Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of Defense, Department of the Navy, Washington, DC, 8217-8218 [2016-03408]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 32 / Thursday, February 18, 2016 / Notices History and Description of the Cultural Item In 2014, one cultural item was donated to the Mount Holyoke College Art Museum by the children of J. Donald Detenber, from Westborough, MA. Detenber was a collector and dealer in Native American objects, and it is unclear when and where he acquired the object. Detenber was most active in the 1980s and 1990s and purchased from various dealers and auction houses across the country. The sacred object/ object of cultural patrimony is a woven cotton sash. This type of textile was used primarily by the bride in the traditional Hopi wedding ceremony and can be seen in various photographs from the early 20th century. As part of the ceremony, cotton was collected from various members of the community and woven by a specific group of relatives. Another known use of these sashes is the Powamu Festival, centered on the seasonal planting of beans. One aspect of the ceremonies is the imitation of Katchinas (ancestral spirits). In some cases, men would don the sash to dress as female Katchina spirits or women in general. One such female Katchina is Angwusnasomtaka (Crow Mother), who is often represented with this type of sash. Based on the above definitions and a general knowledge of these objects being used in various types of ceremonies, there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the cultural item and the Hopi Tribe of Arizona. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Officials of the Mount Holyoke College Art Museum have determined that: • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(C), the one cultural item described above is a specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religions by their present-day adherents. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(D), the one cultural item described above has ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the sacred object and object of cultural patrimony and the Hopi Tribe of Arizona. 19:03 Feb 17, 2016 Jkt 238001 Dated: February 3, 2016. David Tarler, Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2016–03411 Filed 2–17–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–20161; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of Defense, Department of the Navy, Washington, DC National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The U.S. Department of Defense, Department of the Navy (DoN) has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the Aleut Corporation, representatives of the Aleut Repatriation Committee, and the Cultural Heritage Director of the Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Association, Inc., as agents for the Native Village of Atka, AK, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and members of the Native Village of Atka. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request to the DoN. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains to the lineal descendants, Indian tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not SUMMARY: Determinations Made by the Mount Holyoke College Art Museum VerDate Sep<11>2014 Additional Requestors and Disposition Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim this cultural item should submit a written request with information in support of the claim to Aaron F. Miller, NAGPRA Coordinator, Mount Holyoke College Art Museum, 50 College Street, South Hadley, MA 01075, telephone (413) 538–3394, email afmiller@mtholyoke.edu, by March 21, 2016. After that date, if no additional claimants have come forward, transfer of control of the sacred object and object of cultural patrimony to the Hopi Tribe of Arizona may proceed. The Mount Holyoke College Art Museum is responsible for notifying the Hopi Tribe of Arizona that this notice has been published. PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 8217 identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request with information in support of the request to the DoN at the address in this notice by March 21, 2016. ADDRESSES: Dr. Susan S. Hughes, Archaeologist, Department of the Navy, NAVFAC NW, 1101 Tautog Circle, Silverdale, WA 98315, telephone (360) 396–0083, email susan.s.hughes@ navy.mil. Notice is hereby given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains under the control of the DoN. The human remains were removed from the island of Attu, AK, in the Aleutian Islands. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Consultation A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the DoN professional staff in consultation with the Aleut Corporation, the Aleut Repatriation Committee, and the Cultural Heritage Director of the Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Association, Inc., as agents for the Native Village of Atka, AK. History and Description of the Remains In 1943, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual were removed from Attu Island, at the western end of the Aleutian Islands, AK. The human remains, a skull and associated mandible, came into the possession of William J. Madden II, Senior Medical Officer at the U.S. Naval Aerological Station, Attu, where they were used as an aid in the study of human skull anatomy. In a letter dated May 14, 1948, Dr. Madden states that the human remains were recovered by a civilian construction company while engaged in building a Coast Guard Station on Attu. A historic account of the Coast Guard construction of the Western Aleutian island chain (The Coast Guard at War: IV Loran Volume I Section III, Chapter 3) suggests that the skull may have come from an archeological site at Baxter Bay. After the Battle of Attu in the spring of 1943, a U.S.C.G. LORAN Station was E:\FR\FM\18FEN1.SGM 18FEN1 mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 8218 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 32 / Thursday, February 18, 2016 / Notices built on Attu. A construction party arrived in November of 1943, and began construction of the first LORAN station at Attu on Theodore Point, south of Massacre Bay. A temporary base camp was established at Baxter Cove, 2.5 miles east of the station, the only place where equipment could be offloaded near the site. Tents, a mess hut, and a Loran transmitting equipment storage hut were erected, and a large CAT began construction of the switchback road to the ridge top site. The road became known as Hooligan Highway and was one of the engineering wonders of Attu. An account by Lt. Cmdr. Yates indicates that in the first five hundred feet of road construction at Baxter Cove, the CAT cut through an Aleutian cemetery located under a dummy gun emplacement that the Japanese had abandoned a few months earlier. The construction work turned up ‘‘human skulls and bones of prehistoric animals which had been in turn, buried deep below ivory trinkets and tons of bird and fish bones.’’ In 1949, the LORAN Station was moved to Murder Point, closer to Massacre Bay. The skull was transferred into the custody of the Yale University Peabody Museum in 1955 (Catalog No. ANTPA.000227), where it remained until 2014, when it was returned to the Department of the Navy, NAVFAC Northwest, to facilitate its repatriation. The skull is represented by a nearly complete cranium and mandible belonging to a young female, aged 15 to 19 years. The dental wear, eruption and mandibular morphology are consistent with the mandible belonging with the cranium. There is damage to the ethmoid and the nasal conchae, with the inferior nasal conchae completely absent. The vomer is present but disarticulated. The sphenoid and right temporal show some postmortem damage. The zygomatic process of the right temporal is missing, as is the right mastoid; the left mastoid process is damaged but mostly present. The mandible is missing the condyles, the right mandibular angle, and its coronoid process. Most of the molars are present, but the incisors and canines were lost post-mortem. The individual’s age is based upon the unerupted third molars, unfused basal synchondrosis, and incomplete closure of the incisive suture of the palate. There is no clear evidence of chronic or acute health issues. The skull does reveal a small healed, depressed fracture located on the right parietal. The color and condition of the human remains suggests superficial interment with subsequent or partial exposure. Metric and nonmetric data support VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:03 Feb 17, 2016 Jkt 238001 ethnic identification as Native American/Indigenous Alaska with closest affinity to females sampled from Wales, AK (Southeastern mainland; Aronsen and Kirkham 2014). No known individuals are identified. No funerary objects are associated with the human remains. Radiocarbon dates from archeological sites on Attu Island reveal that the island was inhabited between 100 and 2000 years ago (Lefevre et al. 2001). The Department of the Navy has determined that the human remains are affiliated with the Unangax/Aleut people because they have a long history of living on the Aleutian Islands, including the island of Attu. When the 20th century Native Village of Attu at Chichagof Harbor was occupied by the Japanese in 1942, the Native inhabitants were removed to Japan. The village was not re-occupied after the war; its remaining inhabitants settling on Atka Island, the closest settlement to Attu Island (Aleut Repatriation Commission and Cultural Heritage Director, 2002). Determinations Made by the Department of the Navy Officials of the Department of the Navy have determined that: • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice represent the physical remains of one individual of Native American ancestry. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and Members of the Village of Atka, AK. Additional Requestors and Disposition Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request with information in support of the request to Dr. Susan S. Hughes, Department of the Navy NAVFAC NW, 1101 Tautog Circle, Silverdale, WA 98315, telephone (360) 396–0083, email susan.s.hughes@ navy.mil, by March 21, 2016. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the human remains to the Native Village of Atka, AK, may proceed. The Department of the Navy is responsible for notifying the Native Village of Atka, AK, through its agents, that this notice has been published. PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Dated: January 20, 2016. David Tarler, Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2016–03408 Filed 2–17–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–50–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–20127; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum) has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is no cultural affiliation between the human remains and any present-day Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request to the Burke Museum. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains to the Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request with information in support of the request to the Burke Museum at the address in this notice by March 21, 2016. SUMMARY: Peter Lape, Burke Museum, University of Washington, Box 353010, Seattle, WA 98195, telephone (206) 685–3849x2, plape@uw.edu. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains under the control of the Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. The human remains were possibly removed from the San Juan Islands, San Juan Island County, WA. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative ADDRESSES: E:\FR\FM\18FEN1.SGM 18FEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 32 (Thursday, February 18, 2016)]
[Notices]
[Pages 8217-8218]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-03408]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-20161; PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000]


Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of Defense, 
Department of the Navy, Washington, DC

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Defense, Department of the Navy (DoN) 
has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the 
Aleut Corporation, representatives of the Aleut Repatriation Committee, 
and the Cultural Heritage Director of the Aleutian/Pribilof Islands 
Association, Inc., as agents for the Native Village of Atka, AK, and 
has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human 
remains and members of the Native Village of Atka. Lineal descendants 
or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization 
not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control 
of these human remains should submit a written request to the DoN. If 
no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human 
remains to the lineal descendants, Indian tribes, or Native Hawaiian 
organizations stated in this notice may proceed.

DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or 
Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a 
written request with information in support of the request to the DoN 
at the address in this notice by March 21, 2016.

ADDRESSES: Dr. Susan S. Hughes, Archaeologist, Department of the Navy, 
NAVFAC NW, 1101 Tautog Circle, Silverdale, WA 98315, telephone (360) 
396-0083, email susan.s.hughes@navy.mil.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is hereby given in accordance with 
the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains under 
the control of the DoN. The human remains were removed from the island 
of Attu, AK, in the Aleutian Islands.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible 
for the determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the DoN 
professional staff in consultation with the Aleut Corporation, the 
Aleut Repatriation Committee, and the Cultural Heritage Director of the 
Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Association, Inc., as agents for the Native 
Village of Atka, AK.

History and Description of the Remains

    In 1943, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual 
were removed from Attu Island, at the western end of the Aleutian 
Islands, AK. The human remains, a skull and associated mandible, came 
into the possession of William J. Madden II, Senior Medical Officer at 
the U.S. Naval Aerological Station, Attu, where they were used as an 
aid in the study of human skull anatomy. In a letter dated May 14, 
1948, Dr. Madden states that the human remains were recovered by a 
civilian construction company while engaged in building a Coast Guard 
Station on Attu. A historic account of the Coast Guard construction of 
the Western Aleutian island chain (The Coast Guard at War: IV Loran 
Volume I Section III, Chapter 3) suggests that the skull may have come 
from an archeological site at Baxter Bay.
    After the Battle of Attu in the spring of 1943, a U.S.C.G. LORAN 
Station was

[[Page 8218]]

built on Attu. A construction party arrived in November of 1943, and 
began construction of the first LORAN station at Attu on Theodore 
Point, south of Massacre Bay. A temporary base camp was established at 
Baxter Cove, 2.5 miles east of the station, the only place where 
equipment could be offloaded near the site. Tents, a mess hut, and a 
Loran transmitting equipment storage hut were erected, and a large CAT 
began construction of the switchback road to the ridge top site. The 
road became known as Hooligan Highway and was one of the engineering 
wonders of Attu. An account by Lt. Cmdr. Yates indicates that in the 
first five hundred feet of road construction at Baxter Cove, the CAT 
cut through an Aleutian cemetery located under a dummy gun emplacement 
that the Japanese had abandoned a few months earlier. The construction 
work turned up ``human skulls and bones of prehistoric animals which 
had been in turn, buried deep below ivory trinkets and tons of bird and 
fish bones.'' In 1949, the LORAN Station was moved to Murder Point, 
closer to Massacre Bay.
    The skull was transferred into the custody of the Yale University 
Peabody Museum in 1955 (Catalog No. ANTPA.000227), where it remained 
until 2014, when it was returned to the Department of the Navy, NAVFAC 
Northwest, to facilitate its repatriation.
    The skull is represented by a nearly complete cranium and mandible 
belonging to a young female, aged 15 to 19 years. The dental wear, 
eruption and mandibular morphology are consistent with the mandible 
belonging with the cranium. There is damage to the ethmoid and the 
nasal conchae, with the inferior nasal conchae completely absent. The 
vomer is present but disarticulated. The sphenoid and right temporal 
show some postmortem damage. The zygomatic process of the right 
temporal is missing, as is the right mastoid; the left mastoid process 
is damaged but mostly present. The mandible is missing the condyles, 
the right mandibular angle, and its coronoid process. Most of the 
molars are present, but the incisors and canines were lost post-mortem.
    The individual's age is based upon the unerupted third molars, 
unfused basal synchondrosis, and incomplete closure of the incisive 
suture of the palate. There is no clear evidence of chronic or acute 
health issues. The skull does reveal a small healed, depressed fracture 
located on the right parietal. The color and condition of the human 
remains suggests superficial interment with subsequent or partial 
exposure. Metric and nonmetric data support ethnic identification as 
Native American/Indigenous Alaska with closest affinity to females 
sampled from Wales, AK (Southeastern mainland; Aronsen and Kirkham 
2014). No known individuals are identified. No funerary objects are 
associated with the human remains.
    Radiocarbon dates from archeological sites on Attu Island reveal 
that the island was inhabited between 100 and 2000 years ago (Lefevre 
et al. 2001). The Department of the Navy has determined that the human 
remains are affiliated with the Unangax/Aleut people because they have 
a long history of living on the Aleutian Islands, including the island 
of Attu. When the 20th century Native Village of Attu at Chichagof 
Harbor was occupied by the Japanese in 1942, the Native inhabitants 
were removed to Japan. The village was not re-occupied after the war; 
its remaining inhabitants settling on Atka Island, the closest 
settlement to Attu Island (Aleut Repatriation Commission and Cultural 
Heritage Director, 2002).

Determinations Made by the Department of the Navy

    Officials of the Department of the Navy have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice represent the physical remains of one individual of 
Native American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of 
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native 
American human remains and Members of the Village of Atka, AK.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native 
Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a 
written request with information in support of the request to Dr. Susan 
S. Hughes, Department of the Navy NAVFAC NW, 1101 Tautog Circle, 
Silverdale, WA 98315, telephone (360) 396-0083, email 
susan.s.hughes@navy.mil, by March 21, 2016. After that date, if no 
additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the 
human remains to the Native Village of Atka, AK, may proceed.
    The Department of the Navy is responsible for notifying the Native 
Village of Atka, AK, through its agents, that this notice has been 
published.

    Dated: January 20, 2016.
David Tarler,
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2016-03408 Filed 2-17-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4312-50-P