Western and Central Pacific Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species; 2016 Bigeye Tuna Longline Fishery Closure, 45982-45983 [2016-16754]

Download as PDF 45982 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 136 / Friday, July 15, 2016 / Rules and Regulations and add paragraph (b)(5) to read as follows: § 8.25 Personnel Security Review Board. 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(5) Any member may designate a representative, meeting the same criteria as the member, with full power to serve in his/her place. * * * * * ■ 14. Section 8.29 is revised to read as follows: § 8.29 Access by historical researchers and former Presidential appointees. Access to classified information may be granted to historical researchers and former Presidents and Vice-Presidents and their appointees as outlined in Executive Order 13526 or its successor order. The general guidelines for access to classified information are contained in Executive Order 12968. ■ 15. In § 8.31, amend paragraph (b) by adding the word ‘‘an’’ between ‘‘into agreement’’ in the first sentence and by removing the last three sentences and adding a new sentence in their place. The addition reads as follows: § 8.31 Industrial security. rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES * * * * * (b) * * * Specifically, this regulation is DOD 5220.22–M, National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual, and is effective within the Department of Transportation. Appropriate security staff, project personnel, and contracting officers must assure that actions required by the regulation are taken. VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:21 Jul 14, 2016 Jkt 238001 Issued in Washington, DC, on July 5, 2016, under authority delegated in 49 CFR 1.27(c). Molly J. Moran, Acting General Counsel. [FR Doc. 2016–16565 Filed 7–14–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–9X–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 300 [Docket No. 160205084–6510–02] RIN 0648–XE719 Western and Central Pacific Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species; 2016 Bigeye Tuna Longline Fishery Closure National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Temporary rule; fishery closure. AGENCY: NMFS is closing the U.S. pelagic longline fishery for bigeye tuna in the western and central Pacific Ocean because the fishery has reached the 2016 catch limit. This action is necessary to ensure compliance with NMFS regulations that implement decisions of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). DATES: Effective 12:01 a.m. local time July 22, 2016, through December 31, 2016. SUMMARY: NMFS prepared a plain language guide and frequently asked questions that explain how to comply with this rule; both are available at https://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=NOAA-NMFS-2016-0091. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ariel Jacobs, NMFS Pacific Islands Region, 808–725–5182. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pelagic longline fishing in the western and central Pacific Ocean is managed, in part, under the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Convention Implementation Act (Act). Regulations governing fishing by U.S. vessels in accordance with the Act appear at 50 CFR part 300, subpart O. NMFS established a calendar year 2016 limit of 3,554 metric tons (mt) of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) that may be caught and retained in the U.S. pelagic longline fishery in the area of application of the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (Convention Area) (81 FR 41239, June ADDRESSES: PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 24, 2016). NMFS monitored the retained catches of bigeye tuna using logbook data submitted by vessel captains and other available information, and determined that the 2016 catch limit would be reached by July 22, 2016. In accordance with 50 CFR 300.224(e), this rule serves as advance notification to fishermen, the fishing industry, and the general public that the U.S. longline fishery for bigeye tuna in the Convention Area will be closed during the dates provided in the DATES heading. The fishery is scheduled to reopen on January 1, 2017. This rule does not apply to the longline fisheries of American Samoa, Guam, or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, collectively ‘‘the territories,’’ as described below. During the closure, a U.S. fishing vessel may not retain on board, transship, or land bigeye tuna caught by longline gear in the Convention Area, except that any bigeye tuna already on board a fishing vessel upon the effective date of the restrictions may be retained on board, transshipped, and landed, provided that they are landed within 14 days of the start of the closure, that is, by August 5, 2016. This 14-day landing requirement does not apply to a vessel that has declared to NMFS, pursuant to 50 CFR 665.803(a), that the current trip type is shallow-setting. Longline-caught bigeye tuna may be retained on board, transshipped, and landed if the fish are caught by a vessel with a valid American Samoa longline permit, or landed in the territories. In either case, the following conditions must be met: (1) The fish is not caught in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) around Hawaii; (2) Other applicable laws and regulations are followed; and (3) The vessel has a valid permit issued under 50 CFR 660.707 or 665.801. Bigeye tuna caught by longline gear during the closure may also be retained on board, transshipped, and/or landed if they are caught by a vessel that is included in a specified fishing agreement under 50 CFR 665.819(c), in accordance with 50 CFR 300.224(f)(1)(iv). During the closure, a U.S. vessel is also prohibited from transshipping bigeye tuna caught in the Convention Area by longline gear to any vessel other than a U.S. fishing vessel with a valid permit issued under 50 CFR 660.707 or 665.801. The catch limit and this closure do not apply to bigeye tuna caught by longline gear outside the Convention Area, such as in the eastern Pacific E:\FR\FM\15JYR1.SGM 15JYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 136 / Friday, July 15, 2016 / Rules and Regulations rmajette on DSK2TPTVN1PROD with RULES Ocean. To ensure compliance with the restrictions related to bigeye tuna caught by longline gear in the Convention Area, however, the following requirements apply during the closure period (see 50 CFR 300.224): (1) Longline fishing both inside and outside the Convention Area is not allowed during the same fishing trip. An exception would be a fishing trip that is in progress on July 22, 2016. In that case, the catch of bigeye tuna must be landed by August 5, 2016; and (2) If a longline vessel fishes outside the Convention Area and the vessel then enters the Convention Area during the same fishing trip, the fishing gear must be stowed and not readily available for fishing in the Convention Area. Specifically, hooks, branch lines, and floats must be stowed and the mainline hauler must be covered. The above two additional prohibitions do not apply to the following vessels: (1) Vessels on declared shallowsetting trips pursuant to 50 CFR 665.803(a); and (2) Vessels operating in the longline fisheries of the territories. This includes vessels included in a specified fishing agreement under 50 CFR 665.819(c), in accordance with 50 CFR 300.224(f)(1)(iv). This group also includes vessels with valid American Samoa longline permits and vessels VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:21 Jul 14, 2016 Jkt 238001 landing bigeye tuna in one of the territories, as long as the bigeye tuna were not caught in the EEZ around Hawaii, the fishing was compliant with all applicable laws, and the vessel has a valid permit issued under 50 CFR 660.707 or 665.801. Classification There is good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B) to waive prior notice and the opportunity for public comment on this action, because it would be contrary to the public interest. This rule closes the U.S. longline fishery for bigeye tuna in the western and central Pacific as a result of reaching the applicable bigeye tuna catch limit. The limit is codified in Federal regulations and is based on agreed limits established by the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. NMFS forecasts that the fishery will reach the 2016 limit by July 22, 2016. Longline fishermen have been subject to longline bigeye tuna limits in the western and central Pacific since 2009. They have received ongoing, updated information about the 2016 catch and progress of the fishery in reaching the Convention Area limit via the NMFS Web site, social media, and other means. This constitutes adequate advance notice of this fishery closure. Additionally, the publication timing of this rule provides longline fishermen PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 9990 45983 with seven days’ advance notice of the closure date, and allows two weeks to return to port and land their catch of bigeye tuna. For the reasons stated above, there is also good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) to waive the 30-day delay in effectiveness for this temporary rule. NMFS must close the fishery as soon as possible to ensure that fishery does not exceed the catch limit. According to NMFS stock-status-determination criteria, bigeye tuna in the Pacific Ocean are currently experiencing overfishing. NMFS implemented the catch limit to reduce the effects of fishing on bigeye tuna and restore the stock to levels capable of producing maximum sustainable yield on a continuing basis. Failure to close the fishery immediately would result in additional fishing pressure on this stock, in violation of Federal law and regulations that implement WCPFC decisions. This action is required by 50 CFR 300.224 and is exempt from review under Executive Order 12866. Authority: 16 U.S.C. 6901 et seq. Dated: July 12, 2016. Emily H. Menashes, Acting Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries Service. [FR Doc. 2016–16754 Filed 7–12–16; 4:15 pm] BILLING CODE 3510–22–P E:\FR\FM\15JYR1.SGM 15JYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 136 (Friday, July 15, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 45982-45983]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-16754]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

50 CFR Part 300

[Docket No. 160205084-6510-02]
RIN 0648-XE719


Western and Central Pacific Fisheries for Highly Migratory 
Species; 2016 Bigeye Tuna Longline Fishery Closure

AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce.

ACTION: Temporary rule; fishery closure.

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SUMMARY: NMFS is closing the U.S. pelagic longline fishery for bigeye 
tuna in the western and central Pacific Ocean because the fishery has 
reached the 2016 catch limit. This action is necessary to ensure 
compliance with NMFS regulations that implement decisions of the 
Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC).

DATES: Effective 12:01 a.m. local time July 22, 2016, through December 
31, 2016.

ADDRESSES: NMFS prepared a plain language guide and frequently asked 
questions that explain how to comply with this rule; both are available 
at https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=NOAA-NMFS-2016-0091.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ariel Jacobs, NMFS Pacific Islands 
Region, 808-725-5182.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pelagic longline fishing in the western and 
central Pacific Ocean is managed, in part, under the Western and 
Central Pacific Fisheries Convention Implementation Act (Act). 
Regulations governing fishing by U.S. vessels in accordance with the 
Act appear at 50 CFR part 300, subpart O.
    NMFS established a calendar year 2016 limit of 3,554 metric tons 
(mt) of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) that may be caught and retained in 
the U.S. pelagic longline fishery in the area of application of the 
Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish 
Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (Convention Area) (81 
FR 41239, June 24, 2016). NMFS monitored the retained catches of bigeye 
tuna using logbook data submitted by vessel captains and other 
available information, and determined that the 2016 catch limit would 
be reached by July 22, 2016.
    In accordance with 50 CFR 300.224(e), this rule serves as advance 
notification to fishermen, the fishing industry, and the general public 
that the U.S. longline fishery for bigeye tuna in the Convention Area 
will be closed during the dates provided in the DATES heading. The 
fishery is scheduled to reopen on January 1, 2017. This rule does not 
apply to the longline fisheries of American Samoa, Guam, or the 
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, collectively ``the 
territories,'' as described below.
    During the closure, a U.S. fishing vessel may not retain on board, 
transship, or land bigeye tuna caught by longline gear in the 
Convention Area, except that any bigeye tuna already on board a fishing 
vessel upon the effective date of the restrictions may be retained on 
board, transshipped, and landed, provided that they are landed within 
14 days of the start of the closure, that is, by August 5, 2016. This 
14-day landing requirement does not apply to a vessel that has declared 
to NMFS, pursuant to 50 CFR 665.803(a), that the current trip type is 
shallow-setting.
    Longline-caught bigeye tuna may be retained on board, transshipped, 
and landed if the fish are caught by a vessel with a valid American 
Samoa longline permit, or landed in the territories. In either case, 
the following conditions must be met:
    (1) The fish is not caught in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone 
(EEZ) around Hawaii;
    (2) Other applicable laws and regulations are followed; and
    (3) The vessel has a valid permit issued under 50 CFR 660.707 or 
665.801.
    Bigeye tuna caught by longline gear during the closure may also be 
retained on board, transshipped, and/or landed if they are caught by a 
vessel that is included in a specified fishing agreement under 50 CFR 
665.819(c), in accordance with 50 CFR 300.224(f)(1)(iv).
    During the closure, a U.S. vessel is also prohibited from 
transshipping bigeye tuna caught in the Convention Area by longline 
gear to any vessel other than a U.S. fishing vessel with a valid permit 
issued under 50 CFR 660.707 or 665.801.
    The catch limit and this closure do not apply to bigeye tuna caught 
by longline gear outside the Convention Area, such as in the eastern 
Pacific

[[Page 45983]]

Ocean. To ensure compliance with the restrictions related to bigeye 
tuna caught by longline gear in the Convention Area, however, the 
following requirements apply during the closure period (see 50 CFR 
300.224):
    (1) Longline fishing both inside and outside the Convention Area is 
not allowed during the same fishing trip. An exception would be a 
fishing trip that is in progress on July 22, 2016. In that case, the 
catch of bigeye tuna must be landed by August 5, 2016; and
    (2) If a longline vessel fishes outside the Convention Area and the 
vessel then enters the Convention Area during the same fishing trip, 
the fishing gear must be stowed and not readily available for fishing 
in the Convention Area. Specifically, hooks, branch lines, and floats 
must be stowed and the mainline hauler must be covered.
    The above two additional prohibitions do not apply to the following 
vessels:
    (1) Vessels on declared shallow-setting trips pursuant to 50 CFR 
665.803(a); and
    (2) Vessels operating in the longline fisheries of the territories. 
This includes vessels included in a specified fishing agreement under 
50 CFR 665.819(c), in accordance with 50 CFR 300.224(f)(1)(iv). This 
group also includes vessels with valid American Samoa longline permits 
and vessels landing bigeye tuna in one of the territories, as long as 
the bigeye tuna were not caught in the EEZ around Hawaii, the fishing 
was compliant with all applicable laws, and the vessel has a valid 
permit issued under 50 CFR 660.707 or 665.801.

Classification

    There is good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B) to waive prior notice 
and the opportunity for public comment on this action, because it would 
be contrary to the public interest. This rule closes the U.S. longline 
fishery for bigeye tuna in the western and central Pacific as a result 
of reaching the applicable bigeye tuna catch limit. The limit is 
codified in Federal regulations and is based on agreed limits 
established by the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. 
NMFS forecasts that the fishery will reach the 2016 limit by July 22, 
2016. Longline fishermen have been subject to longline bigeye tuna 
limits in the western and central Pacific since 2009. They have 
received ongoing, updated information about the 2016 catch and progress 
of the fishery in reaching the Convention Area limit via the NMFS Web 
site, social media, and other means. This constitutes adequate advance 
notice of this fishery closure. Additionally, the publication timing of 
this rule provides longline fishermen with seven days' advance notice 
of the closure date, and allows two weeks to return to port and land 
their catch of bigeye tuna.
    For the reasons stated above, there is also good cause under 5 
U.S.C. 553(d)(3) to waive the 30-day delay in effectiveness for this 
temporary rule. NMFS must close the fishery as soon as possible to 
ensure that fishery does not exceed the catch limit. According to NMFS 
stock-status-determination criteria, bigeye tuna in the Pacific Ocean 
are currently experiencing overfishing. NMFS implemented the catch 
limit to reduce the effects of fishing on bigeye tuna and restore the 
stock to levels capable of producing maximum sustainable yield on a 
continuing basis. Failure to close the fishery immediately would result 
in additional fishing pressure on this stock, in violation of Federal 
law and regulations that implement WCPFC decisions.
    This action is required by 50 CFR 300.224 and is exempt from review 
under Executive Order 12866.

    Authority:  16 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.

    Dated: July 12, 2016.
Emily H. Menashes,
Acting Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine 
Fisheries Service.
[FR Doc. 2016-16754 Filed 7-12-16; 4:15 pm]
 BILLING CODE 3510-22-P