Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision, 53727-53730 [2018-23232]

Download as PDF amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 206 / Wednesday, October 24, 2018 / Notices 0174; FMCSA–2008–0231; FMCSA– 2008–0266; FMCSA–2009–0291; FMCSA–2010–0161; FMCSA–2010– 0187; FMCSA–2010–0201; FMCSA– 2012–0040; FMCSA–2012–0161; FMCSA–2012–0214; FMCSA–2012– 0215; FMCSA–2013–0029; FMCSA– 2013–0030; FMCSA–2013–0166; FMCSA–2013–0168; FMCSA–2013– 0170; FMCSA–2014–0003; FMCSA– 2014–0004; FMCSA–2014–0006; FMCSA–2014–0007; FMCSA–2014– 0010; FMCSA–2014–0011; FMCSA– 2014–0296; FMCSA–2015–0072; FMCSA–2016–0028; FMCSA–2016– 0029; FMCSA–2016–0031. Their exemptions are applicable as of November 9, 2018, and will expire on November 9, 2020. As of November 11, 2018, and in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, the following 22 individuals have satisfied the renewal conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirement in the FMCSRs for interstate CMV drivers (81 FR 70248; 81 FR 70251; 81 FR 70253; 81 FR 90046; 81 FR 96178; 81 FR 96191): Elijah A. Allen (AR) Randal D. Aukes (MN) Daniel L. Bawden (IL) Keith D. Blackwell (TX) Kathy J. Brown (OH) Louis J. Cullen (NJ) Edwin P. Davis (OR) Wayne L. Dorbert (PA) Timothy J. Dougherty (MN) Kelly L. Ewing (PA) Joseph G. Fischer (MO) Josh Gallant (SC) Stanley W. Goble (IA) John P. Grum (PA) William R. Guida (PA) Jerry L. Hayden (IA) Nylo K. Helberg (ND) Dillon L. Hendren (SC) J.W. Keener (PA) George P. Mendiola (CA) Alfred L. Robinson (AR) Jerry L. Smith (VA) The drivers were included in docket numbers FMCSA–2016–0207; FMCSA– 2016–0208; FMCSA–2016–0209. Their exemptions are applicable as of November 11, 2018, and will expire on November 11, 2020. As of November 22, 2018, and in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, the following ten individuals have satisfied the renewal conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirement in the FMCSRs for interstate CMV drivers (79 FR 63211; 80 FR 2471; 81 FR 72664; 81 FR 80161; 81 FR 94013): Harry R. Brewer (TN) Kevin J. Embrey (IN) Peter J. Faber (NE) VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:43 Oct 23, 2018 Jkt 247001 Johnny E. Hill (AL) Justin A. Hooper (MO) John R. Horst (PA) Robert E. Kelley (WA) James F. McLaughlin (MN) Michael J. Monroe (IA) Brian T. Morrison (MO) The drivers were included in docket numbers FMCSA–2014–0297; 2016– 0210. Their exemptions are applicable as of November 22, 2018, and will expire on November 22, 2020. V. Conditions and Requirements The exemptions are extended subject to the following conditions: (1) Each driver must undergo an annual physical examination (a) by an ophthalmologist or optometrist who attests that the vision in the better eye continues to meet the requirements in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10), and (b) by a certified Medical Examiner, as defined by 49 CFR 390.5, who attests that the driver is otherwise physically qualified under 49 CFR 391.41; (2) each driver must provide a copy of the ophthalmologist’s or optometrist’s report to the Medical Examiner at the time of the annual medical examination; and (3) each driver must provide a copy of the annual medical certification to the employer for retention in the driver’s qualification file or keep a copy of his/ her driver’s qualification if he/her is self- employed. The driver must also have a copy of the exemption when driving, for presentation to a duly authorized Federal, State, or local enforcement official. The exemption will be rescinded if: (1) The person fails to comply with the terms and conditions of the exemption; (2) the exemption has resulted in a lower level of safety than was maintained before it was granted; or (3) continuation of the exemption would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315. VI. Preemption During the period the exemption is in effect, no State shall enforce any law or regulation that conflicts with this exemption with respect to a person operating under the exemption. VII. Conclusion Based upon its evaluation of the 85 exemption applications, FMCSA renews the exemptions of the aforementioned drivers from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10), subject to the requirements cited above. In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, each exemption will be valid for two years unless revoked earlier by FMCSA. PO 00000 Frm 00124 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 53727 Issued on: October 15, 2018. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2018–23234 Filed 10–23–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2018–0018] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments. AGENCY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 11 individuals for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirement in one eye. DATES: Comments must be received on or before November 23, 2018. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA–2018–0018 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: 1–202–493–2251. To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\24OCN1.SGM 24OCN1 53728 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 206 / Wednesday, October 24, 2018 / Notices Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Public Participation amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 A. Submitting Comments If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice Docket No. FMCSA–2018–0018, indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov, put the docket number, FMCSA–2018–0018, in the keyword box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ When the new screen appears, click on the ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. B. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov. Insert the docket number, FMCSA–2018–0018, in the keyword box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ Next, click the ‘‘Open Docket Folder’’ button and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Management Facility in Room W12–140 on the Ground Floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:43 Oct 23, 2018 Jkt 247001 C. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.dot.gov/privacy. II. Background Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA may grant an exemption from the FMCSRs for a five-year period if it finds ‘‘such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to or greater than the level that would be achieved absent such exemption.’’ The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the five-year period. FMCSA grants exemptions from the FMCSRs for a twoyear period to align with the maximum duration of a driver’s medical certification. The 11 individuals listed in this notice have requested an exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the required level of safety mandated by statute. The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70° in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and amber. In July 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to meet (Qualification of Drivers; Vision Waivers, 57 FR 31458, July 16, 1992). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing exemptions made by § 4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA–21), Public Law 105–178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the PO 00000 Frm 00125 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 procedures established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven a commercial vehicle safely with the vision deficiency for the past three years. Recent driving performance is especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several research studies designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found at Docket Number FMCSA–1998–3637. FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better than that of all CMV drivers collectively (See 61 FR 13338, 13345, March 26, 1996). The fact that experienced monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate safely. The first major research correlating past and future performance was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with other factors. These factors—such as age, sex, geographic location, mileage driven and conviction history—are used every day by insurance companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., ‘‘Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,’’ Journal of American Statistical Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best overall crash E:\FR\FM\24OCN1.SGM 24OCN1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 206 / Wednesday, October 24, 2018 / Notices predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of single convictions. This study used three consecutive years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first two years with their experiences in the final year. III. Qualifications of Applicants Brian K. Aldridge Mr. Aldridge, 46, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/400. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘My medical opinion is that patient has sufficient vision to perform driving tasks required for commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Aldridge reported that he has driven straight trucks for seven years, accumulating 54,600 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Ohio. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 Peter A. Clarke Mr. Clarke, 53, has macular scarring in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in his childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, counting fingers. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘I attest that Peter Clarke has sufficient vision to qualify to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Clarke reported that he has driven straight trucks for 15 years, accumulating 225,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Washington. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and one conviction for a moving violation in a CMV; failure to obey traffic control device. Lane D. Fuller Mr. Fuller, 25, has had neuroretinitis in his right eye since 2010. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘I feel Lane has excellent vision with his left eye and can safely operate a commercial vehicle with his VA and field of vision of his left eye.’’ Mr. Fuller reported that he has driven straight trucks for seven years, accumulating 143,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for seven years, accumulating 364,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Kansas. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Justin M. Goins Mr. Goins, 34, has a retinal detachment in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:43 Oct 23, 2018 Jkt 247001 visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘It is my opinion that Justin Goins has sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Goins reported that he has driven straight trucks for eight years, accumulating 76,000 miles, and tractortrailer combinations for eight years, accumulating 32,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Michigan. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Alfred R. Knotts, Jr. Mr. Knotts, 56, has had complete loss of vision in left eye since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘This is to certify that in my opinion Mr. Alfred R. Knotts Jr. clearly has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Knotts reported that he has driven straight trucks for 26 years, accumulating 156,000 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Pennsylvania. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Margurette Mungro Ms. Mungro, 58, has had a retinal detachment in her left eye since 2014. The visual acuity in her right eye is 20/ 30, and in her left eye, 20/100. Following an examination in 2018, her ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my opinion she does have sufficient vision to drive comerical veHICLE [sic].’’ Ms. Mungro reported that she has driven tractortrailer combinations for 36 years, accumulating 3.6 million miles. She holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. Her driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Jerome Nezworski Mr. Nezworski, 64, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/60. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, patient has sufficient vision to perform driving tasks associated with operating a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Nezworski reported that he has driven straight trucks for 42 years, accumulating 1 million miles. He holds a Class CD CDL from Michigan. His driving record for the last three years PO 00000 Frm 00126 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 53729 shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. James E. Smith Mr. Smith, 39, has had a central retinal vein occlusion in his right eye since 2014. The visual acuity in his right eye is light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, James has sufficient vision to perform driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Smith reported that he has driven straight trucks for 20 years, accumulating 800,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for seven years, accumulating 210,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Florida. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Marcel Spinu Mr. Spinu, 54, had a retinal detachment in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in 1999. The visual acuity in his right eye is light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, patient has sufficient vision to perform driving tasks require [sic] to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Spinu reported that he has driven straight trucks for one year, accumulating 50,000 miles, and tractortrailer combinations for 14 years, accumulating 1.54 million miles. He holds an operator’s license from Washington. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Francisco J. Torres Mr. Torres, 51, has a prosthetic right eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Left eye is best corrected to 20/20 at distance and near and is stable. From all the findings, he is able to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Torres reported that he has driven straight trucks for 30 years, accumulating 1.2 million miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 30 years, accumulating 1.2 million miles. He holds a Class AM CDL from Pennsylvania. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. E:\FR\FM\24OCN1.SGM 24OCN1 53730 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 206 / Wednesday, October 24, 2018 / Notices William Walden Mr. Walden, 58, has a macular scar in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is hand motion, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘My medical opinion is that Mr. Walden has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Walden reported that he has driven straight trucks for 35 years, accumulating 1.68 million miles. He holds a Class BM CDL from Alabama. His driving record for the last three years shows one crash, for which he was not cited, and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. IV. Request for Comments In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA requests public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material received before the close of business on the closing date indicated in the dates section of the notice. Issued on: October 15, 2018. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2018–23232 Filed 10–23–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2010–0188; FMCSA– 2012–0164; FMCSA–2014–0019; FMCSA– 2014–0020; FMCSA–2016–0043; FMCSA– 2016–0216; FMCSA–2016–0218; FMCSA– 2016–0219] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of final disposition. AGENCY: FMCSA announces its decision to renew exemptions for 192 individuals from its prohibition in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) against persons with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) from operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. The exemptions enable these individuals with ITDM to continue to operate CMVs in interstate commerce. DATES: Each group of renewed exemptions were applicable on the dates stated in the discussions below and will expire on the dates stated in the discussions below. amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with NOTICES1 SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:43 Oct 23, 2018 Jkt 247001 Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, 202–366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: I. Public Participation A. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov. Insert the docket number, FMCSA–2010–0188; FMCSA–2012–0164; FMCSA–2014– 0019; FMCSA–2014–0020; FMCSA– 2016–0043; FMCSA–2016–0216; FMCSA–2016–0218; FMCSA–2016– 0219, in the keyword box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ Next, click the ‘‘Open Docket Folder’’ button and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Management Facility in Room W12–140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. B. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.dot.gov/privacy. II. Background On August 15, 2018, FMCSA published a notice announcing its decision to renew exemptions for 192 individuals from the insulin-treated diabetes mellitus prohibition in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(3) to operate a CMV in interstate commerce and requested comments from the public (75 FR 42477; 75 FR 57329; 77 FR 46149; 77 FR 59450; 79 FR 47702; 79 FR 47711; 79 FR 63210; 81 FR 51541; 81 FR 52505; 81 FR 52947; 81 FR 59718; 81 FR 67421; 81 FR 72640; 81 FR 72651; 81 FR 84688; 82 FR 12899). The public comment period ended on September 14, 2018, and no comments were received. PO 00000 Frm 00127 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 As stated in the previous notice, FMCSA has evaluated the eligibility of these applicants and determined that renewing these exemptions would achieve a level of safety equivalent to or greater than the level that would be achieved by complying with the current regulation 49 CFR 391.41(b)(3). The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding diabetes found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(3) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person has no established medical history or clinical diagnosis of diabetes mellitus currently requiring insulin for control. III. Discussion of Comments FMCSA received no comments in this preceding. IV. Conclusion Based on its evaluation of the 192 renewal exemption applications and comments received, FMCSA confirms its’ decision to exempt the following drivers from the rule prohibiting drivers with ITDM from driving CMVs in interstate commerce in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(3): In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, the following groups of drivers received renewed exemptions in the month of September and are discussed below: As of September 7, 2018, and in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, the following 29 individuals have satisfied the renewal conditions for obtaining an exemption from the rule prohibiting drivers with ITDM from driving CMVs in interstate commerce (81 FR 51541; 81 FR 72651): Larry S. Ankerson (WI) Kenneth D. Beatty (MS) Brandon J. Brown (TN) Justin D. Campbell (AL) Vito J. Dambra (PA) Linda D. Davis (IN) Frank A. DeCarolis (KS) Orlando Dominguez (CA) Scott L. Fetzer (PA) Carl E. Fisher (PA) Ryan A. Gehrke (MN) Shane R. Gousie (MA) Randal E. Hampton (NV) Reginald M. Hart (GA) Dennis J. Kniffen (SD) Allen E. Lemaster (SC) Wayne F. Leonard (IL) Joshua W. Lockwood (MD) Brian P. McCabe (WA) Charles M. McKenzie (OH) Michael C. McNamara (SC) Michael S. Meulenberg (MI) Timothy J. Newton (IA) David T. Petty (CA) Ronald K. Roe (PA) Harry W. Roebuck (TX) E:\FR\FM\24OCN1.SGM 24OCN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 206 (Wednesday, October 24, 2018)]
[Notices]
[Pages 53727-53730]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-23232]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2018-0018]


Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 11 individuals 
for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor 
vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will 
enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without 
meeting the vision requirement in one eye.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before November 23, 2018.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA-2018-0018 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting 
comments.
     Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
     Fax: 1-202-493-2251.
    To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. 
See the ``Public Participation'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, 
Medical Programs Division, (202) 366-4001, [email protected], FMCSA, 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64-224, 
Washington, DC 20590-0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET,

[[Page 53728]]

Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions 
regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket 
Services, telephone (202) 366-9826.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Public Participation

A. Submitting Comments

    If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
notice Docket No. FMCSA-2018-0018, indicate the specific section of 
this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for 
each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and 
material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only 
one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a 
mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of 
your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions 
regarding your submission.
    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov, 
put the docket number, FMCSA-2018-0018, in the keyword box, and click 
``Search.'' When the new screen appears, click on the ``Comment Now!'' 
button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. 
Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on 
behalf of a third party and then submit.
    If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them 
in an unbound format, no larger than 8\1/2\ by 11 inches, suitable for 
copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would 
like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, 
self-addressed postcard or envelope.
    FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the 
comment period.

B. Viewing Documents and Comments

    To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice 
as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov. 
Insert the docket number, FMCSA-2018-0018, in the keyword box, and 
click ``Search.'' Next, click the ``Open Docket Folder'' button and 
choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the 
internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket 
Management Facility in Room W12-140 on the Ground Floor of the DOT West 
Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

C. Privacy Act

    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the 
public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these 
comments, without edit, including any personal information the 
commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system 
of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
www.dot.gov/privacy.

II. Background

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA may grant an exemption 
from the FMCSRs for a five-year period if it finds ``such exemption 
would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to or greater 
than the level that would be achieved absent such exemption.'' The 
statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the 
five-year period. FMCSA grants exemptions from the FMCSRs for a two-
year period to align with the maximum duration of a driver's medical 
certification.
    The 11 individuals listed in this notice have requested an 
exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). 
Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each 
applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the 
required level of safety mandated by statute.
    The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision 
found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically 
qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at 
least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual 
acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with 
corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) 
in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at 
least 70[deg] in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability 
to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard 
red, green, and amber.
    In July 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the 
Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting 
standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to 
meet (Qualification of Drivers; Vision Waivers, 57 FR 31458, July 16, 
1992). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, 
following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing 
exemptions made by Sec.  4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 
21st Century (TEA-21), Public Law 105-178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 
1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures 
established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon 
application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of 49 
CFR 391.41(b)(10).
    To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA 
requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven 
a commercial vehicle safely with the vision deficiency for the past 
three years. Recent driving performance is especially important in 
evaluating future safety, according to several research studies 
designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of 
these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future 
performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic 
violations. Copies of the studies may be found at Docket Number FMCSA-
1998-3637.
    FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular 
drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) 
former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving 
performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better 
than that of all CMV drivers collectively (See 61 FR 13338, 13345, 
March 26, 1996). The fact that experienced monocular drivers 
demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a 
conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying 
conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to 
have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate 
safely.
    The first major research correlating past and future performance 
was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, 
building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same 
individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary 
only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California 
Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated 
theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with 
other factors. These factors--such as age, sex, geographic location, 
mileage driven and conviction history--are used every day by insurance 
companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an 
individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., 
``Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression 
Analysis of a Poisson Process,'' Journal of American Statistical 
Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared 
by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best 
overall crash

[[Page 53729]]

predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of 
single convictions. This study used three consecutive years of data, 
comparing the experiences of drivers in the first two years with their 
experiences in the final year.

III. Qualifications of Applicants

Brian K. Aldridge

    Mr. Aldridge, 46, has had amblyopia in his left eye since 
childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left 
eye, 20/400. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, 
``My medical opinion is that patient has sufficient vision to perform 
driving tasks required for commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Aldridge reported 
that he has driven straight trucks for seven years, accumulating 54,600 
miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Ohio. His driving record for the 
last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Peter A. Clarke

    Mr. Clarke, 53, has macular scarring in his left eye due to a 
traumatic incident in his childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye 
is 20/20, and in his left eye, counting fingers. Following an 
examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``I attest that Peter 
Clarke has sufficient vision to qualify to operate a commercial 
vehicle.'' Mr. Clarke reported that he has driven straight trucks for 
15 years, accumulating 225,000 miles. He holds an operator's license 
from Washington. His driving record for the last three years shows no 
crashes and one conviction for a moving violation in a CMV; failure to 
obey traffic control device.

Lane D. Fuller

    Mr. Fuller, 25, has had neuroretinitis in his right eye since 2010. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his 
left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist 
stated, ``I feel Lane has excellent vision with his left eye and can 
safely operate a commercial vehicle with his VA and field of vision of 
his left eye.'' Mr. Fuller reported that he has driven straight trucks 
for seven years, accumulating 143,000 miles, and tractor-trailer 
combinations for seven years, accumulating 364,000 miles. He holds a 
Class A CDL from Kansas. His driving record for the last three years 
shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Justin M. Goins

    Mr. Goins, 34, has a retinal detachment in his right eye due to a 
traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 
no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an 
examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``It is my opinion that 
Justin Goins has sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.'' 
Mr. Goins reported that he has driven straight trucks for eight years, 
accumulating 76,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for eight 
years, accumulating 32,000 miles. He holds an operator's license from 
Michigan. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes 
and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Alfred R. Knotts, Jr.

    Mr. Knotts, 56, has had complete loss of vision in left eye since 
birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left 
eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2018, his 
ophthalmologist stated, ``This is to certify that in my opinion Mr. 
Alfred R. Knotts Jr. clearly has sufficient vision to perform the 
driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Knotts 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for 26 years, accumulating 
156,000 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Pennsylvania. His driving 
record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for 
moving violations in a CMV.

Margurette Mungro

    Ms. Mungro, 58, has had a retinal detachment in her left eye since 
2014. The visual acuity in her right eye is 20/30, and in her left eye, 
20/100. Following an examination in 2018, her ophthalmologist stated, 
``In my opinion she does have sufficient vision to drive comerical 
veHICLE [sic].'' Ms. Mungro reported that she has driven tractor-
trailer combinations for 36 years, accumulating 3.6 million miles. She 
holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. Her driving record for the 
last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Jerome Nezworski

    Mr. Nezworski, 64, has had amblyopia in his left eye since 
childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left 
eye, 20/60. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist 
stated, ``In my medical opinion, patient has sufficient vision to 
perform driving tasks associated with operating a commercial vehicle.'' 
Mr. Nezworski reported that he has driven straight trucks for 42 years, 
accumulating 1 million miles. He holds a Class CD CDL from Michigan. 
His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no 
convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

James E. Smith

    Mr. Smith, 39, has had a central retinal vein occlusion in his 
right eye since 2014. The visual acuity in his right eye is light 
perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 
2018, his optometrist stated, ``In my medical opinion, James has 
sufficient vision to perform driving tasks required to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Smith reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for 20 years, accumulating 800,000 miles, and tractor-trailer 
combinations for seven years, accumulating 210,000 miles. He holds a 
Class A CDL from Florida. His driving record for the last three years 
shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Marcel Spinu

    Mr. Spinu, 54, had a retinal detachment in his right eye due to a 
traumatic incident in 1999. The visual acuity in his right eye is light 
perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 
2018, his optometrist stated, ``In my medical opinion, patient has 
sufficient vision to perform driving tasks require [sic] to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Spinu reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for one year, accumulating 50,000 miles, and tractor-trailer 
combinations for 14 years, accumulating 1.54 million miles. He holds an 
operator's license from Washington. His driving record for the last 
three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations 
in a CMV.

Francisco J. Torres

    Mr. Torres, 51, has a prosthetic right eye due to a traumatic 
incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light 
perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 
2018, his optometrist stated, ``Left eye is best corrected to 20/20 at 
distance and near and is stable. From all the findings, he is able to 
perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' 
Mr. Torres reported that he has driven straight trucks for 30 years, 
accumulating 1.2 million miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 30 
years, accumulating 1.2 million miles. He holds a Class AM CDL from 
Pennsylvania. His driving record for the last three years shows no 
crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

[[Page 53730]]

William Walden

    Mr. Walden, 58, has a macular scar in his right eye due to a 
traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 
hand motion, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 
2018, his optometrist stated, ``My medical opinion is that Mr. Walden 
has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate 
a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Walden reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for 35 years, accumulating 1.68 million miles. He holds a Class 
BM CDL from Alabama. His driving record for the last three years shows 
one crash, for which he was not cited, and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

IV. Request for Comments

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA requests 
public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions 
described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material 
received before the close of business on the closing date indicated in 
the dates section of the notice.

    Issued on: October 15, 2018.
Larry W. Minor,
Associate Administrator for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2018-23232 Filed 10-23-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P