Medical Devices; Physical Medicine Devices; Classification of the Upper Extremity Prosthesis Including a Simultaneously Powered Elbow and/or Shoulder With Greater Than Two Simultaneous Powered Degrees of Freedom and Controlled by Non-Implanted Electrical Components, 71610-71612 [2016-25001]

Download as PDF 71610 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 201 / Tuesday, October 18, 2016 / Rules and Regulations information. Absent that, I will have no basis from which to change the phase-in or move the threshold to something other than $3 billion. [FR Doc. 2016–25143 Filed 10–17–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6351–01–P DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 890 [Docket No. FDA–2016–N–2829] Medical Devices; Physical Medicine Devices; Classification of the Upper Extremity Prosthesis Including a Simultaneously Powered Elbow and/or Shoulder With Greater Than Two Simultaneous Powered Degrees of Freedom and Controlled by NonImplanted Electrical Components AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final order. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the Upper Extremity Prosthesis Including a Simultaneously Powered Elbow and/or Shoulder with Greater Than Two Simultaneous Powered Degrees of Freedom and Controlled by NonImplanted Electrical Components into class II (special controls). The special controls that will apply to the device are identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for the upper extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by nonimplanted electrical components’ classification. The Agency is classifying the device into class II (special controls) in order to provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device. DATES: This order is effective October 18, 2016. The classification was applicable on May 9, 2014. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michael Hoffmann, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 66, Rm. 2640, Silver Spring, MD, 20993–0002, 301–796–6476, Michael.Hoffmann@fda.hhs.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Lhorne on DSK30JT082PROD with RULES SUMMARY: I. Background In accordance with section 513(f)(1) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) (21 U.S.C. 360c(f)(1)), devices that were not in VerDate Sep<11>2014 12:31 Oct 17, 2016 Jkt 241001 commercial distribution before May 28, 1976 (the date of enactment of the Medical Device Amendments of 1976), generally referred to as postamendments devices, are classified automatically by statute into class III without any FDA rulemaking process. These devices remain in class III and require premarket approval, unless and until the device is classified or reclassified into class I or II, or FDA issues an order finding the device to be substantially equivalent, in accordance with section 513(i), to a predicate device that does not require premarket approval. The Agency determines whether new devices are substantially equivalent to predicate devices by means of premarket notification procedures in section 510(k) of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 360(k)) and part 807 (21 CFR part 807) of the regulations. Section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act, as amended by section 607 of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (Pub. L. 112–144), provides two procedures by which a person may request FDA to classify a device under the criteria set forth in section 513(a)(1). Under the first procedure, the person submits a premarket notification under section 510(k) of the FD&C Act for a device that has not previously been classified and, within 30 days of receiving an order classifying the device into class III under section 513(f)(1), the person requests a classification under section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act. Under the second procedure, rather than first submitting a premarket notification under section 510(k) and then a request for classification under the first procedure, the person determines that there is no legally marketed device upon which to base a determination of substantial equivalence and requests a classification under section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act. If the person submits a request to classify the device under this second procedure, FDA may decline to undertake the classification request if FDA identifies a legally marketed device that could provide a reasonable basis for review of substantial equivalence with the device or if FDA determines that the device submitted is not of ‘‘lowmoderate risk’’ or that general controls would be inadequate to control the risks and special controls to mitigate the risks cannot be developed. In response to a request to classify a device under either procedure provided by section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act, FDA shall classify the device by written order within 120 days. This classification will be the initial classification of the device. In accordance with section 513(f)(1) of the PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 FD&C Act, FDA issued an order on May 18, 2012, classifying the DEKA Arm System into class III, because it was not substantially equivalent to a device that was introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce for commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or a device which was subsequently reclassified into class I or class II. On June 15, 2012, DEKA Integrated Solutions Corporation submitted a request for classification of the DEKA Arm System under section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act. In accordance with section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act, FDA reviewed the request in order to classify the device under the criteria for classification set forth in section 513(a)(1). FDA classifies devices into class II if general controls by themselves are insufficient to provide reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness, but there is sufficient information to establish special controls to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device for its intended use. After review of the information submitted in the request, FDA determined that the device can be classified into class II with the establishment of special controls. FDA believes these special controls, in addition to general controls, will provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device. Therefore, on May 9, 2014, FDA issued an order to the requestor classifying the device into class II. FDA is codifying the classification of the device by adding 21 CFR 890.3450. Following the effective date of this final classification order, any firm submitting a premarket notification (510(k)) for an upper extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by non-implanted electrical components will need to comply with the special controls named in this final order. The device is assigned the generic name upper extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by nonimplanted electrical components, and it is identified as a prescription device intended for medical purposes, and intended to replace a partially or fully amputated or congenitally absent upper extremity. It uses electronic inputs (other than simple, manually controlled electrical components such as switches) to provide greater than two independent and simultaneously powered degrees of freedom and includes a simultaneously E:\FR\FM\18OCR1.SGM 18OCR1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 201 / Tuesday, October 18, 2016 / Rules and Regulations powered elbow and/or shoulder. Prosthetic arm components that are intended to be used as a system with other arm components must include all degrees of freedom of the total upper extremity prosthesis system. FDA has identified the following risks to health associated specifically with 71611 this type of device, as well as the mitigation measures required to mitigate these risks in table 1. TABLE 1—UPPER EXTREMITY PROSTHESIS INCLUDING A SIMULTANEOUSLY POWERED ELBOW AND/OR SHOULDER WITH GREATER THAN TWO SIMULTANEOUS POWERED DEGREES OF FREEDOM AND CONTROLLED BY NON-IMPLANTED ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS RISKS AND MITIGATION MEASURES Identified risk Mitigation measures Unintended Motion ..................................................................... Adverse Tissue Reaction ........................................................... Battery Failure ............................................................................ Electromagnetic Incompatibility .................................................. Electrical Safety Issues (e.g., shock) ......................................... Gripping Malfunction .................................................................. High Risk Activities (e.g., driving) .............................................. Malfunction Due to Environmental Conditions ........................... Lhorne on DSK30JT082PROD with RULES Use Error .................................................................................... FDA believes that the special controls, in combination with the general controls, address these risks to health and provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness. An upper extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by nonimplanted electrical components is not safe for use except under the supervision of a practitioner licensed by law to direct the use of the device. As such, the device is a prescription device and must satisfy prescription labeling requirements (see 21 CFR 801.109, Prescription devices). Section 510(m) of the FD&C Act provides that FDA may exempt a class II device from the premarket notification requirements under section 510(k) of the FD&C Act, if FDA determines that premarket notification is not necessary to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device. For this type of device, FDA has VerDate Sep<11>2014 12:31 Oct 17, 2016 Jkt 241001 Electronic Input Testing. Software Verification, Validation, and Hazards Analysis. Wireless Testing. Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Testing. Non-clinical Performance Testing. Water/Particle Ingress Testing. Durability Testing. Battery Testing. Labeling. Biocompatibility Assessment. Battery Testing. Water/Particle Ingress Testing. Labeling. EMC testing. Labeling. Electrical Safety Testing. Labeling. Non-clinical Performance Testing. Software Verification, Validation, and Hazards Analysis. Labeling. Labeling. Non-clinical Performance Testing. Battery Testing. Water/Particle Ingress Testing. Wireless Testing. EMC Testing. Flammability Testing. Labeling. Clinical Studies. Human Factors Studies. Labeling. determined that premarket notification is necessary to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device. Therefore, this device type is not exempt from premarket notification requirements. Persons who intend to market this type of device must submit to FDA a premarket notification, prior to marketing the device, which contains information about the upper extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by nonimplanted electrical components they intend to market. II. Analysis of Environmental Impact The Agency has determined under 21 CFR 25.34(b) that this action is of a type that does not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. Therefore, neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is required. PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 III. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 This final order establishes special controls that refer to previously approved collections of information found in other FDA regulations. These collections of information are subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501– 3520). The collections of information in part 807, subpart E, regarding premarket notification submissions have been approved under OMB control number 0910–0120, and the collections of information in 21 CFR part 801, regarding labeling have been approved under OMB control number 0910–0485. List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 890 Medical devices. Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, 21 CFR part 890 is amended as follows: E:\FR\FM\18OCR1.SGM 18OCR1 71612 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 201 / Tuesday, October 18, 2016 / Rules and Regulations PART 890—PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES 1. The authority citation for part 890 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 21 U.S.C. 351, 360, 360c, 360e, 360j, 360l, 371. 2. Add § 890.3450 to subpart D to read as follows: ■ Lhorne on DSK30JT082PROD with RULES § 890.3450 Upper extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by non-implanted electrical components. (a) Identification. A upper extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by non-implanted electrical components, is a prescription device intended for medical purposes, and is intended to replace a partially or fully amputated or congenitally absent upper extremity. It uses electronic inputs (other than simple, manually controlled electrical components such as switches) to provide greater than two independent and simultaneously powered degrees of freedom and includes a simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder. Prosthetic arm components that are intended to be used as a system with other arm components must include all degrees of freedom of the total upper extremity prosthesis system. (b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are: (1) Appropriate analysis/testing must validate electronic compatibility, electrical safety, thermal safety, mechanical safety, battery performance and safety, and wireless performance, if applicable. (2) Appropriate software verification, validation, and hazard analysis must be performed. (3) Non-clinical performance data must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. Performance testing must include: (i) Mechanical bench data, including durability testing, to demonstrate that the device will withstand forces, conditions, and environments encountered during use. (ii) Simulated use testing to demonstrate performance of arm commands and available safeguard(s) under worst case conditions and after durability testing. (iii) Verification and validation of force sensors and hand release button, if applicable, are necessary. (iv) Device functionality in terms of flame retardant materials, liquid/ VerDate Sep<11>2014 12:31 Oct 17, 2016 Jkt 241001 particle ingress prevention, sensor and actuator performance, and motor and brake performance. (v) The accuracy of the device features and safeguards. (4) Non-clinical and clinical performance testing must demonstrate the accuracy of device features and safeguards. (5) Elements of the device that may contact the patient must be demonstrated to be biocompatible. (6) Documented clinical experience and human factors testing must demonstrate safe and effective use, capture any adverse events observed during clinical use and demonstrate the accuracy of device features and safeguards. (7) Labeling for the Prosthetist and User Guide must include: (i) Appropriate instructions, warning, cautions, limitations, and information related to the necessary safeguards of the device, including warning against activities that may put the user at greater risk (e.g., driving). (ii) Specific instructions and the clinical training needed for the safe use of the device, which includes: (A) Instructions on assembling the device in all available configurations, (B) Instructions on fitting the patient, (C) Instructions and explanations of all available programs and how to program the device, (D) Instructions and explanation of all controls, input, and outputs, (E) Instructions on all available modes or states of the device, (F) Instructions on all safety features of the device, and (G) Instructions for maintaining the device. (iii) Information on the patient population for which the device has been demonstrated to be effective. (iv) A detailed summary of the nonclinical and clinical testing pertinent to use of the device. Dated: October 11, 2016. Leslie Kux, Associate Commissioner for Policy. [FR Doc. 2016–25001 Filed 10–17–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4164–01–P PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 [Docket No. USCG–2016–0610] Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway (AIWW), Wrightsville Beach, NC and Northeast Cape Fear River, Wilmington, NC Coast Guard, DHS. Notice of deviation from drawbridge regulation. AGENCY: ACTION: The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedules that govern the S.R. 74 (Wrightsville Beach) Bridge across the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway (AIWW), mile 283.1, at Wrightsville Beach, NC and the Isabel S. Holmes Bridge across the Northeast Cape Fear River, mile 1.0, at Wilmington, NC. The deviation is necessary to facilitate the 2016 PPD IRONMAN North Carolina ‘‘Beach2Battleship’’ Triathlon. This deviation allows these bridges to remain in their closed-to-navigation position. DATES: The deviation is effective from 6:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. on October 22, 2016. ADDRESSES: The docket for this deviation, [USCG–2016–0610] is available at http://www.regulations.gov. Type the docket number in the ‘‘SEARCH’’ box and click ‘‘SEARCH’’. Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this deviation. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions on this temporary deviation, call or email Mr. Michael Thorogood, Bridge Administration Branch Fifth District, Coast Guard, telephone 757–398–6557, email Michael.R.Thorogood@uscg.mil. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PPD Ironman North Carolina, on behalf of the North Carolina Department of Transportation, who owns the S.R. 74 (Wrightsville Beach) Bridge across the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway (AIWW), mile 283.1, at Wrightsville Beach, NC and the Isabel S. Holmes Bridge across the Northeast Cape Fear River, mile 1.0, at Wilmington, NC, has requested a temporary deviation from the current operating regulations set out in 33 CFR 117.821(a)(4) and 33 CFR 117.829(a), respectively, to ensure the safety of the participants and spectators associated with the 2016 PPD IRONMAN North Carolina ‘‘Beach2Battleship’’ Triathlon. Under this temporary deviation, the S.R. 74 (Wrightsville Beach) Bridge will be maintained in the closed-tonavigation position from 6:30 a.m. to 11 SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\18OCR1.SGM 18OCR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 201 (Tuesday, October 18, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 71610-71612]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-25001]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Food and Drug Administration

21 CFR Part 890

[Docket No. FDA-2016-N-2829]


Medical Devices; Physical Medicine Devices; Classification of the 
Upper Extremity Prosthesis Including a Simultaneously Powered Elbow 
and/or Shoulder With Greater Than Two Simultaneous Powered Degrees of 
Freedom and Controlled by Non-Implanted Electrical Components

AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION: Final order.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the 
Upper Extremity Prosthesis Including a Simultaneously Powered Elbow 
and/or Shoulder with Greater Than Two Simultaneous Powered Degrees of 
Freedom and Controlled by Non-Implanted Electrical Components into 
class II (special controls). The special controls that will apply to 
the device are identified in this order and will be part of the 
codified language for the upper extremity prosthesis including a 
simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two 
simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by non-implanted 
electrical components' classification. The Agency is classifying the 
device into class II (special controls) in order to provide a 
reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device.

DATES: This order is effective October 18, 2016. The classification was 
applicable on May 9, 2014.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michael Hoffmann, Center for Devices 
and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New 
Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 66, Rm. 2640, Silver Spring, MD, 20993-0002, 301-
796-6476, Michael.Hoffmann@fda.hhs.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Background

    In accordance with section 513(f)(1) of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) (21 U.S.C. 360c(f)(1)), devices that were 
not in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976 (the date of 
enactment of the Medical Device Amendments of 1976), generally referred 
to as postamendments devices, are classified automatically by statute 
into class III without any FDA rulemaking process. These devices remain 
in class III and require premarket approval, unless and until the 
device is classified or reclassified into class I or II, or FDA issues 
an order finding the device to be substantially equivalent, in 
accordance with section 513(i), to a predicate device that does not 
require premarket approval. The Agency determines whether new devices 
are substantially equivalent to predicate devices by means of premarket 
notification procedures in section 510(k) of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 
360(k)) and part 807 (21 CFR part 807) of the regulations.
    Section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act, as amended by section 607 of the 
Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (Pub. L. 112-
144), provides two procedures by which a person may request FDA to 
classify a device under the criteria set forth in section 513(a)(1). 
Under the first procedure, the person submits a premarket notification 
under section 510(k) of the FD&C Act for a device that has not 
previously been classified and, within 30 days of receiving an order 
classifying the device into class III under section 513(f)(1), the 
person requests a classification under section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C 
Act. Under the second procedure, rather than first submitting a 
premarket notification under section 510(k) and then a request for 
classification under the first procedure, the person determines that 
there is no legally marketed device upon which to base a determination 
of substantial equivalence and requests a classification under section 
513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act. If the person submits a request to classify 
the device under this second procedure, FDA may decline to undertake 
the classification request if FDA identifies a legally marketed device 
that could provide a reasonable basis for review of substantial 
equivalence with the device or if FDA determines that the device 
submitted is not of ``low-moderate risk'' or that general controls 
would be inadequate to control the risks and special controls to 
mitigate the risks cannot be developed.
    In response to a request to classify a device under either 
procedure provided by section 513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act, FDA shall 
classify the device by written order within 120 days. This 
classification will be the initial classification of the device. In 
accordance with section 513(f)(1) of the FD&C Act, FDA issued an order 
on May 18, 2012, classifying the DEKA Arm System into class III, 
because it was not substantially equivalent to a device that was 
introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce for 
commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or a device which was 
subsequently reclassified into class I or class II.
    On June 15, 2012, DEKA Integrated Solutions Corporation submitted a 
request for classification of the DEKA Arm System under section 
513(f)(2) of the FD&C Act. In accordance with section 513(f)(2) of the 
FD&C Act, FDA reviewed the request in order to classify the device 
under the criteria for classification set forth in section 513(a)(1). 
FDA classifies devices into class II if general controls by themselves 
are insufficient to provide reasonable assurance of safety and 
effectiveness, but there is sufficient information to establish special 
controls to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and 
effectiveness of the device for its intended use. After review of the 
information submitted in the request, FDA determined that the device 
can be classified into class II with the establishment of special 
controls. FDA believes these special controls, in addition to general 
controls, will provide reasonable assurance of the safety and 
effectiveness of the device.
    Therefore, on May 9, 2014, FDA issued an order to the requestor 
classifying the device into class II. FDA is codifying the 
classification of the device by adding 21 CFR 890.3450.
    Following the effective date of this final classification order, 
any firm submitting a premarket notification (510(k)) for an upper 
extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously powered elbow and/or 
shoulder with greater than two simultaneous powered degrees of freedom 
and controlled by non-implanted electrical components will need to 
comply with the special controls named in this final order. The device 
is assigned the generic name upper extremity prosthesis including a 
simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two 
simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by non-implanted 
electrical components, and it is identified as a prescription device 
intended for medical purposes, and intended to replace a partially or 
fully amputated or congenitally absent upper extremity. It uses 
electronic inputs (other than simple, manually controlled electrical 
components such as switches) to provide greater than two independent 
and simultaneously powered degrees of freedom and includes a 
simultaneously

[[Page 71611]]

powered elbow and/or shoulder. Prosthetic arm components that are 
intended to be used as a system with other arm components must include 
all degrees of freedom of the total upper extremity prosthesis system.
    FDA has identified the following risks to health associated 
specifically with this type of device, as well as the mitigation 
measures required to mitigate these risks in table 1.

 Table 1--Upper Extremity Prosthesis Including a Simultaneously Powered Elbow and/or Shoulder With Greater Than
   Two Simultaneous Powered Degrees of Freedom and Controlled by Non-Implanted Electrical Components Risks and
                                               Mitigation Measures
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Identified risk                                        Mitigation measures
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unintended Motion.................................  Electronic Input Testing.
                                                    Software Verification, Validation, and Hazards Analysis.
                                                    Wireless Testing.
                                                    Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Testing.
                                                    Non-clinical Performance Testing.
                                                    Water/Particle Ingress Testing.
                                                    Durability Testing.
                                                    Battery Testing.
                                                    Labeling.
Adverse Tissue Reaction...........................  Biocompatibility Assessment.
Battery Failure...................................  Battery Testing.
                                                    Water/Particle Ingress Testing.
                                                    Labeling.
Electromagnetic Incompatibility...................  EMC testing.
                                                    Labeling.
Electrical Safety Issues (e.g., shock)............  Electrical Safety Testing.
                                                    Labeling.
Gripping Malfunction..............................  Non-clinical Performance Testing.
                                                    Software Verification, Validation, and Hazards Analysis.
                                                    Labeling.
High Risk Activities (e.g., driving)..............  Labeling.
Malfunction Due to Environmental Conditions.......  Non-clinical Performance Testing.
                                                    Battery Testing.
                                                    Water/Particle Ingress Testing.
                                                    Wireless Testing.
                                                    EMC Testing.
                                                    Flammability Testing.
                                                    Labeling.
Use Error.........................................  Clinical Studies.
                                                    Human Factors Studies.
                                                    Labeling.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    FDA believes that the special controls, in combination with the 
general controls, address these risks to health and provide reasonable 
assurance of the safety and effectiveness.
    An upper extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously powered 
elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two simultaneous powered 
degrees of freedom and controlled by non-implanted electrical 
components is not safe for use except under the supervision of a 
practitioner licensed by law to direct the use of the device. As such, 
the device is a prescription device and must satisfy prescription 
labeling requirements (see 21 CFR 801.109, Prescription devices).
    Section 510(m) of the FD&C Act provides that FDA may exempt a class 
II device from the premarket notification requirements under section 
510(k) of the FD&C Act, if FDA determines that premarket notification 
is not necessary to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and 
effectiveness of the device. For this type of device, FDA has 
determined that premarket notification is necessary to provide 
reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device. 
Therefore, this device type is not exempt from premarket notification 
requirements. Persons who intend to market this type of device must 
submit to FDA a premarket notification, prior to marketing the device, 
which contains information about the upper extremity prosthesis 
including a simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater 
than two simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by non-
implanted electrical components they intend to market.

II. Analysis of Environmental Impact

    The Agency has determined under 21 CFR 25.34(b) that this action is 
of a type that does not individually or cumulatively have a significant 
effect on the human environment. Therefore, neither an environmental 
assessment nor an environmental impact statement is required.

III. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

    This final order establishes special controls that refer to 
previously approved collections of information found in other FDA 
regulations. These collections of information are subject to review by 
the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction 
Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520). The collections of information in 
part 807, subpart E, regarding premarket notification submissions have 
been approved under OMB control number 0910-0120, and the collections 
of information in 21 CFR part 801, regarding labeling have been 
approved under OMB control number 0910-0485.

List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 890

    Medical devices.

    Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under 
authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, 21 CFR part 
890 is amended as follows:

[[Page 71612]]

PART 890--PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES

0
1. The authority citation for part 890 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  21 U.S.C. 351, 360, 360c, 360e, 360j, 360l, 371.

0
2. Add Sec.  890.3450 to subpart D to read as follows:


Sec.  890.3450   Upper extremity prosthesis including a simultaneously 
powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two simultaneous 
powered degrees of freedom and controlled by non-implanted electrical 
components.

    (a) Identification. A upper extremity prosthesis including a 
simultaneously powered elbow and/or shoulder with greater than two 
simultaneous powered degrees of freedom and controlled by non-implanted 
electrical components, is a prescription device intended for medical 
purposes, and is intended to replace a partially or fully amputated or 
congenitally absent upper extremity. It uses electronic inputs (other 
than simple, manually controlled electrical components such as 
switches) to provide greater than two independent and simultaneously 
powered degrees of freedom and includes a simultaneously powered elbow 
and/or shoulder. Prosthetic arm components that are intended to be used 
as a system with other arm components must include all degrees of 
freedom of the total upper extremity prosthesis system.
    (b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special 
controls for this device are:
    (1) Appropriate analysis/testing must validate electronic 
compatibility, electrical safety, thermal safety, mechanical safety, 
battery performance and safety, and wireless performance, if 
applicable.
    (2) Appropriate software verification, validation, and hazard 
analysis must be performed.
    (3) Non-clinical performance data must demonstrate that the device 
performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. Performance 
testing must include:
    (i) Mechanical bench data, including durability testing, to 
demonstrate that the device will withstand forces, conditions, and 
environments encountered during use.
    (ii) Simulated use testing to demonstrate performance of arm 
commands and available safeguard(s) under worst case conditions and 
after durability testing.
    (iii) Verification and validation of force sensors and hand release 
button, if applicable, are necessary.
    (iv) Device functionality in terms of flame retardant materials, 
liquid/particle ingress prevention, sensor and actuator performance, 
and motor and brake performance.
    (v) The accuracy of the device features and safeguards.
    (4) Non-clinical and clinical performance testing must demonstrate 
the accuracy of device features and safeguards.
    (5) Elements of the device that may contact the patient must be 
demonstrated to be biocompatible.
    (6) Documented clinical experience and human factors testing must 
demonstrate safe and effective use, capture any adverse events observed 
during clinical use and demonstrate the accuracy of device features and 
safeguards.
    (7) Labeling for the Prosthetist and User Guide must include:
    (i) Appropriate instructions, warning, cautions, limitations, and 
information related to the necessary safeguards of the device, 
including warning against activities that may put the user at greater 
risk (e.g., driving).
    (ii) Specific instructions and the clinical training needed for the 
safe use of the device, which includes:
    (A) Instructions on assembling the device in all available 
configurations,
    (B) Instructions on fitting the patient,
    (C) Instructions and explanations of all available programs and how 
to program the device,
    (D) Instructions and explanation of all controls, input, and 
outputs,
    (E) Instructions on all available modes or states of the device,
    (F) Instructions on all safety features of the device, and
    (G) Instructions for maintaining the device.
    (iii) Information on the patient population for which the device 
has been demonstrated to be effective.
    (iv) A detailed summary of the non-clinical and clinical testing 
pertinent to use of the device.

    Dated: October 11, 2016.
Leslie Kux,
Associate Commissioner for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2016-25001 Filed 10-17-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4164-01-P