Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request, 26258-26261 [2015-10982]

Download as PDF 26258 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 88 / Thursday, May 7, 2015 / Notices that corresponds with ‘‘Information Collection 9000–0076, Novation/Change of Name Requirements.’’ Follow the instructions provided at the ‘‘Submit a Comment’’ screen. Please include your name, company name (if any), and ‘‘Information Collection 9000–0076, Novation/Change of Name Requirements’’ on your attached document. • Mail: General Services Administration, Regulatory Secretariat Division (MVCB), 1800 F Street NW., Washington, DC 20405. ATTN: Ms. Flowers/IC 9000–0076, Novation/ Change of Name Requirements. Instructions: Please submit comments only and cite Information Collection 9000–0076, Novation/Change of Name Requirements, in all correspondence related to this collection. All comments received will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal and/or business confidential information provided. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Curtis E. Glover, Sr., Procurement Analyst, Office of Governmentwide Acquisition Policy, GSA, 202–208–4949 or via email curtis.glover@gsa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A. Purpose Federal Acquisition Regulation 42.1203 and 42.1204 provide requirements for contractors to request novation/change of name agreements and supporting documents when a firm performing under Government contracts wishes the Government to recognize (1) a successor in interest to these contracts, or (2) a name change, it must submit certain documentation to the Government. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES B. Annual Reporting Burden Respondents: 1,178. Responses per Respondent: 1. Annual Responses: 1,178. Hours per Response: 2.0. Total Burden Hours: 2,356. C. Public Comments Public comments are particularly invited on: Whether this collection of information is necessary; whether it will have practical utility; whether our estimate of the public burden of this collection of information is accurate, and based on valid assumptions and methodology; ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and ways in which we can minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, through the use of appropriate technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:07 May 06, 2015 Jkt 235001 Obtaining Copies of Proposals: Requesters may obtain a copy of the information collection documents from the General Services Administration, Regulatory Secretariat Division (MVCB), 1800 F Street NW., Washington, DC 20405, telephone 202–501–4755. Please cite OMB Control No. 9000–0076, Novation/Change of Name Requirements, in all correspondence. Bulletins can be found at www.gsa.gov/ ftrbulletin. Dated: May 1, 2015. Giancarlo Brizzi, Acting Associate Administrator, Office of Government-wide Policy. [FR Doc. 2015–10631 Filed 5–6–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6820–14–P Dated: May 4, 2015. Edward Loeb, Acting Director, Federal Acquisition Policy Division, Office of Governmentwide Acquisition Policy, Office of Acquisition Policy, Office of Governmentwide Policy. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES [FR Doc. 2015–11074 Filed 5–6–15; 8:45 am] Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request BILLING CODE 6820–EP–P Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, HHS. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [Notice–MA–2015–02; Docket No. 2015– 0002, Sequence No. 10] Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Relocation Allowances—Requirement To Report Agency Payments for Relocation Office of Government-Wide Policy, General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of a bulletin. AGENCY: The purpose of this notice is to inform agencies that FTR Bulletin 15– 04, pertaining to the Requirement to Report Agency Payments for Relocation, is now available online at www.gsa.gov/ ftrbulletin. DATES: Effective: May 7, 2015. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Rick Miller, Office of Asset and Transportation Management (MA), Office of Government-wide Policy, GSA, at 202–501–3822 or via email at rodney.miller@gsa.gov. Please cite FTR Bulletin 15–04. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under 5 U.S.C. 5707(c), as implemented in the Federal Travel Regulation, Part 300–70, Subpart A—Requirement To Report Agency Payments for Employee Travel and Relocation, and Part 302–1, Subpart B—Requirement to Report Agency Data for Employee Relocation, the Administrator of General Services is required to collect data on total agency payments for travel, transportation, and relocation expenses every year. This bulletin provides guidance to agencies that spent more than $5 million on travel and transportation payments, including relocation costs, and the requirement procedures to report the data to GSA. Federal Travel Regulation Bulletin 15–04 and all other FTR SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00043 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality This notice announces the intention of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to request that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approve the proposed information collection project: ‘‘Pilot Test of the Proposed Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture Version 2.0.’’ In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501–3521, AHRQ invites the public to comment on this proposed information collection. DATES: Comments on this notice must be received by July 6, 2015. ADDRESSES: Written comments should be submitted to: Doris Lefkowitz, Reports Clearance Officer, AHRQ, by email at doris.lefkowitz@AHRQ.hhs.gov. Copies of the proposed collection plans, data collection instruments, and specific details on the estimated burden can be obtained from the AHRQ Reports Clearance Officer. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Doris Lefkowitz, AHRQ Reports Clearance Officer, (301) 427–1477, or by email at doris.lefkowitz@AHRQ.hhs.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Pilot Test of the Proposed Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture Version 2.0 Proposed Project In 2004, AHRQ developed and published a measurement tool to assess the culture of patient safety in hospitals (OMB control no. 0935–0115). The Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) is a survey of providers and staff that can be implemented by hospitals to identify strengths and areas for patient safety culture improvement as well as raise awareness about patient safety. When E:\FR\FM\07MYN1.SGM 07MYN1 mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 88 / Thursday, May 7, 2015 / Notices conducted routinely, the survey can be used to examine trends in patient safety culture over time and evaluate the cultural impact of patient safety initiatives and interventions. The data can also be used to make comparisons across hospital units. AHRQ also produced a survey user’s guide to assist hospitals in conducting the survey successfully. The guide addresses issues such as which providers and staff should complete the survey, how to select a sample of hospital providers and staff, how to administer the questionnaire, and how to analyze and report on the resulting data. Since 2004, thousands of hospitals within the U.S. and internationally have implemented the survey. In response to requests for comparative data from other hospitals, AHRQ funded the development of a comparative database on the survey in 2006 (OMB control no. 0935–0162). The database is currently compiled every two years, using the latest data provided by participating hospitals (and retaining submitted data for no more than 2 years). Reports describing the findings from analysis of the database are made available on the AHRQ Web site to assist hospitals in comparing their results. The 2014 database contains data from 405,281 hospital provider and staff respondents within 653 participating hospitals. The 2014 User Comparative Database Report presents results by hospital characteristics (e.g., number of beds, teaching status, geographic location) and respondent characteristics (e.g., position type, work area/unit). The survey constructed in 2004 remains in use today, more than 10 years after its initial launch. Since the launch of HSOPS, AHRQ has funded development of patient safety culture surveys for other settings. In 2008, surveys were published for outpatient medical offices (OMB control no. 0935– 0131) and nursing homes (OMB control no. 0935–0132). In 2012, a survey for community pharmacies (OMB control no. 0935–0183) was released. Surveys for each setting built upon the strengths of HSOPS but improved and updated items where appropriate. Users of HSOPS have provided feedback over the years suggesting that changes to the instrument would be valuable and welcomed. The comparative database registrants provided feedback about potential changes in 2013, and telephone interviews were conducted with 8 current survey users and vendors to gain an in-depth understanding of their thoughts on the current survey and possible changes. As a result of this feedback, the Hospital Survey on Patient VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:07 May 06, 2015 Jkt 235001 Safety Culture Version 2.0 (HSOPS 2.0) is being constructed with the following 8 objectives in mind. (1) Shift to a Just Culture framework for understanding responses to errors. In the original HSOPS, questions around responses to errors were negatively worded to detect a ‘‘culture of blame’’ in organizations. For example, respondents evaluated the extent to which errors were held against them and whether it felt as though the person was being written up rather than the problem. In contrast, a Just Culture framework emphasizes learning from mistakes, providing a safe environment for reporting errors, and utilizing a balanced approach to errors that considers both system and individual behavioral reasons as causes for errors. New items will be constructed in HSOPS 2.0 to capture the extent to which positive responses to error consistent with a Just Culture framework are present in an organization. For example, respondents will be asked to evaluate the extent to which the organization tries to understand the factors that lead to patient safety errors. (2) Reduce the number of negatively worded items. The original HSOPS has negatively worded items. For example, respondents are asked whether there are ‘‘patient safety problems in this unit’’ (negatively worded). Using some negatively worded items was intended to reduce social desirability and acquiescence biases and identify individuals not giving the survey their full attention (e.g., ‘‘straight-lining,’’ or providing the same answer for every item, regardless of positive or negative wording). However, many users have indicated that respondents sometimes had difficultly correctly interpreting and responding to the negatively worded items. Therefore, many survey users recommended that the number of negatively worded items should be reduced, but they did not recommend removing all of these items as they felt a mixture of items helps keep respondents engaged. (3) Add a ‘‘Does not apply/Don’t know’’ response option. Analysis of the Comparative Database data found that a percentage of respondents selects ‘‘neither agree nor disagree’’ on many items when they really should have answered ‘‘Does not apply/Don’t know’’. While some portion of respondents will always have neutral feelings about a statement, in some cases a respondent will select a neutral response to an item because they do not have experience in that area or the item does not apply to their position. Addition of a ‘‘does not apply/don’t know’’ response option PO 00000 Frm 00044 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 26259 should reduce neutral responses to an item in cases where the item is not relevant for a respondent, providing more statistical variability in responses. Recognizing these issues, the other AHRQ Surveys on Patient Safety Culture all have a 5th ‘‘Does not apply/ Don’t know’’ response option. (4) Reword unclear or difficult-totranslate items. HSOPS was originally designed for use in U.S. hospitals, but it has since been translated into languages other than English. Some HSOPS items use idiomatic expressions that do not translate well, such as ‘‘things fall between the cracks’’ and ‘‘the person is being written up.’’ Other items have words that are complex or may mean different things to different people, such as ‘‘sacrifice’’ and ‘‘overlook.’’ HSOPS 2.0 uses more universal phrases which can be accurately translated and have more consistent meaning across respondents, some of whom are non-clinical staff. A related change across many items is use of the word ‘‘we’’ rather than ‘‘staff.’’ It may be unclear to respondents whether providers such as physicians, residents, and interns qualify as ‘‘staff,’’ while ‘‘we’’ invites a more inclusive view of those in the hospital or unit. (5) Reword items to be more applicable to physicians and nonclinical staff. Users have indicated that the wording of some of the items makes it awkward for physicians to answer. For example, the section that asks about ‘‘Your Supervisor/Manager’’ does not apply well to physicians who report to a clinical leader but not to a manager per se. In addition, some items were difficult for non-clinical staff to answer. For example, the item ‘‘We have patient safety problems in this unit’’ may not be relevant for staff who do not have direct interaction with patients (e.g., IT staff). (6) Align the HSOPS survey with AHRQ patient safety culture surveys for other settings. The development of patient safety culture surveys for other settings provided opportunities to test new items and refinements of original HSOPS items. Many of these items have performed well for other settings and are relevant to the hospital setting. In addition, standardizing items across the patient safety culture surveys would allow cross-setting comparisons that are not currently possible. (7) Reduce survey length. To increase response rates and reduce the survey administration burden for hospitals, the revised survey is intended to be shorter than the original instrument. Some of the original items have relatively low variability and therefore contribute little to discrimination between positive and negative assessment of patient safety E:\FR\FM\07MYN1.SGM 07MYN1 mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 26260 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 88 / Thursday, May 7, 2015 / Notices culture. However, the need for careful testing of alternative questions means that the initial draft of the revised or 2.0 survey is slightly longer than the original. Through cognitive interviewing, pilot testing, and expert review, we will identify items that can be deleted, resulting in a shorter final instrument. (8) Investigate supplemental items/ composites. Develop a set of supplemental items for the HSOPS 2.0 survey pertaining to Health Information Technology (Health IT). Further details about the specific changes by composite and at the item level can be found on the AHRQ Web site at: http://www.ahrq.gov/ professionals/quality-patient-safety/ patientsafetyculture/hospital/update/ index.html. The draft 2.0 version of the instrument has undergone preliminary cognitive testing with 9 hospital physicians and staff members as well as review by a Technical Expert Panel (TEP). This research has the following goals: (1) Cognitively test with individual respondents the items in a) the draft HSOPS 2.0 survey and b) HSOPS 2.0 supplemental item set assessing Health IT Patient Safety. Cognitive testing will be conducted in English and Spanish. (2) Conduct data collection as follows: a. A combined pilot test and bridge study for the draft HSOPS 2.0 in 40 hospitals and modify the questionnaire as necessary. The pilot test component will entail administering the draft 2.0 version to determine which items to retain. The bridge study component will entail administering the original HSOPS in addition to the draft HSOPS 2.0 version to provide guidance to hospitals in understanding changes in their scores resulting from the new instrument versus changes resulting from true changes in culture. b. The pilot testing of the supplemental item set will be conducted with the same hospitals and respondents as the pilot test for the draft HSOPS 2.0. These supplemental items will be added to the draft HSOPS 2.0 survey for pilot testing. (3) Engage a TEP in review of pilot results and finalize the questionnaire and supplemental item set. (4) Make the final HSOPS 2.0 survey and the supplemental items publicly available. This work is being conducted by AHRQ through its contractor, Westat, pursuant to AHRQ’s statutory authority to conduct and support research on healthcare and on systems for the delivery of such care, including activities with respect to the quality, VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:07 May 06, 2015 Jkt 235001 effectiveness, efficiency, appropriateness and value of healthcare services and with respect to quality measurement and improvement. 42 U.S.C. 299a(a)(1) and (2). Method of Collection Cognitive interviews—The purpose of these interviews is to understand the cognitive processes respondents engage in when answering each item on the survey, which will aid in refining the survey instrument. These interviews will be conducted with a mix of hospital personnel, including physicians, nurses, and other types of staff (from dietitians to housekeepers). Draft HSOPS 2.0—Cognitive interviews have already been conducted with 9 respondents to inform development of the current draft HSOPS 2.0. Up to three additional rounds of interviews will be conducted by telephone with a total of 27 respondents (nine respondents each round). The instrument will be translated into Spanish and another round of cognitive interviews will be conducted with nine Spanish-speaking respondents for a total of up to 36 respondents across all four rounds. A cognitive interview guide will be used for all rounds. Supplemental Items—Up to three rounds of interviews will be conducted by telephone for a total of 27 respondents (nine respondents each round). The supplemental items will be translated into Spanish and another round of cognitive interviews will be conducted with nine Spanish-speaking respondents for a total of up to 36 respondents across all four rounds. A cognitive interview guide will be used for all rounds. Feedback obtained from the first round of interviews for the draft HSOPS 2.0 and the supplemental items will be used to refine the items. The results of Round 1 testing, along with the proposed revisions, will be reviewed with a TEP prior to commencing with Rounds 2 and/or 3 testing. In total, up to 72 cognitive interviews will be conducted to refine the draft HSOPS 2.0 and supplemental items for pilot testing. (2) Pilot test and bridge study—There will be one data collection effort which will provide data for the pilot test and the bridge study. The pilot test of the draft HSOPS 2.0 and supplemental items will allow the assessment of the psychometric properties of the items and composites. We will assess the variability, reliability, factor structure and construct validity of the draft HSOPS 2.0 and supplemental items and composites, allowing for their further refinement. The draft HSOPS 2.0 survey and supplemental items will be pilot PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 tested with hospital personnel in approximately 40 hospitals to facilitate multilevel analysis of the data. Approximately 500 providers and staff will be sampled from each hospital, with 250 receiving HSOPS 2.0 with supplemental items for the pilot test and 250 receiving the original HSOPS for the bridge study comparisons. A hospital point of contact will be recruited in each hospital to publicize the survey and assemble a list of sampled providers and staff. Providers and staff will receive notification of the survey and reminders via email and the web-based survey will be fielded entirely online. The goal of the bridge study will be to provide users with guidance on how their new results will compare with results from the original HSOPS survey. Although users have requested that the HSOPS survey be revised, they are also concerned about their ability to trend results with data from prior years. A similar bridge study was conducted during the 1994 redesign of the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey (CPS). In the CPS bridge study, an additional 12,000 households were added to the survey’s monthly rotation schedule between July 1992 and December 1993. The added households received the redesigned version of the instrument. Thus, the CPS fielded both the revised and the original versions of the instrument simultaneously. One of the most important results of the CPS bridge study was the development of metrics that allowed estimates of change that were due to the changes in the instrument. These metrics were used to adjust the estimates produced by the revised CPS instrument. As a result of the study, key labor force metrics such as the unemployment rate could be trended accurately after the instrument’s redesign. We propose to conduct a similarly constructed bridge study in which sampled providers and staff take either the draft HSOPS 2.0 or original versions of HSOPS. As noted above, a split ballot design will be used in which half of sampled providers and staff in each hospital receive the original HSOPS (N=250) and the other half receive the draft HSOPS 2.0 (N=250). This bridge study is designed to produce metrics of change that are attributable to the changed survey instrument. The number of hospitals and sampled providers and staff for this data collection effort was calculated to ensure the statistical power needed to detect relatively small differences in scores (3 percentage points). (3) TEP feedback—A TEP has been assembled to provide input to guide patient safety culture survey product E:\FR\FM\07MYN1.SGM 07MYN1 26261 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 88 / Thursday, May 7, 2015 / Notices development and has been convened to discuss the proposed changes to the HSOPS survey and supplemental items. Upon completion of the pilot test, results will be reviewed with the TEP and the survey will be finalized. This TEP activity does not impose a burden on the public and is therefore not included in the burden estimates in Exhibits 1 and 2. (4) Dissemination activities—The final HSOPS 2.0 instrument and supplemental items will be made publicly available through the AHRQ Web site. A report from the bridge study will also be made public as a resource to hospitals making the transition to the new survey. This dissemination activity does not impose a burden on the public and is therefore not included in the burden estimates in Exhibits 1 and 2. Estimated Annual Respondent Burden Exhibit 1 shows the estimated annualized burden hours for the participants’ time to take part in this research. Cognitive interviews for the draft HSOPS 2.0 will be conducted with 36 individuals and will take about one hour and 30 minutes to complete. Cognitive interviews for the supplemental items will be conducted with 36 individuals and take about one hour to complete. We will recruit 40 hospitals for the pilot test and bridge study, sampling approximately 500 staff members in each (250 taking the original survey and 250 taking the HSOPS 2.0 and supplemental item set). Because we require such a large sample within each hospital, we will target only hospitals with 49 or more beds. For hospitals with fewer than 500 providers and staff, we will conduct a census in the hospital (assuming on average 375 providers and staff in these hospitals this will yield a total of 18,375 sample members assuming all 40 hospitals participate. Assuming a response rate of 50 percent, this will yield a total of 9,188 completed questionnaires. The total annualized burden is estimated to be 2,387 hours. Exhibit 2 shows the estimated annualized cost burden associated with the participants’ time to take part in this research. The total cost burden is estimated to be $83,533.26. EXHIBIT 1—ESTIMATED ANNUALIZED BURDEN HOURS Number of respondents Form name/activity Hours per response Total burden hours Cognitive interviews—HSOPS 2.0 .............................................................................................. Cognitive interviews—Supplemental Items ................................................................................. Pilot test and bridge study ........................................................................................................... 36 36 9,188 1.5 1.0 0.25 54 36 2,297 Total ...................................................................................................................................... 9,260 na 2,387 EXHIBIT 2—ESTIMATED ANNUALIZED COST BURDEN Total burden hours Form name/activity Average hourly wage rate * Total cost burden Cognitive interviews (HSOPS 2.0 and supplemental items) ....................................................... Pilot test and bridge study ........................................................................................................... 90 2,297 a $35.38 b 34.98 $3,184.20 80,349.06 Total ...................................................................................................................................... 2,387 na 83,533.26 a Based mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES on the weighted average hourly wage in hospitals for one physician (29–1060; $101.53), one registered nurse (29–1141; $30.22), one general and operations manager (11–1021; $52.64), and six clinical lab techs (29–2010; $22.34) whose hourly wage is meant to represent wages for other hospital employees who may participate in cognitive interviews. b Based on the weighted average hourly wage in hospitals for 1,981 registered nurses, 209 clinical lab techs, 176 physicians and surgeons, and 21 general and operations managers. * National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates, May 2013, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (available at http:// www.bls.gov/oes/current/naics4_621100.htm [for general medical and surgical hospitals, NAICS 622100]). Request for Comments In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, comments on AHRQ’s information collection are requested with regard to any of the following: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of AHRQ health care research and health care information dissemination functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of AHRQ’s estimate of burden (including hours and costs) of the proposed collection(s) of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information upon the respondents, including the use of VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:07 May 06, 2015 Jkt 235001 automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and included in the Agency’s subsequent request for OMB approval of the proposed information collection. All comments will become a matter of public record. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Dated: April 27, 2015. Sharon B. Arnold, Deputy Director, AHRQ. AGENCY: [FR Doc. 2015–10982 Filed 5–6–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4160–90–P PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 4703 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality National Advisory Council for Healthcare Research and Quality: Request for Nominations for Public Members Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HHS. ACTION: Notice of request for nominations for public members. 42 U.S.C. 299c establishes a National Advisory Council for Healthcare Research and Quality (the Council). The Council is to advise the Secretary of HHS (Secretary) and the SUMMARY: Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\07MYN1.SGM 07MYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 80, Number 88 (Thursday, May 7, 2015)]
[Notices]
[Pages 26258-26261]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2015-10982]


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 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality


Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; 
Comment Request

AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, HHS.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This notice announces the intention of the Agency for 
Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to request that the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) approve the proposed information collection 
project: ``Pilot Test of the Proposed Hospital Survey on Patient Safety 
Culture Version 2.0.'' In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, 
44 U.S.C. 3501-3521, AHRQ invites the public to comment on this 
proposed information collection.

DATES: Comments on this notice must be received by July 6, 2015.

ADDRESSES: Written comments should be submitted to: Doris Lefkowitz, 
Reports Clearance Officer, AHRQ, by email at 
doris.lefkowitz@AHRQ.hhs.gov.
    Copies of the proposed collection plans, data collection 
instruments, and specific details on the estimated burden can be 
obtained from the AHRQ Reports Clearance Officer.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Doris Lefkowitz, AHRQ Reports 
Clearance Officer, (301) 427-1477, or by email at 
doris.lefkowitz@AHRQ.hhs.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Pilot Test of the Proposed Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture 
Version 2.0

Proposed Project

    In 2004, AHRQ developed and published a measurement tool to assess 
the culture of patient safety in hospitals (OMB control no. 0935-0115). 
The Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) is a survey of 
providers and staff that can be implemented by hospitals to identify 
strengths and areas for patient safety culture improvement as well as 
raise awareness about patient safety. When

[[Page 26259]]

conducted routinely, the survey can be used to examine trends in 
patient safety culture over time and evaluate the cultural impact of 
patient safety initiatives and interventions. The data can also be used 
to make comparisons across hospital units. AHRQ also produced a survey 
user's guide to assist hospitals in conducting the survey successfully. 
The guide addresses issues such as which providers and staff should 
complete the survey, how to select a sample of hospital providers and 
staff, how to administer the questionnaire, and how to analyze and 
report on the resulting data.
    Since 2004, thousands of hospitals within the U.S. and 
internationally have implemented the survey. In response to requests 
for comparative data from other hospitals, AHRQ funded the development 
of a comparative database on the survey in 2006 (OMB control no. 0935-
0162). The database is currently compiled every two years, using the 
latest data provided by participating hospitals (and retaining 
submitted data for no more than 2 years). Reports describing the 
findings from analysis of the database are made available on the AHRQ 
Web site to assist hospitals in comparing their results. The 2014 
database contains data from 405,281 hospital provider and staff 
respondents within 653 participating hospitals. The 2014 User 
Comparative Database Report presents results by hospital 
characteristics (e.g., number of beds, teaching status, geographic 
location) and respondent characteristics (e.g., position type, work 
area/unit).
    The survey constructed in 2004 remains in use today, more than 10 
years after its initial launch. Since the launch of HSOPS, AHRQ has 
funded development of patient safety culture surveys for other 
settings. In 2008, surveys were published for outpatient medical 
offices (OMB control no. 0935-0131) and nursing homes (OMB control no. 
0935-0132). In 2012, a survey for community pharmacies (OMB control no. 
0935-0183) was released. Surveys for each setting built upon the 
strengths of HSOPS but improved and updated items where appropriate.
    Users of HSOPS have provided feedback over the years suggesting 
that changes to the instrument would be valuable and welcomed. The 
comparative database registrants provided feedback about potential 
changes in 2013, and telephone interviews were conducted with 8 current 
survey users and vendors to gain an in-depth understanding of their 
thoughts on the current survey and possible changes. As a result of 
this feedback, the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture Version 
2.0 (HSOPS 2.0) is being constructed with the following 8 objectives in 
mind.
    (1) Shift to a Just Culture framework for understanding responses 
to errors. In the original HSOPS, questions around responses to errors 
were negatively worded to detect a ``culture of blame'' in 
organizations. For example, respondents evaluated the extent to which 
errors were held against them and whether it felt as though the person 
was being written up rather than the problem. In contrast, a Just 
Culture framework emphasizes learning from mistakes, providing a safe 
environment for reporting errors, and utilizing a balanced approach to 
errors that considers both system and individual behavioral reasons as 
causes for errors. New items will be constructed in HSOPS 2.0 to 
capture the extent to which positive responses to error consistent with 
a Just Culture framework are present in an organization. For example, 
respondents will be asked to evaluate the extent to which the 
organization tries to understand the factors that lead to patient 
safety errors.
    (2) Reduce the number of negatively worded items. The original 
HSOPS has negatively worded items. For example, respondents are asked 
whether there are ``patient safety problems in this unit'' (negatively 
worded). Using some negatively worded items was intended to reduce 
social desirability and acquiescence biases and identify individuals 
not giving the survey their full attention (e.g., ``straight-lining,'' 
or providing the same answer for every item, regardless of positive or 
negative wording). However, many users have indicated that respondents 
sometimes had difficultly correctly interpreting and responding to the 
negatively worded items. Therefore, many survey users recommended that 
the number of negatively worded items should be reduced, but they did 
not recommend removing all of these items as they felt a mixture of 
items helps keep respondents engaged.
    (3) Add a ``Does not apply/Don't know'' response option. Analysis 
of the Comparative Database data found that a percentage of respondents 
selects ``neither agree nor disagree'' on many items when they really 
should have answered ``Does not apply/Don't know''. While some portion 
of respondents will always have neutral feelings about a statement, in 
some cases a respondent will select a neutral response to an item 
because they do not have experience in that area or the item does not 
apply to their position. Addition of a ``does not apply/don't know'' 
response option should reduce neutral responses to an item in cases 
where the item is not relevant for a respondent, providing more 
statistical variability in responses. Recognizing these issues, the 
other AHRQ Surveys on Patient Safety Culture all have a 5th ``Does not 
apply/Don't know'' response option.
    (4) Reword unclear or difficult-to-translate items. HSOPS was 
originally designed for use in U.S. hospitals, but it has since been 
translated into languages other than English. Some HSOPS items use 
idiomatic expressions that do not translate well, such as ``things fall 
between the cracks'' and ``the person is being written up.'' Other 
items have words that are complex or may mean different things to 
different people, such as ``sacrifice'' and ``overlook.'' HSOPS 2.0 
uses more universal phrases which can be accurately translated and have 
more consistent meaning across respondents, some of whom are non-
clinical staff. A related change across many items is use of the word 
``we'' rather than ``staff.'' It may be unclear to respondents whether 
providers such as physicians, residents, and interns qualify as 
``staff,'' while ``we'' invites a more inclusive view of those in the 
hospital or unit.
    (5) Reword items to be more applicable to physicians and non-
clinical staff. Users have indicated that the wording of some of the 
items makes it awkward for physicians to answer. For example, the 
section that asks about ``Your Supervisor/Manager'' does not apply well 
to physicians who report to a clinical leader but not to a manager per 
se. In addition, some items were difficult for non-clinical staff to 
answer. For example, the item ``We have patient safety problems in this 
unit'' may not be relevant for staff who do not have direct interaction 
with patients (e.g., IT staff).
    (6) Align the HSOPS survey with AHRQ patient safety culture surveys 
for other settings. The development of patient safety culture surveys 
for other settings provided opportunities to test new items and 
refinements of original HSOPS items. Many of these items have performed 
well for other settings and are relevant to the hospital setting. In 
addition, standardizing items across the patient safety culture surveys 
would allow cross-setting comparisons that are not currently possible.
    (7) Reduce survey length. To increase response rates and reduce the 
survey administration burden for hospitals, the revised survey is 
intended to be shorter than the original instrument. Some of the 
original items have relatively low variability and therefore contribute 
little to discrimination between positive and negative assessment of 
patient safety

[[Page 26260]]

culture. However, the need for careful testing of alternative questions 
means that the initial draft of the revised or 2.0 survey is slightly 
longer than the original. Through cognitive interviewing, pilot 
testing, and expert review, we will identify items that can be deleted, 
resulting in a shorter final instrument.
    (8) Investigate supplemental items/composites. Develop a set of 
supplemental items for the HSOPS 2.0 survey pertaining to Health 
Information Technology (Health IT).
    Further details about the specific changes by composite and at the 
item level can be found on the AHRQ Web site at: http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/patientsafetyculture/hospital/update/index.html.
    The draft 2.0 version of the instrument has undergone preliminary 
cognitive testing with 9 hospital physicians and staff members as well 
as review by a Technical Expert Panel (TEP).
    This research has the following goals:
    (1) Cognitively test with individual respondents the items in a) 
the draft HSOPS 2.0 survey and b) HSOPS 2.0 supplemental item set 
assessing Health IT Patient Safety. Cognitive testing will be conducted 
in English and Spanish.
    (2) Conduct data collection as follows:
    a. A combined pilot test and bridge study for the draft HSOPS 2.0 
in 40 hospitals and modify the questionnaire as necessary. The pilot 
test component will entail administering the draft 2.0 version to 
determine which items to retain. The bridge study component will entail 
administering the original HSOPS in addition to the draft HSOPS 2.0 
version to provide guidance to hospitals in understanding changes in 
their scores resulting from the new instrument versus changes resulting 
from true changes in culture.
    b. The pilot testing of the supplemental item set will be conducted 
with the same hospitals and respondents as the pilot test for the draft 
HSOPS 2.0. These supplemental items will be added to the draft HSOPS 
2.0 survey for pilot testing.
    (3) Engage a TEP in review of pilot results and finalize the 
questionnaire and supplemental item set.
    (4) Make the final HSOPS 2.0 survey and the supplemental items 
publicly available.
    This work is being conducted by AHRQ through its contractor, 
Westat, pursuant to AHRQ's statutory authority to conduct and support 
research on healthcare and on systems for the delivery of such care, 
including activities with respect to the quality, effectiveness, 
efficiency, appropriateness and value of healthcare services and with 
respect to quality measurement and improvement. 42 U.S.C. 299a(a)(1) 
and (2).

Method of Collection

    Cognitive interviews--The purpose of these interviews is to 
understand the cognitive processes respondents engage in when answering 
each item on the survey, which will aid in refining the survey 
instrument. These interviews will be conducted with a mix of hospital 
personnel, including physicians, nurses, and other types of staff (from 
dietitians to housekeepers).
    Draft HSOPS 2.0--Cognitive interviews have already been conducted 
with 9 respondents to inform development of the current draft HSOPS 
2.0. Up to three additional rounds of interviews will be conducted by 
telephone with a total of 27 respondents (nine respondents each round). 
The instrument will be translated into Spanish and another round of 
cognitive interviews will be conducted with nine Spanish-speaking 
respondents for a total of up to 36 respondents across all four rounds. 
A cognitive interview guide will be used for all rounds.
    Supplemental Items--Up to three rounds of interviews will be 
conducted by telephone for a total of 27 respondents (nine respondents 
each round). The supplemental items will be translated into Spanish and 
another round of cognitive interviews will be conducted with nine 
Spanish-speaking respondents for a total of up to 36 respondents across 
all four rounds. A cognitive interview guide will be used for all 
rounds.
    Feedback obtained from the first round of interviews for the draft 
HSOPS 2.0 and the supplemental items will be used to refine the items. 
The results of Round 1 testing, along with the proposed revisions, will 
be reviewed with a TEP prior to commencing with Rounds 2 and/or 3 
testing. In total, up to 72 cognitive interviews will be conducted to 
refine the draft HSOPS 2.0 and supplemental items for pilot testing.
    (2) Pilot test and bridge study--There will be one data collection 
effort which will provide data for the pilot test and the bridge study. 
The pilot test of the draft HSOPS 2.0 and supplemental items will allow 
the assessment of the psychometric properties of the items and 
composites. We will assess the variability, reliability, factor 
structure and construct validity of the draft HSOPS 2.0 and 
supplemental items and composites, allowing for their further 
refinement. The draft HSOPS 2.0 survey and supplemental items will be 
pilot tested with hospital personnel in approximately 40 hospitals to 
facilitate multilevel analysis of the data. Approximately 500 providers 
and staff will be sampled from each hospital, with 250 receiving HSOPS 
2.0 with supplemental items for the pilot test and 250 receiving the 
original HSOPS for the bridge study comparisons. A hospital point of 
contact will be recruited in each hospital to publicize the survey and 
assemble a list of sampled providers and staff. Providers and staff 
will receive notification of the survey and reminders via email and the 
web-based survey will be fielded entirely online.
    The goal of the bridge study will be to provide users with guidance 
on how their new results will compare with results from the original 
HSOPS survey. Although users have requested that the HSOPS survey be 
revised, they are also concerned about their ability to trend results 
with data from prior years. A similar bridge study was conducted during 
the 1994 redesign of the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey 
(CPS). In the CPS bridge study, an additional 12,000 households were 
added to the survey's monthly rotation schedule between July 1992 and 
December 1993. The added households received the redesigned version of 
the instrument. Thus, the CPS fielded both the revised and the original 
versions of the instrument simultaneously. One of the most important 
results of the CPS bridge study was the development of metrics that 
allowed estimates of change that were due to the changes in the 
instrument. These metrics were used to adjust the estimates produced by 
the revised CPS instrument. As a result of the study, key labor force 
metrics such as the unemployment rate could be trended accurately after 
the instrument's redesign.
    We propose to conduct a similarly constructed bridge study in which 
sampled providers and staff take either the draft HSOPS 2.0 or original 
versions of HSOPS. As noted above, a split ballot design will be used 
in which half of sampled providers and staff in each hospital receive 
the original HSOPS (N=250) and the other half receive the draft HSOPS 
2.0 (N=250). This bridge study is designed to produce metrics of change 
that are attributable to the changed survey instrument. The number of 
hospitals and sampled providers and staff for this data collection 
effort was calculated to ensure the statistical power needed to detect 
relatively small differences in scores (3 percentage points).
    (3) TEP feedback--A TEP has been assembled to provide input to 
guide patient safety culture survey product

[[Page 26261]]

development and has been convened to discuss the proposed changes to 
the HSOPS survey and supplemental items. Upon completion of the pilot 
test, results will be reviewed with the TEP and the survey will be 
finalized. This TEP activity does not impose a burden on the public and 
is therefore not included in the burden estimates in Exhibits 1 and 2.
    (4) Dissemination activities--The final HSOPS 2.0 instrument and 
supplemental items will be made publicly available through the AHRQ Web 
site. A report from the bridge study will also be made public as a 
resource to hospitals making the transition to the new survey. This 
dissemination activity does not impose a burden on the public and is 
therefore not included in the burden estimates in Exhibits 1 and 2.

Estimated Annual Respondent Burden

    Exhibit 1 shows the estimated annualized burden hours for the 
participants' time to take part in this research. Cognitive interviews 
for the draft HSOPS 2.0 will be conducted with 36 individuals and will 
take about one hour and 30 minutes to complete. Cognitive interviews 
for the supplemental items will be conducted with 36 individuals and 
take about one hour to complete. We will recruit 40 hospitals for the 
pilot test and bridge study, sampling approximately 500 staff members 
in each (250 taking the original survey and 250 taking the HSOPS 2.0 
and supplemental item set). Because we require such a large sample 
within each hospital, we will target only hospitals with 49 or more 
beds. For hospitals with fewer than 500 providers and staff, we will 
conduct a census in the hospital (assuming on average 375 providers and 
staff in these hospitals this will yield a total of 18,375 sample 
members assuming all 40 hospitals participate. Assuming a response rate 
of 50 percent, this will yield a total of 9,188 completed 
questionnaires. The total annualized burden is estimated to be 2,387 
hours.
    Exhibit 2 shows the estimated annualized cost burden associated 
with the participants' time to take part in this research. The total 
cost burden is estimated to be $83,533.26.

                                  Exhibit 1--Estimated Annualized Burden Hours
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     Number of       Hours per     Total burden
                       Form name/activity                           respondents      response          hours
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cognitive interviews--HSOPS 2.0.................................              36             1.5              54
Cognitive interviews--Supplemental Items........................              36             1.0              36
Pilot test and bridge study.....................................           9,188            0.25           2,297
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Total.......................................................           9,260              na           2,387
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                   Exhibit 2--Estimated Annualized Cost Burden
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Total burden   Average hourly    Total cost
                       Form name/activity                              hours        wage rate *       burden
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cognitive interviews (HSOPS 2.0 and supplemental items).........              90      \a\ $35.38       $3,184.20
Pilot test and bridge study.....................................           2,297       \b\ 34.98       80,349.06
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Total.......................................................           2,387              na       83,533.26
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Based on the weighted average hourly wage in hospitals for one physician (29-1060; $101.53), one registered
  nurse (29-1141; $30.22), one general and operations manager (11-1021; $52.64), and six clinical lab techs (29-
  2010; $22.34) whose hourly wage is meant to represent wages for other hospital employees who may participate
  in cognitive interviews.
\b\ Based on the weighted average hourly wage in hospitals for 1,981 registered nurses, 209 clinical lab techs,
  176 physicians and surgeons, and 21 general and operations managers.
* National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates, May 2013, from the Bureau of Labor
  Statistics (available at http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/naics4_621100.htm [for general medical and surgical
  hospitals, NAICS 622100]).

Request for Comments

    In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, comments on AHRQ's 
information collection are requested with regard to any of the 
following: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is 
necessary for the proper performance of AHRQ health care research and 
health care information dissemination functions, including whether the 
information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of AHRQ's 
estimate of burden (including hours and costs) of the proposed 
collection(s) of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, 
and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to 
minimize the burden of the collection of information upon the 
respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or 
other forms of information technology.
    Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized 
and included in the Agency's subsequent request for OMB approval of the 
proposed information collection. All comments will become a matter of 
public record.

    Dated: April 27, 2015.
Sharon B. Arnold,
Deputy Director, AHRQ.
[FR Doc. 2015-10982 Filed 5-6-15; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4160-90-P