Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fisheries, 70369-70371 [2016-24623]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 197 / Wednesday, October 12, 2016 / Rules and Regulations 2. In § 622.39, revise paragraph (a)(1)(iii)(C) to read as follows: ■ § 622.39 Quotas. * * * * * (a) * * * (1) * * * (iii) * * * (C) Red grouper—7,780,000 lb (3,528,949 kg). * * * * * ■ 3. In § 622.41, revise the last sentence of paragraph (e)(1) and paragraph (e)(2)(iv) to read as follows: § 622.41 Annual catch limits (ACLs), annual catch targets (ACTs), and accountability measures (AMs). * * * * * (e) * * * (1) * * * The applicable commercial ACL for red grouper, in gutted weight, is 8,190,000 lb (3,714,922 kg). (2) * * * (iv) The recreational ACL for red grouper, in gutted weight, is 2,580,000 lb (1,170,268 kg). The recreational ACT for red grouper, in gutted weight, is 2,370,000 lb (1,075,014 kg). * * * * * [FR Doc. 2016–24587 Filed 10–11–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–22–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 635 [Docket No. 150121066–5717–02] RIN 0648–XE930 Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fisheries National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Temporary rule; inseason General category bluefin tuna quota transfer and retention limit adjustment. AGENCY: NMFS is transferring 125 metric tons (mt) of Atlantic bluefin tuna (BFT) quota from the Reserve category to the General category for the remainder of the 2016 fishing year. This transfer results in an adjusted 2016 General category quota of 591.7 mt. NMFS also is adjusting the Atlantic tunas General category BFT daily retention limit from five large medium or giant BFT per vessel per day/trip to four large medium or giant BFT per vessel per day/trip for the remainder of the 2016 fishing year. This action is based on consideration of the regulatory mstockstill on DSK3G9T082PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:05 Oct 11, 2016 Jkt 241001 determination criteria regarding inseason adjustments and applies to Atlantic tunas General category (commercial) permitted vessels and Highly Migratory Species (HMS) Charter/Headboat category permitted vessels when fishing commercially for BFT. DATES: The quota transfer is effective October 6, 2016 through December 31, 2016. The general category retention limit adjustment is effective October 9, 2016 through December 31, 2016. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sarah McLaughlin or Brad McHale, 978–281–9260. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Regulations implemented under the authority of the Atlantic Tunas Convention Act (ATCA; 16 U.S.C. 971 et seq.) and the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-Stevens Act; 16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) governing the harvest of BFT by persons and vessels subject to U.S. jurisdiction are found at 50 CFR part 635. Section 635.27 subdivides the U.S. BFT quota recommended by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) among the various domestic fishing categories, per the allocations established in the 2006 Consolidated Highly Migratory Species Fishery Management Plan (2006 Consolidated HMS FMP) (71 FR 58058, October 2, 2006), as amended by Amendment 7 to the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP (Amendment 7) (79 FR 71510, December 2, 2014). NMFS is required under ATCA and the Magnuson-Stevens Act to provide U.S. fishing vessels with a reasonable opportunity to harvest the ICCAT-recommended quota. The base quota for the General category is 466.7 mt. See § 635.27(a). Each of the General category time periods (January, June through August, September, October through November, and December) is allocated a portion of the annual General category quota. Although it is called the ‘‘January’’ subquota, the regulations allow the General category fishery under this quota to continue until the subquota is reached or March 31, whichever comes first. Based on the General category base quota of 466.7 mt, the subquotas for each time period are as follows: 24.7 mt for January; 233.3 mt for June through August; 123.7 mt for September; 60.7 mt for October through November; and 24.3 mt for December. Any unused General category quota rolls forward within the fishing year, which coincides with the calendar year, from one time period to the next, and is available for use in subsequent time periods. On December PO 00000 Frm 00051 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 70369 14, 2015, NMFS published an inseason action transferring 24.3 mt of BFT quota from the December 2016 subquota to the January 2016 subquota period (80 FR 77264). To date this year, NMFS has published two actions that have adjusted and/or distributed available 2016 Reserve category quota to other quota categories (81 FR 19, January 4, 2016; and 81 FR 60286, September 1, 2016). The Reserve category balance currently is 200.58 mt. The 2016 General category fishery was open January 1, 2016, through March 31, 2016, reopened June 1, 2016, and remains open until December 31, 2016, or until the General category quota is reached, whichever comes first. Quota Transfer Under § 635.27(a)(9), NMFS has the authority to transfer quota among fishing categories or subcategories, after considering 14 determination criteria provided under § 635.27(a)(8), including five new criteria added in Amendment 7. NMFS has considered all of the relevant determination criteria and their applicability to this inseason quota transfer and change in retention limit in the General category fishery. The criteria and their application are discussed below. Transfer of 125 mt From the Reserve Category to the General Category For the inseason quota transfer, NMFS considered the usefulness of information obtained from catches in the particular category for biological sampling and monitoring of the status of the stock (§ 635.27(a)(8)(i)), biological samples collected from BFT landed by General category fishermen and provided by tuna dealers provide NMFS with valuable parts and data for ongoing scientific studies of BFT age and growth, migration, and reproductive status. Additional opportunity to land BFT in the General Category would support the continued collection of a broad range of data for these studies and for stock monitoring purposes. NMFS also considered the catches of the General category quota to date and the likelihood of closure of that segment of the fishery if no adjustment is made (§ 635.27(a)(8)(ii)). As of October 5, 2016, the General category has landed all 466.7 mt of its 2016 quota. Without a quota transfer, NMFS would have to close the 2016 General category fishery for the remainder of the year. Regarding the projected ability of the vessels fishing under the particular category quota (here, the General category) to harvest the additional amount of BFT before the end of the fishing year E:\FR\FM\12OCR1.SGM 12OCR1 mstockstill on DSK3G9T082PROD with RULES 70370 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 197 / Wednesday, October 12, 2016 / Rules and Regulations (§ 635.27(a)(8)(iii), NMFS considered catches during the winter fishery in the last several years. General category landings in the winter BFT fishery, which typically begins in December or January each year, are highly variable and depend on availability of commercial-sized BFT. Commercialsized BFT have continued to be available to General category vessels currently, and NMFS believes that the General category vessels will be able to harvest the additional amount (125 mt) of quota before the end of the fishing year. NMFS also considered the estimated amounts by which quotas for other gear categories of the fishery might be exceeded (§ 635.27(a)(8)(iv)) and the ability to account for all 2016 landings and dead discards. Overall, approximately 56 percent of the total of the currently available commercial BFT subquotas for 2016 has been harvested. NMFS will need to account for 2016 landings and dead discards within the adjusted U.S. quota, consistent with ICCAT recommendations and anticipates having sufficient quota to do that even with this transfer from the Reserve category. This quota transfer would provide additional opportunities to harvest the U.S. BFT quota without exceeding it, while preserving the opportunity for General category fishermen to participate in the winter BFT fishery. Another principal consideration is the objective of providing opportunities to harvest the full annual U.S. BFT quota without exceeding it based on the goals of the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP and Amendment 7, including to achieve optimum yield on a continuing basis and to optimize the ability of all permit categories to harvest their full BFT quota allocations (§ 635.27(a)(8)(vi)). This transfer is consistent with the quotas established and analyzed in the most recent BFT quota final rule (80 FR 52198, August 28, 2015) and with objectives of the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP and amendments, and is not expected to negatively impact stock health or to affect the stock in ways not already analyzed in those documents (§ 635.27(a)(8)(v) and (x)). Based on the considerations above, NMFS is transferring 125 mt of Reserve category quota to the General category for the remainder of 2016, resulting in adjusted General and Reserve category quotas for 2016 of 591.7 mt and 75.6 mt, respectively. NMFS will close the 2016 General category fishery when the adjusted General category quota of 591.7 mt has been reached, unless future adjustments are warranted (as described in the Monitoring and Reporting section VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:05 Oct 11, 2016 Jkt 241001 below), or it will close automatically on December 31, 2016. Adjustment of General Category Daily Retention Limit Under § 635.23(a)(4), NMFS may increase or decrease the daily retention limit of large medium and giant BFT over a range of zero to a maximum of five per vessel based on consideration of the relevant criteria provided under § 635.27(a)(8), and listed above. NMFS adjusted the daily retention limit for the 2016 January subquota period (which closed March 31) from the default level of one large medium or giant BFT to three large medium or giant BFT in December 2016 (80 FR 77264, December 14, 2015). NMFS adjusted the daily retention limit to five large medium or giant BFT for the June through August 2016 subquota period (81 FR 29501, May 12, 2016), and again for the September, October through November, and December periods (81 FR 59153, August 29, 2016). NMFS has considered the relevant criteria and their applicability to the General category BFT retention limit for the remainder of the fishing year. As described above with regard to the quota transfer, additional opportunity to land BFT would support the continued collection of a broad range of data for the biological studies and for stock monitoring purposes (§ 635.27(a)(8)(i)). Regarding the effects of the adjustment on BFT stock rebuilding and the effects of the adjustment on accomplishing the objectives of the fishery management plan (§ 635.27(a)(8)(v) and (x)), this action would be taken consistent with the previously implemented and analyzed quotas, and it is not expected to negatively impact stock health or otherwise affect the stock in ways not previously analyzed. It is also supported by the Environmental Analysis for the 2011 final rule regarding General and Harpoon category management measures, which established the current range over which we may set the General category daily retention limit (i.e., from zero to five fish) (76 FR 74003, November 30, 2011). As described above, a principal consideration is the objective of providing opportunities to harvest the available U.S. BFT quota without exceeding that quota, based on the goals of the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP and Amendment 7. The retention limit currently is five fish. We are setting the retention limit at four through this action because, given the expected level of fishing effort and catch rates, a continued level of five fish may lead to exceeding the adjusted category quota, PO 00000 Frm 00052 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 and less than four would likely result in underharvest. Based on these considerations, NMFS has determined that a four-fish General category retention limit is warranted for the remainder of the year. It would provide a reasonable opportunity to harvest the U.S. quota of BFT without exceeding it, while maintaining an equitable distribution of fishing opportunities, help optimize the ability of the General category to harvest its available quota, allow collection of a broad range of data for stock monitoring purposes, and be consistent with the objectives of the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP and amendments. Therefore, NMFS adjusts the General category retention limit from five to four large medium or giant BFT per vessel per day/trip, effective October 9, 2016 through December 31, 2016. Regardless of the duration of a fishing trip, the daily retention limit applies upon landing. For example (and specific to the limit that will apply through the end of the year), whether a vessel fishing under the General category limit takes a two-day trip or makes two trips in one day, the day/trip limit of four fish applies and may not be exceeded upon landing. This General category retention limit is effective in all areas, except for the Gulf of Mexico, where NMFS prohibits targeted fishing for BFT, and applies to those vessels permitted in the General category, as well as to those HMS Charter/Headboat permitted vessels fishing commercially for BFT. Monitoring and Reporting NMFS will continue to monitor the BFT fishery closely. Dealers are required to submit landing reports within 24 hours of a dealer receiving BFT. General, HMS Charter/Headboat, Harpoon, and Angling category vessel owners are required to report the catch of all BFT retained or discarded dead, within 24 hours of the landing(s) or end of each trip, by accessing hmspermits.noaa.gov. Depending on the level of fishing effort and catch rates of BFT, NMFS may determine that additional action (i.e., quota and/or daily retention limit adjustment, or closure) is necessary to ensure available quota is not exceeded or to enhance scientific data collection from, and fishing opportunities in, all geographic areas. If needed, subsequent adjustments will be published in the Federal Register. In addition, fishermen may call the Atlantic Tunas Information Line at (978) 281–9260, or access hmspermits.noaa.gov, for updates on quota monitoring and inseason adjustments. E:\FR\FM\12OCR1.SGM 12OCR1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 197 / Wednesday, October 12, 2016 / Rules and Regulations mstockstill on DSK3G9T082PROD with RULES Classification The Assistant Administrator for NMFS (AA) finds that it is impracticable and contrary to the public interest to provide prior notice of, and an opportunity for public comment on, this action for the following reasons: The regulations implementing the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP and amendments provide for inseason retention limit adjustments to respond to the unpredictable nature of BFT availability on the fishing grounds, the migratory nature of this species, and the regional variations in the BFT fishery. Affording prior notice and an opportunity for public comment to implement the quota transfer and daily retention limit for the remainder of the year is impracticable as NMFS must react as quickly as possible to updated data and information that then requires immediate action to be effective on the fishing grounds and thus efficiently manage the fishery. NMFS could not VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:05 Oct 11, 2016 Jkt 241001 effectively react to this data if, in implementing the retention limit, it allowed a public comment period, which, for both the quota transfers, would preclude fishermen from harvesting BFT that are legally available consistent with all of the regulatory criteria. Delays in adjusting the retention limit may result in the available quota being exceeded and NMFS needing to close the fishery earlier than otherwise would be necessary under a lower limit. This could adversely affect those General and HMS Charter/Headboat category vessels that would otherwise have an opportunity to harvest BFT under retention limits set in response to the most recent data available. Limited opportunities to harvest the respective quotas may have negative social and economic impacts for U.S. fishermen that depend upon catching the available quota within the time periods designated in the 2006 Consolidated PO 00000 Frm 00053 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 9990 70371 HMS FMP, as amended. Adjustment of the retention limit needs to be effective as soon as possible to extend fishing opportunities for fishermen in geographic areas with access to the fishery only during this time period. Therefore, the AA finds good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B) to waive prior notice and the opportunity for public comment. For these reasons, there is good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(d) to waive the 30-day delay in effectiveness. This action is being taken under §§ 635.23(a)(4) and 635.27(a)(9), and is exempt from review under Executive Order 12866. Authority: 16 U.S.C. 971 et seq. and 1801 et seq. Dated: October 6, 2016. Emily H. Menashes, Acting Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries Service. [FR Doc. 2016–24623 Filed 10–6–16; 4:15 pm] BILLING CODE 3510–22–P E:\FR\FM\12OCR1.SGM 12OCR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 197 (Wednesday, October 12, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 70369-70371]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-24623]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

50 CFR Part 635

[Docket No. 150121066-5717-02]
RIN 0648-XE930


Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Atlantic Bluefin Tuna 
Fisheries

AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce.

ACTION: Temporary rule; inseason General category bluefin tuna quota 
transfer and retention limit adjustment.

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SUMMARY: NMFS is transferring 125 metric tons (mt) of Atlantic bluefin 
tuna (BFT) quota from the Reserve category to the General category for 
the remainder of the 2016 fishing year. This transfer results in an 
adjusted 2016 General category quota of 591.7 mt. NMFS also is 
adjusting the Atlantic tunas General category BFT daily retention limit 
from five large medium or giant BFT per vessel per day/trip to four 
large medium or giant BFT per vessel per day/trip for the remainder of 
the 2016 fishing year. This action is based on consideration of the 
regulatory determination criteria regarding inseason adjustments and 
applies to Atlantic tunas General category (commercial) permitted 
vessels and Highly Migratory Species (HMS) Charter/Headboat category 
permitted vessels when fishing commercially for BFT.

DATES: The quota transfer is effective October 6, 2016 through December 
31, 2016. The general category retention limit adjustment is effective 
October 9, 2016 through December 31, 2016.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sarah McLaughlin or Brad McHale, 978-
281-9260.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Regulations implemented under the authority 
of the Atlantic Tunas Convention Act (ATCA; 16 U.S.C. 971 et seq.) and 
the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-
Stevens Act; 16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) governing the harvest of BFT by 
persons and vessels subject to U.S. jurisdiction are found at 50 CFR 
part 635. Section 635.27 subdivides the U.S. BFT quota recommended by 
the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas 
(ICCAT) among the various domestic fishing categories, per the 
allocations established in the 2006 Consolidated Highly Migratory 
Species Fishery Management Plan (2006 Consolidated HMS FMP) (71 FR 
58058, October 2, 2006), as amended by Amendment 7 to the 2006 
Consolidated HMS FMP (Amendment 7) (79 FR 71510, December 2, 2014). 
NMFS is required under ATCA and the Magnuson-Stevens Act to provide 
U.S. fishing vessels with a reasonable opportunity to harvest the 
ICCAT-recommended quota.
    The base quota for the General category is 466.7 mt. See Sec.  
635.27(a). Each of the General category time periods (January, June 
through August, September, October through November, and December) is 
allocated a portion of the annual General category quota. Although it 
is called the ``January'' subquota, the regulations allow the General 
category fishery under this quota to continue until the subquota is 
reached or March 31, whichever comes first. Based on the General 
category base quota of 466.7 mt, the subquotas for each time period are 
as follows: 24.7 mt for January; 233.3 mt for June through August; 
123.7 mt for September; 60.7 mt for October through November; and 24.3 
mt for December. Any unused General category quota rolls forward within 
the fishing year, which coincides with the calendar year, from one time 
period to the next, and is available for use in subsequent time 
periods. On December 14, 2015, NMFS published an inseason action 
transferring 24.3 mt of BFT quota from the December 2016 subquota to 
the January 2016 subquota period (80 FR 77264). To date this year, NMFS 
has published two actions that have adjusted and/or distributed 
available 2016 Reserve category quota to other quota categories (81 FR 
19, January 4, 2016; and 81 FR 60286, September 1, 2016). The Reserve 
category balance currently is 200.58 mt.
    The 2016 General category fishery was open January 1, 2016, through 
March 31, 2016, reopened June 1, 2016, and remains open until December 
31, 2016, or until the General category quota is reached, whichever 
comes first.

Quota Transfer

    Under Sec.  635.27(a)(9), NMFS has the authority to transfer quota 
among fishing categories or subcategories, after considering 14 
determination criteria provided under Sec.  635.27(a)(8), including 
five new criteria added in Amendment 7.
    NMFS has considered all of the relevant determination criteria and 
their applicability to this inseason quota transfer and change in 
retention limit in the General category fishery. The criteria and their 
application are discussed below.

Transfer of 125 mt From the Reserve Category to the General Category

    For the inseason quota transfer, NMFS considered the usefulness of 
information obtained from catches in the particular category for 
biological sampling and monitoring of the status of the stock (Sec.  
635.27(a)(8)(i)), biological samples collected from BFT landed by 
General category fishermen and provided by tuna dealers provide NMFS 
with valuable parts and data for ongoing scientific studies of BFT age 
and growth, migration, and reproductive status. Additional opportunity 
to land BFT in the General Category would support the continued 
collection of a broad range of data for these studies and for stock 
monitoring purposes.
    NMFS also considered the catches of the General category quota to 
date and the likelihood of closure of that segment of the fishery if no 
adjustment is made (Sec.  635.27(a)(8)(ii)). As of October 5, 2016, the 
General category has landed all 466.7 mt of its 2016 quota. Without a 
quota transfer, NMFS would have to close the 2016 General category 
fishery for the remainder of the year. Regarding the projected ability 
of the vessels fishing under the particular category quota (here, the 
General category) to harvest the additional amount of BFT before the 
end of the fishing year

[[Page 70370]]

(Sec.  635.27(a)(8)(iii), NMFS considered catches during the winter 
fishery in the last several years. General category landings in the 
winter BFT fishery, which typically begins in December or January each 
year, are highly variable and depend on availability of commercial-
sized BFT. Commercial-sized BFT have continued to be available to 
General category vessels currently, and NMFS believes that the General 
category vessels will be able to harvest the additional amount (125 mt) 
of quota before the end of the fishing year.
    NMFS also considered the estimated amounts by which quotas for 
other gear categories of the fishery might be exceeded (Sec.  
635.27(a)(8)(iv)) and the ability to account for all 2016 landings and 
dead discards. Overall, approximately 56 percent of the total of the 
currently available commercial BFT subquotas for 2016 has been 
harvested. NMFS will need to account for 2016 landings and dead 
discards within the adjusted U.S. quota, consistent with ICCAT 
recommendations and anticipates having sufficient quota to do that even 
with this transfer from the Reserve category. This quota transfer would 
provide additional opportunities to harvest the U.S. BFT quota without 
exceeding it, while preserving the opportunity for General category 
fishermen to participate in the winter BFT fishery.
    Another principal consideration is the objective of providing 
opportunities to harvest the full annual U.S. BFT quota without 
exceeding it based on the goals of the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP and 
Amendment 7, including to achieve optimum yield on a continuing basis 
and to optimize the ability of all permit categories to harvest their 
full BFT quota allocations (Sec.  635.27(a)(8)(vi)). This transfer is 
consistent with the quotas established and analyzed in the most recent 
BFT quota final rule (80 FR 52198, August 28, 2015) and with objectives 
of the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP and amendments, and is not expected to 
negatively impact stock health or to affect the stock in ways not 
already analyzed in those documents (Sec.  635.27(a)(8)(v) and (x)).
    Based on the considerations above, NMFS is transferring 125 mt of 
Reserve category quota to the General category for the remainder of 
2016, resulting in adjusted General and Reserve category quotas for 
2016 of 591.7 mt and 75.6 mt, respectively. NMFS will close the 2016 
General category fishery when the adjusted General category quota of 
591.7 mt has been reached, unless future adjustments are warranted (as 
described in the Monitoring and Reporting section below), or it will 
close automatically on December 31, 2016.

Adjustment of General Category Daily Retention Limit

    Under Sec.  635.23(a)(4), NMFS may increase or decrease the daily 
retention limit of large medium and giant BFT over a range of zero to a 
maximum of five per vessel based on consideration of the relevant 
criteria provided under Sec.  635.27(a)(8), and listed above. NMFS 
adjusted the daily retention limit for the 2016 January subquota period 
(which closed March 31) from the default level of one large medium or 
giant BFT to three large medium or giant BFT in December 2016 (80 FR 
77264, December 14, 2015). NMFS adjusted the daily retention limit to 
five large medium or giant BFT for the June through August 2016 
subquota period (81 FR 29501, May 12, 2016), and again for the 
September, October through November, and December periods (81 FR 59153, 
August 29, 2016). NMFS has considered the relevant criteria and their 
applicability to the General category BFT retention limit for the 
remainder of the fishing year.
    As described above with regard to the quota transfer, additional 
opportunity to land BFT would support the continued collection of a 
broad range of data for the biological studies and for stock monitoring 
purposes (Sec.  635.27(a)(8)(i)). Regarding the effects of the 
adjustment on BFT stock rebuilding and the effects of the adjustment on 
accomplishing the objectives of the fishery management plan (Sec.  
635.27(a)(8)(v) and (x)), this action would be taken consistent with 
the previously implemented and analyzed quotas, and it is not expected 
to negatively impact stock health or otherwise affect the stock in ways 
not previously analyzed. It is also supported by the Environmental 
Analysis for the 2011 final rule regarding General and Harpoon category 
management measures, which established the current range over which we 
may set the General category daily retention limit (i.e., from zero to 
five fish) (76 FR 74003, November 30, 2011).
    As described above, a principal consideration is the objective of 
providing opportunities to harvest the available U.S. BFT quota without 
exceeding that quota, based on the goals of the 2006 Consolidated HMS 
FMP and Amendment 7. The retention limit currently is five fish. We are 
setting the retention limit at four through this action because, given 
the expected level of fishing effort and catch rates, a continued level 
of five fish may lead to exceeding the adjusted category quota, and 
less than four would likely result in underharvest.
    Based on these considerations, NMFS has determined that a four-fish 
General category retention limit is warranted for the remainder of the 
year. It would provide a reasonable opportunity to harvest the U.S. 
quota of BFT without exceeding it, while maintaining an equitable 
distribution of fishing opportunities, help optimize the ability of the 
General category to harvest its available quota, allow collection of a 
broad range of data for stock monitoring purposes, and be consistent 
with the objectives of the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP and amendments. 
Therefore, NMFS adjusts the General category retention limit from five 
to four large medium or giant BFT per vessel per day/trip, effective 
October 9, 2016 through December 31, 2016.
    Regardless of the duration of a fishing trip, the daily retention 
limit applies upon landing. For example (and specific to the limit that 
will apply through the end of the year), whether a vessel fishing under 
the General category limit takes a two-day trip or makes two trips in 
one day, the day/trip limit of four fish applies and may not be 
exceeded upon landing. This General category retention limit is 
effective in all areas, except for the Gulf of Mexico, where NMFS 
prohibits targeted fishing for BFT, and applies to those vessels 
permitted in the General category, as well as to those HMS Charter/
Headboat permitted vessels fishing commercially for BFT.

Monitoring and Reporting

    NMFS will continue to monitor the BFT fishery closely. Dealers are 
required to submit landing reports within 24 hours of a dealer 
receiving BFT. General, HMS Charter/Headboat, Harpoon, and Angling 
category vessel owners are required to report the catch of all BFT 
retained or discarded dead, within 24 hours of the landing(s) or end of 
each trip, by accessing hmspermits.noaa.gov. Depending on the level of 
fishing effort and catch rates of BFT, NMFS may determine that 
additional action (i.e., quota and/or daily retention limit adjustment, 
or closure) is necessary to ensure available quota is not exceeded or 
to enhance scientific data collection from, and fishing opportunities 
in, all geographic areas. If needed, subsequent adjustments will be 
published in the Federal Register. In addition, fishermen may call the 
Atlantic Tunas Information Line at (978) 281-9260, or access 
hmspermits.noaa.gov, for updates on quota monitoring and inseason 
adjustments.

[[Page 70371]]

Classification

    The Assistant Administrator for NMFS (AA) finds that it is 
impracticable and contrary to the public interest to provide prior 
notice of, and an opportunity for public comment on, this action for 
the following reasons:
    The regulations implementing the 2006 Consolidated HMS FMP and 
amendments provide for inseason retention limit adjustments to respond 
to the unpredictable nature of BFT availability on the fishing grounds, 
the migratory nature of this species, and the regional variations in 
the BFT fishery. Affording prior notice and an opportunity for public 
comment to implement the quota transfer and daily retention limit for 
the remainder of the year is impracticable as NMFS must react as 
quickly as possible to updated data and information that then requires 
immediate action to be effective on the fishing grounds and thus 
efficiently manage the fishery. NMFS could not effectively react to 
this data if, in implementing the retention limit, it allowed a public 
comment period, which, for both the quota transfers, would preclude 
fishermen from harvesting BFT that are legally available consistent 
with all of the regulatory criteria.
    Delays in adjusting the retention limit may result in the available 
quota being exceeded and NMFS needing to close the fishery earlier than 
otherwise would be necessary under a lower limit. This could adversely 
affect those General and HMS Charter/Headboat category vessels that 
would otherwise have an opportunity to harvest BFT under retention 
limits set in response to the most recent data available. Limited 
opportunities to harvest the respective quotas may have negative social 
and economic impacts for U.S. fishermen that depend upon catching the 
available quota within the time periods designated in the 2006 
Consolidated HMS FMP, as amended. Adjustment of the retention limit 
needs to be effective as soon as possible to extend fishing 
opportunities for fishermen in geographic areas with access to the 
fishery only during this time period. Therefore, the AA finds good 
cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B) to waive prior notice and the 
opportunity for public comment. For these reasons, there is good cause 
under 5 U.S.C. 553(d) to waive the 30-day delay in effectiveness.
    This action is being taken under Sec. Sec.  635.23(a)(4) and 
635.27(a)(9), and is exempt from review under Executive Order 12866.

    Authority:  16 U.S.C. 971 et seq. and 1801 et seq.

    Dated: October 6, 2016.
Emily H. Menashes,
Acting Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine 
Fisheries Service.
[FR Doc. 2016-24623 Filed 10-6-16; 4:15 pm]
 BILLING CODE 3510-22-P