Regulation A: Extensions of Credit by Federal Reserve Banks, 13103-13104 [2018-06123]

Download as PDF 13103 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 83, No. 59 Tuesday, March 27, 2018 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM 12 CFR Part 201 [Docket No. R–1601] RIN 7100 AF–00 Regulation A: Extensions of Credit by Federal Reserve Banks Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (‘‘Board’’) has adopted final amendments to its Regulation A to reflect the Board’s approval of an increase in the rate for primary credit at each Federal Reserve Bank. The secondary credit rate at each Reserve Bank automatically increased by formula as a result of the Board’s primary credit rate action. DATES: The amendments to part 201 (Regulation A) are effective March 27, 2018. The rate changes for primary and secondary credit are applicable on March 22, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sophia Allison, Special Counsel (202– 452–3565), or Clinton Chen, Senior Attorney (202–452–3952), Legal Division, or Lyle Kumasaka, Senior Financial Analyst (202–452–2382); for users of Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact 202–263– 4869; Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 20th and C Streets NW, Washington, DC 20551. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Federal Reserve Banks make primary and secondary credit available to depository institutions as a backup source of funding on a short-term basis, usually overnight. The primary and secondary credit rates are the interest rates that the twelve Federal Reserve Banks charge for extensions of credit under these programs. In accordance with the Federal Reserve Act, the primary and secondary credit rates are established by the boards of directors of amozie on DSK30RV082PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:36 Mar 26, 2018 Jkt 244001 the Federal Reserve Banks, subject to the review and determination of the Board. On March 21, 2018, the Board voted to approve a 1⁄4 percentage point increase in the primary credit rate in effect at each of the twelve Federal Reserve Banks, thereby increasing from 2.00 percent to 2.25 percent the rate that each Reserve Bank charges for extensions of primary credit. In addition, the Board had previously approved the renewal of the secondary credit rate formula, the primary credit rate plus 50 basis points. Under the formula, the secondary credit rate in effect at each of the twelve Federal Reserve Banks increased by 1⁄4 percentage point as a result of the Board’s primary credit rate action, thereby increasing from 2.50 percent to 2.75 percent the rate that each Reserve Bank charges for extensions of secondary credit. The amendments to Regulation A reflect these rate changes. The 1⁄4 percentage point increase in the primary credit rate was associated with an increase in the target range for the federal funds rate (from a target range of 11⁄4 to 11⁄2 percent to a target range of 11⁄2 to 13⁄4 percent) announced by the Federal Open Market Committee on March 21, 2018, as described in the Board’s amendment of its Regulation D published elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register. Administrative Procedure Act In general, the Administrative Procedure Act (‘‘APA’’) 1 imposes three principal requirements when an agency promulgates legislative rules (rules made pursuant to congressionally delegated authority): (1) Publication with adequate notice of a proposed rule; (2) followed by a meaningful opportunity for the public to comment on the rule’s content; and (3) publication of the final rule not less than 30 days before its effective date. The APA provides that notice and comment procedures do not apply if the agency for good cause finds them to be ‘‘unnecessary, impracticable, or contrary to the public interest.’’ 2 Section 553(d) of the APA also provides that publication at least 30 days prior to a rule’s effective date is not required for (1) a substantive rule which grants or recognizes an exemption or relieves a restriction; (2) interpretive rules and statements of policy; or (3) a rule for which the agency finds of good cause for shortened notice and publishes its reasoning with the rule.3 The APA further provides that the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553 do not apply ‘‘to the extent that there is involved . . . a matter relating to agency management or personnel or to public property, loans, grants, benefits, or contracts.’’ 4 Regulation A establishes the interest rates that the twelve Reserve Banks charge for extensions of primary credit and secondary credit. The Board has determined that the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date requirements of the APA do not apply to these final amendments to Regulation A for several reasons. The amendments involve a matter relating to loans, and are therefore exempt under the terms of the APA. In addition, the Board has determined that notice, public comment, and delayed effective date would be unnecessary and contrary to the public interest because delay in implementation of changes to the rates charged on primary credit and secondary credit would permit insured depository institutions to profit improperly from the difference in the current rate and the announced increased rate. Finally, because delay would undermine the Board’s action in responding to economic data and conditions, the Board has determined that ‘‘good cause’’ exists within the meaning of the APA to dispense with the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date procedures of the APA with respect to the final amendments to Regulation A. Regulatory Flexibility Analysis The Regulatory Flexibility Act (‘‘RFA’’) does not apply to a rulemaking where a general notice of proposed rulemaking is not required.5 As noted previously, a general notice of proposed rulemaking is not required if the final rule involves a matter relating to loans. Furthermore, the Board has determined that it is unnecessary and contrary to the public interest to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking for this final rule. Accordingly, the RFA’s 35 U.S.C. 553(d). U.S.C. 553(a)(2) (emphasis added). 5 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604. 15 U.S.C. 551 et seq. 2 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(A). PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 45 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\27MRR1.SGM 27MRR1 13104 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 59 / Tuesday, March 27, 2018 / Rules and Regulations requirements relating to an initial and final regulatory flexibility analysis do not apply. FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Paperwork Reduction Act [Docket No. R–1602] 12 CFR Part 204 In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (‘‘PRA’’) of 1995,6 the Board reviewed the final rule under the authority delegated to the Board by the Office of Management and Budget. The final rule contains no requirements subject to the PRA. List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 201 Banks, Banking, Federal Reserve System, Reporting and recordkeeping. Authority and Issuance For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board is amending 12 CFR chapter II to read as follows: PART 201—EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS (REGULATION A) 1. The authority citation for part 201 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 12 U.S.C. 248(i)–(j) and (s), 343 et seq., 347a, 347b, 347c, 348 et seq., 357, 374, 374a, and 461. 2. In § 201.51, paragraphs (a) and (b) are revised to read as follows: ■ § 201.51 Interest rates applicable to credit extended by a Federal Reserve Bank.3 (a) Primary credit. The interest rate at each Federal Reserve Bank for primary credit provided to depository institutions under § 201.4(a) is 2.25 percent. (b) Secondary credit. The interest rate at each Federal Reserve Bank for secondary credit provided to depository institutions under § 201.4(b) is 2.75 percent. * * * * * By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, March 22, 2018. Ann E. Misback, Secretary of the Board. [FR Doc. 2018–06123 Filed 3–26–18; 8:45 am] amozie on DSK30RV082PROD with RULES BILLING CODE 6210–01–P 6 44 U.S.C. 3506; see 5 CFR part 1320, appendix A.1. 3 The primary, secondary, and seasonal credit rates described in this section apply to both advances and discounts made under the primary, secondary, and seasonal credit programs, respectively. 17:36 Mar 26, 2018 Regulation D: Reserve Requirements of Depository Institutions Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (‘‘Board’’) is amending Regulation D (Reserve Requirements of Depository Institutions) to revise the rate of interest paid on balances maintained to satisfy reserve balance requirements (‘‘IORR’’) and the rate of interest paid on excess balances (‘‘IOER’’) maintained at Federal Reserve Banks by or on behalf of eligible institutions. The final amendments specify that IORR is 1.75 percent and IOER is 1.75 percent, a 0.25 percentage point increase from their prior levels. The amendments are intended to enhance the role of such rates of interest in moving the Federal funds rate into the target range established by the Federal Open Market Committee (‘‘FOMC’’ or ‘‘Committee’’). DATES: The amendments to part 204 (Regulation D) are effective March 27, 2018. The IORR and IOER rate changes are applicable on March 22, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sophia Allison, Special Counsel (202– 452–3565), or Clinton Chen, Senior Attorney (202–452–3952), Legal Division, or Kristen Payne, Financial Analyst (202–452–2872), or Heather Wiggins, Section Chief (202–452–3674), Division of Monetary Affairs; for users of Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact 202–263–4869; Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 20th and C Streets NW, Washington, DC 20551. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: 12 CFR Chapter II VerDate Sep<11>2014 RIN 7100 AF 01 Jkt 244001 I. Statutory and Regulatory Background For monetary policy purposes, section 19 of the Federal Reserve Act (‘‘the Act’’) imposes reserve requirements on certain types of deposits and other liabilities of depository institutions.1 Regulation D, which implements section 19 of the Act, requires that a depository institution meet reserve requirements by holding cash in its vault, or if vault cash is insufficient, by maintaining a balance in an account at a Federal Reserve Bank (‘‘Reserve Bank’’).2 Section 19 also 1 12 2 12 PO 00000 U.S.C. 461(b). CFR 204.5(a)(1). Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 provides that balances maintained by or on behalf of certain institutions in an account at a Reserve Bank may receive earnings to be paid by the Reserve Bank at least once each quarter, at a rate or rates not to exceed the general level of short-term interest rates.3 Institutions that are eligible to receive earnings on their balances held at Reserve Banks (‘‘eligible institutions’’) include depository institutions and certain other institutions.4 Section 19 also provides that the Board may prescribe regulations concerning the payment of earnings on balances at a Reserve Bank.5 Prior to these amendments, Regulation D specified a rate of 1.50 percent for both IORR and IOER.6 II. Amendments to IORR and IOER The Board is amending § 204.10(b)(5) of Regulation D to specify that IORR is 1.75 percent and IOER is 1.75 percent. This 0.25 percentage point increase in the IORR and IOER was associated with an increase in the target range for the federal funds rate, from a target range of 11⁄4 to 11⁄2 percent to a target range of 11⁄2 to 13⁄4 percent, announced by the FOMC on March 21, 2018, with an effective date of March 22, 2018. The FOMC’s press release on the same day as the announcement noted that: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in January indicates that the labor market has continued to strengthen and that economic activity has been rising at a moderate rate. Job gains have been strong in recent months, and the unemployment rate has stayed low. Recent data suggest that growth rates of household spending and business fixed investment have moderated from their strong fourth-quarter readings. On a 12month basis, both overall inflation and inflation for items other than food and energy have continued to run below 2 percent. Market-based measures of inflation compensation have increased in recent months but remain low; survey-based measures of longer-term inflation expectations are little changed, on balance. Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster maximum employment and price stability. The economic outlook has strengthened in recent months. The Committee expects that, with further gradual adjustments in the stance of monetary policy, economic activity will expand at a moderate pace in the medium term and labor market 3 12 U.S.C. 461(b)(1)(A) and (b)(12)(A). 12 U.S.C. 461(b)(1)(A) and (b)(12)(C); see also 12 CFR 204.2(y). 5 See 12 U.S.C. 461(b)(12)(B). 6 See 12 CFR 204.10(b)(5). 4 See E:\FR\FM\27MRR1.SGM 27MRR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 59 (Tuesday, March 27, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 13103-13104]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-06123]



========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents 
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed 
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published 
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.

The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. 

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 59 / Tuesday, March 27, 2018 / Rules 
and Regulations

[[Page 13103]]



FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM

12 CFR Part 201

[Docket No. R-1601]
RIN 7100 AF-00


Regulation A: Extensions of Credit by Federal Reserve Banks

AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System 
(``Board'') has adopted final amendments to its Regulation A to reflect 
the Board's approval of an increase in the rate for primary credit at 
each Federal Reserve Bank. The secondary credit rate at each Reserve 
Bank automatically increased by formula as a result of the Board's 
primary credit rate action.

DATES: The amendments to part 201 (Regulation A) are effective March 
27, 2018. The rate changes for primary and secondary credit are 
applicable on March 22, 2018.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sophia Allison, Special Counsel (202-
452-3565), or Clinton Chen, Senior Attorney (202-452-3952), Legal 
Division, or Lyle Kumasaka, Senior Financial Analyst (202-452-2382); 
for users of Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact 
202-263-4869; Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 20th 
and C Streets NW, Washington, DC 20551.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Federal Reserve Banks make primary and 
secondary credit available to depository institutions as a backup 
source of funding on a short-term basis, usually overnight. The primary 
and secondary credit rates are the interest rates that the twelve 
Federal Reserve Banks charge for extensions of credit under these 
programs. In accordance with the Federal Reserve Act, the primary and 
secondary credit rates are established by the boards of directors of 
the Federal Reserve Banks, subject to the review and determination of 
the Board.
    On March 21, 2018, the Board voted to approve a \1/4\ percentage 
point increase in the primary credit rate in effect at each of the 
twelve Federal Reserve Banks, thereby increasing from 2.00 percent to 
2.25 percent the rate that each Reserve Bank charges for extensions of 
primary credit. In addition, the Board had previously approved the 
renewal of the secondary credit rate formula, the primary credit rate 
plus 50 basis points. Under the formula, the secondary credit rate in 
effect at each of the twelve Federal Reserve Banks increased by \1/4\ 
percentage point as a result of the Board's primary credit rate action, 
thereby increasing from 2.50 percent to 2.75 percent the rate that each 
Reserve Bank charges for extensions of secondary credit. The amendments 
to Regulation A reflect these rate changes.
    The \1/4\ percentage point increase in the primary credit rate was 
associated with an increase in the target range for the federal funds 
rate (from a target range of 1\1/4\ to 1\1/2\ percent to a target range 
of 1\1/2\ to 1\3/4\ percent) announced by the Federal Open Market 
Committee on March 21, 2018, as described in the Board's amendment of 
its Regulation D published elsewhere in this issue of the Federal 
Register.

Administrative Procedure Act

    In general, the Administrative Procedure Act (``APA'') \1\ imposes 
three principal requirements when an agency promulgates legislative 
rules (rules made pursuant to congressionally delegated authority): (1) 
Publication with adequate notice of a proposed rule; (2) followed by a 
meaningful opportunity for the public to comment on the rule's content; 
and (3) publication of the final rule not less than 30 days before its 
effective date. The APA provides that notice and comment procedures do 
not apply if the agency for good cause finds them to be ``unnecessary, 
impracticable, or contrary to the public interest.'' \2\ Section 553(d) 
of the APA also provides that publication at least 30 days prior to a 
rule's effective date is not required for (1) a substantive rule which 
grants or recognizes an exemption or relieves a restriction; (2) 
interpretive rules and statements of policy; or (3) a rule for which 
the agency finds of good cause for shortened notice and publishes its 
reasoning with the rule.\3\ The APA further provides that the notice, 
public comment, and delayed effective date requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553 
do not apply ``to the extent that there is involved . . . a matter 
relating to agency management or personnel or to public property, 
loans, grants, benefits, or contracts.'' \4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 5 U.S.C. 551 et seq.
    \2\ 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(A).
    \3\ 5 U.S.C. 553(d).
    \4\ 5 U.S.C. 553(a)(2) (emphasis added).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Regulation A establishes the interest rates that the twelve Reserve 
Banks charge for extensions of primary credit and secondary credit. The 
Board has determined that the notice, public comment, and delayed 
effective date requirements of the APA do not apply to these final 
amendments to Regulation A for several reasons. The amendments involve 
a matter relating to loans, and are therefore exempt under the terms of 
the APA. In addition, the Board has determined that notice, public 
comment, and delayed effective date would be unnecessary and contrary 
to the public interest because delay in implementation of changes to 
the rates charged on primary credit and secondary credit would permit 
insured depository institutions to profit improperly from the 
difference in the current rate and the announced increased rate. 
Finally, because delay would undermine the Board's action in responding 
to economic data and conditions, the Board has determined that ``good 
cause'' exists within the meaning of the APA to dispense with the 
notice, public comment, and delayed effective date procedures of the 
APA with respect to the final amendments to Regulation A.

Regulatory Flexibility Analysis

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (``RFA'') does not apply to a 
rulemaking where a general notice of proposed rulemaking is not 
required.\5\ As noted previously, a general notice of proposed 
rulemaking is not required if the final rule involves a matter relating 
to loans. Furthermore, the Board has determined that it is unnecessary 
and contrary to the public interest to publish a general notice of 
proposed rulemaking for this final rule. Accordingly, the RFA's

[[Page 13104]]

requirements relating to an initial and final regulatory flexibility 
analysis do not apply.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Paperwork Reduction Act

    In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (``PRA'') of 
1995,\6\ the Board reviewed the final rule under the authority 
delegated to the Board by the Office of Management and Budget. The 
final rule contains no requirements subject to the PRA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ 44 U.S.C. 3506; see 5 CFR part 1320, appendix A.1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

12 CFR Chapter II

List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 201

    Banks, Banking, Federal Reserve System, Reporting and 
recordkeeping.

Authority and Issuance

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board is amending 12 
CFR chapter II to read as follows:

PART 201--EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS (REGULATION 
A)

0
1. The authority citation for part 201 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  12 U.S.C. 248(i)-(j) and (s), 343 et seq., 347a, 
347b, 347c, 348 et seq., 357, 374, 374a, and 461.

0
2. In Sec.  201.51, paragraphs (a) and (b) are revised to read as 
follows:


Sec.  201.51  Interest rates applicable to credit extended by a Federal 
Reserve Bank.3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ The primary, secondary, and seasonal credit rates described 
in this section apply to both advances and discounts made under the 
primary, secondary, and seasonal credit programs, respectively.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (a) Primary credit. The interest rate at each Federal Reserve Bank 
for primary credit provided to depository institutions under Sec.  
201.4(a) is 2.25 percent.
    (b) Secondary credit. The interest rate at each Federal Reserve 
Bank for secondary credit provided to depository institutions under 
Sec.  201.4(b) is 2.75 percent.
* * * * *

    By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve 
System, March 22, 2018.
Ann E. Misback,
Secretary of the Board.
[FR Doc. 2018-06123 Filed 3-26-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6210-01-P