Airworthiness Directives; CFM International S.A. Turbofan Engines, 55235-55237 [2015-22598]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 178 / Tuesday, September 15, 2015 / Rules and Regulations DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2015–0277; Directorate Identifier 2015–NE–05–AD; Amendment 39– 18262; AD 2015–18–04] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; CFM International S.A. Turbofan Engines Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain CFM International S.A. (CFM) CFM56– 7B and CFM56–3 turbofan engines. This AD was prompted by a report of an uncommanded in-flight shutdown (IFSD) on a CFM CFM56–7B engine following rupture of the 73-tooth gearshaft located in the engine accessory gearbox (AGB). This AD requires AGB/ transfer gearbox (TGB) magnetic chip detector (MCD) inspection of the affected gearshafts until removal. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of certain engine AGB gearshafts, which could lead to failure of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and damage to the airplane. DATES: This AD is effective October 20, 2015. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of October 20, 2015. ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this AD, contact CFM International Inc., Aviation Operations Center, 1 Neumann Way, M/D Room 285, Cincinnati, OH 45125; phone: 877– 432–3272; fax: 877–432–3329; email: aviation.fleetsupport@ge.com. You may view this service information at the FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781–238–7125. It is also available on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2015– 0277. SUMMARY: mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2015– 0277; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:08 Sep 14, 2015 Jkt 235001 contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The address for the Docket Office (phone: 800–647–5527) is Document Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kyle Gustafson, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781–238–7183; fax: 781–238– 7199; email: kyle.gustafson@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to certain CFM CFM56–7B series turbofan engines. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on May 1, 2015 (80 FR 24856). The NPRM was prompted by a report of an uncommanded IFSD on a CFM CFM56– 7B engine following rupture of the 73tooth gearshaft located in the engine AGB. The NPRM proposed to require MCD inspection of the affected gearshafts until removal. Comments We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. The following presents the comments received on the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) and the FAA’s response to each comment. Request To Add CFM56–3 Engines to Applicability CFM requested that we add CFM56– 3 engines to this AD, as the CFM56–3 engines share the same 73-tooth and 41tooth gearshafts as the CFM56–7B engines. We agree. We revised the applicability of this AD by adding CFM56–3 engines. Request To Clarify Discussion of IFSDs CFM commented that the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) incorrectly indicated that multiple instances of uncommanded IFSDs occurred on CFM56–7B engines following rupture of the 73-tooth gearshaft when only one IFSD actually occurred. CFM requested that this AD be revised to reflect that only one IFSD occurred following rupture of the 73-tooth gearshaft. We agree. We revised the Summary, Discussion, and Unsafe Condition sections of this final rule to reflect the occurrence of one IFSD following PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 55235 rupture of the 73-tooth gearshaft in the CFM56–7B’s AGB. Request To Clarify Inspection Requirement CFM commented that the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) did not clearly specify that the MCD inspection is of the AGB/TGB. We agree. We revised the Summary and the Compliance sections of this final rule to reflect that the required inspection is an ‘‘AGB/TGB MCD inspection.’’ Request To Clarify Relevant Service Information CFM requested that we specify in the Relevant Service Information section of the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) that the referenced service bulletins (SBs) describe the procedures for removal of the affected 73-tooth and 41tooth gearshafts and also list the affected gearshafts by serial number (S/N). We disagree. This AD does not include a ‘‘Relevant Service Information’’ section. We are, however, incorporating this SB by reference and it is available on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2015– 0277. We did not change this AD. Request To Clarify Proposed AD Requirements CFM commented that the Proposed AD Requirements section should be revised to be consistent with the compliance and mandatory terminating action paragraphs in this AD. We disagree. This AD incorporates changes produced as a result of the comments received, as permitted by the Administrative Procedures Act (APA) (Pub. L. 79–404, 5 U.S.C. 551, et. seq.). To take the action the commenter suggests would be contrary to the APA. We did not change this AD. Request To Allow Use of Later Revisions to SBs CFM requested that we include a provision in this AD to allow for use of later revisions to CFM SB No. CFM56– 7B S/B 72–0964, Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014, and SB No. CFM56– 7B S/B 72–0965, dated December 16, 2014. We disagree. We do not know the content of future revisions of SBs and, therefore, cannot approve them before publication. We did not change this AD. Request To Revise Description of Laboratory Analysis CFM requested we change the wording in the Compliance section of this AD from ‘‘particles lab analysis’’ to ‘‘laboratory analysis.’’ E:\FR\FM\15SER1.SGM 15SER1 55236 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 178 / Tuesday, September 15, 2015 / Rules and Regulations We agree. The term ‘‘laboratory analysis’’ is more accurate. We revised the term ‘‘particles lab analysis’’ to read ‘‘laboratory analysis’’ in the Compliance section of this AD. Request To Include Serial Numbers of Affected Gearshafts CFM requested that we include the S/ Ns of the affected 73-tooth and 41-tooth gearshafts in this AD instead of referencing the SBs. CFM indicated that CFM56–3 operators may not have access to the CFM56–7B SBs. We disagree. Operators have access to CFM SB No. CFM56–7B S/B 72–0964, Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014, in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2015– 0277, or by requesting the SB from CFM. We did not change this AD. or Appendix B of CFM Service Bulletin (SB) No. CFM56–7B S/B 72–0964, Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014.’’ Request To Verify Affected Gearshafts Have Been Removed From Service and Reduce the Scope of Applicability Delta requested that we verify which gearshafts have been removed from service per the proposed requirements of the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015). Delta further asked that we reduce the applicability to only those affected gearshafts that remain in service. We disagree. This AD will ensure that all affected gearshafts are removed from service and that gearshafts already removed from service are not returned to service. We did not change this AD. Support for the NPRM mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES Request To Limit Applicability by Engine Serial Number Sun Country Airlines requested that the Applicability of this AD be limited to CFM56–7B engines with engine S/Ns listed in Appendix A of CFM SB No. CFM56–7B S/B 72–0964 and CFM56–7B engines that have the 73-tooth gearshafts listed in Appendix B of CFM SB No. CFM56–7B S/B 72–0964 installed postproduction. Sun Country Airlines noted that the applicability of the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) could be misconstrued to mean to include all CFM56–7B engines unless it is proven that they do not have the affected 73tooth or 41-toth gearshafts. We disagree. CFM identified the affected population of gearshafts by gearshaft S/N and by the engine S/N on which it was installed. However, an affected gearshaft may now be installed on an engine with an S/N not listed in Appendix A. To address the latter population, those engines with a gearshaft that has been installed on an unknown engine, we identified the affected population of 73-tooth and 41tooth gearshafts by gearshaft part number and S/N. We did not change this AD. Costs of Compliance Request To Clarify That Applicability Is by Gearshaft Serial Number Delta Air Lines (Delta) requested that we clarify that the applicability of the AD is by gearshaft S/N rather than by engine S/N. We agree. We revised the Applicability paragraph of this AD to read: ‘‘This AD applies to all CFM International S.A. (CFM) CFM56–7B and CFM56–3 engines with a 73-tooth or 41-tooth gearshaft installed in the accessory gearbox (AGB), that has a gearshaft serial number in Appendix A We estimate that this AD will affect about 67 engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it will take about 1 hour per engine to do the inspection and 8 hours per engine to replace each affected gearshaft. We estimate thirty-six 73-tooth gearshafts and forty 41-tooth gearshafts will need replacement at a cost of $12,480 and $7,680 per part, respectively. The average labor rate is $85 per hour. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of this AD on U.S. operators to be $813,855. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:08 Sep 14, 2015 Jkt 235001 The Boeing Company and an anonymous commenter expressed support for the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) as proposed. Conclusion We reviewed the relevant data, considered the comments received, and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting this AD with the changes described previously. We also determined that these changes will not increase the economic burden on any operator or increase the scope of this AD. Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51 We reviewed CFM SB No. CFM56–7B S/B 72–0964, Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014. The service information describes procedures for removal of affected 73-tooth and 41tooth gearshafts. This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section of this AD. PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. Regulatory Findings This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD: (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866, (2) Is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent that it justifies making a regulatory distinction, and (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. E:\FR\FM\15SER1.SGM 15SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 178 / Tuesday, September 15, 2015 / Rules and Regulations § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): ■ 2015–18–04 CFM International S.A.: Amendment 39–18262; Docket No. FAA–2015–0277; Directorate Identifier 2015–NE–05–AD. (b) Affected ADs None. (c) Applicability This AD applies to CFM International S.A. (CFM) CFM56–7B and CFM56–3 engines with a 73-tooth or 41-tooth gearshaft installed in the accessory gearbox (AGB), that has a gearshaft serial number in Appendix A or Appendix B of CFM Service Bulletin (SB) No. CFM56–7B S/B 72–0964, Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014. (d) Unsafe Condition This AD was prompted by a report of an uncommanded in-flight shutdown on a CFM CFM56–7B engine following rupture of the 73-tooth gearshaft located in the engine AGB. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of certain AGB gearshafts, which could lead to failure of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and damage to the airplane. (e) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES (1) Initial AGB/Transfer Gearbox (TGB)/ Magnetic Chip Detector (MCD) Inspection and Analysis (i) For affected 73-tooth gearshafts, perform an AGB/TGB MCD inspection within 250 flight hours (FHs) since last inspection, within 25 FHs from the effective date of this AD, or when the gearshaft accumulates 3,000 FHs since new, whichever comes later. (ii) For affected 41-tooth gearshafts, perform an AGB/TGB MCD inspection within 250 FHs since last inspection, within 25 FHs from the effective date of this AD, or when the gearshaft accumulates 6,000 FHs since new, whichever comes later. (iii) If any magnetic particles, including fuzz, are seen, determine with laboratory analysis if the particles are 73-tooth or 41tooth gearshaft material. (iv) If the particles are 73-tooth or 41-tooth gearshaft material, remove the affected gearshaft(s) within 75 FHs since the AGB/ TGB MCD inspection. (2) Repetitive AGB/TGB MCD Inspection and Analysis (i) For affected 73-tooth gearshafts, perform an AGB/TGB MCD inspection and laboratory analysis within every 500 FHs since the last AGB/TGB MCD inspection until affected gearshaft is removed. (ii) For affected 41-tooth gearshafts, perform an AGB/TGB MCD inspection and laboratory analysis within every 500 FHs since the last AGB/TGB MCD inspection until affected gearshaft is removed. 19:08 Sep 14, 2015 Jkt 235001 Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on August 28, 2015. Ann C. Mollica, Acting Directorate Manager, Engine & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2015–22598 Filed 9–14–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P (f) Mandatory Terminating Action (a) Effective Date This AD is effective October 20, 2015. VerDate Sep<11>2014 (iii) If any magnetic particles, including fuzz, are seen, determine with laboratory analysis if the particles are 73-tooth or 41tooth gearshaft material. (iv) If the particles are 73-tooth or 41-tooth gearshaft material, remove the affected gearshaft(s) within 75 FHs since the AGB/ TGB MCD inspection. 55237 (1) Remove the affected 73-tooth gearshaft prior to the gearshaft accumulating 6,000 FHs since new or within 50 FHs after the effective date of this AD, whichever comes later. (2) Remove the affected 41-tooth gearshaft prior to the gearshaft accumulating 9,000 FHs since new or within 50 FHs after the effective date of this AD, whichever comes later. (g) Installation Prohibition (h) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, may approve AMOCs for this AD. Use the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19 to make your request. You may email your request to: ANE-AD-AMOC@faa.gov. (i) Related Information For more information about this AD, contact Kyle Gustafson, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781–238–7183; fax: 781–238–7199; email: kyle.gustafson@faa.gov. (j) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise. (3) The following service information was approved for IBR on October 20, 2015. (i) CFM International Service Bulletin No. CFM56–7B S/B 72–0964, Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014. (ii) Reserved. (4) For CFM service information identified in this AD, contact CFM International Inc., Aviation Operations Center, 1 Neumann Way, M/D Room 285, Cincinnati, OH 45125; phone: 877–432–3272; fax: 877–432–3329; email: aviation.fleetsupport@ge.com. (5) You may view this service information at FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781–238–7125. (6) You may view this service information at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http://www.archives. gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. Frm 00017 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 1 [Docket No. FDA–2014–N–0504] RIN 0910–AH12 After the effective date of this AD, do not install an affected gearshaft into an AGB. PO 00000 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administrative Destruction of Certain Drugs Refused Admission to the United States AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is implementing its authority to destroy a drug valued at $2,500 or less (or such higher amount as the Secretary of the Treasury may set by regulation) that has been refused admission into the United States under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), by issuing a rule that provides to the owner or consignee notice and an opportunity to appear and introduce testimony to the Agency prior to destruction. This regulation is authorized by amendments made to the FD&C Act by the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA). Implementation of this authority will allow FDA to better protect the public health by providing an administrative process for the destruction of certain refused drugs, thus increasing the integrity of the drug supply chain. DATES: This rule is effective October 15, 2015. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ann M. Metayer, Office of Regulatory Affairs, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 32, Rm. 4338, Silver Spring, MD 20993–0002, 301–796–3324, FDASIAImplementationORA@ fda.hhs.gov. SUMMARY: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Executive Summary Purpose of the Regulatory Action Implementation of FDA’s administrative destruction authority will better protect the integrity of the E:\FR\FM\15SER1.SGM 15SER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 80, Number 178 (Tuesday, September 15, 2015)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 55235-55237]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2015-22598]



[[Page 55235]]

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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2015-0277; Directorate Identifier 2015-NE-05-AD; 
Amendment 39-18262; AD 2015-18-04]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; CFM International S.A. Turbofan Engines

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain 
CFM International S.A. (CFM) CFM56-7B and CFM56-3 turbofan engines. 
This AD was prompted by a report of an uncommanded in-flight shutdown 
(IFSD) on a CFM CFM56-7B engine following rupture of the 73-tooth 
gearshaft located in the engine accessory gearbox (AGB). This AD 
requires AGB/transfer gearbox (TGB) magnetic chip detector (MCD) 
inspection of the affected gearshafts until removal. We are issuing 
this AD to prevent failure of certain engine AGB gearshafts, which 
could lead to failure of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, 
and damage to the airplane.

DATES: This AD is effective October 20, 2015.
    The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by 
reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of October 20, 
2015.

ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this AD, contact CFM 
International Inc., Aviation Operations Center, 1 Neumann Way, M/D Room 
285, Cincinnati, OH 45125; phone: 877-432-3272; fax: 877-432-3329; 
email: aviation.fleetsupport@ge.com. You may view this service 
information at the FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England 
Executive Park, Burlington, MA. For information on the availability of 
this material at the FAA, call 781-238-7125. It is also available on 
the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and 
locating Docket No. FAA-2015-0277.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2015-
0277; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 
5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket 
contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and 
other information. The address for the Docket Office (phone: 800-647-
5527) is Document Management Facility, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kyle Gustafson, Aerospace Engineer, 
Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 
New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781-238-7183; 
fax: 781-238-7199; email: kyle.gustafson@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Discussion

    We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR 
part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to certain CFM CFM56-7B series 
turbofan engines. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on May 1, 
2015 (80 FR 24856). The NPRM was prompted by a report of an uncommanded 
IFSD on a CFM CFM56-7B engine following rupture of the 73-tooth 
gearshaft located in the engine AGB. The NPRM proposed to require MCD 
inspection of the affected gearshafts until removal.

Comments

    We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing 
this AD. The following presents the comments received on the NPRM (80 
FR 24856, May 1, 2015) and the FAA's response to each comment.

Request To Add CFM56-3 Engines to Applicability

    CFM requested that we add CFM56-3 engines to this AD, as the CFM56-
3 engines share the same 73-tooth and 41-tooth gearshafts as the CFM56-
7B engines.
    We agree. We revised the applicability of this AD by adding CFM56-3 
engines.

Request To Clarify Discussion of IFSDs

    CFM commented that the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) incorrectly 
indicated that multiple instances of uncommanded IFSDs occurred on 
CFM56-7B engines following rupture of the 73-tooth gearshaft when only 
one IFSD actually occurred. CFM requested that this AD be revised to 
reflect that only one IFSD occurred following rupture of the 73-tooth 
gearshaft.
    We agree. We revised the Summary, Discussion, and Unsafe Condition 
sections of this final rule to reflect the occurrence of one IFSD 
following rupture of the 73-tooth gearshaft in the CFM56-7B's AGB.

Request To Clarify Inspection Requirement

    CFM commented that the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) did not 
clearly specify that the MCD inspection is of the AGB/TGB.
    We agree. We revised the Summary and the Compliance sections of 
this final rule to reflect that the required inspection is an ``AGB/TGB 
MCD inspection.''

Request To Clarify Relevant Service Information

    CFM requested that we specify in the Relevant Service Information 
section of the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) that the referenced 
service bulletins (SBs) describe the procedures for removal of the 
affected 73-tooth and 41-tooth gearshafts and also list the affected 
gearshafts by serial number (S/N).
    We disagree. This AD does not include a ``Relevant Service 
Information'' section. We are, however, incorporating this SB by 
reference and it is available on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2015-
0277. We did not change this AD.

Request To Clarify Proposed AD Requirements

    CFM commented that the Proposed AD Requirements section should be 
revised to be consistent with the compliance and mandatory terminating 
action paragraphs in this AD.
    We disagree. This AD incorporates changes produced as a result of 
the comments received, as permitted by the Administrative Procedures 
Act (APA) (Pub. L. 79-404, 5 U.S.C. 551, et. seq.). To take the action 
the commenter suggests would be contrary to the APA. We did not change 
this AD.

Request To Allow Use of Later Revisions to SBs

    CFM requested that we include a provision in this AD to allow for 
use of later revisions to CFM SB No. CFM56-7B S/B 72-0964, Revision 1, 
dated December 15, 2014, and SB No. CFM56-7B S/B 72-0965, dated 
December 16, 2014.
    We disagree. We do not know the content of future revisions of SBs 
and, therefore, cannot approve them before publication. We did not 
change this AD.

Request To Revise Description of Laboratory Analysis

    CFM requested we change the wording in the Compliance section of 
this AD from ``particles lab analysis'' to ``laboratory analysis.''

[[Page 55236]]

    We agree. The term ``laboratory analysis'' is more accurate. We 
revised the term ``particles lab analysis'' to read ``laboratory 
analysis'' in the Compliance section of this AD.

Request To Include Serial Numbers of Affected Gearshafts

    CFM requested that we include the S/Ns of the affected 73-tooth and 
41-tooth gearshafts in this AD instead of referencing the SBs. CFM 
indicated that CFM56-3 operators may not have access to the CFM56-7B 
SBs.
    We disagree. Operators have access to CFM SB No. CFM56-7B S/B 72-
0964, Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014, in the AD docket on the 
Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating 
Docket No. FAA-2015-0277, or by requesting the SB from CFM. We did not 
change this AD.

Request To Limit Applicability by Engine Serial Number

    Sun Country Airlines requested that the Applicability of this AD be 
limited to CFM56-7B engines with engine S/Ns listed in Appendix A of 
CFM SB No. CFM56-7B S/B 72-0964 and CFM56-7B engines that have the 73-
tooth gearshafts listed in Appendix B of CFM SB No. CFM56-7B S/B 72-
0964 installed post-production. Sun Country Airlines noted that the 
applicability of the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) could be 
misconstrued to mean to include all CFM56-7B engines unless it is 
proven that they do not have the affected 73-tooth or 41-toth 
gearshafts.
    We disagree. CFM identified the affected population of gearshafts 
by gearshaft S/N and by the engine S/N on which it was installed. 
However, an affected gearshaft may now be installed on an engine with 
an S/N not listed in Appendix A. To address the latter population, 
those engines with a gearshaft that has been installed on an unknown 
engine, we identified the affected population of 73-tooth and 41-tooth 
gearshafts by gearshaft part number and S/N. We did not change this AD.

Request To Clarify That Applicability Is by Gearshaft Serial Number

    Delta Air Lines (Delta) requested that we clarify that the 
applicability of the AD is by gearshaft S/N rather than by engine S/N.
    We agree. We revised the Applicability paragraph of this AD to 
read: ``This AD applies to all CFM International S.A. (CFM) CFM56-7B 
and CFM56-3 engines with a 73-tooth or 41-tooth gearshaft installed in 
the accessory gearbox (AGB), that has a gearshaft serial number in 
Appendix A or Appendix B of CFM Service Bulletin (SB) No. CFM56-7B S/B 
72-0964, Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014.''

Request To Verify Affected Gearshafts Have Been Removed From Service 
and Reduce the Scope of Applicability

    Delta requested that we verify which gearshafts have been removed 
from service per the proposed requirements of the NPRM (80 FR 24856, 
May 1, 2015). Delta further asked that we reduce the applicability to 
only those affected gearshafts that remain in service.
    We disagree. This AD will ensure that all affected gearshafts are 
removed from service and that gearshafts already removed from service 
are not returned to service. We did not change this AD.

Support for the NPRM

    The Boeing Company and an anonymous commenter expressed support for 
the NPRM (80 FR 24856, May 1, 2015) as proposed.

Conclusion

    We reviewed the relevant data, considered the comments received, 
and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting 
this AD with the changes described previously.
    We also determined that these changes will not increase the 
economic burden on any operator or increase the scope of this AD.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51

    We reviewed CFM SB No. CFM56-7B S/B 72-0964, Revision 1, dated 
December 15, 2014. The service information describes procedures for 
removal of affected 73-tooth and 41-tooth gearshafts. This service 
information is reasonably available because the interested parties have 
access to it through their normal course of business or by the means 
identified in the ADDRESSES section of this AD.

Costs of Compliance

    We estimate that this AD will affect about 67 engines installed on 
airplanes of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it will take about 1 
hour per engine to do the inspection and 8 hours per engine to replace 
each affected gearshaft. We estimate thirty-six 73-tooth gearshafts and 
forty 41-tooth gearshafts will need replacement at a cost of $12,480 
and $7,680 per part, respectively. The average labor rate is $85 per 
hour. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of this AD on U.S. 
operators to be $813,855.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ``General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 
13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, 
on the relationship between the national government and the States, or 
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various 
levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866,
    (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and 
Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979),
    (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent 
that it justifies making a regulatory distinction, and
    (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


[[Page 55237]]




Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive (AD):

2015-18-04 CFM International S.A.: Amendment 39-18262; Docket No. 
FAA-2015-0277; Directorate Identifier 2015-NE-05-AD.

(a) Effective Date

    This AD is effective October 20, 2015.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to CFM International S.A. (CFM) CFM56-7B and 
CFM56-3 engines with a 73-tooth or 41-tooth gearshaft installed in 
the accessory gearbox (AGB), that has a gearshaft serial number in 
Appendix A or Appendix B of CFM Service Bulletin (SB) No. CFM56-7B 
S/B 72-0964, Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014.

(d) Unsafe Condition

    This AD was prompted by a report of an uncommanded in-flight 
shutdown on a CFM CFM56-7B engine following rupture of the 73-tooth 
gearshaft located in the engine AGB. We are issuing this AD to 
prevent failure of certain AGB gearshafts, which could lead to 
failure of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and damage 
to the airplane.

(e) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(1) Initial AGB/Transfer Gearbox (TGB)/Magnetic Chip Detector (MCD) 
Inspection and Analysis

    (i) For affected 73-tooth gearshafts, perform an AGB/TGB MCD 
inspection within 250 flight hours (FHs) since last inspection, 
within 25 FHs from the effective date of this AD, or when the 
gearshaft accumulates 3,000 FHs since new, whichever comes later.
    (ii) For affected 41-tooth gearshafts, perform an AGB/TGB MCD 
inspection within 250 FHs since last inspection, within 25 FHs from 
the effective date of this AD, or when the gearshaft accumulates 
6,000 FHs since new, whichever comes later.
    (iii) If any magnetic particles, including fuzz, are seen, 
determine with laboratory analysis if the particles are 73-tooth or 
41-tooth gearshaft material.
    (iv) If the particles are 73-tooth or 41-tooth gearshaft 
material, remove the affected gearshaft(s) within 75 FHs since the 
AGB/TGB MCD inspection.

(2) Repetitive AGB/TGB MCD Inspection and Analysis

    (i) For affected 73-tooth gearshafts, perform an AGB/TGB MCD 
inspection and laboratory analysis within every 500 FHs since the 
last AGB/TGB MCD inspection until affected gearshaft is removed.
    (ii) For affected 41-tooth gearshafts, perform an AGB/TGB MCD 
inspection and laboratory analysis within every 500 FHs since the 
last AGB/TGB MCD inspection until affected gearshaft is removed.
    (iii) If any magnetic particles, including fuzz, are seen, 
determine with laboratory analysis if the particles are 73-tooth or 
41-tooth gearshaft material.
    (iv) If the particles are 73-tooth or 41-tooth gearshaft 
material, remove the affected gearshaft(s) within 75 FHs since the 
AGB/TGB MCD inspection.

(f) Mandatory Terminating Action

    (1) Remove the affected 73-tooth gearshaft prior to the 
gearshaft accumulating 6,000 FHs since new or within 50 FHs after 
the effective date of this AD, whichever comes later.
    (2) Remove the affected 41-tooth gearshaft prior to the 
gearshaft accumulating 9,000 FHs since new or within 50 FHs after 
the effective date of this AD, whichever comes later.

(g) Installation Prohibition

    After the effective date of this AD, do not install an affected 
gearshaft into an AGB.

(h) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, may approve AMOCs 
for this AD. Use the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19 to make your 
request. You may email your request to: ANE-AD-AMOC@faa.gov.

(i) Related Information

    For more information about this AD, contact Kyle Gustafson, 
Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & 
Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 
01803; phone: 781-238-7183; fax: 781-238-7199; email: 
kyle.gustafson@faa.gov.

(j) Material Incorporated by Reference

    (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the 
incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed 
in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
    (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do 
the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise.
    (3) The following service information was approved for IBR on 
October 20, 2015.
    (i) CFM International Service Bulletin No. CFM56-7B S/B 72-0964, 
Revision 1, dated December 15, 2014.
    (ii) Reserved.
    (4) For CFM service information identified in this AD, contact 
CFM International Inc., Aviation Operations Center, 1 Neumann Way, 
M/D Room 285, Cincinnati, OH 45125; phone: 877-432-3272; fax: 877-
432-3329; email: aviation.fleetsupport@ge.com.
    (5) You may view this service information at FAA, Engine & 
Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, 
MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, 
call 781-238-7125.
    (6) You may view this service information at the National 
Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the 
availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: 
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

    Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on August 28, 2015.
Ann C. Mollica,
Acting Directorate Manager, Engine & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft 
Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 2015-22598 Filed 9-14-15; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P