Finding of Failure To Submit a Section 110 State Implementation Plan for Interstate Transport for the 2012 Annual National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Fine Particles; Massachusetts, 60870-60872 [2017-27625]

Download as PDF 60870 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 246 / Tuesday, December 26, 2017 / Rules and Regulations will be used. The bridge has a vertical clearance of 14 feet above mean high water in the closed position and unlimited feet above mean high water in the open position. The bridge will open on signal at all other times. The current operating schedule is set out in 33 CFR 117.5. The AICW, Alligator River is used by a variety of vessels including, small commercial vessels, tug and barge traffic, and recreational vessels. The Coast Guard has carefully coordinated the restrictions with waterway users in publishing this temporary deviation. Vessels able to pass through the bridge in the closed-to-navigation position may do so at any time. During the closure periods, the bridge will not be able to open for emergencies and the Croatan Sound to the Pamlico Sound can be used as an alternative route for vessels unable to pass through the bridge in the closed position. During the closure periods with scheduled openings at noon, the bridge will be able to open up for emergencies, if at least one hour notice is given. The Coast Guard will also inform the users of the waterway through our Local Notice and Broadcast Notices to Mariners of the change in operating schedule for the bridge so vessel operators can arrange their transits to minimize any impact caused by the temporary deviation. In accordance with 33 CFR 117.35(e), the drawbridge must return to its regular operating schedule immediately at the end of the effective period of this temporary deviation. This deviation from the operating regulations is authorized under 33 CFR 117.35. Dated: December 18, 2017. Hal R. Pitts, Bridge Program Manager, Fifth Coast Guard District. [FR Doc. 2017–27718 Filed 12–22–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–04–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 ethrower on DSK3G9T082PROD with RULES [EPA–R01–OAR–2017–0695, FRL–9972–39– Region 1] Finding of Failure To Submit a Section 110 State Implementation Plan for Interstate Transport for the 2012 Annual National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Fine Particles; Massachusetts Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Dec 22, 2017 Jkt 244001 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking final action finding that Massachusetts failed to submit an infrastructure State Implementation Plan (SIP) to satisfy certain interstate transport requirements of the Clean Air Act (CAA) with respect to the 2012 annual fine particles (PM2.5) national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS). Specifically, these requirements pertain to significant contribution to nonattainment, or interference with maintenance, of the 2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS in other states. This finding of failure to submit establishes a 2-year deadline for the EPA to promulgate a Federal Implementation Plan (FIP) to address the interstate transport SIP requirements pertaining to significant contribution to nonattainment, interference with maintenance, interference with Prevention of Significant Deterioration, and interference with visibility protection, unless, prior to the EPA promulgating a FIP, the state submits, and the EPA approves, a SIP that meets these requirements. DATES: This final rule is effective on January 25, 2018. ADDRESSES: The EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA–R01–OAR–2017–0695. All documents in the dockets are listed on http://www.regulations.gov. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket materials are available at http:// www.regulations.gov or at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA New England Regional Office, Office of Ecosystem Protection, Air Quality Planning Unit, 5 Post Office Square— Suite 100, Boston, MA. The EPA requests that if at all possible, you contact the individuals listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to view the hard copy of the docket. The Regional Office’s official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., excluding federal holidays. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alison C. Simcox, Environmental Scientist, Air Quality Planning Unit, Air Programs Branch (Mail Code OEP05– 02), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 1, 5 Post Office Square, Suite 100, Boston, Massachusetts 02109–3912; (617) 918–1684; simcox.alison@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 I. General Information A. Notice and Comment Under the Administrative Procedures Act (APA) Section 553 of the APA, 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B), provides that, when an agency for good cause finds that notice and public procedure are impracticable, unnecessary or contrary to the public interest, the agency may issue a rule without providing notice and an opportunity for public comment. The EPA has determined that there is good cause for making this rule final without prior proposal and opportunity for comment because no significant EPA judgment is involved in making a finding of failure to submit SIPs, or elements of SIPs, required by the CAA, where states have made no submissions or incomplete submissions, to meet the requirement. Thus, notice and public procedure are unnecessary. The EPA finds that this constitutes good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B). B. How is the Preamble Organized? Table of Contents I. General Information II. Background and Overview A. Interstate Transport SIPs B. Background on the 2012 Annual PM2.5 NAAQS III. Finding of Failure To Submit for Massachusetts IV. Environmental Justice Considerations V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews II. Background and Overview A. Interstate Transport SIPs CAA section 110(a) imposes an obligation upon states to submit SIPs that provide for the implementation, maintenance and enforcement of a new or revised NAAQS within three years following the promulgation of that NAAQS. Section 110(a)(2) lists specific requirements that states must meet in these SIP submissions, as applicable. The EPA refers to this type of SIP submission as the ‘‘infrastructure’’ SIP because it ensures that states can implement, maintain and enforce the air standards. Within these requirements, section 110(a)(2)(D)(i) contains requirements to address interstate transport of NAAQS pollutants. A SIP revision submitted for this sub-section is referred to as an ‘‘interstate transport SIP.’’ In turn, section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) requires that such a plan contain adequate provisions to prohibit emissions from the state that will contribute significantly to nonattainment of the NAAQS in any other state (‘‘prong 1’’) or interfere with maintenance of the NAAQS in any other state (‘‘prong 2’’). Section E:\FR\FM\26DER1.SGM 26DER1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 246 / Tuesday, December 26, 2017 / Rules and Regulations 110(a)(2)(D(i)(II) requires that such a plan contain adequate provisions to prohibit emissions from the state that will interfere with measures required of any other state to prevent significant deterioration of air quality (‘‘prong 3’’) or that will interfere with measures required of any other state to protect visibility (‘‘prong 4’’). These are the requirements relevant to this finding. Pursuant to CAA section 110(k)(1)(B), the EPA must determine no later than six months after the date by which a state is required to submit a SIP whether a state has made a submission that meets the minimum completeness criteria established per section 110(k)(1)(A). The EPA refers to the determination that a state has not submitted a SIP submission that meets the minimum completeness criteria as a ‘‘finding of failure to submit.’’ If the EPA finds a state has failed to submit a SIP to meet its statutory obligation to address section 110(a)(2)(D)(i), pursuant to section 110(c)(1) the EPA has not only the authority, but the obligation, to promulgate a FIP within two years to address the CAA requirement. This finding therefore starts a two-year clock for promulgation by the EPA of a FIP, in accordance with section 110(c)(1), unless prior to such promulgation the state submits, and the EPA approves, a submittal to meet the requirements of section 110(a)(2)(D)(i) for the 2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS. The EPA will work with the state subject to this finding of failure to submit and provide assistance as necessary to help the state develop an approvable submittal in a timely manner. The EPA notes this action does not start a mandatory sanctions clock pursuant to CAA section 179 because this finding of failure to submit does not pertain to a part D plan for nonattainment areas required under section 110(a)(2)(I) or a SIP call pursuant to section 110(k)(5). ethrower on DSK3G9T082PROD with RULES B. Background on the 2012 Annual PM2.5 NAAQS On December 14, 2012, the EPA promulgated a revised primary annual PM2.5 NAAQS to provide increased protection of public health and welfare from fine particle pollution.1 In that action, the EPA revised the primary annual PM2.5 standard, strengthening it from 15.0 micrograms per cubic meter (mg/m3) to 12.0 mg/m3, which is attained when the three-year average of the annual arithmetic means does not exceed 12.0 mg/m3. Infrastructure SIPs addressing the revised standard were 1 78 FR 3086; January 15, 2013. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Dec 22, 2017 Jkt 244001 due on December 14, 2015. CAA § 110(a)(1). III. Finding of Failure To Submit for Massachusetts To date, Massachusetts has not submitted a good neighbor SIP for the 2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS. Accordingly, the EPA is issuing a finding that Massachusetts has failed to submit a SIP addressing the requirements of section 110(a)(2)(D)(i) of the CAA, 42 U.S.C. 7410(a)(2)(D)(i) (prongs 1–4), for the 2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS. IV. Environmental Justice Considerations This notice is making a procedural finding that Massachusetts has failed to submit a SIP to address CAA section 110(a)(2)(D)(i) for the 2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS. The EPA did not conduct an environmental analysis for this rule, because this rule would not directly affect the air emissions from particular sources. Because this rule will not directly affect the air emissions from particular sources, it does not affect the level of protection provided to human health or the environment. Therefore, this action will not have potential disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects on minority, low-income or indigenous populations. V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review This action is not a significant regulatory action and was therefore not submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review. B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling Regulatory Costs This action is not an Executive Order 13771 regulatory action, because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) This action does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the PRA, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. This final rule does not establish any new information collection requirement apart from what is already required by law. D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) This action is not subject to the RFA. The RFA applies only to rules subject to notice and comment rulemaking PO 00000 Frm 00027 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 60871 requirements under the APA, 5 U.S.C. 553, or any other statute. This rule is not subject to notice and comment requirements, because the agency has invoked the APA ‘‘good cause’’ exemption under 5 U.S.C. 553(b). E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531–1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. The action implements mandates specifically and explicitly set forth in the CAA under section 110(a) without the exercise of any policy discretion by the EPA. F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments This action does not have tribal implications as specified in Executive Order 13175. This rule responds to the requirement in the CAA for states to submit SIPs under section 110(a) to address CAA section 110(a)(2)(D)(i) for the 2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS. No tribe is subject to the requirement to submit an implementation plan under section 110(a) within 3 years of promulgation of a new or revised NAAQS. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this action. H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health and Safety Risks The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those regulatory actions that concern environmental health or safety risks that the EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect children, per the definition of ‘‘covered regulatory action’’ in section 2–202 of the Executive Order. This action is not subject to Executive Order 13045, because it does not concern an environmental health risk or safety risk. I. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution or Use This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211, because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. E:\FR\FM\26DER1.SGM 26DER1 60872 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 246 / Tuesday, December 26, 2017 / Rules and Regulations J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY This rulemaking does not involve technical standards. 40 CFR Part 62 [EPA–R03–OAR–2017–0509; FRL–9972–52– Region 3] K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations The EPA believes the human health or environmental risk addressed by this action will not have potential disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects on minority, low-income or indigenous populations, because it does not affect the level of protection provided to human health or the environment. The EPA’s evaluation of environmental justice considerations is contained in section IV of this notice. L. Congressional Review Act (CRA) This action is subject to the CRA, and the EPA will submit a rule report to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). M. Petitions for Judicial Review Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by February 26, 2018. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements (see section 307(b)(2)). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Interstate transport, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. ethrower on DSK3G9T082PROD with RULES Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Dated: December 11, 2017. Deborah A. Szaro, Acting Regional Administrator, EPA New England. [FR Doc. 2017–27625 Filed 12–22–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:22 Dec 22, 2017 Jkt 244001 Full Withdrawal of Approval and Promulgation of State Air Quality Plans for Designated Facilities and Pollutants; City of Philadelphia; Control of Emissions From Existing Sewage Sludge Incineration Units Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Withdrawal of direct final rule. AGENCY: Due to the receipt of an adverse comment, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is withdrawing the October 26, 2017 direct final rule (DFR) that approved a negative declaration submitted by the City of Philadelphia. The negative declaration certified that no existing sewage sludge incineration (SSI) units exist within the City of Philadelphia. EPA stated in the direct final rule that if EPA received adverse comments by November 27, 2017, the rule would be withdrawn and not take effect. EPA subsequently received an adverse comment. This withdrawal action is being taken under sections 129 and 111(d) of the Clean Air Act. DATES: The direct final rule published at 82 FR 49511 on October 26, 2017, is withdrawn effective December 26, 2017. ADDRESSES: EPA has established docket number EPA–R03–OAR–2017–0509 for this action. The index to the docket is available electronically at http:// www.regulations.gov and in hard copy at Air Protection Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Mike Gordon, (215) 814–2039, or by email at gordon.mike@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Philadelphia Air Management Services submitted a negative declaration letter to EPA certifying on March 28, 2012 that there are no SSI units subject to the requirements of sections 111(d) and 129 of the CAA in its respective air pollution control jurisdiction. The negative declaration letter and EPA’s technical support document for this action are available in the docket for this rulemaking and available online at www.regulations.gov. Please see additional information provided in the direct final action published in the Federal Register on October 26, 2017 (82 FR 49511) and in SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00028 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 the companion proposed rule which was also published on October 26, 2017 (82 FR 49563). In the DFR, we stated that if we received adverse comment by November 27, 2017, the rule would be withdrawn and not take effect. EPA subsequently received an adverse comment. EPA will address the comment received in a subsequent final action based upon the proposed action also published on October 26, 2017. EPA will not institute a second comment period on this action. As a result of the comment received, EPA is withdrawing the direct final rule approving the negative declaration submitted by the City of Philadelphia for existing SSI units. List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 62 Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, Air pollution control, Intergovernmental relations, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Waste treatment and disposal. Dated: December 15, 2017. Cosmo Servidio Regional Administrator, Region III. Accordingly, the amendments to 40 CFR 62.9665, published on October 26, 2017 (82 FR 49511), are withdrawn effective December 26, 2017. ■ [FR Doc. 2017–27795 Filed 12–22–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 62 [EPA–R03–OAR–2017–0484; FRL–9972–55Region 3] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Maryland; Continuous Opacity Monitoring Requirements for Municipal Waste Combustors; Withdrawal of Direct Final Rule Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Withdrawal of direct final rule. AGENCY: Due to the receipt of an adverse comment, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is withdrawing the November 6, 2017 direct final rule (DFR) that approved revisions to the State of Maryland’s Clean Air Act (CAA) section 111(d)/129 State Plan for municipal waste combustors (MWCs). The revisions contain Maryland’s amendments to Regulations .07 and .08 under the Code of Maryland Regulations (COMAR) 26.11.08. This withdrawal SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\26DER1.SGM 26DER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 246 (Tuesday, December 26, 2017)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 60870-60872]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-27625]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[EPA-R01-OAR-2017-0695, FRL-9972-39-Region 1]


Finding of Failure To Submit a Section 110 State Implementation 
Plan for Interstate Transport for the 2012 Annual National Ambient Air 
Quality Standards for Fine Particles; Massachusetts

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking final 
action finding that Massachusetts failed to submit an infrastructure 
State Implementation Plan (SIP) to satisfy certain interstate transport 
requirements of the Clean Air Act (CAA) with respect to the 2012 annual 
fine particles (PM2.5) national ambient air quality standard 
(NAAQS). Specifically, these requirements pertain to significant 
contribution to nonattainment, or interference with maintenance, of the 
2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS in other states. This finding of 
failure to submit establishes a 2-year deadline for the EPA to 
promulgate a Federal Implementation Plan (FIP) to address the 
interstate transport SIP requirements pertaining to significant 
contribution to nonattainment, interference with maintenance, 
interference with Prevention of Significant Deterioration, and 
interference with visibility protection, unless, prior to the EPA 
promulgating a FIP, the state submits, and the EPA approves, a SIP that 
meets these requirements.

DATES: This final rule is effective on January 25, 2018.

ADDRESSES: The EPA has established a docket for this action under 
Docket ID No. EPA-R01-OAR-2017-0695. All documents in the dockets are 
listed on http://www.regulations.gov. Although listed in the index, 
some information is not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business 
Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted 
by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, will 
be publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket 
materials are available at http://www.regulations.gov or at the U.S. 
Environmental Protection Agency, EPA New England Regional Office, 
Office of Ecosystem Protection, Air Quality Planning Unit, 5 Post 
Office Square--Suite 100, Boston, MA. The EPA requests that if at all 
possible, you contact the individuals listed in the FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT section to view the hard copy of the docket. The 
Regional Office's official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 
8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., excluding federal holidays.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alison C. Simcox, Environmental 
Scientist, Air Quality Planning Unit, Air Programs Branch (Mail Code 
OEP05-02), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 1, 5 Post 
Office Square, Suite 100, Boston, Massachusetts 02109-3912; (617) 918-
1684; [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. General Information

A. Notice and Comment Under the Administrative Procedures Act (APA)

    Section 553 of the APA, 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B), provides that, when 
an agency for good cause finds that notice and public procedure are 
impracticable, unnecessary or contrary to the public interest, the 
agency may issue a rule without providing notice and an opportunity for 
public comment. The EPA has determined that there is good cause for 
making this rule final without prior proposal and opportunity for 
comment because no significant EPA judgment is involved in making a 
finding of failure to submit SIPs, or elements of SIPs, required by the 
CAA, where states have made no submissions or incomplete submissions, 
to meet the requirement. Thus, notice and public procedure are 
unnecessary. The EPA finds that this constitutes good cause under 5 
U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B).

B. How is the Preamble Organized?

Table of Contents

I. General Information
II. Background and Overview
    A. Interstate Transport SIPs
    B. Background on the 2012 Annual PM2.5 NAAQS
III. Finding of Failure To Submit for Massachusetts
IV. Environmental Justice Considerations
V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

II. Background and Overview

A. Interstate Transport SIPs

    CAA section 110(a) imposes an obligation upon states to submit SIPs 
that provide for the implementation, maintenance and enforcement of a 
new or revised NAAQS within three years following the promulgation of 
that NAAQS. Section 110(a)(2) lists specific requirements that states 
must meet in these SIP submissions, as applicable. The EPA refers to 
this type of SIP submission as the ``infrastructure'' SIP because it 
ensures that states can implement, maintain and enforce the air 
standards. Within these requirements, section 110(a)(2)(D)(i) contains 
requirements to address interstate transport of NAAQS pollutants. A SIP 
revision submitted for this sub-section is referred to as an 
``interstate transport SIP.'' In turn, section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) 
requires that such a plan contain adequate provisions to prohibit 
emissions from the state that will contribute significantly to 
nonattainment of the NAAQS in any other state (``prong 1'') or 
interfere with maintenance of the NAAQS in any other state (``prong 
2''). Section

[[Page 60871]]

110(a)(2)(D(i)(II) requires that such a plan contain adequate 
provisions to prohibit emissions from the state that will interfere 
with measures required of any other state to prevent significant 
deterioration of air quality (``prong 3'') or that will interfere with 
measures required of any other state to protect visibility (``prong 
4''). These are the requirements relevant to this finding.
    Pursuant to CAA section 110(k)(1)(B), the EPA must determine no 
later than six months after the date by which a state is required to 
submit a SIP whether a state has made a submission that meets the 
minimum completeness criteria established per section 110(k)(1)(A). The 
EPA refers to the determination that a state has not submitted a SIP 
submission that meets the minimum completeness criteria as a ``finding 
of failure to submit.'' If the EPA finds a state has failed to submit a 
SIP to meet its statutory obligation to address section 
110(a)(2)(D)(i), pursuant to section 110(c)(1) the EPA has not only the 
authority, but the obligation, to promulgate a FIP within two years to 
address the CAA requirement. This finding therefore starts a two-year 
clock for promulgation by the EPA of a FIP, in accordance with section 
110(c)(1), unless prior to such promulgation the state submits, and the 
EPA approves, a submittal to meet the requirements of section 
110(a)(2)(D)(i) for the 2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS. The EPA 
will work with the state subject to this finding of failure to submit 
and provide assistance as necessary to help the state develop an 
approvable submittal in a timely manner. The EPA notes this action does 
not start a mandatory sanctions clock pursuant to CAA section 179 
because this finding of failure to submit does not pertain to a part D 
plan for nonattainment areas required under section 110(a)(2)(I) or a 
SIP call pursuant to section 110(k)(5).

B. Background on the 2012 Annual PM2.5 NAAQS

    On December 14, 2012, the EPA promulgated a revised primary annual 
PM2.5 NAAQS to provide increased protection of public health 
and welfare from fine particle pollution.\1\ In that action, the EPA 
revised the primary annual PM2.5 standard, strengthening it 
from 15.0 micrograms per cubic meter ([mu]g/m\3\) to 12.0 [mu]g/m\3\, 
which is attained when the three-year average of the annual arithmetic 
means does not exceed 12.0 [mu]g/m\3\. Infrastructure SIPs addressing 
the revised standard were due on December 14, 2015. CAA Sec.  
110(a)(1).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 78 FR 3086; January 15, 2013.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

III. Finding of Failure To Submit for Massachusetts

    To date, Massachusetts has not submitted a good neighbor SIP for 
the 2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS. Accordingly, the EPA is issuing 
a finding that Massachusetts has failed to submit a SIP addressing the 
requirements of section 110(a)(2)(D)(i) of the CAA, 42 U.S.C. 
7410(a)(2)(D)(i) (prongs 1-4), for the 2012 annual PM2.5 
NAAQS.

IV. Environmental Justice Considerations

    This notice is making a procedural finding that Massachusetts has 
failed to submit a SIP to address CAA section 110(a)(2)(D)(i) for the 
2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS. The EPA did not conduct an 
environmental analysis for this rule, because this rule would not 
directly affect the air emissions from particular sources. Because this 
rule will not directly affect the air emissions from particular 
sources, it does not affect the level of protection provided to human 
health or the environment. Therefore, this action will not have 
potential disproportionately high and adverse human health or 
environmental effects on minority, low-income or indigenous 
populations.

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive 
Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review

    This action is not a significant regulatory action and was 
therefore not submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) 
for review.

B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling 
Regulatory Costs

    This action is not an Executive Order 13771 regulatory action, 
because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 
12866.

C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA)

    This action does not impose an information collection burden under 
the provisions of the PRA, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. This final rule does 
not establish any new information collection requirement apart from 
what is already required by law.

D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)

    This action is not subject to the RFA. The RFA applies only to 
rules subject to notice and comment rulemaking requirements under the 
APA, 5 U.S.C. 553, or any other statute. This rule is not subject to 
notice and comment requirements, because the agency has invoked the APA 
``good cause'' exemption under 5 U.S.C. 553(b).

E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA)

    This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in 
UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect 
small governments. The action implements mandates specifically and 
explicitly set forth in the CAA under section 110(a) without the 
exercise of any policy discretion by the EPA.

F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have 
substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between 
the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian 
Tribal Governments

    This action does not have tribal implications as specified in 
Executive Order 13175. This rule responds to the requirement in the CAA 
for states to submit SIPs under section 110(a) to address CAA section 
110(a)(2)(D)(i) for the 2012 annual PM2.5 NAAQS. No tribe is 
subject to the requirement to submit an implementation plan under 
section 110(a) within 3 years of promulgation of a new or revised 
NAAQS. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this action.

H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental 
Health and Safety Risks

    The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those 
regulatory actions that concern environmental health or safety risks 
that the EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect 
children, per the definition of ``covered regulatory action'' in 
section 2-202 of the Executive Order. This action is not subject to 
Executive Order 13045, because it does not concern an environmental 
health risk or safety risk.

I. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy 
Supply, Distribution or Use

    This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211, because it is 
not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.

[[Page 60872]]

J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    This rulemaking does not involve technical standards.

K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental 
Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations

    The EPA believes the human health or environmental risk addressed 
by this action will not have potential disproportionately high and 
adverse human health or environmental effects on minority, low-income 
or indigenous populations, because it does not affect the level of 
protection provided to human health or the environment. The EPA's 
evaluation of environmental justice considerations is contained in 
section IV of this notice.

L. Congressional Review Act (CRA)

    This action is subject to the CRA, and the EPA will submit a rule 
report to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of 
the United States. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 
U.S.C. 804(2).

M. Petitions for Judicial Review

    Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review 
of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for 
the appropriate circuit by February 26, 2018. Filing a petition for 
reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect 
the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does 
it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be 
filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. 
This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its 
requirements (see section 307(b)(2)).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Intergovernmental relations, Interstate transport, 
Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

    Dated: December 11, 2017.
Deborah A. Szaro,
Acting Regional Administrator, EPA New England.
[FR Doc. 2017-27625 Filed 12-22-17; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6560-50-P