Special Conditions: Bombardier Inc., Model BD-700-2A12 and BD-700-2A13 Series Airplanes, Flight Envelope Protection: Pitch and Roll Limiting, 36723-36724 [2018-16360]

Download as PDF 36723 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 83, No. 147 Tuesday, July 31, 2018 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 25 [Docket No. FAA–2018–0201; Special Conditions No. 25–717A–SC] Special Conditions: Bombardier Inc., Model BD–700–2A12 and BD–700– 2A13 Series Airplanes, Flight Envelope Protection: Pitch and Roll Limiting Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Amended final special conditions; request for comments. AGENCY: These amended special conditions are issued for the Bombardier Inc. (Bombardier), Model BD–700–2A12 and BD–700–2A13 series airplanes. These amended special conditions change paragraphs 2 and 3 of the special conditions section based on information from Bombardier that makes changes to the novel or unusual design feature of this airplane. This airplane will have a novel or unusual design feature when compared to the state of technology envisioned in the applicable airworthiness standards for transport category airplanes. This design feature is the fly-by-wire electronic flight-control system (EFCS) that will limit pitch and roll functions to prevent the airplane from attaining certain pitch attitudes and roll angles. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. DATES: This action is effective on Bombardier Inc. on July 31, 2018. Send comments on or before September 14, 2018. ADDRESSES: Send comments identified by docket number FAA–2018–0201 using any of the following methods: daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jul 30, 2018 Jkt 244001 b Federal eRegulations Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ and follow the online instructions for sending your comments electronically. b Mail: Send comments to Docket Operations, M–30, U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W12–140, West Building Ground Floor, Washington, DC 20590–0001. b Hand Delivery or Courier: Take comments to Docket Operations in Room W12–140 of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. b Fax: Fax comments to Docket Operations at 202–493–2251. Privacy: The FAA will post all comments it receives, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov/, including any personal information the commenter provides. Using the search function of the docket website, anyone can find and read the electronic form of all comments received into any FAA docket, including the name of the individual sending the comment (or signing the comment for an association, business, labor union, etc.). DOT’s complete Privacy Act Statement can be found in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477–19478). Docket: Background documents or comments received may be read at http://www.regulations.gov/ at any time. Follow the online instructions for accessing the docket or go to Docket Operations in Room W12–140 of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Joe Jacobsen, FAA, Airplane and Flight Crew Interface Section, AIR–671, Transport Standards Branch, Policy and Innovation Division, Aircraft Certification Service, 2200 South 216th Street, Des Moines, Washington 98198; telephone 206–231–3158; email Joe.Jacobsen@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FAA has determined that notice of, and opportunity for prior public comment on, these amended special conditions is impracticable because these procedures would significantly delay issuance of the design approval and thus delivery of the affected airplane. Additionally, the substance of these special conditions PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 has been published in the Federal Register for public comment in several prior instances with no substantive comments received. Therefore, the FAA has determined that prior public notice and comment are impracticable and unnecessary, and finds that, for the same reasons, good cause exists for adopting these special conditions upon publication in the Federal Register. Comments Invited We invite interested people to take part in this rulemaking by sending written comments, data, or views. The most helpful comments reference a specific portion of the special conditions, explain the reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. We will consider all comments we receive by the closing date for comments. We may change these special conditions based on the comments we receive. Background On May 30, 2012, Bombardier applied for an amendment to Type Certificate No. T00003NY to include the new Models BD–700–2A12 and BD–700– 2A13 series airplanes. The BD–700– 2A12 and BD–700–2A13 series airplanes, are derivatives of the BD–700 currently approved under Type Certificate No. T00003NY, and are business jets with a maximum certified passenger capacity of 19. The maximum takeoff weight of Model BD–700–2A12 airplane is 106,250 lbs. and 104,800 lbs. for the Model BD–700–2A13 airplane. Type Certification Basis Under the provisions of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 21.101, Bombardier must show that the Model BD–700–2A12 and BD–700–2A13 series airplanes meet the applicable provisions of the regulations listed in Type Certificate No. T00003NY or the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for the change except for earlier amendments as agreed upon by the FAA. If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the Model BD–700–2A12 and BD– 700–2A13 series airplanes because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under the provisions of § 21.16. E:\FR\FM\31JYR1.SGM 31JYR1 36724 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 147 / Tuesday, July 31, 2018 / Rules and Regulations Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or unusual design feature, or should any other model already included on the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same novel or unusual design feature, these special conditions would also apply to the other model under § 21.101. In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special conditions, the Bombardier Model BD– 700–2A12 and BD–700–2A13 series airplanes must comply with the fuelvent and exhaust-emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34, and the noisecertification requirements of 14 CFR part 36. The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in accordance with § 11.38, and they become part of the type certification basis under § 21.101. daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Novel or Unusual Design Features The Model BD–700–2A12 and BD– 700–2A13 series airplanes will incorporate the following novel or unusual design features: Fly-by-wire EFCS that will limit pitch and roll functions to prevent the airplane from attaining certain pitch attitudes and roll angles greater than plus or minus 65 degrees, and introduce positive spiral stability introduced for roll angles greater than 30 degrees at speeds below VMO/MMO. This system generates the actual surface commands that provide for stability augmentation and flight control for all three airplane axes (longitudinal, lateral, and directional). Discussion Part 25 of title 14 of the CFR does not specifically relate to flight characteristics associated with fixed attitude limits. Bombardier proposes to implement on the airplanes pitch and roll attitude-limiting functions via the EFCS normal mode. This will prevent the airplane from attaining certain pitch attitudes and roll angles greater than plus or minus 65 degrees. In addition, positive spiral stability, introduced for roll angles greater than 30 degrees at speeds below VMO/MMO, and spiral stability characteristics, must not require excessive pilot strength to achieve bank angles up to the bankangle limit. Bombardier requested this amendment, in order to be performancebased rather than prescriptive and to more closely follow the language VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jul 30, 2018 Jkt 244001 developed in the Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee (ARAC) Flight Test Harmonization Working Group (FTHWG). The FAA concurs with this request. The basic envelope protection requirement, historically applied, is to not unduly limit the maneuver capability of the airplane, or interfere with its ability to perform maneuvers required for normal and emergency operations. Since the design details used to meet this requirement vary from airplane to airplane, this amendment recognizes and adopts that philosophy for this specific design implementation. The substance of the special conditions is unchanged, in that, for this specific design, the design details support the objective of not unduly limiting the maneuver capability, while also protecting the airplane from adverse attitudes. These special conditions are in addition to the requirements of § 25.143. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. Applicability As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the Model BD–700–2A12 and BD–700–2A13 series airplanes. Should Bombardier apply at a later date for a change to the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, these special conditions would apply to that model as well. Conclusion This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features on one model series of airplanes. It is not a rule of general applicability. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25 Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Authority Citation The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704. The Special Conditions PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Issued in Des Moines, Washington. Victor Wicklund, Manager, Transport Standards Branch, Policy and Innovation Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2018–16360 Filed 7–30–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2018–0630; Product Identifier 2018–NE–25–AD; Amendment 39– 19347; AD 2018–16–07] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule; request for comments. AGENCY: Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the type certification basis for Bombardier Model BD–700– 2A12 and BD–700–2A13 series airplanes: In addition to § 25.143, the following requirements apply to the electronic ■ flight-control system (EFCS) pitch- and roll-limiting functions: 1. The pitch-limiting function must not impede normal maneuvering for pitch angles up to the maximum required for normal maneuvering, including a normal, all-enginesoperating takeoff, plus a suitable margin to allow for satisfactory speed control. 2. The pitch- and roll-limiting functions must not restrict or prevent attaining pitch attitudes necessary for emergency maneuvering, or roll angles up to 65 degrees. Spiral stability, which is introduced above 30 degrees of roll angle, must not require excessive pilot strength to achieve these roll angles. Other protections, which further limit the roll capability under certain extreme angle-of-attack, attitude, or high-speed conditions, are acceptable, as long as the airplane is able to perform coordinated turns as per § 25.143(h). A roll attitude limit of approximately 45 degrees at high angle-of-attack conditions is acceptable. 3. A reduced roll attitude limit is acceptable at extreme nose down pitch attitudes and beyond the overspeed warning to provide protection against high-speed combined pitch and roll upsets. The airplane should be able to perform operational turns at these speeds. A roll attitude limit of approximately 30 degrees at Vdf/Mdf is considered acceptable. We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain General Electric Company (GE) GEnx– 1B54, –1B58, –1B64, –1B67, –1B70, –1B54/P1, –1B58/P1, –1B64/P1, –1B67/ SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\31JYR1.SGM 31JYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 147 (Tuesday, July 31, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 36723-36724]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-16360]



========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents 
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed 
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published 
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.

The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. 

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 147 / Tuesday, July 31, 2018 / Rules 
and Regulations

[[Page 36723]]



DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 25

[Docket No. FAA-2018-0201; Special Conditions No. 25-717A-SC]


Special Conditions: Bombardier Inc., Model BD-700-2A12 and BD-
700-2A13 Series Airplanes, Flight Envelope Protection: Pitch and Roll 
Limiting

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Amended final special conditions; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: These amended special conditions are issued for the Bombardier 
Inc. (Bombardier), Model BD-700-2A12 and BD-700-2A13 series airplanes. 
These amended special conditions change paragraphs 2 and 3 of the 
special conditions section based on information from Bombardier that 
makes changes to the novel or unusual design feature of this airplane. 
This airplane will have a novel or unusual design feature when compared 
to the state of technology envisioned in the applicable airworthiness 
standards for transport category airplanes. This design feature is the 
fly-by-wire electronic flight-control system (EFCS) that will limit 
pitch and roll functions to prevent the airplane from attaining certain 
pitch attitudes and roll angles. The applicable airworthiness 
regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for 
this design feature. These special conditions contain the additional 
safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to 
establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the 
existing airworthiness standards.

DATES: This action is effective on Bombardier Inc. on July 31, 2018. 
Send comments on or before September 14, 2018.

ADDRESSES: Send comments identified by docket number FAA-2018-0201 
using any of the following methods:
    [square] Federal eRegulations Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ and follow the online instructions for sending 
your comments electronically.
    [square] Mail: Send comments to Docket Operations, M-30, U.S. 
Department of Transportation (DOT), 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room 
W12-140, West Building Ground Floor, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
    [square] Hand Delivery or Courier: Take comments to Docket 
Operations in Room W12-140 of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 
New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday 
through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    [square] Fax: Fax comments to Docket Operations at 202-493-2251.
    Privacy: The FAA will post all comments it receives, without 
change, to http://www.regulations.gov/, including any personal 
information the commenter provides. Using the search function of the 
docket website, anyone can find and read the electronic form of all 
comments received into any FAA docket, including the name of the 
individual sending the comment (or signing the comment for an 
association, business, labor union, etc.). DOT's complete Privacy Act 
Statement can be found in the Federal Register published on April 11, 
2000 (65 FR 19477-19478).
    Docket: Background documents or comments received may be read at 
http://www.regulations.gov/ at any time. Follow the online instructions 
for accessing the docket or go to Docket Operations in Room W12-140 of 
the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, 
Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
except Federal holidays.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:  Joe Jacobsen, FAA, Airplane and 
Flight Crew Interface Section, AIR-671, Transport Standards Branch, 
Policy and Innovation Division, Aircraft Certification Service, 2200 
South 216th Street, Des Moines, Washington 98198; telephone 206-231-
3158; email [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FAA has determined that notice of, and 
opportunity for prior public comment on, these amended special 
conditions is impracticable because these procedures would 
significantly delay issuance of the design approval and thus delivery 
of the affected airplane. Additionally, the substance of these special 
conditions has been published in the Federal Register for public 
comment in several prior instances with no substantive comments 
received. Therefore, the FAA has determined that prior public notice 
and comment are impracticable and unnecessary, and finds that, for the 
same reasons, good cause exists for adopting these special conditions 
upon publication in the Federal Register.

Comments Invited

    We invite interested people to take part in this rulemaking by 
sending written comments, data, or views. The most helpful comments 
reference a specific portion of the special conditions, explain the 
reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data.
    We will consider all comments we receive by the closing date for 
comments. We may change these special conditions based on the comments 
we receive.

Background

    On May 30, 2012, Bombardier applied for an amendment to Type 
Certificate No. T00003NY to include the new Models BD-700-2A12 and BD-
700-2A13 series airplanes. The BD-700-2A12 and BD-700-2A13 series 
airplanes, are derivatives of the BD-700 currently approved under Type 
Certificate No. T00003NY, and are business jets with a maximum 
certified passenger capacity of 19. The maximum takeoff weight of Model 
BD-700-2A12 airplane is 106,250 lbs. and 104,800 lbs. for the Model BD-
700-2A13 airplane.

Type Certification Basis

    Under the provisions of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 
CFR) 21.101, Bombardier must show that the Model BD-700-2A12 and BD-
700-2A13 series airplanes meet the applicable provisions of the 
regulations listed in Type Certificate No. T00003NY or the applicable 
regulations in effect on the date of application for the change except 
for earlier amendments as agreed upon by the FAA.
    If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness 
regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the Model BD-700-2A12 and BD-700-2A13 
series airplanes because of a novel or unusual design feature, special 
conditions are prescribed under the provisions of Sec.  21.16.

[[Page 36724]]

    Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which 
they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended 
later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or 
unusual design feature, or should any other model already included on 
the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same novel or 
unusual design feature, these special conditions would also apply to 
the other model under Sec.  21.101.
    In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special 
conditions, the Bombardier Model BD-700-2A12 and BD-700-2A13 series 
airplanes must comply with the fuel-vent and exhaust-emission 
requirements of 14 CFR part 34, and the noise-certification 
requirements of 14 CFR part 36.
    The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in 
accordance with Sec.  11.38, and they become part of the type 
certification basis under Sec.  21.101.

Novel or Unusual Design Features

    The Model BD-700-2A12 and BD-700-2A13 series airplanes will 
incorporate the following novel or unusual design features:
    Fly-by-wire EFCS that will limit pitch and roll functions to 
prevent the airplane from attaining certain pitch attitudes and roll 
angles greater than plus or minus 65 degrees, and introduce positive 
spiral stability introduced for roll angles greater than 30 degrees at 
speeds below VMO/MMO. This system generates the 
actual surface commands that provide for stability augmentation and 
flight control for all three airplane axes (longitudinal, lateral, and 
directional).

Discussion

    Part 25 of title 14 of the CFR does not specifically relate to 
flight characteristics associated with fixed attitude limits. 
Bombardier proposes to implement on the airplanes pitch and roll 
attitude-limiting functions via the EFCS normal mode. This will prevent 
the airplane from attaining certain pitch attitudes and roll angles 
greater than plus or minus 65 degrees. In addition, positive spiral 
stability, introduced for roll angles greater than 30 degrees at speeds 
below VMO/MMO, and spiral stability 
characteristics, must not require excessive pilot strength to achieve 
bank angles up to the bank-angle limit.
    Bombardier requested this amendment, in order to be performance-
based rather than prescriptive and to more closely follow the language 
developed in the Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee (ARAC) Flight 
Test Harmonization Working Group (FTHWG). The FAA concurs with this 
request.
    The basic envelope protection requirement, historically applied, is 
to not unduly limit the maneuver capability of the airplane, or 
interfere with its ability to perform maneuvers required for normal and 
emergency operations. Since the design details used to meet this 
requirement vary from airplane to airplane, this amendment recognizes 
and adopts that philosophy for this specific design implementation. The 
substance of the special conditions is unchanged, in that, for this 
specific design, the design details support the objective of not unduly 
limiting the maneuver capability, while also protecting the airplane 
from adverse attitudes.
    These special conditions are in addition to the requirements of 
Sec.  25.143. These special conditions contain the additional safety 
standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a 
level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing 
airworthiness standards.

Applicability

    As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the 
Model BD-700-2A12 and BD-700-2A13 series airplanes. Should Bombardier 
apply at a later date for a change to the type certificate to include 
another model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, 
these special conditions would apply to that model as well.

Conclusion

    This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features 
on one model series of airplanes. It is not a rule of general 
applicability.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25

    Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

Authority Citation

    The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704.

The Special Conditions

0
Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of 
the type certification basis for Bombardier Model BD-700-2A12 and BD-
700-2A13 series airplanes:
    In addition to Sec.  25.143, the following requirements apply to 
the electronic flight-control system (EFCS) pitch- and roll-limiting 
functions:
    1. The pitch-limiting function must not impede normal maneuvering 
for pitch angles up to the maximum required for normal maneuvering, 
including a normal, all-engines-operating takeoff, plus a suitable 
margin to allow for satisfactory speed control.
    2. The pitch- and roll-limiting functions must not restrict or 
prevent attaining pitch attitudes necessary for emergency maneuvering, 
or roll angles up to 65 degrees. Spiral stability, which is introduced 
above 30 degrees of roll angle, must not require excessive pilot 
strength to achieve these roll angles. Other protections, which further 
limit the roll capability under certain extreme angle-of-attack, 
attitude, or high-speed conditions, are acceptable, as long as the 
airplane is able to perform coordinated turns as per Sec.  25.143(h). A 
roll attitude limit of approximately 45 degrees at high angle-of-attack 
conditions is acceptable.
    3. A reduced roll attitude limit is acceptable at extreme nose down 
pitch attitudes and beyond the overspeed warning to provide protection 
against high-speed combined pitch and roll upsets. The airplane should 
be able to perform operational turns at these speeds. A roll attitude 
limit of approximately 30 degrees at Vdf/Mdf is 
considered acceptable.

    Issued in Des Moines, Washington.
Victor Wicklund,
Manager, Transport Standards Branch, Policy and Innovation Division, 
Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 2018-16360 Filed 7-30-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-13-P