Regulation D: Reserve Requirements of Depository Institutions, 28527-28528 [2018-13267]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 119 / Wednesday, June 20, 2018 / Rules and Regulations charged on primary credit and secondary credit would permit insured depository institutions to profit improperly from the difference in the current rate and the announced increased rate. Finally, because delay would undermine the Board’s action in responding to economic data and conditions, the Board has determined that ‘‘good cause’’ exists within the meaning of the APA to dispense with the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date procedures of the APA with respect to the final amendments to Regulation A. Regulatory Flexibility Analysis The Regulatory Flexibility Act (‘‘RFA’’) does not apply to a rulemaking where a general notice of proposed rulemaking is not required.5 As noted previously, a general notice of proposed rulemaking is not required if the final rule involves a matter relating to loans. Furthermore, the Board has determined that it is unnecessary and contrary to the public interest to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking for this final rule. Accordingly, the RFA’s requirements relating to an initial and final regulatory flexibility analysis do not apply. Paperwork Reduction Act (a) Primary credit. The interest rate at each Federal Reserve Bank for primary credit provided to depository institutions under § 201.4(a) is 2.50 percent. (b) Secondary credit. The interest rate at each Federal Reserve Bank for secondary credit provided to depository institutions under § 201.4(b) is 3.00 percent. * * * * * By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, June 15, 2018. Ann Misback, Secretary of the Board. [FR Doc. 2018–13270 Filed 6–19–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE P FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM 12 CFR Part 204 [Docket No. R–1610] RIN 7100–AF08 Regulation D: Reserve Requirements of Depository Institutions Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: ■ The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (‘‘Board’’) is amending Regulation D (Reserve Requirements of Depository Institutions) to revise the rate of interest paid on balances maintained to satisfy reserve balance requirements (‘‘IORR’’) and the rate of interest paid on excess balances (‘‘IOER’’) maintained at Federal Reserve Banks by or on behalf of eligible institutions. The final amendments specify that IORR is 1.95 percent and IOER is 1.95 percent, a 0.20 percentage point increase from their prior levels. The amendments are intended to enhance the role of such rates of interest in moving the Federal funds rate into the target range established by the Federal Open Market Committee (‘‘FOMC’’ or ‘‘Committee’’). DATES: Effective date: The amendments to part 204 (Regulation D) are effective June 20, 2018. Applicability date: The IORR and IOER rate changes were applicable on June 14, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sophia Allison, Special Counsel (202– A.1. 7 The primary, secondary, and seasonal credit rates described in this section apply to both advances and discounts made under the primary, secondary, and seasonal credit programs, respectively. In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (‘‘PRA’’) of 1995,6 the Board reviewed the final rule under the authority delegated to the Board by the Office of Management and Budget. The final rule contains no requirements subject to the PRA. List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 201 Banks, Banking, Federal Reserve System, Reporting and recordkeeping. Authority and Issuance For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board is amending 12 CFR part 201 to read as follows: PART 201—EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS (REGULATION A) 1. The authority citation for part 201 continues to read as follows: ■ sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES § 201.51 Interest rates applicable to credit extended by a Federal Reserve Bank.7 Authority: 12 U.S.C. 248(i)–(j) and (s), 343 et seq., 347a, 347b, 347c, 348 et seq., 357, 374, 374a, and 461. 2. In § 201.51, paragraphs (a) and (b) are revised to read as follows: 55 U.S.C. 603 and 604. U.S.C. 3506; see 5 CFR part 1320 Appendix 6 44 VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:19 Jun 19, 2018 Jkt 244001 SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 28527 452–3565), or Clinton Chen, Senior Attorney (202–452–3952), Legal Division, or Thomas Keating, Financial Analyst (202–973–7401), or Heather Wiggins, Section Chief (202–452–3674), Division of Monetary Affairs; for the hearing impaired, Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) 202–263– 4869; Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 20th and C Streets NW, Washington, DC 20551. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Statutory and Regulatory Background For monetary policy purposes, section 19 of the Federal Reserve Act (‘‘the Act’’) imposes reserve requirements on certain types of deposits and other liabilities of depository institutions.1 Regulation D, which implements section 19 of the Act, requires that a depository institution meet reserve requirements by holding cash in its vault, or if vault cash is insufficient, by maintaining a balance in an account at a Federal Reserve Bank (‘‘Reserve Bank’’).2 Section 19 also provides that balances maintained by or on behalf of certain institutions in an account at a Reserve Bank may receive earnings to be paid by the Reserve Bank at least once each quarter, at a rate or rates not to exceed the general level of short-term interest rates.3 Institutions that are eligible to receive earnings on their balances held at Reserve Banks (‘‘eligible institutions’’) include depository institutions and certain other institutions.4 Section 19 also provides that the Board may prescribe regulations concerning the payment of earnings on balances at a Reserve Bank.5 Prior to these amendments, Regulation D specified a rate of 1.75 percent for both IORR and IOER.6 II. Amendments to IORR and IOER The Board is amending § 204.10(b)(5) of Regulation D to specify that IORR is 1.95 percent and IOER is 1.95 percent. This 0.20 percentage point increase in the IORR and IOER was associated with an increase in the target range for the federal funds rate, from a target range of 11⁄2 to 13⁄4 percent to a target range of 13⁄4 to 2 percent, announced by the FOMC on June 13, 2018, with an effective date of June 14, 2018. The FOMC’s press release on the same day as the announcement noted that: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in May 1 12 U.S.C. 461(b). CFR 204.5(a)(1). 3 12 U.S.C. 461(b)(1)(A) & (b)(12)(A). 4 See 12 U.S.C. 461(b)(1)(A) & (b)(12)(C); see also 12 CFR 204.2(y). 5 See 12 U.S.C. 461(b)(12)(B). 6 See 12 CFR 204.10(b)(5). 2 12 E:\FR\FM\20JNR1.SGM 20JNR1 28528 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 119 / Wednesday, June 20, 2018 / Rules and Regulations indicates that the labor market has continued to strengthen and that economic activity has been rising at a solid rate. Job gains have been strong, on average, in recent months, and the unemployment rate has declined. Recent data suggest that growth of household spending has picked up, while business fixed investment has continued to grow strongly. On a 12-month basis, both overall inflation and inflation for items other than food and energy have moved close to 2 percent. Indicators of longer-term inflation expectations are little changed, on balance. Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster maximum employment and price stability. The Committee expects that further gradual increases in the target range for the federal funds rate will be consistent with sustained expansion of economic activity, strong labor market conditions, and inflation near the Committee’s symmetric 2 percent objective over the medium term. Risks to the economic outlook appear roughly balanced. In view of realized and expected labor market conditions and inflation, the Committee decided to raise the target range for the federal funds rate to 13⁄4 to 2 percent. The stance of monetary policy remains accommodative, thereby supporting strong labor market conditions and a sustained return to 2 percent inflation. A Federal Reserve Implementation note released simultaneously with the announcement stated that: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System voted unanimously to raise the interest rate paid on required and excess reserve balances to 1.95 percent, effective June 14, 2018. Setting the interest rate paid on required and excess reserve balances 5 basis points below the top of the target range for the federal funds rate is intended to foster trading in the federal funds market at rates well within the FOMC’s target range. sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES As a result, the Board is amending § 204.10(b)(5) of Regulation D to change IORR to 1.95 percent and IOER to 1.95 percent. III. Administrative Procedure Act In general, the Administrative Procedure Act (‘‘APA’’) 7 imposes three principal requirements when an agency promulgates legislative rules (rules made pursuant to congressionally delegated authority): (1) Publication with adequate notice of a proposed rule; (2) followed by a meaningful opportunity for the public to comment on the rule’s content; and (3) publication of the final rule not less than 30 days before its effective date. The APA provides that notice and comment procedures do not apply if the agency for good cause finds them to be ‘‘unnecessary, impracticable, or contrary to the public interest.’’ 8 Section 553(d) of the APA also provides that publication at least 30 days prior to a rule’s effective date is not required for (1) a substantive rule which grants or recognizes an exemption or relieves a restriction; (2) interpretive rules and statements of policy; or (3) a rule for which the agency finds good cause for shortened notice and publishes its reasoning with the rule.9 The Board has determined that good cause exists for finding that the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date provisions of the APA are unnecessary, impracticable, or contrary to the public interest with respect to these final amendments to Regulation D. The rate increases for IORR and IOER that are reflected in the final amendments to Regulation D were made with a view towards accommodating commerce and business and with regard to their bearing upon the general credit situation of the country. Notice and public comment would prevent the Board’s action from being effective as promptly as necessary in the public interest and would not otherwise serve any useful purpose. Notice, public comment, and a delayed effective date would create uncertainty about the finality and effectiveness of the Board’s action and undermine the effectiveness of that action. Accordingly, the Board has determined that good cause exists to dispense with the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date procedures of the APA with respect to these final amendments to Regulation D. IV. Regulatory Flexibility Analysis The Regulatory Flexibility Act (‘‘RFA’’) does not apply to a rulemaking where a general notice of proposed rulemaking is not required.10 As noted previously, the Board has determined that it is unnecessary and contrary to the public interest to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking for this final rule. Accordingly, the RFA’s requirements relating to an initial and final regulatory flexibility analysis do not apply. V. Paperwork Reduction Act In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (‘‘PRA’’) of 1995,11 the Board reviewed the final rule under the authority delegated to the Board by the Office of Management and Budget. The final rule contains no requirements subject to the PRA. List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 204 Banks, Banking, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. 95 U.S.C. 553(d). U.S.C. 603 and 604. 11 44 U.S.C. 3506; see 5 CFR part 1320 Appendix A.1. 10 5 75 85 U.S.C. 551 et seq. U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(A). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:19 Jun 19, 2018 Jkt 244001 PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board amends 12 CFR part 204 as follows: PART 204—RESERVE REQUIREMENTS OF DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS (REGULATION D) 1. The authority citation for part 204 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 12 U.S.C. 248(a), 248(c), 371a, 461, 601, 611, and 3105. 2. Section 204.10 is amended by revising paragraph (b)(5) to read as follows: ■ § 204.10 * Payment of interest on balances. * * * * (b) * * * (5) The rates for IORR and IOER are: Rate (percent) IORR ......................................... IOER ......................................... * * * * 1.95 1.95 * By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, June 15, 2018. Ann Misback, Secretary of the Board. [FR Doc. 2018–13267 Filed 6–19–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6210–01–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Parts 11, 404, 405, 420, 431, 435, 437, 460 [Docket No.: FAA–2016–6761; Amdt. Nos. 11–62, 404–6, 405–6, 420–8, 431–6, 435–4, 437–2, 460–2] RIN 2120–AK76 Updates to Rulemaking and Waiver Procedures and Expansion of the Equivalent Level of Safety Option Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This action streamlines and improves commercial space transportation regulations’ general rulemaking and petition procedures to better reflect current practice; reorganizes the regulations for clarity and flow; and allows petitioners to file their petitions to the FAA’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation electronically. Further, it expands the option to satisfy commercial space transportation requirements by demonstrating an equivalent level of SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\20JNR1.SGM 20JNR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 119 (Wednesday, June 20, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 28527-28528]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-13267]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM

12 CFR Part 204

[Docket No. R-1610]
RIN 7100-AF08


Regulation D: Reserve Requirements of Depository Institutions

AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System 
(``Board'') is amending Regulation D (Reserve Requirements of 
Depository Institutions) to revise the rate of interest paid on 
balances maintained to satisfy reserve balance requirements (``IORR'') 
and the rate of interest paid on excess balances (``IOER'') maintained 
at Federal Reserve Banks by or on behalf of eligible institutions. The 
final amendments specify that IORR is 1.95 percent and IOER is 1.95 
percent, a 0.20 percentage point increase from their prior levels. The 
amendments are intended to enhance the role of such rates of interest 
in moving the Federal funds rate into the target range established by 
the Federal Open Market Committee (``FOMC'' or ``Committee'').

DATES: 
    Effective date: The amendments to part 204 (Regulation D) are 
effective June 20, 2018.
    Applicability date: The IORR and IOER rate changes were applicable 
on June 14, 2018.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sophia Allison, Special Counsel (202-
452-3565), or Clinton Chen, Senior Attorney (202-452-3952), Legal 
Division, or Thomas Keating, Financial Analyst (202-973-7401), or 
Heather Wiggins, Section Chief (202-452-3674), Division of Monetary 
Affairs; for the hearing impaired, Telecommunications Device for the 
Deaf (TDD) 202-263-4869; Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve 
System, 20th and C Streets NW, Washington, DC 20551.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Statutory and Regulatory Background

    For monetary policy purposes, section 19 of the Federal Reserve Act 
(``the Act'') imposes reserve requirements on certain types of deposits 
and other liabilities of depository institutions.\1\ Regulation D, 
which implements section 19 of the Act, requires that a depository 
institution meet reserve requirements by holding cash in its vault, or 
if vault cash is insufficient, by maintaining a balance in an account 
at a Federal Reserve Bank (``Reserve Bank'').\2\ Section 19 also 
provides that balances maintained by or on behalf of certain 
institutions in an account at a Reserve Bank may receive earnings to be 
paid by the Reserve Bank at least once each quarter, at a rate or rates 
not to exceed the general level of short-term interest rates.\3\ 
Institutions that are eligible to receive earnings on their balances 
held at Reserve Banks (``eligible institutions'') include depository 
institutions and certain other institutions.\4\ Section 19 also 
provides that the Board may prescribe regulations concerning the 
payment of earnings on balances at a Reserve Bank.\5\ Prior to these 
amendments, Regulation D specified a rate of 1.75 percent for both IORR 
and IOER.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 12 U.S.C. 461(b).
    \2\ 12 CFR 204.5(a)(1).
    \3\ 12 U.S.C. 461(b)(1)(A) & (b)(12)(A).
    \4\ See 12 U.S.C. 461(b)(1)(A) & (b)(12)(C); see also 12 CFR 
204.2(y).
    \5\ See 12 U.S.C. 461(b)(12)(B).
    \6\ See 12 CFR 204.10(b)(5).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Amendments to IORR and IOER

    The Board is amending Sec.  204.10(b)(5) of Regulation D to specify 
that IORR is 1.95 percent and IOER is 1.95 percent. This 0.20 
percentage point increase in the IORR and IOER was associated with an 
increase in the target range for the federal funds rate, from a target 
range of 1\1/2\ to 1\3/4\ percent to a target range of 1\3/4\ to 2 
percent, announced by the FOMC on June 13, 2018, with an effective date 
of June 14, 2018. The FOMC's press release on the same day as the 
announcement noted that:

    Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met 
in May

[[Page 28528]]

indicates that the labor market has continued to strengthen and that 
economic activity has been rising at a solid rate. Job gains have 
been strong, on average, in recent months, and the unemployment rate 
has declined. Recent data suggest that growth of household spending 
has picked up, while business fixed investment has continued to grow 
strongly. On a 12-month basis, both overall inflation and inflation 
for items other than food and energy have moved close to 2 percent. 
Indicators of longer-term inflation expectations are little changed, 
on balance.
    Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to 
foster maximum employment and price stability. The Committee expects 
that further gradual increases in the target range for the federal 
funds rate will be consistent with sustained expansion of economic 
activity, strong labor market conditions, and inflation near the 
Committee's symmetric 2 percent objective over the medium term. 
Risks to the economic outlook appear roughly balanced.
    In view of realized and expected labor market conditions and 
inflation, the Committee decided to raise the target range for the 
federal funds rate to 1\3/4\ to 2 percent. The stance of monetary 
policy remains accommodative, thereby supporting strong labor market 
conditions and a sustained return to 2 percent inflation.

A Federal Reserve Implementation note released simultaneously with the 
announcement stated that:

    The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System voted 
unanimously to raise the interest rate paid on required and excess 
reserve balances to 1.95 percent, effective June 14, 2018. Setting 
the interest rate paid on required and excess reserve balances 5 
basis points below the top of the target range for the federal funds 
rate is intended to foster trading in the federal funds market at 
rates well within the FOMC's target range.

As a result, the Board is amending Sec.  204.10(b)(5) of Regulation D 
to change IORR to 1.95 percent and IOER to 1.95 percent.

III. Administrative Procedure Act

    In general, the Administrative Procedure Act (``APA'') \7\ imposes 
three principal requirements when an agency promulgates legislative 
rules (rules made pursuant to congressionally delegated authority): (1) 
Publication with adequate notice of a proposed rule; (2) followed by a 
meaningful opportunity for the public to comment on the rule's content; 
and (3) publication of the final rule not less than 30 days before its 
effective date. The APA provides that notice and comment procedures do 
not apply if the agency for good cause finds them to be ``unnecessary, 
impracticable, or contrary to the public interest.'' \8\ Section 553(d) 
of the APA also provides that publication at least 30 days prior to a 
rule's effective date is not required for (1) a substantive rule which 
grants or recognizes an exemption or relieves a restriction; (2) 
interpretive rules and statements of policy; or (3) a rule for which 
the agency finds good cause for shortened notice and publishes its 
reasoning with the rule.\9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ 5 U.S.C. 551 et seq.
    \8\ 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(A).
    \9\ 5 U.S.C. 553(d).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Board has determined that good cause exists for finding that 
the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date provisions of 
the APA are unnecessary, impracticable, or contrary to the public 
interest with respect to these final amendments to Regulation D. The 
rate increases for IORR and IOER that are reflected in the final 
amendments to Regulation D were made with a view towards accommodating 
commerce and business and with regard to their bearing upon the general 
credit situation of the country. Notice and public comment would 
prevent the Board's action from being effective as promptly as 
necessary in the public interest and would not otherwise serve any 
useful purpose. Notice, public comment, and a delayed effective date 
would create uncertainty about the finality and effectiveness of the 
Board's action and undermine the effectiveness of that action. 
Accordingly, the Board has determined that good cause exists to 
dispense with the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date 
procedures of the APA with respect to these final amendments to 
Regulation D.

IV. Regulatory Flexibility Analysis

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (``RFA'') does not apply to a 
rulemaking where a general notice of proposed rulemaking is not 
required.\10\ As noted previously, the Board has determined that it is 
unnecessary and contrary to the public interest to publish a general 
notice of proposed rulemaking for this final rule. Accordingly, the 
RFA's requirements relating to an initial and final regulatory 
flexibility analysis do not apply.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

V. Paperwork Reduction Act

    In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (``PRA'') of 
1995,\11\ the Board reviewed the final rule under the authority 
delegated to the Board by the Office of Management and Budget. The 
final rule contains no requirements subject to the PRA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ 44 U.S.C. 3506; see 5 CFR part 1320 Appendix A.1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 204

    Banks, Banking, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board amends 12 CFR 
part 204 as follows:

PART 204--RESERVE REQUIREMENTS OF DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS 
(REGULATION D)

0
1. The authority citation for part 204 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 248(a), 248(c), 371a, 461, 601, 611, and 
3105.


0
2. Section 204.10 is amended by revising paragraph (b)(5) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  204.10   Payment of interest on balances.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (5) The rates for IORR and IOER are:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Rate
                                                              (percent)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
IORR.......................................................         1.95
IOER.......................................................         1.95
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

    By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve 
System, June 15, 2018.
Ann Misback,
Secretary of the Board.
[FR Doc. 2018-13267 Filed 6-19-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6210-01-P