Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and Novel Laboratories, Inc.; Analysis To Aid Public Comment, 9467-9469 [2016-04040]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 37 / Thursday, February 25, 2016 / Notices It is further ordered that the request of the U.S. Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Drug Enforcement Agency, and the U.S. Marshals Service, IS HEREBY GRANTED, to the extent set forth in this Order. It is further ordered that a copy of this Order shall be sent by return receipt requested to Ocean Technology Limited at its last known addresses. It is further ordered that a copy of this Order, or a summary thereof, shall be published in the Federal Register. This Order is issued on delegated authority under 47 CFR 0.51, 0.261, and is effective upon release. Petitions for reconsideration under section 1.106 of the Commission’s rules, 47 CFR 1.106, or applications for review under section 1.115 of the Commission’s rules, 47 CFR 1.115, may be filed within 30 days of the date of the release of this Order. Federal Communications Commission. Denise Coca, Chief, Telecommunications and Analysis Division, International Bureau. A. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco (Gerald C. Tsai, Director, Applications and Enforcement), 101 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105–1579: 1. H Bancorp LLC, Irvine, California; to merge with Hopkins Bancorp, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, and thereby indirectly acquire Hopkins Federal Savings Bank, Baltimore, Maryland. Upon acquisition, Hopkins Federal Savings Bank will merge into Bay Bank, FSB, Lutherville Timonium, Maryland, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Bay Bancorp, Inc. In connection with this application, Applicant also has applied to acquire to acquire 51 percent of iReverse Home Loans, LLC, Owings Mill, Maryland, and thereby engage in activities related to extending credit, pursuant to sections 225.28(b)(1) and (b)(2) of Regulation Y. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, February 22, 2016. Michael J. Lewandowski, Associate Secretary of the Board. [FR Doc. 2016–04059 Filed 2–24–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6210–01–P [FR Doc. 2016–03939 Filed 2–24–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6712–01–P FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION [File No. 151–0202] Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and Novel Laboratories, Inc.; Analysis To Aid Public Comment The companies listed in this notice have given notice under section 4 of the Bank Holding Company Act (12 U.S.C. 1843) (BHC Act) and Regulation Y, (12 CFR part 225) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including the companies listed below, that engages either directly or through a subsidiary or other company, in a nonbanking activity that is listed in § 225.28 of Regulation Y (12 CFR 225.28) or that the Board has determined by Order to be closely related to banking and permissible for bank holding companies. Unless otherwise noted, these activities will be conducted throughout the United States. Each notice is available for inspection at the Federal Reserve Bank indicated. The notice also will be available for inspection at the offices of the Board of Governors. Interested persons may express their views in writing on the question whether the proposal complies with the standards of section 4 of the BHC Act. Unless otherwise noted, comments regarding the notices must be received at the Reserve Bank indicated or the offices of the Board of Governors not later than March 21, 2016. AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:07 Feb 24, 2016 Jkt 238001 ACTION: Federal Trade Commission. Proposed consent agreement. The consent agreement in this matter settles alleged violations of federal law prohibiting unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the draft complaint and the terms of the consent orders— embodied in the consent agreement— that would settle these allegations. DATES: Comments must be received on or before March 22, 2016. ADDRESSES: Interested parties may file a comment at https://ftcpublic.comment works.com/ftc/lupingavisnovelconsent online or on paper, by following the instructions in the Request for Comment part of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ‘‘In the Matter of Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and Novel Laboratories, Inc.—Consent Agreement; File No. 151–0202’’ on your comment and file your comment online at https://ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ ftc/lupingavisnovelconsent by following the instructions on the web-based form. If you prefer to file your comment on paper, write ‘‘In the Matter of Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 9467 Novel Laboratories, Inc.—Consent Agreement; File No. 151–0202’’ on your comment and on the envelope, and mail your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Suite CC–5610 (Annex D), Washington, DC 20580, or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, Constitution Center, 400 7th Street SW., 5th Floor, Suite 5610 (Annex D), Washington, DC 20024. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kari Wallace, (202–326–3085), Bureau of Competition, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20580. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to Section 6(f) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. 46(f), and FTC Rule 2.34, 16 CFR 2.34, notice is hereby given that the above-captioned consent agreement containing a consent order to cease and desist, having been filed with and accepted, subject to final approval, by the Commission, has been placed on the public record for a period of thirty (30) days. The following Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes the terms of the consent agreement, and the allegations in the complaint. An electronic copy of the full text of the consent agreement package can be obtained from the FTC Home Page (for February 19, 2016), on the World Wide Web, at http://www.ftc. gov/os/actions.shtm. You can file a comment online or on paper. For the Commission to consider your comment, we must receive it on or before March 22, 2016. Write ‘‘In the Matter of Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and Novel Laboratories, Inc.—Consent Agreement; File No. 151–0202’’ on your comment. Your comment—including your name and your state—will be placed on the public record of this proceeding, including, to the extent practicable, on the public Commission Web site, at http://www.ftc.gov/os/public comments.shtm. As a matter of discretion, the Commission tries to remove individuals’ home contact information from comments before placing them on the Commission Web site. Because your comment will be made public, you are solely responsible for making sure that your comment does not include any sensitive personal information, like anyone’s Social Security number, date of birth, driver’s license number or other state identification number or foreign country equivalent, passport number, financial account number, or credit or debit card number. You are also solely responsible E:\FR\FM\25FEN1.SGM 25FEN1 mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 9468 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 37 / Thursday, February 25, 2016 / Notices for making sure that your comment does not include any sensitive health information, like medical records or other individually identifiable health information. In addition, do not include any ‘‘[t]rade secret or any commercial or financial information which . . . is privileged or confidential,’’ as discussed in Section 6(f) of the FTC Act, 15 U.S.C. 46(f), and FTC Rule 4.10(a)(2), 16 CFR 4.10(a)(2). In particular, do not include competitively sensitive information such as costs, sales statistics, inventories, formulas, patterns, devices, manufacturing processes, or customer names. If you want the Commission to give your comment confidential treatment, you must file it in paper form, with a request for confidential treatment, and you have to follow the procedure explained in FTC Rule 4.9(c), 16 CFR 4.9(c).1 Your comment will be kept confidential only if the FTC General Counsel, in his or her sole discretion, grants your request in accordance with the law and the public interest. Postal mail addressed to the Commission is subject to delay due to heightened security screening. As a result, we encourage you to submit your comments online. To make sure that the Commission considers your online comment, you must file it at https:// ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/ lupingavisnovelconsent by following the instructions on the web-based form. If this Notice appears at http:// www.regulations.gov/#!home, you also may file a comment through that Web site. If you file your comment on paper, write ‘‘In the Matter of Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and Novel Laboratories, Inc.—Consent Agreement; File No. 151–0202’’ on your comment and on the envelope, and mail your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Suite CC–5610 (Annex D), Washington, DC 20580, or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, Constitution Center, 400 7th Street SW., 5th Floor, Suite 5610 (Annex D), Washington, DC 20024. If possible, submit your paper comment to the Commission by courier or overnight service. Visit the Commission Web site at http://www.ftc.gov to read this Notice and the news release describing it. The 1 In particular, the written request for confidential treatment that accompanies the comment must include the factual and legal basis for the request, and must identify the specific portions of the comment to be withheld from the public record. See FTC Rule 4.9(c), 16 CFR 4.9(c). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:07 Feb 24, 2016 Jkt 238001 FTC Act and other laws that the Commission administers permit the collection of public comments to consider and use in this proceeding as appropriate. The Commission will consider all timely and responsive public comments that it receives on or before March 22, 2016. You can find more information, including routine uses permitted by the Privacy Act, in the Commission’s privacy policy, at http://www.ftc.gov/ftc/privacy.htm. Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment The Federal Trade Commission (‘‘Commission’’) has accepted, subject to final approval, an Agreement Containing Consent Orders (‘‘Consent Agreement’’) from Lupin Ltd. (‘‘Lupin’’) and Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC and Novel Laboratories, Inc. (collectively ‘‘Gavis’’) that is designed to remedy the anticompetitive effects resulting from Lupin’s acquisition of Gavis. Under the terms of the proposed Consent Agreement, the parties are required to divest all of Gavis’s rights and assets related to generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules and generic mesalamine extended release (‘‘ER’’) capsules to G&W Laboratories (‘‘G&W’’). The proposed Consent Agreement has been placed on the public record for thirty days for receipt of comments from interested persons. Comments received during this period will become part of the public record. After thirty days, the Commission will again evaluate the proposed Consent Agreement, along with the comments received, to make a final decision as to whether it should withdraw from the proposed Consent Agreement or make final the Decision and Order (‘‘Order’’). Pursuant to Purchase and Sale Agreements dated July 23, 2015, Lupin plans to acquire Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC and Novel Laboratories, Inc. for approximately $850 million (the ‘‘Proposed Acquisitions’’). Gavis and Novel are related companies. Novel researches, develops and manufactures generic pharmaceutical products, which Gavis markets and sells. The Commission alleges in its Complaint that the Proposed Acquisitions, if consummated, would violate Section 7 of the Clayton Act, as amended, 15 U.S.C. 18, and Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, as amended, 15 U.S.C. 45, by lessening current competition in the market for generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules and future competition in the market for generic mesalamine ER capsules in the United States. The proposed Consent Agreement will remedy the alleged violations by preserving the competition PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 that otherwise would be eliminated by the Proposed Acquisitions. I. The Products and Structure of the Markets The Proposed Acquisitions would reduce the number of current suppliers in the market for generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules and reduce the number of future suppliers in the market for generic mesalamine ER capsules. Generic doxycycline is an antibiotic used for treating a variety of different bacterial infections, including respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, severe acne, skin and skin structure infections, Lyme disease, and anthrax. Generic doxycycline monohydrate is available in four strengths: 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, and 150 mg. Gavis and Lupin both market three of the four strengths, 50 mg, 75 mg, and 100 mg. Both Lupin and Gavis are recent entrants into the generic doxycycline monohydrate market; Lupin launched its product in March 2014, while Gavis launched its product at the end of July 2015. Endo International plc, Allergan, Inc., and Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. also offer generic doxycycline monohydrate products in the United States. All five companies offer the 100 mg strength, but only four companies offer the 50 mg and 75 mg strengths. Mesalamine ER capsules are used to treat ulcerative colitis. Valeant Pharmaceuticals markets Apriso, the branded version of the product, which is available in a 375 mg formulation. No generic version of mesalamine ER capsules is currently available in the United States. Lupin and Gavis are developing generic mesalamine ER capsules products, and are two of a limited number of suppliers capable of entering the market in the near future. II. Entry Entry into the two relevant markets would not be timely, likely, or sufficient in magnitude, character, and scope to deter or counteract the anticompetitive effects of the Proposed Acquisitions. The combination of drug development times and regulatory requirements, including approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration (‘‘FDA’’), is costly and lengthy. III. Effects The Proposed Acquisitions likely would cause significant anticompetitive harm to consumers by eliminating current competition between Lupin and Gavis in the market for generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules. Market participants characterize generic E:\FR\FM\25FEN1.SGM 25FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 37 / Thursday, February 25, 2016 / Notices mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES doxycycline monohydrate capsules as commodity products. As the number of suppliers offering a therapeutically equivalent drug increases, the price for that drug generally decreases due to the direct competition between the existing suppliers and each additional supplier. The Proposed Acquisitions would combine two of only four companies offering the 50 mg and 75 mg strengths of generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules, likely leading consumers to pay higher prices. In addition, the Proposed Acquisitions likely would cause significant anticompetitive harm to consumers by eliminating future generic competition that would otherwise have occurred in the mesalamine ER capsule market if Lupin and Gavis remained independent. The evidence shows that anticompetitive effects are likely to result from the Proposed Acquisitions due to the elimination of an additional independent entrant in the market for generic mesalamine ER. Customers and competitors expect that the price of this pharmaceutical product will decrease with new entry by Lupin and Gavis. Thus, absent a remedy, the Proposed Acquisitions will likely cause U.S. consumers to pay significantly higher prices for generic mesalamine ER. IV. The Consent Agreement The proposed Consent Agreement effectively remedies the competitive concerns raised by the acquisitions in the markets at issue by requiring Gavis to divest all its rights and assets relating to doxycycline monohydrate capsules and mesalamine ER to G&W. Founded in 1919, G&W is a privately held, family-owned, generic pharmaceutical company. G&W develops, manufactures, sells, and distributes generic pharmaceuticals and over-the-counter products within the United States. The Commission’s goal in evaluating possible purchasers of divested assets is to maintain the competitive environment that existed prior to the Proposed Acquisitions. If the Commission determines that G&W is not an acceptable acquirer, or that the manner of the divestitures is not acceptable, the proposed Order requires the parties to unwind the sale of rights to G&W and then divest the products to a Commission-approved acquirer within six months of the date the Order becomes final. The proposed Order further allows the Commission to appoint a trustee in the event the parties fail to divest the products as required. The proposed Consent Agreement and Order contain several provisions to help ensure that the divestitures are successful. The proposed D&O requires VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:07 Feb 24, 2016 Jkt 238001 that Lupin supply G&W with generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules for two years while Lupin transfers the manufacturing technology to G&W’s facility. To ensure the success of the generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules divestiture, the proposed D&O requires Lupin to provide transitional services to assist G&W in establishing its manufacturing capabilities and securing all of the necessary FDA approvals. These transitional services include technical assistance to manufacture the product in substantially the same manner and quality employed or achieved by Gavis, and advice and training from knowledgeable employees of the parties. To assist G&W with completing the regulatory work and setting up and validating the manufacturing for the generic mesalamine ER product, G&W will enter into a consulting agreement with Gavis’s current CEO, Dr. Veerappan Subramanian, who will not be employed by Lupin post-transaction. Dr. Subramanian is the founder of Gavis and has previously served as the chief scientist for the company. He has been involved with the development and manufacturing of the generic mesalamine ER product since the company started the formulation. G&W will also inherit Gavis’s ongoing patent litigation related to mesalamine ER. G&W intends to retain Gavis’s current counsel to continue the litigation. The purpose of this analysis is to facilitate public comment on the proposed Consent Agreement, and it is not intended to constitute an official interpretation of the proposed Order or to modify its terms in any way. By direction of the Commission. Donald S. Clark, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2016–04040 Filed 2–24–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6750–01–P FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION [File No. 151–0044] Hikma Pharmaceuticals PLC and C.H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG; Analysis To Aid Public Comment Federal Trade Commission. Proposed Consent Agreement. AGENCY: ACTION: The consent agreement in this matter settles alleged violations of federal law prohibiting unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the draft complaint and the terms of the consent order— SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00051 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 9469 embodied in the consent agreement— that would settle these allegations. DATES: Comments must be received on or before March 22, 2016. ADDRESSES: Interested parties may file a comment at https:// ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/ hikmabenconsent online or on paper, by following the instructions in the Request for Comment part of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ‘‘In the Matter of Hikma Pharmaceuticals PLC and C.H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG,— Consent Agreement; File No. 151–0044’’ on your comment and file your comment online at https:// ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/ hikmabenconsent by following the instructions on the web-based form. If you prefer to file your comment on paper, write ‘‘In the Matter of Hikma Pharmaceuticals PLC and C.H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG,— Consent Agreement; File No. 151–0044’’ on your comment and on the envelope, and mail your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Suite CC– 5610 (Annex D), Washington, DC 20580, or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, Constitution Center, 400 7th Street SW., 5th Floor, Suite 5610 (Annex D), Washington, DC 20024. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jordan Andrew (202–326–3678), Bureau of Competition, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20580. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to Section 6(f) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. 46(f), and FTC Rule 2.34, 16 CFR 2.34, notice is hereby given that the above-captioned consent agreement containing a consent order to cease and desist, having been filed with and accepted, subject to final approval, by the Commission, has been placed on the public record for a period of thirty (30) days. The following Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes the terms of the consent agreement, and the allegations in the complaint. An electronic copy of the full text of the consent agreement package can be obtained from the FTC Home Page (for February 19, 2016), on the World Wide Web, at http:// www.ftc.gov/os/actions.shtm. You can file a comment online or on paper. For the Commission to consider your comment, we must receive it on or before March 22, 2016. Write ‘‘In the Matter of Hikma Pharmaceuticals PLC and C.H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG,—Consent Agreement; File No. 151– E:\FR\FM\25FEN1.SGM 25FEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 37 (Thursday, February 25, 2016)]
[Notices]
[Pages 9467-9469]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-04040]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION

[File No. 151-0202]


Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and Novel Laboratories, 
Inc.; Analysis To Aid Public Comment

AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission.

ACTION: Proposed consent agreement.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The consent agreement in this matter settles alleged 
violations of federal law prohibiting unfair methods of competition. 
The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the 
allegations in the draft complaint and the terms of the consent 
orders--embodied in the consent agreement--that would settle these 
allegations.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before March 22, 2016.

ADDRESSES: Interested parties may file a comment at https://ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/lupingavisnovelconsent online or on 
paper, by following the instructions in the Request for Comment part of 
the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ``In the Matter of 
Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and Novel Laboratories, Inc.--
Consent Agreement; File No. 151-0202'' on your comment and file your 
comment online at https://ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/lupingavisnovelconsent by following the instructions on the web-based 
form. If you prefer to file your comment on paper, write ``In the 
Matter of Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and Novel 
Laboratories, Inc.--Consent Agreement; File No. 151-0202'' on your 
comment and on the envelope, and mail your comment to the following 
address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, 600 
Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Suite CC-5610 (Annex D), Washington, DC 20580, 
or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade 
Commission, Office of the Secretary, Constitution Center, 400 7th 
Street SW., 5th Floor, Suite 5610 (Annex D), Washington, DC 20024.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kari Wallace, (202-326-3085), Bureau 
of Competition, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20580.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to Section 6(f) of the Federal 
Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. 46(f), and FTC Rule 2.34, 16 CFR 2.34, 
notice is hereby given that the above-captioned consent agreement 
containing a consent order to cease and desist, having been filed with 
and accepted, subject to final approval, by the Commission, has been 
placed on the public record for a period of thirty (30) days. The 
following Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes the terms of the 
consent agreement, and the allegations in the complaint. An electronic 
copy of the full text of the consent agreement package can be obtained 
from the FTC Home Page (for February 19, 2016), on the World Wide Web, 
at http://www.ftc.gov/os/actions.shtm.
    You can file a comment online or on paper. For the Commission to 
consider your comment, we must receive it on or before March 22, 2016. 
Write ``In the Matter of Lupin Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and 
Novel Laboratories, Inc.--Consent Agreement; File No. 151-0202'' on 
your comment. Your comment--including your name and your state--will be 
placed on the public record of this proceeding, including, to the 
extent practicable, on the public Commission Web site, at http://www.ftc.gov/os/publiccomments.shtm. As a matter of discretion, the 
Commission tries to remove individuals' home contact information from 
comments before placing them on the Commission Web site.
    Because your comment will be made public, you are solely 
responsible for making sure that your comment does not include any 
sensitive personal information, like anyone's Social Security number, 
date of birth, driver's license number or other state identification 
number or foreign country equivalent, passport number, financial 
account number, or credit or debit card number. You are also solely 
responsible

[[Page 9468]]

for making sure that your comment does not include any sensitive health 
information, like medical records or other individually identifiable 
health information. In addition, do not include any ``[t]rade secret or 
any commercial or financial information which . . . is privileged or 
confidential,'' as discussed in Section 6(f) of the FTC Act, 15 U.S.C. 
46(f), and FTC Rule 4.10(a)(2), 16 CFR 4.10(a)(2). In particular, do 
not include competitively sensitive information such as costs, sales 
statistics, inventories, formulas, patterns, devices, manufacturing 
processes, or customer names.
    If you want the Commission to give your comment confidential 
treatment, you must file it in paper form, with a request for 
confidential treatment, and you have to follow the procedure explained 
in FTC Rule 4.9(c), 16 CFR 4.9(c).\1\ Your comment will be kept 
confidential only if the FTC General Counsel, in his or her sole 
discretion, grants your request in accordance with the law and the 
public interest.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ In particular, the written request for confidential 
treatment that accompanies the comment must include the factual and 
legal basis for the request, and must identify the specific portions 
of the comment to be withheld from the public record. See FTC Rule 
4.9(c), 16 CFR 4.9(c).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Postal mail addressed to the Commission is subject to delay due to 
heightened security screening. As a result, we encourage you to submit 
your comments online. To make sure that the Commission considers your 
online comment, you must file it at https://ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/lupingavisnovelconsent by following the instructions on the web-
based form. If this Notice appears at http://www.regulations.gov/#!home, you also may file a comment through that Web site.
    If you file your comment on paper, write ``In the Matter of Lupin 
Ltd., Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC, and Novel Laboratories, Inc.--Consent 
Agreement; File No. 151-0202'' on your comment and on the envelope, and 
mail your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, 
Office of the Secretary, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Suite CC-5610 
(Annex D), Washington, DC 20580, or deliver your comment to the 
following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, 
Constitution Center, 400 7th Street SW., 5th Floor, Suite 5610 (Annex 
D), Washington, DC 20024. If possible, submit your paper comment to the 
Commission by courier or overnight service.
    Visit the Commission Web site at http://www.ftc.gov to read this 
Notice and the news release describing it. The FTC Act and other laws 
that the Commission administers permit the collection of public 
comments to consider and use in this proceeding as appropriate. The 
Commission will consider all timely and responsive public comments that 
it receives on or before March 22, 2016. You can find more information, 
including routine uses permitted by the Privacy Act, in the 
Commission's privacy policy, at http://www.ftc.gov/ftc/privacy.htm.

Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment

    The Federal Trade Commission (``Commission'') has accepted, subject 
to final approval, an Agreement Containing Consent Orders (``Consent 
Agreement'') from Lupin Ltd. (``Lupin'') and Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC 
and Novel Laboratories, Inc. (collectively ``Gavis'') that is designed 
to remedy the anticompetitive effects resulting from Lupin's 
acquisition of Gavis. Under the terms of the proposed Consent 
Agreement, the parties are required to divest all of Gavis's rights and 
assets related to generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules and generic 
mesalamine extended release (``ER'') capsules to G&W Laboratories 
(``G&W'').
    The proposed Consent Agreement has been placed on the public record 
for thirty days for receipt of comments from interested persons. 
Comments received during this period will become part of the public 
record. After thirty days, the Commission will again evaluate the 
proposed Consent Agreement, along with the comments received, to make a 
final decision as to whether it should withdraw from the proposed 
Consent Agreement or make final the Decision and Order (``Order'').
    Pursuant to Purchase and Sale Agreements dated July 23, 2015, Lupin 
plans to acquire Gavis Pharmaceuticals LLC and Novel Laboratories, Inc. 
for approximately $850 million (the ``Proposed Acquisitions''). Gavis 
and Novel are related companies. Novel researches, develops and 
manufactures generic pharmaceutical products, which Gavis markets and 
sells. The Commission alleges in its Complaint that the Proposed 
Acquisitions, if consummated, would violate Section 7 of the Clayton 
Act, as amended, 15 U.S.C. 18, and Section 5 of the Federal Trade 
Commission Act, as amended, 15 U.S.C. 45, by lessening current 
competition in the market for generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules 
and future competition in the market for generic mesalamine ER capsules 
in the United States. The proposed Consent Agreement will remedy the 
alleged violations by preserving the competition that otherwise would 
be eliminated by the Proposed Acquisitions.

I. The Products and Structure of the Markets

    The Proposed Acquisitions would reduce the number of current 
suppliers in the market for generic doxycycline monohydrate capsules 
and reduce the number of future suppliers in the market for generic 
mesalamine ER capsules.
    Generic doxycycline is an antibiotic used for treating a variety of 
different bacterial infections, including respiratory infections, 
urinary tract infections, severe acne, skin and skin structure 
infections, Lyme disease, and anthrax. Generic doxycycline monohydrate 
is available in four strengths: 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, and 150 mg. Gavis 
and Lupin both market three of the four strengths, 50 mg, 75 mg, and 
100 mg. Both Lupin and Gavis are recent entrants into the generic 
doxycycline monohydrate market; Lupin launched its product in March 
2014, while Gavis launched its product at the end of July 2015. Endo 
International plc, Allergan, Inc., and Sun Pharmaceutical Industries 
Ltd. also offer generic doxycycline monohydrate products in the United 
States. All five companies offer the 100 mg strength, but only four 
companies offer the 50 mg and 75 mg strengths.
    Mesalamine ER capsules are used to treat ulcerative colitis. 
Valeant Pharmaceuticals markets Apriso, the branded version of the 
product, which is available in a 375 mg formulation. No generic version 
of mesalamine ER capsules is currently available in the United States. 
Lupin and Gavis are developing generic mesalamine ER capsules products, 
and are two of a limited number of suppliers capable of entering the 
market in the near future.

II. Entry

    Entry into the two relevant markets would not be timely, likely, or 
sufficient in magnitude, character, and scope to deter or counteract 
the anticompetitive effects of the Proposed Acquisitions. The 
combination of drug development times and regulatory requirements, 
including approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration 
(``FDA''), is costly and lengthy.

III. Effects

    The Proposed Acquisitions likely would cause significant 
anticompetitive harm to consumers by eliminating current competition 
between Lupin and Gavis in the market for generic doxycycline 
monohydrate capsules. Market participants characterize generic

[[Page 9469]]

doxycycline monohydrate capsules as commodity products. As the number 
of suppliers offering a therapeutically equivalent drug increases, the 
price for that drug generally decreases due to the direct competition 
between the existing suppliers and each additional supplier. The 
Proposed Acquisitions would combine two of only four companies offering 
the 50 mg and 75 mg strengths of generic doxycycline monohydrate 
capsules, likely leading consumers to pay higher prices.
    In addition, the Proposed Acquisitions likely would cause 
significant anticompetitive harm to consumers by eliminating future 
generic competition that would otherwise have occurred in the 
mesalamine ER capsule market if Lupin and Gavis remained independent. 
The evidence shows that anticompetitive effects are likely to result 
from the Proposed Acquisitions due to the elimination of an additional 
independent entrant in the market for generic mesalamine ER. Customers 
and competitors expect that the price of this pharmaceutical product 
will decrease with new entry by Lupin and Gavis. Thus, absent a remedy, 
the Proposed Acquisitions will likely cause U.S. consumers to pay 
significantly higher prices for generic mesalamine ER.

IV. The Consent Agreement

    The proposed Consent Agreement effectively remedies the competitive 
concerns raised by the acquisitions in the markets at issue by 
requiring Gavis to divest all its rights and assets relating to 
doxycycline monohydrate capsules and mesalamine ER to G&W. Founded in 
1919, G&W is a privately held, family-owned, generic pharmaceutical 
company. G&W develops, manufactures, sells, and distributes generic 
pharmaceuticals and over-the-counter products within the United States.
    The Commission's goal in evaluating possible purchasers of divested 
assets is to maintain the competitive environment that existed prior to 
the Proposed Acquisitions. If the Commission determines that G&W is not 
an acceptable acquirer, or that the manner of the divestitures is not 
acceptable, the proposed Order requires the parties to unwind the sale 
of rights to G&W and then divest the products to a Commission-approved 
acquirer within six months of the date the Order becomes final. The 
proposed Order further allows the Commission to appoint a trustee in 
the event the parties fail to divest the products as required.
    The proposed Consent Agreement and Order contain several provisions 
to help ensure that the divestitures are successful. The proposed D&O 
requires that Lupin supply G&W with generic doxycycline monohydrate 
capsules for two years while Lupin transfers the manufacturing 
technology to G&W's facility. To ensure the success of the generic 
doxycycline monohydrate capsules divestiture, the proposed D&O requires 
Lupin to provide transitional services to assist G&W in establishing 
its manufacturing capabilities and securing all of the necessary FDA 
approvals. These transitional services include technical assistance to 
manufacture the product in substantially the same manner and quality 
employed or achieved by Gavis, and advice and training from 
knowledgeable employees of the parties.
    To assist G&W with completing the regulatory work and setting up 
and validating the manufacturing for the generic mesalamine ER product, 
G&W will enter into a consulting agreement with Gavis's current CEO, 
Dr. Veerappan Subramanian, who will not be employed by Lupin post-
transaction. Dr. Subramanian is the founder of Gavis and has previously 
served as the chief scientist for the company. He has been involved 
with the development and manufacturing of the generic mesalamine ER 
product since the company started the formulation. G&W will also 
inherit Gavis's ongoing patent litigation related to mesalamine ER. G&W 
intends to retain Gavis's current counsel to continue the litigation.
    The purpose of this analysis is to facilitate public comment on the 
proposed Consent Agreement, and it is not intended to constitute an 
official interpretation of the proposed Order or to modify its terms in 
any way.

    By direction of the Commission.
Donald S. Clark,
Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2016-04040 Filed 2-24-16; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6750-01-P