Truth in Lending (Regulation Z), 86260-86268 [2016-28718]

Download as PDF sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES 86260 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 230 / Wednesday, November 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations this part if the total contractual obligation exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation. The threshold amount in effect during a particular time period is the amount stated in comment 2(e)–11 for that period. The threshold amount is adjusted effective January 1 of each year by any annual percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI–W) that was in effect on the preceding June 1. Comment 2(e)–11 will be amended to provide the threshold amount for the upcoming year after the annual percentage change in the CPI–W that was in effect on June 1 becomes available. Any increase in the threshold amount will be rounded to the nearest $100 increment. For example, if the annual percentage increase in the CPI– W would result in a $950 increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $1,000. However, if the annual percentage increase in the CPI–W would result in a $949 increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $900. If a consumer lease is exempt from the requirements of this part because the total contractual obligation exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation, the lease remains exempt regardless of a subsequent increase in the threshold amount. 10. No increase in the CPI–W. If the CPI–W in effect on June 1 does not increase from the CPI–W in effect on June 1 of the previous year, the threshold amount effective the following January 1 through December 31 will not change from the previous year. When this occurs, for the years that follow, the threshold is calculated based on the annual percentage change in the CPI–W applied to the dollar amount that would have resulted, after rounding, if decreases and any subsequent increases in the CPI–W had been taken into account. i. Net increases. If the resulting amount calculated, after rounding, is greater than the current threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year will increase accordingly. ii. Net decreases. If the resulting amount calculated, after rounding, is equal to or less than the current threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year will not change, but future increases will be calculated based on the amount that would have resulted. 11. Threshold. For purposes of § 1013.2(e)(1), the threshold amount in effect during a particular period is the amount stated below for that period. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 29, 2016 Jkt 241001 i. Prior to July 21, 2011, the threshold amount is $25,000. ii. From July 21, 2011 through December 31, 2011, the threshold amount is $50,000. iii. From January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012, the threshold amount is $51,800. iv. From January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2013, the threshold amount is $53,000. v. From January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014, the threshold amount is $53,500. vi. From January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015, the threshold amount is $54,600. vii. From January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016, the threshold amount is $54,600. viii. From January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017, the threshold amount is $54,600. By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, November 17, 2016. Robert deV. Frierson, Secretary of the Board. Dated: November 7, 2016. Richard Cordray, Director, Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. [FR Doc. 2016–28710 Filed 11–29–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6210–01–P; 4810–AM–P FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM 12 CFR Part 226 [Docket No. R–1546] RIN 7100 AE–57 BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION 12 CFR Part 1026 [Docket No. CFPB–2016–0037] RIN 3170–AA67 Truth in Lending (Regulation Z) Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board); and Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (Bureau). ACTION: Final rules, official interpretations and commentary. AGENCY: The Board and the Bureau are finalizing amendments to the official interpretations and commentary for the agencies’ regulations that implement the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). The DoddFrank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) amended TILA by requiring that the dollar threshold for exempt consumer credit transactions be adjusted annually SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 by the annual percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI–W). If there is no annual percentage increase in the CPI–W, the Board and Bureau will not adjust this exemption threshold from the prior year. The final rule memorializes this as well as the agencies’ calculation method for determining the adjustment in years following a year in which there is no annual percentage increase in the CPI– W. Based on the CPI–W in effect as of June 1, 2016, the exemption threshold will remain at $54,600 through 2017. The Dodd-Frank Act also requires similar adjustments in the Consumer Leasing Act’s threshold for exempt consumer leases. Accordingly, the Board and the Bureau are adopting similar amendments to the commentaries to each of their respective regulations implementing the Consumer Leasing Act elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register. DATES: This final rule is effective January 1, 2017. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Board: Vivian W. Wong, Senior Counsel, Division of Consumer and Community Affairs, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, at (202) 452–3667; for users of Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact (202) 263–4869. Bureau: Jaclyn Maier, Counsel, Office of Regulations, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, at (202) 435–7700. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank Act) increased the threshold in the Truth in Lending Act (TILA) for exempt consumer credit transactions,1 and the threshold in the Consumer Leasing Act (CLA) for exempt consumer leases, from $25,000 to $50,000, effective July 21, 2011.2 In addition, the Dodd-Frank Act requires that, on and after December 31, 2011, these thresholds be adjusted annually for inflation by the annual percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI–W), as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In April 2011, the Board issued a final rule 1 Although consumer credit transactions above the threshold are generally exempt, loans secured by real property or by personal property used or expected to be used as the principal dwelling of a consumer and private education loans are covered by TILA regardless of the loan amount. See 12 CFR 226.3(b)(1)(i) (Board) and 12 CFR 1026.3(b)(1)(i) (Bureau). 2 Public Law 111–203, section 1100E, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010). E:\FR\FM\30NOR1.SGM 30NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 230 / Wednesday, November 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES amending Regulation Z (which implements TILA) consistent with these provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act, along with a similar final rule amending Regulation M (which implements the CLA) (collectively, the Board Final Threshold Rules).3 Title X of the Dodd-Frank Act transferred rulemaking authority for a number of consumer financial protection laws from the Board to the Bureau, effective July 21, 2011. In connection with this transfer of rulemaking authority, the Bureau issued its own Regulation Z implementing TILA in an interim final rule, 12 CFR part 1026 (Bureau Interim Final Rule).4 The Bureau Interim Final Rule substantially duplicated the Board’s Regulation Z, including the revisions to the threshold for exempt transactions made by the Board in April 2011. In April 2016, the Bureau adopted the Bureau Interim Final Rule as final, subject to intervening final rules published by the Bureau.5 Although the Bureau has the authority to issue rules to implement TILA for most entities, the Board retains authority to issue rules under TILA for certain motor vehicle dealers covered by section 1029(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act, and the Board’s Regulation Z continues to apply to those entities.6 Section 226.3(b)(1)(ii) of the Board’s Regulation Z and § 1026.3(b)(1)(ii) of the Bureau’s Regulation Z, and their accompanying commentaries, provide that the exemption threshold will be adjusted annually effective January 1 of each year based on any annual percentage increase in the CPI–W that 3 76 FR 18354 (Apr. 4, 2011); 76 FR 18349 (Apr. 4, 2011). 4 76 FR 79768 (Dec. 22, 2011). 5 81 FR 25323 (April 28, 2016). 6 Section 1029(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act states: ‘‘Except as permitted in subsection (b), the Bureau may not exercise any rulemaking, supervisory, enforcement, or any other authority . . . over a motor vehicle dealer that is predominantly engaged in the sale and servicing of motor vehicles, the leasing and servicing of motor vehicles, or both.’’ 12 U.S.C. 5519(a). Section 1029(b) of the DoddFrank Act states: ‘‘Subsection (a) shall not apply to any person, to the extent that such person (1) provides consumers with any services related to residential or commercial mortgages or selffinancing transactions involving real property; (2) operates a line of business (A) that involves the extension of retail credit or retail leases involving motor vehicles; and (B) in which (i) the extension of retail credit or retail leases are provided directly to consumers; and (ii) the contract governing such extension of retail credit or retail leases is not routinely assigned to an unaffiliated third party finance or leasing source; or (3) offers or provides a consumer financial product or service not involving or related to the sale, financing, leasing, rental, repair, refurbishment, maintenance, or other servicing of motor vehicles, motor vehicle parts, or any related or ancillary product or service.’’ 12 U.S.C. 5519(b). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 29, 2016 Jkt 241001 was in effect on the preceding June 1. They further provide that any increase in the threshold amount will be rounded to the nearest $100 increment. For example, if the annual percentage increase in the CPI–W would result in a $950 increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $1,000. However, if the annual percentage increase in the CPI– W would result in a $949 increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $900.7 If there is no annual percentage increase in the CPI– W, the Board and Bureau will not adjust the exemption threshold from the prior year. Since 2011, the Board and the Bureau have adjusted the Regulation Z exemption threshold annually, in accordance with these rules. II. Commentary Revision On August 4, 2016, the Board and the Bureau published a proposed rule in the Federal Register to memorialize the calculation method used by the agencies each year to adjust the exemption threshold. See 81 FR 51404 (Aug. 4, 2016). The proposed commentary stated that if there is no annual percentage increase in the CPI–W, the Board and Bureau will not adjust the exemption threshold from the prior year. The proposed commentary further set forth the calculation method the agencies would use in years following a year in which the exemption threshold was not adjusted because there was no increase in the CPI–W from the previous year. As the Board and the Bureau discussed in the proposal, the proposed calculation method would ensure that the values for the exemption threshold keep pace with the CPI–W as contemplated by section 1100E(b) of the Dodd-Frank Act. The comment period closed on September 6, 2016. In response to the proposal, the Board and the Bureau received one comment from a consumer, supporting the proposal. The Board and the Bureau are adopting the commentary revisions as proposed, with some minor clarifying amendments. These changes will be effective on January 1, 2017. Specifically, the Board and the Bureau are adopting comment 3(b)–1 as proposed to move the text regarding the threshold amount that is in effect during a particular period to a new comment 3(b)–3. The discussion of how the agencies round the threshold calculation will remain in comment 3(b)–1. Current comments 3(b)–2, 3(b)– 3, 3(b)–4, 3(b)–5, and 3(b)–6 are renumbered as comments 3(b)–4, 3(b)– 7 See comments 3(b)–1 in supplements I of 12 CFR parts 226 and 1026. PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 86261 5, 3(b)–6, 3(b)–7, and 3(b)–8, respectively, and cross-references to these comments are also renumbered accordingly, as proposed. Furthermore, the Board and the Bureau are adopting new comment 3(b)– 2 as proposed to provide that if the CPI– W in effect on June 1 does not increase from the CPI–W in effect on June 1 of the previous year (i.e., the CPI–W in effect on June 1 is either equal to or less than the CPI–W in effect on June 1 of the previous year), the threshold amount effective the following January 1 through December 31 will not change from the previous year. As the Board and the Bureau discussed in the proposal, this position is consistent with section 1100E(b) of the Dodd-Frank Act, which states that the threshold must be adjusted by the ‘‘annual percentage increase’’ in the CPI–W (emphasis added), and the position the agencies have previously taken.8 Thus, if the threshold in effect from January 1, 2019, through December 31, 2019, is $55,500 and the CPI–W in effect on June 1 of 2019 indicates a 1.1 percent decrease from the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2018, the threshold in effect for January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020, will remain $55,500. Comment 3(b)–2 also provides that, for the years after a year in which the threshold did not change because the CPI–W in effect on June 1 decreased from the CPI–W in effect on June 1 of the previous year, the threshold is calculated by applying the annual percentage change in the CPI–W to the dollar amount that would have resulted, after rounding, if the decreases and any subsequent increases in the CPI–W had been taken into account. Comment 3(b)– 2.i further states that, if the resulting amount, after rounding, is greater than the current threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year will increase accordingly. For example, assume that the threshold in effect from January 1, 2019, through December 31, 2019, is $55,500 and that, due to a 1.1 percent decrease from the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2018, to the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2019, the threshold in effect from January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020, remains at $55,500. If, however, the threshold had been adjusted downward to reflect the decrease in the CPI–W over that time period, the threshold in effect from January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020, would have 8 See, e.g., 76 FR 18354, 18355 n.1 (Apr. 4, 2011) (‘‘[A]n annual period of deflation or no inflation would not require a change in the threshold amount.’’). E:\FR\FM\30NOR1.SGM 30NOR1 86262 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 230 / Wednesday, November 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES been $54,900, after rounding. Further assume that the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2020, increased by 1.6 percent from the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2019. The calculation for the threshold that will be in effect from January 1, 2021, through December 31, 2021, is based on the impact of a 1.6 percent increase in the CPI–W on $54,900, rather than $55,500, resulting in a 2021 threshold of $55,800. Furthermore, comment 3(b)–2.ii states that, if the resulting amount calculated, after rounding, is equal to or less than the current threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year will not change, but future increases will be calculated based on the amount that would have resulted, after rounding. To illustrate, assume in the example above that the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2020, increased by only 0.6 percent from the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2019. The calculation for the threshold that will be in effect from January 1, 2021, through December 31, 2021, is based on the impact of a 0.6 percent increase in the CPI–W on $54,900. The resulting amount, after rounding, is $55,200, which is lower than $55,500, the threshold in effect from January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020. Therefore, the threshold in effect from January 1, 2021, through December 31, 2021, will remain $55,500. However, the calculation for the threshold that will be in effect from January 1, 2022, through December 31, 2022, will apply the percentage change in the CPI–W to $55,200, the amount that would have resulted based on the 0.6 percent change from the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2019, after rounding, to the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2020. III. 2017 Threshold Based on the calculation method detailed above, the exemption threshold amount for 2017 remains at $54,600. This is based on the CPI–W in effect on June 1, 2016, which was reported on May 17, 2016. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes consumer-based indices monthly, but does not report a CPI change on June 1; adjustments are reported in the middle of the month. The CPI–W is a subset of the CPI–U index (based on all urban consumers) and represents approximately 28 percent of the U.S. population. The CPI– W reported on May 17, 2016 reflects a 0.8 percent increase in the CPI–W from April 2015 to April 2016. Because the CPI–W decreased from April 2014 to April 2015, the Board and the Bureau are calculating the threshold based on the amount that would have resulted had this decrease been taken into account, which is $54,200. A 0.8 percent increase in the CPI–W applied VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 29, 2016 Jkt 241001 to $54,200 results in $54,600, which is the same threshold amount for 2016. Thus, the exemption threshold amount that will be in effect for 2017 remains at $54,600. The Board and the Bureau are revising the commentaries to their respective regulations to add new comment 3(b)–3.viii to state that, from January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2017, the threshold amount is $54,600. These revisions are effective January 1, 2017. IV. Regulatory Analysis Administrative Procedure Act Under the Administrative Procedure Act, notice and opportunity for public comment are not required if the Board and the Bureau find that notice and public comment are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.9 The 2017 threshold amount for exempt consumer credit transactions announced in this rule, $54,600, is technical and applies the calculation method set forth elsewhere in this final rule, for which notice and public comment were provided.10 For these reasons, the Board and the Bureau have determined that publishing a notice of proposed rulemaking and providing opportunity for public comment for purposes of the 2017 threshold adjustment are unnecessary. Therefore, the amendments regarding the 2017 threshold amount for exempt consumer credit transactions are adopted in final form. Bureau’s Dodd-Frank Act Section 1022(b)(2) Analysis In developing the final rule, the Bureau has considered potential benefits, costs, and impacts.11 In addition, the Bureau has consulted, or offered to consult with, the prudential regulators, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Federal Housing Finance Agency, the Federal Trade Commission, and the Department of the Treasury, including regarding consistency with any prudential, market, or systemic objectives administered by such agencies. The Bureau has chosen to evaluate the benefits, costs and impacts of the final rule against the current state of the 95 U.S.C. 553(b)(B). 81 FR 51404 (Aug. 4, 2016). 11 Specifically, section 1022(b)(2)(A) calls for the Bureau to consider the potential benefits and costs of a regulation to consumers and covered persons, including the potential reduction of access by consumers to consumer financial products or services; the impact on depository institutions and credit unions with $10 billion or less in total assets as described in section 1026 of the Act; and the impact on consumers in rural areas. 10 See PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 world, which takes into account the current regulatory regime. The Bureau is not aware of any significant benefits or costs to consumers or covered persons associated with the final rule relative to the baseline. The Board previously stated that if there is no annual percentage increase in the CPI–W, then the Board (and now the Bureau) will not adjust the exemption threshold from the prior year.12 The final rule memorializes this in official commentary. The final rule also clarifies how the threshold is calculated for years after a year in which the threshold did not change. The Bureau believes that this clarification memorializes the method that the Bureau would be expected to use: This method holds the threshold fixed until a notional threshold calculated using the Bureau’s methodology, taking into account both decreases and increases in the CPI–W, exceeds the actual threshold. The Bureau requested, but did not receive, comment on this point. Thus, the Bureau concludes that the final rule will not change the regulatory regime relative to the baseline and will create no significant benefits, costs, or impacts. The final rule will have no unique impact on depository institutions or credit unions with $10 billion or less in assets as described in section 1026(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act or on rural consumers. The Bureau does not expect this final rule to affect consumers’ access to credit. Regulatory Flexibility Act Board: An initial regulatory flexibility analysis (IRFA) was included in the proposal in accordance with section 3(a) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq. (RFA). In the IRFA, the Board requested comments on any approaches, other than the proposed alternatives, that would reduce the burden on small entities. The RFA requires an agency to prepare a final regulatory flexibility analysis (FRFA) unless the agency certifies that the rule will not, if promulgated, have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. In accordance with section 3(a) of the RFA, the Board has reviewed the final regulation. Based on its analysis, and for the reasons stated below, the Board believes that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 1. Statement of the need for, and objectives of, the final rule. The final rule memorializes the calculation 12 76 FR 18354, 18355 n.1 (Apr. 4, 2011) (‘‘[A]n annual period of deflation or no inflation would not require a change in the threshold amount.’’). E:\FR\FM\30NOR1.SGM 30NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 230 / Wednesday, November 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations method used by the Board each year to adjust the exemption threshold in accordance with section 1100E of the Dodd-Frank Act. The final rule also adopts the exemption threshold that will apply from January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2017, based on the calculation method memorialized in this final rule. 2. Summary of issues raised by comments in response to the initial regulatory flexibility analysis. The Board did not receive any comments on the initial regulatory flexibility analysis. 3. Small entities affected by the final rule. This rule would affect motor vehicle dealers that are subject to the Board’s Regulation Z and offer closedend or open-end credit that may be exempt from Regulation Z under 12 CFR 226.3(b). While the total number of small entities likely to be affected by the final rule is unknown, the Board does not believe the final rule will have a significant economic impact on the entities that it affects. 4. Recordkeeping, reporting, and compliance requirements. The final rule would not impose any recordkeeping, reporting, or compliance requirements. 5. Significant alternatives to the final revisions. The Board has not identified any significant alternatives that would reduce the regulatory burden on small entities associated with this final rule. Bureau: The RFA generally requires an agency to conduct an initial regulatory flexibility analysis (IRFA) and a final regulatory flexibility analysis (FRFA) of any rule subject to noticeand-comment rulemaking requirements.13 These analyses must describe the impact of the proposed and final rules on small entities.14 An IRFA or FRFA is not required if the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.15 The Bureau also is subject to certain additional procedures under the RFA involving the convening of a panel to consult with small business 13 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq. at 603(a) and 604(a). For purposes of assessing the impacts of the rule on small entities, ‘‘small entities’’ is defined in the RFA to include small businesses, small not-for-profit organizations, and small government jurisdictions. Id. at 601(6). A ‘‘small business’’ is determined by application of Small Business Administration regulations and reference to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) classifications and size standards. Id. at 601(3). A ‘‘small organization’’ is any ‘‘not-for-profit enterprise which is independently owned and operated and is not dominant in its field.’’ Id. at 601(4). A ‘‘small governmental jurisdiction’’ is the government of a city, county, town, township, village, school district, or special district with a population of less than 50,000. Id. at 601(5). 15 Id. at 605(b). sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES 14 Id. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 29, 2016 Jkt 241001 representatives prior to proposing a rule for which an IRFA is required.16 A FRFA is not required for this final rule because it will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. As discussed in the Bureau’s Section 1022(b)(2) Analysis above, this final rule does not introduce costs or benefits to covered persons because it seeks only to clarify the method of threshold adjustment which has already been established in previous Agency rules. Therefore this final rule will not have a significant impact on small entities. Certification Accordingly, the Bureau Director, by signing below, certifies that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Paperwork Reduction Act In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995,17 the agencies reviewed this final rule. No collections of information pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act are contained in the final rule. List of Subjects 12 CFR Part 226 Advertising, Consumer protection, Federal Reserve System, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Truth in lending. 12 CFR Part 1026 Advertising, Appraisal, Appraiser, Banking, Banks, Consumer protection, Credit, Credit unions, Mortgages, National banks, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Savings associations, Truth in lending. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Authority and Issuance For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board amends Regulation Z, 12 CFR part 226, as set forth below: PART 226—TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) 1. The authority citation for part 226 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 12 U.S.C. 3806; 15 U.S.C. 1604, 1637(c)(5), and 1639(l); Public Law 111–24, section 2, 123 Stat. 1734; Public Law 111– 203, 124 Stat. 1376. Subpart A—General 2. In supplement I to part 226, under Section 226.3—Exempt Transactions, ■ 16 Id. 17 44 PO 00000 at 609. U.S.C. 3506; 5 CFR 1320. Frm 00015 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 86263 the entry for 3(b) Credit over applicable threshold amount is revised to read as follows: Supplement I to Part 226—Official Staff Interpretations * * * * * Subpart A—General * * * * * Section 226.3—Exempt Transactions * * * * * 3(b) Credit over applicable threshold amount. 1. Threshold amount. For purposes of § 226.3(b), the threshold amount in effect during a particular period is the amount stated in comment 3(b)–3 for that period. The threshold amount is adjusted effective January 1 of each year by any annual percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI–W) that was in effect on the preceding June 1. Comment 3(b)–3 will be amended to provide the threshold amount for the upcoming year after the annual percentage change in the CPI–W that was in effect on June 1 becomes available. Any increase in the threshold amount will be rounded to the nearest $100 increment. For example, if the annual percentage increase in the CPI– W would result in a $950 increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $1,000. However, if the annual percentage increase in the CPI–W would result in a $949 increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $900. 2. No increase in the CPI–W. If the CPI–W in effect on June 1 does not increase from the CPI–W in effect on June 1 of the previous year, the threshold amount effective the following January 1 through December 31 will not change from the previous year. When this occurs, for the years that follow, the threshold is calculated based on the annual percentage change in the CPI–W applied to the dollar amount that would have resulted, after rounding, if decreases and any subsequent increases in the CPI–W had been taken into account. i. Net increases. If the resulting amount calculated, after rounding, is greater than the current threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year will increase accordingly. ii. Net decreases. If the resulting amount calculated, after rounding, is equal to or less than the current threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year will not change, but future increases will be E:\FR\FM\30NOR1.SGM 30NOR1 sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES 86264 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 230 / Wednesday, November 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations calculated based on the amount that would have resulted. 3. Threshold. For purposes of § 226.3(b), the threshold amount in effect during a particular period is the amount stated below for that period. i. Prior to July 21, 2011, the threshold amount is $25,000. ii. From July 21, 2011 through December 31, 2011, the threshold amount is $50,000. iii. From January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012, the threshold amount is $51,800. iv. From January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2013, the threshold amount is $53,000. v. From January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014, the threshold amount is $53,500. vi. From January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015, the threshold amount is $54,600. vii. From January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016, the threshold amount is $54,600. viii. From January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017, the threshold amount is $54,600. 4. Open-end credit. i. Qualifying for exemption. An openend account is exempt under § 226.3(b) (unless secured by any real property, or by personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling) if either of the following conditions is met: A. The creditor makes an initial extension of credit at or after account opening that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time the initial extension is made. If a creditor makes an initial extension of credit after account opening that does not exceed the threshold amount in effect at the time the extension is made, the creditor must have satisfied all of the applicable requirements of this part from the date the account was opened (or earlier, if applicable), including but not limited to the requirements of § 226.6 (accountopening disclosures), § 226.7 (periodic statements), § 226.52 (limitations on fees), and § 226.55 (limitations on increasing annual percentages rates, fees, and charges). For example: (1) Assume that the threshold amount in effect on January 1 is $50,000. On February 1, an account is opened but the creditor does not make an initial extension of credit at that time. On July 1, the creditor makes an initial extension of credit of $60,000. In this circumstance, no requirements of this part apply to the account. (2) Assume that the threshold amount in effect on January 1 is $50,000. On February 1, an account is opened but the creditor does not make an initial VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 29, 2016 Jkt 241001 extension of credit at that time. On July 1, the creditor makes an initial extension of credit of $50,000 or less. In this circumstance, the account is not exempt and the creditor must have satisfied all of the applicable requirements of this part from the date the account was opened (or earlier, if applicable). B. The creditor makes a firm written commitment at account opening to extend a total amount of credit in excess of the threshold amount in effect at the time the account is opened with no requirement of additional credit information for any advances on the account (except as permitted from time to time with respect to open-end accounts pursuant to § 226.2(a)(20)). ii. Subsequent changes generally. Subsequent changes to an open-end account or the threshold amount may result in the account no longer qualifying for the exemption in § 226.3(b). In these circumstances, the creditor must begin to comply with all of the applicable requirements of this part within a reasonable period of time after the account ceases to be exempt. Once an account ceases to be exempt, the requirements of this part apply to any balances on the account. The creditor, however, is not required to comply with the requirements of this part with respect to the period of time during which the account was exempt. For example, if an open-end credit account ceases to be exempt, the creditor must within a reasonable period of time provide the disclosures required by § 226.6 reflecting the current terms of the account and begin to provide periodic statements consistent with § 226.7. However, the creditor is not required to disclose fees or charges imposed while the account was exempt. Furthermore, if the creditor provided disclosures consistent with the requirements of this part while the account was exempt, it is not required to provide disclosures required by § 226.6 reflecting the current terms of the account. See also comment 3(b)–6. iii. Subsequent changes when exemption is based on initial extension of credit. If a creditor makes an initial extension of credit that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at that time, the open-end account remains exempt under § 226.3(b) regardless of a subsequent increase in the threshold amount, including an increase pursuant to § 226.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase in the CPI–W. Furthermore, in these circumstances, the account remains exempt even if there are no further extensions of credit, subsequent extensions of credit do not exceed the threshold amount, the account balance PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 is subsequently reduced below the threshold amount (such as through repayment of the extension), or the credit limit for the account is subsequently reduced below the threshold amount. However, if the initial extension of credit on an account does not exceed the threshold amount in effect at the time of the extension, the account is not exempt under § 226.3(b) even if a subsequent extension exceeds the threshold amount or if the account balance later exceeds the threshold amount (for example, due to the subsequent accrual of interest). iv. Subsequent changes when exemption is based on firm commitment. A. General. If a creditor makes a firm written commitment at account opening to extend a total amount of credit that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at that time, the open-end account remains exempt under § 226.3(b) regardless of a subsequent increase in the threshold amount pursuant to § 226.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase in the CPI–W. However, see comment 3(b)–8 with respect to the increase in the threshold amount from $25,000 to $50,000. If an open-end account is exempt under § 226.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit, the account remains exempt even if the amount of credit actually extended does not exceed the threshold amount. In contrast, if the firm commitment does not exceed the threshold amount at account opening, the account is not exempt under § 226.3(b) even if the account balance later exceeds the threshold amount. In addition, if a creditor reduces a firm commitment, the account ceases to be exempt unless the reduced firm commitment exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of the reduction. For example: (1) Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under § 226.3(b) based on the creditor’s firm commitment to extend $55,000 in credit. If during year one the creditor reduces its firm commitment to $53,000, the account remains exempt under § 226.3(b). However, if during year one the creditor reduces its firm commitment to $40,000, the account is no longer exempt under § 226.3(b). (2) Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under § 226.3(b) based on the creditor’s firm commitment to extend $55,000 in credit. If the threshold amount is $56,000 on January 1 of year six as a result of increases in the CPI– W, the account remains exempt. However, if the creditor reduces its firm E:\FR\FM\30NOR1.SGM 30NOR1 sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 230 / Wednesday, November 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations commitment to $54,000 on July 1 of year six, the account ceases to be exempt under § 226.3(b). B. Initial extension of credit. If an open-end account qualifies for a § 226.3(b) exemption at account opening based on a firm commitment, that account may also subsequently qualify for a § 226.3(b) exemption based on an initial extension of credit. However, that initial extension must be a single advance in excess of the threshold amount in effect at the time the extension is made. In addition, the account must continue to qualify for an exemption based on the firm commitment until the initial extension of credit is made. For example: (1) Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under § 226.3(b) based on the creditor’s firm commitment to extend $55,000 in credit. The account is not used for an extension of credit during year one. On January 1 of year two, the threshold amount is increased to $51,000 pursuant to § 226.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase in the CPI–W. On July 1 of year two, the consumer uses the account for an initial extension of $52,000. As a result of this extension of credit, the account remains exempt under § 226.3(b) even if, after July 1 of year two, the creditor reduces the firm commitment to $51,000 or less. (2) Same facts as in paragraph iv.B(1) above except that the consumer uses the account for an initial extension of $30,000 on July 1 of year two and for an extension of $22,000 on July 15 of year two. In these circumstances, the account is not exempt under § 226.3(b) based on the $30,000 initial extension of credit because that extension did not exceed the applicable threshold amount ($51,000), although the account remains exempt based on the firm commitment to extend $55,000 in credit. (3) Same facts as in paragraph iv.B(1) above except that, on April 1 of year two, the creditor reduces the firm commitment to $50,000, which is below the $51,000 threshold then in effect. Because the account ceases to qualify for a § 226.3(b) exemption on April 1 of year two, the account does not qualify for a § 226.3(b) exemption based on a $52,000 initial extension of credit on July 1 of year two. 5. Closed-end credit. i. Qualifying for exemption. A closedend loan is exempt under § 226.3(b) (unless the extension of credit is secured by any real property, or by personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling; or is a private education loan VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 29, 2016 Jkt 241001 as defined in § 226.46(b)(5)), if either of the following conditions is met. A. The creditor makes an extension of credit at consummation that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation. In these circumstances, the loan remains exempt under § 226.3(b) even if the amount owed is subsequently reduced below the threshold amount (such as through repayment of the loan). B. The creditor makes a commitment at consummation to extend a total amount of credit in excess of the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation. In these circumstances, the loan remains exempt under § 226.3(b) even if the total amount of credit extended does not exceed the threshold amount. ii. Subsequent changes. If a creditor makes a closed-end extension of credit or commitment to extend closed-end credit that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation, the closed-end loan remains exempt under § 226.3(b) regardless of a subsequent increase in the threshold amount. However, a closed-end loan is not exempt under § 226.3(b) merely because it is used to satisfy and replace an existing exempt loan, unless the new extension of credit is itself exempt under the applicable threshold amount. For example, assume a closed-end loan that qualified for a § 226.3(b) exemption at consummation in year one is refinanced in year ten and that the new loan amount is less than the threshold amount in effect in year ten. In these circumstances, the creditor must comply with all of the applicable requirements of this part with respect to the year ten transaction if the original loan is satisfied and replaced by the new loan, which is not exempt under § 226.3(b). See also comment 3(b)–6. 6. Addition of a security interest in real property or a dwelling after account opening or consummation. i. Open-end credit. For open-end accounts, if, after account opening, a security interest is taken in real property, or in personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling, a previously exempt account ceases to be exempt under § 226.3(b) and the creditor must begin to comply with all of the applicable requirements of this part within a reasonable period of time. See comment 3(b)–4.ii. If a security interest is taken in the consumer’s principal dwelling, the creditor must also give the consumer the right to rescind the security interest consistent with § 226.15. ii. Closed-end credit. For closed-end loans, if, after consummation, a security PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 86265 interest is taken in any real property, or in personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling, an exempt loan remains exempt under § 226.3(b). However, the addition of a security interest in the consumer’s principal dwelling is a transaction for purposes of § 226.23, and the creditor must give the consumer the right to rescind the security interest consistent with that section. See § 226.23(a)(1) and the accompanying commentary. In contrast, if a closed-end loan that is exempt under § 226.3(b) is satisfied and replaced by a loan that is secured by any real property, or by personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling, the new loan is not exempt under § 226.3(b) and the creditor must comply with all of the applicable requirements of this part. See comment 3(b)–5. 7. Application to extensions secured by mobile homes. Because a mobile home can be a dwelling under § 226.2(a)(19), the exemption in § 226.3(b) does not apply to a credit extension secured by a mobile home that is used or expected to be used as the principal dwelling of the consumer. See comment 3(b)–6. 8. Transition rule for open-end accounts exempt prior to July 21, 2011. Section 226.3(b)(2) applies only to openend accounts opened prior to July 21, 2011. Section 226.3(b)(2) does not apply if a security interest is taken by the creditor in any real property, or in personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling. If, on July 20, 2011, an openend account is exempt under § 226.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit in excess of $25,000, the account remains exempt under § 226.3(b)(2) until December 31, 2011 (unless the firm commitment is reduced to $25,000 or less). If the firm commitment is increased on or before December 31, 2011 to an amount in excess of $50,000, the account remains exempt under § 226.3(b)(1) regardless of subsequent increases in the threshold amount as a result of increases in the CPI–W. If the firm commitment is not increased on or before December 31, 2011 to an amount in excess of $50,000, the account ceases to be exempt under § 226.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit. For example: i. Assume that, on July 20, 2011, the account is exempt under § 226.3(b) based on the creditor’s firm commitment to extend $30,000 in credit. On November 1, 2011, the creditor increases the firm commitment on the account to $55,000. In these circumstances, the account remains E:\FR\FM\30NOR1.SGM 30NOR1 86266 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 230 / Wednesday, November 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations exempt under § 226.3(b)(1) regardless of subsequent increases in the threshold amount as a result of increases in the CPI–W. ii. Same facts as paragraph i. above except, on November 1, 2011, the creditor increases the firm commitment on the account to $40,000. In these circumstances, the account ceases to be exempt under § 226.3(b)(2) after December 31, 2011, and the creditor must begin to comply with the applicable requirements of this part. * * * * * Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection Authority and Issuance For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Bureau amends Regulation Z, 12 CFR part 1026, as set forth below: PART 1026—TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) 3. The authority citation for part 1026 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 12 U.S.C. 2601, 2603–2605, 2607, 2609, 2617, 3353, 5511, 5512, 5532, 5581; 15 U.S.C. 1601 et seq. 4. In supplement I to part 1026, under Section 1026.3—Exempt Transactions, the entry for 3(b)—Credit Over Applicable Threshold Amount is revised to read as follows: ■ Supplement I to Part 1026—Official Interpretations * * * * * Subpart A—General * * * * * Section 1026.3—Exempt Transactions * * * * * sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES 3(b) Credit Over Applicable Threshold Amount 1. Threshold amount. For purposes of § 1026.3(b), the threshold amount in effect during a particular period is the amount stated in comment 3(b)–3 below for that period. The threshold amount is adjusted effective January 1 of each year by any annual percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI–W) that was in effect on the preceding June 1. Comment 3(b)–3 will be amended to provide the threshold amount for the upcoming year after the annual percentage change in the CPI–W that was in effect on June 1 becomes available. Any increase in the threshold amount will be rounded to the nearest $100 increment. For example, if the annual percentage increase in the CPI– VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 29, 2016 Jkt 241001 W would result in a $950 increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $1,000. However, if the annual percentage increase in the CPI–W would result in a $949 increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $900. 2. No increase in the CPI–W. If the CPI–W in effect on June 1 does not increase from the CPI–W in effect on June 1 of the previous year, the threshold amount effective the following January 1 through December 31 will not change from the previous year. When this occurs, for the years that follow, the threshold is calculated based on the annual percentage change in the CPI–W applied to the dollar amount that would have resulted, after rounding, if decreases and any subsequent increases in the CPI–W had been taken into account. i. Net increases. If the resulting amount calculated, after rounding, is greater than the current threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year will increase accordingly. ii. Net decreases. If the resulting amount calculated, after rounding, is equal to or less than the current threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year will not change, but future increases will be calculated based on the amount that would have resulted. 3. Threshold. For purposes of § 1026.3(b), the threshold amount in effect during a particular period is the amount stated below for that period. i. Prior to July 21, 2011, the threshold amount is $25,000. ii. From July 21, 2011 through December 31, 2011, the threshold amount is $50,000. iii. From January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012, the threshold amount is $51,800. iv. From January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2013, the threshold amount is $53,000. v. From January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014, the threshold amount is $53,500. vi. From January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015, the threshold amount is $54,600. vii. From January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016, the threshold amount is $54,600. viii. From January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017, the threshold amount is $54,600. 4. Open-end credit. i. Qualifying for exemption. An open-end account is exempt under § 1026.3(b) (unless secured by real property, or by personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling) if PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 either of the following conditions is met: A. The creditor makes an initial extension of credit at or after account opening that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time the initial extension is made. If a creditor makes an initial extension of credit after account opening that does not exceed the threshold amount in effect at the time the extension is made, the creditor must have satisfied all of the applicable requirements of this part from the date the account was opened (or earlier, if applicable), including but not limited to the requirements of § 1026.6 (accountopening disclosures), § 1026.7 (periodic statements), § 1026.52 (limitations on fees), and § 1026.55 (limitations on increasing annual percentage rates, fees, and charges). For example: 1. Assume that the threshold amount in effect on January 1 is $50,000. On February 1, an account is opened but the creditor does not make an initial extension of credit at that time. On July 1, the creditor makes an initial extension of credit of $60,000. In this circumstance, no requirements of this part apply to the account. 2. Assume that the threshold amount in effect on January 1 is $50,000. On February 1, an account is opened but the creditor does not make an initial extension of credit at that time. On July 1, the creditor makes an initial extension of credit of $50,000 or less. In this circumstance, the account is not exempt and the creditor must have satisfied all of the applicable requirements of this part from the date the account was opened (or earlier, if applicable). B. The creditor makes a firm written commitment at account opening to extend a total amount of credit in excess of the threshold amount in effect at the time the account is opened with no requirement of additional credit information for any advances on the account (except as permitted from time to time with respect to open-end accounts pursuant to § 1026.2(a)(20)). ii. Subsequent changes generally. Subsequent changes to an open-end account or the threshold amount may result in the account no longer qualifying for the exemption in § 1026.3(b). In these circumstances, the creditor must begin to comply with all of the applicable requirements of this part within a reasonable period of time after the account ceases to be exempt. Once an account ceases to be exempt, the requirements of this part apply to any balances on the account. The creditor, however, is not required to comply with the requirements of this part with respect to the period of time E:\FR\FM\30NOR1.SGM 30NOR1 sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 230 / Wednesday, November 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations during which the account was exempt. For example, if an open-end credit account ceases to be exempt, the creditor must within a reasonable period of time provide the disclosures required by § 1026.6 reflecting the current terms of the account and begin to provide periodic statements consistent with § 1026.7. However, the creditor is not required to disclose fees or charges imposed while the account was exempt. Furthermore, if the creditor provided disclosures consistent with the requirements of this part while the account was exempt, it is not required to provide disclosures required by § 1026.6 reflecting the current terms of the account. See also comment 3(b)–6. iii. Subsequent changes when exemption is based on initial extension of credit. If a creditor makes an initial extension of credit that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at that time, the open-end account remains exempt under § 1026.3(b) regardless of a subsequent increase in the threshold amount, including an increase pursuant to § 1026.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase in the CPI–W. Furthermore, in these circumstances, the account remains exempt even if there are no further extensions of credit, subsequent extensions of credit do not exceed the threshold amount, the account balance is subsequently reduced below the threshold amount (such as through repayment of the extension), or the credit limit for the account is subsequently reduced below the threshold amount. However, if the initial extension of credit on an account does not exceed the threshold amount in effect at the time of the extension, the account is not exempt under § 1026.3(b) even if a subsequent extension exceeds the threshold amount or if the account balance later exceeds the threshold amount (for example, due to the subsequent accrual of interest). iv. Subsequent changes when exemption is based on firm commitment. A. General. If a creditor makes a firm written commitment at account opening to extend a total amount of credit that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at that time, the open-end account remains exempt under § 1026.3(b) regardless of a subsequent increase in the threshold amount pursuant to § 1026.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase in the CPI–W. However, see comment 3(b)–8 with respect to the increase in the threshold amount from $25,000 to $50,000. If an open-end account is exempt under § 1026.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit, the account remains exempt even if the amount of credit actually extended does not exceed the VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 29, 2016 Jkt 241001 threshold amount. In contrast, if the firm commitment does not exceed the threshold amount at account opening, the account is not exempt under § 1026.3(b) even if the account balance later exceeds the threshold amount. In addition, if a creditor reduces a firm commitment, the account ceases to be exempt unless the reduced firm commitment exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of the reduction. For example: 1. Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under § 1026.3(b) based on the creditor’s firm commitment to extend $55,000 in credit. If during year one the creditor reduces its firm commitment to $53,000, the account remains exempt under § 1026.3(b). However, if during year one the creditor reduces its firm commitment to $40,000, the account is no longer exempt under § 1026.3(b). 2. Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under § 1026.3(b) based on the creditor’s firm commitment to extend $55,000 in credit. If the threshold amount is $56,000 on January 1 of year six as a result of increases in the CPI–W, the account remains exempt. However, if the creditor reduces its firm commitment to $54,000 on July 1 of year six, the account ceases to be exempt under § 1026.3(b). B. Initial extension of credit. If an open-end account qualifies for a § 1026.3(b) exemption at account opening based on a firm commitment, that account may also subsequently qualify for a § 1026.3(b) exemption based on an initial extension of credit. However, that initial extension must be a single advance in excess of the threshold amount in effect at the time the extension is made. In addition, the account must continue to qualify for an exemption based on the firm commitment until the initial extension of credit is made. For example: 1. Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under § 1026.3(b) based on the creditor’s firm commitment to extend $55,000 in credit. The account is not used for an extension of credit during year one. On January 1 of year two, the threshold amount is increased to $51,000 pursuant to § 1026.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase in the CPI–W. On July 1 of year two, the consumer uses the account for an initial extension of $52,000. As a result of this extension of credit, the account remains exempt under § 1026.3(b) even if, after July 1 of year PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 86267 two, the creditor reduces the firm commitment to $51,000 or less. 2. Same facts as in paragraph iv.B.1 above except that the consumer uses the account for an initial extension of $30,000 on July 1 of year two and for an extension of $22,000 on July 15 of year two. In these circumstances, the account is not exempt under § 1026.3(b) based on the $30,000 initial extension of credit because that extension did not exceed the applicable threshold amount ($51,000), although the account remains exempt based on the firm commitment to extend $55,000 in credit. 3. Same facts as in paragraph iv.B.1 above except that, on April 1 of year two, the creditor reduces the firm commitment to $50,000, which is below the $51,000 threshold then in effect. Because the account ceases to qualify for a § 1026.3(b) exemption on April 1 of year two, the account does not qualify for a § 1026.3(b) exemption based on a $52,000 initial extension of credit on July 1 of year two. 5. Closed-end credit. i. Qualifying for exemption. A closed-end loan is exempt under § 1026.3(b) (unless the extension of credit is secured by real property, or by personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling; or is a private education loan as defined in § 1026.46(b)(5)), if either of the following conditions is met: A. The creditor makes an extension of credit at consummation that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation. In these circumstances, the loan remains exempt under § 1026.3(b) even if the amount owed is subsequently reduced below the threshold amount (such as through repayment of the loan). B. The creditor makes a commitment at consummation to extend a total amount of credit in excess of the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation. In these circumstances, the loan remains exempt under § 1026.3(b) even if the total amount of credit extended does not exceed the threshold amount. ii. Subsequent changes. If a creditor makes a closed-end extension of credit or commitment to extend closed-end credit that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation, the closed-end loan remains exempt under § 1026.3(b) regardless of a subsequent increase in the threshold amount. However, a closed-end loan is not exempt under § 1026.3(b) merely because it is used to satisfy and replace an existing exempt loan, unless the new extension of credit is itself exempt under the applicable threshold amount. For example, assume a closed-end loan that qualified for a E:\FR\FM\30NOR1.SGM 30NOR1 sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with RULES 86268 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 230 / Wednesday, November 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations § 1026.3(b) exemption at consummation in year one is refinanced in year ten and that the new loan amount is less than the threshold amount in effect in year ten. In these circumstances, the creditor must comply with all of the applicable requirements of this part with respect to the year ten transaction if the original loan is satisfied and replaced by the new loan, which is not exempt under § 1026.3(b). See also comment 3(b)–6. 6. Addition of a security interest in real property or a dwelling after account opening or consummation. i. Open-end credit. For open-end accounts, if after account opening a security interest is taken in real property, or in personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling, a previously exempt account ceases to be exempt under § 1026.3(b) and the creditor must begin to comply with all of the applicable requirements of this part within a reasonable period of time. See comment 3(b)–4.ii. If a security interest is taken in the consumer’s principal dwelling, the creditor must also give the consumer the right to rescind the security interest consistent with § 1026.15. ii. Closed-end credit. For closed-end loans, if after consummation a security interest is taken in real property, or in personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling, an exempt loan remains exempt under § 1026.3(b). However, the addition of a security interest in the consumer’s principal dwelling is a transaction for purposes of § 1026.23, and the creditor must give the consumer the right to rescind the security interest consistent with that section. See § 1026.23(a)(1) and its commentary. In contrast, if a closed-end loan that is exempt under § 1026.3(b) is satisfied and replaced by a loan that is secured by real property, or by personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling, the new loan is not exempt under § 1026.3(b), and the creditor must comply with all of the applicable requirements of this part. See comment 3(b)–5. 7. Application to extensions secured by mobile homes. Because a mobile home can be a dwelling under § 1026.2(a)(19), the exemption in § 1026.3(b) does not apply to a credit extension secured by a mobile home that is used or expected to be used as the principal dwelling of the consumer. See comment 3(b)–6. 8. Transition rule for open-end accounts exempt prior to July 21, 2011. Section 1026.3(b)(2) applies only to open-end accounts opened prior to July 21, 2011. Section 1026.3(b)(2) does not apply if a security interest is taken by VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Nov 29, 2016 Jkt 241001 the creditor in real property, or in personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer’s principal dwelling. If, on July 20, 2011, an openend account is exempt under § 1026.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit in excess of $25,000, the account remains exempt under § 1026.3(b)(2) until December 31, 2011 (unless the firm commitment is reduced to $25,000 or less). If the firm commitment is increased on or before December 31, 2011 to an amount in excess of $50,000, the account remains exempt under § 1026.3(b)(1) regardless of subsequent increases in the threshold amount as a result of increases in the CPI–W. If the firm commitment is not increased on or before December 31, 2011 to an amount in excess of $50,000, the account ceases to be exempt under § 1026.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit. For example: i. Assume that, on July 20, 2011, the account is exempt under § 1026.3(b) based on the creditor’s firm commitment to extend $30,000 in credit. On November 1, 2011, the creditor increases the firm commitment on the account to $55,000. In these circumstances, the account remains exempt under § 1026.3(b)(1) regardless of subsequent increases in the threshold amount as a result of increases in the CPI–W. ii. Same facts as paragraph i above except, on November 1, 2011, the creditor increases the firm commitment on the account to $40,000. In these circumstances, the account ceases to be exempt under § 1026.3(b)(2) after December 31, 2011, and the creditor must begin to comply with the applicable requirements of this part. * * * * * By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, November 17, 2016. Robert deV. Frierson, Secretary of the Board. Dated: November 7, 2016. Richard Cordray, Director, Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. [FR Doc. 2016–28718 Filed 11–29–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6210–01–4810–AM–P PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 573 [Docket No. FDA–2015–F–2337] Food Additives Permitted in Feed and Drinking Water of Animals; Guanidinoacetic Acid AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, we, the Agency) is amending the regulations for food additives permitted in feed and drinking water of animals to provide for the safe use of guanidinoacetic acid as a substance that spares arginine and serves as a precursor of creatine in broiler chicken and turkey feeds. This action is in response to a food additive petition filed by Alzchem AG. DATES: This rule is effective November 30, 2016. Submit either written or electronic objections and requests for a hearing by December 30, 2016. See section V of this document for information on the filing of objections. ADDRESSES: You may submit objections and requests for a hearing as follows: SUMMARY: Electronic Submissions Submit electronic objections in the following way: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Objections submitted electronically, including attachments, to http:// www.regulations.gov will be posted to the docket unchanged. Because your objection will be made public, you are solely responsible for ensuring that your objection does not include any confidential information that you or a third party may not wish to be posted, such as medical information, your or anyone else’s Social Security number, or confidential business information, such as a manufacturing process. Please note that if you include your name, contact information, or other information that identifies you in the body of your objection, that information will be posted on http://www.regulations.gov. • If you want to submit an objection with confidential information that you do not wish to be made available to the public, submit the objection as a written/paper submission and in the manner detailed (see ‘‘Written/Paper Submissions’’ and ‘‘Instructions’’). E:\FR\FM\30NOR1.SGM 30NOR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 230 (Wednesday, November 30, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 86260-86268]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-28718]


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FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM

12 CFR Part 226

[Docket No. R-1546]
RIN 7100 AE-57

BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION

12 CFR Part 1026

[Docket No. CFPB-2016-0037]
RIN 3170-AA67


Truth in Lending (Regulation Z)

AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board); and 
Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (Bureau).

ACTION: Final rules, official interpretations and commentary.

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SUMMARY: The Board and the Bureau are finalizing amendments to the 
official interpretations and commentary for the agencies' regulations 
that implement the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). The Dodd-Frank Wall 
Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) amended TILA 
by requiring that the dollar threshold for exempt consumer credit 
transactions be adjusted annually by the annual percentage increase in 
the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers 
(CPI-W). If there is no annual percentage increase in the CPI-W, the 
Board and Bureau will not adjust this exemption threshold from the 
prior year. The final rule memorializes this as well as the agencies' 
calculation method for determining the adjustment in years following a 
year in which there is no annual percentage increase in the CPI-W. 
Based on the CPI-W in effect as of June 1, 2016, the exemption 
threshold will remain at $54,600 through 2017. The Dodd-Frank Act also 
requires similar adjustments in the Consumer Leasing Act's threshold 
for exempt consumer leases. Accordingly, the Board and the Bureau are 
adopting similar amendments to the commentaries to each of their 
respective regulations implementing the Consumer Leasing Act elsewhere 
in this issue of the Federal Register.

DATES: This final rule is effective January 1, 2017.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Board: Vivian W. Wong, Senior Counsel, 
Division of Consumer and Community Affairs, Board of Governors of the 
Federal Reserve System, at (202) 452-3667; for users of 
Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact (202) 263-
4869.
    Bureau: Jaclyn Maier, Counsel, Office of Regulations, Consumer 
Financial Protection Bureau, at (202) 435-7700.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Background

    The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 
2010 (Dodd-Frank Act) increased the threshold in the Truth in Lending 
Act (TILA) for exempt consumer credit transactions,\1\ and the 
threshold in the Consumer Leasing Act (CLA) for exempt consumer leases, 
from $25,000 to $50,000, effective July 21, 2011.\2\ In addition, the 
Dodd-Frank Act requires that, on and after December 31, 2011, these 
thresholds be adjusted annually for inflation by the annual percentage 
increase in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and 
Clerical Workers (CPI-W), as published by the Bureau of Labor 
Statistics. In April 2011, the Board issued a final rule

[[Page 86261]]

amending Regulation Z (which implements TILA) consistent with these 
provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act, along with a similar final rule 
amending Regulation M (which implements the CLA) (collectively, the 
Board Final Threshold Rules).\3\
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    \1\ Although consumer credit transactions above the threshold 
are generally exempt, loans secured by real property or by personal 
property used or expected to be used as the principal dwelling of a 
consumer and private education loans are covered by TILA regardless 
of the loan amount. See 12 CFR 226.3(b)(1)(i) (Board) and 12 CFR 
1026.3(b)(1)(i) (Bureau).
    \2\ Public Law 111-203, section 1100E, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010).
    \3\ 76 FR 18354 (Apr. 4, 2011); 76 FR 18349 (Apr. 4, 2011).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title X of the Dodd-Frank Act transferred rulemaking authority for 
a number of consumer financial protection laws from the Board to the 
Bureau, effective July 21, 2011. In connection with this transfer of 
rulemaking authority, the Bureau issued its own Regulation Z 
implementing TILA in an interim final rule, 12 CFR part 1026 (Bureau 
Interim Final Rule).\4\ The Bureau Interim Final Rule substantially 
duplicated the Board's Regulation Z, including the revisions to the 
threshold for exempt transactions made by the Board in April 2011. In 
April 2016, the Bureau adopted the Bureau Interim Final Rule as final, 
subject to intervening final rules published by the Bureau.\5\ Although 
the Bureau has the authority to issue rules to implement TILA for most 
entities, the Board retains authority to issue rules under TILA for 
certain motor vehicle dealers covered by section 1029(a) of the Dodd-
Frank Act, and the Board's Regulation Z continues to apply to those 
entities.\6\
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    \4\ 76 FR 79768 (Dec. 22, 2011).
    \5\ 81 FR 25323 (April 28, 2016).
    \6\ Section 1029(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act states: ``Except as 
permitted in subsection (b), the Bureau may not exercise any 
rulemaking, supervisory, enforcement, or any other authority . . . 
over a motor vehicle dealer that is predominantly engaged in the 
sale and servicing of motor vehicles, the leasing and servicing of 
motor vehicles, or both.'' 12 U.S.C. 5519(a). Section 1029(b) of the 
Dodd-Frank Act states: ``Subsection (a) shall not apply to any 
person, to the extent that such person (1) provides consumers with 
any services related to residential or commercial mortgages or self-
financing transactions involving real property; (2) operates a line 
of business (A) that involves the extension of retail credit or 
retail leases involving motor vehicles; and (B) in which (i) the 
extension of retail credit or retail leases are provided directly to 
consumers; and (ii) the contract governing such extension of retail 
credit or retail leases is not routinely assigned to an unaffiliated 
third party finance or leasing source; or (3) offers or provides a 
consumer financial product or service not involving or related to 
the sale, financing, leasing, rental, repair, refurbishment, 
maintenance, or other servicing of motor vehicles, motor vehicle 
parts, or any related or ancillary product or service.'' 12 U.S.C. 
5519(b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Section 226.3(b)(1)(ii) of the Board's Regulation Z and Sec.  
1026.3(b)(1)(ii) of the Bureau's Regulation Z, and their accompanying 
commentaries, provide that the exemption threshold will be adjusted 
annually effective January 1 of each year based on any annual 
percentage increase in the CPI-W that was in effect on the preceding 
June 1. They further provide that any increase in the threshold amount 
will be rounded to the nearest $100 increment. For example, if the 
annual percentage increase in the CPI-W would result in a $950 increase 
in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be increased by 
$1,000. However, if the annual percentage increase in the CPI-W would 
result in a $949 increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount 
will be increased by $900.\7\ If there is no annual percentage increase 
in the CPI-W, the Board and Bureau will not adjust the exemption 
threshold from the prior year. Since 2011, the Board and the Bureau 
have adjusted the Regulation Z exemption threshold annually, in 
accordance with these rules.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ See comments 3(b)-1 in supplements I of 12 CFR parts 226 and 
1026.
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II. Commentary Revision

    On August 4, 2016, the Board and the Bureau published a proposed 
rule in the Federal Register to memorialize the calculation method used 
by the agencies each year to adjust the exemption threshold. See 81 FR 
51404 (Aug. 4, 2016). The proposed commentary stated that if there is 
no annual percentage increase in the CPI-W, the Board and Bureau will 
not adjust the exemption threshold from the prior year. The proposed 
commentary further set forth the calculation method the agencies would 
use in years following a year in which the exemption threshold was not 
adjusted because there was no increase in the CPI-W from the previous 
year. As the Board and the Bureau discussed in the proposal, the 
proposed calculation method would ensure that the values for the 
exemption threshold keep pace with the CPI-W as contemplated by section 
1100E(b) of the Dodd-Frank Act.
    The comment period closed on September 6, 2016. In response to the 
proposal, the Board and the Bureau received one comment from a 
consumer, supporting the proposal. The Board and the Bureau are 
adopting the commentary revisions as proposed, with some minor 
clarifying amendments. These changes will be effective on January 1, 
2017.
    Specifically, the Board and the Bureau are adopting comment 3(b)-1 
as proposed to move the text regarding the threshold amount that is in 
effect during a particular period to a new comment 3(b)-3. The 
discussion of how the agencies round the threshold calculation will 
remain in comment 3(b)-1. Current comments 3(b)-2, 3(b)-3, 3(b)-4, 
3(b)-5, and 3(b)-6 are renumbered as comments 3(b)-4, 3(b)-5, 3(b)-6, 
3(b)-7, and 3(b)-8, respectively, and cross-references to these 
comments are also renumbered accordingly, as proposed.
    Furthermore, the Board and the Bureau are adopting new comment 
3(b)-2 as proposed to provide that if the CPI-W in effect on June 1 
does not increase from the CPI-W in effect on June 1 of the previous 
year (i.e., the CPI-W in effect on June 1 is either equal to or less 
than the CPI-W in effect on June 1 of the previous year), the threshold 
amount effective the following January 1 through December 31 will not 
change from the previous year. As the Board and the Bureau discussed in 
the proposal, this position is consistent with section 1100E(b) of the 
Dodd-Frank Act, which states that the threshold must be adjusted by the 
``annual percentage increase'' in the CPI-W (emphasis added), and the 
position the agencies have previously taken.\8\ Thus, if the threshold 
in effect from January 1, 2019, through December 31, 2019, is $55,500 
and the CPI-W in effect on June 1 of 2019 indicates a 1.1 percent 
decrease from the CPI-W in effect on June 1, 2018, the threshold in 
effect for January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020, will remain 
$55,500.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ See, e.g., 76 FR 18354, 18355 n.1 (Apr. 4, 2011) (``[A]n 
annual period of deflation or no inflation would not require a 
change in the threshold amount.'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Comment 3(b)-2 also provides that, for the years after a year in 
which the threshold did not change because the CPI-W in effect on June 
1 decreased from the CPI-W in effect on June 1 of the previous year, 
the threshold is calculated by applying the annual percentage change in 
the CPI-W to the dollar amount that would have resulted, after 
rounding, if the decreases and any subsequent increases in the CPI-W 
had been taken into account. Comment 3(b)-2.i further states that, if 
the resulting amount, after rounding, is greater than the current 
threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year 
will increase accordingly.
    For example, assume that the threshold in effect from January 1, 
2019, through December 31, 2019, is $55,500 and that, due to a 1.1 
percent decrease from the CPI-W in effect on June 1, 2018, to the CPI-W 
in effect on June 1, 2019, the threshold in effect from January 1, 
2020, through December 31, 2020, remains at $55,500. If, however, the 
threshold had been adjusted downward to reflect the decrease in the 
CPI-W over that time period, the threshold in effect from January 1, 
2020, through December 31, 2020, would have

[[Page 86262]]

been $54,900, after rounding. Further assume that the CPI-W in effect 
on June 1, 2020, increased by 1.6 percent from the CPI-W in effect on 
June 1, 2019. The calculation for the threshold that will be in effect 
from January 1, 2021, through December 31, 2021, is based on the impact 
of a 1.6 percent increase in the CPI-W on $54,900, rather than $55,500, 
resulting in a 2021 threshold of $55,800.
    Furthermore, comment 3(b)-2.ii states that, if the resulting amount 
calculated, after rounding, is equal to or less than the current 
threshold, then the threshold effective January 1 the following year 
will not change, but future increases will be calculated based on the 
amount that would have resulted, after rounding. To illustrate, assume 
in the example above that the CPI-W in effect on June 1, 2020, 
increased by only 0.6 percent from the CPI-W in effect on June 1, 2019. 
The calculation for the threshold that will be in effect from January 
1, 2021, through December 31, 2021, is based on the impact of a 0.6 
percent increase in the CPI-W on $54,900. The resulting amount, after 
rounding, is $55,200, which is lower than $55,500, the threshold in 
effect from January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020. Therefore, the 
threshold in effect from January 1, 2021, through December 31, 2021, 
will remain $55,500. However, the calculation for the threshold that 
will be in effect from January 1, 2022, through December 31, 2022, will 
apply the percentage change in the CPI-W to $55,200, the amount that 
would have resulted based on the 0.6 percent change from the CPI-W in 
effect on June 1, 2019, after rounding, to the CPI-W in effect on June 
1, 2020.

III. 2017 Threshold

    Based on the calculation method detailed above, the exemption 
threshold amount for 2017 remains at $54,600. This is based on the CPI-
W in effect on June 1, 2016, which was reported on May 17, 2016. The 
Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes consumer-based indices monthly, 
but does not report a CPI change on June 1; adjustments are reported in 
the middle of the month. The CPI-W is a subset of the CPI-U index 
(based on all urban consumers) and represents approximately 28 percent 
of the U.S. population. The CPI-W reported on May 17, 2016 reflects a 
0.8 percent increase in the CPI-W from April 2015 to April 2016. 
Because the CPI-W decreased from April 2014 to April 2015, the Board 
and the Bureau are calculating the threshold based on the amount that 
would have resulted had this decrease been taken into account, which is 
$54,200. A 0.8 percent increase in the CPI-W applied to $54,200 results 
in $54,600, which is the same threshold amount for 2016. Thus, the 
exemption threshold amount that will be in effect for 2017 remains at 
$54,600. The Board and the Bureau are revising the commentaries to 
their respective regulations to add new comment 3(b)-3.viii to state 
that, from January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2017, the threshold 
amount is $54,600. These revisions are effective January 1, 2017.

IV. Regulatory Analysis

Administrative Procedure Act

    Under the Administrative Procedure Act, notice and opportunity for 
public comment are not required if the Board and the Bureau find that 
notice and public comment are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary 
to the public interest.\9\ The 2017 threshold amount for exempt 
consumer credit transactions announced in this rule, $54,600, is 
technical and applies the calculation method set forth elsewhere in 
this final rule, for which notice and public comment were provided.\10\ 
For these reasons, the Board and the Bureau have determined that 
publishing a notice of proposed rulemaking and providing opportunity 
for public comment for purposes of the 2017 threshold adjustment are 
unnecessary. Therefore, the amendments regarding the 2017 threshold 
amount for exempt consumer credit transactions are adopted in final 
form.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B).
    \10\ See 81 FR 51404 (Aug. 4, 2016).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Bureau's Dodd-Frank Act Section 1022(b)(2) Analysis

    In developing the final rule, the Bureau has considered potential 
benefits, costs, and impacts.\11\ In addition, the Bureau has 
consulted, or offered to consult with, the prudential regulators, the 
Securities and Exchange Commission, the Department of Housing and Urban 
Development, the Federal Housing Finance Agency, the Federal Trade 
Commission, and the Department of the Treasury, including regarding 
consistency with any prudential, market, or systemic objectives 
administered by such agencies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ Specifically, section 1022(b)(2)(A) calls for the Bureau to 
consider the potential benefits and costs of a regulation to 
consumers and covered persons, including the potential reduction of 
access by consumers to consumer financial products or services; the 
impact on depository institutions and credit unions with $10 billion 
or less in total assets as described in section 1026 of the Act; and 
the impact on consumers in rural areas.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Bureau has chosen to evaluate the benefits, costs and impacts 
of the final rule against the current state of the world, which takes 
into account the current regulatory regime. The Bureau is not aware of 
any significant benefits or costs to consumers or covered persons 
associated with the final rule relative to the baseline. The Board 
previously stated that if there is no annual percentage increase in the 
CPI-W, then the Board (and now the Bureau) will not adjust the 
exemption threshold from the prior year.\12\ The final rule 
memorializes this in official commentary. The final rule also clarifies 
how the threshold is calculated for years after a year in which the 
threshold did not change. The Bureau believes that this clarification 
memorializes the method that the Bureau would be expected to use: This 
method holds the threshold fixed until a notional threshold calculated 
using the Bureau's methodology, taking into account both decreases and 
increases in the CPI-W, exceeds the actual threshold. The Bureau 
requested, but did not receive, comment on this point. Thus, the Bureau 
concludes that the final rule will not change the regulatory regime 
relative to the baseline and will create no significant benefits, 
costs, or impacts.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ 76 FR 18354, 18355 n.1 (Apr. 4, 2011) (``[A]n annual period 
of deflation or no inflation would not require a change in the 
threshold amount.'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The final rule will have no unique impact on depository 
institutions or credit unions with $10 billion or less in assets as 
described in section 1026(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act or on rural 
consumers. The Bureau does not expect this final rule to affect 
consumers' access to credit.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Board: An initial regulatory flexibility analysis (IRFA) was 
included in the proposal in accordance with section 3(a) of the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq. (RFA). In the IRFA, 
the Board requested comments on any approaches, other than the proposed 
alternatives, that would reduce the burden on small entities. The RFA 
requires an agency to prepare a final regulatory flexibility analysis 
(FRFA) unless the agency certifies that the rule will not, if 
promulgated, have a significant economic impact on a substantial number 
of small entities. In accordance with section 3(a) of the RFA, the 
Board has reviewed the final regulation. Based on its analysis, and for 
the reasons stated below, the Board believes that the rule will not 
have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities.
    1. Statement of the need for, and objectives of, the final rule. 
The final rule memorializes the calculation

[[Page 86263]]

method used by the Board each year to adjust the exemption threshold in 
accordance with section 1100E of the Dodd-Frank Act. The final rule 
also adopts the exemption threshold that will apply from January 1, 
2017, through December 31, 2017, based on the calculation method 
memorialized in this final rule.
    2. Summary of issues raised by comments in response to the initial 
regulatory flexibility analysis. The Board did not receive any comments 
on the initial regulatory flexibility analysis.
    3. Small entities affected by the final rule. This rule would 
affect motor vehicle dealers that are subject to the Board's Regulation 
Z and offer closed-end or open-end credit that may be exempt from 
Regulation Z under 12 CFR 226.3(b). While the total number of small 
entities likely to be affected by the final rule is unknown, the Board 
does not believe the final rule will have a significant economic impact 
on the entities that it affects.
    4. Recordkeeping, reporting, and compliance requirements. The final 
rule would not impose any recordkeeping, reporting, or compliance 
requirements.
    5. Significant alternatives to the final revisions. The Board has 
not identified any significant alternatives that would reduce the 
regulatory burden on small entities associated with this final rule.
    Bureau: The RFA generally requires an agency to conduct an initial 
regulatory flexibility analysis (IRFA) and a final regulatory 
flexibility analysis (FRFA) of any rule subject to notice-and-comment 
rulemaking requirements.\13\ These analyses must describe the impact of 
the proposed and final rules on small entities.\14\ An IRFA or FRFA is 
not required if the agency certifies that the rule will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities.\15\ The Bureau also is subject to certain additional 
procedures under the RFA involving the convening of a panel to consult 
with small business representatives prior to proposing a rule for which 
an IRFA is required.\16\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.
    \14\ Id. at 603(a) and 604(a). For purposes of assessing the 
impacts of the rule on small entities, ``small entities'' is defined 
in the RFA to include small businesses, small not-for-profit 
organizations, and small government jurisdictions. Id. at 601(6). A 
``small business'' is determined by application of Small Business 
Administration regulations and reference to the North American 
Industry Classification System (NAICS) classifications and size 
standards. Id. at 601(3). A ``small organization'' is any ``not-for-
profit enterprise which is independently owned and operated and is 
not dominant in its field.'' Id. at 601(4). A ``small governmental 
jurisdiction'' is the government of a city, county, town, township, 
village, school district, or special district with a population of 
less than 50,000. Id. at 601(5).
    \15\ Id. at 605(b).
    \16\ Id. at 609.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    A FRFA is not required for this final rule because it will not have 
a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities. As discussed in the Bureau's Section 1022(b)(2) Analysis 
above, this final rule does not introduce costs or benefits to covered 
persons because it seeks only to clarify the method of threshold 
adjustment which has already been established in previous Agency rules. 
Therefore this final rule will not have a significant impact on small 
entities.
Certification
    Accordingly, the Bureau Director, by signing below, certifies that 
this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995,\17\ the 
agencies reviewed this final rule. No collections of information 
pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act are contained in the final 
rule.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ 44 U.S.C. 3506; 5 CFR 1320.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

List of Subjects

12 CFR Part 226

    Advertising, Consumer protection, Federal Reserve System, Reporting 
and recordkeeping requirements, Truth in lending.

12 CFR Part 1026

    Advertising, Appraisal, Appraiser, Banking, Banks, Consumer 
protection, Credit, Credit unions, Mortgages, National banks, Reporting 
and recordkeeping requirements, Savings associations, Truth in lending.

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Authority and Issuance

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board amends 
Regulation Z, 12 CFR part 226, as set forth below:

PART 226--TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z)

0
1. The authority citation for part 226 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  12 U.S.C. 3806; 15 U.S.C. 1604, 1637(c)(5), and 
1639(l); Public Law 111-24, section 2, 123 Stat. 1734; Public Law 
111-203, 124 Stat. 1376.

Subpart A--General

0
2. In supplement I to part 226, under Section 226.3--Exempt 
Transactions, the entry for 3(b) Credit over applicable threshold 
amount is revised to read as follows:

Supplement I to Part 226--Official Staff Interpretations

* * * * *

Subpart A--General

* * * * *

Section 226.3--Exempt Transactions

* * * * *
    3(b) Credit over applicable threshold amount.
    1. Threshold amount. For purposes of Sec.  226.3(b), the threshold 
amount in effect during a particular period is the amount stated in 
comment 3(b)-3 for that period. The threshold amount is adjusted 
effective January 1 of each year by any annual percentage increase in 
the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers 
(CPI-W) that was in effect on the preceding June 1. Comment 3(b)-3 will 
be amended to provide the threshold amount for the upcoming year after 
the annual percentage change in the CPI-W that was in effect on June 1 
becomes available. Any increase in the threshold amount will be rounded 
to the nearest $100 increment. For example, if the annual percentage 
increase in the CPI-W would result in a $950 increase in the threshold 
amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $1,000. However, if 
the annual percentage increase in the CPI-W would result in a $949 
increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be 
increased by $900.
    2. No increase in the CPI-W. If the CPI-W in effect on June 1 does 
not increase from the CPI-W in effect on June 1 of the previous year, 
the threshold amount effective the following January 1 through December 
31 will not change from the previous year. When this occurs, for the 
years that follow, the threshold is calculated based on the annual 
percentage change in the CPI-W applied to the dollar amount that would 
have resulted, after rounding, if decreases and any subsequent 
increases in the CPI-W had been taken into account.
    i. Net increases. If the resulting amount calculated, after 
rounding, is greater than the current threshold, then the threshold 
effective January 1 the following year will increase accordingly.
    ii. Net decreases. If the resulting amount calculated, after 
rounding, is equal to or less than the current threshold, then the 
threshold effective January 1 the following year will not change, but 
future increases will be

[[Page 86264]]

calculated based on the amount that would have resulted.
    3. Threshold. For purposes of Sec.  226.3(b), the threshold amount 
in effect during a particular period is the amount stated below for 
that period.
    i. Prior to July 21, 2011, the threshold amount is $25,000.
    ii. From July 21, 2011 through December 31, 2011, the threshold 
amount is $50,000.
    iii. From January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012, the threshold 
amount is $51,800.
    iv. From January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2013, the threshold 
amount is $53,000.
    v. From January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014, the threshold 
amount is $53,500.
    vi. From January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015, the threshold 
amount is $54,600.
    vii. From January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016, the threshold 
amount is $54,600.
    viii. From January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017, the threshold 
amount is $54,600.
    4. Open-end credit.
    i. Qualifying for exemption. An open-end account is exempt under 
Sec.  226.3(b) (unless secured by any real property, or by personal 
property used or expected to be used as the consumer's principal 
dwelling) if either of the following conditions is met:
    A. The creditor makes an initial extension of credit at or after 
account opening that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time 
the initial extension is made. If a creditor makes an initial extension 
of credit after account opening that does not exceed the threshold 
amount in effect at the time the extension is made, the creditor must 
have satisfied all of the applicable requirements of this part from the 
date the account was opened (or earlier, if applicable), including but 
not limited to the requirements of Sec.  226.6 (account-opening 
disclosures), Sec.  226.7 (periodic statements), Sec.  226.52 
(limitations on fees), and Sec.  226.55 (limitations on increasing 
annual percentages rates, fees, and charges). For example:
    (1) Assume that the threshold amount in effect on January 1 is 
$50,000. On February 1, an account is opened but the creditor does not 
make an initial extension of credit at that time. On July 1, the 
creditor makes an initial extension of credit of $60,000. In this 
circumstance, no requirements of this part apply to the account.
    (2) Assume that the threshold amount in effect on January 1 is 
$50,000. On February 1, an account is opened but the creditor does not 
make an initial extension of credit at that time. On July 1, the 
creditor makes an initial extension of credit of $50,000 or less. In 
this circumstance, the account is not exempt and the creditor must have 
satisfied all of the applicable requirements of this part from the date 
the account was opened (or earlier, if applicable).
    B. The creditor makes a firm written commitment at account opening 
to extend a total amount of credit in excess of the threshold amount in 
effect at the time the account is opened with no requirement of 
additional credit information for any advances on the account (except 
as permitted from time to time with respect to open-end accounts 
pursuant to Sec.  226.2(a)(20)).
    ii. Subsequent changes generally. Subsequent changes to an open-end 
account or the threshold amount may result in the account no longer 
qualifying for the exemption in Sec.  226.3(b). In these circumstances, 
the creditor must begin to comply with all of the applicable 
requirements of this part within a reasonable period of time after the 
account ceases to be exempt. Once an account ceases to be exempt, the 
requirements of this part apply to any balances on the account. The 
creditor, however, is not required to comply with the requirements of 
this part with respect to the period of time during which the account 
was exempt. For example, if an open-end credit account ceases to be 
exempt, the creditor must within a reasonable period of time provide 
the disclosures required by Sec.  226.6 reflecting the current terms of 
the account and begin to provide periodic statements consistent with 
Sec.  226.7. However, the creditor is not required to disclose fees or 
charges imposed while the account was exempt. Furthermore, if the 
creditor provided disclosures consistent with the requirements of this 
part while the account was exempt, it is not required to provide 
disclosures required by Sec.  226.6 reflecting the current terms of the 
account. See also comment 3(b)-6.
    iii. Subsequent changes when exemption is based on initial 
extension of credit. If a creditor makes an initial extension of credit 
that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at that time, the open-end 
account remains exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) regardless of a subsequent 
increase in the threshold amount, including an increase pursuant to 
Sec.  226.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase in the CPI-W. 
Furthermore, in these circumstances, the account remains exempt even if 
there are no further extensions of credit, subsequent extensions of 
credit do not exceed the threshold amount, the account balance is 
subsequently reduced below the threshold amount (such as through 
repayment of the extension), or the credit limit for the account is 
subsequently reduced below the threshold amount. However, if the 
initial extension of credit on an account does not exceed the threshold 
amount in effect at the time of the extension, the account is not 
exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) even if a subsequent extension exceeds the 
threshold amount or if the account balance later exceeds the threshold 
amount (for example, due to the subsequent accrual of interest).
    iv. Subsequent changes when exemption is based on firm commitment.
    A. General. If a creditor makes a firm written commitment at 
account opening to extend a total amount of credit that exceeds the 
threshold amount in effect at that time, the open-end account remains 
exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) regardless of a subsequent increase in the 
threshold amount pursuant to Sec.  226.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an 
increase in the CPI-W. However, see comment 3(b)-8 with respect to the 
increase in the threshold amount from $25,000 to $50,000. If an open-
end account is exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) based on a firm commitment 
to extend credit, the account remains exempt even if the amount of 
credit actually extended does not exceed the threshold amount. In 
contrast, if the firm commitment does not exceed the threshold amount 
at account opening, the account is not exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) even 
if the account balance later exceeds the threshold amount. In addition, 
if a creditor reduces a firm commitment, the account ceases to be 
exempt unless the reduced firm commitment exceeds the threshold amount 
in effect at the time of the reduction. For example:
    (1) Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold 
amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under Sec.  
226.3(b) based on the creditor's firm commitment to extend $55,000 in 
credit. If during year one the creditor reduces its firm commitment to 
$53,000, the account remains exempt under Sec.  226.3(b). However, if 
during year one the creditor reduces its firm commitment to $40,000, 
the account is no longer exempt under Sec.  226.3(b).
    (2) Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold 
amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under Sec.  
226.3(b) based on the creditor's firm commitment to extend $55,000 in 
credit. If the threshold amount is $56,000 on January 1 of year six as 
a result of increases in the CPI-W, the account remains exempt. 
However, if the creditor reduces its firm

[[Page 86265]]

commitment to $54,000 on July 1 of year six, the account ceases to be 
exempt under Sec.  226.3(b).
    B. Initial extension of credit. If an open-end account qualifies 
for a Sec.  226.3(b) exemption at account opening based on a firm 
commitment, that account may also subsequently qualify for a Sec.  
226.3(b) exemption based on an initial extension of credit. However, 
that initial extension must be a single advance in excess of the 
threshold amount in effect at the time the extension is made. In 
addition, the account must continue to qualify for an exemption based 
on the firm commitment until the initial extension of credit is made. 
For example:
    (1) Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold 
amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under Sec.  
226.3(b) based on the creditor's firm commitment to extend $55,000 in 
credit. The account is not used for an extension of credit during year 
one. On January 1 of year two, the threshold amount is increased to 
$51,000 pursuant to Sec.  226.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase in 
the CPI-W. On July 1 of year two, the consumer uses the account for an 
initial extension of $52,000. As a result of this extension of credit, 
the account remains exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) even if, after July 1 
of year two, the creditor reduces the firm commitment to $51,000 or 
less.
    (2) Same facts as in paragraph iv.B(1) above except that the 
consumer uses the account for an initial extension of $30,000 on July 1 
of year two and for an extension of $22,000 on July 15 of year two. In 
these circumstances, the account is not exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) 
based on the $30,000 initial extension of credit because that extension 
did not exceed the applicable threshold amount ($51,000), although the 
account remains exempt based on the firm commitment to extend $55,000 
in credit.
    (3) Same facts as in paragraph iv.B(1) above except that, on April 
1 of year two, the creditor reduces the firm commitment to $50,000, 
which is below the $51,000 threshold then in effect. Because the 
account ceases to qualify for a Sec.  226.3(b) exemption on April 1 of 
year two, the account does not qualify for a Sec.  226.3(b) exemption 
based on a $52,000 initial extension of credit on July 1 of year two.
    5. Closed-end credit.
    i. Qualifying for exemption. A closed-end loan is exempt under 
Sec.  226.3(b) (unless the extension of credit is secured by any real 
property, or by personal property used or expected to be used as the 
consumer's principal dwelling; or is a private education loan as 
defined in Sec.  226.46(b)(5)), if either of the following conditions 
is met.
    A. The creditor makes an extension of credit at consummation that 
exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation. In 
these circumstances, the loan remains exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) even 
if the amount owed is subsequently reduced below the threshold amount 
(such as through repayment of the loan).
    B. The creditor makes a commitment at consummation to extend a 
total amount of credit in excess of the threshold amount in effect at 
the time of consummation. In these circumstances, the loan remains 
exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) even if the total amount of credit extended 
does not exceed the threshold amount.
    ii. Subsequent changes. If a creditor makes a closed-end extension 
of credit or commitment to extend closed-end credit that exceeds the 
threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation, the closed-end 
loan remains exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) regardless of a subsequent 
increase in the threshold amount. However, a closed-end loan is not 
exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) merely because it is used to satisfy and 
replace an existing exempt loan, unless the new extension of credit is 
itself exempt under the applicable threshold amount. For example, 
assume a closed-end loan that qualified for a Sec.  226.3(b) exemption 
at consummation in year one is refinanced in year ten and that the new 
loan amount is less than the threshold amount in effect in year ten. In 
these circumstances, the creditor must comply with all of the 
applicable requirements of this part with respect to the year ten 
transaction if the original loan is satisfied and replaced by the new 
loan, which is not exempt under Sec.  226.3(b). See also comment 3(b)-
6.
    6. Addition of a security interest in real property or a dwelling 
after account opening or consummation.
    i. Open-end credit. For open-end accounts, if, after account 
opening, a security interest is taken in real property, or in personal 
property used or expected to be used as the consumer's principal 
dwelling, a previously exempt account ceases to be exempt under Sec.  
226.3(b) and the creditor must begin to comply with all of the 
applicable requirements of this part within a reasonable period of 
time. See comment 3(b)-4.ii. If a security interest is taken in the 
consumer's principal dwelling, the creditor must also give the consumer 
the right to rescind the security interest consistent with Sec.  
226.15.
    ii. Closed-end credit. For closed-end loans, if, after 
consummation, a security interest is taken in any real property, or in 
personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer's 
principal dwelling, an exempt loan remains exempt under Sec.  226.3(b). 
However, the addition of a security interest in the consumer's 
principal dwelling is a transaction for purposes of Sec.  226.23, and 
the creditor must give the consumer the right to rescind the security 
interest consistent with that section. See Sec.  226.23(a)(1) and the 
accompanying commentary. In contrast, if a closed-end loan that is 
exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) is satisfied and replaced by a loan that is 
secured by any real property, or by personal property used or expected 
to be used as the consumer's principal dwelling, the new loan is not 
exempt under Sec.  226.3(b) and the creditor must comply with all of 
the applicable requirements of this part. See comment 3(b)-5.
    7. Application to extensions secured by mobile homes. Because a 
mobile home can be a dwelling under Sec.  226.2(a)(19), the exemption 
in Sec.  226.3(b) does not apply to a credit extension secured by a 
mobile home that is used or expected to be used as the principal 
dwelling of the consumer. See comment 3(b)-6.
    8. Transition rule for open-end accounts exempt prior to July 21, 
2011. Section 226.3(b)(2) applies only to open-end accounts opened 
prior to July 21, 2011. Section 226.3(b)(2) does not apply if a 
security interest is taken by the creditor in any real property, or in 
personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer's 
principal dwelling. If, on July 20, 2011, an open-end account is exempt 
under Sec.  226.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit in 
excess of $25,000, the account remains exempt under Sec.  226.3(b)(2) 
until December 31, 2011 (unless the firm commitment is reduced to 
$25,000 or less). If the firm commitment is increased on or before 
December 31, 2011 to an amount in excess of $50,000, the account 
remains exempt under Sec.  226.3(b)(1) regardless of subsequent 
increases in the threshold amount as a result of increases in the CPI-
W. If the firm commitment is not increased on or before December 31, 
2011 to an amount in excess of $50,000, the account ceases to be exempt 
under Sec.  226.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit. For 
example:
    i. Assume that, on July 20, 2011, the account is exempt under Sec.  
226.3(b) based on the creditor's firm commitment to extend $30,000 in 
credit. On November 1, 2011, the creditor increases the firm commitment 
on the account to $55,000. In these circumstances, the account remains

[[Page 86266]]

exempt under Sec.  226.3(b)(1) regardless of subsequent increases in 
the threshold amount as a result of increases in the CPI-W.
    ii. Same facts as paragraph i. above except, on November 1, 2011, 
the creditor increases the firm commitment on the account to $40,000. 
In these circumstances, the account ceases to be exempt under Sec.  
226.3(b)(2) after December 31, 2011, and the creditor must begin to 
comply with the applicable requirements of this part.
* * * * *

Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection

Authority and Issuance

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Bureau amends 
Regulation Z, 12 CFR part 1026, as set forth below:

PART 1026--TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z)

0
3. The authority citation for part 1026 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  12 U.S.C. 2601, 2603-2605, 2607, 2609, 2617, 3353, 
5511, 5512, 5532, 5581; 15 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.


0
4. In supplement I to part 1026, under Section 1026.3--Exempt 
Transactions, the entry for 3(b)--Credit Over Applicable Threshold 
Amount is revised to read as follows:

Supplement I to Part 1026--Official Interpretations

* * * * *

Subpart A--General

* * * * *

Section 1026.3--Exempt Transactions

* * * * *
3(b) Credit Over Applicable Threshold Amount
    1. Threshold amount. For purposes of Sec.  1026.3(b), the threshold 
amount in effect during a particular period is the amount stated in 
comment 3(b)-3 below for that period. The threshold amount is adjusted 
effective January 1 of each year by any annual percentage increase in 
the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers 
(CPI-W) that was in effect on the preceding June 1. Comment 3(b)-3 will 
be amended to provide the threshold amount for the upcoming year after 
the annual percentage change in the CPI-W that was in effect on June 1 
becomes available. Any increase in the threshold amount will be rounded 
to the nearest $100 increment. For example, if the annual percentage 
increase in the CPI-W would result in a $950 increase in the threshold 
amount, the threshold amount will be increased by $1,000. However, if 
the annual percentage increase in the CPI-W would result in a $949 
increase in the threshold amount, the threshold amount will be 
increased by $900.
    2. No increase in the CPI-W. If the CPI-W in effect on June 1 does 
not increase from the CPI-W in effect on June 1 of the previous year, 
the threshold amount effective the following January 1 through December 
31 will not change from the previous year. When this occurs, for the 
years that follow, the threshold is calculated based on the annual 
percentage change in the CPI-W applied to the dollar amount that would 
have resulted, after rounding, if decreases and any subsequent 
increases in the CPI-W had been taken into account.
    i. Net increases. If the resulting amount calculated, after 
rounding, is greater than the current threshold, then the threshold 
effective January 1 the following year will increase accordingly.
    ii. Net decreases. If the resulting amount calculated, after 
rounding, is equal to or less than the current threshold, then the 
threshold effective January 1 the following year will not change, but 
future increases will be calculated based on the amount that would have 
resulted.
    3. Threshold. For purposes of Sec.  1026.3(b), the threshold amount 
in effect during a particular period is the amount stated below for 
that period.
    i. Prior to July 21, 2011, the threshold amount is $25,000.
    ii. From July 21, 2011 through December 31, 2011, the threshold 
amount is $50,000.
    iii. From January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012, the threshold 
amount is $51,800.
    iv. From January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2013, the threshold 
amount is $53,000.
    v. From January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014, the threshold 
amount is $53,500.
    vi. From January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015, the threshold 
amount is $54,600.
    vii. From January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016, the threshold 
amount is $54,600.
    viii. From January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017, the threshold 
amount is $54,600.
    4. Open-end credit. i. Qualifying for exemption. An open-end 
account is exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) (unless secured by real 
property, or by personal property used or expected to be used as the 
consumer's principal dwelling) if either of the following conditions is 
met:
    A. The creditor makes an initial extension of credit at or after 
account opening that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time 
the initial extension is made. If a creditor makes an initial extension 
of credit after account opening that does not exceed the threshold 
amount in effect at the time the extension is made, the creditor must 
have satisfied all of the applicable requirements of this part from the 
date the account was opened (or earlier, if applicable), including but 
not limited to the requirements of Sec.  1026.6 (account-opening 
disclosures), Sec.  1026.7 (periodic statements), Sec.  1026.52 
(limitations on fees), and Sec.  1026.55 (limitations on increasing 
annual percentage rates, fees, and charges). For example:
    1. Assume that the threshold amount in effect on January 1 is 
$50,000. On February 1, an account is opened but the creditor does not 
make an initial extension of credit at that time. On July 1, the 
creditor makes an initial extension of credit of $60,000. In this 
circumstance, no requirements of this part apply to the account.
    2. Assume that the threshold amount in effect on January 1 is 
$50,000. On February 1, an account is opened but the creditor does not 
make an initial extension of credit at that time. On July 1, the 
creditor makes an initial extension of credit of $50,000 or less. In 
this circumstance, the account is not exempt and the creditor must have 
satisfied all of the applicable requirements of this part from the date 
the account was opened (or earlier, if applicable).
    B. The creditor makes a firm written commitment at account opening 
to extend a total amount of credit in excess of the threshold amount in 
effect at the time the account is opened with no requirement of 
additional credit information for any advances on the account (except 
as permitted from time to time with respect to open-end accounts 
pursuant to Sec.  1026.2(a)(20)).
    ii. Subsequent changes generally. Subsequent changes to an open-end 
account or the threshold amount may result in the account no longer 
qualifying for the exemption in Sec.  1026.3(b). In these 
circumstances, the creditor must begin to comply with all of the 
applicable requirements of this part within a reasonable period of time 
after the account ceases to be exempt. Once an account ceases to be 
exempt, the requirements of this part apply to any balances on the 
account. The creditor, however, is not required to comply with the 
requirements of this part with respect to the period of time

[[Page 86267]]

during which the account was exempt. For example, if an open-end credit 
account ceases to be exempt, the creditor must within a reasonable 
period of time provide the disclosures required by Sec.  1026.6 
reflecting the current terms of the account and begin to provide 
periodic statements consistent with Sec.  1026.7. However, the creditor 
is not required to disclose fees or charges imposed while the account 
was exempt. Furthermore, if the creditor provided disclosures 
consistent with the requirements of this part while the account was 
exempt, it is not required to provide disclosures required by Sec.  
1026.6 reflecting the current terms of the account. See also comment 
3(b)-6.
    iii. Subsequent changes when exemption is based on initial 
extension of credit. If a creditor makes an initial extension of credit 
that exceeds the threshold amount in effect at that time, the open-end 
account remains exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) regardless of a subsequent 
increase in the threshold amount, including an increase pursuant to 
Sec.  1026.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase in the CPI-W. 
Furthermore, in these circumstances, the account remains exempt even if 
there are no further extensions of credit, subsequent extensions of 
credit do not exceed the threshold amount, the account balance is 
subsequently reduced below the threshold amount (such as through 
repayment of the extension), or the credit limit for the account is 
subsequently reduced below the threshold amount. However, if the 
initial extension of credit on an account does not exceed the threshold 
amount in effect at the time of the extension, the account is not 
exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) even if a subsequent extension exceeds the 
threshold amount or if the account balance later exceeds the threshold 
amount (for example, due to the subsequent accrual of interest).
    iv. Subsequent changes when exemption is based on firm commitment. 
A. General. If a creditor makes a firm written commitment at account 
opening to extend a total amount of credit that exceeds the threshold 
amount in effect at that time, the open-end account remains exempt 
under Sec.  1026.3(b) regardless of a subsequent increase in the 
threshold amount pursuant to Sec.  1026.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an 
increase in the CPI-W. However, see comment 3(b)-8 with respect to the 
increase in the threshold amount from $25,000 to $50,000. If an open-
end account is exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) based on a firm commitment 
to extend credit, the account remains exempt even if the amount of 
credit actually extended does not exceed the threshold amount. In 
contrast, if the firm commitment does not exceed the threshold amount 
at account opening, the account is not exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) 
even if the account balance later exceeds the threshold amount. In 
addition, if a creditor reduces a firm commitment, the account ceases 
to be exempt unless the reduced firm commitment exceeds the threshold 
amount in effect at the time of the reduction. For example:
    1. Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold 
amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under Sec.  
1026.3(b) based on the creditor's firm commitment to extend $55,000 in 
credit. If during year one the creditor reduces its firm commitment to 
$53,000, the account remains exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b). However, if 
during year one the creditor reduces its firm commitment to $40,000, 
the account is no longer exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b).
    2. Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold 
amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under Sec.  
1026.3(b) based on the creditor's firm commitment to extend $55,000 in 
credit. If the threshold amount is $56,000 on January 1 of year six as 
a result of increases in the CPI-W, the account remains exempt. 
However, if the creditor reduces its firm commitment to $54,000 on July 
1 of year six, the account ceases to be exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b).
    B. Initial extension of credit. If an open-end account qualifies 
for a Sec.  1026.3(b) exemption at account opening based on a firm 
commitment, that account may also subsequently qualify for a Sec.  
1026.3(b) exemption based on an initial extension of credit. However, 
that initial extension must be a single advance in excess of the 
threshold amount in effect at the time the extension is made. In 
addition, the account must continue to qualify for an exemption based 
on the firm commitment until the initial extension of credit is made. 
For example:
    1. Assume that, at account opening in year one, the threshold 
amount in effect is $50,000 and the account is exempt under Sec.  
1026.3(b) based on the creditor's firm commitment to extend $55,000 in 
credit. The account is not used for an extension of credit during year 
one. On January 1 of year two, the threshold amount is increased to 
$51,000 pursuant to Sec.  1026.3(b)(1)(ii) as a result of an increase 
in the CPI-W. On July 1 of year two, the consumer uses the account for 
an initial extension of $52,000. As a result of this extension of 
credit, the account remains exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) even if, after 
July 1 of year two, the creditor reduces the firm commitment to $51,000 
or less.
    2. Same facts as in paragraph iv.B.1 above except that the consumer 
uses the account for an initial extension of $30,000 on July 1 of year 
two and for an extension of $22,000 on July 15 of year two. In these 
circumstances, the account is not exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) based on 
the $30,000 initial extension of credit because that extension did not 
exceed the applicable threshold amount ($51,000), although the account 
remains exempt based on the firm commitment to extend $55,000 in 
credit.
    3. Same facts as in paragraph iv.B.1 above except that, on April 1 
of year two, the creditor reduces the firm commitment to $50,000, which 
is below the $51,000 threshold then in effect. Because the account 
ceases to qualify for a Sec.  1026.3(b) exemption on April 1 of year 
two, the account does not qualify for a Sec.  1026.3(b) exemption based 
on a $52,000 initial extension of credit on July 1 of year two.
    5. Closed-end credit. i. Qualifying for exemption. A closed-end 
loan is exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) (unless the extension of credit is 
secured by real property, or by personal property used or expected to 
be used as the consumer's principal dwelling; or is a private education 
loan as defined in Sec.  1026.46(b)(5)), if either of the following 
conditions is met:
    A. The creditor makes an extension of credit at consummation that 
exceeds the threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation. In 
these circumstances, the loan remains exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) even 
if the amount owed is subsequently reduced below the threshold amount 
(such as through repayment of the loan).
    B. The creditor makes a commitment at consummation to extend a 
total amount of credit in excess of the threshold amount in effect at 
the time of consummation. In these circumstances, the loan remains 
exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) even if the total amount of credit 
extended does not exceed the threshold amount.
    ii. Subsequent changes. If a creditor makes a closed-end extension 
of credit or commitment to extend closed-end credit that exceeds the 
threshold amount in effect at the time of consummation, the closed-end 
loan remains exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) regardless of a subsequent 
increase in the threshold amount. However, a closed-end loan is not 
exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) merely because it is used to satisfy and 
replace an existing exempt loan, unless the new extension of credit is 
itself exempt under the applicable threshold amount. For example, 
assume a closed-end loan that qualified for a

[[Page 86268]]

Sec.  1026.3(b) exemption at consummation in year one is refinanced in 
year ten and that the new loan amount is less than the threshold amount 
in effect in year ten. In these circumstances, the creditor must comply 
with all of the applicable requirements of this part with respect to 
the year ten transaction if the original loan is satisfied and replaced 
by the new loan, which is not exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b). See also 
comment 3(b)-6.
    6. Addition of a security interest in real property or a dwelling 
after account opening or consummation. i. Open-end credit. For open-end 
accounts, if after account opening a security interest is taken in real 
property, or in personal property used or expected to be used as the 
consumer's principal dwelling, a previously exempt account ceases to be 
exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) and the creditor must begin to comply with 
all of the applicable requirements of this part within a reasonable 
period of time. See comment 3(b)-4.ii. If a security interest is taken 
in the consumer's principal dwelling, the creditor must also give the 
consumer the right to rescind the security interest consistent with 
Sec.  1026.15.
    ii. Closed-end credit. For closed-end loans, if after consummation 
a security interest is taken in real property, or in personal property 
used or expected to be used as the consumer's principal dwelling, an 
exempt loan remains exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b). However, the addition 
of a security interest in the consumer's principal dwelling is a 
transaction for purposes of Sec.  1026.23, and the creditor must give 
the consumer the right to rescind the security interest consistent with 
that section. See Sec.  1026.23(a)(1) and its commentary. In contrast, 
if a closed-end loan that is exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b) is satisfied 
and replaced by a loan that is secured by real property, or by personal 
property used or expected to be used as the consumer's principal 
dwelling, the new loan is not exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b), and the 
creditor must comply with all of the applicable requirements of this 
part. See comment 3(b)-5.
    7. Application to extensions secured by mobile homes. Because a 
mobile home can be a dwelling under Sec.  1026.2(a)(19), the exemption 
in Sec.  1026.3(b) does not apply to a credit extension secured by a 
mobile home that is used or expected to be used as the principal 
dwelling of the consumer. See comment 3(b)-6.
    8. Transition rule for open-end accounts exempt prior to July 21, 
2011. Section 1026.3(b)(2) applies only to open-end accounts opened 
prior to July 21, 2011. Section 1026.3(b)(2) does not apply if a 
security interest is taken by the creditor in real property, or in 
personal property used or expected to be used as the consumer's 
principal dwelling. If, on July 20, 2011, an open-end account is exempt 
under Sec.  1026.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit in 
excess of $25,000, the account remains exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b)(2) 
until December 31, 2011 (unless the firm commitment is reduced to 
$25,000 or less). If the firm commitment is increased on or before 
December 31, 2011 to an amount in excess of $50,000, the account 
remains exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b)(1) regardless of subsequent 
increases in the threshold amount as a result of increases in the CPI-
W. If the firm commitment is not increased on or before December 31, 
2011 to an amount in excess of $50,000, the account ceases to be exempt 
under Sec.  1026.3(b) based on a firm commitment to extend credit. For 
example:
    i. Assume that, on July 20, 2011, the account is exempt under Sec.  
1026.3(b) based on the creditor's firm commitment to extend $30,000 in 
credit. On November 1, 2011, the creditor increases the firm commitment 
on the account to $55,000. In these circumstances, the account remains 
exempt under Sec.  1026.3(b)(1) regardless of subsequent increases in 
the threshold amount as a result of increases in the CPI-W.
    ii. Same facts as paragraph i above except, on November 1, 2011, 
the creditor increases the firm commitment on the account to $40,000. 
In these circumstances, the account ceases to be exempt under Sec.  
1026.3(b)(2) after December 31, 2011, and the creditor must begin to 
comply with the applicable requirements of this part.
* * * * *

    By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve 
System, November 17, 2016.
Robert deV. Frierson,
Secretary of the Board.
    Dated: November 7, 2016.
Richard Cordray,
Director, Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection.
[FR Doc. 2016-28718 Filed 11-29-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6210-01-4810-AM-P