Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier, Inc. Airplanes, 60281-60284 [2015-25219]

Download as PDF srobinson on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 193 / Tuesday, October 6, 2015 / Rules and Regulations processed as defined in FMVSS 571.214. 2.4. Pelvic: The pubic symphysis force measured by the ES–2re ATD must not exceed 1,350 lbs (6,000 N). Data must be processed as defined in FMVSS 571.214. 2.5. Leg: Axial rotation of the upper leg (femur) must be limited to 35 degrees in either direction from the nominal seated position. 2.6. Neck: As measured by the ES–2re ATD and filtered at CFC 600 as defined in SAE J211: 2.6.1. The upper-neck tension force at the occipital condyle (O.C.) location must be less than 405 lb (1,800 N). 2.6.2. The upper-neck compression force at the O.C. location must be less than 405 lb (1,800 N). 2.6.3. The upper-neck bending torque about the ATD x-axis at the O.C. location must be less than 1,018 in.-lb (115 N–m). 2.6.4. The upper-neck resultant shear force at the O.C. location must be less than 186 lb (825 N). 2.7. Occupant (ES–2re ATD) retention: The pelvic restraint must remain on the ES–2re ATD’s pelvis during the impact and rebound phases of the test. The upper-torso restraint straps (if present) must remain on the ATD’s shoulder during the impact. 2.8. Occupant (ES–2re ATD) support: 2.8.1. Pelvis excursion: The loadbearing portion of the bottom of the ATD pelvis must not translate beyond the edges of its seat’s bottom seatcushion supporting structure. 2.8.2. Upper-torso support: The lateral flexion of the ATD torso must not exceed 40 degrees from the normal upright position during the impact. 3. For seats with an airbag system, show that the airbag system will deploy and provide protection under crash conditions where it is necessary to prevent serious injury. The means of protection must take into consideration a range of stature from a 2-year-old child to 95th percentile male. The airbag system must provide a consistent approach to energy absorption throughout that range of occupants. When the seat systems include airbag systems, the systems must be included in each of the certification tests as they would be installed in the airplane. In addition, the following situations must be considered: 3.1. The seat occupant is holding an infant. 3.2. The seat occupant is a pregnant woman. 4. The airbag systems must provide adequate protection for each occupant regardless of the number of occupants of the seat assembly, considering that VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:54 Oct 05, 2015 Jkt 238001 unoccupied seats may have an active airbag system. 5. The design must prevent the airbag systems from being either incorrectly buckled or incorrectly installed, such that the airbag systems would not properly deploy. Alternatively, it must be shown that such deployment is not hazardous to the occupant and will provide the required injury protection. 6. It must be shown that the airbag system is not susceptible to inadvertent deployment as a result of wear and tear, or inertial loads resulting from in-flight or ground maneuvers (including gusts and hard landings), and other operating and environment conditions (vibrations, moisture, etc.) likely to occur in service. 7. Deployment of the airbag system must not introduce injury mechanisms to the seated occupant, nor result in injuries that could impede rapid egress. This assessment should include an occupant whose restraint is loosely fastened. 8. It must be shown that inadvertent deployment of the airbag system, during the most critical part of the flight, will either meet the requirement of § 25.1309(b) or not cause a hazard to the airplane or its occupants. 9. It must be shown that the airbag system will not impede rapid egress of occupants 10 seconds after airbag deployment. 10. The airbag systems must be protected from lightning and highintensity radiated fields (HIRF). The threats to the airplane specified in existing regulations regarding lighting, § 25.1316, and HIRF, § 25.1317 apply to these special conditions for the purpose of measuring lightning and HIRF protection. 11. The airbag system must function properly after loss of normal airplane electrical power, and after a transverse separation of the fuselage at the most critical location. A separation at the location of the airbag systems does not have to be considered. 12. It must be shown that the airbag system will not release hazardous quantities of gas or particulate matter into the cabin. 13. The airbag system installations must be protected from the effects of fire such that no hazard to occupants will result. 14. A means must be available for a crew member to verify the integrity of the airbag system’s activation system prior to each flight, or it must be demonstrated to reliably operate between inspection intervals. The FAA considers that the loss of the airbagsystem deployment function alone (i.e., independent of the conditional event that requires the airbag-system PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 60281 deployment) is a major-failure condition. 15. The inflatable material may not have an average burn rate of greater than 2.5 inches/minute when tested using the horizontal flammability test defined in 14 CFR part 25, appendix F, part I, paragraph (b)(5). 16. The airbag system, once deployed, must not adversely affect the emergency lighting system (e.g., block floor proximity lights to the extent that the lights no longer meet their intended function). Issued in Renton, Washington, September 25, 2015. Michael Kaszycki, Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2015–25277 Filed 10–5–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2014–1046; Directorate Identifier 2014–NM–021–AD; Amendment 39–18286; AD 2015–20–07] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier, Inc. Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Bombardier, Inc. Model CL–600–2C10 (Regional Jet Series 700, 701, & 702), CL–600–2D15 (Regional Jet Series 705), and CL–600–2D24 (Regional Jet Series 900) airplanes. This AD was prompted by a determination that no instructions for continued airworthiness exist for the nose landing gear (NLG) alternate extension actuator of the NLG alternate release system. This AD requires revising the maintenance or inspection program, as applicable, to incorporate a new airworthiness limitation task for the NLG alternate extension actuator. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of the NLG alternate release system and, if the normal NLG extension system also fails, failure of the NLG to extend, and consequent damage to the airplane and injury to occupants. DATES: This AD becomes effective November 10, 2015. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of November 10, 2015. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\06OCR1.SGM 06OCR1 60282 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 193 / Tuesday, October 6, 2015 / Rules and Regulations You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=FAA-2014-1046 or in person at the Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC. For service information identified in this AD, contact Bombardier, Inc., 400 ˆ ´ Cote-Vertu Road West, Dorval, Quebec H4S 1Y9, Canada; telephone 514–855– 5000; fax 514–855–7401; email thd.crj@ aero.bombardier.com; Internet http:// www.bombardier.com. You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425–227–1221. It is also available on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2014– 1046. ADDRESSES: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Luke Walker, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe and Mechanical Systems Branch, ANE–171, FAA, New York Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone 516–228–7363; fax 516–794–5531. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: srobinson on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with RULES Discussion We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to certain Bombardier, Inc. Model CL–600–2C10 (Regional Jet Series 700, 701, & 702), CL–600–2D15 (Regional Jet Series 705), and CL–600–2D24 (Regional Jet Series 900) airplanes. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on January 23, 2015 (80 FR 3502). Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA), which is the aviation authority for Canada, has issued Canadian Airworthiness Directive CF–2013–24R1, dated December 24, 2013 (referred to after this as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or ‘‘the MCAI’’), to correct an unsafe condition for certain Bombardier, Inc. Model CL– 600–2C10 (Regional Jet Series 700, 701, & 702), CL–600–2D15 (Regional Jet Series 705), and CL–600–2D24 (Regional Jet Series 900) airplanes. The MCAI states: It was discovered that there are no instructions for continued airworthiness for the Nose Landing Gear (NLG) alternate extension actuator. Without an effective maintenance task to maintain the aeroplane’s inherent level of safety, there is a potential VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:54 Oct 05, 2015 Jkt 238001 that a dormant failure of the alternate release system of the NLG could occur. Failure of the NLG alternate release system could prevent the nose landing gear from extending in the case of a failure of the normal NLG extension system. This [Canadian] AD is to mandate the incorporation of a new maintenance task to prevent failure of the NLG alternate release system. Revision 1 of this [Canadian] AD changes the phase-in time to be based on the NLG manual release actuators instead of aeroplanes. You may examine the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov/ #!documentDetail;D=FAA-2014-10460002. Comments We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. The following presents the comments received on the NPRM (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015) and the FAA’s response to each comment. Support for the NPRM (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015) Airline Pilots Association (ALPA) International agreed with the intent of the NPRM (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015). Request To Revise Compliance Time Envoy Airlines and Mesa Airlines asked that we revise the compliance time language in paragraph (h) of the proposed AD (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015) from ‘‘whichever occurs first’’ to ‘‘whichever occurs later.’’ The compliance time, as written, could result in airplanes being grounded. Envoy Airlines added that the compliance time referred to in the TCCA AD is ‘‘whichever occurs later.’’ Mesa Airlines noted that changing the compliance time would also allow for scheduling and parts procurement. We agree with the commenters’ request for the reasons provided, and due to the fact that this was an inadvertent error. We have revised the compliance time in paragraph (h) of this AD as requested. Conclusion We reviewed the relevant data, considered the comments received, and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting this AD with the change described previously and minor editorial changes. We have determined that these minor changes: • Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015) for correcting the unsafe condition; and PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 • Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was already proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015). We also determined that these changes will not increase the economic burden on any operator or increase the scope of this AD. Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51 Bombardier, Inc. has issued Task 320100–225, Restoration of the NLG Manual Release Actuator, of Subject 1– 32, Landing Gear, of Section 1, Systems and Powerplant Program, Volume 1 of Part 1, Maintenance Review Board Report, Revision 14, dated July 10, 2013, of the CRJ 700/900/1000 Maintenance Requirements Manual, CSP–B–053. This service information describes an airworthiness limitation task for the NLG alternate extension actuator. This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section of this AD. Costs of Compliance We estimate that this AD affects 416 airplanes of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it takes about 1 work-hour per product to comply with the basic requirements of this AD. The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour. Required parts will cost about $0 per product. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of this AD on U.S. operators to be $35,360, or $85 per product. In addition, we estimate that any necessary follow-on actions take about 1 work-hour and require parts costing $0, for a cost of $85 per product. We have no way of determining the number of aircraft that might need these actions. Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. ‘‘Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,’’ describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in ‘‘Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority E:\FR\FM\06OCR1.SGM 06OCR1 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 193 / Tuesday, October 6, 2015 / Rules and Regulations because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. Regulatory Findings We determined that this AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD: 1. Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866; 2. Is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska; and 4. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=FAA-2014-1046; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Operations office (telephone 800–647–5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: srobinson on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with RULES ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:54 Oct 05, 2015 Jkt 238001 2015–20–07 Bombardier, Inc.: Amendment 39–18286. Docket No. FAA–2014–1046; Directorate Identifier 2014–NM–021–AD. (a) Effective Date This AD becomes effective November 10, 2015. (b) Affected ADs None. (c) Applicability This AD applies to the airplanes identified in paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this AD, certificated in any category. (1) Bombardier, Inc. Model CL–600–2C10 (Regional Jet Series 700, 701, & 702) airplanes, serial number (S/N) 10002 and subsequent. (2) Bombardier, Inc. Model CL–600–2D15 (Regional Jet Series 705), and CL–600–2D24 (Regional Jet Series 900) airplanes, S/N 15001 and subsequent. (d) Subject Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 32, Landing Gear. (e) Reason This AD was prompted by a determination that no instructions for continued airworthiness exist for the nose landing gear (NLG) alternate extension actuator of the NLG alternate release system. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of the NLG alternate release system and, if the normal NLG extension system also fails, failure of the NLG to extend, and consequent damage to the airplane and injury to occupants. (f) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. (g) Maintenance or Inspection Program Revision Within 30 days after the effective date of this AD, revise the maintenance or inspection program, as applicable, to incorporate the information specified in Task 320100–225, Restoration of the NLG Manual Release Actuator, of Subject 1–32, Landing Gear, of Section 1, Systems and Powerplant Program, Volume 1 of Part 1, Maintenance Review Board Report, Revision 14, dated July 10, 2013, of the CRJ 700/900/1000 Maintenance Requirements Manual, CSP–B–053. The initial compliance time for the task is specified in paragraph (h) of this AD. (h) Initial Task Compliance Time Before the accumulation of 20,000 total flight cycles, or within 5,500 flight cycles after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later: Perform the initial restoration specified in Task 320100–225, Restoration of the NLG Manual Release Actuator, of Subject 1–32, Landing Gear, of Section 1, Systems and Powerplant Program, Volume 1 of Part 1, Maintenance Review Board Report, Revision 14, dated July 10, 2013, of the CRJ 700/900/ 1000 Maintenance Requirements Manual, CSP–B–053. (i) No Alternative Actions and Intervals After accomplishing the revision required by paragraph (g) of this AD, no alternative PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 60283 actions (e.g., inspections) or intervals may be used unless the actions or intervals are approved as an alternative method of compliance (AMOC) in accordance with the procedures specified in paragraph (j)(1) of this AD. (j) Other FAA AD Provisions The following provisions also apply to this AD: (1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, New York Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), ANE–170, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the ACO, send it to Program Manager, Continuing Operational Safety, FAA, New York ACO, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone (516) 228–7300; fax (516) 794–5531. Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding district office. The AMOC approval letter must specifically reference this AD. (2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD to obtain corrective actions from a manufacturer, the action must be accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, New York ACO, ANE–170, Engine and Propeller Directorate, FAA; or Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA); or Bombardier, Inc.’s TCCA Design Approval Organization (DAO). If approved by the DAO, the approval must include the DAOauthorized signature. (k) Related Information Refer to MCAI Canadian Airworthiness Directive CF–2013–24R1, dated December 24, 2013, for related information. This MCAI may be found in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/ #!documentDetail;D=FAA-2014-1046-0002. (l) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise. (i) Task 320100–225, Restoration of the NLG Manual Release Actuator, of Subject 1– 32, Landing Gear, of Section 1, Systems and Powerplant Program, Volume 1 of Part 1, Maintenance Review Board Report, Revision 14, dated July 10, 2013, of the CRJ 700/900/ 1000 Maintenance Requirements Manual, CSP–B–053. (ii) Reserved. (3) For service information identified in ˆ this AD, Bombardier, Inc., 400 Cote-Vertu ´ Road West, Dorval, Quebec H4S 1Y9, Canada; telephone 514–855–5000; fax 514– 855–7401; email thd.crj@ aero.bombardier.com; Internet http:// www.bombardier.com. (4) You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, E:\FR\FM\06OCR1.SGM 06OCR1 60284 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 193 / Tuesday, October 6, 2015 / Rules and Regulations 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425–227–1221. (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http:// www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibrlocations.html. Issued in Renton, Washington, on September 27, 2015. Michael Kaszycki, Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2015–25219 Filed 10–5–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Aziz Ahmed, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe and Mechanical Systems Branch, ANE– 171, FAA, New York Aircraft Certification Office, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone 516–228 7329; fax 516–794 5531. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2015–0684; Directorate Identifier 2014–NM–215–AD; Amendment 39–18285; AD 2015–20–06] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Viking Air Limited (Type Certificate Previously Held by Bombardier, Inc.) Airplanes Discussion Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Viking Air Limited (Type Certificate Previously Held by Bombardier, Inc.) Model DHC–7–1 and DHC–7–100 airplanes. This AD was prompted by reports of cracks that were discovered in the outboard nacelles upper longeron channels and angles. This AD requires a one-time detailed visual inspection for cracking in the outboard nacelles upper longeron channels and angles; and repair if necessary. We are issuing this AD to detect and correct cracks in the outboard nacelles upper longeron channels and angles, which could lead to the loss of stiffness in the forward engine mount; and possible catastrophic failure. DATES: This AD becomes effective November 10, 2015. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of November 10, 2015. ADDRESSES: You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=FAA-2015-0684 or in person at the Docket Management srobinson on DSK5SPTVN1PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:54 Oct 05, 2015 Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC. For service information identified in this AD, contact Viking Air Limited, 9574 Hampden Road, Sidney, British Columbia V8L 8V5, Canada; telephone 250–656–7227; fax 250–656–0673; email technical.publications@vikingair.com; Internet http://www.vikingair.com. You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425–227–1221. It is also available on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2015– 0684. Jkt 238001 We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to all Viking Air Limited (Type Certificate Previously Held by Bombardier, Inc.) Model DHC–7–1 and DHC–7–100 airplanes. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on April 13, 2015 (80 FR 19572). Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA), which is the aviation authority for Canada, has issued Canadian Airworthiness Directive CF–2014–34, dated October 2, 2014, dated (referred to after this as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or ‘‘the MCAI’’), to correct an unsafe condition for all Viking Air Limited (Type Certificate Previously Held by Bombardier, Inc.) Model DHC–7–1 and DHC–7–100 airplanes. The MCAI states: Longitudinal cracks were discovered in the outboard nacelles upper longeron channels and angles at station XN1 78. The cracks were partially hidden by bearing blocks, Part Number (P/N) 75420978, at the nacelle latch locations. Undetected, these cracks may lead to the loss of stiffness in the forward engine mount; which may lead to a catastrophic failure. Required actions include a one-time detailed visual inspection for cracking of the outboard nacelles upper longeron channels and angles. Corrective actions include repair, if necessary. You may PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 examine the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov/ #!documentDetail;D=FAA-2015-06840002. Comments We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (80 FR 19572, April 13, 2015) or on the determination of the cost to the public. Conclusion We reviewed the relevant data and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting this AD as proposed except for minor editorial changes. We have determined that these minor changes: • Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 19572, April 13, 2015) for correcting the unsafe condition; and • Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was already proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 19572, April 13, 2015). Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51 Viking Air Limited has issued Service Bulletin V7–54–02, Revision NC, dated December 14, 2012. The service information describes procedures for an inspection for cracks in the outboard nacelles upper longeron channels and angles; and repair if necessary. This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section of this AD. Costs of Compliance We estimate that this AD affects 10 airplanes of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it will take about 3 work-hours per product to comply with the basic requirements of this AD. The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of this AD on U.S. operators to be $2,550, or $255 per product. We have received no definitive data that would enable us to provide cost estimates for the on-condition actions specified in this AD. Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. ‘‘Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,’’ describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. E:\FR\FM\06OCR1.SGM 06OCR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 80, Number 193 (Tuesday, October 6, 2015)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 60281-60284]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2015-25219]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2014-1046; Directorate Identifier 2014-NM-021-AD; 
Amendment 39-18286; AD 2015-20-07]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier, Inc. Airplanes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of 
Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain 
Bombardier, Inc. Model CL-600-2C10 (Regional Jet Series 700, 701, & 
702), CL-600-2D15 (Regional Jet Series 705), and CL-600-2D24 (Regional 
Jet Series 900) airplanes. This AD was prompted by a determination that 
no instructions for continued airworthiness exist for the nose landing 
gear (NLG) alternate extension actuator of the NLG alternate release 
system. This AD requires revising the maintenance or inspection 
program, as applicable, to incorporate a new airworthiness limitation 
task for the NLG alternate extension actuator. We are issuing this AD 
to prevent failure of the NLG alternate release system and, if the 
normal NLG extension system also fails, failure of the NLG to extend, 
and consequent damage to the airplane and injury to occupants.

DATES: This AD becomes effective November 10, 2015.
    The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by 
reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of November 10, 
2015.

[[Page 60282]]


ADDRESSES: You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=FAA-2014-1046 or in person at the 
Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC.
    For service information identified in this AD, contact Bombardier, 
Inc., 400 C[ocirc]te-Vertu Road West, Dorval, Qu[eacute]bec H4S 1Y9, 
Canada; telephone 514-855-5000; fax 514-855-7401; email 
thd.crj@aero.bombardier.com; Internet http://www.bombardier.com. You 
may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport 
Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information 
on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425-227-1221. It 
is also available on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by 
searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2014-1046.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Luke Walker, Aerospace Engineer, 
Airframe and Mechanical Systems Branch, ANE-171, FAA, New York Aircraft 
Certification Office (ACO), 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, 
NY 11590; telephone 516-228-7363; fax 516-794-5531.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Discussion

    We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR 
part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to certain Bombardier, Inc. 
Model CL-600-2C10 (Regional Jet Series 700, 701, & 702), CL-600-2D15 
(Regional Jet Series 705), and CL-600-2D24 (Regional Jet Series 900) 
airplanes. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on January 23, 
2015 (80 FR 3502).
    Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA), which is the aviation 
authority for Canada, has issued Canadian Airworthiness Directive CF-
2013-24R1, dated December 24, 2013 (referred to after this as the 
Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or ``the MCAI''), to 
correct an unsafe condition for certain Bombardier, Inc. Model CL-600-
2C10 (Regional Jet Series 700, 701, & 702), CL-600-2D15 (Regional Jet 
Series 705), and CL-600-2D24 (Regional Jet Series 900) airplanes. The 
MCAI states:

    It was discovered that there are no instructions for continued 
airworthiness for the Nose Landing Gear (NLG) alternate extension 
actuator. Without an effective maintenance task to maintain the 
aeroplane's inherent level of safety, there is a potential that a 
dormant failure of the alternate release system of the NLG could 
occur. Failure of the NLG alternate release system could prevent the 
nose landing gear from extending in the case of a failure of the 
normal NLG extension system.
    This [Canadian] AD is to mandate the incorporation of a new 
maintenance task to prevent failure of the NLG alternate release 
system.
    Revision 1 of this [Canadian] AD changes the phase-in time to be 
based on the NLG manual release actuators instead of aeroplanes.

    You may examine the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=FAA-2014-1046-0002.

Comments

    We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing 
this AD. The following presents the comments received on the NPRM (80 
FR 3502, January 23, 2015) and the FAA's response to each comment.

Support for the NPRM (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015)

    Airline Pilots Association (ALPA) International agreed with the 
intent of the NPRM (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015).

Request To Revise Compliance Time

    Envoy Airlines and Mesa Airlines asked that we revise the 
compliance time language in paragraph (h) of the proposed AD (80 FR 
3502, January 23, 2015) from ``whichever occurs first'' to ``whichever 
occurs later.'' The compliance time, as written, could result in 
airplanes being grounded. Envoy Airlines added that the compliance time 
referred to in the TCCA AD is ``whichever occurs later.'' Mesa Airlines 
noted that changing the compliance time would also allow for scheduling 
and parts procurement.
    We agree with the commenters' request for the reasons provided, and 
due to the fact that this was an inadvertent error. We have revised the 
compliance time in paragraph (h) of this AD as requested.

Conclusion

    We reviewed the relevant data, considered the comments received, 
and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting 
this AD with the change described previously and minor editorial 
changes. We have determined that these minor changes:
     Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the 
NPRM (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015) for correcting the unsafe 
condition; and
     Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was 
already proposed in the NPRM (80 FR 3502, January 23, 2015).
    We also determined that these changes will not increase the 
economic burden on any operator or increase the scope of this AD.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51

    Bombardier, Inc. has issued Task 320100-225, Restoration of the NLG 
Manual Release Actuator, of Subject 1-32, Landing Gear, of Section 1, 
Systems and Powerplant Program, Volume 1 of Part 1, Maintenance Review 
Board Report, Revision 14, dated July 10, 2013, of the CRJ 700/900/1000 
Maintenance Requirements Manual, CSP-B-053. This service information 
describes an airworthiness limitation task for the NLG alternate 
extension actuator. This service information is reasonably available 
because the interested parties have access to it through their normal 
course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section 
of this AD.

Costs of Compliance

    We estimate that this AD affects 416 airplanes of U.S. registry.
    We also estimate that it takes about 1 work-hour per product to 
comply with the basic requirements of this AD. The average labor rate 
is $85 per work-hour. Required parts will cost about $0 per product. 
Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of this AD on U.S. 
operators to be $35,360, or $85 per product.
    In addition, we estimate that any necessary follow-on actions take 
about 1 work-hour and require parts costing $0, for a cost of $85 per 
product. We have no way of determining the number of aircraft that 
might need these actions.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. ``Subtitle VII: Aviation 
Programs,'' describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's 
authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
``Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority

[[Page 60283]]

because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or 
develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    We determined that this AD will not have federalism implications 
under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct 
effect on the States, on the relationship between the national 
government and the States, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
    1. Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order 
12866;
    2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies 
and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979);
    3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska; and
    4. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=FAA-2014-1046; or in person at the 
Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the 
regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. 
The street address for the Docket Operations office (telephone 800-647-
5527) is in the ADDRESSES section.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive (AD):
2015-20-07 Bombardier, Inc.: Amendment 39-18286. Docket No. FAA-
2014-1046; Directorate Identifier 2014-NM-021-AD.

(a) Effective Date

    This AD becomes effective November 10, 2015.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to the airplanes identified in paragraphs (c)(1) 
and (c)(2) of this AD, certificated in any category.
    (1) Bombardier, Inc. Model CL-600-2C10 (Regional Jet Series 700, 
701, & 702) airplanes, serial number (S/N) 10002 and subsequent.
    (2) Bombardier, Inc. Model CL-600-2D15 (Regional Jet Series 
705), and CL-600-2D24 (Regional Jet Series 900) airplanes, S/N 15001 
and subsequent.

(d) Subject

    Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 32, Landing 
Gear.

(e) Reason

    This AD was prompted by a determination that no instructions for 
continued airworthiness exist for the nose landing gear (NLG) 
alternate extension actuator of the NLG alternate release system. We 
are issuing this AD to prevent failure of the NLG alternate release 
system and, if the normal NLG extension system also fails, failure 
of the NLG to extend, and consequent damage to the airplane and 
injury to occupants.

(f) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(g) Maintenance or Inspection Program Revision

    Within 30 days after the effective date of this AD, revise the 
maintenance or inspection program, as applicable, to incorporate the 
information specified in Task 320100-225, Restoration of the NLG 
Manual Release Actuator, of Subject 1-32, Landing Gear, of Section 
1, Systems and Powerplant Program, Volume 1 of Part 1, Maintenance 
Review Board Report, Revision 14, dated July 10, 2013, of the CRJ 
700/900/1000 Maintenance Requirements Manual, CSP-B-053. The initial 
compliance time for the task is specified in paragraph (h) of this 
AD.

(h) Initial Task Compliance Time

    Before the accumulation of 20,000 total flight cycles, or within 
5,500 flight cycles after the effective date of this AD, whichever 
occurs later: Perform the initial restoration specified in Task 
320100-225, Restoration of the NLG Manual Release Actuator, of 
Subject 1-32, Landing Gear, of Section 1, Systems and Powerplant 
Program, Volume 1 of Part 1, Maintenance Review Board Report, 
Revision 14, dated July 10, 2013, of the CRJ 700/900/1000 
Maintenance Requirements Manual, CSP-B-053.

(i) No Alternative Actions and Intervals

    After accomplishing the revision required by paragraph (g) of 
this AD, no alternative actions (e.g., inspections) or intervals may 
be used unless the actions or intervals are approved as an 
alternative method of compliance (AMOC) in accordance with the 
procedures specified in paragraph (j)(1) of this AD.

(j) Other FAA AD Provisions

    The following provisions also apply to this AD:
    (1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, New 
York Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), ANE-170, FAA, has the 
authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the 
procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, 
send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight 
Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information 
directly to the ACO, send it to Program Manager, Continuing 
Operational Safety, FAA, New York ACO, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 
410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone (516) 228-7300; fax (516) 794-
5531. Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate 
principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager 
of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding 
district office. The AMOC approval letter must specifically 
reference this AD.
    (2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD 
to obtain corrective actions from a manufacturer, the action must be 
accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, New York ACO, 
ANE-170, Engine and Propeller Directorate, FAA; or Transport Canada 
Civil Aviation (TCCA); or Bombardier, Inc.'s TCCA Design Approval 
Organization (DAO). If approved by the DAO, the approval must 
include the DAO-authorized signature.

(k) Related Information

    Refer to MCAI Canadian Airworthiness Directive CF-2013-24R1, 
dated December 24, 2013, for related information. This MCAI may be 
found in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=FAA-2014-1046-0002.

(l) Material Incorporated by Reference

    (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the 
incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed 
in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
    (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do 
the actions required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise.
    (i) Task 320100-225, Restoration of the NLG Manual Release 
Actuator, of Subject 1-32, Landing Gear, of Section 1, Systems and 
Powerplant Program, Volume 1 of Part 1, Maintenance Review Board 
Report, Revision 14, dated July 10, 2013, of the CRJ 700/900/1000 
Maintenance Requirements Manual, CSP-B-053.
    (ii) Reserved.
    (3) For service information identified in this AD, Bombardier, 
Inc., 400 C[ocirc]te-Vertu Road West, Dorval, Qu[eacute]bec H4S 1Y9, 
Canada; telephone 514-855-5000; fax 514-855-7401; email 
thd.crj@aero.bombardier.com; Internet http://www.bombardier.com.
    (4) You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport 
Airplane Directorate,

[[Page 60284]]

1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information on the 
availability of this material at the FAA, call 425-227-1221.
    (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated 
by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration 
(NARA). For information on the availability of this material at 
NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

    Issued in Renton, Washington, on September 27, 2015.
Michael Kaszycki,
Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2015-25219 Filed 10-5-15; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-13-P