Extension of the Requirement for Helicopters to Use the New York North Shore Helicopter Route, 48323-48327 [2016-17427]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 142 / Monday, July 25, 2016 / Rules and Regulations the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD: (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866, (2) Is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent that it justifies making a regulatory distinction, and (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR part 39) as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by removing airworthiness directive (AD) 2013–02–02, Amendment 39–17323 (78 FR 5712, January 28, 2013), (‘‘AD 2013– 02–02’’), and adding the following new AD: ■ 2016–14–10 CFM International, S.A. Turbofan Engines Modified by Supplemental Type Certificate SE00034EN: Amendment 39–18591; Docket No. FAA–2012–1289; Directorate Identifier 2012–NE–43–AD. (a) Effective Date This AD is effective August 9, 2016. asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with RULES (b) Affected ADs This AD supersedes AD 2013–02–02. (c) Applicability This AD applies to CFM International, S.A. CFM56–3, CFM56–3B, and CFM56–3C turbofan engines, modified by Supplemental Type Certificate SE00034EN, with a highpressure turbine (HPT) disk, part number (P/ N) 880026, serial number (S/N) GKLBAA9307, GKLBAA9335, GKLBAA9404, GKLBAA9407, or GKLBAA9409, installed. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Jul 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 (d) Unsafe Condition This AD was prompted by reports that certain HPT disk serial numbers in AD 2013– 02–02 and in certain Pratt & Whitney service information are incorrect. We are issuing this AD to prevent uncontained release of multiple turbine blades, damage to the engine, and damage to the airplane. (e) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. (1) For CFM56–3, CFM56–3B, and CFM56– 3C turbofan engines operating to 20,100 lbs maximum takeoff (MTO) thrust, remove the HPT disk from service on or before accumulating 8,000 cycles-since-new (CSN). (2) For CFM56–3B and CFM56–3C turbofan engines operating to 22,100 lbs MTO thrust, remove the HPT disk from service on or before accumulating 8,000 CSN. (3) For CFM56–3C turbofan engines operating to 23,500 lbs MTO thrust, remove the HPT disk from service on or before accumulating 4,000 CSN. (4) For HPT disks that have been used in multiple models or thrust installations, use the formula in the ADDED DATA section of Pratt & Whitney Special Instruction 6F–12, Revision A, dated May 17, 2016 to calculate the remaining life on the disk. (f) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, may approve AMOCs for this AD. Use the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19 to make your request. You may email your request to: ANE-AD-AMOC@faa.gov. (g) Related Information For more information about this AD, contact Kenneth Steeves, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781– 238–7765; fax: 781–238–7199; email: kenneth.steeves@faa.gov. (h) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise. (i) Pratt & Whitney Corp. Special Instruction No. 6F–12, Revision A, dated May 17, 2016. (ii) Reserved. (3) For Pratt & Whitney service information identified in this AD, contact Pratt & Whitney, 400 Main St., East Hartford, CT 06108; phone: 860–565–7700; fax: 860–565– 1605. (4) You may view this service information at FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781–238–7125. (5) You may view this service information at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 48323 the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http:// www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibrlocations.html. Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on July 11, 2016. Colleen M. D’Alessandro, Manager, Engine & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2016–17442 Filed 7–22–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 93 [Docket No.: FAA–2010–0302; Amdt. No. 93–99] RIN 2120–AK84 Extension of the Requirement for Helicopters to Use the New York North Shore Helicopter Route Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This rulemaking amends the expiration date of the final rule requiring pilots operating civil helicopters under Visual Flight Rules to use the New York North Shore Helicopter Route when operating along that area of Long Island, New York. The current rule expires on August 6, 2016. The FAA finds it necessary to extend the rule for an additional four years to preserve the current operating environment while the FAA conducts ongoing helicopter research that will be considered to determine appropriate future actions. DATES: This final rule is effective August 7, 2016, through August 6, 2020. ADDRESSES: For information on where to obtain copies of rulemaking documents and other information related to this final rule, see ‘‘How To Obtain Additional Information’’ in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For technical questions concerning this action, contact Kenneth Ready, Airspace and Rules Team, AJV–113, Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591; telephone (202) 267–3396; email kenneth.ready@ faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Authority for This Rulemaking The FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety is found in Title 49 of the E:\FR\FM\25JYR1.SGM 25JYR1 48324 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 142 / Monday, July 25, 2016 / Rules and Regulations United States Code. Subtitle I, Section 106 describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the agency’s authority. The FAA has broad authority and responsibility to regulate the operation of aircraft, the use of the navigable airspace and to establish safety standards for and regulate the certification of airmen, aircraft, and air carriers. (49 U.S.C. 40104 et seq., 40103(b)). The FAA’s authority for this rule is contained in 49 U.S.C. 40103 and 44715. Under section 40103, the Administrator of the FAA has authority to ‘‘prescribe air traffic regulations on the flight of aircraft (including regulations on safe altitudes) for . . . (B) protecting individuals and property on the ground. (49 U.S.C. 40103(b)(2)(B)). In addition, section 44715(a), provides that to ‘‘relieve and protect the public health and welfare from aircraft noise,’’ the Administrator of the FAA, ‘‘as he deems necessary, shall prescribe . . . (ii) regulations to control and abate aircraft noise . . .’’ asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with RULES Good Cause for Immediate Adoption Without Prior Notice Section 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act requires that agencies publish a rule not less than 30 days before its effective date, except as otherwise provided by the agency for good cause found and published with the rule. The current rule expires on August 6, 2016. To prevent confusion among pilots using the route and avoid disruption of the current operating environment, the FAA finds that good cause exists to make this rule effective in less than 30 days. I. Background In response to concerns from a large number of local residents regarding noise from helicopters operating over Long Island, the FAA issued the New York North Shore Helicopter Route final rule (77 FR 39911, July 6, 2012). The rule requires civil helicopter pilots operating Visual Flight Rules (VFR), whose route of flight takes them over the north shore of Long Island between the Visual Point Lloyd Harbor (VPLYD) waypoint and Orient Point (VPOLT), to use the North Shore Helicopter Route, as published in the New York Helicopter Chart (‘‘the Chart’’). The rule was promulgated to maximize use of the route, as published per the Chart, to secure and improve upon decreased levels of noise that had been voluntarily achieved. Under the rule, pilots are permitted to deviate from the route and altitude requirements when necessary for safety, weather conditions, or VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Jul 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 transitioning to or from a destination or point of landing. In addition, the rule is based on a voluntary VFR route that was developed by the FAA, working with the Eastern Region Helicopter Council. The voluntary route originally was added to the Chart on May 8, 2008. The rule originally had a two-year duration and was set to terminate on August 6, 2014. The FAA limited the duration of the rule because, at the time of promulgation, the FAA did not have data on the current rate of compliance with the voluntary route nor the circumstances surrounding an operator’s decision not to use the route. The FAA concluded there would be no reason to retain the rule if the FAA determined the noise situation along the North Shore of Long Island did not improve. Accordingly, the Agency decided that the rule would expire in two years, if it was determined there is no meaningful improvement in the effects of helicopter noise on quality of life or that the rule was otherwise unjustified. Specifically, the FAA stated that should there be such an improvement, the FAA may, after appropriate notice and opportunity for comment, decide to make the rule permanent. Likewise, should the FAA determine that reasonable modification could be made to the route to better address noise concerns (and any other relevant concerns), the FAA may choose to modify the rule after notice and comment. On June 23, 2014, the FAA issued a two-year extension of the rule’s termination date to provide additional time for the Agency to assess the rule’s impact and consider whether to make the mandatory use of the route permanent (79 FR 35488). Since then, the FAA has been engaged in a variety of helicopter research initiatives that could inform the Agency’s future actions on this rule. Topics addressed by these research efforts, described in more detail below, include modeling of helicopter performance and noise, helicopter noise-abatement procedures, and community response to helicopter noise. The FAA has initiated efforts to improve helicopter performancemodeling capabilities for more accurate operational impact analysis. This research is scheduled to be completed in 2016, with an implementation plan for incorporation into the FAA’s Aviation Environmental Design Tool (AEDT).1 Also, through the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine Transportation Review Board 1 AEDT is the FAA’s tool for computing noise, emissions and fuel burn. PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 (TRB), a research project was initiated through the Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) to provide helicopter noise-modeling guidance. The project reviewed, evaluated, and documented current helicopter noise prediction models and identified potential improvements to AEDT to better capture the unique complexity of helicopter operations. The research was published in January 2016. The FAA is currently reviewing the findings and will consider making modeling improvements in AEDT based on those findings. Improved modeling will allow better quantification of the noise impacts of helicopter operations and better inform decisions on measures to abate helicopter-noise impacts. The FAA’s Center of Excellence, called the Aviation Sustainability Center (ASCENT), has funded Pennsylvania State University to conduct modeling of helicopters to identify potential noise-abatement procedures that may result in quieter operations. The first phase of this project focuses on integrating the tools needed to predict helicopter-source noise and providing the necessary integration within AEDT to be able to illustrate potential noise impacts of such noise abatement procedures. The second phase of the project is focused on developing noise-abatement procedures for either individual helicopters or classes of helicopters. These phases of the research are scheduled to be completed by August 2017. At that time, the FAA will need to determine whether to initiate and support flight tests during 2018, which would be necessary prior to advancing the use of the procedures with helicopter operators. The FAA is also engaged in research and collaboration with helicopter operators, seeking to educate pilots on the benefits of noise-abatement procedures, when to institute them, and the piloting procedures for achieving quieter operations. This project addresses noted issues by developing a strategy for pilot awareness of noiseabatement techniques, looking at ways to illustrate the benefits through modeling, and examining the potential for video training on how to incorporate noise-abatement procedures. This research will utilize the findings of the ASCENT project described above. Finally, the FAA has two projects to review methodologies to determine community response to helicopter operations. One project is administered through the ACRP. The objectives of the ACRP research project are to: (1) Determine the significance of acoustical and non-acoustical factors that E:\FR\FM\25JYR1.SGM 25JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 142 / Monday, July 25, 2016 / Rules and Regulations influence community annoyance to helicopter noise, (2) describe how these factors compare to those contributing to fixed-wing aircraft community annoyance, and (3) develop and validate a research method to relate helicopternoise exposure to surveyed community annoyance. This project is two-thirds complete, and ACRP expects the project to be completed in late 2016. Further, the FAA has initiated a second project in an effort to test a different methodology for gathering information on community annoyance for residents in the vicinity of helicopter operations. The FAA has gathered data for this project, and the analysis is underway. The goal is to report on the methodology in late 2016, and when completed, it will provide an alternative method for developing an annoyance survey for helicopters. Both of these projects provide an opportunity for the FAA to compare methodologies and determine the most effective approach for conducting a helicopter noise-annoyance survey. At the completion of the projects, the FAA intends to select the most effective, survey methodology and determine if a larger scale, community survey would better inform the FAA on appropriate methods to address concerns over helicopter noise. The FAA will then consider the need for a comprehensive helicopter community annoyance survey. While the research reaches maturity by the end of 2017, applying the research will take longer. II. The Final Rule asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with RULES This final rule extends for an additional four years (i.e., to August 6, 2020) the requirement for pilots of civil helicopters to use the North Shore Helicopter Route when transiting along the north shore of Long Island. The FAA expects that four years will be sufficient time to consider results of the described research efforts in determining appropriate future actions on the rule. Extending the requirement to use the North Shore Helicopter Route during this period will continue to foster maximum use of the North Shore Helicopter Route and avoid disruption of the current operating environment. Therefore, the FAA finds that a fouryear extension of the current rule is warranted. III. Regulatory Notices and Analyses A. Regulatory Evaluation Changes to Federal regulations must undergo several economic analyses. First, Executive Order 12866 and Executive Order 13563 direct that each Federal agency shall propose or adopt a VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Jul 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 regulation only upon a reasoned determination that the benefits of the intended regulation justify its costs. Second, the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96–354) requires agencies to analyze the economic impact of regulatory changes on small entities. Third, the Trade Agreements Act (Pub. L. 96–39) prohibits agencies from setting standards that create unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of the United States. In developing U.S. standards, the Trade Act requires agencies to consider international standards and, where appropriate, that they be the basis of U.S. standards. Fourth, the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4) requires agencies to prepare a written assessment of the costs, benefits, and other effects of proposed or final rules that include a Federal mandate likely to result in the expenditure by State, local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more annually (adjusted for inflation with base year of 1995). This portion of the preamble summarizes the FAA’s analysis of the economic impacts of this final rule. Department of Transportation Order DOT 2100.5 prescribes policies and procedures for simplification, analysis, and review of regulations. If the expected cost impact is so minimal that a proposed or final rule does not warrant a full evaluation, this order permits that a statement to that effect and the basis for it to be included in the preamble if a full regulatory evaluation of the cost and benefits is not prepared. Such a determination has been made for this final rule. The reasoning for this determination follows: This final rule extends for an additional four years (i.e., to August 6, 2020) the requirement for pilots of civil helicopters to use the North Shore Helicopter Route when transiting along the north shore of Long Island. Extending the current rule for four years is expected to provide the FAA with sufficient time to consider results of the described research efforts in determining appropriate future actions on the rule. The FAA determined the 2012 final rule would impose minimal costs because many of the existing operators were already complying with the final rule requirements. As this final rule extends those requirements, the FAA expects this final rule imposes only minimal costs. The FAA has, therefore, determined that this final rule is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ as defined in section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866, and is not ‘‘significant’’ as defined in DOT’s Regulatory Policies and Procedures. PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 48325 B. Regulatory Flexibility Determination The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96–354) (RFA) establishes ‘‘as a principle of regulatory issuance that agencies shall endeavor, consistent with the objectives of the rule and of applicable statutes, to fit regulatory and informational requirements to the scale of the businesses, organizations, and governmental jurisdictions subject to regulation.’’ To achieve this principle, agencies are required to solicit and consider flexible regulatory proposals and to explain the rationale for their actions to assure that such proposals are given serious consideration.’’ The RFA covers a wide range of small entities, including small businesses, not-forprofit organizations, and small governmental jurisdictions. Agencies must perform a review to determine whether a rule will have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. If the agency determines that it will, the agency must prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis as described in the RFA. However, if an agency determines that a rule is not expected to have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities, section 605(b) of the RFA provides that the head of the agency may so certify and a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required. The certification must include a statement providing the factual basis for this determination, and the reasoning should be clear. The FAA believes that this final rule does not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities for the following reasons. With this final rule, the regulatory provisions already in place will be extended four years to provide the FAA with sufficient time to consider results of the described research efforts in determining appropriate future actions on the rule. The final regulatory flexibility analysis for the 2012 final rule determined that it had a minimal cost impact on a substantial number of small entities. This final rule extends those requirements. Thus, the FAA expects a minimal economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Therefore, as provided in section 605(b), the head of the FAA certifies that this rulemaking will not result in a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. C. International Trade Impact Assessment The Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (Pub. L. 96–39), as amended by the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (Pub. L. 103–465), prohibits Federal agencies E:\FR\FM\25JYR1.SGM 25JYR1 48326 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 142 / Monday, July 25, 2016 / Rules and Regulations from establishing standards or engaging in related activities that create unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of the United States. Pursuant to these Acts, the establishment of standards is not considered an unnecessary obstacle to the foreign commerce of the United States, so long as the standard has a legitimate domestic objective, such as the protection of safety, and does not operate in a manner that excludes imports that meet this objective. The statute also requires consideration of international standards and, where appropriate, that they be the basis for U.S. standards. The FAA has assessed the potential effect of this final rule and determined that the rule will preserve the current operating environment and is not considered an unnecessary obstacle to foreign commerce. D. Unfunded Mandates Assessment Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4) requires each Federal agency to prepare a written statement assessing the effects of any Federal mandate in a proposed or final agency rule that may result in an expenditure of $100 million or more (in 1995 dollars) in any one year by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector; such a mandate is deemed to be a ‘‘significant regulatory action.’’ The FAA currently uses an inflation-adjusted value of $155 million in lieu of $100 million. This final rule does not contain such a mandate; therefore, the requirements of Title II of the Act do not apply. asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with RULES E. Paperwork Reduction Act The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507(d)) requires that the FAA consider the impact of paperwork and other information collection burdens imposed on the public. The FAA has determined that there is no new requirement for information collection associated with this final rule. F. International Compatibility and Cooperation In keeping with U.S. obligations under the Convention on International Civil Aviation, it is FAA policy to conform to International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Standards and Recommended Practices to the maximum extent practicable. The FAA has determined that there are no ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices that correspond to these proposed regulations. Executive Order 13609, Promoting International Regulatory Cooperation, promotes international regulatory VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Jul 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 cooperation to meet shared challenges involving health, safety, labor, security, environmental, and other issues and to reduce, eliminate, or prevent unnecessary differences in regulatory requirements. The FAA has analyzed this action under the policies and agency responsibilities of Executive Order 13609, and has determined that this action would have no effect on international regulatory cooperation. G. Environmental Analysis FAA Order 1050.1F, ‘‘Environmental Impacts: Policies and Procedures,’’ identifies FAA actions that, in the absence of extraordinary circumstances, are categorically excluded from requiring an environmental assessment (EA) or environmental impact statement (EIS) under the National Environmental Policy Act. This rule qualifies for the categorical exclusion in paragraph 5– 6.6.f of that Order, which includes ‘‘[r]egulations. . . excluding those that if implemented may cause a significant impact on the human environment. There are no extraordinary circumstances that warrant preparation of an EA or EIS. IV. Executive Order Determinations A. Executive Order 13132, Federalism The FAA has analyzed this final rule under the principles and criteria of Executive Order 13132, Federalism. The agency determined that this action will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, or the relationship between the Federal Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, and, therefore, does not have Federalism implications. B. Executive Order 13211, Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use The FAA analyzed this final rule under Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations that Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use (May 18, 2001). The agency has determined that it is not a ‘‘significant energy action’’ under the executive order and it is not likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. V. How To Obtain Additional Information A. Availability of Rulemaking Documents An electronic copy of rulemaking documents may be obtained from the Internet by— 1. Searching the Federal eRulemaking Portal (http://www.regulations.gov); PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 2. Visiting the FAA’s Regulations and Policies Web page at http:// www.faa.gov/regulations_policies or 3. Accessing the Government Printing Office’s Web page at http:// www.gpo.gov/fdsys/. Copies may also be obtained by sending a request to the Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Rulemaking, ARM–1, 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591, or by calling (202) 267–9680. Commenters must identify the docket or amendment number of this rulemaking. All documents the FAA considered in developing this rulemaking action, including economic analyses and technical reports, may be accessed from the Internet through the Federal eRulemaking Portal referenced in item (1) above. B. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act The Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA) of 1996 requires FAA to comply with small entity requests for information or advice about compliance with statutes and regulations within its jurisdiction. A small entity with questions regarding this document, may contact its local FAA official, or the person listed under the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT heading at the beginning of the preamble. To find out more about SBREFA on the Internet, visit http:// www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/ rulemaking/sbre_act/. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 93 Air traffic control, Airspace, Navigation (air). The Amendment In consideration of the foregoing, the Federal Aviation Administration amends chapter I of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows: PART 93–SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES 1. The authority citation for part 93 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40106, 40109, 40113, 44502, 44514, 44701, 44715, 44719, 46301. ■ 2. Add § 93.101 to read as follows: § 93.101 Applicability. This subpart prescribes a special air traffic rule for civil helicopters operating VFR along the North Shore, Long Island, New York, between August 6, 2012, and August 6, 2020. E:\FR\FM\25JYR1.SGM 25JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 142 / Monday, July 25, 2016 / Rules and Regulations Issued under authority provided by 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 44701(a), and 44703 in Washington, DC, on July 15, 2016. Michael P. Huerta, Administrator. II. Background Information and Regulatory History On May 6, 2016, we published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) entitled Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Fox River, DePere to Oshkosh, WI, in the Federal Register (81 FR 27373). We did receive one comment on this rule. [FR Doc. 2016–17427 Filed 7–22–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY III. Legal Authority and Need for Rule Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 [Docket No. USCG–2016–0256] RIN 1625–AA09 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Fox River, DePere to Oshkosh, WI Coast Guard, DHS. Final rule. AGENCY: ACTION: The Coast Guard is modifying the operating schedule for all drawbridges over the Fox River between DePere, WI and Oshkosh, WI. This rule will establish drawbridge schedules that coincide with lock schedules during the boating season and standard winter drawbridge schedules. DATES: This rule is effective August 24, 2016. ADDRESSES: To view documents mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket, go to http:// www.regulations.gov, type USCG–2016– 0256. In the ‘‘SEARCH’’ box and click ‘‘SEARCH.’’ Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this rulemaking. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions on this rule, call or email Mr. Lee D. Soule, Bridge Management Specialist, Ninth Coast Guard District; telephone 216–902– 6085, email Lee.D.Soule@uscg.mil. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with RULES I. Table of Abbreviations CFR Code of Federal Regulations DHS Department of Homeland Security E.O. Executive Order FR Federal Register NEPA National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 NPRM Notice of proposed rulemaking RFA Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 SNPRM Supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking Pub. L. Public Law § Section U.S.C. United States Code WIS–DOT Wisconsin Department of Transportation FRNSA Fox River Navigational System Authority CN–RR Canadian National Railroad VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:30 Jul 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 The Coast Guard is issuing this rule under authority 33 U.S.C. 499. Currently, the regulation for Fox River drawbridges (33 CFR 117.1087) includes the opening schedule for drawbridges in Green Bay, WI, where large commercial vessel traffic continues to transit. This rule does not include any changes to the schedules for drawbridges over the commercial ship channel in Green Bay. The sections of the current regulation that includes all other drawbridges between river mile 7.13 in DePere, WI at the DePere Pedestrian bridge, to river mile 58.3 in Oshkosh, WI, describe inconsistent dates and times for required drawbridge openings, particularly for the four highway drawbridges in Oshkosh. They also include reference to the George Street bridge at mile 7.27. The George Street bridge has been removed in the past 15 years. In the current regulation, the Oshkosh drawbridges contain exemptions during certain dates and times where the drawbridges are not required to open for vessels or vessels must provide advance notice prior to passing during nighttime hours. This rule establishes the requirement for all drawbridges, except the Canadian National Railroad (CN–RR) bridge at mile 55.72 in Oshkosh, to open on signal between the hours of 8 a.m. and midnight each day from April 27 to October 7 every year. This schedule will match the lock schedule established by FRNSA and drawbridge schedules used by WIS–DOT. Between the hours of midnight and 8 a.m., except for the CN– RR bridge in Oshkosh, all drawbridges would open for vessels if at least 2hours advance notice of arrival is provided. The CN–RR bridge at mile 55.72 in Oshkosh is located where Fox River feeds into the southwest section of Lake Winnebago. The portion of Fox River in the Oshkosh area, and Lake Winnebago, are among the busiest portions of the Fox River System for recreational vessel traffic. The CN–RR bridge provides 6 feet of vertical clearance in the closed position and prevents most vessels from passing under the bridge, thereby requiring the drawbridge to open regularly for vessels. This is also the PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 48327 location of first responders and public safety vessels that may require the bridge to open at any time to perform rescue or emergency operations on Lake Winnebago. Vessels in distress or seeking shelter from weather on Lake Winnebago may also need the CN–RR bridge to open at any time. A delay in bridge openings at this location may endanger life or property and is therefore exempted from the proposed 2-hour advance notice requirement from vessels for all other drawbridges between midnight and 8 a.m. All drawbridges would be required to open if at least 12-hours advance notice is provided prior to passing between October 8 and April 26 each year. This rule removes the George Street bridge from the regulation, establishes consistent annual dates for drawbridge schedules between river miles 7.13 and 58.3, eliminates currently exempted bridge opening times during certain days and times in Oshkosh, makes permanent the requirement for vessels to provide 2-hours advance notice between midnight and 8 a.m., and establishes the winter bridge operating schedules throughout the entire river system. The dates, times, and conditions have been employed by local authorities for approximately 10 years and are generally accepted by vessel operators in the area as established conditions. The dates, times, and conditions have also been reviewed and accepted by WIS–DOT and FRNSA during the development of this rule. IV. Discussion of Comments, Changes and the Final Rule The Coast Guard provided a comment period of 45 days and received one comment. Canadian National Railway Company (CN–RR) wished to clarify for the record that the bridge described in the NPRM as the ‘‘CN–RR bridge at Mile 55.72 over Fox River in Oshkosh, WI’’ should reflect Wisconsin Central Ltd. as the entity holding common carrier responsibilities at this location. The Coast Guard recognizes that Wisconsin Central, Ltd. is owned by CN–RR, but for consistency in describing bridge owners throughout the Fox River system in official publications, and since the bridges are locally known and referred to as ‘‘Canadian National’’ bridges, we will continue to describe the railroad drawbridge at Mile 55.72 in Oshkosh as the CN–RR bridge. Additionally, CN–RR commented on the disparity of proposed bridge operations between nearby highway bridges and the CN–RR bridge at Mile 55.72 in Oshkosh, WI. The NPRM excluded the CN–RR bridge at Mile E:\FR\FM\25JYR1.SGM 25JYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 142 (Monday, July 25, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 48323-48327]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-17427]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 93

[Docket No.: FAA-2010-0302; Amdt. No. 93-99]
RIN 2120-AK84


Extension of the Requirement for Helicopters to Use the New York 
North Shore Helicopter Route

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: This rulemaking amends the expiration date of the final rule 
requiring pilots operating civil helicopters under Visual Flight Rules 
to use the New York North Shore Helicopter Route when operating along 
that area of Long Island, New York. The current rule expires on August 
6, 2016. The FAA finds it necessary to extend the rule for an 
additional four years to preserve the current operating environment 
while the FAA conducts ongoing helicopter research that will be 
considered to determine appropriate future actions.

DATES: This final rule is effective August 7, 2016, through August 6, 
2020.

ADDRESSES: For information on where to obtain copies of rulemaking 
documents and other information related to this final rule, see ``How 
To Obtain Additional Information'' in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION 
section of this document.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For technical questions concerning 
this action, contact Kenneth Ready, Airspace and Rules Team, AJV-113, 
Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Avenue SW., 
Washington, DC 20591; telephone (202) 267-3396; email 
kenneth.ready@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Authority for This Rulemaking

    The FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety is found in 
Title 49 of the

[[Page 48324]]

United States Code. Subtitle I, Section 106 describes the authority of 
the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in 
more detail the scope of the agency's authority.
    The FAA has broad authority and responsibility to regulate the 
operation of aircraft, the use of the navigable airspace and to 
establish safety standards for and regulate the certification of 
airmen, aircraft, and air carriers. (49 U.S.C. 40104 et seq., 
40103(b)). The FAA's authority for this rule is contained in 49 U.S.C. 
40103 and 44715. Under section 40103, the Administrator of the FAA has 
authority to ``prescribe air traffic regulations on the flight of 
aircraft (including regulations on safe altitudes) for . . . (B) 
protecting individuals and property on the ground. (49 U.S.C. 
40103(b)(2)(B)). In addition, section 44715(a), provides that to 
``relieve and protect the public health and welfare from aircraft 
noise,'' the Administrator of the FAA, ``as he deems necessary, shall 
prescribe . . . (ii) regulations to control and abate aircraft noise . 
. .''

Good Cause for Immediate Adoption Without Prior Notice

    Section 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act requires that 
agencies publish a rule not less than 30 days before its effective 
date, except as otherwise provided by the agency for good cause found 
and published with the rule. The current rule expires on August 6, 
2016. To prevent confusion among pilots using the route and avoid 
disruption of the current operating environment, the FAA finds that 
good cause exists to make this rule effective in less than 30 days.

I. Background

    In response to concerns from a large number of local residents 
regarding noise from helicopters operating over Long Island, the FAA 
issued the New York North Shore Helicopter Route final rule (77 FR 
39911, July 6, 2012). The rule requires civil helicopter pilots 
operating Visual Flight Rules (VFR), whose route of flight takes them 
over the north shore of Long Island between the Visual Point Lloyd 
Harbor (VPLYD) waypoint and Orient Point (VPOLT), to use the North 
Shore Helicopter Route, as published in the New York Helicopter Chart 
(``the Chart''). The rule was promulgated to maximize use of the route, 
as published per the Chart, to secure and improve upon decreased levels 
of noise that had been voluntarily achieved. Under the rule, pilots are 
permitted to deviate from the route and altitude requirements when 
necessary for safety, weather conditions, or transitioning to or from a 
destination or point of landing. In addition, the rule is based on a 
voluntary VFR route that was developed by the FAA, working with the 
Eastern Region Helicopter Council. The voluntary route originally was 
added to the Chart on May 8, 2008.
    The rule originally had a two-year duration and was set to 
terminate on August 6, 2014. The FAA limited the duration of the rule 
because, at the time of promulgation, the FAA did not have data on the 
current rate of compliance with the voluntary route nor the 
circumstances surrounding an operator's decision not to use the route. 
The FAA concluded there would be no reason to retain the rule if the 
FAA determined the noise situation along the North Shore of Long Island 
did not improve. Accordingly, the Agency decided that the rule would 
expire in two years, if it was determined there is no meaningful 
improvement in the effects of helicopter noise on quality of life or 
that the rule was otherwise unjustified. Specifically, the FAA stated 
that should there be such an improvement, the FAA may, after 
appropriate notice and opportunity for comment, decide to make the rule 
permanent. Likewise, should the FAA determine that reasonable 
modification could be made to the route to better address noise 
concerns (and any other relevant concerns), the FAA may choose to 
modify the rule after notice and comment.
    On June 23, 2014, the FAA issued a two-year extension of the rule's 
termination date to provide additional time for the Agency to assess 
the rule's impact and consider whether to make the mandatory use of the 
route permanent (79 FR 35488). Since then, the FAA has been engaged in 
a variety of helicopter research initiatives that could inform the 
Agency's future actions on this rule. Topics addressed by these 
research efforts, described in more detail below, include modeling of 
helicopter performance and noise, helicopter noise-abatement 
procedures, and community response to helicopter noise.
    The FAA has initiated efforts to improve helicopter performance-
modeling capabilities for more accurate operational impact analysis. 
This research is scheduled to be completed in 2016, with an 
implementation plan for incorporation into the FAA's Aviation 
Environmental Design Tool (AEDT).\1\ Also, through the National 
Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine Transportation Review 
Board (TRB), a research project was initiated through the Airport 
Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) to provide helicopter noise-
modeling guidance. The project reviewed, evaluated, and documented 
current helicopter noise prediction models and identified potential 
improvements to AEDT to better capture the unique complexity of 
helicopter operations. The research was published in January 2016. The 
FAA is currently reviewing the findings and will consider making 
modeling improvements in AEDT based on those findings. Improved 
modeling will allow better quantification of the noise impacts of 
helicopter operations and better inform decisions on measures to abate 
helicopter-noise impacts.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ AEDT is the FAA's tool for computing noise, emissions and 
fuel burn.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The FAA's Center of Excellence, called the Aviation Sustainability 
Center (ASCENT), has funded Pennsylvania State University to conduct 
modeling of helicopters to identify potential noise-abatement 
procedures that may result in quieter operations. The first phase of 
this project focuses on integrating the tools needed to predict 
helicopter-source noise and providing the necessary integration within 
AEDT to be able to illustrate potential noise impacts of such noise 
abatement procedures. The second phase of the project is focused on 
developing noise-abatement procedures for either individual helicopters 
or classes of helicopters. These phases of the research are scheduled 
to be completed by August 2017. At that time, the FAA will need to 
determine whether to initiate and support flight tests during 2018, 
which would be necessary prior to advancing the use of the procedures 
with helicopter operators.
    The FAA is also engaged in research and collaboration with 
helicopter operators, seeking to educate pilots on the benefits of 
noise-abatement procedures, when to institute them, and the piloting 
procedures for achieving quieter operations. This project addresses 
noted issues by developing a strategy for pilot awareness of noise-
abatement techniques, looking at ways to illustrate the benefits 
through modeling, and examining the potential for video training on how 
to incorporate noise-abatement procedures. This research will utilize 
the findings of the ASCENT project described above.
    Finally, the FAA has two projects to review methodologies to 
determine community response to helicopter operations. One project is 
administered through the ACRP. The objectives of the ACRP research 
project are to: (1) Determine the significance of acoustical and non-
acoustical factors that

[[Page 48325]]

influence community annoyance to helicopter noise, (2) describe how 
these factors compare to those contributing to fixed-wing aircraft 
community annoyance, and (3) develop and validate a research method to 
relate helicopter-noise exposure to surveyed community annoyance. This 
project is two-thirds complete, and ACRP expects the project to be 
completed in late 2016. Further, the FAA has initiated a second project 
in an effort to test a different methodology for gathering information 
on community annoyance for residents in the vicinity of helicopter 
operations. The FAA has gathered data for this project, and the 
analysis is underway. The goal is to report on the methodology in late 
2016, and when completed, it will provide an alternative method for 
developing an annoyance survey for helicopters.
    Both of these projects provide an opportunity for the FAA to 
compare methodologies and determine the most effective approach for 
conducting a helicopter noise-annoyance survey. At the completion of 
the projects, the FAA intends to select the most effective, survey 
methodology and determine if a larger scale, community survey would 
better inform the FAA on appropriate methods to address concerns over 
helicopter noise. The FAA will then consider the need for a 
comprehensive helicopter community annoyance survey. While the research 
reaches maturity by the end of 2017, applying the research will take 
longer.

II. The Final Rule

    This final rule extends for an additional four years (i.e., to 
August 6, 2020) the requirement for pilots of civil helicopters to use 
the North Shore Helicopter Route when transiting along the north shore 
of Long Island. The FAA expects that four years will be sufficient time 
to consider results of the described research efforts in determining 
appropriate future actions on the rule. Extending the requirement to 
use the North Shore Helicopter Route during this period will continue 
to foster maximum use of the North Shore Helicopter Route and avoid 
disruption of the current operating environment. Therefore, the FAA 
finds that a four-year extension of the current rule is warranted.

III. Regulatory Notices and Analyses

A. Regulatory Evaluation

    Changes to Federal regulations must undergo several economic 
analyses. First, Executive Order 12866 and Executive Order 13563 direct 
that each Federal agency shall propose or adopt a regulation only upon 
a reasoned determination that the benefits of the intended regulation 
justify its costs. Second, the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (Pub. 
L. 96-354) requires agencies to analyze the economic impact of 
regulatory changes on small entities. Third, the Trade Agreements Act 
(Pub. L. 96-39) prohibits agencies from setting standards that create 
unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of the United States. In 
developing U.S. standards, the Trade Act requires agencies to consider 
international standards and, where appropriate, that they be the basis 
of U.S. standards. Fourth, the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 
(Pub. L. 104-4) requires agencies to prepare a written assessment of 
the costs, benefits, and other effects of proposed or final rules that 
include a Federal mandate likely to result in the expenditure by State, 
local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private 
sector, of $100 million or more annually (adjusted for inflation with 
base year of 1995). This portion of the preamble summarizes the FAA's 
analysis of the economic impacts of this final rule.
    Department of Transportation Order DOT 2100.5 prescribes policies 
and procedures for simplification, analysis, and review of regulations. 
If the expected cost impact is so minimal that a proposed or final rule 
does not warrant a full evaluation, this order permits that a statement 
to that effect and the basis for it to be included in the preamble if a 
full regulatory evaluation of the cost and benefits is not prepared. 
Such a determination has been made for this final rule. The reasoning 
for this determination follows:
    This final rule extends for an additional four years (i.e., to 
August 6, 2020) the requirement for pilots of civil helicopters to use 
the North Shore Helicopter Route when transiting along the north shore 
of Long Island. Extending the current rule for four years is expected 
to provide the FAA with sufficient time to consider results of the 
described research efforts in determining appropriate future actions on 
the rule. The FAA determined the 2012 final rule would impose minimal 
costs because many of the existing operators were already complying 
with the final rule requirements. As this final rule extends those 
requirements, the FAA expects this final rule imposes only minimal 
costs.
    The FAA has, therefore, determined that this final rule is not a 
``significant regulatory action'' as defined in section 3(f) of 
Executive Order 12866, and is not ``significant'' as defined in DOT's 
Regulatory Policies and Procedures.

B. Regulatory Flexibility Determination

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-354) (RFA) 
establishes ``as a principle of regulatory issuance that agencies shall 
endeavor, consistent with the objectives of the rule and of applicable 
statutes, to fit regulatory and informational requirements to the scale 
of the businesses, organizations, and governmental jurisdictions 
subject to regulation.'' To achieve this principle, agencies are 
required to solicit and consider flexible regulatory proposals and to 
explain the rationale for their actions to assure that such proposals 
are given serious consideration.'' The RFA covers a wide range of small 
entities, including small businesses, not-for-profit organizations, and 
small governmental jurisdictions.
    Agencies must perform a review to determine whether a rule will 
have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities. If the agency determines that it will, the agency must 
prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis as described in the RFA. 
However, if an agency determines that a rule is not expected to have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities, 
section 605(b) of the RFA provides that the head of the agency may so 
certify and a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required. The 
certification must include a statement providing the factual basis for 
this determination, and the reasoning should be clear.
    The FAA believes that this final rule does not have a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities for the 
following reasons. With this final rule, the regulatory provisions 
already in place will be extended four years to provide the FAA with 
sufficient time to consider results of the described research efforts 
in determining appropriate future actions on the rule. The final 
regulatory flexibility analysis for the 2012 final rule determined that 
it had a minimal cost impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
This final rule extends those requirements. Thus, the FAA expects a 
minimal economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
    Therefore, as provided in section 605(b), the head of the FAA 
certifies that this rulemaking will not result in a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.

C. International Trade Impact Assessment

    The Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (Pub. L. 96-39), as amended by the 
Uruguay Round Agreements Act (Pub. L. 103-465), prohibits Federal 
agencies

[[Page 48326]]

from establishing standards or engaging in related activities that 
create unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of the United 
States. Pursuant to these Acts, the establishment of standards is not 
considered an unnecessary obstacle to the foreign commerce of the 
United States, so long as the standard has a legitimate domestic 
objective, such as the protection of safety, and does not operate in a 
manner that excludes imports that meet this objective. The statute also 
requires consideration of international standards and, where 
appropriate, that they be the basis for U.S. standards. The FAA has 
assessed the potential effect of this final rule and determined that 
the rule will preserve the current operating environment and is not 
considered an unnecessary obstacle to foreign commerce.

D. Unfunded Mandates Assessment

    Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-
4) requires each Federal agency to prepare a written statement 
assessing the effects of any Federal mandate in a proposed or final 
agency rule that may result in an expenditure of $100 million or more 
(in 1995 dollars) in any one year by State, local, and tribal 
governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector; such a mandate 
is deemed to be a ``significant regulatory action.'' The FAA currently 
uses an inflation-adjusted value of $155 million in lieu of $100 
million. This final rule does not contain such a mandate; therefore, 
the requirements of Title II of the Act do not apply.

E. Paperwork Reduction Act

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507(d)) requires 
that the FAA consider the impact of paperwork and other information 
collection burdens imposed on the public. The FAA has determined that 
there is no new requirement for information collection associated with 
this final rule.

F. International Compatibility and Cooperation

    In keeping with U.S. obligations under the Convention on 
International Civil Aviation, it is FAA policy to conform to 
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Standards and 
Recommended Practices to the maximum extent practicable. The FAA has 
determined that there are no ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices 
that correspond to these proposed regulations.
    Executive Order 13609, Promoting International Regulatory 
Cooperation, promotes international regulatory cooperation to meet 
shared challenges involving health, safety, labor, security, 
environmental, and other issues and to reduce, eliminate, or prevent 
unnecessary differences in regulatory requirements. The FAA has 
analyzed this action under the policies and agency responsibilities of 
Executive Order 13609, and has determined that this action would have 
no effect on international regulatory cooperation.

G. Environmental Analysis

    FAA Order 1050.1F, ``Environmental Impacts: Policies and 
Procedures,'' identifies FAA actions that, in the absence of 
extraordinary circumstances, are categorically excluded from requiring 
an environmental assessment (EA) or environmental impact statement 
(EIS) under the National Environmental Policy Act. This rule qualifies 
for the categorical exclusion in paragraph 5-6.6.f of that Order, which 
includes ``[r]egulations. . . excluding those that if implemented may 
cause a significant impact on the human environment. There are no 
extraordinary circumstances that warrant preparation of an EA or EIS.

IV. Executive Order Determinations

A. Executive Order 13132, Federalism

    The FAA has analyzed this final rule under the principles and 
criteria of Executive Order 13132, Federalism. The agency determined 
that this action will not have a substantial direct effect on the 
States, or the relationship between the Federal Government and the 
States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the 
various levels of government, and, therefore, does not have Federalism 
implications.

B. Executive Order 13211, Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy 
Supply, Distribution, or Use

    The FAA analyzed this final rule under Executive Order 13211, 
Actions Concerning Regulations that Significantly Affect Energy Supply, 
Distribution, or Use (May 18, 2001). The agency has determined that it 
is not a ``significant energy action'' under the executive order and it 
is not likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, 
distribution, or use of energy.

V. How To Obtain Additional Information

A. Availability of Rulemaking Documents

    An electronic copy of rulemaking documents may be obtained from the 
Internet by--
    1. Searching the Federal eRulemaking Portal (http://www.regulations.gov);
    2. Visiting the FAA's Regulations and Policies Web page at http://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies or
    3. Accessing the Government Printing Office's Web page at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/.
    Copies may also be obtained by sending a request to the Federal 
Aviation Administration, Office of Rulemaking, ARM-1, 800 Independence 
Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591, or by calling (202) 267-9680. 
Commenters must identify the docket or amendment number of this 
rulemaking.
    All documents the FAA considered in developing this rulemaking 
action, including economic analyses and technical reports, may be 
accessed from the Internet through the Federal eRulemaking Portal 
referenced in item (1) above.

B. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

    The Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA) of 
1996 requires FAA to comply with small entity requests for information 
or advice about compliance with statutes and regulations within its 
jurisdiction. A small entity with questions regarding this document, 
may contact its local FAA official, or the person listed under the FOR 
FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT heading at the beginning of the preamble. 
To find out more about SBREFA on the Internet, visit http://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/rulemaking/sbre_act/.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 93

    Air traffic control, Airspace, Navigation (air).

The Amendment

    In consideration of the foregoing, the Federal Aviation 
Administration amends chapter I of Title 14 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations as follows:

PART 93-SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES

0
1. The authority citation for part 93 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40106, 40109, 40113, 44502, 
44514, 44701, 44715, 44719, 46301.


0
2. Add Sec.  93.101 to read as follows:


Sec.  93.101  Applicability.

    This subpart prescribes a special air traffic rule for civil 
helicopters operating VFR along the North Shore, Long Island, New York, 
between August 6, 2012, and August 6, 2020.


[[Page 48327]]


    Issued under authority provided by 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 44701(a), 
and 44703 in Washington, DC, on July 15, 2016.
Michael P. Huerta,
Administrator.
[FR Doc. 2016-17427 Filed 7-22-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-13-P