Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Technical Corrections for 54 Wildlife and Plant Species on the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants, 35860-35869 [2015-15212]

Download as PDF 35860 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations 1. The authority citation for Part 572 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322, 30111, 30115, 30117 and 30166; delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.95 Subpart T—Hybrid III 10-Year-Old Child Test Dummy (HIII–10C) 2. Section 572.170 is amended by revising paragraph (b)(1), the introductory text of paragraph (b)(2), and paragraph (b)(3), to read as follows: ■ § 572.170 Incorporation by reference. * * * * * (b) * * * (1) A parts/drawing list entitled, ‘‘Parts/Drawing List, Part 572 Subpart T, Hybrid III 10 Year Old Child Test Dummy (HIII–10C), March, 2015,’’ IBR approved for § 572.171. (2) A drawings and inspection package entitled, ‘‘Parts List and Drawings, Part 572 Subpart T, Hybrid III 10 Year Old Child Crash Dummy (HIII– 10C), March 2015,’’ IBR approved for § 572.171, including: * * * * * (3) A procedures manual entitled ‘‘Procedures for Assembly, Disassembly, and Inspection (PADI) of the Hybrid III 10 Year Old Child Test Dummy (HIII– 10C), March 2015’’; IBR approved for §§ 572.171 and 572.177. * * * * * ■ 3. Section 572.171 is amended by revising paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2), and the introductory text of paragraph (a)(3), to read as follows: mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES § 572.171 General description. (a) * * * (1) The parts enlisted in ‘‘Parts/ Drawing List, Part 572 Subpart T, Hybrid III 10 Year Old Child Test Dummy (HIII–10C), March, 2015’’ (incorporated by reference, see § 572.170), (2) The engineering drawings and specifications contained in ‘‘Parts List and Drawings, Part 572 Subpart T, Hybrid III 10 Year Old Child Crash Dummy (HIII–10C), March 2015,’’ which includes the engineering drawings and specifications described in Drawing 420–0000, the titles of the assemblies of which are listed in Table A, and, (3) A manual entitled ‘‘Procedures for Assembly, Disassembly, and Inspection (PADI) of the Hybrid III 10 Year Old Child Test Dummy (HIII–10C), March 2015.’’ * * * * ** * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 4. Section 572.177 is amended by revising the second sentence in paragraph (a)(1) and the second sentence in paragraph (a)(2), and by adding paragraphs (c)(18) and (c)(19), to read as follows: ■ PART 572—ANTHROPOMORPHIC TEST DUMMIES § 572.177 Test conditions and instrumentation. (a) * * * (1) * * * It has a mass of 6.89 ± 0.05 kg (15.2 ± 0.1 lb) and a minimum mass moment of inertia of 2040 kg-cm2 (1.81 lbf-in-sec2) in yaw and pitch about the CG. * * * (2) * * * It has a mass of 1.91 ± 0.05 kg (4.21 ± 0.1 lb) and a minimum mass moment of inertia of 140 kg-cm2 (0.124 lbf-in-sec2) in yaw and pitch about the CG. * * * (c) * * * (18) Thorax probe acceleration, CFC 180, (19) Knee probe acceleration, CFC 600. * * * * * Issued May 22, 2015. Raymond R. Posten, Associate Administrator For Rulemaking. [FR Doc. 2015–15279 Filed 6–22–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Part 17 [Docket No. FWS–R1–ES–2015–0031; FXES11130900000C6–156–FF09E42000] RIN 1018–BA89 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Technical Corrections for 54 Wildlife and Plant Species on the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Direct final rule. AGENCY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the revised taxonomy of 4 wildlife species and 50 plant species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). We are revising the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants to reflect the current scientifically accepted taxonomy and nomenclature of these species. DATES: This rule is effective September 21, 2015 without further action, unless significant adverse comment is received by July 23, 2015. If significant adverse SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 comment is received regarding taxonomic changes for any of these species, we will publish in the Federal Register a timely withdrawal of the rule. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by one of the following methods: • Electronically: Go to the Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments to FWS–R1–ES–2015–0031, which is the docket number for this rulemaking. • By hard copy: Submit comments by U.S. mail or hand-delivery to: Public Comments Processing, Attn: FWS–R1– ES–2015–0031; Division of Policy, Performance, and Management Programs; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; 5275 Leesburg Pike MS: BPHC, Falls Church, VA 22041–3803. See Public Comments in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION for more information about submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marilet Zablan, Program Manager for Restoration and Endangered Species Classification, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Regional Office, Ecological Services, 911 NE 11th Avenue, Portland, OR 97232; telephone 503–231–6131. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800–877–8337 for TTY (telephone typewriter or teletypewriter) assistance 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Purpose of Direct Final Rule and Final Action The purpose of this direct final rule is to notify the public that we are revising the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (50 CFR 17.11(h)) and the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants (50 CFR 17.12(h)) to reflect the scientifically accepted taxonomy and nomenclature of 4 wildlife species and 50 plant species listed under section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). These changes to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants reflect the most recently accepted scientific names in accordance with 50 CFR 17.11(b) and 50 CFR 17.12(b). We are publishing this rule without a prior proposal because this is a noncontroversial action that is in the best interest of the public and should be undertaken in as timely a manner as possible. This rule will be effective, as published in this document, on the effective date specified in DATES, unless we receive significant adverse comments on or before the comment E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM 23JNR1 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations due date specified in DATES. Significant adverse comments are comments that provide strong justifications as to why this rule should not be adopted or why it should be changed. If we receive significant adverse comments regarding the taxonomic changes for any of these species, we will publish a document in the Federal Register withdrawing this rule before the effective date, and we will publish a proposed rule to initiate promulgation of those changes to 50 CFR 17.11 or 50 CFR 17.12. Public Comments You may submit your comments and materials regarding this direct final rule by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. Please include sufficient information with your comments that allows us to verify any scientific or commercial information you include. We will not consider comments sent by email or fax, or to an address not listed in ADDRESSES. We will post all comments on http://www.regulations.gov. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. Comments and materials we receive, as well as supporting documentation we use in preparing this direct final rule, 35861 will be available for public inspection on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov or by appointment, during normal business hours at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service office listed in the ADDRESSES section. Please note that comments posted to http:// www.regulations.gov are not immediately viewable. When you submit a comment, the system receives it immediately. However, the comment will not be publicly viewable until we post it, which might not occur until several days after submission. Information regarding this rule is available in alternative formats upon request (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT). For information pertaining to specific species, please contact our Ecological Services field offices as follows: Species Contact person, phone, Email Contact address Hawaiian plants .................................................. Kristi Young, Fish and Wildlife Biologist; 808– 792–9400, kristi_young@fws.gov. Guam and Hawaiian birds .................................. Kristi Young, Fish and Wildlife Biologist; 808– 792–9400, kristi_young@fws.gov. Willamette daisy and large-flowered woolly meadowfoam. Jeff Dillon, Fish and Wildlife Biologist; 503– 231–6179, jeff_dillon@fws.gov. Northern Idaho ground squirrel .......................... Kim Garner, Fish and Wildlife Biologist; 208– 378–5243, FW1NIDGSTaxonomy@fws.gov. Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 3–122, Honolulu, HI 96813. Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 3–122, Honolulu, HI 96813. Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2600 SE 98th Avenue, Portland, OR 97266. Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1387 S. Vinnell Way, Room 368, Boise, ID 83709. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES Background Sections 17.11(b) and 17.12(b) of title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) requires us to use the most recently accepted scientific name of any wildlife or plant species that we have determined to be an endangered or threatened species. Using the best available scientific information, this direct final rule documents taxonomic changes of the scientific names to 4 entries on the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife (50 CFR 17.11(h)) and 31 entries on the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants (50 CFR 17.12(h)). The basis for these taxonomic changes is supported by published studies in peer-reviewed journals. Accordingly, we revise the scientific names of these species under section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) as follows: northern Idaho ground squirrel (Urocitellus brunneus); Hawaiian common gallinule (Gallinula galeata sandvicensis); Guam kingfisher (Todiramphus cinnamominus); Hawaiian petrel (Pterodroma sandwichensis); Cyanea crispa (haha); Cyanea rivularis (haha); Cyperus fauriei (no common name); Erigeron VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 decumbens (Willamette daisy); Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana (‘akoko); Euphorbia deppeana (‘akoko); Euphorbia eleanoriae (‘akoko); Euphorbia halemanui (‘akoko); Euphorbia herbstii (‘akoko); Euphorbia kuwaleana (‘akoko); Euphorbia remyi var. kauaiensis (‘akoko); Euphorbia remyi var. remyi (‘akoko); Euphorbia rockii (‘akoko); Euphorbia skottsbergii var. skottsbergii (‘Ewa Plains ‘akoko); Kadua cookiana (‘awiwi); Kadua stjohnii (no common name); Limnanthes pumila ssp. grandiflora (large-flowered woolly meadowfoam); Lobelia koolauensis (no common name); Polyscias bisattenuata (no common name); Polyscias flynnii (no common name); Polyscias gymnocarpa (‘ohe‘ohe); Polyscias lydgatei (no common name); Polyscias racemosa (no common name); Pritchardia maideniana (lo‘ulu); Schiedea lychnoides (kuawawaenohu); Schiedea viscosa (no common name); Sicyos albus (‘anunu); Asplenium dielfalcatum (no common name); Asplenium dielmannii (no common name); Asplenium dielpallidum (no common name); and Asplenium unisorum (no common name). We make these changes to the PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants to reflect the most recently accepted scientific names in accordance with 50 CFR 17.11(b) and 50 CFR 17.12(b). Additionally, common names of 3 additional species (Cyanea platyphylla (‘aku‘aku), Dubautia latifolia (koholapehu), and Geranium arboreum (nohoanu)) are revised to reflect currently accepted usage. And family assignments of 16 species (Flueggea neowawraea (mehamehame), Korthalsella degeneri (hulumoa), Lysimachia daphnoides (lehua makanoe), L. iniki (no common name), L. pendens (no common name), L. scopulensis (no common name), L. venosa (no common name), Myrsine juddii (kolea), M. knudsenii (kolea), M. linearifolia (kolea), M. mezii (kolea), M. vaccinioides (kolea), Pleomele hawaiiensis (hala pepe), Xylosma crenatum (no common name), Adenophorus periens (pendent kihi fern), and Diplazium molokaiense (no common name)) are also revised. E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM 23JNR1 35862 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations Taxonomic Classification mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES Northern Idaho ground squirrel The northern Idaho ground squirrel was originally listed as threatened on April 5, 2000, under the scientific name Spermophilus brunneus brunneus (65 FR 17779). At that time this taxon and the southern Idaho ground squirrel (S. b. endemicus) were both considered to be subspecies of the Idaho ground squirrel, Spermophilus brunneus (Thorington and Hoffmann 2005, p. 805). Helgen et al. (2009, pp. 270–305) split the genus Spermophilus into eight genera: Urocitellus (including the Idaho ground squirrel), Notocitellus, Otospermophilus, Callospermophilus, Spermophilus, Ictidomys, Poliocitellus, and Xerospermophilus, based on skull morphology, pelage characteristics, and mitochondrial DNA analyses (Herron et al. 2004, pp. 1015–1030). The northern Idaho ground squirrel and the southern Idaho ground squirrel differ in pelage, life-history timing, and skull and bacular morphology (Yensen and Sherman 1997, pp. 1–3), and analysis of microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA shows no evidence of recent genetic exchange between the two taxa (Hoisington-Lopez et al. 2012, pp. 589– 604). Consequently, Hoisington-Lopez et al. (2012, pp. 595–599) elevated both taxa to species rank, as Urocitellus brunneus and U. endemicus. This taxonomic change does not affect the range or threatened status of the northern Idaho ground squirrel. The Service has used the updated scientific name U. endemicus for the southern Idaho ground squirrel (currently a candidate for listing under the Endangered Species Act) since publication of the candidate notice of review on November 22, 2013 (78 FR 70104). Hawaiian common gallinule This subspecies was originally listed as endangered on March 11, 1967, under the name of Hawaiian common gallinule (Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis) (32 FR 4001). At that time, the range of Gallinula chloropus was considered to include both the Old World and New World, with the common name of ‘‘common gallinule’’ in American usage (American Ornithologists’ Union [AOU] 1957, pp. 160–161) and ‘‘moorhen’’ or ‘‘common moorhen’’ in British usage (e.g., Dudley et al. 2006, p. 537). Subsequently the AOU (1982, p. 5CC) changed the common name of the species to ‘‘common moorhen’’ for consistency with international usage. The current List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife is consistent with this approach, listing the species as VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 ‘‘Hawaiian common moorhen’’. However, more recent research indicates that the New World and Old World populations are separate species, based on differences in vocalizations and morphology of the bill and frontal shield (Constantine and the Sound Approach 2006, pp. 138–139) and mitochondrial DNA (Groenenberg et al. 2008, pp. 1–8). Based on this research, AOU accepts the two populations as distinct species (Chesser et al. 2011, p. 603), splitting them into the common gallinule (Gallinula galeata) of North and South America and the common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) of Eurasia. Chesser et al. (2011, p. 603) includes the Hawaiian Islands within the range of the common gallinule. Data from Hawaiian birds were not analyzed by Constantine and the Sound Approach (2006, pp. 138–139) or Groenenberg et al. (2008, pp. 1–8); however, specimens from the Hawaiian Islands are similar to New World birds in frontal shield morphology, and a mitochondrial DNA sequence from a Hawaiian specimen is identical to those of New World specimens (T. Chesser in litt. 2012). Consequently, the Hawaiian subspecies is now classified as Gallinula galeata sandvicensis, and returns to its original common name of ‘‘Hawaiian common gallinule’’. The taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the Hawaiian common gallinule. The taxonomic position of the Mariana common moorhen, listed as endangered on August 27, 1984 (49 FR 33881) under the scientific name of Gallinula chloropus guami, has not been studied in detail; however, its frontal shield morphology appears more similar to Old World specimens (T. Chesser in litt. 2012). Consequently, the best available information indicates that its common and scientific names are still appropriate. Guam kingfisher This bird was originally listed as endangered within its range on Guam on August 27, 1984, under the name of Micronesian kingfisher (Halcyon cinnamomina cinnamomina) (49 FR 33881). The Service’s critical habitat designation (69 FR 62944; October 28, 2004) revised the common name of this taxon in the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife to ‘‘Guam Micronesian kingfisher’’, given that two other subspecies of Micronesian kingfisher occur outside Guam. At the time this taxon was listed, the genus Halcyon encompassed several dozen kingfisher species ranging from Africa to Australasia and the Pacific islands (Forshaw 1983; Fry et al. 1992, PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 as cited in Moyle 2006, p. 496; Howard and Moore 1991, pp. 168–169). The Australasian and Pacific species within this group are distinctive based on plumage pattern, myology, osteology, feather proteins, and DNA hybridization data (Sibley and Monroe 1990, pp. 89– 90; Woodall 2001; Christidis and Boles 2008, p. 169). Analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA (Moyle 2006, pp. 487–499) further indicates that the group of species originally classified under the genus Halcyon is not monophyletic (a monophyletic group consists of an ancestral species and all its descendants, typically being characterized by shared derived characteristics). Consequently most recent authorities (e.g., Woodall 2001, p. 134; Dickinson 2003) have restricted Halcyon to the African species; other species in the group have been classified under the genera Todiramphus (including the Micronesian kingfisher), Pelargopsis, and Syma. When the Micronesian kingfisher was classified within Todiramphus, its specific epithet was changed to cinnamominus for consistency with the gender of the new genus name. Del Hoyo et al. (2014, p. 606) reviewed the three subspecies of Micronesian kingfisher (T. cinnamominus on Guam, T. pelewensis on Palau, and T. reichenbachi on Pohnpei) under the species delimitation criteria of Tobias et al. (2010, pp. 1–23), and concluded that they were distinct at the species level based on differences in plumage pattern, wing and tail proportions, body size, and voice. Consequently, the listed population on Guam is now classified as a full species, Guam kingfisher (Todiramphus cinnamominus). The taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the taxon. Hawaiian petrel This bird was originally listed as endangered on March 11, 1967, under the name of Hawaiian dark-rumped petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia sandwichensis) (32 FR 4001). At that time, the dark-rumped petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia) was considered to include two subspecies: P. sandwichensis, which breeds on the Hawaiian Islands; and P. phaeopygia, which breeds on the Galapagos Islands and is not known to occur in the United States (AOU 1983, p. 16). More recently, study of the morphology and vocalizations of these two taxa (Tomkins and Milne 1991, pp. 1–35; Browne et al. 1997, pp. 812–815) indicates that they are distinct at a level comparable to other species in the genus. Consequently, the AOU has split E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM 23JNR1 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations (2010, pp. 1–121) and Chambers and Meyers (2011, pp. 621–622) reclassified ssp. grandiflora and ssp. pumila within a separate species L. pumila. This treatment has been adopted by the Oregon Flora Project (Cook et al. 2014b, pp. 1–2). Consequently, the current scientific name of the large-flowered woolly meadowfoam is Limnanthes pumila ssp. grandiflora. This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the large-flowered woolly meadowfoam. Erigeron decumbens (Willamette daisy) The Willamette daisy was listed as endangered on January 25, 2000, under the scientific name Erigeron decumbens var. decumbens (65 FR 3875). At that time E. decumbens was considered to include two varieties, decumbens and robustior. Nesom (2004, pp. 19–39) elevated var. robustior to full species status, finding that the taxon was distinctive in morphology (involucre size, shape of phyllaries, length of corollas and cypselae) and soil habitat preference at a level similar to that of other species of Erigeron. Since var. decumbens was thus the only remaining variety within the species, rendering designation of a nominate variety superfluous, the taxon was renamed as the full species E. decumbens. This treatment has been adopted by the Flora of North America (Nesom 2006, pp. 274–279) and the Oregon Flora Project (Cook et al. 2014a, p. 64). Consequently, the current scientific name of the Willamette daisy is Erigeron decumbens. This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the Willamette daisy. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES them into two species, the Hawaiian petrel (Pterodroma sandwichensis) and the Galapagos petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia) (Banks et al. 2002, p. 898). On January 5, 2010, the Galapagos petrel was also listed (as threatened), under the now accepted scientific name of Pterodroma phaeopygia (75 FR 235). The taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the Hawaiian petrel, nor does it affect the range or threatened status of the Galapagos petrel. Schiedea species The Hawaiian plants Alsinidendron lychnoides (kuawawaenohu) and A. viscosum (no common name) were listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53070). At that time Alsinidendron was considered to be a genus of four species distinct from Schiedea (Wagner et al. 1999, pp. 499– 502). However, analysis of nuclear DNA sequence data and morphology by Wagner et al. (2005, pp. 1–169) showed that the Alsinidendron clade is nested within Schiedea, as a sister group to Schiedea verticillata; thus the species in Alsinidendron were reassigned to Schiedea. The specific epithet viscosum was changed to viscosa to conform to the gender of the new generic name. These changes have been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 2012, p. 26). Consequently, the current scientific names of these species are Schiedea lychnoides and Schiedea viscosa. This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of either of these species. The scientific names of Alsinidendron trinerve and A. obovatum (listed as endangered on October 29, 1991 (56 FR 55770)), were revised on the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants to their updated names of Schiedea trinervis and S. obovata when critical habitat was designated on September 18, 2012 (77 FR 57648); thus no further changes in nomenclature are needed for these two species. Limnanthes pumila ssp. grandiflora (large-flowered woolly meadowfoam) The large-flowered woolly meadowfoam was listed as endangered on November 7, 2002, under the scientific name Limnanthes floccosa ssp. grandiflora (67 FR 68004). At that time the species L. floccosa was considered to include five subspecies: L. f. ssp. bellingeriana, L. f. ssp. californica, L. f. ssp. floccosa, L. f. ssp. grandiflora, and L. f. ssp. pumila (Arroyo 1973, pp. 177–191; Ornduff 1993, pp. 736–738; Morin 2010, pp. 174–183). Meyers (2010) analyzed chloroplast, mitochondrial, and nuclear DNA of these subspecies and found they represented two clades: ssp. grandiflora and ssp. pumila in one, and ssp. bellingeriana, ssp. californica, and ssp. floccosa in the other; moreover, ssp. grandiflora and ssp. floccosa showed pre- and post-zygotic reproductive isolation from one another when crossed by hand. Consequently, Meyers VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 Euphorbia species (‘akoko) The ‘Ewa Plains ‘akoko, a plant endemic to southwestern Oahu, was originally listed under the scientific name Euphorbia skottsbergii var. kalaeloana on August 24, 1982 (47 FR 36846), based on the taxonomy of Sherff (1938, pp. 1–94). Degener and Degener (1959, page unnumbered) moved this species to the genus Chamaesyce, as C. skottsbergii var. kalaeloana. Koutnik (1987, pp. 356–360; 1999, pp. 614–615) synonymized var. kalaeloana with var. skottsbergii, treating var. skottsbergii with a range including southwestern PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 35863 Oahu and northwestern Molokai. Morden and Gregoritza (2005, pp. 969– 979) found that the Oahu and Molokai populations of var. skottsbergii differed genetically, and recommended treating them as separate varieties: var. audens on Molokai, and var. skottsbergii on Oahu (including the same range as the originally listed entity). Consequently, the Service revised the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants to refer to the ‘Ewa Plains ‘akoko as Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. skottsbergii when critical habitat was designated on September 18, 2012 (77 FR 57648); however, current research supports classifying this plant in the genus Euphorbia as discussed below. Several other endangered Hawaiian plants are classified in the genus Chamaesyce as recognized by Degener and Degener (1959). Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana and C. kuwaleana were listed as endangered on October 29, 1991 (56 FR 55770); C. halemanui was listed as endangered on May 13, 1992 (57 FR 20580); C. deppeana was listed as endangered on March 28, 1994 (59 FR 14482); C. herbstii and C. rockii were listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53089); C. eleanoriae, C. remyi var. kauaiensis, and C. remyi var. remyi were listed as endangered on April 13, 2010 (75 FR 18960). No common name was given for Chamaesyce halemanui when it was listed; the other species above were listed with the common name of ‘akoko. Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequence data for species in the tribe Euphorbieae (Steinmann and Porter 2002, pp. 453– 490; Yang and Berry 2011, pp. 1486– 1503) indicate that the genus Euphorbia was paraphyletic (i.e., consisting of all the descendants of the last common ancestor of the group’s members except for a small number of monophyletic groups of descendants), with Chamaesyce and several other genera nested within it. Steinman and Porter (2002, pp. 479–480) recommended expanding Euphorbia to include Chamaesyce and the other genera in the subtribe Euphorbiinae. This approach has been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 31–34). Consequently, the current scientific names of the listed Chamaesyce species are now Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana, E. deppeana, E. eleanoriae, E. halemanui, E. herbstii, E. kuwaleana, E. remyi var. kauaiensis, E. remyi var. remyi, E. rockii, and E. skottsbergii var. skottsbergii. Although no common name was designated for E. halemanui when it was listed, the E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM 23JNR1 35864 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES common name of ‘akoko is also appropriate for this species (Wagner et al. 1999, p. 607). These taxonomic changes do not affect the range or endangered status of any of these species. Euphorbia haeleeleana (‘akoko), which was listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53108), is not a member of the Chamaesyce group (Wagner et al. 1999, p. 619), and its taxonomy has not changed. Cyanea species (haha) The Hawaiian plant Rollandia crispa (haha) was listed as endangered on March 28, 1994 (59 FR 14482). Phylogenetic analyses of chloroplast DNA indicated that the species classified in Rollandia were nested within the paraphyletic genus Cyanea (Lammers et al. 1993, pp. 437–441), and the species in Rollandia were, therefore, merged into Cyanea; however, Wagner et al. (1999, pp. 480–481) continued to recognize Rollandia as a genus, including Rollandia crispa. When the Service designated critical habitat for the species on June 17, 2003 (68 FR 35950), the scientific name in the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants was revised to read ‘‘Cyanea (=Rollandia) crispa’’. The merger of Rollandia into Cyanea has since been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 2012, p. 24); because Rollandia is no longer a recognized genus, the parenthetical reference to it as an alternative name is unnecessary. Consequently the current scientific name of the species, as it should read in the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants, is Cyanea crispa. The current listing of ‘‘Cyanea (=Rollandia) crispa’’ indicates that no common name exists; this is erroneous as the common name is haha. Therefore, we are correcting this error in this rule. These changes do not affect the range or endangered status of the species. Cyanea platyphylla was listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53137), with the common name of haha. Although this common name is generally used for species in the genus Cyanea, Wagner et al. (1999, p. 459) specifically identified ‘aku‘aku as the appropriate common name for Cyanea platyphylla. This change in common name does not affect the range or endangered status of the species. Delissea rivularis (oha) was listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53070). However, Lammers (2005, p. 13) found that the morphology of its leaves, flowers, and seeds is more similar to Cyanea and that molecular data indicate it is more closely related to Cyanea VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 coriacea than to species in Delissea and, therefore, recommended transferring the species to Cyanea. This change has been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 2012, p. 23). Consequently, the current scientific name of this species is Cyanea rivularis. The common name is also changed to haha to correspond with the generally used common name for other species in Cyanea (Wagner et al. 1999, p. 437). This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the species. On June 11, 2012, a proposed critical habitat rule for multiple Hawaiian species (77 FR 34464) also included proposed scientific name changes for two additional Cyanea species: Cyanea dunbarii (changed to C. dunbariae) and C. macrostegia ssp. gibsonii (changed to C. gibsonii). We expect these changes to be finalized when the final critical habitat rule is published. Dubautia latifolia (koholapehu) The Hawaiian plant Dubautia latifolia was listed as endangered on May 13, 1992 (57 FR 20580), with the common name of na‘ena‘e. Although this common name is generally used for species in the genus Dubautia, Wagner et al. (1999, p. 299) specifically identified koholapehu as the appropriate common name for D. latifolia. This change in common name does not affect the range or endangered status of the species. Geranium arboreum (nohoanu) The Hawaiian plant Geranium arboreum was listed as endangered on May 13, 1992 (57 FR 20589), with the common name of Hawaiian redflowered geranium. This common name was not historically used prior to listing of the species; however, Wagner et al. (1999, p. 729) identified nohoanu or hinahina as accepted common names for native Hawaiian species of Geranium, including G. arboreum. Use of the common name nohoanu is consistent with Service practice for other listed species of Hawaiian Geranium. This change in common name does not affect the range or endangered status of the species. Kadua species The Hawaiian plant Hedyotis cookiana (‘awiwi) was listed as endangered on February 25, 1994 (59 FR 9304). Hedyotis st.-johnii (Na Pali Beach hedyotis) was listed as endangered on September 30, 1991 (56 FR 49639). Terrell et al. (2005, pp. 818–833) reviewed seed and fruit morphology and floral characteristics of Hawaiian and PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 South Pacific Hedyotis species and found that they were distinct from the Asian and North American species, reassigning them to the genus Kadua. This change has been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 63–65). Consequently, the current scientific names of these species are Kadua cookiana and Kadua st.johnii. The common name given for K. st.-johnii in the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants, Na Pali Beach hedyotis, was not historically used prior to listing of the species. Because Wagner et al. (1999, p. 1150) did not identify an independently accepted common name for this species, we are revising the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants to indicate that no common name exists. These taxonomic changes do not affect the range or endangered status of either of these species. On June 11, 2012, a proposed critical habitat rule for multiple Hawaiian species (77 FR 34464) also included proposed scientific name changes for two additional Hedyotis species: Hedyotis schechtendahliana var. remyi (changed to Kadua cordata ssp. remyi) and Hedyotis mannii (changed to Kadua laxiflora). We expect these changes to be finalized when the final critical habitat rule is published. Lobelia koolauensis The Hawaiian plant Lobelia gaudichaudii ssp. koolauensis (no common name) was listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53089). While Wagner et al. (1999, p. 476) recognized two subspecies of L. gaudichaudii (ssp. koolauensis and ssp. gaudichaudii), differing in corolla color and branching of inflorescences, Lammers (2007, p. 797) determined that they do not interbreed where sympatric and elevated both taxa to full species status. This change has been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 2012, p. 24). Consequently, the current scientific name of this species is Lobelia koolauensis. This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the species. Cyperus fauriei The Hawaiian sedge species Mariscus fauriei (no common name) was listed as endangered on March 4, 1994 (59 FR 10305). Historically, the genus Mariscus has also been recognized as a subgenus of Cyperus, but taxonomists have noted that no consistent characters (e.g., leaf anatomy, spikelet structure, photosynthetic metabolism type) separate the Mariscus group from other species in Cyperus, and recommend E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM 23JNR1 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations merging it within Cyperus subg. Cyperus (Lye 1981, p. 57; Tucker 1994, p. 10; Strong and Wagner 1997, p. 39). This change has been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 2012, p. 81). Consequently, the current scientific name of this species is Cyperus fauriei. This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the species. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES Polyscias species The Hawaiian plant Munroidendron racemosum (no common name) was listed as endangered on February 25, 1994 (59 FR 9304). Tetraplasandra gymnocarpa (‘ohe‘ohe) was listed as endangered on March 28, 1994 (59 FR 14482). Tetraplasandra bisattenuata (no common name) and T. flynnii (no common name) were listed as endangered on April 13, 2010 (75 FR 18960). Tetraplasandra lydgatei (no common name) was listed as endangered on September 18, 2012 (77 FR 57648). Lowry and Plunkett (2010, pp. 55–84) determined, based on molecular phylogenetic studies (phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary relationships among groups of organisms that are discovered through molecular sequencing data and morphological data matrices) (Plunkett et al. 2001, pp. 213– 230; 2004, pp. 861–873), that the genus Polyscias, as previously circumscribed, is paraphyletic, with six traditionally recognized genera (Arthrophyllum, Cuphocarpus, Gastonia, Munroidendron, Reynoldsia, and Tetraplasandra) nested within it. They recommended combining all of these genera into Polyscias. Species in the genera Munroidendron and Tetraplasandra were thus assigned to the genus Polyscias, subgenus Tetraplasandra. The specific epithet racemosum was changed to racemosa to conform with the gender of the new genus name. These changes have been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai‘i (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 7–8). Consequently, the current scientific names of these species are P. racemosa, P. gymnocarpa, P. bisattenuata, P. flynnii, and P. lydgatei. These taxonomic changes do not affect the range or endangered status of any of these species. Pritchardia maideniana (lo‘ulu) The Hawaiian palm tree Pritchardia affinis (lo‘ulu) was listed as endangered on March 4, 1994 (59 FR 10305). This listing followed the taxonomy of Beccari and Rock (1921, pp. 37–41), who described P. affinis, including three VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 additional varieties (var. gracilis, var. halophila, and var. rhopalocarpa) from localities on the island of Hawai‘i. Previously, Beccari (1913, pp. 213–216) had described P. maideniana from cultivated plants in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, Australia, although the geographic origin of those individuals was unclear and no wild specimens had been located (Beccari and Rock 1921, p. 23). Hodel (2007, pp. S26–S27) examined an extant cultivated plant at the Royal Botanic Gardens, plants in Hawaii grown from its seeds, living plants within the native range of P. affinis on the island of Hawai‘i, and photographs of type specimens attributed to both species, and found no differences between P. affinis and P. maideniana. Because P. affinis was the more recently described, Hodel reassigned the species (including all varieties) to P. maideniana. This change has been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai‘i (Wagner et al. 2012, p. 76). Consequently, the current scientific name of this species is P. maideniana. This taxonomic change does not affect the range in the wild or the endangered status of the species. Sicyos albus (‘anunu) The Hawaiian plant Sicyos alba (‘anunu) was listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53137). The most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai‘i (Wagner et al. 2012, p. 30) corrected the specific epithet to albus, making it consistent with the gender of the genus name. Consequently, the current scientific name of the species is Sicyos albus. This correction does not affect the range or endangered status of the species. Asplenium species The Hawaiian fern Diellia falcata was listed as endangered on October 29, 1991 (56 FR 55770). Diellia pallida was listed as endangered on February 25, 1994 (59 FR 9304). Diellia unisora was listed as endangered on June 27, 1994 (59 FR 32932). Diellia mannii was listed as endangered on April 13, 2010 (75 FR 18960). Kramer and Viane (1990, p. 55) and Viane and Reichstein (1991, p. 157) classified all species within the family Aspleniaceae, including the above species of Diellia, under the genus Asplenium. Analysis of molecular data by Schneider et al. (2005, pp. 455–460) indicated that Asplenium is paraphyletic and Diellia is a Hawaiian endemic clade nested within it. Therefore, Snow et al. (2011, p. 12) merged Diellia with Asplenium. Because different species had PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 35865 previously been described under the names A. falcatum, A. mannii, and A. pallidum, these names were not available to designate the respective Hawaiian species after the generic change (Viane and Reichstein 1991; Snow et al. 2011, p. 12). Consequently, D. falcata has been renamed A. dielfalcatum; D. mannii has been renamed A. dielmannii; and D. pallida has been renamed A. dielpallidum (Viane and Reichstein 1991, pp. 159– 160; Snow et al. 2011, p. 12). Diellia unisora was also renamed A. unisorum, with the specific epithet changing to conform to the gender of the new genus name (Viane and Reichstein 1991, p. 163; Snow et al. 2011, p. 12). These changes have been accepted in the most recent update to Hawaii’s Ferns and Fern Allies (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 103–104). These taxonomic changes do not affect the range or endangered status of any of these species. On June 11, 2012, a proposed critical habitat rule for multiple Hawaiian species (77 FR 34464) also included proposed scientific name changes for two additional fern species: Asplenium fragile var. insulare (changed to A. peruvianum var. insulare) and Diellia erecta (changed to A. dielerectum). We expect these changes to be finalized when the final critical habitat rule is published. Family reassignments Several genera of Hawaiian plants have been recently reassigned to different families (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 108–109), based on phylogenetic research summarized by Smith et al. (2006, pp. 705–731), Mabberley (2008, pp. 14, 278, 341, 457, 508, 568, 916), the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009, pp. 105–121), and Stevens (2015). These changes have resulted in a need for revisions in the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants where the family reassignments were not reflected in the original listing rules. Flueggea neowawraea (mehamehame) is listed as a member of the family Euphorbiaceae; this should be revised to Phyllanthaceae. Korthalsella degeneri (hulumoa) is listed as a member of the family Viscaceae; this should be revised to Santalaceae. Lysimachia daphnoides (lehua makanoe), L. iniki (no common name), L. pendens (no common name), L. scopulensis (no common name), L. venosa (no common name), Myrsine juddii (kolea), M. knudsenii (kolea), M. linearifolia (kolea), M. mezii (kolea), and M. vaccinioides (kolea) are listed as members of the family Myrsinaceae; this should be revised to Primulaceae. Pleomele hawaiiensis (hala pepe) is listed as a member of the family E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM 23JNR1 35866 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations defined under the authority of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), need not be prepared in connection with regulations issued pursuant to section 4(a) of the Act. We published a notice outlining our reasons for this determination in the Federal Register on October 25, 1983 (43 FR 49244). Liliaceae; this should be revised to Asparagaceae. Xylosma crenatum (no common name) is listed as a member of the family Flacourtiaceae; this should be revised to Salicaceae. Adenophorus periens (pendent kihi fern) is listed as a member of the family Grammitidaceae; this should be revised to Polypodiaceae. Diplazium molokaiense (no common name) is listed as a member of the family Aspleniaceae; this should be revised to Woodsiaceae. These taxonomic changes do not affect the threatened or endangered status or range of any of these species. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) This rule does not contain any new collections of information that require approval by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act. This rule will not impose recordkeeping or reporting requirements on State or local governments, individuals, businesses, or organizations. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. Regulation Promulgation We are required by Executive Orders 12866 and 12988 and by the Presidential Memorandum of June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain language. This means that each rule we publish must: (a) Be logically organized; (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly; (c) Use clear language rather than jargon; (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible. If you feel that we have not met these requirements, send us comments by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. To help us to revise this rule, your comments should be as specific as possible. References Cited A complete list of the referenced materials is available upon request from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT). We have determined that environmental assessments and environmental impact statements, as Species Historic range Common name Endangered and threatened species, Exports, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation. Clarity of the Rule Required Determinations National Environmental Policy Act List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 17 Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened * U.S.A. (ID) .............. * Entire ...................... Scientific name For the reasons given in the preamble, we amend part 17, subchapter B of chapter I, title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as set forth below: PART 17—[AMENDED] 1. The authority citation for part 17 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 16. U.S.C. 1361–1407; 1531– 1544; 4201–4245; unless otherwise noted. 2. Amend the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in § 17.11(h) by: ■ a. Revising the entry under MAMMALS for ‘‘Squirrel, northern Idaho ground’’ to read as set forth below; ■ b. Removing the entries under BIRDS for ‘‘Kingfisher, Guam Micronesian’’, ‘‘Moorhen, Hawaiian common’’, and ‘‘Petrel, Hawaiian dark-rumped’’; and ■ c. Adding in alphabetic order under BIRDS entries for ‘‘Gallinule, Hawaiian common’’, ‘‘Kingfisher, Guam’’, and ‘‘Petrel, Hawaiian’’ to read as follows: ■ § 17.11 Endangered and threatened wildlife. * * * (h) * * * Status * When listed * Critical habitat Special rules MAMMALS * Squirrel, northern Idaho ground. * BIRDS * Urocitellus brunneus * * * 693 * * * T * * NA * * Gallinule, Hawaiian common. * Gallinula galeata sandvicensis. * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Entire ...................... * E * 1 NA * Kingfisher, Guam ..... * Todiramphus cinnamominus. * Western Pacific Ocean, U.S.A. (Guam). * Entire ...................... * E * 156 17.95(b) * Petrel, Hawaiian ...... mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES NA * Pterodroma sandwichensis. * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Entire ...................... * E * 1 NA * * * * * 3. Amend the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants in § 17.12(h) by: ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 * a. Removing the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ■ PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 * * 23JNR1 NA * ‘‘Alsinidendron lychnoides,’’ ‘‘Alsinidendron viscosum,’’ E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM NA NA * 35867 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations ‘‘Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana,’’ ‘‘Chamaesyce deppeana,’’ ‘‘Chamaesyce eleanoriae,’’ ‘‘Chamaesyce halemanui,’’ ‘‘Chamaesyce herbstii,’’ ‘‘Chamaesyce kuwaleana,’’ ‘‘Chamaesyce remyi var. kauaiensis,’’ ‘‘Chamaesyce remyi var. remyi,’’ ‘‘Chamaesyce rockii,’’ ‘‘Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. skottsbergii,’’ and ‘‘Cyanea (=Rollandia) crispa’’; ■ b. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Cyanea crispa’’; ■ c. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Cyanea platyphylla’’; ■ d. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Cyanea rivularis’’ and ‘‘Cyperus fauriei’’; ■ e. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Delissea rivularis’’; ■ f. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Dubautia latifolia’’; ■ g. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Erigeron decumbens’’; ■ h. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Erigeron decumbens var. decumbens’’; ■ i. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana,’’ ‘‘Euphorbia deppeana,’’ ‘‘Euphorbia eleanoriae,’’ ‘‘Euphorbia halemanui,’’ ‘‘Euphorbia herbstii,’’ ‘‘Euphorbia kuwaleana,’’ ‘‘Euphorbia remyi var. kauaiensis,’’ ‘‘Euphorbia remyi var. remyi,’’ ‘‘Euphorbia rockii,’’ and ‘‘Euphorbia skottsbergii var. skottsbergii’’; ■ j. Revising the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Flueggea neowawraea’’ and ‘‘Geranium arboreum’’; ■ k. Removing the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Hedyotis cookiana’’ and ‘‘Hedyotis st-johnii’’; ■ l. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Kadua cookiana’’ and ‘‘Kadua stjohnii’’; ■ m. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Korthalsella degeneri’’; ■ n. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Limnanthes floccosa ssp. grandiflora’’; ■ o. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Limnanthes pumila ssp. grandiflora’’; ■ p. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Lobelia gaudichaudii ssp. koolauensis’’; ■ q. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Lobelia koolauensis’’; ■ r. Revising the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Lysimachia daphnoides,’’ ‘‘Lysimachia iniki,’’ ‘‘Lysimachia pendens,’’ ‘‘Lysimachia scopulensis,’’ and ‘‘Lysimachia venosa’’; ■ s. Removing the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Mariscus fauriei’’ and ‘‘Munroidendron racemosum’’; ■ t. Revising the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Myrsine juddii,’’ ‘‘Myrsine knudsenii,’’ ‘‘Myrsine linearifolia,’’ ‘‘Myrsine mezii,’’ and ‘‘Myrsine vaccinioides’’; ■ u. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Pleomele hawaiiensis’’; ■ v. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Polyscias bisattenuata,’’ ‘‘Polyscias flynnii,’’ ‘‘Polyscias gymnocarpa,’’ ‘‘Polyscias lydgatei,’’ and ‘‘Polyscias racemosa’’; ■ w. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Pritchardia affinis’’; ■ x. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Pritchardia maideniana,’’ ‘‘Schiedea lychnoides,’’ and ‘‘Schiedea viscosa’’; ■ y. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Sicyos alba’’; ■ z. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Sicyos albus’’; ■ aa. Removing the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Tetraplasandra bisattenuata,’’ ‘‘Tetraplasandra flynnii,’’ ‘‘Tetraplasandra gymnocarpa,’’ and ‘‘Tetraplasandra lydgatei’’; ■ bb. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ‘‘Xylosma crenatum’’ and the entry under FERNS AND ALLIES for ‘‘Adenophorus periens’’; ■ cc. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FERNS AND ALLIES for ‘‘Asplenium dielfalcatum,’’ ‘‘Asplenium dielmannii,’’ ‘‘Asplenium dielpallidum,’’ and ‘‘Asplenium unisorum’’; ■ dd. Removing the entries under FERNS AND ALLIES for ‘‘Diellia falcata,’’ ‘‘Diellia mannii,’’ ‘‘Diellia pallida,’’ and ‘‘Diellia unisora’’; and ■ ee. Revising the entry under FERNS AND ALLIES for ‘‘Diplazium molokaiense’’. The additions and revisions read as follows: § 17.12 * Endangered and threatened plants. * * (h) * * * Species Historic range Scientific name Family Status When listed Common name * * Critical habitat Special rules FLOWERING PLANTS * Haha ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Campanulaceae ..... * E * 536 17.99(i) * Cyanea platyphylla .. * ‘Aku‘aku .................. * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Campanulaceae ..... * E * 595 17.99(k) * Cyanea rivularis ....... mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES * Cyanea crispa .......... * Haha ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Campanulaceae ..... * E * 590 17.99(a)(1) * Cyperus fauriei ........ * None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Cyperaceae ............ * E * 532 * Dubautia latifolia ...... * Koholapehu ............ * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Asteraceae ............. * E * 464 17.99(a)(1) * Erigeron decumbens * Willamette daisy ..... * U.S.A. (OR) ............ * Asteraceae ............. * E * 679 17.96(a) VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 PO 00000 Frm 00039 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM 23JNR1 * NA * NA * NA * 17.99(c) and (k) NA * NA * NA 35868 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations Species * ‘Akoko ..................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Euphorbiaceae ....... * E * 448 17.99(i) NA ‘Akoko ..................... ‘Akoko ..................... U.S.A. (HI) .............. U.S.A. (HI) .............. Euphorbiaceae ....... Euphorbiaceae ....... E E 536 765 17.99(i) 17.99(a) NA NA * Euphorbia halemanui Euphorbia herbstii .... Euphorbia kuwaleana. Euphorbia remyi var. kauaiensis. Euphorbia remyi var. remyi. Euphorbia rockii ....... Euphorbia skottsbergii var. skottsbergii. * ‘Akoko ..................... ‘Akoko ..................... ‘Akoko ..................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. U.S.A. (HI) .............. U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Euphorbiaceae ....... Euphorbiaceae ....... Euphorbiaceae ....... * E E E * 464 591 448 17.99(a)(1) 17.99(i) 17.99(i) NA NA NA ‘Akoko ..................... U.S.A. (HI) .............. Euphorbiaceae ....... E 765 17.99(a) NA ‘Akoko ..................... U.S.A. (HI) .............. Euphorbiaceae ....... E 765 17.99(a) NA ‘Akoko ..................... ‘Ewa Plains ‘akoko U.S.A. (HI) .............. U.S.A. (HI) .............. Euphorbiaceae ....... Euphorbiaceae ....... E E 591 120 17.99(i) 17.99(i) NA NA * Flueggea neowawraea. * Mehamehame ......... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Phyllanthaceae ....... * E * 559 * Geranium arboreum * Nohoanu ................. * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Geraniaceae ........... * E * 465 17.99(e)(1) * Kadua cookiana ....... * ‘Awiwi ...................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Rubiaceae .............. * E * 530 17.99(a)(1) * Kadua st.-johnii ........ * None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Rubiaceae .............. * E * 441 17.99(a)(1) * Korthalsella degeneri * Hulumoa ................. * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Santalaceae ............ * E * 806 17.99(i) * Limnanthes pumila ssp. Grandiflora. * Large-flowered woolly meadowfoam. * U.S.A. (OR) ............ * Limnanthaceae ....... * E * 733 17.96(a) * Lobelia koolauensis * None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Campanulaceae ..... * E * 591 17.99(i) * Lysimachia daphnoides. * Lehua makanoe ...... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Primulaceae ............ * E * 765 17.99(a) * Lysimachia iniki ....... * None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Primulaceae ............ * E * 765 17.99(a) * Lysimachia pendens Lysimachia scopulensis. Lysimachia venosa .. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES When listed Special rules Family * None ....................... None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Primulaceae ............ Primulaceae ............ * E E * 765 765 17.99(a) 17.99(a) NA NA None ....................... U.S.A. (HI) .............. Primulaceae ............ E 765 17.99(a) NA * U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. U.S.A. * Primulaceae Primulaceae Primulaceae Primulaceae Primulaceae ............ ............ ............ ............ ............ * E E T E E * 591 765 590 765 815 17.99(i) 17.99(a) 17.99(a)(1) 17.99(a) NA * Asparagaceae ........ * E * 595 17.99(k) Common name * Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana. Euphorbia deppeana Euphorbia eleanoriae Status Critical habitat Historic range Scientific name Myrsine Myrsine Myrsine Myrsine Myrsine * juddii ........... knudsenii .... linearifolia ... mezii ........... vaccinioides * Pleomele hawaiiensis. VerDate Sep<11>2014 Kolea Kolea Kolea Kolea Kolea * ...................... ...................... ...................... ...................... ...................... * Hala pepe ............... 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 (HI) (HI) (HI) (HI) (HI) .............. .............. .............. .............. .............. * U.S.A. (HI) .............. PO 00000 Frm 00040 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM 23JNR1 * * * 17.99(a)(1), (c), (e)(1), (i) and (k) NA * NA * NA * NA * NA * NA * NA * NA * NA * * NA NA NA NA NA * NA 35869 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 120 / Tuesday, June 23, 2015 / Rules and Regulations Species When listed Special rules Family * None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Araliaceae ............... * E * 765 17.99(a) NA None ....................... ‘Ohe‘ohe ................. U.S.A. (HI) .............. U.S.A. (HI) .............. Araliaceae ............... Araliaceae. .............. E E 765 536 17.99(a) 17.99(i) NA NA None ....................... None ....................... U.S.A. (HI) .............. U.S.A. (HI) .............. Araliaceae ............... Araliaceae ............... E E 806 530 17.99(i) 17.99(a)(1) NA NA * Pritchardia maideniana. * Lo‘ulu ...................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Arecaceae .............. * E * 532 NA * Schiedea lychnoides * Kuawawaenohu ...... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Caryophyllaceae ..... * E * 590 17.99(a)(1) * Schiedea viscosa ..... * None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Caryophyllaceae ..... * E * 590 17.99(a)(1) * Sicyos albus ............ * ‘Anunu .................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Cucurbitaceae ........ * E * 595 17.99(k) * Xylosma crenatum ... * None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Salicaceae .............. * E * 464 17.99(a)(1) * * Common name * Polyscias bisattenuata. Polyscias flynnii ....... Polyscias gymnocarpa. Polyscias lydgatei .... Polyscias racemosa Status Critical habitat Historic range Scientific name * FERNS AND ALLIES Adenophorus periens * * * * * NA * NA * NA * NA * NA * Pendent kihi fern .... U.S.A. (HI) .............. Polypodiaceae ........ E 559 * Asplenium dielfalcatum. Asplenium dielmannii Asplenium dielpallidum. Asplenium unisorum * None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Aspleniaceae .......... * E * 448 17.99(i) NA None ....................... None ....................... U.S.A. (HI) .............. U.S.A. (HI) .............. Aspleniaceae .......... Aspleniaceae .......... E E 765 530 17.99(a) 17.99(a)(1) NA NA None ....................... U.S.A. (HI) .............. Aspleniaceae .......... E 541 17.99(i) NA * Diplazium molokaiense. * None ....................... * U.S.A. (HI) .............. * Woodsiaceae .......... * E * 553 * * * * * * Dated: June 9, 2015. Stephen Guertin, Acting Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. [FR Doc. 2015–15212 Filed 6–22–15; 8:45 am] mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES BILLING CODE 4310–55–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Jun 22, 2015 Jkt 235001 PO 00000 Frm 00041 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 9990 E:\FR\FM\23JNR1.SGM 23JNR1 17.99(a)(1), (c), (i), and (k) NA * * 17.99(a)(1), (c), (e)(1), and (i) NA *

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 80, Number 120 (Tuesday, June 23, 2015)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 35860-35869]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2015-15212]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

50 CFR Part 17

[Docket No. FWS-R1-ES-2015-0031; FXES11130900000C6-156-FF09E42000]
RIN 1018-BA89


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Technical 
Corrections for 54 Wildlife and Plant Species on the List of Endangered 
and Threatened Wildlife and Plants

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Direct final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the 
revised taxonomy of 4 wildlife species and 50 plant species under the 
Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). We are revising the 
List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and the List of Endangered 
and Threatened Plants to reflect the current scientifically accepted 
taxonomy and nomenclature of these species.

DATES: This rule is effective September 21, 2015 without further 
action, unless significant adverse comment is received by July 23, 
2015. If significant adverse comment is received regarding taxonomic 
changes for any of these species, we will publish in the Federal 
Register a timely withdrawal of the rule.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by one of the following methods:
     Electronically: Go to the Federal eRulemaking Portal: 
http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting 
comments to FWS-R1-ES-2015-0031, which is the docket number for this 
rulemaking.
     By hard copy: Submit comments by U.S. mail or hand-
delivery to: Public Comments Processing, Attn: FWS-R1-ES-2015-0031; 
Division of Policy, Performance, and Management Programs; U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service; 5275 Leesburg Pike MS: BPHC, Falls Church, VA 22041-
3803.

See Public Comments in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION for more information 
about submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marilet Zablan, Program Manager for 
Restoration and Endangered Species Classification, U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service, Pacific Regional Office, Ecological Services, 911 NE 
11th Avenue, Portland, OR 97232; telephone 503-231-6131. Individuals 
who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay 
Service at 800-877-8337 for TTY (telephone typewriter or 
teletypewriter) assistance 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Purpose of Direct Final Rule and Final Action

    The purpose of this direct final rule is to notify the public that 
we are revising the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in title 
50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (50 CFR 17.11(h)) and the List of 
Endangered and Threatened Plants (50 CFR 17.12(h)) to reflect the 
scientifically accepted taxonomy and nomenclature of 4 wildlife species 
and 50 plant species listed under section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 
et seq.). These changes to the List of Endangered and Threatened 
Wildlife and the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants reflect the 
most recently accepted scientific names in accordance with 50 CFR 
17.11(b) and 50 CFR 17.12(b).
    We are publishing this rule without a prior proposal because this 
is a noncontroversial action that is in the best interest of the public 
and should be undertaken in as timely a manner as possible. This rule 
will be effective, as published in this document, on the effective date 
specified in DATES, unless we receive significant adverse comments on 
or before the comment

[[Page 35861]]

due date specified in DATES. Significant adverse comments are comments 
that provide strong justifications as to why this rule should not be 
adopted or why it should be changed.
    If we receive significant adverse comments regarding the taxonomic 
changes for any of these species, we will publish a document in the 
Federal Register withdrawing this rule before the effective date, and 
we will publish a proposed rule to initiate promulgation of those 
changes to 50 CFR 17.11 or 50 CFR 17.12.

Public Comments

    You may submit your comments and materials regarding this direct 
final rule by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. Please include 
sufficient information with your comments that allows us to verify any 
scientific or commercial information you include. We will not consider 
comments sent by email or fax, or to an address not listed in 
ADDRESSES.
    We will post all comments on http://www.regulations.gov. Before 
including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal 
information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire 
comment--including your personal identifying information--may be made 
publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to 
withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we 
cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.
    Comments and materials we receive, as well as supporting 
documentation we use in preparing this direct final rule, will be 
available for public inspection on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov or by appointment, during normal business hours at 
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service office listed in the ADDRESSES 
section. Please note that comments posted to http://www.regulations.gov 
are not immediately viewable. When you submit a comment, the system 
receives it immediately. However, the comment will not be publicly 
viewable until we post it, which might not occur until several days 
after submission. Information regarding this rule is available in 
alternative formats upon request (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT). 
For information pertaining to specific species, please contact our 
Ecological Services field offices as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Contact person,
           Species                phone, Email         Contact address
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hawaiian plants.............  Kristi Young, Fish    Pacific Islands Fish
                               and Wildlife          and Wildlife
                               Biologist; 808-792-   Office, U.S. Fish
                               9400,                 and Wildlife
                               kristi_young@fws.go   Service, 300 Ala
                               v.                    Moana Blvd., Room 3-
                                                     122, Honolulu, HI
                                                     96813.
Guam and Hawaiian birds.....  Kristi Young, Fish    Pacific Islands Fish
                               and Wildlife          and Wildlife
                               Biologist; 808-792-   Office, U.S. Fish
                               9400,                 and Wildlife
                               kristi_young@fws.go   Service, 300 Ala
                               v.                    Moana Blvd., Room 3-
                                                     122, Honolulu, HI
                                                     96813.
Willamette daisy and large-   Jeff Dillon, Fish     Oregon Fish and
 flowered woolly meadowfoam.   and Wildlife          Wildlife Office,
                               Biologist; 503-231-   U.S. Fish and
                               6179,                 Wildlife Service,
                               jeff_dillon@fws.gov.  2600 SE 98th
                                                     Avenue, Portland,
                                                     OR 97266.
Northern Idaho ground         Kim Garner, Fish and  Idaho Fish and
 squirrel.                     Wildlife Biologist;   Wildlife Office,
                               208-378-5243,         U.S. Fish and
                               FW1NIDGSTaxonomy@fw   Wildlife Service,
                               s.gov.                1387 S. Vinnell
                                                     Way, Room 368,
                                                     Boise, ID 83709.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Background

    Sections 17.11(b) and 17.12(b) of title 50 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations (CFR) requires us to use the most recently accepted 
scientific name of any wildlife or plant species that we have 
determined to be an endangered or threatened species. Using the best 
available scientific information, this direct final rule documents 
taxonomic changes of the scientific names to 4 entries on the List of 
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife (50 CFR 17.11(h)) and 31 entries on 
the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants (50 CFR 17.12(h)). The 
basis for these taxonomic changes is supported by published studies in 
peer-reviewed journals. Accordingly, we revise the scientific names of 
these species under section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) as 
follows: northern Idaho ground squirrel (Urocitellus brunneus); 
Hawaiian common gallinule (Gallinula galeata sandvicensis); Guam 
kingfisher (Todiramphus cinnamominus); Hawaiian petrel (Pterodroma 
sandwichensis); Cyanea crispa (haha); Cyanea rivularis (haha); Cyperus 
fauriei (no common name); Erigeron decumbens (Willamette daisy); 
Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana (`akoko); Euphorbia deppeana 
(`akoko); Euphorbia eleanoriae (`akoko); Euphorbia halemanui (`akoko); 
Euphorbia herbstii (`akoko); Euphorbia kuwaleana (`akoko); Euphorbia 
remyi var. kauaiensis (`akoko); Euphorbia remyi var. remyi (`akoko); 
Euphorbia rockii (`akoko); Euphorbia skottsbergii var. skottsbergii 
(`Ewa Plains `akoko); Kadua cookiana (`awiwi); Kadua st-johnii (no 
common name); Limnanthes pumila ssp. grandiflora (large-flowered woolly 
meadowfoam); Lobelia koolauensis (no common name); Polyscias 
bisattenuata (no common name); Polyscias flynnii (no common name); 
Polyscias gymnocarpa (`ohe`ohe); Polyscias lydgatei (no common name); 
Polyscias racemosa (no common name); Pritchardia maideniana (lo`ulu); 
Schiedea lychnoides (kuawawaenohu); Schiedea viscosa (no common name); 
Sicyos albus (`anunu); Asplenium dielfalcatum (no common name); 
Asplenium dielmannii (no common name); Asplenium dielpallidum (no 
common name); and Asplenium unisorum (no common name). We make these 
changes to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and the List 
of Endangered and Threatened Plants to reflect the most recently 
accepted scientific names in accordance with 50 CFR 17.11(b) and 50 CFR 
17.12(b).
    Additionally, common names of 3 additional species (Cyanea 
platyphylla (`aku`aku), Dubautia latifolia (koholapehu), and Geranium 
arboreum (nohoanu)) are revised to reflect currently accepted usage. 
And family assignments of 16 species (Flueggea neowawraea (mehamehame), 
Korthalsella degeneri (hulumoa), Lysimachia daphnoides (lehua makanoe), 
L. iniki (no common name), L. pendens (no common name), L. scopulensis 
(no common name), L. venosa (no common name), Myrsine juddii (kolea), 
M. knudsenii (kolea), M. linearifolia (kolea), M. mezii (kolea), M. 
vaccinioides (kolea), Pleomele hawaiiensis (hala pepe), Xylosma 
crenatum (no common name), Adenophorus periens (pendent kihi fern), and 
Diplazium molokaiense (no common name)) are also revised.

[[Page 35862]]

Taxonomic Classification

Northern Idaho ground squirrel

    The northern Idaho ground squirrel was originally listed as 
threatened on April 5, 2000, under the scientific name Spermophilus 
brunneus brunneus (65 FR 17779). At that time this taxon and the 
southern Idaho ground squirrel (S. b. endemicus) were both considered 
to be subspecies of the Idaho ground squirrel, Spermophilus brunneus 
(Thorington and Hoffmann 2005, p. 805). Helgen et al. (2009, pp. 270-
305) split the genus Spermophilus into eight genera: Urocitellus 
(including the Idaho ground squirrel), Notocitellus, Otospermophilus, 
Callospermophilus, Spermophilus, Ictidomys, Poliocitellus, and 
Xerospermophilus, based on skull morphology, pelage characteristics, 
and mitochondrial DNA analyses (Herron et al. 2004, pp. 1015-1030). The 
northern Idaho ground squirrel and the southern Idaho ground squirrel 
differ in pelage, life-history timing, and skull and bacular morphology 
(Yensen and Sherman 1997, pp. 1-3), and analysis of microsatellite and 
mitochondrial DNA shows no evidence of recent genetic exchange between 
the two taxa (Hoisington-Lopez et al. 2012, pp. 589-604). Consequently, 
Hoisington-Lopez et al. (2012, pp. 595-599) elevated both taxa to 
species rank, as Urocitellus brunneus and U. endemicus. This taxonomic 
change does not affect the range or threatened status of the northern 
Idaho ground squirrel. The Service has used the updated scientific name 
U. endemicus for the southern Idaho ground squirrel (currently a 
candidate for listing under the Endangered Species Act) since 
publication of the candidate notice of review on November 22, 2013 (78 
FR 70104).

Hawaiian common gallinule

    This subspecies was originally listed as endangered on March 11, 
1967, under the name of Hawaiian common gallinule (Gallinula chloropus 
sandvicensis) (32 FR 4001). At that time, the range of Gallinula 
chloropus was considered to include both the Old World and New World, 
with the common name of ``common gallinule'' in American usage 
(American Ornithologists' Union [AOU] 1957, pp. 160-161) and 
``moorhen'' or ``common moorhen'' in British usage (e.g., Dudley et al. 
2006, p. 537). Subsequently the AOU (1982, p. 5CC) changed the common 
name of the species to ``common moorhen'' for consistency with 
international usage. The current List of Endangered and Threatened 
Wildlife is consistent with this approach, listing the species as 
``Hawaiian common moorhen''. However, more recent research indicates 
that the New World and Old World populations are separate species, 
based on differences in vocalizations and morphology of the bill and 
frontal shield (Constantine and the Sound Approach 2006, pp. 138-139) 
and mitochondrial DNA (Groenenberg et al. 2008, pp. 1-8). Based on this 
research, AOU accepts the two populations as distinct species (Chesser 
et al. 2011, p. 603), splitting them into the common gallinule 
(Gallinula galeata) of North and South America and the common moorhen 
(Gallinula chloropus) of Eurasia. Chesser et al. (2011, p. 603) 
includes the Hawaiian Islands within the range of the common gallinule. 
Data from Hawaiian birds were not analyzed by Constantine and the Sound 
Approach (2006, pp. 138-139) or Groenenberg et al. (2008, pp. 1-8); 
however, specimens from the Hawaiian Islands are similar to New World 
birds in frontal shield morphology, and a mitochondrial DNA sequence 
from a Hawaiian specimen is identical to those of New World specimens 
(T. Chesser in litt. 2012). Consequently, the Hawaiian subspecies is 
now classified as Gallinula galeata sandvicensis, and returns to its 
original common name of ``Hawaiian common gallinule''. The taxonomic 
change does not affect the range or endangered status of the Hawaiian 
common gallinule.
    The taxonomic position of the Mariana common moorhen, listed as 
endangered on August 27, 1984 (49 FR 33881) under the scientific name 
of Gallinula chloropus guami, has not been studied in detail; however, 
its frontal shield morphology appears more similar to Old World 
specimens (T. Chesser in litt. 2012). Consequently, the best available 
information indicates that its common and scientific names are still 
appropriate.

Guam kingfisher

    This bird was originally listed as endangered within its range on 
Guam on August 27, 1984, under the name of Micronesian kingfisher 
(Halcyon cinnamomina cinnamomina) (49 FR 33881). The Service's critical 
habitat designation (69 FR 62944; October 28, 2004) revised the common 
name of this taxon in the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife to 
``Guam Micronesian kingfisher'', given that two other subspecies of 
Micronesian kingfisher occur outside Guam.
    At the time this taxon was listed, the genus Halcyon encompassed 
several dozen kingfisher species ranging from Africa to Australasia and 
the Pacific islands (Forshaw 1983; Fry et al. 1992, as cited in Moyle 
2006, p. 496; Howard and Moore 1991, pp. 168-169). The Australasian and 
Pacific species within this group are distinctive based on plumage 
pattern, myology, osteology, feather proteins, and DNA hybridization 
data (Sibley and Monroe 1990, pp. 89-90; Woodall 2001; Christidis and 
Boles 2008, p. 169). Analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA (Moyle 
2006, pp. 487-499) further indicates that the group of species 
originally classified under the genus Halcyon is not monophyletic (a 
monophyletic group consists of an ancestral species and all its 
descendants, typically being characterized by shared derived 
characteristics). Consequently most recent authorities (e.g., Woodall 
2001, p. 134; Dickinson 2003) have restricted Halcyon to the African 
species; other species in the group have been classified under the 
genera Todiramphus (including the Micronesian kingfisher), Pelargopsis, 
and Syma. When the Micronesian kingfisher was classified within 
Todiramphus, its specific epithet was changed to cinnamominus for 
consistency with the gender of the new genus name. Del Hoyo et al. 
(2014, p. 606) reviewed the three subspecies of Micronesian kingfisher 
(T. cinnamominus on Guam, T. pelewensis on Palau, and T. reichenbachi 
on Pohnpei) under the species delimitation criteria of Tobias et al. 
(2010, pp. 1-23), and concluded that they were distinct at the species 
level based on differences in plumage pattern, wing and tail 
proportions, body size, and voice. Consequently, the listed population 
on Guam is now classified as a full species, Guam kingfisher 
(Todiramphus cinnamominus). The taxonomic change does not affect the 
range or endangered status of the taxon.

Hawaiian petrel

    This bird was originally listed as endangered on March 11, 1967, 
under the name of Hawaiian dark-rumped petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia 
sandwichensis) (32 FR 4001). At that time, the dark-rumped petrel 
(Pterodroma phaeopygia) was considered to include two subspecies: P. 
sandwichensis, which breeds on the Hawaiian Islands; and P. phaeopygia, 
which breeds on the Galapagos Islands and is not known to occur in the 
United States (AOU 1983, p. 16). More recently, study of the morphology 
and vocalizations of these two taxa (Tomkins and Milne 1991, pp. 1-35; 
Browne et al. 1997, pp. 812-815) indicates that they are distinct at a 
level comparable to other species in the genus. Consequently, the AOU 
has split

[[Page 35863]]

them into two species, the Hawaiian petrel (Pterodroma sandwichensis) 
and the Galapagos petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia) (Banks et al. 2002, p. 
898). On January 5, 2010, the Galapagos petrel was also listed (as 
threatened), under the now accepted scientific name of Pterodroma 
phaeopygia (75 FR 235). The taxonomic change does not affect the range 
or endangered status of the Hawaiian petrel, nor does it affect the 
range or threatened status of the Galapagos petrel.

Erigeron decumbens (Willamette daisy)

    The Willamette daisy was listed as endangered on January 25, 2000, 
under the scientific name Erigeron decumbens var. decumbens (65 FR 
3875). At that time E. decumbens was considered to include two 
varieties, decumbens and robustior. Nesom (2004, pp. 19-39) elevated 
var. robustior to full species status, finding that the taxon was 
distinctive in morphology (involucre size, shape of phyllaries, length 
of corollas and cypselae) and soil habitat preference at a level 
similar to that of other species of Erigeron. Since var. decumbens was 
thus the only remaining variety within the species, rendering 
designation of a nominate variety superfluous, the taxon was renamed as 
the full species E. decumbens. This treatment has been adopted by the 
Flora of North America (Nesom 2006, pp. 274-279) and the Oregon Flora 
Project (Cook et al. 2014a, p. 64). Consequently, the current 
scientific name of the Willamette daisy is Erigeron decumbens. This 
taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the 
Willamette daisy.

Limnanthes pumila ssp. grandiflora (large-flowered woolly meadowfoam)

    The large-flowered woolly meadowfoam was listed as endangered on 
November 7, 2002, under the scientific name Limnanthes floccosa ssp. 
grandiflora (67 FR 68004). At that time the species L. floccosa was 
considered to include five subspecies: L. f. ssp. bellingeriana, L. f. 
ssp. californica, L. f. ssp. floccosa, L. f. ssp. grandiflora, and L. 
f. ssp. pumila (Arroyo 1973, pp. 177-191; Ornduff 1993, pp. 736-738; 
Morin 2010, pp. 174-183). Meyers (2010) analyzed chloroplast, 
mitochondrial, and nuclear DNA of these subspecies and found they 
represented two clades: ssp. grandiflora and ssp. pumila in one, and 
ssp. bellingeriana, ssp. californica, and ssp. floccosa in the other; 
moreover, ssp. grandiflora and ssp. floccosa showed pre- and post-
zygotic reproductive isolation from one another when crossed by hand. 
Consequently, Meyers (2010, pp. 1-121) and Chambers and Meyers (2011, 
pp. 621-622) reclassified ssp. grandiflora and ssp. pumila within a 
separate species L. pumila. This treatment has been adopted by the 
Oregon Flora Project (Cook et al. 2014b, pp. 1-2). Consequently, the 
current scientific name of the large-flowered woolly meadowfoam is 
Limnanthes pumila ssp. grandiflora. This taxonomic change does not 
affect the range or endangered status of the large-flowered woolly 
meadowfoam.

Schiedea species

    The Hawaiian plants Alsinidendron lychnoides (kuawawaenohu) and A. 
viscosum (no common name) were listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 
(61 FR 53070). At that time Alsinidendron was considered to be a genus 
of four species distinct from Schiedea (Wagner et al. 1999, pp. 499-
502). However, analysis of nuclear DNA sequence data and morphology by 
Wagner et al. (2005, pp. 1-169) showed that the Alsinidendron clade is 
nested within Schiedea, as a sister group to Schiedea verticillata; 
thus the species in Alsinidendron were reassigned to Schiedea. The 
specific epithet viscosum was changed to viscosa to conform to the 
gender of the new generic name. These changes have been accepted in the 
most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii 
(Wagner et al. 2012, p. 26). Consequently, the current scientific names 
of these species are Schiedea lychnoides and Schiedea viscosa. This 
taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of 
either of these species.
    The scientific names of Alsinidendron trinerve and A. obovatum 
(listed as endangered on October 29, 1991 (56 FR 55770)), were revised 
on the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants to their updated names 
of Schiedea trinervis and S. obovata when critical habitat was 
designated on September 18, 2012 (77 FR 57648); thus no further changes 
in nomenclature are needed for these two species.

Euphorbia species (`akoko)

    The `Ewa Plains `akoko, a plant endemic to southwestern Oahu, was 
originally listed under the scientific name Euphorbia skottsbergii var. 
kalaeloana on August 24, 1982 (47 FR 36846), based on the taxonomy of 
Sherff (1938, pp. 1-94). Degener and Degener (1959, page unnumbered) 
moved this species to the genus Chamaesyce, as C. skottsbergii var. 
kalaeloana. Koutnik (1987, pp. 356-360; 1999, pp. 614-615) synonymized 
var. kalaeloana with var. skottsbergii, treating var. skottsbergii with 
a range including southwestern Oahu and northwestern Molokai. Morden 
and Gregoritza (2005, pp. 969-979) found that the Oahu and Molokai 
populations of var. skottsbergii differed genetically, and recommended 
treating them as separate varieties: var. audens on Molokai, and var. 
skottsbergii on Oahu (including the same range as the originally listed 
entity). Consequently, the Service revised the List of Endangered and 
Threatened Plants to refer to the `Ewa Plains `akoko as Chamaesyce 
skottsbergii var. skottsbergii when critical habitat was designated on 
September 18, 2012 (77 FR 57648); however, current research supports 
classifying this plant in the genus Euphorbia as discussed below.
    Several other endangered Hawaiian plants are classified in the 
genus Chamaesyce as recognized by Degener and Degener (1959). 
Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana and C. kuwaleana were listed as 
endangered on October 29, 1991 (56 FR 55770); C. halemanui was listed 
as endangered on May 13, 1992 (57 FR 20580); C. deppeana was listed as 
endangered on March 28, 1994 (59 FR 14482); C. herbstii and C. rockii 
were listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53089); C. 
eleanoriae, C. remyi var. kauaiensis, and C. remyi var. remyi were 
listed as endangered on April 13, 2010 (75 FR 18960). No common name 
was given for Chamaesyce halemanui when it was listed; the other 
species above were listed with the common name of `akoko.
    Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequence data 
for species in the tribe Euphorbieae (Steinmann and Porter 2002, pp. 
453-490; Yang and Berry 2011, pp. 1486-1503) indicate that the genus 
Euphorbia was paraphyletic (i.e., consisting of all the descendants of 
the last common ancestor of the group's members except for a small 
number of monophyletic groups of descendants), with Chamaesyce and 
several other genera nested within it. Steinman and Porter (2002, pp. 
479-480) recommended expanding Euphorbia to include Chamaesyce and the 
other genera in the subtribe Euphorbiinae. This approach has been 
accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering 
Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 31-34). Consequently, the 
current scientific names of the listed Chamaesyce species are now 
Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana, E. deppeana, E. eleanoriae, E. 
halemanui, E. herbstii, E. kuwaleana, E. remyi var. kauaiensis, E. 
remyi var. remyi, E. rockii, and E. skottsbergii var. skottsbergii. 
Although no common name was designated for E. halemanui when it was 
listed, the

[[Page 35864]]

common name of `akoko is also appropriate for this species (Wagner et 
al. 1999, p. 607). These taxonomic changes do not affect the range or 
endangered status of any of these species.
    Euphorbia haeleeleana (`akoko), which was listed as endangered on 
October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53108), is not a member of the Chamaesyce group 
(Wagner et al. 1999, p. 619), and its taxonomy has not changed.

Cyanea species (haha)

    The Hawaiian plant Rollandia crispa (haha) was listed as endangered 
on March 28, 1994 (59 FR 14482). Phylogenetic analyses of chloroplast 
DNA indicated that the species classified in Rollandia were nested 
within the paraphyletic genus Cyanea (Lammers et al. 1993, pp. 437-
441), and the species in Rollandia were, therefore, merged into Cyanea; 
however, Wagner et al. (1999, pp. 480-481) continued to recognize 
Rollandia as a genus, including Rollandia crispa. When the Service 
designated critical habitat for the species on June 17, 2003 (68 FR 
35950), the scientific name in the List of Endangered and Threatened 
Plants was revised to read ``Cyanea (=Rollandia) crispa''. The merger 
of Rollandia into Cyanea has since been accepted in the most recent 
update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 
2012, p. 24); because Rollandia is no longer a recognized genus, the 
parenthetical reference to it as an alternative name is unnecessary. 
Consequently the current scientific name of the species, as it should 
read in the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants, is Cyanea crispa. 
The current listing of ``Cyanea (=Rollandia) crispa'' indicates that no 
common name exists; this is erroneous as the common name is haha. 
Therefore, we are correcting this error in this rule. These changes do 
not affect the range or endangered status of the species.
    Cyanea platyphylla was listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 
FR 53137), with the common name of haha. Although this common name is 
generally used for species in the genus Cyanea, Wagner et al. (1999, p. 
459) specifically identified `aku`aku as the appropriate common name 
for Cyanea platyphylla. This change in common name does not affect the 
range or endangered status of the species.
    Delissea rivularis (oha) was listed as endangered on October 10, 
1996 (61 FR 53070). However, Lammers (2005, p. 13) found that the 
morphology of its leaves, flowers, and seeds is more similar to Cyanea 
and that molecular data indicate it is more closely related to Cyanea 
coriacea than to species in Delissea and, therefore, recommended 
transferring the species to Cyanea. This change has been accepted in 
the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii 
(Wagner et al. 2012, p. 23). Consequently, the current scientific name 
of this species is Cyanea rivularis. The common name is also changed to 
haha to correspond with the generally used common name for other 
species in Cyanea (Wagner et al. 1999, p. 437). This taxonomic change 
does not affect the range or endangered status of the species.
    On June 11, 2012, a proposed critical habitat rule for multiple 
Hawaiian species (77 FR 34464) also included proposed scientific name 
changes for two additional Cyanea species: Cyanea dunbarii (changed to 
C. dunbariae) and C. macrostegia ssp. gibsonii (changed to C. 
gibsonii). We expect these changes to be finalized when the final 
critical habitat rule is published.

Dubautia latifolia (koholapehu)

    The Hawaiian plant Dubautia latifolia was listed as endangered on 
May 13, 1992 (57 FR 20580), with the common name of na`ena`e. Although 
this common name is generally used for species in the genus Dubautia, 
Wagner et al. (1999, p. 299) specifically identified koholapehu as the 
appropriate common name for D. latifolia. This change in common name 
does not affect the range or endangered status of the species.

Geranium arboreum (nohoanu)

    The Hawaiian plant Geranium arboreum was listed as endangered on 
May 13, 1992 (57 FR 20589), with the common name of Hawaiian red-
flowered geranium. This common name was not historically used prior to 
listing of the species; however, Wagner et al. (1999, p. 729) 
identified nohoanu or hinahina as accepted common names for native 
Hawaiian species of Geranium, including G. arboreum. Use of the common 
name nohoanu is consistent with Service practice for other listed 
species of Hawaiian Geranium. This change in common name does not 
affect the range or endangered status of the species.

Kadua species

    The Hawaiian plant Hedyotis cookiana (`awiwi) was listed as 
endangered on February 25, 1994 (59 FR 9304). Hedyotis st.-johnii (Na 
Pali Beach hedyotis) was listed as endangered on September 30, 1991 (56 
FR 49639). Terrell et al. (2005, pp. 818-833) reviewed seed and fruit 
morphology and floral characteristics of Hawaiian and South Pacific 
Hedyotis species and found that they were distinct from the Asian and 
North American species, reassigning them to the genus Kadua. This 
change has been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the 
Flowering Plants of Hawaii (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 63-65). 
Consequently, the current scientific names of these species are Kadua 
cookiana and Kadua st.-johnii. The common name given for K. st.-johnii 
in the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants, Na Pali Beach 
hedyotis, was not historically used prior to listing of the species. 
Because Wagner et al. (1999, p. 1150) did not identify an independently 
accepted common name for this species, we are revising the List of 
Endangered and Threatened Plants to indicate that no common name 
exists. These taxonomic changes do not affect the range or endangered 
status of either of these species.
    On June 11, 2012, a proposed critical habitat rule for multiple 
Hawaiian species (77 FR 34464) also included proposed scientific name 
changes for two additional Hedyotis species: Hedyotis schechtendahliana 
var. remyi (changed to Kadua cordata ssp. remyi) and Hedyotis mannii 
(changed to Kadua laxiflora). We expect these changes to be finalized 
when the final critical habitat rule is published.

Lobelia koolauensis

    The Hawaiian plant Lobelia gaudichaudii ssp. koolauensis (no common 
name) was listed as endangered on October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53089). While 
Wagner et al. (1999, p. 476) recognized two subspecies of L. 
gaudichaudii (ssp. koolauensis and ssp. gaudichaudii), differing in 
corolla color and branching of inflorescences, Lammers (2007, p. 797) 
determined that they do not interbreed where sympatric and elevated 
both taxa to full species status. This change has been accepted in the 
most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii 
(Wagner et al. 2012, p. 24). Consequently, the current scientific name 
of this species is Lobelia koolauensis. This taxonomic change does not 
affect the range or endangered status of the species.

Cyperus fauriei

    The Hawaiian sedge species Mariscus fauriei (no common name) was 
listed as endangered on March 4, 1994 (59 FR 10305). Historically, the 
genus Mariscus has also been recognized as a subgenus of Cyperus, but 
taxonomists have noted that no consistent characters (e.g., leaf 
anatomy, spikelet structure, photosynthetic metabolism type) separate 
the Mariscus group from other species in Cyperus, and recommend

[[Page 35865]]

merging it within Cyperus subg. Cyperus (Lye 1981, p. 57; Tucker 1994, 
p. 10; Strong and Wagner 1997, p. 39). This change has been accepted in 
the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii 
(Wagner et al. 2012, p. 81). Consequently, the current scientific name 
of this species is Cyperus fauriei. This taxonomic change does not 
affect the range or endangered status of the species.

Polyscias species

    The Hawaiian plant Munroidendron racemosum (no common name) was 
listed as endangered on February 25, 1994 (59 FR 9304). Tetraplasandra 
gymnocarpa (`ohe`ohe) was listed as endangered on March 28, 1994 (59 FR 
14482). Tetraplasandra bisattenuata (no common name) and T. flynnii (no 
common name) were listed as endangered on April 13, 2010 (75 FR 18960). 
Tetraplasandra lydgatei (no common name) was listed as endangered on 
September 18, 2012 (77 FR 57648).
    Lowry and Plunkett (2010, pp. 55-84) determined, based on molecular 
phylogenetic studies (phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary 
relationships among groups of organisms that are discovered through 
molecular sequencing data and morphological data matrices) (Plunkett et 
al. 2001, pp. 213-230; 2004, pp. 861-873), that the genus Polyscias, as 
previously circumscribed, is paraphyletic, with six traditionally 
recognized genera (Arthrophyllum, Cuphocarpus, Gastonia, Munroidendron, 
Reynoldsia, and Tetraplasandra) nested within it. They recommended 
combining all of these genera into Polyscias. Species in the genera 
Munroidendron and Tetraplasandra were thus assigned to the genus 
Polyscias, subgenus Tetraplasandra. The specific epithet racemosum was 
changed to racemosa to conform with the gender of the new genus name. 
These changes have been accepted in the most recent update to the 
Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai`i (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 7-
8). Consequently, the current scientific names of these species are P. 
racemosa, P. gymnocarpa, P. bisattenuata, P. flynnii, and P. lydgatei. 
These taxonomic changes do not affect the range or endangered status of 
any of these species.

Pritchardia maideniana (lo`ulu)

    The Hawaiian palm tree Pritchardia affinis (lo`ulu) was listed as 
endangered on March 4, 1994 (59 FR 10305). This listing followed the 
taxonomy of Beccari and Rock (1921, pp. 37-41), who described P. 
affinis, including three additional varieties (var. gracilis, var. 
halophila, and var. rhopalocarpa) from localities on the island of 
Hawai`i. Previously, Beccari (1913, pp. 213-216) had described P. 
maideniana from cultivated plants in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, 
Australia, although the geographic origin of those individuals was 
unclear and no wild specimens had been located (Beccari and Rock 1921, 
p. 23). Hodel (2007, pp. S26-S27) examined an extant cultivated plant 
at the Royal Botanic Gardens, plants in Hawaii grown from its seeds, 
living plants within the native range of P. affinis on the island of 
Hawai`i, and photographs of type specimens attributed to both species, 
and found no differences between P. affinis and P. maideniana. Because 
P. affinis was the more recently described, Hodel reassigned the 
species (including all varieties) to P. maideniana. This change has 
been accepted in the most recent update to the Manual of the Flowering 
Plants of Hawai`i (Wagner et al. 2012, p. 76). Consequently, the 
current scientific name of this species is P. maideniana. This 
taxonomic change does not affect the range in the wild or the 
endangered status of the species.

Sicyos albus (`anunu)

    The Hawaiian plant Sicyos alba (`anunu) was listed as endangered on 
October 10, 1996 (61 FR 53137). The most recent update to the Manual of 
the Flowering Plants of Hawai`i (Wagner et al. 2012, p. 30) corrected 
the specific epithet to albus, making it consistent with the gender of 
the genus name. Consequently, the current scientific name of the 
species is Sicyos albus. This correction does not affect the range or 
endangered status of the species.

Asplenium species

    The Hawaiian fern Diellia falcata was listed as endangered on 
October 29, 1991 (56 FR 55770). Diellia pallida was listed as 
endangered on February 25, 1994 (59 FR 9304). Diellia unisora was 
listed as endangered on June 27, 1994 (59 FR 32932). Diellia mannii was 
listed as endangered on April 13, 2010 (75 FR 18960).
    Kramer and Viane (1990, p. 55) and Viane and Reichstein (1991, p. 
157) classified all species within the family Aspleniaceae, including 
the above species of Diellia, under the genus Asplenium. Analysis of 
molecular data by Schneider et al. (2005, pp. 455-460) indicated that 
Asplenium is paraphyletic and Diellia is a Hawaiian endemic clade 
nested within it. Therefore, Snow et al. (2011, p. 12) merged Diellia 
with Asplenium. Because different species had previously been described 
under the names A. falcatum, A. mannii, and A. pallidum, these names 
were not available to designate the respective Hawaiian species after 
the generic change (Viane and Reichstein 1991; Snow et al. 2011, p. 
12). Consequently, D. falcata has been renamed A. dielfalcatum; D. 
mannii has been renamed A. dielmannii; and D. pallida has been renamed 
A. dielpallidum (Viane and Reichstein 1991, pp. 159-160; Snow et al. 
2011, p. 12). Diellia unisora was also renamed A. unisorum, with the 
specific epithet changing to conform to the gender of the new genus 
name (Viane and Reichstein 1991, p. 163; Snow et al. 2011, p. 12). 
These changes have been accepted in the most recent update to Hawaii's 
Ferns and Fern Allies (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 103-104). These 
taxonomic changes do not affect the range or endangered status of any 
of these species.
    On June 11, 2012, a proposed critical habitat rule for multiple 
Hawaiian species (77 FR 34464) also included proposed scientific name 
changes for two additional fern species: Asplenium fragile var. 
insulare (changed to A. peruvianum var. insulare) and Diellia erecta 
(changed to A. dielerectum). We expect these changes to be finalized 
when the final critical habitat rule is published.

Family reassignments

    Several genera of Hawaiian plants have been recently reassigned to 
different families (Wagner et al. 2012, pp. 108-109), based on 
phylogenetic research summarized by Smith et al. (2006, pp. 705-731), 
Mabberley (2008, pp. 14, 278, 341, 457, 508, 568, 916), the Angiosperm 
Phylogeny Group (2009, pp. 105-121), and Stevens (2015). These changes 
have resulted in a need for revisions in the List of Endangered and 
Threatened Plants where the family reassignments were not reflected in 
the original listing rules. Flueggea neowawraea (mehamehame) is listed 
as a member of the family Euphorbiaceae; this should be revised to 
Phyllanthaceae. Korthalsella degeneri (hulumoa) is listed as a member 
of the family Viscaceae; this should be revised to Santalaceae. 
Lysimachia daphnoides (lehua makanoe), L. iniki (no common name), L. 
pendens (no common name), L. scopulensis (no common name), L. venosa 
(no common name), Myrsine juddii (kolea), M. knudsenii (kolea), M. 
linearifolia (kolea), M. mezii (kolea), and M. vaccinioides (kolea) are 
listed as members of the family Myrsinaceae; this should be revised to 
Primulaceae. Pleomele hawaiiensis (hala pepe) is listed as a member of 
the family

[[Page 35866]]

Liliaceae; this should be revised to Asparagaceae. Xylosma crenatum (no 
common name) is listed as a member of the family Flacourtiaceae; this 
should be revised to Salicaceae. Adenophorus periens (pendent kihi 
fern) is listed as a member of the family Grammitidaceae; this should 
be revised to Polypodiaceae. Diplazium molokaiense (no common name) is 
listed as a member of the family Aspleniaceae; this should be revised 
to Woodsiaceae. These taxonomic changes do not affect the threatened or 
endangered status or range of any of these species.

Required Determinations

Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.)

    This rule does not contain any new collections of information that 
require approval by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the 
Paperwork Reduction Act. This rule will not impose recordkeeping or 
reporting requirements on State or local governments, individuals, 
businesses, or organizations. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and 
a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information 
unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

National Environmental Policy Act

    We have determined that environmental assessments and environmental 
impact statements, as defined under the authority of the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), need not be 
prepared in connection with regulations issued pursuant to section 4(a) 
of the Act. We published a notice outlining our reasons for this 
determination in the Federal Register on October 25, 1983 (43 FR 
49244).

Clarity of the Rule

    We are required by Executive Orders 12866 and 12988 and by the 
Presidential Memorandum of June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain 
language. This means that each rule we publish must:
    (a) Be logically organized;
    (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly;
    (c) Use clear language rather than jargon;
    (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and
    (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible.
    If you feel that we have not met these requirements, send us 
comments by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. To help us to 
revise this rule, your comments should be as specific as possible.

References Cited

    A complete list of the referenced materials is available upon 
request from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (see FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT).

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 17

    Endangered and threatened species, Exports, Imports, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.

Regulation Promulgation

    For the reasons given in the preamble, we amend part 17, subchapter 
B of chapter I, title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as set 
forth below:

PART 17--[AMENDED]

0
1. The authority citation for part 17 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 16. U.S.C. 1361-1407; 1531-1544; 4201-4245; unless 
otherwise noted.


0
2. Amend the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in Sec.  
17.11(h) by:
0
a. Revising the entry under MAMMALS for ``Squirrel, northern Idaho 
ground'' to read as set forth below;
0
b. Removing the entries under BIRDS for ``Kingfisher, Guam 
Micronesian'', ``Moorhen, Hawaiian common'', and ``Petrel, Hawaiian 
dark-rumped''; and
0
c. Adding in alphabetic order under BIRDS entries for ``Gallinule, 
Hawaiian common'', ``Kingfisher, Guam'', and ``Petrel, Hawaiian'' to 
read as follows:


Sec.  17.11  Endangered and threatened wildlife.

* * * * *
    (h) * * *

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Species                                                    Vertebrate
--------------------------------------------------------                        population where                                  Critical     Special
                                                            Historic range       endangered or         Status      When listed    habitat       rules
           Common name                Scientific name                              threatened
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Mammals
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Squirrel, northern Idaho ground..  Urocitellus brunneus  U.S.A. (ID)........  Entire.............  T                       693           NA           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
              Birds
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Gallinule, Hawaiian common.......  Gallinula galeata     U.S.A. (HI)........  Entire.............  E                         1           NA           NA
                                    sandvicensis.
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Kingfisher, Guam.................  Todiramphus           Western Pacific      Entire.............  E                       156     17.95(b)           NA
                                    cinnamominus.         Ocean, U.S.A.
                                                          (Guam).
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Petrel, Hawaiian.................  Pterodroma            U.S.A. (HI)........  Entire.............  E                         1           NA           NA
                                    sandwichensis.
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
3. Amend the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants in Sec.  17.12(h) 
by:
0
a. Removing the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Alsinidendron 
lychnoides,'' ``Alsinidendron viscosum,''

[[Page 35867]]

``Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana,'' ``Chamaesyce deppeana,'' 
``Chamaesyce eleanoriae,'' ``Chamaesyce halemanui,'' ``Chamaesyce 
herbstii,'' ``Chamaesyce kuwaleana,'' ``Chamaesyce remyi var. 
kauaiensis,'' ``Chamaesyce remyi var. remyi,'' ``Chamaesyce rockii,'' 
``Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. skottsbergii,'' and ``Cyanea 
(=Rollandia) crispa'';
0
b. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Cyanea crispa'';
0
c. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Cyanea 
platyphylla'';
0
d. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Cyanea rivularis'' and ``Cyperus fauriei'';
0
e. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Delissea 
rivularis'';
0
f. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Dubautia 
latifolia'';
0
g. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Erigeron decumbens'';
0
h. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Erigeron decumbens 
var. decumbens'';
0
i. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana,'' ``Euphorbia deppeana,'' 
``Euphorbia eleanoriae,'' ``Euphorbia halemanui,'' ``Euphorbia 
herbstii,'' ``Euphorbia kuwaleana,'' ``Euphorbia remyi var. 
kauaiensis,'' ``Euphorbia remyi var. remyi,'' ``Euphorbia rockii,'' and 
``Euphorbia skottsbergii var. skottsbergii'';
0
j. Revising the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Flueggea 
neowawraea'' and ``Geranium arboreum'';
0
k. Removing the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Hedyotis 
cookiana'' and ``Hedyotis st-johnii'';
0
l. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Kadua cookiana'' and ``Kadua st-johnii'';
0
m. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Korthalsella 
degeneri'';
0
n. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Limnanthes floccosa 
ssp. grandiflora'';
0
o. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Limnanthes pumila ssp. grandiflora'';
0
p. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Lobelia gaudichaudii 
ssp. koolauensis'';
0
q. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Lobelia koolauensis'';
0
r. Revising the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Lysimachia 
daphnoides,'' ``Lysimachia iniki,'' ``Lysimachia pendens,'' 
``Lysimachia scopulensis,'' and ``Lysimachia venosa'';
0
s. Removing the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Mariscus fauriei'' 
and ``Munroidendron racemosum'';
0
t. Revising the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Myrsine juddii,'' 
``Myrsine knudsenii,'' ``Myrsine linearifolia,'' ``Myrsine mezii,'' and 
``Myrsine vaccinioides'';
0
u. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Pleomele 
hawaiiensis'';
0
v. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Polyscias bisattenuata,'' ``Polyscias flynnii,'' ``Polyscias 
gymnocarpa,'' ``Polyscias lydgatei,'' and ``Polyscias racemosa'';
0
w. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Pritchardia 
affinis'';
0
x. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Pritchardia maideniana,'' ``Schiedea lychnoides,'' and ``Schiedea 
viscosa'';
0
y. Removing the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Sicyos alba'';
0
z. Adding an entry in alphabetic order under FLOWERING PLANTS for 
``Sicyos albus'';
0
aa. Removing the entries under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Tetraplasandra 
bisattenuata,'' ``Tetraplasandra flynnii,'' ``Tetraplasandra 
gymnocarpa,'' and ``Tetraplasandra lydgatei'';
0
bb. Revising the entry under FLOWERING PLANTS for ``Xylosma crenatum'' 
and the entry under FERNS AND ALLIES for ``Adenophorus periens'';
0
cc. Adding entries in alphabetic order under FERNS AND ALLIES for 
``Asplenium dielfalcatum,'' ``Asplenium dielmannii,'' ``Asplenium 
dielpallidum,'' and ``Asplenium unisorum'';
0
dd. Removing the entries under FERNS AND ALLIES for ``Diellia 
falcata,'' ``Diellia mannii,'' ``Diellia pallida,'' and ``Diellia 
unisora''; and
0
ee. Revising the entry under FERNS AND ALLIES for ``Diplazium 
molokaiense''.
    The additions and revisions read as follows:


Sec.  17.12  Endangered and threatened plants.

* * * * *
    (h) * * *

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Species
--------------------------------------------------------    Historic range           Family            Status      When listed    Critical     Special
         Scientific name                Common name                                                                               habitat       rules
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Flowering Plants
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Cyanea crispa....................  Haha................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Campanulaceae......  E                       536     17.99(i)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Cyanea platyphylla...............  `Aku`aku............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Campanulaceae......  E                       595     17.99(k)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Cyanea rivularis.................  Haha................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Campanulaceae......  E                       590  17.99(a)(1)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Cyperus fauriei..................  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Cyperaceae.........  E                       532     17.99(c)           NA
                                                                                                                                    and (k)
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Dubautia latifolia...............  Koholapehu..........  U.S.A. (HI)........  Asteraceae.........  E                       464  17.99(a)(1)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Erigeron decumbens...............  Willamette daisy....  U.S.A. (OR)........  Asteraceae.........  E                       679     17.96(a)           NA
 

[[Page 35868]]

 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Euphorbia celastroides var.        `Akoko..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       448     17.99(i)           NA
 kaenana.
Euphorbia deppeana...............  `Akoko..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       536     17.99(i)           NA
Euphorbia eleanoriae.............  `Akoko..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Euphorbia halemanui..............  `Akoko..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       464  17.99(a)(1)           NA
Euphorbia herbstii...............  `Akoko..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       591     17.99(i)           NA
Euphorbia kuwaleana..............  `Akoko..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       448     17.99(i)           NA
Euphorbia remyi var. kauaiensis..  `Akoko..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
Euphorbia remyi var. remyi.......  `Akoko..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
Euphorbia rockii.................  `Akoko..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       591     17.99(i)           NA
Euphorbia skottsbergii var.        `Ewa Plains `akoko..  U.S.A. (HI)........  Euphorbiaceae......  E                       120     17.99(i)           NA
 skottsbergii.
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Flueggea neowawraea..............  Mehamehame..........  U.S.A. (HI)........  Phyllanthaceae.....  E                       559  17.99(a)(1)           NA
                                                                                                                                     , (c),
                                                                                                                                (e)(1), (i)
                                                                                                                                    and (k)
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Geranium arboreum................  Nohoanu.............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Geraniaceae........  E                       465  17.99(e)(1)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Kadua cookiana...................  `Awiwi..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Rubiaceae..........  E                       530  17.99(a)(1)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Kadua st.-johnii.................  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Rubiaceae..........  E                       441  17.99(a)(1)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Korthalsella degeneri............  Hulumoa.............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Santalaceae........  E                       806     17.99(i)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Limnanthes pumila ssp.             Large-flowered        U.S.A. (OR)........  Limnanthaceae......  E                       733     17.96(a)           NA
 Grandiflora.                       woolly meadowfoam.
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Lobelia koolauensis..............  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Campanulaceae......  E                       591     17.99(i)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Lysimachia daphnoides............  Lehua makanoe.......  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Lysimachia iniki.................  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Lysimachia pendens...............  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
Lysimachia scopulensis...........  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
Lysimachia venosa................  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Myrsine juddii...................  Kolea...............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  E                       591     17.99(i)           NA
Myrsine knudsenii................  Kolea...............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
Myrsine linearifolia.............  Kolea...............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  T                       590  17.99(a)(1)           NA
Myrsine mezii....................  Kolea...............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
Myrsine vaccinioides.............  Kolea...............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Primulaceae........  E                       815           NA           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Pleomele hawaiiensis.............  Hala pepe...........  U.S.A. (HI)........  Asparagaceae.......  E                       595     17.99(k)           NA
 

[[Page 35869]]

 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Polyscias bisattenuata...........  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Araliaceae.........  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
Polyscias flynnii................  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Araliaceae.........  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
Polyscias gymnocarpa.............  `Ohe`ohe............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Araliaceae.........  E                       536     17.99(i)           NA
Polyscias lydgatei...............  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Araliaceae.........  E                       806     17.99(i)           NA
Polyscias racemosa...............  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Araliaceae.........  E                       530  17.99(a)(1)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Pritchardia maideniana...........  Lo`ulu..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Arecaceae..........  E                       532           NA           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Schiedea lychnoides..............  Kuawawaenohu........  U.S.A. (HI)........  Caryophyllaceae....  E                       590  17.99(a)(1)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Schiedea viscosa.................  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Caryophyllaceae....  E                       590  17.99(a)(1)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Sicyos albus.....................  `Anunu..............  U.S.A. (HI)........  Cucurbitaceae......  E                       595     17.99(k)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Xylosma crenatum.................  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Salicaceae.........  E                       464  17.99(a)(1)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
         Ferns and Allies
Adenophorus periens..............  Pendent kihi fern...  U.S.A. (HI)........  Polypodiaceae......  E                       559  17.99(a)(1)           NA
                                                                                                                                , (c), (i),
                                                                                                                                    and (k)
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Asplenium dielfalcatum...........  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Aspleniaceae.......  E                       448     17.99(i)           NA
Asplenium dielmannii.............  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Aspleniaceae.......  E                       765     17.99(a)           NA
Asplenium dielpallidum...........  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Aspleniaceae.......  E                       530  17.99(a)(1)           NA
Asplenium unisorum...............  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Aspleniaceae.......  E                       541     17.99(i)           NA
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Diplazium molokaiense............  None................  U.S.A. (HI)........  Woodsiaceae........  E                       553  17.99(a)(1)           NA
                                                                                                                                     , (c),
                                                                                                                                (e)(1), and
                                                                                                                                        (i)
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Dated: June 9, 2015.
Stephen Guertin,
Acting Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
[FR Doc. 2015-15212 Filed 6-22-15; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4310-55-P