Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Scanner Capability Assessment of SNAP-Authorized Small Retailers (SCANR) Study, 11523-11526 [2017-03570]

Download as PDF 11523 Notices Federal Register Vol. 82, No. 36 Friday, February 24, 2017 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings and investigations, committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, delegations of authority, filing of petitions and applications and agency statements of organization and functions are examples of documents appearing in this section. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request—Scanner Capability Assessment of SNAPAuthorized Small Retailers (SCANR) Study Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), U.S. Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice invites the general public and other public agencies to comment on the proposed collection of information for the Scanner Capability Assessment of SNAP-Authorized Small Retailers (SCANR) Study. This is a NEW information collection. The SCANR Study will provide FNS with an understanding of the extent to which small retailers participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) are able to meet Section 4002 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (2014 Farm Bill) requirement that all authorized SNAP retailers use scanning technologies at the point of sale (POS) to redeem SNAP benefits. Understanding the number of small retailers that lack scanning systems, the costs of adopting and maintaining scanning systems, and the barriers small retailers face in adopting the technology are key to informing rulemaking for the 2014 Farm Bill requirement. DATES: Written comments must be submitted on or before April 25, 2017. ADDRESSES: Comments are invited on (a) whether the proposed data collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information has practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:20 Feb 23, 2017 Jkt 241001 the methodology and assumptions that were used; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments may be sent to: Jenny Laster Genser, Office of Policy Support, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, 3101 Park Center Drive, Room 1014, Alexandria, VA 22302. Comments may also be submitted via fax to the attention of Jenny Laster Genser at 703–305–2559 or via email to jenny.genser@fns.usda.gov. Comments will also be accepted through the Federal eRulemaking Portal. Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the online instructions for submitting comments electronically. All written comments will be open for public inspection at the office of the Food and Nutrition Service during regular business hours (8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday) at 3101 Park Center Drive, Room 1014, Alexandria, VA 22302. All responses to this notice will be summarized and included in the request for Office of Management and Budget approval. All comments will also be a matter of public record. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information should be directed to Jenny Laster Genser at 703–305–2559. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Scanner Capability Assessment of SNAP-Authorized Small Retailers (SCANR) Study. OMB Number: 0584—NEW. Expiration Date of Approval: Not yet determined. Type of Request: New collection. Abstract: The Scanner Capability Assessment of SNAP-Authorized Small Retailers Study will provide FNS with information to inform rulemaking for the 2014 Farm Bill requirement that all authorized SNAP retailers use scanning technologies at the POS to redeem SNAP benefits. This study will result in a comprehensive description of the scanner capability of small SNAPauthorized retailers that will provide FNS with information to inform rulemaking for the 2014 Farm Bill PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 requirement. Cost estimates from the industry interviews and follow-up interviews with retailers and data from secondary sources will be used to estimate store-level costs for adopting scanning systems with different levels of functionality. The cost estimates will account for all costs associated with the purchase, installation, and maintenance of scanning systems. Using the storelevel costs and data from the SCANR Survey on the number of small SNAPauthorized retailers without scanning systems, the study will also include the total cost estimate for all small SNAPauthorized retailers to comply with the 2014 Farm Bill requirements. Finally, the study will include a descriptive assessment of the technological and economic barriers small SNAP retailers face in adopting and using scanning systems. Specifically, this study will employ a mixed-methods approach in which both quantitative and qualitative data will be collected, analyzed, and synthesized to assess the economic and technological barriers of adopting scanning technologies by small SNAP-authorized retailers and possible inducements. The study design will include industry interviews, a national survey of small SNAP-authorized retailers, and followup interviews with a subset of survey respondents to provide qualitative information on the barriers and inducements to adopting scanning systems. The study design comprises three data collection components to address four study objectives: • Objective 1: Determine and describe the requirements for installing and operating electronic scanning systems at small SNAP-authorized retailers. • Objective 2: Provide a store-level and industry-wide cost analysis of installing and maintaining electronic scanning systems at small SNAPauthorized retailers in order to be in full compliance with the 2014 Farm Bill. • Objective 3: Provide reliable national estimates of the extent to which scanning systems are in place at small SNAP-authorized retailers. • Objective 4: Determine barriers and inducements to using scanning technologies by small SNAP-authorized retailers. The data collection components are as follows: Structured interviews with nine vendors of POS scanning systems to E:\FR\FM\24FEN1.SGM 24FEN1 asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 11524 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 36 / Friday, February 24, 2017 / Notices provide information on the requirements and costs for two options of functionality for scanning systems. The structured interviews will be used to address Objectives 1 and 2. FNS is interested in the requirements and costs for two options of functionality for scanning systems: (1) Scanning systems that can identify which items are eligible to be purchased with SNAP and are integrated with the store inventory to scan the item’s price and (2) scanning systems that can identify which items are eligible to be purchased with SNAP and are integrated with the store inventory to scan the item’s price and are integrated with the EBT terminal. The first option will allow a retailer to meet the minimum requirements as outlined in the 2014 Farm Bill. The cost data will be combined with the survey data and data from secondary sources (e.g., labor rates) to conduct a cost analysis to estimate store-level and industry-level costs for complying with the 2014 Farm Bill requirements. Nationally representative survey of small SNAP-authorized retailers to provide information on the number of retailers that lack scanning systems and the number that may not comply with this provision and choose to leave SNAP instead. Data will be collected through a nationally representative survey of small SNAP-authorized retailers to provide information to address Objectives 2 and 3. The target population for the survey is small SNAP-authorized retailers defined as small grocery stores, medium grocery stores, convenience stores, and specialty stores excluding chains that have 10 or more outlets under the same owner. The sample design for the survey will be sufficiently powered to provide national and subgroup estimates by store type and urbanicity. The survey approach will use multiple modes to facilitate response (hard copy or web-based) and telephone reminders to nonrespondents to maximize the response rate. Follow-up interviews with a subset of survey respondents to provide qualitative information on the barriers and inducements to adopting scanning systems. Data will be collected through follow-up interviews with a subset of the retailers that responded to the structured survey to address Objectives 2 and 4. Approximately half of the retailers selected for the interviews will be stores that reported on the survey that they VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:20 Feb 23, 2017 Jkt 241001 currently are using scanning systems (via in-person interviews) and half will be stores that do not use scanning systems (via phone interviews). The interviews will provide the opportunity to learn about costs, benefits, and challenges associated with implementing and operating scanning systems from a group of retailers that currently use them and about costs and other concerns of retailers that do not use scanning systems. Interview questions will also provide insight regarding the level of knowledge about scanning technology among small retailers and the information gaps, particularly among nonusers. Affected Public: Business for profit. There are a total of 1,389. The respondent groups that were identified include 12 POS vendors and 1,377 SNAP-authorized small retailers. Industry Interviews • POS vendors that supply retailers with scanning systems. We estimate that nine vendors will participate in the interviews. SCANR Survey • SNAP-authorized small retailers: Store owner, store manager, or regional manager. Out of 1,377 respondents, we estimate that 936 of the small retailers sampled will go on to participate in the survey. Follow-Up Interviews • SNAP-authorized small retailers: Store owner, store manager, or regional manager. Out of 936 small retailers who participated in the SCANR survey, we estimate that 50 of them will take part in a follow-up interview. Estimated Total Number of Respondents: 1,389. For the industry interviews, it is estimated that 12 of the industry interview respondents will be contacted and, of these, 9 will complete the interview, 3 will be non-respondents. For the SCANR Survey, a multimode, two-phase approach will be used. For phase I (survey), respondents can choose to participate by hard copy (mail survey) or web, and for phase II (interview), all non-respondents will be re-contacted by phone and asked to complete the survey (by phone or reminded to complete the survey by mail or web). Out of 123,000 small retailers, a sample of 1,377 will be selected. It is estimated that, of these, 207 will not be eligible for the survey (e.g., no longer in operation), 585 will PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 complete phase I (50% response rate after adjusting for eligibility), and 351 will complete phase II (60% response rate), yielding 936 completed surveys. Adjusting for eligibility, we are targeting an 80% response rate (936/ (1,377¥207)). For the follow-up interviews, a sample of 71 respondents that completed the SCANR Survey will be selected for either telephone or on-site interviews. It is estimated that 50 of the selected respondents will take part in the interview (70% response rate). Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.545. For the industry interviews with vendors, there is one response per respondent. For retailers, there is one response for 886 of the respondents (SCANR Survey only) and two responses for 50 of the respondents who participate in follow-up interviews. Estimated Total Annual Responses: 1,925. For the industry interviews, this total includes 9 completed interviews with vendors and 3 attempted interviews. For the SCANR Survey, this total includes 936 responses from small retailers and 441 attempted, but non-completed or non-responses. For the follow-up interviews, this total includes 50 completed interviews and 21 attempted interviews. Estimated Time per Response: 0.21. For the telephone interviews with vendors: Vendors will take up to 1 hour to participate in the telephone interviews. Vendors who choose not to participate will spend 5 minutes (0.08 hours) reading the recruitment materials. For the SCANR Survey: Small retailers will take 15 minutes (0.25 hours) to respond to the survey (via mail, web, or phone). Small retailers who choose not to participate will spend 5 minutes (0.08 hours) reading the recruitment materials. For the follow-up interviews: Small retailers will take 30 minutes (0.5 hours) to respond to the in-depth telephone or on-site interviews. Small retailers selected for a follow-up interview who choose not to participate will spend 5 minutes (0.08 hours) reading the recruitment materials. Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: FNS estimates the total burden is 345.57 hours. See Table 1 below: BILLING CODE 3410–30–P E:\FR\FM\24FEN1.SGM 24FEN1 asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES VerDate Sep<11>2014 Jkt 241001 PO 00000 Frm 00003 Instnunent Sample Estimated (Study silt• numbt•rof Freq Ut'fll'J of n·sponst•s pt•r respondPnt Estimated Publk RespondPnt Typt' Adivitit>s) Fmt 4703 Business tOr Profit Vendors Retailers Sfmt 4725 Grand Total Industry Interviews SCANR Survey Follow-up Interviews res pond t>nts tut~•l annual responses Estimated Sample Estimated total aruuml hour bu.nh-n sizt• hotu'S per n·sponst• Affedi:'d ntunbt•rof nonrespondents Estimatt>d avt•ragt• burden .Frequency of Estimated tot•d Estimated ~•n·ragt• Estimated total responses per n·spondt·nt :mnual responses burdt>n hours pt•r .n·sponst• anntml hour burdt•n 12 9 1 9 1.00 9 12 3 1 3 0.0835 0.2505 1377 936 1 936 0.25 234 1377 441 1 441 0.0835 36.8235 71 50 1 50 0.50 25 71 21 1 21 0.0835 1.7535 1,389 945 1.544973545 1,460 0.21009589 306.74 1,389 444 1 E:\FR\FM\24FEN1.SGM I. Retailers participating in the follow-up inteJViews are a subset of those who complete the suJVey. Sample size = total number actually contacted For consistency and rounding purposes, OMB 0.0835 is 5 minutes using OMB established conversion minutes to decimals 465 38.8275 24FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 36 / Friday, February 24, 2017 / Notices 17:20 Feb 23, 2017 Table 1. Estimated Burden Hours 11525 EN24FE17.003</GPH> 11526 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 36 / Friday, February 24, 2017 / Notices Dated: February 8, 2017. Jessica Shahin, Acting Administrator, Food and Nutrition Service. [FR Doc. 2017–03570 Filed 2–23–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–30–C DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request—Evaluation of the Direct Certification With Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price (DCM–F/RP) Meals Demonstrations Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), U.S. Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice invites the general public and other public agencies to comment on this proposed information collection. This is a new collection for the Evaluation of the Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and ReducedPrice Meals (DCM–F/RP) Demonstrations. DATES: Written comments must be received on or before April 25, 2017. ADDRESSES: Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions that were used; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments may be sent to: Conor McGovern, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 3101 Park Center Drive, Room 1040, Alexandria, VA 22302. Comments may also be submitted via fax to the attention of Conor McGovern at 703–305–2576 or via email to conor.mcgovern@ fns.usda.gov. Comments will also be accepted through the Federal eRulemaking Portal. Go to http:// www.regulations.gov, and follow the online instructions for submitting comments electronically. asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:20 Feb 23, 2017 Jkt 241001 All written comments will be open for public inspection at the office of the Food and Nutrition Service during regular business hours (8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday) at 3101 Park Center Drive, Room 1040, Alexandria, VA 22302. All responses to this notice will be summarized and included in the request for Office of Management and Budget approval. All comments will be a matter of public record. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information or copies of this information collection should be directed to Conor McGovern at 703–457–7740. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Evaluation of the Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM–F/RP) Demonstrations. Form Number: N/A. OMB Number: Not Yet Assigned. Expiration Date: Not Yet Determined. Type of Request: New collection. Abstract: Direct certification has improved access to free school meals while easing the burden on families and district staff by reducing the use of household applications and decreasing the number of students subject to verification for school meal benefit eligibility. Direct certification also improves program integrity because it is less error-prone than certification by application. Recently, FNS has sought ways to further expand direct certification, including experimenting with allowing direct certification based on data from means-tested programs that do not confer categorical eligibility. Prior DCM demonstrations have authorized selected States and districts to use income information from Medicaid files to determine students’ eligibility based on their household income and directly certify those students found to be eligible for free meals. The new DCM– F/RP demonstration expands the use of direct certification using income information from Medicaid files to include eligibility for reduced-price meals. The evaluation of the DCM–F/RP demonstration will investigate the processes, challenges, and outcomes of using Medicaid data to directly certify students. The study will gather data from State, School Food Authority,1 and State 1 Because nearly all schools in the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program are parts of entities commonly known as school districts, we use that term in the rest of this document instead of School Food Authority to refer to local entities that enter into agreements with State agencies to operate the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program. PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Agency vendor staff, including (1) site visits and follow-up interviews to document DCM–F/RP processes, (2) administrative records on certification for school meal benefits and participation in the school meal programs, and (3) cost logs and clarification interviews on the Statelevel administrative costs of DCM–F/RP. Data will be collected for school year (SY) 2017–2018. FNS is also conducting research with the State Child Nutrition and Medicaid agency officials, school district directors and school district food service staff to develop, test, and improve the evaluation data collection instruments and methodologies. This pre-testing burden was approved by the Office of Management and Budget on December 19, 2016 under OMB # 0584–0606 FNS Generic Clearance for Pre-Testing, Pilot, and Field Test Studies. Affected Public: State and Local Government—Respondent groups identified include (1) State Child Nutrition Agency staff who administer the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program from 15 State agencies, (2) State Medicaid Agency staff from 15 State agencies, (3) staff from 3 other State Agencies that play key roles in the direct certification process, and (4) school district staff from 32 districts. Businesses—Respondent groups identified include 2 State Child Nutrition agency vendors and 2 Medicaid Agency vendors that play key roles in the direct certification process. Estimated Number of Respondents: The total estimated number of unique respondents for SY 2017–2018 is 197 (193 respondents and 4 nonrespondents). This count assumes 100 percent response from State Child Nutrition Agency staff on site visits, follow-up telephone interviews, administrative records requests, and cost data collection. For State Medicaid Agency staff, it assumes 100 percent response on site visits and 93 percent response on the follow-up telephone interviews and cost data collection. For other State Agency staff, it assumes 100 percent response on site visits and cost data collection. For school district staff, it assumes 100 percent response on site visits and 91 percent response on follow-up telephone interviews. For State Agency vendor staff, it assumes 100 percent response on site visit interviews. State Child Nutrition Agency, State Medicaid Agency, other State Agency, and district staff are expected to participate in multiple data collection activities, but each individual is counted only once in the total. E:\FR\FM\24FEN1.SGM 24FEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 36 (Friday, February 24, 2017)]
[Notices]
[Pages 11523-11526]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-03570]


========================================================================
Notices
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules 
or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings 
and investigations, committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, 
delegations of authority, filing of petitions and applications and agency 
statements of organization and functions are examples of documents 
appearing in this section.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 36 / Friday, February 24, 2017 / 
Notices

[[Page 11523]]



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Food and Nutrition Service


Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; 
Comment Request--Scanner Capability Assessment of SNAP-Authorized Small 
Retailers (SCANR) Study

AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this 
notice invites the general public and other public agencies to comment 
on the proposed collection of information for the Scanner Capability 
Assessment of SNAP-Authorized Small Retailers (SCANR) Study. This is a 
NEW information collection.
    The SCANR Study will provide FNS with an understanding of the 
extent to which small retailers participating in the Supplemental 
Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) are able to meet Section 4002 of 
the Agricultural Act of 2014 (2014 Farm Bill) requirement that all 
authorized SNAP retailers use scanning technologies at the point of 
sale (POS) to redeem SNAP benefits. Understanding the number of small 
retailers that lack scanning systems, the costs of adopting and 
maintaining scanning systems, and the barriers small retailers face in 
adopting the technology are key to informing rulemaking for the 2014 
Farm Bill requirement.

DATES: Written comments must be submitted on or before April 25, 2017.

ADDRESSES: Comments are invited on (a) whether the proposed data 
collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of 
the functions of the agency, including whether the information has 
practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the 
burden of the proposed collection of information, including the 
validity of the methodology and assumptions that were used; (c) ways to 
enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be 
collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of 
information on those who are to respond, including the use of 
appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological 
collection techniques or other forms of information technology.
    Comments may be sent to: Jenny Laster Genser, Office of Policy 
Support, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, 
3101 Park Center Drive, Room 1014, Alexandria, VA 22302. Comments may 
also be submitted via fax to the attention of Jenny Laster Genser at 
703-305-2559 or via email to jenny.genser@fns.usda.gov. Comments will 
also be accepted through the Federal eRulemaking Portal. Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the online instructions for submitting 
comments electronically.
    All written comments will be open for public inspection at the 
office of the Food and Nutrition Service during regular business hours 
(8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday) at 3101 Park Center 
Drive, Room 1014, Alexandria, VA 22302.
    All responses to this notice will be summarized and included in the 
request for Office of Management and Budget approval. All comments will 
also be a matter of public record.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information 
should be directed to Jenny Laster Genser at 703-305-2559.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 
    Title: Scanner Capability Assessment of SNAP-Authorized Small 
Retailers (SCANR) Study.
    OMB Number: 0584--NEW.
    Expiration Date of Approval: Not yet determined.
    Type of Request: New collection.
    Abstract: The Scanner Capability Assessment of SNAP-Authorized 
Small Retailers Study will provide FNS with information to inform 
rulemaking for the 2014 Farm Bill requirement that all authorized SNAP 
retailers use scanning technologies at the POS to redeem SNAP benefits. 
This study will result in a comprehensive description of the scanner 
capability of small SNAP-authorized retailers that will provide FNS 
with information to inform rulemaking for the 2014 Farm Bill 
requirement. Cost estimates from the industry interviews and follow-up 
interviews with retailers and data from secondary sources will be used 
to estimate store-level costs for adopting scanning systems with 
different levels of functionality. The cost estimates will account for 
all costs associated with the purchase, installation, and maintenance 
of scanning systems. Using the store-level costs and data from the 
SCANR Survey on the number of small SNAP-authorized retailers without 
scanning systems, the study will also include the total cost estimate 
for all small SNAP-authorized retailers to comply with the 2014 Farm 
Bill requirements. Finally, the study will include a descriptive 
assessment of the technological and economic barriers small SNAP 
retailers face in adopting and using scanning systems.
    Specifically, this study will employ a mixed-methods approach in 
which both quantitative and qualitative data will be collected, 
analyzed, and synthesized to assess the economic and technological 
barriers of adopting scanning technologies by small SNAP-authorized 
retailers and possible inducements. The study design will include 
industry interviews, a national survey of small SNAP-authorized 
retailers, and follow-up interviews with a subset of survey respondents 
to provide qualitative information on the barriers and inducements to 
adopting scanning systems.
    The study design comprises three data collection components to 
address four study objectives:
     Objective 1: Determine and describe the requirements for 
installing and operating electronic scanning systems at small SNAP-
authorized retailers.
     Objective 2: Provide a store-level and industry-wide cost 
analysis of installing and maintaining electronic scanning systems at 
small SNAP-authorized retailers in order to be in full compliance with 
the 2014 Farm Bill.
     Objective 3: Provide reliable national estimates of the 
extent to which scanning systems are in place at small SNAP-authorized 
retailers.
     Objective 4: Determine barriers and inducements to using 
scanning technologies by small SNAP-authorized retailers.
    The data collection components are as follows:
    Structured interviews with nine vendors of POS scanning systems to

[[Page 11524]]

provide information on the requirements and costs for two options of 
functionality for scanning systems. The structured interviews will be 
used to address Objectives 1 and 2.
    FNS is interested in the requirements and costs for two options of 
functionality for scanning systems: (1) Scanning systems that can 
identify which items are eligible to be purchased with SNAP and are 
integrated with the store inventory to scan the item's price and (2) 
scanning systems that can identify which items are eligible to be 
purchased with SNAP and are integrated with the store inventory to scan 
the item's price and are integrated with the EBT terminal. The first 
option will allow a retailer to meet the minimum requirements as 
outlined in the 2014 Farm Bill. The cost data will be combined with the 
survey data and data from secondary sources (e.g., labor rates) to 
conduct a cost analysis to estimate store-level and industry-level 
costs for complying with the 2014 Farm Bill requirements.
    Nationally representative survey of small SNAP-authorized retailers 
to provide information on the number of retailers that lack scanning 
systems and the number that may not comply with this provision and 
choose to leave SNAP instead. Data will be collected through a 
nationally representative survey of small SNAP-authorized retailers to 
provide information to address Objectives 2 and 3.
    The target population for the survey is small SNAP-authorized 
retailers defined as small grocery stores, medium grocery stores, 
convenience stores, and specialty stores excluding chains that have 10 
or more outlets under the same owner. The sample design for the survey 
will be sufficiently powered to provide national and subgroup estimates 
by store type and urbanicity. The survey approach will use multiple 
modes to facilitate response (hard copy or web-based) and telephone 
reminders to nonrespondents to maximize the response rate.
    Follow-up interviews with a subset of survey respondents to provide 
qualitative information on the barriers and inducements to adopting 
scanning systems. Data will be collected through follow-up interviews 
with a subset of the retailers that responded to the structured survey 
to address Objectives 2 and 4.
    Approximately half of the retailers selected for the interviews 
will be stores that reported on the survey that they currently are 
using scanning systems (via in-person interviews) and half will be 
stores that do not use scanning systems (via phone interviews). The 
interviews will provide the opportunity to learn about costs, benefits, 
and challenges associated with implementing and operating scanning 
systems from a group of retailers that currently use them and about 
costs and other concerns of retailers that do not use scanning systems. 
Interview questions will also provide insight regarding the level of 
knowledge about scanning technology among small retailers and the 
information gaps, particularly among nonusers.
    Affected Public: Business for profit.
    There are a total of 1,389. The respondent groups that were 
identified include 12 POS vendors and 1,377 SNAP-authorized small 
retailers.

Industry Interviews

     POS vendors that supply retailers with scanning systems. 
We estimate that nine vendors will participate in the interviews.

SCANR Survey

     SNAP-authorized small retailers: Store owner, store 
manager, or regional manager. Out of 1,377 respondents, we estimate 
that 936 of the small retailers sampled will go on to participate in 
the survey.

Follow-Up Interviews

     SNAP-authorized small retailers: Store owner, store 
manager, or regional manager. Out of 936 small retailers who 
participated in the SCANR survey, we estimate that 50 of them will take 
part in a follow-up interview.
    Estimated Total Number of Respondents: 1,389.
    For the industry interviews, it is estimated that 12 of the 
industry interview respondents will be contacted and, of these, 9 will 
complete the interview, 3 will be non-respondents.
    For the SCANR Survey, a multimode, two-phase approach will be used. 
For phase I (survey), respondents can choose to participate by hard 
copy (mail survey) or web, and for phase II (interview), all non-
respondents will be re-contacted by phone and asked to complete the 
survey (by phone or reminded to complete the survey by mail or web). 
Out of 123,000 small retailers, a sample of 1,377 will be selected. It 
is estimated that, of these, 207 will not be eligible for the survey 
(e.g., no longer in operation), 585 will complete phase I (50% response 
rate after adjusting for eligibility), and 351 will complete phase II 
(60% response rate), yielding 936 completed surveys. Adjusting for 
eligibility, we are targeting an 80% response rate (936/(1,377-207)).
    For the follow-up interviews, a sample of 71 respondents that 
completed the SCANR Survey will be selected for either telephone or on-
site interviews. It is estimated that 50 of the selected respondents 
will take part in the interview (70% response rate).
    Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1.545.
    For the industry interviews with vendors, there is one response per 
respondent. For retailers, there is one response for 886 of the 
respondents (SCANR Survey only) and two responses for 50 of the 
respondents who participate in follow-up interviews.
    Estimated Total Annual Responses: 1,925.
    For the industry interviews, this total includes 9 completed 
interviews with vendors and 3 attempted interviews. For the SCANR 
Survey, this total includes 936 responses from small retailers and 441 
attempted, but non-completed or non-responses. For the follow-up 
interviews, this total includes 50 completed interviews and 21 
attempted interviews.
    Estimated Time per Response: 0.21.
    For the telephone interviews with vendors: Vendors will take up to 
1 hour to participate in the telephone interviews. Vendors who choose 
not to participate will spend 5 minutes (0.08 hours) reading the 
recruitment materials.
    For the SCANR Survey: Small retailers will take 15 minutes (0.25 
hours) to respond to the survey (via mail, web, or phone). Small 
retailers who choose not to participate will spend 5 minutes (0.08 
hours) reading the recruitment materials.
    For the follow-up interviews: Small retailers will take 30 minutes 
(0.5 hours) to respond to the in-depth telephone or on-site interviews. 
Small retailers selected for a follow-up interview who choose not to 
participate will spend 5 minutes (0.08 hours) reading the recruitment 
materials.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: FNS estimates the 
total burden is 345.57 hours. See Table 1 below:

BILLING CODE 3410-30-P

[[Page 11525]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TN24FE17.003



[[Page 11526]]


    Dated: February 8, 2017.
Jessica Shahin,
Acting Administrator, Food and Nutrition Service.
[FR Doc. 2017-03570 Filed 2-23-17; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-30-C