Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes, 4169-4172 [2016-00952]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 16 / Tuesday, January 26, 2016 / Rules and Regulations information. The street address for the Docket Operations office (telephone: 800–647–5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): Airbus Service Bulletin A320–71–1063, including Appendix 01, dated August 13, 2014. A review of airplane maintenance records is acceptable in lieu of this inspection if the method used to install the engines can be conclusively determined from that review. For any engine replaced as specified in the Airbus A318/A319/A320/ A321 Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM), Task 71–00–00–400–040–A01, ‘‘Installation of the Power Plant with Engine Positioner TWW 75E,’’ dated May 2013: Within 6 months or 1,500 flight cycles, whichever occurs first after the effective date of this AD, re-torque the 4 aft mount pylon bolts using a method approved by the Manager, International Branch, ANM–116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA; or the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA); or Airbus’s EASA Design Organization Approval (DOA). Note 1 to paragraph (g) of this AD: Additional guidance for the re-torque can be found in Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 AMM Task 71–00–00–400–040–A01, ‘‘Installation of the Power Plant with Engine Positioner TWW 75E,’’ dated May 2014. ■ 2016–02–03 Airbus: Amendment 39– 18382. Docket No. FAA–2015–1429; Directorate Identifier 2014–NM–246–AD. (a) Effective Date This AD becomes effective March 1, 2016. (b) Affected ADs None. (c) Applicability This AD applies to the airplanes identified in paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this AD, certificated in any category, all manufacturer serial numbers. (1) Airbus Model A319–113 and –114 airplanes. (2) Airbus Model A320–211 and –212 airplanes. (d) Subject Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 71, Powerplant. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES (e) Reason This AD was prompted by a report that the aft mount pylon bolts of the CFM56–5 engines may have been installed using the wrong torque values. We are issuing this AD to detect and correct improper torque of the aft mount pylon bolts, which, if combined with any maintenance damage, could lead to aft engine mount failure, possibly resulting in engine detachment and consequent reduced control of the airplane. (f) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. (g) Inspection for Incorrect Torque Values Within 6 months or 1,500 flight cycles, whichever occurs first after the effective date of this AD, inspect to determine the method used to install the engines, in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 25, 2016 Jkt 238001 (h) Parts Installation Limitation As of the effective date of this AD, no person may install a CFM56–5 engine, on any airplane, unless the inspection, and, as applicable, the re-torque, is done as specified in paragraph (g) of this AD. (i) Other FAA AD Provisions The following provisions also apply to this AD: (1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, International Branch, ANM–116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the International Branch, send it to ATTN: Sanjay Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM–116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057–3356; telephone: 425–227–1405; fax: 425–227– 1149. Information may be emailed to: 9-116AMOC-REQUESTS@faa.gov. Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding district office. The AMOC approval letter must specifically reference this AD. (2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD to obtain corrective actions from a manufacturer, the action must be accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, International Branch, ANM– 116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA; or the EASA; or Airbus’s EASA DOA. If approved by the DOA, the approval must include the DOA-authorized signature. (j) Related Information (1) Refer to Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information (MCAI) EASA AD 2014–0258, dated November 28, 2014, for related information. This MCAI may be PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 4169 found in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/#!document Detail;D=FAA-2015-1429-0002. (2) Service information identified in this AD that is not incorporated by reference is available at the addresses specified in paragraphs (k)(3) and (k)(4) of this AD. (k) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise. (i) Airbus Service Bulletin A320–71–1063, including Appendix 01, dated August 13, 2014. (ii) Reserved. (3) For service information identified in this AD, contact Airbus SAS, Airworthiness Office—EAW, 1 Rond Point Maurice Bellonte, 31707 Blagnac Cedex, France; telephone: +33 5 61 93 36 96; fax: +33 5 61 93 44 51; email: account.airworth-eas@ airbus.com; Internet http://www.airbus.com. (4) You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425–227–1221. (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http://www.archives. gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. Issued in Renton, Washington, on January 11, 2016. Michael Kaszycki, Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2016–01108 Filed 1–25–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2015–1991; Directorate Identifier 2014–NM–251–AD; Amendment 39–18381; AD 2016–02–02] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus Model A318–111 and –112 airplanes; Model A319–111, –112, and –115 airplanes; Model A320–214 SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\26JAR1.SGM 26JAR1 4170 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 16 / Tuesday, January 26, 2016 / Rules and Regulations airplanes; and Model A321–111, –112, –211, –212, and –213 airplanes. This AD was prompted by reports of cracked cadmium-plated lock nuts that attach the hinge to the fan cowl door. This AD requires inspecting to determine the serial number of each engine fan cowl door, inspecting for cracking of the hinge lock nuts of any affected door, and replacing the lock nuts if necessary. We are issuing this AD to detect and correct cracking of the hinge lock nuts, which could result in separation of the hinge from the fan cowl door, in-flight loss of the door, and consequent damage to the airplane. This AD becomes effective March 1, 2016. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this AD as of March 1, 2016. DATES: You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www. regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=FAA2015-1991; or in person at the Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC. For service information identified in this final rule, contact the following: For Airbus service information contact Airbus, Airworthiness Office— EIAS, 1 Rond Point Maurice Bellonte, 31707 Blagnac Cedex, France; telephone: +33 5 61 93 36 96; fax: +33 5 61 93 44 51; email: account.airwortheas@airbus.com; Internet http:// www.airbus.com. For Goodrich service information contact Goodrich Aerostructures, 850 Lagoon Drive, Chula Vista, California, 91910–2098; telephone: 619–691–2719; email: jan.lewis@goodrich.com; Internet: http://www.goodrich.com/TechPubs. You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425–227–1221. It is also available on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2015– 1991. ADDRESSES: mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sanjay Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM–116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057–3356; telephone 425–227–1405; fax 425–227–1149. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 25, 2016 Jkt 238001 Discussion We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to all Airbus Model A318–111 and –112 airplanes; Model A319–111, –112, and –115 airplanes; Model A320– 214 airplanes; and Model A321–111, –112, –211, –212, and –213 airplanes. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on July 2, 2015 (80 FR 38036). The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the European Union, has issued EASA Airworthiness Directive 2014–0276, dated December 19, 2014 (referred to after this as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or ‘‘the MCAI’’), to correct an unsafe condition for all Airbus Model A318–111 and –112 airplanes; Model A319–111, –112, and –115 airplanes; Model A320–214 airplanes; and Model A321–111, 112, –211, –212, and –213 airplanes. The MCAI states: In-service findings have been reported of cracked cadmium plated lock nuts. This cracking occurs shortly after installation. Investigation results attribute the cause to an improper manufacturing procedure of the nuts. It was determined that the affected batch of lock nuts was used on the fan cowl to attach hinges to the cowl doors on CFM56–5B engines only. This condition, if not corrected, could lead to separation of the hinge from the fan cowl door, possibly resulting in in-flight loss of a fan cowl door, with consequent damage to the aeroplane and/or injury to persons on the ground. For the reasons describes above, this [EASA] AD required identification of the affected fan cowl doors, a one-time inspection of the fan cowl door hinge nuts and, depending on findings, replacement of the affected nuts. You may examine the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail; D=FAA-2015-1991-0003. Comments We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (80 FR 38036, July 2, 2015) or on the determination of the cost to the public. Conclusion We reviewed the available data and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting this AD as proposed, except for minor editorial changes. We have determined that these minor changes: • Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 38036, July 2, 2015) for correcting the unsafe condition; and PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 • Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was already proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 38036, July 2, 2015). Related Service Information under 1 CFR part 51 Airbus has issued Service Bulletin A320–71–1062, dated July 28, 2014. Goodrich Aerostructures has issued Service Bulletin RA32071–151, dated June 11, 2014. The service information describes procedures for inspection and replacement of the hinge nuts of the fan cowl door. This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section. Costs of Compliance We estimate that this AD affects 437 airplanes of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it takes about 2 work-hours per product to comply with the basic requirements of this AD. The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour. Required parts will cost about $0 per product. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of this AD on U.S. operators to be $74,290, or $170 per product. We have received no definitive data that would enable us to provide a cost estimate for the on-condition actions specified in this AD. Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. ‘‘Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,’’ describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in ‘‘Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. Regulatory Findings We determined that this AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between E:\FR\FM\26JAR1.SGM 26JAR1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 16 / Tuesday, January 26, 2016 / Rules and Regulations the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD: 1. Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866; 2. Is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska; and 4. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations. gov/#!docketDetail;D=FAA–2015–1991; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Operations office (telephone 800–647–5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): ■ 2016–02–02 Airbus: Amendment 39–18381. Docket No. FAA–2015–1991; Directorate Identifier 2014–NM–251–AD. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES (a) Effective Date This AD becomes effective March 1, 2016. (b) Affected ADs None. (c) Applicability This AD applies to the airplanes, certificated in any category, identified in paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), (c)(3), and (c)(4) of this AD, all manufacturer serial numbers. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 25, 2016 Jkt 238001 (1) Airbus Model A318–111 and –112 airplanes. (2) Airbus Model A319–111, –112, and –115 airplanes. (3) Airbus Model A320–214 airplanes. (4) Airbus Model A321–111, –112, –211, –212, and –213 airplanes. (d) Subject Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 71, Powerplant. (e) Reason This AD was prompted by reports of cracked cadmium-plated lock nuts that attach the hinge to the fan cowl door. We are issuing this AD to detect and correct cracking of the hinge lock nuts, which could result in separation of the hinge from the fan cowl door, the in-flight loss of the door, and consequent damage to the airplane. (f) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. (g) Inspect to Determine Serial Number Within 24 months after the effective date of this AD: Inspect to determine if any fan cowl door has a serial number 10029001 through 11092003 inclusive, in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of Airbus Service Bulletin A320–71–1062, dated July 28, 2014; or Goodrich Aerostructures Service Bulletin RA32071– 151, dated June 11, 2014. A review of airplane maintenance records is acceptable in lieu of the inspection required by this paragraph, provided those records can be relied upon for that purpose and the serial number can be positively identified by that review. (h) Inspection and Replacement For any fan cowl door having any serial number identified in paragraph (g) of this AD: Within 24 months after the effective date of this AD, do a detailed inspection for cracking of the hinge lock nuts of the door, in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of Airbus Service Bulletin A320– 71–1062, dated July 28, 2014; or Goodrich Aerostructures Service Bulletin RA32071– 151, dated June 11, 2014. If any crack is found, before further flight, replace each cracked hinge lock nut, in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of Airbus Service Bulletin A320–71–1062, dated July 28, 2014; or Goodrich Aerostructures Service Bulletin RA32071–151, dated June 11, 2014. (i) Special Flight Permits Special flight permits, as described in Section 21.197 and Section 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 and 21.199), are not allowed. (j) Other FAA AD Provisions The following provisions also apply to this AD: (1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, International Branch, ANM–116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 4171 In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the International Branch, send it to ATTN: Sanjay Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM–116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057–3356; telephone: 425–227–1405; fax: 425–227– 1149. Information may be emailed to: 9– ANM–116–AMOC–REQUESTS@faa.gov. Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/ certificate holding district office. The AMOC approval letter must specifically reference this AD. (2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD to obtain corrective actions from a manufacturer, the action must be accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, International Branch, ANM– 116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA; or the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA); or Airbus’s EASA Design Organization Approval (DOA). If approved by the DOA, the approval must include the DOA-authorized signature. (k) Related Information Refer to Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information (MCAI) EASA Airworthiness Directive 2014–0276, dated December 19, 2014, for related information. This MCAI may be found in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations. gov/#!documentDetail;D=FAA-2015-19910003. (l) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise. (i) Airbus Service Bulletin A320–71–1062, dated July 28, 2014. (ii) Goodrich Aerostructures Service Bulletin RA32071–151, dated June 11, 2014. (3) For Airbus service information identified in this AD, contact Airbus, Airworthiness Office—EIAS, 1 Rond Point Maurice Bellonte, 31707 Blagnac Cedex, France; telephone: +33 5 61 93 36 96; fax: +33 5 61 93 44 51; email: account.airwortheas@airbus.com; Internet http:// www.airbus.com. (4) For Goodrich service information identified in this AD, contact Goodrich Aerostructures, 850 Lagoon Drive, Chula Vista, California, 91910–2098; telephone: 619–691–2719; email: jan.lewis@ goodrich.com; Internet: http://www.goodrich. com/TechPubs. (5) You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425–227–1221. (6) You may view this service information that is incorporated by reference at the E:\FR\FM\26JAR1.SGM 26JAR1 4172 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 16 / Tuesday, January 26, 2016 / Rules and Regulations National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http://www.archives. gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. Issued in Renton, Washington, on January 9, 2016. Michael Kaszycki, Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2016–00952 Filed 1–25–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2015–2983; Directorate Identifier 2015–NE–20–AD; Amendment 39– 18383; AD 2016–02–04] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; CFM International S.A. Turbofan Engines Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain CFM International S.A. (CFM) CFM56– 5B series turbofan engines. This AD was prompted by a corrected lifing analysis by the engine manufacturer that shows the need to identify an initial and repetitive inspection threshold for certain part number (P/N) turbine rear frames (TRFs). This AD requires initial and repetitive inspections of certain P/ N TRFs on the low-pressure turbine (LPT) frame assembly. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of the TRF on the LPT frame assembly, which could lead to engine separation, damage to the engine, and damage to the airplane. DATES: This AD is effective March 1, 2016. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this AD as of March 1, 2016. ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this AD, contact CFM International Inc., Aviation Operations Center, 1 Neumann Way, M/D Room 285, Cincinnati, OH 45125; phone: 877– 432–3272; fax: 877–432–3329; email: aviation.fleetsupport@ge.com. You may view this service information at the FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781–238– 7125. It is also available on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 25, 2016 Jkt 238001 searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2015–2983. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2015– 2983; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The address for the Docket Office (phone: 800–647–5527) is Document Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kyle Gustafson, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781–238–7183; fax: 781–238–7199; email: kyle.gustafson@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to certain CFM CFM56–5B series turbofan engines. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on October 2, 2015 (80 FR 59672). The NPRM was prompted by a corrected lifing analysis by the engine manufacturer that shows the need to identify an initial and repetitive inspection threshold for certain P/N TRFs. The NPRM proposed to require initial and repetitive inspections of certain P/N TRFs on the LPT frame assembly. We are issuing this AD to correct the unsafe condition on these products. Comments We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (80 FR 59672, October 2, 2015) or on the determination of the cost to the public. Clarification to the Repetitive Inspection Requirements We have revised the Compliance, paragraph (e) of this AD, to clarify the repetitive inspection requirements for when the initial inspection is done prior to the initial inspection threshold. Conclusion We reviewed the relevant data and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting this AD PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 as proposed except for the changes described above. We have determined that the changes described above are minor changes, as they: • Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 59672, October 2, 2015) for correcting the unsafe condition; and • Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was already proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 59672, October 2, 2015). We also determined that these changes will not increase the economic burden on any operator or increase the scope of this AD. Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51 We reviewed CFM Service Bulletin (SB) No. CFM56–5B S/B 72–0850, dated December 19, 2012, which describes procedures for inspecting the TRF. This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section of this final rule. Other Related Service Information We also reviewed CFM SB No. CFM56–5B S/B 72–0308. Operators subject to this AD are required to follow different initial and repetitive inspection intervals depending on whether CFM SB No. CFM56–5B S/B 72–0308 has been applied. Costs of Compliance We estimate that this AD affects about 94 engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it will take about 3 hours per engine to do the inspection. The average labor rate is $85 per hour. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of this AD on U.S. operators to be $23,970. Authority for this Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority E:\FR\FM\26JAR1.SGM 26JAR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 16 (Tuesday, January 26, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 4169-4172]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-00952]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2015-1991; Directorate Identifier 2014-NM-251-AD; 
Amendment 39-18381; AD 2016-02-02]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of 
Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all 
Airbus Model A318-111 and -112 airplanes; Model A319-111, -112, and -
115 airplanes; Model A320-214

[[Page 4170]]

airplanes; and Model A321-111, -112, -211, -212, and -213 airplanes. 
This AD was prompted by reports of cracked cadmium-plated lock nuts 
that attach the hinge to the fan cowl door. This AD requires inspecting 
to determine the serial number of each engine fan cowl door, inspecting 
for cracking of the hinge lock nuts of any affected door, and replacing 
the lock nuts if necessary. We are issuing this AD to detect and 
correct cracking of the hinge lock nuts, which could result in 
separation of the hinge from the fan cowl door, in-flight loss of the 
door, and consequent damage to the airplane.

DATES: This AD becomes effective March 1, 2016.
    The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by 
reference of certain publications listed in this AD as of March 1, 
2016.

ADDRESSES: You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=FAA-2015-1991; or in person at the 
Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC.
    For service information identified in this final rule, contact the 
following:
    For Airbus service information contact Airbus, Airworthiness 
Office--EIAS, 1 Rond Point Maurice Bellonte, 31707 Blagnac Cedex, 
France; telephone: +33 5 61 93 36 96; fax: +33 5 61 93 44 51; email: 
account.airworth-eas@airbus.com; Internet http://www.airbus.com.
    For Goodrich service information contact Goodrich Aerostructures, 
850 Lagoon Drive, Chula Vista, California, 91910-2098; telephone: 619-
691-2719; email: jan.lewis@goodrich.com; Internet: http://www.goodrich.com/TechPubs.
    You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, 
Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For 
information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425-
227-1221. It is also available on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2015-
1991.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sanjay Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, 
International Branch, ANM-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 
1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057-3356; telephone 425-227-1405; 
fax 425-227-1149.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION

Discussion

    We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR 
part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to all Airbus Model A318-111 
and -112 airplanes; Model A319-111, -112, and -115 airplanes; Model 
A320-214 airplanes; and Model A321-111, -112, -211, -212, and -213 
airplanes. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on July 2, 2015 
(80 FR 38036).
    The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical 
Agent for the Member States of the European Union, has issued EASA 
Airworthiness Directive 2014-0276, dated December 19, 2014 (referred to 
after this as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or 
``the MCAI''), to correct an unsafe condition for all Airbus Model 
A318-111 and -112 airplanes; Model A319-111, -112, and -115 airplanes; 
Model A320-214 airplanes; and Model A321-111, 112, -211, -212, and -213 
airplanes. The MCAI states:

    In-service findings have been reported of cracked cadmium plated 
lock nuts. This cracking occurs shortly after installation. 
Investigation results attribute the cause to an improper 
manufacturing procedure of the nuts. It was determined that the 
affected batch of lock nuts was used on the fan cowl to attach 
hinges to the cowl doors on CFM56-5B engines only.
    This condition, if not corrected, could lead to separation of 
the hinge from the fan cowl door, possibly resulting in in-flight 
loss of a fan cowl door, with consequent damage to the aeroplane 
and/or injury to persons on the ground.
    For the reasons describes above, this [EASA] AD required 
identification of the affected fan cowl doors, a one-time inspection 
of the fan cowl door hinge nuts and, depending on findings, 
replacement of the affected nuts.

    You may examine the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=FAA-2015-1991-0003.

Comments

    We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing 
this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (80 FR 38036, July 2, 
2015) or on the determination of the cost to the public.

Conclusion

    We reviewed the available data and determined that air safety and 
the public interest require adopting this AD as proposed, except for 
minor editorial changes. We have determined that these minor changes:
     Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the 
NPRM (80 FR 38036, July 2, 2015) for correcting the unsafe condition; 
and
     Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was 
already proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 38036, July 2, 2015).

Related Service Information under 1 CFR part 51

    Airbus has issued Service Bulletin A320-71-1062, dated July 28, 
2014. Goodrich Aerostructures has issued Service Bulletin RA32071-151, 
dated June 11, 2014. The service information describes procedures for 
inspection and replacement of the hinge nuts of the fan cowl door. This 
service information is reasonably available because the interested 
parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by 
the means identified in the ADDRESSES section.

Costs of Compliance

    We estimate that this AD affects 437 airplanes of U.S. registry.
    We also estimate that it takes about 2 work-hours per product to 
comply with the basic requirements of this AD. The average labor rate 
is $85 per work-hour. Required parts will cost about $0 per product. 
Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of this AD on U.S. 
operators to be $74,290, or $170 per product.
    We have received no definitive data that would enable us to provide 
a cost estimate for the on-condition actions specified in this AD.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. ``Subtitle VII: Aviation 
Programs,'' describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's 
authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
``Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    We determined that this AD will not have federalism implications 
under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct 
effect on the States, on the relationship between

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the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
    1. Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order 
12866;
    2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies 
and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979);
    3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska; and
    4. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=FAA-2015-1991; or in person at the 
Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the 
regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. 
The street address for the Docket Operations office (telephone 800-647-
5527) is in the ADDRESSES section.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive (AD):

2016-02-02 Airbus: Amendment 39-18381. Docket No. FAA-2015-1991; 
Directorate Identifier 2014-NM-251-AD.

(a) Effective Date

    This AD becomes effective March 1, 2016.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to the airplanes, certificated in any category, 
identified in paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), (c)(3), and (c)(4) of this 
AD, all manufacturer serial numbers.
    (1) Airbus Model A318-111 and -112 airplanes.
    (2) Airbus Model A319-111, -112, and -115 airplanes.
    (3) Airbus Model A320-214 airplanes.
    (4) Airbus Model A321-111, -112, -211, -212, and -213 airplanes.

(d) Subject

    Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 71, Powerplant.

(e) Reason

    This AD was prompted by reports of cracked cadmium-plated lock 
nuts that attach the hinge to the fan cowl door. We are issuing this 
AD to detect and correct cracking of the hinge lock nuts, which 
could result in separation of the hinge from the fan cowl door, the 
in-flight loss of the door, and consequent damage to the airplane.

(f) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(g) Inspect to Determine Serial Number

    Within 24 months after the effective date of this AD: Inspect to 
determine if any fan cowl door has a serial number 10029001 through 
11092003 inclusive, in accordance with the Accomplishment 
Instructions of Airbus Service Bulletin A320-71-1062, dated July 28, 
2014; or Goodrich Aerostructures Service Bulletin RA32071-151, dated 
June 11, 2014. A review of airplane maintenance records is 
acceptable in lieu of the inspection required by this paragraph, 
provided those records can be relied upon for that purpose and the 
serial number can be positively identified by that review.

(h) Inspection and Replacement

    For any fan cowl door having any serial number identified in 
paragraph (g) of this AD: Within 24 months after the effective date 
of this AD, do a detailed inspection for cracking of the hinge lock 
nuts of the door, in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions 
of Airbus Service Bulletin A320-71-1062, dated July 28, 2014; or 
Goodrich Aerostructures Service Bulletin RA32071-151, dated June 11, 
2014. If any crack is found, before further flight, replace each 
cracked hinge lock nut, in accordance with the Accomplishment 
Instructions of Airbus Service Bulletin A320-71-1062, dated July 28, 
2014; or Goodrich Aerostructures Service Bulletin RA32071-151, dated 
June 11, 2014.

(i) Special Flight Permits

    Special flight permits, as described in Section 21.197 and 
Section 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 
and 21.199), are not allowed.

(j) Other FAA AD Provisions

    The following provisions also apply to this AD:
    (1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, 
International Branch, ANM-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 
has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using 
the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 
39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight 
Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information 
directly to the International Branch, send it to ATTN: Sanjay 
Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM-116, Transport 
Airplane Directorate, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057-
3356; telephone: 425-227-1405; fax: 425-227-1149. Information may be 
emailed to: 9-ANM-116-AMOC-REQUESTS@faa.gov. Before using any 
approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or 
lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight 
standards district office/certificate holding district office. The 
AMOC approval letter must specifically reference this AD.
    (2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD 
to obtain corrective actions from a manufacturer, the action must be 
accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, International 
Branch, ANM-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA; or the 
European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA); or Airbus's EASA Design 
Organization Approval (DOA). If approved by the DOA, the approval 
must include the DOA-authorized signature.

(k) Related Information

    Refer to Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information (MCAI) 
EASA Airworthiness Directive 2014-0276, dated December 19, 2014, for 
related information. This MCAI may be found in the AD docket on the 
Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=FAA-2015-
1991-0003.

(l) Material Incorporated by Reference

    (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the 
incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed 
in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
    (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do 
the actions required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise.
    (i) Airbus Service Bulletin A320-71-1062, dated July 28, 2014.
    (ii) Goodrich Aerostructures Service Bulletin RA32071-151, dated 
June 11, 2014.
    (3) For Airbus service information identified in this AD, 
contact Airbus, Airworthiness Office--EIAS, 1 Rond Point Maurice 
Bellonte, 31707 Blagnac Cedex, France; telephone: +33 5 61 93 36 96; 
fax: +33 5 61 93 44 51; email: account.airworth-eas@airbus.com; 
Internet http://www.airbus.com.
    (4) For Goodrich service information identified in this AD, 
contact Goodrich Aerostructures, 850 Lagoon Drive, Chula Vista, 
California, 91910-2098; telephone: 619-691-2719; email: 
jan.lewis@goodrich.com; Internet: http://www.goodrich.com/TechPubs.
    (5) You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport 
Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For 
information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 
425-227-1221.
    (6) You may view this service information that is incorporated 
by reference at the

[[Page 4172]]

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information 
on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or 
go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

    Issued in Renton, Washington, on January 9, 2016.
Michael Kaszycki,
Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2016-00952 Filed 1-25-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-13-P