Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Nevada State Office, Reno, NV, 71760-71762 [2016-25128]

Download as PDF 71760 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 201 / Tuesday, October 18, 2016 / Notices wild horses gathered from Herd Management Areas burned in the Soda Fire, the Soda Fire fuel breaks Environmental Assessment, and the Paradigm Fuel Breaks project process. The RAC’s subcommittee on the proposed Tri-State Fuels Breaks Project will provide a report about their final meeting. BLM staff will provide an update on the Gateway West Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement. Agenda items and location may be modified due to changing circumstances. The public may present written or oral comments to members of the Council. At each full RAC meeting, time is provided in the agenda for hearing public comments. Depending on the number of persons wishing to comment and time available, the time for individual oral comments may be limited. Individuals who plan to attend and need special assistance should contact the BLM Coordinator as provided above. Persons who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1–800–877–8339 to contact Mr. Flanigan. The FIRS is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to leave a message or question with Mr. Flanigan. You will receive a reply during normal business hours. Dated: October 5, 2016. Lara Douglas, District Manager. [FR Doc. 2016–25114 Filed 10–17–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4310–GG–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–IMR–BITH–21364; PS.SIMLA0001.00.1] The map depicting this boundary revision is available for inspection at the following locations: National Park Service, Land Resources Program Center, Intermountain Region, 12795 West Alameda Parkway, Denver, Colorado 80228 and National Park Service, Department of the Interior, 1849 C Street NW., Washington, DC 20240. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Chief Realty Officer Steve Muyskens, National Park Service, Land Resources Program Center, Intermountain Region, 12795 West Alameda Parkway, Denver, Colorado 80228, telephone (303) 969– 2610. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is hereby given that, pursuant to section 1 of the Act of October 11, 1974 (Pub. L. 93–439, 88 Stat. 1254), codified as amended at 16 U.S.C. 698, the boundary of Big Thicket National Preserve is modified to include ten tracts of lands listed as follows: Tract 127–10 (1.72 acres); Tract 134–07 (114.45 acres); Tract 172–10 (18 acres); Tract 215–04 (.57-acre); Tract 219–17 (11.60 acres); Tract 219–18 (360.97 acres); Tract 219– 19 (29.03 acres); Tract 222–08 (1 acre); Tract 223–14 (118.65 acres) and Tract 229–06 (166.49 acres) for a total of 822.48 acres. The boundary revision is depicted on Map No. 175/120,858 dated April 18, 2016. 16 U.S.C. 698 provides that, after notifying the House Committee on Natural Resources and the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to make this boundary revision upon publication of notice in the Federal Register. The Committees have been notified of this boundary revision. ADDRESSES: Dated: October 7, 2016. Sue Masica, Regional Director, Intermountain Region. Minor Boundary Revision at Big Thicket National Preserve National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notification of boundary revision. [FR Doc. 2016–25179 Filed 10–17–16; 8:45 am] The boundary of Big Thicket National Preserve is modified to include ten tracts totaling 822.48 acres of land. These lands are located in Hardin County, Liberty County, Orange County and Tyler County, Texas, immediately adjacent to the boundary of the preserve. Subsequent to the publication of this notice, the United States will acquire fee title to those tracts of land by donation from several nonprofit conservation organizations and an individual donor. DATES: The effective date of this boundary revision is October 18, 2016. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AGENCY: Lhorne on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:19 Oct 17, 2016 Jkt 241001 BILLING CODE 4312–CB–P National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–22110; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Nevada State Office, Reno, NV National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00072 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 (BLM), Nevada State Office, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects recovered from Spirit Cave, NV, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is no cultural affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects and present-day Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request to the BLM. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects from Spirit Cave may proceed. DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization that wish to request transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects from Spirit Cave should submit a written request with information in support of the request to the BLM Nevada State Office, at the address in this notice by November 17, 2016. ADDRESSES: John Ruhs, State Director, Bureau of Land Management, Nevada State Office, 1340 Financial Boulevard, Reno, NV 89502–7147, telephone (775) 861–6590, email jruhs@blm.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects under the control of the BLM Nevada State Office, Reno, NV. The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from Spirit Cave in Churchill County, NV. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. Consultation A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary objects was made by the BLM Nevada State Office professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Comanche Nation, Oklahoma; Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and Utah; Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the E:\FR\FM\18OCN1.SGM 18OCN1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 201 / Tuesday, October 18, 2016 / Notices Lhorne on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES Duckwater Reservation, Nevada; Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada; Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon; Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony, Nevada; Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada; Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation, Nevada; Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada; Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada; Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada; Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada; Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada; Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (Four constituent bands: Battle Mountain Band; Elko Band; South Fork Band and Wells Band); Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada; Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California (Carson Colony, Dresslerville Colony, Woodfords Community, Stewart Community, & Washoe Ranches); Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada; Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada; and Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation, Nevada. History and Description of the Remains In 1940, human remains representing, at minimum, four individuals and 10 associated funerary objects were removed from Spirit Cave in Churchill County, NV, on lands then owned by the United States and now administered by the BLM Nevada State Office. Sydney and Georgia Wheeler located Spirit Cave during salvage excavations conducted by the Nevada State Parks Commission in and around the Lahontan Basin of western Nevada and made collections from the site. This ‘‘Spirit Cave Assemblage’’ was then curated at the Nevada State Museum in Carson City, NV. The human remains consist of one intact, well-preserved mummified skeleton of an adult male, aged 40–44 years (Spirit Cave Burial #2; NSM Catalog # Ahur 2064; commonly referred to as the ‘‘Spirit Cave mummy’’); one cremation burial (NSM Catalog #’s Ahur 752 and Ahur 773); one adult female, aged 30–35 years (NSM # Ahur 770); and a subadult male, aged approximately 15 years (NSM # Ahur 748). No known individuals were identified. The 10 associated funerary objects are one outer mat, one inner mat, two leather moccasins, one rabbit skin blanket, three woven bags, and two mat fragments. Radiocarbon dating estimates the age of the human remains to be between 5,400 to 10,600 years ago. VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:19 Oct 17, 2016 Jkt 241001 DNA analysis illustrates that the human remains in the Spirit Cave Assemblage are effectively more closely related to Native Americans than they are to any other population. The associated funerary objects contained within the Spirit Cave Assemblage manifest characteristics of Native American ancestry, including a rabbit skin blanket, moccasins, and woven mats. These cultural items are consistent with the raw materials used and the general types of items manufactured throughout the prehistory of the Great Basin. Therefore, the BLM Nevada State Office has determined that the human remains are Native American. While there are similarities in material culture between items buried with the individuals that are part of the Spirit Cave Assemblage and the Northern Paiute peoples, such as the rabbit skin blanket, these similarities are at a general Numic pattern within the Great Basin that includes many tribes (‘‘Numic pattern’’ refers to items or objects similarly made by multiple tribes of Paiute, Shoshone, Ute, and Goshute peoples who all share a common language group). The manufacturing of rabbit skin blankets, woven mats, and moccasins are all material items made by multiple tribes across the Great Basin, both past and present. Oral tradition suggests that while the Northern Paiute tribes originated in the region from which Spirit Cave is located, at least one other non-Paiute tribe once occupied the region as well. The available archeological and material culture evidence suggests that the Northern Paiute peoples and their associated modern tribes may have occupied the central Great Basin by 3,000 years ago, although there is no similar evidence which places them in the western Great Basin at this time. The DNA results also do not provide evidence that the Spirit Cave individuals were a distinct biological group from other groups of that age. Additionally, the age and small sample size of the Spirit Cave Assemblage does not provide sufficient evidence from which BLM can determine that the Spirit Cave individuals were part of a an identifiable earlier cultural group, pursuant to NAGPRA 43 CFR 10.14(c)(2). BLM cannot determine cultural affiliation of the Spirit Cave Assemblage. Determinations Made by the BLM Nevada State Office Officials of the BLM Nevada State Office have determined that: PO 00000 Frm 00073 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 71761 • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice are Native American. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice represent the physical remains of four individuals of Native American ancestry. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 10 objects described in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), a relationship of shared group identity cannot be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day Indian tribe. • According to final judgements of the Indian Claims Commission, the land from which the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects were removed is the aboriginal land of the Northern Paiute, represented by the Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon; Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada; PaiuteShoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada; Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada; Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada; Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada; Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada; Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada; and Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada. • Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1), the disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects may be to the Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon; Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada; PaiuteShoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada; Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada; Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada; Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada; Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada; Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada; and Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada. • Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(d), transfer of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada, may proceed. E:\FR\FM\18OCN1.SGM 18OCN1 71762 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 201 / Tuesday, October 18, 2016 / Notices Additional Requestors and Disposition Representatives of the Indian tribes that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request with information in support of the request to John Ruhs, State Director, Bureau of Land Management, Nevada State Office, 1340 Financial Boulevard, Reno, NV 89502–7147, telephone (775) 861–6590, email jruhs@blm.gov, by November 17, 2016. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada may proceed. The BLM Nevada State Office is responsible for notifying the Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon; Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada; PaiuteShoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada; Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada; Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada; Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada; Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada; Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada; and Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada that this notice has been published. Dated: October 5, 2016. Melanie O’Brien, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2016–25128 Filed 10–17–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–52–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–NER–FIIS–21587; PX.XDESCPP02001] Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Fire Island National Seashore General Management Plan National Park Service, Interior. Notice of availability. AGENCY: ACTION: The National Park Service (NPS) announces the availability of the Abbreviated Final General Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement (Abbreviated Final GMP/EIS) for Fire Island National Seashore, New York. The focus of this plan is to guide and direct NPS management strategies for the next 15 to 20 years that support the protection of important natural Lhorne on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:19 Oct 17, 2016 Jkt 241001 resources and processes; significant recreation resources; cultural resources of national, state, and local significance; and unique residential communities. The Abbreviated Final GMP/EIS also includes revisions to the Draft Wilderness Stewardship Plan and Backcountry Camping Policy for the Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness (WSP) which will guide decisions regarding the future use and protection of the congressionally designated Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness and areas adjacent to the wilderness that are designated backcountry camping areas. DATES: October 18, 2016. ADDRESSES: The Abbreviated Final GMP/EIS and WSP are available electronically at http:// www.parkplanning.nps.gov/fiis. A limited number of printed copies will be available upon request by contacting the Superintendent, Fire Island National Seashore, 120 Laurel Street, Patchogue, NY 11772–3596, 631–687–4770. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kaetlyn Jackson, Fire Island National Seashore, 631–687–4770, kaetlyn_ jackson@nps.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Fire Island National Seashore (the Seashore), a unit of the national park system, is located along the south shore of Long Island in Suffolk County, New York. The Seashore is composed of two distinct units: A 26-mile stretch of Fire Island, the 32-mile-long barrier island that runs parallel to the south shore of Long Island; and the William Floyd Estate, situated on the south shore of Long Island near the east end of Fire Island. The Fire Island unit encompasses 19,579 acres of upland, tidal, and submerged lands, including an extensive system of dunes, centuries-old maritime forests, solitary beaches, nearly 1,400 acres of federally designated wilderness, and the historic Fire Island Lighthouse. The William Floyd Estate is a 613-acre property that was the home of one of New York’s signers of the Declaration of Independence. Pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the NPS released a Draft General Management Plan/ Environmental Impact Statement (Draft GMP/EIS) on June 15, 2015 for a 90-day public review period. The Draft GMP/ EIS evaluated two sets of alternatives to address the specific needs of these two distinct units. One set addresses parkwide alternatives for the Seashore with a primary emphasis on the barrier island and includes a no-action alternative and two action alternatives. The other set of PO 00000 Frm 00074 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 alternatives focuses specifically on the William Floyd Estate and includes a noaction alternative and a single action alternative. Comments received on the Draft GMP/EIS resulted in minor changes to the text but did not significantly alter the alternatives or the impact analysis; thus, the National Park Service has prepared an Abbreviated Final General Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement (Abbreviated Final GMP/EIS). The Abbreviated Final GMP/ EIS discusses the public and agency comments received on the Draft GMP/ EIS and provides NPS responses. The Abbreviated Final GMP/EIS contains errata sheets that show factual corrections to the text of the Draft GMP/ EIS or where the text has been revised to reflect minor additions or changes suggested by commenters. As in the Draft GMP/EIS, the Abbreviated Final GMP/EIS identifies the NPS Preferred Alternative as the combination of Management Alternative 3 for Fire Island & Park-wide with Management Alternative B for the William Floyd Estate because together they best meet the Seashore’s management goals and convey the greatest number of significant beneficial results, relative to their potential impacts, in comparison with the other alternatives. Management Alternative 3 in combination with Management Alternative B would do the most to ensure the cooperative stewardship of Fire Island National Seashore’s dynamic coastal environment and its cultural and natural systems while recognizing its larger ecological, social, economic, and cultural context and meeting the specific needs and management goals of the William Floyd Estate. Circulated with the Draft GMP/EIS for public review was the Draft Wilderness Stewardship Plan and Backcountry Camping Policy for the Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness (WSP). The purpose of the WSP is to guide decisions regarding the future use and protection of the congressionally designated Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness and adjacent areas that are designated backcountry camping areas. It identifies the core qualities of wilderness character and outlines the framework through which the wilderness can be preserved, consistent with law, policy, and the specific legislative history applicable to this wilderness. The Abbreviated Final GMP/EIS contains errata sheets that show changes and clarifications to the Draft WSP. Some of the changes are a result of public comments while others are editorial in nature. When finalized, the WSP will replace the 1983 E:\FR\FM\18OCN1.SGM 18OCN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 201 (Tuesday, October 18, 2016)]
[Notices]
[Pages 71760-71762]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-25128]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-22110; PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000]


Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, 
Bureau of Land Management, Nevada State Office, Reno, NV

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management 
(BLM), Nevada State Office, has completed an inventory of human remains 
and associated funerary objects recovered from Spirit Cave, NV, in 
consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian 
organizations, and has determined that there is no cultural affiliation 
between the human remains and associated funerary objects and present-
day Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Representatives of 
any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this 
notice that wish to request transfer of control of the human remains 
and associated funerary objects should submit a written request to the 
BLM. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of 
the human remains and associated funerary objects from Spirit Cave may 
proceed.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian 
organization that wish to request transfer of control of the human 
remains and associated funerary objects from Spirit Cave should submit 
a written request with information in support of the request to the BLM 
Nevada State Office, at the address in this notice by November 17, 
2016.

ADDRESSES: John Ruhs, State Director, Bureau of Land Management, Nevada 
State Office, 1340 Financial Boulevard, Reno, NV 89502-7147, telephone 
(775) 861-6590, email jruhs@blm.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects under the control of the BLM Nevada State 
Office, Reno, NV. The human remains and associated funerary objects 
were removed from Spirit Cave in Churchill County, NV.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National 
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary 
objects was made by the BLM Nevada State Office professional staff in 
consultation with representatives of the Comanche Nation, Oklahoma; 
Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and Utah; 
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the

[[Page 71761]]

Duckwater Reservation, Nevada; Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada; Fort 
McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian 
Reservation, Nevada and Oregon; Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of 
the Las Vegas Indian Colony, Nevada; Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the 
Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada; Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the 
Moapa River Indian Reservation, Nevada; Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the 
Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada; Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the 
Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada; Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada; 
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada; Summit 
Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada; Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians 
of Nevada (Four constituent bands: Battle Mountain Band; Elko Band; 
South Fork Band and Wells Band); Walker River Paiute Tribe of the 
Walker River Reservation, Nevada; Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California 
(Carson Colony, Dresslerville Colony, Woodfords Community, Stewart 
Community, & Washoe Ranches); Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada; 
Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, 
Nevada; and Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation, Nevada.

History and Description of the Remains

    In 1940, human remains representing, at minimum, four individuals 
and 10 associated funerary objects were removed from Spirit Cave in 
Churchill County, NV, on lands then owned by the United States and now 
administered by the BLM Nevada State Office. Sydney and Georgia Wheeler 
located Spirit Cave during salvage excavations conducted by the Nevada 
State Parks Commission in and around the Lahontan Basin of western 
Nevada and made collections from the site. This ``Spirit Cave 
Assemblage'' was then curated at the Nevada State Museum in Carson 
City, NV. The human remains consist of one intact, well-preserved 
mummified skeleton of an adult male, aged 40-44 years (Spirit Cave 
Burial #2; NSM Catalog # Ahur 2064; commonly referred to as the 
``Spirit Cave mummy''); one cremation burial (NSM Catalog #'s Ahur 752 
and Ahur 773); one adult female, aged 30-35 years (NSM # Ahur 770); and 
a subadult male, aged approximately 15 years (NSM # Ahur 748). No known 
individuals were identified. The 10 associated funerary objects are one 
outer mat, one inner mat, two leather moccasins, one rabbit skin 
blanket, three woven bags, and two mat fragments. Radiocarbon dating 
estimates the age of the human remains to be between 5,400 to 10,600 
years ago.
    DNA analysis illustrates that the human remains in the Spirit Cave 
Assemblage are effectively more closely related to Native Americans 
than they are to any other population. The associated funerary objects 
contained within the Spirit Cave Assemblage manifest characteristics of 
Native American ancestry, including a rabbit skin blanket, moccasins, 
and woven mats. These cultural items are consistent with the raw 
materials used and the general types of items manufactured throughout 
the prehistory of the Great Basin. Therefore, the BLM Nevada State 
Office has determined that the human remains are Native American.
    While there are similarities in material culture between items 
buried with the individuals that are part of the Spirit Cave Assemblage 
and the Northern Paiute peoples, such as the rabbit skin blanket, these 
similarities are at a general Numic pattern within the Great Basin that 
includes many tribes (``Numic pattern'' refers to items or objects 
similarly made by multiple tribes of Paiute, Shoshone, Ute, and Goshute 
peoples who all share a common language group). The manufacturing of 
rabbit skin blankets, woven mats, and moccasins are all material items 
made by multiple tribes across the Great Basin, both past and present. 
Oral tradition suggests that while the Northern Paiute tribes 
originated in the region from which Spirit Cave is located, at least 
one other non-Paiute tribe once occupied the region as well. The 
available archeological and material culture evidence suggests that the 
Northern Paiute peoples and their associated modern tribes may have 
occupied the central Great Basin by 3,000 years ago, although there is 
no similar evidence which places them in the western Great Basin at 
this time. The DNA results also do not provide evidence that the Spirit 
Cave individuals were a distinct biological group from other groups of 
that age. Additionally, the age and small sample size of the Spirit 
Cave Assemblage does not provide sufficient evidence from which BLM can 
determine that the Spirit Cave individuals were part of a an 
identifiable earlier cultural group, pursuant to NAGPRA 43 CFR 
10.14(c)(2). BLM cannot determine cultural affiliation of the Spirit 
Cave Assemblage.

Determinations Made by the BLM Nevada State Office

    Officials of the BLM Nevada State Office have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice are Native American.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice represent the physical remains of four individuals of 
Native American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 10 objects described 
in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near 
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the 
death rite or ceremony.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), a relationship of shared 
group identity cannot be reasonably traced between the Native American 
human remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day 
Indian tribe.
     According to final judgements of the Indian Claims 
Commission, the land from which the Native American human remains and 
associated funerary objects were removed is the aboriginal land of the 
Northern Paiute, represented by the Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone 
Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon; 
Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada; Paiute-
Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada; Pyramid 
Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada; Reno-Sparks 
Indian Colony, Nevada; Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada; Walker River 
Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada; Winnemucca Indian 
Colony of Nevada; and Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & 
Campbell Ranch, Nevada.
     Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1), the disposition of the 
human remains and associated funerary objects may be to the Fort 
McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian 
Reservation, Nevada and Oregon; Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock 
Indian Colony, Nevada; Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation 
and Colony, Nevada; Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake 
Reservation, Nevada; Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada; Summit Lake 
Paiute Tribe of Nevada; Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River 
Reservation, Nevada; Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada; and Yerington 
Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada.
     Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(d), transfer of the human remains 
and associated funerary objects to the Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the 
Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada, may proceed.

[[Page 71762]]

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of the Indian tribes that wish to request transfer 
of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects 
should submit a written request with information in support of the 
request to John Ruhs, State Director, Bureau of Land Management, Nevada 
State Office, 1340 Financial Boulevard, Reno, NV 89502-7147, telephone 
(775) 861-6590, email jruhs@blm.gov, by November 17, 2016. After that 
date, if no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of 
control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the 
Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada may 
proceed.
    The BLM Nevada State Office is responsible for notifying the Fort 
McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian 
Reservation, Nevada and Oregon; Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock 
Indian Colony, Nevada; Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation 
and Colony, Nevada; Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake 
Reservation, Nevada; Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada; Summit Lake 
Paiute Tribe of Nevada; Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River 
Reservation, Nevada; Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada; and Yerington 
Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada that this 
notice has been published.

    Dated: October 5, 2016.
Melanie O'Brien,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2016-25128 Filed 10-17-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4312-52-P