Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Forage Seeding Crop Insurance Provisions, 63383-63389 [2018-26559]

Download as PDF 63383 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 83, No. 236 Monday, December 10, 2018 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Federal Crop Insurance Corporation 7 CFR Part 457 [Docket No. FCIC–18–0002] RIN 0563–AC57 Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Forage Seeding Crop Insurance Provisions Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, USDA. ACTION: Final rule with request for comments. AGENCY: The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) amends the Common Crop Insurance Regulations, Forage Seeding Crop Insurance Provisions (Crop Provisions). The intended effect of this action is to update existing policy provisions and definitions to better reflect current agricultural practices and allow for variations in insurance provisions based on regionally-specific agronomic conditions and potential future expansions. The changes are to be effective for the 2020 and succeeding crop years. DATES: This final rule is effective April 30, 2019. However, FCIC will accept written comments on this final rule until close of business January 9, 2019. FCIC will consider these comments and make changes to the rule if warranted. ADDRESSES: FCIC prefers that interested persons submit comments electronically through the Federal eRulemaking Portal. Interested persons may submit comments, identified by Docket ID No. FCIC–18–0002, by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Director, Product Administration and Standards Division, Risk Management Agency, United States SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:14 Dec 07, 2018 Jkt 247001 Department of Agriculture, P.O. Box 419205, Kansas City, MO 64133–6205. All comments received, including those received by mail, will be posted without change to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. Once these comments are posted to this website, the public can access all comments at its convenience from this website. All comments must include the agency name and docket number or Regulatory Information Number (RIN) for this rule. For detailed instructions on submitting comments and additional information, see http:// www.regulations.gov. If interested persons are submitting comments electronically through the Federal eRulemaking Portal and want to attach a document, FCIC requests use of a textbased format. If interested persons wish to attach a document that is a scanned Adobe PDF file, it must be scanned as text and not as an image, thus allowing FCIC to search and copy certain portions of the submissions. For questions regarding attaching a document that is a scanned Adobe PDF file, please contact the Risk Management Agency (RMA) Web Content Team at (816) 823–4694 or by email at rmaweb.content@rma.usda.gov. Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all comments received for any dockets by the name of the person submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). Interested persons may review the complete User Notice and Privacy Notice for Regulations.gov at http://www.regulations.gov/ #!privacyNotice. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Francie Tolle, Director, Product Administration and Standards Division, Risk Management Agency, United States Department of Agriculture, Beacon Facility, Stop 0812, Room 421, P.O. Box 419205, Kansas City, MO 64141–6205, telephone (816) 926–7730. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background FCIC amends the Common Crop Insurance Regulations (7 CFR part 457) by revising 7 CFR 457.151 Forage Seeding Crop Insurance Provisions (‘‘Crop Provisions’’), to be effective for the 2020 and succeeding crop years. The intended effect of this action is to PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 update existing policy provisions and definitions to better reflect current agricultural practices and allow for variations in insurance provisions based on regional agronomic conditions and potential future expansions. The changes are as follows: 1. FCIC is removing the paragraph immediately preceding section 1, which refers to the order of priority if a conflict exists among the policy provisions. This same provision is contained in the Common Crop Insurance Policy, Basic Provisions (‘‘Basic Provisions’’). Therefore, the appearance here is duplicative and should be removed from the Crop Provisions. 2. Section 1—FCIC is adding the definition of ‘‘adequate stand.’’ The new definition will allow RMA to revise loss adjustment procedures to rely upon the number of live alfalfa stems rather than the number of live plants (normal stand) for making loss determinations for forage containing more than 60 percent alfalfa. Plants can have more than one stem. Extension research across major forage growing areas has demonstrated that the number of live alfalfa stems is more closely correlated with future yield than the number of live plants when alfalfa is the dominant component of the forage mixture. Loss determinations for forage types that contain less than 60 percent alfalfa or no alfalfa at all, such as red clover, will have no change to existing loss adjustment procedures and, as stated below, will be based upon the normal planting density because there is no demonstrable correlation between future yield and the number of live alfalfa stems when the forage type does not contain at least 60 percent alfalfa. FCIC is adding the definition of ‘‘amount of insurance.’’ The term ‘‘amount of insurance’’ refers to the dollar amount of insurance per acre obtained by multiplying the reference maximum dollar amount shown in the actuarial documents by the coverage level percentage elected by the insured. FCIC adds this definition to provide clarity because the term is used multiple times in the Crop Provisions but is not defined. FCIC is removing the definition of ‘‘nurse crop (companion crop)’’ and adding the definition of ‘‘companion crop’’. FCIC also replaces the definition ‘‘nurse crop (companion crop)’’ with the term ‘‘companion crop’’ throughout the E:\FR\FM\10DER1.SGM 10DER1 63384 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 236 / Monday, December 10, 2018 / Rules and Regulations Crop Provisions. FCIC replaces this definition to reduce ambiguity and increase clarity by using one term instead of referring to ‘‘nurse crop’’ and ‘‘companion crop’’ interchangeably. FCIC is revising the definition of ‘‘fall planted’’ by adding the phrase ‘‘except when specified in the Special Provisions,’’ following the phrase ‘‘A forage crop seeded after June 30’’ to allow FCIC to provide area-specific dates that have distinctions outside of this range. For example, Maine is currently recognized as having a single growing season with planting dates that begin before June 30 but extend beyond June 30, which is inconsistent with existing definitions for ‘‘spring planted’’ and ‘‘fall planted.’’ This change also allows FCIC to be responsive to new or evolving regional conditions as needed in the future. FCIC is revising the definition of ‘‘good farming practices.’’ The revised definition adds the phrase ‘‘in lieu of the definition in the Basic Provisions’’ to clarify that the ‘‘good farming practices’’ definition in the Crop Provisions will replace the definition contained in the Basic Provisions. The definition in the Basic Provisions is not appropriate for forage seeding because it includes references to the insured’s approved yield, but these Crop Provisions provide coverage for a failed forage seeding, not for yield losses below an insured’s approved yield. The revised definition also replaces the phrase ‘‘normal stand’’ with ‘‘adequate stand,’’ because the adequate stand will be used to determine if the forage seeding was successful. The revised definition also replaces the phrase ‘‘and are those recognized by the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service as compatible with agronomic and weather conditions in the county’’ with ‘‘which are those generally recognized by agricultural experts or organic agricultural experts, as compatible with agronomic and weather conditions for the area’’ to be more consistent with the definition of ‘‘good farming practices’’ contained in the Basic Provisions because, even though the definition in the Basic Provisions is no longer applicable, some of the same principles apply. These changes are intended to ensure that the definition is consistent with the practices applicable to forage seeding crops. FCIC is revising the definition of ‘‘harvest’’ to remove the word ‘‘only’’ before ‘‘grazed’’ to clarify that the acreage does not have to be exclusively grazed to not be considered harvested. If the acreage is grazed at any time regardless of whether the crop is VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:14 Dec 07, 2018 Jkt 247001 removed from the field, it is not considered harvested. FCIC is removing the definition of ‘‘normal stand’’ and replacing it with the definition of ‘‘normal planting density.’’ The new definition of ‘‘normal planting density’’ simplifies the previous definition of ‘‘normal stand’’ by replacing the phrase ‘‘a population of live plants per square foot that meets the minimum required number of plants’’ with the more concise phrase ‘‘the minimum number of live plants per square foot.’’ The normal planting density will be used to determine if the stand qualifies for replanting payments. The normal planting density will result in more accurate replanting payments than basing replant determinations on an adequate stand because not all stems may have emerged when replanting determinations are made. FCIC is revising the definition of ‘‘planted acreage’’ by removing the reference to ‘‘provisions in section 1’’ and replacing it with the more specific phrase ‘‘definition in’’. This is not a substantive change but it makes it consistent with other definitions that refer to the definitions in the Basic Provisions. FCIC is revising the definition of ‘‘replanting’’ by removing the duplicative language that is already contained in the Basic Provisions. FCIC is revising the remaining sentence of the current definition by adding the phrase ‘‘in addition to the definition in the Basic Provisions’’ to clarify that the ‘‘replanting’’ definition in the Crop Provisions will add to the definition contained in the Basic Provisions, replacing the phrase ‘‘replacing’’ with the word ‘‘placing’’ as it is a more accurate term for seeding an existing stand, and replacing the phrase ‘‘which results in’’ with the word ‘‘using’’ to convey that using a reduced seeding rate to replace seed into an existing damaged stand will not be considered replanting. FCIC is revising the definition of ‘‘sales closing date.’’ The revised definition replaces the term ‘‘fall seeded’’ with ‘‘fall planted.’’ The terms ‘‘fall seeded’’ and ‘‘fall planted’’ had been used interchangeably. This change will add clarity and reduce confusion because ‘‘fall planted’’ is defined within the policy, but ‘‘fall seeded’’ is not. FCIC proposes to revise the definition of ‘‘spring planted.’’ The revised definition adds the phrase ‘‘except when specified in the Special Provisions,’’ following the phrase ‘‘A forage crop seeded before July 1,’’ to allow FCIC to provide area specific dates that have distinctions outside of this range. For example, Maine is currently recognized as having a single PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 growing season with planting dates that begin before June 30 but extend beyond June 30, which is inconsistent with existing definitions for ‘‘spring planted’’ and ‘‘fall planted’’. This change also allows FCIC to be responsive to new or evolving regional conditions as needed in the future. FCIC proposes this change to reduce ambiguity and increase clarity because the definition of ‘‘crop year’’ references the calendar year of the planted acreage. 3. Section 5—FCIC is replacing the cancellation and termination date table with a new date table. The new dates allow for expansion of the fall-planted practice and align forage seeding cancellation and termination dates with the dates for other fall-planted crops in each state. Maine’s cancellation and termination dates will remain unchanged at March 15th to allow time after premium billing for a termination decision to be made. In all other states, the cancellation date will be July 31st and termination date will be September 30th to allow time after premium billing for a termination decision to be made. 4. Section 6—FCIC is replacing the term ‘‘acreage report date’’ with the term ‘‘acreage reporting date.’’ FCIC is making this change because the term ‘‘acreage reporting date’’ is defined in the Basic Provisions and also appears in the Special Provisions. 5. Section 7—FCIC is replacing ‘‘a normal stand’’ with ‘‘an adequate stand’’ and ‘‘nurse crops’’ with ‘‘companion crops’’ to incorporate the references to the new terms stated above. 6. Section 8—FCIC is revising section 8(a) to simplify this section by removing references to states and counties and applying the same replanting requirements to all insurable areas. FCIC is removing section 8(b) which requires some California counties to replant if damage occurred anytime within the crop year, compared to all other areas, where replanting is only required for damage that occurred before the final planting date. This change was done concurrently with revisions to section 11, which outlines when replanting payments are allowed based on region and spring or fall planting. FCIC is also replacing the phrase ‘‘a normal stand’’ with ‘‘the normal planting density,’’ consistent with the changes above regarding the definition change. 7. Section 9—FCIC is revising section 9(c) to make it be grammatically correct. FCIC also is removing all state and county specific end of insurance dates and instead referring to the end of insurance period date shown in the actuarial documents. This change will simplify the provision and allow FCIC to provide area specific dates, allow for E:\FR\FM\10DER1.SGM 10DER1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 236 / Monday, December 10, 2018 / Rules and Regulations future program expansion, and allow FCIC to continue to be responsive to new or evolving regional conditions as needed in the future. 8. Section 10—FCIC is replacing the phrase ‘‘a stand of forage that occur’’ with the phrase ‘‘an adequate stand that occurs.’’ This change reduces ambiguity and clarifies the provisions because ‘‘adequate stand’’ is a defined term but ‘‘stand of forage’’ is not, which could lead to different results when determining losses. 9. Section 11—In section 11(a), FCIC is moving the phrase ‘‘unless specified otherwise in the Special Provisions,’’ from subparagraph (a)(1) (addressing California only) to the main paragraph (addressing all areas) to allow FCIC greater flexibility in determining regional specific distinctions for replanting payments and to protect program integrity and insured interests by allowing FCIC, with assistance from forage subject matter experts and regional offices, to address regional specific production practices. FCIC is moving the phrase ‘‘It is practical to replant;’’ from subparagraph (a)(2)(iii) (addressing Lassen, Modoc, Mono, Shasta, Siskiyou Counties, California and all other states) to the subparagraph 11(a)(1) (addressing all areas). FCIC is moving this phrase to consistently apply the requirement that it be practical to replant in order to receive a replanting payment across all counties and states. In section 11(a)(2), FCIC is moving the phrase ‘‘We give written consent to replant;’’ from subparagraph (a)(2)(iv) (addressing Lassen, Modoc, Mono, Shasta, Siskiyou Counties, California and all other states) to the subparagraph 11(a)(2) (addressing all areas). FCIC is moving this phrase to require written consent by approved insurance providers as a requirement of replanting payments across all counties and states. FCIC is renumbering subsequent paragraphs. In the newly designated section 11(a)(3) FCIC is replacing the phrase ‘‘within the insurance period’’ with the phrase ‘‘before the spring final planting date in the actuarial documents.’’ FCIC is replacing this phrase so that allowable replanting payments correlate with replanting requirements. Specifically, this change corresponds with the removal of section 8(b), which removed the replanting requirement in California counties for damage occurring after the spring final planting date. Therefore, the spring final planting date is a more appropriate timeframe for defining when replanting payments are available. FCIC is replacing ‘‘a normal stand’’ with ‘‘the normal planting VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:14 Dec 07, 2018 Jkt 247001 density’’ consistent with the changes made above. FCIC is revising the newly designated section 11(a)(4) to remove the list of specific California counties. This list is not needed because the Special Provisions will include any county differences in replanting payment provisions. FCIC is removing section 11(a)(4)(i), renumbering subsequent paragraphs, and adding the phrase ‘‘spring or ’’ before ‘‘fall planted’’ in the newly designated section 11(a)(4)(i) to extend replanting payment eligibility to include both fall and spring planted practices, as opposed to the current provisions that allowed replanting only for a failed fall seeding in counties that designated both fall and spring final planting dates. FCIC is adding this language in order to allow replanting payments for producers engaged in the spring planted practice. A producer that plants a forage crop in the spring suffers the same financial consequences as a producer of a fall planted crop, if that crop fails to emerge or suffers damage and needs to be replanted. Therefore, FCIC is expanding coverage to allow replanting payments for spring planted forage as well as fall planted forage. Additionally, as the plan requires replanting to maintain the insurance, this will provide some compensation to cover replanting costs. Additionally, FCIC is replacing the phrase ‘‘a normal stand’’ with the phrase ‘‘the normal planting density,’’ consistent with definition change. In the newly designated section 11(a)(2)(ii), FCIC is revising the paragraph to clarify the provision only pertains to the fall planted practice, because a separate provision is added below to address the spring planted practice. FCIC is also adding the word ‘‘final’’ before ‘‘planting date’’ to eliminate ambiguity between spring planting dates. FCIC is also correcting the grammar. FCIC is revising the newly designated section 11(a)(2)(iii) to state ‘‘If spring planted, the original planting took place after the earliest planting date shown in the Special Provisions, and the acreage is replanted by the spring final planting date shown in the Special Provisions.’’ FCIC is adding this language in order to allow replanting payments for producers engaged in the spring planted practice. A producer that plants a forage crop in the spring suffers the same financial consequences as a producer of a fall planted crop, if that crop fails to emerge or suffers damage and needs to be replanted. Therefore, FCIC is expanding coverage to allow replanting payments for spring planted forage as well as fall planted forage. Additionally, PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 63385 as the plan requires replanting to maintain the insurance, this will provide some compensation to cover replanting costs. In section 11(b), FCIC is adding ‘‘(a)’’ directly after ‘‘section 13’’ to more specifically reference section 13(a). This addition clarifies which specific part of section 13 this provision is referencing. 10. Section 12—In section 12(b), FCIC removes the phrase, ‘‘(Duties in the Event of Damage or Loss)’’ as the parenthetical section name is unnecessary and removing these titles will prevent FCIC from having to revise the Crop Provisions should these section titles change in the Basic Provisions. In section 12(b), FCIC is also adding the adjective ‘‘damaged’’ before ‘‘fall planted acreage’’ and removing the phrase ‘‘that is damaged’’ after the phrase ‘‘fall planted acreage’’ to simplify the language and clarify the provisions. 11. Section 13—FCIC is removing the sub-section designation of ‘‘(a)’’ as it is not needed in the introductory paragraph. FCIC is also adding paragraph designation ‘‘(a)’’ and the statement ‘‘Each type and practice:’’ directly following the introductory paragraph in order to clarify and simplify the section, because the steps for settling a claim should be followed first for each type and practice and then summed to any applicable unit. FCIC is revising section 13(a)(1) to change the phrase ‘‘Multiplying the insured acreage of each type and practice by the amount of insurance for the applicable type and practice;’’ to ‘‘Determining the value of all insured acreage by multiplying the number of insured acres by the dollar amount of insurance;’’. This change is intended to clarify that this is the outcome of the calculation in this step and to remove reference to type and practices because type and practice instructions are already stated in 13(a). FCIC is removing 13(a)(2), because the step for totaling results by type and practice from 13(a) is moved to the newly designated 13(b). FCIC is revising section 13(a)(3) to change the phrase ‘‘multiplying the total acres with an established stand for the insured acreage of each type and practice in the unit by the amount of insurance for the applicable type and practice;’’ to ‘‘determining the value of the acreage with no insurable losses, by multiplying the dollar amount of insurance by the insured acreage that: [.]’’ This change is intended to simplify the policy language by removing the term ‘‘established stand,’’ which was referenced within the settlement steps of section 13(b); clarifying the outcome E:\FR\FM\10DER1.SGM 10DER1 63386 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 236 / Monday, December 10, 2018 / Rules and Regulations of the calculation in this step by adding the phrase ‘‘value of the acreage with no insurable losses’’; and removing the phrase ‘‘for each type and practice’’ because this instruction is already stated in 13(a). In addition, FCIC designates 13(a)(3) as 13(a)(2). FCIC is moving the settlement steps in section 13(b), previously referred to as an ‘‘established stand’’ to section 13(a)(2)(i)–(iv). In moving these settlement steps, FCIC is also revising the sub-sections 13(a)(2)(i)–(iv) to each start with a verb to provide more cohesive language and reduce redundancy between the leading text and sub-paragraphs. FCIC is adding a new section 13(a)(3) to state, ‘‘Determining the value of the acreage with partial insurable losses, by multiplying the dollar amount of insurance by the number of insured acres that have a stand less than 75 percent but more than 55 percent of an adequate stand, by 50 percent (0.5);’’. This step was previously captured in section 13(c), which stated, ‘‘The amount of indemnity on any spring planted acreage determined in accordance with section 13(a) will be reduced 50 percent if the stand is less than 75 percent but more than 55 percent of a normal stand.’’ FCIC is moving this step to section 13(a)(3) so that all steps for settling a claim throughout section 13 are presented in sequential order. FCIC is updating the language of this step to clarify that the outcome of the calculation in this step is determining the value of acreage with partial insurable losses by adding the phrase ‘‘determining the value of the acreage with partial insurable losses’’. FCIC is also removing reference to spring planted acreage because the steps for settling a claim are first done by any applicable unit, which is already defined to allow basic units by spring planted and fall planted acreage. FCIC is replacing the term ‘‘a normal stand’’ with the term ‘‘an adequate stand,’’ consistent with the new definition. FCIC is removing section 13(c) because it is incorporated into section 13(a)(3), and it is no longer needed. FCIC is revising section 13(a)(4), to state ‘‘Adding the results in section 13(a)(2) and section 13(a)(3);’’. This revision calculates the total value of the acreage with no insurable loss by adding together the value of acreage with no insurable loss plus the value of acreage with partial insurable loss. FCIC removes the previous language because the step for totaling results by type and practice from 13(a) is moved to the newly designated 13(b). FCIC is updating section 13(a)(5) reference of section 13(a)(2) to section VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:14 Dec 07, 2018 Jkt 247001 13(a)(1) and change the words ‘‘result’’ to ‘‘results’’. This step will function as subtracting the total value of the acreage with no insurable loss from the total value of all insured acreage to determine the total value of acreage with insurable losses. This calculation will be for each type and practice. FCIC is also removing the word ‘‘and’’ at the end of the section as it is not needed for this step. FCIC is revising 13(a)(6) to update the section reference from section 13(a)(5) to 13(a)(3). FCIC is also adding the word ‘‘and’’ at the end of the section 13(a)(6) to provide a cohesive transition to the final step for settlement of a claim in 13(b). FCIC is adding section 13(b) to state ‘‘totaling the results in section 13(a).’’ Totaling results for each type and practice to any applicable unit was previously included twice in the steps for settling a claim. With this revision, totaling results for each type and practice is only performed once. FCIC is revising the indemnity calculation example to portray the revised steps for settlement of a claim in section 13. The revised example demonstrates the difference in calculations when a portion of the acreage has a stand between 55 and 75 percent of an adequate stand versus a stand with less than 55 percent of an adequate stand. Additional revisions to the indemnity calculation example include replacing each instance of ‘‘remaining stand of 75 percent or greater’’ with ‘‘remaining stand of 75 percent of an adequate stand or greater’’ and to replace ‘‘75% stand or greater’’ with ‘‘75% of an adequate stand or greater’’ to reduce ambiguity and clarify that loss determinations are to be determined relative to adequate stand. In the indemnity calculation, FCIC also is replacing ‘‘$100.00’’ with ‘‘$100’’ and ‘‘$90.00’’ with ‘‘90.’’ This change simplifies the example calculations. Notice and Comment The FCIC is issuing this final rule without opportunity for prior notice and comment. The Administrative Procedure Act (APA) exempts rules ‘‘relating to agency management or personnel or to public property, loans, grants, benefits, or contracts’’ from the statutory requirement for prior notice and opportunity for public comment (5 U.S.C. 553(a)(2)). A Federal crop insurance policy is a contract and is thus exempt from APA notice-andcomment procedures. Previously, changes made to the Federal crop insurance policies codified in the Code of Federal Regulations were required to be implemented through the notice-andcomment rulemaking process. Such PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 action was not required by the APA, which exempts contracts. Rather, the requirement originated with a notice USDA published in the Federal Register on July 24, 1971 (36 FR 13804), stating that the Department of Agriculture would, to the maximum extent practicable, use the notice-and-comment rulemaking process when making program changes, including those involving contracts. FCIC complied with this notice over the subsequent years. On October 28, 2013, USDA published a notice in the Federal Register (78 FR 64194) rescinding the prior notice, thereby making contracts again exempt from the notice-and-comment rulemaking process. This exemption applies to the 30-day notice prior to implementation of a rule. Therefore, the policy changes made by this final rule are effective April 30, 2019 in the Federal Register. However, FCIC is providing a 30-day comment period and invites interested persons to participate in this rulemaking by submitting written comments. To assist in analyzing the comments, FCIC requests that commenters include the number and heading corresponding to their comment, along with any applicable supporting data or references. FCIC will consider the comments received and may conduct additional rulemaking based on the comments. The changes will be effective for the 2020 and succeeding crop years. Executive Orders 12866, 13563, 13771 and 13777 Executive Order 12866, ‘‘Regulatory Planning and Review,’’ and Executive Order 13563, ‘‘Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review,’’ direct agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasized the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting flexibility. Executive Order 13777, ‘‘Enforcing the Regulatory Reform Agenda,’’ established a federal policy to alleviate unnecessary regulatory burdens on the American people. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) designated this rule as not significant under Executive Order 12866, ‘‘Regulatory Planning and Review,’’ and therefore, OMB has not reviewed this rule. The rule is not subject to Executive Order 13771, E:\FR\FM\10DER1.SGM 10DER1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 236 / Monday, December 10, 2018 / Rules and Regulations ‘‘Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs.’’ Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 Pursuant to the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. chapter 35, subchapter I), the collections of information in this rule have been approved by OMB under control number 0563–0053. E-Government Act Compliance FCIC is committed to complying with the E-Government Act of 2002, to promote the use of the internet and other information technologies to provide increased opportunities for citizen access to Government information and services, and for other purposes. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), establishes requirements for Federal agencies to assess the effects of their regulatory actions on State, local, and tribal governments and the private sector. This rule contains no Federal mandates (under the regulatory provisions of title II of the UMRA) for State, local, and tribal governments or the private sector. Therefore, this rule is not subject to the requirements of sections 202 and 205 of UMRA. Executive Order 13132 It has been determined under section 1(a) of Executive Order 13132, Federalism, that this rule does not have sufficient implications to warrant consultation with the States. The provisions contained in this rule will not have a substantial direct effect on States, or on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Executive Order 13175 This rule has been reviewed in accordance with the requirements of Executive Order 13175, ‘‘Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments.’’ Executive Order 13175 requires Federal agencies to consult and coordinate with tribes on a governmentto-government basis on policies that have tribal implications, including regulations, legislative comments or proposed legislation, and other policy statements or actions that have substantial direct effects on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes or on the distribution of VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:14 Dec 07, 2018 Jkt 247001 power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation has assessed the impact of this rule on Indian tribes and determined that this rule does not, to our knowledge, have tribal implications that require tribal consultation under E.O. 13175. If a Tribe requests consultation, the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation will work with the Office of Tribal Relations to ensure meaningful consultation is provided where changes, additions and modifications identified herein are not expressly mandated by Congress. Regulatory Flexibility Act FCIC certifies that this regulation will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Program requirements for the Federal crop insurance program are the same for all producers regardless of the size of their farming operation. For instance, all producers are required to submit an application and acreage report to establish their insurance guarantees and compute premium amounts, and all producers are required to submit a notice of loss and production information to determine the indemnity amount for an insured cause of crop loss. Whether a producer has 10 acres or 1000 acres, there is no difference in the kind of information collected. To ensure crop insurance is available to small entities, the Federal Crop Insurance Act (FCIA) authorizes FCIC to waive collection of administrative fees from limited resource farmers. FCIC believes this waiver helps to ensure that small entities are given the same opportunities as large entities to manage their risks through the use of crop insurance. A Regulatory Flexibility Analysis has not been prepared since this regulation does not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities, and, therefore, this regulation is exempt from the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 605). Federal Assistance Program This program is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance under No. 10.450. Executive Order 12372 This program is not subject to the provisions of Executive Order 12372, which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. See 2 CFR part 415, subpart C. Executive Order 12988 This rule has been reviewed in accordance with Executive Order 12988 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 63387 on civil justice reform. The provisions of this rule will not have a retroactive effect. The provisions of this rule will preempt State and local laws to the extent such State and local laws are inconsistent herewith. With respect to any direct action taken by FCIC or action by FCIC directing the insurance provider to take specific action under the terms of the crop insurance policy, the administrative appeal provisions published at 7 CFR part 11 must be exhausted before any action against FCIC for judicial review may be brought. Environmental Evaluation This action is not expected to have a significant economic impact on the quality of the human environment, health, or safety. Therefore, neither an Environmental Assessment nor an Environmental Impact Statement is needed. List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 457 Crop insurance, Forage seeding, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Final Rule Accordingly, as set forth in the preamble, the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation amends 7 CFR part 457 effective for the 2020 and succeeding crop years as follows: PART 457—COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 1. The authority citation for part 457 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1506(l), 1506(o). 2. Amend § 457.151 as follows: a. Remove ‘‘2003’’ and add ‘‘2020’’ in its place in the introductory text; ■ b. Remove the undesignated paragraph immediately preceding section 1; ■ c. In section 1: ■ i. Add in alphabetical order the definitions of ‘‘adequate stand’’, ‘‘amount of insurance’’, and ‘‘companion crop’’; ■ ii. Revise the definition of ‘‘good farming practices’’; ■ iii. In the definition of ‘‘harvest’’ remove the word ‘‘only’’; ■ iv. Add in alphabetical order the definition of ‘‘normal planting density’’; ■ v. Remove the definitions of ‘‘normal stand’’ and ‘‘nurse crop (companion crop)’’; ■ vi. Revise the definitions of ‘‘planted acreage’’, ‘‘replanting’’, and ‘‘sales closing date’’; ■ d. Revise section 5; ■ e. In section 6 remove the phrase ‘‘acreage report date’’ and add the phrase ‘‘acreage reporting date’’ in its place; ■ ■ E:\FR\FM\10DER1.SGM 10DER1 63388 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 236 / Monday, December 10, 2018 / Rules and Regulations f. In section 7: i. In paragraph (b) remove the phrase ‘‘a normal’’ and add the phrase ‘‘an adequate’’ in its place; ■ ii. In paragraph (d) remove the word ‘‘nurse’’ and add the word ‘‘companion’’ in its place; ■ g. Revise section 8; ■ h. In Section 9; ■ i. Revise paragraph (c); ■ ii. Revise paragraph (g); ■ i. In section 10 in the introductory text remove the phrase ‘‘stand of forage that occur’’ and add the phrase ‘‘an adequate stand that occurs’’ in its place; ■ j. In section 11: ■ i. Revise paragraph (a); ■ ii. In paragraph (b) add the term ‘‘(a)’’ directly following the number ‘‘13’’; ■ k. In paragraph 12(b) remove the phrase ‘‘(Duties in the Event of Damage or Loss)’’, add the word ‘‘damaged’’ preceding the term ‘‘fall planted acreage’’, and remove the phrase ‘‘that is damaged’’; and ■ l. Revise section 13. The revisions and additions read as follows: ■ ■ § 457.151 Forage seeding crop insurance provisions. * * * * * 1. Definitions. Adequate stand. The number shown in the Special Provisions, representing: (a) For forage containing 60 percent or more alfalfa, the minimum required number of live alfalfa stems per square foot that are two inches or greater in height; or (b) For forage containing less than 60 percent alfalfa, the normal planting density. Amount of insurance. The dollar amount of insurance per acre obtained by multiplying the reference maximum dollar amount shown in the actuarial documents by the coverage level percentage you elect. Companion crop. A crop seeded into the same acreage as another crop, that is intended to be harvested separately, and that is planted to improve growing conditions for the crop with which it is grown. * * * * * Good farming practices. In lieu of the definition in the Basic Provisions, the cultural practices generally in use in the county for the crop to make normal progress toward maturity and produce an adequate stand and which are those generally recognized by agricultural experts or organic agricultural experts, as compatible with agronomic and weather conditions for the area. * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:14 Dec 07, 2018 Jkt 247001 Normal planting density. The number of live plants per square foot as shown in the Special Provisions. * * * * * Planted acreage. In addition to the definition in the Basic Provisions, land on which seed is initially spread onto the soil surface by any method and subsequently is mechanically incorporated into the soil in a timely manner and at the proper depth will be considered planted, unless otherwise provided by the Special Provisions, actuarial documents, or written agreement. Replanting. In addition to the definition in the Basic Provisions, placing new seed into an existing damaged stand, using a reduced seeding rate from the original seeding rate, will not be considered replanting. Sales closing date. In lieu of the definition contained in the Basic Provisions, a date contained in the Special Provisions by which an application must be filed and by which you may change your crop insurance coverage for a crop year. If the Special Provisions provide a sales closing date for both fall planted and spring planted practices for the insured crop and you plant any insurable fall planted acreage, you may not change your crop insurance coverage after the fall sales closing date for the fall planted practice. * * * * * 5. Cancellation and Termination Dates. In accordance with section 2 of the Basic Provisions, the cancellation and termination dates are: State Cancellation Termination Maine ................ All other states March 15 ......... July 31 ............. March 15. September 30. * * * * * 8. Insurable Acreage. In addition to the provisions of section 9 of the Basic Provisions, any acreage of the insured crop damaged before the final planting date, to the extent that such acreage has less than 75 percent of a normal planting density, must be replanted unless we agree that it is not practical to replant. 9. Insurance Period. * * * * * (c) The first harvest after the late harvest date, if a late harvest date is specified in the Special Provisions (You may harvest the crop as often as practical in accordance with good farming practices on or before the late harvest date); * * * * * PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 (g) The end of insurance period date shown in the actuarial documents. * * * * * 11. Replanting Payment (a) Unless otherwise specified in the Special Provisions, a replanting payment is allowed if: (1) It is practical to replant; (2) We give written consent to replant; (3) In California, acreage planted to the insured crop is damaged by an insurable cause of loss occurring before the spring final planting date in the actuarial documents to the extent that less than 75 percent of the normal planting density remains and the crop can reach maturity before the end of the insurance period; (4) In all other states: (i) The insured spring or fall planted acreage is damaged by an insurable cause of loss to the extent that less than 75 percent of the normal planting density remains; (ii) If fall planted, the acreage is replanted the following spring by the spring final planting date; and (iii) If spring planted, the original planting took place after the earliest planting date shown in the Special Provisions; and the acreage is replanted by the spring final planting date shown in the Special Provisions. * * * * * 13. Settlement of Claim In the event of loss or damage covered by this policy, we will settle your claim on any unit by: (a) Each type and practice: (1) Determining the value of all insured acreage by multiplying the number of insured acres by the dollar amount of insurance; (2) Determining the value of the acreage with no insurable losses, by multiplying the dollar amount of insurance by the insured acreage that: (i) Has at least 75 percent of an adequate stand; (ii) Was abandoned or put to another use without our prior written consent; (iii) Was damaged solely by an uninsured cause; or (iv) Was harvested and not reseeded. (3) Determining the value of the acreage with partial insurable losses, by multiplying the dollar amount of insurance by the number of insured acres that have a stand less than 75 percent but more than 55 percent of an adequate stand, by 50 percent (0.5); (4) Adding the results in section 13(a)(2) and section 13(a)(3); (5) Subtracting the results in section 13(a)(4) from the results in section 13(a)(1); (6) Multiplying the result in section 13(a)(3) by your share; and E:\FR\FM\10DER1.SGM 10DER1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 236 / Monday, December 10, 2018 / Rules and Regulations (b) Totaling the results in section 13(a). Example: Assume you have a 100 percent share in 30 acres of type A forage in the unit, with an amount of insurance of $100 per acre. At the time of loss, the following findings are established: 10 acres had a remaining stand of 75 percent of an adequate stand or greater. 20 acres had a remaining stand less than 75 percent but more than 55 percent of an adequate stand. You also have a 100 percent share in 20 acres of type B forage in the unit, with an amount of insurance of $90 per acre. 10 acres had a remaining stand of 75 percent of an adequate stand or greater. 10 acres had a remaining stand less than 55 percent of an adequate stand. Your indemnity would be calculated as follows: 1. 30 acres × $100 = $3,000 amount of insurance for type A; 20 acres × $90 = $1,800 amount of insurance for type B; 2. 10 acres with 75% of an adequate stand or greater × $100 = $1,000 for type A; 10 acres with 75% of an adequate stand or greater × $900 = $900 for type B; 3. 20 acres with less than 75% but greater than 55% of an adequate stand × $100 × 50 percent = $1,000 for type A; 0 acres with less than 75% but greater than 55% of an adequate stand × $90 × 50 percent = $0 for type B; 4. $1,000 + $1,000 = $2,000 reduction for type A; $900 + $0 = $900 reduction for type B; 5. $3,000 ¥ $2,000 = $1,000 for type A $1,800 ¥ $900 = $900 for type B 6. $1,000 × 100 percent share = $1,000 for type A; $900 × 100 percent share = $900 for type B; 7. $1,000 + $900 = $1,900 total indemnity * * * * * Martin R. Barbre, Manager, Federal Crop Insurance Corporation. [FR Doc. 2018–26559 Filed 12–7–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–08–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2018–0761; Product Identifier 2018–NM–088–AD; Amendment 39–19516; AD 2018–25–05] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus SAS Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:14 Dec 07, 2018 Jkt 247001 Airbus SAS Model A350–941 airplanes. This AD was prompted by reports that, for multimaterial (hybrid) joints of the passenger door frame fittings, the interfay sealant was not applied between all surfaces of the joint parts. This AD requires modification of the hybrid joints of the passenger doors by applying additional corrosion protection to the hybrid joints of the passenger door frame fittings. We are issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: This AD is effective January 14, 2019. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of January 14, 2019. ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this final rule, contact Airbus SAS, Airworthiness Office— EAL, Rond-Point Emile Dewoitine No: 2, 31700 Blagnac Cedex, France; telephone +33 5 61 93 36 96; fax +33 5 61 93 45 80; email continuedairworthiness.a350@airbus.com; internet http://www.airbus.com. You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206–231–3195. It is also available on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2018– 0761. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2018– 0761; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The address for Docket Operations (phone: 800–647–5527) is U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kathleen Arrigotti, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206–231–3218. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD that would PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 63389 apply to certain Airbus SAS Model A350–941 airplanes. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on September 4, 2018 (83 FR 44844). The NPRM was prompted by reports that, for multimaterial (hybrid) joints of the passenger door frame fittings, the interfay sealant was not applied between all surfaces of the joint parts. The NPRM proposed to require modification of the hybrid joints of the passenger doors by applying additional corrosion protection to the hybrid joints of the passenger door frame fittings. We are issuing this AD to address water ingress in the hybrid joints and subsequent galvanic corrosion of the aluminum holes. This condition, if not corrected, could lead to failure of the door, resulting in reduced evacuation capacity from the airplane during an emergency and consequent injury to occupants. The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the European Union, has issued EASA AD 2018–0108, dated May 15, 2018 (referred to after this as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or ‘‘the MCAI’’), to correct an unsafe condition for certain Airbus SAS Model A350–941 airplanes. The MCAI states: Due to the misinterpretation of the prevailing requirements for multimaterial (hybrid) joints of the passenger door frame fittings, the interfay sealant, which prevents water ingress, was only applied on the surface in direct contact with the aluminum parts and not between all surfaces of the joint parts. For sealing of multi-material-stacks involving aluminum, application of interfay sealant is necessary between all assembled parts, even between parts made of corrosion resistant material, in order to ensure a double barrier to prevent water ingress in the joint and subsequent potential galvanic corrosion on the aluminum holes. This condition, if not corrected, could lead to failure of the door to perform its intended function, possibly resulting in reduced evacuation capacity from the aeroplane during an emergency and consequent injury to occupants. To address this unsafe condition, Airbus developed production mod 110790 and mod 109554 to improve protection against corrosion, and issued the SB [Airbus Service Bulletin A350–52–P012, dated September 7, 2017] to provide modification instructions for in-service pre-mod aeroplanes. For the reasons described above, this [EASA] AD requires a modification by adding sealant and protective treatment on the affected passenger doors. You may examine the MCAI in the AD docket on the internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2018– 0761. E:\FR\FM\10DER1.SGM 10DER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 236 (Monday, December 10, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 63383-63389]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-26559]



========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents 
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed 
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published 
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.

The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. 

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 236 / Monday, December 10, 2018 / 
Rules and Regulations

[[Page 63383]]



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Federal Crop Insurance Corporation

7 CFR Part 457

[Docket No. FCIC-18-0002]
RIN 0563-AC57


Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Forage Seeding Crop Insurance 
Provisions

AGENCY: Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, USDA.

ACTION: Final rule with request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) amends the 
Common Crop Insurance Regulations, Forage Seeding Crop Insurance 
Provisions (Crop Provisions). The intended effect of this action is to 
update existing policy provisions and definitions to better reflect 
current agricultural practices and allow for variations in insurance 
provisions based on regionally-specific agronomic conditions and 
potential future expansions. The changes are to be effective for the 
2020 and succeeding crop years.

DATES: This final rule is effective April 30, 2019. However, FCIC will 
accept written comments on this final rule until close of business 
January 9, 2019. FCIC will consider these comments and make changes to 
the rule if warranted.

ADDRESSES: FCIC prefers that interested persons submit comments 
electronically through the Federal eRulemaking Portal. Interested 
persons may submit comments, identified by Docket ID No. FCIC-18-0002, 
by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Director, Product Administration and Standards 
Division, Risk Management Agency, United States Department of 
Agriculture, P.O. Box 419205, Kansas City, MO 64133-6205.
    All comments received, including those received by mail, will be 
posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any 
personal information provided. Once these comments are posted to this 
website, the public can access all comments at its convenience from 
this website. All comments must include the agency name and docket 
number or Regulatory Information Number (RIN) for this rule. For 
detailed instructions on submitting comments and additional 
information, see http://www.regulations.gov. If interested persons are 
submitting comments electronically through the Federal eRulemaking 
Portal and want to attach a document, FCIC requests use of a text-based 
format. If interested persons wish to attach a document that is a 
scanned Adobe PDF file, it must be scanned as text and not as an image, 
thus allowing FCIC to search and copy certain portions of the 
submissions. For questions regarding attaching a document that is a 
scanned Adobe PDF file, please contact the Risk Management Agency (RMA) 
Web Content Team at (816) 823-4694 or by email at 
[email protected].
    Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all 
comments received for any dockets by the name of the person submitting 
the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an 
association, business, labor union, etc.). Interested persons may 
review the complete User Notice and Privacy Notice for Regulations.gov 
at http://www.regulations.gov/#!privacyNotice.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Francie Tolle, Director, Product 
Administration and Standards Division, Risk Management Agency, United 
States Department of Agriculture, Beacon Facility, Stop 0812, Room 421, 
P.O. Box 419205, Kansas City, MO 64141-6205, telephone (816) 926-7730.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    FCIC amends the Common Crop Insurance Regulations (7 CFR part 457) 
by revising 7 CFR 457.151 Forage Seeding Crop Insurance Provisions 
(``Crop Provisions''), to be effective for the 2020 and succeeding crop 
years. The intended effect of this action is to update existing policy 
provisions and definitions to better reflect current agricultural 
practices and allow for variations in insurance provisions based on 
regional agronomic conditions and potential future expansions.
    The changes are as follows:
    1. FCIC is removing the paragraph immediately preceding section 1, 
which refers to the order of priority if a conflict exists among the 
policy provisions. This same provision is contained in the Common Crop 
Insurance Policy, Basic Provisions (``Basic Provisions''). Therefore, 
the appearance here is duplicative and should be removed from the Crop 
Provisions.
    2. Section 1--FCIC is adding the definition of ``adequate stand.'' 
The new definition will allow RMA to revise loss adjustment procedures 
to rely upon the number of live alfalfa stems rather than the number of 
live plants (normal stand) for making loss determinations for forage 
containing more than 60 percent alfalfa. Plants can have more than one 
stem. Extension research across major forage growing areas has 
demonstrated that the number of live alfalfa stems is more closely 
correlated with future yield than the number of live plants when 
alfalfa is the dominant component of the forage mixture. Loss 
determinations for forage types that contain less than 60 percent 
alfalfa or no alfalfa at all, such as red clover, will have no change 
to existing loss adjustment procedures and, as stated below, will be 
based upon the normal planting density because there is no demonstrable 
correlation between future yield and the number of live alfalfa stems 
when the forage type does not contain at least 60 percent alfalfa.
    FCIC is adding the definition of ``amount of insurance.'' The term 
``amount of insurance'' refers to the dollar amount of insurance per 
acre obtained by multiplying the reference maximum dollar amount shown 
in the actuarial documents by the coverage level percentage elected by 
the insured. FCIC adds this definition to provide clarity because the 
term is used multiple times in the Crop Provisions but is not defined.
    FCIC is removing the definition of ``nurse crop (companion crop)'' 
and adding the definition of ``companion crop''. FCIC also replaces the 
definition ``nurse crop (companion crop)'' with the term ``companion 
crop'' throughout the

[[Page 63384]]

Crop Provisions. FCIC replaces this definition to reduce ambiguity and 
increase clarity by using one term instead of referring to ``nurse 
crop'' and ``companion crop'' interchangeably.
    FCIC is revising the definition of ``fall planted'' by adding the 
phrase ``except when specified in the Special Provisions,'' following 
the phrase ``A forage crop seeded after June 30'' to allow FCIC to 
provide area-specific dates that have distinctions outside of this 
range. For example, Maine is currently recognized as having a single 
growing season with planting dates that begin before June 30 but extend 
beyond June 30, which is inconsistent with existing definitions for 
``spring planted'' and ``fall planted.'' This change also allows FCIC 
to be responsive to new or evolving regional conditions as needed in 
the future.
    FCIC is revising the definition of ``good farming practices.'' The 
revised definition adds the phrase ``in lieu of the definition in the 
Basic Provisions'' to clarify that the ``good farming practices'' 
definition in the Crop Provisions will replace the definition contained 
in the Basic Provisions. The definition in the Basic Provisions is not 
appropriate for forage seeding because it includes references to the 
insured's approved yield, but these Crop Provisions provide coverage 
for a failed forage seeding, not for yield losses below an insured's 
approved yield. The revised definition also replaces the phrase 
``normal stand'' with ``adequate stand,'' because the adequate stand 
will be used to determine if the forage seeding was successful. The 
revised definition also replaces the phrase ``and are those recognized 
by the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service as 
compatible with agronomic and weather conditions in the county'' with 
``which are those generally recognized by agricultural experts or 
organic agricultural experts, as compatible with agronomic and weather 
conditions for the area'' to be more consistent with the definition of 
``good farming practices'' contained in the Basic Provisions because, 
even though the definition in the Basic Provisions is no longer 
applicable, some of the same principles apply. These changes are 
intended to ensure that the definition is consistent with the practices 
applicable to forage seeding crops.
    FCIC is revising the definition of ``harvest'' to remove the word 
``only'' before ``grazed'' to clarify that the acreage does not have to 
be exclusively grazed to not be considered harvested. If the acreage is 
grazed at any time regardless of whether the crop is removed from the 
field, it is not considered harvested.
    FCIC is removing the definition of ``normal stand'' and replacing 
it with the definition of ``normal planting density.'' The new 
definition of ``normal planting density'' simplifies the previous 
definition of ``normal stand'' by replacing the phrase ``a population 
of live plants per square foot that meets the minimum required number 
of plants'' with the more concise phrase ``the minimum number of live 
plants per square foot.'' The normal planting density will be used to 
determine if the stand qualifies for replanting payments. The normal 
planting density will result in more accurate replanting payments than 
basing replant determinations on an adequate stand because not all 
stems may have emerged when replanting determinations are made.
    FCIC is revising the definition of ``planted acreage'' by removing 
the reference to ``provisions in section 1'' and replacing it with the 
more specific phrase ``definition in''. This is not a substantive 
change but it makes it consistent with other definitions that refer to 
the definitions in the Basic Provisions.
    FCIC is revising the definition of ``replanting'' by removing the 
duplicative language that is already contained in the Basic Provisions. 
FCIC is revising the remaining sentence of the current definition by 
adding the phrase ``in addition to the definition in the Basic 
Provisions'' to clarify that the ``replanting'' definition in the Crop 
Provisions will add to the definition contained in the Basic 
Provisions, replacing the phrase ``replacing'' with the word 
``placing'' as it is a more accurate term for seeding an existing 
stand, and replacing the phrase ``which results in'' with the word 
``using'' to convey that using a reduced seeding rate to replace seed 
into an existing damaged stand will not be considered replanting.
    FCIC is revising the definition of ``sales closing date.'' The 
revised definition replaces the term ``fall seeded'' with ``fall 
planted.'' The terms ``fall seeded'' and ``fall planted'' had been used 
interchangeably. This change will add clarity and reduce confusion 
because ``fall planted'' is defined within the policy, but ``fall 
seeded'' is not.
    FCIC proposes to revise the definition of ``spring planted.'' The 
revised definition adds the phrase ``except when specified in the 
Special Provisions,'' following the phrase ``A forage crop seeded 
before July 1,'' to allow FCIC to provide area specific dates that have 
distinctions outside of this range. For example, Maine is currently 
recognized as having a single growing season with planting dates that 
begin before June 30 but extend beyond June 30, which is inconsistent 
with existing definitions for ``spring planted'' and ``fall planted''. 
This change also allows FCIC to be responsive to new or evolving 
regional conditions as needed in the future. FCIC proposes this change 
to reduce ambiguity and increase clarity because the definition of 
``crop year'' references the calendar year of the planted acreage.
    3. Section 5--FCIC is replacing the cancellation and termination 
date table with a new date table. The new dates allow for expansion of 
the fall-planted practice and align forage seeding cancellation and 
termination dates with the dates for other fall-planted crops in each 
state. Maine's cancellation and termination dates will remain unchanged 
at March 15th to allow time after premium billing for a termination 
decision to be made. In all other states, the cancellation date will be 
July 31st and termination date will be September 30th to allow time 
after premium billing for a termination decision to be made.
    4. Section 6--FCIC is replacing the term ``acreage report date'' 
with the term ``acreage reporting date.'' FCIC is making this change 
because the term ``acreage reporting date'' is defined in the Basic 
Provisions and also appears in the Special Provisions.
    5. Section 7--FCIC is replacing ``a normal stand'' with ``an 
adequate stand'' and ``nurse crops'' with ``companion crops'' to 
incorporate the references to the new terms stated above.
    6. Section 8--FCIC is revising section 8(a) to simplify this 
section by removing references to states and counties and applying the 
same replanting requirements to all insurable areas. FCIC is removing 
section 8(b) which requires some California counties to replant if 
damage occurred anytime within the crop year, compared to all other 
areas, where replanting is only required for damage that occurred 
before the final planting date. This change was done concurrently with 
revisions to section 11, which outlines when replanting payments are 
allowed based on region and spring or fall planting. FCIC is also 
replacing the phrase ``a normal stand'' with ``the normal planting 
density,'' consistent with the changes above regarding the definition 
change.
    7. Section 9--FCIC is revising section 9(c) to make it be 
grammatically correct.
    FCIC also is removing all state and county specific end of 
insurance dates and instead referring to the end of insurance period 
date shown in the actuarial documents. This change will simplify the 
provision and allow FCIC to provide area specific dates, allow for

[[Page 63385]]

future program expansion, and allow FCIC to continue to be responsive 
to new or evolving regional conditions as needed in the future.
    8. Section 10--FCIC is replacing the phrase ``a stand of forage 
that occur'' with the phrase ``an adequate stand that occurs.'' This 
change reduces ambiguity and clarifies the provisions because 
``adequate stand'' is a defined term but ``stand of forage'' is not, 
which could lead to different results when determining losses.
    9. Section 11--In section 11(a), FCIC is moving the phrase ``unless 
specified otherwise in the Special Provisions,'' from subparagraph 
(a)(1) (addressing California only) to the main paragraph (addressing 
all areas) to allow FCIC greater flexibility in determining regional 
specific distinctions for replanting payments and to protect program 
integrity and insured interests by allowing FCIC, with assistance from 
forage subject matter experts and regional offices, to address regional 
specific production practices.
    FCIC is moving the phrase ``It is practical to replant;'' from 
subparagraph (a)(2)(iii) (addressing Lassen, Modoc, Mono, Shasta, 
Siskiyou Counties, California and all other states) to the subparagraph 
11(a)(1) (addressing all areas). FCIC is moving this phrase to 
consistently apply the requirement that it be practical to replant in 
order to receive a replanting payment across all counties and states.
    In section 11(a)(2), FCIC is moving the phrase ``We give written 
consent to replant;'' from subparagraph (a)(2)(iv) (addressing Lassen, 
Modoc, Mono, Shasta, Siskiyou Counties, California and all other 
states) to the subparagraph 11(a)(2) (addressing all areas). FCIC is 
moving this phrase to require written consent by approved insurance 
providers as a requirement of replanting payments across all counties 
and states. FCIC is renumbering subsequent paragraphs.
    In the newly designated section 11(a)(3) FCIC is replacing the 
phrase ``within the insurance period'' with the phrase ``before the 
spring final planting date in the actuarial documents.'' FCIC is 
replacing this phrase so that allowable replanting payments correlate 
with replanting requirements. Specifically, this change corresponds 
with the removal of section 8(b), which removed the replanting 
requirement in California counties for damage occurring after the 
spring final planting date. Therefore, the spring final planting date 
is a more appropriate timeframe for defining when replanting payments 
are available. FCIC is replacing ``a normal stand'' with ``the normal 
planting density'' consistent with the changes made above.
    FCIC is revising the newly designated section 11(a)(4) to remove 
the list of specific California counties. This list is not needed 
because the Special Provisions will include any county differences in 
replanting payment provisions.
    FCIC is removing section 11(a)(4)(i), renumbering subsequent 
paragraphs, and adding the phrase ``spring or '' before ``fall 
planted'' in the newly designated section 11(a)(4)(i) to extend 
replanting payment eligibility to include both fall and spring planted 
practices, as opposed to the current provisions that allowed replanting 
only for a failed fall seeding in counties that designated both fall 
and spring final planting dates. FCIC is adding this language in order 
to allow replanting payments for producers engaged in the spring 
planted practice. A producer that plants a forage crop in the spring 
suffers the same financial consequences as a producer of a fall planted 
crop, if that crop fails to emerge or suffers damage and needs to be 
replanted. Therefore, FCIC is expanding coverage to allow replanting 
payments for spring planted forage as well as fall planted forage. 
Additionally, as the plan requires replanting to maintain the 
insurance, this will provide some compensation to cover replanting 
costs. Additionally, FCIC is replacing the phrase ``a normal stand'' 
with the phrase ``the normal planting density,'' consistent with 
definition change.
    In the newly designated section 11(a)(2)(ii), FCIC is revising the 
paragraph to clarify the provision only pertains to the fall planted 
practice, because a separate provision is added below to address the 
spring planted practice. FCIC is also adding the word ``final'' before 
``planting date'' to eliminate ambiguity between spring planting dates. 
FCIC is also correcting the grammar.
    FCIC is revising the newly designated section 11(a)(2)(iii) to 
state ``If spring planted, the original planting took place after the 
earliest planting date shown in the Special Provisions, and the acreage 
is replanted by the spring final planting date shown in the Special 
Provisions.'' FCIC is adding this language in order to allow replanting 
payments for producers engaged in the spring planted practice. A 
producer that plants a forage crop in the spring suffers the same 
financial consequences as a producer of a fall planted crop, if that 
crop fails to emerge or suffers damage and needs to be replanted. 
Therefore, FCIC is expanding coverage to allow replanting payments for 
spring planted forage as well as fall planted forage. Additionally, as 
the plan requires replanting to maintain the insurance, this will 
provide some compensation to cover replanting costs.
    In section 11(b), FCIC is adding ``(a)'' directly after ``section 
13'' to more specifically reference section 13(a). This addition 
clarifies which specific part of section 13 this provision is 
referencing.
    10. Section 12--In section 12(b), FCIC removes the phrase, 
``(Duties in the Event of Damage or Loss)'' as the parenthetical 
section name is unnecessary and removing these titles will prevent FCIC 
from having to revise the Crop Provisions should these section titles 
change in the Basic Provisions.
    In section 12(b), FCIC is also adding the adjective ``damaged'' 
before ``fall planted acreage'' and removing the phrase ``that is 
damaged'' after the phrase ``fall planted acreage'' to simplify the 
language and clarify the provisions.
    11. Section 13--FCIC is removing the sub-section designation of 
``(a)'' as it is not needed in the introductory paragraph. FCIC is also 
adding paragraph designation ``(a)'' and the statement ``Each type and 
practice:'' directly following the introductory paragraph in order to 
clarify and simplify the section, because the steps for settling a 
claim should be followed first for each type and practice and then 
summed to any applicable unit.
    FCIC is revising section 13(a)(1) to change the phrase 
``Multiplying the insured acreage of each type and practice by the 
amount of insurance for the applicable type and practice;'' to 
``Determining the value of all insured acreage by multiplying the 
number of insured acres by the dollar amount of insurance;''. This 
change is intended to clarify that this is the outcome of the 
calculation in this step and to remove reference to type and practices 
because type and practice instructions are already stated in 13(a).
    FCIC is removing 13(a)(2), because the step for totaling results by 
type and practice from 13(a) is moved to the newly designated 13(b).
    FCIC is revising section 13(a)(3) to change the phrase 
``multiplying the total acres with an established stand for the insured 
acreage of each type and practice in the unit by the amount of 
insurance for the applicable type and practice;'' to ``determining the 
value of the acreage with no insurable losses, by multiplying the 
dollar amount of insurance by the insured acreage that: [.]'' This 
change is intended to simplify the policy language by removing the term 
``established stand,'' which was referenced within the settlement steps 
of section 13(b); clarifying the outcome

[[Page 63386]]

of the calculation in this step by adding the phrase ``value of the 
acreage with no insurable losses''; and removing the phrase ``for each 
type and practice'' because this instruction is already stated in 
13(a). In addition, FCIC designates 13(a)(3) as 13(a)(2).
    FCIC is moving the settlement steps in section 13(b), previously 
referred to as an ``established stand'' to section 13(a)(2)(i)-(iv). In 
moving these settlement steps, FCIC is also revising the sub-sections 
13(a)(2)(i)-(iv) to each start with a verb to provide more cohesive 
language and reduce redundancy between the leading text and sub-
paragraphs.
    FCIC is adding a new section 13(a)(3) to state, ``Determining the 
value of the acreage with partial insurable losses, by multiplying the 
dollar amount of insurance by the number of insured acres that have a 
stand less than 75 percent but more than 55 percent of an adequate 
stand, by 50 percent (0.5);''. This step was previously captured in 
section 13(c), which stated, ``The amount of indemnity on any spring 
planted acreage determined in accordance with section 13(a) will be 
reduced 50 percent if the stand is less than 75 percent but more than 
55 percent of a normal stand.'' FCIC is moving this step to section 
13(a)(3) so that all steps for settling a claim throughout section 13 
are presented in sequential order. FCIC is updating the language of 
this step to clarify that the outcome of the calculation in this step 
is determining the value of acreage with partial insurable losses by 
adding the phrase ``determining the value of the acreage with partial 
insurable losses''. FCIC is also removing reference to spring planted 
acreage because the steps for settling a claim are first done by any 
applicable unit, which is already defined to allow basic units by 
spring planted and fall planted acreage. FCIC is replacing the term ``a 
normal stand'' with the term ``an adequate stand,'' consistent with the 
new definition. FCIC is removing section 13(c) because it is 
incorporated into section 13(a)(3), and it is no longer needed.
    FCIC is revising section 13(a)(4), to state ``Adding the results in 
section 13(a)(2) and section 13(a)(3);''. This revision calculates the 
total value of the acreage with no insurable loss by adding together 
the value of acreage with no insurable loss plus the value of acreage 
with partial insurable loss. FCIC removes the previous language because 
the step for totaling results by type and practice from 13(a) is moved 
to the newly designated 13(b).
    FCIC is updating section 13(a)(5) reference of section 13(a)(2) to 
section 13(a)(1) and change the words ``result'' to ``results''. This 
step will function as subtracting the total value of the acreage with 
no insurable loss from the total value of all insured acreage to 
determine the total value of acreage with insurable losses. This 
calculation will be for each type and practice. FCIC is also removing 
the word ``and'' at the end of the section as it is not needed for this 
step.
    FCIC is revising 13(a)(6) to update the section reference from 
section 13(a)(5) to 13(a)(3). FCIC is also adding the word ``and'' at 
the end of the section 13(a)(6) to provide a cohesive transition to the 
final step for settlement of a claim in 13(b).
    FCIC is adding section 13(b) to state ``totaling the results in 
section 13(a).'' Totaling results for each type and practice to any 
applicable unit was previously included twice in the steps for settling 
a claim. With this revision, totaling results for each type and 
practice is only performed once.
    FCIC is revising the indemnity calculation example to portray the 
revised steps for settlement of a claim in section 13. The revised 
example demonstrates the difference in calculations when a portion of 
the acreage has a stand between 55 and 75 percent of an adequate stand 
versus a stand with less than 55 percent of an adequate stand. 
Additional revisions to the indemnity calculation example include 
replacing each instance of ``remaining stand of 75 percent or greater'' 
with ``remaining stand of 75 percent of an adequate stand or greater'' 
and to replace ``75% stand or greater'' with ``75% of an adequate stand 
or greater'' to reduce ambiguity and clarify that loss determinations 
are to be determined relative to adequate stand. In the indemnity 
calculation, FCIC also is replacing ``$100.00'' with ``$100'' and 
``$90.00'' with ``90.'' This change simplifies the example 
calculations.

Notice and Comment

    The FCIC is issuing this final rule without opportunity for prior 
notice and comment. The Administrative Procedure Act (APA) exempts 
rules ``relating to agency management or personnel or to public 
property, loans, grants, benefits, or contracts'' from the statutory 
requirement for prior notice and opportunity for public comment (5 
U.S.C. 553(a)(2)). A Federal crop insurance policy is a contract and is 
thus exempt from APA notice-and-comment procedures. Previously, changes 
made to the Federal crop insurance policies codified in the Code of 
Federal Regulations were required to be implemented through the notice-
and-comment rulemaking process. Such action was not required by the 
APA, which exempts contracts. Rather, the requirement originated with a 
notice USDA published in the Federal Register on July 24, 1971 (36 FR 
13804), stating that the Department of Agriculture would, to the 
maximum extent practicable, use the notice-and-comment rulemaking 
process when making program changes, including those involving 
contracts. FCIC complied with this notice over the subsequent years. On 
October 28, 2013, USDA published a notice in the Federal Register (78 
FR 64194) rescinding the prior notice, thereby making contracts again 
exempt from the notice-and-comment rulemaking process. This exemption 
applies to the 30-day notice prior to implementation of a rule. 
Therefore, the policy changes made by this final rule are effective 
April 30, 2019 in the Federal Register.
    However, FCIC is providing a 30-day comment period and invites 
interested persons to participate in this rulemaking by submitting 
written comments. To assist in analyzing the comments, FCIC requests 
that commenters include the number and heading corresponding to their 
comment, along with any applicable supporting data or references. FCIC 
will consider the comments received and may conduct additional 
rulemaking based on the comments.
    The changes will be effective for the 2020 and succeeding crop 
years.

Executive Orders 12866, 13563, 13771 and 13777

    Executive Order 12866, ``Regulatory Planning and Review,'' and 
Executive Order 13563, ``Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review,'' 
direct agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available 
regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select 
regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential 
economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive 
impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasized the importance 
of quantifying both costs and benefits, of reducing costs, of 
harmonizing rules, and of promoting flexibility. Executive Order 13777, 
``Enforcing the Regulatory Reform Agenda,'' established a federal 
policy to alleviate unnecessary regulatory burdens on the American 
people. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) designated this rule 
as not significant under Executive Order 12866, ``Regulatory Planning 
and Review,'' and therefore, OMB has not reviewed this rule. The rule 
is not subject to Executive Order 13771,

[[Page 63387]]

``Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs.''

Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

    Pursuant to the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 
(44 U.S.C. chapter 35, subchapter I), the collections of information in 
this rule have been approved by OMB under control number 0563-0053.

E-Government Act Compliance

    FCIC is committed to complying with the E-Government Act of 2002, 
to promote the use of the internet and other information technologies 
to provide increased opportunities for citizen access to Government 
information and services, and for other purposes.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

    Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), 
establishes requirements for Federal agencies to assess the effects of 
their regulatory actions on State, local, and tribal governments and 
the private sector. This rule contains no Federal mandates (under the 
regulatory provisions of title II of the UMRA) for State, local, and 
tribal governments or the private sector. Therefore, this rule is not 
subject to the requirements of sections 202 and 205 of UMRA.

Executive Order 13132

    It has been determined under section 1(a) of Executive Order 13132, 
Federalism, that this rule does not have sufficient implications to 
warrant consultation with the States. The provisions contained in this 
rule will not have a substantial direct effect on States, or on the 
relationship between the national government and the States, or on the 
distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of 
government.

Executive Order 13175

    This rule has been reviewed in accordance with the requirements of 
Executive Order 13175, ``Consultation and Coordination with Indian 
Tribal Governments.'' Executive Order 13175 requires Federal agencies 
to consult and coordinate with tribes on a government-to-government 
basis on policies that have tribal implications, including regulations, 
legislative comments or proposed legislation, and other policy 
statements or actions that have substantial direct effects on one or 
more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government 
and Indian tribes or on the distribution of power and responsibilities 
between the Federal Government and Indian tribes.
    The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation has assessed the impact of 
this rule on Indian tribes and determined that this rule does not, to 
our knowledge, have tribal implications that require tribal 
consultation under E.O. 13175. If a Tribe requests consultation, the 
Federal Crop Insurance Corporation will work with the Office of Tribal 
Relations to ensure meaningful consultation is provided where changes, 
additions and modifications identified herein are not expressly 
mandated by Congress.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    FCIC certifies that this regulation will not have a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Program 
requirements for the Federal crop insurance program are the same for 
all producers regardless of the size of their farming operation. For 
instance, all producers are required to submit an application and 
acreage report to establish their insurance guarantees and compute 
premium amounts, and all producers are required to submit a notice of 
loss and production information to determine the indemnity amount for 
an insured cause of crop loss. Whether a producer has 10 acres or 1000 
acres, there is no difference in the kind of information collected. To 
ensure crop insurance is available to small entities, the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (FCIA) authorizes FCIC to waive collection of 
administrative fees from limited resource farmers. FCIC believes this 
waiver helps to ensure that small entities are given the same 
opportunities as large entities to manage their risks through the use 
of crop insurance. A Regulatory Flexibility Analysis has not been 
prepared since this regulation does not have a significant impact on a 
substantial number of small entities, and, therefore, this regulation 
is exempt from the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 
U.S.C. 605).

Federal Assistance Program

    This program is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance under No. 10.450.

Executive Order 12372

    This program is not subject to the provisions of Executive Order 
12372, which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and 
local officials. See 2 CFR part 415, subpart C.

Executive Order 12988

    This rule has been reviewed in accordance with Executive Order 
12988 on civil justice reform. The provisions of this rule will not 
have a retroactive effect. The provisions of this rule will preempt 
State and local laws to the extent such State and local laws are 
inconsistent herewith. With respect to any direct action taken by FCIC 
or action by FCIC directing the insurance provider to take specific 
action under the terms of the crop insurance policy, the administrative 
appeal provisions published at 7 CFR part 11 must be exhausted before 
any action against FCIC for judicial review may be brought.

Environmental Evaluation

    This action is not expected to have a significant economic impact 
on the quality of the human environment, health, or safety. Therefore, 
neither an Environmental Assessment nor an Environmental Impact 
Statement is needed.

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 457

    Crop insurance, Forage seeding, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

Final Rule

    Accordingly, as set forth in the preamble, the Federal Crop 
Insurance Corporation amends 7 CFR part 457 effective for the 2020 and 
succeeding crop years as follows:

PART 457--COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS

0
1. The authority citation for part 457 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1506(l), 1506(o).

0
2. Amend Sec.  457.151 as follows:
0
a. Remove ``2003'' and add ``2020'' in its place in the introductory 
text;
0
b. Remove the undesignated paragraph immediately preceding section 1;
0
c. In section 1:
0
i. Add in alphabetical order the definitions of ``adequate stand'', 
``amount of insurance'', and ``companion crop'';
0
ii. Revise the definition of ``good farming practices'';
0
iii. In the definition of ``harvest'' remove the word ``only'';
0
iv. Add in alphabetical order the definition of ``normal planting 
density'';
0
v. Remove the definitions of ``normal stand'' and ``nurse crop 
(companion crop)'';
0
vi. Revise the definitions of ``planted acreage'', ``replanting'', and 
``sales closing date'';
0
d. Revise section 5;
0
e. In section 6 remove the phrase ``acreage report date'' and add the 
phrase ``acreage reporting date'' in its place;

[[Page 63388]]

0
f. In section 7:
0
i. In paragraph (b) remove the phrase ``a normal'' and add the phrase 
``an adequate'' in its place;
0
ii. In paragraph (d) remove the word ``nurse'' and add the word 
``companion'' in its place;
0
g. Revise section 8;
0
h. In Section 9;
0
i. Revise paragraph (c);
0
ii. Revise paragraph (g);
0
i. In section 10 in the introductory text remove the phrase ``stand of 
forage that occur'' and add the phrase ``an adequate stand that 
occurs'' in its place;
0
j. In section 11:
0
i. Revise paragraph (a);
0
ii. In paragraph (b) add the term ``(a)'' directly following the number 
``13'';
0
k. In paragraph 12(b) remove the phrase ``(Duties in the Event of 
Damage or Loss)'', add the word ``damaged'' preceding the term ``fall 
planted acreage'', and remove the phrase ``that is damaged''; and
0
l. Revise section 13.
    The revisions and additions read as follows:


Sec.  457.151  Forage seeding crop insurance provisions.

* * * * *
    1. Definitions.
    Adequate stand. The number shown in the Special Provisions, 
representing:
    (a) For forage containing 60 percent or more alfalfa, the minimum 
required number of live alfalfa stems per square foot that are two 
inches or greater in height; or
    (b) For forage containing less than 60 percent alfalfa, the normal 
planting density.
    Amount of insurance. The dollar amount of insurance per acre 
obtained by multiplying the reference maximum dollar amount shown in 
the actuarial documents by the coverage level percentage you elect.
    Companion crop. A crop seeded into the same acreage as another 
crop, that is intended to be harvested separately, and that is planted 
to improve growing conditions for the crop with which it is grown.
* * * * *
    Good farming practices. In lieu of the definition in the Basic 
Provisions, the cultural practices generally in use in the county for 
the crop to make normal progress toward maturity and produce an 
adequate stand and which are those generally recognized by agricultural 
experts or organic agricultural experts, as compatible with agronomic 
and weather conditions for the area.
* * * * *
    Normal planting density. The number of live plants per square foot 
as shown in the Special Provisions.
* * * * *
    Planted acreage. In addition to the definition in the Basic 
Provisions, land on which seed is initially spread onto the soil 
surface by any method and subsequently is mechanically incorporated 
into the soil in a timely manner and at the proper depth will be 
considered planted, unless otherwise provided by the Special 
Provisions, actuarial documents, or written agreement.
    Replanting. In addition to the definition in the Basic Provisions, 
placing new seed into an existing damaged stand, using a reduced 
seeding rate from the original seeding rate, will not be considered 
replanting.
    Sales closing date. In lieu of the definition contained in the 
Basic Provisions, a date contained in the Special Provisions by which 
an application must be filed and by which you may change your crop 
insurance coverage for a crop year. If the Special Provisions provide a 
sales closing date for both fall planted and spring planted practices 
for the insured crop and you plant any insurable fall planted acreage, 
you may not change your crop insurance coverage after the fall sales 
closing date for the fall planted practice.
* * * * *
    5. Cancellation and Termination Dates.
    In accordance with section 2 of the Basic Provisions, the 
cancellation and termination dates are:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
              State                  Cancellation         Termination
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Maine...........................  March 15..........  March 15.
All other states................  July 31...........  September 30.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
    8. Insurable Acreage.
    In addition to the provisions of section 9 of the Basic Provisions, 
any acreage of the insured crop damaged before the final planting date, 
to the extent that such acreage has less than 75 percent of a normal 
planting density, must be replanted unless we agree that it is not 
practical to replant.
    9. Insurance Period.
* * * * *
    (c) The first harvest after the late harvest date, if a late 
harvest date is specified in the Special Provisions (You may harvest 
the crop as often as practical in accordance with good farming 
practices on or before the late harvest date);
* * * * *
    (g) The end of insurance period date shown in the actuarial 
documents.
* * * * *
    11. Replanting Payment
    (a) Unless otherwise specified in the Special Provisions, a 
replanting payment is allowed if:
    (1) It is practical to replant;
    (2) We give written consent to replant;
    (3) In California, acreage planted to the insured crop is damaged 
by an insurable cause of loss occurring before the spring final 
planting date in the actuarial documents to the extent that less than 
75 percent of the normal planting density remains and the crop can 
reach maturity before the end of the insurance period;
    (4) In all other states:
    (i) The insured spring or fall planted acreage is damaged by an 
insurable cause of loss to the extent that less than 75 percent of the 
normal planting density remains;
    (ii) If fall planted, the acreage is replanted the following spring 
by the spring final planting date; and
    (iii) If spring planted, the original planting took place after the 
earliest planting date shown in the Special Provisions; and the acreage 
is replanted by the spring final planting date shown in the Special 
Provisions.
* * * * *
    13. Settlement of Claim
    In the event of loss or damage covered by this policy, we will 
settle your claim on any unit by:
    (a) Each type and practice:
    (1) Determining the value of all insured acreage by multiplying the 
number of insured acres by the dollar amount of insurance;
    (2) Determining the value of the acreage with no insurable losses, 
by multiplying the dollar amount of insurance by the insured acreage 
that:
    (i) Has at least 75 percent of an adequate stand;
    (ii) Was abandoned or put to another use without our prior written 
consent;
    (iii) Was damaged solely by an uninsured cause; or
    (iv) Was harvested and not reseeded.
    (3) Determining the value of the acreage with partial insurable 
losses, by multiplying the dollar amount of insurance by the number of 
insured acres that have a stand less than 75 percent but more than 55 
percent of an adequate stand, by 50 percent (0.5);
    (4) Adding the results in section 13(a)(2) and section 13(a)(3);
    (5) Subtracting the results in section 13(a)(4) from the results in 
section 13(a)(1);
    (6) Multiplying the result in section 13(a)(3) by your share; and

[[Page 63389]]

    (b) Totaling the results in section 13(a).

    Example: Assume you have a 100 percent share in 30 acres of type 
A forage in the unit, with an amount of insurance of $100 per acre. 
At the time of loss, the following findings are established: 10 
acres had a remaining stand of 75 percent of an adequate stand or 
greater. 20 acres had a remaining stand less than 75 percent but 
more than 55 percent of an adequate stand.
    You also have a 100 percent share in 20 acres of type B forage 
in the unit, with an amount of insurance of $90 per acre. 10 acres 
had a remaining stand of 75 percent of an adequate stand or greater. 
10 acres had a remaining stand less than 55 percent of an adequate 
stand.
    Your indemnity would be calculated as follows:
    1. 30 acres x $100 = $3,000 amount of insurance for type A;
    20 acres x $90 = $1,800 amount of insurance for type B;
    2. 10 acres with 75% of an adequate stand or greater x $100 = 
$1,000 for type A;
    10 acres with 75% of an adequate stand or greater x $900 = $900 
for type B;
    3. 20 acres with less than 75% but greater than 55% of an 
adequate stand x $100 x 50 percent = $1,000 for type A;
    0 acres with less than 75% but greater than 55% of an adequate 
stand x $90 x 50 percent = $0 for type B;
    4. $1,000 + $1,000 = $2,000 reduction for type A;
    $900 + $0 = $900 reduction for type B;
    5. $3,000 - $2,000 = $1,000 for type A
    $1,800 - $900 = $900 for type B
    6. $1,000 x 100 percent share = $1,000 for type A;
    $900 x 100 percent share = $900 for type B;
    7. $1,000 + $900 = $1,900 total indemnity
* * * * *

Martin R. Barbre,
Manager, Federal Crop Insurance Corporation.
[FR Doc. 2018-26559 Filed 12-7-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-08-P