Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Maryland; Regional Haze Five-Year Progress Report, 60363-60366 [2018-25556]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 227 / Monday, November 26, 2018 / Rules and Regulations agreement. . . .’’ 17 U.S.C. 801(b)(7)(A)(i). Participants in the proceeding may also ‘‘object to [the agreement’s] adoption as a basis for statutory terms and rates.’’ Id. The Judges ‘‘may decline to adopt the agreement as a basis for statutory terms and rates for participants that are not parties to the agreement,’’ only ‘‘if any participant [in the proceeding] objects to the agreement and the [Judges] conclude, based on the record before them if one exists, that the agreement does not provide a reasonable basis for setting statutory terms or rates.’’ 17 U.S.C. 801(b)(7)(A)(ii). Accordingly, on May 17, 2018, the Judges published a document requesting comment on the proposed rates and terms. 83 FR 22907. The Judges received no timely comments or objections in response to the May 17 document. Having received no opposition to the proposal and finding that the agreement among the moving parties provides a reasonable basis for setting statutory terms and rates, the Judges, by this notice, adopt as final regulations the rates and terms for the making of an ephemeral recording by a business establishment service for the period January 1, 2019, through December 31, 2023. List of Subjects in 37 CFR Part 384 Copyright, Digital audio transmissions, Ephemeral recordings, Performance right, Sound recordings. Final Regulations For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Judges amend part 384 of chapter III of title 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows: PART 384—RATES AND TERMS FOR THE MAKING OF EPHEMERAL RECORDINGS BY BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT SERVICES 2. In § 384.1, amend paragraph (a) by removing ‘‘January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2018’’ and adding ‘‘January 1, 2019, through December 31, 2023’’ in its place. ■ 3. Amend § 384.3 by: ■ a. Revising paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b), removing ‘‘$10,000’’ and adding ‘‘$20,000’’ in its place. The revision reads as follows: 16:13 Nov 23, 2018 Jkt 247001 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. .............................................. 12.5 12.75 13.0 13.25 13.5 (2) ‘‘Gross Proceeds’’ as used in this section means all fees and payments, including those made in kind, received from any source before, during or after the License Period that are derived from the use of copyrighted sound recordings during the License Period pursuant to 17 U.S.C. 112(e) for the sole purpose of facilitating a transmission to the public of a performance of a sound recording under the limitation on exclusive rights specified in 17 U.S.C. 114(d)(1)(C)(iv). The attribution of Gross Proceeds to copyrighted recordings may be made on the basis of: (i) For classical programs, the proportion that the playing time of copyrighted classical recordings bears to the total playing time of all classical recordings in the program; and (ii) For all other programs, the proportion that the number of copyrighted recordings bears to the total number of all recordings in the program. * * * * * [Amended] 4. In § 384.5, amend paragraph (d)(4) by removing the second comma before the word ‘‘subject’’. [Amended] VerDate Sep<11>2014 Rate % Year ■ Authority: 17 U.S.C. 112(e), 801(b)(1). ■ ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (a) Basic royalty rate. (1) For the making of any number of Ephemeral Recordings in the operation of a Business Establishment Service, a Licensee shall pay a royalty equal to the following percentages of such Licensee’s ‘‘Gross Proceeds’’ derived from the use in such service of musical programs that are attributable to copyrighted recordings: § 384.5 1. The authority citation for part 384 continues to read as follows: ■ § 384.1 § 384.3 Royalty fees for ephemeral recordings. Dated: September 17, 2018. David R. Strickler, Copyright Royalty Judge. Jesse M. Feder, Copyright Royalty Judge. Suzanne M. Barnett, Chief Copyright Royalty Judge. [FR Doc. 2018–25458 Filed 11–23–18; 8:45 am] PO 00000 Frm 00031 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R03–OAR–2017–0598; FRL–9986–76– Region 3] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Maryland; Regional Haze Five-Year Progress Report Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving Maryland’s regional haze progress report, submitted on August 9, 2017, as a revision to its State Implementation Plan (SIP). Maryland’s SIP revision addresses Clean Air Act (CAA) provisions and EPA regulations that require each state to submit periodic reports describing the State’s progress towards reasonable progress goals (RPGs) established for regional haze and to make a determination of the adequacy of the State’s existing regional haze SIP. The EPA is approving Maryland’s determination that the State’s regional haze SIP is adequate to meet the RPGs for the first implementation period. DATES: This final rule is effective on December 26, 2018. ADDRESSES: EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID Number EPA–R03–OAR–2017–0598. All documents in the docket are listed on the https://www.regulations.gov website. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available through https:// www.regulations.gov, or please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section for additional availability information. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Erin Trouba, (215) 814–2023, or by email at trouba.erin@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: I. Background Carla D. Hayden, Librarian of Congress. BILLING CODE 1410–72–P 60363 Under the Regional Haze Rule, each state was required to submit to EPA an implementation plan addressing regional haze visibility impairment for the first implementation period through 2018, and then was required to submit E:\FR\FM\26NOR1.SGM 26NOR1 60364 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 227 / Monday, November 26, 2018 / Rules and Regulations a progress report in the form of a SIP revision that evaluates progress towards the RPGs set for each mandatory Class I Federal area within the state and for each mandatory Class I Federal area outside the state which may be affected by emissions from within the state. 40 CFR 51.308(g). Each state is also required to submit, at the same time as the progress report, a determination of the adequacy of its existing regional haze SIP. 40 CFR 51.308(h). The first progress report SIP is due five years after submittal of the initial regional haze SIP. On February 13, 2012, Maryland submitted the State’s first regional haze SIP in accordance with the requirements of 40 CFR 51.308. The progress report SIP was submitted by Maryland, through the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE), on August 9, 2017. On August 27, 2018 (83 FR 43571), EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) in which EPA proposed approval of Maryland’s regional haze 5-year progress report SIP, a report on progress made in the first implementation period towards RPGs for Class I areas outside the State that are affected by emissions from Maryland’s sources. Because there are no Class I areas in Maryland, the State did not need to address progress towards RPGs for Class I areas ‘‘inside’’ the State. This progress report SIP also included the State’s determination that its existing regional haze SIP requires no substantive revision to achieve the established regional haze visibility improvement and emissions reduction goals for 2018. II. Summary of SIP Revision and EPA Analysis Maryland’s regional haze 5-year progress report SIP submittal (2017 Progress Report) addresses the required elements for progress reports under the provisions of 40 CFR 51.308(g) and includes a determination that the State’s existing regional haze SIP requires no substantive revision to achieve the established regional haze visibility improvement and emissions reduction goals for 2018 as required by 40 CFR 51.308(h). In the NPRM, EPA proposed to approve the 2017 Progress Report because EPA found that the 2017 Progress Report addressed the elements of 40 CFR 51.308(g) regarding progress implementing the approved regional haze SIP and discussed visibility improvement in Class I areas impacted by Maryland’s emissions. The detailed rationale for EPA’s action is explained in the NPRM and will not be restated here. In addition, pursuant to 40 CFR VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 23, 2018 Jkt 247001 51.308(h), states are required to submit, at the same time as the progress report submission, a determination of the adequacy of their existing regional haze SIP. In the 2017 Progress Report, Maryland declared that its existing regional haze SIP required no substantive revision to achieve the RPGs for Class I areas. As explained in detail in the NPRM, EPA concluded Maryland adequately addressed 40 CFR 51.308(h) because decreasing emissions of visibility impairing pollutants and progress of regional Class I areas towards RPGs for 2018 indicate that no further revisions to Maryland’s SIP are necessary for this first regional haze implementation period. Therefore, EPA concluded the 2017 Progress Report met the requirements of 40 CFR 51.308(h). III. Summary of Public Comments and EPA’s Response One public comment was received on the NPRM. A summary of the comment and EPA’s response are provided in this section. The comment is provided in the docket for this final rulemaking action. Comment: The commenter stated Maryland’s plan does not adequately address regional haze progress, alleged that the State’s electric generating units (EGUs) did not reduce sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions by ninety percent (90%), and alleged a pulp mill and EGU in Maryland continue to emit large amounts of SO2. The commenter stated Maryland’s BART (Best Available Retrofit Technology) determinations were and continue to be inadequate. The commenter stated Maryland’s sulfur fuel oil limits are not low and asked EPA to compare Maryland’s limits to other states. Response: EPA reviewed Maryland’s 2017 Progress Report against the requirements for progress reports in 40 CFR 51.308(g) and (h). EPA found the 2017 Progress Report evaluated progress towards the RPGs and determined that the existing Maryland regional haze SIP is adequate to meet those RPGs because the 2017 Progress Report showed decreasing emissions of visibility impairing pollutants and significant progress of regional Class I areas to meeting or exceeding RPGs for 2018. Maryland’s 2017 Progress Report documented emission reductions from point source, non-road, on-road, and area source sectors. Thus, EPA agreed with Maryland’s determination that no further revisions to Maryland’s SIP are necessary for this first regional haze implementation period. 40 CFR 51.308(g)(1) requires progress reports to contain a description of the status of implementation of all measures included in the implementation plan for PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 achieving RPGs for Class I areas. One implementation measure that is required to be described in the progress report is the implementation of BART. As stated in the NPRM and in the 2017 Progress Report, Maryland discussed the implementation of BART at EGUs and at Holcim Cement and Luke Pulp and Paper Mill. The adequacy of these measures as BART was determined by EPA when EPA approved the Maryland regional haze SIP in 2012. 77 FR 39938 (July 6, 2012). Nothing in the CAA or in 40 CFR 51.308(g) or (h) requires Maryland or EPA to reexamine the BART determinations when reviewing a progress report. In addition, in the 2017 Progress Report, Maryland addressed the implementation of the Healthy Air Act (HAA) which was a measure employed by Maryland for its regional haze SIP to achieve a 90% reduction of SO2 from coal-fired EGUs within the State to address RPGs for Class I areas impacted by Maryland and to address BART for those eligible EGUs. For a discussion of the HAA as the approved BARTalternative for EGUs in Maryland, see EPA’s approval of the Maryland regional haze SIP at 77 FR 39938. In the 2017 Progress Report, Maryland included SO2 emissions data for EGUs demonstrating reductions from the HAA as well as from other SO2 reducing regulations. Therefore, as a factual matter, EPA disagrees with the commenter that Maryland did not reduce SO2 emissions by 90% from EGUs to meet the regional haze SIP measures. Maryland also discussed the implementation of BART within the State and thus met requirements for progress reports in 40 CFR 51.308. The commenter provided no information that Maryland had not implemented BART as approved by EPA.1 Regarding the commenter’s concern about fuel sulfur limits, EPA addressed Maryland’s fuel sulfur requirements in the approval of Maryland’s regional haze SIP. As EPA stated when proposing to approve Maryland’s regional haze SIP, since Maryland has not adopted a low sulfur fuel oil strategy, the State has a deficiency of 7,473.4 tons per year (tpy) of SO2 emissions. However, Maryland has a 1 In June 2012, EPA approved BART emission limits for power boiler 25, a BART subject source, at the Verso Luke Paper Mill. 77 FR 39938 (June 13, 2012). In July 2017, EPA removed the previously approved BART requirements for SO2 and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from power boiler 25 (No. 25) and replaced them with new, alternative emission requirements as BART. EPA established an annual SO2 cap for power boiler 25 and approved alternative BART emission limits for SO2 and NOx for power boiler 24 (No. 24). 82 FR 35451 (July 31, 2017). E:\FR\FM\26NOR1.SGM 26NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 227 / Monday, November 26, 2018 / Rules and Regulations surplus of SO2 emission reductions of 57,552 tpy resulting from the HAA. This surplus accounts for the SO2 emission reductions needed to meet the requirements of the low sulfur fuel strategy. 77 FR 11827, 11835 (Feb. 28, 2012). As EPA approved Maryland’s regional haze SIP without Maryland having a low sulfur fuel strategy as a measure for its SIP, whether or not Maryland has such a strategy now implemented, and whether any sulfur fuel requirements Maryland has are less stringent than other states, are not relevant or appropriate considerations before EPA in evaluating the 2017 Progress Report. 40 CFR 51.308(g) relates to discussion of the implementation of measures approved into a state’s regional haze SIP. Thus, the 2017 Progress Report did not need to address any sulfur fuel requirements as those are not part of the Maryland regional haze SIP. As EPA found Maryland addressed its progress towards meeting RPGs in Class I areas impacted by Maryland emissions and addressed visibility improvement from measures in the Maryland SIP, EPA is approving the 2017 Progress Report as addressing 40 CFR 51.308(g). IV. Final Action EPA is approving Maryland’s 2017 Progress Report submitted on August 9, 2017, as meeting the applicable regional haze requirements set forth in 40 CFR 51.308(g) and (h) as well as CAA section 110 requirements for SIPs. V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews A. General Requirements Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the CAA and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA’s role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action: • Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011); VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 23, 2018 Jkt 247001 • Is not an Executive Order 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 2, 2017) regulatory action because SIP approvals are exempted under Executive Order 12866. • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.); • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4); • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999); • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997); • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001); • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law. B. Submission to Congress and the Comptroller General The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 60365 required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). C. Petitions for Judicial Review Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by January 25, 2019. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action to approve Maryland’s regional haze 5-year progress report SIP revision may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2)) List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Carbon monoxide, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds. Dated: November 13, 2018. Cosmo Servidio, Regional Administrator, Region III. 40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows: PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS 1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Subpart V—Maryland 2. In § 52.1070, the table in paragraph (e) is amended by adding the entry for ‘‘Regional Haze Five-Year Progress Report’’ at the end of the table to read as follows: ■ § 52.1070 * Identification of plan. * * (e) * * * E:\FR\FM\26NOR1.SGM 26NOR1 * * 60366 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 227 / Monday, November 26, 2018 / Rules and Regulations Name of non-regulatory SIP revision * Regional Haze Five-Year Progress Report. Applicable geographic area * * Statewide ............................... State submittal date * 8/09/2017 EPA approval date * 11/26/2018, [Insert Federal Register citation]. [FR Doc. 2018–25556 Filed 11–23–18; 8:45 am] SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: BILLING CODE 6560–50–P I. General Information ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 180 [EPA–HQ–OPP–2011–0971; FRL–9977–14] Pyrifluquinazon; Pesticide Tolerances Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This regulation establishes tolerances for residues of pyrifluquinazon in or on multiple commodities that are identified and discussed later in this document. Nichino America, Inc. requested these tolerances under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). DATES: This regulation is effective November 26, 2018. Objections and requests for hearings must be received on or before January 25, 2019, and must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION). ADDRESSES: The docket for this action, identified by docket identification (ID) number EPA–HQ–OPP–2011–0971, is available at http://www.regulations.gov or at the Office of Pesticide Programs Regulatory Public Docket (OPP Docket) in the Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/DC), West William Jefferson Clinton Bldg., Rm. 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001. The Public Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566–1744, and the telephone number for the OPP Docket is (703) 305–5805. Please review the visitor instructions and additional information about the docket available at http://www.epa.gov/dockets. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michael Goodis, Director, Registration Division (7505P), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001; main telephone number: (703) 305–7090; email address: RDFRNotices@epa.gov. SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 23, 2018 Jkt 247001 A. Does this action apply to me? You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. The following list of North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide to help readers determine whether this document applies to them. Potentially affected entities may include: • Crop production (NAICS code 111). • Animal production (NAICS code 112). • Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311). • Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532). B. How can I get electronic access to other related information? You may access a frequently updated electronic version of EPA’s tolerance regulations at 40 CFR part 180 through the Government Printing Office’s e-CFR site at http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/textidx?&c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/ 40tab_02.tpl. C. How can I file an objection or hearing request? Under FFDCA section 408(g), 21 U.S.C. 346a, any person may file an objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a hearing on those objections. You must file your objection or request a hearing on this regulation in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, you must identify docket ID number EPA–HQ– OPP–2011–0971 in the subject line on the first page of your submission. All objections and requests for a hearing must be in writing, and must be received by the Hearing Clerk on or before January 25, 2019. Addresses for mail and hand delivery of objections and hearing requests are provided in 40 CFR 178.25(b). In addition to filing an objection or hearing request with the Hearing Clerk as described in 40 CFR part 178, please submit a copy of the filing (excluding any Confidential Business Information (CBI)) for inclusion in the public docket. PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Additional explanation * * Information not marked confidential pursuant to 40 CFR part 2 may be disclosed publicly by EPA without prior notice. Submit the non-CBI copy of your objection or hearing request, identified by docket ID number EPA–HQ–OPP– 2011–0971, by one of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. • Mail: OPP Docket, Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/ DC), (28221T), 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001. • Hand Delivery: To make special arrangements for hand delivery or delivery of boxed information, please follow the instructions at http:// www.epa.gov/dockets/contacts.html. Additional instructions on commenting or visiting the docket, along with more information about dockets generally, is available at http:// www.epa.gov/dockets. II. Summary of Petitioned-For Tolerances In the Federal Register of December 9, 2016 (81 FR 89036) (FRL–9953–69) and September 15, 2017 (82 FR 43352) (FRL–9965–43), EPA issued a document pursuant to FFDCA section 408(d)(3), 21 U.S.C. 346a(d)(3), announcing the filing of pesticide petitions (PP 6F8502 and PP 7E8578, respectively) by Nichino America, Inc., 4550 New Linden Hill Road, Suite 501, Wilmington, DE 19808. The petitions requested that 40 CFR part 180 be amended by establishing tolerances for residues of the insecticide pyrifluquinazon, (1-acetyl-3,4-dihydro3-[(3-pyridinylmethyl)amino]-6-[1,2,2,2tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]2(1H)-quinazolinone), as follows: PP 6F8502 requested tolerances for residues in or on Almond, hulls at 0.4 parts per million (ppm); Brassica head and stem vegetables (crop group 5–16) at 0.4 ppm; Cattle, fat at 0.01 ppm; Cattle, meat at 0.01 ppm; Cattle, meat byproducts at 0.01 ppm; Citrus fruits (crop group 10–10) at 0.5 ppm; Citrus, oil at 14 ppm; Cotton, gin byproducts at 4.0 ppm; Cotton, undelinted seed at 0.2 ppm; Cucurbit vegetables (crop group 9) E:\FR\FM\26NOR1.SGM 26NOR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 227 (Monday, November 26, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 60363-60366]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-25556]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[EPA-R03-OAR-2017-0598; FRL-9986-76-Region 3]


Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; 
Maryland; Regional Haze Five-Year Progress Report

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving 
Maryland's regional haze progress report, submitted on August 9, 2017, 
as a revision to its State Implementation Plan (SIP). Maryland's SIP 
revision addresses Clean Air Act (CAA) provisions and EPA regulations 
that require each state to submit periodic reports describing the 
State's progress towards reasonable progress goals (RPGs) established 
for regional haze and to make a determination of the adequacy of the 
State's existing regional haze SIP. The EPA is approving Maryland's 
determination that the State's regional haze SIP is adequate to meet 
the RPGs for the first implementation period.

DATES: This final rule is effective on December 26, 2018.

ADDRESSES: EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID 
Number EPA-R03-OAR-2017-0598. All documents in the docket are listed on 
the https://www.regulations.gov website. Although listed in the index, 
some information is not publicly available, e.g., confidential business 
information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted 
by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is 
not placed on the internet and will be publicly available only in hard 
copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available through 
https://www.regulations.gov, or please contact the person identified in 
the For Further Information Contact section for additional availability 
information.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Erin Trouba, (215) 814-2023, or by 
email at [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

    Under the Regional Haze Rule, each state was required to submit to 
EPA an implementation plan addressing regional haze visibility 
impairment for the first implementation period through 2018, and then 
was required to submit

[[Page 60364]]

a progress report in the form of a SIP revision that evaluates progress 
towards the RPGs set for each mandatory Class I Federal area within the 
state and for each mandatory Class I Federal area outside the state 
which may be affected by emissions from within the state. 40 CFR 
51.308(g). Each state is also required to submit, at the same time as 
the progress report, a determination of the adequacy of its existing 
regional haze SIP. 40 CFR 51.308(h). The first progress report SIP is 
due five years after submittal of the initial regional haze SIP.
    On February 13, 2012, Maryland submitted the State's first regional 
haze SIP in accordance with the requirements of 40 CFR 51.308. The 
progress report SIP was submitted by Maryland, through the Maryland 
Department of the Environment (MDE), on August 9, 2017. On August 27, 
2018 (83 FR 43571), EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking 
(NPRM) in which EPA proposed approval of Maryland's regional haze 5-
year progress report SIP, a report on progress made in the first 
implementation period towards RPGs for Class I areas outside the State 
that are affected by emissions from Maryland's sources. Because there 
are no Class I areas in Maryland, the State did not need to address 
progress towards RPGs for Class I areas ``inside'' the State. This 
progress report SIP also included the State's determination that its 
existing regional haze SIP requires no substantive revision to achieve 
the established regional haze visibility improvement and emissions 
reduction goals for 2018.

II. Summary of SIP Revision and EPA Analysis

    Maryland's regional haze 5-year progress report SIP submittal (2017 
Progress Report) addresses the required elements for progress reports 
under the provisions of 40 CFR 51.308(g) and includes a determination 
that the State's existing regional haze SIP requires no substantive 
revision to achieve the established regional haze visibility 
improvement and emissions reduction goals for 2018 as required by 40 
CFR 51.308(h).
    In the NPRM, EPA proposed to approve the 2017 Progress Report 
because EPA found that the 2017 Progress Report addressed the elements 
of 40 CFR 51.308(g) regarding progress implementing the approved 
regional haze SIP and discussed visibility improvement in Class I areas 
impacted by Maryland's emissions. The detailed rationale for EPA's 
action is explained in the NPRM and will not be restated here. In 
addition, pursuant to 40 CFR 51.308(h), states are required to submit, 
at the same time as the progress report submission, a determination of 
the adequacy of their existing regional haze SIP. In the 2017 Progress 
Report, Maryland declared that its existing regional haze SIP required 
no substantive revision to achieve the RPGs for Class I areas. As 
explained in detail in the NPRM, EPA concluded Maryland adequately 
addressed 40 CFR 51.308(h) because decreasing emissions of visibility 
impairing pollutants and progress of regional Class I areas towards 
RPGs for 2018 indicate that no further revisions to Maryland's SIP are 
necessary for this first regional haze implementation period. 
Therefore, EPA concluded the 2017 Progress Report met the requirements 
of 40 CFR 51.308(h).

III. Summary of Public Comments and EPA's Response

    One public comment was received on the NPRM. A summary of the 
comment and EPA's response are provided in this section. The comment is 
provided in the docket for this final rulemaking action.
    Comment: The commenter stated Maryland's plan does not adequately 
address regional haze progress, alleged that the State's electric 
generating units (EGUs) did not reduce sulfur dioxide (SO2) 
emissions by ninety percent (90%), and alleged a pulp mill and EGU in 
Maryland continue to emit large amounts of SO2. The 
commenter stated Maryland's BART (Best Available Retrofit Technology) 
determinations were and continue to be inadequate. The commenter stated 
Maryland's sulfur fuel oil limits are not low and asked EPA to compare 
Maryland's limits to other states.
    Response: EPA reviewed Maryland's 2017 Progress Report against the 
requirements for progress reports in 40 CFR 51.308(g) and (h). EPA 
found the 2017 Progress Report evaluated progress towards the RPGs and 
determined that the existing Maryland regional haze SIP is adequate to 
meet those RPGs because the 2017 Progress Report showed decreasing 
emissions of visibility impairing pollutants and significant progress 
of regional Class I areas to meeting or exceeding RPGs for 2018. 
Maryland's 2017 Progress Report documented emission reductions from 
point source, non-road, on-road, and area source sectors. Thus, EPA 
agreed with Maryland's determination that no further revisions to 
Maryland's SIP are necessary for this first regional haze 
implementation period.
    40 CFR 51.308(g)(1) requires progress reports to contain a 
description of the status of implementation of all measures included in 
the implementation plan for achieving RPGs for Class I areas. One 
implementation measure that is required to be described in the progress 
report is the implementation of BART. As stated in the NPRM and in the 
2017 Progress Report, Maryland discussed the implementation of BART at 
EGUs and at Holcim Cement and Luke Pulp and Paper Mill. The adequacy of 
these measures as BART was determined by EPA when EPA approved the 
Maryland regional haze SIP in 2012. 77 FR 39938 (July 6, 2012). Nothing 
in the CAA or in 40 CFR 51.308(g) or (h) requires Maryland or EPA to 
reexamine the BART determinations when reviewing a progress report.
    In addition, in the 2017 Progress Report, Maryland addressed the 
implementation of the Healthy Air Act (HAA) which was a measure 
employed by Maryland for its regional haze SIP to achieve a 90% 
reduction of SO2 from coal-fired EGUs within the State to 
address RPGs for Class I areas impacted by Maryland and to address BART 
for those eligible EGUs. For a discussion of the HAA as the approved 
BART-alternative for EGUs in Maryland, see EPA's approval of the 
Maryland regional haze SIP at 77 FR 39938. In the 2017 Progress Report, 
Maryland included SO2 emissions data for EGUs demonstrating 
reductions from the HAA as well as from other SO2 reducing 
regulations. Therefore, as a factual matter, EPA disagrees with the 
commenter that Maryland did not reduce SO2 emissions by 90% 
from EGUs to meet the regional haze SIP measures. Maryland also 
discussed the implementation of BART within the State and thus met 
requirements for progress reports in 40 CFR 51.308. The commenter 
provided no information that Maryland had not implemented BART as 
approved by EPA.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ In June 2012, EPA approved BART emission limits for power 
boiler 25, a BART subject source, at the Verso Luke Paper Mill. 77 
FR 39938 (June 13, 2012). In July 2017, EPA removed the previously 
approved BART requirements for SO2 and nitrogen oxides 
(NOx) from power boiler 25 (No. 25) and replaced them with new, 
alternative emission requirements as BART. EPA established an annual 
SO2 cap for power boiler 25 and approved alternative BART 
emission limits for SO2 and NOx for power boiler 24 (No. 
24). 82 FR 35451 (July 31, 2017).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Regarding the commenter's concern about fuel sulfur limits, EPA 
addressed Maryland's fuel sulfur requirements in the approval of 
Maryland's regional haze SIP. As EPA stated when proposing to approve 
Maryland's regional haze SIP, since Maryland has not adopted a low 
sulfur fuel oil strategy, the State has a deficiency of 7,473.4 tons 
per year (tpy) of SO2 emissions. However, Maryland has a

[[Page 60365]]

surplus of SO2 emission reductions of 57,552 tpy resulting 
from the HAA. This surplus accounts for the SO2 emission 
reductions needed to meet the requirements of the low sulfur fuel 
strategy. 77 FR 11827, 11835 (Feb. 28, 2012). As EPA approved 
Maryland's regional haze SIP without Maryland having a low sulfur fuel 
strategy as a measure for its SIP, whether or not Maryland has such a 
strategy now implemented, and whether any sulfur fuel requirements 
Maryland has are less stringent than other states, are not relevant or 
appropriate considerations before EPA in evaluating the 2017 Progress 
Report. 40 CFR 51.308(g) relates to discussion of the implementation of 
measures approved into a state's regional haze SIP. Thus, the 2017 
Progress Report did not need to address any sulfur fuel requirements as 
those are not part of the Maryland regional haze SIP. As EPA found 
Maryland addressed its progress towards meeting RPGs in Class I areas 
impacted by Maryland emissions and addressed visibility improvement 
from measures in the Maryland SIP, EPA is approving the 2017 Progress 
Report as addressing 40 CFR 51.308(g).

IV. Final Action

    EPA is approving Maryland's 2017 Progress Report submitted on 
August 9, 2017, as meeting the applicable regional haze requirements 
set forth in 40 CFR 51.308(g) and (h) as well as CAA section 110 
requirements for SIPs.

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. General Requirements

    Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP 
submission that complies with the provisions of the CAA and applicable 
Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in 
reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, 
provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this 
action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and 
does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state 
law. For that reason, this action:
     Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' subject to 
review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 
12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 
2011);
     Is not an Executive Order 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 2, 
2017) regulatory action because SIP approvals are exempted under 
Executive Order 12866.
     Does not impose an information collection burden under the 
provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
     Is certified as not having a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
     Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
     Does not have Federalism implications as specified in 
Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
     Is not an economically significant regulatory action based 
on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997);
     Is not a significant regulatory action subject to 
Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
     Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the 
National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 
note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent 
with the CAA; and
     Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to 
address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental 
effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under 
Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
    In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as 
specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), 
because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in 
the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct 
costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

B. Submission to Congress and the Comptroller General

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the 
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally 
provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating 
the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, 
to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and 
other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of 
Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior 
to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot 
take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal 
Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 
804(2).

C. Petitions for Judicial Review

    Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review 
of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for 
the appropriate circuit by January 25, 2019. Filing a petition for 
reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect 
the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor 
does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may 
be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or 
action. This action to approve Maryland's regional haze 5-year progress 
report SIP revision may not be challenged later in proceedings to 
enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2))

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Carbon monoxide, 
Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen 
dioxide, Ozone, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds.

    Dated: November 13, 2018.
Cosmo Servidio,
Regional Administrator, Region III.

    40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:

PART 52--APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

0
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

Subpart V--Maryland

0
2. In Sec.  52.1070, the table in paragraph (e) is amended by adding 
the entry for ``Regional Haze Five-Year Progress Report'' at the end of 
the table to read as follows:


Sec.  52.1070  Identification of plan.

* * * * *
    (e) * * *

[[Page 60366]]



----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Name of non-regulatory SIP          Applicable           State                                Additional
             revision                geographic area    submittal date   EPA approval date       explanation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Regional Haze Five-Year Progress   Statewide..........       8/09/2017  11/26/2018, [Insert
 Report.                                                                 Federal Register
                                                                         citation].
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[FR Doc. 2018-25556 Filed 11-23-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P