Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; South Dakota; Revisions to the Permitting Rules, 18496-18499 [2018-08676]

Download as PDF 18496 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 82 / Friday, April 27, 2018 / Proposed Rules IV. Incorporation by Reference In this action, the EPA is proposing to include in a final EPA rule regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is proposing the incorporation by reference of a change to the State of Montana’s SIP regarding removing ‘‘24hour average’’ from ARM 17.8.818(7)(a)(iii). The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these materials generally available through www.regulations.gov and at the EPA Region 8 Office (please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this preamble for more information). jstallworth on DSKBBY8HB2PROD with PROPOSALS V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, the EPA’s role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely proposes to approve state law as meeting federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this proposed action: • Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011); • Is not expected to be an Executive Order 13771 regulatory action because this action is not significant under Executive Order 12866; • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.); • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4); • Does not have federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999); • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997); VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:38 Apr 26, 2018 Jkt 244001 • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001); • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and • Does not provide the EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). The SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the proposed rule does not have tribal implications and will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Carbon monoxide, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Lead, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds. Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Dated: April 13, 2018. Douglas Benevento, Regional Administrator, Region 8. [FR Doc. 2018–08624 Filed 4–26–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R08–OAR–2018–0148; FRL–9977– 00—Region 8] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; South Dakota; Revisions to the Permitting Rules Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to approve State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions submitted by the State of South Dakota on October 4, 2017, related to South Dakota’s Air Pollution Control Program. The October 4, 2017 SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 submittal updates certain dates of incorporation by reference and reorganizes and revises certain rules. In this rulemaking, we are proposing action on all portions of the October 4, 2017 submittal, except for those portions of the submittal which do not belong in the SIP. This action is being taken under section 110 of the Clean Air Act (CAA). DATES: Written comments must be received on or before May 29, 2018. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by EPA–R08–OAR–2018– 0148 at http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Once submitted, comments cannot be edited or removed from www.regulations.gov. The EPA may publish any comment received to its public docket. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. The EPA will generally not consider comments or comment contents located outside of the primary submission (i.e., on the web, cloud, or other file sharing system). For additional submission methods, the full EPA public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, and general guidance on making effective comments, please visit http://www2.epa.gov/dockets/ commenting-epa-dockets. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kevin Leone, Air Program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Region 8, Mailcode 8P–AR, 1595 Wynkoop Street, Denver, Colorado 80202–1129, (303) 312–6227, leone.kevin@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. The EPA’s Evaluation of South Dakota’s Submission—Air Pollution Control Program Chapter 74:36 October 4, 2017 Submittal A. Chapter 74:36:01—Definitions Chapter 74:36:01 defines the terms used throughout Article 74:36—Air Pollution Control Program. There are six definitions in Chapter 74:36:01 that reference federal regulations. The sections in Chapter 74:36:01 that are being updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) as of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 74:36:01:01(8); 74:36:01:01(29); E:\FR\FM\27APP1.SGM 27APP1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 82 / Friday, April 27, 2018 / Proposed Rules 74:36:01:01(67); 74:36:01:05(1); and 74:36:01:20(5), (7) and (8). B. Chapter 74:36:02—Ambient Air Quality Chapter 74:36:02 established air quality goals and ambient air quality standards for South Dakota. The sections in Chapter 74:36:02 that are being updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 74:36:02:02; 74:36:02:03; 74:36:02:04; and 74:36:02:05. C. Chapter 74:36:03—Air Quality Episodes Chapter 74:36:03 identifies the contingency plan the South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) will follow during an air pollution emergency episode. The sections in Chapter 74:36:03 that are being updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 74:36:03:01 and 74:36:03:02. jstallworth on DSKBBY8HB2PROD with PROPOSALS D. Chapter 74:36:04—Operating Sources for Minor Sources Chapter 74:36:04 is South Dakota’s minor source air quality operating permit program. South Dakota is proposing to remove the first two sentences in 74:36:04:04 (Standard of issuance of a minor source operating permit). The removed language refers to air pollution dispersion modeling and other dispersion techniques. South Dakota’s minor source air quality program initially was both a construction and operating permit program. South Dakota separated the construction portion from the minor source air quality operating permit program in calendar year 2010 by developing an independent construction permit program as outlined in Chapter 74:36:20 (Construction Permits for New Sources or Modifications). On June 27, 2014, the EPA took final action to approve Chapter 74:36:20 (79 FR 36419). The construction permit program in Chapter 74:36:20 identifies the requirements for air pollution dispersion modeling. Therefore, this language is no longer needed in South Dakota’s minor air quality operating permit program 74:36:04:04. E. Chapter 74:36:05—Operating Sources for Part 70 Sources We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter as South Dakota’s Title V operating permit programs is not part of the SIP. VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:38 Apr 26, 2018 Jkt 244001 F. Chapter 74:36:06—Regulated Air Pollutant Emissions Chapter 74:36:06 identifies South Dakota’s regulated air pollutants which are established to ensure South Dakota’s air quality is in compliance with the federal national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). Section 74:36:06:07 (Open burning practices prohibited) references 74:10:05:11.04, which was repealed on January 12, 2012. This section was replaced with 74:12:04:11. Changes are proposed to correct the reference to this section. G. Chapter 74:36:07—New Source Performance Standards We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter. New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) are not part of the SIP. H. Chapter 74:36:08—National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) are not part of the SIP. I. Chapter 74:36:09—Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Chapter 74:36:09 is South Dakota’s PSD preconstruction program for major sources located in areas of the state that attain the federal NAAQS. The sections in Chapter 74:36:09 that are being updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 74:36:09:02 and 74:36:09:03. In addition, on November 7, 2016, the EPA published a final rulemaking action titled ‘‘Rescission of Preconstruction Permits Issued under the Clean Air Act.’’ (81 FR 78043, see docket) This rulemaking revised 40 CFR 52.21(w). The corresponding changes to 40 CFR 52.21(w) are outlined at 81 FR 78043. South Dakota has revised 74:36:09:02(6) to incorporate by reference the November 7, 2016 changes to 40 CFR 52.21(w). Specifically, 81 FR 78043 revised 40 CFR 52.21(w)(2) to remove the July 30, 1987, date restriction; revised 40 CFR 52.21(w)(3) to change the word ‘‘shall’’ to ‘‘may’’ and revised 40 CFR 52.21(w)(1) to appropriately cross reference paragraph (r) and not paragraph (s) of the EPA’s PSD regulations. J. Chapter 74:36:10—New Source Review Chapter 74:36:10 is South Dakota’s New Source Review (NSR) preconstruction permit program for major sources in areas of the state that are not attaining the NAAQS. All of PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 18497 South Dakota is in attainment with the federal standards; therefore, there are no facilities that require a preconstruction permit under this program. The sections in Chapter 74:36:10 that are being updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 74:36:10:02; 74:36:10:03.01; 74:36:10:05; 74:36:10:07; and 74:36:10:08. K. Chapter 74:36:11—Performance Testing Chapter 74:36:11 identifies the performance testing requirements used by permitted facilities to demonstrate compliance with permit limits. The section in Chapter 74:36:11 that is being updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involves 74:36:11:01. L. Chapter 74:36:12—Control of Visible Emissions Chapter 74:36:12 identifies visible emission limits for units that emit air pollution. The sections in Chapter 74:36:12 that are being updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 74:36:12:01 and 74:36:12:03. M. Chapter 74:36:13—Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter. Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems are part of South Dakota’s Title V program and are not part of the SIP. N. Chapter 74:36:16—Acid Rain Program We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter. The Acid Rain Program is not part of the SIP. O. Chapter 74:36:18—Regulations for State Facilities in the Rapid City Area The section in Chapter 74:36:18 that is being updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involves 74:36:18:10. P. Chapter 74:36:20—Construction Permits for New Sources or Modifications Chapter 74:36:20 requires an air quality construction permit for new or modified sources that do not meet the requirements for obtaining a preconstruction permit in Chapters 74:36:09 and 74:36:10. The reference date for the federal regulation is proposed to be updated to the most current version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016. These proposed changes involve section 74:36:20:05 (Standard for Issuance of a Construction Permit). E:\FR\FM\27APP1.SGM 27APP1 18498 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 82 / Friday, April 27, 2018 / Proposed Rules jstallworth on DSKBBY8HB2PROD with PROPOSALS South Dakota is proposing to revise section 74:36:20:05 to clarify that air dispersion modeling for new or modified minor sources is one of several information items that may be required by the department for inclusion in a permit application. This proposed change to the SIP is a clarification and does not modify the standard for issuance of a construction permit’s substantive requirements. The standard in Section 74:36:20:05 requires that ‘‘[a] construction permit for a new source or modification to an existing source may be issued only if it has been shown that the operation of the new source or modification to an existing source will not prevent or interfere with the attainment or maintenance of an applicable national ambient air quality standard.’’ Statutory requirements under CAA section 110(l) provide that the EPA cannot approve a SIP revision if the revision would interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further progress, or any other applicable requirement of the CAA. South Dakota’s rules provide for several methods and data (ambient monitoring data, emissions inventories, air dispersion modeling, or a combination of these data in a comprehensive analysis) to make the required determination as to whether a project would interfere with attainment or maintenance of the NAAQS. In addition to requirements in Section 74:36:20:05, Section 74:36:20:07 specifies the required contents of a complete application for a construction permit, and includes ‘‘[t]he results of any dispersion modeling required by the department’’ and ‘‘[a]ny other information requested by the department that is relevant to determining compliance with that act or the Clean Air Act.’’ Therefore, the revisions to 74:36:20:05 will not interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further progress with the NAAQS. Q. Chapter 74:36:21—Regional Haze Program Chapter 74:36:21 contains the requirements South Dakota agreed to as part of the South Dakota Regional Haze Program. The EPA approved sections 74:36:21 through 74:36:21:12 into South Dakota’s SIP. The sections in Chapter 74:36:21 that are being updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 74:36:21:02(8); 74:36:21:04; 74:36:21:05; and 74:36:21:09. South Dakota has also proposed changes to include that a construction VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:38 Apr 26, 2018 Jkt 244001 permit for a new major source or modification to a major source will be issued only after the source has demonstrated that it will not contribute to adverse impact on visibility in any mandatory Class I federal area. Changes include guidance for performing air dispersion modeling if air dispersion modeling is required to demonstrate no adverse impact on visibility. These changes are located in section 74:36:21:04 (Visibility Impact Analysis). II. What is the EPA proposing to approve? A. What the EPA Is Not Acting On The EPA is not acting on revisions to 74:36:05 (Operating Permits for Part 70 Sources), 74:36:07 (New Source Performance Standards), 74:36:08 (National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants), 74:36:13 (Continuous Emission Monitoring System) and 74:36:16 (Acid Rain), because these sections are not part of the SIP. B. What the EPA Is Acting On The EPA is proposing to approve all revisions as submitted by the State of South Dakota on October 4, 2017, as described in section I. of this proposed rulemaking, with the exception of the revisions mentioned in section II. A. of this rulemaking. The revisions are in compliance with federal requirements, including: (1) CAA section 110(a)(2)(c), which requires states to include a minor NSR program in their SIP to regulate modifications and new construction of stationary sources within the area as necessary to assure the NAAQS are achieved; (2) The regulatory requirements under 40 CFR 51.160, including section 51.160(b), which requires states to have legally enforceable procedures to prevent construction or modification of a source if it would violate any SIP control strategies or interfere with attainment or maintenance of the NAAQS; and (3) the statutory requirements under CAA section 110(l), which provides that the EPA cannot approve a SIP revision if the revision would interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further progress, or any other applicable requirement of the CAA. III. Incorporation by Reference In this action, the EPA is proposing to include in a final EPA rule regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is proposing the incorporation by PO 00000 Frm 00039 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 reference of changes to the State of South Dakota’s SIP regarding their Air Pollution Control Program in Chapter 74:36. The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these materials generally available through www.regulations.gov and at the EPA Region 8 Office (please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this preamble for more information). IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, the EPA’s role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. Accordingly, this action merely proposes to approve state law as meeting federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this proposed action: • Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011); • Is not an Executive Order 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 2, 2017) regulatory action because SIP approvals are exempted under Executive Order 12866; • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.); • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4); • Does not have federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999); • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997); • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001); • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because E:\FR\FM\27APP1.SGM 27APP1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 82 / Friday, April 27, 2018 / Proposed Rules application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and • Does not provide the EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). The SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the proposed rule does not have tribal implications and will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Carbon monoxide, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Lead, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds. Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Dated: April 19, 2018. Douglas Benevento, Regional Administrator, Region 8. www.regulations.gov or via email to pitre.randy@epa.gov. For additional information on how to submit comments see the detailed instructions in the ADDRESSES section of the direct final rule located in the rules section of this Federal Register. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Randy Pitre, (214) 665–7299, pitre.randy@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In the final rules section of this issue of the Federal Register, the EPA is approving the State’s SIP submittal as a direct rule without prior proposal because the Agency views this as noncontroversial submittal and anticipates no adverse comments. A detailed rationale for the approval is set forth in the direct final rule. If no relevant adverse comments are received in response to this action no further activity is contemplated. If the EPA receives relevant adverse comments, the direct final rule will be withdrawn and all public comments received will be addressed in a subsequent final rule based on this proposed rule. The EPA will not institute a second comment period. Any parties interested in commenting on this action should do so at this time. For additional information, see the direct final rule which is located in the rules section of this Federal Register. Dated: April 19, 2018. Anne Idsal, Regional Administrator, Region 6. [FR Doc. 2018–08676 Filed 4–26–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P [FR Doc. 2018–08661 Filed 4–26–18; 8:45 am] ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BILLING CODE 6560–50–P 40 CFR Part 52 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [EPA–R6–OAR–2017–0519; FRL–9977– 03—Region 6] 40 CFR Part 272 Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Texas; Control of Air Pollution From Visible Emissions and Particulate Matter Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: jstallworth on DSKBBY8HB2PROD with PROPOSALS VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:38 Apr 26, 2018 Jkt 244001 New York: Incorporation by Reference of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: Pursuant to the Federal Clean Air Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to approve revisions to the Texas State Implementation Plan (SIP) submitted by the State of Texas to the EPA on August 23, 2017, that pertain to regulations to control air pollution from visible emissions and particulate matter. DATES: Written comments should be received on or before May 29, 2018. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket No. EPA–R06– OAR–2017–0519, at http:// SUMMARY: [EPA–R02–RCRA–2018–0034; FRL–9974– 05—Region 2] The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposes to revise the codification of New York’s authorized hazardous waste program which is set forth in the regulations entitled ‘‘Approved State Hazardous Waste Management Programs’’. EPA will incorporate by reference into the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) those provisions of the State regulations that are authorized and that EPA will enforce under the Solid Waste Disposal SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00040 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 18499 Act, as amended and commonly referred to as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). DATES: Send your written comments by May 29, 2018. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–R02– RCRA–2018–0034, by one of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments. • Email: azzam.nidal@epa.gov. • Fax: (212) 637–4437. • Mail: Send written comments to Nidal Azzam, Base Program Management Section Chief, Hazardous Waste Programs Branch, Clean Air and Sustainability Division, EPA, Region 2, 290 Broadway, 22nd Floor, New York, NY 10007. • Hand Delivery or Courier: Deliver your comments to Nidal Azzam, Base Program Management Section Chief, Hazardous Waste Programs Branch, Clean Air and Sustainability Division, EPA, Region 2, 290 Broadway, 22nd Floor, New York, NY 10007. Such deliveries are only accepted during the Regional Office’s normal hours of operation. The public is advised to call in advance to verify the business hours. Special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA–R02–RCRA–2018– 0034. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available on-line at http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through http:// www.regulations.gov, or email. The Federal http://www.regulations.gov website is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an email comment directly to EPA without going through http:// www.regulations.gov, your email address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD–ROM you submit. If EPA E:\FR\FM\27APP1.SGM 27APP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 82 (Friday, April 27, 2018)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 18496-18499]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-08676]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[EPA-R08-OAR-2018-0148; FRL-9977-00--Region 8]


Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; 
South Dakota; Revisions to the Permitting Rules

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Proposed rule.

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SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to 
approve State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions submitted by the 
State of South Dakota on October 4, 2017, related to South Dakota's Air 
Pollution Control Program. The October 4, 2017 submittal updates 
certain dates of incorporation by reference and reorganizes and revises 
certain rules. In this rulemaking, we are proposing action on all 
portions of the October 4, 2017 submittal, except for those portions of 
the submittal which do not belong in the SIP. This action is being 
taken under section 110 of the Clean Air Act (CAA).

DATES: Written comments must be received on or before May 29, 2018.

ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by EPA-R08-OAR-2018-0148 at 
http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for 
submitting comments. Once submitted, comments cannot be edited or 
removed from www.regulations.gov. The EPA may publish any comment 
received to its public docket. Do not submit electronically any 
information you consider to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) 
or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. 
Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a 
written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment 
and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. The EPA 
will generally not consider comments or comment contents located 
outside of the primary submission (i.e., on the web, cloud, or other 
file sharing system). For additional submission methods, the full EPA 
public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, 
and general guidance on making effective comments, please visit http://www2.epa.gov/dockets/commenting-epa-dockets.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kevin Leone, Air Program, U.S. 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Region 8, Mailcode 8P-AR, 1595 
Wynkoop Street, Denver, Colorado 80202-1129, (303) 312-6227, 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. The EPA's Evaluation of South Dakota's Submission--Air Pollution 
Control Program Chapter 74:36

October 4, 2017 Submittal

A. Chapter 74:36:01--Definitions

    Chapter 74:36:01 defines the terms used throughout Article 74:36--
Air Pollution Control Program. There are six definitions in Chapter 
74:36:01 that reference federal regulations. The sections in Chapter 
74:36:01 that are being updated to the version of the federal reference 
specified in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) as of July 1, 2016, 
involve the following: 74:36:01:01(8); 74:36:01:01(29);

[[Page 18497]]

74:36:01:01(67); 74:36:01:05(1); and 74:36:01:20(5), (7) and (8).

B. Chapter 74:36:02--Ambient Air Quality

    Chapter 74:36:02 established air quality goals and ambient air 
quality standards for South Dakota. The sections in Chapter 74:36:02 
that are being updated to the version of the federal reference 
specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 
74:36:02:02; 74:36:02:03; 74:36:02:04; and 74:36:02:05.

C. Chapter 74:36:03--Air Quality Episodes

    Chapter 74:36:03 identifies the contingency plan the South Dakota 
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) will follow 
during an air pollution emergency episode. The sections in Chapter 
74:36:03 that are being updated to the version of the federal reference 
specified in the CFR as of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 
74:36:03:01 and 74:36:03:02.

D. Chapter 74:36:04--Operating Sources for Minor Sources

    Chapter 74:36:04 is South Dakota's minor source air quality 
operating permit program. South Dakota is proposing to remove the first 
two sentences in 74:36:04:04 (Standard of issuance of a minor source 
operating permit). The removed language refers to air pollution 
dispersion modeling and other dispersion techniques.
    South Dakota's minor source air quality program initially was both 
a construction and operating permit program. South Dakota separated the 
construction portion from the minor source air quality operating permit 
program in calendar year 2010 by developing an independent construction 
permit program as outlined in Chapter 74:36:20 (Construction Permits 
for New Sources or Modifications). On June 27, 2014, the EPA took final 
action to approve Chapter 74:36:20 (79 FR 36419). The construction 
permit program in Chapter 74:36:20 identifies the requirements for air 
pollution dispersion modeling. Therefore, this language is no longer 
needed in South Dakota's minor air quality operating permit program 
74:36:04:04.

E. Chapter 74:36:05--Operating Sources for Part 70 Sources

    We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter as South 
Dakota's Title V operating permit programs is not part of the SIP.

F. Chapter 74:36:06--Regulated Air Pollutant Emissions

    Chapter 74:36:06 identifies South Dakota's regulated air pollutants 
which are established to ensure South Dakota's air quality is in 
compliance with the federal national ambient air quality standards 
(NAAQS). Section 74:36:06:07 (Open burning practices prohibited) 
references 74:10:05:11.04, which was repealed on January 12, 2012. This 
section was replaced with 74:12:04:11. Changes are proposed to correct 
the reference to this section.

G. Chapter 74:36:07--New Source Performance Standards

    We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter. New Source 
Performance Standards (NSPS) are not part of the SIP.

H. Chapter 74:36:08--National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air 
Pollutants

    We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter. National 
Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) are not part 
of the SIP.

I. Chapter 74:36:09--Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD)

    Chapter 74:36:09 is South Dakota's PSD preconstruction program for 
major sources located in areas of the state that attain the federal 
NAAQS. The sections in Chapter 74:36:09 that are being updated to the 
version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 
2016, involve the following: 74:36:09:02 and 74:36:09:03.
    In addition, on November 7, 2016, the EPA published a final 
rulemaking action titled ``Rescission of Preconstruction Permits Issued 
under the Clean Air Act.'' (81 FR 78043, see docket) This rulemaking 
revised 40 CFR 52.21(w). The corresponding changes to 40 CFR 52.21(w) 
are outlined at 81 FR 78043. South Dakota has revised 74:36:09:02(6) to 
incorporate by reference the November 7, 2016 changes to 40 CFR 
52.21(w).
    Specifically, 81 FR 78043 revised 40 CFR 52.21(w)(2) to remove the 
July 30, 1987, date restriction; revised 40 CFR 52.21(w)(3) to change 
the word ``shall'' to ``may'' and revised 40 CFR 52.21(w)(1) to 
appropriately cross reference paragraph (r) and not paragraph (s) of 
the EPA's PSD regulations.

J. Chapter 74:36:10--New Source Review

    Chapter 74:36:10 is South Dakota's New Source Review (NSR) 
preconstruction permit program for major sources in areas of the state 
that are not attaining the NAAQS. All of South Dakota is in attainment 
with the federal standards; therefore, there are no facilities that 
require a preconstruction permit under this program.
    The sections in Chapter 74:36:10 that are being updated to the 
version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 
2016, involve the following: 74:36:10:02; 74:36:10:03.01; 74:36:10:05; 
74:36:10:07; and 74:36:10:08.

K. Chapter 74:36:11--Performance Testing

    Chapter 74:36:11 identifies the performance testing requirements 
used by permitted facilities to demonstrate compliance with permit 
limits. The section in Chapter 74:36:11 that is being updated to the 
version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 
2016, involves 74:36:11:01.

L. Chapter 74:36:12--Control of Visible Emissions

    Chapter 74:36:12 identifies visible emission limits for units that 
emit air pollution. The sections in Chapter 74:36:12 that are being 
updated to the version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as 
of July 1, 2016, involve the following: 74:36:12:01 and 74:36:12:03.

M. Chapter 74:36:13--Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems

    We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter. Continuous 
Emission Monitoring Systems are part of South Dakota's Title V program 
and are not part of the SIP.

N. Chapter 74:36:16--Acid Rain Program

    We are not taking action on revisions to this chapter. The Acid 
Rain Program is not part of the SIP.

O. Chapter 74:36:18--Regulations for State Facilities in the Rapid City 
Area

    The section in Chapter 74:36:18 that is being updated to the 
version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 
2016, involves 74:36:18:10.

P. Chapter 74:36:20--Construction Permits for New Sources or 
Modifications

    Chapter 74:36:20 requires an air quality construction permit for 
new or modified sources that do not meet the requirements for obtaining 
a preconstruction permit in Chapters 74:36:09 and 74:36:10.
    The reference date for the federal regulation is proposed to be 
updated to the most current version of the federal reference specified 
in the CFR as of July 1, 2016. These proposed changes involve section 
74:36:20:05 (Standard for Issuance of a Construction Permit).

[[Page 18498]]

    South Dakota is proposing to revise section 74:36:20:05 to clarify 
that air dispersion modeling for new or modified minor sources is one 
of several information items that may be required by the department for 
inclusion in a permit application. This proposed change to the SIP is a 
clarification and does not modify the standard for issuance of a 
construction permit's substantive requirements. The standard in Section 
74:36:20:05 requires that ``[a] construction permit for a new source or 
modification to an existing source may be issued only if it has been 
shown that the operation of the new source or modification to an 
existing source will not prevent or interfere with the attainment or 
maintenance of an applicable national ambient air quality standard.'' 
Statutory requirements under CAA section 110(l) provide that the EPA 
cannot approve a SIP revision if the revision would interfere with any 
applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further 
progress, or any other applicable requirement of the CAA. South 
Dakota's rules provide for several methods and data (ambient monitoring 
data, emissions inventories, air dispersion modeling, or a combination 
of these data in a comprehensive analysis) to make the required 
determination as to whether a project would interfere with attainment 
or maintenance of the NAAQS. In addition to requirements in Section 
74:36:20:05, Section 74:36:20:07 specifies the required contents of a 
complete application for a construction permit, and includes ``[t]he 
results of any dispersion modeling required by the department'' and 
``[a]ny other information requested by the department that is relevant 
to determining compliance with that act or the Clean Air Act.'' 
Therefore, the revisions to 74:36:20:05 will not interfere with any 
applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further 
progress with the NAAQS.

Q. Chapter 74:36:21--Regional Haze Program

    Chapter 74:36:21 contains the requirements South Dakota agreed to 
as part of the South Dakota Regional Haze Program. The EPA approved 
sections 74:36:21 through 74:36:21:12 into South Dakota's SIP.
    The sections in Chapter 74:36:21 that are being updated to the 
version of the federal reference specified in the CFR as of July 1, 
2016, involve the following: 74:36:21:02(8); 74:36:21:04; 74:36:21:05; 
and 74:36:21:09.
    South Dakota has also proposed changes to include that a 
construction permit for a new major source or modification to a major 
source will be issued only after the source has demonstrated that it 
will not contribute to adverse impact on visibility in any mandatory 
Class I federal area. Changes include guidance for performing air 
dispersion modeling if air dispersion modeling is required to 
demonstrate no adverse impact on visibility. These changes are located 
in section 74:36:21:04 (Visibility Impact Analysis).

II. What is the EPA proposing to approve?

A. What the EPA Is Not Acting On

    The EPA is not acting on revisions to 74:36:05 (Operating Permits 
for Part 70 Sources), 74:36:07 (New Source Performance Standards), 
74:36:08 (National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants), 
74:36:13 (Continuous Emission Monitoring System) and 74:36:16 (Acid 
Rain), because these sections are not part of the SIP.

B. What the EPA Is Acting On

    The EPA is proposing to approve all revisions as submitted by the 
State of South Dakota on October 4, 2017, as described in section I. of 
this proposed rulemaking, with the exception of the revisions mentioned 
in section II. A. of this rulemaking.
    The revisions are in compliance with federal requirements, 
including: (1) CAA section 110(a)(2)(c), which requires states to 
include a minor NSR program in their SIP to regulate modifications and 
new construction of stationary sources within the area as necessary to 
assure the NAAQS are achieved; (2) The regulatory requirements under 40 
CFR 51.160, including section 51.160(b), which requires states to have 
legally enforceable procedures to prevent construction or modification 
of a source if it would violate any SIP control strategies or interfere 
with attainment or maintenance of the NAAQS; and (3) the statutory 
requirements under CAA section 110(l), which provides that the EPA 
cannot approve a SIP revision if the revision would interfere with any 
applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further 
progress, or any other applicable requirement of the CAA.

III. Incorporation by Reference

    In this action, the EPA is proposing to include in a final EPA rule 
regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance 
with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is proposing the incorporation 
by reference of changes to the State of South Dakota's SIP regarding 
their Air Pollution Control Program in Chapter 74:36. The EPA has made, 
and will continue to make, these materials generally available through 
www.regulations.gov and at the EPA Region 8 Office (please contact the 
person identified in the For Further Information Contact section of 
this preamble for more information).

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a 
SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and 
applicable federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). 
Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, the EPA's role is to approve state 
choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. 
Accordingly, this action merely proposes to approve state law as 
meeting federal requirements and does not impose additional 
requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this 
proposed action:
     Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' subject to 
review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 
12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 
2011);
     Is not an Executive Order 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 2, 
2017) regulatory action because SIP approvals are exempted under 
Executive Order 12866;
     Does not impose an information collection burden under the 
provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
     Is certified as not having a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
     Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
     Does not have federalism implications as specified in 
Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
     Is not an economically significant regulatory action based 
on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997);
     Is not a significant regulatory action subject to 
Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
     Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the 
National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 
note) because

[[Page 18499]]

application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; 
and
     Does not provide the EPA with the discretionary authority 
to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or 
environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible 
methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
    The SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or 
in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated 
that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the 
proposed rule does not have tribal implications and will not impose 
substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as 
specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Carbon monoxide, 
Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Lead, Nitrogen 
dioxide, Ozone, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds.

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

    Dated: April 19, 2018.
Douglas Benevento,
Regional Administrator, Region 8.
[FR Doc. 2018-08676 Filed 4-26-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6560-50-P