Special Conditions: Ultramagic S.A., Model M-56, M-56C, M-65, M-65C, M-77, M-77C, M-90, M-105, M-120, M-130, M-145, M-160, N-180, N-210, N-250, N-300, N-355, N-425, S-70, S-90, S-105, S-130, S-160, T-150, T-180, T-210, V-56, V-65, V-77, V-90, and V-105 Balloons; Balloon Passenger Basket, Model CV-08, Seat Installation, 44455-44457 [2018-18885]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 170 / Friday, August 31, 2018 / Rules and Regulations c. Removing the period at the end of paragraph (c)(2)(vi) and adding ‘‘; or’’ in its place; and ■ d. Adding paragraph (c)(3). The republication and addition read as follows: ■ § 50.20 High-quality liquid asset criteria. * * * * * (c) Level 2B liquid assets. An asset is a level 2B liquid asset if the asset is liquid and readily-marketable and is one of the following types of assets: * * * * * (3) A municipal obligation that is investment grade under 12 CFR part 1 as of the calculation date. Federal Reserve System PART 249—LIQUIDITY RISK MEASUREMENT STANDARDS (REGULATION WW) Authority: 12 U.S.C. 248(a), 321–338a, 481–486, 1467a(g)(1), 1818, 1828, 1831p–1, 1831o–1, 1844(b), 5365, 5366, 5368. 5. Amend § 249.3 by removing the definition for ‘‘General obligation’’ and adding the definition for ‘‘Municipal obligation’’ in alphabetical order to read as follows: ■ Definitions. * * * * * Municipal obligation means an obligation of: (1) A state or any political subdivision thereof; or (2) Any agency or instrumentality of a state or any political subdivision thereof. * * * * * 6. Amend § 249.20 by republishing paragraph (c) introductory text, removing the ‘‘or’’ at the end of paragraph (c)(1)(iii), removing paragraph (c)(2), redesignating paragraph (c)(3) as (c)(2), removing the period at the end of newly redesignated paragraph (c)(2)(vi) and adding ‘‘; or’’ in its place, and adding a new paragraph (c)(3) to read as follows: ■ High-quality liquid asset criteria. daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES * * * * * (c) Level 2B liquid assets. An asset is a level 2B liquid asset if the asset is liquid and readily-marketable and is one of the following types of assets: * * * * * (3) A municipal obligation that is investment grade under 12 CFR part 1 as of the calculation date. § 249.21 ■ [Amended] 7. Amend § 249.21 by: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:04 Aug 30, 2018 Jkt 244001 [Amended] 8. Amend § 249.22 by removing paragraph (c) and redesignating paragraph (d) as paragraph (c). ■ PART 329—LIQUIDITY RISK MEASUREMENT STANDARDS 4. The authority citation for part 249 continues to read as follows: § 249.20 § 249.22 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ■ § 249.3 a. Removing paragraph (b)(4); b. Removing ‘‘; plus’’ at the end of paragraph (c)(2) and adding in its place a period; ■ c. Removing paragraphs (c)(3), (f), and (g)(4); ■ d. Removing ‘‘; plus’’ at the end of paragraph (h)(2) and adding in its place a period; ■ e. Removing paragraphs (h)(3) and (k); and ■ f. Redesignating paragraphs (g) through (j) as paragraphs (f) through (i), respectively. ■ ■ (3) A municipal obligation that is investment grade under 12 CFR part 1 as of the calculation date. Dated: August 20, 2018. Joseph M. Otting, Comptroller of the Currency. By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, August 21, 2018. Ann E. Misback, Secretary of the Board. Dated at Washington, DC, on August 22, 2018. By order of the Board of Directors. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Valerie Jean Best, Assistant Executive Secretary. [FR Doc. 2018–18610 Filed 8–30–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4810–33–P; 6210–01–P; 6714–01–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ■ 9. The authority citation for part 329 continues to read as follows: Federal Aviation Administration Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1815, 1816, 1818, 1819, 1828, 1831p–1, 5412. 14 CFR Part 31 10. Section 329.3 is amended by revising the definition for ‘‘Liquid and readily-marketable’’ and adding the definition for ‘‘Municipal obligation’’ in alphabetical order to read as follows: ■ § 329.3 Definitions. * * * * * Liquid and readily-marketable has the meaning given the term in 12 CFR 249.3. * * * * * Municipal obligation means an obligation of: (1) A state or any political subdivision thereof; or (2) Any agency or instrumentality of a state or any political subdivision thereof. * * * * * 11. Section 329.20 is amended by: a. Republishing paragraph (c) introductory text; ■ b. Removing the ‘‘or’’ at the end of paragraph (c)(1)(iii); ■ c. Removing the period at the end of paragraph (c)(2)(vi) and adding ‘‘; or’’ in its place; and ■ d. Adding paragraph (c)(3). The republication and addition read as follows: ■ ■ § 329.20 High-quality liquid asset criteria. * * * * * (c) Level 2B liquid assets. An asset is a level 2B liquid asset if the asset is liquid and readily-marketable and is one of the following types of assets: * * * * * PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 44455 [Docket No. FAA–2018–0566; Notice No. 31– 002–SC] Special Conditions: Ultramagic S.A., Model M–56, M–56C, M–65, M–65C, M– 77, M–77C, M–90, M–105, M–120, M– 130, M–145, M–160, N–180, N–210, N– 250, N–300, N–355, N–425, S–70, S–90, S–105, S–130, S–160, T–150, T–180, T– 210, V–56, V–65, V–77, V–90, and V– 105 Balloons; Balloon Passenger Basket, Model CV–08, Seat Installation Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final special conditions. AGENCY: These special conditions are issued for Ultramagic S.A. Models M– 56, M–56C, M–65, M–65C, M–77, M– 77C, M–90, M–105, M–120, M–130, M– 145, M–160, N–180, N–210, N–250, N– 300, N–355, N–425, S–70, S–90, S–105, S–130, S–160, T–150, T–180, T–210, V– 56, V–65, V–77, V–90, and V–105 balloons. These balloons will have novel or unusual design features associated with a standard construction basket with a singular distribution that includes four occupant seats and a lower sidewall. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for these design features. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. DATES: These special conditions are effective August 31, 2018. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\31AUR1.SGM 31AUR1 44456 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 170 / Friday, August 31, 2018 / Rules and Regulations FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert Stegeman, FAA, AIR–691, Policy & Innovation Division, Small Airplane Standards Branch, Aircraft Certification Service, 901 Locust, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone (816) 329– 4140; facsimile (816) 329–4090. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Background On August 4, 2016, Ultramagic S.A. (Ultramagic) applied for a change to Type Certificate (TC) No. B02CE 1 to include new basket Model no. CV–08 for balloon Models M–56, M–56C, M– 65, M–65C, M–77, M–77C, M–90, M– 105, M–120, M–130, M–145, M–160, N– 180, N–210, N–250, N–300, N–355, N– 425, S–70, S–90, S–105, S–130, S–160, T–150, T–180, T–210, V–56, V–65, V– 77, V–90, and V–105. The CV–08 basket consists of a traditionally constructed basket, but incorporates seats with restraints and trays for all passengers, as well as a lower basket sidewall to offer a panoramic view for passengers. The CV–08 basket will be matched with one of the balloon envelopes associated with the balloon models listed in these special conditions. The volume of hot air, gores, maximum diameter, and total height defines the balloon envelope. Most balloon baskets accommodate standing passengers. The CV–08 differs by incorporating passenger seats, restraints, and a lower basket sidewall. Due to the lower sidewall and seat configuration, passengers would need to remain seated and restrained with safety belts during flight. This configuration should consider the static strength of the installations, the possible loads in an accident, and the effect on passenger safety. Accident impact should consider safety comparison between a restrained, sitting occupant; and a normal, standing occupant. Safety requirements for balloon-seated occupants are not included in the existing airworthiness regulations. These special conditions evaluate the seat installations and restraints using methods consistent with special conditions issued by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). The EASA special conditions are based upon a German standard for seats in hot air airships. Type Certification Basis Under the provisions of § 21.101, Ultramagic must show that the M–56, M–56C, M–65, M–65C, M–77, M–77C, M–90, M–105, M–120, M–130, M–145, M–160, N–180, N–210, N–250, N–300, N–355, N–425, S–70, S–90, S–105, S– 130, S–160, T–150, T–180, T–210, V–56, V–65, V–77, V–90, and V–105 balloon 1 See 16:04 Aug 30, 2018 Novel or Unusual Design Features The M–56, M–56C, M–65, M–65C, M– 77, M–77C, M–90, M–105, M–120, M– 130, M–145, M–160, N–180, N–210, N– 250, N–300, N–355, N–425, S–70, S–90, S–105, S–130, S–160, T–150, T–180, T– 210, V–56, V–65, V–77, V–90, and V– 105 balloon models coupled with a CV– 08 basket will incorporate the following novel or unusual design features: Occupant seats with restraints and a lowered basket side rail. Discussion Neither the FAA’s airworthiness standards (14 CFR part 31, amendment http://rgl.faa.gov/. VerDate Sep<11>2014 models—coupled with the CV–08 basket—continues to meet the applicable provisions of the regulations incorporated by reference in TC No. B02CE or the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for the change. The regulations incorporated by reference in the type certificate are commonly referred to as the ‘‘original type certification basis.’’ The regulations incorporated by reference in TC No. B02CE are as follows: 14 CFR 21.29 and part 31, effective on January, 1990, as amended by 31–1 through 31–5 inclusive. Equivalent level of Safety findings per provision of 14 CFR 21.21(b)(1): ACE–08–15 of August 1, 2008, Burners, 14 CFR 31.47(d) ACE–08–15A of November 05, 2013, Burners, 14 CFR 31.47(d), for Model S–70 Special Conditions 31–001–SC applicable to MK–32 model burners. If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 31) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the balloon models listed in these special conditions because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under the provisions of § 21.16. Special conditions are initially applicable to the model(s) for which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, or should any other model already included on the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, the FAA would apply these special conditions to the other model under § 21.101. The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in accordance with § 11.38, and they become part of the type-certification basis under § 21.101. Jkt 244001 PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 31–5), nor EASA’s current Certification Specification (CS) for Hot Air Balloons (CS 31HB, amendment 1), incorporate specific requirements for seat and seat belts. EASA previously published a proposed special condition 2 (now expired) for seats and seat belts for hot air balloon baskets. EASA based the requirements of its proposed special condition on the German airworthiness requirements for Hot Air Airships LFHLLS,3 incorporating hot air balloon basket requirements for seats, seat belts, and the loads in an emergency landing condition, similar to hot air airship requirements. Ultramagic’s change application applied the language in the EASA proposed special condition for CS 31HA.14(c), ‘‘Occupant mass,’’ CS 31HA.43(d), ‘‘Fitting factor,’’ CS 31HA.561(a) and (b)(1), ‘‘Emergency landing conditions—General,’’ and CS 31HA.785(a), (c), and (d), ‘‘Seats and seat belts’’ to the CV–08 basket. The FAA finds that these standards are appropriate for a seated, restrained occupant. Discussion of Comments Notice of proposed special conditions No. 31–18–01–SC for the Ultramagic Balloon Models M–56, M–56C, M–65, M–65C, M–77, M–77C, M–90, M–105, M–120, M–130, M–145, M–160, N–180, N–210, N–250, N–300, N–355, N–425, S–70, S–90, S–105, S–130, S–160, T– 150, T–180, T–210, V–56, V–65, V–77, V–90, and V–105 was published in the Federal Register on June 25, 2018 (83 FR 29472). No comments were received, and the special conditions are adopted as proposed. Applicability As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the Model M–56, M–56C, M–65, M–65C, M–77, M– 77C, M–90, M–105, M–120, M–130, M– 145, M–160, N–180, N–210, N–250, N– 300, N–355, N–425, S–70, S–90, S–105, S–130, S–160, T–150, T–180, T–210, V– 56, V–65, V–77, V–90, and V–105 balloons. Should Ultramagic apply at a later date for a change to the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, the FAA would apply these special conditions to that model as well. 2 Ref EASA Proposed Special Condition, ‘‘Seats and seat belts for hot air balloons,’’ Issue 1, dated October 3, 2014. 3 LFHLLS (Lufttu ¨ chtigkeitsforderungen fu¨r Heissluft-Luftschiffe)—Airworthiness Requirements for Hot Air Ships, issued November 13, 1997, amended March 10, 1998, Germany. E:\FR\FM\31AUR1.SGM 31AUR1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 170 / Friday, August 31, 2018 / Rules and Regulations Conclusion This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features on the balloon models specified in these special conditions. It is not a rule of general applicability and it affects only the applicant who applied to the FAA for approval of these features on the airplane. These special conditions are identical in intent to the EASA special conditions, although the formatting has been altered to meet these special condition requirements. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 31 Aircraft, Aviation safety. The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701– 44702, 44704. The Special Conditions Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the type certification basis for Ultramagic S.A. Model M–56, M–56C, M–65, M–65C, M–77, M–77C, M–90, M–105, M–120, M–130, M–145, M–160, N–180, N–210, N–250, N–300, N–355, N–425, S–70, S–90, S–105, S– 130, S–160, T–150, T–180, T–210, V–56, V–65, V–77, V–90, and V–105 balloons with a basket Model no. CV–08. ■ 1. Hot Air Balloon Crashworthiness Requirements for Seat Installations and Restraints for Seated and Restrained Occupants a. Occupant Mass For calculation purposes, it should be assumed the mass of an occupant is at least 86 kilograms (190 pounds). daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES b. Seats, Safety Belts, and Harnesses Factor of Safety For each seat, safety belt, and harness, its attachment to the structure must be shown, by analysis, tests, or both, to be able to withstand the inertia forces prescribed in paragraph (c) of these special conditions multiplied by a fitting factor of 1.33. c. Emergency Landing Conditions— General The balloon—although it may be damaged under emergency landing conditions—must be designed to give each occupant every reasonable chance of avoiding serious injury in a crash landing—when seat belts provided for in the design are properly used—and the occupant is subject to the following ultimate inertia forces acting relative to the surrounding structure as well as independently of each other. (1) Forward 6g VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:04 Aug 30, 2018 Jkt 244001 (2) Sideways 6g (3) Downward 6g d. Seats and Seatbelts (1) Each seat and its supporting structure must be designed for an occupant mass in accordance paragraph (a) of these special conditions and for the maximum load factors corresponding to the specified flight and ground load conditions, including the emergency landing conditions prescribed in paragraph (c) of these special conditions. (2) Each seat or berth shall be fitted with an individual approved seat belt or harness. (3) Seat belts installed on the balloon must not fail under flight or ground load conditions or emergency landing conditions in accordance with paragraph (c) of these special conditions, taking into account the geometrical arrangement of the belt attachment and the seat. Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on August 23, 2018. Pat Mullen, Manager, Small Airplane Standards Branch, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2018–18885 Filed 8–30–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2018–0169; Product Identifier 2017–NM–095–AD; Amendment 39–19372; AD 2018–17–18] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus SAS Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are superseding Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2015–02– 17, which applied to all Airbus Model A330–200, A330–200 Freighter, and A330–300 series airplanes. AD 2015– 02–17 required revising the electrical emergency configuration procedure in the Emergency Procedures section of the airplane flight manual (AFM) to include procedures for deploying the ram air turbine manually to provide sufficient hydraulic power and avoid constant speed motor/generator (CSM/G) shedding. Since we issued AD 2015–02– 17, we have determined that replacement or modification of the two SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 44457 flight warning computers (FWCs) is necessary to address the identified unsafe condition. This AD requires the replacement or modifications of the two FWCs. This AD also removes airplanes from the applicability. We are issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: This AD is effective October 5, 2018. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of October 5, 2018. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain other publications listed in this AD as of February 13, 2015 (80 FR 4762, January 29, 2015). ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this final rule, contact Airbus SAS, Airworthiness Office— EAW, Rond-Point Emile Dewoitine No: 2, 31700 Blagnac Cedex, France; telephone +33 5 61 93 36 96; fax +33 5 61 93 44 51; email account.airwortheas@airbus.com; internet http:// www.airbus.com. You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206–231–3195. It is also available on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2018– 0169. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2018– 0169; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The address for Docket Operations (phone: 800–647–5527) is Docket Operations, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Vladimir Ulyanov, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206–231–3229. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 to supersede AD 2015–02–17, E:\FR\FM\31AUR1.SGM 31AUR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 170 (Friday, August 31, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 44455-44457]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-18885]


=======================================================================
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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 31

[Docket No. FAA-2018-0566; Notice No. 31-002-SC]


Special Conditions: Ultramagic S.A., Model M-56, M-56C, M-65, M-
65C, M-77, M-77C, M-90, M-105, M-120, M-130, M-145, M-160, N-180, N-
210, N-250, N-300, N-355, N-425, S-70, S-90, S-105, S-130, S-160, T-
150, T-180, T-210, V-56, V-65, V-77, V-90, and V-105 Balloons; Balloon 
Passenger Basket, Model CV-08, Seat Installation

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final special conditions.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for Ultramagic S.A. Models 
M-56, M-56C, M-65, M-65C, M-77, M-77C, M-90, M-105, M-120, M-130, M-
145, M-160, N-180, N-210, N-250, N-300, N-355, N-425, S-70, S-90, S-
105, S-130, S-160, T-150, T-180, T-210, V-56, V-65, V-77, V-90, and V-
105 balloons. These balloons will have novel or unusual design features 
associated with a standard construction basket with a singular 
distribution that includes four occupant seats and a lower sidewall. 
The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for these design features. These special 
conditions contain the additional safety standards the Administrator 
considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that 
established by the existing airworthiness standards.

DATES: These special conditions are effective August 31, 2018.

[[Page 44456]]


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert Stegeman, FAA, AIR-691, Policy 
& Innovation Division, Small Airplane Standards Branch, Aircraft 
Certification Service, 901 Locust, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; 
telephone (816) 329-4140; facsimile (816) 329-4090.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    On August 4, 2016, Ultramagic S.A. (Ultramagic) applied for a 
change to Type Certificate (TC) No. B02CE \1\ to include new basket 
Model no. CV-08 for balloon Models M-56, M-56C, M-65, M-65C, M-77, M-
77C, M-90, M-105, M-120, M-130, M-145, M-160, N-180, N-210, N-250, N-
300, N-355, N-425, S-70, S-90, S-105, S-130, S-160, T-150, T-180, T-
210, V-56, V-65, V-77, V-90, and V-105. The CV-08 basket consists of a 
traditionally constructed basket, but incorporates seats with 
restraints and trays for all passengers, as well as a lower basket 
sidewall to offer a panoramic view for passengers. The CV-08 basket 
will be matched with one of the balloon envelopes associated with the 
balloon models listed in these special conditions. The volume of hot 
air, gores, maximum diameter, and total height defines the balloon 
envelope.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ See http://rgl.faa.gov/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Most balloon baskets accommodate standing passengers. The CV-08 
differs by incorporating passenger seats, restraints, and a lower 
basket sidewall. Due to the lower sidewall and seat configuration, 
passengers would need to remain seated and restrained with safety belts 
during flight. This configuration should consider the static strength 
of the installations, the possible loads in an accident, and the effect 
on passenger safety. Accident impact should consider safety comparison 
between a restrained, sitting occupant; and a normal, standing 
occupant. Safety requirements for balloon-seated occupants are not 
included in the existing airworthiness regulations. These special 
conditions evaluate the seat installations and restraints using methods 
consistent with special conditions issued by the European Aviation 
Safety Agency (EASA). The EASA special conditions are based upon a 
German standard for seats in hot air airships.

Type Certification Basis

    Under the provisions of Sec.  21.101, Ultramagic must show that the 
M-56, M-56C, M-65, M-65C, M-77, M-77C, M-90, M-105, M-120, M-130, M-
145, M-160, N-180, N-210, N-250, N-300, N-355, N-425, S-70, S-90, S-
105, S-130, S-160, T-150, T-180, T-210, V-56, V-65, V-77, V-90, and V-
105 balloon models--coupled with the CV-08 basket--continues to meet 
the applicable provisions of the regulations incorporated by reference 
in TC No. B02CE or the applicable regulations in effect on the date of 
application for the change. The regulations incorporated by reference 
in the type certificate are commonly referred to as the ``original type 
certification basis.'' The regulations incorporated by reference in TC 
No. B02CE are as follows:
    14 CFR 21.29 and part 31, effective on January, 1990, as amended by 
31-1 through 31-5 inclusive.
    Equivalent level of Safety findings per provision of 14 CFR 
21.21(b)(1):

ACE-08-15 of August 1, 2008, Burners, 14 CFR 31.47(d)
ACE-08-15A of November 05, 2013, Burners, 14 CFR 31.47(d), for Model S-
70

    Special Conditions 31-001-SC applicable to MK-32 model burners.
    If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness 
regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 31) do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the balloon models listed in these 
special conditions because of a novel or unusual design feature, 
special conditions are prescribed under the provisions of Sec.  21.16.
    Special conditions are initially applicable to the model(s) for 
which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be 
amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same or 
similar novel or unusual design feature, or should any other model 
already included on the same type certificate be modified to 
incorporate the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, the 
FAA would apply these special conditions to the other model under Sec.  
21.101.
    The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in 
accordance with Sec.  11.38, and they become part of the type-
certification basis under Sec.  21.101.

Novel or Unusual Design Features

    The M-56, M-56C, M-65, M-65C, M-77, M-77C, M-90, M-105, M-120, M-
130, M-145, M-160, N-180, N-210, N-250, N-300, N-355, N-425, S-70, S-
90, S-105, S-130, S-160, T-150, T-180, T-210, V-56, V-65, V-77, V-90, 
and V-105 balloon models coupled with a CV-08 basket will incorporate 
the following novel or unusual design features:
    Occupant seats with restraints and a lowered basket side rail.

Discussion

    Neither the FAA's airworthiness standards (14 CFR part 31, 
amendment 31-5), nor EASA's current Certification Specification (CS) 
for Hot Air Balloons (CS 31HB, amendment 1), incorporate specific 
requirements for seat and seat belts.
    EASA previously published a proposed special condition \2\ (now 
expired) for seats and seat belts for hot air balloon baskets. EASA 
based the requirements of its proposed special condition on the German 
airworthiness requirements for Hot Air Airships LFHLLS,\3\ 
incorporating hot air balloon basket requirements for seats, seat 
belts, and the loads in an emergency landing condition, similar to hot 
air airship requirements. Ultramagic's change application applied the 
language in the EASA proposed special condition for CS 31HA.14(c), 
``Occupant mass,'' CS 31HA.43(d), ``Fitting factor,'' CS 31HA.561(a) 
and (b)(1), ``Emergency landing conditions--General,'' and CS 
31HA.785(a), (c), and (d), ``Seats and seat belts'' to the CV-08 
basket. The FAA finds that these standards are appropriate for a 
seated, restrained occupant.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ Ref EASA Proposed Special Condition, ``Seats and seat belts 
for hot air balloons,'' Issue 1, dated October 3, 2014.
    \3\ LFHLLS (Luftt[uuml]chtigkeitsforderungen f[uuml]r Heissluft-
Luftschiffe)--Airworthiness Requirements for Hot Air Ships, issued 
November 13, 1997, amended March 10, 1998, Germany.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Discussion of Comments

    Notice of proposed special conditions No. 31-18-01-SC for the 
Ultramagic Balloon Models M-56, M-56C, M-65, M-65C, M-77, M-77C, M-90, 
M-105, M-120, M-130, M-145, M-160, N-180, N-210, N-250, N-300, N-355, 
N-425, S-70, S-90, S-105, S-130, S-160, T-150, T-180, T-210, V-56, V-
65, V-77, V-90, and V-105 was published in the Federal Register on June 
25, 2018 (83 FR 29472). No comments were received, and the special 
conditions are adopted as proposed.

Applicability

    As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the 
Model M-56, M-56C, M-65, M-65C, M-77, M-77C, M-90, M-105, M-120, M-130, 
M-145, M-160, N-180, N-210, N-250, N-300, N-355, N-425, S-70, S-90, S-
105, S-130, S-160, T-150, T-180, T-210, V-56, V-65, V-77, V-90, and V-
105 balloons. Should Ultramagic apply at a later date for a change to 
the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same 
novel or unusual design feature, the FAA would apply these special 
conditions to that model as well.

[[Page 44457]]

Conclusion

    This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features 
on the balloon models specified in these special conditions. It is not 
a rule of general applicability and it affects only the applicant who 
applied to the FAA for approval of these features on the airplane. 
These special conditions are identical in intent to the EASA special 
conditions, although the formatting has been altered to meet these 
special condition requirements.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 31

    Aircraft, Aviation safety.

    The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701-44702, 44704.

The Special Conditions

0
Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of 
the type certification basis for Ultramagic S.A. Model M-56, M-56C, M-
65, M-65C, M-77, M-77C, M-90, M-105, M-120, M-130, M-145, M-160, N-180, 
N-210, N-250, N-300, N-355, N-425, S-70, S-90, S-105, S-130, S-160, T-
150, T-180, T-210, V-56, V-65, V-77, V-90, and V-105 balloons with a 
basket Model no. CV-08.

1. Hot Air Balloon Crashworthiness Requirements for Seat Installations 
and Restraints for Seated and Restrained Occupants

a. Occupant Mass

    For calculation purposes, it should be assumed the mass of an 
occupant is at least 86 kilograms (190 pounds).

b. Seats, Safety Belts, and Harnesses Factor of Safety

    For each seat, safety belt, and harness, its attachment to the 
structure must be shown, by analysis, tests, or both, to be able to 
withstand the inertia forces prescribed in paragraph (c) of these 
special conditions multiplied by a fitting factor of 1.33.

c. Emergency Landing Conditions--General

    The balloon--although it may be damaged under emergency landing 
conditions--must be designed to give each occupant every reasonable 
chance of avoiding serious injury in a crash landing--when seat belts 
provided for in the design are properly used--and the occupant is 
subject to the following ultimate inertia forces acting relative to the 
surrounding structure as well as independently of each other.

(1) Forward 6g
(2) Sideways 6g
(3) Downward 6g

d. Seats and Seatbelts

    (1) Each seat and its supporting structure must be designed for an 
occupant mass in accordance paragraph (a) of these special conditions 
and for the maximum load factors corresponding to the specified flight 
and ground load conditions, including the emergency landing conditions 
prescribed in paragraph (c) of these special conditions.
    (2) Each seat or berth shall be fitted with an individual approved 
seat belt or harness.
    (3) Seat belts installed on the balloon must not fail under flight 
or ground load conditions or emergency landing conditions in accordance 
with paragraph (c) of these special conditions, taking into account the 
geometrical arrangement of the belt attachment and the seat.

    Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on August 23, 2018.
Pat Mullen,
Manager, Small Airplane Standards Branch, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2018-18885 Filed 8-30-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-13-P