Schedules of Controlled Substances: Extension of Temporary Placement of 10 Synthetic Cathinones in Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, 11429-11431 [2016-05004]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 43 / Friday, March 4, 2016 / Rules and Regulations PART 830—UNIQUE DEVICE IDENTIFICATION 4. The authority citation for 21 CFR part 830 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321, 331, 352, 353, 360, 360d, 360i, 360j, 371. 5. In § 830.110, revise paragraph (a)(1) to read as follows: ■ § 830.110 Application for accreditation as an issuing agency. (a) * * * (1) An applicant seeking initial FDA accreditation as an issuing agency shall notify FDA of its desire to be accredited by sending a notification by email to: GUDIDSupport@ fda.hhs.gov, or by correspondence to: UDI Regulatory Policy Support, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 66, Rm. 3303, Silver Spring, MD 20993–0002. * * * * * Dated: February 29, 2016. Leslie Kux, Associate Commissioner for Policy. [FR Doc. 2016–04707 Filed 3–3–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4164–01–P DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Drug Enforcement Administration 21 CFR Part 1308 [Docket No. DEA–386] Schedules of Controlled Substances: Extension of Temporary Placement of 10 Synthetic Cathinones in Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act Drug Enforcement Administration, Department of Justice. ACTION: Final order. AGENCY: The Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration is issuing this final order to extend the temporary schedule I status of 10 synthetic cathinones pursuant to the temporary scheduling provisions of the Controlled Substances Act. The 10 substances are: 4-methyl-N-ethylcathinone (4–MEC); 4methyl-alphapyrrolidinopropiophenone (4-MePPP); alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone (aPVP); 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2(methylamino)butan-1-one (butylone); 2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpentan-1-one (pentedrone); 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)2-(methylamino)pentan-1-one (pentylone); 4-fluoro-Nmethylcathinone (4–FMC); 3-fluoro-Nmethylcathinone (3–FMC); 1(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1yl)pentan-1-one (naphyrone); and alpha- jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:44 Mar 03, 2016 Jkt 238001 pyrrolidinobutiophenone (a-PBP) [hereinafter 4–MEC, 4-MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4– FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, and a-PBP, respectively], including their optical, positional, and geometric isomers, salts, and salts of isomers. The current final order temporarily placing 4–MEC, 4MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4–FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, and a-PBP into schedule I is in effect through March 6, 2016. This final order will extend the temporary scheduling of 4–MEC, 4-MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4–FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, and a-PBP for one year, or until the permanent scheduling action for these 10 substances is completed, whichever occurs first. DATES: This final order is effective March 4, 2016. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Barbara J. Boockholdt, Office of Diversion Control, Drug Enforcement Administration; Mailing Address: 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152; Telephone: (202) 598–6812. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Legal Authority The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) implements and enforces titles II and III of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, as amended. Titles II and III are referred to as the ‘‘Controlled Substances Act’’ and the ‘‘Controlled Substances Import and Export Act,’’ respectively, and are collectively referred to as the ‘‘Controlled Substances Act’’ or the ‘‘CSA’’ for purpose of this action. 21 U.S.C. 801–971. The DEA published the implementing regulations for these statutes in title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), chapter II. The CSA and its implementing regulations are designed to prevent, detect, and eliminate the diversion of controlled substances and listed chemicals into the illicit market while ensuring an adequate supply is available for the legitimate medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States. Controlled substances have the potential for abuse and dependence and are controlled to protect the public health and safety. Under the CSA, every controlled substance is classified into one of five schedules based upon its potential for abuse, its currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and the degree of dependence the drug or other substance may cause. 21 U.S.C. 812. The initial schedules of controlled substances established by Congress are found at 21 U.S.C. 812(c), and the PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 11429 current list of all scheduled substances is published at 21 CFR part 1308. Section 201 of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 811) provides the Attorney General with the authority to temporarily place a substance into schedule I of the CSA for two years without regard to the requirements of 21 U.S.C. 811(b) if she finds that such action is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety. 21 U.S.C. 811(h)(1). In addition, if proceedings to control a substance are initiated under 21 U.S.C. 811(a)(1), the Attorney General may extend the temporary scheduling for up to one year. 21 U.S.C. 811(h)(2). Where the necessary findings are made, a substance may be temporarily scheduled if it is not listed in any other schedule under section 202 of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 812) or if there is no exemption or approval in effect for the substance under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA), 21 U.S.C. 355. 21 U.S.C. 811(h)(1). The Attorney General has delegated her scheduling authority under 21 U.S.C. 811 to the Administrator of the DEA. 28 CFR 0.100. Background On March 7, 2014, the DEA published a final order in the Federal Register amending 21 CFR 1308.11(h) to temporarily place the 10 synthetic cathinones 4-methyl-N-ethylcathinone (4–MEC); 4-methyl-alphapyrrolidinopropiophenone (4-MePPP); alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone (aPVP); 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2(methylamino)butan-1-one (butylone); 2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpentan-1-one (pentedrone); 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)2-(methylamino)pentan-1-one (pentylone); 4-fluoro-Nmethylcathinone (4–FMC); 3-fluoro-Nmethylcathinone (3–FMC); 1(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1yl)pentan-1-one (naphyrone); and alphapyrrolidinobutiophenone (a-PBP) into schedule I of the CSA pursuant to the temporary scheduling provisions of 21 U.S.C. 811(h). 79 FR 12938. That final order was effective on the date of publication, and was based on findings by the Deputy Administrator of the DEA that the temporary scheduling of these ten synthetic cathinones was necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 811(h)(1). Section 201(h)(2) of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 811(h)(2)) requires that the temporary control of these substances expires two years from the effective date of the scheduling order, or on March 6, 2016. However, the CSA also provides that during the pendency of proceedings under 21 U.S.C. 811(a)(1) with respect E:\FR\FM\04MRR1.SGM 04MRR1 11430 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 43 / Friday, March 4, 2016 / Rules and Regulations jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with RULES to the substance, the temporary scheduling of that substance could be extended for up to one year. Proceedings for the permanent scheduling of a substance under 21 U.S.C. 811(a) may be initiated by the Attorney General (delegated to the Administrator of the DEA pursuant to 28 CFR 0.100) on his or her own motion, at the request of the Secretary of Health and Human Services,1 or on the petition of any interested party. The Administrator of the DEA, on his own motion pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 811(a), has initiated proceedings under 21 U.S.C. 811(a)(1) to permanently schedule 4–MEC, 4-MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4– FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, and a-PBP. The DEA has gathered and reviewed the available information regarding the pharmacology, chemistry, trafficking, actual abuse, pattern of abuse, and the relative potential for abuse for these 10 synthetic cathinones. On December 30, 2014, the DEA submitted a request to the HHS to provide the DEA with a scientific and medical evaluation of available information and a scheduling recommendation for 4–MEC, 4-MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4–FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, and a-PBP, in accordance with 21 U.S.C. 811 (b) and (c). Upon evaluating the scientific and medical evidence, on March 2, 2016, the HHS submitted to the Administrator of the DEA its 10 scientific and medical evaluations for these substances. Upon receipt of the scientific and medical evaluation and scheduling recommendations from the HHS, the DEA reviewed the documents and all other relevant data, and conducted its own eight-factor analysis of the abuse potential of 4–MEC, 4MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4–FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, and a-PBP in accordance with 21 U.S.C. 811(c). The DEA has published a notice of proposed rulemaking for the placement of 4–MEC, 4-MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4– FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, and a-PBP into schedule I elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register. Pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 811(h)(2), the Administrator of the DEA orders that the temporary scheduling of 4–MEC, 4MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4–FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, and a-PBP, including their optical, 1 Because the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services has delegated to the Assistant Secretary for Health of the Department of Health and Human Services the authority to make domestic drug scheduling recommendations, for purposes of this final order, all subsequent references to ‘‘Secretary’’ have been replaced with ‘‘Assistant Secretary.’’ VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:44 Mar 03, 2016 Jkt 238001 positional, and geometric isomers, salts, and salts of isomers be extended for one year, or until the permanent scheduling proceeding is completed, whichever occurs first. In accordance with this final order, the schedule I requirements for handling 4–MEC, 4-MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4– FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, or a-PBP, including their optical, positional, and geometric isomers, salts, and salts of isomers, will remain in effect for one year, or until the permanent scheduling proceeding is completed, whichever occurs first. Regulatory Matters The CSA provides for an expedited temporary scheduling action where such action is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety. 21 U.S.C. 811(h). The Attorney General may, by order, schedule a substance in schedule I on a temporary basis. Id. 21 U.S.C. 811(h) also provides that the temporary scheduling of a substance shall expire at the end of two years from the date of the issuance of the order scheduling such substance, except that the Attorney General may, during the pendency of proceedings to permanently schedule the substance, extend the temporary scheduling for up to one year. To the extent that 21 U.S.C. 811(h) directs that temporary scheduling actions be issued by order and sets forth the procedures by which such orders are to be issued and extended, the DEA believes that the notice and comment requirements of section 553 of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553) do not apply to this extension of the temporary scheduling action. In the alternative, even assuming that this action might be subject to section 553 of the APA, the Administrator finds that there is good cause to forgo the notice and comment requirements of section 553, as any further delays in the process for extending the temporary scheduling order would be impracticable and contrary to the public interest in view of the manifest urgency to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety. Further, the DEA believes that this final order extending the temporary scheduling action is not a ‘‘rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 601(2), and, accordingly, is not subject to the requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA). The requirements for the preparation of an initial regulatory flexibility analysis in 5 U.S.C. 603(a) are not applicable where, as here, the DEA is not required by section 553 of the APA or any other law to publish PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 a general notice of proposed rulemaking. Additionally, this action is not a significant regulatory action as defined by Executive Order 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review), section 3(f), and, accordingly, this action has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This action will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132 (Federalism), it is determined that this action does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a Federalism Assessment. As noted above, this action is an order, not a rule. Accordingly, the Congressional Review Act (CRA) is inapplicable, as it applies only to rules. It is in the public interest to maintain the temporary placement of 4–MEC, 4MePPP, a-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4–FMC, 3–FMC, naphyrone, and a-PBP in schedule I because they pose a public health risk. The temporary scheduling action was taken pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 811(h), which is specifically designed to enable the DEA to act in an expeditious manner to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety. Under 21 U.S.C. 811(h), temporary scheduling orders are not subject to notice and comment rulemaking procedures. The DEA understands that the CSA frames temporary scheduling actions as orders rather than rules to ensure that the process moves swiftly, and this extension of the temporary scheduling order continues to serve that purpose. For the same reasons that underlie 21 U.S.C. 811(h), that is, the need to place these substances in schedule I because they pose an imminent hazard to public safety, it would be contrary to the public interest to delay implementation of this extension of the temporary scheduling order. Therefore, in accordance with section 808(2) of the CRA, this final order extending the temporary scheduling order shall take effect immediately upon its publication. The DEA has submitted a copy of this final order to both Houses of Congress and to the Comptroller General, although such filing is not required under the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (Congressional Review Act), 5 U.S.C. 801–808 because, as noted above, this action is an order, not a rule. E:\FR\FM\04MRR1.SGM 04MRR1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 43 / Friday, March 4, 2016 / Rules and Regulations Dated: March 2, 2016. Chuck Rosenberg, Acting Administrator. [FR Doc. 2016–05004 Filed 3–3–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4410–09–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [TD 9757] RIN 1545–BM98 Consistent Basis Reporting Between Estate and Person Acquiring Property From Decedent Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Temporary regulations. AGENCY: This document contains temporary regulations that provide transition rules providing that executors and other persons required to file or furnish a statement under section 6035(a)(1) or (a)(2) before March 31, 2016, need not do so until March 31, 2016. These temporary regulations are applicable to executors and other persons who file after July 31, 2015, returns required by section 6018(a) or (b). SUMMARY: Effective date. These regulations are effective on March 4, 2016. Applicability dates: For date of applicability, see § 1.6035–2T(b). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Theresa Melchiorre (202) 317–6859 (not a toll-free number). DATES: jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with RULES Background On July 31, 2015, the President of the United States signed into law H.R. 3236, the Surface Transportation and Veterans Health Care Choice Improvement Act of 2015, Public Law 114–41, 129 Stat. 443 (Act). Section 2004 of the Act added new section 6035. Section 6035 imposes reporting requirements with regard to the value of property included in a decedent’s gross estate for federal estate tax purposes. Section 6035(a)(1) provides that the executor of any estate required to file a return under section 6018(a) must furnish, both to the Secretary and to the person acquiring any interest in property included in the decedent’s gross estate for federal estate tax purposes, a statement identifying the value of each interest in such property as reported on such return and such other information with respect to such interest as the Secretary may prescribe. VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:44 Mar 03, 2016 Jkt 238001 Section 6035(a)(2) provides that each other person required to file a return under section 6018(b) must furnish, both to the Secretary and to each person who holds a legal or beneficial interest in the property to which such return relates, a statement identifying the same information described in section 6035(a)(1). Section 6035(a)(3)(A) provides that each statement required to be furnished under section 6035 (a)(1) or (2) is to be furnished at such time as the Secretary may prescribe, but in no case at a time later than the earlier of (i) the date which is 30 days after the date on which the return under section 6018 was required to be filed (including extensions, if any) or (ii) the date which is 30 days after the date such return is filed. On August 21, 2015, the Treasury Department and the IRS issued Notice 2015–57, 2015–36 IRB 294. Notice 2015–57 delays until February 29, 2016, the due date for any statements required by section 6035 that are due before that same date. On February 11, 2016, the Treasury Department and the IRS issued Notice 2016–19, 2016–09 IRB. That notice provides that executors or other persons required to file or furnish a statement under section 6035(a)(1) or (a)(2) before March 31, 2016, need not do so until March 31, 2016. Explanation of Provisions These temporary regulations reiterate that executors or other persons required to file or furnish a statement under section 6035(a)(1) or (a)(2) before March 31, 2016, need not do so until March 31, 2016. The text of these temporary regulations also serves as the text of the proposed regulations under § 1.6035–2 in the related notice of proposed rulemaking (REG–127923–15) in the Proposed Rules section of this issue of the Federal Register. These temporary regulations are issued within 18 months of the date of the enactment of the statutory provisions to which the temporary regulations relate and, as authorized by section 7805(b)(2), are effective/applicable to executors and other persons who file a return required by section 6018(a) or (b) after July 31, 2015. Statement of Availability of IRS Documents IRS Revenue Procedures, Revenue Rulings notices, notices and other guidance cited in this preamble are published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin (or Cumulative Bulletin) and are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 11431 Office, Washington, DC 20402, or by visiting the IRS Web site at http:// www.irs.gov. Special Analyses Certain IRS regulations, including this one, are exempt from the requirements of Executive Order 12866, as supplemented and reaffirmed by Executive Order 13563. Therefore, a regulatory impact assessment is not required. In addition, section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to these regulations because they are excepted from the notice and comment requirements of section 553(b) and (c) of the Administrative Procedure Act under the interpretative rule and good cause exceptions provided by section 553(b)(3)(A) and (B) of that Act. The Act included an immediate effective date, thus making the first required statements due 30 days after enactment. It is necessary to provide more time to provide the statements required by section 6035(a) to allow the Treasury Department and the IRS sufficient time to issue both substantive and procedural guidance on how to comply with the section 6035(a) requirement and to provide executors and other affected persons the opportunity to review this guidance before preparing the required statements. These regulations reiterate the relief in Notice 2016–19 and, because of the immediate need to provide relief, notice and public comment pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(b) and (c) is impracticable, unnecessary, and contrary to the public interest. For the applicability of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6), please refer to the Special Analyses section of the preamble to the crossreferenced notice of proposed rulemaking published in the Proposed Rules section in this issue of the Federal Register. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code), these regulations have been submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on their impact on small business. Drafting Information The principal author of these temporary regulations is Theresa Melchiorre, Office of the Associate Chief Counsel (Passthroughs and Special Industries). Other personnel from the Treasury Department and the IRS participated in their development. List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1 Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. E:\FR\FM\04MRR1.SGM 04MRR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 43 (Friday, March 4, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 11429-11431]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-05004]


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DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

Drug Enforcement Administration

21 CFR Part 1308

[Docket No. DEA-386]


Schedules of Controlled Substances: Extension of Temporary 
Placement of 10 Synthetic Cathinones in Schedule I of the Controlled 
Substances Act

AGENCY: Drug Enforcement Administration, Department of Justice.

ACTION: Final order.

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SUMMARY: The Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration is 
issuing this final order to extend the temporary schedule I status of 
10 synthetic cathinones pursuant to the temporary scheduling provisions 
of the Controlled Substances Act. The 10 substances are: 4-methyl-N-
ethylcathinone (4-MEC); 4-methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (4-
MePPP); alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone ([alpha]-PVP); 1-(1,3-
benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)butan-1-one (butylone); 2-
(methylamino)-1-phenylpentan-1-one (pentedrone); 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-
yl)-2-(methylamino)pentan-1-one (pentylone); 4-fluoro-N-methylcathinone 
(4-FMC); 3-fluoro-N-methylcathinone (3-FMC); 1-(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-
(pyrrolidin-1-yl)pentan-1-one (naphyrone); and alpha-
pyrrolidinobutiophenone ([alpha]-PBP) [hereinafter 4-MEC, 4-MePPP, 
[alpha]-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4-FMC, 3-FMC, naphyrone, 
and [alpha]-PBP, respectively], including their optical, positional, 
and geometric isomers, salts, and salts of isomers. The current final 
order temporarily placing 4-MEC, 4-MePPP, [alpha]-PVP, butylone, 
pentedrone, pentylone, 4-FMC, 3-FMC, naphyrone, and [alpha]-PBP into 
schedule I is in effect through March 6, 2016. This final order will 
extend the temporary scheduling of 4-MEC, 4-MePPP, [alpha]-PVP, 
butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4-FMC, 3-FMC, naphyrone, and [alpha]-
PBP for one year, or until the permanent scheduling action for these 10 
substances is completed, whichever occurs first.

DATES: This final order is effective March 4, 2016.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Barbara J. Boockholdt, Office of 
Diversion Control, Drug Enforcement Administration; Mailing Address: 
8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152; Telephone: (202) 
598-6812.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Legal Authority

    The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) implements and enforces 
titles II and III of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and 
Control Act of 1970, as amended. Titles II and III are referred to as 
the ``Controlled Substances Act'' and the ``Controlled Substances 
Import and Export Act,'' respectively, and are collectively referred to 
as the ``Controlled Substances Act'' or the ``CSA'' for purpose of this 
action. 21 U.S.C. 801-971. The DEA published the implementing 
regulations for these statutes in title 21 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations (CFR), chapter II.
    The CSA and its implementing regulations are designed to prevent, 
detect, and eliminate the diversion of controlled substances and listed 
chemicals into the illicit market while ensuring an adequate supply is 
available for the legitimate medical, scientific, research, and 
industrial needs of the United States. Controlled substances have the 
potential for abuse and dependence and are controlled to protect the 
public health and safety.
    Under the CSA, every controlled substance is classified into one of 
five schedules based upon its potential for abuse, its currently 
accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and the degree 
of dependence the drug or other substance may cause. 21 U.S.C. 812. The 
initial schedules of controlled substances established by Congress are 
found at 21 U.S.C. 812(c), and the current list of all scheduled 
substances is published at 21 CFR part 1308.
    Section 201 of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 811) provides the Attorney 
General with the authority to temporarily place a substance into 
schedule I of the CSA for two years without regard to the requirements 
of 21 U.S.C. 811(b) if she finds that such action is necessary to avoid 
an imminent hazard to the public safety. 21 U.S.C. 811(h)(1). In 
addition, if proceedings to control a substance are initiated under 21 
U.S.C. 811(a)(1), the Attorney General may extend the temporary 
scheduling for up to one year. 21 U.S.C. 811(h)(2).
    Where the necessary findings are made, a substance may be 
temporarily scheduled if it is not listed in any other schedule under 
section 202 of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 812) or if there is no exemption or 
approval in effect for the substance under section 505 of the Federal 
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA), 21 U.S.C. 355. 21 U.S.C. 
811(h)(1). The Attorney General has delegated her scheduling authority 
under 21 U.S.C. 811 to the Administrator of the DEA. 28 CFR 0.100.

Background

    On March 7, 2014, the DEA published a final order in the Federal 
Register amending 21 CFR 1308.11(h) to temporarily place the 10 
synthetic cathinones 4-methyl-N-ethylcathinone (4-MEC); 4-methyl-alpha-
pyrrolidinopropiophenone (4-MePPP); alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone 
([alpha]-PVP); 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)butan-1-one 
(butylone); 2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpentan-1-one (pentedrone); 1-(1,3-
benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)pentan-1-one (pentylone); 4-fluoro-N-
methylcathinone (4-FMC); 3-fluoro-N-methylcathinone (3-FMC); 1-
(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)pentan-1-one (naphyrone); and 
alpha-pyrrolidinobutiophenone ([alpha]-PBP) into schedule I of the CSA 
pursuant to the temporary scheduling provisions of 21 U.S.C. 811(h). 79 
FR 12938. That final order was effective on the date of publication, 
and was based on findings by the Deputy Administrator of the DEA that 
the temporary scheduling of these ten synthetic cathinones was 
necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety pursuant to 
21 U.S.C. 811(h)(1). Section 201(h)(2) of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 811(h)(2)) 
requires that the temporary control of these substances expires two 
years from the effective date of the scheduling order, or on March 6, 
2016. However, the CSA also provides that during the pendency of 
proceedings under 21 U.S.C. 811(a)(1) with respect

[[Page 11430]]

to the substance, the temporary scheduling of that substance could be 
extended for up to one year. Proceedings for the permanent scheduling 
of a substance under 21 U.S.C. 811(a) may be initiated by the Attorney 
General (delegated to the Administrator of the DEA pursuant to 28 CFR 
0.100) on his or her own motion, at the request of the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services,\1\ or on the petition of any interested 
party.
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    \1\ Because the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human 
Services has delegated to the Assistant Secretary for Health of the 
Department of Health and Human Services the authority to make 
domestic drug scheduling recommendations, for purposes of this final 
order, all subsequent references to ``Secretary'' have been replaced 
with ``Assistant Secretary.''
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    The Administrator of the DEA, on his own motion pursuant to 21 
U.S.C. 811(a), has initiated proceedings under 21 U.S.C. 811(a)(1) to 
permanently schedule 4-MEC, 4-MePPP, [alpha]-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, 
pentylone, 4-FMC, 3-FMC, naphyrone, and [alpha]-PBP. The DEA has 
gathered and reviewed the available information regarding the 
pharmacology, chemistry, trafficking, actual abuse, pattern of abuse, 
and the relative potential for abuse for these 10 synthetic cathinones. 
On December 30, 2014, the DEA submitted a request to the HHS to provide 
the DEA with a scientific and medical evaluation of available 
information and a scheduling recommendation for 4-MEC, 4-MePPP, 
[alpha]-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4-FMC, 3-FMC, naphyrone, 
and [alpha]-PBP, in accordance with 21 U.S.C. 811 (b) and (c). Upon 
evaluating the scientific and medical evidence, on March 2, 2016, the 
HHS submitted to the Administrator of the DEA its 10 scientific and 
medical evaluations for these substances. Upon receipt of the 
scientific and medical evaluation and scheduling recommendations from 
the HHS, the DEA reviewed the documents and all other relevant data, 
and conducted its own eight-factor analysis of the abuse potential of 
4-MEC, 4-MePPP, [alpha]-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4-FMC, 3-
FMC, naphyrone, and [alpha]-PBP in accordance with 21 U.S.C. 811(c). 
The DEA has published a notice of proposed rulemaking for the placement 
of 4-MEC, 4-MePPP, [alpha]-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4-FMC, 
3-FMC, naphyrone, and [alpha]-PBP into schedule I elsewhere in this 
issue of the Federal Register.
    Pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 811(h)(2), the Administrator of the DEA 
orders that the temporary scheduling of 4-MEC, 4-MePPP, [alpha]-PVP, 
butylone, pentedrone, pentylone, 4-FMC, 3-FMC, naphyrone, and [alpha]-
PBP, including their optical, positional, and geometric isomers, salts, 
and salts of isomers be extended for one year, or until the permanent 
scheduling proceeding is completed, whichever occurs first.
    In accordance with this final order, the schedule I requirements 
for handling 4-MEC, 4-MePPP, [alpha]-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, 
pentylone, 4-FMC, 3-FMC, naphyrone, or [alpha]-PBP, including their 
optical, positional, and geometric isomers, salts, and salts of 
isomers, will remain in effect for one year, or until the permanent 
scheduling proceeding is completed, whichever occurs first.

Regulatory Matters

    The CSA provides for an expedited temporary scheduling action where 
such action is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public 
safety. 21 U.S.C. 811(h). The Attorney General may, by order, schedule 
a substance in schedule I on a temporary basis. Id. 21 U.S.C. 811(h) 
also provides that the temporary scheduling of a substance shall expire 
at the end of two years from the date of the issuance of the order 
scheduling such substance, except that the Attorney General may, during 
the pendency of proceedings to permanently schedule the substance, 
extend the temporary scheduling for up to one year.
    To the extent that 21 U.S.C. 811(h) directs that temporary 
scheduling actions be issued by order and sets forth the procedures by 
which such orders are to be issued and extended, the DEA believes that 
the notice and comment requirements of section 553 of the 
Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553) do not apply to this 
extension of the temporary scheduling action. In the alternative, even 
assuming that this action might be subject to section 553 of the APA, 
the Administrator finds that there is good cause to forgo the notice 
and comment requirements of section 553, as any further delays in the 
process for extending the temporary scheduling order would be 
impracticable and contrary to the public interest in view of the 
manifest urgency to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety. 
Further, the DEA believes that this final order extending the temporary 
scheduling action is not a ``rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 601(2), and, 
accordingly, is not subject to the requirements of the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (RFA). The requirements for the preparation of an 
initial regulatory flexibility analysis in 5 U.S.C. 603(a) are not 
applicable where, as here, the DEA is not required by section 553 of 
the APA or any other law to publish a general notice of proposed 
rulemaking.
    Additionally, this action is not a significant regulatory action as 
defined by Executive Order 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review), 
section 3(f), and, accordingly, this action has not been reviewed by 
the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
    This action will not have substantial direct effects on the States, 
on the relationship between the national government and the States, or 
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various 
levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 
13132 (Federalism), it is determined that this action does not have 
sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a 
Federalism Assessment.
    As noted above, this action is an order, not a rule. Accordingly, 
the Congressional Review Act (CRA) is inapplicable, as it applies only 
to rules. It is in the public interest to maintain the temporary 
placement of 4-MEC, 4-MePPP, [alpha]-PVP, butylone, pentedrone, 
pentylone, 4-FMC, 3-FMC, naphyrone, and [alpha]-PBP in schedule I 
because they pose a public health risk. The temporary scheduling action 
was taken pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 811(h), which is specifically designed 
to enable the DEA to act in an expeditious manner to avoid an imminent 
hazard to the public safety. Under 21 U.S.C. 811(h), temporary 
scheduling orders are not subject to notice and comment rulemaking 
procedures. The DEA understands that the CSA frames temporary 
scheduling actions as orders rather than rules to ensure that the 
process moves swiftly, and this extension of the temporary scheduling 
order continues to serve that purpose. For the same reasons that 
underlie 21 U.S.C. 811(h), that is, the need to place these substances 
in schedule I because they pose an imminent hazard to public safety, it 
would be contrary to the public interest to delay implementation of 
this extension of the temporary scheduling order. Therefore, in 
accordance with section 808(2) of the CRA, this final order extending 
the temporary scheduling order shall take effect immediately upon its 
publication. The DEA has submitted a copy of this final order to both 
Houses of Congress and to the Comptroller General, although such filing 
is not required under the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement 
Fairness Act of 1996 (Congressional Review Act), 5 U.S.C. 801-808 
because, as noted above, this action is an order, not a rule.


[[Page 11431]]


    Dated: March 2, 2016.
Chuck Rosenberg,
Acting Administrator.
[FR Doc. 2016-05004 Filed 3-3-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4410-09-P