Medical Devices; Anesthesiology Devices; Classification of the High Flow Humidified Oxygen Delivery Device, 54006-54007 [2018-23409]

Download as PDF 54006 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 208 / Friday, October 26, 2018 / Rules and Regulations DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 868 [Docket No. FDA–2018–N–3729] Medical Devices; Anesthesiology Devices; Classification of the High Flow Humidified Oxygen Delivery Device AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final order. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is classifying the high flow humidified oxygen delivery device into class II (special controls). The special controls that apply to the device type are identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for the high flow humidified oxygen delivery device’s classification. We are taking this action because we have determined that classifying the device into class II (special controls) will provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device. We believe this action will also enhance patients’ access to beneficial innovative devices, in part by reducing regulatory burdens. DATES: This order is effective October 26, 2018. The classification was applicable on April 10, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Derya Coursey, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 66, Rm. 2563, Silver Spring, MD 20993–0002, 240–402–6130, Derya.Coursey@fda.hhs.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: khammond on DSK30JT082PROD with RULES I. Background Upon request, FDA has classified the high flow humidified oxygen delivery device as class II (special controls), which we have determined will provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness. In addition, we believe this action will enhance patients’ access to beneficial innovation, in part by reducing regulatory burdens by placing the device into a lower device class than the automatic class III assignment. The automatic assignment of class III occurs by operation of law and without any action by FDA, regardless of the level of risk posed by the new device. Any device that was not in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, is automatically classified as, and remains VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:06 Oct 25, 2018 Jkt 247001 within, class III and requires premarket approval unless and until FDA takes an action to classify or reclassify the device (see 21 U.S.C. 360c(f)(1)). We refer to these devices as ‘‘postamendments devices’’ because they were not in commercial distribution prior to the date of enactment of the Medical Device Amendments of 1976, which amended the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). FDA may take a variety of actions in appropriate circumstances to classify or reclassify a device into class I or II. We may issue an order finding a new device to be substantially equivalent under section 513(i) of the FD&C Act (see 21 U.S.C. 360c(i)) to a predicate device that does not require premarket approval. We determine whether a new device is substantially equivalent to a predicate by means of the procedures for premarket notification under section 510(k) of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 360(k)) and part 807 (21 CFR part 807). FDA may also classify a device through ‘‘De Novo’’ classification, a common name for the process authorized under section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act. Section 207 of the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (Pub. L. 105–115) established the first procedure for De Novo classification. Section 607 of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (Pub. L. 112–144) modified the De Novo application process by adding a second procedure. A device sponsor may utilize either procedure for De Novo classification. Under the first procedure, the person submits a 510(k) for a device that has not previously been classified. After receiving an order from FDA classifying the device into class III under section 513(f)(1) of the FD&C Act, the person then requests a classification under section 513(f)(2). Under the second procedure, rather than first submitting a 510(k) and then a request for classification, if the person determines that there is no legally marketed device upon which to base a determination of substantial equivalence, that person requests a classification under section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act. Under either procedure for De Novo classification, FDA is required to classify the device by written order within 120 days. The classification will be according to the criteria under section 513(a)(1) of the FD&C Act. Although the device was automatically placed within class III, the De Novo classification is considered to be the initial classification of the device. PO 00000 Frm 00042 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 We believe this De Novo classification will enhance patients’ access to beneficial innovation, in part by reducing regulatory burdens. When FDA classifies a device into class I or II via the De Novo process, the device can serve as a predicate for future devices of that type, including for 510(k)s (see 21 U.S.C. 360c(f)(2)(B)(i)). As a result, other device sponsors do not have to submit a De Novo request or premarket approval application to market a substantially equivalent device (see 21 U.S.C. 360c(i), defining ‘‘substantial equivalence’’). Instead, sponsors can use the less-burdensome 510(k) process, when necessary, to market their device. II. De Novo Classification On January 3, 2017, Vapotherm, Inc. submitted a request for De Novo classification of the Precision Flow® HVNI. FDA reviewed the request in order to classify the device under the criteria for classification set forth in section 513(a)(1) of the FD&C Act. We classify devices into class II if general controls by themselves are insufficient to provide reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness, but there is sufficient information to establish special controls that, in combination with the general controls, provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device for its intended use (see 21 U.S.C. 360c(a)(1)(B)). After review of the information submitted in the request, we determined that the device can be classified into class II with the establishment of special controls. FDA has determined that these special controls, in addition to the general controls, will provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device. Therefore, on April 10, 2018, FDA issued an order to the requester classifying the device into class II. FDA is codifying the classification of the device by adding 21 CFR 868.5454. We have named the generic type of device high flow humidified oxygen delivery device, and it is identified as a prescription device that delivers high flow oxygen with humidification for patients who are suffering from respiratory distress and/or hypoxemia. FDA has identified the following risks to health associated specifically with this type of device and the measures required to mitigate these risks in table 1. E:\FR\FM\26OCR1.SGM 26OCR1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 208 / Friday, October 26, 2018 / Rules and Regulations 54007 TABLE 1—HIGH FLOW HUMIDIFIED OXYGEN DELIVERY DEVICE RISKS AND MITIGATION MEASURES Identified risks Mitigation measures Adverse tissue reaction ............................................................................ Biocompatibility evaluation, Non-clinical performance testing, and Labeling. Electromagnetic compatibility testing, Radiofrequency identification testing, and Labeling. Cleaning validation and Labeling. Software verification, validation, and hazard analysis; and Labeling. Non-clinical performance testing and Labeling. Electrical safety, thermal safety, and mechanical safety testing. Labeling. Interference with other devices ................................................................ Infection .................................................................................................... Device software failure leading to delayed initiation of therapy .............. Device failure/malfunction leading to ineffective treatment ...................... Electrical shock injury from device failure ................................................ Use error/improper device use leading to hypoxia or worsening hypercarbia. FDA has determined that special controls, in combination with the general controls, address these risks to health and provide reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness. For a device to fall within this classification, and thus avoid automatic classification in class III, it would have to comply with the special controls named in this final order. The necessary special controls appear in the regulation codified by this order. This device is subject to premarket notification requirements under section 510(k) of the FD&C Act. At the time of classification, high flow humidified oxygen delivery devices are for prescription use only. Prescription devices are exempt from the requirement for adequate directions for use for the layperson under section 502(f)(1) of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 352(f)(1)) and 21 CFR 801.5, as long as the conditions of 21 CFR 801.109 are met (referring to 21 U.S.C. 352(f)(1)). khammond on DSK30JT082PROD with RULES III. Analysis of Environmental Impact We have determined under 21 CFR 25.34(b) that this action is of a type that does not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. Therefore, neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is required. IV. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 This final order establishes special controls that refer to previously approved collections of information found in other FDA regulations and guidance. These collections of information are subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501–3520). The collections of information in the guidance document ‘‘De Novo Classification Process (Evaluation of Automatic Class III Designation)’’ have been approved under OMB control number 0910–0844; the collections of information in 21 CFR part 820, regarding quality system regulation, have been approved under OMB control VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:06 Oct 25, 2018 Jkt 247001 ■ (ii) Continuous use thermal stability testing must be performed; (iii) Humidity output testing must be performed; and (iv) Blender performance testing must evaluate fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) blending accuracy. (3) Performance data must validate cleaning instructions for any reusable components of the device. (4) Electrical safety, thermal safety, mechanical safety, electromagnetic compatibility, and radiofrequency identification testing must be performed. (5) Software verification, validation, and hazard analysis must be performed. (6) Labeling must include: (i) A description of available FiO2 ranges for different flowrates and inlet gas pressures; (ii) Instructions for applicable flowrates for all intended populations; (iii) A warning that patients on high flow oxygen are acute and require appropriate monitoring, to include pulse oximetry; (iv) A warning regarding the risk of condensation at low set temperatures and certain flows; and (v) A description of all alarms and their functions. § 868.5454 High flow humidified oxygen delivery device. Dated: October 22, 2018. Leslie Kux, Associate Commissioner for Policy. number 0910–0073; the collections of information in 21 CFR part 814, subparts A through E, regarding premarket approval, have been approved under OMB control number 0910–0231; the collections of information in part 807, subpart E, regarding premarket notification submissions, have been approved under OMB control number 0910–0120; and the collections of information in 21 CFR part 801, regarding labeling, have been approved under OMB control number 0910–0485. List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 868 Medical devices. Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, 21 CFR part 868 is amended as follows: PART 868—ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES 1. The authority citation for part 868 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 21 U.S.C. 351, 360, 360c, 360e, 360j, 360l, 371. 2. Add § 868.5454 to subpart F to read as follows: (a) Identification. A high flow humidified oxygen delivery device is a prescription device that delivers high flow oxygen with humidification for patients who are suffering from respiratory distress and/or hypoxemia. (b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are: (1) The patient-contacting components of the device must be demonstrated to be biocompatible. (2) Non-clinical performance testing must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions for use, including the following: (i) Alarm testing must be performed; PO 00000 Frm 00043 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 [FR Doc. 2018–23409 Filed 10–25–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4164–01–P DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 874 [Docket No. FDA–2018–N–3772] Medical Devices; Ear, Nose, and Throat Devices; Classification of the Active Implantable Bone Conduction Hearing System AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. E:\FR\FM\26OCR1.SGM 26OCR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 208 (Friday, October 26, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 54006-54007]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-23409]



[[Page 54006]]

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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Food and Drug Administration

21 CFR Part 868

[Docket No. FDA-2018-N-3729]


Medical Devices; Anesthesiology Devices; Classification of the 
High Flow Humidified Oxygen Delivery Device

AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION: Final order.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is classifying 
the high flow humidified oxygen delivery device into class II (special 
controls). The special controls that apply to the device type are 
identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for 
the high flow humidified oxygen delivery device's classification. We 
are taking this action because we have determined that classifying the 
device into class II (special controls) will provide a reasonable 
assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device. We believe this 
action will also enhance patients' access to beneficial innovative 
devices, in part by reducing regulatory burdens.

DATES: This order is effective October 26, 2018. The classification was 
applicable on April 10, 2018.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Derya Coursey, Center for Devices and 
Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire 
Ave., Bldg. 66, Rm. 2563, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 240-402-6130, 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Background

    Upon request, FDA has classified the high flow humidified oxygen 
delivery device as class II (special controls), which we have 
determined will provide a reasonable assurance of safety and 
effectiveness. In addition, we believe this action will enhance 
patients' access to beneficial innovation, in part by reducing 
regulatory burdens by placing the device into a lower device class than 
the automatic class III assignment.
    The automatic assignment of class III occurs by operation of law 
and without any action by FDA, regardless of the level of risk posed by 
the new device. Any device that was not in commercial distribution 
before May 28, 1976, is automatically classified as, and remains 
within, class III and requires premarket approval unless and until FDA 
takes an action to classify or reclassify the device (see 21 U.S.C. 
360c(f)(1)). We refer to these devices as ``postamendments devices'' 
because they were not in commercial distribution prior to the date of 
enactment of the Medical Device Amendments of 1976, which amended the 
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act).
    FDA may take a variety of actions in appropriate circumstances to 
classify or reclassify a device into class I or II. We may issue an 
order finding a new device to be substantially equivalent under section 
513(i) of the FD&C Act (see 21 U.S.C. 360c(i)) to a predicate device 
that does not require premarket approval. We determine whether a new 
device is substantially equivalent to a predicate by means of the 
procedures for premarket notification under section 510(k) of the FD&C 
Act (21 U.S.C. 360(k)) and part 807 (21 CFR part 807).
    FDA may also classify a device through ``De Novo'' classification, 
a common name for the process authorized under section 513(f)(2) of the 
FD&C Act. Section 207 of the Food and Drug Administration Modernization 
Act of 1997 (Pub. L. 105-115) established the first procedure for De 
Novo classification. Section 607 of the Food and Drug Administration 
Safety and Innovation Act (Pub. L. 112-144) modified the De Novo 
application process by adding a second procedure. A device sponsor may 
utilize either procedure for De Novo classification.
    Under the first procedure, the person submits a 510(k) for a device 
that has not previously been classified. After receiving an order from 
FDA classifying the device into class III under section 513(f)(1) of 
the FD&C Act, the person then requests a classification under section 
513(f)(2).
    Under the second procedure, rather than first submitting a 510(k) 
and then a request for classification, if the person determines that 
there is no legally marketed device upon which to base a determination 
of substantial equivalence, that person requests a classification under 
section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act.
    Under either procedure for De Novo classification, FDA is required 
to classify the device by written order within 120 days. The 
classification will be according to the criteria under section 
513(a)(1) of the FD&C Act. Although the device was automatically placed 
within class III, the De Novo classification is considered to be the 
initial classification of the device.
    We believe this De Novo classification will enhance patients' 
access to beneficial innovation, in part by reducing regulatory 
burdens. When FDA classifies a device into class I or II via the De 
Novo process, the device can serve as a predicate for future devices of 
that type, including for 510(k)s (see 21 U.S.C. 360c(f)(2)(B)(i)). As a 
result, other device sponsors do not have to submit a De Novo request 
or premarket approval application to market a substantially equivalent 
device (see 21 U.S.C. 360c(i), defining ``substantial equivalence''). 
Instead, sponsors can use the less-burdensome 510(k) process, when 
necessary, to market their device.

II. De Novo Classification

    On January 3, 2017, Vapotherm, Inc. submitted a request for De Novo 
classification of the Precision Flow[supreg] HVNI. FDA reviewed the 
request in order to classify the device under the criteria for 
classification set forth in section 513(a)(1) of the FD&C Act.
    We classify devices into class II if general controls by themselves 
are insufficient to provide reasonable assurance of safety and 
effectiveness, but there is sufficient information to establish special 
controls that, in combination with the general controls, provide 
reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device for 
its intended use (see 21 U.S.C. 360c(a)(1)(B)). After review of the 
information submitted in the request, we determined that the device can 
be classified into class II with the establishment of special controls. 
FDA has determined that these special controls, in addition to the 
general controls, will provide reasonable assurance of the safety and 
effectiveness of the device.
    Therefore, on April 10, 2018, FDA issued an order to the requester 
classifying the device into class II. FDA is codifying the 
classification of the device by adding 21 CFR 868.5454. We have named 
the generic type of device high flow humidified oxygen delivery device, 
and it is identified as a prescription device that delivers high flow 
oxygen with humidification for patients who are suffering from 
respiratory distress and/or hypoxemia.
    FDA has identified the following risks to health associated 
specifically with this type of device and the measures required to 
mitigate these risks in table 1.

[[Page 54007]]



     Table 1--High Flow Humidified Oxygen Delivery Device Risks and
                           Mitigation Measures
------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Identified risks                   Mitigation measures
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Adverse tissue reaction................  Biocompatibility evaluation,
                                          Non-clinical performance
                                          testing, and Labeling.
Interference with other devices........  Electromagnetic compatibility
                                          testing, Radiofrequency
                                          identification testing, and
                                          Labeling.
Infection..............................  Cleaning validation and
                                          Labeling.
Device software failure leading to       Software verification,
 delayed initiation of therapy.           validation, and hazard
                                          analysis; and Labeling.
Device failure/malfunction leading to    Non-clinical performance
 ineffective treatment.                   testing and Labeling.
Electrical shock injury from device      Electrical safety, thermal
 failure.                                 safety, and mechanical safety
                                          testing.
Use error/improper device use leading    Labeling.
 to hypoxia or worsening hypercarbia.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    FDA has determined that special controls, in combination with the 
general controls, address these risks to health and provide reasonable 
assurance of safety and effectiveness. For a device to fall within this 
classification, and thus avoid automatic classification in class III, 
it would have to comply with the special controls named in this final 
order. The necessary special controls appear in the regulation codified 
by this order. This device is subject to premarket notification 
requirements under section 510(k) of the FD&C Act.
    At the time of classification, high flow humidified oxygen delivery 
devices are for prescription use only. Prescription devices are exempt 
from the requirement for adequate directions for use for the layperson 
under section 502(f)(1) of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 352(f)(1)) and 21 
CFR 801.5, as long as the conditions of 21 CFR 801.109 are met 
(referring to 21 U.S.C. 352(f)(1)).

III. Analysis of Environmental Impact

    We have determined under 21 CFR 25.34(b) that this action is of a 
type that does not individually or cumulatively have a significant 
effect on the human environment. Therefore, neither an environmental 
assessment nor an environmental impact statement is required.

IV. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

    This final order establishes special controls that refer to 
previously approved collections of information found in other FDA 
regulations and guidance. These collections of information are subject 
to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the 
Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520). The collections 
of information in the guidance document ``De Novo Classification 
Process (Evaluation of Automatic Class III Designation)'' have been 
approved under OMB control number 0910-0844; the collections of 
information in 21 CFR part 820, regarding quality system regulation, 
have been approved under OMB control number 0910-0073; the collections 
of information in 21 CFR part 814, subparts A through E, regarding 
premarket approval, have been approved under OMB control number 0910-
0231; the collections of information in part 807, subpart E, regarding 
premarket notification submissions, have been approved under OMB 
control number 0910-0120; and the collections of information in 21 CFR 
part 801, regarding labeling, have been approved under OMB control 
number 0910-0485.

List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 868

    Medical devices.

    Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under 
authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, 21 CFR part 
868 is amended as follows:

PART 868--ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES

0
1. The authority citation for part 868 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  21 U.S.C. 351, 360, 360c, 360e, 360j, 360l, 371.


0
2. Add Sec.  868.5454 to subpart F to read as follows:


Sec.  868.5454  High flow humidified oxygen delivery device.

    (a) Identification. A high flow humidified oxygen delivery device 
is a prescription device that delivers high flow oxygen with 
humidification for patients who are suffering from respiratory distress 
and/or hypoxemia.
    (b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special 
controls for this device are:
    (1) The patient-contacting components of the device must be 
demonstrated to be biocompatible.
    (2) Non-clinical performance testing must demonstrate that the 
device performs as intended under anticipated conditions for use, 
including the following:
    (i) Alarm testing must be performed;
    (ii) Continuous use thermal stability testing must be performed;
    (iii) Humidity output testing must be performed; and
    (iv) Blender performance testing must evaluate fraction of inspired 
oxygen (FiO2) blending accuracy.
    (3) Performance data must validate cleaning instructions for any 
reusable components of the device.
    (4) Electrical safety, thermal safety, mechanical safety, 
electromagnetic compatibility, and radiofrequency identification 
testing must be performed.
    (5) Software verification, validation, and hazard analysis must be 
performed.
    (6) Labeling must include:
    (i) A description of available FiO2 ranges for different 
flowrates and inlet gas pressures;
    (ii) Instructions for applicable flowrates for all intended 
populations;
    (iii) A warning that patients on high flow oxygen are acute and 
require appropriate monitoring, to include pulse oximetry;
    (iv) A warning regarding the risk of condensation at low set 
temperatures and certain flows; and
    (v) A description of all alarms and their functions.

    Dated: October 22, 2018.
Leslie Kux,
Associate Commissioner for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2018-23409 Filed 10-25-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4164-01-P