Adjustment of Civil Monetary Penalties for Inflation, 971-974 [2019-00670]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 22 / Friday, February 1, 2019 / Rules and Regulations or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. If you believe this rule has implications for federalism or Indian tribes, please contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section above. E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531–1538) requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for inflation) or more in any one year. Though this rule will not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule elsewhere in this preamble. F. Environment We have analyzed this rule under Department of Homeland Security Directive 023–01 and Commandant Instruction M16475.1D, which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321–4370f), and have determined that this action is one of a category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. This rule involves a safety zone lasting approximately 30 days that will prohibit entry within 500 yards of the vessels being used for sub-surface containment installation. It is categorically excluded from further review under paragraph L(60)a of Appendix A, Table 1 of DHS Instruction Manual 023–01–001–01, Rev. 01. A Record of Environmental Consideration supporting this determination will be made available in the docket where indicated under ADDRESSES. G. Protest Activities The Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of protesters. Protesters are asked to contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to coordinate protest activities so that your message can be received without jeopardizing the safety or security of people, places or vessels. List of Subjects in 33 CFR Part 165 Harbors, Marine safety, Navigation (water), Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Security measures, Waterways. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard amends 33 CFR part 165 as follows: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:07 Jan 31, 2019 Jkt 247001 PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows: [Docket ID ED–2019–OGC–0004] ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 70034; 46 U.S.C. 70051; 33 CFR 1.05–1, 6.04–1, 6.04–6, and 160.5; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. 2. Add § 165.T08–0030 to read as follows: ■ § 165.T08–0030 Safety Zone; Mississippi Canyon Block 20, South of New Orleans, LA, Gulf of Mexico. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: All navigable waters within a 500-yard radius around the vessels, OCEAN PATRIOT and ROSS CANDIES, in Mississippi Canyon Block 20, South of New Orleans, LA, in the Gulf of Mexico. (b) Effective period. This section is effective from 6 a.m. on February 14, 2019, through 8 p.m. on March 14, 2019. (c) Regulations. (1) In accordance with the general regulations in § 165.23, entry into or remaining within this zone is prohibited unless authorized by the Captain of the Port Sector New Orleans (COTP) or designated representative. A designated representative is a commissioned, warrant, or petty officer of the U.S. Coast Guard assigned to units under the operational control of USCG Sector New Orleans. (2) Vessels requiring entry into this safety zone must request permission from the COTP or a designated representative. They may be contacted on VHF–FM Channel 16 or 67 or by telephone at (504) 365–2200. (3) Persons and vessels permitted to enter this safety zone must transit at their slowest safe speed and comply with all lawful directions issued by the COTP or the designated representative. (d) Information broadcasts. The COTP or a designated representative will inform the public of the enforcement times and date for this safety zone through Broadcast Notices to Mariners (BNMs), Local Notices to Mariners (LNMs), and/or Marine Safety Information Bulletins (MSIBs) as appropriate. Dated: January 28, 2019. K.M. Luttrell, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port Sector New Orleans. [FR Doc. 2019–00511 Filed 1–31–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–04–P PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 971 34 CFR Parts 36 and 668 RIN 1801–AA18 Adjustment of Civil Monetary Penalties for Inflation Department of Education. Final regulations. AGENCY: ACTION: The Department of Education (Department) issues these final regulations to adjust the Department’s civil monetary penalties (CMPs) for inflation. This adjustment is required by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act), which amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (Inflation Adjustment Act). These final regulations provide the 2019 annual inflation adjustments being made to the penalty amounts in the Department’s final regulations published in the Federal Register on January 16, 2018 (2018 final rule). DATES: These regulations are effective February 1, 2019. The adjusted CMPs established by these regulations are applicable only to civil penalties assessed after February 1, 2019 whose associated violations occurred after November 2, 2015. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Levon Schlichter, U.S. Department of Education, Office of the General Counsel, 400 Maryland Avenue SW, Room 6E235, Washington, DC 20202– 2241. Telephone: (202) 453–6387. Email: levon.schlichter@ed.gov. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) or a text telephone (TTY), call the Federal Relay Service, toll free, at 1–800–877–8339. Individuals with disabilities can obtain this document in an accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or compact disc) on request to the contact person listed in this section. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background. A CMP is defined in the Inflation Adjustment Act (28 U.S.C. 2461 note) as any penalty, fine, or other sanction that is (1) for a specific monetary amount as provided by Federal law, or has a maximum amount provided for by Federal law; (2) assessed or enforced by an agency pursuant to Federal law; and (3) assessed or enforced pursuant to an administrative proceeding or a civil action in the Federal courts. The Inflation Adjustment Act provides for the regular evaluation of SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\01FER1.SGM 01FER1 972 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 22 / Friday, February 1, 2019 / Rules and Regulations CMPs to ensure that they continue to maintain their deterrent value. The Inflation Adjustment Act required that each agency issue regulations to adjust its CMPs beginning in 1996 and at least every four years thereafter. The Department published its most recent cost adjustment to its CMPs in the Federal Register on January 16, 2018 (83 FR 2062), and those adjustments became effective on the date of publication. The 2015 Act (section 701 of Pub. L. 114–74) amended the Inflation Adjustment Act to improve the effectiveness of CMPs and to maintain their deterrent effect. The 2015 Act requires agencies to: (1) Adjust the level of CMPs with an initial ‘‘catch-up’’ adjustment through an interim final rule (IFR); and (2) make subsequent annual adjustments for inflation. Catch-up adjustments are based on the percentage change between the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (CPI–U) for the month of October in the year the penalty was last adjusted by a statute other than the Inflation Adjustment Act, and the October 2015 CPI–U. Annual inflation adjustments are based on the percentage change between the October CPI–U preceding the date of each statutory adjustment, and the prior year’s October CPI–U.1 The Department published an IFR with the initial ‘‘catch-up’’ penalty adjustment amounts on August 1, 2016 (81 FR 50321). In these final regulations, based on the CPI–U for the month of October 2018, not seasonally adjusted, we are annually adjusting each CMP amount by a multiplier for 2019 of 1.02522, as directed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Memorandum No. M–19–04 issued on December 14, 2018. The Department’s Civil Monetary Penalties The following analysis calculates new CMPs for penalty statutes in the order in which they appear in 34 CFR 36.2. The penalty amounts are being adjusted up based on the multiplier of 1.02522 provided in OMB Memorandum No. M– 19–04. Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1015(c)(5). Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1015(c)(5) (Section 131(c)(5) of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA)), as last set out in statute in 1998 (Pub. Law 105–244, title I, section 101(a), October 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1602), is a fine of up to $25,000 for 1 If a statute that created a penalty is amended to change the penalty amount, the Department does not adjust the penalty in the year following the adjustment. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:07 Jan 31, 2019 Jkt 247001 failure by an institution of higher education (IHE) to provide information on the cost of higher education to the Commissioner of Education Statistics. In the 2018 final rule, we increased this amount to $37,601. New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $38,549. Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $37,601 × 1.02522 = $38,549.30, which makes the adjusted penalty $38,549, when rounded to the nearest dollar. Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1022d(a)(3). Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1022d(a)(3) (Section 205(a)(3) of the HEA), as last set out in statute in 2008 (Pub. L. 110–315, title II, section 201(2), August 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 3147), is a fine of up to $27,500 for failure by an IHE to provide information to the State and the public regarding its teacher-preparation programs. In the 2018 final rule, we increased this amount to $31,320. New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $32,110. Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $31,320 × 1.02522 = $32,109.89, which makes the adjusted penalty $32,110, when rounded to the nearest dollar. Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1082(g). Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1082(g) (Section 432(g) of the HEA), as last set out in statute in 1986 (Pub. L. 99–498, title IV, section 402(a), October 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1401), is a fine of up to $25,000 for violations by lenders and guaranty agencies of Title IV of the HEA, which authorizes the Federal Family Education Loan Program. In the 2018 final rule, we increased this amount to $55,907. New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $57,317. Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $55,907 × 1.02522 = $57,316.97, which makes the adjusted penalty $57,317, when rounded to the nearest dollar. Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1094(c)(3)(B). Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1094(c)(3)(B) (Section 487(c)(3)(B) of the HEA), as set out in statute in 1986 (Pub. L. 99–498, title IV, section 407(a), October 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1488), is a fine of up to $25,000 for an IHE’s violation of Title IV of the HEA or its implementing regulations. Title IV authorizes various programs of student financial assistance. In the 2018 final PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 rule, we increased this amount to $55,907. New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $57,317. Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $55,907 × 1.02522 = $57,316.97, which makes the adjusted penalty $57,317, when rounded to the nearest dollar. Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1228c(c)(2)(E). Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1228c(c)(2)(E) (Section 429 of the General Education Provisions Act), as set out in statute in 1994 (Pub. L. 103– 382, title II, section 238, October 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3918), is a fine of up to $1,000 for an educational organization’s failure to disclose certain information to minor students and their parents. In the 2018 final rule, we increased this amount to $1,650. New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $1,692. Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $1,650 × 1.02522 = $1,691.61, which makes the adjusted penalty $1,692, when rounded to the nearest dollar. Statute: 31 U.S.C. 1352(c)(1) and (c)(2)(A). Current Regulations: The CMPs for 31 U.S.C. 1352(c)(1) and (c)(2)(A), as set out in statute in 1989 (Pub. L. 101–121, title III, section 319(a)(1), October 23, 1989, 103 Stat. 750), are a fine of $10,000 to $100,000 for recipients of Government grants, contracts, etc. that improperly lobby Congress or the Executive Branch with respect to the award of Government grants and contracts. In the 2018 final rule, we increased these amounts to $19,639 to $196,387. New Regulations: The new penalties for these sections are $20,134 to $201,340. Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04, the new minimum penalty is calculated as follows: $19,639 × 1.02522 = $20,134.30, which makes the adjusted penalty $20,134, when rounded to the nearest dollar. The new maximum penalty is calculated as follows: $196,387 × 1.02522 = $201,339.88, which makes the adjusted penalty $201,340, when rounded to the nearest dollar. Statute: 31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) and (a)(2). Current Regulations: The CMPs for 31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) and (a)(2), as set out in statute in 1986 (Pub. L. 99–509, title VI, section 6103(a), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1937), are a fine of up to $5,000 for false E:\FR\FM\01FER1.SGM 01FER1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 22 / Friday, February 1, 2019 / Rules and Regulations claims and statements made to the Government. In the 2018 final rule, we increased this amount to $11,181. New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $11,463. Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $11,181 × 1.02522 = $11,462.98, which makes the adjusted penalty $11,463, when rounded to the nearest dollar. Executive Orders 12866, 13563, and 13771 Regulatory Impact Analysis Under Executive Order 12866, it must be determined whether this regulatory action is ‘‘significant’’ and, therefore, subject to the requirements of the Executive order and subject to review by OMB. Section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 defines a significant regulatory action as an action likely to result in a rule that may— (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more, or adversely affect a sector of the economy; productivity; competition; jobs; the environment; public health or safety; or State, local, or Tribal governments or communities in a material way (also referred to as ‘‘economically significant’’ regulations); (2) Create serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an action taken or planned by another agency; (3) Materially alter the budgetary impacts of entitlement grants, user fees, or loan programs or the rights and obligations of recipients thereof; or (4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal mandates, the President’s priorities, or the principles stated in the Executive order. We have determined that these final regulations: (1) Exclusively implement the annual adjustment; (2) are consistent with OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04; and (3) have an annual impact of less than $100 million. Therefore, based on OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04, this is not a significant regulatory action subject to review by OMB under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. We have also reviewed these regulations under Executive Order 13563, which supplements and explicitly reaffirms the principles, structures, and definitions governing regulatory review established in Executive Order 12866. To the extent permitted by law, Executive Order 13563 requires that an agency— (1) Propose or adopt regulations only upon a reasoned determination that their benefits justify their costs (recognizing that some benefits and costs are difficult to quantify); VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:07 Jan 31, 2019 Jkt 247001 (2) Tailor its regulations to impose the least burden on society, consistent with obtaining regulatory objectives and taking into account, among other things, and to the extent practicable, the costs of cumulative regulations; (3) In choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, select those approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety, and other advantages; distributive impacts; and equity); (4) To the extent feasible, specify performance objectives, rather than the behavior or manner of compliance a regulated entity must adopt; and (5) Identify and assess available alternatives to direct regulation, including economic incentives—such as user fees or marketable permits—to encourage the desired behavior, or providing information that enables the public to make choices. Executive Order 13563 also requires an agency ‘‘to use the best available techniques to quantify anticipated present and future benefits and costs as accurately as possible.’’ The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs of OMB has emphasized that these techniques may include ‘‘identifying changing future compliance costs that might result from technological innovation or anticipated behavioral changes.’’ We are issuing these final regulations as required by statute and in accordance with OMB Memorandum No. M–19–04. The Secretary has no discretion to consider alternative approaches as delineated in the Executive order. Based on this analysis and the reasons stated in the preamble, the Department believes that these final regulations are consistent with the principles in Executive Order 13563. Under Executive Order 13771, for each new regulation that the Department proposes for notice and comment or otherwise promulgates that is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866 and that imposes total costs greater than zero, it must identify two deregulatory actions. For fiscal year 2019, any new incremental costs associated with a new regulation must be fully offset by the elimination of existing costs through deregulatory actions. These final regulations are not a significant regulatory action. Therefore, the requirements of Executive Order 13771 do not apply. Waiver of Rulemaking and Delayed Effective Date Under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553), the Department generally offers interested PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 973 parties the opportunity to comment on proposed regulations. However, section 4(b)(2) of the 2015 Act (28 U.S.C. 2461 note) provides that the Secretary can adjust these 2019 penalty amounts notwithstanding the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553. Therefore, the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553 for notice and comment and delaying the effective date of a final rule do not apply here. Regulatory Flexibility Act Certification The Secretary certifies that these regulations will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The formula for the amount of the inflation adjustments is prescribed by statute and is not subject to the Secretary’s discretion. These CMPs are infrequently imposed by the Secretary, and the regulations do not involve any special considerations that might affect the imposition of CMPs on small entities. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 These regulations do not contain any information collection requirements. Intergovernmental Review This program is not subject to Executive Order 12372 and the regulations in 34 CFR part 79. Assessment of Educational Impact Based on our own review, we have determined that these regulations do not require transmission of information that any other agency or authority of the United States gathers or makes available. Electronic Access to This Document: The official version of this document is the document published in the Federal Register. You may access the official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations at: www.govinfo.gov. At this site you can view this document, as well as all other documents of this Department published in the Federal Register, in text or Portable Document Format (PDF). To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at the site. You may also access documents of the Department published in the Federal Register by using the article search feature at: www.federalregister.gov. Specifically, through the advanced search feature at this site, you can limit your search to documents published by the Department. List of Subjects 34 CFR Part 36 Claims, Fraud, Penalties. E:\FR\FM\01FER1.SGM 01FER1 974 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 22 / Friday, February 1, 2019 / Rules and Regulations 34 CFR Part 668 Administrative practice and procedure, Colleges and universities, Consumer protection, Grant programs— education, Loan programs—education, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Selective Service System, Student aid, Vocational education. Dated: January 29, 2019. Betsy DeVos, Secretary of Education. Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1221e–3 and 3474; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as amended by section 701 of Pub. Law 114–74, unless otherwise noted. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Secretary amends parts 36 and 668 of title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows: PART 36—ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION 2. Section 36.2 is amended by revising Table I to read as follows: ■ § 36.2 * Penalty adjustment. * * * * 1. The authority citation for part 36 continues to read as follows: ■ TABLE I—SECTION 36.2.—CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS New maximum (and minimum, if applicable) penalty amount Statute Description 20 U.S.C. 1015(c)(5) (Section 131(c)(5) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA)). 20 U.S.C. 1022d(a)(3) (Section 205(a)(3) of the HEA). Provides for a fine, as set by Congress in 1998, of up to $25,000 for failure by an institution of higher education (IHE) to provide information on the cost of higher education to the Commissioner of Education Statistics. Provides for a fine, as set by Congress in 2008, of up to $27,500 for failure by an IHE to provide information to the State and the public regarding its teacher-preparation programs. Provides for a civil penalty, as set by Congress in 1986, of up to $25,000 for violations by lenders and guaranty agencies of Title IV of the HEA, which authorizes the Federal Family Education Loan Program. Provides for a civil penalty, as set by Congress in 1986, of up to $25,000 for an IHE’s violation of Title IV of the HEA, which authorizes various programs of student financial assistance. Provides for a civil penalty, as set by Congress in 1994, of up to $1,000 for an educational organization’s failure to disclose certain information to minor students and their parents. Provides for a civil penalty, as set by Congress in 1989, of $10,000 to $100,000 for recipients of Government grants, contracts, etc. that improperly lobby Congress or the Executive Branch with respect to the award of Government grants and contracts. Provides for a civil penalty, as set by Congress in 1986, of up to $5,000 for false claims and statements made to the Government. 20 U.S.C. 1082(g) (Section 432(g) of the HEA). 20 U.S.C. 1094(c)(3)(B) 487(c)(3)(B) of the HEA). (Section 20 U.S.C. 1228c(c)(2)(E) (Section 429 of the General Education Provisions Act). 31 U.S.C. 1352(c)(1) and (c)(2)(A) ...... 31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) and (a)(2) .......... * * * * * PART 668—STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS 3. The authority citation for part 668 continues to read as follows: § 668.84 [Amended] 4. Section 668.84 is amended in paragraph (a) by removing the number ‘‘$55,907’’ and adding in its place the number ‘‘$57,317’’. ■ [FR Doc. 2019–00670 Filed 1–31–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000–01–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:07 Jan 31, 2019 Jkt 247001 $57,317. $57,317. $1,692. $20,134 to $201,340. $11,463. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: 39 CFR Part 3035 David A. Trissell, General Counsel, at 202–789–6820. Amendments to Market Test Rules Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1001–1003, 1070a, 1070g, 1085, 1087b, 1087d, 1087e, 1088, 1091, 1092, 1094, 1099c, 1099c–1, 1221e–3, and 3474; Pub. L. 111–256, 124 Stat. 2643; unless otherwise noted. $32,110. POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket No. RM2018–12; Order No. 4973] ■ $38,549. Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Commission is adopting final rules amending the Commission’s regulations governing market tests of experimental products. The final rules revise the method for calculating applicable market test revenue limitations and clarify the process for filing a request to add a nonexperimental product or price category based on an experimental product to the market dominant or competitive product list. For additional information, Order No. 4973 can be accessed electronically through the Commission’s website at https://www.prc.gov. DATES: Effective: March 4, 2019. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Contents I. Relevant Statutory Requirements II. Basis and Purpose of Rule Change III. Final Rule I. Relevant Statutory Requirements Section 3641 of title 39 of the United States Code authorizes the Postal Service to conduct market tests of experimental products. 39 U.S.C. 3641. Generally, each product offered by the Postal Service must comply with section 3622 (governing market dominant products) or section 3633 (governing competitive products), as well as section 3642 (governing changes to the lists of market dominant and competitive products) and applicable regulations. Experimental products, however, are not subject to these requirements. 39 U.S.C. 3641(a)(2). E:\FR\FM\01FER1.SGM 01FER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 22 (Friday, February 1, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 971-974]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-00670]


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DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

34 CFR Parts 36 and 668

[Docket ID ED-2019-OGC-0004]
RIN 1801-AA18


Adjustment of Civil Monetary Penalties for Inflation

AGENCY: Department of Education.

ACTION: Final regulations.

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SUMMARY: The Department of Education (Department) issues these final 
regulations to adjust the Department's civil monetary penalties (CMPs) 
for inflation. This adjustment is required by the Federal Civil 
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act), 
which amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 
1990 (Inflation Adjustment Act). These final regulations provide the 
2019 annual inflation adjustments being made to the penalty amounts in 
the Department's final regulations published in the Federal Register on 
January 16, 2018 (2018 final rule).

DATES: These regulations are effective February 1, 2019. The adjusted 
CMPs established by these regulations are applicable only to civil 
penalties assessed after February 1, 2019 whose associated violations 
occurred after November 2, 2015.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Levon Schlichter, U.S. Department of 
Education, Office of the General Counsel, 400 Maryland Avenue SW, Room 
6E235, Washington, DC 20202-2241. Telephone: (202) 453-6387. Email: 
levon.schlichter@ed.gov.
    If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) or a text 
telephone (TTY), call the Federal Relay Service, toll free, at 1-800-
877-8339.
    Individuals with disabilities can obtain this document in an 
accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or compact 
disc) on request to the contact person listed in this section.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
    Background. A CMP is defined in the Inflation Adjustment Act (28 
U.S.C. 2461 note) as any penalty, fine, or other sanction that is (1) 
for a specific monetary amount as provided by Federal law, or has a 
maximum amount provided for by Federal law; (2) assessed or enforced by 
an agency pursuant to Federal law; and (3) assessed or enforced 
pursuant to an administrative proceeding or a civil action in the 
Federal courts.
    The Inflation Adjustment Act provides for the regular evaluation of

[[Page 972]]

CMPs to ensure that they continue to maintain their deterrent value. 
The Inflation Adjustment Act required that each agency issue 
regulations to adjust its CMPs beginning in 1996 and at least every 
four years thereafter. The Department published its most recent cost 
adjustment to its CMPs in the Federal Register on January 16, 2018 (83 
FR 2062), and those adjustments became effective on the date of 
publication.
    The 2015 Act (section 701 of Pub. L. 114-74) amended the Inflation 
Adjustment Act to improve the effectiveness of CMPs and to maintain 
their deterrent effect.
    The 2015 Act requires agencies to: (1) Adjust the level of CMPs 
with an initial ``catch-up'' adjustment through an interim final rule 
(IFR); and (2) make subsequent annual adjustments for inflation. Catch-
up adjustments are based on the percentage change between the Consumer 
Price Index for all Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the month of October in 
the year the penalty was last adjusted by a statute other than the 
Inflation Adjustment Act, and the October 2015 CPI-U. Annual inflation 
adjustments are based on the percentage change between the October CPI-
U preceding the date of each statutory adjustment, and the prior year's 
October CPI-U.\1\ The Department published an IFR with the initial 
``catch-up'' penalty adjustment amounts on August 1, 2016 (81 FR 
50321).
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    \1\ If a statute that created a penalty is amended to change the 
penalty amount, the Department does not adjust the penalty in the 
year following the adjustment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In these final regulations, based on the CPI-U for the month of 
October 2018, not seasonally adjusted, we are annually adjusting each 
CMP amount by a multiplier for 2019 of 1.02522, as directed by the 
Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Memorandum No. M-19-04 issued on 
December 14, 2018.

The Department's Civil Monetary Penalties

    The following analysis calculates new CMPs for penalty statutes in 
the order in which they appear in 34 CFR 36.2. The penalty amounts are 
being adjusted up based on the multiplier of 1.02522 provided in OMB 
Memorandum No. M-19-04.
    Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1015(c)(5).
    Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1015(c)(5) (Section 
131(c)(5) of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA)), as 
last set out in statute in 1998 (Pub. Law 105-244, title I, section 
101(a), October 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1602), is a fine of up to $25,000 
for failure by an institution of higher education (IHE) to provide 
information on the cost of higher education to the Commissioner of 
Education Statistics. In the 2018 final rule, we increased this amount 
to $37,601.
    New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $38,549.
    Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M-
19-04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $37,601 x 1.02522 = 
$38,549.30, which makes the adjusted penalty $38,549, when rounded to 
the nearest dollar.
    Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1022d(a)(3).
    Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1022d(a)(3) (Section 
205(a)(3) of the HEA), as last set out in statute in 2008 (Pub. L. 110-
315, title II, section 201(2), August 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 3147), is a 
fine of up to $27,500 for failure by an IHE to provide information to 
the State and the public regarding its teacher-preparation programs. In 
the 2018 final rule, we increased this amount to $31,320.
    New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $32,110.
    Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M-
19-04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $31,320 x 1.02522 = 
$32,109.89, which makes the adjusted penalty $32,110, when rounded to 
the nearest dollar.
    Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1082(g).
    Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1082(g) (Section 432(g) 
of the HEA), as last set out in statute in 1986 (Pub. L. 99-498, title 
IV, section 402(a), October 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1401), is a fine of up 
to $25,000 for violations by lenders and guaranty agencies of Title IV 
of the HEA, which authorizes the Federal Family Education Loan Program. 
In the 2018 final rule, we increased this amount to $55,907.
    New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $57,317.
    Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M-
19-04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $55,907 x 1.02522 = 
$57,316.97, which makes the adjusted penalty $57,317, when rounded to 
the nearest dollar.
    Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1094(c)(3)(B).
    Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1094(c)(3)(B) (Section 
487(c)(3)(B) of the HEA), as set out in statute in 1986 (Pub. L. 99-
498, title IV, section 407(a), October 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1488), is a 
fine of up to $25,000 for an IHE's violation of Title IV of the HEA or 
its implementing regulations. Title IV authorizes various programs of 
student financial assistance. In the 2018 final rule, we increased this 
amount to $55,907.
    New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $57,317.
    Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M-
19-04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $55,907 x 1.02522 = 
$57,316.97, which makes the adjusted penalty $57,317, when rounded to 
the nearest dollar.
    Statute: 20 U.S.C. 1228c(c)(2)(E).
    Current Regulations: The CMP for 20 U.S.C. 1228c(c)(2)(E) (Section 
429 of the General Education Provisions Act), as set out in statute in 
1994 (Pub. L. 103-382, title II, section 238, October 20, 1994, 108 
Stat. 3918), is a fine of up to $1,000 for an educational 
organization's failure to disclose certain information to minor 
students and their parents. In the 2018 final rule, we increased this 
amount to $1,650.
    New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $1,692.
    Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M-
19-04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $1,650 x 1.02522 = 
$1,691.61, which makes the adjusted penalty $1,692, when rounded to the 
nearest dollar.
    Statute: 31 U.S.C. 1352(c)(1) and (c)(2)(A).
    Current Regulations: The CMPs for 31 U.S.C. 1352(c)(1) and 
(c)(2)(A), as set out in statute in 1989 (Pub. L. 101-121, title III, 
section 319(a)(1), October 23, 1989, 103 Stat. 750), are a fine of 
$10,000 to $100,000 for recipients of Government grants, contracts, 
etc. that improperly lobby Congress or the Executive Branch with 
respect to the award of Government grants and contracts. In the 2018 
final rule, we increased these amounts to $19,639 to $196,387.
    New Regulations: The new penalties for these sections are $20,134 
to $201,340.
    Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M-
19-04, the new minimum penalty is calculated as follows: $19,639 x 
1.02522 = $20,134.30, which makes the adjusted penalty $20,134, when 
rounded to the nearest dollar. The new maximum penalty is calculated as 
follows: $196,387 x 1.02522 = $201,339.88, which makes the adjusted 
penalty $201,340, when rounded to the nearest dollar.
    Statute: 31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) and (a)(2).
    Current Regulations: The CMPs for 31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) and (a)(2), 
as set out in statute in 1986 (Pub. L. 99-509, title VI, section 
6103(a), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1937), are a fine of up to $5,000 for 
false

[[Page 973]]

claims and statements made to the Government. In the 2018 final rule, 
we increased this amount to $11,181.
    New Regulations: The new penalty for this section is $11,463.
    Reason: Using the multiplier of 1.02522 from OMB Memorandum No. M-
19-04, the new penalty is calculated as follows: $11,181 x 1.02522 = 
$11,462.98, which makes the adjusted penalty $11,463, when rounded to 
the nearest dollar.

Executive Orders 12866, 13563, and 13771

Regulatory Impact Analysis

    Under Executive Order 12866, it must be determined whether this 
regulatory action is ``significant'' and, therefore, subject to the 
requirements of the Executive order and subject to review by OMB. 
Section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 defines a significant regulatory 
action as an action likely to result in a rule that may--
    (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more, 
or adversely affect a sector of the economy; productivity; competition; 
jobs; the environment; public health or safety; or State, local, or 
Tribal governments or communities in a material way (also referred to 
as ``economically significant'' regulations);
    (2) Create serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an 
action taken or planned by another agency;
    (3) Materially alter the budgetary impacts of entitlement grants, 
user fees, or loan programs or the rights and obligations of recipients 
thereof; or
    (4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal 
mandates, the President's priorities, or the principles stated in the 
Executive order.
    We have determined that these final regulations: (1) Exclusively 
implement the annual adjustment; (2) are consistent with OMB Memorandum 
No. M-19-04; and (3) have an annual impact of less than $100 million. 
Therefore, based on OMB Memorandum No. M-19-04, this is not a 
significant regulatory action subject to review by OMB under section 
3(f) of Executive Order 12866.
    We have also reviewed these regulations under Executive Order 
13563, which supplements and explicitly reaffirms the principles, 
structures, and definitions governing regulatory review established in 
Executive Order 12866. To the extent permitted by law, Executive Order 
13563 requires that an agency--
    (1) Propose or adopt regulations only upon a reasoned determination 
that their benefits justify their costs (recognizing that some benefits 
and costs are difficult to quantify);
    (2) Tailor its regulations to impose the least burden on society, 
consistent with obtaining regulatory objectives and taking into 
account, among other things, and to the extent practicable, the costs 
of cumulative regulations;
    (3) In choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, select 
those approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential 
economic, environmental, public health and safety, and other 
advantages; distributive impacts; and equity);
    (4) To the extent feasible, specify performance objectives, rather 
than the behavior or manner of compliance a regulated entity must 
adopt; and
    (5) Identify and assess available alternatives to direct 
regulation, including economic incentives--such as user fees or 
marketable permits--to encourage the desired behavior, or providing 
information that enables the public to make choices.
    Executive Order 13563 also requires an agency ``to use the best 
available techniques to quantify anticipated present and future 
benefits and costs as accurately as possible.'' The Office of 
Information and Regulatory Affairs of OMB has emphasized that these 
techniques may include ``identifying changing future compliance costs 
that might result from technological innovation or anticipated 
behavioral changes.''
    We are issuing these final regulations as required by statute and 
in accordance with OMB Memorandum No. M-19-04. The Secretary has no 
discretion to consider alternative approaches as delineated in the 
Executive order. Based on this analysis and the reasons stated in the 
preamble, the Department believes that these final regulations are 
consistent with the principles in Executive Order 13563.
    Under Executive Order 13771, for each new regulation that the 
Department proposes for notice and comment or otherwise promulgates 
that is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866 and 
that imposes total costs greater than zero, it must identify two 
deregulatory actions. For fiscal year 2019, any new incremental costs 
associated with a new regulation must be fully offset by the 
elimination of existing costs through deregulatory actions. These final 
regulations are not a significant regulatory action. Therefore, the 
requirements of Executive Order 13771 do not apply.

Waiver of Rulemaking and Delayed Effective Date

    Under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553), the 
Department generally offers interested parties the opportunity to 
comment on proposed regulations. However, section 4(b)(2) of the 2015 
Act (28 U.S.C. 2461 note) provides that the Secretary can adjust these 
2019 penalty amounts notwithstanding the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553. 
Therefore, the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553 for notice and comment and 
delaying the effective date of a final rule do not apply here.

Regulatory Flexibility Act Certification

    The Secretary certifies that these regulations will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
The formula for the amount of the inflation adjustments is prescribed 
by statute and is not subject to the Secretary's discretion. These CMPs 
are infrequently imposed by the Secretary, and the regulations do not 
involve any special considerations that might affect the imposition of 
CMPs on small entities.

Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

    These regulations do not contain any information collection 
requirements.

Intergovernmental Review

    This program is not subject to Executive Order 12372 and the 
regulations in 34 CFR part 79.

Assessment of Educational Impact

    Based on our own review, we have determined that these regulations 
do not require transmission of information that any other agency or 
authority of the United States gathers or makes available.
    Electronic Access to This Document: The official version of this 
document is the document published in the Federal Register. You may 
access the official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of 
Federal Regulations at: www.govinfo.gov. At this site you can view this 
document, as well as all other documents of this Department published 
in the Federal Register, in text or Portable Document Format (PDF). To 
use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at 
the site.
    You may also access documents of the Department published in the 
Federal Register by using the article search feature at: 
www.federalregister.gov. Specifically, through the advanced search 
feature at this site, you can limit your search to documents published 
by the Department.

List of Subjects

34 CFR Part 36

    Claims, Fraud, Penalties.

[[Page 974]]

34 CFR Part 668

    Administrative practice and procedure, Colleges and universities, 
Consumer protection, Grant programs--education, Loan programs--
education, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Selective Service 
System, Student aid, Vocational education.

    Dated: January 29, 2019.
Betsy DeVos,
Secretary of Education.
    For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Secretary amends 
parts 36 and 668 of title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations as 
follows:

PART 36--ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION

0
1. The authority citation for part 36 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  20 U.S.C. 1221e-3 and 3474; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note, as 
amended by section 701 of Pub. Law 114-74, unless otherwise noted.

0
2. Section 36.2 is amended by revising Table I to read as follows:


Sec.  36.2   Penalty adjustment.

* * * * *

                      Table I--Section 36.2.--Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        New maximum (and minimum, if applicable)
                Statute                           Description                        penalty amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
20 U.S.C. 1015(c)(5) (Section           Provides for a fine, as set by  $38,549.
 131(c)(5) of the Higher Education Act   Congress in 1998, of up to
 of 1965 (HEA)).                         $25,000 for failure by an
                                         institution of higher
                                         education (IHE) to provide
                                         information on the cost of
                                         higher education to the
                                         Commissioner of Education
                                         Statistics.
20 U.S.C. 1022d(a)(3) (Section          Provides for a fine, as set by  $32,110.
 205(a)(3) of the HEA).                  Congress in 2008, of up to
                                         $27,500 for failure by an IHE
                                         to provide information to the
                                         State and the public
                                         regarding its teacher-
                                         preparation programs.
20 U.S.C. 1082(g) (Section 432(g) of    Provides for a civil penalty,   $57,317.
 the HEA).                               as set by Congress in 1986,
                                         of up to $25,000 for
                                         violations by lenders and
                                         guaranty agencies of Title IV
                                         of the HEA, which authorizes
                                         the Federal Family Education
                                         Loan Program.
20 U.S.C. 1094(c)(3)(B) (Section        Provides for a civil penalty,   $57,317.
 487(c)(3)(B) of the HEA).               as set by Congress in 1986,
                                         of up to $25,000 for an IHE's
                                         violation of Title IV of the
                                         HEA, which authorizes various
                                         programs of student financial
                                         assistance.
20 U.S.C. 1228c(c)(2)(E) (Section 429   Provides for a civil penalty,   $1,692.
 of the General Education Provisions     as set by Congress in 1994,
 Act).                                   of up to $1,000 for an
                                         educational organization's
                                         failure to disclose certain
                                         information to minor students
                                         and their parents.
31 U.S.C. 1352(c)(1) and (c)(2)(A)....  Provides for a civil penalty,   $20,134 to $201,340.
                                         as set by Congress in 1989,
                                         of $10,000 to $100,000 for
                                         recipients of Government
                                         grants, contracts, etc. that
                                         improperly lobby Congress or
                                         the Executive Branch with
                                         respect to the award of
                                         Government grants and
                                         contracts.
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) and (a)(2).......  Provides for a civil penalty,   $11,463.
                                         as set by Congress in 1986,
                                         of up to $5,000 for false
                                         claims and statements made to
                                         the Government.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

PART 668--STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS

0
3. The authority citation for part 668 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  20 U.S.C. 1001-1003, 1070a, 1070g, 1085, 1087b, 
1087d, 1087e, 1088, 1091, 1092, 1094, 1099c, 1099c-1, 1221e-3, and 
3474; Pub. L. 111-256, 124 Stat. 2643; unless otherwise noted.


Sec.  668.84   [Amended]

0
4. Section 668.84 is amended in paragraph (a) by removing the number 
``$55,907'' and adding in its place the number ``$57,317''.
[FR Doc. 2019-00670 Filed 1-31-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4000-01-P