Agency Information Collection Activities; New Information Collection: Crash Risk by Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Schedules, 53945-53947 [2018-23334]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 207 / Thursday, October 25, 2018 / Notices daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES 2016–0222, FMCSA–2016–0023. Their exemptions are applicable as of November 22, 2018, and will expire on November 22, 2020. As of November 26, 2018, and in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, the following nine individuals have satisfied the renewal conditions for obtaining an exemption from the rule prohibiting drivers with ITDM from driving CMVs in interstate commerce (77 FR 59447): Charles E. Castle (OH) Larry W. Dearing (IN) Bradley E. DeWitt (WA) Leonard R. Dobosenski (MN) Michael L. Kiefer (SD) Marcus J. Kyle (IA) Robert C. Moore (PA) Jedediaha C. Record (WY) Jessie L. Webster (KY) The drivers were included in docket number FMCSA–2012–0281. Their exemptions are applicable as of November 26, 2018, and will expire on November 26, 2020. V. Conditions and Requirements The exemptions are extended subject to the following conditions: (1) Each driver must submit a quarterly monitoring checklist completed by the treating endocrinologist as well as an annual checklist with a comprehensive medical evaluation; (2) each driver must report within two business days of occurrence, all episodes of severe hypoglycemia, significant complications, or inability to manage diabetes; also, any involvement in an accident or any other adverse event in a CMV or personal vehicle, whether or not it is related to an episode of hypoglycemia; (3) each driver must submit an annual ophthalmologist’s or optometrist’s report; and (4) each driver must provide a copy of the annual medical certification to the employer for retention in the driver’s qualification file, or keep a copy in his/her driver’s qualification file if he/she is selfemployed. The driver must also have a copy of the exemption when driving, for presentation to a duly authorized Federal, State, or local enforcement official. The exemption will be rescinded if: (1) The person fails to comply with the terms and conditions of the exemption; (2) the exemption has resulted in a lower level of safety than was maintained before it was granted; or (3) continuation of the exemption would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315. VI. Preemption During the period the exemption is in effect, no State shall enforce any law or VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:10 Oct 24, 2018 Jkt 247001 regulation that conflicts with this exemption with respect to a person operating under the exemption. VII. Conclusion Based upon its evaluation of the 150 exemption applications, FMCSA renews the exemptions of the aforementioned drivers from the rule prohibiting drivers with ITDM from driving CMVs in interstate commerce. In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, each exemption will be valid for two years unless revoked earlier by FMCSA. Issued on: October 17, 2018. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2018–23331 Filed 10–24–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2018–0279] Agency Information Collection Activities; New Information Collection: Crash Risk by Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Schedules Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. AGENCY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) announces its plan to submit the Information Collection Request (ICR) described below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for its review and approval and invites public comment. This ICR is associated with FMCSA’s study to investigate how commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers’ schedules impact overall driver performance and safety. FMCSA needs these data to answer important research questions related to driver schedules and how these affect overall driver performance and fatigue. DATES: We must receive your comments on or before December 24, 2018. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket Number FMCSA–2018–0279 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 1–202–493–2251. • Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00099 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 53945 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery or Courier: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001 between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. e.t., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Instructions: All submissions must include the Agency name and docket number. For detailed instructions on submitting comments, see the Public Participation heading below. Note that all comments received will be posted without change to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading below. Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments received, go to http:// www.regulations.gov, and follow the online instructions for accessing the dockets, or go to the street address listed above. Privacy Act: In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL–14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.dot.gov/privacy. Public Participation: The Federal eRulemaking Portal is available 24 hours each day, 365 days each year. You can obtain electronic submission and retrieval help and guidelines under the ‘‘help’’ section of the Federal eRulemaking Portal website. If you want us to notify you that we received your comments, please include a selfaddressed, stamped envelope or postcard, or print the acknowledgement page that appears after submitting comments online. Comments received after the comment closing date will be included in the docket and will be considered to the extent practicable. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Theresa Hallquist, Research Division, Department of Transportation, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. Telephone: 202–366–1064; email theresa.hallquist@ dot.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The preamble of FMCSA’s December 27, 2011, Hours-of-Service (HOS) of Drivers Final Rule states, ‘‘FMCSA is committed to conducting a E:\FR\FM\25OCN1.SGM 25OCN1 daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES 53946 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 207 / Thursday, October 25, 2018 / Notices comprehensive analysis of the relative crash risk by driving hour and the impact of the changes in the HOS provisions in today’s final rule. The Agency plans to match data collected from driver logs with crash information to determine the level of crash risk by hours of driving. The Agency also plans to estimate, for similarly situated drivers, the difference in crash risk after restarts that include two nights and those that do not. FMCSA will work with the OMB on the methodologies of these new statistical data collections’’ 76 FR 81134, 81135–81136. Further, a 2015 report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, ‘‘Research Needs on CMV Driver Fatigue, Long-Term Health and Highway Safety,’’ recommended that: ‘‘FMCSA should incentivize those who capture driver performance data (e.g., large fleets, independent trucking associations, companies that collect telematics data, insurance companies, researchers) to increase the availability of those data relevant to research issues of operators’ fatigue, hours of service, and highway safety. Any such efforts should ensure that data confidentiality is maintained, perhaps through restricted access arrangements or use of statistical techniques for disclosure protection. Clearly, such carriercollected data could offer a rich opportunity for analysis of various questions of interest concerning HOS regulations, fatigue, and crash frequency. If data from a number of large carriers across the commercial trucking industry could be collected, organized in a database, and made available to researchers, these data could represent an important segment of the trucking industry’’ (pg. 188–189). FMCSA needs additional data to answer important questions related to driver schedules and how these factors impact overall driver performance and fatigue. This effort will continue data collection previously initiated in the first phase of the project, and collect additional information to improve FMCSA’s decision-making regarding various aspects of the HOS provisions, how HOS provisions are being used, and the impact of driver schedules on crash risk. The purpose of the first phase of this project was to pilot test methodologies to collect HOS and crash data from nine carriers. The current effort, titled ‘‘Crash Risk by Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Schedules’’, will expand the data collection effort to 44 carriers (which accounts for potential carrier attrition) and use these data to analyze how HOS provisions are being used and the impact of driver schedules on crash risk (i.e., determine crash risk VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:10 Oct 24, 2018 Jkt 247001 ratios for various aspects of the HOS provisions). In Phase I, the research team primarily targeted CMV carriers with more than 1,000 power units. Drivers at the nine participating carriers were involved in a total of 6,318 crashes, including 3,035 preventable, 585 FMCSA-reportable, 195 injuries, and 14 fatal crashes. The electronic logging device (ELD) data from the nine carriers contained a total of 60,933,691 duty entries (i.e., changes in driver duty status) and 4,226,737 total days with log entries (from 36,369 different drivers) over six months (with one carrier submitting data for 12 month). Of the duty entries, there were 25,047,200 driving entries, 2,243,276 sleeper berth entries, 21,668,911 on-duty (not driving) entries, and 9,531,505 off-duty entries. To obtain the statistical power needed to answer the below research questions, the Phase I data set will be combined with the new data collected in Phase II. The objective of the study is to collect HOS and crash data to analyze how HOS provisions are being used and the effect of driver schedules on crash risk (i.e., determine crash risk ratios for various aspects of HOS provisions). Specifically, the data collected will be able to address the following research questions: (i) What is the relative crash risk by hour of driving (e.g., the number of total crashes by hour/the number of drivers by hour of driving); (ii) what is the relative crash risk by hour of driving per week (e.g., the number of crashes by hour of driving/the number of drivers by hour of driving per week); (iii) what is the relative crash risk of driving breaks (e.g., comparison of crash rates for drivers who take no breaks compared to drivers who take one and two 30-minute breaks in one day); (iv) what is the relative crash risk as a function of recovery periods that contain one period between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. compared to two periods between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. and as a function of weekly working hours before and after a 34-hour restart (i.e., compare the relative crash risk of schedules with more opportunities for restorative sleep during the natural circadian low); and (v) how each of the HOS provisions is being used? FMCSA has determined that the proposed data collection schedule is necessary to complete the study; currently, there is limited existing data that can be used for this project. The Phase I data set only included nine carriers with no vehicle or Motor Carrier Management Information System (MCMIS) data. Although the Phase I data set is valuable, it is insufficient to answer the research questions required in this project. Data will be collected electronically from each participating PO 00000 Frm 00100 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 carrier every 6 months for 3 years. Less frequent data collection of information would result in lost data as most carriers only retain the most recent 6 months of ELD data (as required by FMCSA). Thus, there would be gaps in driver duty status data that would limit the data analyses. FMCSA proposes that the data collected in the study, after being deidentified, be made available to the public (using a legend and anonymous reference to the carriers and drivers in the data set) via FMCSA’s Data Repository. Confidentiality protections will be carefully utilized, as further discussed in section 10 of the supporting statement associated with this information collection. FMCSA seeks comment on this proposal. Title: Crash Risk by Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Schedules. OMB Control Number: 2126–NEW. Type of Request: New information collection. Respondents: Commercial motor vehicle carriers with 100 or more power units. Estimated Number of Respondents: At least 44 commercial motor vehicle carriers. Recruitment will focus on 40 commercial motor vehicle carriers and anticipate a 10 percent attrition rate over the three years. Thus, a total of 44 commercial motor vehicle carriers over the three years. Estimated Time per Response: The carriers that participate in the study are expected to see a burden up to 58 hours over 3 years (if they participate for the full three years). • Review of study material and grant permission (1 response × 2 hours/ response or 2 hours). • Compile existing datasets (7 responses × 6 hours/response or 42 hours). • Anonymize existing dataset (7 responses × 1 hour/response or 7 hours). • Transfer existing datasets (7 responses × 1 hour/response or 7 hours) Expiration Date: Three years after approval. Frequency of Response: Data will be collected every 6 months for 3 years. Estimated Total Annual Burden: The estimated total annual burden is 776 hours across the 44 carriers. It is estimated that one national-level manager from each of the 44 participating carriers will bear the burden of participating in the study. Each carrier already maintains each of the requested data sets; carriers will not be required to collect new data or maintain new data sets. Instead, the participating carrier burden is associated with reviewing study materials; granting permission to E:\FR\FM\25OCN1.SGM 25OCN1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 207 / Thursday, October 25, 2018 / Notices participate; and compiling, anonymizing, and transferring the carrier-owned, existing crash, ELD, driver, and vehicle data sets a total of seven times (i.e., initial data collection plus every 6 months for 3 years). Reviewing the study materials and granting permission to participate in the study is estimated to take each carrier 2 hours (one time response; 44 total responses). Carriers are estimated to spend approximately 6 hours compiling the existing data sets (per response; 7 total responses), 1 hour anonymizing the existing data sets (per response; 7 total responses), and 1 hour transferring the existing data sets to the research team (per response; 7 total responses); however, there are only 40 responses for these tasks as carriers that withdraw from the study are replaced with new carriers (e.g., Carrier A withdraws after 4 responses and Carrier B replaces Carrier A for the remaining 3 responses). Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspect of this information collection, including: (1) Whether the proposed collection is necessary for the performance of FMCSA’s functions; (2) the accuracy of the estimated burden; (3) ways for FMCSA to enhance the quality, usefulness, and clarity of the collected information; and (4) ways that the burden could be minimized without reducing the quality of the collected information. The agency will summarize or include your comments in the request for OMB’s clearance of this information collection. Issued under the authority of 49 CFR 1.87 on: October 17, 2018. Kelly Regal, Associate Administrator for Office of Research and Information Technology. [FR Doc. 2018–23334 Filed 10–24–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2006–24210; FMCSA– 2010–0162; FMCSA–2012–0162; FMCSA– 2012–0163; FMCSA–2014–0018] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of final disposition. daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES AGENCY: FMCSA announces its decision to renew exemptions for 94 individuals from its prohibition in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) against persons SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:10 Oct 24, 2018 Jkt 247001 with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) from operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. The exemptions enable these individuals with ITDM to continue to operate CMVs in interstate commerce. DATES: Each group of renewed exemptions were applicable on the dates stated in the discussions below and will expire on the dates stated in the discussions below. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, 202–366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Public Participation A. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov. Insert the docket number, FMCSA–2006–24210; FMCSA–2010–0162; FMCSA–2012– 0162; FMCSA–2012–0163; FMCSA– 2014–0018, in the keyword box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ Next, click the ‘‘Open Docket Folder’’ button and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Management Facility in Room W12–140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. B. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.dot.gov/privacy. II. Background On July 17, 2018, FMCSA published a notice announcing its decision to renew exemptions for 94 individuals from the insulin-treated diabetes mellitus prohibition in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(3) to operate a CMV in interstate commerce and requested PO 00000 Frm 00101 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 53947 comments from the public (71 FR 32177; 71 FR 45097; 75 FR 36775; 75 FR 50797; 77 FR 36333; 77 FR 40941; 77 FR 46791; 77 FR 51845; 79 FR 41723; 79 FR 56105; 81 FR 91242). The public comment period ended on August 16, 2018, and one comment was received. As stated in the previous notice, FMCSA has evaluated the eligibility of these applicants and determined that renewing these exemptions would achieve a level of safety equivalent to or greater than the level that would be achieved by complying with the current regulation 49 CFR 391.41(b)(3). The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding diabetes found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(3) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person has no established medical history or clinical diagnosis of diabetes mellitus currently requiring insulin for control. III. Discussion of Comments FMCSA received one comments in this preceding. Henry Duke submitted a comment supporting evaluation of commercial drivers with ITDM, at minimum by a physician familiar with the Medical Qualifications for Commercial Drivers. The commenter voiced disagreement with the current regulation regarding insulin use, and suggested that ITDM should not be a disqualifying condition. Finally, the commenter voiced the concern that drivers may not disclose their insulin use to the certifying Medical Examiner. On September 19, 2018, FMCSA published the Qualifications of Drivers; Diabetes Standard final rule, removing the blanket prohibition of insulin use and adopting a revised physical qualification standard for operators of CMV with ITDM (83 FR 47448). The revised regulation eliminates the need for a Federal diabetes exemption and allows certified medical examiners, in consultation with the individual’s treating clinician and use of the new Insulin Treated Diabetes Mellitus Form, MCSA–5870, to evaluate and determine whether to grant an ITDM individual a medical examiner’s certificate (MEC). Federal exemptions are currently being granted to individuals that applied prior to the publication date, such as those in this notice, to ensure that they can continue to drive until the final rule is effective on November 19, 2018. IV. Conclusion Based on its evaluation of the 94 renewal exemption applications and comments received, FMCSA confirms its’ decision to exempt the following drivers from the rule prohibiting drivers with ITDM from driving CMVs in E:\FR\FM\25OCN1.SGM 25OCN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 207 (Thursday, October 25, 2018)]
[Notices]
[Pages 53945-53947]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-23334]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2018-0279]


Agency Information Collection Activities; New Information 
Collection: Crash Risk by Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Schedules

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice and request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the 
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) announces its plan 
to submit the Information Collection Request (ICR) described below to 
the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for its review and approval 
and invites public comment. This ICR is associated with FMCSA's study 
to investigate how commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers' schedules 
impact overall driver performance and safety. FMCSA needs these data to 
answer important research questions related to driver schedules and how 
these affect overall driver performance and fatigue.

DATES: We must receive your comments on or before December 24, 2018.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket Number FMCSA-2018-0279 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the online instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: 1-202-493-2251.
     Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery or Courier: U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001 between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. e.t., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    Instructions: All submissions must include the Agency name and 
docket number. For detailed instructions on submitting comments, see 
the Public Participation heading below. Note that all comments received 
will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including 
any personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading 
below.
    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or 
comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov, and follow the 
online instructions for accessing the dockets, or go to the street 
address listed above.
    Privacy Act: In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits 
comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT 
posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information 
the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the 
system of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
www.dot.gov/privacy.
    Public Participation: The Federal eRulemaking Portal is available 
24 hours each day, 365 days each year. You can obtain electronic 
submission and retrieval help and guidelines under the ``help'' section 
of the Federal eRulemaking Portal website. If you want us to notify you 
that we received your comments, please include a self-addressed, 
stamped envelope or postcard, or print the acknowledgement page that 
appears after submitting comments online. Comments received after the 
comment closing date will be included in the docket and will be 
considered to the extent practicable.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Theresa Hallquist, Research Division, 
Department of Transportation, Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. 
Telephone: 202-366-1064; email [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    The preamble of FMCSA's December 27, 2011, Hours-of-Service (HOS) 
of Drivers Final Rule states, ``FMCSA is committed to conducting a

[[Page 53946]]

comprehensive analysis of the relative crash risk by driving hour and 
the impact of the changes in the HOS provisions in today's final rule. 
The Agency plans to match data collected from driver logs with crash 
information to determine the level of crash risk by hours of driving. 
The Agency also plans to estimate, for similarly situated drivers, the 
difference in crash risk after restarts that include two nights and 
those that do not. FMCSA will work with the OMB on the methodologies of 
these new statistical data collections'' 76 FR 81134, 81135-81136.
    Further, a 2015 report by the National Academies of Sciences, 
Engineering, and Medicine, ``Research Needs on CMV Driver Fatigue, 
Long-Term Health and Highway Safety,'' recommended that: ``FMCSA should 
incentivize those who capture driver performance data (e.g., large 
fleets, independent trucking associations, companies that collect 
telematics data, insurance companies, researchers) to increase the 
availability of those data relevant to research issues of operators' 
fatigue, hours of service, and highway safety. Any such efforts should 
ensure that data confidentiality is maintained, perhaps through 
restricted access arrangements or use of statistical techniques for 
disclosure protection. Clearly, such carrier-collected data could offer 
a rich opportunity for analysis of various questions of interest 
concerning HOS regulations, fatigue, and crash frequency. If data from 
a number of large carriers across the commercial trucking industry 
could be collected, organized in a database, and made available to 
researchers, these data could represent an important segment of the 
trucking industry'' (pg. 188-189).
    FMCSA needs additional data to answer important questions related 
to driver schedules and how these factors impact overall driver 
performance and fatigue. This effort will continue data collection 
previously initiated in the first phase of the project, and collect 
additional information to improve FMCSA's decision-making regarding 
various aspects of the HOS provisions, how HOS provisions are being 
used, and the impact of driver schedules on crash risk. The purpose of 
the first phase of this project was to pilot test methodologies to 
collect HOS and crash data from nine carriers. The current effort, 
titled ``Crash Risk by Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Schedules'', 
will expand the data collection effort to 44 carriers (which accounts 
for potential carrier attrition) and use these data to analyze how HOS 
provisions are being used and the impact of driver schedules on crash 
risk (i.e., determine crash risk ratios for various aspects of the HOS 
provisions). In Phase I, the research team primarily targeted CMV 
carriers with more than 1,000 power units. Drivers at the nine 
participating carriers were involved in a total of 6,318 crashes, 
including 3,035 preventable, 585 FMCSA-reportable, 195 injuries, and 14 
fatal crashes. The electronic logging device (ELD) data from the nine 
carriers contained a total of 60,933,691 duty entries (i.e., changes in 
driver duty status) and 4,226,737 total days with log entries (from 
36,369 different drivers) over six months (with one carrier submitting 
data for 12 month). Of the duty entries, there were 25,047,200 driving 
entries, 2,243,276 sleeper berth entries, 21,668,911 on-duty (not 
driving) entries, and 9,531,505 off-duty entries. To obtain the 
statistical power needed to answer the below research questions, the 
Phase I data set will be combined with the new data collected in Phase 
II.
    The objective of the study is to collect HOS and crash data to 
analyze how HOS provisions are being used and the effect of driver 
schedules on crash risk (i.e., determine crash risk ratios for various 
aspects of HOS provisions). Specifically, the data collected will be 
able to address the following research questions: (i) What is the 
relative crash risk by hour of driving (e.g., the number of total 
crashes by hour/the number of drivers by hour of driving); (ii) what is 
the relative crash risk by hour of driving per week (e.g., the number 
of crashes by hour of driving/the number of drivers by hour of driving 
per week); (iii) what is the relative crash risk of driving breaks 
(e.g., comparison of crash rates for drivers who take no breaks 
compared to drivers who take one and two 30-minute breaks in one day); 
(iv) what is the relative crash risk as a function of recovery periods 
that contain one period between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. compared to two 
periods between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. and as a function of weekly working 
hours before and after a 34-hour restart (i.e., compare the relative 
crash risk of schedules with more opportunities for restorative sleep 
during the natural circadian low); and (v) how each of the HOS 
provisions is being used?
    FMCSA has determined that the proposed data collection schedule is 
necessary to complete the study; currently, there is limited existing 
data that can be used for this project. The Phase I data set only 
included nine carriers with no vehicle or Motor Carrier Management 
Information System (MCMIS) data. Although the Phase I data set is 
valuable, it is insufficient to answer the research questions required 
in this project. Data will be collected electronically from each 
participating carrier every 6 months for 3 years. Less frequent data 
collection of information would result in lost data as most carriers 
only retain the most recent 6 months of ELD data (as required by 
FMCSA). Thus, there would be gaps in driver duty status data that would 
limit the data analyses.
    FMCSA proposes that the data collected in the study, after being 
de-identified, be made available to the public (using a legend and 
anonymous reference to the carriers and drivers in the data set) via 
FMCSA's Data Repository. Confidentiality protections will be carefully 
utilized, as further discussed in section 10 of the supporting 
statement associated with this information collection. FMCSA seeks 
comment on this proposal.
    Title: Crash Risk by Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Schedules.
    OMB Control Number: 2126-NEW.
    Type of Request: New information collection.
    Respondents: Commercial motor vehicle carriers with 100 or more 
power units.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: At least 44 commercial motor 
vehicle carriers. Recruitment will focus on 40 commercial motor vehicle 
carriers and anticipate a 10 percent attrition rate over the three 
years. Thus, a total of 44 commercial motor vehicle carriers over the 
three years.
    Estimated Time per Response: The carriers that participate in the 
study are expected to see a burden up to 58 hours over 3 years (if they 
participate for the full three years).
     Review of study material and grant permission (1 response 
x 2 hours/response or 2 hours).
     Compile existing datasets (7 responses x 6 hours/response 
or 42 hours).
     Anonymize existing dataset (7 responses x 1 hour/response 
or 7 hours).
     Transfer existing datasets (7 responses x 1 hour/response 
or 7 hours)
    Expiration Date: Three years after approval.
    Frequency of Response: Data will be collected every 6 months for 3 
years.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden: The estimated total annual burden is 
776 hours across the 44 carriers. It is estimated that one national-
level manager from each of the 44 participating carriers will bear the 
burden of participating in the study. Each carrier already maintains 
each of the requested data sets; carriers will not be required to 
collect new data or maintain new data sets. Instead, the participating 
carrier burden is associated with reviewing study materials; granting 
permission to

[[Page 53947]]

participate; and compiling, anonymizing, and transferring the carrier-
owned, existing crash, ELD, driver, and vehicle data sets a total of 
seven times (i.e., initial data collection plus every 6 months for 3 
years). Reviewing the study materials and granting permission to 
participate in the study is estimated to take each carrier 2 hours (one 
time response; 44 total responses). Carriers are estimated to spend 
approximately 6 hours compiling the existing data sets (per response; 7 
total responses), 1 hour anonymizing the existing data sets (per 
response; 7 total responses), and 1 hour transferring the existing data 
sets to the research team (per response; 7 total responses); however, 
there are only 40 responses for these tasks as carriers that withdraw 
from the study are replaced with new carriers (e.g., Carrier A 
withdraws after 4 responses and Carrier B replaces Carrier A for the 
remaining 3 responses).
    Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspect of 
this information collection, including: (1) Whether the proposed 
collection is necessary for the performance of FMCSA's functions; (2) 
the accuracy of the estimated burden; (3) ways for FMCSA to enhance the 
quality, usefulness, and clarity of the collected information; and (4) 
ways that the burden could be minimized without reducing the quality of 
the collected information. The agency will summarize or include your 
comments in the request for OMB's clearance of this information 
collection.

    Issued under the authority of 49 CFR 1.87 on: October 17, 2018.
Kelly Regal,
Associate Administrator for Office of Research and Information 
Technology.
[FR Doc. 2018-23334 Filed 10-24-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P