distributes paper forms to support the 2020 Census mailing strategy and 
enumeration of the population. The Forms Printing and Distribution 
operation is responsible for the printing and distribution of mailed 
internet invitations, reminder cards or letters, and questionnaire mail 
packages where materials are mailed, in multiple languages as 
determined by the Language Services operation. The letters, reminder 
cards, and questionnaires are delivered according to the mailing 
contact strategy, which is part of the internet Self-Response operation 
(discussed below).
    Every address record will be identified by an ID, which will be 
printed on questionnaires and letters and used for tracking responses. 
Paper questionnaires and responses from field operations will be linked 
to the ID in data capture. Internet and telephone respondents will be 
requested but not required to provide the ID. When an ID is not 
provided, the response will be considered a Non-ID response. The Non-ID 
operation is discussed below.

E. Internet Self-Response

    The internet Self-Response (ISR) operation performs the following 
functions:
     Maximize online response to the 2020 Census through 
contact strategies and improved access for respondents.
     Collect response data via the internet to reduce paper and 
the NRFU universe.

Contact Strategies for Mailing Materials

    ``Contact strategies for mailing materials'' refers to all attempts 
by the Census Bureau to make direct contact with individual households 
by mail. Types of contact strategies include invitation letters, 
postcards, and questionnaires mailed to households.
    A primary objective of the 2020 Census is for a majority of self-
respondents to complete their census questionnaire online. An approach 
called ``internet First,'' in which the first mailing includes an 
invitation to respond to the census online, has been developed for TEA 
1 areas to encourage respondents to use the internet. Subsequent 
mailings will be reminders to respond to the census online, until all 
remaining nonresponding households in the internet First areas receive 
a paper questionnaire in the fourth mailing. In TEA 1 areas with low 
internet coverage or connectivity or other characteristics that may 
make it less likely the respondents will complete the census 
questionnaire online, the ``internet Choice'' contact strategy will be 
designated for use instead. This strategy includes both an invitation 
to complete the census online and a paper questionnaire as part of the 
first mailing. The Census Bureau anticipates about 20 percent of the 
households in the self-response TEA will receive the internet Choice 
treatment.
    In summary, the contact strategies for mailing materials including 
mailing date are outlined in the table below:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TN13FE19.011

Internet Self-Response Instrument

    The internet application and all related support systems are 
designed to handle the volume of responses that are expected to be 
received by internet in the 2020 Census. It is imperative that the 
application and systems service the scale of the operation in order to 
ensure that users do not experience delays while completing the survey 
or unavailability of the application. In addition, the internet 
application and other associated systems were developed to adhere to 
the highest standards of data security in order to ensure that all 
respondent data are secure and confidential.

F. Census Questionnaire Assistance

    The Census Questionnaire Assistance (CQA) operation has three 
primary functions:
     Provide questionnaire assistance by answering questions 
about specific items on the census questionnaire or other frequently 
asked questions about the census.

[[Page 3753]]

     Provide an option for respondents to complete a census 
interview over the telephone.
     Provide outbound calling in support of Coverage 
Improvement (discussed in the NRFU section below).
    Respondents using the internet instrument will have the ability to 
contact CQA by telephone when web-based self-service help tools cannot 
answer their questions. Each of the 13 supported languages, including 
English, will have its own toll-free number for callers. Respondents 
calling the English and Spanish language lines will initially be 
presented with a self-service Interactive Voice Response system, 
offering an assortment of automated responses to Frequently Asked 
Questions. At any time, respondents may opt to transfer to a customer 
service representative, who is prepared to further assist and enumerate 
them. All callers who need assistance in other languages will be 
connected directly to an appropriately skilled customer service 
representative fluent in the language, based on the toll-free number 
called.

G. Update Leave

    The Update Leave (UL) operation is designed for areas where the 
majority of housing units either do not have mail delivered to the 
physical location of the housing unit or the mail delivery information 
for the housing unit cannot be verified. Designated during TEA 
delineation, UL can occur in geographic areas that:
     Do not have city-style addresses.
     Do not receive mail through city-style addresses.
     Receive mail at post office boxes.
     Have been affected by major disasters.
    The purpose of the UL operation is to update the address and 
feature data for the area assigned and to leave an internet Choice 
questionnaire package at every housing unit identified to allow the 
household to self-respond. Enumerators do not attempt to enumerate the 
household in person at this point.
    Occupants can respond online, using the ID printed on the 
questionnaire, or they can fill out and mail back the paper 
questionnaire. If they have questions or wish to respond on the 
telephone, they can call the CQA number, which is provided in the 
package.
    The UL operation includes mailing a reminder letter and a reminder 
postcard to addresses that are capable of receiving mail within the 
areas designated for UL. These mailed materials include the ID for the 
given address and the website address for the household to use in order 
to respond online. As in TEA 1, where all materials are mailed to 
housing units, any households that do not self-respond will be 
contacted during the NRFU operation. Finally, the UL operation performs 
a check on the quality of the address listing work (quality control 
[QC]) on approximately 10 percent of the production workload.

H. Update Enumerate

    The Update Enumerate (UE) operation is designated for areas where 
the initial visit requires enumerating at the living quarters while 
updating the address list. The majority of the operation will occur in 
remote geographic areas that have unique challenges associated with 
accessibility. UE can occur in the following geographic areas:
     Remote Alaska.
     Areas that were a part of the 2010 Census Remote UE 
operation, such as northern parts of Maine and southeast Alaska.
     Select American Indian areas that request to be enumerated 
in person during the initial visit.
    Note that the areas included in the 2010 Census Remote Update 
Enumerate operation might be delineated into TEA 1 or TEA 6 for the 
2020 Census, based on changes in address type or mailability.
    In the UE operation, field staff update the address and feature 
data and enumerate respondents in person. The address and feature data 
are updated on paper address registers and paper maps. The enumeration 
is collected on paper questionnaires. Field staff conducting UE follow 
a specific contact strategy for the remote locations and conduct any 
needed follow-up. The UE operation will promote the quality of the 
address work and of the enumeration data by having staff work in pairs 
and by supervisors reviewing all data collected for completion and any 
anomalies. Supervisors will rework an area to collect geographic and/or 
enumeration data when necessary to improve the quality of the collected 
data. Rework is expected on no more than 10 percent of the total 
workload of cases.

I. Non-ID Processing

    For the 2020 Census, respondents will be encouraged, but not 
required, to use the Census Bureau's preassigned ID for the living 
quarters. Within the internet instrument, and, consequently, within 
CQA, it will be possible for respondents to submit their census 
response without the preassigned ID. Non-ID Processing is the effort to 
associate census responses that lack a Census ID with records included 
on the Census Bureau's 2020 Census address frame. This processing can 
occur through automated or clerical procedures. With the ISR instrument 
collecting the response and address data, it will be possible to 
perform automated processing to determine whether the address was 
already included on the address frame and extracted from the MAF. For 
those Non-ID responses not matched during automated processing, a 
clerical operation will make a further attempt to match the address to 
the 2020 Census address frame and validate nonmatching addresses. Some 
of the clerical work may require contacting the respondent to help 
determine a match or to verify the existence and location of the 
address; this is known as Non-ID Processing Phone Followup. Any 
nonmatching address whose existence and location cannot be verified by 
the clerical Non-ID operation will become a Field Verification 
assignment, handled as a component of the NRFU operation. Notably, 
Field Verification is only an address verification effort and does not 
include collection of the census questionnaire data.

J. Nonresponse Followup

    The NRFU operation serves two primary purposes:
     Determines or resolves housing unit status for addresses 
included in the NRFU workload.
     Enumerates housing units that are determined to have a 
housing unit status of occupied.
    The NRFU workload is comprised of addresses from a number of 
sources, including:
     Nonresponding addresses in TEAs 1 and 6.
     Blank mail returns or mail returns otherwise deemed to be 
too incomplete.
     Addresses considered to represent new or recently 
completed housing. These addresses are identified by the spring 2020 
USPS Delivery Sequence File and other special efforts undertaken to 
identify new housing around the time of the census--New Construction 
and Housing Unit Count Review; addresses upheld in the Local Update of 
Census Addresses appeals process; and potentially other addresses 
determined to require follow-up after the initial enumeration universe 
is established.
     Addresses with a vacant status (reported as 0 occupants) 
from internet Self-Response.
     Field Verification cases.
     Coverage Improvement cases.
     Self-Response Quality Assurance cases.
    The 2020 Census NRFU operation will be different from the NRFU 
operation conducted in the 2010

[[Page 3754]]

Census. The Census Bureau will implement a NRFU operational design that 
utilizes a combination of the following:
     Automation to facilitate data collection.
     Administrative records and third-party data usage to 
reduce the workload.
     Reengineering of staffing and management of field 
operations.
     A best-time-to-contact model to increase the likelihood of 
making contact attempts when an enumerator will find people at home.
    After giving the population in the United States and Puerto Rico an 
opportunity to self-respond to the 2020 Census, the Census Bureau will 
use the most cost-effective strategy for contacting and counting people 
to ensure an accurate count.
    During the NRFU operation, enumerators will visit each housing unit 
designated for follow-up and determine whether the unit exists and then 
the occupancy status of the unit on April 1, 2020. If the unit exists, 
they complete an interview using an automated application on a 
smartphone. The devices will use a secure Census Bureau-provided 
enumeration application solution for conducting the NRFU field data 
collection. Enumeration data and workload updates will be transmitted 
between the NRFU instruments and response processing systems on a 
regular basis. Various techniques will be used during NRFU to make the 
data collection as efficient as possible. The number of allowed 
attempts to contact will be controlled within the automated instrument, 
and best-time-to-contact modeling will be used in the creation of the 
daily assignments. Every case in the NRFU workload will initially have 
a maximum of six unique contact days. (During the Closeout phase of the 
operation, cases may receive additional attempts, as necessary, to 
resolve incomplete cases.) After a third attempt to contact a household 
does not yield a respondent, a case will become proxy-eligible. A proxy 
is a neighbor, landlord, real estate agent, or other knowledgeable 
person who can provide information about the unit and the people who 
live there. An enumerator should attempt three proxies after each 
noninterview for a proxy-eligible case.
    In addition to the initial in-person contact attempt, these 
addresses will also receive a final mailing that encourages occupants 
to self-respond to the 2020 Census. If the initial in-person contact 
attempt is unsuccessful, the Census Bureau will use administrative 
records for the unit status or as the household response data when it 
has high-quality administrative records from trusted sources. 
Undeliverable-As-Addressed information from the USPS will serve as the 
primary administrative records source for the identification of vacant 
addresses and addresses that do not exist. Examples of sources of 
administrative records and third-party data used to enumerate occupied 
housing units include IRS Individual Tax Returns, IRS Information 
Returns, and the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Statistics Medicare 
Enrollment Database. Addresses will also be removed from the workload 
throughout the course of the NRFU operation as self-responses continue 
to be received.

Early NRFU

    Early NRFU occurs in areas where there are high concentrations of 
college students living in off-campus housing who are unlikely to be 
present during the scheduled dates for regular NRFU. The enumeration 
procedures for early NRFU are the same as regular NRFU, but just 
conducted at an earlier time to accommodate the schedules of select 
colleges and universities. Any early NRFU addresses that are unresolved 
by the start of NRFU will receive additional field attempts during 
regular NRFU.

NRFU Reinterview

    The NRFU Reinterview program will check the quality of the work 
done by enumerators in NRFU. A sample of approximately 5 percent of 
NRFU interviews will be selected for verification through NRFU 
Reinterview. The NRFU Reinterview program involves conducting an 
independent field reinterview for selected cases to verify that an 
enumerator conducted the interview and followed procedures. The NRFU 
Reinterview interviewer/enumerator always attempts to contact the 
respondent from the original interview, which may be a household 
member, neighbor, or some other proxy. If the original respondent 
confirms that he/she was contacted and an enumerator conducted the 
original interview, the NRFU Reinterview interviewer/enumerator 
collects roster names and ends the interview. If the respondent was not 
contacted or does not know if an enumerator conducted the original 
interview, the NRFU Reinterview interviewer/enumerator conducts a full 
interview with the respondent.
    During the early weeks of NRFU, enumerators will conduct interviews 
with multiunit structure managers to determine the occupancy status of 
nonresponding units within the multiunit structure. This Manager Visit 
(MV) allows enumerators to identify several units as vacant or delete 
without having to attempt each unit individually. Enumerators have a 
maximum of two unique contact days to complete the MV cases. The MV 
Reinterview program will check the quality of work done by enumerators 
during the MV and will target MVs with high numbers of vacant and 
delete unit statuses. During the MV Reinterview, the enumerator will 
ask to speak to the manager from the original MV interview. If the 
respondent confirms that he/she was contacted and an enumerator 
conducted the original interview, the MV RI enumerator asks about a 
subset of the list checked during the MV. If the respondent was not 
contacted or does not know if an enumerator conducted the original MV 
interview, the MV Reinterview enumerator conducts a full interview and 
asks about the entire list during the MV.
    The NRFU universe also includes cases from Non-ID Processing that 
were not able to be matched to the address frame. As discussed in the 
Non-ID section, these are Field Verification (FV) cases, where the 
enumerators attempt to locate the address in question and collect its 
Global Positioning System (GPS) coordinates. A sample of the FV cases 
is selected for verification through FV QC. Since FV cases only require 
an enumerator to determine the existence of an address and will not 
require an interview with a respondent, the FV QC program will consist 
of an independent check of the production enumerators where the FV QC 
enumerator will conduct the same procedures as the FV enumerator. FV 
cases, along with their QC component, have a maximum of one field 
contact day.
    The Coverage Improvement operation resolves categories of erroneous 
enumerations (people counted in the wrong place or counted more than 
once) and omissions (people who were missed) identified through 
collected enumeration data. The Coverage Improvement operation will 
attempt to resolve these issues from both self-response and NRFU 
responses. All cases that are selected for Coverage Improvement with a 
valid phone number will be subject to an interview attempt by a CQA 
Customer Service Representative. The workload identified for the 
Coverage Improvement operation will be responses where a household 
enumeration shows a difference between the answer for the number of 
people within the household and the number of people enumerated, and 
answers to coverage questions in the initial enumeration that reflect 
potential

[[Page 3755]]

coverage errors. Automation and the internet self-response option 
should reduce the prevalence of these types of respondent errors as 
compared to the 2010 Census, which was completed almost entirely on 
paper questionnaires.
    Self-Response Quality Assurance cases are generated as part of the 
quality assurance efforts for self-response. This re-collection of the 
enumeration data will also be worked within NRFU.

K. Group Quarters

    The 2020 Census Group Quarters (GQ) operation will enumerate people 
living or staying in group quarters and will provide an opportunity for 
people experiencing homelessness and receiving service at a service-
based location, such as a soup kitchen, to be counted in the census.
    The 2020 Census GQ operation consists of the following components:
     In-Office GQ Advance Contact.
     GQ Enumeration.
     Service-Based Enumeration.
     Military Enumeration.
     Maritime Vessel (Shipboard) Enumeration.

In-Office GQ Advance Contact

    The In-Office GQ Advance Contact is an in-office activity conducted 
in the area census offices. Preferred dates, times, methods of 
enumeration, and expected population on Census Day will be collected. 
Special instructions or concerns related to privacy, confidentiality, 
and security will also be addressed.

GQ Enumeration

    The GQ Enumeration will cover all 50 states, the District of 
Columbia, and Puerto Rico. An additional late GQ enumeration phase 
allows for the stakeholder identification and enumeration of group 
quarters that may have been missed during the earlier time frame. The 
primary method of conducting in-person enumeration of people residing 
in group quarters will be by using the Individual Census Questionnaire 
as the paper data collection instrument. In-person interviewing is 
planned for all group quarter types that are part of the field 
enumeration workload.

GQ Enumeration--eResponse Data Transfer

    eResponse uses electronic data transfer from GQ administrators to 
the Census Bureau. Client-level data from systems maintained by GQ 
Administrators can be transferred to a standardized Census Bureau 
system that will accept electronically submitted data in a standardized 
template. These data will be accepted in lieu of use of the Individual 
Census Questionnaire if data are deemed to be of sufficiently high 
quality and completeness.

Service-Based Enumeration

    The Service-Based Enumeration is specifically designed to approach 
people using service facilities because they may be missed during the 
traditional enumeration at housing units and group quarters. These 
service locations and outdoor locations include the following:
     Shelters: Shelters with sleeping facilities for people 
experiencing homelessness; shelters for children who are runaways, 
neglected, or experiencing homelessness.
     Soup kitchens.
     Regularly scheduled mobile food vans: Stops where 
regularly scheduled mobile food vans distribute meals.
     Targeted nonsheltered outdoor locations.
    For the 2020 Census, the Service-Based Enumeration operation will 
be conducted over the three-day period that ends on April 1, 2020, 
Census Day. Service providers for shelters, soup kitchens, and 
regularly scheduled mobile food vans will be given the flexibility for 
their facility to be enumerated on any one of the three days. Targeted 
nonsheltered outdoor locations will be enumerated April 1, 2020. Field 
partnership specialists with local knowledge will help to identify 
nonsheltered outdoor locations during the time of the census.

Domestic Violence Shelters

    Domestic violence shelters are facilities for those seeking safety 
from domestic violence. Domestic violence shelters are enumerated using 
special procedures and specially trained personnel. These special 
procedures include inviting members of the National Coalition Against 
Domestic Violence state coalitions to participate in the 2020 Census 
Group Quarters Update Program to create a comprehensive and current 
address listing for domestic violence shelters. These special 
procedures are designed to protect the safety and security of 
respondents being enumerated at these locations.

Military Enumeration and Maritime Vessel Enumeration

    Military Enumeration involves enumeration of people living in GQs 
or barracks on stateside military installations or military vessels. 
Military installations are fenced, secured areas used for military 
purposes. An important feature of the military enumeration operation is 
that it includes both group quarters and housing units. A military 
vessel is defined as a United States Navy or United States Coast Guard 
vessel assigned to a home port in the United States. See part Q for 
methods we will use to count overseas military.

L. Paper Data Capture

    The Paper Data Capture operation scans and converts data from 2020 
Census paper questionnaires. Core sources for the Paper Data Capture 
operation include housing unit self-response questionnaires mailed back 
by respondents and Group Quarters Individual Census Reports. The Census 
Bureau's in-house Integrated Computer Assisted Data Entry system is 
used to capture paper responses from questionnaires. Each write-in and 
checkbox data field is data-captured, and Optical Character Recognition 
and Optical Mark Recognition are performed. If Key From Image is needed 
for forms that cannot be processed through Optical Character 
Recognition or Optical Mark Recognition, staff are presented the image 
of the page and are able to clarify, correct, or add to what was 
captured. The Census Bureau maintains the data, images of the forms, 
and the paper forms themselves until confirmation that the data have 
been correctly captured, at which point the paper forms are sent to 
destruction while the data and images are retained. The Census Bureau 
maintains the images for archiving purposes until such time as the 
National Archiving and Records Administration takes possession of the 
images for permanent archiving.

M. Response Processing

    The Response Processing Operation (RPO) supports the three major 
components of the 2020 Census: Pre-data collection activities, data 
collection activities, and post-data collection activities. 
Specifically, the operation supports the following activities:
    Pre-data collection:
     Create and distribute the initial 2020 Census enumeration 
universe of living quarters.
     Assign the specific enumeration strategy for each living 
quarter based on case status and associated paradata.
    Data collection:
     Create and distribute workload files required for 
enumeration operations.
     Track case enumeration status.
     Check for suspicious returns.
    Post-data collection:
     Run post-data collection processing actions in preparation 
for producing the final 2020 Census results.

[[Page 3756]]

N. Redistricting Data Program

    The purpose of the 2020 Census Redistricting Data Program (RDP) is 
to provide to each state the legally required redistricting data 
tabulations by the mandated deadline of one year from Census Day: April 
1, 2021. In compliance with Public Law (P.L.) 94-171, the Census Bureau 
will tabulate for each state the total population counts by race and 
Hispanic origin. The Census Bureau will tabulate these counts for the 
total population and for the population age 18 and over in a prototype 
redistricting data file released as part of the 2018 End-to-End Census 
Test. The Census Bureau intends to work with stakeholders, specifically 
``the officers or public bodies having initial responsibility for the 
legislative apportionment of each state,'' to solicit feedback on the 
content of the prototype redistricting data file. If those stakeholders 
indicate a need for tabulations of citizenship data on the 2020 Census 
Public Law 94-171 Redistricting Data File, the Census Bureau will make 
a design change to include citizenship as part of that data, if 
collected. That new design would then be published in the Federal 
Register after it is completed in the summer of 2019. The Census Bureau 
will also tabulate housing unit counts by occupancy status (occupied or 
vacant) and provide total population counts for group quarters by group 
quarters type. For the prototype and for the 2020 Census Redistricting 
Data Files, the Census Bureau will provide these tabulations for a 
variety of standard census geographic areas including state, county, 
place, tract, and tabulation block. If states provide their 
congressional, legislative, and voting district boundaries through the 
Redistricting Data Program, the Census Bureau will also provide the 
tabulations for these areas. Tabulations by congressional, legislative, 
and voting districts will be available for the 50 states; equivalent 
tabulations will be available for the District of Columbia and the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
    This program has a separate OMB clearance number. There is more 
detail about this program in Federal Register Notice ``Redistricting 
Data Program,'' July 26, 2018, (Vol. 83, No. 144, pp. 35458-35460. FR 
Doc No. 2018-15972).

O. Data Products and Dissemination

    The Data Products and Dissemination (DPD) operation performs three 
primary functions:
     Prepare and deliver the 2020 Census apportionment data for 
the President of the United States to provide to Congress by December 
31, 2020.
     Tabulate 2020 Census data products for use by the states 
for redistricting.
     Tabulate and disseminate 2020 Census data for use by the 
public.
    The DPD operation produces information required by Public Law to 
satisfy apportionment and redistricting requirements. Title 13, U.S. 
Code (U.S.C.) requires that the apportionment population counts be 
delivered to the Office of the President within nine months of the 
census date. Apportionment counts are based on the Census Unedited 
File, the Federally Affiliated Overseas Personnel and Dependents Count 
File, and a geographic file of state changes. For the 2020 Census, the 
census date is April 1, 2020, and the President will receive the counts 
by December 31, 2020.
    The DPD operation is also responsible for the production and 
dissemination of many data products, including national and state 
summary files, tabulated informational files, and data comparison 
tables. This includes electronic and printed products that cover 
population and housing unit tabulations, geographical maps, and 
products specific to the Island Areas (U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, 
American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands).
    The Center for Enterprise Dissemination Services and Consumer 
Innovation initiative is responsible for developing enterprise 
dissemination requirements. DPD is conducting a thorough review of the 
past product design (cross-tabulations and iterations of 
characteristics), while also looking to ensure that users can find data 
after the 2020 Census quickly and easily. The Census Bureau will 
undertake a thorough analysis of the proposed 2020 Census data products 
in keeping with our sworn obligation to protect respondents' data as 
data stewards under Title 13. Federal Register Notice ``Soliciting 
Feedback from Users on 2020 Census Data Products,'' July 19, 2018 (Vol. 
83, pp. 34111--34112, FR Doc No. 2018-15458) was published with a 60-
day comment period. It requested feedback from users on specific tables 
and geographic detail for decennial census products such as Summary 
File 1, Summary File 2, and the Demographic Profile. The last day to 
provide comment on the notice was September 17, 2018. Subsequently, 
this notice was reopened for an additional 30-day comment period on 
October 9, 2018 (Vol. 83, p. 50636, FR Doc No. 2018-21837). The last 
day to provide comments on this notice was November 8, 2018. The final 
suite of 2020 Census data products will be determined in the summer of 
2019.

P. Archiving

    The Archiving (ARC) operation performs the following functions:
     Coordinate storage of the materials and data and provides 
records deemed permanent as the official data of the 2020 Census, 
including files containing the individual responses to the 2020 Census, 
to the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
     Provide similar files to the Census Bureau's National 
Processing Center in Indiana to use as source materials to conduct the 
Age Search Service.
     Store data to cover in-house needs.

Q. Federally Affiliated Count Overseas

    The Federally Affiliated Count Overseas operation obtains counts by 
home state of United States military and federal civilian employees who 
are stationed or assigned overseas and their dependents living with 
them. For the 2020 Census, overseas is defined as anywhere outside the 
50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Island Areas: 
American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and 
the United States Virgin Islands. Counts are submitted from federal 
agencies and the Department of Defense (Defense Manpower Data Command) 
through a Census Bureau secure server and are used to allocate the 
federally affiliated population living overseas to their home state for 
the purposes of apportioning seats in the U.S. House of 
Representatives. If military and federal civilian employees of the U.S. 
government are deployed overseas while stationed or assigned within the 
U.S., they are counted at their U.S. residence where they live or sleep 
most of the time using administrative data provided by federal agencies 
and the Department of Defense. See Section K for more info on how we 
count stateside military personnel.

R. Island Areas Censuses

    The purpose of the Island Areas Censuses (IAC) operation is to 
enumerate all residents of American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the 
Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands; 
process and tabulate the collected data; and disseminate data products 
to the public. All data collection activities for the IAC will rely on 
the use of paper questionnaires, paper maps, and paper address 
registers to record the physical addresses of housing units and group 
quarters. The IAC questionnaire will leverage the American Community

[[Page 3757]]

Survey questionnaire with minor wording changes in order to take into 
account the Island Areas local governments' concerns, where possible.
    Enumerators will list the addresses using paper address registers. 
Once the addresses have been listed, enumerators will visit every 
living quarter to conduct interviews with household members and follow 
up as necessary. The IAC will perform a clerical review of all 
completed questionnaires for completeness and data consistency, a 
reinterview for a sample of questionnaires, and an independent address 
check. The response data will be processed through the Decennial 
Response Processing System. Data products will include counts of the 
population and housing units, data profiles, subject tables, ranking 
tables, and supplemental tables.

S. Evaluations and Experiments

    The Census Bureau is not currently planning a separate package for 
the Evaluations and Experiments program, as has been done in past 
censuses. For the 2020 Census, these evaluations and experiments will 
be described either as Substantive Changes to this package, to the 
Census Bureau's Post-Enumeration Survey Independent Listing and QC OMB 
package, or within the Generic Clearance for Decennial Census Field 
Tests and Evaluations, covered under OMB approval 0607-0971.
    Affected Public: Individuals or Households.
    Frequency: Once every 10 years.
    Respondent's Obligation: Mandatory.
    Legal Authority: Title 13, United States Code, Section 141.
    This information collection request may be viewed at 
www.reginfo.gov. Follow the instructions to view Department of Commerce 
collections currently under review by OMB.
    Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information 
collection, identified by Docket number OMB-2018-0004, may be submitted 
to the Federal e-Rulemaking portal: https://www.regulations.gov within 
30 days of publication of this notice. You may also submit comments and 
recommendations to 2020_Census_Comments@omb.eop.gov or fax to (202) 
395-5806. All comments received are part of the public record and will 
be posted to http://www.regulations.gov for public viewing. Comments 
will generally be posted without change. All Personally Identifiable 
Information (for example, name and address) voluntarily submitted by 
the commenter may be publicly accessible. Do not submit confidential 
business information or otherwise sensitive or protected information. 
You may submit attachments to electronic comments in Microsoft Word, 
Excel, WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF file formats only.

Sheleen Dumas,
Departmental Lead PRA Officer, Office of the Chief Information Officer, 
Commerce Department.
[FR Doc. 2019-02223 Filed 2-12-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 3510-07-P