Access to Classified Information by Historical Researchers and Certain Former Government Personnel, 64063-64066 [2016-21825]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 181 / Monday, September 19, 2016 / Rules and Regulations § 66.3 Definitions. * * * * Dependent. * * * * * (2) An unmarried step-child under the age of 18 living with the applicant. (3) An unmarried biological child or unmarried adopted child of the applicant under the age of 18. * * * * * ■ 3. Amend § 66.5 by: ■ a. Revising paragraph (a). ■ b. Removing paragraph (c) and redesignating paragraph (d) as paragraph (c). The revision reads as follows: § 66.5 Responsibilities. (a) Under the authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness (USD(P&R)), the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Reserve Affairs (ASD(M&RA)): (1) Acts as an advisor to the USD(P&R) on the Reserve enlistment and appointment standards. (2) Acts as an advisor to the USD(P&R) on the height and weight requirements of the standards in § 66.6. (3) Ensures the U.S. Military Entrance Processing Command assists the Military Services in implementing the standards in § 66.6. * * * * * § 66.6 [Amended] 4. Amend § 66.6 by: a. In paragraph (b)(2)(ii), adding the words ‘‘,when not operating as a Service under the Navy’’ after ‘‘The Secretary of Defense (or the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard.’’ ■ b. In paragraph (b)(3)(ii), removing ‘‘Bearers of alternative credential’’ and adding in its place ‘‘Bearers of an alternative credential.’’ ■ c. In paragraph (b)(8)(iii), adding a comma after the words ‘‘conviction’’ and ‘‘adjudication.’’ ■ d. In paragraph (b)(8)(vi)(A), removing ‘‘(OPM)’’ and adding in its place ‘‘(Office of Personnel Management (OPM)).’’ ■ e. In paragraph (b)(9)(ii), removing the comma after ‘‘The MEPS Chief Medical Officer.’’ ■ ■ § 66.7 [Amended] 5. Amend § 66.7 by: a. At the end of paragraph (a) introductory text, adding the sentence ‘‘The waiver procedure is not automatic, and approval is based on each individual case.’’ ■ b. In paragraph (a)(3), adding the sentence ‘‘Waivers are not authorized for cases noted in § 66.6(b)(8)(iii).’’ at the end of the paragraph. rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES ■ ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:11 Sep 16, 2016 c. In paragraph (b)(1), removing ‘‘State or federal jurisdiction’’ and adding in its place ‘‘the appropriate State or federal jurisdiction.’’ ■ * Jkt 238001 Dated: September 13, 2016. Aaron Siegel, Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense. [FR Doc. 2016–22408 Filed 9–16–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 5001–06–P CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 32 CFR Part 1909 Access to Classified Information by Historical Researchers and Certain Former Government Personnel Central Intelligence Agency. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: Consistent with Executive Order 13526, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is providing greater clarity about the procedures under which it may provide historical researchers and certain former Government personnel with access to classified CIA information. This rule is being issued as a final rule without prior notice of proposed rulemaking as allowed by the Administrative Procedure Act for rules of agency procedure and interpretation. DATES: Effective September 19, 2016. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Joseph W. Lambert, (703) 613–1379. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Consistent with section 4.4 of Executive Order 13526, the CIA has revised its access regulations to more clearly set forth the procedures used to provide historical researchers and certain former Government personnel with access to classified CIA information. This rule is being issued as a final rule without prior notice of proposed rulemaking as allowed by the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(A) for rules of agency procedure and interpretation. SUMMARY: List of Subjects in 32 CFR Part 1909 Archives and records, Classified information, Historical records. ■ Accordingly, the CIA is revising 32 CFR part 1909 as follows: PART 1909—ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED CIA INFORMATION BY HISTORICAL RESEARCHERS AND CERTAIN FORMER GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL PURSUANT TO SEC. 4.4 OF EXECUTIVE ORDER 13526 Sec. 1909.1 1909.2 PO 00000 Authority and purpose. Definitions. Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 64063 1909.3 Contact for general information and requests. 1909.4 Suggestions and complaints. 1909.5 Requirements as to who may apply. 1909.6 Designation of authority to waive need-to-know and grant historical access requests. 1909.7 Receipt, recording, and tasking. 1909.8 Determinations on requests for access by former Presidents and Vice Presidents, former Presidential and Vice Presidential appointees or designees, and historical researchers. 1909.9 Action by the ARP. 1909.10 Final CIA decision. 1909.11 Notification of decision. 1909.12 Termination of access. Authority: Executive Order 13526, 75 FR 707, 3 CFR 2010 Comp., p. 298–327 (or successor Orders). § 1909.1 Authority and purpose. (a) Authority. This part is issued under the authority of and in order to implement section 4.4 of Executive Order 13526, as amended (or successor Orders); section 1.6 of Executive Order 12333, as amended (or successor Orders); section 102A of the National Security Act of 1947, as amended; and section 6 of the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1947, as amended. (b) Purpose. This part prescribes procedures for waiving the need-toknow requirement for access to classified information with respect to persons: (1) Requesting access to classified CIA information as historical researchers; (2) Requesting access to classified CIA information as a former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee; or (3) Requesting access to classified CIA information as a former President or Vice President. § 1909.2 Definitions. As used in this part: Agency Release Panel or Panel or ARP means the CIA Agency Release Panel established pursuant to part 1900 of this chapter. CIA means the Unites States Central Intelligence Agency. Control means ownership or the authority of the CIA pursuant to Federal statute or legal privilege to regulate official or public access to records. Coordinator means the CIA Information and Privacy Coordinator who serves as the CIA manager of the historical access process established pursuant to section 4.4 of the Order. Days means business days. Three (3) days may be added to any time limit imposed on a requester by this part if responding by U.S. domestic mail; ten (10) days may be added if responding by international mail; E:\FR\FM\19SER1.SGM 19SER1 rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES 64064 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 181 / Monday, September 19, 2016 / Rules and Regulations Director of Security means the CIA official responsible for making determinations regarding all security and access approvals and overseeing execution of the necessary secrecy, nondisclosure, and/or prepublication review agreements as may be required. Former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee means any person who has previously occupied a senior policy-making position in the Executive branch of the United States Government to which they were appointed or designated by the current or a former President or Vice President. Historical researcher means any individual with professional training in the academic field of history (or related fields such as journalism) engaged in a historical research project that is intended for publication (or any similar activity such as academic course development) and that is reasonably intended to increase the understanding of the American public regarding the operations and activities of the United States Government. This term also means anyone selected by a former President or Vice President, or by a former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee, to assist them in historical research as a research associate. Information means any knowledge that can be communicated or documentary material, regardless of its physical form that is owned by, produced by or for, or is under the control of the United States Government. Interested party means any official in the executive, congressional, or judicial branches of government, United States or foreign, or U.S. Government contractor who, in the sole discretion of the CIA, has a subject matter or physical interest in the documents or information at issue; Originator means the CIA officer who originated the information at issue, or successor in office, or a CIA officer who has been delegated declassification authority for the information at issue in accordance with the provisions of the Order. Order means Executive Order 13526 of December 29, 2009 and published at 75 FR 707 (or successor Orders). Senior Agency Official means the official designated by the DCIA under section 5.4(d) of the Order to direct and administer the CIA’s program under which information is classified, safeguarded, and declassified. VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:11 Sep 16, 2016 Jkt 238001 § 1909.3 Contact for general information and requests. For general information on this part, to inquire about access to CIA information under this part, or to make a formal request for such access, please direct your communication in writing to the Information and Privacy Coordinator, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC 20505. Inquiries will also by accepted by facsimile at (703) 613–3007. For general information only, the telephone number is (703) 613–1287. Collect calls cannot be accepted. § 1909.4 Suggestions and complaints. The CIA welcomes suggestions, comments, or complaints with regard to its administration of the historical access provisions of Executive Order 13526. Members of the public shall address all such communications to the CIA Information and Privacy Coordinator. The CIA will respond as determined feasible and appropriate under the circumstances. § 1909.5 apply. Requirements as to who may (a) Historical researchers—(1) In general. Any historical researcher as defined above may submit a request in writing to the Coordinator to be given access to classified information for purposes of that research. Any such request shall indicate the nature, purpose, and scope of the research project. (2) Additional considerations. In light of the very limited Agency resources, it is the policy of the Agency to consider applications for access by historical researchers (other than research associates) only in those instances where the researcher’s needs cannot be satisfied through requests for access to reasonably described records under the Freedom of Information Act or the mandatory declassification review provisions of Executive Order 13526, and where issues of internal resource availability and fairness to all members of the historical research community militate in favor of a particular grant. (b) Former Presidential and Vice Presidential appointees or designees. Any former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee as defined herein may also submit a request to be given access to any classified items which they originated, reviewed, signed, or received while serving in that capacity. Requests from such appointees or designees shall be in writing to the Coordinator and shall identify the records containing the classified information of interest. Such appointees or designees may also PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 request approval for a research associate, but there is no entitlement to such enlargement of access and the decision in this regard shall be in the sole discretion of the Senior Agency Official. (c) Former Presidents and Vice Presidents. Any former President or Vice President may submit a request for access to classified CIA information. Requests from former Presidents or Vice Presidents shall be in writing to the Coordinator and shall identify the records containing the classified information of interest. A former President or Vice President may also request approval for a research associate, but there is no entitlement to such enlargement of access and the decision in this regard shall be in the sole discretion of the Senior Agency Official § 1909.6 Designation of authority to waive need-to-know and grant historical access requests. (a) The Agency Release Panel (ARP) is designated to review requests and shall issue a recommendation to the Senior Agency Official who shall issue the final CIA decision whether or not to waive the need-to-know and grant requests for access by historical researchers, by former Presidential and Vice Presidential appointees and designees, or by former Presidents and Vice Presidents under Executive Order 13526 (or successor Orders) and these regulations. (b) ARP Membership. The ARP is chaired by the Director, Information Management Services and composed of the Chief, Information Review and Release Group, the Chief, Classification Management Program Office, the Information Review Officers from the various Directorates and the DCIA area, as well as the representatives of the various release programs and offices within CIA. The Information and Privacy Coordinator also serves as Executive Secretary of the ARP. § 1909.7 Receipt, recording, and tasking. The Information and Privacy Coordinator shall within ten (10) days make a record of each request for access received under this part, acknowledge receipt to the requester in writing, and take the following actions: (a) Compliance with general requirements. The Coordinator shall review each request under this part and determine whether it meets the general requirements as set forth in § 1909.5 and notify the requester that the request has been accepted for consideration if it does. If it does not, the Coordinator shall so notify the requester and explain E:\FR\FM\19SER1.SGM 19SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 181 / Monday, September 19, 2016 / Rules and Regulations the basis for this decision and any steps that can be taken to perfect the request. (b) Action on requests meeting general requirements. For requests which meet the requirements of § 1909.5, the Coordinator shall thereafter task the Director, Center for the Study of Intelligence, the originator(s) of the information for which access is sought, and other interested parties to review the request and provide their input concerning whether or not the required determinations set forth in § 1909.8 can be made. Additional taskings may be directed as required during the review process. rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES § 1909.8 Determinations on requests for access by former Presidents and Vice Presidents, former Presidential and Vice Presidential appointees or designees, and historical researchers. (a) Required determinations for former Presidents and Vice Presidents. In order to recommend approval of an access request made by a former President or Vice President, the ARP must make the following determinations in writing: (1) That the access is consistent with the interest of national security; (2) That a nondisclosure agreement has been or will be executed by the requester and other appropriate steps are taken to assure that classified information will not be disclosed or otherwise compromised; (3) That a CIA prepublication review agreement has been or will be executed by the requester which provides for a review of notes and any resulting manuscript; and, (4) That appropriate steps can be taken to ensure that the information is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 13526. (b) Required determinations for former Presidential and Vice Presidential appointees or designees. In order to recommend approval of an access request made by a former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee, the ARP must make the following determinations in writing: (1) That the requester has previously occupied a senior policy-making position to which the requester was appointed or designated by the President or Vice President; (2) That the access is consistent with the interest of national security; (3) That a nondisclosure agreement has been or will be executed by the requester and other appropriate steps are taken to assure that classified information will not be disclosed or otherwise compromised; (4) That a CIA prepublication review agreement has been or will be executed VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:11 Sep 16, 2016 Jkt 238001 by the requester which provides for a review of notes and any resulting manuscript; (5) That appropriate steps can be taken to ensure that the information is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 13526; and, (6) That access will be limited to items that the person originated, reviewed, signed, or received while serving as a Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee. (c) Required determinations for a research associate of a former President or Vice President, or of a former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee. In order to recommend approval of a request for historical access by a research associate, the ARP must make the following determinations in writing: (1) That the requester has been selected as a research associate of a former President or Vice President, or of a Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee; (2) That the access is consistent with the interest of national security, and one factor in that determination is that an appropriate security check has been conducted and a security clearance or access has been issued by an appropriate U.S. Government agency; (3) That a nondisclosure agreement has been or will be executed by the requester and other appropriate steps are taken to assure that classified information will not be disclosed or otherwise compromised; (4) That a CIA prepublication review agreement has been or will be executed by the requester which provides for a review of notes and any resulting manuscript; (5) That appropriate steps can be taken to ensure that the information is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 13526; and, (6) That, in the case of a former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee, access by the research associate will be limited to items that the Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee who selected the research associate originated, reviewed, signed, or received while serving as a Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee. (d) Required determinations for a historical researcher (other than a research associate). In order to recommend approval of an access request made by a historical researcher (other than a research associate to which paragraph (c) of this section applies) the ARP must make the following determinations in writing: PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 64065 (1) That a serious professional or scholarly research project by the requester is contemplated; (2) That the access is consistent with the interest of national security, and one factor in that determination is that an appropriate security check has been conducted and a security clearance or access has been issued by an appropriate U.S. Government agency; (3) That a nondisclosure agreement has been or will be executed by the requester, and other appropriate steps are taken to assure that classified information will not be disclosed or otherwise compromised; (4) That a CIA prepublication review agreement has been or will be executed by the requester, which provides for a review of notes and any resulting manuscript; (5) That the information requested is reasonably accessible and can be located and compiled with a reasonable effort; (6) That it is reasonably expected that substantial and substantive Government documents and/or information will be amenable to declassification and release and/or publication; (7) That sufficient resources are available for the administrative support of the historical researcher given current requirements; and, (8) That the request cannot be satisfied to the same extent through requests for access to reasonably described records under the Freedom of Information Act or the Mandatory Declassification Review provisions of Executive Order 13526. § 1909.9 Action by the ARP. The ARP shall meet on a regular schedule and may take action when a simple majority of the total membership is present. A recommendation to the Senior Agency Official concerning whether or not to grant requests for access to classified CIA information by former Presidents or Vice Presidents, by former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointees or designees, or by historical researchers shall be made by a majority vote of the members present. § 1909.10 Final CIA decision. (a) Upon receipt of a recommendation by the ARP concerning whether or not to grant access to classified CIA information under this part, the Senior Agency Official may, in his sole discretion, waive the need-to-know requirement and approve such access only if he or she: (1) Determines in writing that access is consistent with the interests of national security; (2) Takes appropriate steps to protect classified information from E:\FR\FM\19SER1.SGM 19SER1 64066 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 181 / Monday, September 19, 2016 / Rules and Regulations unauthorized disclosure or compromise and ensures that the information is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 13526; and, (3) Limits any access granted to former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointees and designees (or any research associate they select) to the items that the former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee originated, reviewed, signed, or received while serving in that capacity. (b) The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency reserves the authority to make a superseding decision concerning whether or not to waive the need-to-know requirement and to grant access to classified CIA information under this part in any case only if he or she: (1) Determines in writing that access is consistent with the interests of national security; (2) Takes appropriate steps to protect classified information from unauthorized disclosure or compromise, and ensures that the information is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 13526; and, (3) Limits any historical access granted to former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointees and designees (or any research associate they select) to the items that the former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee originated, reviewed, signed, or received while serving in that capacity. (c) The Senior Agency Official also may make a determination that a successive request for historical access falls within the scope of an earlier waiver of the ‘‘need-to-know’’ criterion under section 4.4 of the Order, so long as the extant waiver is no more than two years old. § 1909.11 Notification of decision. The Executive Secretary shall inform the requester of the final CIA decision and, if favorable, shall manage the access for such period of time as deemed required, but in no event for more than two years unless renewed by the Senior Agency Official, in accordance with the requirements of this part for waiving need-to-know and granting access in the first instance. rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES § 1909.12 Termination of access. The Coordinator shall cancel any authorization and deny any further access whenever the Director of Security cancels the security clearance of any person who has been granted access to classified CIA information under the part; or whenever the Senior Agency Official, or the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, determines that continued access would no longer be VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:11 Sep 16, 2016 Jkt 238001 consistent with the requirements of this part; or at the conclusion of the authorized period of up to two years if there is no renewal under § 1909.11. Dated: August 30, 2016. Joseph W. Lambert, Director, Information Management Services. [FR Doc. 2016–21825 Filed 9–16–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6310–02–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [USCG–2016–0790] RIN 1625–AA87 Security Zone; 22nd International Seapower Symposium, Goat Island, Newport, RI Coast Guard, DHS. Temporary final rule. AGENCY: ACTION: The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary security zone along the western shore of Goat Island, Newport, Rhode Island, including the vicinity of Newport Harbor Light at the northeastern point of Goat Island to and around the Goat Island Connector between Goat Island and Newport, Rhode Island, in conjunction with the 22nd International Seapower Symposium. Entry into this zone by any vessel or persons is prohibited unless specifically authorized by the Captain of the Port (COTP), Southeastern New England or the COTP’s designated onscene representative. DATES: This rule is effective without actual notice from September 19, 2016 until September 23, 2016. For the purposes of enforcement, actual notice will be used from September 18, 2016 until September 19, 2016. ADDRESSES: To view documents mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket, go to http:// www.regulations.gov, type USCG–2016– 0790 in the ‘‘SEARCH’’ box and click ‘‘SEARCH.’’ Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this rule. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions on this temporary rule, call or email Mr. Edward G. LeBlanc at Sector Southeastern New England; telephone (401) 435–2351, email Edward.G.LeBlanc@uscg.mil. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: I. Table of Acronyms CFR PO 00000 Code of Federal Regulations Frm 00016 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 COTP Captain of the Port DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of proposed rulemaking § Section TFR Temporary Final Rule U.S.C. United States Code II. Background Information and Regulatory History The Coast Guard is issuing this temporary final rule without prior notice and opportunity to comment pursuant to authority under section 4(a) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)). This provision authorizes an agency to issue a rule without prior notice and opportunity to comment when the agency for good cause finds that those procedures are ‘‘impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.’’ Under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for not publishing a NPRM with respect to this rule. Because of the sensitive security issues related to these special events, the Coast Guard was not aware of the final details with sufficient time to solicit public comments. Thus, waiting for a full comment period to run would inhibit the Coast Guard’s ability to keep senior military leaders and government officials, along with the general public, safe from subversive acts directed at these high visibility special events. Providing a prolonged public notice and comment period is contrary to the public interest due to national security concerns. We are issuing this rule, and under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for making this rule effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. Any delay encountered in this temporary rule’s effective date would be contrary to the public interest given the immediate need to ensure the safety and security of event attendees. III. Legal Authority and Need for Rule The Coast Guard is issuing this rule under authority in 33 U.S.C. 1231; which authorizes the Coast Guard to define Security Zones. This action is intended to temporarily prohibit vessel traffic from transiting within 250 yards of the western shore of Goat Island and within a 250 yard radius of Newport Harbor Light at the northeastern point of Goat Island and extending to 250 yards on either side of the Goat Island Connector between Goat Island and Newport, Rhode Island, to ensure the security of attendees to the 22nd International Seapower Symposium by properly safeguarding against potential sabotage, subversive acts, or other threats. E:\FR\FM\19SER1.SGM 19SER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 181 (Monday, September 19, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 64063-64066]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-21825]


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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

32 CFR Part 1909


Access to Classified Information by Historical Researchers and 
Certain Former Government Personnel

AGENCY: Central Intelligence Agency.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Consistent with Executive Order 13526, the Central 
Intelligence Agency (CIA) is providing greater clarity about the 
procedures under which it may provide historical researchers and 
certain former Government personnel with access to classified CIA 
information. This rule is being issued as a final rule without prior 
notice of proposed rulemaking as allowed by the Administrative 
Procedure Act for rules of agency procedure and interpretation.

DATES: Effective September 19, 2016.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Joseph W. Lambert, (703) 613-1379.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Consistent with section 4.4 of Executive 
Order 13526, the CIA has revised its access regulations to more clearly 
set forth the procedures used to provide historical researchers and 
certain former Government personnel with access to classified CIA 
information. This rule is being issued as a final rule without prior 
notice of proposed rulemaking as allowed by the Administrative 
Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(A) for rules of agency procedure and 
interpretation.

List of Subjects in 32 CFR Part 1909

    Archives and records, Classified information, Historical records.

0
Accordingly, the CIA is revising 32 CFR part 1909 as follows:

PART 1909--ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED CIA INFORMATION BY HISTORICAL 
RESEARCHERS AND CERTAIN FORMER GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL PURSUANT TO 
SEC. 4.4 OF EXECUTIVE ORDER 13526

Sec.
1909.1 Authority and purpose.
1909.2 Definitions.
1909.3 Contact for general information and requests.
1909.4 Suggestions and complaints.
1909.5 Requirements as to who may apply.
1909.6 Designation of authority to waive need-to-know and grant 
historical access requests.
1909.7 Receipt, recording, and tasking.
1909.8 Determinations on requests for access by former Presidents 
and Vice Presidents, former Presidential and Vice Presidential 
appointees or designees, and historical researchers.
1909.9 Action by the ARP.
1909.10 Final CIA decision.
1909.11 Notification of decision.
1909.12 Termination of access.

    Authority: Executive Order 13526, 75 FR 707, 3 CFR 2010 Comp., 
p. 298-327 (or successor Orders).


Sec.  1909.1  Authority and purpose.

    (a) Authority. This part is issued under the authority of and in 
order to implement section 4.4 of Executive Order 13526, as amended (or 
successor Orders); section 1.6 of Executive Order 12333, as amended (or 
successor Orders); section 102A of the National Security Act of 1947, 
as amended; and section 6 of the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 
1947, as amended.
    (b) Purpose. This part prescribes procedures for waiving the need-
to-know requirement for access to classified information with respect 
to persons:
    (1) Requesting access to classified CIA information as historical 
researchers;
    (2) Requesting access to classified CIA information as a former 
Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee; or
    (3) Requesting access to classified CIA information as a former 
President or Vice President.


Sec.  1909.2  Definitions.

    As used in this part:
    Agency Release Panel or Panel or ARP means the CIA Agency Release 
Panel established pursuant to part 1900 of this chapter.
    CIA means the Unites States Central Intelligence Agency.
    Control means ownership or the authority of the CIA pursuant to 
Federal statute or legal privilege to regulate official or public 
access to records.
    Coordinator means the CIA Information and Privacy Coordinator who 
serves as the CIA manager of the historical access process established 
pursuant to section 4.4 of the Order.
    Days means business days. Three (3) days may be added to any time 
limit imposed on a requester by this part if responding by U.S. 
domestic mail; ten (10) days may be added if responding by 
international mail;

[[Page 64064]]

    Director of Security means the CIA official responsible for making 
determinations regarding all security and access approvals and 
overseeing execution of the necessary secrecy, nondisclosure, and/or 
prepublication review agreements as may be required.
    Former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee 
means any person who has previously occupied a senior policy-making 
position in the Executive branch of the United States Government to 
which they were appointed or designated by the current or a former 
President or Vice President.
    Historical researcher means any individual with professional 
training in the academic field of history (or related fields such as 
journalism) engaged in a historical research project that is intended 
for publication (or any similar activity such as academic course 
development) and that is reasonably intended to increase the 
understanding of the American public regarding the operations and 
activities of the United States Government. This term also means anyone 
selected by a former President or Vice President, or by a former 
Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee, to assist them 
in historical research as a research associate.
    Information means any knowledge that can be communicated or 
documentary material, regardless of its physical form that is owned by, 
produced by or for, or is under the control of the United States 
Government.
    Interested party means any official in the executive, 
congressional, or judicial branches of government, United States or 
foreign, or U.S. Government contractor who, in the sole discretion of 
the CIA, has a subject matter or physical interest in the documents or 
information at issue;
    Originator means the CIA officer who originated the information at 
issue, or successor in office, or a CIA officer who has been delegated 
declassification authority for the information at issue in accordance 
with the provisions of the Order.
    Order means Executive Order 13526 of December 29, 2009 and 
published at 75 FR 707 (or successor Orders).
    Senior Agency Official means the official designated by the DCIA 
under section 5.4(d) of the Order to direct and administer the CIA's 
program under which information is classified, safeguarded, and 
declassified.


Sec.  1909.3  Contact for general information and requests.

    For general information on this part, to inquire about access to 
CIA information under this part, or to make a formal request for such 
access, please direct your communication in writing to the Information 
and Privacy Coordinator, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC 
20505. Inquiries will also by accepted by facsimile at (703) 613-3007. 
For general information only, the telephone number is (703) 613-1287. 
Collect calls cannot be accepted.


Sec.  1909.4  Suggestions and complaints.

    The CIA welcomes suggestions, comments, or complaints with regard 
to its administration of the historical access provisions of Executive 
Order 13526. Members of the public shall address all such 
communications to the CIA Information and Privacy Coordinator. The CIA 
will respond as determined feasible and appropriate under the 
circumstances.


Sec.  1909.5  Requirements as to who may apply.

    (a) Historical researchers--(1) In general. Any historical 
researcher as defined above may submit a request in writing to the 
Coordinator to be given access to classified information for purposes 
of that research. Any such request shall indicate the nature, purpose, 
and scope of the research project.
    (2) Additional considerations. In light of the very limited Agency 
resources, it is the policy of the Agency to consider applications for 
access by historical researchers (other than research associates) only 
in those instances where the researcher's needs cannot be satisfied 
through requests for access to reasonably described records under the 
Freedom of Information Act or the mandatory declassification review 
provisions of Executive Order 13526, and where issues of internal 
resource availability and fairness to all members of the historical 
research community militate in favor of a particular grant.
    (b) Former Presidential and Vice Presidential appointees or 
designees. Any former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or 
designee as defined herein may also submit a request to be given access 
to any classified items which they originated, reviewed, signed, or 
received while serving in that capacity. Requests from such appointees 
or designees shall be in writing to the Coordinator and shall identify 
the records containing the classified information of interest. Such 
appointees or designees may also request approval for a research 
associate, but there is no entitlement to such enlargement of access 
and the decision in this regard shall be in the sole discretion of the 
Senior Agency Official.
    (c) Former Presidents and Vice Presidents. Any former President or 
Vice President may submit a request for access to classified CIA 
information. Requests from former Presidents or Vice Presidents shall 
be in writing to the Coordinator and shall identify the records 
containing the classified information of interest. A former President 
or Vice President may also request approval for a research associate, 
but there is no entitlement to such enlargement of access and the 
decision in this regard shall be in the sole discretion of the Senior 
Agency Official


Sec.  1909.6  Designation of authority to waive need-to-know and grant 
historical access requests.

    (a) The Agency Release Panel (ARP) is designated to review requests 
and shall issue a recommendation to the Senior Agency Official who 
shall issue the final CIA decision whether or not to waive the need-to-
know and grant requests for access by historical researchers, by former 
Presidential and Vice Presidential appointees and designees, or by 
former Presidents and Vice Presidents under Executive Order 13526 (or 
successor Orders) and these regulations.
    (b) ARP Membership. The ARP is chaired by the Director, Information 
Management Services and composed of the Chief, Information Review and 
Release Group, the Chief, Classification Management Program Office, the 
Information Review Officers from the various Directorates and the DCIA 
area, as well as the representatives of the various release programs 
and offices within CIA. The Information and Privacy Coordinator also 
serves as Executive Secretary of the ARP.


Sec.  1909.7  Receipt, recording, and tasking.

    The Information and Privacy Coordinator shall within ten (10) days 
make a record of each request for access received under this part, 
acknowledge receipt to the requester in writing, and take the following 
actions:
    (a) Compliance with general requirements. The Coordinator shall 
review each request under this part and determine whether it meets the 
general requirements as set forth in Sec.  1909.5 and notify the 
requester that the request has been accepted for consideration if it 
does. If it does not, the Coordinator shall so notify the requester and 
explain

[[Page 64065]]

the basis for this decision and any steps that can be taken to perfect 
the request.
    (b) Action on requests meeting general requirements. For requests 
which meet the requirements of Sec.  1909.5, the Coordinator shall 
thereafter task the Director, Center for the Study of Intelligence, the 
originator(s) of the information for which access is sought, and other 
interested parties to review the request and provide their input 
concerning whether or not the required determinations set forth in 
Sec.  1909.8 can be made. Additional taskings may be directed as 
required during the review process.


Sec.  1909.8  Determinations on requests for access by former 
Presidents and Vice Presidents, former Presidential and Vice 
Presidential appointees or designees, and historical researchers.

    (a) Required determinations for former Presidents and Vice 
Presidents. In order to recommend approval of an access request made by 
a former President or Vice President, the ARP must make the following 
determinations in writing:
    (1) That the access is consistent with the interest of national 
security;
    (2) That a nondisclosure agreement has been or will be executed by 
the requester and other appropriate steps are taken to assure that 
classified information will not be disclosed or otherwise compromised;
    (3) That a CIA prepublication review agreement has been or will be 
executed by the requester which provides for a review of notes and any 
resulting manuscript; and,
    (4) That appropriate steps can be taken to ensure that the 
information is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 
13526.
    (b) Required determinations for former Presidential and Vice 
Presidential appointees or designees. In order to recommend approval of 
an access request made by a former Presidential or Vice Presidential 
appointee or designee, the ARP must make the following determinations 
in writing:
    (1) That the requester has previously occupied a senior policy-
making position to which the requester was appointed or designated by 
the President or Vice President;
    (2) That the access is consistent with the interest of national 
security;
    (3) That a nondisclosure agreement has been or will be executed by 
the requester and other appropriate steps are taken to assure that 
classified information will not be disclosed or otherwise compromised;
    (4) That a CIA prepublication review agreement has been or will be 
executed by the requester which provides for a review of notes and any 
resulting manuscript;
    (5) That appropriate steps can be taken to ensure that the 
information is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 
13526; and,
    (6) That access will be limited to items that the person 
originated, reviewed, signed, or received while serving as a 
Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee.
    (c) Required determinations for a research associate of a former 
President or Vice President, or of a former Presidential or Vice 
Presidential appointee or designee. In order to recommend approval of a 
request for historical access by a research associate, the ARP must 
make the following determinations in writing:
    (1) That the requester has been selected as a research associate of 
a former President or Vice President, or of a Presidential or Vice 
Presidential appointee or designee;
    (2) That the access is consistent with the interest of national 
security, and one factor in that determination is that an appropriate 
security check has been conducted and a security clearance or access 
has been issued by an appropriate U.S. Government agency;
    (3) That a nondisclosure agreement has been or will be executed by 
the requester and other appropriate steps are taken to assure that 
classified information will not be disclosed or otherwise compromised;
    (4) That a CIA prepublication review agreement has been or will be 
executed by the requester which provides for a review of notes and any 
resulting manuscript;
    (5) That appropriate steps can be taken to ensure that the 
information is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 
13526; and,
    (6) That, in the case of a former Presidential or Vice Presidential 
appointee or designee, access by the research associate will be limited 
to items that the Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or 
designee who selected the research associate originated, reviewed, 
signed, or received while serving as a Presidential or Vice 
Presidential appointee or designee.
    (d) Required determinations for a historical researcher (other than 
a research associate). In order to recommend approval of an access 
request made by a historical researcher (other than a research 
associate to which paragraph (c) of this section applies) the ARP must 
make the following determinations in writing:
    (1) That a serious professional or scholarly research project by 
the requester is contemplated;
    (2) That the access is consistent with the interest of national 
security, and one factor in that determination is that an appropriate 
security check has been conducted and a security clearance or access 
has been issued by an appropriate U.S. Government agency;
    (3) That a nondisclosure agreement has been or will be executed by 
the requester, and other appropriate steps are taken to assure that 
classified information will not be disclosed or otherwise compromised;
    (4) That a CIA prepublication review agreement has been or will be 
executed by the requester, which provides for a review of notes and any 
resulting manuscript;
    (5) That the information requested is reasonably accessible and can 
be located and compiled with a reasonable effort;
    (6) That it is reasonably expected that substantial and substantive 
Government documents and/or information will be amenable to 
declassification and release and/or publication;
    (7) That sufficient resources are available for the administrative 
support of the historical researcher given current requirements; and,
    (8) That the request cannot be satisfied to the same extent through 
requests for access to reasonably described records under the Freedom 
of Information Act or the Mandatory Declassification Review provisions 
of Executive Order 13526.


Sec.  1909.9  Action by the ARP.

    The ARP shall meet on a regular schedule and may take action when a 
simple majority of the total membership is present. A recommendation to 
the Senior Agency Official concerning whether or not to grant requests 
for access to classified CIA information by former Presidents or Vice 
Presidents, by former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointees or 
designees, or by historical researchers shall be made by a majority 
vote of the members present.


Sec.  1909.10  Final CIA decision.

    (a) Upon receipt of a recommendation by the ARP concerning whether 
or not to grant access to classified CIA information under this part, 
the Senior Agency Official may, in his sole discretion, waive the need-
to-know requirement and approve such access only if he or she:
    (1) Determines in writing that access is consistent with the 
interests of national security;
    (2) Takes appropriate steps to protect classified information from

[[Page 64066]]

unauthorized disclosure or compromise and ensures that the information 
is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 13526; and,
    (3) Limits any access granted to former Presidential or Vice 
Presidential appointees and designees (or any research associate they 
select) to the items that the former Presidential or Vice Presidential 
appointee or designee originated, reviewed, signed, or received while 
serving in that capacity.
    (b) The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency reserves the 
authority to make a superseding decision concerning whether or not to 
waive the need-to-know requirement and to grant access to classified 
CIA information under this part in any case only if he or she:
    (1) Determines in writing that access is consistent with the 
interests of national security;
    (2) Takes appropriate steps to protect classified information from 
unauthorized disclosure or compromise, and ensures that the information 
is safeguarded in a manner consistent with Executive Order 13526; and,
    (3) Limits any historical access granted to former Presidential or 
Vice Presidential appointees and designees (or any research associate 
they select) to the items that the former Presidential or Vice 
Presidential appointee or designee originated, reviewed, signed, or 
received while serving in that capacity.
    (c) The Senior Agency Official also may make a determination that a 
successive request for historical access falls within the scope of an 
earlier waiver of the ``need-to-know'' criterion under section 4.4 of 
the Order, so long as the extant waiver is no more than two years old.


Sec.  1909.11  Notification of decision.

    The Executive Secretary shall inform the requester of the final CIA 
decision and, if favorable, shall manage the access for such period of 
time as deemed required, but in no event for more than two years unless 
renewed by the Senior Agency Official, in accordance with the 
requirements of this part for waiving need-to-know and granting access 
in the first instance.


Sec.  1909.12  Termination of access.

    The Coordinator shall cancel any authorization and deny any further 
access whenever the Director of Security cancels the security clearance 
of any person who has been granted access to classified CIA information 
under the part; or whenever the Senior Agency Official, or the Director 
of the Central Intelligence Agency, determines that continued access 
would no longer be consistent with the requirements of this part; or at 
the conclusion of the authorized period of up to two years if there is 
no renewal under Sec.  1909.11.

    Dated: August 30, 2016.
Joseph W. Lambert,
Director, Information Management Services.
[FR Doc. 2016-21825 Filed 9-16-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6310-02-P