Airworthiness Directives; Rolls-Royce plc Turbofan Engines, 17746-17749 [2018-08602]

Download as PDF 17746 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 79 / Tuesday, April 24, 2018 / Rules and Regulations model of airplane. It is not a rule of general applicability. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25 Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704. jstallworth on DSKBBY8HB2PROD with RULES The Special Conditions Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the type certification basis for Textron Model 700 airplanes with a structural armrest installed between a side-facing seat, located forward of aft-facing seats, and the aft-facing seats. 1. The applicant must propose a certification strategy for the structural armrest. This strategy must address the structural integrity of the structural armrest and occupant protection after a survivable crash. The strategy must define how the applicant will ensure that the installation, when permanently deformed due to the application of static, dynamic, and interaction (with aft-facing seat) loads, and while complying with the applicable §§ 25.561 and 25.562 requirements, meets the following conditions: a. The proposed structural armrest must not contact the occupant in the aftmost seating position of the side-facing seat, such that the armrest imparts any load, other than incidental and noninjurious contact, with the seat occupant. b. The backrest of the aft-facing seat must not touch the occupant in the aftmost seating position of the side-facing seat. c. The proposed structural armrest must not impose loads to the side-facing seat structure, and; d. The seat back of the aft-facing seat must not, as a result of contact with the structural armrest, result in damage or permanent deformation of the seat back that could be injurious to the occupant of the aft-facing seat. 2. In addition, the applicant must: a. Test, to the emergency-landing conditions listed in § 25.562, the structural armrest and the aft-facing seat together, as a system, with pitch and roll of the seat track to ensure that the armrest continues to protect the occupant of the side-facing seat. b. Conduct 16g forward structural tests with the combination of the sidefacing seat, structural armrest, and the aft-facing seat, accounting for all critical cases. For these tests, the applicant VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:18 Apr 23, 2018 Jkt 244001 should account for all structural requirements and post-test conditions. Anthropomorphic test dummies are required as part of § 25.562 structural testing. c. Apply to the seat track the worstcase floor deformation that: i. Produces the maximum load into the structural armrest for armrests that are integrally a part of any seat structure. This maximum load includes the load caused by the floor deformation and the load from the aft-facing seat back. ii. Allows the aft-facing seat back the most forward dynamic deformation in the area of the side-facing seat’s aft occupant. No contact between the aftfacing seat and the side-facing seat aft occupant is acceptable. Issued in Renton, Washington, on April 17, 2018. Paul Siegmund, Acting Manager, Transport Standards Branch, Policy and Innovation Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2018–08556 Filed 4–23–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2018–0314; Product Identifier 2018–NE–11–AD; Amendment 39– 19255; AD 2018–08–02] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Rolls-Royce plc Turbofan Engines Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule; request for comments. AGENCY: Examining the AD Docket We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Rolls-Royce plc (RR) Trent 1000–A2, Trent 1000–AE2, Trent 1000–C2, Trent 1000–CE2, Trent 1000–D2, Trent 1000– E2, Trent 1000–G2, Trent 1000–H2, Trent 1000–J2, Trent 1000–K2, and Trent 1000–L2 turbofan engines. This AD requires initial and repetitive inspections of the intermediate-pressure compressor (IPC) stage 1 rotor blades, IPC stage 2 rotor blades, and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts, and removing any cracked parts from service. This AD was prompted by IPC blade separations resulting in engine failures. We are issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: This AD is effective April 24, 2018. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this AD as of April 24, 2018. We must receive comments on this AD by June 8, 2018. ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. For service information identified in this final rule, contact Rolls-Royce plc, Corporate Communications, P.O. Box 31, Derby, England, DE24 8BJ; phone: 011–44–1332–242424; fax: 011–44– 1332–249936; email: corporate.care@ rolls-royce.com. Internet: https:// customers.rolls-royce.com/public/ rollsroycecare. You may view this service information at the FAA, Engine & Propeller Standards Branch, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781–238– 7759. It is also available on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2018–0314. You may examine the AD docket on the internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2018– 0314; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, the mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI), the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for Docket Operations (phone: 800–647– 5527) is listed above. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kevin M. Clark, Aerospace Engineer, ECO Branch, FAA, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781–238–7088; fax: 781–238–7199; email: kevin.m.clark@faa.gov. E:\FR\FM\24APR1.SGM 24APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 79 / Tuesday, April 24, 2018 / Rules and Regulations SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: jstallworth on DSKBBY8HB2PROD with RULES Discussion The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the European Community, has issued EASA AD 2018– 0084, dated April 13, 2018 (referred to after this as the MCAI), to address an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI states: Occurrences were reported on RR Trent 1000 ‘Pack C’ engines, where some IPC Rotor 1 and Rotor 2 blades were found cracked. This condition, if not detected and corrected, could lead to in-flight blade release, possibly resulting in reduced control of the aeroplane. To address this potential unsafe condition, RR initially issued Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72–AJ814 and 72–AJ819 to provide inspection instructions for IPC Rotor 1 blades, and IPC Rotor 2 blades and IPC shaft Stage 2 dovetail posts, respectively. RR also issued NMSB TRENT 1000 72–J871 to provide rework instructions for the affected parts, and Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72– AJ869 to inspect those post-rework parts. Consequently, EASA issued AD 2017–0248 to require repetitive inspections of the affected IPC Rotor blades and IPC shaft Stage 2 dovetail posts and, depending on findings, removal from service of the engine for corrective action. After that [EASA] AD was issued, prompted by further analysis, it was determined that, for certain engines, the front face of IPC Rotor 2 Blades and the dovetail posts of the IPC Shaft Stage 2 Rotor assembly needed to be inspected earlier. RR issued Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72–AK058 to provide instructions for a one-time on-wing inspection. Consequently, EASA issued AD 2018–0073, retaining the requirements of EASA AD 2017–0248, which was superseded, to require an additional borescope inspection of certain engines and, depending on findings, removal from service of the engine for corrective action. Since that [EASA] AD was issued, it was determined that repetitive borescope inspections are necessary on all engines to ensure fleet-wide continued safe operation. Consequently, RR revised Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72–AJ869, Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72–AJ814, Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72–AJ819 and NMSB TRENT 1000 72–J871, and issued the NMSB to consolidate all inspection instructions. For the reason described above, this [EASA] AD retains the requirements of EASA AD 2018–0073, which is superseded, and requires repetitive on-wing borescope inspections of the affected Rotor 1 and Rotor 2 parts and, depending on findings, removal from service of the engine for corrective action. This [EASA] AD also introduces specific requirements for engines installed on aeroplanes involved in ETOPS, and VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:18 Apr 23, 2018 Jkt 244001 17747 inspection following operation in asymmetric power conditions. FAA’s Justification and Determination of the Effective Date You may obtain further information by examining the MCAI in the AD docket on the internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2018– 0314. An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of this AD without providing an opportunity for public comments prior to adoption. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public justifies waiving notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule because the compliance time for the action is less than the time required for public comment. The FAA has reviewed and agrees with EASA’s determination that certain affected IPC rotor blades and dovetail posts must be inspected and, if needed, replaced with a part eligible for installation prior to further flight. Failure to inspect and replace these parts within the required compliance times could lead to failure of the IPC, failure of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and loss of the airplane. Therefore, we find good cause that notice and opportunity for prior public comment are impracticable. In addition, for the reason stated above, we find that good cause exists for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days. Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51 We reviewed RR Alert NonModification Service Bulletin (NMSB) Trent 1000 72–AJ819, Revision 2, dated April 12, 2018, and RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72–AK060, dated April 13, 2018. RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72– AJ819 describes procedures for performing a visual borescope inspection of the IPC stage 2 rotor blades and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts. RR NMSB Trent 1000 72–AK060 defines the initial inspection threshold and repeat inspection intervals for Trent 1000 IPC stage 1 blade, stage 2 blade and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts. This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section. Comments Invited This AD requires initial and repetitive inspections of the IPC stage 1 rotor blades, IPC stage 2 rotor blades, and IPC stage 2 shaft dovetail posts, and removing any cracked parts from service. This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety and was not preceded by notice and an opportunity for public comment. However, we invite you to send any written data, views, or arguments about this final rule. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include the docket number FAA–2018–0314 and Product Identifier 2018–NE–11–AD at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this final rule. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this final rule because of those comments. We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we receive about this final rule. Interim Action Costs of Compliance We consider this AD interim action. RR is developing a modification which is expected to be terminating action for the repetitive inspections required by this AD. We estimate that this AD affects 28 engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. We estimate the following costs to comply with this AD: FAA’s Determination This product has been approved by EASA and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to our bilateral agreement with the European Community, EASA has notified us of the unsafe condition described in the MCAI and service information referenced above. We are issuing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant information provided by EASA and determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design. AD Requirements PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\24APR1.SGM 24APR1 17748 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 79 / Tuesday, April 24, 2018 / Rules and Regulations ESTIMATED COSTS Action Labor cost Inspect IPC blade and dovetail post ............... 6 work-hours × $85 per hour = $510 ............. jstallworth on DSKBBY8HB2PROD with RULES Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. ‘‘Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,’’ describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. This AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the Executive Director, Aircraft Certification Service, as authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but during this transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable to engines, propellers, and associated appliances to the Manager, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch, Policy and Innovation Division. Regulatory Findings This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify this AD: (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866, (2) Is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:18 Apr 23, 2018 Jkt 244001 on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): ■ 2018–08–02 Rolls-Royce plc: Amendment 39–19255; Docket No. FAA–2018–0314; Product Identifier 2018–NE–11–AD. (a) Effective Date This AD is effective April 24, 2018. (b) Affected ADs None. (c) Applicability This AD applies to all Rolls-Royce plc (RR) Trent 1000–A2, Trent 1000–AE2, Trent 1000–C2, Trent 1000–CE2, Trent 1000–D2, Trent 1000–E2, Trent 1000–G2, Trent 1000– H2, Trent 1000–J2, Trent 1000–K2, and Trent 1000–L2 turbofan engines. (d) Subject Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC) Code 7230, Turbine Engine Compressor Section. (e) Unsafe Condition This AD was prompted by reports of intermediate-pressure compressor (IPC) rotor blade separations resulting in engine failures. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of the IPC. The unsafe condition, if not addressed, could result in failure of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and loss of the airplane. (f) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Cost per product Parts cost $0 $510 Cost on U.S. operators $14,280 (g) Required Actions (1) Inspect the IPC stage 1 rotor blades before exceeding the applicable initial inspection thresholds specified in Table 1 of RR Alert Non-Modification Service Bulletin (NMSB) Trent 1000 72–AK060, dated April 13, 2018, or within 80 flight cycles (FCs) after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later. If Direct Accumulation Count cycles, as specified in Table 1 of RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72–AK060, are not available, then use FCs, regardless of Engine Health Monitoring alerts. Thereafter at intervals not to exceed 200 FCs, repeat the inspection of the IPC stage 1 rotor blades. Use the Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 3.A., of RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72– AK060, dated April 13, 2018 to perform the inspections. (2) Perform an initial inspection of the IPC stage 2 rotor blades and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts, using the Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 3.B., of RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72–AK060, dated April 13, 2018. Perform the initial inspection based on engine operations as specified in the following paragraphs and within the following compliance times: (i) For engines with less than 300 FCs since new on the effective date of this AD: (A) For engines that are not operated on ETOPS (extended operations) flights, prior to exceeding 300 FCs or within 50 days after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later. (B) For engines that are operated on ETOPS flights, before exceeding 300 FCs or before the next ETOPS flight, whichever occurs later. (ii) For engines with 300 or more FCs since new on the effective date of this AD: (A) For engines that are not operated on ETOPS flights, prior to exceeding 50 days after the effective date of this AD or within 80 FCs since the last inspection performed in accordance with RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72–AJ819, whichever occurs later. This inspection is not to exceed 200 FCs since the previous inspection. (B) For engines that are operated on ETOPS flights, before the next ETOPS flight, or within 80 FCs since the last inspection performed in accordance with RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72–AJ819, whichever occurs later. (3) Thereafter, at intervals not to exceed 80 FCs, repeat the inspections of the IPC stage 2 rotor blades and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts required by paragraph (g)(2) of this AD. Use the Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 3.B., of RR Alert Trent 1000 72– AK060, dated April 13, 2018, to perform these inspections. (4) For engines involved in ETOPS operations, inspect the rear face of IPC stage 2 rotor blades, part number KH25730, at each inspection interval defined in paragraph E:\FR\FM\24APR1.SGM 24APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 79 / Tuesday, April 24, 2018 / Rules and Regulations (g)(3) of this AD in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 3.C., of RR Alert Trent 1000 72–AK060, dated April 13, 2018. (5) As of the effective date of this AD, before the next flight after each occurrence where engine operation in asymmetric power conditions was sustained for more than 30 minutes at less than 25,000 feet, either resulting from engine power reduction, or from engine in-flight shut-down (IFSD), perform an on-wing borescope inspection of the IPC stage 2 rotor blades and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts on the unaffected engine (no power reduction, no IFSD) installed on the airplane. Use the Accomplishment Instructions, either paragraph 3.B. for engines not involved in ETOPS operations, or paragraphs 3.B. and 3.C. for engines involved in ETOPS operations, of RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72– AK060, dated April 13, 2018, to perform this inspection. (6) If any IPC stage 1 rotor blade, IPC stage 2 rotor blade, or an IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail post is found cracked during any inspection required by this AD, replace the part with a part eligible for installation before further flight. (h) Definitions For the purpose of this AD, flight cycles indicated in paragraph (g)(1) of this AD are those accumulated by the engine. FCs indicated in paragraph (g)(2) of this AD are those accumulated by each affected IPC stage 2 rotor blade since first installation on an engine. If FCs accumulated by an affected IPC stage 2 rotor blade are unknown, then engine FCs since new apply. jstallworth on DSKBBY8HB2PROD with RULES (i) Credit for Previous Actions (1) If you performed the initial inspections required by paragraph (g) of this AD before the effective date of this AD, using any of the following you met the initial inspection requirements of paragraph (g) of this AD; however, all of the repetitive actions still apply: (i) RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72–AJ814, Initial Issue, dated August 17, 2017, or Revision 1, dated September 26, 2017; or (ii) RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72–AK058, Initial Issue, dated March 30, 2018; (iii) RR NMSB Trent 1000 72–AJ819, Revision 1, October 9, 2017, or Initial Issue, dated August 17, 2017. (2) Reserved. (j) Special Flight Permits (1) Special flight permits, as described in Section 21.197 and Section 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 and 21.199), are subject to the requirements of paragraph (j)(1)(i) of this AD. (i) Operators who are prohibited from further flight due to an IPC stage 1 rotor blade, IPC stage 2 rotor blade, or an IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail post being found cracked, may perform a one-time non-revenue ferry flight to a location where the engine can be removed from service. This ferry flight must be performed without passengers, involve non-ETOPS operation, and consume no more than three FCs. (ii) Reserved. (2) Reserved. VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:18 Apr 23, 2018 Jkt 244001 (k) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) (1) The Manager, ECO Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the certification office, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (l)(1) of this AD. You may email your request to: ANE-AD-AMOC@ faa.gov. (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/ certificate holding district office. (l) Related Information (1) For more information about this AD, contact Kevin M. Clark, Aerospace Engineer, ECO Branch, FAA, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781–238– 7088; fax: 781–238–7199; email: kevin.m.clark@faa.gov. (2) Refer to European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2018–0084, dated April 13, 2018, for more information. You may examine the EASA AD in the AD docket on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating it in Docket No. FAA–2018–0314. (m) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise. (i) Rolls-Royce plc (RR) Alert NonModification Service Bulletin (NMSB) Trent 1000 72–AJ819, Revision 2, dated April 12, 2018. (ii) RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72–AK060, Initial Issue, dated April 13, 2018. (3) For RR service information identified in this AD, contact Rolls-Royce plc, Corporate Communications, P.O. Box 31, Derby, England, DE24 8BJ; phone: 011–44–1332– 242424; fax: 011–44–1332–249936; email: corporate.care@rolls-royce.com; internet: https://customers.rolls-royce.com/public/ rollsroycecare. (4) You may view this service information at FAA, Engine & Propeller Standards Branch, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781–238–7759. (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http:// www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibrlocations.html. PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 17749 Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on April 19, 2018. Karen M. Grant, Acting Manager, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2018–08602 Filed 4–20–18; 11:15 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Bureau of the Census 15 CFR Part 30 [Docket Number: 140905758–8166–02] RIN 0607–AA54 Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR): Clarification on the Collection and Confidentiality of Kimberley Process Certificates Bureau of the Census, Commerce Department. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Bureau of the Census (Census Bureau) issues this final rule amending its regulations to clarify that the data collected from the Kimberley Process Certificates (KPCs) are collected in compliance with the Clean Diamond Trade Act. In addition, this rule clarifies the submission requirements and permissible uses of the KPCs. DATES: This final rule is effective July 23, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dale C. Kelly, Chief, International Trade Management Division, U.S. Census Bureau, 4600 Silver Hill Road, Washington, DC 20233–6010, by phone at 301–763–6937; by fax at 301–763– 8835; or by email at dale.c.kelly@ census.gov. SUMMARY: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The Census Bureau is amending the Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR) (15 CFR part 30) to clarify that the Kimberley Process Certificates (KPCs) are not collected under Title 13, United States Code (U.S.C.). Instead, the KPCs are collected under the Clean Diamond Trade Act (CDTA) (Pub. L. 108–19, 19 U.S.C. 3901, et seq.) and Executive Order 13312, entitled ‘‘Implementing the Clean Diamond Trade Act’’ (68 FR 45151, July 29, 2003). The CDTA and Executive Order 13312 require that the importation into, and exportation from, the United States of any rough diamonds be controlled through the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS). The KPCS calls on Participants E:\FR\FM\24APR1.SGM 24APR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 79 (Tuesday, April 24, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 17746-17749]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-08602]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2018-0314; Product Identifier 2018-NE-11-AD; Amendment 
39-19255; AD 2018-08-02]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Rolls-Royce plc Turbofan Engines

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all 
Rolls-Royce plc (RR) Trent 1000-A2, Trent 1000-AE2, Trent 1000-C2, 
Trent 1000-CE2, Trent 1000-D2, Trent 1000-E2, Trent 1000-G2, Trent 
1000-H2, Trent 1000-J2, Trent 1000-K2, and Trent 1000-L2 turbofan 
engines. This AD requires initial and repetitive inspections of the 
intermediate-pressure compressor (IPC) stage 1 rotor blades, IPC stage 
2 rotor blades, and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts, and removing any 
cracked parts from service. This AD was prompted by IPC blade 
separations resulting in engine failures. We are issuing this AD to 
address the unsafe condition on these products.

DATES: This AD is effective April 24, 2018.
    The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by 
reference of certain publications listed in this AD as of April 24, 
2018.
    We must receive comments on this AD by June 8, 2018.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    For service information identified in this final rule, contact 
Rolls-Royce plc, Corporate Communications, P.O. Box 31, Derby, England, 
DE24 8BJ; phone: 011-44-1332-242424; fax: 011-44-1332-249936; email: 
royce.com">[email protected]royce.com. Internet: https://customers.rolls-royce.com/public/rollsroycecare. You may view this service information 
at the FAA, Engine & Propeller Standards Branch, 1200 District Avenue, 
Burlington, MA 01803. For information on the availability of this 
material at the FAA, call 781-238-7759. It is also available on the 
internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating 
Docket No. FAA-2018-0314.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2018-
0314; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains 
this final rule, the mandatory continuing airworthiness information 
(MCAI), the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other 
information. The street address for Docket Operations (phone: 800-647-
5527) is listed above. Comments will be available in the AD docket 
shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kevin M. Clark, Aerospace Engineer, 
ECO Branch, FAA, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 
781-238-7088; fax: 781-238-7199; email: [email protected].

[[Page 17747]]


SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Discussion

    The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical 
Agent for the Member States of the European Community, has issued EASA 
AD 2018-0084, dated April 13, 2018 (referred to after this as the 
MCAI), to address an unsafe condition for the specified products. The 
MCAI states:

    Occurrences were reported on RR Trent 1000 `Pack C' engines, 
where some IPC Rotor 1 and Rotor 2 blades were found cracked.
    This condition, if not detected and corrected, could lead to in-
flight blade release, possibly resulting in reduced control of the 
aeroplane.
    To address this potential unsafe condition, RR initially issued 
Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72-AJ814 and 72-AJ819 to provide inspection 
instructions for IPC Rotor 1 blades, and IPC Rotor 2 blades and IPC 
shaft Stage 2 dovetail posts, respectively. RR also issued NMSB 
TRENT 1000 72-J871 to provide rework instructions for the affected 
parts, and Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72-AJ869 to inspect those post-
rework parts. Consequently, EASA issued AD 2017-0248 to require 
repetitive inspections of the affected IPC Rotor blades and IPC 
shaft Stage 2 dovetail posts and, depending on findings, removal 
from service of the engine for corrective action.
    After that [EASA] AD was issued, prompted by further analysis, 
it was determined that, for certain engines, the front face of IPC 
Rotor 2 Blades and the dovetail posts of the IPC Shaft Stage 2 Rotor 
assembly needed to be inspected earlier. RR issued Alert NMSB TRENT 
1000 72-AK058 to provide instructions for a one-time on-wing 
inspection. Consequently, EASA issued AD 2018-0073, retaining the 
requirements of EASA AD 2017-0248, which was superseded, to require 
an additional borescope inspection of certain engines and, depending 
on findings, removal from service of the engine for corrective 
action.
    Since that [EASA] AD was issued, it was determined that 
repetitive borescope inspections are necessary on all engines to 
ensure fleet-wide continued safe operation. Consequently, RR revised 
Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72-AJ869, Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72-AJ814, 
Alert NMSB TRENT 1000 72-AJ819 and NMSB TRENT 1000 72-J871, and 
issued the NMSB to consolidate all inspection instructions.
    For the reason described above, this [EASA] AD retains the 
requirements of EASA AD 2018-0073, which is superseded, and requires 
repetitive on-wing borescope inspections of the affected Rotor 1 and 
Rotor 2 parts and, depending on findings, removal from service of 
the engine for corrective action. This [EASA] AD also introduces 
specific requirements for engines installed on aeroplanes involved 
in ETOPS, and inspection following operation in asymmetric power 
conditions.

    You may obtain further information by examining the MCAI in the AD 
docket on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for 
and locating Docket No. FAA-2018-0314.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51

    We reviewed RR Alert Non-Modification Service Bulletin (NMSB) Trent 
1000 72-AJ819, Revision 2, dated April 12, 2018, and RR Alert NMSB 
Trent 1000 72-AK060, dated April 13, 2018. RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72-
AJ819 describes procedures for performing a visual borescope inspection 
of the IPC stage 2 rotor blades and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts. 
RR NMSB Trent 1000 72-AK060 defines the initial inspection threshold 
and repeat inspection intervals for Trent 1000 IPC stage 1 blade, stage 
2 blade and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts. This service information 
is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to 
it through their normal course of business or by the means identified 
in the ADDRESSES section.

FAA's Determination

    This product has been approved by EASA and is approved for 
operation in the United States. Pursuant to our bilateral agreement 
with the European Community, EASA has notified us of the unsafe 
condition described in the MCAI and service information referenced 
above. We are issuing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant 
information provided by EASA and determined the unsafe condition 
described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of 
the same type design.

AD Requirements

    This AD requires initial and repetitive inspections of the IPC 
stage 1 rotor blades, IPC stage 2 rotor blades, and IPC stage 2 shaft 
dovetail posts, and removing any cracked parts from service.

Interim Action

    We consider this AD interim action. RR is developing a modification 
which is expected to be terminating action for the repetitive 
inspections required by this AD.

FAA's Justification and Determination of the Effective Date

    An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of 
this AD without providing an opportunity for public comments prior to 
adoption. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public 
justifies waiving notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule 
because the compliance time for the action is less than the time 
required for public comment. The FAA has reviewed and agrees with 
EASA's determination that certain affected IPC rotor blades and 
dovetail posts must be inspected and, if needed, replaced with a part 
eligible for installation prior to further flight. Failure to inspect 
and replace these parts within the required compliance times could lead 
to failure of the IPC, failure of one or more engines, loss of thrust 
control, and loss of the airplane. Therefore, we find good cause that 
notice and opportunity for prior public comment are impracticable. In 
addition, for the reason stated above, we find that good cause exists 
for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days.

Comments Invited

    This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight 
safety and was not preceded by notice and an opportunity for public 
comment. However, we invite you to send any written data, views, or 
arguments about this final rule. Send your comments to an address 
listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include the docket number FAA-2018-
0314 and Product Identifier 2018-NE-11-AD at the beginning of your 
comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, 
economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this final rule. We will 
consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this 
final rule because of those comments.
    We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We 
will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we 
receive about this final rule.

Costs of Compliance

    We estimate that this AD affects 28 engines installed on airplanes 
of U.S. registry.
    We estimate the following costs to comply with this AD:

[[Page 17748]]



                                                 Estimated Costs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Cost per      Cost on U.S.
                Action                         Labor cost           Parts cost        product        operators
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inspect IPC blade and dovetail post...  6 work-hours x $85 per                $0            $510         $14,280
                                         hour = $510.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. ``Subtitle VII: Aviation 
Programs,'' describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's 
authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ``General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.
    This AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the 
Executive Director, Aircraft Certification Service, as authorized by 
FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance of ADs is 
normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but 
during this transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the 
authority to issue ADs applicable to engines, propellers, and 
associated appliances to the Manager, Engine and Propeller Standards 
Branch, Policy and Innovation Division.

Regulatory Findings

    This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 
13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, 
on the relationship between the national government and the States, or 
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various 
levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify this AD:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866,
    (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies 
and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979),
    (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
    (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive (AD):

2018-08-02 Rolls-Royce plc: Amendment 39-19255; Docket No. FAA-2018-
0314; Product Identifier 2018-NE-11-AD.

(a) Effective Date

    This AD is effective April 24, 2018.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to all Rolls-Royce plc (RR) Trent 1000-A2, Trent 
1000-AE2, Trent 1000-C2, Trent 1000-CE2, Trent 1000-D2, Trent 1000-
E2, Trent 1000-G2, Trent 1000-H2, Trent 1000-J2, Trent 1000-K2, and 
Trent 1000-L2 turbofan engines.

(d) Subject

    Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC) Code 7230, Turbine Engine 
Compressor Section.

(e) Unsafe Condition

    This AD was prompted by reports of intermediate-pressure 
compressor (IPC) rotor blade separations resulting in engine 
failures. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of the IPC. The 
unsafe condition, if not addressed, could result in failure of one 
or more engines, loss of thrust control, and loss of the airplane.

(f) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(g) Required Actions

    (1) Inspect the IPC stage 1 rotor blades before exceeding the 
applicable initial inspection thresholds specified in Table 1 of RR 
Alert Non-Modification Service Bulletin (NMSB) Trent 1000 72-AK060, 
dated April 13, 2018, or within 80 flight cycles (FCs) after the 
effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later. If Direct 
Accumulation Count cycles, as specified in Table 1 of RR Alert NMSB 
Trent 1000 72-AK060, are not available, then use FCs, regardless of 
Engine Health Monitoring alerts. Thereafter at intervals not to 
exceed 200 FCs, repeat the inspection of the IPC stage 1 rotor 
blades. Use the Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 3.A., of RR 
Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72-AK060, dated April 13, 2018 to perform the 
inspections.
    (2) Perform an initial inspection of the IPC stage 2 rotor 
blades and IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail posts, using the 
Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 3.B., of RR Alert NMSB Trent 
1000 72-AK060, dated April 13, 2018. Perform the initial inspection 
based on engine operations as specified in the following paragraphs 
and within the following compliance times:
    (i) For engines with less than 300 FCs since new on the 
effective date of this AD:
    (A) For engines that are not operated on ETOPS (extended 
operations) flights, prior to exceeding 300 FCs or within 50 days 
after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later.
    (B) For engines that are operated on ETOPS flights, before 
exceeding 300 FCs or before the next ETOPS flight, whichever occurs 
later.
    (ii) For engines with 300 or more FCs since new on the effective 
date of this AD:
    (A) For engines that are not operated on ETOPS flights, prior to 
exceeding 50 days after the effective date of this AD or within 80 
FCs since the last inspection performed in accordance with RR Alert 
NMSB Trent 1000 72-AJ819, whichever occurs later. This inspection is 
not to exceed 200 FCs since the previous inspection.
    (B) For engines that are operated on ETOPS flights, before the 
next ETOPS flight, or within 80 FCs since the last inspection 
performed in accordance with RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72-AJ819, 
whichever occurs later.
    (3) Thereafter, at intervals not to exceed 80 FCs, repeat the 
inspections of the IPC stage 2 rotor blades and IPC shaft stage 2 
dovetail posts required by paragraph (g)(2) of this AD. Use the 
Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 3.B., of RR Alert Trent 1000 
72-AK060, dated April 13, 2018, to perform these inspections.
    (4) For engines involved in ETOPS operations, inspect the rear 
face of IPC stage 2 rotor blades, part number KH25730, at each 
inspection interval defined in paragraph

[[Page 17749]]

(g)(3) of this AD in accordance with the Accomplishment 
Instructions, paragraph 3.C., of RR Alert Trent 1000 72-AK060, dated 
April 13, 2018.
    (5) As of the effective date of this AD, before the next flight 
after each occurrence where engine operation in asymmetric power 
conditions was sustained for more than 30 minutes at less than 
25,000 feet, either resulting from engine power reduction, or from 
engine in-flight shut-down (IFSD), perform an on-wing borescope 
inspection of the IPC stage 2 rotor blades and IPC shaft stage 2 
dovetail posts on the unaffected engine (no power reduction, no 
IFSD) installed on the airplane. Use the Accomplishment 
Instructions, either paragraph 3.B. for engines not involved in 
ETOPS operations, or paragraphs 3.B. and 3.C. for engines involved 
in ETOPS operations, of RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72-AK060, dated 
April 13, 2018, to perform this inspection.
    (6) If any IPC stage 1 rotor blade, IPC stage 2 rotor blade, or 
an IPC shaft stage 2 dovetail post is found cracked during any 
inspection required by this AD, replace the part with a part 
eligible for installation before further flight.

(h) Definitions

    For the purpose of this AD, flight cycles indicated in paragraph 
(g)(1) of this AD are those accumulated by the engine. FCs indicated 
in paragraph (g)(2) of this AD are those accumulated by each 
affected IPC stage 2 rotor blade since first installation on an 
engine. If FCs accumulated by an affected IPC stage 2 rotor blade 
are unknown, then engine FCs since new apply.

(i) Credit for Previous Actions

    (1) If you performed the initial inspections required by 
paragraph (g) of this AD before the effective date of this AD, using 
any of the following you met the initial inspection requirements of 
paragraph (g) of this AD; however, all of the repetitive actions 
still apply:
    (i) RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72-AJ814, Initial Issue, dated 
August 17, 2017, or Revision 1, dated September 26, 2017; or
    (ii) RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72-AK058, Initial Issue, dated 
March 30, 2018;
    (iii) RR NMSB Trent 1000 72-AJ819, Revision 1, October 9, 2017, 
or Initial Issue, dated August 17, 2017.
    (2) Reserved.

(j) Special Flight Permits

    (1) Special flight permits, as described in Section 21.197 and 
Section 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 
and 21.199), are subject to the requirements of paragraph (j)(1)(i) 
of this AD.
    (i) Operators who are prohibited from further flight due to an 
IPC stage 1 rotor blade, IPC stage 2 rotor blade, or an IPC shaft 
stage 2 dovetail post being found cracked, may perform a one-time 
non-revenue ferry flight to a location where the engine can be 
removed from service. This ferry flight must be performed without 
passengers, involve non-ETOPS operation, and consume no more than 
three FCs.
    (ii) Reserved.
    (2) Reserved.

(k) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    (1) The Manager, ECO Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve 
AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your 
principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as 
appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the 
certification office, send it to the attention of the person 
identified in paragraph (l)(1) of this AD. You may email your 
request to: [email protected].
    (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate 
principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager 
of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding 
district office.

(l) Related Information

    (1) For more information about this AD, contact Kevin M. Clark, 
Aerospace Engineer, ECO Branch, FAA, 1200 District Avenue, 
Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781-238-7088; fax: 781-238-7199; email: 
[email protected].
    (2) Refer to European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2018-
0084, dated April 13, 2018, for more information. You may examine 
the EASA AD in the AD docket on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating it in Docket No. 
FAA-2018-0314.

(m) Material Incorporated by Reference

    (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the 
incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed 
in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
    (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do 
the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise.
    (i) Rolls-Royce plc (RR) Alert Non-Modification Service Bulletin 
(NMSB) Trent 1000 72-AJ819, Revision 2, dated April 12, 2018.
    (ii) RR Alert NMSB Trent 1000 72-AK060, Initial Issue, dated 
April 13, 2018.
    (3) For RR service information identified in this AD, contact 
Rolls-Royce plc, Corporate Communications, P.O. Box 31, Derby, 
England, DE24 8BJ; phone: 011-44-1332-242424; fax: 011-44-1332-
249936; email: royce.com">[email protected]royce.com; internet: https://customers.rolls-royce.com/public/rollsroycecare.
    (4) You may view this service information at FAA, Engine & 
Propeller Standards Branch, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA. 
For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, 
call 781-238-7759.
    (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated 
by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration 
(NARA). For information on the availability of this material at 
NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

    Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on April 19, 2018.
Karen M. Grant,
Acting Manager, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch, Aircraft 
Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 2018-08602 Filed 4-20-18; 11:15 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P