Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Texas; Reasonable Further Progress Plan, Enhanced Monitoring, Clean Fuel Fleets and Failure-to-Attain Contingency Measures for the Dallas/Fort Worth 1997 8-Hour Ozone Nonattainment Area; and Transportation Conformity, 67068-67073 [2014-26625]

Download as PDF 67068 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 218 / Wednesday, November 12, 2014 / Rules and Regulations PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows: 40 CFR Part 52 ■ Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1231; 46 U.S.C. Chapter 701, 3306, 3703; 50 U.S.C. 191, 195; 33 CFR 1.05–1, 6.04–1, 6.04–6, 160.5; Pub. L. 107–295, 116 Stat. 2064; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1 2. A new temporary § 165.T08–0784 is added to read as follows: ■ wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES § 165.T08–0784 Safety Zone; Natchez Specialties New Year’s Eve Firework Display, Lower Mississippi River Mile Marker, (MM) 363.5 to (MM) 364.5, Natchez, MS. (a) Location. The following area is under a temporary safety zone: waters of the Lower Mississippi River, from MM 363.5 to MM 364.5. (b) Effective date and times. This rule will be effective from 7:30 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. on December 31, 2014. (c) Regulations. (1) In accordance with the general regulations in § 165.23 of this part, entry into this area is prohibited unless authorized by the Captain of the Port (COTP) Lower Mississippi River or a designated representative. (2) Spectator vessels may safely transit outside the safety zone at a minimum safe speed, but may not anchor, block, loiter, or impede participants or official patrol vessels. (3) Vessels requiring entry into or passage through the safety zone must request permission from the COTP Lower Mississippi River or a designated representative. They may be contacted on VHF–FM channels 16 or by telephone at (901) 521–4822. (4) All vessels shall comply with the instructions of the COTP Lower Mississippi River and designated personnel. Designated personnel include commissioned, warrant, and petty officers of the U.S. Coast Guard. (d) Informational Broadcasts. The Captain of the Port, Lower Mississippi River or a designated representative will inform the public through broadcast notices to mariners (BNM) of the effective period for the safety zone and of any changes in the effective period, enforcement times, or size of the safety zone. Dated: October 31, 2014. J.D. Burns, Acting, Commander, U.S. Coast Guard, Acting Captain of the Port, Lower Mississippi River. [FR Doc. 2014–26753 Filed 11–10–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–04–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:57 Nov 10, 2014 Jkt 235001 [EPA–R06–OAR–2012–0099; FRL–9919–02– Region 6] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Texas; Reasonable Further Progress Plan, Enhanced Monitoring, Clean Fuel Fleets and Failure-to-Attain Contingency Measures for the Dallas/ Fort Worth 1997 8-Hour Ozone Nonattainment Area; and Transportation Conformity Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving revisions to the Texas State Implementation Plan (SIP) submitted by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) on January 17, 2012, which contain a reasonable further progress (RFP) plan and associated contingency measures and motor vehicle emission budgets; a revised 2002 base year emissions inventory for the RFP; enhanced ambient monitoring; and the clean-fuel fleet programs for the Dallas/ Fort Worth (DFW) Serious nonattainment area under the 1997 8hour ozone standard. The EPA is also approving revisions to the DFW Moderate area attainment demonstration SIP submitted by the TCEQ on April 6, 2010, which address the failure-to-attain contingency measures. The EPA is also approving revisions submitted by the TCEQ on July 25, 2007, March 25, 2010 and April 13, 2012, which address the Texas transportation conformity rules and the Texas Diesel Emissions Reduction Incentive Program for OnRoad and Non-Road Vehicles. The EPA is approving these SIP revisions in accordance with the requirements of the Clean Air Act (CAA or Act). DATES: This final rule is effective on December 12, 2014. ADDRESSES: The EPA established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA–R06–OAR–2012–0099. All documents in the docket are listed on the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business Information or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 electronically through http:// www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Air Planning Section (6PD–L), Environmental Protection Agency, 1445 Ross Avenue, Suite 700, Dallas, Texas 75202–2733. To inspect the hard copy materials, please schedule an appointment with the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT paragraph below or Mr. Bill Deese at 214–665–7253. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Carrie Paige, Air Planning Section (6PD–L); telephone (214) 665–6521; email address paige.carrie@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, ‘‘we,’’ ‘‘us,’’ and ‘‘our’’ means the EPA. Table of Contents I. Background II. Response to Comments III. Final Action IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews I. Background The background for this final rule is discussed in the May 13, 2014 Federal Register (FR) where we proposed to approve revisions to the Texas SIP (79 FR 27257), henceforth referred to as our ‘‘Proposal.’’ We proposed to approve all or parts of six SIP revisions submitted by the TCEQ, which we organized into three categories. First, we proposed to approve revisions to the Texas SIP submitted on January 17, 2012, to meet certain Serious area requirements of section 182(c) of the Act for the DFW nonattainment area under the 1997 ozone standard: The reasonable further progress (RFP) plan; the RFP contingency measure provisions; the revised 2002 base year emission inventory (EI); enhanced ambient monitoring; and the clean-fuel fleet programs (CFFPs). Our proposed approval of the RFP includes the associated motor vehicle emission budgets (MVEBs) for 2011 and 2012— once the EPA approves the submitted MVEBs, they must be used by local, state and Federal agencies in determining whether transportation activities conform to the SIP as required by section 176(c) of the CAA and 40 CFR 93.102. Second, we proposed to approve revisions to the DFW SIP’s failure-to-attain contingency measures plan for the Moderate ozone nonattainment area under the 1997 ozone standard, submitted on April 6, 2010. Third, we proposed to approve into the SIP revisions submitted on July 25, 2007, March 25, 2010, and April 13, 2012, that make the Texas transportation conformity rules consistent with the Federal Surface E:\FR\FM\12NOR1.SGM 12NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 218 / Wednesday, November 12, 2014 / Rules and Regulations Transportation Reauthorization Act 1 and expand the Diesel Emissions Reduction Incentive Program for OnRoad and Non-Road Vehicles (DERIP, also often referred to as the Texas Emission Reduction Plan or TERP) to include additional projects. Our Proposal and the technical support documents (TSDs) that accompanied the proposed rule provide detailed descriptions of the revisions and the rationale for our proposed decisions. Please see the docket for these and other documents regarding our Proposal. The public comment period for our Proposal closed on June 12, 2014. II. Response to Comments We received one comment letter dated June 12, 2014, from the Sierra Club (the Commenter) regarding our Proposal. A summary of the comments and our responses to those comments follow. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES A. The Failure-to-Attain Contingency Measures The Commenter provided the following statements regarding the failure-to-attain contingency measures: • The EPA is approving measures that do not ‘‘cure the identified failure [to attain]’’ or do not provide a ‘‘backup plan of action,’’ and the measures had already taken place without air quality benefit, prior to the 2010 attainment finding. • The EPA has not provided any information or support to show that the state’s projection of reductions resulting from fleet turnover from 2009–2010 are accurate, provide a ‘‘continuing surplus’’ and whether the projections would be accurate on a continuing basis. The fleet turnover measure is not enforceable and therefore is not permissible as a contingency measure. • Rather than holding Texas accountable for its failure to attain the 1997 ozone standard on multiple deadlines, and thus requiring that stronger contingency measures be put in place, the EPA in this action credits the state for reductions that will take place naturally and requires nothing more. • The EPA should recommend for Texas’s consideration emissions reductions from large, uncontrolled sources contributing to DFW ozone levels, even where they are not within the nonattainment area. The DFW failure-to-attain contingency measures should include tighter emission limits 1 The Federal Surface Transportation Reauthorization Act is commonly known as the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act—A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA–LU). VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:57 Nov 10, 2014 Jkt 235001 on the East Texas coal-fired power plants. • Including selective catalytic reduction (SCR) on the cement kilns in Midlothian as a failure-to-attain contingency measure would give Texas a greater incentive to ensure that it meets a new attainment deadline than would allowing it to rely on naturally occurring fleet turnover. The EPA should recommend that Texas consider the EPA’s Natural Gas STAR Program and other practices recommended by the EPA as voluntary measures to reduce emissions from oil and natural gas operations and improve efficiency. Response: The Commenter mischaracterizes the action EPA is taking. The SIP already includes failureto-attain contingency measures: (1) Fleet turnover for 2009 to 2010 and, (2) three other measures that reduce emissions of volatile organic compounds or VOC— Degassing, Dry Cleaning, and Offset Lithographic Printing (OLP) rules. See 74 FR 1903 (January 14, 2009). And, in this action EPA is not approving any new or different measures into the SIP for purposes of the failure-to-attain contingency measure requirement. Rather, our Proposal only addresses the removal of the OLP rule as a failure-toattain contingency measure. As of March 1, 2012, the OLP rule is being implemented in the DFW area pursuant to EPA’s issuance of a control technique guideline (CTG) 2 and for that reason it is no longer eligible for use as a failure-to-attain contingency measure. As a result, the State submitted a SIP revision to demonstrate that the remaining failure-to-attain contingency measures would still achieve 3% in emissions reductions without the OLP rule.3 Fleet turnover for 2009–2010 by itself satisfies the 3% emissions reductions (fleet turnover is estimated at 3.68 percent reduction of the base year emissions, which includes the NOX and VOC emissions reductions, as discussed in our TSD–B, beginning on p. 13), so removal of the OLP rule as a failure-toattain contingency measure does not reduce the remaining emissions reductions to less than the 3%.4 Our 2 March 1, 2012 is the implementation date for minor sources. The implementation date for major sources is March 1, 2011. See 79 FR 45105, August 4, 2014. 3 As described in our Proposal and TSD–B, EPA interprets sections 172 and 182 of the Act to require States with Moderate or above ozone nonattainment areas to include contingency measures to implement additional emission reductions of 3% of the adjusted base year inventory in the year following the year in which the failure has been identified. See 57 FR 13498, 13510, April 16, 1992. 4 Although EPA has not re-opened the issue of whether this already-approved contingency measure is appropriate, we note that EPA has long PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 67069 Proposal recognizes that the Moderate area failure-to-attain contingency measures already approved in the SIP meet the Act’s requirement in section 182(c)(9) for failure-to-attain contingency measures. Thus, the elimination of OLP as a contingency measure does not interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further progress, or any other applicable requirement of the Act. See CAA section 110(l). We evaluated and described the methodologies used to calculate each of the measures used in the failure-toattain contingency plan at 74 FR 1903. The methodologies were consistent with EPA guidance. The Federal Motor Vehicle Control programs (FMVCP or ‘‘fleet turnover’’) are federal rules and as such, are enforceable by the EPA, the State and the public (see 74 FR 1903). We disagree that we have not held the State accountable for its failure to attain the 1997 ozone standard in the DFW area. Consistent with our duties under the CAA, on December 20, 2010, we reclassified the DFW area from Moderate to Serious after it failed to meet the June 15, 2010 attainment date for the Moderate area (75 FR 79302). In that reclassification rulemaking, the State was required to submit SIP revisions addressing requirements for the Serious area no later than one year after the effective date of the rulemaking and the TCEQ submitted such revisions within the time allowed. As a matter of law, the EPA is required to approve a SIP revision if it meets the Act’s requirements, regardless of the State’s choices. It is not EPA’s role to rule out the State’s choice of components of its SIP submittal, including the contingency measures, so long as the interpreted the contingency measures provision to allow states to rely on measures already in place and implemented so long as those reductions are beyond those relied on for purposes of the attainment or RFP planning SIP. This interpretation has been upheld. See LEAN v. EPA, 382 F.3d 575 (5th Cir. 2004). In addition, section 172(c)(9) of the CAA states that contingency measures are to be ‘‘specific measures to be undertaken if the area fails to make reasonable further progress, or to attain . . . by the attainment date. . . . Such measures shall be included in the plan revision as contingency measures to take effect in any such case without further action by the State or the Administrator.’’ The April 16, 1992 General Preamble provided the following guidance: ‘‘States must show that their contingency measures can be implemented with minimal further action on their part and with no additional rulemaking actions such as public hearings or legislative review. In general, EPA will expect all actions needed to affect full implementation of the measures to occur within 60 days after EPA notifies the State of its failure.’’ (57 FR 13512). This could include Federal measures and local measures already scheduled for implementation. See 70 FR 71612, 71651 (November 29, 2005). E:\FR\FM\12NOR1.SGM 12NOR1 67070 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 218 / Wednesday, November 12, 2014 / Rules and Regulations wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES plan is adequate to meet the requirements of the Act. See Train v. NRDC, 421 U.S. 60 (1975) and Union Electric v. EPA, 427 U.S. 246 (1976). We appreciate the Commenter’s suggestions regarding emissions reductions for large, stationary sources and voluntary measures for oil and gas operations. Regarding sources outside of the nonattainment area, EPA policy does not allow emissions reductions from outside of the nonattainment area to be included in attainment or RFP plans. On December 22, 2010, the EPA proposed to set aside its earlier interpretation of the RFP provisions at 74 FR 40074 (August 11, 2009) and no longer permit states to rely on credit for emission reductions from outside the ozone nonattainment area to meet the area’s RFP obligations (75 FR 80420). In light of the reasoning used in Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) v. EPA, 571 F.3d (D.C. Cir. 2009), NRDC’s petition for reconsideration of the rule at 74 FR 40074, and the language of the CAA, there is no legal basis for states to credit emissions reductions from sources outside the nonattainment area for satisfying RFP requirements.5 On June 6, 2013, the EPA proposed that for the 2008 ozone NAAQS states may not take credit for VOC or NOX reductions occurring outside the nonattainment area for purposes of meeting the 15 percent and 3 percent RFP requirements of sections 172(c)(2), 182(b)(1) and (c)(2)(B). See 78 FR 34178, 34191. Finally, as previously noted, the State has discretion under the Act to determine the components of its SIP submittal. B. The Serious Area Reasonable Further Progress Plan Comment: The Commenter states that the TCEQ’s January 17, 2012 submittal does not explicitly outline a reasonable further progress plan or contingency measures specifically associated with missing a reasonable further progress milestone, and that EPA instead considers the total reductions Texas claims are available for contingency measures as above and beyond the reductions the state claimed were needed for attainment. Response: EPA disagrees with this comment. The submittal 6 by the State and the EPA’s technical analysis addressed both RFP and the contingency measures that would be 5 See 75 FR 80240 for more detail. submittal (and accompanying appendices) is available in the docket for this rulemaking, on the TCEQ Web site (http://www.tceq.texas.gov/ airquality/sip/dfw_revisions.html) and at http:// www.tceq.texas.gov/assets/public/implementation/ air/sip/dfw/rfp_2011/2010023_ado.pdf. 6 The VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:57 Nov 10, 2014 Jkt 235001 implemented if an RFP milestone is not met. Consistent with section 182(c)(2)(B) of the Act and the Final Rule to Implement the 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard—Phase 2 (‘‘the Phase 2 Rule’’) at 70 FR 71612, 71650 (November 29, 2005), for each area classified as Serious or higher, the State’s RFP plan must demonstrate a 3-percent annual emission reduction averaged over every 3-year period after the initial 6-year period. For the DFW area, the first 3-year period runs from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2011. The final increment of progress must be achieved no later than the attainment date of the attainment year, which is June 15, 2012.7 As described in our Proposal and TSD–A, the State’s RFP submittal accounts for emissions reductions that average three percent per year, from 2009 through 2011 and for 2012.8 Tables 8 and 9 in our TSD– A list the measures that provide emissions reductions during years 2009 through 2011 and for 2012. These include federal measures and State controls that reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOX) on electric generating units (EGUs) and certain area source engines.9 As shown in the TSD–A and in Tables 4 and 5 of our Proposal, the RFP plan shows a net decrease in emissions for the period 2009–2011 and for 2012 that meets the RFP requirement of the Act. In addition, the State’s RFP submittal must include contingency measures that would provide reductions of at least three percent of baseline emissions in 2013. Three percent of the base year NOX emissions (630.46 tpd) is 18.91 tpd and three percent of the base year VOC emissions (481.97 tpd) is 14.46 tpd. The State’s contingency measures are listed in Table 10 of our TSD–A; these include State and federal measures that will achieve reductions during 2013 of 41.60 tpd in NOX emissions and 15.62 tpd in VOC emissions. Because the State and federal measures achieve at least as much in emissions reductions as the three percent target values, the State’s 7 The attainment year is the year immediately preceding the attainment date (40 CFR 51.900(g)). The attainment date for the DFW Serious area is June 15, 2013 (75 FR 79302), thus the DFW area’s attainment year is 2012. The target level of emissions must be met by the attainment date of the attainment year. Section 182(c)(2)(B) of the Act requires that RFP be continued out to the attainment date. See 70 FR 71612 and 40 CFR 51.910. 8 The 2011 and 2012 targets are termed ‘‘milestone’’ years. 9 These are examples; for a complete list, see Tables 8 and 9 in our TSD–A and Appendix 1 in the State’s submittal. PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 contingency measures meet the RFP requirement of the Act. Comment: The Commenter states that we failed to provide any verification or support for Texas’ projections of emissions reductions and failed to include a real world check as to whether promised reductions have occurred. Response: The Commenter’s second point—that EPA has not performed a ‘‘real-world’’ check to ensure that promised reductions have occurred—is not relevant for this action. This action is simply evaluating the SIP to ensure that it provides for sufficient measures to meet the reasonable further progress goals. Additionally, the commenter did not present evidence to support the idea that the reductions have not occurred and EPA has no reason to believe they have not. EPA is not reviewing Texas’ implementation of the SIP for purposes of whether the area attained the standard by the attainment date as part of this action. As to the first point— whether EPA has verified Texas’ projection of the emission reductions— we disagree. Consistent with section 182(c)(2)(B), the plan needs to demonstrate emissions reductions from the baseline emissions equal to the following amount averaged over each consecutive 3-year period beginning 6 years after [the effective date of designations], until the attainment date: (i) At least 3 percent of baseline emissions each year; or (ii) an amount less than 3 percent of such baseline emissions each year, if the State makes certain additional demonstrations.10 In addition, section 182(c)(9) of the Act requires contingency measures equal to 3% of the baseline to be implemented if RFP is not met. Our TSD–A and Proposal describe how the State’s submittal meets these requirements. Texas projected emissions reductions from mobile source controls, including, but not limited to: Fleet turnover; inspection and maintenance; reformulated gasoline; Texas lowemission diesel fuel; and Tier 2 and 3 non-road diesel engines. The projected reductions were calculated using mobile source emissions estimation models. The EPA Motor Vehicle Emissions Simulator (MOVES) model was used to estimate from on-road mobile source controls. A Texas-specific version of the EPA NON–ROAD model was used to estimate emissions from non-road mobile source controls.11 The area 10 See section 182(b)(2)(B)(ii) of the Act for further explanation. 11 We note that new and existing federal mobile source regulations addressing emissions from automobiles, non-road equipment and engines, locomotives and marine engines will continue to provide additional emissions reductions as the E:\FR\FM\12NOR1.SGM 12NOR1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 218 / Wednesday, November 12, 2014 / Rules and Regulations source 12 emissions were estimated using the 2008 National Emissions Inventory data, back-calculated to 2002 (for the base year EI) and projected to future dates, using the EPA’s Economic Growth Analysis System growth factors. This provided the most recent, complete set of emissions data available at the time the TCEQ developed this RFP plan. Point sources (for example, cement and power plants) are individually inventoried and required to submit emissions data to TCEQ annually. The data are reviewed by the TCEQ for quality assurance purposes and stored in the State of Texas Air Reporting System. We reviewed the State’s methods for developing the projections of emissions and found them to be adequate. III. Final Action wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES The EPA is approving revisions to the Texas SIP submitted by the TCEQ on January 17, 2012, which contain a RFP plan and associated contingency measures and MVEBs; a revised 2002 base year EI for the RFP plan; enhanced ambient monitoring; and the CFFPs for the DFW Serious nonattainment area under the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS. We are also approving revisions to the DFW Moderate area attainment demonstration SIP submitted by the TCEQ on April 6, 2010, which address the failure-to-attain contingency measures. We are also approving revisions submitted by the TCEQ on July 25, 2007, March 25, 2010, and April 13, 2012, which address the Texas transportation conformity rules and the Texas Diesel Emissions Reduction Incentive Program for On-Road and Non-Road Vehicles. These revisions are consistent with the CAA, federal transportation rules and EPA Guidance that addresses economic incentive programs and transportation conformity. We are also making a ministerial correction to the second table in 40 CFR 52.2270(e) to reflect accurately the date of EPA’s approval of the Transportation Control Measures SIP on December 5, 2002 (67 FR 72382). current fleets are replaced with newer vehicles, equipment and engines that are certified to more stringent emissions standards or engines are re-built to comply with any applicable requirements (78 FR 34178, 34181, June 6, 2013). 12 Area sources are also termed nonpoint sources and collectively represent individual sources that have not been inventoried as specific point or mobile sources. These include small scale industrial, commercial and residential sources that generate emissions, such as gas stations, bakeries, and solvent use (e.g., dry cleaners, automobile paint shops, print shops and house paints). VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:57 Nov 10, 2014 Jkt 235001 IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA’s role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action: • Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.); • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4); • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999); • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997); • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001); • Is not subject to requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). In addition, the SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), nor will it impose PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 67071 substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law. The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by January 12, 2015. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposed of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements (See section 307(b)(2)). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Ozone, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds. Dated: October 29, 2014. Samuel Coleman, Acting Regional Administrator, Region 6. 40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows: PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS 1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Subpart SS—Texas 2. In § 52.2270: a. The table in paragraph (c) is amended by revising the entries for Section 114.260, Section 114.620, and Section 114.622. ■ b. The second table in paragraph (e) is amended by revising the entry for ■ ■ E:\FR\FM\12NOR1.SGM 12NOR1 67072 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 218 / Wednesday, November 12, 2014 / Rules and Regulations ‘‘Transportation Control Measures SIP Revision’’ and adding three new entries at the end of the table. § 52.2270 The revisions and additions read as follows: * Identification of plan. * * (c) * * * * * EPA-APPROVED REGULATIONS IN THE TEXAS SIP State citation Title/subject * * * State approval/ submittal date EPA approval date * * Explanation * * * * Subchapter G—Transportation Planning Section 114.260 ....................... * Transportation Conformity ...... * * 6/27/2007 11/12/2014 [Insert Federal Register citation]. * * Subchapter K—Mobile Source Incentive Programs Division 3: Diesel Emission Reduction Incentive Program for On-road and Non-road Vehicles Section 114.620 ....................... Definitions ............................... 2/24/2010 11/12/2014 [Insert Federal Register citation]. * * Section 114.622 ....................... * Incentive Program Requirements. * 3/28/2012 * 11/12/2014 [Insert Federal Register citation]. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * (e) * * * EPA-APPROVED NONREGULATORY PROVISIONS AND QUASI-REGULATORY MEASURES IN THE TEXAS SIP State submittal/ effective date Name of SIP provision Applicable geographic or non-attainment area * * Transportation Control Measures SIP Revision. * All Nonattainment and Maintenance Areas. * 5/9/2000 * * Failure-to-Attain Contingency Measures Plan. * Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall and Tarrant Counties, TX. Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall and Tarrant Counties, TX. * 3/10/2010 * 11/12/2014 [Insert Federal Register citation]. 12/7/2011 11/12/2014 [Insert Federal Register citation]. Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall and Tarrant Counties, TX. 12/7/2011 11/12/2014 [Insert Federal Register citation]. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES Reasonable Further Progress Plan (RFP), RFP Contingency Measures, RFP Motor Vehicle Emission Budgets for 2011 and 2012, and Revised 2002 Base Year Emissions Inventory. Enhanced Ambient Monitoring and the Clean-fuel Fleet Programs. VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:57 Nov 10, 2014 Jkt 235001 PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4700 EPA approval date Comments * * * 12/5/2002, 67 FR 72382 ........ Chapter 1. Introduction, Chapter 2. General, and Chapter 3. Criteria and Procedures. Sfmt 9990 E:\FR\FM\12NOR1.SGM 12NOR1 * * Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 218 / Wednesday, November 12, 2014 / Rules and Regulations [FR Doc. 2014–26625 Filed 11–10–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 63 [EPA–R06–OAR–2012–0765; FRL–9918–61– Region 6] National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants; Delegation of Authority to Arkansas Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Direct final rule; delegation of authority. AGENCY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving, through a ‘‘direct final’’ procedure, the straight delegation of authority and approval of the mechanism used for the implementation and enforcement of certain unchanged Federal section 112 rules to the Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ), pursuant to section 112(l) of the Clean Air Act (Act or CAA). A more detailed description of the procedures used to implement the delegation is set forth in a memorandum of agreement (MOA) between ADEQ and EPA, dated September 17, 2014, a copy of which may be found in the docket for this rulemaking, as discussed below. The delegation only encompasses sources subject to one or more Federal section 112 standards (Part 63 standards specifically) which are also subject to the requirements of the Title V operating permits program. The delegation of authority under this action does not include authorities contained in CAA section 112(r). DATES: The rule is effective on January 12, 2015 without further notice, unless EPA receives relevant adverse comment by December 12, 2014. If EPA receives such comment, EPA will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–R06– OAR–2012–0765, by one of the following methods: • www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions. • Email: Mr. Rick Barrett at barrett.richard@epa.gov. Please also send a copy by email to the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section below. • Mail or delivery: Mr. Rick Barrett, Air Permits Section (6PD–R), Environmental Protection Agency, 1445 wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 14:57 Nov 10, 2014 Jkt 235001 Ross Avenue, Suite 1200, Dallas, Texas 75202–2733. Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket No. EPA–R06–OAR–2012–0765. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information through http://www.regulations.gov or email, if you believe that it is CBI or otherwise protected from disclosure. The http:// www.regulations.gov Web site is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an email comment directly to EPA without going through http:// www.regulations.gov, your email address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment along with any disk or CD–ROM submitted. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters and any form of encryption and be free of any defects or viruses. For additional information about EPA’s public docket, visit the EPA Docket Center homepage at http:// www.epa.gov/epahome/dockets.htm. Docket: The index to the docket for this action is available electronically at www.regulations.gov and in hard copy at EPA Region 6, 1445 Ross Avenue, Suite 700, Dallas, Texas. While all documents in the docket are listed in the index, some information may be publicly available only at the hard copy location (e.g., copyrighted material), and some may not be publicly available at either location (e.g., CBI). To inspect the hard copy materials, please schedule an appointment with the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT paragraph below or Mr. Bill Deese at (214) 665–7253. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Rick Barrett (6PD–R), Air Permits Section, telephone (214) 665–7227; email: barrett.richard@epa.gov. PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Mr. 67073 SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document ‘‘we,’’ ‘‘our,’’ and ‘‘us’’ refers to EPA. Table of Contents I. Why are we delegating this program to ADEQ? II. What is the history of this request for delegation? III. How will ADEQ implement this delegation? IV. What requirements did ADEQ meet to receive today’s approval? V. How did ADEQ meet the approval criteria? VI. How are sources subject to the listed standards going to be handled since ADEQ did not accept delegation of these standards? VII. What is being delegated? VIII. What is not being delegated? IX. How will applicability determinations under section 112 be made? X. What information must ADEQ provide to EPA? XI. Should sources submit notices to EPA or ADEQ? XII. How will unchanged authorities be delegated to ADEQ in the future? XIII. What is today’s final action? XIV. Administrative Requirements I. Why are we delegating this program to ADEQ? Section 112(l) of the CAA enables a State to develop and submit to EPA for approval a program for partial or complete delegation of EPA’s authorities for the implementation and enforcement of the requirements found in section 112 of the Act pertaining to the regulation of hazardous air pollutants (Federal section 112 rules). After notice and opportunity for public comment, the State program may be approved if EPA determines that: (1) the authorities contained in the program are adequate to assure compliance by all sources within the State with each applicable requirement, regulation, or requirement established by EPA under CAA section 112; (2) the State has adequate authority and resources to implement the program; (3) the schedule for implementing the program and assuring compliance by affected sources is sufficiently expeditious: and (4) the program is otherwise in compliance with guidance issued by EPA under CAA section 112(l)(2) and is likely to satisfy the objectives of the CAA. Once approved, the air toxics program may be implemented and enforced by the delegated State or local agency, as well as EPA. Implementation by local agencies is dependent upon appropriate sub-delegation. II. What is the history of this request for delegation? In a Federal Register notice dated September 8, 1995, EPA Region 6 E:\FR\FM\12NOR1.SGM 12NOR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 218 (Wednesday, November 12, 2014)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 67068-67073]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-26625]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[EPA-R06-OAR-2012-0099; FRL-9919-02-Region 6]


Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; 
Texas; Reasonable Further Progress Plan, Enhanced Monitoring, Clean 
Fuel Fleets and Failure-to-Attain Contingency Measures for the Dallas/
Fort Worth 1997 8-Hour Ozone Nonattainment Area; and Transportation 
Conformity

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving 
revisions to the Texas State Implementation Plan (SIP) submitted by the 
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) on January 17, 2012, 
which contain a reasonable further progress (RFP) plan and associated 
contingency measures and motor vehicle emission budgets; a revised 2002 
base year emissions inventory for the RFP; enhanced ambient monitoring; 
and the clean-fuel fleet programs for the Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) 
Serious nonattainment area under the 1997 8-hour ozone standard. The 
EPA is also approving revisions to the DFW Moderate area attainment 
demonstration SIP submitted by the TCEQ on April 6, 2010, which address 
the failure-to-attain contingency measures. The EPA is also approving 
revisions submitted by the TCEQ on July 25, 2007, March 25, 2010 and 
April 13, 2012, which address the Texas transportation conformity rules 
and the Texas Diesel Emissions Reduction Incentive Program for On-Road 
and Non-Road Vehicles. The EPA is approving these SIP revisions in 
accordance with the requirements of the Clean Air Act (CAA or Act).

DATES: This final rule is effective on December 12, 2014.

ADDRESSES: The EPA established a docket for this action under Docket ID 
No. EPA-R06-OAR-2012-0099. All documents in the docket are listed on 
the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the index, 
some information is not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business 
Information or other information whose disclosure is restricted by 
statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not 
placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy 
form. Publicly available docket materials are available either 
electronically through http://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at 
the Air Planning Section (6PD-L), Environmental Protection Agency, 1445 
Ross Avenue, Suite 700, Dallas, Texas 75202-2733. To inspect the hard 
copy materials, please schedule an appointment with the person listed 
in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT paragraph below or Mr. Bill 
Deese at 214-665-7253.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Carrie Paige, Air Planning Section 
(6PD-L); telephone (214) 665-6521; email address paige.carrie@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, ``we,'' ``us,'' 
and ``our'' means the EPA.

Table of Contents

I. Background
II. Response to Comments
III. Final Action
IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. Background

    The background for this final rule is discussed in the May 13, 2014 
Federal Register (FR) where we proposed to approve revisions to the 
Texas SIP (79 FR 27257), henceforth referred to as our ``Proposal.'' We 
proposed to approve all or parts of six SIP revisions submitted by the 
TCEQ, which we organized into three categories. First, we proposed to 
approve revisions to the Texas SIP submitted on January 17, 2012, to 
meet certain Serious area requirements of section 182(c) of the Act for 
the DFW nonattainment area under the 1997 ozone standard: The 
reasonable further progress (RFP) plan; the RFP contingency measure 
provisions; the revised 2002 base year emission inventory (EI); 
enhanced ambient monitoring; and the clean-fuel fleet programs (CFFPs). 
Our proposed approval of the RFP includes the associated motor vehicle 
emission budgets (MVEBs) for 2011 and 2012--once the EPA approves the 
submitted MVEBs, they must be used by local, state and Federal agencies 
in determining whether transportation activities conform to the SIP as 
required by section 176(c) of the CAA and 40 CFR 93.102. Second, we 
proposed to approve revisions to the DFW SIP's failure-to-attain 
contingency measures plan for the Moderate ozone nonattainment area 
under the 1997 ozone standard, submitted on April 6, 2010. Third, we 
proposed to approve into the SIP revisions submitted on July 25, 2007, 
March 25, 2010, and April 13, 2012, that make the Texas transportation 
conformity rules consistent with the Federal Surface

[[Page 67069]]

Transportation Reauthorization Act \1\ and expand the Diesel Emissions 
Reduction Incentive Program for On-Road and Non-Road Vehicles (DERIP, 
also often referred to as the Texas Emission Reduction Plan or TERP) to 
include additional projects.
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    \1\ The Federal Surface Transportation Reauthorization Act is 
commonly known as the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient 
Transportation Equity Act--A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU).
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    Our Proposal and the technical support documents (TSDs) that 
accompanied the proposed rule provide detailed descriptions of the 
revisions and the rationale for our proposed decisions. Please see the 
docket for these and other documents regarding our Proposal. The public 
comment period for our Proposal closed on June 12, 2014.

II. Response to Comments

    We received one comment letter dated June 12, 2014, from the Sierra 
Club (the Commenter) regarding our Proposal. A summary of the comments 
and our responses to those comments follow.

A. The Failure-to-Attain Contingency Measures

    The Commenter provided the following statements regarding the 
failure-to-attain contingency measures:
     The EPA is approving measures that do not ``cure the 
identified failure [to attain]'' or do not provide a ``backup plan of 
action,'' and the measures had already taken place without air quality 
benefit, prior to the 2010 attainment finding.
     The EPA has not provided any information or support to 
show that the state's projection of reductions resulting from fleet 
turnover from 2009-2010 are accurate, provide a ``continuing surplus'' 
and whether the projections would be accurate on a continuing basis. 
The fleet turnover measure is not enforceable and therefore is not 
permissible as a contingency measure.
     Rather than holding Texas accountable for its failure to 
attain the 1997 ozone standard on multiple deadlines, and thus 
requiring that stronger contingency measures be put in place, the EPA 
in this action credits the state for reductions that will take place 
naturally and requires nothing more.
     The EPA should recommend for Texas's consideration 
emissions reductions from large, uncontrolled sources contributing to 
DFW ozone levels, even where they are not within the nonattainment 
area. The DFW failure-to-attain contingency measures should include 
tighter emission limits on the East Texas coal-fired power plants.
     Including selective catalytic reduction (SCR) on the 
cement kilns in Midlothian as a failure-to-attain contingency measure 
would give Texas a greater incentive to ensure that it meets a new 
attainment deadline than would allowing it to rely on naturally 
occurring fleet turnover. The EPA should recommend that Texas consider 
the EPA's Natural Gas STAR Program and other practices recommended by 
the EPA as voluntary measures to reduce emissions from oil and natural 
gas operations and improve efficiency.
    Response: The Commenter mischaracterizes the action EPA is taking. 
The SIP already includes failure-to-attain contingency measures: (1) 
Fleet turnover for 2009 to 2010 and, (2) three other measures that 
reduce emissions of volatile organic compounds or VOC--Degassing, Dry 
Cleaning, and Offset Lithographic Printing (OLP) rules. See 74 FR 1903 
(January 14, 2009). And, in this action EPA is not approving any new or 
different measures into the SIP for purposes of the failure-to-attain 
contingency measure requirement. Rather, our Proposal only addresses 
the removal of the OLP rule as a failure-to-attain contingency measure.
    As of March 1, 2012, the OLP rule is being implemented in the DFW 
area pursuant to EPA's issuance of a control technique guideline (CTG) 
\2\ and for that reason it is no longer eligible for use as a failure-
to-attain contingency measure. As a result, the State submitted a SIP 
revision to demonstrate that the remaining failure-to-attain 
contingency measures would still achieve 3% in emissions reductions 
without the OLP rule.\3\ Fleet turnover for 2009-2010 by itself 
satisfies the 3% emissions reductions (fleet turnover is estimated at 
3.68 percent reduction of the base year emissions, which includes the 
NOX and VOC emissions reductions, as discussed in our TSD-B, 
beginning on p. 13), so removal of the OLP rule as a failure-to-attain 
contingency measure does not reduce the remaining emissions reductions 
to less than the 3%.\4\ Our Proposal recognizes that the Moderate area 
failure-to-attain contingency measures already approved in the SIP meet 
the Act's requirement in section 182(c)(9) for failure-to-attain 
contingency measures. Thus, the elimination of OLP as a contingency 
measure does not interfere with any applicable requirement concerning 
attainment and reasonable further progress, or any other applicable 
requirement of the Act. See CAA section 110(l).
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    \2\ March 1, 2012 is the implementation date for minor sources. 
The implementation date for major sources is March 1, 2011. See 79 
FR 45105, August 4, 2014.
    \3\ As described in our Proposal and TSD-B, EPA interprets 
sections 172 and 182 of the Act to require States with Moderate or 
above ozone nonattainment areas to include contingency measures to 
implement additional emission reductions of 3% of the adjusted base 
year inventory in the year following the year in which the failure 
has been identified. See 57 FR 13498, 13510, April 16, 1992.
    \4\ Although EPA has not re-opened the issue of whether this 
already-approved contingency measure is appropriate, we note that 
EPA has long interpreted the contingency measures provision to allow 
states to rely on measures already in place and implemented so long 
as those reductions are beyond those relied on for purposes of the 
attainment or RFP planning SIP. This interpretation has been upheld. 
See LEAN v. EPA, 382 F.3d 575 (5th Cir. 2004). In addition, section 
172(c)(9) of the CAA states that contingency measures are to be 
``specific measures to be undertaken if the area fails to make 
reasonable further progress, or to attain . . . by the attainment 
date. . . . Such measures shall be included in the plan revision as 
contingency measures to take effect in any such case without further 
action by the State or the Administrator.'' The April 16, 1992 
General Preamble provided the following guidance: ``States must show 
that their contingency measures can be implemented with minimal 
further action on their part and with no additional rulemaking 
actions such as public hearings or legislative review. In general, 
EPA will expect all actions needed to affect full implementation of 
the measures to occur within 60 days after EPA notifies the State of 
its failure.'' (57 FR 13512). This could include Federal measures 
and local measures already scheduled for implementation. See 70 FR 
71612, 71651 (November 29, 2005).
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    We evaluated and described the methodologies used to calculate each 
of the measures used in the failure-to-attain contingency plan at 74 FR 
1903. The methodologies were consistent with EPA guidance. The Federal 
Motor Vehicle Control programs (FMVCP or ``fleet turnover'') are 
federal rules and as such, are enforceable by the EPA, the State and 
the public (see 74 FR 1903).
    We disagree that we have not held the State accountable for its 
failure to attain the 1997 ozone standard in the DFW area. Consistent 
with our duties under the CAA, on December 20, 2010, we reclassified 
the DFW area from Moderate to Serious after it failed to meet the June 
15, 2010 attainment date for the Moderate area (75 FR 79302). In that 
reclassification rulemaking, the State was required to submit SIP 
revisions addressing requirements for the Serious area no later than 
one year after the effective date of the rulemaking and the TCEQ 
submitted such revisions within the time allowed. As a matter of law, 
the EPA is required to approve a SIP revision if it meets the Act's 
requirements, regardless of the State's choices. It is not EPA's role 
to rule out the State's choice of components of its SIP submittal, 
including the contingency measures, so long as the

[[Page 67070]]

plan is adequate to meet the requirements of the Act. See Train v. 
NRDC, 421 U.S. 60 (1975) and Union Electric v. EPA, 427 U.S. 246 
(1976).
    We appreciate the Commenter's suggestions regarding emissions 
reductions for large, stationary sources and voluntary measures for oil 
and gas operations. Regarding sources outside of the nonattainment 
area, EPA policy does not allow emissions reductions from outside of 
the nonattainment area to be included in attainment or RFP plans. On 
December 22, 2010, the EPA proposed to set aside its earlier 
interpretation of the RFP provisions at 74 FR 40074 (August 11, 2009) 
and no longer permit states to rely on credit for emission reductions 
from outside the ozone nonattainment area to meet the area's RFP 
obligations (75 FR 80420). In light of the reasoning used in Natural 
Resources Defense Council (NRDC) v. EPA, 571 F.3d (D.C. Cir. 2009), 
NRDC's petition for reconsideration of the rule at 74 FR 40074, and the 
language of the CAA, there is no legal basis for states to credit 
emissions reductions from sources outside the nonattainment area for 
satisfying RFP requirements.\5\ On June 6, 2013, the EPA proposed that 
for the 2008 ozone NAAQS states may not take credit for VOC or 
NOX reductions occurring outside the nonattainment area for 
purposes of meeting the 15 percent and 3 percent RFP requirements of 
sections 172(c)(2), 182(b)(1) and (c)(2)(B). See 78 FR 34178, 34191. 
Finally, as previously noted, the State has discretion under the Act to 
determine the components of its SIP submittal.
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    \5\ See 75 FR 80240 for more detail.
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B. The Serious Area Reasonable Further Progress Plan

    Comment: The Commenter states that the TCEQ's January 17, 2012 
submittal does not explicitly outline a reasonable further progress 
plan or contingency measures specifically associated with missing a 
reasonable further progress milestone, and that EPA instead considers 
the total reductions Texas claims are available for contingency 
measures as above and beyond the reductions the state claimed were 
needed for attainment.
    Response: EPA disagrees with this comment. The submittal \6\ by the 
State and the EPA's technical analysis addressed both RFP and the 
contingency measures that would be implemented if an RFP milestone is 
not met.
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    \6\ The submittal (and accompanying appendices) is available in 
the docket for this rulemaking, on the TCEQ Web site (http://www.tceq.texas.gov/airquality/sip/dfw_revisions.html) and at http://www.tceq.texas.gov/assets/public/implementation/air/sip/dfw/rfp_2011/2010023_ado.pdf.
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    Consistent with section 182(c)(2)(B) of the Act and the Final Rule 
to Implement the 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard--
Phase 2 (``the Phase 2 Rule'') at 70 FR 71612, 71650 (November 29, 
2005), for each area classified as Serious or higher, the State's RFP 
plan must demonstrate a 3-percent annual emission reduction averaged 
over every 3-year period after the initial 6-year period. For the DFW 
area, the first 3-year period runs from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 
2011. The final increment of progress must be achieved no later than 
the attainment date of the attainment year, which is June 15, 2012.\7\ 
As described in our Proposal and TSD-A, the State's RFP submittal 
accounts for emissions reductions that average three percent per year, 
from 2009 through 2011 and for 2012.\8\ Tables 8 and 9 in our TSD-A 
list the measures that provide emissions reductions during years 2009 
through 2011 and for 2012. These include federal measures and State 
controls that reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOX) on 
electric generating units (EGUs) and certain area source engines.\9\ As 
shown in the TSD-A and in Tables 4 and 5 of our Proposal, the RFP plan 
shows a net decrease in emissions for the period 2009-2011 and for 2012 
that meets the RFP requirement of the Act.
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    \7\ The attainment year is the year immediately preceding the 
attainment date (40 CFR 51.900(g)). The attainment date for the DFW 
Serious area is June 15, 2013 (75 FR 79302), thus the DFW area's 
attainment year is 2012. The target level of emissions must be met 
by the attainment date of the attainment year. Section 182(c)(2)(B) 
of the Act requires that RFP be continued out to the attainment 
date. See 70 FR 71612 and 40 CFR 51.910.
    \8\ The 2011 and 2012 targets are termed ``milestone'' years.
    \9\ These are examples; for a complete list, see Tables 8 and 9 
in our TSD-A and Appendix 1 in the State's submittal.
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    In addition, the State's RFP submittal must include contingency 
measures that would provide reductions of at least three percent of 
baseline emissions in 2013. Three percent of the base year 
NOX emissions (630.46 tpd) is 18.91 tpd and three percent of 
the base year VOC emissions (481.97 tpd) is 14.46 tpd. The State's 
contingency measures are listed in Table 10 of our TSD-A; these include 
State and federal measures that will achieve reductions during 2013 of 
41.60 tpd in NOX emissions and 15.62 tpd in VOC emissions. 
Because the State and federal measures achieve at least as much in 
emissions reductions as the three percent target values, the State's 
contingency measures meet the RFP requirement of the Act.
    Comment: The Commenter states that we failed to provide any 
verification or support for Texas' projections of emissions reductions 
and failed to include a real world check as to whether promised 
reductions have occurred.
    Response: The Commenter's second point--that EPA has not performed 
a ``real-world'' check to ensure that promised reductions have 
occurred--is not relevant for this action. This action is simply 
evaluating the SIP to ensure that it provides for sufficient measures 
to meet the reasonable further progress goals. Additionally, the 
commenter did not present evidence to support the idea that the 
reductions have not occurred and EPA has no reason to believe they have 
not. EPA is not reviewing Texas' implementation of the SIP for purposes 
of whether the area attained the standard by the attainment date as 
part of this action. As to the first point--whether EPA has verified 
Texas' projection of the emission reductions--we disagree. Consistent 
with section 182(c)(2)(B), the plan needs to demonstrate emissions 
reductions from the baseline emissions equal to the following amount 
averaged over each consecutive 3-year period beginning 6 years after 
[the effective date of designations], until the attainment date: (i) At 
least 3 percent of baseline emissions each year; or (ii) an amount less 
than 3 percent of such baseline emissions each year, if the State makes 
certain additional demonstrations.\10\ In addition, section 182(c)(9) 
of the Act requires contingency measures equal to 3% of the baseline to 
be implemented if RFP is not met. Our TSD-A and Proposal describe how 
the State's submittal meets these requirements. Texas projected 
emissions reductions from mobile source controls, including, but not 
limited to: Fleet turnover; inspection and maintenance; reformulated 
gasoline; Texas low-emission diesel fuel; and Tier 2 and 3 non-road 
diesel engines. The projected reductions were calculated using mobile 
source emissions estimation models. The EPA Motor Vehicle Emissions 
Simulator (MOVES) model was used to estimate from on-road mobile source 
controls. A Texas-specific version of the EPA NON-ROAD model was used 
to estimate emissions from non-road mobile source controls.\11\ The 
area

[[Page 67071]]

source \12\ emissions were estimated using the 2008 National Emissions 
Inventory data, back-calculated to 2002 (for the base year EI) and 
projected to future dates, using the EPA's Economic Growth Analysis 
System growth factors. This provided the most recent, complete set of 
emissions data available at the time the TCEQ developed this RFP plan. 
Point sources (for example, cement and power plants) are individually 
inventoried and required to submit emissions data to TCEQ annually. The 
data are reviewed by the TCEQ for quality assurance purposes and stored 
in the State of Texas Air Reporting System. We reviewed the State's 
methods for developing the projections of emissions and found them to 
be adequate.
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    \10\ See section 182(b)(2)(B)(ii) of the Act for further 
explanation.
    \11\ We note that new and existing federal mobile source 
regulations addressing emissions from automobiles, non-road 
equipment and engines, locomotives and marine engines will continue 
to provide additional emissions reductions as the current fleets are 
replaced with newer vehicles, equipment and engines that are 
certified to more stringent emissions standards or engines are re-
built to comply with any applicable requirements (78 FR 34178, 
34181, June 6, 2013).
    \12\ Area sources are also termed nonpoint sources and 
collectively represent individual sources that have not been 
inventoried as specific point or mobile sources. These include small 
scale industrial, commercial and residential sources that generate 
emissions, such as gas stations, bakeries, and solvent use (e.g., 
dry cleaners, automobile paint shops, print shops and house paints).
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III. Final Action

    The EPA is approving revisions to the Texas SIP submitted by the 
TCEQ on January 17, 2012, which contain a RFP plan and associated 
contingency measures and MVEBs; a revised 2002 base year EI for the RFP 
plan; enhanced ambient monitoring; and the CFFPs for the DFW Serious 
nonattainment area under the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS. We are also 
approving revisions to the DFW Moderate area attainment demonstration 
SIP submitted by the TCEQ on April 6, 2010, which address the failure-
to-attain contingency measures. We are also approving revisions 
submitted by the TCEQ on July 25, 2007, March 25, 2010, and April 13, 
2012, which address the Texas transportation conformity rules and the 
Texas Diesel Emissions Reduction Incentive Program for On-Road and Non-
Road Vehicles. These revisions are consistent with the CAA, federal 
transportation rules and EPA Guidance that addresses economic incentive 
programs and transportation conformity.
    We are also making a ministerial correction to the second table in 
40 CFR 52.2270(e) to reflect accurately the date of EPA's approval of 
the Transportation Control Measures SIP on December 5, 2002 (67 FR 
72382).

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP 
submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable 
Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in 
reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, 
provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this 
action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and 
does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state 
law. For that reason, this action:
     Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' subject to 
review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 
12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
     Does not impose an information collection burden under the 
provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
     Is certified as not having a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
     Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
     Does not have Federalism implications as specified in 
Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
     Is not an economically significant regulatory action based 
on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997);
     Is not a significant regulatory action subject to 
Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
     Is not subject to requirements of section 12(d) of the 
National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 
note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent 
with the CAA; and
     Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to 
address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental 
effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under 
Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, the SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation 
land or in any other area where EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated 
that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the 
rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 
13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), nor will it impose substantial 
direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.
    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the 
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally 
provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating 
the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, 
to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and 
other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of 
Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior 
to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot 
take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal 
Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 
804(2).
    Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review 
of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for 
the appropriate circuit by January 12, 2015. Filing a petition for 
reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect 
the finality of this action for the purposed of judicial review nor 
does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may 
be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or 
action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to 
enforce its requirements (See section 307(b)(2)).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Intergovernmental relations, Ozone, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds.

    Dated: October 29, 2014.
Samuel Coleman,
Acting Regional Administrator, Region 6.

    40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:

PART 52--APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

0
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

Subpart SS--Texas

0
2. In Sec.  52.2270:
0
a. The table in paragraph (c) is amended by revising the entries for 
Section 114.260, Section 114.620, and Section 114.622.
0
b. The second table in paragraph (e) is amended by revising the entry 
for

[[Page 67072]]

``Transportation Control Measures SIP Revision'' and adding three new 
entries at the end of the table.
    The revisions and additions read as follows:


Sec.  52.2270  Identification of plan.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *

                                    EPA-Approved Regulations in the Texas SIP
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            State
                                                          approval/
          State citation               Title/subject      submittal     EPA approval date        Explanation
                                                             date
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Subchapter G--Transportation Planning
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 114.260..................  Transportation          6/27/2007  11/12/2014 [Insert    ....................
                                    Conformity.                        Federal Register
                                                                       citation].
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Subchapter K--Mobile Source Incentive Programs
            Division 3: Diesel Emission Reduction Incentive Program for On-road and Non-road Vehicles
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 114.620..................  Definitions.........    2/24/2010  11/12/2014 [Insert    ....................
                                                                       Federal Register
                                                                       citation].
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Section 114.622..................  Incentive Program       3/28/2012  11/12/2014 [Insert    ....................
                                    Requirements.                      Federal Register
                                                                       citation].
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
    (e) * * *

              EPA-Approved Nonregulatory Provisions and Quasi-Regulatory Measures in the Texas SIP
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            State
                                        Applicable        submittal/
      Name of SIP provision         geographic or  non-   effective     EPA approval date         Comments
                                      attainment area        date
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Transportation Control Measures    All Nonattainment        5/9/2000  12/5/2002, 67 FR      Chapter 1.
 SIP Revision.                      and Maintenance                    72382.                Introduction,
                                    Areas.                                                   Chapter 2. General,
                                                                                             and Chapter 3.
                                                                                             Criteria and
                                                                                             Procedures.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Failure-to-Attain Contingency      Collin, Dallas,         3/10/2010  11/12/2014 [Insert    ....................
 Measures Plan.                     Denton, Ellis,                     Federal Register
                                    Johnson, Kaufman,                  citation].
                                    Parker, Rockwall
                                    and Tarrant
                                    Counties, TX.
Reasonable Further Progress Plan   Collin, Dallas,         12/7/2011  11/12/2014 [Insert    ....................
 (RFP), RFP Contingency Measures,   Denton, Ellis,                     Federal Register
 RFP Motor Vehicle Emission         Johnson, Kaufman,                  citation].
 Budgets for 2011 and 2012, and     Parker, Rockwall
 Revised 2002 Base Year Emissions   and Tarrant
 Inventory.                         Counties, TX.
Enhanced Ambient Monitoring and    Collin, Dallas,         12/7/2011  11/12/2014 [Insert    ....................
 the Clean-fuel Fleet Programs.     Denton, Ellis,                     Federal Register
                                    Johnson, Kaufman,                  citation].
                                    Parker, Rockwall
                                    and Tarrant
                                    Counties, TX.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 67073]]

[FR Doc. 2014-26625 Filed 11-10-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P