Air Plan Approval; GA; Permitting Revision, 16276-16279 [2018-07899]

Download as PDF daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS 16276 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 73 / Monday, April 16, 2018 / Proposed Rules content tagging; includes document formats such as PDF/X). c. Other structured or markup formats: (i) Widely-used serials or journal nonproprietary XML-based DTDs/schemas with presentation stylesheet(s). (ii) Proprietary XML-based format for serials or journals (with documentation) with DTD/schema and presentation stylesheet(s). (iii) XHTML or HTML, with DOCTYPE declaration and presentation stylesheet(s). (iv) XML-based document formats (widely used and publicly documented). With presentation stylesheets, if applicable. Includes ODF (ISO/IEC 26300) and OOXML (ISO/IEC 29500). d. PDF (web-optimized with searchable text). e. Other formats: (i) Rich text format. (ii) Plain text. (iii) Widely-used proprietary word processing or page-layout formats. (iv) Other text formats not listed here. 2. Metadata Elements: If included with published version of work, descriptive data (metadata) as described below should accompany the deposited material: a. Title level metadata: Serial or journal title, ISSN, publisher, frequency, place of publication. b. Article level metadata, as relevant/or applicable: Volume(s), number(s), issue dates(s), article title(s), article author(s), article identifier (DOI, etc.). c. With other descriptive metadata (e.g., subject heading(s), descriptor(s), abstract(s)), rather than without. 3. Completeness: a. All elements considered integral to the publication and offered for sale or distribution must be deposited—e.g., articles, table(s) of contents, front matter, back matter, etc. Includes all associated external files and fonts considered integral to or necessary to view the work as published. b. All updates, supplements, releases, and supersessions published as part of the work and offered for sale or distribution must be deposited and received in a regular and timely manner for proper maintenance of the deposit. B. Electronic-Only Books: 1. Content Format: a. Book-specific structured/markup format, i.e., XML-based markup formats, with included or accessible DTD/schema, XSD/ XSL presentation stylesheet(s), and explicitly stated character encoding: (i) BITS-compliant (NLM Book DTD). (ii) EPUB-compliant. (iii) Other widely-used book DTD/schemas (e.g., TEI, DocBook, etc.). b. Page-oriented rendition: (i) PDF/UA (Portable Document Format/ Universal Accessibility; compliant with ISO 14289–1). (ii) PDF/A (Portable Document Format/ Archival; compliant with ISO 19005). (iii) PDF (Portable Document Format; highest quality available, with features such as searchable text, embedded fonts, lossless compression, high resolution images, deviceindependent specification of colorspace; content tagging; includes document formats such as PDF/X). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:32 Apr 13, 2018 Jkt 244001 c. Other structured markup formats: (i) XHTML or HTML, with DOCTYPE declaration and presentation stylesheet(s). (ii) XML-based document formats (widelyused and publicly-documented), with presentation style sheet(s) if applicable. Includes ODF (ISO/IEC 26300) and OOXML (ISO/IEC 29500). (iii) SGML, with included or accessible DTD. (iv) Other XML-based non-proprietary formats, with presentation stylesheet(s). (v) XML-based formats that use proprietary DTDs or schemas, with presentation stylesheet(s). d. PDF (web-optimized with searchable text). e. Other formats: (i) Rich text format. (ii) Plain text. (iii) Widely-used proprietary word processing formats. (iv) Other text formats not listed here. 2. Metadata Elements: If included with published version of work, descriptive data (metadata) as described below should accompany the deposited material: a. As supported by format (e.g., standardsbased formats such as ONIX, XMP, MODS, or MARCXML either embedded in or accompanying the digital item): Title, creator, creation date, place of publication, publisher/ producer/distributor, ISBN, contact information. b. Include if part of published version of work: Language of work, other relevant identifiers (e.g., DOI, LCCN, etc.), edition, subject descriptors, abstracts. 3. Rarity and Special Features: a. Limited editions (including those with special features such as high resolution images.) b. Editions with the greatest number of unique features (such as additional content, multimedia, interactive elements.) 4. Completeness: a. For items published in a finite number of separate components, all elements published as part of the work and offered for sale or distribution must be deposited. Includes all associated external files and fonts considered integral to or necessary to view the work as published. b. All updates, supplements, releases, and supersessions published as part of the work and offered for sale or distribution must be submitted and received in a regular and timely manner for proper maintenance of the deposit. Dated: April 6, 2018. Sarang Vijay Damle, General Counsel and Associate Register of Copyrights. [FR Doc. 2018–07484 Filed 4–13–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 1410–30–P PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R04–OAR–2006–0651; FRL–9976–90– Region 4] Air Plan Approval; GA; Permitting Revision Environmental Protection Agency. ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to approve changes to the Georgia State Implementation Plan (SIP) submitted by the State of Georgia, through the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (GA EPD) of the Department of Natural Resources, on April 11, 2003. EPA is proposing to approve portions of a SIP revision which includes changes to Georgia’s rules regarding emissions standards and permitting. This action is being proposed pursuant to the Clean Air Act (CAA or Act) and its implementing regulations. DATES: Written comments must be received on or before May 16, 2018. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–R04– OAR–2006–0651 at http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Once submitted, comments cannot be edited or removed from Regulations.gov. EPA may publish any comment received to its public docket. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. EPA will generally not consider comments or comment contents located outside of the primary submission (i.e., on the web, cloud, or other file sharing system). For additional submission methods, the full EPA public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, and general guidance on making effective comments, please visit http://www2.epa.gov/dockets/ commenting-epa-dockets. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Richard Wong, Air Regulatory Management Section, Air Planning and Implementation Branch, Air, Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street SW, Atlanta, SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\16APP1.SGM 16APP1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 73 / Monday, April 16, 2018 / Proposed Rules Georgia 30303–8960, or Joel Huey, Air Planning and Implementation Branch, Air, Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street SW, Atlanta, Georgia 30303–8960. Mr. Wong can be reached by telephone at (404) 562–8726 or via electronic mail at wong.richard@epa.gov. Mr. Huey can be reached by telephone at (404) 562–9104 or via electronic mail at huey.joel@ epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background On April 11, 2003, GA EPD submitted a SIP revision to EPA for approval that involves changes to Georgia’s SIP regulations. In this action, EPA is proposing to approve the portion of the Georgia submission revising GA EPD Rule 391–3–1–.03(11)(b)—Permit by Rule Standards. This submission also seeks to revise Rule 391–3–1– .02(2)(nnn)—NOX Emissions from Large Stationary Gas Turbines and Rule 391– 3–1–.02(5)—Open Burning. EPA is not taking action on the proposed changes to Rule 391–3–1–.02(2)(nnn) and Rule 391–3–1–.02(5) at this time. On October 21, 2009, GA EPD submitted a letter withdrawing from the submittal a proposed revision to Georgia Rule 391– 3–1–.02(2)(qqq)—Volatile Organic Compound From Extruded Polystyrene Products Manufacturing Utilizing a Blowing Agent.1 On January 5, 2017 (82 FR 1206), EPA approved changes to Rule 391–3–1–.01—Definitions that were also included in the April 11, 2003, submittal. II. Analysis of State’s Submittal daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS Rule 391–3–1–.03(11)(b)—Permit by Rule Standards GA EPD’s Rule 391–3–1–.03(11)(b)6 establishes ‘‘permit by rule’’ 2 standards for cotton ginning operations and applies to facilities with a potential to emit in excess of the Part 70 program major source thresholds. The rule provides that cotton ginning operations shall be deemed to have a ‘‘permit by rule’’ if they (1) maintain a log of the monthly production, and (2) limit annual production to 65,000 standard 1 The October 21, 2009, letter is included in the docket for this action. 2 Also known as an ‘‘exclusionary rule’’ or ‘‘prohibitory rule,’’ a ‘‘permit by rule’’ is an approach that State and local agencies can use to establish enforceable operational limits which ensure that a source’s potential emissions are below the major source threshold. See, e.g., ‘‘Guidance an Enforceability Requirements for Limiting Potential to Emit through SIP and § 112 Rules and General Permits,’’ Kathie A. Stein, Director, Air Enforcement Division, Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance, January 25, 1995. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:32 Apr 13, 2018 Jkt 244001 bales of cotton during any twelve consecutive months.3 The rule also stipulates that sources having potential emissions greater than major source thresholds even after meeting these conditions, or that are unable to meet these conditions, must obtain a title V operating permit pursuant to Georgia’s Part 70 program. GA EPD’s March 14, 2003, submittal would change the annual production threshold to qualify for a ‘‘permit by rule’’ from 65,000 standard bales of cotton ginned per year (bales/year) to 120,000 bales/year. Because of the mostly mechanical nature of the cotton ginning processes and the agricultural material handled, particulate matter (PM) is the primary regulated pollutant of concern. Georgia Rule 391–3–1–.02(2)(q) uses a process weight calculation to establish allowable PM emission rates (in pounds per hour) from cotton gins based upon the number of bales processed per hour. In support of GA EPD’s April 11, 2003, submittal, the State provided a technical rationale intending to show, based upon the allowable emission rate under Rule 391–3–1–.02(2)(q), that increasing the cotton ginning ‘‘permit by rule’’ threshold of Rule 391–3–1–.03(11)(b)6 to 120,000 bales/year would still ensure that source emissions would not exceed the major source threshold.4 EPA notes, however, that an allowable emission rate alone does not constrain a source’s ‘‘potential to emit,’’ which is the maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit a pollutant under its physical and operational design. See, e.g., 40 CFR 52.21(b)(4) and 40 CFR 70.2. In addition, the emission rate that is allowable under Rule 391–3–1– .02(2)(q) changes according to a source’s process rate (i.e., bales ginned per hour) at any particular time. Therefore, EPA’s evaluation of potential cotton ginning emissions is based upon the Agency’s review of available PM emission factors for cotton ginning operations, in particular emission factors for PM10 and PM2.5.5 3 In addition, GA EPD Rule 391–3–1–.03(11)(a)2 requires that any facility wishing to operate under the cotton ginning ‘‘permit by rule’’ shall certify its qualification in writing to the permitting authority, and the permitting authority shall grant the conditions and terms of the ‘‘permit by rule’’ by Certification letter to the facility. 4 Email from Jimmy Johnston, GA EPD, to Stacey Harder, EPA Region 4, May 30, 2007. 5 Since at least 1995, EPA has considered the regulated form of PM for title V purposes to be particles with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to a nominal 10 micrometers, or PM10. See ‘‘Definition of Regulated Pollutant for Particulate Matter for Purposes of Title V,’’ Lydia N. Wegman, October 16, 1995, available at https://www.epa.gov/ sites/production/files/2015-08/documents/ pmregdef.pdf. In 1997 EPA finalized new air quality standards to regulate particulate matter with an PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 16277 EPA’s Compilation of Air Emission Factors, AP–42, lists emission factors for typical cotton ginning configurations 6 of 0.82 pound of PM10 per bale (for Configuration No. 1, gins with highefficiency cyclones on all exhaust streams) and 1.2 pounds of PM10 per bale (for Configuration No. 2, gins with screened drums or cages on the lint cleaners and a battery condenser). But these are ‘‘D’’ and ‘‘E’’-rated factors, meaning reliability of the factors is below average to poor. The AP–42 emission factors for cotton ginning were last updated in 1996 and do not include emission factors for PM2.5. EPA’s 1998 ‘‘Potential to Emit (PTE) Guidance for Specific Source Categories’’ (1998 PTE Guidance) 7 suggested possible prohibitory rule thresholds of 90,000 bales/year or 72,000 bales/year (for gins similar to Configuration No. 1 and Configuration No. 2, respectively). These numbers were derived by taking 90 percent (to provide a 10 percent safety margin) of the 100 tons per year (tpy) title V major source threshold and dividing by a ‘‘worst case’’ emission rate. The 90,000 bale/year and 72,000 bale/year thresholds were based upon emission factors of 2.0 pounds of PM10 per bale and 2.5 pounds of PM10 per bale, depending on the gin configuration, and were considered ‘‘very conservative (worse than the typical ‘worst-case’).’’ EPA notes that there is more recent preliminary data to consider regarding cotton ginning emission factors. In an effort to develop PM emission factors that are representative of actual cotton ginning emissions, cotton gin associations across the U.S. funded a national study that was conducted during the period 2008–2012 and utilized data collection methodologies defined by EPA.8 Peer reviewed articles published on the data gathered from the study suggest a PM10 emission factor of aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to a nominal 2.5 micrometers, or PM2.5. See 62 FR 38652 (July 18, 1997). The definition of ‘‘regulated air pollutant’’ in 40 CFR 70.2 includes any pollutant for which a NAAQS has been promulgated, including PM2.5. 6 Figure 9.7–1 of AP–42 shows a flow diagram of a typical cotton-ginning process, which includes an unloading system, No. 1 dryer and cleaner, No. 2 dryer and cleaner, No. 1 lint cleaner, No. 2 lint cleaner, mote fan, battery condenser and bailing system, master trash fan and overflow system. 7 ‘‘Potential to Emit (PTE) Guidance for Specific Source Categories,’’ John S. Seitz, April 14, 1998. 8 Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., Boykin, J.C., and Holt, G.A., Characterization of Cotton Gin Particulate Matter Emissions—Project Plan, Journal of Cotton Science, 16: 105–116 (2012), available at https://www.cotton.org/journal/2012-16/2/upload/ JCS16-105.pdf. E:\FR\FM\16APP1.SGM 16APP1 16278 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 73 / Monday, April 16, 2018 / Proposed Rules daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS close to 1.3 pounds per bale 9 and a PM2.5 emission factor of about 0.15 pound per bale 10 for the most common cotton gin configurations. Subsequently, an environmental scientist analyzed this national study data in light of the 1996 AP–42 data and EPA’s 2013 emission factor development procedures 11 and developed a suggested PM10 emission factor of 1.0 pound per bale and a suggested PM2.5 emission factor of 0.10 pound per bale from typical cotton ginning operations.12 As noted above, GA EPD’s March 14, 2003, submittal would change the cotton ginning ‘‘permit by rule’’ threshold from 65,000 bales/year to 120,000 bales/year. The approach of EPA’s 1998 PTE Guidance for development of a ‘‘permit by rule’’ was to set thresholds that would provide a 10 percent margin of safety from the 100 tpy Part 70 program applicability criterion. Using Georgia’s proposed cotton ginning ‘‘permit by rule’’ threshold of 120,000 bales/year, an emission factor of 1.5 pounds per bale would result in maximum annual emissions of 90 tpy. According to AP– 42, typical cotton gin emission factors for PM10 fall into the range of 0.82 pound per bale to 1.2 pounds per bale, which results in estimated annual PM10 emissions of 49 tpy to 72 tpy from 120,000 bales ginned. And based upon data from the national study, a typical cotton gin emission factor is likely to be in the range of 1.0 pound per bale to 1.3 pounds per bale, which would result in estimated annual PM10 emissions in the range of 60 tpy to 78 tpy from 120,000 bales ginned. Thus, the level of annual PM10 emissions from typical cotton ginning operations, as suggested by emission factors from AP–42 and the national study, provides a significant margin of safety from the 100 tpy Part 70 program threshold. Estimated PM2.5 emissions would be much lower due to the significantly lower emission factor 9 Boykin, J.C., Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., and Holt, G.A., (multiple articles), Journal of Cotton Science, 18:173–182, 183–194, 195–206, 216–225, 248–257, 258–267, 300–308, and 338–347 (2014), available at http://www.cotton.org/journal/2014-18/ index.cfm. 10 Boykin, J.C., Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., and Holt, G.A., (several articles), Journal of Cotton Science, 17:309–319, 320–332, 333–345, 357–367, 391–401; 402–413, 447–456, 489–499; and 357–367 (2013), available at http://www.cotton.org/journal/ 2013-17/index.cfm. 11 See generally Eastern Research Group, Inc., Recommended Procedures for Development of Emissions Factors and Use of the WebFIRE Database (No. EPA–453/D–13–001) (August 2013), available at http://www.epa.gov/ttnchie1/efpac/ procedures/procedures81213.pdf. 12 See Thomas W. Moore, Proposed Updates for AP–42 Cotton Gin Emission Factors, p. 82 table 27b, M.S. Thesis, Oklahoma State University (May 2015). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:32 Apr 13, 2018 Jkt 244001 for that size indicator of total PM. This analysis supports approval of GA EPD’s revision to its ‘‘permit by rule’’ threshold for cotton gins. EPA believes that GA EPD’s revision to Rule 391–3–1–.03(11)(b)6 will not degrade air quality because it does not change the level of pollutant emissions allowable for cotton ginning operations under the SIP. The impact of the revision would be that cotton ginning operations which process cotton in the range of 65,000 bales/year to 120,000 bales/year (i.e., from the current ‘‘permit by rule’’ threshold to the new threshold) would now be able to choose to operate under a ‘‘permit by rule’’ rather than a standard operating permit as long as such sources maintain records of their production, in accordance with Rule 391–3–1–.03(11)(b)6(i)(I). In addition, all cotton ginning operations in Georgia will still be required to comply with the State’s existing PM emission limit at Rule 391–3–1–.02(2)(q), which remains unchanged and requires compliance with a numerical limit on PM emissions based on the number of bales ginned per hour. Further, EPA notes that there are currently no PM nonattainment areas in the State of Georgia and that cotton gins in the State are located primarily in areas which tend to have ambient PM concentrations well below the PM NAAQS. Accordingly, EPA is proposing to approve this change to Rule 391–3– 1–.03(11)(b)6 from GA EPD’s April 11, 2003, submittal. III. Incorporation by Reference In this rule, EPA is proposing to include in a final EPA rule regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, EPA is proposing to incorporate by reference the GA EPD Rule 391–3–1–.03(11)(b)6— Cotton ginning operations, effective March 26, 2003, which revises permitting requirements for cotton ginning operations. EPA has made, and will continue to make, these materials generally available through www.regulations.gov and at the EPA Region 4 office (please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this preamble for more information). IV. Proposed Action EPA is proposing to approve a portion of the State of Georgia’s April 11, 2003 submittal. Specifically, EPA is proposing to approve the change to GA EPD Rule 391–3–1–.03(11)(b)6—Cotton ginning operations. EPA believes that the proposed change to the regulatory portion of the SIP is consistent with section 110 of the CAA and meets the PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 regulatory requirements pertaining to SIPs. EPA also believes that the proposed change is consistent with CAA section 110(l), which states that the Administrator shall not approve a revision of a plan if the revision would interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further progress (as defined in CAA section 171), or any other applicable requirement of the Act. V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. See 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA’s role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely proposes to approve state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action: • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011); • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.); • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4); • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999); • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997); • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001); • Is not subject to requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using E:\FR\FM\16APP1.SGM 16APP1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 73 / Monday, April 16, 2018 / Proposed Rules practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). The SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), nor will it impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law. List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds. Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Dated: April 5, 2018. Onis ‘‘Trey’’ Glenn, III, Regional Administrator, Region 4. [FR Doc. 2018–07899 Filed 4–13–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–R04– OAR–2017–0740 at http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Once submitted, comments cannot be edited or removed from Regulations.gov. EPA may publish any comment received to its public docket. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. EPA will generally not consider comments or comment contents located outside of the primary submission (i.e., on the web, cloud, or other file sharing system). For additional submission methods, the full EPA public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, and general guidance on making effective comments, please visit http://www2.epa.gov/dockets/ commenting-epa-dockets. ADDRESSES: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R04–OAR–2017–0740; FRL–9976–81– Region 4] Air Plan Approval; Tennessee; Revisions to Stage I and Stage II Vapor Recovery Requirements AGENCY: Environmental Protection The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to approve a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the State of Tennessee through the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) on November 11, 2017, for the purpose of establishing minor changes to the gasoline dispensing regulations, including adding clarifying language and effective and compliance dates and specifying the counties subject to the reporting requirement rule. EPA has preliminarily determined that Tennessee’s November 11, 2017, SIP revision is approvable because it is consistent with the Clean Air Act (CAA or Act) and with EPA’s regulations and guidance. DATES: Comments must be received on or before May 16, 2018. daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with PROPOSALS VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:32 Apr 13, 2018 Jkt 244001 SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background Agency. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: Kelly Sheckler, Air Regulatory Management Section, Air Planning and Implementation Branch, Air, Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street SW, Atlanta, Georgia 30303–8960. The telephone number is (404) 562–9222. Ms. Sheckler can also be reached via electronic mail at sheckler.kelly@epa.gov. On July 15, 2016, Tennessee submitted a SIP revision to EPA seeking to modify SIP requirements related to Stage II and Stage I vapor recovery systems. In relation to Stage II, TDEC sought the removal of the Stage II vapor recovery requirements from Tennessee Air Pollution Control Regulation TAPCR 1200–3–18–.24 through two mechanisms: (1) The addition of requirements for decommissioning; and (2) the phase out of the Stage II vapor recovery systems over a 3-year period from January 1, 2016, to January 1, 2019, in Davidson, Rutherford, Sumner, Williamson and Wilson Counties. TDEC also sought to amend the Stage I requirements for gasoline dispensing facilities by adopting by reference the federal requirements of 40 CFR part 63, subpart CCCCCC and removing from the SIP the state-specific language for Stage I vapor recovery. PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 16279 On September 20, 2016 (81 FR 64354), EPA approved in a final action, Tennessee’s July 15, 2016, SIP revision that changed Tennessee Gasoline Dispensing Facilities, Stage I and II Vapor Recovery, rule 1200–03–18–.24. to: (1) Allow for the removal of the Stage II requirement and the orderly decommissioning of Stage II equipment; and (2) incorporate by reference Federal rule 40 CFR part 63, subpart CCCCCC, and remove certain non-state-specific requirements for the Stage I. II. Analysis of the State’s Submittal On November 11, 2017, TDEC submitted a SIP revision to EPA seeking to add clarity for the benefit of the regulated community with gasoline dispensing facilities. Tennessee is making a minor change to its rules regarding gasoline dispensing facilities (GDF) at subparagraph (1)(d) of rule 1200–03–18–.24—‘‘For any GDF otherwise exempt from subparagraph (c) of this paragraph based on monthly throughput, if the GDF ever exceeds the applicability threshold specified in subparagraph (c) of this paragraph, it shall be subject to the requirements of subparagraph (c) of this paragraph and shall remain subject to those requirements even if its throughput later falls below the threshold. The owner or operator shall inform the Technical Secretary within 30 days following the exceedance.’’ The revision clarifies the meaning and application of subparagraph (1)(d) of rule 1200–03–18– .24 by adding the words ‘‘ever’’ and ‘‘and shall remain subject to those requirements’’ italicized above. In addition, this revision replaces the phrase ‘‘the effective date of this rule’’ with the actual effective date of the rule (July 14, 2016) and replaces ‘‘three years after effective date’’ with the actual date of the rule for compliance (August 14, 2019). Finally, this revision adds the list of counties (Davidson, Rutherford, Shelby, Sumner, Knox, Anderson, Williamson and Wilson) that need to report to their permitting authority (if they emit more than 25 tons in a calendar year) and the cross reference to the existing reporting requirement in rule 1200–03–18–.02 to simplify the issuances of notices of authorization under pending permit-by-rule provisions. Pursuant to CAA section 110(l), the Administrator shall not approve a revision of a plan if the revision would interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further progress (as defined in CAA section 171), or any other applicable requirement of the Act. The State’s addition of clarifying language, E:\FR\FM\16APP1.SGM 16APP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 73 (Monday, April 16, 2018)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 16276-16279]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-07899]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[EPA-R04-OAR-2006-0651; FRL-9976-90-Region 4]


Air Plan Approval; GA; Permitting Revision

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency.

ACTION: Proposed rule.

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SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to 
approve changes to the Georgia State Implementation Plan (SIP) 
submitted by the State of Georgia, through the Georgia Environmental 
Protection Division (GA EPD) of the Department of Natural Resources, on 
April 11, 2003. EPA is proposing to approve portions of a SIP revision 
which includes changes to Georgia's rules regarding emissions standards 
and permitting. This action is being proposed pursuant to the Clean Air 
Act (CAA or Act) and its implementing regulations.

DATES: Written comments must be received on or before May 16, 2018.

ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-R04-
OAR-2006-0651 at http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online 
instructions for submitting comments. Once submitted, comments cannot 
be edited or removed from Regulations.gov. EPA may publish any comment 
received to its public docket. Do not submit electronically any 
information you consider to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) 
or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. 
Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a 
written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment 
and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. EPA will 
generally not consider comments or comment contents located outside of 
the primary submission (i.e., on the web, cloud, or other file sharing 
system). For additional submission methods, the full EPA public comment 
policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, and general 
guidance on making effective comments, please visit http://www2.epa.gov/dockets/commenting-epa-dockets.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Richard Wong, Air Regulatory 
Management Section, Air Planning and Implementation Branch, Air, 
Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, U.S. Environmental 
Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street SW, Atlanta,

[[Page 16277]]

Georgia 30303-8960, or Joel Huey, Air Planning and Implementation 
Branch, Air, Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, U.S. 
Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street SW, 
Atlanta, Georgia 30303-8960. Mr. Wong can be reached by telephone at 
(404) 562-8726 or via electronic mail at [email protected]. Mr. Huey 
can be reached by telephone at (404) 562-9104 or via electronic mail at 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Background

    On April 11, 2003, GA EPD submitted a SIP revision to EPA for 
approval that involves changes to Georgia's SIP regulations. In this 
action, EPA is proposing to approve the portion of the Georgia 
submission revising GA EPD Rule 391-3-1-.03(11)(b)--Permit by Rule 
Standards. This submission also seeks to revise Rule 391-3-
1-.02(2)(nnn)--NOX Emissions from Large Stationary Gas Turbines and 
Rule 391-3-1-.02(5)--Open Burning. EPA is not taking action on the 
proposed changes to Rule 391-3-1-.02(2)(nnn) and Rule 391-3-1-.02(5) at 
this time. On October 21, 2009, GA EPD submitted a letter withdrawing 
from the submittal a proposed revision to Georgia Rule 391-3-
1-.02(2)(qqq)--Volatile Organic Compound From Extruded Polystyrene 
Products Manufacturing Utilizing a Blowing Agent.\1\ On January 5, 2017 
(82 FR 1206), EPA approved changes to Rule 391-3-1-.01--Definitions 
that were also included in the April 11, 2003, submittal.
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    \1\ The October 21, 2009, letter is included in the docket for 
this action.
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II. Analysis of State's Submittal

Rule 391-3-1-.03(11)(b)--Permit by Rule Standards

    GA EPD's Rule 391-3-1-.03(11)(b)6 establishes ``permit by rule'' 
\2\ standards for cotton ginning operations and applies to facilities 
with a potential to emit in excess of the Part 70 program major source 
thresholds. The rule provides that cotton ginning operations shall be 
deemed to have a ``permit by rule'' if they (1) maintain a log of the 
monthly production, and (2) limit annual production to 65,000 standard 
bales of cotton during any twelve consecutive months.\3\ The rule also 
stipulates that sources having potential emissions greater than major 
source thresholds even after meeting these conditions, or that are 
unable to meet these conditions, must obtain a title V operating permit 
pursuant to Georgia's Part 70 program. GA EPD's March 14, 2003, 
submittal would change the annual production threshold to qualify for a 
``permit by rule'' from 65,000 standard bales of cotton ginned per year 
(bales/year) to 120,000 bales/year.
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    \2\ Also known as an ``exclusionary rule'' or ``prohibitory 
rule,'' a ``permit by rule'' is an approach that State and local 
agencies can use to establish enforceable operational limits which 
ensure that a source's potential emissions are below the major 
source threshold. See, e.g., ``Guidance an Enforceability 
Requirements for Limiting Potential to Emit through SIP and Sec.  
112 Rules and General Permits,'' Kathie A. Stein, Director, Air 
Enforcement Division, Office of Enforcement and Compliance 
Assurance, January 25, 1995.
    \3\ In addition, GA EPD Rule 391-3-1-.03(11)(a)2 requires that 
any facility wishing to operate under the cotton ginning ``permit by 
rule'' shall certify its qualification in writing to the permitting 
authority, and the permitting authority shall grant the conditions 
and terms of the ``permit by rule'' by Certification letter to the 
facility.
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    Because of the mostly mechanical nature of the cotton ginning 
processes and the agricultural material handled, particulate matter 
(PM) is the primary regulated pollutant of concern. Georgia Rule 391-3-
1-.02(2)(q) uses a process weight calculation to establish allowable PM 
emission rates (in pounds per hour) from cotton gins based upon the 
number of bales processed per hour. In support of GA EPD's April 11, 
2003, submittal, the State provided a technical rationale intending to 
show, based upon the allowable emission rate under Rule 391-3-
1-.02(2)(q), that increasing the cotton ginning ``permit by rule'' 
threshold of Rule 391-3-1-.03(11)(b)6 to 120,000 bales/year would still 
ensure that source emissions would not exceed the major source 
threshold.\4\ EPA notes, however, that an allowable emission rate alone 
does not constrain a source's ``potential to emit,'' which is the 
maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit a pollutant under its 
physical and operational design. See, e.g., 40 CFR 52.21(b)(4) and 40 
CFR 70.2. In addition, the emission rate that is allowable under Rule 
391-3-1-.02(2)(q) changes according to a source's process rate (i.e., 
bales ginned per hour) at any particular time. Therefore, EPA's 
evaluation of potential cotton ginning emissions is based upon the 
Agency's review of available PM emission factors for cotton ginning 
operations, in particular emission factors for PM10 and 
PM2.5.\5\
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    \4\ Email from Jimmy Johnston, GA EPD, to Stacey Harder, EPA 
Region 4, May 30, 2007.
    \5\ Since at least 1995, EPA has considered the regulated form 
of PM for title V purposes to be particles with an aerodynamic 
diameter less than or equal to a nominal 10 micrometers, or 
PM10. See ``Definition of Regulated Pollutant for 
Particulate Matter for Purposes of Title V,'' Lydia N. Wegman, 
October 16, 1995, available at https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-08/documents/pmregdef.pdf. In 1997 EPA finalized new air 
quality standards to regulate particulate matter with an aerodynamic 
diameter less than or equal to a nominal 2.5 micrometers, or 
PM2.5. See 62 FR 38652 (July 18, 1997). The definition of 
``regulated air pollutant'' in 40 CFR 70.2 includes any pollutant 
for which a NAAQS has been promulgated, including PM2.5.
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    EPA's Compilation of Air Emission Factors, AP-42, lists emission 
factors for typical cotton ginning configurations \6\ of 0.82 pound of 
PM10 per bale (for Configuration No. 1, gins with high-
efficiency cyclones on all exhaust streams) and 1.2 pounds of 
PM10 per bale (for Configuration No. 2, gins with screened 
drums or cages on the lint cleaners and a battery condenser). But these 
are ``D'' and ``E''-rated factors, meaning reliability of the factors 
is below average to poor. The AP-42 emission factors for cotton ginning 
were last updated in 1996 and do not include emission factors for 
PM2.5. EPA's 1998 ``Potential to Emit (PTE) Guidance for 
Specific Source Categories'' (1998 PTE Guidance) \7\ suggested possible 
prohibitory rule thresholds of 90,000 bales/year or 72,000 bales/year 
(for gins similar to Configuration No. 1 and Configuration No. 2, 
respectively). These numbers were derived by taking 90 percent (to 
provide a 10 percent safety margin) of the 100 tons per year (tpy) 
title V major source threshold and dividing by a ``worst case'' 
emission rate. The 90,000 bale/year and 72,000 bale/year thresholds 
were based upon emission factors of 2.0 pounds of PM10 per 
bale and 2.5 pounds of PM10 per bale, depending on the gin 
configuration, and were considered ``very conservative (worse than the 
typical `worst-case').''
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    \6\ Figure 9.7-1 of AP-42 shows a flow diagram of a typical 
cotton-ginning process, which includes an unloading system, No. 1 
dryer and cleaner, No. 2 dryer and cleaner, No. 1 lint cleaner, No. 
2 lint cleaner, mote fan, battery condenser and bailing system, 
master trash fan and overflow system.
    \7\ ``Potential to Emit (PTE) Guidance for Specific Source 
Categories,'' John S. Seitz, April 14, 1998.
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    EPA notes that there is more recent preliminary data to consider 
regarding cotton ginning emission factors. In an effort to develop PM 
emission factors that are representative of actual cotton ginning 
emissions, cotton gin associations across the U.S. funded a national 
study that was conducted during the period 2008-2012 and utilized data 
collection methodologies defined by EPA.\8\ Peer reviewed articles 
published on the data gathered from the study suggest a PM10 
emission factor of

[[Page 16278]]

close to 1.3 pounds per bale \9\ and a PM2.5 emission factor 
of about 0.15 pound per bale \10\ for the most common cotton gin 
configurations. Subsequently, an environmental scientist analyzed this 
national study data in light of the 1996 AP-42 data and EPA's 2013 
emission factor development procedures \11\ and developed a suggested 
PM10 emission factor of 1.0 pound per bale and a suggested 
PM2.5 emission factor of 0.10 pound per bale from typical 
cotton ginning operations.\12\
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    \8\ Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., Boykin, J.C., and Holt, G.A., 
Characterization of Cotton Gin Particulate Matter Emissions--Project 
Plan, Journal of Cotton Science, 16: 105-116 (2012), available at 
https://www.cotton.org/journal/2012-16/2/upload/JCS16-105.pdf.
    \9\ Boykin, J.C., Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., and Holt, G.A., 
(multiple articles), Journal of Cotton Science, 18:173-182, 183-194, 
195-206, 216-225, 248-257, 258-267, 300-308, and 338-347 (2014), 
available at http://www.cotton.org/journal/2014-18/index.cfm.
    \10\ Boykin, J.C., Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., and Holt, G.A., 
(several articles), Journal of Cotton Science, 17:309-319, 320-332, 
333-345, 357-367, 391-401; 402-413, 447-456, 489-499; and 357-367 
(2013), available at http://www.cotton.org/journal/2013-17/index.cfm.
    \11\ See generally Eastern Research Group, Inc., Recommended 
Procedures for Development of Emissions Factors and Use of the 
WebFIRE Database (No. EPA-453/D-13-001) (August 2013), available at 
http://www.epa.gov/ttnchie1/efpac/procedures/procedures81213.pdf.
    \12\ See Thomas W. Moore, Proposed Updates for AP-42 Cotton Gin 
Emission Factors, p. 82 table 27b, M.S. Thesis, Oklahoma State 
University (May 2015).
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    As noted above, GA EPD's March 14, 2003, submittal would change the 
cotton ginning ``permit by rule'' threshold from 65,000 bales/year to 
120,000 bales/year. The approach of EPA's 1998 PTE Guidance for 
development of a ``permit by rule'' was to set thresholds that would 
provide a 10 percent margin of safety from the 100 tpy Part 70 program 
applicability criterion. Using Georgia's proposed cotton ginning 
``permit by rule'' threshold of 120,000 bales/year, an emission factor 
of 1.5 pounds per bale would result in maximum annual emissions of 90 
tpy. According to AP-42, typical cotton gin emission factors for 
PM10 fall into the range of 0.82 pound per bale to 1.2 
pounds per bale, which results in estimated annual PM10 
emissions of 49 tpy to 72 tpy from 120,000 bales ginned. And based upon 
data from the national study, a typical cotton gin emission factor is 
likely to be in the range of 1.0 pound per bale to 1.3 pounds per bale, 
which would result in estimated annual PM10 emissions in the 
range of 60 tpy to 78 tpy from 120,000 bales ginned. Thus, the level of 
annual PM10 emissions from typical cotton ginning 
operations, as suggested by emission factors from AP-42 and the 
national study, provides a significant margin of safety from the 100 
tpy Part 70 program threshold. Estimated PM2.5 emissions 
would be much lower due to the significantly lower emission factor for 
that size indicator of total PM. This analysis supports approval of GA 
EPD's revision to its ``permit by rule'' threshold for cotton gins.
    EPA believes that GA EPD's revision to Rule 391-3-1-.03(11)(b)6 
will not degrade air quality because it does not change the level of 
pollutant emissions allowable for cotton ginning operations under the 
SIP. The impact of the revision would be that cotton ginning operations 
which process cotton in the range of 65,000 bales/year to 120,000 
bales/year (i.e., from the current ``permit by rule'' threshold to the 
new threshold) would now be able to choose to operate under a ``permit 
by rule'' rather than a standard operating permit as long as such 
sources maintain records of their production, in accordance with Rule 
391-3-1-.03(11)(b)6(i)(I). In addition, all cotton ginning operations 
in Georgia will still be required to comply with the State's existing 
PM emission limit at Rule 391-3-1-.02(2)(q), which remains unchanged 
and requires compliance with a numerical limit on PM emissions based on 
the number of bales ginned per hour. Further, EPA notes that there are 
currently no PM nonattainment areas in the State of Georgia and that 
cotton gins in the State are located primarily in areas which tend to 
have ambient PM concentrations well below the PM NAAQS. Accordingly, 
EPA is proposing to approve this change to Rule 391-3-1-.03(11)(b)6 
from GA EPD's April 11, 2003, submittal.

III. Incorporation by Reference

    In this rule, EPA is proposing to include in a final EPA rule 
regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance 
with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, EPA is proposing to incorporate by 
reference the GA EPD Rule 391-3-1-.03(11)(b)6--Cotton ginning 
operations, effective March 26, 2003, which revises permitting 
requirements for cotton ginning operations. EPA has made, and will 
continue to make, these materials generally available through 
www.regulations.gov and at the EPA Region 4 office (please contact the 
person identified in the For Further Information Contact section of 
this preamble for more information).

IV. Proposed Action

    EPA is proposing to approve a portion of the State of Georgia's 
April 11, 2003 submittal. Specifically, EPA is proposing to approve the 
change to GA EPD Rule 391-3-1-.03(11)(b)6--Cotton ginning operations. 
EPA believes that the proposed change to the regulatory portion of the 
SIP is consistent with section 110 of the CAA and meets the regulatory 
requirements pertaining to SIPs. EPA also believes that the proposed 
change is consistent with CAA section 110(l), which states that the 
Administrator shall not approve a revision of a plan if the revision 
would interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment 
and reasonable further progress (as defined in CAA section 171), or any 
other applicable requirement of the Act.

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP 
submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable 
Federal regulations. See 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in 
reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, 
provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this 
action merely proposes to approve state law as meeting Federal 
requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those 
imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:
     Is not a significant regulatory action subject to review 
by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 
FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);
     Does not impose an information collection burden under the 
provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
     Is certified as not having a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
     Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
     Does not have Federalism implications as specified in 
Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
     Is not an economically significant regulatory action based 
on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997);
     Is not a significant regulatory action subject to 
Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
     Is not subject to requirements of section 12(d) of the 
National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 
note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent 
with the CAA; and
     Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to 
address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental 
effects, using

[[Page 16279]]

practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 
12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
    The SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or 
in any other area where EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a 
tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does 
not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 
FR 67249, November 9, 2000), nor will it impose substantial direct 
costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, 
Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Sulfur 
oxides, Volatile organic compounds.

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

    Dated: April 5, 2018.
Onis ``Trey'' Glenn, III,
Regional Administrator, Region 4.
[FR Doc. 2018-07899 Filed 4-13-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6560-50-P