Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision, 56140-56143 [2018-24556]

Download as PDF 56140 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 218 / Friday, November 9, 2018 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION I. Public Participation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration A. Submitting Comments If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice (Docket No. FMCSA–2018–0207), indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov, put the docket number, FMCSA–2018–0207, in the keyword box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ When the new screen appears, click on the ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. [Docket No. FMCSA–2018–0207] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments. AGENCY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 18 individuals for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirement in one eye. DATES: Comments must be received on or before December 10, 2018. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA–2018–0207 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: 1–202–493–2251. To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: khammond on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:56 Nov 08, 2018 Jkt 247001 B. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov. Insert the docket number, FMCSA–2018–0207, in the keyword box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ Next, click the ‘‘Open Docket Folder’’ button and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Management Facility in Room W12–140 on the Ground Floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. C. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information PO 00000 Frm 00095 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.dot.gov/privacy. II. Background Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA may grant an exemption from the FMCSRs for a five-year period if it finds such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the five-year period. FMCSA grants exemptions from the FMCSRs for a twoyear period to align with the maximum duration of a driver’s medical certification. The 18 individuals listed in this notice have requested an exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the required level of safety mandated by statute. The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70° in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and amber. In July 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to meet (Qualification of Drivers; Vision Waivers, 57 FR 31458, July 16, 1992). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing exemptions made by § 4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA–21), Public Law 105–178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA requires a E:\FR\FM\09NON1.SGM 09NON1 khammond on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 218 / Friday, November 9, 2018 / Notices person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven a commercial vehicle safely with the vision deficiency for the past three years. Recent driving performance is especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several research studies designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found at Docket Number FMCSA–1998–3637. FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better than that of all CMV drivers collectively (See 61 FR 13338, 13345, March 26, 1996). The fact that experienced monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate safely. The first major research correlating past and future performance was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with other factors. These factors—such as age, sex, geographic location, mileage driven and conviction history—are used every day by insurance companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., ‘‘Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,’’ Journal of American Statistical Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of single convictions. This study used three consecutive years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first two years with their experiences in the final year. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:36 Nov 08, 2018 Jkt 247001 III. Qualifications of Applicants Alejandro R. Almaguer Mr. Almaguer, 56, has a cataract in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in 2008. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘It is my opinion that Mr. Almaguer has sufficient vision to operate a commercial motor vehicle.’’ Mr. Almaguer reported that he has driven straight trucks for ten years, accumulating 500,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 12 years, accumulating 2.28 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Florida. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Abdallah A. Alserhan Mr. Alserhan, 37, has a prosthetic left eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Based on the exam from July 17 2018, My Alserhan vision is adequate in OD(20/40 or better) and full fields in OD to drive a commercial vehicle [sic].’’ Mr. Alserhan reported that he has driven straight trucks for three years, accumulating 150,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Illinois. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Jason D. Burke Mr. Burke, 34, has had optic nerve hypoplasia in his right eye since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is hand motion, and in his left eye, 20/30. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘Mr. Burke does have sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Burke reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 120,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Maryland. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Patricio C. Carvalho Mr. Carvalho, 39, has a prosthetic left eye due to a traumatic incident in 2007. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/ 20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘He has sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Carvalho reported that he has driven straight trucks for 20 years, accumulating 2.4 PO 00000 Frm 00096 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 56141 million miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for one year, accumulating 55,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Maryland. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. John B. Casper Mr. Casper, 49, has aphakia in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in 2015. The visual acuity in his right eye is hand motion, and in his left eye, 20/ 20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion John has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Casper reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 31 years, accumulating 3.1 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Oklahoma. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Denis Cuzimencov Mr. Cuzimencov, 22, has had amblyopia in his right eye since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/ 70, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘I certify that in my medical opinion, Denis Cuzimencov has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Cuzimencov reported that he has driven straight trucks for three years, accumulating 16,437 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Liam F. Gilliland Mr. Gilliland, 25, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/50, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my opinion he safely meets the standards to operate a commercial motor vehicle with sufficient vision.’’ Mr. Gilliland reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 80,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for two years, accumulating 4,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Massachusetts. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Steven M. Huddleston Mr. Huddleston, 30, has had a hamartoma in his left eye since birth. E:\FR\FM\09NON1.SGM 09NON1 56142 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 218 / Friday, November 9, 2018 / Notices The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/ 20, and in his left eye, 20/100. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion Mr. Huddleston has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Huddleston reported that he has driven straight trucks for 15 years, accumulating 300,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from New Mexico. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Bradley W. Leonard Mr. Leonard, 59, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/300. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Based on his driving record and peripheral vision I feel he has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Leonard reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 13 years, accumulating 1.3 million miles. He holds a Class A3 CDL from South Dakota. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. khammond on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES Edward J. Lewis Mr. Lewis, 57, has had a central vein occlusion in his left eye since 2002. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/13, and in his left eye, 20/60. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘I certify that in my medical opinion, the patient has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Lewis reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 48,000 miles, tractortrailer combinations for 12 years, accumulating 1.74 million miles, and buses for one year, accumulating 15,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Utah. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Bradley W. Lovelace Mr. Lovelace, 34, has a macular scar in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in 2014. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/200, and in his left eye, 20/15. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘It is my opinion that he can safely operate a commercial motor vehicle based on stable exam findings today, good VA OS, and full fields with both eyes together.’’ Mr. Lovelace reported that he VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:36 Nov 08, 2018 Jkt 247001 has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 11 years, accumulating 962,500 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Tyler McFee Mr. McFee, 34, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/15, and in his left eye, 20/70. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘From these results I believe Mr. McFee has sufficient visual acuity, visual field, and color vision to continue to safely operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. McFee reported that he has driven straight trucks for seven years, accumulating 770,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for six years, accumulating 1.8 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Ohio. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Joseph L. Rigsby Mr. Rigsby, 23, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/150. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, he has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Rigsby reported that he has driven straight trucks for five years, accumulating 65,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Alabama. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Stephen A. Scales Mr. Scales, 63, has aphakia in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in 2008. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/16. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, he is visually able to drive a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Scales reported that he has driven straight trucks for three years, accumulating 195,000 miles, tractor-trailer combinations for 33 years, accumulating 2 million miles, and buses for one year, accumulating 15,000 miles. He holds a Class AM CDL from Illinois. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Paul K. Sears Mr. Sears, 54, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in PO 00000 Frm 00097 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 his left eye, 20/300. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, this patient has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Sears reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 80,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Georgia. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Michael D. Vander Zwaag Mr. Vander Zwagg, 49, has had a macular scar in his right eye since 2009. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/ 60, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘I believe Michael’s left eye compensates for any deficiency to field and that he is safe to drive a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Vander Zwagg reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 48,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for five years, accumulating 100,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Iowa. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Phillip J. Vecchioni Mr. Vecchioni, 56, has had complete loss of vision in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion Mr. Vecchioni has sufficient vision to perform the driving required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Vecchioni reported that he has driven straight trucks for ten years, accumulating 250,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Maryland. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Nathaniel C. Volk Mr. Volk, 36, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/400, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, Mr. Volk has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Volk reported that he has driven straight trucks for three years, accumulating 207,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Illinois. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no E:\FR\FM\09NON1.SGM 09NON1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 218 / Friday, November 9, 2018 / Notices convictions for moving violations in a CMV. IV. Request for Comments In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA requests public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material received before the close of business on the closing date indicated in the dates section of the notice. Issued on: November 1, 2018. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2018–24556 Filed 11–8–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–1998–4334; FMCSA– 2000–7165; FMCSA–2000–7363; FMCSA– 2002–12294; FMCSA–2004–18885; FMCSA– 2008–0174; FMCSA–2008–0231; FMCSA– 2008–0266; FMCSA–2008–0292; FMCSA– 2010–0082; FMCSA–2010–0114; FMCSA– 2010–0161; FMCSA–2010–0187; FMCSA– 2011–0276; FMCSA–2012–0160; FMCSA– 2012–0214; FMCSA–2012–0279; FMCSA– 2012–0280; FMCSA–2013–0169; FMCSA– 2013–0174; FMCSA–2014–0003; FMCSA– 2014–0007; FMCSA–2014–0011; FMCSA– 2014–0296; FMCSA–2014–0298; FMCSA– 2015–0344; FMCSA–2016–0025; FMCSA– 2016–0027; FMCSA–2016–0031; FMCSA– 2016–0033; FMCSA–2016–0207; FMCSA– 2016–0208; FMCSA–2016–0210; FMCSA– 2016–0212] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of renewal of exemptions; request for comments. AGENCY: FMCSA announces its decision to renew exemptions for 67 individuals from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) for interstate commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers. The exemptions enable these individuals to continue to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirements in one eye. DATES: Each group of renewed exemptions were applicable on the dates stated in the discussions below and will expire on the dates stated in the discussions below. Comments must be received on or before December 10, 2018. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket khammond on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:36 Nov 08, 2018 Jkt 247001 Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA–1998–4334; FMCSA–2000– 7165; FMCSA–2000–7363; FMCSA– 2002–12294; FMCSA–2004–18885; FMCSA–2008–0174; FMCSA–2008– 0231; FMCSA–2008–0266; FMCSA– 2008–0292; FMCSA–2010–0082; FMCSA–2010–0114; FMCSA–2010– 0161; FMCSA–2010–0187; FMCSA– 2011–0276; FMCSA–2012–0160; FMCSA–2012–0214; FMCSA–2012– 0279; FMCSA–2012–0280; FMCSA– 2013–0169; FMCSA–2013–0174; FMCSA–2014–0003; FMCSA–2014– 0007; FMCSA–2014–0011; FMCSA– 2014–0296; FMCSA–2014–0298; FMCSA–2015–0344; FMCSA–2016– 0025; FMCSA–2016–0027; FMCSA– 2016–0031; FMCSA–2016–0033; FMCSA–2016–0207; FMCSA–2016– 0208; FMCSA–2016–0210; FMCSA– 2016–0212 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: 1–202–493–2251. To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, 202–366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Public Participation A. Submitting Comments If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice (Docket No. FMCSA–1998–4334; FMCSA–2000–7165; FMCSA–2000– 7363; FMCSA–2002–12294; FMCSA– 2004–18885; FMCSA–2008–0174; FMCSA–2008–0231; FMCSA–2008– PO 00000 Frm 00098 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 56143 0266; FMCSA–2008–0292; FMCSA– 2010–0082; FMCSA–2010–0114; FMCSA–2010–0161; FMCSA–2010– 0187; FMCSA–2011–0276; FMCSA– 2012–0160; FMCSA–2012–0214; FMCSA–2012–0279; FMCSA–2012– 0280; FMCSA–2013–0169; FMCSA– 2013–0174; FMCSA–2014–0003; FMCSA–2014–0007; FMCSA–2014– 0011; FMCSA–2014–0296; FMCSA– 2014–0298; FMCSA–2015–0344; FMCSA–2016–0025; FMCSA–2016– 0027; FMCSA–2016–0031; FMCSA– 2016–0033; FMCSA–2016–0207; FMCSA–2016–0208; FMCSA–2016– 0210; FMCSA–2016–0212), indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov, put the docket number, FMCSA–1998–4334; FMCSA–2000–7165; FMCSA–2000– 7363; FMCSA–2002–12294; FMCSA– 2004–18885; FMCSA–2008–0174; FMCSA–2008–0231; FMCSA–2008– 0266; FMCSA–2008–0292; FMCSA– 2010–0082; FMCSA–2010–0114; FMCSA–2010–0161; FMCSA–2010– 0187; FMCSA–2011–0276; FMCSA– 2012–0160; FMCSA–2012–0214; FMCSA–2012–0279; FMCSA–2012– 0280; FMCSA–2013–0169; FMCSA– 2013–0174; FMCSA–2014–0003; FMCSA–2014–0007; FMCSA–2014– 0011; FMCSA–2014–0296; FMCSA– 2014–0298; FMCSA–2015–0344; FMCSA–2016–0025; FMCSA–2016– 0027; FMCSA–2016–0031; FMCSA– 2016–0033; FMCSA–2016–0207; FMCSA–2016–0208; FMCSA–2016– 0210; FMCSA–2016–0212, in the keyword box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ When the new screen appears, click on the ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. E:\FR\FM\09NON1.SGM 09NON1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 218 (Friday, November 9, 2018)]
[Notices]
[Pages 56140-56143]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-24556]



[[Page 56140]]

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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2018-0207]


Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments.

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SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 18 individuals 
for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor 
vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will 
enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without 
meeting the vision requirement in one eye.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before December 10, 2018.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA-2018-0207 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting 
comments.
     Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
     Fax: 1-202-493-2251.
    To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. 
See the ``Public Participation'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, 
Medical Programs Division, (202) 366-4001, [email protected], FMCSA, 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64-224, 
Washington, DC 20590-0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions 
regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket 
Services, telephone (202) 366-9826.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Public Participation

A. Submitting Comments

    If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
notice (Docket No. FMCSA-2018-0207), indicate the specific section of 
this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for 
each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and 
material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only 
one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a 
mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of 
your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions 
regarding your submission.
    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov, 
put the docket number, FMCSA-2018-0207, in the keyword box, and click 
``Search.'' When the new screen appears, click on the ``Comment Now!'' 
button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. 
Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on 
behalf of a third party and then submit.
    If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them 
in an unbound format, no larger than 8\1/2\ by 11 inches, suitable for 
copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would 
like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, 
self-addressed postcard or envelope.
    FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the 
comment period.

B. Viewing Documents and Comments

    To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice 
as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov. 
Insert the docket number, FMCSA-2018-0207, in the keyword box, and 
click ``Search.'' Next, click the ``Open Docket Folder'' button and 
choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the 
internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket 
Management Facility in Room W12-140 on the Ground Floor of the DOT West 
Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

C. Privacy Act

    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the 
public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these 
comments, without edit, including any personal information the 
commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system 
of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
www.dot.gov/privacy.

II. Background

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA may grant an exemption 
from the FMCSRs for a five-year period if it finds such exemption would 
likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater 
than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The 
statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the 
five-year period. FMCSA grants exemptions from the FMCSRs for a two-
year period to align with the maximum duration of a driver's medical 
certification.
    The 18 individuals listed in this notice have requested an 
exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). 
Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each 
applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the 
required level of safety mandated by statute.
    The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision 
found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically 
qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at 
least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual 
acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with 
corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) 
in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at 
least 70[deg] in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability 
to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard 
red, green, and amber.
    In July 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the 
Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting 
standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to 
meet (Qualification of Drivers; Vision Waivers, 57 FR 31458, July 16, 
1992). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, 
following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing 
exemptions made by Sec.  4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 
21st Century (TEA-21), Public Law 105-178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 
1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures 
established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon 
application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of 49 
CFR 391.41(b)(10).
    To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA 
requires a

[[Page 56141]]

person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven a 
commercial vehicle safely with the vision deficiency for the past three 
years. Recent driving performance is especially important in evaluating 
future safety, according to several research studies designed to 
correlate past and future driving performance. Results of these studies 
support the principle that the best predictor of future performance by 
a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic violations. 
Copies of the studies may be found at Docket Number FMCSA-1998-3637.
    FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular 
drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) 
former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving 
performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better 
than that of all CMV drivers collectively (See 61 FR 13338, 13345, 
March 26, 1996). The fact that experienced monocular drivers 
demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a 
conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying 
conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to 
have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate 
safely.
    The first major research correlating past and future performance 
was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, 
building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same 
individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary 
only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California 
Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated 
theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with 
other factors. These factors--such as age, sex, geographic location, 
mileage driven and conviction history--are used every day by insurance 
companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an 
individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., 
``Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression 
Analysis of a Poisson Process,'' Journal of American Statistical 
Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared 
by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best 
overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is 
the number of single convictions. This study used three consecutive 
years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first two 
years with their experiences in the final year.

III. Qualifications of Applicants

Alejandro R. Almaguer

    Mr. Almaguer, 56, has a cataract in his right eye due to a 
traumatic incident in 2008. The visual acuity in his right eye is no 
light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination 
in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``It is my opinion that Mr. Almaguer 
has sufficient vision to operate a commercial motor vehicle.'' Mr. 
Almaguer reported that he has driven straight trucks for ten years, 
accumulating 500,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 12 
years, accumulating 2.28 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from 
Florida. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes 
and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Abdallah A. Alserhan

    Mr. Alserhan, 37, has a prosthetic left eye due to a traumatic 
incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and 
in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2018, 
his optometrist stated, ``Based on the exam from July 17 2018, My 
Alserhan vision is adequate in OD(20/40 or better) and full fields in 
OD to drive a commercial vehicle [sic].'' Mr. Alserhan reported that he 
has driven straight trucks for three years, accumulating 150,000 miles. 
He holds an operator's license from Illinois. His driving record for 
the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Jason D. Burke

    Mr. Burke, 34, has had optic nerve hypoplasia in his right eye 
since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is hand motion, and in 
his left eye, 20/30. Following an examination in 2018, his 
ophthalmologist stated, ``Mr. Burke does have sufficient vision to 
operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Burke reported that he has driven 
straight trucks for four years, accumulating 120,000 miles. He holds an 
operator's license from Maryland. His driving record for the last three 
years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a 
CMV.

Patricio C. Carvalho

    Mr. Carvalho, 39, has a prosthetic left eye due to a traumatic 
incident in 2007. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in 
his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2018, 
his optometrist stated, ``He has sufficient vision to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Carvalho reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for 20 years, accumulating 2.4 million miles, and tractor-
trailer combinations for one year, accumulating 55,000 miles. He holds 
a Class A CDL from Maryland. His driving record for the last three 
years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a 
CMV.

John B. Casper

    Mr. Casper, 49, has aphakia in his right eye due to a traumatic 
incident in 2015. The visual acuity in his right eye is hand motion, 
and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his 
optometrist stated, ``In my medical opinion John has sufficient vision 
to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial 
vehicle.'' Mr. Casper reported that he has driven tractor-trailer 
combinations for 31 years, accumulating 3.1 million miles. He holds a 
Class A CDL from Oklahoma. His driving record for the last three years 
shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Denis Cuzimencov

    Mr. Cuzimencov, 22, has had amblyopia in his right eye since birth. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/70, and in his left eye, 20/
20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``I 
certify that in my medical opinion, Denis Cuzimencov has sufficient 
vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial 
vehicle.'' Mr. Cuzimencov reported that he has driven straight trucks 
for three years, accumulating 16,437 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from 
North Carolina. His driving record for the last three years shows no 
crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Liam F. Gilliland

    Mr. Gilliland, 25, has had amblyopia in his right eye since 
childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/50, and in his left 
eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist 
stated, ``In my opinion he safely meets the standards to operate a 
commercial motor vehicle with sufficient vision.'' Mr. Gilliland 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, 
accumulating 80,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for two 
years, accumulating 4,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from 
Massachusetts. His driving record for the last three years shows no 
crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Steven M. Huddleston

    Mr. Huddleston, 30, has had a hamartoma in his left eye since 
birth.

[[Page 56142]]

The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/
100. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``In my 
medical opinion Mr. Huddleston has sufficient vision to perform the 
driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. 
Huddleston reported that he has driven straight trucks for 15 years, 
accumulating 300,000 miles. He holds an operator's license from New 
Mexico. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes 
and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Bradley W. Leonard

    Mr. Leonard, 59, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/
300. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``Based 
on his driving record and peripheral vision I feel he has sufficient 
vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial 
vehicle.'' Mr. Leonard reported that he has driven tractor-trailer 
combinations for 13 years, accumulating 1.3 million miles. He holds a 
Class A3 CDL from South Dakota. His driving record for the last three 
years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a 
CMV.

Edward J. Lewis

    Mr. Lewis, 57, has had a central vein occlusion in his left eye 
since 2002. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/13, and in his 
left eye, 20/60. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist 
stated, ``I certify that in my medical opinion, the patient has 
sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Lewis reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for four years, accumulating 48,000 miles, tractor-trailer 
combinations for 12 years, accumulating 1.74 million miles, and buses 
for one year, accumulating 15,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from 
Utah. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and 
no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Bradley W. Lovelace

    Mr. Lovelace, 34, has a macular scar in his right eye due to a 
traumatic incident in 2014. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/
200, and in his left eye, 20/15. Following an examination in 2018, his 
ophthalmologist stated, ``It is my opinion that he can safely operate a 
commercial motor vehicle based on stable exam findings today, good VA 
OS, and full fields with both eyes together.'' Mr. Lovelace reported 
that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 11 years, 
accumulating 962,500 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. 
His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no 
convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Tyler McFee

    Mr. McFee, 34, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/15, and in his left eye, 20/
70. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``From 
these results I believe Mr. McFee has sufficient visual acuity, visual 
field, and color vision to continue to safely operate a commercial 
vehicle.'' Mr. McFee reported that he has driven straight trucks for 
seven years, accumulating 770,000 miles, and tractor-trailer 
combinations for six years, accumulating 1.8 million miles. He holds a 
Class A CDL from Ohio. His driving record for the last three years 
shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Joseph L. Rigsby

    Mr. Rigsby, 23, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/
150. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``In my 
opinion, he has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required 
to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Rigsby reported that he has 
driven straight trucks for five years, accumulating 65,000 miles. He 
holds an operator's license from Alabama. His driving record for the 
last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Stephen A. Scales

    Mr. Scales, 63, has aphakia in his right eye due to a traumatic 
incident in 2008. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light 
perception, and in his left eye, 20/16. Following an examination in 
2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ``In my opinion, he is visually able 
to drive a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Scales reported that he has driven 
straight trucks for three years, accumulating 195,000 miles, tractor-
trailer combinations for 33 years, accumulating 2 million miles, and 
buses for one year, accumulating 15,000 miles. He holds a Class AM CDL 
from Illinois. His driving record for the last three years shows no 
crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Paul K. Sears

    Mr. Sears, 54, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/
300. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``In my 
opinion, this patient has sufficient vision to perform the driving 
tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Sears reported 
that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 80,000 
miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Georgia. His driving record for the 
last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Michael D. Vander Zwaag

    Mr. Vander Zwagg, 49, has had a macular scar in his right eye since 
2009. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/60, and in his left eye, 
20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``I 
believe Michael's left eye compensates for any deficiency to field and 
that he is safe to drive a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Vander Zwagg 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, 
accumulating 48,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for five 
years, accumulating 100,000 miles. He holds an operator's license from 
Iowa. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and 
no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Phillip J. Vecchioni

    Mr. Vecchioni, 56, has had complete loss of vision in his right eye 
due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his 
right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following 
an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ``In my medical 
opinion Mr. Vecchioni has sufficient vision to perform the driving 
required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Vecchioni reported that 
he has driven straight trucks for ten years, accumulating 250,000 
miles. He holds an operator's license from Maryland. His driving record 
for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Nathaniel C. Volk

    Mr. Volk, 36, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/400, and in his left eye, 20/
20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``In my 
medical opinion, Mr. Volk has sufficient vision to perform the driving 
tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Volk reported 
that he has driven straight trucks for three years, accumulating 
207,000 miles. He holds an operator's license from Illinois. His 
driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no

[[Page 56143]]

convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

IV. Request for Comments

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA requests 
public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions 
described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material 
received before the close of business on the closing date indicated in 
the dates section of the notice.

    Issued on: November 1, 2018.
Larry W. Minor,
Associate Administrator for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2018-24556 Filed 11-8-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P