Manual for Courts-Martial; Publication of Supplementary Materials, 39035-39039 [2016-14170]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 115 / Wednesday, June 15, 2016 / Notices STORAGE: RECORD ACCESS PROCEDURES: Electronic storage media and paper records. Individuals seeking information about themselves contained in this system should address written inquiries to the Office of the Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC) Boyers, ATTN: Privacy Act Office, P.O. Box 168, Boyers, PA 16020–0168. Signed, written request must contain their full name (and any alias and/or alternate names used), SSN, DoD ID Number, and date and place of birth. In addition, the requester must provide a notarized statement or an unsworn declaration made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. 1746, in the following format: If executed outside the United States: ‘I declare (or certify, verify, or state) under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America that the foregoing is true and correct. Executed on (date). (Signature).’ If executed within the United States, its territories, possessions, or commonwealths: ‘I declare (or certify, verify, or state) under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct. Executed on (date). (Signature).’ Attorneys or other persons acting on behalf of an individual must provide written authorization from that individual for their representative to act on their behalf. NOTE: Information generated, authored, or compiled by Another Government Agency (AGA) that is relevant to the purpose of the record may be incorporated into the record. In such instances that information will be referred to the originating entity for direct response to the requester, or contact information and record access procedures for the AGA will be provided to the requester. RETRIEVABILITY: Information is retrieved by SSN, DoD ID number, name, date of birth, state and/or country of birth, or some combination thereof. SAFEGUARDS: Access to personal information is restricted to those who require the records in the performance of their official duties, who are appropriately screened, investigated, and determined eligible for access. Access to personal information is further restricted by the use of Personal Identity Verification (PIV) cards for JVS and CATS. Access to self-report information by the subject is available by the use of a PIV. Physical entry is restricted by the use of locks, guards, and administrative procedures. All individuals granted access to DISS must complete initial Information Assurance and Privacy Act training and annually thereafter; and all have been through the information technology and/or security clearance eligibility process. RETENTION AND DISPOSAL: Records are destroyed no later than 16 years after termination of affiliation with the DoD, from the date of closing or the date of the most recent investigative activity, whichever is later except for investigations involving potentially actionable issue(s) which will be maintained for 25 years from the date of closing or the date of the most recent investigative activity. For OPM FIS investigative reports within CATS, those records will be maintained in accordance with General Records Schedule 18 part 22 (a), and destroyed upon notice of death or not later than 5 years after the subject has separated/transferred. SYSTEM MANAGER(S) AND ADDRESS: Deputy Director for Identity, Defense Manpower Data Center, 4800 Mark Center, Alexandria, VA 22350–4000. ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES NOTIFICATION PROCEDURE: Individuals seeking to determine whether information about themselves is contained in this system should address written inquiries to the Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC) Boyers, ATTN: Privacy Act Office, P.O. Box 168, Boyers, PA 16020–0168. Signed, written requests must contain the full name (and any alias and/or alternate names used), SSN, DoD ID Number, and date and place of birth. VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:15 Jun 14, 2016 Jkt 238001 CONTESTING RECORD PROCEDURES: The OSD rules for accessing records and for contesting or appealing agency determinations are published in OSD Administrative Instruction 81, 32 CFR part 311; or may be obtained directly from the system manager. RECORD SOURCE CATEGORIES: Information contained in this system is obtained from the individual (e.g. SF–85, Questionnaire for Non-Sensitive Positions, SF–85P, Questionnaire for Public Trust Positions, SF–86, Questionnaire for the National Security Positions, or self-reported information); DoD personnel systems (e.g. Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System; Defense Civilian Personnel Data System; Electronic Military Personnel Record System, etc.); continuous evaluation records; DoD and federal adjudicative facilities/organizations; investigative PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 39035 agencies (e.g. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Federal Investigative Services (FIS); and security managers, security officers, or other officials requesting and/or sponsoring the security eligibility or suitability determination or visitation of facility. Additional information may be obtained from other sources such as personnel security investigations, criminal or civil investigations, security representatives, subject’s personal financial records, military service records, travel records, medical records, and unsolicited sources. EXEMPTIONS CLAIMED FOR THE SYSTEM: Investigatory material compiled solely for the purpose of determining suitability, eligibility, or qualifications for federal civilian employment, military service, federal contracts, or access to classified information may be exempt pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552a(k)(5), but only to the extent that such material would reveal the identity of a confidential source. An exemption rule for this system has been promulgated in accordance with requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(1), (2), and (3), (c) and (e) and published in 32 CFR part 311. For additional information contact the system manager. [FR Doc. 2016–14182 Filed 6–14–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 5001–06–P DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary [Docket ID DOD–2015–OS–0099] Manual for Courts-Martial; Publication of Supplementary Materials Joint Service Committee on Military Justice (JSC), Department of Defense. ACTION: Publication of Discussion and Analysis (Supplementary Materials) accompanying the Manual for CourtsMartial, United States (2012 ed.) (MCM). AGENCY: The JSC hereby publishes Supplementary Materials accompanying the MCM as amended by Executive Orders 13643, 13669, 13696, and 13730. These changes have not been coordinated within the Department of Defense under DoD Directive 5500.1, ‘‘Preparation, Processing and Coordinating Legislation, Executive Orders, Proclamations, Views Letters and Testimony,’’ June 15, 2007, and do not constitute the official position of the Department of Defense, the Military Departments, or any other Government agency. These Supplementary Materials have been approved by the JSC and the SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\15JNN1.SGM 15JNN1 39036 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 115 / Wednesday, June 15, 2016 / Notices Acting General Counsel of the Department of Defense, and shall be applied in conjunction with the rule with which they are associated. The Discussions are effective insofar as the Rules they supplement are effective, but may not be applied earlier than the date of publication of this notice in the Federal Register. DATES: The Supplementary Materials are effective as of June 15, 2016. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Major Harlye S.M. Carlton, USMC, (703) 963–9299 or harlye.carlton@usmc.mil. The JSC Web site is located at: http:// jsc.defense.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Public Comments: The JSC solicited public comments for these changes to the supplementary materials accompanying the MCM via the Federal Register on October 19, 2015 (80 FR 63204–63212, Docket ID: DOD–2015– OS–0099), held a public meeting at the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces on November 5, 2015, and published the JSC response to public comments via the Federal Register on March 22, 2016 (81 FR 15272–15278, Docket ID: DOD– 2015–OS–0099). The amendments to the Analysis and Discussion accompanying the MCM are as follows: Annex Section 1. Appendix 21, Analysis of Rules for Courts-Martial is amended as follows: (a) Rule 306 is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 306(b)(2) implements Section 534(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015, P.L. 113–291, 19 December 2014.’’ (b) Rule 401 is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: The first paragraph of the R.C.M. 401(c) Discussion was added in light of the recommendation in the Response Systems to Adult Sexual Assault Crimes Panel’s (RSP) June 2014 report for trial counsel to convey victims’ preferences as to disposition to the convening authority. This Discussion implements this recommendation by allowing Service regulations to determine the appropriate authority responsible for communicating the victims’ views to the convening authority. The RSP was a congressionally mandated panel tasked to conduct an independent review and assessment of the systems used to investigate, prosecute, and adjudicate crimes involving adult sexual assault and related offenses.’’ (c) Rule 604 is amended by inserting the following at the end: VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:15 Jun 14, 2016 Jkt 238001 ‘‘2016 Amendment: The fourth paragraph of the R.C.M. 604(a) Discussion was added to align the Discussion with R.C.M. 705(d)(3).’’ (d) Rule 907 is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 907(b) was amended consistent with United States v. Humphries, 71 M.J. 209 (C.A.A.F. 2012), where the court held that a defective specification does not constitute structural error or warrant automatic dismissal.’’ (e) Rule 1002 is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 1002(b) clarifies the military’s unitary sentencing concept. See United States v. Gutierrez, 11 M.J. 122, 123 (C.M.A. 1981); see generally Jackson v. Taylor, 353 U.S. 569 (1957).’’ (f) Rule 1103(b) is amended by inserting the following immediately before the paragraph beginning with ‘‘Subsection 2(C)’’: ‘‘2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 1103(b)(2)(B)(i) was amended in a manner that aligns the requirement for a verbatim transcript with special courts-martial jurisdictional maximum punishments.’’ (g) Rule 1107 is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: The R.C.M. 1107(b)(1) Discussion was amended to clarify that the limitations contained in Article 60 apply to the convening authority or other commander acting under Article 60.’’ (h) Rule 1109 is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 1109 was modified following the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, P.L. 113–66, 26 December 2013, amendments to Article 32 and the resulting changes to R.C.M. 405 as promulgated by Executive Order 13696. The revision clarifies throughout the rule that the purpose of vacation hearings is to determine whether there is probable cause that the probationer violated any condition of the probationer’s suspension.’’ Section 2. Appendix 22, Analysis of the Military Rules of Evidence is amended as follows: (a) Rule 304(c) is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: This change brings military practice in line with federal practice. See Opper v. United States, 348 U.S. 84 (1954), and Smith v. United States, 348 U.S. 147 (1954).’’ (b) Rule 311(a) is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: Rule 311(a)(3) incorporates the balancing test limiting the application of the exclusionary rule PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 set forth in Herring v. United States, 555 U.S. 135 (2009), where the Supreme Court held that to trigger the exclusionary rule, ‘‘the deterrent effect of suppression must be substantial and outweigh any harm to the justice system.’’ Id. at 147; see also United States v. Wicks, 73 M.J. 93, 104 (C.A.A.F. 2014) (‘‘The exclusionary rule applies only where it results in appreciable deterrence for future Fourth Amendment violations and where the benefits of deterrence must outweigh the costs’’ (internal quotation marks omitted)).’’ (c) Rule 311(c) is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: Rule 311(c)(4) was added. It adopts the expansion of the ‘‘good faith’’ exception to the exclusionary rule set forth in Illinois v. Krull, 480 U.S. 340 (1987), where the Supreme Court held that the exclusionary rule is inapplicable to evidence obtained by an officer acting in objectively reasonable reliance on a statute later held violative of the Fourth Amendment.’’ (d) Rule 504 is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: References to gender were removed throughout the rule. Rule 504(c)(1), as amended, makes clear that the exception only applies to confidential communications. The definition of ‘‘confidential communications’’ was moved to Rule 504(d).’’ (e) Rule 801(d)(1)(B) is amended by inserting the following immediately before the paragraph beginning with ‘‘Under Rule 801(d)(1)(C)’’: ‘‘2016 Amendment. Rule 801(d)(1)(B)(ii) was added in accordance with an identical change to Federal Rule of Evidence 801(d)(1)(B). The amendment retains the requirement set forth in Tome v. United States, 513 U.S. 150 (1995): That under Rule 801(d)(1)(B), a consistent statement offered to rebut a charge of recent fabrication of improper influence or motive must have been made before the alleged fabrication or improper inference or motive arose. The amendment extends substantive effect to consistent statements that rebut other attacks on a witness—such as the charges of inconsistency or faulty memory. The amendment does not change the traditional and wellaccepted limits on bringing prior consistent statements before the factfinder for credibility purposes. It does not allow impermissible bolstering of a witness. As before, prior consistent statements under the amendment may be brought before the factfinder only if they properly rehabilitate a witness E:\FR\FM\15JNN1.SGM 15JNN1 ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 115 / Wednesday, June 15, 2016 / Notices whose credibility has been attacked. As before, to be admissible for rehabilitation, a prior consistent statement must satisfy the strictures of Rule 403. As before, the trial court has ample discretion to exclude prior consistent statements that are cumulative accounts of an event. The amendment does not make any consistent statement admissible that was not admissible previously—the only difference is that prior consistent statements otherwise admissible for rehabilitation are now admissible substantively as well.’’ (f) The fourth paragraph of Rule 803(6), beginning with ‘‘Paragraph 144 d’’ is amended to read as follows: ‘‘Paragraph 144 d prevented a record ‘‘made principally with a view to prosecution, or other disciplinary or legal action’’ from being admitted as a business record.’’ (g) Rule 803(6) is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: Rule 803(6)(E) was modified following the amendment to Fed. R. Evid. 803(6), effective 1 December 2014. It clarifies that if the proponent of a record has established the requirements of the exception, then the burden is on the opponent to show a lack of trustworthiness. In meeting its burden, the opponent is not necessarily required to introduce affirmative evidence of untrustworthiness. It is appropriate to impose the burden of proving untrustworthiness on the opponent, as the basic admissibility requirements are sufficient to establish a presumption that the record is reliable.’’ (h) Rule 803(7) is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: Rule 803(7)(C) was modified following the amendment to Fed. R. Evid. 803(7), effective 1 December 2014. It clarifies that if the proponent has established the stated requirements of the exception then the burden is on the opponent to show a lack of trustworthiness.’’ (i) Rule 803(8) is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: Rule 803(8)(B) was modified following the amendment to Fed. R. Evid. 803(8)(B), effective 1 December 2014. The amendment clarifies that if the proponent has established that the record meets the stated requirements of the exception then the burden is on the opponent to show a lack of trustworthiness as public records have justifiably carried a presumption of reliability. The opponent, in meeting its burden, is not necessarily required to introduce affirmative evidence of untrustworthiness. A determination of VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:15 Jun 14, 2016 Jkt 238001 untrustworthiness necessarily depends on the circumstances.’’ (j) Rule 803(8) is amended by deleting the following: ‘‘Rule 803(8)(C) makes admissible, but only against the Government, ‘‘factual findings resulting from an investigation made pursuant to authority granted by law, unless the sources of information or other circumstances indicate lack of trustworthiness.’’ This provision will make factual findings made, for example, by an Article 32 Investigating Officer or by a Court of Inquiry admissible on behalf of an accused. Because the provision applies only to ‘‘factual findings,’’ great care must be taken to distinguish such factual determinations from opinions, recommendations, and incidental inferences.’’ (k) Rule 803(10) is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: Rule 803(10) was modified following the amendment to Fed. R. Evid. 803(10), effective 1 December 2013. The amendment of the Federal Rules was in response to Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts, 557 U.S. 305 (2009). The Melendez-Diaz Court declared that a testimonial certificate could be admitted if the accused is given advance notice and does not timely demand the presence of the official who prepared the certificate. The amendment to Rule 803(10) is largely identical to the amendment to the Fed. R. Evid. 803(10) but has been modified in a manner that reflects differences in the military environment.’’ Section 3. Appendix 23, Analysis of Punitive Articles is amended as follows: (a) Paragraph 4, Article 80—Attempts, is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: Subparagraph e. as amended includes exceptions to the general rule that mandatory minimum punishments shall not apply to attempts. This change brings this paragraph into conformity with Article 56 as amended by Section 1705 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, P.L. 113–66, 26 December 2013.’’ (b) Paragraph 110, Article 134— Threat, communicating, is amended by inserting the following at the end: ‘‘2016 Amendment: Subparagraph c. was amended following the Supreme Court’s decision in Elonis v. United States, 135 S. Ct. 2001 (2015).’’ Section 4. The Discussion to Part II of the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States, is amended as follows: (a) The first paragraph of the Discussion immediately following PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 39037 R.C.M. 204(a) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘Such regulations should describe procedures for ordering a reservist to active duty for disciplinary action, preferral of charges, preliminary hearings, forwarding of charges, referral of charges, designation of convening authorities and commanders authorized to conduct nonjudicial punishment proceedings, and for other appropriate purposes.’’ (b) Section (6) of the Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 305(h)(2)(B)(iv) and immediately prior to R.C.M. 305(h)(2)(C) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘(6) The accused’s record of appearance at or flight from other preliminary hearings, trials, and similar proceedings; and’’ (c) A new Discussion is inserted after R.C.M. 306(e)(2) and before R.C.M. 306(e)(3) and reads as follows: ‘‘Any preferences as to disposition expressed by the victim regarding jurisdiction, while not binding, should be considered by the cognizant commander prior to making initial disposition. The cognizant commander should continue to consider the views of the victim as to jurisdiction until final disposition of the case.’’ (d) Section (H)(ii) of the Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 307(c)(3) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘(ii) Victim. In the case of an offense against the person or property of a person, the first name, middle initial, and last name or first, middle, and last initials of such person should be alleged, if known. If the name of the victim is unknown, a general physical description may be used. If this cannot be done, the victim may be described as ‘‘a person whose name is unknown.’’ Military rank or grade should be alleged, and must be alleged if an element of the offense, as in an allegation of disobedience of the command of a superior officer. If the person has no military position, it may otherwise be necessary to allege the status as in an allegation of using provoking words toward a person subject to the code. See paragraph 42 of Part IV. Counsel for the government should be aware that if initials of victims are used, additional notice of the identity of victims will be required.’’ (e) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 401(c) is amended by inserting the following new paragraph at the beginning of the Discussion: ‘‘When an alleged offense involves a victim, the victim should, whenever practicable, be provided an opportunity to express views regarding the E:\FR\FM\15JNN1.SGM 15JNN1 ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 39038 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 115 / Wednesday, June 15, 2016 / Notices disposition of the charges. The commander with authority to dispose of charges should consider such views of the victim prior to deciding how to dispose of the charges and should continue to consider the views of the victim until final disposition of the case. A ‘‘victim’’ is an individual who is alleged to have suffered direct physical, emotional, or pecuniary harm as a result of the matters set forth in a charge or specification under consideration and is named in one of the specifications under consideration.’’ (f) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 403(b)(5) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘A preliminary hearing should be directed when it appears the charges are of such a serious nature that trial by general court-martial may be warranted. See R.C.M. 405. If a preliminary hearing of the subject has already been conducted, see R.C.M. 405(b).’’ (g) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 407(a)(5) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘A preliminary hearing should be directed when it appears the charges are of such a serious nature that trial by general court-martial may be warranted. See R.C.M. 405. If a preliminary hearing of the subject has already been conducted, see R.C.M. 405(b).’’ (h) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 603(d) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘If there has been a major change or amendment over the accused’s objection to a charge already referred, a new referral is necessary. Similarly, in the case of a general court-martial, a new preliminary hearing under R.C.M. 405 will be necessary if the charge as amended or changed was not covered in the prior preliminary hearing. If the substance of the charge or specification as amended or changed has not been referred or, in the case of a general court-martial, has not been subject to a preliminary hearing, a new referral and, if appropriate, preliminary hearing are necessary. When charges are re-referred, they must be served anew under R.C.M. 602.’’ (i) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 604(a) is amended by inserting the following new paragraph between the third and fourth paragraphs: ‘‘When an alleged offense involves a victim, the victim should, whenever practicable, be provided an opportunity to express views regarding the withdrawal of any charges or specifications in which the victim is named. The convening authority or other individual authorized to act on the charges should consider such views of VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:15 Jun 14, 2016 Jkt 238001 the victim prior to withdrawing said charges or specifications and should continue to consider the views of the victim until final disposition of the case. A ‘‘victim’’ is an individual who is alleged to have suffered direct physical, emotional, or pecuniary harm as a result of the matters set forth in a charge or specification under consideration and is named in one of the specifications under consideration.’’ (j) The second sentence of the Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 703(e)(2)(B) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘In accordance with subsection (f)(4)(B) of this rule, a subpoena duces tecum to produce books, papers, documents, data, or other objects or electronically stored information for preliminary hearings pursuant to Article 32 may be issued, following the convening authority’s order directing such preliminary hearing, by the counsel representing the United States.’’ (k) The last paragraph of the Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 703(e)(2)(G)(i) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘For subpoenas issued for a preliminary hearing pursuant to Article 32 under subsection (f)(4)(B), the general court-martial convening authority with jurisdiction over the case may issue a warrant of attachment to compel production of documents.’’ (l) The second sentence of the Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 703(f)(4)(B) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘Although the amended language cites Article 32(b), this new subpoena power extends to documents subpoenaed by counsel representing the United States, whether or not requested by the defense.’’ (m) A new Discussion section is inserted immediately following R.C.M. 705(c)(2)(C) and reads as follows: ‘‘A promise to provide restitution includes restitution to a victim of an alleged offense committed by the accused in accordance with Article 6b(a)(6).’’ (n) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 905(b)(1) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘Such nonjurisdictional defects include unsworn charges, inadequate Article 32 preliminary hearing, and inadequate pretrial advice. See R.C.M. 307; 401–407; 601–604.’’ (o) The Discussion section following R.C.M. 907(b)(1)(B) is deleted and reinserted immediately after R.C.M. 907(b)(2)(E). (p) The third sentence in the Discussion immediately following PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 R.C.M. 914(a)(2) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘This rule does not apply to preliminary hearings under Article 32.’’ (q) The Discussion immediately after the sole paragraph in R.C.M. 1002 is moved to immediately after R.C.M. 1002(b). (r) The Discussion section following R.C.M. 1105(b)(2)(C) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘For example, post-trial conduct of the accused, such as providing restitution to the victim of the accused’s offense in accordance with Article 6b(a)(6), or exemplary behavior, might be appropriate.’’ (s) The Discussion section following R.C.M. 1107(b)(1) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘The action is taken in the interests of justice, discipline, mission requirements, clemency, and other appropriate reasons. If errors are noticed by the convening authority, the convening authority may take corrective action under this rule to the extent that the convening authority is empowered by Article 60.’’ (t) A new Discussion section is inserted immediately following R.C.M. 1107(c)(2) and reads as follows: ‘‘The military follows a unitary sentencing model where the courtmartial may impose only a single, unitary sentence covering all of the offenses for which there was a finding of guilty; courts-martial do not impose sentences per offense. See R.C.M. 1002(b). Therefore, where the adjudged sentence for the case includes dismissal, dishonorable discharge, bad-conduct discharge, or confinement for more than six months, the sentence adjudged for the entire case, and not per offense, controls when deciding what actions are available to the convening authority.’’ (u) A new Discussion section is inserted immediately following R.C.M. 1107(e)(1) and reads as follows: ‘‘Pursuant to Article 60(c)(4)(A) and subsection (d)(1)(A) and (B) of this rule, disapproval of the sentence is not authorized where a court-martial’s adjudged sentence for the case includes confinement for more than six months or a sentence of dismissal, dishonorable discharge, or bad-conduct discharge. In such cases, the convening authority may not order a rehearing because disapproval of the sentence is required for a convening authority to order a rehearing. See Article 60(f)(3).’’ (v) The following Discussion immediately after the new R.C.M. 1107(e)(2)(B)(ii) is deleted: ‘‘A sentence rehearing, rather than a reassessment, may be more appropriate in cases where a significant part of the E:\FR\FM\15JNN1.SGM 15JNN1 ehiers on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 115 / Wednesday, June 15, 2016 / Notices government’s case has been dismissed. The convening authority may not take any actions inconsistent with directives of superior competent authority. Where that directive is unclear, appropriate clarification should be sought from the authority issuing the original directive.’’ (w) A new Discussion is inserted after the new R.C.M. 1107(e)(2)(B)(iii) and reads as follows: ‘‘A sentence rehearing, rather than a reassessment, may be more appropriate in cases where a significant part of the government’s case has been dismissed. The convening authority may not take any actions inconsistent with directives of superior competent authority. Where that directive is unclear, appropriate clarification should be sought from the authority issuing the original directive. For purposes of R.C.M. 1107(e)(1)(B), the term ‘‘superior competent authority’’ does not include superior convening authorities but rather, for example, the appropriate Judge Advocate General or a court of competent jurisdiction.’’ (x) A Discussion is inserted after the new R.C.M. 1107(e)(2)(C)(ii) and reads as follows: ‘‘For example, if proof of absence without leave was by improperly authenticated documentary evidence admitted over the objection of the defense, the convening authority may disapprove the findings of guilty and sentence and order a rehearing if there is reason to believe that properly authenticated documentary evidence or other admissible evidence of guilt will be available at the rehearing. On the other hand, if no proof of unauthorized absence was introduced at trial, a rehearing may not be ordered.’’ (y) A new paragraph is added to the end of the Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 1108(b) and reads as follows: ‘‘The limitations on suspension of the execution of any sentence or part thereof contained in Article 60 apply to a decision by a convening authority or other person acting on the case under Article 60, as opposed to an individual remitting or suspending a sentence pursuant to a different authority, such as Article 74. See R.C.M. 1107(d).’’ (z) A new Discussion section is inserted immediately following the new R.C.M. 1109(h)(4) and reads as follows: ‘‘The following oath may be given to witnesses: ‘‘Do you (swear) (affirm) that the evidence you give shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth (so help you God)?’’ The hearing officer is required to include in the record of the hearing, at a minimum, a summary of the substance of all testimony. VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:15 Jun 14, 2016 Jkt 238001 All hearing officer notes of testimony and recordings of testimony should be preserved until the end of trial. If during the hearing any witness subject to the Code is suspected of an offense under the Code, the hearing officer should comply with the warning requirements of Mil. R. Evid. 305(c), (d), and, if necessary, (e). Bearing in mind that the probationer and government are responsible for preparing and presenting their cases, the hearing officer may ask a witness questions relevant to the limited purpose of the hearing. When questioning a witness, the hearing officer may not depart from an impartial role and become an advocate for either side.’’ Dated: June 10, 2016. Aaron Siegel, Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense. [FR Doc. 2016–14170 Filed 6–14–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 5001–06–P DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION [Docket No.: ED–2016–ICCD–0043] Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for Review and Approval; Comment Request; International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS 2018) Field Test and Recruitment for Main Study National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), Department of Education (ED). ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. chapter 3501 et seq.), ED is proposing a new information collection. DATES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments on or before July 15, 2016. ADDRESSES: To access and review all the documents related to the information collection listed in this notice, please use http://www.regulations.gov by searching the Docket ID number ED– 2016–ICCD–0043. Comments submitted in response to this notice should be submitted electronically through the Federal eRulemaking Portal at http:// www.regulations.gov by selecting the Docket ID number or via postal mail, commercial delivery, or hand delivery. Please note that comments submitted by fax or email and those submitted after the comment period will not be accepted. Written requests for information or comments submitted by SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 39039 postal mail or delivery should be addressed to the Director of the Information Collection Clearance Division, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., LBJ, Room 2E–349, Washington, DC 20202–4537. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For specific questions related to collection activities, please contact NCES Information Collections at NCES.Information.Collections@ed.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Department of Education (ED), in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)), provides the general public and Federal agencies with an opportunity to comment on proposed, revised, and continuing collections of information. This helps the Department assess the impact of its information collection requirements and minimize the public’s reporting burden. It also helps the public understand the Department’s information collection requirements and provide the requested data in the desired format. ED is soliciting comments on the proposed information collection request (ICR) that is described below. The Department of Education is especially interested in public comment addressing the following issues: (1) Is this collection necessary to the proper functions of the Department; (2) will this information be processed and used in a timely manner; (3) is the estimate of burden accurate; (4) how might the Department enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (5) how might the Department minimize the burden of this collection on the respondents, including through the use of information technology. Please note that written comments received in response to this notice will be considered public records. Title of Collection: International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS 2018) Field Test and Recruitment for Main Study. OMB Control Number: 1850—New. Type of Review: A new information collection. Respondents/Affected Public: Individuals or Households. Total Estimated Number of Annual Responses: 1,983. Total Estimated Number of Annual Burden Hours: 2,040. Abstract: The International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS) is a computer-based international assessment of eighth-grade students’ computer and information literacy (CIL) skills that will provide a comparison of U.S. student performance and technology access and use with those of E:\FR\FM\15JNN1.SGM 15JNN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 115 (Wednesday, June 15, 2016)]
[Notices]
[Pages 39035-39039]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-14170]


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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

Office of the Secretary

[Docket ID DOD-2015-OS-0099]


Manual for Courts-Martial; Publication of Supplementary Materials

AGENCY: Joint Service Committee on Military Justice (JSC), Department 
of Defense.

ACTION: Publication of Discussion and Analysis (Supplementary 
Materials) accompanying the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States 
(2012 ed.) (MCM).

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SUMMARY: The JSC hereby publishes Supplementary Materials accompanying 
the MCM as amended by Executive Orders 13643, 13669, 13696, and 13730. 
These changes have not been coordinated within the Department of 
Defense under DoD Directive 5500.1, ``Preparation, Processing and 
Coordinating Legislation, Executive Orders, Proclamations, Views 
Letters and Testimony,'' June 15, 2007, and do not constitute the 
official position of the Department of Defense, the Military 
Departments, or any other Government agency. These Supplementary 
Materials have been approved by the JSC and the

[[Page 39036]]

Acting General Counsel of the Department of Defense, and shall be 
applied in conjunction with the rule with which they are associated. 
The Discussions are effective insofar as the Rules they supplement are 
effective, but may not be applied earlier than the date of publication 
of this notice in the Federal Register.

DATES: The Supplementary Materials are effective as of June 15, 2016.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Major Harlye S.M. Carlton, USMC, (703) 
963-9299 or harlye.carlton@usmc.mil. The JSC Web site is located at: 
http://jsc.defense.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 
    Public Comments: The JSC solicited public comments for these 
changes to the supplementary materials accompanying the MCM via the 
Federal Register on October 19, 2015 (80 FR 63204-63212, Docket ID: 
DOD-2015-OS-0099), held a public meeting at the Court of Appeals for 
the Armed Forces on November 5, 2015, and published the JSC response to 
public comments via the Federal Register on March 22, 2016 (81 FR 
15272-15278, Docket ID: DOD-2015-OS-0099). The amendments to the 
Analysis and Discussion accompanying the MCM are as follows:

Annex

    Section 1. Appendix 21, Analysis of Rules for Courts-Martial is 
amended as follows:
    (a) Rule 306 is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 306(b)(2) implements Section 534(b) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015, P.L. 113-291, 
19 December 2014.''
    (b) Rule 401 is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: The first paragraph of the R.C.M. 401(c) 
Discussion was added in light of the recommendation in the Response 
Systems to Adult Sexual Assault Crimes Panel's (RSP) June 2014 report 
for trial counsel to convey victims' preferences as to disposition to 
the convening authority. This Discussion implements this recommendation 
by allowing Service regulations to determine the appropriate authority 
responsible for communicating the victims' views to the convening 
authority. The RSP was a congressionally mandated panel tasked to 
conduct an independent review and assessment of the systems used to 
investigate, prosecute, and adjudicate crimes involving adult sexual 
assault and related offenses.''
    (c) Rule 604 is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: The fourth paragraph of the R.C.M. 604(a) 
Discussion was added to align the Discussion with R.C.M. 705(d)(3).''
    (d) Rule 907 is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 907(b) was amended consistent with United 
States v. Humphries, 71 M.J. 209 (C.A.A.F. 2012), where the court held 
that a defective specification does not constitute structural error or 
warrant automatic dismissal.''
    (e) Rule 1002 is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 1002(b) clarifies the military's unitary 
sentencing concept. See United States v. Gutierrez, 11 M.J. 122, 123 
(C.M.A. 1981); see generally Jackson v. Taylor, 353 U.S. 569 (1957).''
    (f) Rule 1103(b) is amended by inserting the following immediately 
before the paragraph beginning with ``Subsection 2(C)'':
    ``2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 1103(b)(2)(B)(i) was amended in a manner 
that aligns the requirement for a verbatim transcript with special 
courts-martial jurisdictional maximum punishments.''
    (g) Rule 1107 is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: The R.C.M. 1107(b)(1) Discussion was amended to 
clarify that the limitations contained in Article 60 apply to the 
convening authority or other commander acting under Article 60.''
    (h) Rule 1109 is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: R.C.M. 1109 was modified following the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, P.L. 113-66, 26 
December 2013, amendments to Article 32 and the resulting changes to 
R.C.M. 405 as promulgated by Executive Order 13696. The revision 
clarifies throughout the rule that the purpose of vacation hearings is 
to determine whether there is probable cause that the probationer 
violated any condition of the probationer's suspension.''
    Section 2. Appendix 22, Analysis of the Military Rules of Evidence 
is amended as follows:
    (a) Rule 304(c) is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: This change brings military practice in line with 
federal practice. See Opper v. United States, 348 U.S. 84 (1954), and 
Smith v. United States, 348 U.S. 147 (1954).''
    (b) Rule 311(a) is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: Rule 311(a)(3) incorporates the balancing test 
limiting the application of the exclusionary rule set forth in Herring 
v. United States, 555 U.S. 135 (2009), where the Supreme Court held 
that to trigger the exclusionary rule, ``the deterrent effect of 
suppression must be substantial and outweigh any harm to the justice 
system.'' Id. at 147; see also United States v. Wicks, 73 M.J. 93, 104 
(C.A.A.F. 2014) (``The exclusionary rule applies only where it results 
in appreciable deterrence for future Fourth Amendment violations and 
where the benefits of deterrence must outweigh the costs'' (internal 
quotation marks omitted)).''
    (c) Rule 311(c) is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: Rule 311(c)(4) was added. It adopts the expansion 
of the ``good faith'' exception to the exclusionary rule set forth in 
Illinois v. Krull, 480 U.S. 340 (1987), where the Supreme Court held 
that the exclusionary rule is inapplicable to evidence obtained by an 
officer acting in objectively reasonable reliance on a statute later 
held violative of the Fourth Amendment.''
    (d) Rule 504 is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: References to gender were removed throughout the 
rule. Rule 504(c)(1), as amended, makes clear that the exception only 
applies to confidential communications. The definition of 
``confidential communications'' was moved to Rule 504(d).''
    (e) Rule 801(d)(1)(B) is amended by inserting the following 
immediately before the paragraph beginning with ``Under Rule 
801(d)(1)(C)'':
    ``2016 Amendment. Rule 801(d)(1)(B)(ii) was added in accordance 
with an identical change to Federal Rule of Evidence 801(d)(1)(B). The 
amendment retains the requirement set forth in Tome v. United States, 
513 U.S. 150 (1995): That under Rule 801(d)(1)(B), a consistent 
statement offered to rebut a charge of recent fabrication of improper 
influence or motive must have been made before the alleged fabrication 
or improper inference or motive arose. The amendment extends 
substantive effect to consistent statements that rebut other attacks on 
a witness--such as the charges of inconsistency or faulty memory. The 
amendment does not change the traditional and well-accepted limits on 
bringing prior consistent statements before the factfinder for 
credibility purposes. It does not allow impermissible bolstering of a 
witness. As before, prior consistent statements under the amendment may 
be brought before the factfinder only if they properly rehabilitate a 
witness

[[Page 39037]]

whose credibility has been attacked. As before, to be admissible for 
rehabilitation, a prior consistent statement must satisfy the 
strictures of Rule 403. As before, the trial court has ample discretion 
to exclude prior consistent statements that are cumulative accounts of 
an event. The amendment does not make any consistent statement 
admissible that was not admissible previously--the only difference is 
that prior consistent statements otherwise admissible for 
rehabilitation are now admissible substantively as well.''
    (f) The fourth paragraph of Rule 803(6), beginning with ``Paragraph 
144 d'' is amended to read as follows:
    ``Paragraph 144 d prevented a record ``made principally with a view 
to prosecution, or other disciplinary or legal action'' from being 
admitted as a business record.''
    (g) Rule 803(6) is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: Rule 803(6)(E) was modified following the 
amendment to Fed. R. Evid. 803(6), effective 1 December 2014. It 
clarifies that if the proponent of a record has established the 
requirements of the exception, then the burden is on the opponent to 
show a lack of trustworthiness. In meeting its burden, the opponent is 
not necessarily required to introduce affirmative evidence of 
untrustworthiness. It is appropriate to impose the burden of proving 
untrustworthiness on the opponent, as the basic admissibility 
requirements are sufficient to establish a presumption that the record 
is reliable.''
    (h) Rule 803(7) is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: Rule 803(7)(C) was modified following the 
amendment to Fed. R. Evid. 803(7), effective 1 December 2014. It 
clarifies that if the proponent has established the stated requirements 
of the exception then the burden is on the opponent to show a lack of 
trustworthiness.''
    (i) Rule 803(8) is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: Rule 803(8)(B) was modified following the 
amendment to Fed. R. Evid. 803(8)(B), effective 1 December 2014. The 
amendment clarifies that if the proponent has established that the 
record meets the stated requirements of the exception then the burden 
is on the opponent to show a lack of trustworthiness as public records 
have justifiably carried a presumption of reliability. The opponent, in 
meeting its burden, is not necessarily required to introduce 
affirmative evidence of untrustworthiness. A determination of 
untrustworthiness necessarily depends on the circumstances.''
    (j) Rule 803(8) is amended by deleting the following:
    ``Rule 803(8)(C) makes admissible, but only against the Government, 
``factual findings resulting from an investigation made pursuant to 
authority granted by law, unless the sources of information or other 
circumstances indicate lack of trustworthiness.'' This provision will 
make factual findings made, for example, by an Article 32 Investigating 
Officer or by a Court of Inquiry admissible on behalf of an accused. 
Because the provision applies only to ``factual findings,'' great care 
must be taken to distinguish such factual determinations from opinions, 
recommendations, and incidental inferences.''
    (k) Rule 803(10) is amended by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: Rule 803(10) was modified following the amendment 
to Fed. R. Evid. 803(10), effective 1 December 2013. The amendment of 
the Federal Rules was in response to Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts, 
557 U.S. 305 (2009). The Melendez-Diaz Court declared that a 
testimonial certificate could be admitted if the accused is given 
advance notice and does not timely demand the presence of the official 
who prepared the certificate. The amendment to Rule 803(10) is largely 
identical to the amendment to the Fed. R. Evid. 803(10) but has been 
modified in a manner that reflects differences in the military 
environment.''
    Section 3. Appendix 23, Analysis of Punitive Articles is amended as 
follows:
    (a) Paragraph 4, Article 80--Attempts, is amended by inserting the 
following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: Subparagraph e. as amended includes exceptions to 
the general rule that mandatory minimum punishments shall not apply to 
attempts. This change brings this paragraph into conformity with 
Article 56 as amended by Section 1705 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, P.L. 113-66, 26 December 
2013.''
    (b) Paragraph 110, Article 134--Threat, communicating, is amended 
by inserting the following at the end:
    ``2016 Amendment: Subparagraph c. was amended following the Supreme 
Court's decision in Elonis v. United States, 135 S. Ct. 2001 (2015).''
    Section 4. The Discussion to Part II of the Manual for Courts-
Martial, United States, is amended as follows:
    (a) The first paragraph of the Discussion immediately following 
R.C.M. 204(a) is amended to read as follows:
    ``Such regulations should describe procedures for ordering a 
reservist to active duty for disciplinary action, preferral of charges, 
preliminary hearings, forwarding of charges, referral of charges, 
designation of convening authorities and commanders authorized to 
conduct nonjudicial punishment proceedings, and for other appropriate 
purposes.''
    (b) Section (6) of the Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 
305(h)(2)(B)(iv) and immediately prior to R.C.M. 305(h)(2)(C) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(6) The accused's record of appearance at or flight from other 
preliminary hearings, trials, and similar proceedings; and''
    (c) A new Discussion is inserted after R.C.M. 306(e)(2) and before 
R.C.M. 306(e)(3) and reads as follows:
    ``Any preferences as to disposition expressed by the victim 
regarding jurisdiction, while not binding, should be considered by the 
cognizant commander prior to making initial disposition.
    The cognizant commander should continue to consider the views of 
the victim as to jurisdiction until final disposition of the case.''
    (d) Section (H)(ii) of the Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 
307(c)(3) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(ii) Victim. In the case of an offense against the person or 
property of a person, the first name, middle initial, and last name or 
first, middle, and last initials of such person should be alleged, if 
known. If the name of the victim is unknown, a general physical 
description may be used. If this cannot be done, the victim may be 
described as ``a person whose name is unknown.'' Military rank or grade 
should be alleged, and must be alleged if an element of the offense, as 
in an allegation of disobedience of the command of a superior officer. 
If the person has no military position, it may otherwise be necessary 
to allege the status as in an allegation of using provoking words 
toward a person subject to the code. See paragraph 42 of Part IV. 
Counsel for the government should be aware that if initials of victims 
are used, additional notice of the identity of victims will be 
required.''
    (e) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 401(c) is amended 
by inserting the following new paragraph at the beginning of the 
Discussion:
    ``When an alleged offense involves a victim, the victim should, 
whenever practicable, be provided an opportunity to express views 
regarding the

[[Page 39038]]

disposition of the charges. The commander with authority to dispose of 
charges should consider such views of the victim prior to deciding how 
to dispose of the charges and should continue to consider the views of 
the victim until final disposition of the case. A ``victim'' is an 
individual who is alleged to have suffered direct physical, emotional, 
or pecuniary harm as a result of the matters set forth in a charge or 
specification under consideration and is named in one of the 
specifications under consideration.''
    (f) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 403(b)(5) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``A preliminary hearing should be directed when it appears the 
charges are of such a serious nature that trial by general court-
martial may be warranted. See R.C.M. 405. If a preliminary hearing of 
the subject has already been conducted, see R.C.M. 405(b).''
    (g) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 407(a)(5) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``A preliminary hearing should be directed when it appears the 
charges are of such a serious nature that trial by general court-
martial may be warranted. See R.C.M. 405. If a preliminary hearing of 
the subject has already been conducted, see R.C.M. 405(b).''
    (h) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 603(d) is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``If there has been a major change or amendment over the accused's 
objection to a charge already referred, a new referral is necessary. 
Similarly, in the case of a general court-martial, a new preliminary 
hearing under R.C.M. 405 will be necessary if the charge as amended or 
changed was not covered in the prior preliminary hearing. If the 
substance of the charge or specification as amended or changed has not 
been referred or, in the case of a general court-martial, has not been 
subject to a preliminary hearing, a new referral and, if appropriate, 
preliminary hearing are necessary. When charges are re-referred, they 
must be served anew under R.C.M. 602.''
    (i) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 604(a) is amended 
by inserting the following new paragraph between the third and fourth 
paragraphs:
    ``When an alleged offense involves a victim, the victim should, 
whenever practicable, be provided an opportunity to express views 
regarding the withdrawal of any charges or specifications in which the 
victim is named. The convening authority or other individual authorized 
to act on the charges should consider such views of the victim prior to 
withdrawing said charges or specifications and should continue to 
consider the views of the victim until final disposition of the case. A 
``victim'' is an individual who is alleged to have suffered direct 
physical, emotional, or pecuniary harm as a result of the matters set 
forth in a charge or specification under consideration and is named in 
one of the specifications under consideration.''
    (j) The second sentence of the Discussion immediately following 
R.C.M. 703(e)(2)(B) is amended to read as follows:
    ``In accordance with subsection (f)(4)(B) of this rule, a subpoena 
duces tecum to produce books, papers, documents, data, or other objects 
or electronically stored information for preliminary hearings pursuant 
to Article 32 may be issued, following the convening authority's order 
directing such preliminary hearing, by the counsel representing the 
United States.''
    (k) The last paragraph of the Discussion immediately following 
R.C.M. 703(e)(2)(G)(i) is amended to read as follows:
    ``For subpoenas issued for a preliminary hearing pursuant to 
Article 32 under subsection (f)(4)(B), the general court-martial 
convening authority with jurisdiction over the case may issue a warrant 
of attachment to compel production of documents.''
    (l) The second sentence of the Discussion immediately following 
R.C.M. 703(f)(4)(B) is amended to read as follows:
    ``Although the amended language cites Article 32(b), this new 
subpoena power extends to documents subpoenaed by counsel representing 
the United States, whether or not requested by the defense.''
    (m) A new Discussion section is inserted immediately following 
R.C.M. 705(c)(2)(C) and reads as follows:
    ``A promise to provide restitution includes restitution to a victim 
of an alleged offense committed by the accused in accordance with 
Article 6b(a)(6).''
    (n) The Discussion immediately following R.C.M. 905(b)(1) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``Such nonjurisdictional defects include unsworn charges, 
inadequate Article 32 preliminary hearing, and inadequate pretrial 
advice. See R.C.M. 307; 401-407; 601-604.''
    (o) The Discussion section following R.C.M. 907(b)(1)(B) is deleted 
and reinserted immediately after R.C.M. 907(b)(2)(E).
    (p) The third sentence in the Discussion immediately following 
R.C.M. 914(a)(2) is amended to read as follows:
    ``This rule does not apply to preliminary hearings under Article 
32.''
    (q) The Discussion immediately after the sole paragraph in R.C.M. 
1002 is moved to immediately after R.C.M. 1002(b).
    (r) The Discussion section following R.C.M. 1105(b)(2)(C) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``For example, post-trial conduct of the accused, such as providing 
restitution to the victim of the accused's offense in accordance with 
Article 6b(a)(6), or exemplary behavior, might be appropriate.''
    (s) The Discussion section following R.C.M. 1107(b)(1) is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``The action is taken in the interests of justice, discipline, 
mission requirements, clemency, and other appropriate reasons. If 
errors are noticed by the convening authority, the convening authority 
may take corrective action under this rule to the extent that the 
convening authority is empowered by Article 60.''
    (t) A new Discussion section is inserted immediately following 
R.C.M. 1107(c)(2) and reads as follows:
    ``The military follows a unitary sentencing model where the court-
martial may impose only a single, unitary sentence covering all of the 
offenses for which there was a finding of guilty; courts-martial do not 
impose sentences per offense. See R.C.M. 1002(b). Therefore, where the 
adjudged sentence for the case includes dismissal, dishonorable 
discharge, bad-conduct discharge, or confinement for more than six 
months, the sentence adjudged for the entire case, and not per offense, 
controls when deciding what actions are available to the convening 
authority.''
    (u) A new Discussion section is inserted immediately following 
R.C.M. 1107(e)(1) and reads as follows:
    ``Pursuant to Article 60(c)(4)(A) and subsection (d)(1)(A) and (B) 
of this rule, disapproval of the sentence is not authorized where a 
court-martial's adjudged sentence for the case includes confinement for 
more than six months or a sentence of dismissal, dishonorable 
discharge, or bad-conduct discharge. In such cases, the convening 
authority may not order a rehearing because disapproval of the sentence 
is required for a convening authority to order a rehearing. See Article 
60(f)(3).''
    (v) The following Discussion immediately after the new R.C.M. 
1107(e)(2)(B)(ii) is deleted:
    ``A sentence rehearing, rather than a reassessment, may be more 
appropriate in cases where a significant part of the

[[Page 39039]]

government's case has been dismissed. The convening authority may not 
take any actions inconsistent with directives of superior competent 
authority. Where that directive is unclear, appropriate clarification 
should be sought from the authority issuing the original directive.''
    (w) A new Discussion is inserted after the new R.C.M. 
1107(e)(2)(B)(iii) and reads as follows:
    ``A sentence rehearing, rather than a reassessment, may be more 
appropriate in cases where a significant part of the government's case 
has been dismissed. The convening authority may not take any actions 
inconsistent with directives of superior competent authority. Where 
that directive is unclear, appropriate clarification should be sought 
from the authority issuing the original directive. For purposes of 
R.C.M. 1107(e)(1)(B), the term ``superior competent authority'' does 
not include superior convening authorities but rather, for example, the 
appropriate Judge Advocate General or a court of competent 
jurisdiction.''
    (x) A Discussion is inserted after the new R.C.M. 1107(e)(2)(C)(ii) 
and reads as follows:
    ``For example, if proof of absence without leave was by improperly 
authenticated documentary evidence admitted over the objection of the 
defense, the convening authority may disapprove the findings of guilty 
and sentence and order a rehearing if there is reason to believe that 
properly authenticated documentary evidence or other admissible 
evidence of guilt will be available at the rehearing. On the other 
hand, if no proof of unauthorized absence was introduced at trial, a 
rehearing may not be ordered.''
    (y) A new paragraph is added to the end of the Discussion 
immediately following R.C.M. 1108(b) and reads as follows:
    ``The limitations on suspension of the execution of any sentence or 
part thereof contained in Article 60 apply to a decision by a convening 
authority or other person acting on the case under Article 60, as 
opposed to an individual remitting or suspending a sentence pursuant to 
a different authority, such as Article 74. See R.C.M. 1107(d).''
    (z) A new Discussion section is inserted immediately following the 
new R.C.M. 1109(h)(4) and reads as follows:
    ``The following oath may be given to witnesses:
    ``Do you (swear) (affirm) that the evidence you give shall be the 
truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth (so help you God)?''
    The hearing officer is required to include in the record of the 
hearing, at a minimum, a summary of the substance of all testimony.
    All hearing officer notes of testimony and recordings of testimony 
should be preserved until the end of trial.
    If during the hearing any witness subject to the Code is suspected 
of an offense under the Code, the hearing officer should comply with 
the warning requirements of Mil. R. Evid. 305(c), (d), and, if 
necessary, (e).
    Bearing in mind that the probationer and government are responsible 
for preparing and presenting their cases, the hearing officer may ask a 
witness questions relevant to the limited purpose of the hearing. When 
questioning a witness, the hearing officer may not depart from an 
impartial role and become an advocate for either side.''

    Dated: June 10, 2016.
Aaron Siegel,
Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense.
[FR Doc. 2016-14170 Filed 6-14-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 5001-06-P