Rules of Practice and Procedure; Adjusting Civil Money Penalties for Inflation, 2437 [2019-00948]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 26 / Thursday, February 7, 2019 / Rules and Regulations amounts will apply to penalties assessed on or after the effective date of this rule. Agencies do not have discretion in choosing whether to adjust a CMP, by how much to adjust a CMP, or the methods used to determine the adjustment. FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION 12 CFR Part 1411 RIN 3055–AA15 Rules of Practice and Procedure; Adjusting Civil Money Penalties for Inflation B. CMPs Imposed Pursuant to Section 5.65 of the Farm Credit Act Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This rule implements inflation adjustments to civil money penalties (CMPs) that the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation (FCSIC) may impose under the Farm Credit Act of 1971, as amended. These adjustments are required by 2015 amendments to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990. DATES Effective Date: This rule will become effective February 7, 2019. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Howard Rubin, General Counsel, Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation, 1501 Farm Credit Drive, McLean, Virginia 22102, (703) 883–4380, TTY (703) 883–4390. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: A. Background The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (the 2015 Act) amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (the Inflation Adjustment Act) 1 to improve the effectiveness of civil monetary penalties and to maintain their deterrent effect. The Inflation Adjustment Act provides for the regular evaluation of CMPs and requires FCSIC, and every other Federal agency with authority to impose CMPs, to ensure that CMPs continue to maintain their deterrent values.2 FCSIC must enact regulations that annually adjust its CMPs pursuant to the inflation adjustment formula of the amended Inflation Adjustment Act and rounded using a method prescribed by the Inflation Adjustment Act. The new 1 Pub. L. 101–410, Oct. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 104–134, title III, sec. 31001(s)(1), Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321–373; Pub. L. 105–362, title XIII, sec. 1301(a), Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3293; Pub. L. 114–74, title VII, sec. 701(b), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 599. 2 Under the amended Inflation Adjustment Act, a CMP is defined as any penalty, fine, or other sanction that: (1) Either is for a specific monetary amount as provided by Federal law or has a maximum amount provided for by Federal law; (2) is assessed or enforced by an agency pursuant to Federal law; and (3) is assessed or enforced pursuant to an administrative proceeding or a civil action in the Federal courts. All three requirements must be met for a fine to be considered a CMP. VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:51 Feb 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 First, section 5.65(c) of the Farm Credit Act, as amended (Act), provides that any insured Farm Credit System bank that willfully fails or refuses to file any certified statement or pay any required premium shall be subject to a penalty of not more than $100 for each day that such violations continue, which penalty FCSIC may recover for its use.3 Second, section 5.65(d) of the Act provides that, except with the prior written consent of the Farm Credit Administration, it shall be unlawful for any person convicted of any criminal offense involving dishonesty or a breach of trust to serve as a director, officer, or employee of any System institution.4 For each willful violation of section 5.65(d), the institution involved shall be subject to a penalty of not more than $100 for each day during which the violation continues, which FCSIC may recover for its use. FCSIC’s current § 1411.1 provides that FCSIC can impose a maximum penalty of $205 per day for a violation under section 5.65(c) and (d) of the Act. C. Required Adjustments The 2015 Act requires agencies to make annual adjustments for inflation. Annual inflation adjustments are based on the percent change between the October Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (CPI–U) preceding the date of the adjustment, and the prior year’s October CPI–U. Based on the CPI–U for October 2018, not seasonally adjusted, the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier for 2019 is 1.02522.5 Multiplying 1.02522 times the current penalty amount of $205, after rounding to the nearest dollar as required by the 2015 Act, results is a new penalty amount of $210. D. Notice and Comment Not Required by Administrative Procedure Act In accordance with the 2015 Act, Federal agencies shall adjust civil monetary penalties ‘‘notwithstanding’’ Section 553 of the Administrative Procedures Act. This means that public procedure generally required for agency 3 12 U.S.C. 2277a–14(c). U.S.C. 2277a–14(d). 5 See Office of Management and Budget Memorandum M–19–04 (December 14, 2018). 4 12 PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 2437 rulemaking—notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay in effective date—is not required for agencies to issue regulations implementing the annual adjustment. List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 1411 Banks, banking, Civil money penalties, Penalties. For the reasons stated in the preamble, part 1411 of chapter XIV, title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows: PART 1411—RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE 1. The authority citation for part 1411 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 12 U.S.C. 2277a–7(10), 2277a– 14(c) and (d); 28 U.S.C. 2461 note. ■ 2. Revise § 1411.1 to read as follows: § 1411.1 Inflation adjustment of civil money penalties for failure to file a certified statement, pay any premium required or obtain approval before employment of persons convicted of criminal offenses. In accordance with the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended, a civil money penalty imposed pursuant to section 5.65(c) or (d) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971, as amended, shall not exceed $210 per day for each day the violation continues. Dated: January 30, 2019. Dale Aultman, Secretary, Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. [FR Doc. 2019–00948 Filed 2–6–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6705–01–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2019–0015; Product Identifier 2018–NM–179–AD; Amendment 39–19550; AD 2019–02–03] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule; request for comments. AGENCY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all The Boeing Company Model 787–8, 787–9, and 787–10 airplanes. This AD requires revising the existing maintenance or inspection program, as applicable, to SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\07FER1.SGM 07FER1

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[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 26 (Thursday, February 7, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Page 2437]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-00948]



[[Page 2437]]

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FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION

12 CFR Part 1411

RIN 3055-AA15


Rules of Practice and Procedure; Adjusting Civil Money Penalties 
for Inflation

AGENCY: Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: This rule implements inflation adjustments to civil money 
penalties (CMPs) that the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation 
(FCSIC) may impose under the Farm Credit Act of 1971, as amended. These 
adjustments are required by 2015 amendments to the Federal Civil 
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990.

DATES Effective Date: This rule will become effective February 7, 2019.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Howard Rubin, General Counsel, Farm 
Credit System Insurance Corporation, 1501 Farm Credit Drive, McLean, 
Virginia 22102, (703) 883-4380, TTY (703) 883-4390.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

A. Background

    The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements 
Act of 2015 (the 2015 Act) amended the Federal Civil Penalties 
Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (the Inflation Adjustment Act) \1\ to 
improve the effectiveness of civil monetary penalties and to maintain 
their deterrent effect. The Inflation Adjustment Act provides for the 
regular evaluation of CMPs and requires FCSIC, and every other Federal 
agency with authority to impose CMPs, to ensure that CMPs continue to 
maintain their deterrent values.\2\
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    \1\ Pub. L. 101-410, Oct. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by 
Pub. L. 104-134, title III, sec. 31001(s)(1), Apr. 26, 1996, 110 
Stat. 1321-373; Pub. L. 105-362, title XIII, sec. 1301(a), Nov. 10, 
1998, 112 Stat. 3293; Pub. L. 114-74, title VII, sec. 701(b), Nov. 
2, 2015, 129 Stat. 599.
    \2\ Under the amended Inflation Adjustment Act, a CMP is defined 
as any penalty, fine, or other sanction that: (1) Either is for a 
specific monetary amount as provided by Federal law or has a maximum 
amount provided for by Federal law; (2) is assessed or enforced by 
an agency pursuant to Federal law; and (3) is assessed or enforced 
pursuant to an administrative proceeding or a civil action in the 
Federal courts. All three requirements must be met for a fine to be 
considered a CMP.
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    FCSIC must enact regulations that annually adjust its CMPs pursuant 
to the inflation adjustment formula of the amended Inflation Adjustment 
Act and rounded using a method prescribed by the Inflation Adjustment 
Act. The new amounts will apply to penalties assessed on or after the 
effective date of this rule. Agencies do not have discretion in 
choosing whether to adjust a CMP, by how much to adjust a CMP, or the 
methods used to determine the adjustment.

B. CMPs Imposed Pursuant to Section 5.65 of the Farm Credit Act

    First, section 5.65(c) of the Farm Credit Act, as amended (Act), 
provides that any insured Farm Credit System bank that willfully fails 
or refuses to file any certified statement or pay any required premium 
shall be subject to a penalty of not more than $100 for each day that 
such violations continue, which penalty FCSIC may recover for its 
use.\3\ Second, section 5.65(d) of the Act provides that, except with 
the prior written consent of the Farm Credit Administration, it shall 
be unlawful for any person convicted of any criminal offense involving 
dishonesty or a breach of trust to serve as a director, officer, or 
employee of any System institution.\4\ For each willful violation of 
section 5.65(d), the institution involved shall be subject to a penalty 
of not more than $100 for each day during which the violation 
continues, which FCSIC may recover for its use.
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    \3\ 12 U.S.C. 2277a-14(c).
    \4\ 12 U.S.C. 2277a-14(d).
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    FCSIC's current Sec.  1411.1 provides that FCSIC can impose a 
maximum penalty of $205 per day for a violation under section 5.65(c) 
and (d) of the Act.

C. Required Adjustments

    The 2015 Act requires agencies to make annual adjustments for 
inflation. Annual inflation adjustments are based on the percent change 
between the October Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (CPI-
U) preceding the date of the adjustment, and the prior year's October 
CPI-U. Based on the CPI-U for October 2018, not seasonally adjusted, 
the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier for 2019 is 1.02522.\5\ 
Multiplying 1.02522 times the current penalty amount of $205, after 
rounding to the nearest dollar as required by the 2015 Act, results is 
a new penalty amount of $210.
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    \5\ See Office of Management and Budget Memorandum M-19-04 
(December 14, 2018).
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D. Notice and Comment Not Required by Administrative Procedure Act

    In accordance with the 2015 Act, Federal agencies shall adjust 
civil monetary penalties ``notwithstanding'' Section 553 of the 
Administrative Procedures Act. This means that public procedure 
generally required for agency rulemaking--notice, an opportunity for 
comment, and a delay in effective date--is not required for agencies to 
issue regulations implementing the annual adjustment.

List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 1411

    Banks, banking, Civil money penalties, Penalties.

    For the reasons stated in the preamble, part 1411 of chapter XIV, 
title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

PART 1411--RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

0
1. The authority citation for part 1411 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 2277a-7(10), 2277a-14(c) and (d); 28 U.S.C. 
2461 note.


0
2. Revise Sec.  1411.1 to read as follows:


Sec.  1411.1  Inflation adjustment of civil money penalties for failure 
to file a certified statement, pay any premium required or obtain 
approval before employment of persons convicted of criminal offenses.

    In accordance with the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment 
Act of 1990, as amended, a civil money penalty imposed pursuant to 
section 5.65(c) or (d) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971, as amended, 
shall not exceed $210 per day for each day the violation continues.

    Dated: January 30, 2019.
 Dale Aultman,
Secretary, Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation.
[FR Doc. 2019-00948 Filed 2-6-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6705-01-P