Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District, 53280-53284 [2016-18900]

Download as PDF 53280 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 156 / Friday, August 12, 2016 / Rules and Regulations data in the desired format, reporting burden (time and financial resources) is minimized, collection instruments are clearly understood, and the Department can properly assess the impact of collection requirements on respondents. This final priority contains information collection requirements that are approved by OMB under the National Interpreter Education program 1820–0018; this final priority does not affect the currently approved data collection. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with RULES Regulatory Impact Analysis Under Executive Order 12866, the Secretary must determine whether this regulatory action is ‘‘significant’’ and, therefore, subject to the requirements of the Executive order and subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 defines a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ as an action likely to result in a rule that may— (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more, or adversely affect a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local, or tribal governments or communities in a material way (also referred to as an ‘‘economically significant’’ rule); (2) Create serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an action taken or planned by another agency; (3) Materially alter the budgetary impacts of entitlement grants, user fees, or loan programs or the rights and obligations of recipients thereof; or (4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal mandates, the President’s priorities, or the principles stated in the Executive order. This final regulatory action is not a significant regulatory action subject to review by OMB under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. We have also reviewed this final regulatory action under Executive Order 13563, which supplements and explicitly reaffirms the principles, structures, and definitions governing regulatory review established in Executive Order 12866. To the extent permitted by law, Executive Order 13563 requires that an agency— (1) Propose or adopt regulations only upon a reasoned determination that their benefits justify their costs (recognizing that some benefits and costs are difficult to quantify); (2) Tailor its regulations to impose the least burden on society, consistent with obtaining regulatory objectives and taking into account—among other things VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:21 Aug 11, 2016 Jkt 238001 and to the extent practicable—the costs of cumulative regulations; (3) In choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, select those approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety, and other advantages; distributive impacts; and equity); (4) To the extent feasible, specify performance objectives, rather than the behavior or manner of compliance a regulated entity must adopt; and (5) Identify and assess available alternatives to direct regulation, including economic incentives—such as user fees or marketable permits—to encourage the desired behavior, or provide information that enables the public to make choices. Executive Order 13563 also requires an agency ‘‘to use the best available techniques to quantify anticipated present and future benefits and costs as accurately as possible.’’ The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs of OMB has emphasized that these techniques may include ‘‘identifying changing future compliance costs that might result from technological innovation or anticipated behavioral changes.’’ We are issuing this final priority only on a reasoned determination that its benefits justify its costs. In choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, we selected those approaches that maximize net benefits. Based on the analysis that follows, the Department believes that this regulatory action is consistent with the principles in Executive Order 13563. We also have determined that this regulatory action does not unduly interfere with State, local, and tribal governments in the exercise of their governmental functions. In accordance with both Executive orders, the Department has assessed the potential costs and benefits, both quantitative and qualitative, of this regulatory action. The potential costs are those resulting from statutory requirements and those we have determined as necessary for administering the Department’s programs and activities. Through this priority, training will be provided to working interpreters for English-ASL interpreter training in specialty areas. These activities will help interpreters to more effectively meet the communication needs of individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing and individuals who are Deafblind. The training ultimately will improve the quality of VR services and the competitive integrated employment outcomes achieved by individuals with PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 disabilities. This priority will promote the efficient and effective use of Federal funds. Intergovernmental Review: This program is subject to Executive Order 12372 and the regulations in 34 CFR part 79. One of the objectives of the Executive order is to foster an intergovernmental partnership and strengthened federalism. The Executive order relies on processes developed by State and local governments for coordination and review of proposed Federal financial assistance. This document provides early notification of our specific plans and actions for this program. Accessible Format: Individuals with disabilities can obtain this document in an accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or compact disc) on request to the program contact person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Electronic Access to This Document: The official version of this document is the document published in the Federal Register. Free Internet access to the official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations is available via the Federal Digital System at: www.gpo.gov/fdsys. At this site, you can view this document, as well as all other documents of this Department published in the Federal Register, in text or Portable Document Format (PDF). To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at the site. You may also access documents of the Department published in the Federal Register by using the article search feature at: www.federalregister.gov. Specifically, through the advanced search feature at this site, you can limit your search to documents published by the Department. Dated: August 9, 2016. Sue Swenson, Acting Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. [FR Doc. 2016–19273 Filed 8–11–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000–01–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R09–OAR–2012–0959; FRL–9948–11– Region 9] Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). AGENCY: E:\FR\FM\12AUR1.SGM 12AUR1 53281 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 156 / Friday, August 12, 2016 / Rules and Regulations ACTION: Final rule. This rule is effective on September 30, 2016. DATES: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is finalizing a partial approval and partial disapproval of revisions to the Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District (SMAQMD or District) portion of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP). This action was proposed in the Federal Register on January 15, 2016 and concerns the District’s demonstration regarding Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) requirements for the 1997 8-hour ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS). Under authority of the Clean Air Act (CAA or the Act), this action directs California to correct RACT deficiencies in the SMAQMD portion of the California SIP. SUMMARY: The EPA has established docket number 1 EPA–R09–OAR–2012– 0959 for this action. Generally, documents in the docket for this action are available electronically at www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at EPA Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, California 94015–3901. While all documents in the docket are listed at www.regulations.gov, some information may be publicly available only at the hard copy location (e.g., copyrighted material, large maps), and some may not be publicly available in either location (e.g., Confidential Business Information (CBI)). To inspect the hard copy materials, please schedule an appointment during normal business ADDRESSES: hours with the contact listed in the FOR section. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James Shears, EPA Region IX, (213) 244–1810, shears.james@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, ‘‘we,’’ ‘‘us’’ and ‘‘our’’ refer to the EPA. FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT Table of Contents I. Proposed Action II. Public Comments and EPA Responses III. Final Action and CAA Consequences IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews I. Proposed Action On January 15, 2016 (81 FR 2136), the EPA proposed to partially approve and partially disapprove the following documents that were submitted for incorporation into the California SIP: Local agency Document SMAQMD ......... Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) as Applicable to the 8-hour Ozone Standard, dated October 26, 2006 (‘‘2006 RACT SIP’’). Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) Update as Applicable to the 8-Hour Ozone Standard, dated October 23, 2008 (‘‘Updated RACT SIP’’). ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with RULES SMAQMD ......... Adopted We proposed to approve the 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP with the exception of Rule 455, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, and the municipal waste landfill category as satisfying the RACT requirements of CAA section 182(b)(2) and (f). Also under CAA section 110(k)(3), we proposed to disapprove those elements of the 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP that pertain to Rule 455 and the municipal waste landfill category because we found that these elements did not meet all of the applicable CAA requirements. In particular, we found that Rule 455, Pharmaceuticals Manufacturing, (amended 11/29/83 and 9/5/96) lacks test methods, recordkeeping, and monitoring requirements that are necessary to support enforcement of the rule. See CAA section 110(a). We also found that the California SIP did not contain any provisions to implement RACT for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) at the Kiefer landfill, which is a major source of VOCs located within the Sacramento Metro area. SMAQMD’s submittal also included a number of negative declarations. CAA Sections 182(b)(2) and (f) require that SIPs for ozone nonattainment areas classified as moderate or above implement RACT for any source covered by a Control Techniques Guidelines (CTG) document and any major stationary source of VOCs or nitrogen oxides (NOX). If an ozone nonattainment area does not have any stationary sources covered by a particular CTG, then the area may submit a negative declaration certifying that there are no such sources in the relevant nonattainment area in lieu of adopting RACT requirements for that category. We proposed approval of SMAQMD’s negative declarations because we determined that they complied with relevant CAA requirements. Our proposed action contains more information on the basis for this rulemaking and on our evaluation of the 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP. 1 Our proposal indicated that the docket number for this action was EPA–R09–2012–959. This final action corrects the docket number to ‘‘0959’’ to conform to numbering convention. VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:21 Aug 11, 2016 Jkt 238001 II. Public Comments and EPA Responses The EPA’s proposed action provided a 30-day public comment period. During this period, we received no comments. III. Final Action and CAA Consequences A. Final Action For the reasons provided in our January 15, 2016 proposed rule, the EPA is partially approving and partially disapproving SMAQMD’s 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP under CAA section 110(k)(3). In particular, we are approving all elements of the 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP, with PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Submitted 10/26/06 7/11/07 10/23/08 1/21/09 the exception of elements pertaining to Rule 455, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, and the municipal waste landfill category, as satisfying the RACT requirements of CAA section 182(b)(2) and (f). We are disapproving those elements of the 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP that pertain to Rule 455 and the municipal waste landfill category because we have determined that they do not meet all of the applicable CAA requirements. B. CAA Consequences of Final Partial Disapproval The EPA is committed to working with the District and CARB to resolve the identified RACT deficiencies. We note that SMAQMD will not be required to submit a revised CAA section 182 RACT SIP demonstration for the 1997 8hour ozone NAAQS if it submits for SIP approval, rules and/or permit provisions that implement RACT for the pharmaceutical manufacturing source category, as well as RACT for VOCs for the Kiefer landfill, and the EPA fully approves them into the SIP. On April 28, 2016, SMAQMD repealed Rule 455 and adopted amendments to Rule 464, Organic Chemical Manufacturing Operations to incorporate the pharmaceutical manufacturing requirements from Rule 455 along with other improvements to implement RACT into Rule 464. SMAQMD plans, E:\FR\FM\12AUR1.SGM 12AUR1 53282 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 156 / Friday, August 12, 2016 / Rules and Regulations in July 2016, to adopt the relevant portions of the Kiefer landfill permit into the SIP to implement RACT. Because we are finalizing a partial disapproval of the 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP, the EPA must promulgate a federal implementation plan (FIP) under section 110(c) unless we approve subsequent SIP revisions that correct the rule deficiencies within 24 months of the effective date of this action. In addition, sanctions will be imposed under CAA section 179 and 40 CFR 52.31, unless the EPA approves subsequent SIP revisions that correct the rule deficiencies or issues an interim final determination that submitted revisions correct the deficiencies within 18 months of the effective date of this action. IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Additional information about these statutes and Executive Orders can be found at http://www2.epa.gov/lawsregulations/laws-and-executive-orders. A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review This action is not a significant regulatory action and was therefore not submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review. B. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) This action does not impose an information collection burden under the PRA because this action does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. C. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the RFA. This action will not impose any requirements on small entities beyond those imposed by state law. ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with RULES D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531–1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. This action does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, no additional costs to State, local, or tribal governments, or to the private sector, will result from this action. VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:21 Aug 11, 2016 Jkt 238001 E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. F. Executive Order 13175: Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in Executive Order 13175, because the SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction, and will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this action. G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those regulatory actions that concern environmental health or safety risks that the EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect children, per the definition of ‘‘covered regulatory action’’ in section 2–202 of the Executive Order. This action is not subject to Executive Order 13045 because it does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. J. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Population The EPA lacks the discretionary authority to address environmental justice in this rulemaking. K. Congressional Review Act (CRA) This action is subject to the CRA, and the EPA will submit a rule report to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). L. Petitions for Judicial Review Under CAA section 307(b)(1), petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by October 11, 2016. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements (see section 307(b)(2)). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds. Dated: May 19, 2016. Alexis Strauss, Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX. H. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use Part 52, Chapter I, Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows: This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211, because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) Section 12(d) of the NTTAA directs the EPA to use voluntary consensus standards in its regulatory activities unless to do so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. The EPA believes that this action is not subject to the requirements of section 12(d) of the NTTAA because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA. PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 1. The authority citation for Part 52 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Subpart F—California 2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraphs (c)(382)(ii)(C) and (c)(475) to read as follows: ■ § 52.220 Identification of plan—in part. * * * * * (c) * * * (382) * * * (ii) * * * (C) Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District. E:\FR\FM\12AUR1.SGM 12AUR1 53283 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 156 / Friday, August 12, 2016 / Rules and Regulations (1) Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) as Applicable to the 8-Hour Ozone Standard, dated October 26, 2006, as adopted October 26, 2006, excluding the RACT determinations for: (i) Pharmaceutical Products Manufacturing Source Category; and (ii) Kiefer Landfill (RACT for volatile organic compounds). * * * * * (475) A new plan for the following AQMD was submitted January 21, 2009 by the Governor’s designee. (i) [Reserved] (ii) Additional Material. (A) Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District. (1) Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) Update as Applicable to the 8-Hour Ozone Standard, dated October 23, 2008, adopted October 23, 2008. * * * * * 3. Section 52.222 is amended by adding paragraph (a)(2)(iv) to read as follows: ■ § 52.222 Negative declarations. (a) * * * (2) * * * (iv) Negative declarations for Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District. Submitted 7/11/07, adopted 10/26/06 CTG Source category Negative declaration—CTG reference document Aerospace Coating .......................... EPA–453/R–97–004 and 59 FR 29216 (6/06/94)—Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Coating Operations at Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Operations. EPA–450/2–77–008—Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources, Volume II: Surface Coating of Cans, Coils, Paper, Fabrics, Automobiles, and Light-Duty Trucks. EPA–450/3–82–009—Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Large Petroleum Dry Cleaners. EPA–450/2–78–033—Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources, Volume VIII: Graphic Arts–Rotogravure and Flexography. EPA–450/2–77–034—Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources, Volume V: Surface Coating of Large Appliances. EPA–453/R–07–004—Control Techniques Guidelines for Large Appliance Coatings. EPA–450/2–77–033—Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources, Volume IV: Surface Coating for Insulation of Magnetic Wire. EPA–450/2–77–008—Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources, Volume II: Surface Coating of Cans, Coils, Paper, Fabrics, Automobiles, and Light-Duty Trucks. EPA–450/2–83–007—Control of Volatile Organic Compound Equipment Leaks from Natural Gas/Gasoline Processing Plants. EPA–450/2–77–008—Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources, Volume II: Surface Coating of Cans, Coils, Paper, Fabrics, Automobiles, and Light-Duty Trucks. EPA–450/3–83–008—Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Manufacture of High-Density Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and Polystyrene Resins. EPA–450/2–77–025—Control of Refinery Vacuum Producing Systems, Wastewater Separators and Process Unit Turnarounds. EPA–450/2–78–036—Control of Volatile Organic Compound Leaks from Petroleum Refinery Equipment. EPA–450/2–78–030—Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Manufacture of Pneumatic Rubber Tires. 61 FR 44050—Control Techniques Guidelines for Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Operations (Surface Coating). EPA–450/2–78–032—Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources, Volume VII: Factory Surface Coating of Flat Wood Paneling. EPA–453/R06–004—Control Techniques Guidelines for Flat Wood Paneling Coatings. EPA–453/R–07–004—Control Techniques Guidelines for Paper, Film, and Foil Coatings. Automobile Coating ......................... Dry Cleaning (Petroleum Solvent) ... Graphic Arts (Rotogravure) ............. Large Appliance Coating ................. Large Appliance Coating ................. Magnetic Wire Coating .................... Metal Coil Coating ........................... Natural Gas/Gasoline Processing ... Paper and Fabric Coating ............... Resin Manufacturing (High-Density Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and Polystyrene). Refineries ......................................... Rubber Tire Manufacturing .............. Ship Coating .................................... Wood Coating (Flat Wood Paneling) Flat Wood Paneling Coatings .......... ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with RULES Paper, Film and Foil ........................ * * * * * 4. Section 52.237 is amended by adding paragraph (b) to read as follows: ■ § 52.237 * * Part D disapproval. * VerDate Sep<11>2014 * (b) The following Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) determinations are disapproved because they do not meet the requirements of Part D of the Clean Air Act. * 14:21 Aug 11, 2016 Jkt 238001 PO 00000 Frm 00039 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Updated submitted 1/21/09, adopted 10/23/08 ........................ X X ........................ X ........................ ........................ X X ........................ ........................ X X ........................ X ........................ X ........................ X ........................ X ........................ X ........................ X ........................ X ........................ X ........................ X ........................ ........................ X ........................ X (1) Sacramento Air Quality Management District. (i) RACT Determinations for the Pharmaceutical Products Manufacturing Source Category and the Kiefer Landfill (volatile organic compounds only), in E:\FR\FM\12AUR1.SGM 12AUR1 53284 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 156 / Friday, August 12, 2016 / Rules and Regulations copy at EPA Region 6, 1445 Ross Avenue, Suite 700, Dallas, Texas 75202– 2733. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Carl Young, 214–665–6645, young.carl@ epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, ‘‘we,’’ ‘‘us,’’ and ‘‘our’’ means the EPA. the submittal titled ‘‘Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) as Applicable to the 8-Hour Ozone Standard,’’ dated October 26, 2006, as adopted on October 26, 2006 and submitted on July 11, 2007. (ii) [Reserved] (2) [Reserved] [FR Doc. 2016–18900 Filed 8–11–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R06–OAR–2012–0985; FRL–9950–50– Region 6] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Texas; Interstate Transport of Air Pollution for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is disapproving the portion of a Texas State Implementation Plan (SIP) submittal pertaining to interstate transport of air pollution which will significantly contribute to nonattainment or interfere with maintenance of the 2008 ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) in other states. Disapproval establishes a 2-year deadline for the EPA to promulgate a Federal Implementation Plan (FIP) for Texas to address the Clean Air Act (CAA) interstate transport requirements pertaining to significant contribution to nonattainment and interference with maintenance of the 2008 ozone NAAQS in other states, unless the EPA approves a SIP that meets these requirements. Disapproval does not start a mandatory sanctions clock for Texas. DATES: This rule is effective on September 12, 2016. ADDRESSES: The EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA–R06–OAR–2012–0985. All documents in the docket are listed on the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business Information or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through http://www.regulations.gov or in hard ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:21 Aug 11, 2016 Jkt 238001 I. Background This rulemaking addresses an infrastructure SIP submittal from the state of Texas addressing, among other things, the requirements of CAA section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I), also known as the good neighbor provision (or interstate transport prongs 1 and 2), with respect to the 2008 ozone NAAQS. The background for this action is discussed in detail in our April 11, 2016 proposal (81 FR 21290). In that action we proposed to disapprove the portion of the December 13, 2012 Texas SIP submittal pertaining to CAA section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) which requires that the State prohibit any emissions activity within the state from emitting air pollutants which will significantly contribute to nonattainment (prong 1) or interfere with maintenance (prong 2) of the 2008 ozone NAAQS in other states.1 In proposing to disapprove the SIP submittal as to prongs 1 and 2 of the good neighbor provision, we noted several deficiencies in Texas’ submittal: (1) Texas limited its discussion of data only to areas designated nonattainment in states that are geographically closest to Texas (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee, and Wisconsin); and (2) Texas did not give the ‘‘interfere with maintenance’’ clause of CAA section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) independent significance because its analysis did not attempt to evaluate the potential impact of Texas emissions on areas that are currently measuring clean data, but that may have issues maintaining that air quality.2 Finally, the EPA explained that 1 In a separate action, we disapproved the portion of the SIP submittal pertaining to the CAA section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(II) requirement to address the interstate transport of air pollution which will interfere with other states’ programs for visibility protection (81 FR 296, January 5, 2016). We proposed to approve the other portions of the infrastructure SIP submittal on February 8, 2016 (81 FR 6483). 2 In addition, the EPA cited at proposal certain technical information the agency had released in order to facilitate efforts to address interstate transport requirements for the 2008 ozone NAAQS, and that this information was used to support the proposed Cross-State Air Pollution Rule Update for the 2008 ozone NAAQS (CSAPR Update) (81 FR 21299, 21292). We noted that such information contradicts Texas’ conclusions that its SIP contained adequate provisions to meet the CAA interstate transport requirements with respect to the PO 00000 Frm 00040 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Texas and other states could no longer rely on the implementation of the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) to satisfy emission reduction obligations with respect to the 2008 ozone NAAQS (81 FR 21290, 21294–5). The EPA is finalizing its proposed disapproval in this action. We received three comments during the comment period on our proposed SIP disapproval. The comments were submitted by the State of Texas (Texas Commission on Environmental Quality ‘‘TCEQ’’), Luminant (a Texas electricity producer) and a member of the public. A synopsis of the comments and our responses are provided below. II. Response to Comments Comment: Comments were received from a member of the public that was supportive of the EPA’s basis for its proposed action, but added that (1) the public can better understand how we are using the most current information if we clarify and explain how the projections and modeling discussed in the evaluation for our proposal are informed by recent ozone monitoring data, and (2) the commenter stated that the EPA took too long to propose action on the Texas SIP revision, noting that Texas would benefit from earlier review of its analysis by the EPA. Response: We agree with the commenter’s conclusion that Texas’s SIP submittal was inadequate to address the statutory interstate transport requirements with respect to the 2008 ozone NAAQS. With respect to the commenter’s first concern, the projections and modeling released c in the August 4, 2015 NODA and the proposed CSAPR Update, which we also o recited in the EPA’s proposed action on the Texas SIP submittal. In our CSAPR Update proposal, we explained how the CSAPR Update Rule proposed to use recent ozone monitoring data to inform our evaluation of interstate transport (80 FR 75706, 75724). We proposed to identify as nonattainment receptors those monitoring sites that (1) measured ozone concentrations that exceed the NAAQS based on monitoring data from years 2012–2014, and (2) are projected to exceed the NAAQS in 2017 2008 ozone NAAQS. See Notice of Data Availability (NODA), 80 FR 46271, (August 4, 2015) and the proposed CSAPR Update, 80 FR 75706 (December 3, 2015). We also noted at proposal that the EPA technical information in the NODA and the proposed CSAPR Update accounted for the emission reductions resulting from controls listed in the SIP, implemented within the state, and nonetheless showed that Texas will contribute to downwind air quality problems. The CSAPR Update, however, is outside the scope of this action, and is irrelevant to the question of whether the Texas SIP should be disapproved. E:\FR\FM\12AUR1.SGM 12AUR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 156 (Friday, August 12, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 53280-53284]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-18900]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[EPA-R09-OAR-2012-0959; FRL-9948-11-Region 9]


Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Sacramento 
Metropolitan Air Quality Management District

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

[[Page 53281]]


ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is finalizing a 
partial approval and partial disapproval of revisions to the Sacramento 
Metropolitan Air Quality Management District (SMAQMD or District) 
portion of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP). This action 
was proposed in the Federal Register on January 15, 2016 and concerns 
the District's demonstration regarding Reasonably Available Control 
Technology (RACT) requirements for the 1997 8-hour ozone National 
Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS). Under authority of the Clean Air 
Act (CAA or the Act), this action directs California to correct RACT 
deficiencies in the SMAQMD portion of the California SIP.

DATES: This rule is effective on September 30, 2016.

ADDRESSES: The EPA has established docket number \1\ EPA-R09-OAR-2012-
0959 for this action. Generally, documents in the docket for this 
action are available electronically at www.regulations.gov or in hard 
copy at EPA Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, California 
94015-3901. While all documents in the docket are listed at 
www.regulations.gov, some information may be publicly available only at 
the hard copy location (e.g., copyrighted material, large maps), and 
some may not be publicly available in either location (e.g., 
Confidential Business Information (CBI)). To inspect the hard copy 
materials, please schedule an appointment during normal business hours 
with the contact listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.
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    \1\ Our proposal indicated that the docket number for this 
action was EPA-R09-2012-959. This final action corrects the docket 
number to ``0959'' to conform to numbering convention.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James Shears, EPA Region IX, (213) 
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244-1810, shears.james@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, ``we,'' ``us'' and 
``our'' refer to the EPA.

Table of Contents

I. Proposed Action
II. Public Comments and EPA Responses
III. Final Action and CAA Consequences
IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. Proposed Action

    On January 15, 2016 (81 FR 2136), the EPA proposed to partially 
approve and partially disapprove the following documents that were 
submitted for incorporation into the California SIP:

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              Local agency                               Document                     Adopted        Submitted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SMAQMD.................................  Reasonably Available Control Technology        10/26/06         7/11/07
                                          (RACT) as Applicable to the 8-hour
                                          Ozone Standard, dated October 26, 2006
                                          (``2006 RACT SIP'').
SMAQMD.................................  Reasonably Available Control Technology        10/23/08         1/21/09
                                          (RACT) Update as Applicable to the 8-
                                          Hour Ozone Standard, dated October 23,
                                          2008 (``Updated RACT SIP'').
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We proposed to approve the 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP with 
the exception of Rule 455, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, and the 
municipal waste landfill category as satisfying the RACT requirements 
of CAA section 182(b)(2) and (f).
    Also under CAA section 110(k)(3), we proposed to disapprove those 
elements of the 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP that pertain to Rule 
455 and the municipal waste landfill category because we found that 
these elements did not meet all of the applicable CAA requirements. In 
particular, we found that Rule 455, Pharmaceuticals Manufacturing, 
(amended 11/29/83 and 9/5/96) lacks test methods, recordkeeping, and 
monitoring requirements that are necessary to support enforcement of 
the rule. See CAA section 110(a). We also found that the California SIP 
did not contain any provisions to implement RACT for volatile organic 
compounds (VOCs) at the Kiefer landfill, which is a major source of 
VOCs located within the Sacramento Metro area.
    SMAQMD's submittal also included a number of negative declarations. 
CAA Sections 182(b)(2) and (f) require that SIPs for ozone 
nonattainment areas classified as moderate or above implement RACT for 
any source covered by a Control Techniques Guidelines (CTG) document 
and any major stationary source of VOCs or nitrogen oxides 
(NOX). If an ozone nonattainment area does not have any 
stationary sources covered by a particular CTG, then the area may 
submit a negative declaration certifying that there are no such sources 
in the relevant nonattainment area in lieu of adopting RACT 
requirements for that category. We proposed approval of SMAQMD's 
negative declarations because we determined that they complied with 
relevant CAA requirements.
    Our proposed action contains more information on the basis for this 
rulemaking and on our evaluation of the 2006 RACT SIP and Updated RACT 
SIP.

II. Public Comments and EPA Responses

    The EPA's proposed action provided a 30-day public comment period. 
During this period, we received no comments.

III. Final Action and CAA Consequences

A. Final Action

    For the reasons provided in our January 15, 2016 proposed rule, the 
EPA is partially approving and partially disapproving SMAQMD's 2006 
RACT SIP and Updated RACT SIP under CAA section 110(k)(3). In 
particular, we are approving all elements of the 2006 RACT SIP and 
Updated RACT SIP, with the exception of elements pertaining to Rule 
455, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, and the municipal waste landfill 
category, as satisfying the RACT requirements of CAA section 182(b)(2) 
and (f). We are disapproving those elements of the 2006 RACT SIP and 
Updated RACT SIP that pertain to Rule 455 and the municipal waste 
landfill category because we have determined that they do not meet all 
of the applicable CAA requirements.

B. CAA Consequences of Final Partial Disapproval

    The EPA is committed to working with the District and CARB to 
resolve the identified RACT deficiencies. We note that SMAQMD will not 
be required to submit a revised CAA section 182 RACT SIP demonstration 
for the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS if it submits for SIP approval, rules 
and/or permit provisions that implement RACT for the pharmaceutical 
manufacturing source category, as well as RACT for VOCs for the Kiefer 
landfill, and the EPA fully approves them into the SIP. On April 28, 
2016, SMAQMD repealed Rule 455 and adopted amendments to Rule 464, 
Organic Chemical Manufacturing Operations to incorporate the 
pharmaceutical manufacturing requirements from Rule 455 along with 
other improvements to implement RACT into Rule 464. SMAQMD plans,

[[Page 53282]]

in July 2016, to adopt the relevant portions of the Kiefer landfill 
permit into the SIP to implement RACT.
    Because we are finalizing a partial disapproval of the 2006 RACT 
SIP and Updated RACT SIP, the EPA must promulgate a federal 
implementation plan (FIP) under section 110(c) unless we approve 
subsequent SIP revisions that correct the rule deficiencies within 24 
months of the effective date of this action. In addition, sanctions 
will be imposed under CAA section 179 and 40 CFR 52.31, unless the EPA 
approves subsequent SIP revisions that correct the rule deficiencies or 
issues an interim final determination that submitted revisions correct 
the deficiencies within 18 months of the effective date of this action.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Additional information about these statutes and Executive Orders 
can be found at http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations/laws-and-executive-orders.

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive 
Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review

    This action is not a significant regulatory action and was 
therefore not submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) 
for review.

B. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA)

    This action does not impose an information collection burden under 
the PRA because this action does not impose additional requirements 
beyond those imposed by state law.

C. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)

    I certify that this action will not have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities under the RFA. This 
action will not impose any requirements on small entities beyond those 
imposed by state law.

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA)

    This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in 
UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect 
small governments. This action does not impose additional requirements 
beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, no additional costs to 
State, local, or tribal governments, or to the private sector, will 
result from this action.

E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have 
substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between 
the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

F. Executive Order 13175: Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments

    This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in 
Executive Order 13175, because the SIP is not approved to apply on any 
Indian reservation land or in any other area where the EPA or an Indian 
tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction, and will not 
impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal 
law. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this action.

G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental 
Health Risks and Safety Risks

    The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those 
regulatory actions that concern environmental health or safety risks 
that the EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect 
children, per the definition of ``covered regulatory action'' in 
section 2-202 of the Executive Order. This action is not subject to 
Executive Order 13045 because it does not impose additional 
requirements beyond those imposed by state law.

H. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy 
Supply, Distribution, or Use

    This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211, because it is 
not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.

I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA)

    Section 12(d) of the NTTAA directs the EPA to use voluntary 
consensus standards in its regulatory activities unless to do so would 
be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. The EPA 
believes that this action is not subject to the requirements of section 
12(d) of the NTTAA because application of those requirements would be 
inconsistent with the CAA.

J. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental 
Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Population

    The EPA lacks the discretionary authority to address environmental 
justice in this rulemaking.

K. Congressional Review Act (CRA)

    This action is subject to the CRA, and the EPA will submit a rule 
report to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of 
the United States. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 
U.S.C. 804(2).

L. Petitions for Judicial Review

    Under CAA section 307(b)(1), petitions for judicial review of this 
action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the 
appropriate circuit by October 11, 2016. Filing a petition for 
reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect 
the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does 
it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be 
filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. 
This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its 
requirements (see section 307(b)(2)).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds.


    Dated: May 19, 2016.
Alexis Strauss,
Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX.

    Part 52, Chapter I, Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is 
amended as follows:

PART 52--APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

0
1. The authority citation for Part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

Subpart F--California

0
2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraphs (c)(382)(ii)(C) and 
(c)(475) to read as follows:


Sec.  52.220  Identification of plan--in part.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (382) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (C) Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District.

[[Page 53283]]

    (1) Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) as Applicable to 
the 8-Hour Ozone Standard, dated October 26, 2006, as adopted October 
26, 2006, excluding the RACT determinations for:
    (i) Pharmaceutical Products Manufacturing Source Category; and
    (ii) Kiefer Landfill (RACT for volatile organic compounds).
* * * * *
    (475) A new plan for the following AQMD was submitted January 21, 
2009 by the Governor's designee.
    (i) [Reserved]
    (ii) Additional Material.
    (A) Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District.
    (1) Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) Update as 
Applicable to the 8-Hour Ozone Standard, dated October 23, 2008, 
adopted October 23, 2008.
* * * * *

0
3. Section 52.222 is amended by adding paragraph (a)(2)(iv) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  52.222  Negative declarations.

    (a) * * *
    (2) * * *
    (iv) Negative declarations for Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality 
Management District.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                     Updated
                                                 Negative declaration--CTG      Submitted 7/11/  submitted 1/21/
            CTG Source category                     reference document          07, adopted 10/  09, adopted 10/
                                                                                     26/06            23/08
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aerospace Coating.........................  EPA-453/R-97-004 and 59 FR 29216    ...............               X
                                             (6/06/94)--Control of Volatile
                                             Organic Compound Emissions from
                                             Coating Operations at Aerospace
                                             Manufacturing and Rework
                                             Operations.
Automobile Coating........................  EPA-450/2-77-008--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Emissions from
                                             Existing Stationary Sources,
                                             Volume II: Surface Coating of
                                             Cans, Coils, Paper, Fabrics,
                                             Automobiles, and Light-Duty
                                             Trucks.
Dry Cleaning (Petroleum Solvent)..........  EPA-450/3-82-009--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Compound
                                             Emissions from Large Petroleum
                                             Dry Cleaners.
Graphic Arts (Rotogravure)................  EPA-450/2-78-033--Control of        ...............               X
                                             Volatile Organic Emissions from
                                             Existing Stationary Sources,
                                             Volume VIII: Graphic Arts-
                                             Rotogravure and Flexography.
Large Appliance Coating...................  EPA-450/2-77-034--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Emissions from
                                             Existing Stationary Sources,
                                             Volume V: Surface Coating of
                                             Large Appliances.
Large Appliance Coating...................  EPA-453/R-07-004--Control           ...............               X
                                             Techniques Guidelines for Large
                                             Appliance Coatings.
Magnetic Wire Coating.....................  EPA-450/2-77-033--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Emissions from
                                             Existing Stationary Sources,
                                             Volume IV: Surface Coating for
                                             Insulation of Magnetic Wire.
Metal Coil Coating........................  EPA-450/2-77-008--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Emissions from
                                             Existing Stationary Sources,
                                             Volume II: Surface Coating of
                                             Cans, Coils, Paper, Fabrics,
                                             Automobiles, and Light-Duty
                                             Trucks.
Natural Gas/Gasoline Processing...........  EPA-450/2-83-007--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Compound
                                             Equipment Leaks from Natural Gas/
                                             Gasoline Processing Plants.
Paper and Fabric Coating..................  EPA-450/2-77-008--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Emissions from
                                             Existing Stationary Sources,
                                             Volume II: Surface Coating of
                                             Cans, Coils, Paper, Fabrics,
                                             Automobiles, and Light-Duty
                                             Trucks.
Resin Manufacturing (High-Density           EPA-450/3-83-008--Control of                     X   ...............
 Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and            Volatile Organic Compound
 Polystyrene).                               Emissions from Manufacture of
                                             High-Density Polyethylene,
                                             Polypropylene, and Polystyrene
                                             Resins.
Refineries................................  EPA-450/2-77-025--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Refinery Vacuum Producing
                                             Systems, Wastewater Separators
                                             and Process Unit Turnarounds.
                                            EPA-450/2-78-036--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Compound Leaks
                                             from Petroleum Refinery Equipment.
Rubber Tire Manufacturing.................  EPA-450/2-78-030--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Emissions from
                                             Manufacture of Pneumatic Rubber
                                             Tires.
Ship Coating..............................  61 FR 44050--Control Techniques                  X   ...............
                                             Guidelines for Shipbuilding and
                                             Ship Repair Operations (Surface
                                             Coating).
Wood Coating (Flat Wood Paneling).........  EPA-450/2-78-032--Control of                     X   ...............
                                             Volatile Organic Emissions from
                                             Existing Stationary Sources,
                                             Volume VII: Factory Surface
                                             Coating of Flat Wood Paneling.
Flat Wood Paneling Coatings...............  EPA-453/R06-004--Control            ...............               X
                                             Techniques Guidelines for Flat
                                             Wood Paneling Coatings.
Paper, Film and Foil......................  EPA-453/R-07-004--Control           ...............               X
                                             Techniques Guidelines for Paper,
                                             Film, and Foil Coatings.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

0
4. Section 52.237 is amended by adding paragraph (b) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  52.237  Part D disapproval.

* * * * *
    (b) The following Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) 
determinations are disapproved because they do not meet the 
requirements of Part D of the Clean Air Act.
    (1) Sacramento Air Quality Management District.
    (i) RACT Determinations for the Pharmaceutical Products 
Manufacturing Source Category and the Kiefer Landfill (volatile organic 
compounds only), in

[[Page 53284]]

the submittal titled ``Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) 
as Applicable to the 8-Hour Ozone Standard,'' dated October 26, 2006, 
as adopted on October 26, 2006 and submitted on July 11, 2007.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) [Reserved]

[FR Doc. 2016-18900 Filed 8-11-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6560-50-P