# Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; Fisheries Off West Coast States; Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery; 2017-2018 Biennial Specifications and Management Measures; Inseason Adjustments, 50510-50526 [2018-21879]

Download as PDF 50510 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations 50 CFR Part 660 website at https:// www.federalregister.gov. Background information and documents are available at the Pacific Fishery Management Council’s website at http:// www.pcouncil.org/. [Docket No. 160808696–7010–02] Background RIN 0648–BI50 The Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan (PCGFMP) and its implementing regulations at title 50 in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), part 660, subparts C through G, regulate fishing for over 90 species of groundfish off the coasts of Washington, Oregon, and California. The Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council) develops groundfish harvest specifications and management measures for two year periods or biennium. NMFS published the final rule to implement harvest specifications and management measures for the 2017–18 biennium for most species managed under the PCGFMP on February 7, 2017 (82 FR 9634). In general, the management measures are set at the start of the biennial specifications cycle to help the various sectors of the fishery attain, but not exceed, the catch limits for each stock. The Council, in coordination with the States of Washington, Oregon, and California, recommends adjustments to the management measures during the fishing year to achieve this goal. At its September 7–12, 2018, meeting the Council recommended four adjustments to current management measures, including: (1) Increasing the sablefish trip limits for the limited entry fixed gear (LEFG) fishery north of 36° North latitude (N lat.) and the open access fixed gear (OAFG) fishery north and south of 36° N lat.; (2) increasing DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; Fisheries Off West Coast States; Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery; 2017–2018 Biennial Specifications and Management Measures; Inseason Adjustments National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Final rule; inseason adjustments to biennial groundfish management measures. AGENCY: This final rule announces routine inseason adjustments to management measures in commercial groundfish fisheries. This action, which is authorized by the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan, is intended to allow commercial fishing vessels to access more abundant groundfish stocks while protecting overfished and depleted stocks. DATES: This final rule is effective October 9, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karen Palmigiano, phone: 206–526– 4491 or email: karen.palmigiano@ noaa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Electronic Access This rule is accessible via the internet at the Office of the Federal Register the bocaccio trip limits for the LEFG fishery between 40°10′ N lat. and 34°27′ N lat.; (3) transferring Pacific Ocean perch (POP) and darkblotched rockfish from the incidental open access (IOA) set-asides to the set asides for unforeseen catch events for those species; and (4) increasing the incidental halibut retention allowance in the LEFG sablefish primary fishery. Sablefish Trip Limit Increases for the LEFG and OA Sablefish DTL Fisheries At the September 2018 Council meeting, the Groundfish Management Team (GMT) received requests from industry members and members of the Groundfish Advisory Subpanel (GAP) to examine the potential to increase sablefish trips limits for the LEFG fishery north of 36° N lat. and the OAFG fisheries north and south of 36° N lat. The intent of increasing trip limits would be to increase harvest opportunities for the LEFG and OAFG sablefish fisheries. To evaluate potential increases to sablefish trip limits, the GMT made model-based landings projections under current regulations and a range of potential sablefish trip limits, include the limits ultimately recommended by the Council, for the LEFG and OAFG sablefish fisheries through the remainder of the year. Table 1 shows the projected sablefish landings, the sablefish allocations, and the projected attainment percentage by fishery under both the current trip limits and the Council’s recommended trip limits. These projections were based on the most recent catch information available through August 2018. TABLE 1—PROJECTED LANDINGS OF SABLEFISH, SABLEFISH ALLOCATION, AND PROJECTED PERCENTAGE OF SABLEFISH ATTAINED THROUGH THE END OF THE YEAR BY TRIP LIMIT AND FISHERY Trip limits LEFG North of 36° N lat ......... Current: 1,100 lb/week, not to exceed 3,300 lb/2 month ...... Recommended: 1,400 lb/week, not to exceed 4,200 lb/2 month. Current: 300 lb/day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1,000 lb, not to exceed 2,000 lb/2 months. Recommended: 300 lb/day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1,400 lb, not to exceed 2,800 lbs/2 months. Current: 300 lb/day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1,600 lb, not to exceed 3,200 lb/2 months. Recommended: 300 lb/day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1,600 lb, not to exceed 4,800 lbs/2 months. OAFG North of 36° N lat ........ OAFG South of 36° N lat ........ amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES Projected landings (round weight) (mt) Fishery As shown in Table 1, under the current trip limits, the model predicts catches of sablefish will be at or below VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 75 percent for each fishery except the OAFG fishery north of 36° N lat. which may attain just over 78 percent of their PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Allocation (mt) Projected percentage attained 174.9–201.9 193.6–224.3 269 65–75.1 71.9–83.4 341–347.5 444 76.8–78.3 417.2–427.7 44.7 44.7 94–96.3 325 13.7 13.7 sablefish allocation by the end of the year. Under the Council’s recommended trip limits, sablefish attainment is E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations projected to increase in the LEFG and OAFG fisheries north of 36° N lat. Due to a lack of participation and variance in trip limits in the OA fishery south of 36° N lat., the model was unable to detect any estimated change in attainment for this fishery even with the proposed increase in trip limits. Projections for the LEFG sablefish fishery south of 36° N lat. remain low and within the levels anticipated in the 2017–18 harvest specifications and management measures. Industry did not request changes to sablefish trip limits for the LEFG fishery south of 36° N lat. Therefore, NMFS and the Council did not consider trip limit changes for this fishery. Trip limit increases for sablefish are intended to increase attainment of the non-trawl HG. The proposed trip limit increases do not change projected impacts to co-occurring overfished species compared to the impacts anticipated in the 2017–18 harvest specifications because the projected impacts to those species assume that the entire sablefish ACL is harvested. Therefore, the Council recommended and NMFS is implementing, by modifying Table 2 (North) to part 660, subpart E, trip limit changes for the LEFG sablefish fishery north of 36° N lat. to increase the limits from ‘‘1,100 lb (499 kg) per week, not to exceed 3,300 lb (1,497 kg) per two months’’ to ‘‘1,400 lb (635 kg) per week, not to exceed 4,200 lb (1,905 kg) per two months’’ for period 4 (September and October) and period 5 (November and December). The Council also recommended and NMFS is implementing, by modifying Table 3 (North and South) to part 660, subpart F, trip limits for sablefish in the OA sablefish DTL fishery north and south of 36° N lat. The trip limits for sablefish in the OA sablefish DTL fishery north of 36° N lat. will increase from ‘‘300 lb (136 kg) per day, or one landing per week of up to 1,000 lb (454 kg), not to exceed 2,000 lb (907 kg) per two months’’ to ‘‘300 lb (136 kg) per day, or one landing per week of up to 1,400 lb (590 kg), not to exceed 2,800 lb (1,179 kg) per two months’’ for period 4 (September and October) and period 5 (November and December). The trip limits for sablefish in the OA sablefish DTL fishery south of 36° N lat. will increase from ‘‘300 lb (136 kg) per day, or one landing per week of up to 1,600 lb (454 kg), not to exceed 3,200 lb (907 kg) per two months’’ to ‘‘300 lb (136 kg) per day, or one landing per week of up to 1,600 lb (590 kg), not to exceed 4,800 lb (1,179 kg) per two months’’ for period 4 (September and October) and period 5 (November and December). VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 LEFG Bocaccio Between 40≥10′ N Lat. and 34≥27′ N Lat. Trip Limits Bocaccio is managed with stockspecific harvest specifications south of 40°10′ N lat., but is managed within the Minor Shelf Rockfish complex north of 40°10′ N lat. NMFS declared bocaccio overfished in 1999, and implemented a rebuilding plan for the stock in 2000. Although NMFS declared bocaccio officially rebuilt in 2017, the current harvest specifications are based on the current rebuilding plan. At the September 2018 Council meeting, members of the GAP notified the Council and the GMT of increased interactions with bocaccio for vessels targeting chilipepper rockfish. The low trip limits for bocaccio between 40°10′ N lat. and 34°27′ N lat., coupled with these increased interactions, results in higher bocaccio discard rates in the LEFG fishery. Because the most recent bocaccio attainment estimates suggest that around 4 percent or 16.7 mt of bocaccio will be attained out of the 442.3 mt non-trawl allocation, the GAP requested the GMT examine potential increases to the bocaccio trip limits for the LEFG fishery only between 40°10′ N lat and 34°27′ N lat. The GMT did not receive a request to examine trip limit increases for bocaccio south of 34°27′ N lat. To assist the Council in evaluating potential trip limit increases for bocaccio between 40°10′ N lat. and 34°27′ N lat., the GMT analyzed projected attainment under the current status quo regulations and under the proposed trip limit changes. In 2016, when the bocaccio trip limits were established for the 2017–18 harvest specifications, few data points existed to provide projected annual catch data under the current trip limits. Based on that limited data, boccacio catch in the non-trawl commercial fishery between 40°10′ N lat. and 34°27′ N lat. was expected to be around 0.3 mt of the 442.3 mt non-trawl allocation. The GMT updated the expected attainment under the current status quo trip limits and examined potential impacts under alternative trip limits with additional catch data from the 2016 and 2017 fishing years. Based on updated model projections under the current status quo trip limit of 1,000 lb (454 kg) per two months, total coastwide bocaccio catch in the LEFG and OA fisheries is expected to be 16.7 mt, or four percent of the non-trawl HG and two percent of the coastwide ACL. Increasing the trip limits to 1,500 lb (680 kg) per two months for the reminder of the fishing year for vessels fishing in the LEFG fishery in the area PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 50511 between 40°10′ N lat. and 34°27′ N lat., which would align them with the trip limits already in place south of 34°27′ N lat., is expected to increase total mortality by less than 0.1 mt, and the overall total mortality of bocaccio would be expected to remain at around four percent of the non-trawl HG and two percent of the coastwide ACL. Trip limit increases for bocaccio are intended to allow for increased attainment of the non-trawl allocation (442.3 mt), while also providing the incentive for vessels targeting cooccurring species, such as chilipepper rockfish, to land their bocaccio catch instead of discarding. Therefore, the Council recommended and NMFS is implementing, by modifying Table 2 (South) to part 660, Subpart E, an increase to the bocaccio trip limits for the LEFG fishery between 40°10′ N lat. and 34°27′ N lat. The trip limits for bocaccio in this area will increase from ‘‘1,000 lb (464 kg) per per two months’’ to ‘‘1,500 lb (680 kg) per two months’’ for period 4 (September and October) and period 5 (November and December). Transferring POP and Darkblotched Rockfish Set-Asides From IOA and Research Set-Asides to the Additional Buffer NMFS sets ACLs for non-whiting groundfish stocks and stock complexes as part of biennial harvest specifications and management measures. Deductions are made ‘‘off-the-top’’ from the ACL to ‘‘set-aside’’ an amount for various sources of mortality, including nongroundfish fisheries that catch groundfish incidentally, also called IOA fisheries, as well as for research, tribal, recreational catch, and for some species, an amount for unforeseen catch events. NMFS allocates the remainder, the fishery’s commercial HG, among the trawl and non-trawl sectors of the groundfish fishery. For some species, sector-specific set-asides are then deducted from the trawl allocation. For example, the trawl HGs for both darkblotched rockfish and POP are divided up into an allocation for the Shorebased individual fishing quota (IFQ) program and a set-asides for the motherships (MS) and catcher/ processors (C/P) which make up the atsea sector. On January 8, 2018, NMFS published a final rule to implement Amendment 21–3. Amendment 21–3 recharacterized the portions of the trawl HG of darkblotched rockfish and POP for the MS and CP vessels that make up the at sea whiting sector from allocations, which are hard caps requiring the relevant sector to close upon reaching them, to sector specific set-asides (83 FR E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES 50512 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations 757, January 8, 2018). This change was necessary because both those species had been declared rebuilt the previous year and the allocations were constraining the at-sea sector’s ability to harvest whiting. Regulations implementing Amendment 21–3 do not require that a sector be closed upon reaching its set-aside, but do require NMFS to close either or both the MS and C/P sectors if the species-specific set-aside amounts for darkblotched rockfish or POP for that sector, plus a reserve or ‘‘buffer’’ for unforeseen catch events, is projected to be exceeded. At the September 2018 Council meeting, representatives from the Midwater Trawlers Cooperative, Pacific Whiting Conservation Cooperative, United Catcher Boats, and Whiting Mothership Cooperative requested that the Council recommend NMFS take inseason action to transfer the unused portion of the IOA and research off the top deductions for darkblotched rockfish and POP to the buffer for those species. The intent of the request is to create a larger buffer for unforeseen catch events. If the at-sea sectors, or any sector, were to exceed their sector specific set-aside for darkblotched rockfish or POP, there would be a larger amount available in the buffer to harvest before NMFS would be required to close either the MS or C/P sectors. To evaluate this request, the GMT considered the historical maximum amount of POP and darkblotched rockfish taken in the IOA and research fisheries over the past several years, the current amounts of POP and darkblotched rockfish taken in the IOA and research fisheries in 2018, the at-sea sector’s total catch to date, and the projected catch for the remainder of the year for IOA, research, and the at-sea sector. Currently, the IOA fishery has a 10 mt set-aside for POP, and research has a 5.2 mt set-aside. Harvest of POP in the IOA fishery mainly occurs in the pink shrimp fishery. Between 2007 and 2017 total harvest of POP in the IOA fishery was below 0.6 mt annually, except for an uncharacteristically high mortality in 2014 of 10 mt. Overall harvest of rockfish in the pink shrimp trawl fishery fell significantly in 2015 and remained low in subsequent years. Total harvest of POP in the IOA fishery between 2015 and 2017 was less than 0.7 mt. Total mortality of POP in the research sector between 2007 and 2017 never exceeded 3.10 mt annually. However, NOAA’s Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC) notified the GMT that 2018 research catch is likely to be much higher after a single haul on a research cruise took 3.4 mt of POP. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 The current set-aside for darkblotched rockfish in the IOA fishery is 24.5 mt, and the current research set-aside is 2.5 mt. Similar to POP, the majority of darkblotched rockfish catch in the IOA fishery is harvested in the pink shrimp fishery. Since 2015, no more than 6.82 mt of darkblotched rockfish was taken annually in the IOA fishery. Between 2007 and 2015, the darkblotched rockfish harvest in the IOA fishery exceeded 50 percent of the set-aside five times, most recently in 2014 when catch actually exceeded the set-aside for the first time. However, this was deemed to be an anomalous year due to a substantial recruitment event. The research fishery is expected to take their current set-aside amount this year, with 1.53 mt of darkblotched rockfish already caught in 2018. Finally, the GMT conducted a analysis using data through September 5, 2018, to examine the potential attainment of the at-sea sector’s darkblotched rockfish and POP setasides, using the current bycatch rates and assuming full attainment of the atsea sector’s whiting allocation. Based on this analysis, the GMT determined that it is likely the C/P will exceed their POP set-aside (65.9-percent chance), and the MS will most likely not exceed their POP set-aside (8.5-percent chance). When considering both sectors, the combined at-sea sector has a 39-percent chance of exceeding their combined POP set-asides (15.2 mt) and a less than one percent chance of exceeding the setaside value and the ‘‘buffer’’ set-aside (46.7 mt). For darkblotched rockfish, the GMT’s bootstrap analysis indicated that the C/P have a 40-percent chance of exceeding their darkblotched set-aside (16.7 mt) and the MS have a 32-percent chance of exceeding their darkblotched set-aside (11.8 mt). When considering both sectors, the combined at-sector has a 43-percent chance of exceeding their combined darkblotched rockfish setasides (28.5 mt). None of the model runs showed that the at-sea sector, when considered as a group, would exceed their darkblotched set-aside and the ‘‘buffer’’ set-aside (78.5 mt). While the current risk of the at-sea sector exceeding the POP or darkblotched rockfish set-aside and the amount set-aside for unforeseen catch events for those species is low to negligible at this time, the Council considered the risk to the at-sea sector and the other groundfish fisheries if no action was taken. If the Council chose not to take action now, because the automatic closure authority still exists in regulations, if the MS or C/P sectors exceeded their darkblotched or POP set- PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 aside and the amount set-aside for unforeseen catch events for that species, the NMFS would have to close the sectors even though there may be unused POP or darkblotched rockfish in the IOA fisheries. The projected economic impacts associated with a closure of the at-sea sector in November, when closure would most likely occur, are losses of approximately 200 jobs and 14 million in personal income. Additionally, in order to reopen the Pacific whiting fishery, the Council would need to convene an emergency Council meeting or wait until the Council makes a decision at a subsequent meeting. Finally, because moving any portion of the IOA set-aside into the amount set aside for unforeseen catch events would make that amount available for all sectors, the GMT did not determine that this request would pose a risk to other groundfish fisheries. Therefore, the Council recommended and NMFS is implementing a redistribution of 9.7 mt of POP and 17.7 mt of darkblotched rockfish, from the ‘‘off-the-top’’ deductions for the IOA fishery made at the start of the 2017–18 biennium, to the buffer for unforeseen catch events. This redistribution creates a larger buffer for all sectors, and reduces the risk of a closure of one or both the MS and C/P sectors. Transfer of POP and darkblotched rockfish to the set-aside for unforeseen catch events is not expected to result in greater impacts to either species, or other overfished species, than what was originally projected through the 2017–18 harvest specifications. Incidental Halibut Retention in the Limited Entry Fixed Gear Sablefish Primary Fishery Under the authority of the Northern Pacific Halibut Act of 1982, the Council developed a Catch Sharing Plan for the International Pacific Halibut Commission Regulatory Area 2A. The Catch Sharing Plan allocates the Area 2A annual total allowable catch (TAC) among fisheries off Washington, Oregon, and California. Pacific halibut is generally a prohibited species for vessels fishing in Pacific coast groundfish fisheries, unless explicitly allowed in groundfish regulations and authorized by the Pacific halibut Catch Sharing Plan. In years when the Pacific halibut TAC is above 900,000 lb (408 mt), the Catch Sharing Plan allows the limited entry fixed gear sablefish primary fishery an incidental retention limit for Pacific halibut north of Point Chehalis, WA (46°53.30′ N. lat.). On March 24, 2018, NMFS implemented a 2018 Area 2A TAC of 1,190,000 lb (540 mt) (83 FR 13080, March 26, 2018). E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 50513 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations Consistent with the provisions of the Catch Sharing Plan, the limited entry fixed gear sablefish primary fishery north of Pt. Chelais, WA has an incidental total catch limit of 50,000 lb (22.7 mt) for 2018. Current regulations at § 660.231(b)(3)(iv) provide for halibut retention starting on April 1 with a landing ratio of 160 lb (64 kg) dressed weight of halibut, for every 1,000 lb (454 kg) dressed weight of sablefish landed, and up to an additional 2 halibut in excess of this ratio. These limits, recommended by the Council at its March 2018 meeting, and subsequently implemented by NMFS on April 13, 2018 (83 FR 16005), were intended to allow the total catch of Pacific halibut to approach, but not exceed, the 2018 allocation for the sablefish primary fishery north of Pt. Chelais, WA (50,000 lb or 22.7 mt) and provide greater opportunity for industry to attain a higher percentage of the sablefish primary fishery allocation. However, the GMT notified the Council, after a request from the GAP to increase the incidental halibut allowance in the sablefish primary fishery, that incidental catch of halibut through September 11, 2018, was 22,464 lb, or less than 50 percent of the 50,000 lb allocation, with little more than a month left in the season that ends on October 31, 2018. Therefore, in order to allow increased incidental halibut retention in the sablefish primary fishery, the Council recommended and NMFS is implementing revised incidental halibut retention regulations at § 660.231(b)(3)(iv) to increase the catch ratio to ‘‘200 lb dressed weight of halibut for every 1,000 lb dressed weight of sablefish landed and up to 2 additional halibut in excess of the 200 lb per 1,000 lb ratio per landing.’’ This modest increase in the allowed halibut retention ratio over the last few weeks of the fishery is unlikely to cause catch to exceed the incidental halibut allocation for the sablefish primary fishery north of Pt. Chehalis, WA, but will provide some additional benefit to fishery participants. Classification This final rule makes routine inseason adjustments to groundfish fishery management measures, based on the best available information, consistent with the PCGFMP and its implementing regulations. This action is taken under the authority of 50 CFR 660.60(c) and is exempt from review under Executive Order 12866. The aggregate data upon which these actions are based are available for public inspection by contacting Karen Palmigiano in NMFS West Coast Region (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT, above), or view at the NMFS West Coast Groundfish website: http:// www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/ fisheries/groundfish/index.html. NMFS finds good cause to waive prior public notice and comment on these adjustments to groundfish management measures under 5 U.S.C. 553(b) because notice and comment would be impracticable and contrary to the public interest. Each of the adjustments to commercial groundfish management measures in this rule would create more harvest opportunity and allow fishermen to better attain species that are currently under attained without causing any additional impacts on the fishery. Delaying the implementation of these adjustments would reduce or eliminate the benefits that they would provide to the industry. For example, the sablefish primary season ends on October 31, 2018; therefore, any delay in implementing the increased halibut retention limit would further limit the time available for fishery participants to benefit from these changes. Allowing for a public comment period would likely result in little if any time before the end of the season. Vessels fishing in the LEFG or OAFG fisheries for sablefish would ultimately only fish under the increased trip limits for 1.5 periods (October-December). Providing for a public comment period and issuing a final rule would likely delay implementation of the increased limits to the point where only minimal fishing opportunity remained due to the approaching end of the year and winter weather conditions. Delaying implementation further risks the at-sea sector reaching and/or exceeding their set-aside for darkblotched rockfish and POP further increasing fears about potential closures and the expenses associated with such closures. In summary, providing a comment period for this action would significantly limit the benefits to the fishery, and would hamper the achievement of optimum yield from the affected fisheries. For the same reasons, the NMFS finds good cause to waive the 30-day delay in effectiveness pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), so that this final rule may become effective October 9, 2018. The adjustments to management measures in this document affect commercial fisheries in Washington, Oregon and California. These adjustments were requested by members of industry during the Council’s September 7–11, 2018 meeting, and recommended unanimously by the Council. No aspect of this action is controversial, and changes of this nature were anticipated in the biennial harvest specifications and management measures established through a notice and comment rulemaking for 2017–18 (82 FR 9634). Therefore, NMFS finds good cause to waive prior notice and comment and to waive the delay in effectiveness. List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 660 Fisheries, Fishing, and Indian Fisheries. Dated: October 3, 2018. Margo B. Schulze-Haugen, Acting Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries Service. For the reasons set out in the preamble, 50 CFR part 660 is amended as follows: PART 660—FISHERIES OFF WEST COAST STATES 1. The authority citation for part 660 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq., 16 U.S.C. 773 et seq., and 16 U.S.C. 7001 et seq. 2. Table 2a to part 660, subpart C, is revised to read as follows: ■ TABLE 2a TO PART 660, SUBPART C—2018, AND BEYOND, SPECIFICATIONS OF OFL, ABC, ACL, ACT AND FISHERY HARVEST GUIDELINES amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES [Weights in metric tons] Species Area BOCACCIO c ..................................... COWCOD d ....................................... DARKBLOTCHED ROCKFISH e ....... PACIFIC OCEAN PERCH f ............... YELLOWEYE ROCKFISH g .............. S of 40°10′ N lat. .............................. S of 40°10′ N lat. .............................. Coastwide ......................................... N of 40°10′ N lat. ............................. Coastwide ......................................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00039 OFL Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 ACL a ABC 2,013 71 683 984 58 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 1,924 64 653 941 48 09OCR1 Fishery HG b 741 10 653 281 20 726 8 576 232 14 50514 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations TABLE 2a TO PART 660, SUBPART C—2018, AND BEYOND, SPECIFICATIONS OF OFL, ABC, ACL, ACT AND FISHERY HARVEST GUIDELINES—Continued [Weights in metric tons] Species Area Arrowtooth flounder h ........................ Big skate i .......................................... Black rockfish j ................................... Black rockfish k .................................. Coastwide ......................................... Coastwide ......................................... California (South of 42° N lat.) ......... Oregon (Between 46°16′ N lat. and 42° N lat.). Washington (N of 46°16′ N lat.) ....... S of 40°10′ N lat. .............................. California (South of 42° N lat.) ......... Oregon (Between 46°16′ N lat. and 42° N lat.). S of 34°27′ N lat. .............................. Coastwide ......................................... S of 40°10′ N lat. .............................. Coastwide ......................................... Coastwide ......................................... N of 40°10′ N lat. ............................. S of 40°10′ N lat. .............................. Coastwide ......................................... Coastwide ......................................... N of 34°27′ N lat. ............................. S of 34°27′ N lat. .............................. Coastwide ......................................... Coastwide ......................................... Coastwide ......................................... Coastwide ......................................... N of 36° N lat. .................................. S of 36° N lat. .................................. Coastwide ......................................... Coastwide ......................................... N of 34°27′ N lat. ............................. S of 34°27′ N lat. .............................. Coastwide ......................................... S of 40°10′ N lat. .............................. Coastwide ......................................... Coastwide ......................................... N of 40°10′ N lat. ............................. N of 40°10′ N lat. ............................. N of 40°10′ N lat. ............................. N of 40°10′ N lat. ............................. S of 40°10′ N lat. .............................. S of 40°10′ N lat. .............................. S of 40°10′ N lat. .............................. Coastwide ......................................... Coastwide ......................................... Black rockfish l ................................... Blackgill rockfish m ............................ Cabezon n .......................................... Cabezon o .......................................... California scorpionfish p .................... Canary rockfish q ............................... Chilipepper r ...................................... Dover sole s ....................................... English sole t ..................................... Lingcod u ........................................... Lingcod v ............................................ Longnose skate w .............................. Longspine thornyhead x .................... Longspine thornyhead ...................... Longspine thornyhead ...................... Pacific cod y ....................................... Pacific whiting z ................................. Petrale sole aa ................................... Sablefish ........................................... Sablefish bb ........................................ Sablefish cc ........................................ Shortbelly rockfish dd ......................... Shortspine thornyhead ee .................. Shortspine thornyhead ...................... Shortspine thornyhead ...................... Spiny dogfish ff .................................. Splitnose rockfish gg .......................... Starry flounder hh ............................... Widow rockfish ii ................................ Yellowtail rockfish jj ............................ Minor Nearshore Rockfish kk ............. Minor Shelf Rockfish ll ....................... Minor Slope Rockfish mm ................... Minor Nearshore Rockfish nn ............. Minor Shelf Rockfish oo ..................... Minor Slope Rockfish pp .................... Other Flatfish qq ................................. Other Fish rr ....................................... OFL ACL a ABC 16,498 541 347 570 13,743 494 332 520 13,743 494 332 520 11,645 437 331 519 315 NA 156 49 301 NA 149 47 301 NA 149 47 283 NA 149 47 278 1,596 2,623 90,282 8,255 3,310 1,373 2,526 4,339 NA NA 3,200 725,984 3,152 8,329 NA NA 6,950 3,116 NA NA 2,500 1,842 1,847 13,237 6,574 119 2,302 1,896 1,344 1,918 829 9,690 501 254 1,526 2,507 86,310 7,537 3,110 1,144 2,415 3,614 NA NA 2,221 150 1,526 2,507 50,000 7,537 3,110 1,144 2,000 NA 2,747 867 1,600 148 1,467 2,461 48,406 7,324 2,832 1,135 1,853 NA 2,700 864 1,091 362,682 2,772 NA See Table 2c 1,939 489 NA 1,639 856 1,745 1,750 1,272 12,437 4,972 103 1,963 1,689 1,175 1,577 689 7,077 441 z z 3,013 7,604 NA NA 5,789 2,596 NA NA 2,083 1,761 1,282 12,655 6,002 105 2,048 1,754 1,180 1,625 719 7,281 441 3,013 NA 5,475 1,944 500 NA 1,698 898 2,083 1,761 1,282 12,655 6,002 105 2,047 1,754 1,179 1,624 709 7,281 441 a Annual catch limits (ACLs), annual catch targets (ACTs) and harvest guidelines (HGs) are specified as total catch values. harvest guidelines means the harvest guideline or quota after subtracting Pacific Coast treaty Indian tribes allocations and projected catch, projected research catch, deductions for fishing mortality in non-groundfish fisheries, and deductions for EFPs from the ACL or ACT. c Bocaccio. A stock assessment was conducted in 2015 for the bocaccio stock between the U.S.-Mexico border and Cape Blanco. The stock is managed with stock-specific harvest specifications south of 40°10′ N lat. and within the Minor Shelf Rockfish complex north of 40°10′ N lat. A historical catch distribution of approximately 7.4 percent was used to apportion the assessed stock to the area north of 40°10′ N lat. The bocaccio stock was estimated to be at 36.8 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 2,013 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 1,924 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The 741 mt ACL is based on the current rebuilding plan with a target year to rebuild of 2022 and an SPR harvest rate of 77.7 percent. 15.4 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (0.8 mt), EFP catch (10 mt) and research catch (4.6 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 725.6 mt. The California recreational fishery has an HG of 305.5 mt. d Cowcod. A stock assessment for the Conception Area was conducted in 2013 and the stock was estimated to be at 33.9 percent of its unfished biomass in 2013. The Conception Area OFL of 59 mt is projected in the 2013 rebuilding analysis using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The OFL contribution of 12 mt for the unassessed portion of the stock in the Monterey area is based on depletion-based stock reduction analysis. The OFLs for the Monterey and Conception areas were summed to derive the south of 40°10′ N lat. OFL of 71 mt. The ABC for the area south of 40°10′ N lat. is 64 mt. The assessed portion of the stock in the Conception Area is considered category 2, with a Conception area contribution to the ABC of 54 mt, which is an 8.7 percent reduction from the Conception area OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.45). The unassessed portion of the stock in the Monterey area is considered a category 3 stock, with a contribution to the ABC of 10 mt, which is a 16.6 percent reduction from the Monterey area OFL (s = 1.44/P* = 0.45). A single ACL of 10 mt is being set for both areas combined. The ACL of 10 mt is based on the rebuilding plan with a target year to rebuild of 2020 and an SPR harvest rate of 82.7 percent, which is equivalent to an exploitation rate (catch over age 11+ biomass) of 0.007. 2 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (less than 0.1 mt), EFP fishing (less than 0.1 mt) and research activity (2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 8 mt. Any additional mortality in research activities will be deducted from the ACL. A single ACT of 4 mt is being set for both areas combined. b Fishery amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES Fishery HG b VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00040 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations 50515 e Darkblotched rockfish. A 2015 stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 39 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 683 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 653 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC, as the stock is projected to be above its target biomass of B40% in 2017. 77.3 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (0.2 mt), the incidental open access fishery (24.5 mt), EFP catch (0.1 mt), research catch (2.5 mt) and an additional deduction for unforeseen catch events (50 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 575.8 mt. On October 9, 2018 17.7 mt were redistributed from the incidental open access fishery to the deduction for unforeseen catch events. This redistribution results in an incidental open access amount of 6.8 mt and a deduction for unforeseen catch events of 67.7 mt. f Pacific ocean perch. A stock assessment was conducted in 2011 and the stock was estimated to be at 19.1 percent of its unfished biomass in 2011. The OFL of 984 mt for the area north of 40°10′ N lat. is based on an updated catch-only projection of the 2011 rebuilding analysis using an F50% FMSY proxy. The ABC of 941 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) as it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is based on the current rebuilding plan with a target year to rebuild of 2051 and a constant catch amount of 281 mt in 2017 and 2018, followed in 2019 and beyond by ACLs based on an SPR harvest rate of 86.4 percent. 49.4 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (9.2 mt), the incidental open access fishery (10 mt), research catch (5.2 mt) and an additional deduction for unforeseen catch events (25 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 231.6 mt. On October 9, 2018 9.7 mt were redistributed from the incidental open access fishery to the deduction for unforeseen catch events. This redistribution results in an incidental open access amount of 0.3 mt and a deduction for unforeseen catch events of 34.7 mt. g Yelloweye rockfish. A stock assessment update was conducted in 2011. The stock was estimated to be at 21.4 percent of its unfished biomass in 2011. The 58 mt coastwide OFL is based on a catch-only update of the 2011 stock assessment, assuming actual catches since 2011 and using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 48 mt is a 16.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.40) as it is a category 2 stock. The 20 mt ACL is based on the current rebuilding plan with a target year to rebuild of 2074 and an SPR harvest rate of 76.0 percent. 6 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (2.3 mt), the incidental open access fishery (0.4 mt), EFP catch (less than 0.1 mt) and research catch (3.27 mt) resulting in a fishery HG of 14 mt. Recreational HGs are: 3.3 mt (Washington); 3 mt (Oregon); and 3.9 mt (California). h Arrowtooth flounder. The arrowtooth flounder stock was last assessed in 2007 and was estimated to be at 79 percent of its unfished biomass in 2007. The OFL of 16,498 mt is derived from a catch-only update of the 2007 assessment assuming actual catches since 2007 and using an F30% FMSY proxy. The ABC of 13,743 mt is a 16.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.40) as it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B25%. 2,098.1 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (2,041 mt), the incidental open access fishery (40.8 mt), and research catch (16.4 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 11,644.9 mt. i Big skate. The OFL of 541 mt is based on an estimate of trawl survey biomass and natural mortality. The ABC of 494 mt is a 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.45) as it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC. 57.4 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (15 mt), the incidental open access fishery (38.4 mt), and research catch (4 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 436.6 mt. j Black rockfish (California). A 2015 stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 33 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 347 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 332 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is projected to be above its target biomass of B40% in 2018. 1 mt is deducted from the ACL for EFP catch, resulting in a fishery HG of 331 mt. k Black rockfish (Oregon). A 2015 stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 60 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 570 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 520 mt is an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 0.6 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery, resulting in a fishery HG of 519.4 mt. l Black rockfish (Washington). A 2015 stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 43 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 315 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 301 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 18 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery, resulting in a fishery HG of 283 mt. m Blackgill rockfish. Blackgill rockfish contributes to the harvest specifications for the Minor Slope Rockfish South complex. See footnote pp. n Cabezon (California). A cabezon stock assessment was conducted in 2009. The cabezon spawning biomass in waters off California was estimated to be at 48.3 percent of its unfished biomass in 2009. The OFL of 156 mt is calculated using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 149 mt is based on a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 0.3 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (0.3 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 148.7 mt. o Cabezon (Oregon). A cabezon stock assessment was conducted in 2009. The cabezon spawning biomass in waters off Oregon was estimated to be at 52 percent of its unfished biomass in 2009. The OFL of 49 mt is calculated using an FMSY proxy of F45%. The ABC of 47 mt is based on a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 species. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. There are no deductions from the ACL so the fishery HG is also equal to the ACL of 47 mt. p California scorpionfish. A California scorpionfish assessment was conducted in 2005 and was estimated to be at 79.8 percent of its unfished biomass in 2005. The OFL of 278 mt is based on projections from a catch-only update of the 2005 assessment assuming actual catches since 2005 and using an FMSY harvest rate proxy of F50%. The ABC of 254 mt is an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set at a constant catch amount of 150 mt. 2.2 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (2 mt) and research catch (0.2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 147.8 mt. An ACT of 111 mt is established. q Canary rockfish. A stock assessment was conducted in 2015 and the stock was estimated to be at 55.5 percent of its unfished biomass coastwide in 2015. The coastwide OFL of 1,596 mt is projected in the 2015 assessment using an FMSY harvest rate proxy of F50%. The ABC of 1,526 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) as it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 59.4 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (50 mt), the incidental open access fishery (1.2 mt), EFP catch (1 mt) and research catch (7.2 mt) resulting in a fishery HG of 1,466.6 mt. Recreational HGs are: 50 mt (Washington); 75 mt (Oregon); and 135 mt (California). r Chilipepper. A coastwide update assessment of the chilipepper stock was conducted in 2015 and estimated to be at 64 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. Chilipepper are managed with stock-specific harvest specifications south of 40°10′N lat. and within the Minor Shelf Rockfish complex north of 40°10′ N lat. Projected OFLs are stratified north and south of 40°10′ N lat. based on the average historical assessed area catch, which is 93 percent for the area south of 40°10′ N lat. and 7 percent for the area north of 40°10′ N lat. The OFL of 2,623 mt for the area south of 40°10′ N lat. is projected in the 2015 assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 2,507 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 45.9 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (5 mt), EFP fishing (30 mt), and research catch (10.9 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 2,461.1 mt. s Dover sole. A 2011 Dover sole assessment estimated the stock to be at 83.7 percent of its unfished biomass in 2011. The OFL of 90,282 mt is based on an updated catch-only projection from the 2011 stock assessment assuming actual catches since 2011 and using an FMSY proxy of F30%. The ABC of 86,310 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL could be set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B25%. However, the ACL of 50,000 mt is set at a level below the ABC and higher than the maximum historical landed catch. 1,593.7 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (1,497 mt), the incidental open access fishery (54.8 mt), and research catch (41.9 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 48,406.3 mt. t English sole. A 2013 stock assessment was conducted, which estimated the stock to be at 88 percent of its unfished biomass in 2013. The OFL of 8,255 mt is projected in the 2013 assessment using an FMSY proxy of F30%. The ABC of 7,537 mt is an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B25%. 212.8 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (200 mt), the incidental open access fishery (7 mt) and research catch (5.8 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 7,324.2 mt. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00041 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES 50516 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations u Lingcod north. The 2009 lingcod assessment modeled two populations north and south of the California-Oregon border (42° N lat.). Both populations were healthy with stock depletion estimated at 62 and 74 percent for the north and south, respectively in 2009.The OFL is based on an updated catch-only projection from the 2009 assessment assuming actual catches since 2009 and using an FMSY proxy of F45%. The OFL is apportioned by adding 48 percent of the OFL from California, resulting in an OFL of 3,310 mt for the area north of 40°10′ N lat. The ABC of 3,110 mt is based on a 4.4 percent reduction (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) from the OFL contribution for the area north of 42° N lat. because it is a category 1 stock, and an 8.7 percent reduction (s = 0.72/P* = 0.45) from the OFL contribution for the area between 42° N lat. and 40°10′ N lat. because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 278.2 mt is deducted from the ACL for the Tribal fishery (250 mt), the incidental open access fishery (16 mt), EFP catch (0.5 mt) and research catch (11.7 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 2,831.8 mt. v Lingcod south. The 2009 lingcod assessment modeled two populations north and south of the California-Oregon border (42° N lat.). Both populations were healthy with stock depletion estimated at 62 and 74 percent for the north and south, respectively in 2009. The OFL is based on an updated catch-only projection of the 2009 stock assessment assuming actual catches since 2009 and using an FMSY proxy of F45%. The OFL is apportioned by subtracting 48 percent of the California OFL, resulting in an OFL of 1,373 mt for the area south of 40°10′ N lat. The ABC of 1,144 mt is based on a 16.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 9 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (6.9 mt), EFP fishing (1 mt), and research catch (1.1 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,135 mt. w Longnose skate. A stock assessment was conducted in 2007 and the stock was estimated to be at 66 percent of its unfished biomass. The OFL of 2,526 mt is derived from the 2007 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 2,415 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL of 2,000 mt is a fixed harvest level that provides greater access to the stock and is less than the ABC. 147 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (130 mt), incidental open access fishery (3.8 mt), and research catch (13.2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,853 mt. x Longspine thornyhead. A 2013 longspine thornyhead coastwide stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 75 percent of its unfished biomass in 2013. A coastwide OFL of 4,339 mt is projected in the 2013 stock assessment using an F50% FMSY proxy. The coastwide ABC of 3,614 mt is a 16.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. For the portion of the stock that is north of 34°27′ N lat., the ACL is 2,747 mt, and is 76 percent of the coastwide ABC based on the average swept-area biomass estimates (2003–2012) from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey. 46.8 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (30 mt), the incidental open access fishery (3.3 mt), and research catch (13.5 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 2,700.2 mt. For that portion of the stock south of 34°27′ N lat. the ACL is 867 mt and is 24 percent of the coastwide ABC based on the average swept-area biomass estimates (2003–2012) from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey. 3.2 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (1.8 mt), and research catch (1.4 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 863.8 mt. y Pacific cod. The 3,200 mt OFL is based on the maximum level of historic landings. The ABC of 2,221 mt is a 30.6 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 1.44/P* = 0.40) as it is a category 3 stock. The 1,600 mt ACL is the OFL reduced by 50 percent as a precautionary adjustment. 509 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (500 mt), research catch (7 mt), and the incidental open access fishery (2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,091 mt. z Pacific whiting. The coastwide stock assessment was published in 2018 and estimated the spawning stock to be at 66.7 percent of its unfished biomass. The 2018 OFL of 725,984 mt is based on the 2018 assessment with an F40% FMSY proxy. The 2018 coastwide, unadjusted Total Allowable Catch (TAC) of 517,775 mt is based on the 2018 stock assessment. The U.S. TAC is 73.88 percent of the coastwide unadjusted TAC. Up to 15 percent of each party’s unadjusted 2017 TAC (58,901 mt for the U.S. and 20,824 mt for Canada) is added to each party’s 2018 unadjusted TAC, resulting in a U.S. adjusted 2018 TAC of 441,433 mt. From the adjusted U.S. TAC, 77,251 mt is deducted to accommodate the Tribal fishery, and 1,500 mt is deducted to accommodate research and bycatch in other fisheries, resulting in a fishery HG of 362,682 mt. The TAC for Pacific whiting is established under the provisions of the Agreement with Canada on Pacific Hake/Whiting and the Pacific Whiting Act of 2006, 16 U.S.C. 7001–7010, and the international exception applies. Therefore, no ABC or ACL values are provided for Pacific whiting. aa Petrale sole. A 2015 stock assessment update was conducted, which estimated the stock to be at 31 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 3,152 mt is projected in the 2015 assessment using an FMSY proxy of F30%. The ABC of 3,013 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B25%. 240.9 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (220 mt), the incidental open access fishery (3.2 mt) and research catch (17.7 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 2,772.1 mt. bb Sablefish north. A coastwide sablefish stock assessment update was conducted in 2015. The coastwide sablefish biomass was estimated to be at 33 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The coastwide OFL of 8,329 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F45%. The ABC of 7,604 mt is an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.40). The 40–10 adjustment is applied to the ABC to derive a coastwide ACL value because the stock is in the precautionary zone. This coastwide ACL value is not specified in regulations. The coastwide ACL value is apportioned north and south of 36° N lat., using the 2003–2014 average estimated swept area biomass from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey, with 73.8 percent apportioned north of 36° N lat. and 26.2 percent apportioned south of 36° N lat. The northern ACL is 5,475 mt and is reduced by 548 mt for the Tribal allocation (10 percent of the ACL north of 36° N lat.). The 548 mt Tribal allocation is reduced by 1.5 percent to account for discard mortality. Detailed sablefish allocations are shown in Table 2c. cc Sablefish south. The ACL for the area south of 36° N lat. is 1,944 mt (26.2 percent of the calculated coastwide ACL value). 5 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open acrdedseescess fishery (2 mt) and research catch (3 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,939 mt. dd Shortbelly rockfish. A non-quantitative shortbelly rockfish assessment was conducted in 2007. The spawning stock biomass of shortbelly rockfish was estimated to be 67 percent of its unfished biomass in 2005. The OFL of 6,950 mt is based on the estimated MSY in the 2007 stock assessment. The ABC of 5,789 mt is a 16.7 percent reduction of the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. The 500 mt ACL is set to accommodate incidental catch when fishing for co-occurring healthy stocks and in recognition of the stock’s importance as a forage species in the California Current ecosystem. 10.9 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (8.9 mt) and research catch (2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 489.1 mt. ee Shortspine thornyhead. A 2013 coastwide shortspine thornyhead stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 74.2 percent of its unfished biomass in 2013. A coastwide OFL of 3,116 mt is projected in the 2013 stock assessment using an F50% FMSY proxy. The coastwide ABC of 2,596 mt is a 16.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. For the portion of the stock that is north of 34°27′ N lat., the ACL is 1,698 mt. The northern ACL is 65.4 percent of the coastwide ABC based on the average swept-area biomass estimates (2003–2012) from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey. 59 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (50 mt), the incidental open access fishery (1.8 mt), and research catch (7.2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,639 mt for the area north of 34°27′ N lat. For that portion of the stock south of 34°27′ N lat. the ACL is 898 mt. The southern ACL is 34.6 percent of the coastwide ABC based on the average swept-area biomass estimates (2003–2012) from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey. 42.3 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (41.3 mt) and research catch (1 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 855.7 mt for the area south of 34°27′ N lat. ff Spiny dogfish. A coastwide spiny dogfish stock assessment was conducted in 2011. The coastwide spiny dogfish biomass was estimated to be at 63 percent of its unfished biomass in 2011. The coastwide OFL of 2,500 mt is derived from the 2011 assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The coastwide ABC of 2,083 mt is a 16.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 338 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (275 mt), the incidental open access fishery (49.5 mt), EFP catch (1 mt), and research catch (12.5 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,745 mt. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00042 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations 50517 gg Splitnose rockfish. A coastwide splitnose rockfish assessment was conducted in 2009 that estimated the stock to be at 66 percent of its unfished biomass in 2009. Splitnose rockfish in the north is managed in the Minor Slope Rockfish complex and with stock-specific harvest specifications south of 40°10′ N lat. The coastwide OFL is projected in the 2009 assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The coastwide OFL is apportioned north and south of 40°10′ N lat. based on the average 1916–2008 assessed area catch resulting in 64.2 percent of the coastwide OFL apportioned south of 40°10′ N lat., and 35.8 percent apportioned for the contribution of splitnose rockfish to the northern Minor Slope Rockfish complex. The southern OFL of 1,842 mt results from the apportionment described above. The southern ABC of 1,761 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the southern OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is estimated to be above its target biomass of B40%. 10.7 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (0.2 mt), research catch (9 mt) and EFP catch (1.5 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,750.3 mt. hh Starry flounder. The stock was assessed in 2005 and was estimated to be above 40 percent of its unfished biomass in 2005 (44 percent in Washington and Oregon, and 62 percent in California). The coastwide OFL of 1,847 mt is set equal to the 2016 OFL, which was derived from the 2005 assessment using an FMSY proxy of F30%. The ABC of 1,282 mt is a 30.6 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 1.44/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 3 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock was estimated to be above its target biomass of B25% in 2018. 10.3 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (2 mt), and the incidental open access fishery (8.3 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,271.7 mt. ii Widow rockfish. The widow rockfish stock was assessed in 2015 and was estimated to be at 75 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 13,237 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using the F50% FMSY proxy. The ABC of 12,655 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 217.7 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (200 mt), the incidental open access fishery (0.5 mt), EFP catch (9 mt) and research catch (8.2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 12,437.3 mt. jj Yellowtail rockfish. A 2013 yellowtail rockfish stock assessment was conducted for the portion of the population north of 40°10′ N. lat. The estimated stock depletion is 67 percent of its unfished biomass in 2013. The OFL of 6,574 mt is projected in the 2013 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50%. The ABC of 6,002 mt is an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL (s = 0.72/P*= 0.45) because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40%. 1,030 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (1,000 mt), the incidental open access fishery (3.4 mt), EFP catch (10 mt) and research catch (16.6 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 4,972.1 mt. kk Minor Nearshore Rockfish north. The OFL for Minor Nearshore Rockfish north of 40°10′ N lat. of 119 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species managed in the complex. The ABCs for the minor rockfish complexes are based on a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (blue/deacon rockfish in California, brown rockfish, China rockfish, and copper rockfish) and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. The resulting ABC of 105 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL of 105 mt is the sum of contributing ABCs. 1.8 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (1.5 mt), and the incidental open access fishery (0.3 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 103.2 mt. Between 40°10′ N lat. and 42° N lat. the Minor Nearshore Rockfish complex north has a harvest guideline of 40.2 mt. Blue/deacon rockfish south of 42° N lat. has a species-specific HG, described in footnote pp. ll Minor Shelf Rockfish north. The OFL for Minor Shelf Rockfish north of 40°10′ N lat. of 2,302 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species within the complex. The ABCs for the minor rockfish complexes are based on a sigma value of 0.36 for a category 1 stock (chilipepper), a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (greenspotted rockfish between 40°10′ and 42° N lat. and greenstriped rockfish) and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. The resulting ABC of 2,048 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL of 2,047 mt is the sum of contributing ABCs of healthy assessed stocks and unassessed stocks, plus the ACL contribution of greenspotted rockfish in California where the 40–10 adjustment was applied to the ABC contribution for this stock because it is in the precautionary zone. 83.8 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (30 mt), the incidental open access fishery (26 mt), EFP catch (3 mt), and research catch (24.8 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,963.2 mt. mm Minor Slope Rockfish north. The OFL for Minor Slope Rockfish north of 40°10′ N. lat. of 1,896 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species within the complex. The ABCs for the Minor Slope Rockfish complexes are based on a sigma value of 0.39 for aurora rockfish, a sigma value of 0.36 for the other category 1 stock (splitnose rockfish), a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (rougheye rockfish, blackspotted rockfish, and sharpchin rockfish), and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. A unique sigma of 0.39 was calculated for aurora rockfish because the variance in estimated spawning biomass was greater than the 0.36 used as a proxy for other category 1 stocks. The resulting ABC of 1,754 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because all the assessed component stocks (rougheye rockfish, blackspotted rockfish, sharpchin rockfish, and splitnose rockfish) are above the target biomass of B40%. 65.1 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (36 mt), the incidental open access fishery (18.6 mt), EFP catch (1 mt), and research catch (9.5 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,688.9 mt. nn Minor Nearshore Rockfish south. The OFL for the Minor Nearshore Rockfish complex south of 40°10′ N lat. of 1,344 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species within the complex. The ABC for the southern Minor Nearshore Rockfish complex is based on a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (blue/deacon rockfish north of 34°27′ N lat., brown rockfish, China rockfish, and copper rockfish) and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. The resulting ABC of 1,180 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL of 1,179 mt is the sum of the contributing ABCs of healthy assessed stocks and unassessed stocks, plus the ACL contribution for China rockfish where the 40–10 adjustment was applied to the ABC contribution for this stock because it is in the precautionary zone. 4.1 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (1.4 mt) and research catch (2.7 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,174.9 mt. Blue/deacon rockfish south of 42° N lat. has a species-specific HG set equal to the 40–10-adjusted ACL for the portion of the stock north of 34°27′ N lat. (250.3 mt) plus the ABC contribution for the unassessed portion of the stock south of 34°27′ N lat. (60.8 mt). The California (i.e., south of 42° N lat.) blue/deacon rockfish HG is 311.1 mt. oo Minor Shelf Rockfish south. The OFL for the Minor Shelf Rockfish complex south of 40°10′ N lat. of 1,918 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species within the complex. The ABC for the southern Minor Shelf Rockfish complex is based on a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (i.e., greenspotted and greenstriped rockfish) and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. The resulting ABC of 1,625 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL of 1,624 mt is the sum of contributing ABCs of healthy assessed stocks and unassessed stocks, plus the ACL contribution of greenspotted rockfish in California where the 40– 10 adjustment was applied to the ABC contribution for this stock because it is in the precautionary zone. 47.2 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (8.6 mt), EFP catch (30 mt), and research catch (8.6 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,576.8 mt. pp Minor Slope Rockfish south. The OFL of 829 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species within the complex. The ABC for the southern Minor Slope Rockfish complex is based on a sigma value of 0.39 for aurora rockfish, a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (blackgill rockfish, rougheye rockfish, blackspotted rockfish, and sharpchin rockfish) and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. A unique sigma of 0.39 was calculated for aurora rockfish because the variance in estimated biomass was greater than the 0.36 used as a proxy for other category 1 stocks. The resulting ABC of 719 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL of 709 mt is the sum of the contributing ABCs of healthy assessed stocks and unassessed stocks, plus the ACL contribution of blackgill rockfish where the 40–10 adjustment was applied to the ABC contribution for this stock because it is in the precautionary zone. 20.2 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (17.2 mt), EFP catch (1 mt), and research catch (2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 688.8 mt. Blackgill rockfish has a stock-specific HG for the entire groundfish fishery south of 40°10′ N lat. set equal to the species’ contribution to the 40–10-adjusted ACL. Harvest of blackgill rockfish in all groundfish fisheries counts against this HG of 122.4 mt. Nontrawl fisheries are subject to a blackgill rockfish HG of 45.3 mt. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00043 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 50518 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations qq Other Flatfish. The Other Flatfish complex is comprised of flatfish species managed in the PCGFMP that are not managed with species-specific OFLs/ABCs/ACLs. Most of the species in the Other Flatfish complex are unassessed and include: Butter sole, curlfin sole, flathead sole, Pacific sanddab, rock sole, sand sole, and rex sole. The Other Flatfish OFL of 9,690 mt is based on the sum of the OFL contributions of the component stocks. The ABC of 7,281 mt is based on a sigma value of 0.72 for a category 2 stock (rex sole) and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.40. The ACL is set equal to the ABC. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because all of the assessed stocks (i.e., Pacific sanddabs and rex sole) were above their target biomass of B25%. 204 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (60 mt), the incidental open access fishery 125 mt), and research catch (19 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 7,077 mt. rr Other Fish. The Other Fish complex is comprised of kelp greenling coastwide, cabezon off Washington, and leopard shark coastwide. The 2015 assessment for the kelp greenling stock off of Oregon projected an estimated depletion of 80 percent. All other stocks are unassessed. The OFL of 501 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for kelp greenling coastwide, cabezon off Washington, and leopard shark coastwide. The ABC for the Other Fish complex is based on a sigma value of 0.44 for kelp greenling off Oregon and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. A unique sigma of 0.44 was calculated for kelp greenling off Oregon because the variance in estimated spawning biomass was greater than the 0.36 sigma used as a proxy for other category 1 stocks. The resulting ABC of 441 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because all of the assessed stocks (kelp greenling off Oregon) were above their target biomass of B40%. There are no deductions from the ACL so the fishery HG is equal to the ACL of 441 mt. 3. In § 660.231, revise paragraph (b)(3)(iv) to read as follows: ■ § 660.231 Limited entry fixed gear sablefish primary fishery. * * * * (b) * * * (3) * * * (iv) Incidental Pacific halibut retention north of Pt. Chehalis, WA (46°53.30′ N lat.). From April 1 through October 31, vessels authorized to participate in the sablefish primary amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES * VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 fishery, licensed by the International Pacific Halibut Commission for commercial fishing in Area 2A (waters off Washington, Oregon, California), and fishing with longline gear north of Pt. Chehalis, WA (46°53.30′ N lat.) may possess and land up to the following cumulative limits: 200 pounds (91 kg) dressed weight of Pacific halibut for every 1,000 pounds (454 kg) dressed weight of sablefish landed and up to 2 additional Pacific halibut in excess of the 200-pounds-per-1,000-pound ratio PO 00000 Frm 00044 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 per landing. ‘‘Dressed’’ Pacific halibut in this area means halibut landed eviscerated with their heads on. Pacific halibut taken and retained in the sablefish primary fishery north of Pt. Chehalis may only be landed north of Pt. Chehalis and may not be possessed or landed south of Pt. Chehalis. * * * * * 4. Tables 2 (North) and (South) to part 660, subpart E are revised to read as follows: ■ E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 50519 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations ~ort""" mils and requirements apply- Read §§660.1 0 through 660.399 before using this JAN-FEB I MAR-APR I tabl~ MAY-JUN I I I JUL-AUG I SEP-OCT I I I 10/01/2018 NOV-DEC Rockfish Conservation Area (RCA) 11 : North of 46. 16' N. lat. shoreline- 100 fm line 11 46. 16' N. lat. - 4i 00' N. lat. 30 fm line 11 - 100 fm line 11 4iOO' N. lat.- 40. 10' N. lat. 30 fm line 11 - 100 fm line 11 See §§660.60 and 660.230 for additional gear, trip limit and conservation area requirements and restrictions. See §§660.70-660.74 and §§660.76-660.79 for conservation area descriptions and coordinates (including RCAs, YRCAs, CCAs, Farallon Islands, Cordell Banks, and EFHCAs). State trip limits and seasons may be more restrictiw than Federal trip limits or seasons, Minor Slope Rockfish21 & Darkblotched rockfish 4,000 lb/2 months 1,800 lb/2 months 5 Pacific ocean perch 1,1251b/week, not to exceed 3,375lb/2 months Sable fish 6 1,400 lb/week, not to exceed 4,200 lb/ 2 months 1,1 00 lb/week, not to exceed 3,300 lb/ 2 months 10,000 lb/2 months 7 Longspine thornyhead I 2,000 lb/2 months Shortspine thornyhead 2,500 lb/2 months 5,000 lb/ month Dover sole, arrowtooth flounder, petrale sole, English sole, starry South of 42° N. lat., when fishing for "other flatfish," vessels using hook-and-line gear with no more than 12 hooks per line, using hooks no larger than "Number 2" hooks, which measure 0.44 in (11 mm) point to shank, and up to two 1 lb (0.45 kg) weights per line, are not subject to the RCAs. flounder, Other Flatfish 31 iting 1 in waters off Oregon and California. Minor Shelf Rockfish 21 , Shortbelly, & Widow rockfish 200 lb/ month I\) Canary rockfish 300 lb/ 2 months -z 0 CLOSED Yelloweye rockfish ""' ..... Minor Nearshore Rockfish & Black rockfish 5,000 lb/2 months, no more than 1,200 lb of which may be species other than black rockfish or blue/deacon rockfish 41 8,500 lb/2 months, no more than 1,200 lb of 4iOO' N. lat.- 40" 10' N. lat. which may be species other than black rockfish 7,000 lb/2 months, no more than 1,200 lb of which may be species other than black rockfish 600 lb/2 months Lingcod 51 Pacific cod 200,000 lb/2 months 1150,000 lb/21 months & Cabezon in Oregon and 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 100,000 lb/2 months Unlimited Long nose skate amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES 1700 lb/1400 lb/ month month 1,400 lb/2 months I 1,000 lb/2 months Spiny dogfish VerDate Sep<11>2014 - ::::r' North of 42°00' N. lat. Other California r- m 1,000 lb/ month Fish 61 m 10,000 lb/ trip 17 !Yellowtail rockfish 22 -1 )> Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Unlimited Frm 00045 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 ER09OC18.005</GPH> 4 particula~y VerDate Sep<11>2014 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 ER09OC18.006</GPH> amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES 50520 50521 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations Table 2 (South) to Part 660, Subpart E -- Non-Trawl RockfiSh Conservation Areas and Trip Limits for Limited Entry Fixed Gear South of 40"1 0' N. lat. Iother limits and requirements apply- Read §§660.1 0 through 660.399 before using this table MAR-APR JAN-FEB I Rockfish Conservation Area (RCA) 11 : o'1o' N. lat.- 34.27' N. lat. MAY-JUN I I I JUL-AUG I I SEP-OCT NOV-DEC I I 10/01/2018 40 fm line 11 - 125 fm line 11 75 fm line11 - 150 fm line 11 (also applies around islands) South of 34 •27' N. lat. See §§660.60 and 660.230 for additional gear, trip limit and conservation area requirements and restrictions. See §§660.70-660.74 and §§660.76-660.79 for conservation area descriptions and coordinates (including RCAs, YRCAs, CCAs, Farallon Islands, Cordell Banks, and EFHCAs). State trip limits and seasons may be more restricti~oe than Federal trip limits or seasons, particulany in waters off Oregon and California. Minor Slope rockfish 21 & Darkblotched rockfish 40,000 lb/2 months, of which no more than 1,375 lb may be blackgill rockfish Splitnose rockfish I 40,000 lb/2 months, of which no more than 1,600 lb may be blackgill rockfish 40,000 lb/2 months Sablefish 40.10' N. lat.- 36.00' N. lat. 1,1251b/week, not to exceed 3,3751b/2 1,100 lb/week, not to exceed 3,300 lb/ 2 months 1,400 lb/week, not to exceed 4,200 lb/ 2 months months 2,000 lbl week South of 36.00' N. lat. 10,000 lb/2 months Longspine thornyhead Shortspine thornyhead I I 2,000 lb/2 months 40.10' N. lat.- 34.27' N. lat. 2,500 lb/2 months 3,000 lb/2 months South of 34.27' N. lat. -1 5,000 lb/ month Dover sole, arrowtooth flounder, petrale sole, English sole, starry ounder, Other Flatfish31 > South of 42. N. lat., when fishing for "other flatfish," vessels using hook-and-line gear with no more than 12 hooks per line, using hooks no larger than "Number 2" hooks, which measure 0.44 in (11 mm) point to shank, and up to two 1 lb (0.45 kg) weights per line, are not subject to the RCAs. m 10,000 lb/ trip m iting r- Minor Shelf Rockfish21, Shortbelly rockfish, Widow rockfish (including Chilipepper between 40'10" - 34.27" N. lat.) 40.10' N. lat.- 34.27' N. lat. South of 34.27' N. lat. Minor shelf nockfish, shortbelly, widow nockfish, & chilipepper: 2,500 lb/2 months, of which no more than 500 lb may be any species other than chilipepper. 4,000 lb/2 months CLOSED 4,000 lb/2 months 1\) - en Chilipepper 40.10' N. lat.- 34.27' N. lat. Chilipepper included under minor shelf nockfish, shortbelly and widow rockfish limits-- See above 2,000 lb/2 months, this opportunity only available seaward of the non-trawl RCA South of 34.27' N. lat. 300 lb/2 months Canary rockfish Yelloweye rockfish CLOSED Cowcod CLOSED Bronzespotted rockfish CLOSED 0 c ..... - ::::r Bocaccio 1,000 lb/2 months 40.10' N. lat.- 34.27' N. lat. South of 34.27' N. lat. 1,500 lb/2 months 1,500 lb/2 months CLOSED 1,500 lb/ 2 months Minor Nearshore Rockfish & Black rockfish Shallow nearshore 1,200 lb/2 months CLOSED 1,200 lb/2 months Deeper nearshore 1,000 lb/2 months CLOSED 1,000 lb/2 months 1,500 lb/2 months CLOSED 1,500 lb/2 months 200 lb/2 months CLOSED California Scorpionfish Lingcod 41 Pacific cod 200,000 lb/2 months months Longnose skate 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 lb~ 600 1300 lb/ month month 100,000 lb/2 months Unlimited Unlimited ther Fish 51 & Cabezon VerDate Sep<11>2014 1,200 lb/ bimonthly I 1,000 lb/2 months 150,000 lb/2 I months Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00047 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 ER09OC18.007</GPH> amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES Spiny dogfish BOO lb/2 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations 5. Table 3 (North) and Table 3 (South) to part 660, subpart F are revised to read amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 as follows: PO 00000 Frm 00048 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 ER09OC18.008</GPH> 50522 50523 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations Table 3 (North) to Part 660, Subpart F --Non-Trawl Rockfish Conservation Areas and Trip Limits for Open Access Gears North of 40"10' N. lat. Other limits and requirements apply-- Read §§660.10 through 660.399 before using this table JAN-FEB I Mt>.R-APR I I I I ,~kfish Cons.ervation Area (RCA) 11 : 10/01/2018 Mt>.Y-JUN I JUL-AUG I I I I SEP-OCT I NOV-DEC I I I shoreline- 100 fm line 11 1 North of 46 16' N. lat. 2 46,16' N.lat. -42"00' N.lat. 30 fm line 11 - 100 fm line 11 3 4i 00' N. lat. - 40,1 0' N. lat. 30 fm line 11 - 100 fm line 11 See §§660.60, 660.330 and 660.333 for additional gear, trip limit and conservation area requirements and restrictions. See §§660.70660.74 and §§660.76-660.79 for conservation area descriptions and coordinates (including RCAs, YRCAs, CCAs, Farallon Islands, Cordell Banks, and EFHCAs). State tnp limits and seasons may be more restncti;e than Federal tnp limits or seasons, Minor Slope Rockfish 21 & 4 Darkblotched rockfish I 5 particula~y in waters off Oregon and California. Per trip, no more than 25% of weight of the sablefish landed Pacific ocean perch 1 oo lb/ month 300 lb/ day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1,000 lb, not to exceed 2,000 lb/2 months Sablefish Shortpine thornyheads and longspine hornyheads 300 lb/ day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1 ,400 lb, not to exceed 2,800 lb/2 months CLOSED 3,000 lb/ month, no more than 300 lb of which may be species other than Pacific sanddabs. Dover sole, arrowtooth flounder, petrale sole, English sole, starry flounder, Other Flatfish" South of 42' N. lat., when fishing for "Other Flatfish," vessels using hook-and-line gear with no more than 12 hooks per line, using hooks no larger than "Number 2" hooks, which measure 0.44 in (11 mm) point to shank, and up to two 1 lb (0.45 kg) weights per line are not subject to the RCAs. Whiting 200 lb/ month 116 Yellowtail rockfish 500 lb/ month 17 Canary rockfish w -z 150 lb/ 2 months Yelloweye rockfish CLOSED Minor Nearshore Rockfish & Black rockfish 0 5,000 lb/2 months, no more than 1,200 lb of which may be species other than black rockfish INorthof4iOO' N.lat. 21 4iOO' N. lat.- 40,10' N. lat. 8,500 lb/2 months, no more than 1,200 lb of which maybe species other than black rockfish 0 ""' ...... - ::::r 7,000 lb/2 months, no more than 1,200 lb of which may be species other than black rockfish 300 lb/ month 22 Lingcod51 DJ r m 300 lb/ month 21 15 Minor Shelf Rockfish , Shortbelly ~ rockfish, & Widow rockfish -1 )> 23 Pacific cod 1300 lb/ month 700 lb/ month I 1,000 lb/2 months Spiny dogfish 200, ooo lb/ 2 months 1 150,000 lb/2 months I Longnose skate Unlimited Other Fish61 & Cabezon in Oregon and California Unlimited 100,000 lb/2 months 27 SALMON TROLL (subject to RCAs when retaining all species of grounc!fish, except for yelfov.tail rockfish and lingcod, as described beloW) Salmon trollers may retain and land up to 1 lb of yellowtail rockfish for e\lery 2 lbs of salmon landed, with a I I cumulati;e limit of 200 lb/month, both within and outside of the RCA. lllis limit is within the 200 lb per month combined limit for minor shelf rockfish, widow rockfish and yellowtail rockfish, and not in addition to that limit. Salmon trollers may retain and land up to 1 lingcod per 15 Chinook per tnp, plus 1 lingcod per tnp, up to a tnp limit of 10 lingcod, on a tnp where any fishing occurs within the RCA. lllis limit only applies dunng times when lingcod retention is allowed, and is not "CLOSED." This limit is within the per month limit for lingcod described in the table abo;e, and not in addition to that limit. All groundfish species are subject to the open access limits, seasons, size limits and RCA restnctions listed in the table abo;e, unless otherwise stated here. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 ER09OC18.009</GPH> amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES 28 North 50524 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations Table 3 (North). Continued 29 PINK SHRIMP NON-GROUNDFISH TRAWL (not subject to RCAs) Effective April 1 -October 31: Groundfish: 500 lb/day, multiplied by the number of days of the trip, not to exceed 1,500 lb/trip. The following sublimits also apply and are counted toward the m.erell 500 lb/day and 1,500 lb/trip groundfish limits: lingcod 300 lblmonth (minimum 24 inch size limit); sablefsh 2,000 lb/month; canary, thomyheads and yelloweye rockfish are PROHIBITED. All other groundfish species taken are managed under the m.erall 500 lb/day and 1,500 lb/trip groundfish limits. Landings of these species count toward the per day and per trip groundfish limits and do not ha;e species-specific limits. The amount of groundfish landed may not exceed the amount of pink shrimp landed. 30 North VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 ER09OC18.010</GPH> amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES 6/ "Other fish" are defined at § 660. 11 and include kelp greenling, leopard shark, and cabezon in Washington. To convert pounds to kil rams divide by 2.20462, the number of pounds in one kil ram. 50525 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations l Table 3 (South) to Part 660, Subpart F --Non-Trawl Rockfish Conservation Areas and Trip Limits for Open Access Gears South of 40°10' N. lat. IOther limits and requirements apply-- Read §§660.1 0 through 660.399 before using this table JAN-FEB MAR-APR I MAY-JUN I Rockfish Conservation Area (RCA) 11 : 1 [40.10' N. lat.- 34.27' N. lat. . I I I I I JUL-AUG I SEP-OCT I I I I ouo" "Lu NOV-DEC I I 40 fm line"- 125 fm line" 2 South of 34"27' N. lat. 75 fm line 11 - 150 fm line 11(also applies around islands) See §§660.60 and 660.230 for additional gear, trip limit and conservation area requirements and restrictions. See §§660.70-660.74 and §§660.76-660.79 for conservation area descriptions and coordinates (including RCAs, YRCAs, CCAs, Farallon Islands, Cordell Banks, and EFHCAs). State trip limits and seasons may be more restricti-.e than Federal trip limits or seasons, particulany in waters off Oregon and California. Minor Slope Rockfish21 & 3 Darkblotched rockfish 10,000 lb/2 months, of which no more than 475 lb may be blackgill rockfish 4 Splitnose rockfish 5 Sablefish 10,000 lb/2 months, of which no more than 550 lb may be blackgill rockfish 200 lb/ month I I 61 140' 10' N. lat. - 36. 00' N. lat. 7 I8 South of 36.00' N. lat. 300 lb/ day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1,000 lb, not to exceed 2,000 lb/2 months 300 lb/ day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1 ,400 lb, not to exceed 2,800 lb/ 2 months 300 lb/ day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1,600 lb, not to exceed 3,200 lbl 2 months 300 lb/ day, or 1 landing per week of up to 1,600 lb, not to exceed 4,800 lb/ 2 months -1 )> shortpine thornyheads and longspine 1 --,- thornyhea~s 9 10 11 . . 40 10' N. lat.- 34 27' N. lat. South of 34.27' N. lat. 12 ~Dover sole, arrowtooth flounder, ~! petrale sole, English sole, starry 15 flounder, Other Flatfish31 16 CLOSED 3,000 lbl month, no more than 300 lb of which may be species other than Pacific sanddabs. r- South of 42° N. lat., when fishing for "other flatfish," vessels using hook-and-line gear with no more than 12 hooks per line, using hooks no larger than "Number 2" hooks, which measure 0.44 in (11 mm) point to shank, and up to two 1 lb (0.45 kg) weights per line are not subject to the RCAs. w 17 Whiting 18 Minor Shelf Shortbelly, en 40 10' N. lat. - 34 27' N. lat. 0 South of 34.27' N. lat. 400 lb/2 months 1,500 lb/2 months 0 400 lb/ 2 months c:::: CLOSED ..... 1 ,500 lb/ 2 months Canary rockfish - :::r 150 lb/2 months CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED Yelloweye rockfish Cowcod Bronzespottedrockfish 500 lb/2 months CLOSED 500 lbl 2 months 27 Shallow nearshore 1,200 lb/2 months CLOSED 1 ,200 lb/ 2 months 28 Deeper nearshore 1,000 lb/2 months CLOSED 1 ,000 lbl 2 months 29 California scorpionfish 1,500 lb/2 months CLOSED 1 ,500 lb/ 2 months 1oo lb/ month CLOSED 25 Bocaccio m - 300 lb/ month Rockfish 21, ~=~---·" ~ c"'''~~· 21 22 23 24 m 50 lb/ day, no more than 1,000 lb/2 months Minor Nearshore Rockfish & Black 126 rockfish - 130 ILingcod 41 31 Pacific cod 200,000 lb/2 months 150,000 lb/2 months 33 Longnose skate 34 Other Fish51 & Cabazon 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 400 lb/ month 150 lb/ month Jkt 247001 100,000 lb/2 months Unlimited Unlimited PO 00000 Frm 00051 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 ER09OC18.011</GPH> VerDate Sep<11>2014 600 lb/ month 1,000 lb/ 2 months 32 Spiny dogfish amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES 400 lb/ month 50526 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 195 / Tuesday, October 9, 2018 / Rules and Regulations [FR Doc. 2018–21879 Filed 10–5–18; 8:45 am] VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Oct 05, 2018 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00052 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 9990 E:\FR\FM\09OCR1.SGM 09OCR1 ER09OC18.012</GPH> amozie on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES BILLING CODE 3510–22–P ## Agencies [Federal Register Volume 83, Number 195 (Tuesday, October 9, 2018)] [Rules and Regulations] [Pages 50510-50526] From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov] [FR Doc No: 2018-21879] [[Page 50510]] ======================================================================= ----------------------------------------------------------------------- DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 660 [Docket No. 160808696-7010-02] RIN 0648-BI50 Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; Fisheries Off West Coast States; Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery; 2017-2018 Biennial Specifications and Management Measures; Inseason Adjustments AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Final rule; inseason adjustments to biennial groundfish management measures. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- SUMMARY: This final rule announces routine inseason adjustments to management measures in commercial groundfish fisheries. This action, which is authorized by the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan, is intended to allow commercial fishing vessels to access more abundant groundfish stocks while protecting overfished and depleted stocks. DATES: This final rule is effective October 9, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karen Palmigiano, phone: 206-526-4491 or email: [email protected]. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Electronic Access This rule is accessible via the internet at the Office of the Federal Register website at https://www.federalregister.gov. Background information and documents are available at the Pacific Fishery Management Council's website at http://www.pcouncil.org/. Background The Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan (PCGFMP) and its implementing regulations at title 50 in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), part 660, subparts C through G, regulate fishing for over 90 species of groundfish off the coasts of Washington, Oregon, and California. The Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council) develops groundfish harvest specifications and management measures for two year periods or biennium. NMFS published the final rule to implement harvest specifications and management measures for the 2017-18 biennium for most species managed under the PCGFMP on February 7, 2017 (82 FR 9634). In general, the management measures are set at the start of the biennial specifications cycle to help the various sectors of the fishery attain, but not exceed, the catch limits for each stock. The Council, in coordination with the States of Washington, Oregon, and California, recommends adjustments to the management measures during the fishing year to achieve this goal. At its September 7-12, 2018, meeting the Council recommended four adjustments to current management measures, including: (1) Increasing the sablefish trip limits for the limited entry fixed gear (LEFG) fishery north of 36[deg] North latitude (N lat.) and the open access fixed gear (OAFG) fishery north and south of 36[deg] N lat.; (2) increasing the bocaccio trip limits for the LEFG fishery between 40[deg]10' N lat. and 34[deg]27' N lat.; (3) transferring Pacific Ocean perch (POP) and darkblotched rockfish from the incidental open access (IOA) set-asides to the set asides for unforeseen catch events for those species; and (4) increasing the incidental halibut retention allowance in the LEFG sablefish primary fishery. Sablefish Trip Limit Increases for the LEFG and OA Sablefish DTL Fisheries At the September 2018 Council meeting, the Groundfish Management Team (GMT) received requests from industry members and members of the Groundfish Advisory Subpanel (GAP) to examine the potential to increase sablefish trips limits for the LEFG fishery north of 36[deg] N lat. and the OAFG fisheries north and south of 36[deg] N lat. The intent of increasing trip limits would be to increase harvest opportunities for the LEFG and OAFG sablefish fisheries. To evaluate potential increases to sablefish trip limits, the GMT made model-based landings projections under current regulations and a range of potential sablefish trip limits, include the limits ultimately recommended by the Council, for the LEFG and OAFG sablefish fisheries through the remainder of the year. Table 1 shows the projected sablefish landings, the sablefish allocations, and the projected attainment percentage by fishery under both the current trip limits and the Council's recommended trip limits. These projections were based on the most recent catch information available through August 2018. Table 1--Projected Landings of Sablefish, Sablefish Allocation, and Projected Percentage of Sablefish Attained Through the End of the Year by Trip Limit and Fishery ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Projected landings Allocation Projected Fishery Trip limits (round weight) (mt) percentage (mt) attained ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- LEFG North of 36[deg] N lat........ Current: 1,100 lb/week, not 174.9-201.9 269 65-75.1 to exceed 3,300 lb/2 month. Recommended: 1,400 lb/week, 193.6-224.3 71.9-83.4 not to exceed 4,200 lb/2 month. OAFG North of 36[deg] N lat........ Current: 300 lb/day, or 1 341-347.5 444 76.8-78.3 landing per week of up to 1,000 lb, not to exceed 2,000 lb/2 months. Recommended: 300 lb/day, or 417.2-427.7 94-96.3 1 landing per week of up to 1,400 lb, not to exceed 2,800 lbs/2 months. OAFG South of 36[deg] N lat........ Current: 300 lb/day, or 1 44.7 325 13.7 landing per week of up to 1,600 lb, not to exceed 3,200 lb/2 months. Recommended: 300 lb/day, or 44.7 13.7 1 landing per week of up to 1,600 lb, not to exceed 4,800 lbs/2 months. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- As shown in Table 1, under the current trip limits, the model predicts catches of sablefish will be at or below 75 percent for each fishery except the OAFG fishery north of 36[deg] N lat. which may attain just over 78 percent of their sablefish allocation by the end of the year. Under the Council's recommended trip limits, sablefish attainment is [[Page 50511]] projected to increase in the LEFG and OAFG fisheries north of 36[deg] N lat. Due to a lack of participation and variance in trip limits in the OA fishery south of 36[deg] N lat., the model was unable to detect any estimated change in attainment for this fishery even with the proposed increase in trip limits. Projections for the LEFG sablefish fishery south of 36[deg] N lat. remain low and within the levels anticipated in the 2017-18 harvest specifications and management measures. Industry did not request changes to sablefish trip limits for the LEFG fishery south of 36[deg] N lat. Therefore, NMFS and the Council did not consider trip limit changes for this fishery. Trip limit increases for sablefish are intended to increase attainment of the non-trawl HG. The proposed trip limit increases do not change projected impacts to co-occurring overfished species compared to the impacts anticipated in the 2017-18 harvest specifications because the projected impacts to those species assume that the entire sablefish ACL is harvested. Therefore, the Council recommended and NMFS is implementing, by modifying Table 2 (North) to part 660, subpart E, trip limit changes for the LEFG sablefish fishery north of 36[deg] N lat. to increase the limits from 1,100 lb (499 kg) per week, not to exceed 3,300 lb (1,497 kg) per two months'' to 1,400 lb (635 kg) per week, not to exceed 4,200 lb (1,905 kg) per two months'' for period 4 (September and October) and period 5 (November and December). The Council also recommended and NMFS is implementing, by modifying Table 3 (North and South) to part 660, subpart F, trip limits for sablefish in the OA sablefish DTL fishery north and south of 36[deg] N lat. The trip limits for sablefish in the OA sablefish DTL fishery north of 36[deg] N lat. will increase from 300 lb (136 kg) per day, or one landing per week of up to 1,000 lb (454 kg), not to exceed 2,000 lb (907 kg) per two months'' to 300 lb (136 kg) per day, or one landing per week of up to 1,400 lb (590 kg), not to exceed 2,800 lb (1,179 kg) per two months'' for period 4 (September and October) and period 5 (November and December). The trip limits for sablefish in the OA sablefish DTL fishery south of 36[deg] N lat. will increase from 300 lb (136 kg) per day, or one landing per week of up to 1,600 lb (454 kg), not to exceed 3,200 lb (907 kg) per two months'' to 300 lb (136 kg) per day, or one landing per week of up to 1,600 lb (590 kg), not to exceed 4,800 lb (1,179 kg) per two months'' for period 4 (September and October) and period 5 (November and December). LEFG Bocaccio Between 40[deg]10' N Lat. and 34[deg]27' N Lat. Trip Limits Bocaccio is managed with stock-specific harvest specifications south of 40[deg]10' N lat., but is managed within the Minor Shelf Rockfish complex north of 40[deg]10' N lat. NMFS declared bocaccio overfished in 1999, and implemented a rebuilding plan for the stock in 2000. Although NMFS declared bocaccio officially rebuilt in 2017, the current harvest specifications are based on the current rebuilding plan. At the September 2018 Council meeting, members of the GAP notified the Council and the GMT of increased interactions with bocaccio for vessels targeting chilipepper rockfish. The low trip limits for bocaccio between 40[deg]10' N lat. and 34[deg]27' N lat., coupled with these increased interactions, results in higher bocaccio discard rates in the LEFG fishery. Because the most recent bocaccio attainment estimates suggest that around 4 percent or 16.7 mt of bocaccio will be attained out of the 442.3 mt non-trawl allocation, the GAP requested the GMT examine potential increases to the bocaccio trip limits for the LEFG fishery only between 40[deg]10' N lat and 34[deg]27' N lat. The GMT did not receive a request to examine trip limit increases for bocaccio south of 34[deg]27' N lat. To assist the Council in evaluating potential trip limit increases for bocaccio between 40[deg]10' N lat. and 34[deg]27' N lat., the GMT analyzed projected attainment under the current status quo regulations and under the proposed trip limit changes. In 2016, when the bocaccio trip limits were established for the 2017-18 harvest specifications, few data points existed to provide projected annual catch data under the current trip limits. Based on that limited data, boccacio catch in the non-trawl commercial fishery between 40[deg]10' N lat. and 34[deg]27' N lat. was expected to be around 0.3 mt of the 442.3 mt non- trawl allocation. The GMT updated the expected attainment under the current status quo trip limits and examined potential impacts under alternative trip limits with additional catch data from the 2016 and 2017 fishing years. Based on updated model projections under the current status quo trip limit of 1,000 lb (454 kg) per two months, total coastwide bocaccio catch in the LEFG and OA fisheries is expected to be 16.7 mt, or four percent of the non-trawl HG and two percent of the coastwide ACL. Increasing the trip limits to 1,500 lb (680 kg) per two months for the reminder of the fishing year for vessels fishing in the LEFG fishery in the area between 40[deg]10' N lat. and 34[deg]27' N lat., which would align them with the trip limits already in place south of 34[deg]27' N lat., is expected to increase total mortality by less than 0.1 mt, and the overall total mortality of bocaccio would be expected to remain at around four percent of the non-trawl HG and two percent of the coastwide ACL. Trip limit increases for bocaccio are intended to allow for increased attainment of the non-trawl allocation (442.3 mt), while also providing the incentive for vessels targeting co-occurring species, such as chilipepper rockfish, to land their bocaccio catch instead of discarding. Therefore, the Council recommended and NMFS is implementing, by modifying Table 2 (South) to part 660, Subpart E, an increase to the bocaccio trip limits for the LEFG fishery between 40[deg]10' N lat. and 34[deg]27' N lat. The trip limits for bocaccio in this area will increase from 1,000 lb (464 kg) per per two months'' to 1,500 lb (680 kg) per two months'' for period 4 (September and October) and period 5 (November and December). Transferring POP and Darkblotched Rockfish Set-Asides From IOA and Research Set-Asides to the Additional Buffer NMFS sets ACLs for non-whiting groundfish stocks and stock complexes as part of biennial harvest specifications and management measures. Deductions are made off-the-top'' from the ACL to set- aside'' an amount for various sources of mortality, including non- groundfish fisheries that catch groundfish incidentally, also called IOA fisheries, as well as for research, tribal, recreational catch, and for some species, an amount for unforeseen catch events. NMFS allocates the remainder, the fishery's commercial HG, among the trawl and non- trawl sectors of the groundfish fishery. For some species, sector- specific set-asides are then deducted from the trawl allocation. For example, the trawl HGs for both darkblotched rockfish and POP are divided up into an allocation for the Shorebased individual fishing quota (IFQ) program and a set-asides for the motherships (MS) and catcher/processors (C/P) which make up the at-sea sector. On January 8, 2018, NMFS published a final rule to implement Amendment 21-3. Amendment 21-3 recharacterized the portions of the trawl HG of darkblotched rockfish and POP for the MS and CP vessels that make up the at sea whiting sector from allocations, which are hard caps requiring the relevant sector to close upon reaching them, to sector specific set-asides (83 FR [[Page 50512]] 757, January 8, 2018). This change was necessary because both those species had been declared rebuilt the previous year and the allocations were constraining the at-sea sector's ability to harvest whiting. Regulations implementing Amendment 21-3 do not require that a sector be closed upon reaching its set-aside, but do require NMFS to close either or both the MS and C/P sectors if the species-specific set-aside amounts for darkblotched rockfish or POP for that sector, plus a reserve or buffer'' for unforeseen catch events, is projected to be exceeded. At the September 2018 Council meeting, representatives from the Midwater Trawlers Cooperative, Pacific Whiting Conservation Cooperative, United Catcher Boats, and Whiting Mothership Cooperative requested that the Council recommend NMFS take inseason action to transfer the unused portion of the IOA and research off the top deductions for darkblotched rockfish and POP to the buffer for those species. The intent of the request is to create a larger buffer for unforeseen catch events. If the at-sea sectors, or any sector, were to exceed their sector specific set-aside for darkblotched rockfish or POP, there would be a larger amount available in the buffer to harvest before NMFS would be required to close either the MS or C/P sectors. To evaluate this request, the GMT considered the historical maximum amount of POP and darkblotched rockfish taken in the IOA and research fisheries over the past several years, the current amounts of POP and darkblotched rockfish taken in the IOA and research fisheries in 2018, the at-sea sector's total catch to date, and the projected catch for the remainder of the year for IOA, research, and the at-sea sector. Currently, the IOA fishery has a 10 mt set-aside for POP, and research has a 5.2 mt set-aside. Harvest of POP in the IOA fishery mainly occurs in the pink shrimp fishery. Between 2007 and 2017 total harvest of POP in the IOA fishery was below 0.6 mt annually, except for an uncharacteristically high mortality in 2014 of 10 mt. Overall harvest of rockfish in the pink shrimp trawl fishery fell significantly in 2015 and remained low in subsequent years. Total harvest of POP in the IOA fishery between 2015 and 2017 was less than 0.7 mt. Total mortality of POP in the research sector between 2007 and 2017 never exceeded 3.10 mt annually. However, NOAA's Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC) notified the GMT that 2018 research catch is likely to be much higher after a single haul on a research cruise took 3.4 mt of POP. The current set-aside for darkblotched rockfish in the IOA fishery is 24.5 mt, and the current research set-aside is 2.5 mt. Similar to POP, the majority of darkblotched rockfish catch in the IOA fishery is harvested in the pink shrimp fishery. Since 2015, no more than 6.82 mt of darkblotched rockfish was taken annually in the IOA fishery. Between 2007 and 2015, the darkblotched rockfish harvest in the IOA fishery exceeded 50 percent of the set-aside five times, most recently in 2014 when catch actually exceeded the set-aside for the first time. However, this was deemed to be an anomalous year due to a substantial recruitment event. The research fishery is expected to take their current set-aside amount this year, with 1.53 mt of darkblotched rockfish already caught in 2018. Finally, the GMT conducted a analysis using data through September 5, 2018, to examine the potential attainment of the at-sea sector's darkblotched rockfish and POP set-asides, using the current bycatch rates and assuming full attainment of the at-sea sector's whiting allocation. Based on this analysis, the GMT determined that it is likely the C/P will exceed their POP set-aside (65.9-percent chance), and the MS will most likely not exceed their POP set-aside (8.5-percent chance). When considering both sectors, the combined at-sea sector has a 39-percent chance of exceeding their combined POP set-asides (15.2 mt) and a less than one percent chance of exceeding the set-aside value and the buffer'' set-aside (46.7 mt). For darkblotched rockfish, the GMT's bootstrap analysis indicated that the C/P have a 40-percent chance of exceeding their darkblotched set-aside (16.7 mt) and the MS have a 32-percent chance of exceeding their darkblotched set-aside (11.8 mt). When considering both sectors, the combined at-sector has a 43-percent chance of exceeding their combined darkblotched rockfish set-asides (28.5 mt). None of the model runs showed that the at-sea sector, when considered as a group, would exceed their darkblotched set-aside and the buffer'' set-aside (78.5 mt). While the current risk of the at-sea sector exceeding the POP or darkblotched rockfish set-aside and the amount set-aside for unforeseen catch events for those species is low to negligible at this time, the Council considered the risk to the at-sea sector and the other groundfish fisheries if no action was taken. If the Council chose not to take action now, because the automatic closure authority still exists in regulations, if the MS or C/P sectors exceeded their darkblotched or POP set-aside and the amount set-aside for unforeseen catch events for that species, the NMFS would have to close the sectors even though there may be unused POP or darkblotched rockfish in the IOA fisheries. The projected economic impacts associated with a closure of the at-sea sector in November, when closure would most likely occur, are losses of approximately 200 jobs and14 million in personal
income. Additionally, in order to reopen the Pacific whiting fishery,
the Council would need to convene an emergency Council meeting or wait
until the Council makes a decision at a subsequent meeting. Finally,
because moving any portion of the IOA set-aside into the amount set
aside for unforeseen catch events would make that amount available for
all sectors, the GMT did not determine that this request would pose a
risk to other groundfish fisheries.
Therefore, the Council recommended and NMFS is implementing a
redistribution of 9.7 mt of POP and 17.7 mt of darkblotched rockfish,
from the off-the-top'' deductions for the IOA fishery made at the
start of the 2017-18 biennium, to the buffer for unforeseen catch
events. This redistribution creates a larger buffer for all sectors,
and reduces the risk of a closure of one or both the MS and C/P
sectors. Transfer of POP and darkblotched rockfish to the set-aside for
unforeseen catch events is not expected to result in greater impacts to
either species, or other overfished species, than what was originally
projected through the 2017-18 harvest specifications.

Incidental Halibut Retention in the Limited Entry Fixed Gear Sablefish
Primary Fishery

Under the authority of the Northern Pacific Halibut Act of 1982,
the Council developed a Catch Sharing Plan for the International
Pacific Halibut Commission Regulatory Area 2A. The Catch Sharing Plan
allocates the Area 2A annual total allowable catch (TAC) among
fisheries off Washington, Oregon, and California. Pacific halibut is
generally a prohibited species for vessels fishing in Pacific coast
groundfish fisheries, unless explicitly allowed in groundfish
regulations and authorized by the Pacific halibut Catch Sharing Plan.
In years when the Pacific halibut TAC is above 900,000 lb (408 mt), the
Catch Sharing Plan allows the limited entry fixed gear sablefish
primary fishery an incidental retention limit for Pacific halibut north
of Point Chehalis, WA (46[deg]53.30' N. lat.). On March 24, 2018, NMFS
implemented a 2018 Area 2A TAC of 1,190,000 lb (540 mt) (83 FR 13080,
March 26, 2018).

[[Page 50513]]

Consistent with the provisions of the Catch Sharing Plan, the limited
entry fixed gear sablefish primary fishery north of Pt. Chelais, WA has
an incidental total catch limit of 50,000 lb (22.7 mt) for 2018.
Current regulations at Sec.  660.231(b)(3)(iv) provide for halibut
retention starting on April 1 with a landing ratio of 160 lb (64 kg)
dressed weight of halibut, for every 1,000 lb (454 kg) dressed weight
of sablefish landed, and up to an additional 2 halibut in excess of
this ratio. These limits, recommended by the Council at its March 2018
meeting, and subsequently implemented by NMFS on April 13, 2018 (83 FR
16005), were intended to allow the total catch of Pacific halibut to
approach, but not exceed, the 2018 allocation for the sablefish primary
fishery north of Pt. Chelais, WA (50,000 lb or 22.7 mt) and provide
greater opportunity for industry to attain a higher percentage of the
sablefish primary fishery allocation. However, the GMT notified the
Council, after a request from the GAP to increase the incidental
halibut allowance in the sablefish primary fishery, that incidental
catch of halibut through September 11, 2018, was 22,464 lb, or less
than 50 percent of the 50,000 lb allocation, with little more than a
month left in the season that ends on October 31, 2018.
Therefore, in order to allow increased incidental halibut retention
in the sablefish primary fishery, the Council recommended and NMFS is
implementing revised incidental halibut retention regulations at Sec.
660.231(b)(3)(iv) to increase the catch ratio to 200 lb dressed
weight of halibut for every 1,000 lb dressed weight of sablefish landed
and up to 2 additional halibut in excess of the 200 lb per 1,000 lb
ratio per landing.'' This modest increase in the allowed halibut
retention ratio over the last few weeks of the fishery is unlikely to
cause catch to exceed the incidental halibut allocation for the
sablefish primary fishery north of Pt. Chehalis, WA, but will provide
some additional benefit to fishery participants.

Classification

This final rule makes routine inseason adjustments to groundfish
fishery management measures, based on the best available information,
consistent with the PCGFMP and its implementing regulations.
This action is taken under the authority of 50 CFR 660.60(c) and is
exempt from review under Executive Order 12866.
The aggregate data upon which these actions are based are available
for public inspection by contacting Karen Palmigiano in NMFS West Coast
Region (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT, above), or view at the
NMFS West Coast Groundfish website: http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/fisheries/groundfish/index.html.
NMFS finds good cause to waive prior public notice and comment on
these adjustments to groundfish management measures under 5 U.S.C.
553(b) because notice and comment would be impracticable and contrary
to the public interest. Each of the adjustments to commercial
groundfish management measures in this rule would create more harvest
opportunity and allow fishermen to better attain species that are
currently under attained without causing any additional impacts on the
fishery. Delaying the implementation of these adjustments would reduce
or eliminate the benefits that they would provide to the industry. For
example, the sablefish primary season ends on October 31, 2018;
therefore, any delay in implementing the increased halibut retention
limit would further limit the time available for fishery participants
to benefit from these changes. Allowing for a public comment period
would likely result in little if any time before the end of the season.
Vessels fishing in the LEFG or OAFG fisheries for sablefish would
ultimately only fish under the increased trip limits for 1.5 periods
(October-December). Providing for a public comment period and issuing a
final rule would likely delay implementation of the increased limits to
the point where only minimal fishing opportunity remained due to the
approaching end of the year and winter weather conditions. Delaying
implementation further risks the at-sea sector reaching and/or
exceeding their set-aside for darkblotched rockfish and POP further
increasing fears about potential closures and the expenses associated
with such closures. In summary, providing a comment period for this
action would significantly limit the benefits to the fishery, and would
hamper the achievement of optimum yield from the affected fisheries.
For the same reasons, the NMFS finds good cause to waive the 30-day
delay in effectiveness pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), so that this
final rule may become effective October 9, 2018. The adjustments to
management measures in this document affect commercial fisheries in
Washington, Oregon and California. These adjustments were requested by
members of industry during the Council's September 7-11, 2018 meeting,
and recommended unanimously by the Council. No aspect of this action is
controversial, and changes of this nature were anticipated in the
biennial harvest specifications and management measures established
through a notice and comment rulemaking for 2017-18 (82 FR 9634).
Therefore, NMFS finds good cause to waive prior notice and comment and
to waive the delay in effectiveness.

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 660

Fisheries, Fishing, and Indian Fisheries.

Dated: October 3, 2018.
Margo B. Schulze-Haugen,
Acting Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine
Fisheries Service.

For the reasons set out in the preamble, 50 CFR part 660 is amended
as follows:

PART 660--FISHERIES OFF WEST COAST STATES

0
1. The authority citation for part 660 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq., 16 U.S.C. 773 et seq., and 16
U.S.C. 7001 et seq.

0
2. Table 2a to part 660, subpart C, is revised to read as follows:

Table 2a to Part 660, Subpart C--2018, and Beyond, Specifications of OFL, ABC, ACL, ACT and Fishery Harvest
Guidelines
[Weights in metric tons]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Species                   Area              OFL             ABC           ACL \a\     Fishery HG \b\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOCACCIO \c\..................  S of 40[deg]10'            2,013           1,924             741             726
N lat..
COWCOD \d\....................  S of 40[deg]10'               71              64              10               8
N lat..
DARKBLOTCHED ROCKFISH \e\.....  Coastwide.......             683             653             653             576
PACIFIC OCEAN PERCH \f\.......  N of 40[deg]10'              984             941             281             232
N lat..
YELLOWEYE ROCKFISH \g\........  Coastwide.......              58              48              20              14

[[Page 50514]]

Arrowtooth flounder \h\.......  Coastwide.......          16,498          13,743          13,743          11,645
Big skate \i\.................  Coastwide.......             541             494             494             437
Black rockfish \j\............  California                   347             332             332             331
(South of
42[deg] N lat.).
Black rockfish \k\............  Oregon (Between              570             520             520             519
46[deg]16' N
lat. and
42[deg] N lat.).
Black rockfish \l\............  Washington (N of             315             301             301             283
46[deg]16' N
lat.).
Blackgill rockfish \m\........  S of 40[deg]10'               NA              NA              NA              NA
N lat..
Cabezon \n\...................  California                   156             149             149             149
(South of
42[deg] N lat.).
Cabezon \o\...................  Oregon (Between               49              47              47              47
46[deg]16' N
lat. and
42[deg] N lat.).
California scorpionfish \p\...  S of 34[deg]27'              278             254             150             148
N lat..
Canary rockfish \q\...........  Coastwide.......           1,596           1,526           1,526           1,467
Chilipepper \r\...............  S of 40[deg]10'            2,623           2,507           2,507           2,461
N lat..
Dover sole \s\................  Coastwide.......          90,282          86,310          50,000          48,406
English sole \t\..............  Coastwide.......           8,255           7,537           7,537           7,324
Lingcod \u\...................  N of 40[deg]10'            3,310           3,110           3,110           2,832
N lat..
Lingcod \v\...................  S of 40[deg]10'            1,373           1,144           1,144           1,135
N lat..
Longnose skate \w\............  Coastwide.......           2,526           2,415           2,000           1,853
Longspine thornyhead \x\......  Coastwide.......           4,339           3,614              NA              NA
Longspine thornyhead..........  N of 34[deg]27'               NA              NA           2,747           2,700
N lat..
Longspine thornyhead..........  S of 34[deg]27'               NA              NA             867             864
N lat..
Pacific cod \y\...............  Coastwide.......           3,200           2,221           1,600           1,091
Pacific whiting \z\...........  Coastwide.......         725,984             \z\             \z\         362,682
Petrale sole \aa\.............  Coastwide.......           3,152           3,013           3,013           2,772
Sablefish.....................  Coastwide.......           8,329           7,604              NA              NA
Sablefish \bb\................  N of 36[deg] N                NA              NA           5,475    See Table 2c
lat..
Sablefish \cc\................  S of 36[deg] N                NA              NA           1,944           1,939
lat..
Shortbelly rockfish \dd\......  Coastwide.......           6,950           5,789             500             489
Shortspine thornyhead \ee\....  Coastwide.......           3,116           2,596              NA              NA
Shortspine thornyhead.........  N of 34[deg]27'               NA              NA           1,698           1,639
N lat..
Shortspine thornyhead.........  S of 34[deg]27'               NA              NA             898             856
N lat..
Spiny dogfish \ff\............  Coastwide.......           2,500           2,083           2,083           1,745
Splitnose rockfish \gg\.......  S of 40[deg]10'            1,842           1,761           1,761           1,750
N lat..
Starry flounder \hh\..........  Coastwide.......           1,847           1,282           1,282           1,272
Widow rockfish \ii\...........  Coastwide.......          13,237          12,655          12,655          12,437
Yellowtail rockfish \jj\......  N of 40[deg]10'            6,574           6,002           6,002           4,972
N lat..
Minor Nearshore Rockfish \kk\.  N of 40[deg]10'              119             105             105             103
N lat..
Minor Shelf Rockfish \ll\.....  N of 40[deg]10'            2,302           2,048           2,047           1,963
N lat..
Minor Slope Rockfish \mm\.....  N of 40[deg]10'            1,896           1,754           1,754           1,689
N lat..
Minor Nearshore Rockfish \nn\.  S of 40[deg]10'            1,344           1,180           1,179           1,175
N lat..
Minor Shelf Rockfish \oo\.....  S of 40[deg]10'            1,918           1,625           1,624           1,577
N lat..
Minor Slope Rockfish \pp\.....  S of 40[deg]10'              829             719             709             689
N lat..
Other Flatfish \qq\...........  Coastwide.......           9,690           7,281           7,281           7,077
Other Fish \rr\...............  Coastwide.......             501             441             441             441
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Annual catch limits (ACLs), annual catch targets (ACTs) and harvest guidelines (HGs) are specified as total
catch values.
\b\ Fishery harvest guidelines means the harvest guideline or quota after subtracting Pacific Coast treaty
Indian tribes allocations and projected catch, projected research catch, deductions for fishing mortality in
non-groundfish fisheries, and deductions for EFPs from the ACL or ACT.
\c\ Bocaccio. A stock assessment was conducted in 2015 for the bocaccio stock between the U.S.-Mexico border and
Cape Blanco. The stock is managed with stock-specific harvest specifications south of 40[deg]10' N lat. and
within the Minor Shelf Rockfish complex north of 40[deg]10' N lat. A historical catch distribution of
approximately 7.4 percent was used to apportion the assessed stock to the area north of 40[deg]10' N lat. The
bocaccio stock was estimated to be at 36.8 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 2,013 mt is
projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50. The ABC of 1,924 mt is a 4.4
percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The 741 mt ACL is
based on the current rebuilding plan with a target year to rebuild of 2022 and an SPR harvest rate of 77.7
percent. 15.4 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (0.8 mt), EFP
catch (10 mt) and research catch (4.6 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 725.6 mt. The California recreational
fishery has an HG of 305.5 mt.
\d\ Cowcod. A stock assessment for the Conception Area was conducted in 2013 and the stock was estimated to be
at 33.9 percent of its unfished biomass in 2013. The Conception Area OFL of 59 mt is projected in the 2013
rebuilding analysis using an FMSY proxy of F50. The OFL contribution of 12 mt for the unassessed
portion of the stock in the Monterey area is based on depletion-based stock reduction analysis. The OFLs for
the Monterey and Conception areas were summed to derive the south of 40[deg]10' N lat. OFL of 71 mt. The ABC
for the area south of 40[deg]10' N lat. is 64 mt. The assessed portion of the stock in the Conception Area is
considered category 2, with a Conception area contribution to the ABC of 54 mt, which is an 8.7 percent
reduction from the Conception area OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.45). The unassessed portion of the stock in the
Monterey area is considered a category 3 stock, with a contribution to the ABC of 10 mt, which is a 16.6
percent reduction from the Monterey area OFL ([sigma] = 1.44/P* = 0.45). A single ACL of 10 mt is being set
for both areas combined. The ACL of 10 mt is based on the rebuilding plan with a target year to rebuild of
2020 and an SPR harvest rate of 82.7 percent, which is equivalent to an exploitation rate (catch over age 11+
biomass) of 0.007. 2 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (less than
0.1 mt), EFP fishing (less than 0.1 mt) and research activity (2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 8 mt. Any
additional mortality in research activities will be deducted from the ACL. A single ACT of 4 mt is being set
for both areas combined.

[[Page 50515]]

\e\ Darkblotched rockfish. A 2015 stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 39 percent of its unfished
biomass in 2015. The OFL of 683 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50. The ABC of 653 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a
category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC, as the stock is projected to be above its target biomass of
B40 in 2017. 77.3 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (0.2 mt), the
incidental open access fishery (24.5 mt), EFP catch (0.1 mt), research catch (2.5 mt) and an additional
deduction for unforeseen catch events (50 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 575.8 mt. On October 9, 2018 17.7
mt were redistributed from the incidental open access fishery to the deduction for unforeseen catch events.
This redistribution results in an incidental open access amount of 6.8 mt and a deduction for unforeseen catch
events of 67.7 mt.
\f\ Pacific ocean perch. A stock assessment was conducted in 2011 and the stock was estimated to be at 19.1
percent of its unfished biomass in 2011. The OFL of 984 mt for the area north of 40[deg]10' N lat. is based on
an updated catch-only projection of the 2011 rebuilding analysis using an F50 FMSY proxy. The ABC of
941 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) as it is a category 1 stock. The ACL
is based on the current rebuilding plan with a target year to rebuild of 2051 and a constant catch amount of
281 mt in 2017 and 2018, followed in 2019 and beyond by ACLs based on an SPR harvest rate of 86.4 percent.
49.4 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (9.2 mt), the incidental open access
fishery (10 mt), research catch (5.2 mt) and an additional deduction for unforeseen catch events (25 mt),
resulting in a fishery HG of 231.6 mt. On October 9, 2018 9.7 mt were redistributed from the incidental open
access fishery to the deduction for unforeseen catch events. This redistribution results in an incidental open
access amount of 0.3 mt and a deduction for unforeseen catch events of 34.7 mt.
\g\ Yelloweye rockfish. A stock assessment update was conducted in 2011. The stock was estimated to be at 21.4
percent of its unfished biomass in 2011. The 58 mt coastwide OFL is based on a catch-only update of the 2011
stock assessment, assuming actual catches since 2011 and using an FMSY proxy of F50. The ABC of 48 mt
is a 16.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.40) as it is a category 2 stock. The 20 mt ACL
is based on the current rebuilding plan with a target year to rebuild of 2074 and an SPR harvest rate of 76.0
percent. 6 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (2.3 mt), the incidental open access
fishery (0.4 mt), EFP catch (less than 0.1 mt) and research catch (3.27 mt) resulting in a fishery HG of 14
mt. Recreational HGs are: 3.3 mt (Washington); 3 mt (Oregon); and 3.9 mt (California).
\h\ Arrowtooth flounder. The arrowtooth flounder stock was last assessed in 2007 and was estimated to be at 79
percent of its unfished biomass in 2007. The OFL of 16,498 mt is derived from a catch-only update of the 2007
assessment assuming actual catches since 2007 and using an F30 FMSY proxy. The ABC of 13,743 mt is a
16.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.40) as it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set
equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B25. 2,098.1 mt is deducted from the
ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (2,041 mt), the incidental open access fishery (40.8 mt), and research
catch (16.4 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 11,644.9 mt.
\i\ Big skate. The OFL of 541 mt is based on an estimate of trawl survey biomass and natural mortality. The ABC
of 494 mt is a 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.45) as it is a category 2 stock. The
ACL is set equal to the ABC. 57.4 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (15 mt), the
incidental open access fishery (38.4 mt), and research catch (4 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 436.6 mt.
\j\ Black rockfish (California). A 2015 stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 33 percent of its unfished
biomass in 2015. The OFL of 347 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50. The ABC of 332 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a
category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is projected to be above its target
biomass of B40 in 2018. 1 mt is deducted from the ACL for EFP catch, resulting in a fishery HG of 331
mt.
\k\ Black rockfish (Oregon). A 2015 stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 60 percent of its unfished
biomass in 2015. The OFL of 570 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50. The ABC of 520 mt is an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.45) because it is a
category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40. 0.6 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery, resulting in a fishery
HG of 519.4 mt.
\l\ Black rockfish (Washington). A 2015 stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 43 percent of its unfished
biomass in 2015. The OFL of 315 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50. The ABC of 301 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a
category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40. 18 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery, resulting in a fishery HG of 283 mt.
\m\ Blackgill rockfish. Blackgill rockfish contributes to the harvest specifications for the Minor Slope
Rockfish South complex. See footnote pp.
\n\ Cabezon (California). A cabezon stock assessment was conducted in 2009. The cabezon spawning biomass in
waters off California was estimated to be at 48.3 percent of its unfished biomass in 2009. The OFL of 156 mt
is calculated using an FMSY proxy of F50. The ABC of 149 mt is based on a 4.4 percent reduction from
the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because
the stock is above its target biomass of B40. 0.3 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the
incidental open access fishery (0.3 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 148.7 mt.
\o\ Cabezon (Oregon). A cabezon stock assessment was conducted in 2009. The cabezon spawning biomass in waters
off Oregon was estimated to be at 52 percent of its unfished biomass in 2009. The OFL of 49 mt is calculated
using an FMSY proxy of F45. The ABC of 47 mt is based on a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma]
= 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 species. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is
above its target biomass of B40. There are no deductions from the ACL so the fishery HG is also equal
to the ACL of 47 mt.
\p\ California scorpionfish. A California scorpionfish assessment was conducted in 2005 and was estimated to be
at 79.8 percent of its unfished biomass in 2005. The OFL of 278 mt is based on projections from a catch-only
update of the 2005 assessment assuming actual catches since 2005 and using an FMSY harvest rate proxy of
F50. The ABC of 254 mt is an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.45) because it
is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set at a constant catch amount of 150 mt. 2.2 mt is deducted from the ACL to
accommodate the incidental open access fishery (2 mt) and research catch (0.2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG
of 147.8 mt. An ACT of 111 mt is established.
\q\ Canary rockfish. A stock assessment was conducted in 2015 and the stock was estimated to be at 55.5 percent
of its unfished biomass coastwide in 2015. The coastwide OFL of 1,596 mt is projected in the 2015 assessment
using an FMSY harvest rate proxy of F50. The ABC of 1,526 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL
([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) as it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is
above its target biomass of B40. 59.4 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery
(50 mt), the incidental open access fishery (1.2 mt), EFP catch (1 mt) and research catch (7.2 mt) resulting
in a fishery HG of 1,466.6 mt. Recreational HGs are: 50 mt (Washington); 75 mt (Oregon); and 135 mt
(California).
\r\ Chilipepper. A coastwide update assessment of the chilipepper stock was conducted in 2015 and estimated to
be at 64 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. Chilipepper are managed with stock-specific harvest
specifications south of 40[deg]10'N lat. and within the Minor Shelf Rockfish complex north of 40[deg]10' N
lat. Projected OFLs are stratified north and south of 40[deg]10' N lat. based on the average historical
assessed area catch, which is 93 percent for the area south of 40[deg]10' N lat. and 7 percent for the area
north of 40[deg]10' N lat. The OFL of 2,623 mt for the area south of 40[deg]10' N lat. is projected in the
2015 assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50. The ABC of 2,507 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the
OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the
stock is above its target biomass of B40. 45.9 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the
incidental open access fishery (5 mt), EFP fishing (30 mt), and research catch (10.9 mt), resulting in a
fishery HG of 2,461.1 mt.
\s\ Dover sole. A 2011 Dover sole assessment estimated the stock to be at 83.7 percent of its unfished biomass
in 2011. The OFL of 90,282 mt is based on an updated catch-only projection from the 2011 stock assessment
assuming actual catches since 2011 and using an FMSY proxy of F30. The ABC of 86,310 mt is a 4.4
percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL could be
set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B25. However, the ACL of 50,000
mt is set at a level below the ABC and higher than the maximum historical landed catch. 1,593.7 mt is deducted
from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (1,497 mt), the incidental open access fishery (54.8 mt), and
research catch (41.9 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 48,406.3 mt.
\t\ English sole. A 2013 stock assessment was conducted, which estimated the stock to be at 88 percent of its
unfished biomass in 2013. The OFL of 8,255 mt is projected in the 2013 assessment using an FMSY proxy of
F30. The ABC of 7,537 mt is an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.45) because
it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of
B25. 212.8 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (200 mt), the incidental open
access fishery (7 mt) and research catch (5.8 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 7,324.2 mt.

[[Page 50516]]

\u\ Lingcod north. The 2009 lingcod assessment modeled two populations north and south of the California-Oregon
border (42[deg] N lat.). Both populations were healthy with stock depletion estimated at 62 and 74 percent for
the north and south, respectively in 2009.The OFL is based on an updated catch-only projection from the 2009
assessment assuming actual catches since 2009 and using an FMSY proxy of F45. The OFL is apportioned
by adding 48 percent of the OFL from California, resulting in an OFL of 3,310 mt for the area north of
40[deg]10' N lat. The ABC of 3,110 mt is based on a 4.4 percent reduction ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) from the
OFL contribution for the area north of 42[deg] N lat. because it is a category 1 stock, and an 8.7 percent
reduction ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.45) from the OFL contribution for the area between 42[deg] N lat. and
40[deg]10' N lat. because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above
its target biomass of B40. 278.2 mt is deducted from the ACL for the Tribal fishery (250 mt), the
incidental open access fishery (16 mt), EFP catch (0.5 mt) and research catch (11.7 mt), resulting in a
fishery HG of 2,831.8 mt.
\v\ Lingcod south. The 2009 lingcod assessment modeled two populations north and south of the California-Oregon
border (42[deg] N lat.). Both populations were healthy with stock depletion estimated at 62 and 74 percent for
the north and south, respectively in 2009. The OFL is based on an updated catch-only projection of the 2009
stock assessment assuming actual catches since 2009 and using an FMSY proxy of F45. The OFL is
apportioned by subtracting 48 percent of the California OFL, resulting in an OFL of 1,373 mt for the area
south of 40[deg]10' N lat. The ABC of 1,144 mt is based on a 16.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] =
0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above
its target biomass of B40. 9 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access
fishery (6.9 mt), EFP fishing (1 mt), and research catch (1.1 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,135 mt.
\w\ Longnose skate. A stock assessment was conducted in 2007 and the stock was estimated to be at 66 percent of
its unfished biomass. The OFL of 2,526 mt is derived from the 2007 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of
F50. The ABC of 2,415 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it
is a category 1 stock. The ACL of 2,000 mt is a fixed harvest level that provides greater access to the stock
and is less than the ABC. 147 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (130 mt),
incidental open access fishery (3.8 mt), and research catch (13.2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,853 mt.
\x\ Longspine thornyhead. A 2013 longspine thornyhead coastwide stock assessment estimated the stock to be at 75
percent of its unfished biomass in 2013. A coastwide OFL of 4,339 mt is projected in the 2013 stock assessment
using an F50 FMSY proxy. The coastwide ABC of 3,614 mt is a 16.7 percent reduction from the OFL
([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. For the portion of the stock that is north of
34[deg]27' N lat., the ACL is 2,747 mt, and is 76 percent of the coastwide ABC based on the average swept-area
biomass estimates (2003-2012) from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey. 46.8 mt is deducted from the ACL to
accommodate the Tribal fishery (30 mt), the incidental open access fishery (3.3 mt), and research catch (13.5
mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 2,700.2 mt. For that portion of the stock south of 34[deg]27' N lat. the ACL
is 867 mt and is 24 percent of the coastwide ABC based on the average swept-area biomass estimates (2003-2012)
from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey. 3.2 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access
fishery (1.8 mt), and research catch (1.4 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 863.8 mt.
\y\ Pacific cod. The 3,200 mt OFL is based on the maximum level of historic landings. The ABC of 2,221 mt is a
30.6 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 1.44/P* = 0.40) as it is a category 3 stock. The 1,600 mt ACL
is the OFL reduced by 50 percent as a precautionary adjustment. 509 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate
the Tribal fishery (500 mt), research catch (7 mt), and the incidental open access fishery (2 mt), resulting
in a fishery HG of 1,091 mt.
\z\ Pacific whiting. The coastwide stock assessment was published in 2018 and estimated the spawning stock to be
at 66.7 percent of its unfished biomass. The 2018 OFL of 725,984 mt is based on the 2018 assessment with an
F40 FMSY proxy. The 2018 coastwide, unadjusted Total Allowable Catch (TAC) of 517,775 mt is based on
the 2018 stock assessment. The U.S. TAC is 73.88 percent of the coastwide unadjusted TAC. Up to 15 percent of
each party's unadjusted 2017 TAC (58,901 mt for the U.S. and 20,824 mt for Canada) is added to each party's
2018 unadjusted TAC, resulting in a U.S. adjusted 2018 TAC of 441,433 mt. From the adjusted U.S. TAC, 77,251
mt is deducted to accommodate the Tribal fishery, and 1,500 mt is deducted to accommodate research and bycatch
in other fisheries, resulting in a fishery HG of 362,682 mt. The TAC for Pacific whiting is established under
the provisions of the Agreement with Canada on Pacific Hake/Whiting and the Pacific Whiting Act of 2006, 16
U.S.C. 7001-7010, and the international exception applies. Therefore, no ABC or ACL values are provided for
Pacific whiting.
\aa\ Petrale sole. A 2015 stock assessment update was conducted, which estimated the stock to be at 31 percent
of its unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 3,152 mt is projected in the 2015 assessment using an FMSY proxy
of F30. The ABC of 3,013 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because
it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of
B25. 240.9 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (220 mt), the incidental open
access fishery (3.2 mt) and research catch (17.7 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 2,772.1 mt.
\bb\ Sablefish north. A coastwide sablefish stock assessment update was conducted in 2015. The coastwide
sablefish biomass was estimated to be at 33 percent of its unfished biomass in 2015. The coastwide OFL of
8,329 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F45. The ABC of 7,604 mt is
an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.40). The 40-10 adjustment is applied to the ABC
to derive a coastwide ACL value because the stock is in the precautionary zone. This coastwide ACL value is
not specified in regulations. The coastwide ACL value is apportioned north and south of 36[deg] N lat., using
the 2003-2014 average estimated swept area biomass from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey, with 73.8 percent
apportioned north of 36[deg] N lat. and 26.2 percent apportioned south of 36[deg] N lat. The northern ACL is
5,475 mt and is reduced by 548 mt for the Tribal allocation (10 percent of the ACL north of 36[deg] N lat.).
The 548 mt Tribal allocation is reduced by 1.5 percent to account for discard mortality. Detailed sablefish
allocations are shown in Table 2c.
\cc\ Sablefish south. The ACL for the area south of 36[deg] N lat. is 1,944 mt (26.2 percent of the calculated
coastwide ACL value). 5 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open acrdedseescess fishery
(2 mt) and research catch (3 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,939 mt.
\dd\ Shortbelly rockfish. A non-quantitative shortbelly rockfish assessment was conducted in 2007. The spawning
stock biomass of shortbelly rockfish was estimated to be 67 percent of its unfished biomass in 2005. The OFL
of 6,950 mt is based on the estimated MSY in the 2007 stock assessment. The ABC of 5,789 mt is a 16.7 percent
reduction of the OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. The 500 mt ACL is set to
accommodate incidental catch when fishing for co-occurring healthy stocks and in recognition of the stock's
importance as a forage species in the California Current ecosystem. 10.9 mt is deducted from the ACL to
accommodate the incidental open access fishery (8.9 mt) and research catch (2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG
of 489.1 mt.
\ee\ Shortspine thornyhead. A 2013 coastwide shortspine thornyhead stock assessment estimated the stock to be at
74.2 percent of its unfished biomass in 2013. A coastwide OFL of 3,116 mt is projected in the 2013 stock
assessment using an F50 FMSY proxy. The coastwide ABC of 2,596 mt is a 16.7 percent reduction from the
OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. For the portion of the stock that is north of
34[deg]27' N lat., the ACL is 1,698 mt. The northern ACL is 65.4 percent of the coastwide ABC based on the
average swept-area biomass estimates (2003-2012) from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey. 59 mt is deducted from the
ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (50 mt), the incidental open access fishery (1.8 mt), and research catch
(7.2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,639 mt for the area north of 34[deg]27' N lat. For that portion of
the stock south of 34[deg]27' N lat. the ACL is 898 mt. The southern ACL is 34.6 percent of the coastwide ABC
based on the average swept-area biomass estimates (2003-2012) from the NMFS NWFSC trawl survey. 42.3 mt is
deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (41.3 mt) and research catch (1 mt),
resulting in a fishery HG of 855.7 mt for the area south of 34[deg]27' N lat.
\ff\ Spiny dogfish. A coastwide spiny dogfish stock assessment was conducted in 2011. The coastwide spiny
dogfish biomass was estimated to be at 63 percent of its unfished biomass in 2011. The coastwide OFL of 2,500
mt is derived from the 2011 assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50. The coastwide ABC of 2,083 mt is a
16.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P* = 0.40) because it is a category 2 stock. The ACL is
set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40. 338 mt is deducted from the
ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (275 mt), the incidental open access fishery (49.5 mt), EFP catch (1
mt), and research catch (12.5 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,745 mt.

[[Page 50517]]

\gg\ Splitnose rockfish. A coastwide splitnose rockfish assessment was conducted in 2009 that estimated the
stock to be at 66 percent of its unfished biomass in 2009. Splitnose rockfish in the north is managed in the
Minor Slope Rockfish complex and with stock-specific harvest specifications south of 40[deg]10' N lat. The
coastwide OFL is projected in the 2009 assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50. The coastwide OFL is
apportioned north and south of 40[deg]10' N lat. based on the average 1916-2008 assessed area catch resulting
in 64.2 percent of the coastwide OFL apportioned south of 40[deg]10' N lat., and 35.8 percent apportioned for
the contribution of splitnose rockfish to the northern Minor Slope Rockfish complex. The southern OFL of 1,842
mt results from the apportionment described above. The southern ABC of 1,761 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction
from the southern OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the
ABC because the stock is estimated to be above its target biomass of B40. 10.7 mt is deducted from the
ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (0.2 mt), research catch (9 mt) and EFP catch (1.5 mt),
resulting in a fishery HG of 1,750.3 mt.
\hh\ Starry flounder. The stock was assessed in 2005 and was estimated to be above 40 percent of its unfished
biomass in 2005 (44 percent in Washington and Oregon, and 62 percent in California). The coastwide OFL of
1,847 mt is set equal to the 2016 OFL, which was derived from the 2005 assessment using an FMSY proxy of
F30. The ABC of 1,282 mt is a 30.6 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 1.44/P* = 0.40) because
it is a category 3 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock was estimated to be above its
target biomass of B25 in 2018. 10.3 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (2
mt), and the incidental open access fishery (8.3 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,271.7 mt.
\ii\ Widow rockfish. The widow rockfish stock was assessed in 2015 and was estimated to be at 75 percent of its
unfished biomass in 2015. The OFL of 13,237 mt is projected in the 2015 stock assessment using the F50
FMSY proxy. The ABC of 12,655 mt is a 4.4 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.36/P* = 0.45) because it
is a category 1 stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of
B40. 217.7 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (200 mt), the incidental open
access fishery (0.5 mt), EFP catch (9 mt) and research catch (8.2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 12,437.3
mt.
\jj\ Yellowtail rockfish. A 2013 yellowtail rockfish stock assessment was conducted for the portion of the
population north of 40[deg]10' N. lat. The estimated stock depletion is 67 percent of its unfished biomass in
2013. The OFL of 6,574 mt is projected in the 2013 stock assessment using an FMSY proxy of F50. The
ABC of 6,002 mt is an 8.7 percent reduction from the OFL ([sigma] = 0.72/P*= 0.45) because it is a category 2
stock. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because the stock is above its target biomass of B40. 1,030 mt
is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (1,000 mt), the incidental open access fishery (3.4
mt), EFP catch (10 mt) and research catch (16.6 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 4,972.1 mt.
\kk\ Minor Nearshore Rockfish north. The OFL for Minor Nearshore Rockfish north of 40[deg]10' N lat. of 119 mt
is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species managed in the complex. The ABCs for the minor
rockfish complexes are based on a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (blue/deacon rockfish in
California, brown rockfish, China rockfish, and copper rockfish) and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3
stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. The resulting ABC of 105 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for
the component species. The ACL of 105 mt is the sum of contributing ABCs. 1.8 mt is deducted from the ACL to
accommodate the Tribal fishery (1.5 mt), and the incidental open access fishery (0.3 mt), resulting in a
fishery HG of 103.2 mt. Between 40[deg]10' N lat. and 42[deg] N lat. the Minor Nearshore Rockfish complex
north has a harvest guideline of 40.2 mt. Blue/deacon rockfish south of 42[deg] N lat. has a species-specific
HG, described in footnote pp.
\ll\ Minor Shelf Rockfish north. The OFL for Minor Shelf Rockfish north of 40[deg]10' N lat. of 2,302 mt is the
sum of the OFL contributions for the component species within the complex. The ABCs for the minor rockfish
complexes are based on a sigma value of 0.36 for a category 1 stock (chilipepper), a sigma value of 0.72 for
category 2 stocks (greenspotted rockfish between 40[deg]10' and 42[deg] N lat. and greenstriped rockfish) and
a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. The resulting ABC of 2,048 mt is
the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL of 2,047 mt is the sum of contributing
ABCs of healthy assessed stocks and unassessed stocks, plus the ACL contribution of greenspotted rockfish in
California where the 40-10 adjustment was applied to the ABC contribution for this stock because it is in the
precautionary zone. 83.8 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (30 mt), the incidental
open access fishery (26 mt), EFP catch (3 mt), and research catch (24.8 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of
1,963.2 mt.
\mm\ Minor Slope Rockfish north. The OFL for Minor Slope Rockfish north of 40[deg]10' N. lat. of 1,896 mt is the
sum of the OFL contributions for the component species within the complex. The ABCs for the Minor Slope
Rockfish complexes are based on a sigma value of 0.39 for aurora rockfish, a sigma value of 0.36 for the other
category 1 stock (splitnose rockfish), a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (rougheye rockfish,
blackspotted rockfish, and sharpchin rockfish), and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others)
with a P* of 0.45. A unique sigma of 0.39 was calculated for aurora rockfish because the variance in estimated
spawning biomass was greater than the 0.36 used as a proxy for other category 1 stocks. The resulting ABC of
1,754 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL is set equal to the ABC
because all the assessed component stocks (rougheye rockfish, blackspotted rockfish, sharpchin rockfish, and
splitnose rockfish) are above the target biomass of B40. 65.1 mt is deducted from the ACL to
accommodate the Tribal fishery (36 mt), the incidental open access fishery (18.6 mt), EFP catch (1 mt), and
research catch (9.5 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,688.9 mt.
\nn\ Minor Nearshore Rockfish south. The OFL for the Minor Nearshore Rockfish complex south of 40[deg]10' N lat.
of 1,344 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species within the complex. The ABC for the
southern Minor Nearshore Rockfish complex is based on a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (blue/deacon
rockfish north of 34[deg]27' N lat., brown rockfish, China rockfish, and copper rockfish) and a sigma value of
1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. The resulting ABC of 1,180 mt is the summed
contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL of 1,179 mt is the sum of the contributing ABCs of
healthy assessed stocks and unassessed stocks, plus the ACL contribution for China rockfish where the 40-10
adjustment was applied to the ABC contribution for this stock because it is in the precautionary zone. 4.1 mt
is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (1.4 mt) and research catch (2.7
mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 1,174.9 mt. Blue/deacon rockfish south of 42[deg] N lat. has a species-
specific HG set equal to the 40-10-adjusted ACL for the portion of the stock north of 34[deg]27' N lat. (250.3
mt) plus the ABC contribution for the unassessed portion of the stock south of 34[deg]27' N lat. (60.8 mt).
The California (i.e., south of 42[deg] N lat.) blue/deacon rockfish HG is 311.1 mt.
\oo\ Minor Shelf Rockfish south. The OFL for the Minor Shelf Rockfish complex south of 40[deg]10' N lat. of
1,918 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species within the complex. The ABC for the
southern Minor Shelf Rockfish complex is based on a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (i.e.,
greenspotted and greenstriped rockfish) and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P*
of 0.45. The resulting ABC of 1,625 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The
ACL of 1,624 mt is the sum of contributing ABCs of healthy assessed stocks and unassessed stocks, plus the ACL
contribution of greenspotted rockfish in California where the 40-10 adjustment was applied to the ABC
contribution for this stock because it is in the precautionary zone. 47.2 mt is deducted from the ACL to
accommodate the incidental open access fishery (8.6 mt), EFP catch (30 mt), and research catch (8.6 mt),
resulting in a fishery HG of 1,576.8 mt.
\pp\ Minor Slope Rockfish south. The OFL of 829 mt is the sum of the OFL contributions for the component species
within the complex. The ABC for the southern Minor Slope Rockfish complex is based on a sigma value of 0.39
for aurora rockfish, a sigma value of 0.72 for category 2 stocks (blackgill rockfish, rougheye rockfish,
blackspotted rockfish, and sharpchin rockfish) and a sigma value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others)
with a P* of 0.45. A unique sigma of 0.39 was calculated for aurora rockfish because the variance in estimated
biomass was greater than the 0.36 used as a proxy for other category 1 stocks. The resulting ABC of 719 mt is
the summed contribution of the ABCs for the component species. The ACL of 709 mt is the sum of the
contributing ABCs of healthy assessed stocks and unassessed stocks, plus the ACL contribution of blackgill
rockfish where the 40-10 adjustment was applied to the ABC contribution for this stock because it is in the
precautionary zone. 20.2 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the incidental open access fishery (17.2
mt), EFP catch (1 mt), and research catch (2 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of 688.8 mt. Blackgill rockfish
has a stock-specific HG for the entire groundfish fishery south of 40[deg]10' N lat. set equal to the species'
contribution to the 40-10-adjusted ACL. Harvest of blackgill rockfish in all groundfish fisheries counts
against this HG of 122.4 mt. Nontrawl fisheries are subject to a blackgill rockfish HG of 45.3 mt.

[[Page 50518]]

\qq\ Other Flatfish. The Other Flatfish complex is comprised of flatfish species managed in the PCGFMP that are
not managed with species-specific OFLs/ABCs/ACLs. Most of the species in the Other Flatfish complex are
unassessed and include: Butter sole, curlfin sole, flathead sole, Pacific sanddab, rock sole, sand sole, and
rex sole. The Other Flatfish OFL of 9,690 mt is based on the sum of the OFL contributions of the component
stocks. The ABC of 7,281 mt is based on a sigma value of 0.72 for a category 2 stock (rex sole) and a sigma
value of 1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.40. The ACL is set equal to the ABC. The ACL
is set equal to the ABC because all of the assessed stocks (i.e., Pacific sanddabs and rex sole) were above
their target biomass of B25. 204 mt is deducted from the ACL to accommodate the Tribal fishery (60
mt), the incidental open access fishery 125 mt), and research catch (19 mt), resulting in a fishery HG of
7,077 mt.
\rr\ Other Fish. The Other Fish complex is comprised of kelp greenling coastwide, cabezon off Washington, and
leopard shark coastwide. The 2015 assessment for the kelp greenling stock off of Oregon projected an estimated
depletion of 80 percent. All other stocks are unassessed. The OFL of 501 mt is the sum of the OFL
contributions for kelp greenling coastwide, cabezon off Washington, and leopard shark coastwide. The ABC for
the Other Fish complex is based on a sigma value of 0.44 for kelp greenling off Oregon and a sigma value of
1.44 for category 3 stocks (all others) with a P* of 0.45. A unique sigma of 0.44 was calculated for kelp
greenling off Oregon because the variance in estimated spawning biomass was greater than the 0.36 sigma used
as a proxy for other category 1 stocks. The resulting ABC of 441 mt is the summed contribution of the ABCs for
the component species. The ACL is set equal to the ABC because all of the assessed stocks (kelp greenling off
Oregon) were above their target biomass of B40. There are no deductions from the ACL so the fishery HG
is equal to the ACL of 441 mt.

0
3. In Sec.  660.231, revise paragraph (b)(3)(iv) to read as follows:

Sec.  660.231   Limited entry fixed gear sablefish primary fishery.

* * * * *
(b) * * *
(3) * * *
(iv) Incidental Pacific halibut retention north of Pt. Chehalis, WA
(46[deg]53.30' N lat.). From April 1 through October 31, vessels
authorized to participate in the sablefish primary fishery, licensed by
the International Pacific Halibut Commission for commercial fishing in
Area 2A (waters off Washington, Oregon, California), and fishing with
longline gear north of Pt. Chehalis, WA (46[deg]53.30' N lat.) may
possess and land up to the following cumulative limits: 200 pounds (91
kg) dressed weight of Pacific halibut for every 1,000 pounds (454 kg)
dressed weight of sablefish landed and up to 2 additional Pacific
halibut in excess of the 200-pounds-per-1,000-pound ratio per landing.
Dressed'' Pacific halibut in this area means halibut landed
eviscerated with their heads on. Pacific halibut taken and retained in
the sablefish primary fishery north of Pt. Chehalis may only be landed
north of Pt. Chehalis and may not be possessed or landed south of Pt.
Chehalis.
* * * * *

0
4. Tables 2 (North) and (South) to part 660, subpart E are revised to

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0
5. Table 3 (North) and Table 3 (South) to part 660, subpart F are

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[FR Doc. 2018-21879 Filed 10-5-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-22-P