Financial Planning for Management of Radioactive Byproduct Material, 46057-46061 [2015-18891]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 148 / Monday, August 3, 2015 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF LABOR collection is currently approved for use through January 31, 2016. Office of Workers’ Compensation Programs II. Review Focus Proposed Extension of Existing Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice. The Department of Labor, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, conducts a preclearance consultation program to provide the general public and Federal agencies with an opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing collections of information in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA95) [44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)]. This program helps to ensure that requested data can be provided in the desired format, reporting burden (time and financial resources) is minimized, collection instruments are clearly understood, and the impact of collection requirements on respondents can be properly assessed. Currently, the Division of Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation is soliciting comments concerning the proposed collection: Carrier’s Report of Issuance of Policy (LS–570). A copy of the proposed information collection request can be obtained by contacting the office listed below in the addresses section of this Notice. DATES: Written comments must be submitted to the office listed in the addresses section below on or before October 2, 2015. ADDRESSES: Ms. Yoon Ferguson, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Ave. NW., Room S–3323, Washington, DC 20210, telephone/fax (202) 354– 9647, Email ferguson.yoon@dol.gov. Please use only one method of transmission for comments (mail, fax, or Email). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES I. Background The form LS–570 is completed by the insurance carrier and forwarded to the Department of Labor for review. The Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation staff review the completed LS–570 to identify those operators who have secured insurance for payment of Longshore benefits as required by 20 CFR 703.116. This feedback will help DOL improve the quality and delivery of compliance assistance tools and services. This clearance allows Longshore to gather information from both Federal and nonFederal users. This information VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:35 Jul 31, 2015 Jkt 235001 The Department of Labor is particularly interested in comments which: * Evaluate whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; * evaluate the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; * enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be collected; and * minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submissions of responses. III. Current Actions The Department of Labor seeks the approval of the extension of this currently approved information collection. The information is necessary (i) to ensure compliance by employers, (ii) to bind the carrier to the liabilities of the employer under 20 CFR 703.118 and (iii) so that the districts can identify the correct carrier for claims to ensure prompt payment of compensation to injured workers. Type of Review: Extension. Agency: Division of Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation. Title: Carrier’s Report of Issuance of Policy. OMB Number: 1240–0004. Agency Number: LS–570. Affected Public: Private Sector Business or other for-profits. Total Respondents: 400. Total Responses: 1,500. Time per Response: 1 minute. Estimated Total Burden Hours: 25. Total Burden Cost (capital/startup): $0. Total Burden Cost (operating/ maintenance): $ 780. Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and/or included in the request for Office of Management and Budget approval of the information collection request; they will also become a matter of public record. PO 00000 Frm 00126 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 46057 Dated: July 28, 2015. Yoon Ferguson, Agency Clearance Officer, Office of Workers’ Compensation Programs, US Department of Labor. [FR Doc. 2015–18943 Filed 7–31–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4510–CF–P NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSSION [NRC–2015–0182] Financial Planning for Management of Radioactive Byproduct Material Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Financial scoping study; request for comment. AGENCY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) will conduct a financial scoping study to determine if financial planning requirements for decommissioning and end-of-life management for some radioactive byproduct material are necessary. The NRC is seeking stakeholder input and perspective on this action. Respondents are asked to consider recommendations from recent studies addressing this topic, national and international activities, and specific questions posed by the NRC staff in this notice when preparing their responses. DATES: Submit comments by October 19, 2015. Comments received after this date will be considered if it is practical to do so, but the NRC is able to ensure consideration only for comments received on or before this date. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods (unless this document describes a different method for submitted comments on a specific subject): • Federal Rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and search for Docket ID NRC–2015–0182. Address questions about NRC dockets to Carol Gallagher; telephone: 301–415–3463; email: Carol.Gallagher@nrc.gov. For technical questions, contact the individual listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this document. • Mail comments to: Cindy Bladey, Office of Administration, Mail Stop: OWFN–12–H08, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555–0001. For additional direction on obtaining information and submitting comments see ‘‘Obtaining Information and Submitting Comments’’ in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\03AUN1.SGM 03AUN1 46058 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 148 / Monday, August 3, 2015 / Notices FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ryan Whited, telephone: 301–415–1154; email: Ryan.Whited@nrc.gov or James Shaffner, telephone: 301–415–5496; email: James.Shaffner@nrc.gov, both are staff of the Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555–0001. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Obtaining Information and Submitting Comments A. Obtaining Information Please refer to Docket ID NRC–2015– 0182 when contacting the NRC about the availability of information for this action. You may obtain publiclyavailable information related to this action by any of the following methods: • Federal Rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and search for Docket ID NRC–2015–0182. • NRC’s Agencywide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS): You may obtain publiclyavailable documents online in the ADAMS Public Documents collection at http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/ adams.html. To begin the search, select ‘‘ADAMS Public Documents’’ and then select ‘‘Begin Web-based ADAMS Search.’’ For problems with ADAMS please contact the NRC’s Public Document Room (PDR) reference staff at 1–800–397–4209, 301–415–4737, or by email to pdr.resource@nrc.gov. The ADAMS accession number for each document referenced (if it is available in ADAMS) is provided the first time that a document is referenced. • NRC’s PDR: You may examine and purchase copies of public documents at the NRC’s PDR, Room O1–F21, One White Flint North, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland 20852. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES B. Submitting Comments Please include Docket ID NRC–2015– 0182 in the subject line of your comment submission. The NRC cautions you not to include identifying or contact information that you do not want to be publicly disclosed in your comment submission. The NRC posts all comment submissions at http:// www.regulations.gov as well as enters the comment submissions into ADAMS. The NRC does not routinely edit comment submissions to remove identifying or contact information. If you are requesting or aggregating comments from other persons for submission to the NRC, then you should inform those persons not to include identifying or contact information that they do not want to be publicly VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:35 Jul 31, 2015 Jkt 235001 disclosed in their comment submission. Your request should state that the NRC does not routinely edit comment submissions to remove such information before making the comment submissions available to the public or entering the comment submissions into ADAMS. II. Background The issue of adequacy of financial mechanisms for end-of-life management of disused Category 1 and 2 sealed sources 1 was raised in the 2006 report by the Radiation Source Protection and Security Task Force (Task Force) (see http://www.nrc.gov/security/byproduct/ task-force.html). The Task Force, comprised of 14 Federal agencies and the Organization of Agreement States, was created by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 to evaluate the status of various factors affecting the security of Category 1 and 2 sealed sources. This resulted in the 2006 Task Force report recommendation 9–2 that the NRC ‘‘evaluate the financial assurance required for possession of Category 1 and 2 radioactive sources to assure that funding is available for final disposition of the sources.’’ Similarly, in the NRC staff’s 2007 ‘‘Strategic Assessment of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s LowLevel Radioactive Waste Regulatory Program’’ (ADAMS Accession No. ML071350291) (Strategic Assessment), financial assurance scoping for byproduct material was identified as one of seven high priorities. The Strategic Assessment identified the issue more broadly than the Task Force, whose charter was to focus on security related to Category 1 and 2 sources. In fact, the NRC staff proposed to also review the ‘‘adequacy of financial assurance requirements to anticipate the ultimate costs of disposal of or dispositioning radioactive sources not addressed by the Task Force’’ (emphasis added, Appendix C, p. C–21). Two recent drivers that prompted the NRC staff to initiate this financial scoping study were specific recommendations related to financial planning in the 2014 Task Force report (ADAMS Accession No. ML14219A642) and recommendations related to financial assurance in a March 2014 1 The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources lists 26 radionuclides and identifies three threshold activity levels for each, referred to as Categories 1, 2, and 3. These levels are based upon the relative health hazards each radionuclide would present if not kept under adequate controls. The Category 1 and 2 quantities of radioactive sources are considered the most risk significant and have been the focus of Federal and State efforts to enact tighter security controls. PO 00000 Frm 00127 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 report issued by the Low-Level Waste (LLW) Forum Disused Sources Working Group (ADAMS Accession No. ML14084A394) (2014 Disused Sources Working Group report). These recommendations are discussed in detail later in this Federal Register notice (FRN). During a September 18, 2014, Commission briefing on management of low-level waste, high-level waste, and spent nuclear fuel, the Director of the Division of Waste Management and Environmental Protection (now the Division of Decommissioning, Uranium Recovery, and Waste Programs) stressed the timeliness of a scoping study related to financial requirements for end-of-life management of byproduct material, in particular disused radioactive sealed sources (transcript of ‘‘Briefing on Management of Low-Level Waste, High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel’’ is available at ADAMS Accession No. ML14265A396): The 2007 programmatic assessment [i.e., the Strategic Assessment of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Low-Level Radioactive Waste Regulatory Program] included an activity to perform a scoping study of the need to revise or expand byproduct material financial assurance. Resource constraints unfortunately delayed that initiative. However, it has become more important and timely based upon the recommendation of the 2014 Radiation Source Protection and Security Task Force report as well as a report prepared by the Low-Level Waste Forum Task Group on disused cell [sealed] sources. And the staff now intends to focus on this important and emerging issue. In its September 24, 2014, Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM) (ADAMS Accession No. ML14267A365) in response to the briefing, the Commission stated that ‘‘[t]he staff should provide the Commission with the results of the byproduct financial scoping study and provide recommendations on next steps.’’ The staff received subsequent administrative instructions to report the results of the scoping study and recommendations by April 13, 2015. In preparing a response to the Commission in compliance with the first directive in the SRM, the staff determined that the byproduct material financial scoping study would benefit from much broader stakeholder involvement than was originally envisioned. The four primary reasons for the expanded involvement are as follows: 1. Recent reports (the 2014 Task Force report and the 2014 Disused Sources Working Group report) addressing this topic have been generated by a limited group of Federal and State stakeholders. The views and perspectives of E:\FR\FM\03AUN1.SGM 03AUN1 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 148 / Monday, August 3, 2015 / Notices important external stakeholders such as industry, users groups, and current licensees are needed to fully inform the scoping study and any subsequent NRC staff’s recommendations. 2. Currently, there are a number of ongoing national initiatives and activities that could add perspective to the staff’s consideration of options and recommendations to address byproduct material financial planning. 3. Financial planning associated with end-of-life management of byproduct material has also garnered the attention of the international community. The financial scoping study would benefit from consideration of international experience and perspectives. 4. An NRC internal working group has identified a number of topical areas that are relevant to financial planning. Broader stakeholder input would assist the NRC staff in analyzing these topical areas and potentially identifying other financial planning issues. Additional background discussion for items 1, 2 and 3 is provided below. The NRC staff is requesting that respondents consider this background information when developing and providing their comments. Item 4 is addressed in the ‘‘Request for Comments’’ section of this FRN. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES A. Recommendations Warranting Broader Review The NRC staff believes that the following recommendations warrant broader review in the scoping study and asks that respondents consider them when developing their comments. Summary recommendations from the report by the Interagency Working Group (IWG) on Financial Assurance for Disposition of Category 1, 2, and 3 Radioactive Sealed Sources (ADAMS Accession No. ML100050105). To address the financial assurance concerns raised in the 2006 Task Force Report, an Interagency Working Group (IWG) on Financial Assurance for Disposition of Category 1, 2, and 3 Radioactive Sealed Sources was established in December 2008. The IWG was tasked with proposing a comprehensive list of viable financial assurance solutions to increase the likelihood that Category 1, 2, and 3 radioactive sealed sources will be disposed of in a safe, appropriate and timely manner. The IWG identified three main areas of concern: (1) lack of disposal capacity for sources, (2) an inadequate supply of containers for transportation of these sources for final disposition/disposal, and (3) storage of these sources by licensees for extended periods of time. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:35 Jul 31, 2015 Jkt 235001 The IWG recognized that certain financial assurance options may mitigate, but not resolve, these concerns. Possible options considered in the evaluation included: 1. Develop risk-based financial assurance requirements and lower financial assurance thresholds in § 30.35 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations to capture all Category 1, 2, and 3 radioactive sealed sources. 2. Assess a universal surcharge on all licensees to cover the cost of disposal. 3. Assess an up-front surcharge on all new Category 1, 2, and 3 sources to cover the entire anticipated cost of packaging and disposal. The IWG report has recently been made publicly available. The recommendations from the IWG report were also articulated in the 2010 Radiation Source Protection and Security Task Force report (ADAMS Accession No. ML102230141). Recommendation 2 of the 2014 Task Force Report. The 2014 Task Force report highlighted that significant progress has been made to address the commercial sealed source management and disposal challenges identified in the 2006 and 2010 Task Force reports. Disposal options for many commercial Class A, B, and C sealed sources are now available to Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) generators in all 50 states, including the 36 states which had been without such an option when the 2010 Task Force report was published. The 2014 Task Force report further discussed that progress has also been made in addressing ongoing challenges regarding both the transportation and disposal of the highest activity sealed sources. The Task Force noted that although disposal options for many sealed sources are now available, there are currently few incentives for generators to dispose of their disused sealed sources in a timely fashion. In addition, commercial disposal options are still unavailable for many Category 1 and 2 sources, and challenges remain regarding the availability of certified Type B shipping containers required for transport of these sources. Consequently, the 2014 Task Force report contains a specific recommendation, recommendation 2, related to financial planning: The Task Force recommends that the NRC evaluate the need for sealed source licensees to address the eventual disposition/disposal costs of Category 1 and 2 quantities of radioactive sources through source disposition/disposal financial planning or other mechanisms. Disposition costs should include the cost of packaging, transport, and disposal (when available) of these sources. PO 00000 Frm 00128 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 46059 Recommendations from the 2014 Disused Sources Working Group Report. The 2014 Disused Sources Working Group report contained a recommendation that the NRC develop financial assurance requirements for sealed source radionuclides of concern for all categories. The report suggested that the requirement apply to general licensees as well as specific licensees. The vast majority of licensees possessing Category 1 and 2 sources are specific licensees. However, some sources in the lower categories (Category 3–5) are possessed under a general license. The Disused Sources Working Group offered several recommendations directly related to financial assurance: 1. To encourage timely disposal, the NRC should develop robust financial assurance requirements for all licensees with sources that pose a threat to national security (Categories 1 through 3). The financial assurance requirements should be adequate to cover the entire cost of packaging, transport, and disposal. 2. The existing NRC-Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors (CRCPD) program should be adequately funded to address orphaned and abandoned sources throughout the U.S. Individual states should retain the ability to operate their own orphaned and abandoned source programs, such as is currently done in Texas. 3. Federal research agencies should require applicants to budget for the full life-cycle cost of use and disposition in grant applications. B. Relevant National Activities Related to Byproduct Material Financial Planning In recent years, several important activities have ensued related to byproduct material financial assurance. The NRC invites public comment and perspective as to the impact that these activities, individually or in combination, may have on financial planning related to end-of-life management of radioactive sealed sources (or other byproduct material): 1. The NRC staff published a revised Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation Branch Technical Position (ADAMS Accession No. ML14169A380), which increased the recommended activity limit for Cs-137 disposal from 30 curies to 130 curies allowing disposal of more Cs-137 sources (February 2015). 2. The Waste Control Specialists disposal facility in Texas was authorized to collect and dispose of sealed sources on April 25, 2012. E:\FR\FM\03AUN1.SGM 03AUN1 46060 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 148 / Monday, August 3, 2015 / Notices mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 3. The Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration’s (DOE/NNSA) Office of Radiological Security (ORS), formerly Global Threat Reduction Initiative (http:// nnsa.energy.gov/mediaroom/factsheets/ reducingthreats) continued to offer federally-funded security upgrades based on best practices. When requested by a licensee, the ORS works to assess existing security conditions, provide recommendations on security enhancements, and, when warranted, fund the procurement and installation of jointly agreed-upon security best practices. These voluntary security enhancements complement and do not replace the NRC’s current requirements. Also, some sealed sources are recovered through ORS’ Offsite Source Recovery Project. 4. The Source Collection and Threat Reduction Program (SCATR) (http:// www.crcpd.org/StateServices/ SCATR.aspx), administered by the CRCPD, was created in early 2007 to provide sealed source licensees in States which do not have access to a LLW disposal facility an opportunity to dispose of certain unwanted radioactive sealed sources. SCATR is funded through a grant provided by the DOE/ NNSA. 5. New Type B packages were available for use beginning in 2014. DOE/NNSA’s ORS procured vendor services for the design, development, testing, and certification of two Type B packages to support the recovery and transportation of Category 1 and Category 2 sources commonly used in irradiators and cancer treatment devices. The new containers will enable shipment of nearly 100 percent of all commercially used devices containing Cs-137 and cobalt-60 (Co-60). 6. The CRCPD is currently convening a working group to consider revising Agreement State financial planning requirements, to include restructuring the criteria used to determine what radioactive material requires financial surety to ensure proper end-of-life management, particularly (but not exclusively) Category 1 and 2 sealed sources. C. Recent International Activities Related to Byproduct Financial Planning The staff is also aware of recent activities in the international community related to byproduct material financial planning. In November 2014, IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NW–T–1.3 was released, which summarizes the reviewed information distributed in previous IAEA publications. It also provides an VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:35 Jul 31, 2015 Jkt 235001 up-to-date, overall picture of the management of disused sealed radioactive sources based upon the current status and trends in this field. Section 5.5 of the publication addresses aspects of financing including cost distribution, cost uncertainty, and financial implications of the lack of availability of an ownership transfer path. Further, the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Nuclear Fuel and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management requires that contracting parties address aspects of end-of-life source management. Respondents to this request with insight into relevant international initiatives are invited to provide their perspectives regarding international best practices or other experiences that the NRC staff should consider. difficult to establish accurate values for each of these elements even with current information. Further, there will be uncertainty regarding the adequacy of financial surety requirements in the future. Some sealed sources may have a service life of decades; therefore, a financial surety established today may not be adequate 20 to 30 years from now. At present, it may be easier to articulate an appropriate decommissioning funding plan or fixed dollar amount for Category 3 and 4 sources than for Category 1 and 2 sources at present. That is because disposal access is more readily available for smaller sources. Question 2: What should be the primary considerations in establishing and imposing appropriate and equitable financial planning requirements on radioactive sealed sources? III. Request for Comments The NRC is conducting this financial scoping study to determine if financial planning requirements for decommissioning and end-of-life management for some radioactive byproduct material are necessary. The NRC is seeking stakeholder input and perspective on this action. Respondents are asked to consider the background material discussed in Section II above when preparing their comments and insights. In addition, the NRC staff requests that respondents consider the following topical areas, and specifically the eight questions listed below, that an NRC staff internal working group has identified. Timeliness in Declaring Disused Sources Currently there is no NRC requirement for licensees to declare licensed sources as disused (although they are encouraged to do so). Financial planning requirements may establish an appropriate time (for example two years) for applying requirements to sources considered disused by the licensee. Question 3: Should licensees be required to specifically declare disused sources? If so, how long after a source is disused must a licensee declare it as disused? Consideration of Feasible Disposition Paths Other Than Disposal Disposition pathways other than disposal may be available and appropriate for sources, including reuse and recycling. Factors important for financial planning for these disposition pathways may be significantly different from those associated with disposal. Question 1: What disposition pathways are available to various licensee types beyond the traditional disposal pathway and should be considered in any potential new financial planning requirements? Establishing Funding Requirements for Dispositioning Establishing appropriate and equitable funding requirements sufficient for the disposition of certain individual sources is a challenge. Funding requirements must account for interim storage, conditioning, and packaging for transportation and disposal, as well as the transportation and disposal costs. In many cases it is PO 00000 Frm 00129 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Source Characteristics Financial planning must also account for source characteristics such as type of radioactive material, half-life, physical form, and remaining useful life. For relatively short half-life byproduct material, there is a need to evaluate the equitable application (and removal) of financial planning requirements for sources that may decay below the quantities of concern. Question 4: How should source characteristics be factored into establishing equitable financial planning requirements for end-of-life management? Compatibility With Agreement State Requirements Any NRC rulemaking must involve Agreement State regulators in determining the compatibility category assigned to a potential rule. Question 5: If NRC rulemaking is initiated as a result of this scoping study, how should NRC engage with and consider the impact on Agreement States? What would be the primary considerations in establishing E:\FR\FM\03AUN1.SGM 03AUN1 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 148 / Monday, August 3, 2015 / Notices compatibility levels for rule requirements? Applicability to General Licensees The applicability of financial planning requirements to licensees possessing generally licensed sealed sources should be considered. According to the 2014 Disused Sources Working Group report, there are at least a few licensees who possess generally licensed sources in quantities of concern. Question 6: When necessary, what mechanism should be used to administer financial planning requirements on general licensees? mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Characteristics and Qualifications of the Fund Custodian Another consideration in establishing financial planning requirements is how to determine the proper custodian for the fund that is to be earmarked for disposition. Question 7: What are the ideal characteristics and qualifications for an entity that will act as the custodian for any funds earmarked for long-term management of disused sealed sources? For instance, what characteristics and qualifications should be taken into consideration regarding the custodian’s relationship to the licensee (e.g., the ability of the custodian to access the funds, or the custodian’s independent financial viability)? In the event that there is a residual amount remaining in the fund following payment of disposition cost, what should be the fate of the residual funds? Tracking For licensees possessing Category 1 or 2 radioactive sealed sources, regulators can access the National Source Tracking System (NSTS) to determine the number and type of licensees that would be potentially impacted by end-of-life financial assurance requirements. For new sources, source manufacturers or suppliers could be contacted to determine how they would be impacted by any new requirements. However, it may be more difficult to implement requirements and ensure accountability regarding sources that are not tracked in the NSTS (e.g. Category 3 and lower). Question 8: What are the key characteristics of a tracking system for byproduct material (sealed sources) subject to financial planning requirements? Which of these characteristics are not available as part of the NSTS? The topical areas and questions that the NRC staff has identified above are consequential, but not exhaustive. Varied perspectives from a broad range VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:35 Jul 31, 2015 Jkt 235001 of stakeholders will be beneficial. Further, NRC staff anticipates that stakeholders will identify and provide their perspectives on additional issues they identify that are relevant to financial planning for management of disused or unwanted radioactive byproduct material. Based on the results of the expanded byproduct material financial scoping study, staff will compile a report with study results and recommendations for next steps to be provided to the Commission in spring 2016. Staff recommendations could include options such as limited rulemaking, broad scope rulemaking, advance notice of proposed rulemaking, development of guidance, issuance of a generic communication, or no action. IV. Topic-Specific Public Meeting The NRC will convene a topic-specific public meeting in Rockville, MD, in early fall 2015. The public meeting will include a webinar and teleconference for the convenience of participants who find attendance inconvenient or prohibitive. A meeting notice will be posted to the NRC’s public Web site at http://meetings.nrc.gov/pmns/mtg no fewer than 10 days prior to the meeting providing the date, time, and venue of the meeting, as well as remote participation instructions. A transcript of the public meeting will be made publicly available in ADAMS, as well as posted on the Federal Rulemaking Web site at http://www.regulations.gov, under Docket ID NRC–2015–0182. The Federal Rulemaking Web site allows you to receive alerts when changes or additions occur in a docket folder. To subscribe: (1) Navigate to the docket folder (NRC–2015–0182); (2) click the ‘‘Email Alert’’ link; and (3) enter your email address and select how frequently you would like to receive emails (daily, weekly, or monthly). The NRC staff will use the information gathered from the public meeting to supplement information gathered in response to this FRN and other sources to prepare a report on byproduct material financial scoping study for the Commission, which will include the NRC staff’s recommendations for next steps. Dated at Rockville, MD this 24th day of July 2015. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Andrew Persinko, Deputy Director, Division of Decommissioning, Uranium Recovery, and Waste Programs, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards. [FR Doc. 2015–18891 Filed 7–31–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7590–01–P PO 00000 Frm 00130 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 46061 NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC–2015–0183] Testing of Open Secondary WindowType Current Transformers—Test Plan Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Draft test plan; request for comment. AGENCY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is issuing for public comment a proposed draft test plan, ‘‘Testing of Open Secondary WindowType Current Transformers—Test Plan.’’ The purpose of this testing is to better understand the following scenario: Will open circuiting of the secondary circuit of a current transformer (CT), which is operating within its rated continuous primary current limits, result in an excessively high voltage in the secondary circuit sufficient to start a fire in the form of explosion or arcing in the circuit’s insulation at the location of the CT itself or at some other location in the secondary circuit? DATES: Submit comments by September 2, 2015. Comments received after this date will be considered if it is practical to do so, but the Commission is able to ensure consideration only for comments received before this date. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods (unless this document describes a different method for submitting comments on a specific subject): • Federal Rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and search for Docket ID NRC–2015–0183. Address questions about NRC dockets to Carol Gallagher; telephone: 301–415–3463; email: Carol.Gallagher@nrc.gov. For technical questions, contact the individual listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this document. • Mail comments to: Cindy Bladey, Office of Administration, Mail Stop: OWFN–12–H08, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555–0001. For additional direction on obtaining information and submitting comments, see ‘‘Obtaining Information and Submitting Comments’’ in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Shivani Mehta, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555–0001; telephone: 301–415– 0860, email: Shivani.Mehta@nrc.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\03AUN1.SGM 03AUN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 80, Number 148 (Monday, August 3, 2015)]
[Notices]
[Pages 46057-46061]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2015-18891]


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NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSSION

[NRC-2015-0182]


Financial Planning for Management of Radioactive Byproduct 
Material

AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

ACTION: Financial scoping study; request for comment.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) will conduct a 
financial scoping study to determine if financial planning requirements 
for decommissioning and end-of-life management for some radioactive 
byproduct material are necessary. The NRC is seeking stakeholder input 
and perspective on this action. Respondents are asked to consider 
recommendations from recent studies addressing this topic, national and 
international activities, and specific questions posed by the NRC staff 
in this notice when preparing their responses.

DATES: Submit comments by October 19, 2015. Comments received after 
this date will be considered if it is practical to do so, but the NRC 
is able to ensure consideration only for comments received on or before 
this date.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods 
(unless this document describes a different method for submitted 
comments on a specific subject):
     Federal Rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and search for Docket ID NRC-2015-0182. Address 
questions about NRC dockets to Carol Gallagher; telephone: 301-415-
3463; email: Carol.Gallagher@nrc.gov. For technical questions, contact 
the individual listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of 
this document.
     Mail comments to: Cindy Bladey, Office of Administration, 
Mail Stop: OWFN-12-H08, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, 
DC 20555-0001.
    For additional direction on obtaining information and submitting 
comments see ``Obtaining Information and Submitting Comments'' in the 
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document.

[[Page 46058]]


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ryan Whited, telephone: 301-415-1154; 
email: Ryan.Whited@nrc.gov or James Shaffner, telephone: 301-415-5496; 
email: James.Shaffner@nrc.gov, both are staff of the Office of Nuclear 
Material Safety and Safeguards, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 
Washington, DC 20555-0001.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Obtaining Information and Submitting Comments

A. Obtaining Information

    Please refer to Docket ID NRC-2015-0182 when contacting the NRC 
about the availability of information for this action. You may obtain 
publicly-available information related to this action by any of the 
following methods:
     Federal Rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and search for Docket ID NRC-2015-0182.
     NRC's Agencywide Documents Access and Management System 
(ADAMS): You may obtain publicly-available documents online in the 
ADAMS Public Documents collection at http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/adams.html. To begin the search, select ``ADAMS Public Documents'' and 
then select ``Begin Web-based ADAMS Search.'' For problems with ADAMS 
please contact the NRC's Public Document Room (PDR) reference staff at 
1-800-397-4209, 301-415-4737, or by email to pdr.resource@nrc.gov. The 
ADAMS accession number for each document referenced (if it is available 
in ADAMS) is provided the first time that a document is referenced.
     NRC's PDR: You may examine and purchase copies of public 
documents at the NRC's PDR, Room O1-F21, One White Flint North, 11555 
Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland 20852.

B. Submitting Comments

    Please include Docket ID NRC-2015-0182 in the subject line of your 
comment submission.
    The NRC cautions you not to include identifying or contact 
information that you do not want to be publicly disclosed in your 
comment submission. The NRC posts all comment submissions at http://www.regulations.gov as well as enters the comment submissions into 
ADAMS. The NRC does not routinely edit comment submissions to remove 
identifying or contact information.
    If you are requesting or aggregating comments from other persons 
for submission to the NRC, then you should inform those persons not to 
include identifying or contact information that they do not want to be 
publicly disclosed in their comment submission. Your request should 
state that the NRC does not routinely edit comment submissions to 
remove such information before making the comment submissions available 
to the public or entering the comment submissions into ADAMS.

II. Background

    The issue of adequacy of financial mechanisms for end-of-life 
management of disused Category 1 and 2 sealed sources \1\ was raised in 
the 2006 report by the Radiation Source Protection and Security Task 
Force (Task Force) (see http://www.nrc.gov/security/byproduct/task-force.html). The Task Force, comprised of 14 Federal agencies and the 
Organization of Agreement States, was created by the Energy Policy Act 
of 2005 to evaluate the status of various factors affecting the 
security of Category 1 and 2 sealed sources. This resulted in the 2006 
Task Force report recommendation 9-2 that the NRC ``evaluate the 
financial assurance required for possession of Category 1 and 2 
radioactive sources to assure that funding is available for final 
disposition of the sources.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Code of 
Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources lists 26 
radionuclides and identifies three threshold activity levels for 
each, referred to as Categories 1, 2, and 3. These levels are based 
upon the relative health hazards each radionuclide would present if 
not kept under adequate controls. The Category 1 and 2 quantities of 
radioactive sources are considered the most risk significant and 
have been the focus of Federal and State efforts to enact tighter 
security controls.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Similarly, in the NRC staff's 2007 ``Strategic Assessment of the 
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Low-Level Radioactive Waste 
Regulatory Program'' (ADAMS Accession No. ML071350291) (Strategic 
Assessment), financial assurance scoping for byproduct material was 
identified as one of seven high priorities. The Strategic Assessment 
identified the issue more broadly than the Task Force, whose charter 
was to focus on security related to Category 1 and 2 sources. In fact, 
the NRC staff proposed to also review the ``adequacy of financial 
assurance requirements to anticipate the ultimate costs of disposal of 
or dispositioning radioactive sources not addressed by the Task Force'' 
(emphasis added, Appendix C, p. C-21).
    Two recent drivers that prompted the NRC staff to initiate this 
financial scoping study were specific recommendations related to 
financial planning in the 2014 Task Force report (ADAMS Accession No. 
ML14219A642) and recommendations related to financial assurance in a 
March 2014 report issued by the Low-Level Waste (LLW) Forum Disused 
Sources Working Group (ADAMS Accession No. ML14084A394) (2014 Disused 
Sources Working Group report). These recommendations are discussed in 
detail later in this Federal Register notice (FRN).
    During a September 18, 2014, Commission briefing on management of 
low-level waste, high-level waste, and spent nuclear fuel, the Director 
of the Division of Waste Management and Environmental Protection (now 
the Division of Decommissioning, Uranium Recovery, and Waste Programs) 
stressed the timeliness of a scoping study related to financial 
requirements for end-of-life management of byproduct material, in 
particular disused radioactive sealed sources (transcript of ``Briefing 
on Management of Low-Level Waste, High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear 
Fuel'' is available at ADAMS Accession No. ML14265A396):

    The 2007 programmatic assessment [i.e., the Strategic Assessment 
of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Low-Level Radioactive 
Waste Regulatory Program] included an activity to perform a scoping 
study of the need to revise or expand byproduct material financial 
assurance. Resource constraints unfortunately delayed that 
initiative. However, it has become more important and timely based 
upon the recommendation of the 2014 Radiation Source Protection and 
Security Task Force report as well as a report prepared by the Low-
Level Waste Forum Task Group on disused cell [sealed] sources. And 
the staff now intends to focus on this important and emerging issue.

    In its September 24, 2014, Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM) 
(ADAMS Accession No. ML14267A365) in response to the briefing, the 
Commission stated that ``[t]he staff should provide the Commission with 
the results of the byproduct financial scoping study and provide 
recommendations on next steps.'' The staff received subsequent 
administrative instructions to report the results of the scoping study 
and recommendations by April 13, 2015. In preparing a response to the 
Commission in compliance with the first directive in the SRM, the staff 
determined that the byproduct material financial scoping study would 
benefit from much broader stakeholder involvement than was originally 
envisioned. The four primary reasons for the expanded involvement are 
as follows:
    1. Recent reports (the 2014 Task Force report and the 2014 Disused 
Sources Working Group report) addressing this topic have been generated 
by a limited group of Federal and State stakeholders. The views and 
perspectives of

[[Page 46059]]

important external stakeholders such as industry, users groups, and 
current licensees are needed to fully inform the scoping study and any 
subsequent NRC staff's recommendations.
    2. Currently, there are a number of ongoing national initiatives 
and activities that could add perspective to the staff's consideration 
of options and recommendations to address byproduct material financial 
planning.
    3. Financial planning associated with end-of-life management of 
byproduct material has also garnered the attention of the international 
community. The financial scoping study would benefit from consideration 
of international experience and perspectives.
    4. An NRC internal working group has identified a number of topical 
areas that are relevant to financial planning. Broader stakeholder 
input would assist the NRC staff in analyzing these topical areas and 
potentially identifying other financial planning issues.
    Additional background discussion for items 1, 2 and 3 is provided 
below. The NRC staff is requesting that respondents consider this 
background information when developing and providing their comments. 
Item 4 is addressed in the ``Request for Comments'' section of this 
FRN.

A. Recommendations Warranting Broader Review

    The NRC staff believes that the following recommendations warrant 
broader review in the scoping study and asks that respondents consider 
them when developing their comments.
    Summary recommendations from the report by the Interagency Working 
Group (IWG) on Financial Assurance for Disposition of Category 1, 2, 
and 3 Radioactive Sealed Sources (ADAMS Accession No. ML100050105). To 
address the financial assurance concerns raised in the 2006 Task Force 
Report, an Interagency Working Group (IWG) on Financial Assurance for 
Disposition of Category 1, 2, and 3 Radioactive Sealed Sources was 
established in December 2008. The IWG was tasked with proposing a 
comprehensive list of viable financial assurance solutions to increase 
the likelihood that Category 1, 2, and 3 radioactive sealed sources 
will be disposed of in a safe, appropriate and timely manner. The IWG 
identified three main areas of concern: (1) lack of disposal capacity 
for sources, (2) an inadequate supply of containers for transportation 
of these sources for final disposition/disposal, and (3) storage of 
these sources by licensees for extended periods of time.
    The IWG recognized that certain financial assurance options may 
mitigate, but not resolve, these concerns. Possible options considered 
in the evaluation included:
    1. Develop risk-based financial assurance requirements and lower 
financial assurance thresholds in Sec.  30.35 of Title 10 of the Code 
of Federal Regulations to capture all Category 1, 2, and 3 radioactive 
sealed sources.
    2. Assess a universal surcharge on all licensees to cover the cost 
of disposal.
    3. Assess an up-front surcharge on all new Category 1, 2, and 3 
sources to cover the entire anticipated cost of packaging and disposal.
    The IWG report has recently been made publicly available. The 
recommendations from the IWG report were also articulated in the 2010 
Radiation Source Protection and Security Task Force report (ADAMS 
Accession No. ML102230141).
    Recommendation 2 of the 2014 Task Force Report. The 2014 Task Force 
report highlighted that significant progress has been made to address 
the commercial sealed source management and disposal challenges 
identified in the 2006 and 2010 Task Force reports. Disposal options 
for many commercial Class A, B, and C sealed sources are now available 
to Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) generators in all 50 states, 
including the 36 states which had been without such an option when the 
2010 Task Force report was published. The 2014 Task Force report 
further discussed that progress has also been made in addressing 
ongoing challenges regarding both the transportation and disposal of 
the highest activity sealed sources. The Task Force noted that although 
disposal options for many sealed sources are now available, there are 
currently few incentives for generators to dispose of their disused 
sealed sources in a timely fashion. In addition, commercial disposal 
options are still unavailable for many Category 1 and 2 sources, and 
challenges remain regarding the availability of certified Type B 
shipping containers required for transport of these sources. 
Consequently, the 2014 Task Force report contains a specific 
recommendation, recommendation 2, related to financial planning:

    The Task Force recommends that the NRC evaluate the need for 
sealed source licensees to address the eventual disposition/disposal 
costs of Category 1 and 2 quantities of radioactive sources through 
source disposition/disposal financial planning or other mechanisms. 
Disposition costs should include the cost of packaging, transport, 
and disposal (when available) of these sources.

    Recommendations from the 2014 Disused Sources Working Group Report. 
The 2014 Disused Sources Working Group report contained a 
recommendation that the NRC develop financial assurance requirements 
for sealed source radionuclides of concern for all categories. The 
report suggested that the requirement apply to general licensees as 
well as specific licensees. The vast majority of licensees possessing 
Category 1 and 2 sources are specific licensees. However, some sources 
in the lower categories (Category 3-5) are possessed under a general 
license. The Disused Sources Working Group offered several 
recommendations directly related to financial assurance:
    1. To encourage timely disposal, the NRC should develop robust 
financial assurance requirements for all licensees with sources that 
pose a threat to national security (Categories 1 through 3). The 
financial assurance requirements should be adequate to cover the entire 
cost of packaging, transport, and disposal.
    2. The existing NRC-Conference of Radiation Control Program 
Directors (CRCPD) program should be adequately funded to address 
orphaned and abandoned sources throughout the U.S. Individual states 
should retain the ability to operate their own orphaned and abandoned 
source programs, such as is currently done in Texas.
    3. Federal research agencies should require applicants to budget 
for the full life-cycle cost of use and disposition in grant 
applications.

B. Relevant National Activities Related to Byproduct Material Financial 
Planning

    In recent years, several important activities have ensued related 
to byproduct material financial assurance. The NRC invites public 
comment and perspective as to the impact that these activities, 
individually or in combination, may have on financial planning related 
to end-of-life management of radioactive sealed sources (or other 
byproduct material):
    1. The NRC staff published a revised Concentration Averaging and 
Encapsulation Branch Technical Position (ADAMS Accession No. 
ML14169A380), which increased the recommended activity limit for Cs-137 
disposal from 30 curies to 130 curies allowing disposal of more Cs-137 
sources (February 2015).
    2. The Waste Control Specialists disposal facility in Texas was 
authorized to collect and dispose of sealed sources on April 25, 2012.

[[Page 46060]]

    3. The Department of Energy National Nuclear Security 
Administration's (DOE/NNSA) Office of Radiological Security (ORS), 
formerly Global Threat Reduction Initiative (http://nnsa.energy.gov/mediaroom/factsheets/reducingthreats) continued to offer federally-
funded security upgrades based on best practices. When requested by a 
licensee, the ORS works to assess existing security conditions, provide 
recommendations on security enhancements, and, when warranted, fund the 
procurement and installation of jointly agreed-upon security best 
practices. These voluntary security enhancements complement and do not 
replace the NRC's current requirements. Also, some sealed sources are 
recovered through ORS' Offsite Source Recovery Project.
    4. The Source Collection and Threat Reduction Program (SCATR) 
(http://www.crcpd.org/StateServices/SCATR.aspx), administered by the 
CRCPD, was created in early 2007 to provide sealed source licensees in 
States which do not have access to a LLW disposal facility an 
opportunity to dispose of certain unwanted radioactive sealed sources. 
SCATR is funded through a grant provided by the DOE/NNSA.
    5. New Type B packages were available for use beginning in 2014. 
DOE/NNSA's ORS procured vendor services for the design, development, 
testing, and certification of two Type B packages to support the 
recovery and transportation of Category 1 and Category 2 sources 
commonly used in irradiators and cancer treatment devices. The new 
containers will enable shipment of nearly 100 percent of all 
commercially used devices containing Cs-137 and cobalt-60 (Co-60).
    6. The CRCPD is currently convening a working group to consider 
revising Agreement State financial planning requirements, to include 
restructuring the criteria used to determine what radioactive material 
requires financial surety to ensure proper end-of-life management, 
particularly (but not exclusively) Category 1 and 2 sealed sources.

C. Recent International Activities Related to Byproduct Financial 
Planning

    The staff is also aware of recent activities in the international 
community related to byproduct material financial planning. In November 
2014, IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NW-T-1.3 was released, which 
summarizes the reviewed information distributed in previous IAEA 
publications. It also provides an up-to-date, overall picture of the 
management of disused sealed radioactive sources based upon the current 
status and trends in this field. Section 5.5 of the publication 
addresses aspects of financing including cost distribution, cost 
uncertainty, and financial implications of the lack of availability of 
an ownership transfer path.
    Further, the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Nuclear Fuel 
and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management requires that 
contracting parties address aspects of end-of-life source management.
    Respondents to this request with insight into relevant 
international initiatives are invited to provide their perspectives 
regarding international best practices or other experiences that the 
NRC staff should consider.

III. Request for Comments

    The NRC is conducting this financial scoping study to determine if 
financial planning requirements for decommissioning and end-of-life 
management for some radioactive byproduct material are necessary. The 
NRC is seeking stakeholder input and perspective on this action. 
Respondents are asked to consider the background material discussed in 
Section II above when preparing their comments and insights. In 
addition, the NRC staff requests that respondents consider the 
following topical areas, and specifically the eight questions listed 
below, that an NRC staff internal working group has identified.

Consideration of Feasible Disposition Paths Other Than Disposal

    Disposition pathways other than disposal may be available and 
appropriate for sources, including reuse and recycling. Factors 
important for financial planning for these disposition pathways may be 
significantly different from those associated with disposal.
    Question 1: What disposition pathways are available to various 
licensee types beyond the traditional disposal pathway and should be 
considered in any potential new financial planning requirements?

Establishing Funding Requirements for Dispositioning

    Establishing appropriate and equitable funding requirements 
sufficient for the disposition of certain individual sources is a 
challenge. Funding requirements must account for interim storage, 
conditioning, and packaging for transportation and disposal, as well as 
the transportation and disposal costs. In many cases it is difficult to 
establish accurate values for each of these elements even with current 
information. Further, there will be uncertainty regarding the adequacy 
of financial surety requirements in the future. Some sealed sources may 
have a service life of decades; therefore, a financial surety 
established today may not be adequate 20 to 30 years from now. At 
present, it may be easier to articulate an appropriate decommissioning 
funding plan or fixed dollar amount for Category 3 and 4 sources than 
for Category 1 and 2 sources at present. That is because disposal 
access is more readily available for smaller sources.
    Question 2: What should be the primary considerations in 
establishing and imposing appropriate and equitable financial planning 
requirements on radioactive sealed sources?

Timeliness in Declaring Disused Sources

    Currently there is no NRC requirement for licensees to declare 
licensed sources as disused (although they are encouraged to do so). 
Financial planning requirements may establish an appropriate time (for 
example two years) for applying requirements to sources considered 
disused by the licensee.
    Question 3: Should licensees be required to specifically declare 
disused sources? If so, how long after a source is disused must a 
licensee declare it as disused?

Source Characteristics

    Financial planning must also account for source characteristics 
such as type of radioactive material, half-life, physical form, and 
remaining useful life. For relatively short half-life byproduct 
material, there is a need to evaluate the equitable application (and 
removal) of financial planning requirements for sources that may decay 
below the quantities of concern.
    Question 4: How should source characteristics be factored into 
establishing equitable financial planning requirements for end-of-life 
management?

Compatibility With Agreement State Requirements

    Any NRC rulemaking must involve Agreement State regulators in 
determining the compatibility category assigned to a potential rule.
    Question 5: If NRC rulemaking is initiated as a result of this 
scoping study, how should NRC engage with and consider the impact on 
Agreement States? What would be the primary considerations in 
establishing

[[Page 46061]]

compatibility levels for rule requirements?

Applicability to General Licensees

    The applicability of financial planning requirements to licensees 
possessing generally licensed sealed sources should be considered. 
According to the 2014 Disused Sources Working Group report, there are 
at least a few licensees who possess generally licensed sources in 
quantities of concern.
    Question 6: When necessary, what mechanism should be used to 
administer financial planning requirements on general licensees?

Characteristics and Qualifications of the Fund Custodian

    Another consideration in establishing financial planning 
requirements is how to determine the proper custodian for the fund that 
is to be earmarked for disposition.
    Question 7: What are the ideal characteristics and qualifications 
for an entity that will act as the custodian for any funds earmarked 
for long-term management of disused sealed sources? For instance, what 
characteristics and qualifications should be taken into consideration 
regarding the custodian's relationship to the licensee (e.g., the 
ability of the custodian to access the funds, or the custodian's 
independent financial viability)? In the event that there is a residual 
amount remaining in the fund following payment of disposition cost, 
what should be the fate of the residual funds?

Tracking

    For licensees possessing Category 1 or 2 radioactive sealed 
sources, regulators can access the National Source Tracking System 
(NSTS) to determine the number and type of licensees that would be 
potentially impacted by end-of-life financial assurance requirements. 
For new sources, source manufacturers or suppliers could be contacted 
to determine how they would be impacted by any new requirements. 
However, it may be more difficult to implement requirements and ensure 
accountability regarding sources that are not tracked in the NSTS (e.g. 
Category 3 and lower).
    Question 8: What are the key characteristics of a tracking system 
for byproduct material (sealed sources) subject to financial planning 
requirements? Which of these characteristics are not available as part 
of the NSTS?
    The topical areas and questions that the NRC staff has identified 
above are consequential, but not exhaustive. Varied perspectives from a 
broad range of stakeholders will be beneficial. Further, NRC staff 
anticipates that stakeholders will identify and provide their 
perspectives on additional issues they identify that are relevant to 
financial planning for management of disused or unwanted radioactive 
byproduct material.
    Based on the results of the expanded byproduct material financial 
scoping study, staff will compile a report with study results and 
recommendations for next steps to be provided to the Commission in 
spring 2016. Staff recommendations could include options such as 
limited rulemaking, broad scope rulemaking, advance notice of proposed 
rulemaking, development of guidance, issuance of a generic 
communication, or no action.

IV. Topic-Specific Public Meeting

    The NRC will convene a topic-specific public meeting in Rockville, 
MD, in early fall 2015. The public meeting will include a webinar and 
teleconference for the convenience of participants who find attendance 
inconvenient or prohibitive. A meeting notice will be posted to the 
NRC's public Web site at http://meetings.nrc.gov/pmns/mtg no fewer than 
10 days prior to the meeting providing the date, time, and venue of the 
meeting, as well as remote participation instructions. A transcript of 
the public meeting will be made publicly available in ADAMS, as well as 
posted on the Federal Rulemaking Web site at http://www.regulations.gov, under Docket ID NRC-2015-0182. The Federal 
Rulemaking Web site allows you to receive alerts when changes or 
additions occur in a docket folder. To subscribe: (1) Navigate to the 
docket folder (NRC-2015-0182); (2) click the ``Email Alert'' link; and 
(3) enter your email address and select how frequently you would like 
to receive emails (daily, weekly, or monthly).
    The NRC staff will use the information gathered from the public 
meeting to supplement information gathered in response to this FRN and 
other sources to prepare a report on byproduct material financial 
scoping study for the Commission, which will include the NRC staff's 
recommendations for next steps.

    Dated at Rockville, MD this 24th day of July 2015.

    For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Andrew Persinko,
Deputy Director, Division of Decommissioning, Uranium Recovery, and 
Waste Programs, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards.
[FR Doc. 2015-18891 Filed 7-31-15; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 7590-01-P