Bacteriophage Active Against Erwinia amylovora; Exemption from the Requirement of a Tolerance, 46401-46403 [2018-19954]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 178 / Thursday, September 13, 2018 / Rules and Regulations ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY in the Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/DC), West William Jefferson Clinton Bldg., Rm. 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001. The Public Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566–1744, and the telephone number for the OPP Docket is (703) 305–5805. Please review the visitor instructions and additional information about the docket available at http://www.epa.gov/dockets. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert McNally, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division (7511P), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001; main telephone number: (703) 305–7090; email address: BPPDFRNotices@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 40 CFR Part 180 I. General Information Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) (15 U.S.C. 272 note). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 180 Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, Agricultural commodities, Pesticides and pests, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Dated: September 5, 2018. Richard P. Keigwin, Jr., Director, Office of Pesticide Programs. Therefore, 40 CFR chapter I is amended as follows: Leafy Greens, subgroup 4–16A Leaf petiole vegetable subgroup 22B .......................................... Nut, tree, group 14–12 ............... Soybean, seed ............................ Tomato, dried ............................. Vegetable, cucurbit, group 9 ...... Vegetable, fruiting, group 8–10 .. Vegetable, tuberous and corm, subgroup 1C ........................... 2.0 3.0 0.01 0.01 0.50 0.70 0.20 0.01 (b) Section 18 emergency exemptions. [Reserved] (c) Tolerances with regional registrations. [Reserved] (d) Indirect or inadvertent residues. [Reserved] [FR Doc. 2018–19951 Filed 9–12–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P PART 180—[AMENDED] [EPA–HQ–OPP–2017–0702; FRL–9983–18] 1. The authority citation for part 180 continues to read as follows: Bacteriophage Active Against Erwinia amylovora; Exemption from the Requirement of a Tolerance ■ Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321(q), 346a and 371. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: 2. Add § 180.700 to subpart C to read as follows: ■ § 180.700 residues. Afidopyropen; Tolerances for This regulation establishes an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of lytic bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora that are produced in Erwinia amylovora in or on apple and pear, when used in accordance with label directions and good agricultural practices. OmniLytics, Inc. submitted a petition to EPA under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), requesting an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. This regulation eliminates the need to establish a maximum permissible level for residues of bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora in or on apple and pear under FFDCA. DATES: This regulation is effective September 13, 2018. Objections and requests for hearings must be received on or before November 13, 2018, and must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION). ADDRESSES: The docket for this action, identified by docket identification (ID) number EPA–HQ–OPP–2017–0702, is available at http://www.regulations.gov or at the Office of Pesticide Programs Regulatory Public Docket (OPP Docket) SUMMARY: (a) General. Tolerances are established for residues of afidopyropen, including its metabolites and degradates, in or on the commodities in the table below. Compliance with the tolerance levels specified below is to be determined by measuring only afidopyropen, [(3S,4R,4aR,6S,6aS,12R,12aS,12bS)-3[(cyclopropylcarbonyl)oxy]1,3,4,4a,5,6,6a,12,12a,12b-decahydro6,12-dihydroxy-4,6a,12b-trimethyl-11oxo-9-(3-pyridinyl)-2H,11Hnaphtho[2,1-b]pyrano[3,4-e]pyran-4yl]methyl cyclopropanecarboxylate, in or on the following food commodities: Parts per million Commodity daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Parts per million Commodity VII. Congressional Review Act Pursuant to the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). Almond, hulls .............................. Apple, wet pomace ..................... Brassica, head and stem, group 5–16 ........................................ Brassica, leafy greens, subgroup 4–16B ...................................... Citrus, oil ..................................... Cotton, gin byproducts ............... Cotton, undelinted seed ............. Fruit, citrus, group 10–10 ........... Fruit, pome, group 11–10 ........... Fruit, stone, group 12–12 ........... Grain, aspirated fractions ........... VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:40 Sep 12, 2018 Jkt 244001 0.15 0.05 0.50 5.0 0.40 2.0 0.08 0.15 0.02 0.03 0.15 46401 PO 00000 Frm 00053 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 A. Does this action apply to me? You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. The following list of North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide to help readers determine whether this document applies to them. Potentially affected entities may include: • Crop production (NAICS code 111). • Animal production (NAICS code 112). • Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311). • Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532). B. How can I get electronic access to other related information? You may access a frequently updated electronic version of 40 CFR part 180 through the Government Printing Office’s e-CFR site at http://www.ecfr. gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?&c=ecfr&tpl=/ ecfrbrowse/Title40/40tab_02.tpl. C. How can I file an objection or hearing request? Under FFDCA section 408(g), 21 U.S.C. 346a(g), any person may file an objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a hearing on those objections. You must file your objection or request a hearing on this regulation in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, you must identify docket ID number EPA–HQ– OPP–2017–0702 in the subject line on E:\FR\FM\13SER1.SGM 13SER1 46402 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 178 / Thursday, September 13, 2018 / Rules and Regulations daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES the first page of your submission. All objections and requests for a hearing must be in writing, and must be received by the Hearing Clerk on or before November 13, 2018. Addresses for mail and hand delivery of objections and hearing requests are provided in 40 CFR 178.25(b). In addition to filing an objection or hearing request with the Hearing Clerk as described in 40 CFR part 178, please submit a copy of the filing (excluding any Confidential Business Information (CBI)) for inclusion in the public docket. Information not marked confidential pursuant to 40 CFR part 2 may be disclosed publicly by EPA without prior notice. Submit the non-CBI copy of your objection or hearing request, identified by docket ID number EPA–HQ–OPP– 2017–0702, by one of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. • Mail: OPP Docket, Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/ DC), (28221T), 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001. • Hand Delivery: To make special arrangements for hand delivery or delivery of boxed information, please follow the instructions at http:// www.epa.gov/dockets/contacts.html. Additional instructions on commenting or visiting the docket, along with more information about dockets generally, is available at http://www.epa.gov/ dockets. II. Background In the Federal Register of March 6, 2018 (83 FR 9471) (FRL–9973–27), EPA issued a document pursuant to FFDCA section 408(d)(3), 21 U.S.C. 346a(d)(3), announcing the filing of a pesticide tolerance petition (PP 7F8573) by OmniLytics, Inc., 9100 South 500 West, Sandy, UT 84070. The petition requested that 40 CFR part 180 be amended by establishing an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of the bactericide bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora in or on apple and pear. That document referenced a summary of the petition prepared by the petitioner OmniLytics, Inc. and available in the docket via http://www.regulations.gov. There were no comments regarding this exemption received in response to the notice of filing. Based upon review of data and other information supporting the petition, EPA is granting a tolerance exemption VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:40 Sep 12, 2018 Jkt 244001 that differs slightly from what the petition requested. The reason for this difference is explained in Unit III.C. III. Final Rule A. EPA’s Safety Determination Section 408(c)(2)(A)(i) of FFDCA allows EPA to establish an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance (the legal limit for a pesticide chemical residue in or on a food) only if EPA determines that the exemption is ‘‘safe.’’ Section 408(c)(2)(A)(ii) of FFDCA defines ‘‘safe’’ to mean that ‘‘there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical residue, including all anticipated dietary exposures and all other exposures for which there is reliable information.’’ This includes exposure through drinking water and in residential settings but does not include occupational exposure. Pursuant to FFDCA section 408(c)(2)(B), in establishing or maintaining in effect an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance, EPA must take into account the factors set forth in FFDCA section 408(b)(2)(C), which require EPA to give special consideration to exposure of infants and children to the pesticide chemical residue in establishing a tolerance or tolerance exemption and to ‘‘ensure that there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result to infants and children from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical residue. . . .’’ Additionally, FFDCA section 408(b)(2)(D) requires that EPA consider ‘‘available information concerning the cumulative effects of [a particular pesticide’s] . . . residues and other substances that have a common mechanism of toxicity.’’ EPA evaluated the available toxicological and exposure data on bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora and considered their validity, completeness, and reliability, as well as the relationship of this information to human risk. A full explanation of the data upon which EPA relied and its risk assessment based on those data can be found within the document entitled ‘‘Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) Safety Determination for Bacteriophage Active Against Erwinia amylovora.’’ This document, as well as other relevant information, is available in the docket for this action as described under ADDRESSES. The available data demonstrated that bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora are not anticipated to be toxic, pathogenic, or infective via any route of exposure. Furthermore, humans, including infants and children, PO 00000 Frm 00054 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 have been exposed to bacteriophage through food and water, where they are commonly found, with no known adverse effects. Although there may be some exposure to residues of bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora that are used on apple and pear in accordance with label directions and good agricultural practices, there is a lack of concern due to the lack of potential for adverse effects. EPA also determined that retention of the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) safety factor was not necessary as part of the qualitative assessment conducted for bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora. Based upon its evaluation, EPA concludes that there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result to the U.S. population, including infants and children, from aggregate exposure to residues of bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora. Therefore, an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance is established for residues of lytic bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora that are produced in Erwinia amylovora in or on apple and pear, when used in accordance with label directions and good agricultural practices. B. Analytical Enforcement Methodology An analytical method is not required because EPA is establishing an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance without any numerical limitation. C. Differences Between Petition and Tolerance Exemption Rule In its petition, the petitioner requested generally that EPA issue an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora in or on apple and pear. The petitioner’s supporting materials indicated that the actual pesticide that would be used would be safe because the bacteriophage were lytic and were produced in Erwinia amylovora. EPA believes that only bacteriophage that have these same characteristics as the organism tested would be safe and should be exempt from the requirement of a tolerance. Therefore, EPA is issuing a tolerance exemption that differs slightly from the petition by limiting the exemption to residues of bacteriophage that possess the same characteristics as the bacteriophage that were tested to support this exemption. IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews This action establishes a tolerance exemption under FFDCA section 408(d) E:\FR\FM\13SER1.SGM 13SER1 daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 178 / Thursday, September 13, 2018 / Rules and Regulations in response to a petition submitted to EPA. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has exempted these types of actions from review under Executive Order 12866, entitled ‘‘Regulatory Planning and Review’’ (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993). Because this action has been exempted from review under Executive Order 12866, this action is not subject to Executive Order 13211, entitled ‘‘Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use’’ (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001), or Executive Order 13045, entitled ‘‘Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks’’ (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), nor is it considered a regulatory action under Executive Order 13771, entitled ‘‘Reducing Regulations and Controlling Regulatory Costs’’ (82 FR 9339, February 3, 2017). This action does not contain any information collections subject to OMB approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq., nor does it require any special considerations under Executive Order 12898, entitled ‘‘Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations’’ (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). Since tolerances and exemptions that are established on the basis of a petition under FFDCA section 408(d), such as the tolerance exemption in this action, do not require the issuance of a proposed rule, the requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) do not apply. This action directly regulates growers, food processors, food handlers, and food retailers, not States or tribes. As a result, this action does not alter the relationships or distribution of power and responsibilities established by Congress in the preemption provisions of FFDCA section 408(n)(4). As such, EPA has determined that this action will not have a substantial direct effect on States or tribal governments, on the relationship between the national government and the States or tribal governments, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government or between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. Thus, EPA has determined that Executive Order 13132, entitled ‘‘Federalism’’ (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999), and Executive Order 13175, entitled ‘‘Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments’’ (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), do not apply to this action. In addition, this action does not impose any enforceable duty or contain any unfunded mandate as described under Title II of the Unfunded VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:40 Sep 12, 2018 Jkt 244001 Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.). This action does not involve any technical standards that would require EPA’s consideration of voluntary consensus standards pursuant to section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (15 U.S.C. 272 note). V. Congressional Review Act 46403 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 180 [EPA–HQ–OPP–2017–0703; FRL–9983–10] Bacteriophage Active Against Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri; Exemption From the Requirement of a Tolerance Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: Pursuant to the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). Therefore, 40 CFR chapter I is amended as follows: This regulation establishes an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of lytic bacteriophage active against Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri that are produced in Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri in or on food commodities included in the fruit, citrus groups 10 and 10–10, when used in accordance with label directions and good agricultural practices. OmniLytics, Inc. submitted a petition to EPA under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), requesting an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. This regulation eliminates the need to establish a maximum permissible level for residues of bacteriophage active against Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri in or on food commodities of the fruit, citrus groups 10 and 10–10 under FFDCA. PART 180—[AMENDED] DATES: List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 180 Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, Agricultural commodities, Pesticides and pests, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Dated: September 4, 2018. Richard P. Keigwin, Jr., Director, Office of Pesticide Programs. 1. The authority citation for part 180 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321(q), 346a and 371. 2. Add § 180.1359 to subpart D to read as follows: ■ § 180.1359 Bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. An exemption from the requirement of a tolerance is established for residues of lytic bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora that are produced in Erwinia amylovora in or on apple and pear, when used in accordance with label directions and good agricultural practices. [FR Doc. 2018–19954 Filed 9–12–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P PO 00000 Frm 00055 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 SUMMARY: This regulation is effective September 13, 2018. Objections and requests for hearings must be received on or before November 13, 2018, and must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION). ADDRESSES: The docket for this action, identified by docket identification (ID) number EPA–HQ–OPP–2017–0703, is available at http://www.regulations.gov or at the Office of Pesticide Programs Regulatory Public Docket (OPP Docket) in the Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/DC), West William Jefferson Clinton Bldg., Rm. 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001. The Public Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566–1744, and the telephone number for the OPP Docket is (703) 305–5805. Please review the visitor instructions and additional information about the docket available at http://www.epa.gov/dockets. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert McNally, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division (7511P), E:\FR\FM\13SER1.SGM 13SER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 178 (Thursday, September 13, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 46401-46403]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-19954]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 180

[EPA-HQ-OPP-2017-0702; FRL-9983-18]


Bacteriophage Active Against Erwinia amylovora; Exemption from 
the Requirement of a Tolerance

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This regulation establishes an exemption from the requirement 
of a tolerance for residues of lytic bacteriophage active against 
Erwinia amylovora that are produced in Erwinia amylovora in or on apple 
and pear, when used in accordance with label directions and good 
agricultural practices. OmniLytics, Inc. submitted a petition to EPA 
under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), requesting an 
exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. This regulation 
eliminates the need to establish a maximum permissible level for 
residues of bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora in or on 
apple and pear under FFDCA.

DATES: This regulation is effective September 13, 2018. Objections and 
requests for hearings must be received on or before November 13, 2018, 
and must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 
CFR part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION).

ADDRESSES: The docket for this action, identified by docket 
identification (ID) number EPA-HQ-OPP-2017-0702, is available at http://www.regulations.gov or at the Office of Pesticide Programs Regulatory 
Public Docket (OPP Docket) in the Environmental Protection Agency 
Docket Center (EPA/DC), West William Jefferson Clinton Bldg., Rm. 3334, 
1301 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460-0001. The Public 
Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public 
Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number for the OPP 
Docket is (703) 305-5805. Please review the visitor instructions and 
additional information about the docket available at http://www.epa.gov/dockets.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert McNally, Biopesticides and 
Pollution Prevention Division (7511P), Office of Pesticide Programs, 
Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, 
DC 20460-0001; main telephone number: (703) 305-7090; email address: 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. General Information

A. Does this action apply to me?

    You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an 
agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. 
The following list of North American Industrial Classification System 
(NAICS) codes is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a 
guide to help readers determine whether this document applies to them. 
Potentially affected entities may include:
     Crop production (NAICS code 111).
     Animal production (NAICS code 112).
     Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311).
     Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532).

B. How can I get electronic access to other related information?

    You may access a frequently updated electronic version of 40 CFR 
part 180 through the Government Printing Office's e-CFR site at http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?&c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/40tab_02.tpl.

C. How can I file an objection or hearing request?

    Under FFDCA section 408(g), 21 U.S.C. 346a(g), any person may file 
an objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a 
hearing on those objections. You must file your objection or request a 
hearing on this regulation in accordance with the instructions provided 
in 40 CFR part 178. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, you must identify 
docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2017-0702 in the subject line on

[[Page 46402]]

the first page of your submission. All objections and requests for a 
hearing must be in writing, and must be received by the Hearing Clerk 
on or before November 13, 2018. Addresses for mail and hand delivery of 
objections and hearing requests are provided in 40 CFR 178.25(b).
    In addition to filing an objection or hearing request with the 
Hearing Clerk as described in 40 CFR part 178, please submit a copy of 
the filing (excluding any Confidential Business Information (CBI)) for 
inclusion in the public docket. Information not marked confidential 
pursuant to 40 CFR part 2 may be disclosed publicly by EPA without 
prior notice. Submit the non-CBI copy of your objection or hearing 
request, identified by docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2017-0702, by one of 
the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Do not submit 
electronically any information you consider to be CBI or other 
information whose disclosure is restricted by statute.
     Mail: OPP Docket, Environmental Protection Agency Docket 
Center (EPA/DC), (28221T), 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, DC 
20460-0001.
     Hand Delivery: To make special arrangements for hand 
delivery or delivery of boxed information, please follow the 
instructions at http://www.epa.gov/dockets/contacts.html. Additional 
instructions on commenting or visiting the docket, along with more 
information about dockets generally, is available at http://www.epa.gov/dockets.

II. Background

    In the Federal Register of March 6, 2018 (83 FR 9471) (FRL-9973-
27), EPA issued a document pursuant to FFDCA section 408(d)(3), 21 
U.S.C. 346a(d)(3), announcing the filing of a pesticide tolerance 
petition (PP 7F8573) by OmniLytics, Inc., 9100 South 500 West, Sandy, 
UT 84070. The petition requested that 40 CFR part 180 be amended by 
establishing an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for 
residues of the bactericide bacteriophage active against Erwinia 
amylovora in or on apple and pear. That document referenced a summary 
of the petition prepared by the petitioner OmniLytics, Inc. and 
available in the docket via http://www.regulations.gov. There were no 
comments regarding this exemption received in response to the notice of 
filing.
    Based upon review of data and other information supporting the 
petition, EPA is granting a tolerance exemption that differs slightly 
from what the petition requested. The reason for this difference is 
explained in Unit III.C.

III. Final Rule

A. EPA's Safety Determination

    Section 408(c)(2)(A)(i) of FFDCA allows EPA to establish an 
exemption from the requirement of a tolerance (the legal limit for a 
pesticide chemical residue in or on a food) only if EPA determines that 
the exemption is ``safe.'' Section 408(c)(2)(A)(ii) of FFDCA defines 
``safe'' to mean that ``there is a reasonable certainty that no harm 
will result from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical residue, 
including all anticipated dietary exposures and all other exposures for 
which there is reliable information.'' This includes exposure through 
drinking water and in residential settings but does not include 
occupational exposure. Pursuant to FFDCA section 408(c)(2)(B), in 
establishing or maintaining in effect an exemption from the requirement 
of a tolerance, EPA must take into account the factors set forth in 
FFDCA section 408(b)(2)(C), which require EPA to give special 
consideration to exposure of infants and children to the pesticide 
chemical residue in establishing a tolerance or tolerance exemption and 
to ``ensure that there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will 
result to infants and children from aggregate exposure to the pesticide 
chemical residue. . . .'' Additionally, FFDCA section 408(b)(2)(D) 
requires that EPA consider ``available information concerning the 
cumulative effects of [a particular pesticide's] . . . residues and 
other substances that have a common mechanism of toxicity.''
    EPA evaluated the available toxicological and exposure data on 
bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora and considered their 
validity, completeness, and reliability, as well as the relationship of 
this information to human risk. A full explanation of the data upon 
which EPA relied and its risk assessment based on those data can be 
found within the document entitled ``Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic 
Act (FFDCA) Safety Determination for Bacteriophage Active Against 
Erwinia amylovora.'' This document, as well as other relevant 
information, is available in the docket for this action as described 
under ADDRESSES.
    The available data demonstrated that bacteriophage active against 
Erwinia amylovora are not anticipated to be toxic, pathogenic, or 
infective via any route of exposure. Furthermore, humans, including 
infants and children, have been exposed to bacteriophage through food 
and water, where they are commonly found, with no known adverse 
effects. Although there may be some exposure to residues of 
bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora that are used on apple 
and pear in accordance with label directions and good agricultural 
practices, there is a lack of concern due to the lack of potential for 
adverse effects. EPA also determined that retention of the Food Quality 
Protection Act (FQPA) safety factor was not necessary as part of the 
qualitative assessment conducted for bacteriophage active against 
Erwinia amylovora.
    Based upon its evaluation, EPA concludes that there is a reasonable 
certainty that no harm will result to the U.S. population, including 
infants and children, from aggregate exposure to residues of 
bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora. Therefore, an exemption 
from the requirement of a tolerance is established for residues of 
lytic bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora that are produced 
in Erwinia amylovora in or on apple and pear, when used in accordance 
with label directions and good agricultural practices.

B. Analytical Enforcement Methodology

    An analytical method is not required because EPA is establishing an 
exemption from the requirement of a tolerance without any numerical 
limitation.

C. Differences Between Petition and Tolerance Exemption Rule

    In its petition, the petitioner requested generally that EPA issue 
an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of 
bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora in or on apple and pear. 
The petitioner's supporting materials indicated that the actual 
pesticide that would be used would be safe because the bacteriophage 
were lytic and were produced in Erwinia amylovora. EPA believes that 
only bacteriophage that have these same characteristics as the organism 
tested would be safe and should be exempt from the requirement of a 
tolerance. Therefore, EPA is issuing a tolerance exemption that differs 
slightly from the petition by limiting the exemption to residues of 
bacteriophage that possess the same characteristics as the 
bacteriophage that were tested to support this exemption.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    This action establishes a tolerance exemption under FFDCA section 
408(d)

[[Page 46403]]

in response to a petition submitted to EPA. The Office of Management 
and Budget (OMB) has exempted these types of actions from review under 
Executive Order 12866, entitled ``Regulatory Planning and Review'' (58 
FR 51735, October 4, 1993). Because this action has been exempted from 
review under Executive Order 12866, this action is not subject to 
Executive Order 13211, entitled ``Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use'' (66 FR 
28355, May 22, 2001), or Executive Order 13045, entitled ``Protection 
of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks'' (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997), nor is it considered a regulatory action under 
Executive Order 13771, entitled ``Reducing Regulations and Controlling 
Regulatory Costs'' (82 FR 9339, February 3, 2017). This action does not 
contain any information collections subject to OMB approval under the 
Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq., nor does it require 
any special considerations under Executive Order 12898, entitled 
``Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority 
Populations and Low-Income Populations'' (59 FR 7629, February 16, 
1994).
    Since tolerances and exemptions that are established on the basis 
of a petition under FFDCA section 408(d), such as the tolerance 
exemption in this action, do not require the issuance of a proposed 
rule, the requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 
et seq.) do not apply.
    This action directly regulates growers, food processors, food 
handlers, and food retailers, not States or tribes. As a result, this 
action does not alter the relationships or distribution of power and 
responsibilities established by Congress in the preemption provisions 
of FFDCA section 408(n)(4). As such, EPA has determined that this 
action will not have a substantial direct effect on States or tribal 
governments, on the relationship between the national government and 
the States or tribal governments, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities among the various levels of government or between the 
Federal Government and Indian tribes. Thus, EPA has determined that 
Executive Order 13132, entitled ``Federalism'' (64 FR 43255, August 10, 
1999), and Executive Order 13175, entitled ``Consultation and 
Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments'' (65 FR 67249, November 9, 
2000), do not apply to this action. In addition, this action does not 
impose any enforceable duty or contain any unfunded mandate as 
described under Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 
1501 et seq.).
    This action does not involve any technical standards that would 
require EPA's consideration of voluntary consensus standards pursuant 
to section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement 
Act (15 U.S.C. 272 note).

V. Congressional Review Act

    Pursuant to the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), 
EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required 
information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and 
the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of 
the rule in the Federal Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' 
as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 180

    Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, 
Agricultural commodities, Pesticides and pests, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.

    Dated: September 4, 2018.
Richard P. Keigwin, Jr.,
Director, Office of Pesticide Programs.

    Therefore, 40 CFR chapter I is amended as follows:

PART 180--[AMENDED]

0
1. The authority citation for part 180 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321(q), 346a and 371.

0
2. Add Sec.  180.1359 to subpart D to read as follows:


Sec.  180.1359  Bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora; 
exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    An exemption from the requirement of a tolerance is established for 
residues of lytic bacteriophage active against Erwinia amylovora that 
are produced in Erwinia amylovora in or on apple and pear, when used in 
accordance with label directions and good agricultural practices.

[FR Doc. 2018-19954 Filed 9-12-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6560-50-P