Transporting Bows and Crossbows Across National Park System Units, 47071-47073 [2018-20093]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 181 / Tuesday, September 18, 2018 / Rules and Regulations an LEA for current expenditures for educational services. ‘‘Local tax revenues’’ include the proceeds of ad valorem taxes, sales and use taxes, income taxes and other taxes. Where a State funding formula requires a local contribution equivalent to a specified mill tax levy on taxable real or personal property or both, ‘‘local tax revenues’’ include any revenues recognized by the State as satisfying that local contribution requirement. Local tax revenues covered under a State equalization program means ‘‘local tax revenues’’ as defined in paragraph (c) of this section contributed to or taken into consideration in a State aid program subject to a determination under this subpart, but excluding all revenues from State and Federal sources. Revenue means an addition to assets that does not increase any liability, does not represent the recovery of an expenditure, does not represent the cancellation of certain liabilities without a corresponding increase in other liabilities or a decrease in assets, and does not represent a contribution of fund capital in food service or pupil activity funds. Furthermore, the term ‘‘revenue’’ includes only revenue for current expenditures. State aid means any contribution, no repayment for which is expected, made by a State to or on behalf of LEAs within the State for current expenditures for the provision of free public education. Total local tax revenues means all ‘‘local tax revenues’’ as defined in paragraph (c) of this section, including tax revenues for education programs for children needing special services, vocational education, transportation, and the like during the period in question but excluding all revenues from State and Federal sources. * * * * * [FR Doc. 2018–20221 Filed 9–17–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000–01–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service 36 CFR Part 2 [Docket ID: NPS–2018–0003; NPS–WASO– 25595; PPWOVPADU0/PPMPRLE1Y.Y00000] daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES RIN 1024–AE44 Transporting Bows and Crossbows Across National Park System Units National Park Service, Interior. Final rule. AGENCY: ACTION: The National Park Service allows individuals to carry or possess an SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:42 Sep 17, 2018 Jkt 244001 unloaded bow or crossbow within the National Park System when accessing otherwise inaccessible lands or waters contiguous to a park area when other means of access are otherwise impracticable or impossible. This rule is effective on October 18, 2018. DATES: The comments received on the proposed rule and an economic analysis are available on www.regulations.gov in Docket ID: NPS– 2018–0003. ADDRESSES: Jay Calhoun, NPS Regulations Program, 1849 C Street NW, Washington, DC 20240. Phone: (202) 513–7112. Email: waso_regulations@nps.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background National Park Service (NPS) regulations at 36 CFR 2.4(b)(3) allow bows and crossbows that are not ready for immediate use to be possessed by individuals in NPS-administered areas within a mechanical mode of conveyance. This provides regulatory relief for transient individuals passing through park areas in vehicles and other forms of mechanical transport. This rule extends this relief to individuals transporting unloaded bows and crossbows on foot or horseback when accessing otherwise inaccessible lands or waters contiguous to a park area when other means of access are otherwise impracticable or impossible. Possessing bows and crossbows in this manner is subject to applicable state laws and is not allowed if the individual is otherwise prohibited by law from possessing a bow or crossbow. This rule recognizes and addresses the difficulties faced by some individuals attempting to access private property or other lands and waters adjacent to NPS-administered areas. In some cases, the use of mechanical transport to access these adjacent lands and waters is impracticable. As a result, individuals must traverse NPS areas on foot or horseback to reach these lands and waters but under existing regulations cannot do so with bows and crossbows without first obtaining a permit from the park Superintendent. This rule removes the permit requirement in order to carry or possess bows or crossbows for this purpose. This rule does not change the regulations in 36 CFR part 2 governing the use of a bow or crossbow in park areas. PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 47071 Summary of and Responses to Public Comments on the Proposed Rule The NPS published the proposed rule on March 2, 2018 (83 FR 8959), with request for public comment through the Federal eRulemaking portal at www.regulations.gov, or by mail or hand delivery. The 60-day comment period ended on May 1, 2018. The NPS received 40 comments, 34 of which supported the proposed rule and did not request any changes. Other comments were not in favor of the proposed rule or were in favor but suggested changes. A summary of these comments and NPS responses is provided below. After taking the public comments into consideration, the NPS has not made any changes in the final rule. 1. Comment. Several commenters expressed concern that the rule will cause individuals to use bows and crossbows illegally, either within the National Park System or on adjacent lands where hunting is not allowed. These commenters are concerned that this illegal activity will adversely impact threatened or endangered wildlife. NPS Response: This rule does not change NPS regulations governing the use of weapons, including bows and crossbows, within the National Park System. Illegal hunting will remain illegal in the same manner that it was before this rule. Unfortunately illegal hunting and trapping does occur. NPS law enforcement staff work alone and with state and local partners to identify illegal activity and prosecute offenders according to the law. The NPS does not believe that individuals who are willing to hunt and trap illegally will be emboldened by this rule. These individuals are unlikely to have requested a permit from the NPS prior to bringing bows and crossbows into NPS areas in order to hunt or trap illegally. Existing NPS regulations allow individuals to travel through NPS lands with bows and crossbows in a motor vehicle. The NPS does not believe that a person who is willing to engage in illegal hunting would be deterred from doing so by existing regulation, which requires motorized transport of his or her bow or crossbow, especially when NPS regulations allow individuals to carry firearms within the National Park System outside of a motor vehicle without needing to obtain a permit. 2. Comment. Several commenters were concerned that this rule would result in individuals leaving bows, crossbows, and related equipment, such as arrows and quivers, behind on NPS lands. E:\FR\FM\18SER1.SGM 18SER1 47072 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 181 / Tuesday, September 18, 2018 / Rules and Regulations NPS Response: The NPS has no reason to believe that individuals would intentionally leave this type of equipment behind in NPS areas. NPS regulations at 36 CFR 2.22 prohibit abandoning property. 3. Comment. One commenter supported removing the permit requirement, but suggested that the NPS also remove the requirement that an individual must be accessing otherwise ‘‘inaccessible’’ lands or waters. This commenter also suggested that the NPS change the requirement that ‘‘other means of access are otherwise impracticable or impossible’’ to ‘‘impracticable or less convenient.’’ NPS Response: The language limiting possession to situations when individuals are ‘‘accessing otherwise inaccessible lands or waters contiguous to a park area when other means of access are otherwise impracticable or impossible’’ has been part of NPS regulations concerning permits to carry weapons since 1983 (48 FR 30282, June 30, 1983). This language helps ensure that individuals transport bows and crossbows through NPS lands for legitimate purposes, such as accessing private property or other public lands that cannot be accessed another way— either through the National Park System in a motor vehicle or through a non-NPS area. daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Compliance With Other Laws, Executive Orders and Department Policy Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563) Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the Office of Management and Budget will review all significant rules. The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs has determined that this rule is not significant. Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of Executive Order 12866 while calling for improvements in the nation’s regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. Executive Order 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. The NPS has VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:42 Sep 17, 2018 Jkt 244001 developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements. Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs (Executive Order 13771) This rule is an E.O. 13771 deregulatory action because it imposes less than zero costs by removing a regulatory permit requirement that imposes unnecessary costs upon individuals seeking to safely access remote lands and waters. The costs associated with the requirement to obtain a permit before transporting a bow or crossbow across NPS lands or waters outside of a mechanical conveyance are eliminated. Regulatory Flexibility Act This rule will not have a significant economic effect on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). This certification is based on information contained in the economic analyses found in the report entitled ‘‘Benefit-Cost and Regulatory Flexibility Analyses: Cost-Benefit and Regulatory Flexibility Analyses: Transporting Bows and Crossbows Across National Park System Units’’ that is available to the public on regulations.gov in Docket ID: NPS–2018–0003. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. This rule: (a) Does not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. (b) Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for consumers, individual industries, Federal, State, or local government agencies, or geographic regions. (c) Does not have significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of U.S.-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based enterprises. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) This rule does not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or tribal governments or the private sector of more than $100 million per year. The rule does not have a significant or unique effect on State, local or tribal governments or the private sector. It addresses public use of national park lands, and imposes no requirements on other agencies or governments. A statement containing the information required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act is not required. PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Takings (Executive Order 12630) This rule does not effect a taking of private property or otherwise have takings implications under Executive Order 12630. A takings implication assessment is not required. Federalism (Executive Order 13132) Under the criteria in section 1 of Executive Order 13132, the rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a Federalism summary impact statement. This rule only affects use of federally-administered lands and waters. It has no outside effects on other areas. A Federalism summary impact statement is not required. Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988) This rule complies with the requirements of Executive Order 12988. This rule: (a) Meets the criteria of section 3(a) requiring that all regulations be reviewed to eliminate errors and ambiguity and be written to minimize litigation; and (b) Meets the criteria of section 3(b)(2) requiring that all regulations be written in clear language and contain clear legal standards. Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and Department Policy) The Department of the Interior strives to strengthen its government-togovernment relationship with Indian Tribes through a commitment to consultation with Indian Tribes and recognition of their right to selfgovernance and tribal sovereignty. The NPS has evaluated this rule under the criteria in Executive Order 13175 and under the Department’s tribal consultation policy and has determined that tribal consultation is not required because the rule will have no substantial direct effect on federally recognized Indian tribes. Paperwork Reduction Act This rule does not contain information collection requirements, and a submission to the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act is not required. The NPS may not conduct or sponsor and you are not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. National Environmental Policy Act This rule does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. A E:\FR\FM\18SER1.SGM 18SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 181 / Tuesday, September 18, 2018 / Rules and Regulations detailed statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) is not required because the NPS intends to categorically exclude this rule under 516 DM 12.5(A)(10). This rule modifies existing NPS regulations in a manner that does not increase public use or introduce non-compatible uses to the extent of compromising the nature and character of the National Park System or causing physical damage to it. The rule does not conflict with adjacent ownerships or lands uses, or cause a nuisance to adjacent owners or occupants. We have also determined that the rule does not involve any of the extraordinary circumstances listed in 43 CFR 46.215 that would require further analysis under NEPA. Effects on the Energy Supply (Executive Order 13211) This rule is not a significant energy action under the definition in Executive Order 13211. A Statement of Energy Effects in not required. List of Subjects in 36 CFR Part 2 National parks, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. In consideration of the foregoing, the National Park Service amends 36 CFR part 2 as set forth below: PART 2—RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION 1. The authority citation for part 2 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 54 U.S.C. 100101, 100751, 320102. 2. Amend § 2.4 as follows: a. Redesignate paragraph (b)(3) as paragraph (b)(3)(i). ■ b. Add a new paragraph (b)(3)(ii). ■ c. Revise paragraph (e) introductory text. The addition and revision read as follows: ■ ■ § 2.4 Weapons, traps and nets. daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES * * * * * (b) * * * (3) * * * (ii) An individual may carry or possess an unloaded bow or crossbow when accessing otherwise inaccessible lands or waters contiguous to a park area when other means of access are otherwise impracticable or impossible if: (A) The individual is not otherwise prohibited by law from possessing the bow or crossbow; and (B) The possession of the bow or crossbow is in compliance with the law of the State in which the park area is located. * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:42 Sep 17, 2018 Jkt 244001 (e) The superintendent may issue a permit to carry or possess a weapon that is not otherwise authorized, a trap, or a net under the following circumstances: * * * * * Andrea Travnicek, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary—Water and Science, Exercising the Authority of the Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks. [FR Doc. 2018–20093 Filed 9–17–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4310–EJ–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R10–OAR–2018–0505; FRL–9983– 95—Region 10] Air Plan Approval; Oregon; Interstate Transport Requirements for the 2012 PM2.5 NAAQS Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Clean Air Act (CAA) requires each State Implementation Plan (SIP) to contain adequate provisions prohibiting emissions that will have certain adverse air quality effects in other states. On October 20, 2015, the State of Oregon made a submission to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to address these requirements. The EPA is approving the submission as meeting the requirement that each SIP contain adequate provisions to prohibit emissions that will contribute significantly to nonattainment or interfere with maintenance of the 2012 annual fine particulate matter (PM2.5) national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS) in any other state. DATES: This final rule is effective October 18, 2018. ADDRESSES: The EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA–R10–OAR–2018–0505. All documents in the docket are listed on the https://www.regulations.gov website. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information the disclosure of which is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the internet and is publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available at https://www.regulations.gov, or please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section for additional availability information. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00047 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 47073 Jeff Hunt at (206) 553–0256, or hunt.jeff@ epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document wherever ‘‘we,’’ ‘‘us,’’ or ‘‘our’’ is used, it is intended to refer to the EPA. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: I. Background Information On July 19, 2018, the EPA proposed to approve Oregon as meeting the requirement that each SIP contain adequate provisions to prohibit emissions that will contribute significantly to nonattainment or interfere with maintenance of the 2012 PM2.5 NAAQS in any other state (83 FR 34094). An explanation of the Clean Air Act requirements, a detailed analysis of the submittal, and the EPA’s reasons for proposing approval were provided in the notice of proposed rulemaking, and will not be restated here. The public comment period for the proposal ended August 20, 2018. II. Response to Comments We received one comment in support of the proposed rulemaking and several anonymous comments unrelated to Oregon’s submission. After reviewing the anonymous comments, we have determined that the comments are outside the scope of our proposed action and fail to identify any material issue necessitating a response. For more information, please see our memorandum included in the docket for this action. III. Final Action The EPA is approving Oregon’s October 20, 2015, submission certifying that the SIP is sufficient to meet the interstate transport requirements of Clean Air Act section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I), specifically prongs one and two, as set forth in the proposed rulemaking for this action. IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Clean Air Act and applicable federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, the EPA’s role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action: • Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ subject to review by the Office E:\FR\FM\18SER1.SGM 18SER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 181 (Tuesday, September 18, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 47071-47073]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-20093]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

36 CFR Part 2

[Docket ID: NPS-2018-0003; NPS-WASO-25595; PPWOVPADU0/PPMPRLE1Y.Y00000]
RIN 1024-AE44


Transporting Bows and Crossbows Across National Park System Units

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The National Park Service allows individuals to carry or 
possess an unloaded bow or crossbow within the National Park System 
when accessing otherwise inaccessible lands or waters contiguous to a 
park area when other means of access are otherwise impracticable or 
impossible.

DATES: This rule is effective on October 18, 2018.

ADDRESSES: The comments received on the proposed rule and an economic 
analysis are available on www.regulations.gov in Docket ID: NPS-2018-
0003.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jay Calhoun, NPS Regulations Program, 
1849 C Street NW, Washington, DC 20240. Phone: (202) 513-7112. Email: 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    National Park Service (NPS) regulations at 36 CFR 2.4(b)(3) allow 
bows and crossbows that are not ready for immediate use to be possessed 
by individuals in NPS-administered areas within a mechanical mode of 
conveyance. This provides regulatory relief for transient individuals 
passing through park areas in vehicles and other forms of mechanical 
transport. This rule extends this relief to individuals transporting 
unloaded bows and crossbows on foot or horseback when accessing 
otherwise inaccessible lands or waters contiguous to a park area when 
other means of access are otherwise impracticable or impossible. 
Possessing bows and crossbows in this manner is subject to applicable 
state laws and is not allowed if the individual is otherwise prohibited 
by law from possessing a bow or crossbow.
    This rule recognizes and addresses the difficulties faced by some 
individuals attempting to access private property or other lands and 
waters adjacent to NPS-administered areas. In some cases, the use of 
mechanical transport to access these adjacent lands and waters is 
impracticable. As a result, individuals must traverse NPS areas on foot 
or horseback to reach these lands and waters but under existing 
regulations cannot do so with bows and crossbows without first 
obtaining a permit from the park Superintendent. This rule removes the 
permit requirement in order to carry or possess bows or crossbows for 
this purpose. This rule does not change the regulations in 36 CFR part 
2 governing the use of a bow or crossbow in park areas.

Summary of and Responses to Public Comments on the Proposed Rule

    The NPS published the proposed rule on March 2, 2018 (83 FR 8959), 
with request for public comment through the Federal eRulemaking portal 
at www.regulations.gov, or by mail or hand delivery. The 60-day comment 
period ended on May 1, 2018. The NPS received 40 comments, 34 of which 
supported the proposed rule and did not request any changes. Other 
comments were not in favor of the proposed rule or were in favor but 
suggested changes. A summary of these comments and NPS responses is 
provided below. After taking the public comments into consideration, 
the NPS has not made any changes in the final rule.
    1. Comment. Several commenters expressed concern that the rule will 
cause individuals to use bows and crossbows illegally, either within 
the National Park System or on adjacent lands where hunting is not 
allowed. These commenters are concerned that this illegal activity will 
adversely impact threatened or endangered wildlife.
    NPS Response: This rule does not change NPS regulations governing 
the use of weapons, including bows and crossbows, within the National 
Park System. Illegal hunting will remain illegal in the same manner 
that it was before this rule. Unfortunately illegal hunting and 
trapping does occur. NPS law enforcement staff work alone and with 
state and local partners to identify illegal activity and prosecute 
offenders according to the law. The NPS does not believe that 
individuals who are willing to hunt and trap illegally will be 
emboldened by this rule. These individuals are unlikely to have 
requested a permit from the NPS prior to bringing bows and crossbows 
into NPS areas in order to hunt or trap illegally. Existing NPS 
regulations allow individuals to travel through NPS lands with bows and 
crossbows in a motor vehicle. The NPS does not believe that a person 
who is willing to engage in illegal hunting would be deterred from 
doing so by existing regulation, which requires motorized transport of 
his or her bow or crossbow, especially when NPS regulations allow 
individuals to carry firearms within the National Park System outside 
of a motor vehicle without needing to obtain a permit.
    2. Comment. Several commenters were concerned that this rule would 
result in individuals leaving bows, crossbows, and related equipment, 
such as arrows and quivers, behind on NPS lands.

[[Page 47072]]

    NPS Response: The NPS has no reason to believe that individuals 
would intentionally leave this type of equipment behind in NPS areas. 
NPS regulations at 36 CFR 2.22 prohibit abandoning property.
    3. Comment. One commenter supported removing the permit 
requirement, but suggested that the NPS also remove the requirement 
that an individual must be accessing otherwise ``inaccessible'' lands 
or waters. This commenter also suggested that the NPS change the 
requirement that ``other means of access are otherwise impracticable or 
impossible'' to ``impracticable or less convenient.''
    NPS Response: The language limiting possession to situations when 
individuals are ``accessing otherwise inaccessible lands or waters 
contiguous to a park area when other means of access are otherwise 
impracticable or impossible'' has been part of NPS regulations 
concerning permits to carry weapons since 1983 (48 FR 30282, June 30, 
1983). This language helps ensure that individuals transport bows and 
crossbows through NPS lands for legitimate purposes, such as accessing 
private property or other public lands that cannot be accessed another 
way--either through the National Park System in a motor vehicle or 
through a non-NPS area.

Compliance With Other Laws, Executive Orders and Department Policy

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

    Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and 
Regulatory Affairs in the Office of Management and Budget will review 
all significant rules. The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs 
has determined that this rule is not significant.
    Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of Executive Order 
12866 while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system 
to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, 
most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory 
ends. The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory 
approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of 
choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, 
and consistent with regulatory objectives. Executive Order 13563 
emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available 
science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public 
participation and an open exchange of ideas. The NPS has developed this 
rule in a manner consistent with these requirements.

Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs (Executive Order 
13771)

    This rule is an E.O. 13771 deregulatory action because it imposes 
less than zero costs by removing a regulatory permit requirement that 
imposes unnecessary costs upon individuals seeking to safely access 
remote lands and waters. The costs associated with the requirement to 
obtain a permit before transporting a bow or crossbow across NPS lands 
or waters outside of a mechanical conveyance are eliminated.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    This rule will not have a significant economic effect on a 
substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility 
Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). This certification is based on information 
contained in the economic analyses found in the report entitled 
``Benefit-Cost and Regulatory Flexibility Analyses: Cost-Benefit and 
Regulatory Flexibility Analyses: Transporting Bows and Crossbows Across 
National Park System Units'' that is available to the public on 
regulations.gov in Docket ID: NPS-2018-0003.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

    This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small 
Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. This rule:
    (a) Does not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million 
or more.
    (b) Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for 
consumers, individual industries, Federal, State, or local government 
agencies, or geographic regions.
    (c) Does not have significant adverse effects on competition, 
employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of 
U.S.-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based enterprises.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.)

    This rule does not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or 
tribal governments or the private sector of more than $100 million per 
year. The rule does not have a significant or unique effect on State, 
local or tribal governments or the private sector. It addresses public 
use of national park lands, and imposes no requirements on other 
agencies or governments. A statement containing the information 
required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act is not required.

Takings (Executive Order 12630)

    This rule does not effect a taking of private property or otherwise 
have takings implications under Executive Order 12630. A takings 
implication assessment is not required.

Federalism (Executive Order 13132)

    Under the criteria in section 1 of Executive Order 13132, the rule 
does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the 
preparation of a Federalism summary impact statement. This rule only 
affects use of federally-administered lands and waters. It has no 
outside effects on other areas. A Federalism summary impact statement 
is not required.

Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988)

    This rule complies with the requirements of Executive Order 12988. 
This rule:
    (a) Meets the criteria of section 3(a) requiring that all 
regulations be reviewed to eliminate errors and ambiguity and be 
written to minimize litigation; and
    (b) Meets the criteria of section 3(b)(2) requiring that all 
regulations be written in clear language and contain clear legal 
standards.

Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and Department 
Policy)

    The Department of the Interior strives to strengthen its 
government-to-government relationship with Indian Tribes through a 
commitment to consultation with Indian Tribes and recognition of their 
right to self-governance and tribal sovereignty. The NPS has evaluated 
this rule under the criteria in Executive Order 13175 and under the 
Department's tribal consultation policy and has determined that tribal 
consultation is not required because the rule will have no substantial 
direct effect on federally recognized Indian tribes.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This rule does not contain information collection requirements, and 
a submission to the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork 
Reduction Act is not required. The NPS may not conduct or sponsor and 
you are not required to respond to a collection of information unless 
it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

National Environmental Policy Act

    This rule does not constitute a major Federal action significantly 
affecting the quality of the human environment. A

[[Page 47073]]

detailed statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
(NEPA) is not required because the NPS intends to categorically exclude 
this rule under 516 DM 12.5(A)(10). This rule modifies existing NPS 
regulations in a manner that does not increase public use or introduce 
non-compatible uses to the extent of compromising the nature and 
character of the National Park System or causing physical damage to it. 
The rule does not conflict with adjacent ownerships or lands uses, or 
cause a nuisance to adjacent owners or occupants. We have also 
determined that the rule does not involve any of the extraordinary 
circumstances listed in 43 CFR 46.215 that would require further 
analysis under NEPA.

Effects on the Energy Supply (Executive Order 13211)

    This rule is not a significant energy action under the definition 
in Executive Order 13211. A Statement of Energy Effects in not 
required.

List of Subjects in 36 CFR Part 2

    National parks, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    In consideration of the foregoing, the National Park Service amends 
36 CFR part 2 as set forth below:

PART 2--RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION

0
1. The authority citation for part 2 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 54 U.S.C. 100101, 100751, 320102.


0
2. Amend Sec.  2.4 as follows:
0
a. Redesignate paragraph (b)(3) as paragraph (b)(3)(i).
0
b. Add a new paragraph (b)(3)(ii).
0
c. Revise paragraph (e) introductory text.
    The addition and revision read as follows:


Sec.  2.4  Weapons, traps and nets.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (ii) An individual may carry or possess an unloaded bow or crossbow 
when accessing otherwise inaccessible lands or waters contiguous to a 
park area when other means of access are otherwise impracticable or 
impossible if:
    (A) The individual is not otherwise prohibited by law from 
possessing the bow or crossbow; and
    (B) The possession of the bow or crossbow is in compliance with the 
law of the State in which the park area is located.
* * * * *
    (e) The superintendent may issue a permit to carry or possess a 
weapon that is not otherwise authorized, a trap, or a net under the 
following circumstances:
* * * * *

Andrea Travnicek,
Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary--Water and Science, Exercising the 
Authority of the Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.
[FR Doc. 2018-20093 Filed 9-17-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4310-EJ-P