Section 108 Loan Guarantee Program: Announcement of Fee to Cover Credit Subsidy Costs, 50257-50258 [2018-21686]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 194 / Friday, October 5, 2018 / Rules and Regulations under Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a regulatory evaluation as the anticipated impact is so minimal. Since this is a routine matter that only affects air traffic procedures and air navigation, it is certified that this rule, when promulgated, does not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. Environmental Review The FAA has determined that this action qualifies for categorical exclusion under the National Environmental Policy Act in accordance with FAA Order 1050.1F, ‘‘Environmental Impacts: Policies and Procedures,’’ paragraph 5–6.5a. This airspace action is not expected to cause any potentially significant environmental impacts, and no extraordinary circumstances exist that warrant preparation of an environmental assessment. Lists of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 71 Airspace, Incorporation by reference, Navigation (air). Adoption of the Amendment In consideration of the foregoing, the Federal Aviation Administration amends 14 CFR part 71 as follows: PART 71—DESIGNATION OF CLASS A, B, C, D, AND E AIRSPACE AREAS; AIR TRAFFIC SERVICE ROUTES; AND REPORTING POINTS 1. The authority citation for part 71 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 106(g); 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959–1963 Comp., p. 389. § 71.1 [Amended] 2. The incorporation by reference in 14 CFR 71.1 of Federal Aviation Administration Order 7400.11C, Airspace Designations and Reporting Points, dated August 13, 2018, effective September 15, 2018, is amended as follows: daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES ■ Paragraph 5000 Class D Airspace. * * * * * ANM ID D Lewiston, ID [Amended] Lewiston-Nez Perce County Airport, ID (Lat. 46°22′28″ N, long. 117°00′55″ W) That airspace extending upward from the surface to and including 3,900 feet MSL within a 4.1-mile radius from Lewiston-Nez Perce County Airport clockwise from the airport 290° bearing to the 066° bearing, and within a 5.1-mile radius of the airport from the 066° bearing to the airport 115° bearing VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:12 Oct 04, 2018 Jkt 247001 and within a 6.6-mile radius of the airport from the 115° bearing to the airport 164° bearing, and within a 4.1-mile radius of the airport from the airport 164° bearing to the airport 230° bearing, and within a 6.6-mile radius of the airport from the 230° bearing to the airport 290° bearing. This Class D airspace area is effective during the specific dates and times established in advance by a Notice to Airmen. The effective date and time will thereafter be continuously published in the Chart Supplement. Issued in Seattle, Washington, on September 28, 2018. Stephanie Harris, Acting Manager, Operations Support Group, Western Service Center. [FR Doc. 2018–21660 Filed 10–4–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 570 [Docket No. FR–6116–N–01] RIN 2506–AC35 Section 108 Loan Guarantee Program: Announcement of Fee to Cover Credit Subsidy Costs Office of the Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION: Notification of fees. AGENCY: This document announces the fee that HUD will collect from borrowers of loans guaranteed under HUD’s Section 108 Loan Guarantee Program (Section 108 Program) to offset the credit subsidy costs of the guaranteed loans pursuant to commitments awarded in Fiscal Year 2019. DATES: Applicability date: November 5, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Webster, Director, Financial Management Division, Office of Block Grant Assistance, Office of Community Planning and Development, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW, Room 7160, Washington, DC 20410; telephone number 202–402–4563 (this is not a tollfree number). Individuals with speech or hearing impairments may access this number through TTY by calling the tollfree Federal Relay Service at 800–877– 8339. FAX inquiries (but not comments) may be sent to Mr. Webster at 202–708– 1798 (this is not a toll-free number). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: I. Background The Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 50257 Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015 (division K of Pub. L. 113–235, approved December 16, 2014) (2015 Appropriations Act) provided that ‘‘the Secretary shall collect fees from borrowers . . . to result in a credit subsidy cost of zero for guaranteeing’’ Section 108 loans. Identical language was continued or included in the Department’s continuing resolutions and appropriations acts authorizing HUD to issue Section 108 loan guarantees during Fiscal Years (FYs) 2016, 2017, and 2018. The Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 HUD appropriations bills under consideration in the House of Representatives (H.R. 6072) and the Senate (S. 3023), also have identical language regarding the fees and credit subsidy cost for the Section 108 Program, and the 2018 provision is carried forward in the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019 (Pub. L. 115– 952, approved September 28, 2018). On November 3, 2015, HUD published a final rule (80 FR 67626) that amended the Section 108 Program regulations at 24 CFR part 570 to establish additional procedures, including procedures for announcing the amount of the fee each fiscal year when HUD is required to offset the credit subsidy costs to the Federal Government to guarantee Section 108 loans. For FYs 2016, 2017, and 2018, HUD issued documents to set the fees.1 II. FY 2019 Fee: 2.23 Percent of the Principal Amount of the Loan This document sets the fee for Section 108 loan disbursements under loan guarantee commitments awarded for FY 2019 at 2.23 percent of the principal amount of the loan. HUD will collect this fee from borrowers of loans guaranteed under the Section 108 Program to offset the credit subsidy costs of the guaranteed loans pursuant to commitments awarded in FY 2019. For this fee document, HUD is not changing the underlying assumptions or creating new considerations for borrowers. The calculation of the FY 2019 fee uses a similar calculation model as the FY 2016, FY 2017, and FY 2018 final documents, but incorporates updated information regarding the composition of the Section 108 portfolio and the timing of the estimated future cash flows for defaults and recoveries. The calculation of the fee is also affected by the discount rates required to be used by HUD when calculating the present value of the future cash flows as part of the Federal budget process. 1 80 FR 67634 (November 3, 2015), 81 FR 68297 (October 4, 2016), and 82 FR 44518 (September 25, 2017) respectively. E:\FR\FM\05OCR1.SGM 05OCR1 daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES 50258 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 194 / Friday, October 5, 2018 / Rules and Regulations As described in 24 CFR 570.712(b), HUD’s credit subsidy calculation is based on the amount required to reduce the credit subsidy cost to the Federal Government associated with making a Section 108 loan guarantee to the amount established by applicable appropriation acts. As a result, HUD’s credit subsidy cost calculations incorporated assumptions based on: (1) Data on default frequency for municipal debt where such debt is comparable to loans in the Section 108 loan portfolio; (2) data on recovery rates on collateral security for comparable municipal debt; (3) the expected composition of the Section 108 portfolio by end users of the guaranteed loan funds (e.g., third-party borrowers and public entities); and (4) other factors that HUD determined were relevant to this calculation (e.g., assumptions as to loan disbursement and repayment patterns). Taking these factors into consideration, HUD determined that the fee for disbursements made under loan guarantee commitments awarded in FY 2019 will be 2.23 percent, which will be applied only at the time of loan disbursements. Note that future documents may provide for a combination of upfront and periodic fees for loan guarantee commitments awarded in future fiscal years but, if so, will provide the public an opportunity to comment if appropriate under 24 CFR 570.712(b)(2). The expected cost of a Section 108 loan guarantee is difficult to estimate using historical program data because there have been no defaults in the history of the program that required HUD to invoke its full faith and credit guarantee or use the credit subsidy reserved each year for future losses.2 This is due to a variety of factors, including the availability of Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) funds as security for HUD’s guarantee as provided in 24 CFR 570.705(b). As authorized by Section 108 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, as amended (42 U.S.C. 5308), borrowers may make payments on Section 108 loans using CDBG grant funds. Borrowers may also make Section 108 loan payments from other anticipated sources but continue to have CDBG funds available should they encounter shortfalls in the anticipated repayment source. Despite the program’s history of no defaults, Federal credit budgeting principles require that 2 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Study of HUD’s Section 108 Loan Guarantee Program, (prepared by Econometrica, Inc. and The Urban Institute), September 2012, at pages 73–74. This fact has not changed since the issuance of this report. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:12 Oct 04, 2018 Jkt 247001 the availability of CDBG funds to repay the guaranteed loans cannot be assumed in the development of the credit subsidy cost estimate (see 80 FR 67629, November 3, 2015). Thus, the estimate must incorporate the risk that alternative sources are used to repay the guaranteed loan in lieu of CDBG funds, and that those sources may be insufficient. Based on the rate that CDBG funds are used annually for repayment of loan guarantees, HUD’s calculation of the credit subsidy cost must acknowledge the possibility of future defaults if those CDBG funds were not available. The fee of 2.23 percent of the principal amount of the loan will offset the expected cost to the Federal Government due to default, financing costs, and other relevant factors. To arrive at this measure, HUD analyzed data on comparable municipal debt over an extended period. The estimated rate is based on the default and recovery rates for general purpose municipal debt and industrial development bonds. The cumulative default rates on industrial development bonds were higher than the default rates on general purpose municipal debt during the period from which the data were taken. These two subsectors of municipal debt were chosen because their purposes and loan terms most closely resemble those of Section 108 guaranteed loans. In this regard, Section 108 guaranteed loans can be broken down into two categories: (1) Loans that finance public infrastructure and activities to support subsidized housing (other than financing new construction) and (2) other development projects (e.g., retail, commercial, industrial). The 2.23 percent fee was derived by weighting the default and recovery data for general purpose municipal debt and the data for industrial development bonds according to the expected composition of the Section 108 portfolio by corresponding project type. Based on the dollar amount of Section 108 loan guarantee commitments awarded from FY 2013 through FY 2017, HUD expects that 35 percent of the Section 108 portfolio will be similar to general purpose municipal debt and 65 percent of the portfolio will be similar to industrial development bonds. In setting the fee at 2.23 percent of the principal amount of the guaranteed loan, HUD expects that the amount generated will fully offset the cost to the Federal Government associated with making guarantee commitments awarded in FY 2019. Note that the FY 2019 fee represents a 0.135 percent decrease from the FY 2018 fee of 2.365 percent. PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 This document establishes a rate that does not constitute a development decision that affects the physical condition of specific project areas or building sites. Accordingly, under 24 CFR 50.19(c)(6), this document is categorically excluded from environmental review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321). Dated: September 14, 2018. Neal Rackleff, Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development. [FR Doc. 2018–21686 Filed 10–4–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4210–67–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [TD 9787] RIN 1545–BK29 Section 707 Regarding Disguised Sales, Generally; Correction Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Correcting amendment. AGENCY: This document contains corrections to final regulations (TD 9787) that were published in the Federal Register on Wednesday, October 5, 2016. The final regulations are under sections 707 and 752 of the Internal Revenue Code. DATES: This correction is effective October 5, 2018 and is applicable on and after October 5, 2016. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Deane M. Burke or Caroline E. Hay at (202) 317–5279 (not a toll-free number). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Background The final regulations (TD 9787), published October 5, 2016 (81 FR 69291), that are the subject of this correction are under sections 707 and 752 of the Internal Revenue Code. Need for Correction As published, the final regulations (TD 9787) contain an error that may prove to be misleading and are in need of clarification. List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1 Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. E:\FR\FM\05OCR1.SGM 05OCR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 194 (Friday, October 5, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 50257-50258]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-21686]


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DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT

24 CFR Part 570

[Docket No. FR-6116-N-01]
RIN 2506-AC35


Section 108 Loan Guarantee Program: Announcement of Fee to Cover 
Credit Subsidy Costs

AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and 
Development, HUD.

ACTION: Notification of fees.

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SUMMARY: This document announces the fee that HUD will collect from 
borrowers of loans guaranteed under HUD's Section 108 Loan Guarantee 
Program (Section 108 Program) to offset the credit subsidy costs of the 
guaranteed loans pursuant to commitments awarded in Fiscal Year 2019.

DATES: Applicability date: November 5, 2018.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Webster, Director, Financial 
Management Division, Office of Block Grant Assistance, Office of 
Community Planning and Development, U.S. Department of Housing and 
Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW, Room 7160, Washington, DC 20410; 
telephone number 202-402-4563 (this is not a toll-free number). 
Individuals with speech or hearing impairments may access this number 
through TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Relay Service at 800-877-
8339. FAX inquiries (but not comments) may be sent to Mr. Webster at 
202-708-1798 (this is not a toll-free number).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

    The Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015 (division K of Pub. L. 113-235, 
approved December 16, 2014) (2015 Appropriations Act) provided that 
``the Secretary shall collect fees from borrowers . . . to result in a 
credit subsidy cost of zero for guaranteeing'' Section 108 loans. 
Identical language was continued or included in the Department's 
continuing resolutions and appropriations acts authorizing HUD to issue 
Section 108 loan guarantees during Fiscal Years (FYs) 2016, 2017, and 
2018. The Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 HUD appropriations bills under 
consideration in the House of Representatives (H.R. 6072) and the 
Senate (S. 3023), also have identical language regarding the fees and 
credit subsidy cost for the Section 108 Program, and the 2018 provision 
is carried forward in the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019 (Pub. L. 
115-952, approved September 28, 2018).
    On November 3, 2015, HUD published a final rule (80 FR 67626) that 
amended the Section 108 Program regulations at 24 CFR part 570 to 
establish additional procedures, including procedures for announcing 
the amount of the fee each fiscal year when HUD is required to offset 
the credit subsidy costs to the Federal Government to guarantee Section 
108 loans. For FYs 2016, 2017, and 2018, HUD issued documents to set 
the fees.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 80 FR 67634 (November 3, 2015), 81 FR 68297 (October 4, 
2016), and 82 FR 44518 (September 25, 2017) respectively.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. FY 2019 Fee: 2.23 Percent of the Principal Amount of the Loan

    This document sets the fee for Section 108 loan disbursements under 
loan guarantee commitments awarded for FY 2019 at 2.23 percent of the 
principal amount of the loan. HUD will collect this fee from borrowers 
of loans guaranteed under the Section 108 Program to offset the credit 
subsidy costs of the guaranteed loans pursuant to commitments awarded 
in FY 2019. For this fee document, HUD is not changing the underlying 
assumptions or creating new considerations for borrowers. The 
calculation of the FY 2019 fee uses a similar calculation model as the 
FY 2016, FY 2017, and FY 2018 final documents, but incorporates updated 
information regarding the composition of the Section 108 portfolio and 
the timing of the estimated future cash flows for defaults and 
recoveries. The calculation of the fee is also affected by the discount 
rates required to be used by HUD when calculating the present value of 
the future cash flows as part of the Federal budget process.

[[Page 50258]]

    As described in 24 CFR 570.712(b), HUD's credit subsidy calculation 
is based on the amount required to reduce the credit subsidy cost to 
the Federal Government associated with making a Section 108 loan 
guarantee to the amount established by applicable appropriation acts. 
As a result, HUD's credit subsidy cost calculations incorporated 
assumptions based on: (1) Data on default frequency for municipal debt 
where such debt is comparable to loans in the Section 108 loan 
portfolio; (2) data on recovery rates on collateral security for 
comparable municipal debt; (3) the expected composition of the Section 
108 portfolio by end users of the guaranteed loan funds (e.g., third-
party borrowers and public entities); and (4) other factors that HUD 
determined were relevant to this calculation (e.g., assumptions as to 
loan disbursement and repayment patterns).
    Taking these factors into consideration, HUD determined that the 
fee for disbursements made under loan guarantee commitments awarded in 
FY 2019 will be 2.23 percent, which will be applied only at the time of 
loan disbursements. Note that future documents may provide for a 
combination of upfront and periodic fees for loan guarantee commitments 
awarded in future fiscal years but, if so, will provide the public an 
opportunity to comment if appropriate under 24 CFR 570.712(b)(2).
    The expected cost of a Section 108 loan guarantee is difficult to 
estimate using historical program data because there have been no 
defaults in the history of the program that required HUD to invoke its 
full faith and credit guarantee or use the credit subsidy reserved each 
year for future losses.\2\ This is due to a variety of factors, 
including the availability of Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) 
funds as security for HUD's guarantee as provided in 24 CFR 570.705(b). 
As authorized by Section 108 of the Housing and Community Development 
Act of 1974, as amended (42 U.S.C. 5308), borrowers may make payments 
on Section 108 loans using CDBG grant funds. Borrowers may also make 
Section 108 loan payments from other anticipated sources but continue 
to have CDBG funds available should they encounter shortfalls in the 
anticipated repayment source. Despite the program's history of no 
defaults, Federal credit budgeting principles require that the 
availability of CDBG funds to repay the guaranteed loans cannot be 
assumed in the development of the credit subsidy cost estimate (see 80 
FR 67629, November 3, 2015). Thus, the estimate must incorporate the 
risk that alternative sources are used to repay the guaranteed loan in 
lieu of CDBG funds, and that those sources may be insufficient. Based 
on the rate that CDBG funds are used annually for repayment of loan 
guarantees, HUD's calculation of the credit subsidy cost must 
acknowledge the possibility of future defaults if those CDBG funds were 
not available. The fee of 2.23 percent of the principal amount of the 
loan will offset the expected cost to the Federal Government due to 
default, financing costs, and other relevant factors. To arrive at this 
measure, HUD analyzed data on comparable municipal debt over an 
extended period. The estimated rate is based on the default and 
recovery rates for general purpose municipal debt and industrial 
development bonds. The cumulative default rates on industrial 
development bonds were higher than the default rates on general purpose 
municipal debt during the period from which the data were taken. These 
two subsectors of municipal debt were chosen because their purposes and 
loan terms most closely resemble those of Section 108 guaranteed loans.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Study of 
HUD's Section 108 Loan Guarantee Program, (prepared by Econometrica, 
Inc. and The Urban Institute), September 2012, at pages 73-74. This 
fact has not changed since the issuance of this report.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In this regard, Section 108 guaranteed loans can be broken down 
into two categories: (1) Loans that finance public infrastructure and 
activities to support subsidized housing (other than financing new 
construction) and (2) other development projects (e.g., retail, 
commercial, industrial). The 2.23 percent fee was derived by weighting 
the default and recovery data for general purpose municipal debt and 
the data for industrial development bonds according to the expected 
composition of the Section 108 portfolio by corresponding project type. 
Based on the dollar amount of Section 108 loan guarantee commitments 
awarded from FY 2013 through FY 2017, HUD expects that 35 percent of 
the Section 108 portfolio will be similar to general purpose municipal 
debt and 65 percent of the portfolio will be similar to industrial 
development bonds. In setting the fee at 2.23 percent of the principal 
amount of the guaranteed loan, HUD expects that the amount generated 
will fully offset the cost to the Federal Government associated with 
making guarantee commitments awarded in FY 2019. Note that the FY 2019 
fee represents a 0.135 percent decrease from the FY 2018 fee of 2.365 
percent.
    This document establishes a rate that does not constitute a 
development decision that affects the physical condition of specific 
project areas or building sites. Accordingly, under 24 CFR 50.19(c)(6), 
this document is categorically excluded from environmental review under 
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321).

    Dated: September 14, 2018.
Neal Rackleff,
Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development.
[FR Doc. 2018-21686 Filed 10-4-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4210-67-P