Airworthiness Directives; Various Aircraft Equipped With Wing Lift Struts, 78729-78736 [2014-30722]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 250 / Wednesday, December 31, 2014 / Proposed Rules Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on December 22, 2014. Robert Busto, Acting Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2014–30631 Filed 12–30–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2014–1083; Directorate Identifier 2014–CE–036–AD] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Various Aircraft Equipped With Wing Lift Struts Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). AGENCY: We propose to supersede Airworthiness Directive (AD) 99–01–05 R1, which applies to certain aircraft equipped with wing lift struts. AD 99– 01–05 R1 currently requires repetitively inspecting the wing lift struts for corrosion; repetitively inspecting the wing lift strut forks for cracks; replacing any corroded wing lift strut; replacing any cracked wing lift strut fork; and repetitively replacing the wing lift strut forks at a specified time for certain airplanes. Since we issued AD 99–01–05 R1, we have determined that additional airplane models should be added to the Applicability section. This proposed AD would retain all requirements of the existing AD. We are proposing this AD to correct the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: We must receive comments on this proposed AD by February 17, 2015. ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. For service information identified in this proposed AD, contact Piper Aircraft, Inc., Customer Services, 2926 tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Dec 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 Piper Drive, Vero Beach, Florida 32960; telephone: (772) 567–4361; Internet: www.piper.com. Copies of the instructions to the F. Atlee Dodge supplemental type certificate (STC) and information about the Jensen Aircraft STCs may be obtained from F. Atlee Dodge, Aircraft Services, LLC., 6672 Wes Way, Anchorage, Alaska 99518– 0409, Internet: www.fadodge.com. You may review copies of the referenced service information at the FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, Kansas City, Missouri 64106. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call (816) 329– 4148. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2014– 1083; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this proposed AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Office (phone: 800–647–5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For Piper Aircraft, Inc. airplanes, contact: Gregory ‘‘Keith’’ Noles, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), 1701 Columbia Avenue, College Park, Georgia 30337; phone: (404) 474–5551; fax: (404) 474–5606; email: gregory.noles@faa.gov. For FS 2000 Corp, FS 2001 Corp, FS 2002 Corporation, and FS 2003 Corporation airplanes, contact: Jeff Morfitt, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Seattle ACO, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98057; phone: (425) 917–6405; fax: (245) 917–6590; email: jeff.morfitt@faa.gov. For LAVIA ARGENTINA S.A. (LAVIASA) airplanes, contact: S.M. Nagarajan, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, Room 301, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone: (816) 329–4145; fax: (816) 329–4090; email: sarjapur.nagarajan@ faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Comments Invited We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposed AD. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ‘‘Docket No. FAA–2014–1083; Directorate Identifier PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 78729 2014–CE–036–AD’’ at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this proposed AD because of those comments. We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we receive about this proposed AD. Discussion On November 22, 2013, we issued AD 99–01–05 R1, Amendment 39–17688 (78 FR 73997, December 10, 2013) and later issued on December 18, 2013 (78 FR 79599, December 31, 2013) as a correction, (‘‘AD 99–01–05 R1’’), for certain aircraft equipped with wing lift struts. AD 99–01–05 R1 resulted from the need to clarify the intent that if a sealed wing lift strut assembly is installed as a replacement part, the repetitive inspection requirement is terminated only if the seal is never improperly broken. If the seal is improperly broken, then that wing lift strut becomes subject to continued repetitive inspections. We did not intend to promote drilling holes into or otherwise unsealing a sealed strut. We issued AD 99–01–05 R1 to detect and correct corrosion and cracking on the front and rear wing lift struts and forks, which could cause the wing lift strut to fail. This failure could result in the wing separating from the airplane. Actions Since AD 99–01–05 R1 Was Issued Since AD 99–01–05 R1 was issued, we have been informed that Piper Aircraft, Inc. (Piper) Models J–3, J3C–65 (Army L–4A), J3P, J4B, and J4F airplanes should be added to the Applicability section. We have also been informed that there is a serial number overlap between Piper Model PA–18s listed in AD 99–01–05 R1 and Piper Model PA–19 (Army L–18C). Certain serial numbers listed for Model PA–18s should also be listed under Model PA–19 (Army L–18C). On December 22, 1998, we issued AD 99–01–05, Amendment 39–10972 (63 FR 72132, December 31, 1998), to supersede AD 93–10–06, Amendment 39–8586 (58 FR 29965, May 25, 1993), which previously included Piper Models J–3, J3P, J4B, and J4F airplanes in the Applicability section, in order to clarify certain requirements of AD 93– 10–06, eliminate the lift strut fork E:\FR\FM\31DEP1.SGM 31DEP1 78730 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 250 / Wednesday, December 31, 2014 / Proposed Rules repetitive inspection requirement for the Piper PA–25 series airplanes, incorporate other airplane models omitted from the applicability, and require installing a placard on the lift strut. Relevant Service Information We reviewed Piper Aircraft Corporation Mandatory Service Bulletin No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, and Piper Aircraft Corporation Mandatory Service Bulletin No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989. The service information describes procedures for wing lift strut assembly inspection and replacement. FAA’s Determination We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design. Proposed AD Requirements This proposed AD would retain all requirements of AD 99–01–05 R1. This proposed AD would add airplanes to the Applicability section. Costs of Compliance We estimate that this AD affects 22,200 airplanes of U.S. registry. We estimate the following costs to comply with this AD. However, the only difference in the costs presented below and the costs associated with AD 99– 01–05 R1 is addition of 200 airplanes to the applicability: ESTIMATED COSTS Action Labor cost Parts cost Cost per product Inspection of the wing lift struts and wing lift strut forks. Installation placard ........... 8 work-hours × $85 per hour = $680 per inspection cycle. 1 work-hour × $85 = $85 Not applicable .................. $680 per inspection cycle $15,096,000 per inspection cycle. $30 ................................... $115 ................................. $2,553,000. We estimate the following costs to do any necessary replacements that will be required based on the results of the inspection. We have no way of Cost on U.S. operators determining the number of aircraft that might need these replacements: ON-CONDITION COSTS Parts cost per wing lift strut Labor cost per wing lift strut Replacement of the wing lift strut and/or wing lift strut forks. tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS Action Cost per product per wing lift strut $440 $780 4 work-hours × $85 per hour = $340 ............................... Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, Section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, section 44701, ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. Regulatory Findings We have determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Dec 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify that the proposed regulation: (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866, (2) Is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. The Proposed Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by removing Airworthiness Directive (AD) 99–01–05 R1, Amendment 39–17688 (78 FR 79599, December 31, 2013), and adding the following new AD: ■ Various Aircraft: Docket No. FAA–2014– 1083; Directorate Identifier 2014–CE– 036–AD. (a) Comments Due Date The FAA must receive comments on this AD action by February 17, 2015. (b) Affected ADs This AD supersedes AD 99–01–05 R1, Amendment 39–17688 (78 FR 79599, December 31, 2013) ‘‘AD 99–01–05 R1’’. AD 99–26–19 R1, Amendment 39–17681 (78 FR 76040, December 16, 2013), also relates to the subject of this AD. E:\FR\FM\31DEP1.SGM 31DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 250 / Wednesday, December 31, 2014 / Proposed Rules (c) Applicability This AD applies to the following airplanes identified in Table 1 and Table 2 to paragraph (c) of this AD, that are equipped with wing lift struts, including airplanes commonly known as a ‘‘Clipped Wing Cub,’’ which modify the airplane primarily by removing approximately 40 inches of the inboard portion of each wing; and are certificated in any category. (1) Based on optional engine installations some airplanes may have been re-identified or registered with another model that is not listed in the type certificate data sheet (TCDS). For instance, Piper Model J3C–65 airplanes are type certificated on Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) A–691 but may 78731 also have been re-identified or registered as a Model J3C–115, J3F–50, J3C–75, J3C–75D, J3C–75S, J3L–75, J3C–85, J3C–85S, J3C–90, J3F–90, J3F–90S, J3C–100, or J3–L4J airplane. (2) The airplane model number on the affected airplane or its registry may or may not contain the dash (–), e.g. J3 and J–3. This AD applies to both variations. TABLE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (C) OF THIS AD—AIRPLANES PREVIOUSLY AFFECTED BY AD 99–01–05 R1 Type certificate holder Aircraft model Serial No. FS 2000 Corp ...................... FS 2001 Corp ...................... FS 2002 Corporation ........... FS 2003 Corporation ........... LAVIA ARGENTINA S.A. (LAVIASA). Piper Aircraft, Inc ................. Piper Aircraft, Inc ................. Piper Aircraft, Inc ................. L–14 ............................................................................................................................. J5A (Army L–4F), J5A–80, J5B (Army L–4G), J5C, AE–1, and HE–1 ....................... PA–14 ........................................................................................................................... PA–12 and PA–12S ..................................................................................................... PA–25, PA–25–235, and PA–25–260 ......................................................................... All. All. 14–1 through 14–523. 12–1 through 12–4036. 25–1 through 25–8156024. TG–8 (Army TG–8, Navy XLNP–1) ............................................................................. E–2 and F–2 ................................................................................................................ J3C–40, J3C–50, J3C–50S, J3C–65 (Army L–4, L–4B, L–4H, L–4J, Navy NE–1 and NE–2), J3C–65S, J3F–50, J3F–50S, J3F–60, J3F–60S, J3F–65 (Army L– 4D), J3F–65S, J3L, J3L–S, J3L–65 (Army L–4C), and J3L–65S. J4, J4A, J4A–S, and J4E (Army L–4E) ....................................................................... PA–11 and PA–11S ..................................................................................................... PA–15 ........................................................................................................................... PA–16 and PA–16S ..................................................................................................... PA–17 ........................................................................................................................... PA–18, PA–18S, PA–18 ‘‘105’’ (Special), PA–18S ‘‘105’’ (Special), PA–18A, PA–18 ‘‘125’’ (Army L–21A), PA–18S ‘‘125’’, PA–18AS ‘‘125’’, PA–18 ‘‘135’’ (Army L– 21B), PA–18A ‘‘135’’, PA–18S ‘‘135’’, PA–18AS ‘‘135’’, PA–18 ‘‘150’’, PA–18A ‘‘150’’, PA–18S ‘‘150’’, PA–18AS ‘‘150’’, PA–18A (Restricted), PA–18A ‘‘135’’ (Restricted), and PA–18A ‘‘150’’ (Restricted). PA–19 (Army L–18C), and PA–19S ............................................................................ All. All. All. Piper Piper Piper Piper Piper Piper Aircraft, Aircraft, Aircraft, Aircraft, Aircraft, Aircraft, Inc. ................ Inc ................. Inc ................. Inc ................. Inc ................. Inc ................. Piper Aircraft, Inc ................. Piper Aircraft, Inc ................. Piper Aircraft, Inc ................. PA–20, PA–20S, PA–20 ‘‘115’’, PA–20S ‘‘115’’, PA–20 ‘‘135’’, and PA–20S ‘‘135’’ .. PA–22, PA–22–108, PA–22–135, PA–22S–135, PA–22–150, PA–22S–150, PA– 22–160, and PA–22S–160. Note 1 to paragraph (c) of this AD: There is a serial number overlap between the Piper PA–18 series airplanes and the Piper Model PA–19 (Army L–18C) airplanes listed in AD 99–01–05 R1 . Serial numbers 18–1 through 18–7632 listed for the PA–18 series airplanes 4–401 through 4–1649. 11–1 through 11–1678. 15–1 through 15–388. 16–1 through 16–736. 17–1 through 17–215. 18–1 through 18–8309025, 18900 through 1809032, and 1809034 through 1809040. 18–1 through 18–7632 and 19–1, 19–2, and 19–3. 20–1 through 20–1121. 22–1 through 22–9848. are also now listed under Model PA–19 (Army L–18C) and Model PA–19S. TABLE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (C) OF THIS AD—AIRPLANES NEW TO THIS AD Type certificate holder Aircraft model Serial No. Piper Aircraft, Inc. ........................... J–3 ................................................. Piper Aircraft, Inc. ........................... Piper Aircraft, Inc. ........................... J3C–65 (Army L–4A) ..................... J3P ................................................. Piper Aircraft, Inc. ........................... Piper Aircraft, Inc. ........................... J4B ................................................. J4F ................................................. 1100 through 1200 and 1999 and up that were manufactured before October 15, 1939. All. 2325, 2327, 2339, 2340, 2342, 2344, 2345, 2347, 2349, 2351, 2355 and up that were manufactured before January 10, 1942. 4–400 and up that were manufactured before December 11, 1942. 4–828 and up. (d) Subject Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC)/ Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 57, Wings. tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS (e) Unsafe Condition (1) The subject of this AD was originally prompted by reports of corrosion damage found on the wing lift struts. AD 99–01–05 R1 is being superseded to include certain Piper Aircraft, Inc. Models J–3, J3C–65 (Army L4A), J3P, J4B, and J4F airplanes that were inadvertently omitted from the applicability, paragraph (c), of AD 99–01–05 and subsequently AD 99–01–05 R1. Also, there is VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Dec 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 a serial number overlap between Piper Model PA–18s listed in AD 99–01–05 R1 and Piper Model PA–19 (Army L–18C). Certain serial numbers listed for Model PA–18s are also listed under Model PA–19 (Army L–18C). (2) AD 99–01–05 R1 was issued to clarify the FAA’s intention that if a sealed wing lift strut assembly is installed as a replacement part, the repetitive inspection requirement is terminated only if the seal is never improperly broken. If the seal is improperly broken, then that wing lift strut becomes subject to continued repetitive inspections. We did not intend to promote drilling holes into or otherwise unsealing a sealed strut. This AD retains all the actions currently PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 required in AD 99–01–05 R1. There are no new requirements in this AD except for the addition of certain model airplanes to the Applicability section of this AD. (3) We are issuing this AD to detect and correct corrosion and cracking on the front and rear wing lift struts and forks, which could cause the wing lift strut to fail. This failure could result in the wing separating from the airplane. (f) Compliance Unless already done (compliance with AD 99–01–05 R1 and AD 93–10–06, Amendment 39–8586 (58 FR 29965, May 25, 1993) ‘‘AD 93–010–06’’), do the following actions within E:\FR\FM\31DEP1.SGM 31DEP1 78732 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 250 / Wednesday, December 31, 2014 / Proposed Rules the compliance times specified in paragraphs (g) through (m) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. Properly unsealing and resealing a sealed wing lift strut is still considered a terminating action for the repetitive inspection requirements of this AD as long as all appropriate regulations and issues are considered, such as static strength, fatigue, material effects, immediate and longterm (internal and external) corrosion protection, resealing methods, etc. Current FAA regulations in 14 CFR 43.13(b) specify that maintenance performed will result in the part’s condition to be at least equal to its original or properly altered condition. Any maintenance actions that unseal a sealed wing lift strut should be coordinated with the Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office (ACO) through the local airworthiness authority (e.g., Flight Standards District Office). There are provisions in paragraph (o) of this AD for approving such actions as an alternative method of compliance (AMOC). tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS (g) Remove Wing Lift Struts (1) For all airplanes previously affected by AD 99–01–05 R1: Within 1 calendar month after February 8, 1999 (the effective date retained from AD 99–01–05, Amendment 39– 10972 (63 FR 72132, December 31, 1998) ‘‘AD 99–01–05’’), or within 24 calendar months after the last inspection done in accordance with AD 93–10–06 (which was superseded by AD 99–01–05), whichever occurs later, remove the wing lift struts following Piper Aircraft Corporation Mandatory Service Bulletin (Piper MSB) No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Before further flight after the removal, do the actions in one of the following paragraphs (h)(1), (h)(2), (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (2) For all airplanes new to this AD (not previously affected by AD 99–01–05 R1): Within 1 calendar month after the effective date of this AD or within 24 calendar months after the last inspection done in accordance with AD 93–10–06 (which was superseded by AD 99–01–05), whichever occurs later, remove the wing lift struts following Piper Aircraft Corporation Mandatory Service Bulletin (Piper MSB) No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Before further flight after the removal, do the actions in one of the following paragraphs (h)(1), (h)(2), (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (h) Inspect Wing Lift Struts For all airplanes listed in this AD: Before further flight after the removal required in paragraph (g) of this AD, inspect each wing lift strut following paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all subparagraphs, or do the wing lift strut replacement following one of the options in paragraph (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD. (1) Inspect each wing lift strut for corrosion and perceptible dents following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. (i) If no corrosion is visible and no perceptible dents are found on any wing lift VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Dec 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 strut during the inspection required in paragraph (h)(1) of this AD, before further flight, apply corrosion inhibitor to each wing lift strut following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Repetitively thereafter inspect each wing lift strut at intervals not to exceed 24 calendar months following the procedures in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (ii) If corrosion or perceptible dents are found on any wing lift strut during the inspection required in paragraph (h)(1) of this AD or during any repetitive inspection required in paragraph (h)(1)(i) of this AD, before further flight, replace the affected wing lift strut with one of the replacement options specified in paragraph (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD. Do the replacement following the procedures specified in those paragraphs, as applicable. (2) Inspect each wing lift strut for corrosion following the procedures in the Appendix to this AD. This inspection must be done by a Level 2 or Level 3 inspector certified using the guidelines established by the American Society for Non-destructive Testing or the ‘‘Military Standard for Nondestructive Testing Personnel Qualification and Certification’’ (MIL–STD–410E), which can be found on the Internet at http://aerospace defense.thomasnet.com/Asset/MIL-STD410.pdf. (i) If no corrosion is found on any wing lift strut during the inspection required in paragraph (h)(2) of this AD and all requirements in the Appendix to this AD are met, before further flight, apply corrosion inhibitor to each wing lift strut following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Repetitively thereafter inspect each wing lift strut at intervals not to exceed 24 calendar months following the procedures in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (ii) If corrosion is found on any wing lift strut during the inspection required in paragraph (h)(2) of this AD or during any repetitive inspection required in paragraph (h)(2)(i) of this AD, or if any requirement in the Appendix of this AD is not met, before further flight after any inspection in which corrosion is found or the Appendix requirements are not met, replace the affected wing lift strut with one of the replacement options specified in paragraph (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD. Do the replacement following the procedures specified in those paragraphs, as applicable. (i) Wing Lift Strut Replacement Options Before further flight after the removal required in paragraph (g) of this AD, replace the wing lift struts following one of the options in paragraph (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD, including all subparagraphs, or inspect each wing lift strut following paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD. (1) Install original equipment manufacturer (OEM) part number wing lift struts (or FAAapproved equivalent part numbers) that have been inspected following the procedures in either paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all subparagraphs, and are found to PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 be airworthy. Do the installations following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Repetitively thereafter inspect the newly installed wing lift struts at intervals not to exceed 24 calendar months following the procedures in either paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (2) Install new sealed wing lift strut assemblies (or FAA-approved equivalent part numbers) (these sealed wing lift strut assemblies also include the wing lift strut forks) following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, and Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Installing one of these new sealed wing lift strut assemblies terminates the repetitive inspection requirements in paragraphs (h)(1) and (h)(2) of this AD, and the wing lift strut fork removal, inspection, and replacement requirement in paragraphs (j) and (k) of this AD, including all subparagraphs, for that wing lift strut assembly. (3) Install F. Atlee Dodge wing lift strut assemblies following F. Atlee Dodge Aircraft Services, Inc. Installation Instructions No. 3233–I for Modified Piper Wing Lift Struts Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) SA4635NM, dated February 1, 1991, which can be found on the Internet at http:// rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_ Library/rgstc.nsf/0/E726AAA2831BD 20085256CC2000E3DB7?Open Document&Highlight=sa4635nm. Repetitively thereafter inspect the newly installed wing lift struts at intervals not to exceed 60 calendar months following the procedures in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (j) Remove Wing Lift Strut Forks (1) For all airplanes previously affected by AD 99–01–05 R1, except for Model PA–25, PA–25–235, and PA–25–260 airplanes: Within the next 100 hours time-in-service (TIS) after February 8, 1999 (the effective date retained from AD 99–01–05) or within 500 hours TIS after the last inspection done in accordance with AD 93–10–06 (which was superseded by AD 99–01–05), whichever occurs later, remove the wing lift strut forks (unless already replaced in accordance with paragraph (i)(2) of this AD). Do the removal following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Before further flight after the removal, do the actions in one of the following paragraphs (k) or (l) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (2) For all airplanes new to this AD (not previously affected by AD 99–01–05 R1): Within the next 100 hours TIS after the effective date of this AD or within 500 hours TIS after the last inspection done in accordance with AD 93–10–06 (which was superseded by AD 99–01–05), whichever occurs later, remove the wing lift strut forks (unless already replaced in accordance with paragraph (i)(2) of this AD). Do the removal following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Before further flight after the removal, do the actions in one of the following paragraphs (k) or (l) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. E:\FR\FM\31DEP1.SGM 31DEP1 tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 250 / Wednesday, December 31, 2014 / Proposed Rules (k) Inspect and Replace Wing Lift Strut Forks For all airplanes affected by this AD: Before further flight after the removal required in paragraph (j) of this AD, inspect the wing lift strut forks following paragraph (k) of this AD, including all subparagraphs, or do the wing lift strut fork replacement following one of the options in paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), (l)(3), or (l)(4) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. Inspect the wing lift strut forks for cracks using magnetic particle procedures, such as those contained in FAA Advisory Circular (AC) 43.13–1B, Chapter 5, which can be found on the Internet http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_ Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/ 99c827db9baac81b86256b4500596c4e/ $FILE/Chapter%2005.pdf. Repetitively thereafter inspect at intervals not to exceed 500 hours TIS until the replacement time requirement specified in paragraph (k)(2) or (k)(3) of this AD is reached provided no cracks are found. (1) If cracks are found during any inspection required in paragraph (k) of this AD or during any repetitive inspection required in paragraph (k)(2) or (k)(3) of this AD, before further flight, replace the affected wing lift strut fork with one of the replacement options specified in paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), (l)(3), or (l)(4) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. Do the replacement following the procedures specified in those paragraphs, as applicable. (2) If no cracks are found during the initial inspection required in paragraph (k) of this AD and the airplane is currently equipped with floats or has been equipped with floats at any time during the previous 2,000 hours TIS since the wing lift strut forks were installed, at or before accumulating 1,000 hours TIS on the wing lift strut forks, replace the wing lift strut forks with one of the replacement options specified in paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), (l)(3), or (l)(4) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. Do the replacement following the procedures specified in those paragraphs, as applicable. Repetitively thereafter inspect the newly installed wing lift strut forks at intervals not to exceed 500 hours TIS following the procedures specified in paragraph (k) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (3) If no cracks are found during the initial inspection required in paragraph (k) of this AD and the airplane has never been equipped with floats during the previous 2,000 hours TIS since the wing lift strut forks were installed, at or before accumulating 2,000 hours TIS on the wing lift strut forks, replace the wing lift strut forks with one of the replacement options specified in paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), (l)(3), or (l)(4) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. Do the replacement following the procedures specified in those paragraphs, as applicable. Repetitively thereafter inspect the newly installed wing lift strut forks at intervals not to exceed 500 hours TIS following the procedures specified in paragraph (k) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (l) Wing Lift Strut Fork Replacement Options Before further flight after the removal required in paragraph (j) of this AD, replace VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Dec 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 the wing lift strut forks following one of the options in paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), (l)(3), or (l)(4) of this AD, including all subparagraphs, or inspect the wing lift strut forks following paragraph (k) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (1) Install new OEM part number wing lift strut forks of the same part numbers of the existing part (or FAA-approved equivalent part numbers) that were manufactured with rolled threads. Wing lift strut forks manufactured with machine (cut) threads are not to be used. Do the installations following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Repetitively thereafter inspect and replace the newly installed wing lift strut forks at intervals not to exceed 500 hours TIS following the procedures specified in paragraph (k) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (2) Install new sealed wing lift strut assemblies (or FAA-approved equivalent part numbers) (these sealed wing lift strut assemblies also include the wing lift strut forks) following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, and Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. This installation may have already been done through the option specified in paragraph (i)(2) of this AD. Installing one of these new sealed wing lift strut assemblies terminates the repetitive inspection requirements in paragraphs (h)(1) and (h)(2) of this AD, and the wing lift strut fork removal, inspection, and replacement requirements in paragraphs (j) and (k) of this AD, including all subparagraphs, for that wing lift strut assembly. (3) For the airplanes specified below, install Jensen Aircraft wing lift strut fork assemblies specified below in the applicable STC following Jensen Aircraft Installation Instructions for Modified Lift Strut Fitting. Installing one of these wing lift strut fork assemblies terminates the repetitive inspection requirement of this AD only for that wing lift strut fork. Repetitively inspect each wing lift strut as specified in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (i) For Models PA–12 and PA–12S airplanes: STC SA1583NM, which can be found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/ Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/ 0/2E708575849845B285256CC1008213 CA?OpenDocument&Highlight=sa1583nm; (ii) For Model PA–14 airplanes: STC SA1584NM, which can be found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_ Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/39872B814 471737685256CC1008213D0?Open Document&Highlight=sa1584nm; (iii) For Models PA–16 and PA–16S airplanes: STC SA1590NM, which can be found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/ Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/ 0/B28C4162E30D941F85256CC 1008213F6?Open Document&Highlight=sa1590nm; (iv) For Models PA–18, PA–18S, PA–18 ‘‘105’’ (Special), PA–18S ‘‘105’’ (Special), PA–18A, PA–18 ‘‘125’’ (Army L–21A), PA– 18S ‘‘125’’, PA–18AS ‘‘125’’, PA–18 ‘‘135’’ (Army L–21B), PA–18A ‘‘135’’, PA–18S ‘‘135’’, PA–18AS ‘‘135’’, PA–18 ‘‘150’’, PA– PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 78733 18A ‘‘150’’, PA–18S ‘‘150’’, PA–18AS ‘‘150’’, PA–18A (Restricted), PA–18A ‘‘135’’ (Restricted), and PA–18A ‘‘150’’ (Restricted) airplanes: STC SA1585NM, which can be found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/ Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/ 0/A2BE010FB1CA61A285256CC 1008213D6?OpenDocument&Highlight= sa1585nm; (v) For Models PA–20, PA–20S, PA–20 ‘‘115’’, PA–20S ‘‘115’’, PA–20 ‘‘135’’, and PA–20S ‘‘135’’ airplanes: STC SA1586NM, which can be found on the Internet at http:// rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_ Library/rgstc.nsf/0/873CC69D42 C87CF585256CC1008213DC?Open Document&Highlight=sa1586nm; and (vi) For Model PA–22 airplanes: STC SA1587NM, which can be found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_ Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/B051D04CCC 0BED7E85256CC1008213E0?Open Document&Highlight=sa1587nm. (4) Install F. Atlee Dodge wing lift strut assemblies following F. Atlee Dodge Installation Instructions No. 3233–I for Modified Piper Wing Lift Struts (STC SA4635NM), dated February 1, 1991, which can be found on the Internet at http:// rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_ Library/rgstc.nsf/0/E726AAA2831BD 20085256CC2000E3DB7?Open Document&Highlight=sa4635nm. This installation may have already been done in accordance paragraph (i)(3) of this AD. Installing these wing lift strut assemblies terminates the repetitive inspection requirements of this AD for the wing lift strut fork only. Repetitively inspect the wing lift struts as specified in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. (m) Install Placard (1) For all airplanes previously affected by AD 99–01–05 R1: Within 1 calendar month after February 8, 1999 (the effective date retained from AD 99–01–05), or within 24 calendar months after the last inspection required by AD 93–10–06 (which was superseded by AD 99–01–05), whichever occurs later, and before further flight after any replacement of a wing lift strut assembly required by this AD, do one of the following actions in paragraph (m)(1)(i) or (m)(1)(ii) of this AD. The ‘‘NO STEP’’ markings required by paragraph (m)(1)(i) or (m)(1)(ii) of this AD must remain in place for the life of the airplane. (i) Install ‘‘NO STEP’’ decal, Piper (P/N) 80944–02, on each wing lift strut approximately 6 inches from the bottom of the wing lift strut in a way that the letters can be read when entering and exiting the airplane; or (ii) Paint the words ‘‘NO STEP’’ approximately 6 inches from the bottom of the wing lift strut in a way that the letters can be read when entering and exiting the airplane. Use a minimum of 1-inch letters using a color that contrasts with the color of the airplane. (2) For all airplanes new to this AD (not previously affected by AD 99–01–05 R1): Within 1 calendar month after the effective date of this AD, or within 24 calendar E:\FR\FM\31DEP1.SGM 31DEP1 78734 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 250 / Wednesday, December 31, 2014 / Proposed Rules months after the last inspection required by AD 93–10–06 (which was superseded by AD 99–01–05), whichever occurs later, and before further flight after any replacement of a wing lift strut assembly required by this AD, do one of the following actions in paragraph (m)(2)(i) or (m)(2)(ii) of this AD. The ‘‘NO STEP’’ markings required by paragraph (m)(2)(i) or (m)(2)(ii) of this AD must remain in place for the life of the airplane. (i) Install ‘‘NO STEP’’ decal, Piper (P/N) 80944–02, on each wing lift strut approximately 6 inches from the bottom of the wing lift strut in a way that the letters can be read when entering and exiting the airplane; or (ii) Paint the words ‘‘NO STEP’’ approximately 6 inches from the bottom of the wing lift strut in a way that the letters can be read when entering and exiting the airplane. Use a minimum of 1-inch letters using a color that contrasts with the color of the airplane tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS (n) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) (1) The Manager, Atlanta ACO, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD related to Piper Aircraft, Inc. airplanes; the Manager, Seattle ACO, FAA has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD related to FS 2000 Corp, FS 2001 Corp, FS 2002 Corporation, and FS 2003 Corporation airplanes; and the Manager, Standards Office, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD related to LAVIA ARGENTINA S.A. (LAVIASA) airplanes, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the ACO, send it to the attention of the appropriate person identified in paragraph (o) of this AD. (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/ certificate holding district office. (3) AMOCs approved for AD 93–10–06, Amendment 39–8586 (58 FR 29965, May 25, 1993), AD 99–01–05, Amendment 39–10972 (63 FR 72132, December 31, 1998), and AD 99–01–05 R1, Amendment 39–17688 (78 FR 79599, December 31, 2013) are approved as AMOCs for this AD. (o) Related Information (1) For more information about this AD related to Piper Aircraft, Inc. airplanes, contact: Gregory ‘‘Keith’’ Noles, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Atlanta ACO, 1701 Columbia Avenue, College Park, Georgia 30337; phone: (404) 474–5551; fax: (404) 474–5606; email: gregory.noles@faa.gov. (2) For more information about this AD related to FS 2000 Corp, FS 2001 Corp, FS 2002 Corporation, and FS 2003 Corporation airplanes, contact: Jeff Morfitt, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Seattle ACO, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98057; phone: (425) 917–6405; fax: (245) 917–6590; email: jeff.morfitt@faa.gov. (3) For more information about this AD related to LAVIA ARGENTINA S.A. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Dec 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 (LAVIASA) airplanes, contact: S.M. Nagarajan, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, Room 301, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone: (816) 329–4145; fax: (816) 329–4090; email: sarjapur.nagarajan@faa.gov. (4) For service information identified in this AD, contact Piper Aircraft, Inc., Customer Services, 2926 Piper Drive, Vero Beach, Florida 32960; telephone: (772) 567– 4361; Internet: www.piper.com. Copies of the instructions to the F. Atlee Dodge STC and information about the Jensen Aircraft STCs may be obtained from F. Atlee Dodge, Aircraft Services, LLC., 6672 Wes Way, Anchorage, Alaska 99518–0409, Internet: www.fadodge.com. You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, Kansas City, Missouri 64106. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call (816) 329–4148. Appendix to Docket No. FAA–2014– 1083 Procedures and Requirements for Ultrasonic Inspection of Piper Wing Lift Struts Equipment Requirements 1. A portable ultrasonic thickness gauge or flaw detector with echo-to-echo digital thickness readout capable of reading to 0.001-inch and an A-trace waveform display will be needed to do this inspection. 2. An ultrasonic probe with the following specifications will be needed to accomplish this inspection: 10 MHz (or higher), 0.283inch (or smaller) diameter dual element or delay line transducer designed for thickness gauging. The transducer and ultrasonic system shall be capable of accurately measuring the thickness of AISI 4340 steel down to 0.020-inch. An accuracy of +/¥ 0.002-inch throughout a 0.020-inch to 0.050inch thickness range while calibrating shall be the criteria for acceptance. 3. Either a precision machined step wedge made of 4340 steel (or similar steel with equivalent sound velocity) or at least three shim samples of same material will be needed to accomplish this inspection. One thickness of the step wedge or shim shall be less than or equal to 0.020-inch, one shall be greater than or equal to 0.050-inch, and at least one other step or shim shall be between these two values. 4. Glycerin, light oil, or similar non-water based ultrasonic couplants are recommended in the setup and inspection procedures. Water-based couplants, containing appropriate corrosion inhibitors, may be utilized, provided they are removed from both the reference standards and the test item after the inspection procedure is completed and adequate corrosion prevention steps are then taken to protect these items. • NOTE: Couplant is defined as ‘‘a substance used between the face of the transducer and test surface to improve transmission of ultrasonic energy across the transducer/strut interface.’’ • NOTE: If surface roughness due to paint loss or corrosion is present, the surface should be sanded or polished smooth before testing to assure a consistent and smooth surface for making contact with the PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 transducer. Care shall be taken to remove a minimal amount of structural material. Paint repairs may be necessary after the inspection to prevent further corrosion damage from occurring. Removal of surface irregularities will enhance the accuracy of the inspection technique. Instrument Setup 1. Set up the ultrasonic equipment for thickness measurements as specified in the instrument’s user’s manual. Because of the variety of equipment available to perform ultrasonic thickness measurements, some modification to this general setup procedure may be necessary. However, the tolerance requirement of step 13 and the record keeping requirement of step 14, must be satisfied. 2. If battery power will be employed, check to see that the battery has been properly charged. The testing will take approximately two hours. Screen brightness and contrast should be set to match environmental conditions. 3. Verify that the instrument is set for the type of transducer being used, i.e. single or dual element, and that the frequency setting is compatible with the transducer. 4. If a removable delay line is used, remove it and place a drop of couplant between the transducer face and the delay line to assure good transmission of ultrasonic energy. Reassemble the delay line transducer and continue. 5. Program a velocity of 0.231-inch/ microsecond into the ultrasonic unit unless an alternative instrument calibration procedure is used to set the sound velocity. 6. Obtain a step wedge or steel shims per item 3 of the Equipment Requirements. Place the probe on the thickest sample using couplant. Rotate the transducer slightly back and forth to ‘‘ring’’ the transducer to the sample. Adjust the delay and range settings to arrive at an A-trace signal display with the first backwall echo from the steel near the left side of the screen and the second backwall echo near the right of the screen. Note that when a single element transducer is used, the initial pulse and the delay line/steel interface will be off of the screen to the left. Adjust the gain to place the amplitude of the first backwall signal at approximately 80% screen height on the A-trace. 7. ‘‘Ring’’ the transducer on the thinnest step or shim using couplant. Select positive half-wave rectified, negative half-wave rectified, or filtered signal display to obtain the cleanest signal. Adjust the pulse voltage, pulse width, and damping to obtain the best signal resolution. These settings can vary from one transducer to another and are also user dependent. 8. Enable the thickness gate, and adjust the gate so that it starts at the first backwall echo and ends at the second backwall echo. (Measuring between the first and second backwall echoes will produce a measurement of the steel thickness that is not affected by the paint layer on the strut). If instability of the gate trigger occurs, adjust the gain, gate level, and/or damping to stabilize the thickness reading. 9. Check the digital display reading and if it does not agree with the known thickness E:\FR\FM\31DEP1.SGM 31DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 250 / Wednesday, December 31, 2014 / Proposed Rules tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS of the thinnest thickness, follow your instrument’s calibration recommendations to produce the correct thickness reading. When a single element transducer is used this will usually involve adjusting the fine delay setting. 10. Place the transducer on the thickest step of shim using couplant. Adjust the thickness gate width so that the gate is triggered by the second backwall reflection of the thick section. If the digital display does not agree with the thickest thickness, follow your instrument’s calibration recommendations to produce the correct thickness reading. A slight adjustment in the velocity may be necessary to get both the thinnest and the thickest reading correct. Document the changed velocity value. 11. Place couplant on an area of the lift strut which is thought to be free of corrosion and ‘‘ring’’ the transducer to surface. Minor adjustments to the signal and gate settings may be required to account for coupling improvements resulting from the paint layer. The thickness gate level should be set just high enough so as not to be triggered by irrelevant signal noise. An area on the upper surface of the lift strut above the inspection area would be a good location to complete this step and should produce a thickness reading between 0.034-inch and 0.041-inch. 12. Repeat steps 8, 9, 10, and 11 until both thick and thin shim measurements are within tolerance and the lift strut measurement is reasonable and steady. 13. Verify that the thickness value shown in the digital display is within +/- 0.002-inch of the correct value for each of the three or more steps of the setup wedge or shims. Make no further adjustments to the instrument settings. 14. Record the ultrasonic versus actual thickness of all wedge steps or steel shims available as a record of setup. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Dec 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 Inspection Procedure 1. Clean the lower 18 inches of the wing lift struts using a cleaner that will remove all dirt and grease. Dirt and grease will adversely affect the accuracy of the inspection technique. Light sanding or polishing may also be required to reduce surface roughness as noted in the Equipment Requirements section. 2. Using a flexible ruler, draw a 1⁄4-inch grid on the surface of the first 11 inches from the lower end of the strut as shown in Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. This can be done using a soft (#2) pencil and should be done on both faces of the strut. As an alternative to drawing a complete grid, make two rows of marks spaced every 1⁄4-inch across the width of the strut. One row of marks should be about 11 inches from the lower end of the strut, and the second row should be several inches away where the strut starts to narrow. Lay the flexible ruler between respective tick marks of the two rows and use tape or a rubber band to keep the ruler in place. See Figure 1. 3. Apply a generous amount of couplant inside each of the square areas or along the edge of the ruler. Re-application of couplant may be necessary. 4. Place the transducer inside the first square area of the drawn grid or at the first 1⁄4-inch mark on the ruler and ‘‘ring’’ the transducer to the strut. When using a dual element transducer, be very careful to record the thickness value with the axis of the transducer elements perpendicular to any curvature in the strut. If this is not done, loss of signal or inaccurate readings can result. 5. Take readings inside each square on the grid or at 1⁄4-inch increments along the ruler and record the results. When taking a thickness reading, rotate the transducer slightly back and forth and experiment with the angle of contact to produce the lowest thickness reading possible. Pay close PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 78735 attention to the A-scan display to assure that the thickness gate is triggering off of maximized backwall echoes. • NOTE: A reading shall not exceed .041 inch. If a reading exceeds .041-inch, repeat steps 13 and 14 of the Instrument Setup section before proceeding further. 6. If the A-trace is unsteady or the thickness reading is clearly wrong, adjust the signal gain and/or gate setting to obtain reasonable and steady readings. If any instrument setting is adjusted, repeat steps 13 and 14 of the Instrument Setup section before proceeding further. 7. In areas where obstructions are present, take a data point as close to the correct area as possible. • NOTE: The strut wall contains a fabrication bead at approximately 40% of the strut chord. The bead may interfere with accurate measurements in that specific location. 8. A measurement of 0.024-inch or less shall require replacement of the strut prior to further flight. 9. If at any time during testing an area is encountered where a valid thickness measurement cannot be obtained due to a loss of signal strength or quality, the area shall be considered suspect. These areas may have a remaining wall thickness of less than 0.020-inch, which is below the range of this setup, or they may have small areas of localized corrosion or pitting present. The latter case will result in a reduction in signal strength due to the sound being scattered from the rough surface and may result in a signal that includes echoes from the pits as well as the backwall. The suspect area(s) shall be tested with a Maule ‘‘Fabric Tester’’ as specified in Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989. 10. Record the lift strut inspection in the aircraft log book. E:\FR\FM\31DEP1.SGM 31DEP1 78736 Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on December 19, 2014. Earl Lawrence, Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2014–30722 Filed 12–30–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION 16 CFR Part 305 RIN 3084–AB15 Energy and Water Use Labeling for Consumer Products Under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (‘‘Energy Labeling Rule’’) Federal Trade Commission (FTC or Commission). ACTION: Advance notice of proposed rulemaking. AGENCY: The Commission seeks comments on labeling for several miscellaneous refrigeration products not covered by existing labeling requirements. The Commission seeks comments on whether labels for these products would assist consumers in their purchasing decisions. Preliminary DOE analysis suggests labeling would benefit consumers and be economically and technologically feasible. DATES: Comments must be received by March 3, 2015. ADDRESSES: Interested parties may file a comment at https:// ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/ tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:21 Dec 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 miscrefrigerator online or on paper, by following the instructions in the Request for Comment part of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ‘‘Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products, Matter No. R611004’’ on your comment, and file your comment online at https:// ftcpublic.commentworks.com/ftc/ miscrefrigerator by following the instructions on the web-based form. If you prefer to file your comment on paper, write ‘‘Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products, Matter No. R611004’’ on your comment and on the envelope, and mail your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Suite CC–5610 (Annex N), Washington, DC 20580, or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, Constitution Center, 400 7th Street SW., 5th Floor, Suite 5610 (Annex N), Washington, DC 20024. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Hampton Newsome, (202) 326–2889, Attorney, Division of Enforcement, Bureau of Consumer Protection, Federal Trade Commission, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20580. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background The Commission’s Energy Labeling Rule (Rule) (16 CFR part 305), issued pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) (42 U.S.C. 6291), requires energy labeling for major PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 household appliances and other consumer products to help consumers compare competing models. The Commission implements its labeling program in conjunction with the Department of Energy’s efficiency standards program for consumer products, which is also instituted pursuant to EPCA. When first published in 1979, the Rule applied to eight product categories: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, dishwashers, water heaters, clothes washers, room air conditioners, and furnaces. The Commission has since expanded the Rule’s coverage to include central air conditioners, heat pumps, plumbing products, lighting products, ceiling fans, certain types of water heaters, and televisions. The Rule requires manufacturers to attach yellow EnergyGuide labels on many of these products, and prohibits retailers from removing the labels or rendering them illegible. In addition, the Rule directs sellers, including retailers, to post label information on Web sites and in paper catalogs from which consumers can order products. EnergyGuide labels for covered products must contain three key disclosures: Estimated annual energy cost (for most products); a product’s energy consumption or energy efficiency rating as determined based on Department of Energy (DOE) test procedures; and a comparability range displaying the highest and lowest energy costs or efficiency ratings for all similar models. The Rule requires manufacturers to use E:\FR\FM\31DEP1.SGM 31DEP1 EP31DE14.003</GPH> Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 250 / Wednesday, December 31, 2014 / Proposed Rules

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 250 (Wednesday, December 31, 2014)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 78729-78736]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-30722]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2014-1083; Directorate Identifier 2014-CE-036-AD]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Various Aircraft Equipped With Wing 
Lift Struts

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

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SUMMARY: We propose to supersede Airworthiness Directive (AD) 99-01-05 
R1, which applies to certain aircraft equipped with wing lift struts. 
AD 99-01-05 R1 currently requires repetitively inspecting the wing lift 
struts for corrosion; repetitively inspecting the wing lift strut forks 
for cracks; replacing any corroded wing lift strut; replacing any 
cracked wing lift strut fork; and repetitively replacing the wing lift 
strut forks at a specified time for certain airplanes. Since we issued 
AD 99-01-05 R1, we have determined that additional airplane models 
should be added to the Applicability section. This proposed AD would 
retain all requirements of the existing AD. We are proposing this AD to 
correct the unsafe condition on these products.

DATES: We must receive comments on this proposed AD by February 17, 
2015.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    For service information identified in this proposed AD, contact 
Piper Aircraft, Inc., Customer Services, 2926 Piper Drive, Vero Beach, 
Florida 32960; telephone: (772) 567-4361; Internet: www.piper.com. 
Copies of the instructions to the F. Atlee Dodge supplemental type 
certificate (STC) and information about the Jensen Aircraft STCs may be 
obtained from F. Atlee Dodge, Aircraft Services, LLC., 6672 Wes Way, 
Anchorage, Alaska 99518-0409, Internet: www.fadodge.com. You may review 
copies of the referenced service information at the FAA, Small Airplane 
Directorate, 901 Locust, Kansas City, Missouri 64106. For information 
on the availability of this material at the FAA, call (816) 329-4148.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2014-
1083; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 
5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket 
contains this proposed AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments 
received, and other information. The street address for the Docket 
Office (phone: 800-647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will 
be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: 
    For Piper Aircraft, Inc. airplanes, contact: Gregory ``Keith'' 
Noles, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office 
(ACO), 1701 Columbia Avenue, College Park, Georgia 30337; phone: (404) 
474-5551; fax: (404) 474-5606; email: gregory.noles@faa.gov.
    For FS 2000 Corp, FS 2001 Corp, FS 2002 Corporation, and FS 2003 
Corporation airplanes, contact: Jeff Morfitt, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, 
Seattle ACO, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98057; phone: 
(425) 917-6405; fax: (245) 917-6590; email: jeff.morfitt@faa.gov.
    For LAVIA ARGENTINA S.A. (LAVIASA) airplanes, contact: S.M. 
Nagarajan, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 
Locust, Room 301, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone: (816) 329-
4145; fax: (816) 329-4090; email: sarjapur.nagarajan@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

    We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or 
arguments about this proposed AD. Send your comments to an address 
listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2014-1083; 
Directorate Identifier 2014-CE-036-AD'' at the beginning of your 
comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, 
economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We 
will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend 
this proposed AD because of those comments.
    We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We 
will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we 
receive about this proposed AD.

Discussion

    On November 22, 2013, we issued AD 99-01-05 R1, Amendment 39-17688 
(78 FR 73997, December 10, 2013) and later issued on December 18, 2013 
(78 FR 79599, December 31, 2013) as a correction, (``AD 99-01-05 R1''), 
for certain aircraft equipped with wing lift struts. AD 99-01-05 R1 
resulted from the need to clarify the intent that if a sealed wing lift 
strut assembly is installed as a replacement part, the repetitive 
inspection requirement is terminated only if the seal is never 
improperly broken. If the seal is improperly broken, then that wing 
lift strut becomes subject to continued repetitive inspections. We did 
not intend to promote drilling holes into or otherwise unsealing a 
sealed strut.
    We issued AD 99-01-05 R1 to detect and correct corrosion and 
cracking on the front and rear wing lift struts and forks, which could 
cause the wing lift strut to fail. This failure could result in the 
wing separating from the airplane.

Actions Since AD 99-01-05 R1 Was Issued

    Since AD 99-01-05 R1 was issued, we have been informed that Piper 
Aircraft, Inc. (Piper) Models J-3, J3C-65 (Army L-4A), J3P, J4B, and 
J4F airplanes should be added to the Applicability section. We have 
also been informed that there is a serial number overlap between Piper 
Model PA-18s listed in AD 99-01-05 R1 and Piper Model PA-19 (Army L-
18C). Certain serial numbers listed for Model PA-18s should also be 
listed under Model PA-19 (Army L-18C).
    On December 22, 1998, we issued AD 99-01-05, Amendment 39-10972 (63 
FR 72132, December 31, 1998), to supersede AD 93-10-06, Amendment 39-
8586 (58 FR 29965, May 25, 1993), which previously included Piper 
Models J-3, J3P, J4B, and J4F airplanes in the Applicability section, 
in order to clarify certain requirements of AD 93-10-06, eliminate the 
lift strut fork

[[Page 78730]]

repetitive inspection requirement for the Piper PA-25 series airplanes, 
incorporate other airplane models omitted from the applicability, and 
require installing a placard on the lift strut.

Relevant Service Information

    We reviewed Piper Aircraft Corporation Mandatory Service Bulletin 
No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, and Piper Aircraft Corporation 
Mandatory Service Bulletin No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989. The 
service information describes procedures for wing lift strut assembly 
inspection and replacement.

FAA's Determination

    We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant 
information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is 
likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design.

Proposed AD Requirements

    This proposed AD would retain all requirements of AD 99-01-05 R1. 
This proposed AD would add airplanes to the Applicability section.

Costs of Compliance

    We estimate that this AD affects 22,200 airplanes of U.S. registry.
    We estimate the following costs to comply with this AD. However, 
the only difference in the costs presented below and the costs 
associated with AD 99-01-05 R1 is addition of 200 airplanes to the 
applicability:

                                                                     Estimated Costs
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Action                      Labor cost              Parts cost           Cost per product                Cost on U.S. operators
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inspection of the wing lift struts   8 work-hours x $85 per  Not applicable........  $680 per inspection     $15,096,000 per inspection cycle.
 and wing lift strut forks.           hour = $680 per                                 cycle.
                                      inspection cycle.
Installation placard...............  1 work-hour x $85 =     $30...................  $115..................  $2,553,000.
                                      $85.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We estimate the following costs to do any necessary replacements 
that will be required based on the results of the inspection. We have 
no way of determining the number of aircraft that might need these 
replacements:

                           On-Condition Costs
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Cost per
                                Labor cost per   Parts cost  product per
            Action             wing lift strut    per wing    wing lift
                                                 lift strut     strut
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Replacement of the wing lift   4 work-hours x          $440         $780
 strut and/or wing lift strut   $85 per hour =
 forks.                         $340.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, Section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, section 44701, ``General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    We have determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism 
implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not 
have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship 
between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution 
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify that the proposed 
regulation:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866,
    (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies 
and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979),
    (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
    (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

The Proposed Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by removing Airworthiness Directive (AD) 
99-01-05 R1, Amendment 39-17688 (78 FR 79599, December 31, 2013), and 
adding the following new AD:

Various Aircraft: Docket No. FAA-2014-1083; Directorate Identifier 
2014-CE-036-AD.

(a) Comments Due Date

    The FAA must receive comments on this AD action by February 17, 
2015.

(b) Affected ADs

    This AD supersedes AD 99-01-05 R1, Amendment 39-17688 (78 FR 
79599, December 31, 2013) ``AD 99-01-05 R1''. AD 99-26-19 R1, 
Amendment 39-17681 (78 FR 76040, December 16, 2013), also relates to 
the subject of this AD.

[[Page 78731]]

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to the following airplanes identified in Table 1 
and Table 2 to paragraph (c) of this AD, that are equipped with wing 
lift struts, including airplanes commonly known as a ``Clipped Wing 
Cub,'' which modify the airplane primarily by removing approximately 
40 inches of the inboard portion of each wing; and are certificated 
in any category.
    (1) Based on optional engine installations some airplanes may 
have been re-identified or registered with another model that is not 
listed in the type certificate data sheet (TCDS). For instance, 
Piper Model J3C-65 airplanes are type certificated on Type 
Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) A-691 but may also have been re-
identified or registered as a Model J3C-115, J3F-50, J3C-75, J3C-
75D, J3C-75S, J3L-75, J3C-85, J3C-85S, J3C-90, J3F-90, J3F-90S, J3C-
100, or J3-L4J airplane.
    (2) The airplane model number on the affected airplane or its 
registry may or may not contain the dash (-), e.g. J3 and J-3. This 
AD applies to both variations.

              Table 1 to Paragraph (c) of This AD--Airplanes Previously Affected by AD 99-01-05 R1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Type certificate holder                  Aircraft model                           Serial No.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FS 2000 Corp......................  L-14................................  All.
FS 2001 Corp......................  J5A (Army L-4F), J5A-80, J5B (Army L- All.
                                     4G), J5C, AE-1, and HE-1.
FS 2002 Corporation...............  PA-14...............................  14-1 through 14-523.
FS 2003 Corporation...............  PA-12 and PA-12S....................  12-1 through 12-4036.
LAVIA ARGENTINA S.A. (LAVIASA)....  PA-25, PA-25-235, and PA-25-260.....  25-1 through 25-8156024.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  TG-8 (Army TG-8, Navy XLNP-1).......  All.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  E-2 and F-2.........................  All.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  J3C-40, J3C-50, J3C-50S, J3C-65       All.
                                     (Army L-4, L-4B, L-4H, L-4J, Navy
                                     NE-1 and NE-2), J3C-65S, J3F-50,
                                     J3F-50S, J3F-60, J3F-60S, J3F-65
                                     (Army L-4D), J3F-65S, J3L, J3L-S,
                                     J3L-65 (Army L-4C), and J3L-65S.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  J4, J4A, J4A-S, and J4E (Army L-4E).  4-401 through 4-1649.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  PA-11 and PA-11S....................  11-1 through 11-1678.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  PA-15...............................  15-1 through 15-388.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  PA-16 and PA-16S....................  16-1 through 16-736.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  PA-17...............................  17-1 through 17-215.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  PA-18, PA-18S, PA-18 ``105''          18-1 through 18-8309025, 18900 through
                                     (Special), PA-18S ``105''             1809032, and 1809034 through 1809040.
                                     (Special), PA-18A, PA-18 ``125''
                                     (Army L-21A), PA-18S ``125'', PA-
                                     18AS ``125'', PA-18 ``135'' (Army L-
                                     21B), PA-18A ``135'', PA-18S
                                     ``135'', PA-18AS ``135'', PA-18
                                     ``150'', PA-18A ``150'', PA-18S
                                     ``150'', PA-18AS ``150'', PA-18A
                                     (Restricted), PA-18A ``135''
                                     (Restricted), and PA-18A ``150''
                                     (Restricted).
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  PA-19 (Army L-18C), and PA-19S......  18-1 through 18-7632 and 19-1, 19-2,
                                                                           and 19-3.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  PA-20, PA-20S, PA-20 ``115'', PA-20S  20-1 through 20-1121.
                                     ``115'', PA-20 ``135'', and PA-20S
                                     ``135''.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...............  PA-22, PA-22-108, PA-22-135, PA-22S-  22-1 through 22-9848.
                                     135, PA-22-150, PA-22S-150, PA-22-
                                     160, and PA-22S-160.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Note 1 to paragraph (c) of this AD:  There is a serial number 
overlap between the Piper PA-18 series airplanes and the Piper Model 
PA-19 (Army L-18C) airplanes listed in AD 99-01-05 R1 . Serial 
numbers 18-1 through 18-7632 listed for the PA-18 series airplanes 
are also now listed under Model PA-19 (Army L-18C) and Model PA-19S.


      Table 2 to Paragraph (c) of This AD--Airplanes New to This AD
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Type certificate holder       Aircraft model         Serial No.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Piper Aircraft, Inc...........  J-3..............  1100 through 1200 and
                                                    1999 and up that
                                                    were manufactured
                                                    before October 15,
                                                    1939.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...........  J3C-65 (Army L-    All.
                                 4A).
Piper Aircraft, Inc...........  J3P..............  2325, 2327, 2339,
                                                    2340, 2342, 2344,
                                                    2345, 2347, 2349,
                                                    2351, 2355 and up
                                                    that were
                                                    manufactured before
                                                    January 10, 1942.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...........  J4B..............  4-400 and up that
                                                    were manufactured
                                                    before December 11,
                                                    1942.
Piper Aircraft, Inc...........  J4F..............  4-828 and up.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

(d) Subject

    Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC)/Air Transport Association 
(ATA) of America Code 57, Wings.

(e) Unsafe Condition

    (1) The subject of this AD was originally prompted by reports of 
corrosion damage found on the wing lift struts. AD 99-01-05 R1 is 
being superseded to include certain Piper Aircraft, Inc. Models J-3, 
J3C-65 (Army L4A), J3P, J4B, and J4F airplanes that were 
inadvertently omitted from the applicability, paragraph (c), of AD 
99-01-05 and subsequently AD 99-01-05 R1. Also, there is a serial 
number overlap between Piper Model PA-18s listed in AD 99-01-05 R1 
and Piper Model PA-19 (Army L-18C). Certain serial numbers listed 
for Model PA-18s are also listed under Model PA-19 (Army L-18C).
    (2) AD 99-01-05 R1 was issued to clarify the FAA's intention 
that if a sealed wing lift strut assembly is installed as a 
replacement part, the repetitive inspection requirement is 
terminated only if the seal is never improperly broken. If the seal 
is improperly broken, then that wing lift strut becomes subject to 
continued repetitive inspections. We did not intend to promote 
drilling holes into or otherwise unsealing a sealed strut. This AD 
retains all the actions currently required in AD 99-01-05 R1. There 
are no new requirements in this AD except for the addition of 
certain model airplanes to the Applicability section of this AD.
    (3) We are issuing this AD to detect and correct corrosion and 
cracking on the front and rear wing lift struts and forks, which 
could cause the wing lift strut to fail. This failure could result 
in the wing separating from the airplane.

(f) Compliance

    Unless already done (compliance with AD 99-01-05 R1 and AD 93-
10-06, Amendment 39-8586 (58 FR 29965, May 25, 1993) ``AD 93-010-
06''), do the following actions within

[[Page 78732]]

the compliance times specified in paragraphs (g) through (m) of this 
AD, including all subparagraphs. Properly unsealing and resealing a 
sealed wing lift strut is still considered a terminating action for 
the repetitive inspection requirements of this AD as long as all 
appropriate regulations and issues are considered, such as static 
strength, fatigue, material effects, immediate and long-term 
(internal and external) corrosion protection, resealing methods, 
etc. Current FAA regulations in 14 CFR 43.13(b) specify that 
maintenance performed will result in the part's condition to be at 
least equal to its original or properly altered condition. Any 
maintenance actions that unseal a sealed wing lift strut should be 
coordinated with the Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office (ACO) 
through the local airworthiness authority (e.g., Flight Standards 
District Office). There are provisions in paragraph (o) of this AD 
for approving such actions as an alternative method of compliance 
(AMOC).

(g) Remove Wing Lift Struts

    (1) For all airplanes previously affected by AD 99-01-05 R1: 
Within 1 calendar month after February 8, 1999 (the effective date 
retained from AD 99-01-05, Amendment 39-10972 (63 FR 72132, December 
31, 1998) ``AD 99-01-05''), or within 24 calendar months after the 
last inspection done in accordance with AD 93-10-06 (which was 
superseded by AD 99-01-05), whichever occurs later, remove the wing 
lift struts following Piper Aircraft Corporation Mandatory Service 
Bulletin (Piper MSB) No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB 
No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Before further 
flight after the removal, do the actions in one of the following 
paragraphs (h)(1), (h)(2), (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD, 
including all subparagraphs.
    (2) For all airplanes new to this AD (not previously affected by 
AD 99-01-05 R1): Within 1 calendar month after the effective date of 
this AD or within 24 calendar months after the last inspection done 
in accordance with AD 93-10-06 (which was superseded by AD 99-01-
05), whichever occurs later, remove the wing lift struts following 
Piper Aircraft Corporation Mandatory Service Bulletin (Piper MSB) 
No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated 
October 10, 1989, as applicable. Before further flight after the 
removal, do the actions in one of the following paragraphs (h)(1), 
(h)(2), (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD, including all 
subparagraphs.

(h) Inspect Wing Lift Struts

    For all airplanes listed in this AD: Before further flight after 
the removal required in paragraph (g) of this AD, inspect each wing 
lift strut following paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, 
including all subparagraphs, or do the wing lift strut replacement 
following one of the options in paragraph (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) 
of this AD.
    (1) Inspect each wing lift strut for corrosion and perceptible 
dents following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper 
MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable.
    (i) If no corrosion is visible and no perceptible dents are 
found on any wing lift strut during the inspection required in 
paragraph (h)(1) of this AD, before further flight, apply corrosion 
inhibitor to each wing lift strut following Piper MSB No. 528D, 
dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 
1989, as applicable.
    Repetitively thereafter inspect each wing lift strut at 
intervals not to exceed 24 calendar months following the procedures 
in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all 
subparagraphs.
    (ii) If corrosion or perceptible dents are found on any wing 
lift strut during the inspection required in paragraph (h)(1) of 
this AD or during any repetitive inspection required in paragraph 
(h)(1)(i) of this AD, before further flight, replace the affected 
wing lift strut with one of the replacement options specified in 
paragraph (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD. Do the replacement 
following the procedures specified in those paragraphs, as 
applicable.
    (2) Inspect each wing lift strut for corrosion following the 
procedures in the Appendix to this AD. This inspection must be done 
by a Level 2 or Level 3 inspector certified using the guidelines 
established by the American Society for Non-destructive Testing or 
the ``Military Standard for Nondestructive Testing Personnel 
Qualification and Certification'' (MIL-STD-410E), which can be found 
on the Internet at http://aerospacedefense.thomasnet.com/Asset/MIL-STD-410.pdf.
    (i) If no corrosion is found on any wing lift strut during the 
inspection required in paragraph (h)(2) of this AD and all 
requirements in the Appendix to this AD are met, before further 
flight, apply corrosion inhibitor to each wing lift strut following 
Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, 
dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. Repetitively thereafter 
inspect each wing lift strut at intervals not to exceed 24 calendar 
months following the procedures in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of 
this AD, including all subparagraphs.
    (ii) If corrosion is found on any wing lift strut during the 
inspection required in paragraph (h)(2) of this AD or during any 
repetitive inspection required in paragraph (h)(2)(i) of this AD, or 
if any requirement in the Appendix of this AD is not met, before 
further flight after any inspection in which corrosion is found or 
the Appendix requirements are not met, replace the affected wing 
lift strut with one of the replacement options specified in 
paragraph (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD. Do the replacement 
following the procedures specified in those paragraphs, as 
applicable.

(i) Wing Lift Strut Replacement Options

    Before further flight after the removal required in paragraph 
(g) of this AD, replace the wing lift struts following one of the 
options in paragraph (i)(1), (i)(2), or (i)(3) of this AD, including 
all subparagraphs, or inspect each wing lift strut following 
paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD.
    (1) Install original equipment manufacturer (OEM) part number 
wing lift struts (or FAA-approved equivalent part numbers) that have 
been inspected following the procedures in either paragraph (h)(1) 
or (h)(2) of this AD, including all subparagraphs, and are found to 
be airworthy. Do the installations following Piper MSB No. 528D, 
dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 
1989, as applicable. Repetitively thereafter inspect the newly 
installed wing lift struts at intervals not to exceed 24 calendar 
months following the procedures in either paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) 
of this AD, including all subparagraphs.
    (2) Install new sealed wing lift strut assemblies (or FAA-
approved equivalent part numbers) (these sealed wing lift strut 
assemblies also include the wing lift strut forks) following Piper 
MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, and Piper MSB No. 910A, dated 
October 10, 1989, as applicable. Installing one of these new sealed 
wing lift strut assemblies terminates the repetitive inspection 
requirements in paragraphs (h)(1) and (h)(2) of this AD, and the 
wing lift strut fork removal, inspection, and replacement 
requirement in paragraphs (j) and (k) of this AD, including all 
subparagraphs, for that wing lift strut assembly.
    (3) Install F. Atlee Dodge wing lift strut assemblies following 
F. Atlee Dodge Aircraft Services, Inc. Installation Instructions No. 
3233-I for Modified Piper Wing Lift Struts Supplemental Type 
Certificate (STC) SA4635NM, dated February 1, 1991, which can be 
found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/E726AAA2831BD20085256CC2000E3DB7?OpenDocument&Highlight=sa4635nm. 
Repetitively thereafter inspect the newly installed wing lift struts 
at intervals not to exceed 60 calendar months following the 
procedures in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all 
subparagraphs.

(j) Remove Wing Lift Strut Forks

    (1) For all airplanes previously affected by AD 99-01-05 R1, 
except for Model PA-25, PA-25-235, and PA-25-260 airplanes: Within 
the next 100 hours time-in-service (TIS) after February 8, 1999 (the 
effective date retained from AD 99-01-05) or within 500 hours TIS 
after the last inspection done in accordance with AD 93-10-06 (which 
was superseded by AD 99-01-05), whichever occurs later, remove the 
wing lift strut forks (unless already replaced in accordance with 
paragraph (i)(2) of this AD). Do the removal following Piper MSB No. 
528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 
10, 1989, as applicable. Before further flight after the removal, do 
the actions in one of the following paragraphs (k) or (l) of this 
AD, including all subparagraphs.
    (2) For all airplanes new to this AD (not previously affected by 
AD 99-01-05 R1): Within the next 100 hours TIS after the effective 
date of this AD or within 500 hours TIS after the last inspection 
done in accordance with AD 93-10-06 (which was superseded by AD 99-
01-05), whichever occurs later, remove the wing lift strut forks 
(unless already replaced in accordance with paragraph (i)(2) of this 
AD). Do the removal following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 
1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. 
Before further flight after the removal, do the actions in one of 
the following paragraphs (k) or (l) of this AD, including all 
subparagraphs.

[[Page 78733]]

(k) Inspect and Replace Wing Lift Strut Forks

    For all airplanes affected by this AD: Before further flight 
after the removal required in paragraph (j) of this AD, inspect the 
wing lift strut forks following paragraph (k) of this AD, including 
all subparagraphs, or do the wing lift strut fork replacement 
following one of the options in paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), (l)(3), or 
(l)(4) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. Inspect the wing 
lift strut forks for cracks using magnetic particle procedures, such 
as those contained in FAA Advisory Circular (AC) 43.13-1B, Chapter 
5, which can be found on the Internet http://rgl.faa.gov/
Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/
99c827db9baac81b86256b4500596c4e/$FILE/Chapter%2005.pdf. 
Repetitively thereafter inspect at intervals not to exceed 500 hours 
TIS until the replacement time requirement specified in paragraph 
(k)(2) or (k)(3) of this AD is reached provided no cracks are found.
    (1) If cracks are found during any inspection required in 
paragraph (k) of this AD or during any repetitive inspection 
required in paragraph (k)(2) or (k)(3) of this AD, before further 
flight, replace the affected wing lift strut fork with one of the 
replacement options specified in paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), (l)(3), 
or (l)(4) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. Do the 
replacement following the procedures specified in those paragraphs, 
as applicable.
    (2) If no cracks are found during the initial inspection 
required in paragraph (k) of this AD and the airplane is currently 
equipped with floats or has been equipped with floats at any time 
during the previous 2,000 hours TIS since the wing lift strut forks 
were installed, at or before accumulating 1,000 hours TIS on the 
wing lift strut forks, replace the wing lift strut forks with one of 
the replacement options specified in paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), 
(l)(3), or (l)(4) of this AD, including all subparagraphs. Do the 
replacement following the procedures specified in those paragraphs, 
as applicable. Repetitively thereafter inspect the newly installed 
wing lift strut forks at intervals not to exceed 500 hours TIS 
following the procedures specified in paragraph (k) of this AD, 
including all subparagraphs.
    (3) If no cracks are found during the initial inspection 
required in paragraph (k) of this AD and the airplane has never been 
equipped with floats during the previous 2,000 hours TIS since the 
wing lift strut forks were installed, at or before accumulating 
2,000 hours TIS on the wing lift strut forks, replace the wing lift 
strut forks with one of the replacement options specified in 
paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), (l)(3), or (l)(4) of this AD, including 
all subparagraphs. Do the replacement following the procedures 
specified in those paragraphs, as applicable. Repetitively 
thereafter inspect the newly installed wing lift strut forks at 
intervals not to exceed 500 hours TIS following the procedures 
specified in paragraph (k) of this AD, including all subparagraphs.

(l) Wing Lift Strut Fork Replacement Options

    Before further flight after the removal required in paragraph 
(j) of this AD, replace the wing lift strut forks following one of 
the options in paragraph (l)(1), (l)(2), (l)(3), or (l)(4) of this 
AD, including all subparagraphs, or inspect the wing lift strut 
forks following paragraph (k) of this AD, including all 
subparagraphs.
    (1) Install new OEM part number wing lift strut forks of the 
same part numbers of the existing part (or FAA-approved equivalent 
part numbers) that were manufactured with rolled threads. Wing lift 
strut forks manufactured with machine (cut) threads are not to be 
used. Do the installations following Piper MSB No. 528D, dated 
October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, dated October 10, 1989, as 
applicable. Repetitively thereafter inspect and replace the newly 
installed wing lift strut forks at intervals not to exceed 500 hours 
TIS following the procedures specified in paragraph (k) of this AD, 
including all subparagraphs.
    (2) Install new sealed wing lift strut assemblies (or FAA-
approved equivalent part numbers) (these sealed wing lift strut 
assemblies also include the wing lift strut forks) following Piper 
MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, and Piper MSB No. 910A, dated 
October 10, 1989, as applicable. This installation may have already 
been done through the option specified in paragraph (i)(2) of this 
AD. Installing one of these new sealed wing lift strut assemblies 
terminates the repetitive inspection requirements in paragraphs 
(h)(1) and (h)(2) of this AD, and the wing lift strut fork removal, 
inspection, and replacement requirements in paragraphs (j) and (k) 
of this AD, including all subparagraphs, for that wing lift strut 
assembly.
    (3) For the airplanes specified below, install Jensen Aircraft 
wing lift strut fork assemblies specified below in the applicable 
STC following Jensen Aircraft Installation Instructions for Modified 
Lift Strut Fitting. Installing one of these wing lift strut fork 
assemblies terminates the repetitive inspection requirement of this 
AD only for that wing lift strut fork. Repetitively inspect each 
wing lift strut as specified in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this 
AD, including all subparagraphs.
    (i) For Models PA-12 and PA-12S airplanes: STC SA1583NM, which 
can be found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/2E708575849845B285256CC1008213CA?OpenDocument&Highlight=sa1583nm;
    (ii) For Model PA-14 airplanes: STC SA1584NM, which can be found 
on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/39872B814471737685256CC1008213D0?OpenDocument&Highlight=sa1584nm;
    (iii) For Models PA-16 and PA-16S airplanes: STC SA1590NM, which 
can be found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/B28C4162E30D941F85256CC1008213F6?OpenDocument&Highlight=sa1590nm;
    (iv) For Models PA-18, PA-18S, PA-18 ``105'' (Special), PA-18S 
``105'' (Special), PA-18A, PA-18 ``125'' (Army L-21A), PA-18S 
``125'', PA-18AS ``125'', PA-18 ``135'' (Army L-21B), PA-18A 
``135'', PA-18S ``135'', PA-18AS ``135'', PA-18 ``150'', PA-18A 
``150'', PA-18S ``150'', PA-18AS ``150'', PA-18A (Restricted), PA-
18A ``135'' (Restricted), and PA-18A ``150'' (Restricted) airplanes: 
STC SA1585NM, which can be found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/A2BE010FB1CA61A285256CC1008213D6?OpenDocument&Highlight=sa1585nm;
    (v) For Models PA-20, PA-20S, PA-20 ``115'', PA-20S ``115'', PA-
20 ``135'', and PA-20S ``135'' airplanes: STC SA1586NM, which can be 
found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/873CC69D42C87CF585256CC1008213DC?OpenDocument&Highlight=sa1586nm; 
and
    (vi) For Model PA-22 airplanes: STC SA1587NM, which can be found 
on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/B051D04CCC0BED7E85256CC1008213E0?OpenDocument&Highlight=sa1587nm.
    (4) Install F. Atlee Dodge wing lift strut assemblies following 
F. Atlee Dodge Installation Instructions No. 3233-I for Modified 
Piper Wing Lift Struts (STC SA4635NM), dated February 1, 1991, which 
can be found on the Internet at http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgstc.nsf/0/E726AAA2831BD20085256CC2000E3DB7?OpenDocument&Highlight=sa4635nm. 
This installation may have already been done in accordance paragraph 
(i)(3) of this AD. Installing these wing lift strut assemblies 
terminates the repetitive inspection requirements of this AD for the 
wing lift strut fork only. Repetitively inspect the wing lift struts 
as specified in paragraph (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this AD, including all 
subparagraphs.

(m) Install Placard

    (1) For all airplanes previously affected by AD 99-01-05 R1: 
Within 1 calendar month after February 8, 1999 (the effective date 
retained from AD 99-01-05), or within 24 calendar months after the 
last inspection required by AD 93-10-06 (which was superseded by AD 
99-01-05), whichever occurs later, and before further flight after 
any replacement of a wing lift strut assembly required by this AD, 
do one of the following actions in paragraph (m)(1)(i) or (m)(1)(ii) 
of this AD. The ``NO STEP'' markings required by paragraph (m)(1)(i) 
or (m)(1)(ii) of this AD must remain in place for the life of the 
airplane.
    (i) Install ``NO STEP'' decal, Piper (P/N) 80944-02, on each 
wing lift strut approximately 6 inches from the bottom of the wing 
lift strut in a way that the letters can be read when entering and 
exiting the airplane; or
    (ii) Paint the words ``NO STEP'' approximately 6 inches from the 
bottom of the wing lift strut in a way that the letters can be read 
when entering and exiting the airplane. Use a minimum of 1-inch 
letters using a color that contrasts with the color of the airplane.
    (2) For all airplanes new to this AD (not previously affected by 
AD 99-01-05 R1): Within 1 calendar month after the effective date of 
this AD, or within 24 calendar

[[Page 78734]]

months after the last inspection required by AD 93-10-06 (which was 
superseded by AD 99-01-05), whichever occurs later, and before 
further flight after any replacement of a wing lift strut assembly 
required by this AD, do one of the following actions in paragraph 
(m)(2)(i) or (m)(2)(ii) of this AD. The ``NO STEP'' markings 
required by paragraph (m)(2)(i) or (m)(2)(ii) of this AD must remain 
in place for the life of the airplane.
    (i) Install ``NO STEP'' decal, Piper (P/N) 80944-02, on each 
wing lift strut approximately 6 inches from the bottom of the wing 
lift strut in a way that the letters can be read when entering and 
exiting the airplane; or
    (ii) Paint the words ``NO STEP'' approximately 6 inches from the 
bottom of the wing lift strut in a way that the letters can be read 
when entering and exiting the airplane. Use a minimum of 1-inch 
letters using a color that contrasts with the color of the airplane

(n) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    (1) The Manager, Atlanta ACO, FAA, has the authority to approve 
AMOCs for this AD related to Piper Aircraft, Inc. airplanes; the 
Manager, Seattle ACO, FAA has the authority to approve AMOCs for 
this AD related to FS 2000 Corp, FS 2001 Corp, FS 2002 Corporation, 
and FS 2003 Corporation airplanes; and the Manager, Standards 
Office, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD related 
to LAVIA ARGENTINA S.A. (LAVIASA) airplanes, if requested using the 
procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, 
send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight 
Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information 
directly to the manager of the ACO, send it to the attention of the 
appropriate person identified in paragraph (o) of this AD.
    (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate 
principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager 
of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding 
district office.
    (3) AMOCs approved for AD 93-10-06, Amendment 39-8586 (58 FR 
29965, May 25, 1993), AD 99-01-05, Amendment 39-10972 (63 FR 72132, 
December 31, 1998), and AD 99-01-05 R1, Amendment 39-17688 (78 FR 
79599, December 31, 2013) are approved as AMOCs for this AD.

(o) Related Information

    (1) For more information about this AD related to Piper 
Aircraft, Inc. airplanes, contact: Gregory ``Keith'' Noles, 
Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Atlanta ACO, 1701 Columbia Avenue, College 
Park, Georgia 30337; phone: (404) 474-5551; fax: (404) 474-5606; 
email: gregory.noles@faa.gov.
    (2) For more information about this AD related to FS 2000 Corp, 
FS 2001 Corp, FS 2002 Corporation, and FS 2003 Corporation 
airplanes, contact: Jeff Morfitt, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Seattle 
ACO, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98057; phone: (425) 
917-6405; fax: (245) 917-6590; email: jeff.morfitt@faa.gov.
    (3) For more information about this AD related to LAVIA 
ARGENTINA S.A. (LAVIASA) airplanes, contact: S.M. Nagarajan, 
Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, 
Room 301, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone: (816) 329-4145; 
fax: (816) 329-4090; email: sarjapur.nagarajan@faa.gov.
    (4) For service information identified in this AD, contact Piper 
Aircraft, Inc., Customer Services, 2926 Piper Drive, Vero Beach, 
Florida 32960; telephone: (772) 567-4361; Internet: www.piper.com. 
Copies of the instructions to the F. Atlee Dodge STC and information 
about the Jensen Aircraft STCs may be obtained from F. Atlee Dodge, 
Aircraft Services, LLC., 6672 Wes Way, Anchorage, Alaska 99518-0409, 
Internet: www.fadodge.com. You may view this referenced service 
information at the FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, 
Kansas City, Missouri 64106. For information on the availability of 
this material at the FAA, call (816) 329-4148.

Appendix to Docket No. FAA-2014-1083

Procedures and Requirements for Ultrasonic Inspection of Piper Wing 
Lift Struts

Equipment Requirements

    1. A portable ultrasonic thickness gauge or flaw detector with 
echo-to-echo digital thickness readout capable of reading to 0.001-
inch and an A-trace waveform display will be needed to do this 
inspection.
    2. An ultrasonic probe with the following specifications will be 
needed to accomplish this inspection: 10 MHz (or higher), 0.283-inch 
(or smaller) diameter dual element or delay line transducer designed 
for thickness gauging. The transducer and ultrasonic system shall be 
capable of accurately measuring the thickness of AISI 4340 steel 
down to 0.020-inch. An accuracy of +/- 0.002-inch throughout a 
0.020-inch to 0.050-inch thickness range while calibrating shall be 
the criteria for acceptance.
    3. Either a precision machined step wedge made of 4340 steel (or 
similar steel with equivalent sound velocity) or at least three shim 
samples of same material will be needed to accomplish this 
inspection. One thickness of the step wedge or shim shall be less 
than or equal to 0.020-inch, one shall be greater than or equal to 
0.050-inch, and at least one other step or shim shall be between 
these two values.
    4. Glycerin, light oil, or similar non-water based ultrasonic 
couplants are recommended in the setup and inspection procedures. 
Water-based couplants, containing appropriate corrosion inhibitors, 
may be utilized, provided they are removed from both the reference 
standards and the test item after the inspection procedure is 
completed and adequate corrosion prevention steps are then taken to 
protect these items.
     NOTE: Couplant is defined as ``a substance used between 
the face of the transducer and test surface to improve transmission 
of ultrasonic energy across the transducer/strut interface.''
     NOTE: If surface roughness due to paint loss or 
corrosion is present, the surface should be sanded or polished 
smooth before testing to assure a consistent and smooth surface for 
making contact with the transducer. Care shall be taken to remove a 
minimal amount of structural material. Paint repairs may be 
necessary after the inspection to prevent further corrosion damage 
from occurring. Removal of surface irregularities will enhance the 
accuracy of the inspection technique.

Instrument Setup

    1. Set up the ultrasonic equipment for thickness measurements as 
specified in the instrument's user's manual. Because of the variety 
of equipment available to perform ultrasonic thickness measurements, 
some modification to this general setup procedure may be necessary. 
However, the tolerance requirement of step 13 and the record keeping 
requirement of step 14, must be satisfied.
    2. If battery power will be employed, check to see that the 
battery has been properly charged. The testing will take 
approximately two hours. Screen brightness and contrast should be 
set to match environmental conditions.
    3. Verify that the instrument is set for the type of transducer 
being used, i.e. single or dual element, and that the frequency 
setting is compatible with the transducer.
    4. If a removable delay line is used, remove it and place a drop 
of couplant between the transducer face and the delay line to assure 
good transmission of ultrasonic energy. Reassemble the delay line 
transducer and continue.
    5. Program a velocity of 0.231-inch/microsecond into the 
ultrasonic unit unless an alternative instrument calibration 
procedure is used to set the sound velocity.
    6. Obtain a step wedge or steel shims per item 3 of the 
Equipment Requirements. Place the probe on the thickest sample using 
couplant. Rotate the transducer slightly back and forth to ``ring'' 
the transducer to the sample. Adjust the delay and range settings to 
arrive at an A-trace signal display with the first backwall echo 
from the steel near the left side of the screen and the second 
backwall echo near the right of the screen. Note that when a single 
element transducer is used, the initial pulse and the delay line/
steel interface will be off of the screen to the left. Adjust the 
gain to place the amplitude of the first backwall signal at 
approximately 80% screen height on the A-trace.
    7. ``Ring'' the transducer on the thinnest step or shim using 
couplant. Select positive half-wave rectified, negative half-wave 
rectified, or filtered signal display to obtain the cleanest signal. 
Adjust the pulse voltage, pulse width, and damping to obtain the 
best signal resolution. These settings can vary from one transducer 
to another and are also user dependent.
    8. Enable the thickness gate, and adjust the gate so that it 
starts at the first backwall echo and ends at the second backwall 
echo. (Measuring between the first and second backwall echoes will 
produce a measurement of the steel thickness that is not affected by 
the paint layer on the strut). If instability of the gate trigger 
occurs, adjust the gain, gate level, and/or damping to stabilize the 
thickness reading.
    9. Check the digital display reading and if it does not agree 
with the known thickness

[[Page 78735]]

of the thinnest thickness, follow your instrument's calibration 
recommendations to produce the correct thickness reading. When a 
single element transducer is used this will usually involve 
adjusting the fine delay setting.
    10. Place the transducer on the thickest step of shim using 
couplant. Adjust the thickness gate width so that the gate is 
triggered by the second backwall reflection of the thick section. If 
the digital display does not agree with the thickest thickness, 
follow your instrument's calibration recommendations to produce the 
correct thickness reading. A slight adjustment in the velocity may 
be necessary to get both the thinnest and the thickest reading 
correct. Document the changed velocity value.
    11. Place couplant on an area of the lift strut which is thought 
to be free of corrosion and ``ring'' the transducer to surface. 
Minor adjustments to the signal and gate settings may be required to 
account for coupling improvements resulting from the paint layer. 
The thickness gate level should be set just high enough so as not to 
be triggered by irrelevant signal noise. An area on the upper 
surface of the lift strut above the inspection area would be a good 
location to complete this step and should produce a thickness 
reading between 0.034-inch and 0.041-inch.
    12. Repeat steps 8, 9, 10, and 11 until both thick and thin shim 
measurements are within tolerance and the lift strut measurement is 
reasonable and steady.
    13. Verify that the thickness value shown in the digital display 
is within +/- 0.002-inch of the correct value for each of the three 
or more steps of the setup wedge or shims. Make no further 
adjustments to the instrument settings.
    14. Record the ultrasonic versus actual thickness of all wedge 
steps or steel shims available as a record of setup.

Inspection Procedure

    1. Clean the lower 18 inches of the wing lift struts using a 
cleaner that will remove all dirt and grease. Dirt and grease will 
adversely affect the accuracy of the inspection technique. Light 
sanding or polishing may also be required to reduce surface 
roughness as noted in the Equipment Requirements section.
    2. Using a flexible ruler, draw a \1/4\-inch grid on the surface 
of the first 11 inches from the lower end of the strut as shown in 
Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 910A, 
dated October 10, 1989, as applicable. This can be done using a soft 
(#2) pencil and should be done on both faces of the strut. As an 
alternative to drawing a complete grid, make two rows of marks 
spaced every \1/4\-inch across the width of the strut. One row of 
marks should be about 11 inches from the lower end of the strut, and 
the second row should be several inches away where the strut starts 
to narrow. Lay the flexible ruler between respective tick marks of 
the two rows and use tape or a rubber band to keep the ruler in 
place. See Figure 1.
    3. Apply a generous amount of couplant inside each of the square 
areas or along the edge of the ruler. Re-application of couplant may 
be necessary.
    4. Place the transducer inside the first square area of the 
drawn grid or at the first \1/4\-inch mark on the ruler and ``ring'' 
the transducer to the strut. When using a dual element transducer, 
be very careful to record the thickness value with the axis of the 
transducer elements perpendicular to any curvature in the strut. If 
this is not done, loss of signal or inaccurate readings can result.
    5. Take readings inside each square on the grid or at \1/4\-inch 
increments along the ruler and record the results. When taking a 
thickness reading, rotate the transducer slightly back and forth and 
experiment with the angle of contact to produce the lowest thickness 
reading possible. Pay close attention to the A-scan display to 
assure that the thickness gate is triggering off of maximized 
backwall echoes.
     NOTE: A reading shall not exceed .041 inch. If a 
reading exceeds .041-inch, repeat steps 13 and 14 of the Instrument 
Setup section before proceeding further.
    6. If the A-trace is unsteady or the thickness reading is 
clearly wrong, adjust the signal gain and/or gate setting to obtain 
reasonable and steady readings. If any instrument setting is 
adjusted, repeat steps 13 and 14 of the Instrument Setup section 
before proceeding further.
    7. In areas where obstructions are present, take a data point as 
close to the correct area as possible.
     NOTE: The strut wall contains a fabrication bead at 
approximately 40% of the strut chord. The bead may interfere with 
accurate measurements in that specific location.
    8. A measurement of 0.024-inch or less shall require replacement 
of the strut prior to further flight.
    9. If at any time during testing an area is encountered where a 
valid thickness measurement cannot be obtained due to a loss of 
signal strength or quality, the area shall be considered suspect. 
These areas may have a remaining wall thickness of less than 0.020-
inch, which is below the range of this setup, or they may have small 
areas of localized corrosion or pitting present. The latter case 
will result in a reduction in signal strength due to the sound being 
scattered from the rough surface and may result in a signal that 
includes echoes from the pits as well as the backwall. The suspect 
area(s) shall be tested with a Maule ``Fabric Tester'' as specified 
in Piper MSB No. 528D, dated October 19, 1990, or Piper MSB No. 
910A, dated October 10, 1989.
    10. Record the lift strut inspection in the aircraft log book.

[[Page 78736]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP31DE14.003


    Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on December 19, 2014.
Earl Lawrence,
Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 2014-30722 Filed 12-30-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P