Ebola Virus Disease Vaccines-Amendment, 764-770 [2019-00260]

Download as PDF amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 764 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 21 / Thursday, January 31, 2019 / Notices monthly adjustment amounts (IRMAA) made by the Social Security Administration (SSA). The Medicare claim, organization determination, coverage determination, and at-risk determination appeals processes consist of four levels of administrative review, and a fifth level of review with the Federal district courts after administrative remedies under HHS regulations have been exhausted. The first two levels of review are administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and conducted by Medicare contractors for claim appeals, by MAOs and an Independent Review Entity (IRE) for Part C organization determination appeals, or by PDPSs and an IRE for Part D coverage determination and at-risk determination appeals. The third level of review is administered by OMHA and conducted by Administrative Law Judges and attorney adjudicators. The fourth level of review is administered by the HHS Departmental Appeals Board (DAB) and conducted by the Medicare Appeals Council (Council). In addition, OMHA and the DAB administer the second and third levels of appeal, respectively, for Medicare eligibility, entitlement, Part B late enrollment penalty, and IRMAA reconsiderations made by SSA; a fourth level of review with the Federal district courts is available after administrative remedies within SSA and HHS have been exhausted. Sections 1869, 1155, 1876(c)(5)(B), 1852(g)(5), and 1860D–4(h) of the Act are implemented through the regulations at 42 CFR part 405 subparts I and J; part 417, subpart Q; part 422, subpart M; part 423, subparts M and U; and part 478, subpart B. As noted above, OMHA administers the nationwide Administrative Law Judge hearing program in accordance with these statutes and applicable regulations. To help ensure nationwide consistency in that effort, OMHA established a manual, the OCPM. Through the OCPM, the OMHA Chief Administrative Law Judge establishes the day-to-day procedures for carrying out adjudicative functions, in accordance with applicable statutes, regulations, and OMHA directives. The OCPM provides direction for processing appeals at the OMHA level of adjudication for Medicare Part A and B claims; Part C organization determinations; Part D coverage determinations and at-risk determinations; and SSA eligibility and entitlement, Part B late enrollment penalty, and IRMAA determinations. Section 1871(c) of the Act requires that the Secretary publish a list of all Medicare manual instructions, VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:21 Jan 30, 2019 Jkt 247001 interpretive rules, statements of policy, and guidelines of general applicability not issued as regulations at least every three months in the Federal Register. II. Format for the Quarterly Issuance Notices This quarterly notice provides the specific updates to the OCPM that have occurred in the three-month period of October through December 2018. A hyperlink to the available chapters on the OMHA website is provided below. The OMHA website contains the most current, up-to-date chapters and revisions to chapters, and will be available earlier than we publish our quarterly notice. We believe the OMHA website provides more timely access to the current OCPM chapters for those involved in the Medicare claim; organization, coverage, and at-risk determination; and entitlement appeals processes. We also believe the website offers the public a more convenient tool for real time access to current OCPM provisions. In addition, OMHA has a listserv to which the public can subscribe to receive notification of certain updates to the OMHA website, including when new or revised OCPM chapters are posted. If accessing the OMHA website proves to be difficult, the contact person listed above can provide the information. III. How To Use the Notice This notice lists the OCPM chapters and subjects published during the quarter covered by the notice so the reader may determine whether any are of particular interest. We expect this notice to be used in concert with future published notices. The OCPM can be accessed at https://www.hhs.gov/about/ agencies/omha/the-appeals-process/ case-processing-manual/index.html. IV. OCPM Releases for October Through December 2018 The OCPM is used by OMHA adjudicators and staff to administer the OMHA program. It offers day-to-day operating instructions, policies, and procedures based on statutes and regulations, and OMHA directives. The following is a list and description of OCPM provisions that were revised in the three-month period of October through December 2018. This information is available on our website at https://www.hhs.gov/about/agencies/ omha/the-appeals-process/caseprocessing-manual/index.html. OCPM Chapter 17: Dismissals Chapter 17, Dismissals. This chapter addresses the reasons an OMHA adjudicator may dismiss a request for PO 00000 Frm 00119 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 hearing or a request for review of a CMS contractor’s dismissal of a request for a reconsideration, the contents of a dismissal order and its associated notice, and the effect of a dismissal. This chapter also addresses a party’s rights to appeal a dismissal and an adjudicator’s authority to vacate his or her own dismissal. OCPM Chapter 18: Requests for Information and Remands Chapter 18, Requests for Information and Remands. When authorized by the applicable regulations, OMHA adjudicators may use requests for information and remands to obtain information that is missing from an appeal, or request that a prior adjudicating entity take an action or issue a new appeal determination. In addition, an appellant and CMS or a CMS contractor in a Part A, B, or C appeal; an enrollee and CMS, the IRE, or a PDPS in a Part D appeal; or an appellant and SSA in an appeal of an SSA reconsideration may jointly request that a case be remanded to the prior adjudicator. This chapter describes the circumstances in which an OMHA adjudicator may issue a request for information or remand, and the requirements for requesting that an OMHA adjudicator remand a case. In addition, this chapter describes the right of a party, CMS, a CMS contractor, a PDPS, or SSA to request that the OMHA Chief Administrative Law Judge or a designee review a remand and, if it was not authorized by regulation, vacate the remand order. Dated: January 22, 2019. Jason M. Green, Chief Advisor, Office of Medicare Hearings and Appeals. [FR Doc. 2019–00564 Filed 1–30–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4150–46–P DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Ebola Virus Disease Vaccines— Amendment Notice of Amendment to the December 3, 2014, Declaration under the Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act for Ebola Virus Disease Vaccines, as amended. ACTION: The Secretary is amending the Declaration issued pursuant to the Public Health Service Act on December 3, 2014, as amended on December 1, 2015 and December 2, 2016, to update the term ‘‘Ebola Virus Disease’’ to SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\31JAN1.SGM 31JAN1 amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 21 / Thursday, January 31, 2019 / Notices ‘‘Ebola disease’’ (EBOD) throughout the declaration and to clarify the definition of EBOD. The amendment also expands the Covered Countermeasures beyond the three vaccines listed in prior declarations but limit coverage to Covered Countermeasures that are directly supported by the United States (U.S.) Federal Government, consistent with the terms of the Declaration, and is republishing the Declaration in its entirety as amended. DATES: The Amended Declaration is applicable beginning December 1, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert P. Kadlec, MD, MTM&H, MS, Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Office of the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services, 200 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20201, Telephone 202–205–2882. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Secretary is amending the Declaration issued pursuant to section 319F–3 of the Public Health Service Act on December 3, 2014 (79 FR 73314), as amended on December 1, 2015 (80 FR 76541) and December 2, 2016 (81 FR 89471), to extend the effective time period through December 31, 2023; to update the term ‘‘Ebola Virus Disease’’ to ‘‘Ebola disease’’ (EBOD) throughout the declaration and to clarify the definition of EBOD; and to expand the Covered Countermeasures beyond the three vaccines listed in prior declarations but limit coverage to Covered Countermeasures that are directly supported by the United States (U.S.) Federal Government, consistent with the terms of the Declaration, and is republishing the Declaration in its entirety as amended. The Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act (PREP Act) authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services to issue a Declaration to provide liability immunity to certain individuals and entities (Covered Persons) against any claim of loss caused by, arising out of, relating to, or resulting from the administration or use of medical countermeasures (Covered Countermeasures), except for claims that meet the PREP Act’s definition of willful misconduct. The Secretary may, through publication in the Federal Register, amend any portion of a Declaration. Using this authority, the Secretary is amending the Declaration that provides liability immunity to Covered Persons for activities related to the Covered Countermeasures, EBOD vaccines listed in Section VI of the Declaration, to extend the effective time period through December 31, 2023; to update the term used to identify the VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:21 Jan 30, 2019 Jkt 247001 disease and clarify the definition of ‘‘Ebola disease’’; and to expand the Covered Countermeasures beyond the three vaccines listed in prior declarations but limit coverage to Covered Countermeasures that are directly supported by the U.S. Federal Government consistent with the terms of this Declaration. The PREP Act was enacted on December 30, 2005, as Public Law 109– 148, Division C, Section 2. It amended the Public Health Service (PHS) Act, adding section 319F–3, which addresses liability immunity, and section 319F–4, which creates a compensation program. These sections are codified in the U.S. Code as 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d and 42 U.S.C. 247d–6e, respectively. The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act (PAHPRA), Public Law 113–5, was enacted on March 13, 2013. Among other things, PAHPRA added sections 564A and 564B to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic (FD&C) Act to provide new authorities for the emergency use of approved products in emergencies and products held for emergency use. PAHPRA accordingly amended the definitions of ‘‘Covered Countermeasures’’ and ‘‘qualified pandemic and epidemic products’’ in section 319F–3 of the Public Health Service Act (PREP Act provisions), so that products made available under these new FD&C Act authorities could be covered under PREP Act Declarations. PAHPRA also extended the definition of qualified pandemic and epidemic products that may be covered under a PREP Act Declaration to include products or technologies intended to enhance the use or effect of a drug, biological product, or device used against the pandemic or epidemic or against adverse events from these products. Ebola disease is a severe and often fatal illness in humans caused by several highly virulent viruses that are members of the family Filoviridae. Disease in people has been observed due to four viruses classified in a filoviral genus currently called Ebolavirus—Bundibugyo virus, Ebola virus, Sudan virus, and Taı¨ Forest virus. With an average EBOD case fatality rate of around 42 percent, ebolaviruses pose a high risk to public health and national security. From 2013 to 2016, Western Africa experienced the largest EBOD outbreak since the first two ebolaviruses (Ebola virus and Sudan virus) were discovered in 1976, and the unprecedented size of the outbreak complicated global health response. The outbreak affected populations in Western African PO 00000 Frm 00120 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 765 countries and travelers from Western Africa to the U.S. and other countries. In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the EBOD outbreak as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern under the framework of the International Health Regulations (2005). In March 2016, WHO determined that the EBOD outbreak no longer constituted a Public Health Emergency of International Concern but emphasized the crucial need for continued support to prevent, detect and respond rapidly to any new EBOD outbreak in Western Africa. During the 2013 to 2016 outbreak, widespread transmission was limited to Western African countries; however, ebolaviruses present a real threat to national security, because the U.S. experienced travel-associated cases of EBOD diagnosed within U.S. borders, and transmission to health care workers within U.S. borders. The recurrent but unpredictable and variable nature of EBOD outbreaks and the transmission profile makes ebolaviruses threats to the public health security of the American people, requiring vigilance and a continuing need for development of medical countermeasures. Ebola disease is an ongoing public health risk, as the Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD) continues to experience EBOD outbreaks and there is a risk of extension to surrounding countries. Days after announcing the end of the outbreak of EBOD from April to July of 2018 in COD’s E´quateur Province, the COD Ministry of Health declared a new EBOD outbreak in NordKivu Province on August 1, 2018. The Ministry of Health, WHO, and U.S. Government partners are responding to this incident as new cases occur across the densely populated province. As demonstrated by the 2013–2016 EBOD outbreak, that resulted in disease in several Americans, including transmission within the U.S., the risk to the U.S. population from EBOD outbreaks in Africa presents a national health security issue. Thus, there is a continuing need for development of vaccines against EBOD. Unless otherwise noted, all statutory citations below are to the U.S. Code. To be consistent with the most current World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases, the Secretary is amending the declaration throughout to use the term EBOD to refer to the disease, health condition, or threat to health that constitutes or may constitute a public health emergency. This change in terminology is not intended to have any substantive effect on coverage under the amended Declaration. E:\FR\FM\31JAN1.SGM 31JAN1 766 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 21 / Thursday, January 31, 2019 / Notices Section I. Determination of Public Health Emergency or Credible Risk of Future Public Health Emergency Before issuing a Declaration under the PREP Act, the Secretary is required to determine that a disease or other health condition or threat to health constitutes a public health emergency or that there is a credible risk that the disease, condition, or threat may constitute such an emergency. This determination is separate and apart from a Declaration issued by the Secretary under section 319 of the PHS Act that a disease or disorder presents a public health emergency or that a public health emergency, including significant outbreaks of infectious diseases or bioterrorist attacks, otherwise exists, or other Declarations or determinations made under other authorities of the Secretary. Accordingly, in Section I, the Secretary determines that there is a credible risk that the spread of ebolaviruses and the resulting disease may constitute a public health emergency. In section I, the Secretary also amends the Declaration to clarify the definition of Ebola disease, providing that for the purposes of this Declaration, Ebola disease (EBOD) is defined as the illness resulting from infection by the following viruses of the filoviral Ebolavirus genus: • Bundibugyo virus • Ebola virus • Sudan virus • Taı¨ Forest virus • ebolaviruses with undefined pathogenicity in humans This amendment is intended to clarify that the Declaration covers EBOD vaccines against viruses and variants of all viruses of the Ebolavirus genus consistent with the terms of the Declaration. amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 Section II. Factors Considered In deciding whether and under what circumstances to issue a Declaration with respect to a Covered Countermeasure, the Secretary must consider the desirability of encouraging the design, development, clinical testing or investigation, manufacture, labeling, distribution, formulation, packaging, marketing, promotion, sale, purchase, donation, dispensing, prescribing, administration, licensing, and use of the countermeasure. In Section II, the Secretary states that he has considered these factors. Section III. Recommended Activities The Secretary must recommend the activities for which the PREP Act’s liability immunity is in effect. These activities may include, under conditions VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:21 Jan 30, 2019 Jkt 247001 as the Secretary may specify, the manufacture, testing, development, distribution, administration, or use of one or more Covered Countermeasures (Recommended Activities). In Section III, the Secretary recommends activities for which the immunity is in effect under the conditions stated in the Declaration. Section IV. Liability Immunity The Secretary must also state that liability protections available under the PREP Act are in effect with respect to the Recommended Activities. These liability protections provide that, ‘‘[s]ubject to other provisions of [the PREP Act], a covered person shall be immune from suit and liability under federal and state law with respect to all claims for loss caused by, arising out of, relating to, or resulting from the administration to or use by an individual of a covered countermeasure if a Declaration . . . has been issued with respect to such countermeasure.’’ In Section IV, the Secretary states that liability protections are in effect with respect to the Recommended Activities. Section V. Covered Persons The PREP Act’s liability immunity applies to ‘‘Covered Persons’’ with respect to administration or use of a Covered Countermeasure. The term ‘‘Covered Persons’’ has a specific meaning and is defined in the PREP Act to include manufacturers, distributors, program planners, and qualified persons, and their officials, agents, and employees, and the U.S. The PREP Act further defines the terms ‘‘manufacturer,’’ ‘‘distributor,’’ ‘‘program planner,’’ and ‘‘qualified person’’ as described below. A manufacturer includes a contractor or subcontractor of a manufacturer; a supplier or licenser of any product, intellectual property, service, research tool or component or other article used in the design, development, clinical testing, investigation or manufacturing of a Covered Countermeasure; and any or all of the parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, successors, and assigns of a manufacturer. A distributor means a person or entity engaged in the distribution of drug, biologics, or devices, including but not limited to: manufacturers; repackers; common carriers; contract carriers; air carriers; own-label distributors; privatelabel distributors; jobbers; brokers; warehouses and wholesale drug warehouses; independent wholesale drug traders; and retail pharmacies. A program planner means a state or local government, including an Indian tribe; a person employed by the state or PO 00000 Frm 00121 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 local government; or other person who supervises or administers a program with respect to the administration, dispensing, distribution, provision, or use of a Covered Countermeasure, including a person who establishes requirements, provides policy guidance, or supplies technical or scientific advice or assistance or provides a facility to administer or use a Covered Countermeasure in accordance with the Secretary’s Declaration. Under this definition, a private sector employer or community group or other ‘‘person’’ can be a program planner when it carries out the described activities. A qualified person means a licensed health professional or other individual authorized to prescribe, administer, or dispense Covered Countermeasures under the law of the state in which the countermeasure was prescribed, administered, or dispensed; or a person within a category of persons identified as qualified in the Secretary’s Declaration. Under this definition, the Secretary can describe in the Declaration other qualified persons, such as volunteers, who are Covered Persons. Section V describes other qualified persons covered by this Declaration. The PREP Act also defines the word ‘‘person’’ as used in the Act: A person includes an individual, partnership, corporation, association, entity, or public or private corporation, including a federal, state, or local government agency or department. Section V describes Covered Persons under the Declaration, including Qualified Persons. Section VI. Covered Countermeasures As noted above, section III describes the Secretary’s Recommended Activities for which liability immunity is in effect. This section identifies the countermeasures for which the Secretary has recommended such activities. The PREP Act states that a ‘‘Covered Countermeasure’’ must be: A ‘‘qualified pandemic or epidemic product,’’ or a ‘‘security countermeasure,’’ as described immediately below; or a drug, biological product, or device authorized for emergency use in accordance with sections 564, 564A, or 564B of the FD&C Act. A qualified pandemic or epidemic product means a drug or device, as defined in the FD&C Act or a biological product, as defined in the PHS Act that is: (i) Manufactured, used, designed, developed, modified, licensed or procured to diagnose, mitigate, prevent, treat, or cure a pandemic or epidemic or limit the harm such a pandemic or E:\FR\FM\31JAN1.SGM 31JAN1 amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 21 / Thursday, January 31, 2019 / Notices epidemic might otherwise cause; (ii) manufactured, used, designed, developed, modified, licensed, or procured to diagnose, mitigate, prevent, treat, or cure a serious or lifethreatening disease or condition caused by such a drug, biological product, or device; (iii) or a product or technology intended to enhance the use or effect of such a drug, biological product, or device. A security countermeasure is a drug or device, as defined in the FD&C Act or a biological product, as defined in the PHS Act that: (i)(a) The Secretary determines to be a priority to diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or treat harm from any biological, chemical, radiological, or nuclear agent identified as a material threat by the Secretary of Homeland Security, or (b) to diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or treat harm from a condition that may result in adverse health consequences or death and may be caused by administering a drug, biological product, or device against such an agent; and (ii) is determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to be a necessary countermeasure to protect public health. To be a Covered Countermeasure, qualified pandemic or epidemic products or security countermeasures also must be approved or cleared under the FD&C Act; licensed under the PHS Act; or authorized for emergency use under sections 564, 564A, or 564B of the FD&C Act. A qualified pandemic or epidemic product also may be a Covered Countermeasure when it is subject to an exemption (that is, it is permitted to be used under an Investigational Drug Application or an Investigational Device Exemption) under the FD&C Act and is the object of research for possible use for diagnosis, mitigation, prevention, treatment, or cure, or to limit harm of a pandemic or epidemic or serious or life-threatening condition caused by such a drug or device. A security countermeasure also may be a Covered Countermeasure if it may reasonably be determined to qualify for approval or licensing within 10 years after the Department’s determination that procurement of the countermeasure is appropriate. Section VI lists the EBOD vaccines that are Covered Countermeasures. The Secretary is expanding the types of Covered Countermeasures covered under this Declaration to include monovalent or multivalent ebolavirus or filovirus vaccine types against any single or combinations of the pathogens resulting in EBOD as defined in Section I of this Declaration, all components and constituent materials of these vaccines, VerDate Sep<11>2014 22:20 Jan 30, 2019 Jkt 247001 and all devices and their constituent components used in the administration of these vaccines: (1) Inactivated virus vaccines (2) Live-attenuated vaccines (3) mRNA vaccines (4) DNA vaccines (5) Subunit vaccines (6) Peptide and/or polysaccharide and/ or conjugate vaccines (7) Virion-like particles vaccines (8) Nanoparticle vaccines (9) Recombinant vaccines (10) Viral vector-based vaccines This change is intended to expand the types of EBOD vaccines that are included as Covered Countermeasures consistent with the terms of this declaration, including the limitations stated in Section VII of this Declaration. The Declaration continues coverage for EBOD vaccines previously afforded under this declaration: (1) ‘‘Recombinant Replication Deficient Chimpanzee Adenovirus Type 3– Vectored Ebola Zaire Vaccine’’ (ChAd3– EBO–Z); (2) ‘‘Recombinant Vesicular Stomatitis Virus-vectored vaccine expressing EBOV–Zaire glycoprotein’’ (rVSV–ZEBOV–GP), and; (3) ‘‘Ad26.ZEBOV/MVA–BN–Filo’’ (MVA– mBN226B), and extends coverage to encompass all categories of EBOD vaccines. Section VI also refers to the statutory definitions of Covered Countermeasures to make clear that these statutory definitions limit the scope of Covered Countermeasures. Specifically, the Declaration notes that Covered Countermeasures must be ‘‘ ‘qualified pandemic or epidemic products,’ or ‘security countermeasures,’ or drugs, biological products, or devices authorized for investigational or emergency use, as those terms are defined in the PREP Act, the FD&C Act, and the PHS Act.’’ Section VII. Limitations on Distribution The Secretary may specify that liability immunity is in effect only to Covered Countermeasures obtained through a particular means of distribution. The Secretary is amending the Declaration to state that liability immunity is afforded to Covered Persons for Recommended Activities involving Covered Countermeasures that are directly supported by the U. S. Federal Government through past, present or future federal contracts, cooperative agreements, grants, other transactions, interagency agreements, or memoranda of understanding or other federal agreements or arrangements. The Secretary specifies that the term ‘‘directly supported’’ in this Declaration PO 00000 Frm 00122 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 767 means that the U. S. has provided some form of tangible support such as supplies, funds, products, technical assistance, or staffing. The Secretary is amending the Declaration to delete the limitation to activities authorized in accordance with the public health and medical response of the Authority Having Jurisdiction to prescribe, administer, deliver, distribute, or dispense the Covered Countermeasures following a Declaration of an emergency. In accordance with the PREP Act, termination of this limitation has only future effect, and does not alter coverage provided under the Declaration prior to the effective date of this amendment. However, we do not believe that this amendment substantively alters liability protections previously afforded under the Declaration, given that the Declaration previously only covered specific EBOD vaccines that were directly supported by the U.S. Federal Government. The amendments to Sections VI and VII of this Declaration are intended to expand coverage under the Declaration to all categories of EBOD vaccines but retain the limitation to those EBOD vaccines that are directly supported by the U.S. Federal Government. We note that the Declaration still covers activities authorized in accordance with the public health and medical response of the Authority Having Jurisdiction to prescribe, administer, deliver, distribute, or dispense EBOD vaccines following a declaration of an emergency when the activities also involve Covered Countermeasures directly supported by the U.S. Federal Government. Accordingly, individuals carrying out activities authorized in accordance with the public health and medical response of the Authority Having Jurisdiction to prescribe, administer, deliver, distribute, or dispense the Covered Countermeasures following a Declaration of an emergency are still listed as qualified persons under Section V of the declaration. Section V also defines the terms ‘‘Authority Having Jurisdiction’’ and ‘‘Declaration of an emergency.’’ We have specified in the definition that Authorities having jurisdiction include federal, state, local, and tribal authorities and institutions or organizations acting on behalf of those governmental entities. Section VIII. Category of Disease, Health Condition, or Threat The Secretary must identify, for each Covered Countermeasure, the categories of diseases, health conditions, or threats to health for which the Secretary recommends the administration or use E:\FR\FM\31JAN1.SGM 31JAN1 768 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 21 / Thursday, January 31, 2019 / Notices amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 of the countermeasure. In Section VIII, the Secretary states that the disease threat for which he recommends administration or use of the Covered Countermeasures is EBOD. Section IX. Administration of Covered Countermeasures The PREP Act does not explicitly define the term ‘‘administration’’ but does assign the Secretary the responsibility to provide relevant conditions in the Declaration. In Section IX, the Secretary defines ‘‘Administration of a Covered Countermeasure.’’ Administration of a Covered Countermeasure means physical provision of the countermeasures to recipients, or activities and decisions directly relating to public and private delivery, distribution, and dispensing of the countermeasures to recipients; management and operation of countermeasure programs; or management and operation of locations for purpose of distributing and dispensing countermeasures. The definition of ‘‘administration’’ extends only to physical provision of a countermeasure to a recipient, such as vaccination or handing drugs to patients, and to activities related to management and operation of programs and locations for providing countermeasures to recipients, such as decisions and actions involving security and queuing, but only insofar as those activities directly relate to the countermeasure activities. Claims for which Covered Persons are provided immunity under the PREP Act are losses caused by, arising out of, relating to or resulting from the administration to or use by an individual of a Covered Countermeasure consistent with the terms of a Declaration issued under the PREP Act. Under the Secretary’s definition, these liability claims are precluded if they allege an injury caused by physical provision of a countermeasure to a recipient, or if the claims are directly due to conditions of delivery, distribution, dispensing, or management and operation of countermeasure programs at distribution and dispensing sites. Thus, it is the Secretary’s interpretation that, when a Declaration is in effect, the PREP Act precludes, for example, liability claims alleging negligence by a manufacturer in creating a vaccine, or negligence by a health care provider in prescribing the wrong dose, absent willful misconduct. Likewise, the Act precludes a liability claim relating to the management and operation of a countermeasure distribution program or site, such as a slip-and-fall injury or VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:21 Jan 30, 2019 Jkt 247001 vehicle collision by a recipient receiving a countermeasure at a retail store serving as an administration or dispensing location that alleges, for example, lax security or chaotic crowd control. However, a liability claim alleging an injury occurring at the site that was not directly related to the countermeasure activities is not covered, such as a slip and fall with no direct connection to the countermeasure’s administration or use. In each case, whether immunity is applicable will depend on the particular facts and circumstances. Section X. Population The Secretary must identify, for each Covered Countermeasure specified in a Declaration, the population or populations of individuals for which liability immunity is in effect with respect to administration or use of the countermeasure. This section explains which individuals should use the countermeasure or to whom the countermeasure should be administered—in short, those who should be vaccinated or take a drug or other countermeasure. Section X provides that the population includes ‘‘any individual who uses or who is administered a Covered Countermeasure in accordance with the Declaration.’’ In addition, the PREP Act specifies that liability immunity is afforded: (1) To manufacturers and distributors without regard to whether the countermeasure is used by or administered to this population; and (2) to program planners and qualified persons when the countermeasure is either used by or administered to this population or the program planner or qualified person reasonably could have believed the recipient was in this population. Section X includes these statutory conditions in the Declaration for clarity. Section XI. Geographic Area The Secretary must identify, for each Covered Countermeasure specified in the Declaration, the geographic area or areas for which liability immunity is in effect with respect to administration or use of the countermeasure, including, as appropriate, whether the Declaration applies only to individuals physically present in the area or, in addition, applies to individuals who have a described connection to the area. Section XI provides that liability immunity is afforded for the administration or use of a Covered Countermeasure without geographic limitation. This could include claims related to administration or use in Africa or other locations outside the PO 00000 Frm 00123 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 U.S. It is possible that claims may arise in regard to administration or use of the Covered Countermeasures outside the U.S. that may be resolved under U.S. law. In addition, the PREP Act specifies that liability immunity is afforded: (1) To manufacturers and distributors without regard to whether the countermeasure is used by or administered to individuals in the geographic areas; and (2) to program planners and qualified persons when the countermeasure is either used or administered in the geographic areas or the program planner or qualified person reasonably could have believed the countermeasure was used or administered in the areas. Section XI includes these statutory conditions in the Declaration for clarity. Section XII. Effective Time Period The Secretary must identify, for each Covered Countermeasure, the period or periods during which liability immunity is in effect, designated by dates, milestones, or other description of events, including factors specified in the PREP Act. Section XII is amended to extend the effective time period for distribution of Covered Countermeasures consistent with Section VII of this Declaration through December 31, 2023. Section XIII. Additional Time Period of Coverage The Secretary must specify a date after the ending date of the effective period of the Declaration that is reasonable for manufacturers to arrange for disposition of the Covered Countermeasure, including return of the product to the manufacturer, and for other Covered Persons to take appropriate actions to limit administration or use of the Covered Countermeasure. In addition, the PREP Act specifies that for Covered Countermeasures that are subject to a Declaration at the time they are obtained for the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) under 42 U.S.C. 247d–6b(a), the effective period of the Declaration extends through the time the countermeasure is used or administered pursuant to a distribution or release from the Stockpile. Liability immunity under the provisions of the PREP Act and the conditions of the Declaration continues during these additional time periods. Thus, liability immunity is afforded during the ‘‘Effective Time Period,’’ described under XII of the Declaration, plus the ‘‘Additional Time Period’’ described under section XIII of the Declaration. E:\FR\FM\31JAN1.SGM 31JAN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 21 / Thursday, January 31, 2019 / Notices Section XIII provides for 12 months as the additional time period of coverage after expiration of the Declaration. Section XIII also explains the extended coverage that applies to any products obtained for the SNS during the effective period of the Declaration. Section XIV. Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program Section 319F–4 of the PREP Act authorizes the Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program (CICP) to provide benefits to eligible individuals who sustain a serious physical injury or die as a direct result of the administration or use of a Covered Countermeasure. Compensation under the CICP for an injury directly caused by a Covered Countermeasure is based on the requirements set forth in this Declaration, the administrative rules for the Program, and the statute. To show direct causation between a Covered Countermeasure and a serious physical injury, the statute requires ‘‘compelling, reliable, valid, medical and scientific evidence.’’ The administrative rules for the Program further explain the necessary requirements for eligibility under the CICP. Please note that, by statute, requirements for compensation under the CICP may not align with the requirements for liability immunity provided under the PREP Act. Section XIV, ‘‘Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program,’’ explains the types of injury and standard of evidence needed to be considered for compensation under the CICP. Further, the administrative rules for the CICP specify that if countermeasures are administered or used outside the US, only otherwise eligible individuals at American embassies, military installations abroad (such as military bases, ships, and camps) or at North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) installations (subject to the NATO Status of Forces Agreement) where American servicemen and servicewomen are stationed may be considered for CICP benefits. Other individuals outside the U.S. may not be eligible for CICP benefits. amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 Section XV. Amendments This is the third amendment to the Declaration issued December 3, 2014 (79 FR 73314). The first amendment was issued December 1, 2015 (80 FR 76541). The second amendment was issued December 2, 2016 (81 FR 89471). The Secretary may amend any portion of this Declaration through publication in the Federal Register. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:21 Jan 30, 2019 Jkt 247001 769 Republished Declaration V. Covered Persons Declaration, as Amended, for Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act Coverage for Ebola Disease Vaccines This Declaration amends and republishes the December 3, 2014, Declaration, as amended on December 1, 2015 and December 2, 2016, for coverage under the Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness (‘‘PREP’’) Act for Ebola Disease Vaccines. To the extent any term of the December 3, 2014, Declaration, as amended on December 1, 2015 and December 2, 2016, is inconsistent with any provision of this Republished Declaration, the terms of this Republished Declaration are controlling. 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(i)(2), (3), (4), (6), (8)(A) and (B) Covered Persons who are afforded liability immunity under this Declaration are ‘‘manufacturers,’’ ‘‘distributors,’’ ‘‘program planners,’’ ‘‘qualified persons,’’ and their officials, agents, and employees, as those terms are defined in the PREP Act, and the U.S. In addition, I have determined that the following additional persons are qualified persons: (a) Any person authorized in accordance with the public health and medical emergency response of the Authority Having Jurisdiction, as described below, to prescribe, administer, deliver, distribute or dispense the Covered Countermeasures, and their officials, agents, employees, contractors and volunteers, following a Declaration of an emergency; (b) any person authorized to prescribe, administer, or dispense the Covered Countermeasures or who is otherwise authorized to perform an activity under an Emergency Use Authorization in accordance with section 564 of the FD&C Act; or (c) any person authorized to prescribe, administer, or dispense Covered Countermeasures in accordance with Section 564A of the FD&C Act. i. The Authority Having Jurisdiction means the public agency or its delegate that has legal responsibility and authority for responding to an incident, based on political or geographical (e.g., city, county, tribal, state, or federal boundary lines) or functional (e.g., law enforcement, public health) range or sphere of authority. ii. A Declaration of emergency means any Declaration by any authorized local, regional, state, or federal official of an emergency specific to events that indicate an immediate need to administer and use the Covered Countermeasures, with the exception of a federal Declaration in support of an Emergency Use Authorization under section 564 of the FD&C Act unless such Declaration specifies otherwise. I. Determination of Public Health Emergency or Credible Risk of Future Public Health Emergency 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(b)(1) I have determined that there is a credible risk that the spread of ebolaviruses and the resulting disease or conditions constituting EBOD may in the future constitute a public health emergency. For the purposes of this Declaration, EBOD is the illness resulting from infection by viruses of any of the following viruses of the Ebolavirus genus: • Bundibugyo virus • Ebola virus • Sudan virus • Taı¨ Forest virus • ebolaviruses with undefined pathogenicity in humans II. Factors Considered 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(b)(6) I have considered the desirability of encouraging the design, development, clinical testing, or investigation, manufacture, labeling, distribution, formulation, packaging, marketing, promotion, sale, purchase, donation, dispensing, prescribing, administration, licensing, and use of the Covered Countermeasures. III. Recommended Activities 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(b)(1) I recommend, under the conditions stated in this Declaration, the manufacture, testing, development, distribution, administration, and use of the Covered Countermeasures. IV. Liability Immunity 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(a), 247d–6d(b)(1) Liability immunity as prescribed in the PREP Act and conditions stated in this Declaration is in effect for the Recommended Activities described in section III. PO 00000 Frm 00124 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 VI. Covered Countermeasures 42 U.S.C. 247d–6b(c)(1)(B), 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(i)(1) and (7) Covered Countermeasures are the following EBOD vaccines: All monovalent or multivalent ebolavirus or filovirus vaccine types against any single or combinations of the pathogens resulting in EBOD as defined in Section I of this Declaration, all components and constituent materials of these vaccines, and all devices and their constituent E:\FR\FM\31JAN1.SGM 31JAN1 770 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 21 / Thursday, January 31, 2019 / Notices components used in the administration of these vaccines: IX. Administration of Covered Countermeasures XIII. Additional Time Period of Coverage (1) Inactivated virus vaccines (2) Live-attenuated vaccines (3) mRNA vaccines (4) DNA vaccines (5) Subunit vaccines (6) Peptide and/or polysaccharide and/ or conjugate vaccines (7) Virion-like particles vaccines (8) Nanoparticle vaccines (9) Recombinant vaccines (10) Viral vector-based vaccines Covered Countermeasures must be ‘‘qualified pandemic or epidemic products,’’ or ‘‘security countermeasures,’’ or drugs, biological products, or devices authorized for investigational or emergency use, as those terms are defined in the PREP Act, the FD&C Act, and the Public Health Service Act. 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(a)(2)(B) 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(b)(3)(B) and (C) Administration of the Covered Countermeasure means physical provision of the countermeasures to recipients, or activities and decisions directly relating to public and private delivery, distribution and dispensing of the countermeasures to recipients, management and operation of countermeasure programs, or management and operation of locations for purpose of distributing and dispensing countermeasures. I have determined that an additional 12 months of liability protection is reasonable to allow for the manufacturer(s) to arrange for disposition of the Covered Countermeasure, including return of the Covered Countermeasures to the manufacturer, and for Covered Persons to take such other actions as are appropriate to limit the administration or use of the Covered Countermeasures. Covered Countermeasures obtained for the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) during the effective period of this Declaration are covered through the date of administration or use pursuant to a distribution or release from the SNS. VII. Limitations on Distribution 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(a)(5) and (b)(2)(E) amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 I have determined that liability immunity is afforded to Covered Persons only for Recommended Activities involving Covered Countermeasures that are directly supported by the U. S. Federal Government through past, present or future federal contracts, cooperative agreements, grants, other transactions, interagency agreements, memoranda of understanding, or other federal agreements or arrangements. The term ‘‘directly supported’’ in this Declaration means that the U. S. Federal Government has provided some form of tangible support such as supplies, funds, products, technical assistance, or staffing. I have also determined that for governmental program planners only, liability immunity is afforded only to the extent such program planners obtain Covered Countermeasures through voluntary means, such as (1) donation; (2) commercial sale; (3) deployment of Covered Countermeasures from federal stockpiles; or (4) deployment of donated, purchased, or otherwise voluntarily obtained Covered Countermeasures from state, local, or private stockpiles. VIII. Category of Disease, Health Condition, or Threat The category of disease, health condition, or threat for which I recommend the administration or use of the Covered Countermeasures is Ebola disease (EBOD). 20:21 Jan 30, 2019 Jkt 247001 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(a)(4), 247d– 6d(b)(2)(C) The populations of individuals include any individual who uses or is administered the Covered Countermeasures in accordance with this Declaration. Liability immunity is afforded to manufacturers and distributors without regard to whether the countermeasure is used by or administered to this population; liability immunity is afforded to program planners and qualified persons when the countermeasure is used by or administered to this population, or the program planner or qualified person reasonably could have believed the recipient was in this population. XI. Geographic Area 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(a)(4), 247d– 6d(b)(2)(D) Liability immunity is afforded for the administration or use of a Covered Countermeasure without geographic limitation. Liability immunity is afforded to manufacturers and distributors without regard to whether the countermeasure is used by or administered in any designated geographic area; liability immunity is afforded to program planners and qualified persons when the countermeasure is used by or administered in any designated geographic area, or the program planner or qualified person reasonably could have believed the recipient was in that geographic area. XII. Effective Time Period 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(b)(2)(A) VerDate Sep<11>2014 X. Population 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(b)(2)(B) Liability immunity for Covered Countermeasures began on December 3, 2014, and extends through December 31, 2023. PO 00000 Frm 00125 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 9990 XIV. Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program 42 U.S.C. 247d–6e The PREP Act authorizes the Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program (CICP) to provide benefits to certain individuals or estates of individuals who sustain a covered serious physical injury as the direct result of the administration or use of the Covered Countermeasures, and benefits to certain survivors of individuals who die as a direct result of the administration or use of the Covered Countermeasures. The causal connection between the countermeasure and the serious physical injury must be supported by compelling, reliable, valid, medical and scientific evidence for the individual to be considered for compensation. The CICP is administered by the Health Resources and Services Administration, within the Department of Health and Human Services. Information about the CICP is available at the toll-free number 1–855– 266–2427 or http://www.hrsa.gov/cicp/. XV. Amendments 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(b)(4) Amendments to this Declaration will be published in the Federal Register. Authority: 42 U.S.C. 247d–6d. Dated: January 24, 2019. Alex M. Azar II, Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services. [FR Doc. 2019–00260 Filed 1–30–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4150–37–P E:\FR\FM\31JAN1.SGM 31JAN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 21 (Thursday, January 31, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 764-770]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-00260]


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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Office of the Secretary


Ebola Virus Disease Vaccines--Amendment

ACTION: Notice of Amendment to the December 3, 2014, Declaration under 
the Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act for Ebola Virus 
Disease Vaccines, as amended.

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SUMMARY: The Secretary is amending the Declaration issued pursuant to 
the Public Health Service Act on December 3, 2014, as amended on 
December 1, 2015 and December 2, 2016, to update the term ``Ebola Virus 
Disease'' to

[[Page 765]]

``Ebola disease'' (EBOD) throughout the declaration and to clarify the 
definition of EBOD. The amendment also expands the Covered 
Countermeasures beyond the three vaccines listed in prior declarations 
but limit coverage to Covered Countermeasures that are directly 
supported by the United States (U.S.) Federal Government, consistent 
with the terms of the Declaration, and is republishing the Declaration 
in its entirety as amended.

DATES: The Amended Declaration is applicable beginning December 1, 
2018.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert P. Kadlec, MD, MTM&H, MS, 
Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Office of the 
Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services, 200 Independence 
Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20201, Telephone 202-205-2882.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Secretary is amending the Declaration 
issued pursuant to section 319F-3 of the Public Health Service Act on 
December 3, 2014 (79 FR 73314), as amended on December 1, 2015 (80 FR 
76541) and December 2, 2016 (81 FR 89471), to extend the effective time 
period through December 31, 2023; to update the term ``Ebola Virus 
Disease'' to ``Ebola disease'' (EBOD) throughout the declaration and to 
clarify the definition of EBOD; and to expand the Covered 
Countermeasures beyond the three vaccines listed in prior declarations 
but limit coverage to Covered Countermeasures that are directly 
supported by the United States (U.S.) Federal Government, consistent 
with the terms of the Declaration, and is republishing the Declaration 
in its entirety as amended.
    The Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act (PREP Act) 
authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services to issue a 
Declaration to provide liability immunity to certain individuals and 
entities (Covered Persons) against any claim of loss caused by, arising 
out of, relating to, or resulting from the administration or use of 
medical countermeasures (Covered Countermeasures), except for claims 
that meet the PREP Act's definition of willful misconduct. The 
Secretary may, through publication in the Federal Register, amend any 
portion of a Declaration. Using this authority, the Secretary is 
amending the Declaration that provides liability immunity to Covered 
Persons for activities related to the Covered Countermeasures, EBOD 
vaccines listed in Section VI of the Declaration, to extend the 
effective time period through December 31, 2023; to update the term 
used to identify the disease and clarify the definition of ``Ebola 
disease''; and to expand the Covered Countermeasures beyond the three 
vaccines listed in prior declarations but limit coverage to Covered 
Countermeasures that are directly supported by the U.S. Federal 
Government consistent with the terms of this Declaration.
    The PREP Act was enacted on December 30, 2005, as Public Law 109-
148, Division C, Section 2. It amended the Public Health Service (PHS) 
Act, adding section 319F-3, which addresses liability immunity, and 
section 319F-4, which creates a compensation program. These sections 
are codified in the U.S. Code as 42 U.S.C. 247d-6d and 42 U.S.C. 247d-
6e, respectively.
    The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act 
(PAHPRA), Public Law 113-5, was enacted on March 13, 2013. Among other 
things, PAHPRA added sections 564A and 564B to the Federal Food, Drug, 
and Cosmetic (FD&C) Act to provide new authorities for the emergency 
use of approved products in emergencies and products held for emergency 
use. PAHPRA accordingly amended the definitions of ``Covered 
Countermeasures'' and ``qualified pandemic and epidemic products'' in 
section 319F-3 of the Public Health Service Act (PREP Act provisions), 
so that products made available under these new FD&C Act authorities 
could be covered under PREP Act Declarations. PAHPRA also extended the 
definition of qualified pandemic and epidemic products that may be 
covered under a PREP Act Declaration to include products or 
technologies intended to enhance the use or effect of a drug, 
biological product, or device used against the pandemic or epidemic or 
against adverse events from these products.
    Ebola disease is a severe and often fatal illness in humans caused 
by several highly virulent viruses that are members of the family 
Filoviridae. Disease in people has been observed due to four viruses 
classified in a filoviral genus currently called Ebolavirus--Bundibugyo 
virus, Ebola virus, Sudan virus, and Ta[iuml] Forest virus. With an 
average EBOD case fatality rate of around 42 percent, ebolaviruses pose 
a high risk to public health and national security.
    From 2013 to 2016, Western Africa experienced the largest EBOD 
outbreak since the first two ebolaviruses (Ebola virus and Sudan virus) 
were discovered in 1976, and the unprecedented size of the outbreak 
complicated global health response. The outbreak affected populations 
in Western African countries and travelers from Western Africa to the 
U.S. and other countries. In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) 
declared the EBOD outbreak as a Public Health Emergency of 
International Concern under the framework of the International Health 
Regulations (2005). In March 2016, WHO determined that the EBOD 
outbreak no longer constituted a Public Health Emergency of 
International Concern but emphasized the crucial need for continued 
support to prevent, detect and respond rapidly to any new EBOD outbreak 
in Western Africa. During the 2013 to 2016 outbreak, widespread 
transmission was limited to Western African countries; however, 
ebolaviruses present a real threat to national security, because the 
U.S. experienced travel-associated cases of EBOD diagnosed within U.S. 
borders, and transmission to health care workers within U.S. borders. 
The recurrent but unpredictable and variable nature of EBOD outbreaks 
and the transmission profile makes ebolaviruses threats to the public 
health security of the American people, requiring vigilance and a 
continuing need for development of medical countermeasures.
    Ebola disease is an ongoing public health risk, as the Democratic 
Republic of the Congo (COD) continues to experience EBOD outbreaks and 
there is a risk of extension to surrounding countries. Days after 
announcing the end of the outbreak of EBOD from April to July of 2018 
in COD's [Eacute]quateur Province, the COD Ministry of Health declared 
a new EBOD outbreak in Nord-Kivu Province on August 1, 2018. The 
Ministry of Health, WHO, and U.S. Government partners are responding to 
this incident as new cases occur across the densely populated province. 
As demonstrated by the 2013-2016 EBOD outbreak, that resulted in 
disease in several Americans, including transmission within the U.S., 
the risk to the U.S. population from EBOD outbreaks in Africa presents 
a national health security issue. Thus, there is a continuing need for 
development of vaccines against EBOD.
    Unless otherwise noted, all statutory citations below are to the 
U.S. Code.
    To be consistent with the most current World Health Organization 
International Classification of Diseases, the Secretary is amending the 
declaration throughout to use the term EBOD to refer to the disease, 
health condition, or threat to health that constitutes or may 
constitute a public health emergency. This change in terminology is not 
intended to have any substantive effect on coverage under the amended 
Declaration.

[[Page 766]]

Section I. Determination of Public Health Emergency or Credible Risk of 
Future Public Health Emergency

    Before issuing a Declaration under the PREP Act, the Secretary is 
required to determine that a disease or other health condition or 
threat to health constitutes a public health emergency or that there is 
a credible risk that the disease, condition, or threat may constitute 
such an emergency. This determination is separate and apart from a 
Declaration issued by the Secretary under section 319 of the PHS Act 
that a disease or disorder presents a public health emergency or that a 
public health emergency, including significant outbreaks of infectious 
diseases or bioterrorist attacks, otherwise exists, or other 
Declarations or determinations made under other authorities of the 
Secretary. Accordingly, in Section I, the Secretary determines that 
there is a credible risk that the spread of ebolaviruses and the 
resulting disease may constitute a public health emergency.
    In section I, the Secretary also amends the Declaration to clarify 
the definition of Ebola disease, providing that for the purposes of 
this Declaration, Ebola disease (EBOD) is defined as the illness 
resulting from infection by the following viruses of the filoviral 
Ebolavirus genus:

 Bundibugyo virus
 Ebola virus
 Sudan virus
 Ta[iuml] Forest virus
 ebolaviruses with undefined pathogenicity in humans

    This amendment is intended to clarify that the Declaration covers 
EBOD vaccines against viruses and variants of all viruses of the 
Ebolavirus genus consistent with the terms of the Declaration.

Section II. Factors Considered

    In deciding whether and under what circumstances to issue a 
Declaration with respect to a Covered Countermeasure, the Secretary 
must consider the desirability of encouraging the design, development, 
clinical testing or investigation, manufacture, labeling, distribution, 
formulation, packaging, marketing, promotion, sale, purchase, donation, 
dispensing, prescribing, administration, licensing, and use of the 
countermeasure. In Section II, the Secretary states that he has 
considered these factors.

Section III. Recommended Activities

    The Secretary must recommend the activities for which the PREP 
Act's liability immunity is in effect. These activities may include, 
under conditions as the Secretary may specify, the manufacture, 
testing, development, distribution, administration, or use of one or 
more Covered Countermeasures (Recommended Activities). In Section III, 
the Secretary recommends activities for which the immunity is in effect 
under the conditions stated in the Declaration.

Section IV. Liability Immunity

    The Secretary must also state that liability protections available 
under the PREP Act are in effect with respect to the Recommended 
Activities. These liability protections provide that, ``[s]ubject to 
other provisions of [the PREP Act], a covered person shall be immune 
from suit and liability under federal and state law with respect to all 
claims for loss caused by, arising out of, relating to, or resulting 
from the administration to or use by an individual of a covered 
countermeasure if a Declaration . . . has been issued with respect to 
such countermeasure.'' In Section IV, the Secretary states that 
liability protections are in effect with respect to the Recommended 
Activities.

Section V. Covered Persons

    The PREP Act's liability immunity applies to ``Covered Persons'' 
with respect to administration or use of a Covered Countermeasure. The 
term ``Covered Persons'' has a specific meaning and is defined in the 
PREP Act to include manufacturers, distributors, program planners, and 
qualified persons, and their officials, agents, and employees, and the 
U.S. The PREP Act further defines the terms ``manufacturer,'' 
``distributor,'' ``program planner,'' and ``qualified person'' as 
described below.
    A manufacturer includes a contractor or subcontractor of a 
manufacturer; a supplier or licenser of any product, intellectual 
property, service, research tool or component or other article used in 
the design, development, clinical testing, investigation or 
manufacturing of a Covered Countermeasure; and any or all of the 
parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, successors, and assigns of a 
manufacturer.
    A distributor means a person or entity engaged in the distribution 
of drug, biologics, or devices, including but not limited to: 
manufacturers; repackers; common carriers; contract carriers; air 
carriers; own-label distributors; private-label distributors; jobbers; 
brokers; warehouses and wholesale drug warehouses; independent 
wholesale drug traders; and retail pharmacies.
    A program planner means a state or local government, including an 
Indian tribe; a person employed by the state or local government; or 
other person who supervises or administers a program with respect to 
the administration, dispensing, distribution, provision, or use of a 
Covered Countermeasure, including a person who establishes 
requirements, provides policy guidance, or supplies technical or 
scientific advice or assistance or provides a facility to administer or 
use a Covered Countermeasure in accordance with the Secretary's 
Declaration. Under this definition, a private sector employer or 
community group or other ``person'' can be a program planner when it 
carries out the described activities.
    A qualified person means a licensed health professional or other 
individual authorized to prescribe, administer, or dispense Covered 
Countermeasures under the law of the state in which the countermeasure 
was prescribed, administered, or dispensed; or a person within a 
category of persons identified as qualified in the Secretary's 
Declaration. Under this definition, the Secretary can describe in the 
Declaration other qualified persons, such as volunteers, who are 
Covered Persons. Section V describes other qualified persons covered by 
this Declaration.
    The PREP Act also defines the word ``person'' as used in the Act: A 
person includes an individual, partnership, corporation, association, 
entity, or public or private corporation, including a federal, state, 
or local government agency or department. Section V describes Covered 
Persons under the Declaration, including Qualified Persons.

Section VI. Covered Countermeasures

    As noted above, section III describes the Secretary's Recommended 
Activities for which liability immunity is in effect. This section 
identifies the countermeasures for which the Secretary has recommended 
such activities. The PREP Act states that a ``Covered Countermeasure'' 
must be: A ``qualified pandemic or epidemic product,'' or a ``security 
countermeasure,'' as described immediately below; or a drug, biological 
product, or device authorized for emergency use in accordance with 
sections 564, 564A, or 564B of the FD&C Act.
    A qualified pandemic or epidemic product means a drug or device, as 
defined in the FD&C Act or a biological product, as defined in the PHS 
Act that is: (i) Manufactured, used, designed, developed, modified, 
licensed or procured to diagnose, mitigate, prevent, treat, or cure a 
pandemic or epidemic or limit the harm such a pandemic or

[[Page 767]]

epidemic might otherwise cause; (ii) manufactured, used, designed, 
developed, modified, licensed, or procured to diagnose, mitigate, 
prevent, treat, or cure a serious or life-threatening disease or 
condition caused by such a drug, biological product, or device; (iii) 
or a product or technology intended to enhance the use or effect of 
such a drug, biological product, or device.
    A security countermeasure is a drug or device, as defined in the 
FD&C Act or a biological product, as defined in the PHS Act that: 
(i)(a) The Secretary determines to be a priority to diagnose, mitigate, 
prevent, or treat harm from any biological, chemical, radiological, or 
nuclear agent identified as a material threat by the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, or (b) to diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or treat harm 
from a condition that may result in adverse health consequences or 
death and may be caused by administering a drug, biological product, or 
device against such an agent; and (ii) is determined by the Secretary 
of Health and Human Services to be a necessary countermeasure to 
protect public health.
    To be a Covered Countermeasure, qualified pandemic or epidemic 
products or security countermeasures also must be approved or cleared 
under the FD&C Act; licensed under the PHS Act; or authorized for 
emergency use under sections 564, 564A, or 564B of the FD&C Act.
    A qualified pandemic or epidemic product also may be a Covered 
Countermeasure when it is subject to an exemption (that is, it is 
permitted to be used under an Investigational Drug Application or an 
Investigational Device Exemption) under the FD&C Act and is the object 
of research for possible use for diagnosis, mitigation, prevention, 
treatment, or cure, or to limit harm of a pandemic or epidemic or 
serious or life-threatening condition caused by such a drug or device. 
A security countermeasure also may be a Covered Countermeasure if it 
may reasonably be determined to qualify for approval or licensing 
within 10 years after the Department's determination that procurement 
of the countermeasure is appropriate.
    Section VI lists the EBOD vaccines that are Covered 
Countermeasures. The Secretary is expanding the types of Covered 
Countermeasures covered under this Declaration to include monovalent or 
multivalent ebolavirus or filovirus vaccine types against any single or 
combinations of the pathogens resulting in EBOD as defined in Section I 
of this Declaration, all components and constituent materials of these 
vaccines, and all devices and their constituent components used in the 
administration of these vaccines:

(1) Inactivated virus vaccines
(2) Live-attenuated vaccines
(3) mRNA vaccines
(4) DNA vaccines
(5) Subunit vaccines
(6) Peptide and/or polysaccharide and/or conjugate vaccines
(7) Virion-like particles vaccines
(8) Nanoparticle vaccines
(9) Recombinant vaccines
(10) Viral vector-based vaccines

    This change is intended to expand the types of EBOD vaccines that 
are included as Covered Countermeasures consistent with the terms of 
this declaration, including the limitations stated in Section VII of 
this Declaration. The Declaration continues coverage for EBOD vaccines 
previously afforded under this declaration: (1) ``Recombinant 
Replication Deficient Chimpanzee Adenovirus Type 3-Vectored Ebola Zaire 
Vaccine'' (ChAd3-EBO-Z); (2) ``Recombinant Vesicular Stomatitis Virus-
vectored vaccine expressing EBOV-Zaire glycoprotein'' (rVSV-ZEBOV-GP), 
and; (3) ``Ad26.ZEBOV/MVA-BN-Filo'' (MVA-mBN226B), and extends coverage 
to encompass all categories of EBOD vaccines.
    Section VI also refers to the statutory definitions of Covered 
Countermeasures to make clear that these statutory definitions limit 
the scope of Covered Countermeasures. Specifically, the Declaration 
notes that Covered Countermeasures must be `` `qualified pandemic or 
epidemic products,' or `security countermeasures,' or drugs, biological 
products, or devices authorized for investigational or emergency use, 
as those terms are defined in the PREP Act, the FD&C Act, and the PHS 
Act.''

Section VII. Limitations on Distribution

    The Secretary may specify that liability immunity is in effect only 
to Covered Countermeasures obtained through a particular means of 
distribution. The Secretary is amending the Declaration to state that 
liability immunity is afforded to Covered Persons for Recommended 
Activities involving Covered Countermeasures that are directly 
supported by the U. S. Federal Government through past, present or 
future federal contracts, cooperative agreements, grants, other 
transactions, interagency agreements, or memoranda of understanding or 
other federal agreements or arrangements. The Secretary specifies that 
the term ``directly supported'' in this Declaration means that the U. 
S. has provided some form of tangible support such as supplies, funds, 
products, technical assistance, or staffing.
    The Secretary is amending the Declaration to delete the limitation 
to activities authorized in accordance with the public health and 
medical response of the Authority Having Jurisdiction to prescribe, 
administer, deliver, distribute, or dispense the Covered 
Countermeasures following a Declaration of an emergency. In accordance 
with the PREP Act, termination of this limitation has only future 
effect, and does not alter coverage provided under the Declaration 
prior to the effective date of this amendment. However, we do not 
believe that this amendment substantively alters liability protections 
previously afforded under the Declaration, given that the Declaration 
previously only covered specific EBOD vaccines that were directly 
supported by the U.S. Federal Government. The amendments to Sections VI 
and VII of this Declaration are intended to expand coverage under the 
Declaration to all categories of EBOD vaccines but retain the 
limitation to those EBOD vaccines that are directly supported by the 
U.S. Federal Government. We note that the Declaration still covers 
activities authorized in accordance with the public health and medical 
response of the Authority Having Jurisdiction to prescribe, administer, 
deliver, distribute, or dispense EBOD vaccines following a declaration 
of an emergency when the activities also involve Covered 
Countermeasures directly supported by the U.S. Federal Government. 
Accordingly, individuals carrying out activities authorized in 
accordance with the public health and medical response of the Authority 
Having Jurisdiction to prescribe, administer, deliver, distribute, or 
dispense the Covered Countermeasures following a Declaration of an 
emergency are still listed as qualified persons under Section V of the 
declaration. Section V also defines the terms ``Authority Having 
Jurisdiction'' and ``Declaration of an emergency.'' We have specified 
in the definition that Authorities having jurisdiction include federal, 
state, local, and tribal authorities and institutions or organizations 
acting on behalf of those governmental entities.

Section VIII. Category of Disease, Health Condition, or Threat

    The Secretary must identify, for each Covered Countermeasure, the 
categories of diseases, health conditions, or threats to health for 
which the Secretary recommends the administration or use

[[Page 768]]

of the countermeasure. In Section VIII, the Secretary states that the 
disease threat for which he recommends administration or use of the 
Covered Countermeasures is EBOD.

Section IX. Administration of Covered Countermeasures

    The PREP Act does not explicitly define the term ``administration'' 
but does assign the Secretary the responsibility to provide relevant 
conditions in the Declaration. In Section IX, the Secretary defines 
``Administration of a Covered Countermeasure.''
    Administration of a Covered Countermeasure means physical provision 
of the countermeasures to recipients, or activities and decisions 
directly relating to public and private delivery, distribution, and 
dispensing of the countermeasures to recipients; management and 
operation of countermeasure programs; or management and operation of 
locations for purpose of distributing and dispensing countermeasures. 
The definition of ``administration'' extends only to physical provision 
of a countermeasure to a recipient, such as vaccination or handing 
drugs to patients, and to activities related to management and 
operation of programs and locations for providing countermeasures to 
recipients, such as decisions and actions involving security and 
queuing, but only insofar as those activities directly relate to the 
countermeasure activities. Claims for which Covered Persons are 
provided immunity under the PREP Act are losses caused by, arising out 
of, relating to or resulting from the administration to or use by an 
individual of a Covered Countermeasure consistent with the terms of a 
Declaration issued under the PREP Act. Under the Secretary's 
definition, these liability claims are precluded if they allege an 
injury caused by physical provision of a countermeasure to a recipient, 
or if the claims are directly due to conditions of delivery, 
distribution, dispensing, or management and operation of countermeasure 
programs at distribution and dispensing sites.
    Thus, it is the Secretary's interpretation that, when a Declaration 
is in effect, the PREP Act precludes, for example, liability claims 
alleging negligence by a manufacturer in creating a vaccine, or 
negligence by a health care provider in prescribing the wrong dose, 
absent willful misconduct. Likewise, the Act precludes a liability 
claim relating to the management and operation of a countermeasure 
distribution program or site, such as a slip-and-fall injury or vehicle 
collision by a recipient receiving a countermeasure at a retail store 
serving as an administration or dispensing location that alleges, for 
example, lax security or chaotic crowd control. However, a liability 
claim alleging an injury occurring at the site that was not directly 
related to the countermeasure activities is not covered, such as a slip 
and fall with no direct connection to the countermeasure's 
administration or use. In each case, whether immunity is applicable 
will depend on the particular facts and circumstances.

Section X. Population

    The Secretary must identify, for each Covered Countermeasure 
specified in a Declaration, the population or populations of 
individuals for which liability immunity is in effect with respect to 
administration or use of the countermeasure. This section explains 
which individuals should use the countermeasure or to whom the 
countermeasure should be administered--in short, those who should be 
vaccinated or take a drug or other countermeasure. Section X provides 
that the population includes ``any individual who uses or who is 
administered a Covered Countermeasure in accordance with the 
Declaration.''
    In addition, the PREP Act specifies that liability immunity is 
afforded: (1) To manufacturers and distributors without regard to 
whether the countermeasure is used by or administered to this 
population; and (2) to program planners and qualified persons when the 
countermeasure is either used by or administered to this population or 
the program planner or qualified person reasonably could have believed 
the recipient was in this population. Section X includes these 
statutory conditions in the Declaration for clarity.

Section XI. Geographic Area

    The Secretary must identify, for each Covered Countermeasure 
specified in the Declaration, the geographic area or areas for which 
liability immunity is in effect with respect to administration or use 
of the countermeasure, including, as appropriate, whether the 
Declaration applies only to individuals physically present in the area 
or, in addition, applies to individuals who have a described connection 
to the area. Section XI provides that liability immunity is afforded 
for the administration or use of a Covered Countermeasure without 
geographic limitation. This could include claims related to 
administration or use in Africa or other locations outside the U.S. It 
is possible that claims may arise in regard to administration or use of 
the Covered Countermeasures outside the U.S. that may be resolved under 
U.S. law.
    In addition, the PREP Act specifies that liability immunity is 
afforded: (1) To manufacturers and distributors without regard to 
whether the countermeasure is used by or administered to individuals in 
the geographic areas; and (2) to program planners and qualified persons 
when the countermeasure is either used or administered in the 
geographic areas or the program planner or qualified person reasonably 
could have believed the countermeasure was used or administered in the 
areas. Section XI includes these statutory conditions in the 
Declaration for clarity.

Section XII. Effective Time Period

    The Secretary must identify, for each Covered Countermeasure, the 
period or periods during which liability immunity is in effect, 
designated by dates, milestones, or other description of events, 
including factors specified in the PREP Act. Section XII is amended to 
extend the effective time period for distribution of Covered 
Countermeasures consistent with Section VII of this Declaration through 
December 31, 2023.

Section XIII. Additional Time Period of Coverage

    The Secretary must specify a date after the ending date of the 
effective period of the Declaration that is reasonable for 
manufacturers to arrange for disposition of the Covered Countermeasure, 
including return of the product to the manufacturer, and for other 
Covered Persons to take appropriate actions to limit administration or 
use of the Covered Countermeasure. In addition, the PREP Act specifies 
that for Covered Countermeasures that are subject to a Declaration at 
the time they are obtained for the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) 
under 42 U.S.C. 247d-6b(a), the effective period of the Declaration 
extends through the time the countermeasure is used or administered 
pursuant to a distribution or release from the Stockpile. Liability 
immunity under the provisions of the PREP Act and the conditions of the 
Declaration continues during these additional time periods. Thus, 
liability immunity is afforded during the ``Effective Time Period,'' 
described under XII of the Declaration, plus the ``Additional Time 
Period'' described under section XIII of the Declaration.

[[Page 769]]

    Section XIII provides for 12 months as the additional time period 
of coverage after expiration of the Declaration. Section XIII also 
explains the extended coverage that applies to any products obtained 
for the SNS during the effective period of the Declaration.

Section XIV. Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program

    Section 319F-4 of the PREP Act authorizes the Countermeasures 
Injury Compensation Program (CICP) to provide benefits to eligible 
individuals who sustain a serious physical injury or die as a direct 
result of the administration or use of a Covered Countermeasure. 
Compensation under the CICP for an injury directly caused by a Covered 
Countermeasure is based on the requirements set forth in this 
Declaration, the administrative rules for the Program, and the statute. 
To show direct causation between a Covered Countermeasure and a serious 
physical injury, the statute requires ``compelling, reliable, valid, 
medical and scientific evidence.'' The administrative rules for the 
Program further explain the necessary requirements for eligibility 
under the CICP. Please note that, by statute, requirements for 
compensation under the CICP may not align with the requirements for 
liability immunity provided under the PREP Act. Section XIV, 
``Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program,'' explains the types of 
injury and standard of evidence needed to be considered for 
compensation under the CICP.
    Further, the administrative rules for the CICP specify that if 
countermeasures are administered or used outside the US, only otherwise 
eligible individuals at American embassies, military installations 
abroad (such as military bases, ships, and camps) or at North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization (NATO) installations (subject to the NATO Status of 
Forces Agreement) where American servicemen and servicewomen are 
stationed may be considered for CICP benefits. Other individuals 
outside the U.S. may not be eligible for CICP benefits.

Section XV. Amendments

    This is the third amendment to the Declaration issued December 3, 
2014 (79 FR 73314). The first amendment was issued December 1, 2015 (80 
FR 76541). The second amendment was issued December 2, 2016 (81 FR 
89471). The Secretary may amend any portion of this Declaration through 
publication in the Federal Register.

Republished Declaration

Declaration, as Amended, for Public Readiness and Emergency 
Preparedness Act Coverage for Ebola Disease Vaccines

    This Declaration amends and republishes the December 3, 2014, 
Declaration, as amended on December 1, 2015 and December 2, 2016, for 
coverage under the Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness 
(``PREP'') Act for Ebola Disease Vaccines. To the extent any term of 
the December 3, 2014, Declaration, as amended on December 1, 2015 and 
December 2, 2016, is inconsistent with any provision of this 
Republished Declaration, the terms of this Republished Declaration are 
controlling.
I. Determination of Public Health Emergency or Credible Risk of Future 
Public Health Emergency
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(b)(1)
    I have determined that there is a credible risk that the spread of 
ebolaviruses and the resulting disease or conditions constituting EBOD 
may in the future constitute a public health emergency. For the 
purposes of this Declaration, EBOD is the illness resulting from 
infection by viruses of any of the following viruses of the Ebolavirus 
genus:

     Bundibugyo virus
     Ebola virus
     Sudan virus
     Ta[iuml] Forest virus
     ebolaviruses with undefined pathogenicity in humans
II. Factors Considered
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(b)(6)
    I have considered the desirability of encouraging the design, 
development, clinical testing, or investigation, manufacture, labeling, 
distribution, formulation, packaging, marketing, promotion, sale, 
purchase, donation, dispensing, prescribing, administration, licensing, 
and use of the Covered Countermeasures.
III. Recommended Activities
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(b)(1)
    I recommend, under the conditions stated in this Declaration, the 
manufacture, testing, development, distribution, administration, and 
use of the Covered Countermeasures.

IV. Liability Immunity

42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(a), 247d-6d(b)(1)

    Liability immunity as prescribed in the PREP Act and conditions 
stated in this Declaration is in effect for the Recommended Activities 
described in section III.
V. Covered Persons
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(i)(2), (3), (4), (6), (8)(A) and (B)
    Covered Persons who are afforded liability immunity under this 
Declaration are ``manufacturers,'' ``distributors,'' ``program 
planners,'' ``qualified persons,'' and their officials, agents, and 
employees, as those terms are defined in the PREP Act, and the U.S.
    In addition, I have determined that the following additional 
persons are qualified persons: (a) Any person authorized in accordance 
with the public health and medical emergency response of the Authority 
Having Jurisdiction, as described below, to prescribe, administer, 
deliver, distribute or dispense the Covered Countermeasures, and their 
officials, agents, employees, contractors and volunteers, following a 
Declaration of an emergency; (b) any person authorized to prescribe, 
administer, or dispense the Covered Countermeasures or who is otherwise 
authorized to perform an activity under an Emergency Use Authorization 
in accordance with section 564 of the FD&C Act; or (c) any person 
authorized to prescribe, administer, or dispense Covered 
Countermeasures in accordance with Section 564A of the FD&C Act.
    i. The Authority Having Jurisdiction means the public agency or its 
delegate that has legal responsibility and authority for responding to 
an incident, based on political or geographical (e.g., city, county, 
tribal, state, or federal boundary lines) or functional (e.g., law 
enforcement, public health) range or sphere of authority.
    ii. A Declaration of emergency means any Declaration by any 
authorized local, regional, state, or federal official of an emergency 
specific to events that indicate an immediate need to administer and 
use the Covered Countermeasures, with the exception of a federal 
Declaration in support of an Emergency Use Authorization under section 
564 of the FD&C Act unless such Declaration specifies otherwise.
VI. Covered Countermeasures
    42 U.S.C. 247d-6b(c)(1)(B), 42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(i)(1) and (7)
    Covered Countermeasures are the following EBOD vaccines:
    All monovalent or multivalent ebolavirus or filovirus vaccine types 
against any single or combinations of the pathogens resulting in EBOD 
as defined in Section I of this Declaration, all components and 
constituent materials of these vaccines, and all devices and their 
constituent

[[Page 770]]

components used in the administration of these vaccines:

(1) Inactivated virus vaccines
(2) Live-attenuated vaccines
(3) mRNA vaccines
(4) DNA vaccines
(5) Subunit vaccines
(6) Peptide and/or polysaccharide and/or conjugate vaccines
(7) Virion-like particles vaccines
(8) Nanoparticle vaccines
(9) Recombinant vaccines
(10) Viral vector-based vaccines
    Covered Countermeasures must be ``qualified pandemic or epidemic 
products,'' or ``security countermeasures,'' or drugs, biological 
products, or devices authorized for investigational or emergency use, 
as those terms are defined in the PREP Act, the FD&C Act, and the 
Public Health Service Act.
VII. Limitations on Distribution
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(a)(5) and (b)(2)(E)
    I have determined that liability immunity is afforded to Covered 
Persons only for Recommended Activities involving Covered 
Countermeasures that are directly supported by the U. S. Federal 
Government through past, present or future federal contracts, 
cooperative agreements, grants, other transactions, interagency 
agreements, memoranda of understanding, or other federal agreements or 
arrangements. The term ``directly supported'' in this Declaration means 
that the U. S. Federal Government has provided some form of tangible 
support such as supplies, funds, products, technical assistance, or 
staffing.
    I have also determined that for governmental program planners only, 
liability immunity is afforded only to the extent such program planners 
obtain Covered Countermeasures through voluntary means, such as (1) 
donation; (2) commercial sale; (3) deployment of Covered 
Countermeasures from federal stockpiles; or (4) deployment of donated, 
purchased, or otherwise voluntarily obtained Covered Countermeasures 
from state, local, or private stockpiles.
VIII. Category of Disease, Health Condition, or Threat
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(b)(2)(A)
    The category of disease, health condition, or threat for which I 
recommend the administration or use of the Covered Countermeasures is 
Ebola disease (EBOD).
IX. Administration of Covered Countermeasures
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(a)(2)(B)
    Administration of the Covered Countermeasure means physical 
provision of the countermeasures to recipients, or activities and 
decisions directly relating to public and private delivery, 
distribution and dispensing of the countermeasures to recipients, 
management and operation of countermeasure programs, or management and 
operation of locations for purpose of distributing and dispensing 
countermeasures.
X. Population
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(a)(4), 247d-6d(b)(2)(C)
    The populations of individuals include any individual who uses or 
is administered the Covered Countermeasures in accordance with this 
Declaration.
    Liability immunity is afforded to manufacturers and distributors 
without regard to whether the countermeasure is used by or administered 
to this population; liability immunity is afforded to program planners 
and qualified persons when the countermeasure is used by or 
administered to this population, or the program planner or qualified 
person reasonably could have believed the recipient was in this 
population.
XI. Geographic Area
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(a)(4), 247d-6d(b)(2)(D)
    Liability immunity is afforded for the administration or use of a 
Covered Countermeasure without geographic limitation.
    Liability immunity is afforded to manufacturers and distributors 
without regard to whether the countermeasure is used by or administered 
in any designated geographic area; liability immunity is afforded to 
program planners and qualified persons when the countermeasure is used 
by or administered in any designated geographic area, or the program 
planner or qualified person reasonably could have believed the 
recipient was in that geographic area.
XII. Effective Time Period
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(b)(2)(B)
    Liability immunity for Covered Countermeasures began on December 3, 
2014, and extends through December 31, 2023.
XIII. Additional Time Period of Coverage
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(b)(3)(B) and (C)
    I have determined that an additional 12 months of liability 
protection is reasonable to allow for the manufacturer(s) to arrange 
for disposition of the Covered Countermeasure, including return of the 
Covered Countermeasures to the manufacturer, and for Covered Persons to 
take such other actions as are appropriate to limit the administration 
or use of the Covered Countermeasures.
    Covered Countermeasures obtained for the Strategic National 
Stockpile (SNS) during the effective period of this Declaration are 
covered through the date of administration or use pursuant to a 
distribution or release from the SNS.
XIV. Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program
42 U.S.C. 247d-6e
    The PREP Act authorizes the Countermeasures Injury Compensation 
Program (CICP) to provide benefits to certain individuals or estates of 
individuals who sustain a covered serious physical injury as the direct 
result of the administration or use of the Covered Countermeasures, and 
benefits to certain survivors of individuals who die as a direct result 
of the administration or use of the Covered Countermeasures. The causal 
connection between the countermeasure and the serious physical injury 
must be supported by compelling, reliable, valid, medical and 
scientific evidence for the individual to be considered for 
compensation. The CICP is administered by the Health Resources and 
Services Administration, within the Department of Health and Human 
Services. Information about the CICP is available at the toll-free 
number 1-855-266-2427 or http://www.hrsa.gov/cicp/.
XV. Amendments
42 U.S.C. 247d-6d(b)(4)
    Amendments to this Declaration will be published in the Federal 
Register.

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 247d-6d.

    Dated: January 24, 2019.
Alex M. Azar II,
Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services.
[FR Doc. 2019-00260 Filed 1-30-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4150-37-P