Policy on Payment System Risk, 40473-40474 [2017-17987]

Download as PDF 40473 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 82, No. 164 Friday, August 25, 2017 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM 12 CFR Chapter II [Docket No. OP–1572] Policy on Payment System Risk Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. ACTION: Policy statement. AGENCY: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board) has revised part II of the Federal Reserve Policy on Payment System Risk (PSR policy) related to the transaction posting times used for measuring balances intraday in institutions’ accounts at the Federal Reserve Banks (Reserve Banks) to conform to enhancements to the Reserve Banks’ same-day automated clearinghouse (ACH) service. DATES: Effective Date: September 15, 2017. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeffrey D. Walker, Assistant Director (202–721–4559), Jason Hinkle, Manager, Financial Risk Management (202–912– 7805), or Ian C.B. Spear, Senior Financial Services Analyst (202–452– 3959), Division of Reserve Bank Operations and Payment Systems; for users of Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact 202–263– 4869; Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 20th and C Streets NW., Washington, DC 20551. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: pmangrum on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES SUMMARY: Background The Board’s PSR policy establishes the procedures for measuring balances intraday in institutions’ accounts at the Reserve Banks by setting forth the times at which credits and debits for various types of transactions are posted to those accounts (‘‘the posting rules’’).1 The application of these posting rules determines an institution’s intraday 1 The Board’s PSR policy is available at https:// www.federalreserve.gov/paymentsystems/files/psr_ policy.pdf. VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:35 Aug 24, 2017 Jkt 241001 account balance and whether it has incurred a negative balance (daylight overdraft). On September 23, 2015, the Board approved enhancements to the Reserve Banks’ FedACH® SameDay Service (FedACH SameDay Service) in light of amendments to NACHA—The Electronic Payments Association’s Operating Rules and Guidelines.2 The first phase of the FedACH SameDay Service provided for same-day settlement of ACH credit transactions. As part of the implementation of the second phase of the FedACH SameDay Service, forward ACH debit transactions will be eligible for same-day settlement effective September 15, 2017.3 The PSR policy’s posting rules for same-day ACH return transactions are being updated to conform to the associated changes in the Reserve Banks’ service as described below. Today, the Reserve Banks’ offer an ACH derived returns function for institutions that connect to the Reserve Banks’ ACH service through the FedLine Web® access solution. The derived return function allows an institution to generate returns via FedLine Web using information from the forward ACH items that an institution receives through FedACH. The function is designed primarily for institutions that lack the software or processing capability to generate returns themselves. The derived returns function uses information not available until the day after the processing day for forward ACH item and thus cannot be used to generate returns of items settled the same processing day. Given the phase two expansion of the FedACH SameDay Service to include ACH debits, the Reserve Banks will provide users of the derived return function an interim solution to return certain high-value 2 80 FR 58248 (Sep. 28, 2015). NACHA, whose membership consists of insured financial institutions and regional payment associations, establishes network-wide ACH rules through its Operating Rules and Guidelines. As an ACH operator, the Reserve Banks, through Operating Circular 4, incorporate NACHA’s Operating Rules and Guidelines as rules that govern clearing and settlement of commercial ACH items by the Reserve Banks, except for those provisions specifically excluded in the Operating Circular. 3 The NACHA amendments, as incorporated into Operating Circular 4, become effective in three phases, beginning with same-day credits in September 2016, same-day debits in 2017, and faster funds availability in March 2018. Next-day settlement remains available. PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 same-day forward items for settlement on the same processing day. Specifically, the Reserve Banks intend to introduce a same-day paper return option for same-day forward entries greater than $10,000. This option will be added to the existing FedACH Facsimile Exception Return/NOC service.4 Return items initiated as part of that option will post at 5:30 p.m. on the same day as the forward item was processed.5 The introduction of the new paper-return option for same-day forward entries is intended to serve as an interim solution while the Reserve Banks complete their ACH platform modernization project. Once completed, the Reserve Banks anticipate providing users of FedLine Web derived returns the automated ability to derive returns for same-day forward entries to be settled the same processing day. In addition, the Board is updating the PSR policy to clarify that paper returns and paper notifications of change (NOCs) of prior-dated items will only post at 5:00 p.m., removing reference to an 8:30 a.m. posting time. These paper items are manually processed by Reserve Bank staff during normal business hours and not overnight, which an 8:30 a.m. posting time would require. FedLine Web returns and FedLine Web NOCs will continue to post at 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., depending on when the item is received by Reserve Banks. Policy on Payment System Risk The Federal Reserve Policy on Payment System Risk, section II.A, under the heading ‘‘Procedures for Measuring Daylight Overdrafts’’ and the subheadings ‘‘Post at 8:30 a.m. eastern time,’’ ‘‘Post by 1:00 p.m. eastern time,’’ ‘‘Post at 5:00 p.m. eastern time,’’ and ‘‘Post at 5:30 p.m. eastern time,’’ is amended as follows: Post at 8:30 a.m. eastern time: +/¥ Term deposit maturities and accrued interest 4 The FedACH Facsimile Exception Return/NOC service allows institutions to submit return/NOC items via a paper form when electronic methods are otherwise unavailable. 5 ACH return items not initiated as part of the derived returns function but processed by the Reserve Banks will continue to post at the next available posting time or following the settlement of the associated forward transaction. Thus, credits and debits for return items will continue to post at 8:30 a.m., 1:00 p.m., 5:00 p.m., or 5:30 p.m., with the specific posting time determined by when the item is received by the Reserve Banks. E:\FR\FM\25AUR1.SGM 25AUR1 40474 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 164 / Friday, August 25, 2017 / Rules and Regulations + Treasury checks, postal money orders, and savings bond redemptions in separately sorted deposits; these items must be deposited by the latest applicable deposit deadline preceding the posting time + Local Federal Reserve Bank checks; these items must be presented before 3:00 p.m. eastern time Post at 5:30 p.m. eastern time: +/¥ FedACH SameDay Service return transactions 11 +/¥ Commercial check transactions, including returned checks 6 With the exception of paper returns and paper notifications of change of prior-dated items that only post at 5:00 p.m.; and paper returns of sameday forward items that only post at 5:30 p.m. Institutions that are monitored in real time must fund the total amount of their commercial ACH credit originations in order for the transactions to be processed. If the Federal Reserve receives commercial ACH credit transactions from institutions monitored in real time after the scheduled close of the Fedwire Funds Service, these transactions will be processed at 12:30 a.m. the next business day, or by the ACH deposit deadline, whichever is earlier. The Account Balance Monitoring System provides intraday account information to the Reserve Banks and institutions and is used primarily to give authorized Reserve Bank personnel a mechanism to control and monitor account activity for selected institutions. For more information on ACH transaction processing, refer to the ACH Settlement Day Finality Guide available through the Federal Reserve Financial Services Web site at http:// www.frbservices.org. The federal government will not participate in the same-day ACH service upon initial implementation in September 2016. ACH forward transactions originated or received by the federal government will not be eligible for same-day settlement and will settle on the next business day, or on a future date as indicated by the effective settlement date. 7 For the three commercial check transaction posting times, the Reserve Banks will post credits and debits to institutions’ accounts for checks deposited and presented, respectively, at least 30 minutes before the posting time. pmangrum on DSK3GDR082PROD with RULES +/¥ Government and commercial ACH transactions, including return items 6 +/¥ Commercial check transactions, including returned checks 7 + Treasury checks, postal money orders, local Federal Reserve Bank checks, and savings bond redemptions in separately sorted deposits; these items must be deposited by the latest applicable deposit deadline preceding the posting time + Advance-notice Treasury investments ¥ Penalty assessments for tax payments from the Treasury Investment Program (TIP).8 Post by 1:00 p.m. eastern time: +/¥ Commercial check transactions, including returned checks +/¥ FedACH SameDay Service transactions, including return items 9 + Same-day Treasury investments. Post at 5:00 p.m. eastern time: +/¥ FedACH SameDay Service transactions, including return items 10 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION 8 The Reserve Banks will identify and notify institutions with Treasury-authorized penalties on Thursdays. In the event that Thursday is a holiday, the Reserve Banks will identify and notify institutions with Treasury-authorized penalties on the following business day. Penalties will then be posted on the business day following notification. 9 With the exception of paper returns and paper notifications of change (NOCs) of prior-dated items that only post at 5:00 p.m.; paper returns of sameday forward items that only post at 5:30 p.m.; and FedLine Web returns and FedLine Web NOCs that only post at 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., depending on when the item is received by Reserve Banks. 10 With the exception of paper returns of sameday forward items that only post at 5:30 p.m. VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:35 Aug 24, 2017 Jkt 241001 By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, acting through the Director of the Division of Reserve Bank Operations and Payment Systems under delegated authority, August 21, 2017. Ann E. Misback, Secretary of the Board. [FR Doc. 2017–17987 Filed 8–24–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE P The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this AD as of September 29, 2017. ADDRESSES: For Dassault service information identified in this final rule, contact Dassault Falcon Jet Corporation, Teterboro Airport, P.O. Box 2000, South Hackensack, NJ 07606; telephone 201– 440–6700; Internet http:// www.dassaultfalcon.com. For Pratt & Whitney Canada service information identified in this final rule, contact Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp., 1000 MarieVictorin, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada, J4G 1A1; telephone 800–268–8000; fax 450–647–2888; Internet http:// www.pwc.ca. You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425–227–1221. It is also available on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2017– 0496. Federal Aviation Administration Examining the AD Docket 14 CFR Part 39 You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2017– 0496; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Office (telephone 800–647– 5527) is Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tom Rodriguez, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057–3356; telephone 425–227–1137; fax 425–227– 1149. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: [Docket No. FAA–2017–0496; Product Identifier 2016–NM–103–AD; Amendment 39–19001; AD 2017–17–11] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Dassault Aviation Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Dassault Aviation Model FALCON 7X airplanes. This AD was prompted by a report indicating that, under certain operational takeoff conditions, the available thrust in relation with the N1 indication is less than a certified value, which could affect the safety margins with an engine failure during takeoff. This AD requires modifying each engine by updating the electronic engine control (EEC) software and adjusting the engine N1 trim value, and revising the airplane flight manual (AFM). We are issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: This AD is effective September 29, 2017. SUMMARY: 11 With the exception of paper returns and paper notifications of change (NOCs) of prior-dated items that only post at 5:00 p.m.; and FedLine Web returns and FedLine Web NOCs that only post at 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., depending on when the item is received by Reserve Banks. PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Discussion We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to certain Dassault Aviation Model FALCON 7X airplanes. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on May 30, 2017 (82 FR 24603) (‘‘the NPRM’’). We are issuing this AD to prevent a reduction in available engine thrust during certain operational takeoff conditions, which could affect E:\FR\FM\25AUR1.SGM 25AUR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 164 (Friday, August 25, 2017)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 40473-40474]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-17987]



========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents 
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed 
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published 
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.

The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. 

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 164 / Friday, August 25, 2017 / Rules 
and Regulations

[[Page 40473]]



FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM

12 CFR Chapter II

[Docket No. OP-1572]


Policy on Payment System Risk

AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

ACTION: Policy statement.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board) 
has revised part II of the Federal Reserve Policy on Payment System 
Risk (PSR policy) related to the transaction posting times used for 
measuring balances intraday in institutions' accounts at the Federal 
Reserve Banks (Reserve Banks) to conform to enhancements to the Reserve 
Banks' same-day automated clearinghouse (ACH) service.

DATES: Effective Date: September 15, 2017.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeffrey D. Walker, Assistant Director 
(202-721-4559), Jason Hinkle, Manager, Financial Risk Management (202-
912-7805), or Ian C.B. Spear, Senior Financial Services Analyst (202-
452-3959), Division of Reserve Bank Operations and Payment Systems; for 
users of Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact 
202-263-4869; Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 20th 
and C Streets NW., Washington, DC 20551.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    The Board's PSR policy establishes the procedures for measuring 
balances intraday in institutions' accounts at the Reserve Banks by 
setting forth the times at which credits and debits for various types 
of transactions are posted to those accounts (``the posting 
rules'').\1\ The application of these posting rules determines an 
institution's intraday account balance and whether it has incurred a 
negative balance (daylight overdraft).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ The Board's PSR policy is available at https://www.federalreserve.gov/paymentsystems/files/psr_policy.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On September 23, 2015, the Board approved enhancements to the 
Reserve Banks' FedACH[supreg] SameDay Service (FedACH SameDay Service) 
in light of amendments to NACHA--The Electronic Payments Association's 
Operating Rules and Guidelines.\2\ The first phase of the FedACH 
SameDay Service provided for same-day settlement of ACH credit 
transactions. As part of the implementation of the second phase of the 
FedACH SameDay Service, forward ACH debit transactions will be eligible 
for same-day settlement effective September 15, 2017.\3\ The PSR 
policy's posting rules for same-day ACH return transactions are being 
updated to conform to the associated changes in the Reserve Banks' 
service as described below.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ 80 FR 58248 (Sep. 28, 2015). NACHA, whose membership 
consists of insured financial institutions and regional payment 
associations, establishes network-wide ACH rules through its 
Operating Rules and Guidelines. As an ACH operator, the Reserve 
Banks, through Operating Circular 4, incorporate NACHA's Operating 
Rules and Guidelines as rules that govern clearing and settlement of 
commercial ACH items by the Reserve Banks, except for those 
provisions specifically excluded in the Operating Circular.
    \3\ The NACHA amendments, as incorporated into Operating 
Circular 4, become effective in three phases, beginning with same-
day credits in September 2016, same-day debits in 2017, and faster 
funds availability in March 2018. Next-day settlement remains 
available.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Today, the Reserve Banks' offer an ACH derived returns function for 
institutions that connect to the Reserve Banks' ACH service through the 
FedLine Web[supreg] access solution. The derived return function allows 
an institution to generate returns via FedLine Web using information 
from the forward ACH items that an institution receives through FedACH. 
The function is designed primarily for institutions that lack the 
software or processing capability to generate returns themselves.
    The derived returns function uses information not available until 
the day after the processing day for forward ACH item and thus cannot 
be used to generate returns of items settled the same processing day. 
Given the phase two expansion of the FedACH SameDay Service to include 
ACH debits, the Reserve Banks will provide users of the derived return 
function an interim solution to return certain high-value same-day 
forward items for settlement on the same processing day. Specifically, 
the Reserve Banks intend to introduce a same-day paper return option 
for same-day forward entries greater than $10,000. This option will be 
added to the existing FedACH Facsimile Exception Return/NOC service.\4\ 
Return items initiated as part of that option will post at 5:30 p.m. on 
the same day as the forward item was processed.\5\ The introduction of 
the new paper-return option for same-day forward entries is intended to 
serve as an interim solution while the Reserve Banks complete their ACH 
platform modernization project. Once completed, the Reserve Banks 
anticipate providing users of FedLine Web derived returns the automated 
ability to derive returns for same-day forward entries to be settled 
the same processing day.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ The FedACH Facsimile Exception Return/NOC service allows 
institutions to submit return/NOC items via a paper form when 
electronic methods are otherwise unavailable.
    \5\ ACH return items not initiated as part of the derived 
returns function but processed by the Reserve Banks will continue to 
post at the next available posting time or following the settlement 
of the associated forward transaction. Thus, credits and debits for 
return items will continue to post at 8:30 a.m., 1:00 p.m., 5:00 
p.m., or 5:30 p.m., with the specific posting time determined by 
when the item is received by the Reserve Banks.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition, the Board is updating the PSR policy to clarify that 
paper returns and paper notifications of change (NOCs) of prior-dated 
items will only post at 5:00 p.m., removing reference to an 8:30 a.m. 
posting time. These paper items are manually processed by Reserve Bank 
staff during normal business hours and not overnight, which an 8:30 
a.m. posting time would require. FedLine Web returns and FedLine Web 
NOCs will continue to post at 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., depending on 
when the item is received by Reserve Banks.

Policy on Payment System Risk

    The Federal Reserve Policy on Payment System Risk, section II.A, 
under the heading ``Procedures for Measuring Daylight Overdrafts'' and 
the subheadings ``Post at 8:30 a.m. eastern time,'' ``Post by 1:00 p.m. 
eastern time,'' ``Post at 5:00 p.m. eastern time,'' and ``Post at 5:30 
p.m. eastern time,'' is amended as follows:

    Post at 8:30 a.m. eastern time:

+/- Term deposit maturities and accrued interest

[[Page 40474]]

+/- Government and commercial ACH transactions, including return items 
\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ With the exception of paper returns and paper notifications 
of change of prior-dated items that only post at 5:00 p.m.; and 
paper returns of same-day forward items that only post at 5:30 p.m.
     Institutions that are monitored in real time must fund the 
total amount of their commercial ACH credit originations in order 
for the transactions to be processed. If the Federal Reserve 
receives commercial ACH credit transactions from institutions 
monitored in real time after the scheduled close of the Fedwire 
Funds Service, these transactions will be processed at 12:30 a.m. 
the next business day, or by the ACH deposit deadline, whichever is 
earlier. The Account Balance Monitoring System provides intraday 
account information to the Reserve Banks and institutions and is 
used primarily to give authorized Reserve Bank personnel a mechanism 
to control and monitor account activity for selected institutions. 
For more information on ACH transaction processing, refer to the ACH 
Settlement Day Finality Guide available through the Federal Reserve 
Financial Services Web site at http://www.frbservices.org.
    The federal government will not participate in the same-day ACH 
service upon initial implementation in September 2016. ACH forward 
transactions originated or received by the federal government will 
not be eligible for same-day settlement and will settle on the next 
business day, or on a future date as indicated by the effective 
settlement date.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

+/- Commercial check transactions, including returned checks \7\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ For the three commercial check transaction posting times, 
the Reserve Banks will post credits and debits to institutions' 
accounts for checks deposited and presented, respectively, at least 
30 minutes before the posting time.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

+ Treasury checks, postal money orders, local Federal Reserve Bank 
checks, and savings bond redemptions in separately sorted deposits; 
these items must be deposited by the latest applicable deposit deadline 
preceding the posting time
+ Advance-notice Treasury investments
- Penalty assessments for tax payments from the Treasury Investment 
Program (TIP).\8\

    \8\ The Reserve Banks will identify and notify institutions with 
Treasury-authorized penalties on Thursdays. In the event that 
Thursday is a holiday, the Reserve Banks will identify and notify 
institutions with Treasury-authorized penalties on the following 
business day. Penalties will then be posted on the business day 
following notification.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Post by 1:00 p.m. eastern time:

+/- Commercial check transactions, including returned checks
+/- FedACH SameDay Service transactions, including return items \9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ With the exception of paper returns and paper notifications 
of change (NOCs) of prior-dated items that only post at 5:00 p.m.; 
paper returns of same-day forward items that only post at 5:30 p.m.; 
and FedLine Web returns and FedLine Web NOCs that only post at 8:30 
a.m. and 5:00 p.m., depending on when the item is received by 
Reserve Banks.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

+ Same-day Treasury investments.

    Post at 5:00 p.m. eastern time:

+/- FedACH SameDay Service transactions, including return items \10\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ With the exception of paper returns of same-day forward 
items that only post at 5:30 p.m.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

+ Treasury checks, postal money orders, and savings bond redemptions in 
separately sorted deposits; these items must be deposited by the latest 
applicable deposit deadline preceding the posting time
+ Local Federal Reserve Bank checks; these items must be presented 
before 3:00 p.m. eastern time

    Post at 5:30 p.m. eastern time:

+/- FedACH SameDay Service return transactions \11\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ With the exception of paper returns and paper notifications 
of change (NOCs) of prior-dated items that only post at 5:00 p.m.; 
and FedLine Web returns and FedLine Web NOCs that only post at 8:30 
a.m. and 5:00 p.m., depending on when the item is received by 
Reserve Banks.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

+/- Commercial check transactions, including returned checks

    By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve 
System, acting through the Director of the Division of Reserve Bank 
Operations and Payment Systems under delegated authority, August 21, 
2017.
Ann E. Misback,
Secretary of the Board.
[FR Doc. 2017-17987 Filed 8-24-17; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE P