Removal of Allocation Rule for Disbursements From Designated Roth Accounts to Multiple Destinations, 56310-56312 [2014-22324]

Download as PDF 56310 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 182 / Friday, September 19, 2014 / Proposed Rules (ii) Conclusion. The amendment satisfies the rule of paragraph (e)(3)(vi)(C)(7)(i) of this section. Example 9. (i) Facts. A plan credits interest based on the rate of return on a collective trust that holds a balanced portfolio of equity and fixed income investments, which provides a rate of return that is reasonably expected to be not significantly more volatile than the broad U.S. equities market or a similarly broad international equities market. To bring the plan into compliance with the market rate of return rules, the plan sponsor amends the plan to credit interest based on the actual rate of return on the assets within a specified subset of the plan’s assets that is invested in the collective trust. (ii) Conclusion. The amendment satisfies the rule of paragraph (e)(3)(vi)(C)(7)(i) of this section. * * * * * John Dalrymple, Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement. Background [FR Doc. 2014–22292 Filed 9–18–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4830–01–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [REG–105739–11] RIN 1545–BK08 Removal of Allocation Rule for Disbursements From Designated Roth Accounts to Multiple Destinations Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. AGENCY: This document contains proposed amendments to the regulations that address the tax treatment of distributions from designated Roth accounts under taxfavored retirement plans. The proposed regulations would limit the applicability of the rule regarding the allocation of after-tax amounts when disbursements are made to multiple destinations so the allocation rule applies only to distributions made before the earlier of January 1, 2015 or a date chosen by the taxpayer that is on or after September 18, 2014. These regulations would affect administrators of, employers maintaining, participants in, and beneficiaries of designated Roth accounts under tax-favored retirement plans. asabaliauskas on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS SUMMARY: Written or electronic comments and requests for a public hearing must be received by December 18, 2014. ADDRESSES: Send submissions to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG–105739–11), Room DATES: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:59 Sep 18, 2014 Jkt 232001 5203, Internal Revenue Service, P.O. Box 7604, Ben Franklin Station, Washingtonm, DC 20044. Submissions may be hand-delivered Monday through Friday between the hours of 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG–105739– 11), Courier’s Desk, Internal Revenue Service, 1111 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC, or sent electronically via the Federal eRulemaking Portal at http://www.regulations.gov (IRS REG– 105739–11). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Concerning the regulations, Michael P. Brewer at (202) 317–6700; concerning submission of comments or to requests for a public hearing, Oluwafunmilayo (Funmi) Taylor at (202) 317–6901 (not toll-free numbers). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 402(a) provides generally that any amount distributed from a trust described in section 401(a) that is exempt from tax under section 501(a) is taxable to the distributee under section 72 in the taxable year of the distributee in which distributed. Under section 403(b)(1), any amount distributed from a section 403(b) plan is also taxable to the distributee under section 72. If a participant’s account balance in a plan qualified under section 401(a) or in a section 403(b) plan includes both after-tax and pretax amounts, then, under section 72(e)(8), each distribution (other than a distribution that is paid as part of an annuity) from the plan will include a pro rata share of both after-tax and pretax amounts. (Under section 72(d), a different allocation method applies to annuity distributions.) Under section 402A(d)(4), section 72 is applied separately with respect to distributions and payments from a designated Roth account and other distributions and payments from the plan. Section 402(c) prescribes rules for amounts that are rolled over from qualified trusts to eligible retirement plans, including individual retirement accounts or annuities (‘‘IRAs’’). Subject to certain exceptions, section 402(c)(1) provides that if any portion of an eligible rollover distribution paid to an employee from a qualified trust is transferred to an eligible retirement plan, the portion of the distribution so transferred is not includible in gross income in the taxable year in which paid. Under section 402(c)(2), the maximum portion of an eligible rollover distribution that may be rolled over in a transfer to which section 402(c)(1) applies generally cannot exceed the PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 portion of the distribution that is otherwise includible in gross income. However, under section 402(c)(2)(A) and (B), the general rule does not apply to such a distribution to the extent that such portion is transferred in a direct trustee-to-trustee transfer to a qualified trust or to an annuity contract described in section 403(b) and such trust or contract provides for separate accounting for amounts so transferred (and earnings thereon), including separately accounting for the portion of such distribution which is includible in gross income and the portion of such distribution which is not so includible, or such portion is transferred to an IRA. In addition, section 402(c)(2) that, in the case of a transfer described in subparagraph (A) or (B), the amount transferred shall be treated as consisting first of the portion of such distribution that is includible in gross income (determined without regard to section 402(c)(1)). Under section 402A, an applicable retirement plan may include a designated Roth account. An applicable retirement plan is defined in section 402A(e)(1) to mean a plan qualified under section 401(a), a section 403(b) plan, and a governmental section 457(b) plan. Section 402A(d) provides that a qualified distribution (as defined in section 402A(d)(2)) from a designated Roth account is not includible in gross income. Section 1.402A–1, Q&A–5(a), of the Income Tax Regulations prescribes taxability rules for a distribution from a designated Roth account that is rolled over. Q&A–5(a) provides, in part, that ‘‘any amount paid in a direct rollover is treated as a separate distribution from any amount paid directly to the employee.’’ Section 402(f) requires that the plan administrator of a plan qualified under section 401(a) provide any recipient of an eligible rollover distribution with a written explanation describing certain provisions of law. Notice 2009–68, 2009–2 CB 423 (September 28, 2009), contains two safe harbor explanations that may be provided to recipients of eligible rollover distributions from an employer plan in order to satisfy section 402(f). The safe harbor explanation with respect to distributions that are not from a designated Roth account provides in part (under the heading ‘‘If your payment includes after-tax contributions’’) that ‘‘[i]f you do a direct rollover of only a portion of the amount paid from the Plan and a portion is paid to you, each of the payments will include an allocable portion of the aftertax contributions.’’ Similarly, for distributions from a designated Roth E:\FR\FM\19SEP1.SGM 19SEP1 asabaliauskas on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 182 / Friday, September 19, 2014 / Proposed Rules account, the safe harbor explanation provides in part (under the heading ‘‘How Do I Do a Rollover?’’) that ‘‘[i]f you do a direct rollover of only a portion of the amount paid from the Plan and a portion is paid to you, each of the payments will include an allocable portion of the earnings in your designated Roth account.’’ Sections 403(b)(8)(B) and 457(e)(16)(B) provide that the rules of section 402(c)(2) through (7), (9), and (11) and the rules of section 402(f) also apply to section 403(b) plans and governmental section 457(b) plans. In response to Notice 2009–68, comments were received requesting changes to the rules regarding the allocation of basis among simultaneous disbursements to multiple destinations from a retirement plan that contains both after-tax and pretax amounts. Commenters indicated that some plan providers were treating disbursements to separate destinations not as separate distributions but rather as a single distribution of the aggregate disbursement amounts. These plan providers permitted allocation of all the after-tax amounts included in the disbursements to a Roth IRA. The commenters also pointed out that, even under the allocation method described in Notice 2009–68, a participant who wishes to disburse after-tax amounts to one destination and pretax amounts to another could accomplish this result in a series of steps. First, the participant could take an eligible rollover distribution as a single cash distribution. Second, by taking advantage of the rule in section 402(c)(2) that distribution amounts that are rolled over are treated as consisting first of pretax amounts, the participant could roll over the pretax amounts included in the distribution to one destination, such as a traditional IRA. The remaining amount of the distribution would be after-tax, which the participant could either roll over into a Roth IRA or retain without incurring any tax liability. The option to roll over all after-tax amounts into a Roth IRA, however, would be available only to taxpayers with sufficient funds available outside of the plan to be able to roll over the entire amount distributed, including an amount equal to the 20 percent of the taxable portion of the distribution that is required to be paid to the IRS as withholding pursuant to § 3405(c). These proposed regulations are being issued in conjunction with Notice 2014– 54 (to be published in IRB 2014–41 (October 6, 2014)), which will permit a taxpayer to direct after-tax and pretax amounts that are simultaneously VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:59 Sep 18, 2014 Jkt 232001 disbursed to multiple destinations so as to allocate them to specific destinations. Taxpayers will be able to direct these allocations in connection with disbursements that are directly rolled over, not only in connection with 60day rollovers after receiving a distribution. Explanation of Provisions The proposed regulations would limit the applicability of the existing requirement in § 1.402A–1, Q&A–5(a), that ‘‘any amount paid in a direct rollover is treated as a separate distribution from any amount paid directly to the employee.’’ Under the proposed regulations, that separate distribution requirement would not apply to distributions made on or after January 1, 2015, or an earlier date chosen by the taxpayer. An earlier date chosen by the taxpayer for this purpose may not be earlier than September 18, 2014. See the ‘‘Proposed Effective Date’’ section of this preamble for a description of the rules that will apply after the separate distribution rule of § 1.402A–1, Q&A–5(a), no longer applies to distributions. Proposed Effective Date These regulations are proposed to apply to distributions from designated Roth accounts made on or after January 1, 2015. For distributions from designated Roth accounts made on or after the applicability date of the Treasury decision that finalizes these proposed regulations (but no earlier than January 1, 2015), the rules in section III of Notice 2014–54 will apply. For distributions that are made on or after September 18, 2014 and before the applicability date of the Treasury decision that finalizes these proposed regulations, taxpayers may rely on these proposed regulations. Taxpayers relying on these proposed regulations should apply a reasonable interpretation of the last sentence of section 402(c)(2) to allocate after-tax and pretax amounts among disbursements made to multiple destinations. For this purpose, a reasonable interpretation of the last sentence of section 402(c)(2) includes the rules issued by the IRS in section III of Notice 2014–54. Statement of Availability of IRS Documents The IRS notices cited in this preamble are published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin or Cumulative Bulletin and are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, or by visiting the IRS Web site at http:// www.irs.gov. PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 56311 Special Analyses It has been determined that this notice of proposed rulemaking is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It also has been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to these regulations, and because the regulation does not impose a collection of information on small entities, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not apply. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, these regulations have been submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on their impact on small business. Comments and Requests for Public Hearing Before these proposed regulations are adopted as final regulations, consideration will be given to any written (a signed original and eight (8) copies) or electronic comments that are submitted timely to the IRS. The Treasury Department and the IRS specifically request comments on the clarity of the proposed regulations and how they may be made easier to understand. All comments will be available for public inspection and copying at www.regulations.gov or upon request. A public hearing will be scheduled if requested in writing by any person that timely submits written comments. If a public hearing is scheduled, notice of the date, time, and place for the hearing will be published in the Federal Register. Drafting Information The principal author of these proposed regulations is Michael P. Brewer, IRS Office of Division Counsel/ Associate Chief Counsel (Tax Exempt and Government Entities). However, other personnel from the IRS and the Department of Treasury participated in the development of the proposed regulations. List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1 Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Proposed Amendments to the Regulations Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is proposed to be amended as follows: E:\FR\FM\19SEP1.SGM 19SEP1 56312 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 182 / Friday, September 19, 2014 / Proposed Rules Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read in part as follows: ■ Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * * Par. 2. Section 1.402A–1 is amended by adding a sentence after the third sentence of paragraph A–5. (a) to read as follows: ■ § 1.402A–1 Written comments received at the address indicated below by November 18, 2014 will be considered and addressed in the final rule. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by docket number and/or RIN number and title, by any of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Mail: Federal Docket Management System Office, 4800 Mark Center Drive, East Tower, Suite 02G09, Alexandria, VA 22350–3100. Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name and docket number or Regulatory Information Number (RIN) for this Federal Register document. The general policy for comments and other submissions from members of the public is to make these submissions available for public viewing on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov as they are received without change, including any personal identifiers or contact information. DATES: PART 1—INCOME TAXES Designated Roth Accounts. * * * * * A–5. (a) * * * The preceding sentence does not apply to distributions made on or after January 1, 2015; in addition, a taxpayer may elect not to apply the preceding sentence to distributions made on or after an earlier date that is no earlier than September 18, 2014. * * * * * * * * John Dalrymple, Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement. [FR Doc. 2014–22324 Filed 9–18–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4830–01–P Dr. George E. Jones, Jr., Chief, Pharmacy Operations Division, Defense Health Agency, telephone 703–681–2890. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 199 [Docket ID: DOD–2012–HA–0049] A. Executive Summary RIN 0720–AB57 1. Purpose of the Proposed Rule Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS)/ TRICARE: TRICARE Pharmacy Benefits Program Office of the Secretary, Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: This proposed rule would implement new authority authorizing an over-the-counter (OTC) drug program, make several administrative changes to the TRICARE Pharmacy Benefits Program regulation in order to conform it more closely to the statute, and clarify some procedures regarding the operation of the uniform formulary. Specifically, the proposed rule would: provide implementing regulations for the OTC drug program that has recently been given permanent statutory authority; conform the pharmacy program regulation to the statute regarding point-of-service availability of non-formulary drugs and copayments for all categories of drugs; clarify the process for formulary placement of newly approved drugs; and clarify several other uniform formulary practices. asabaliauskas on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:59 Sep 18, 2014 Jkt 232001 The purpose of this proposed rule is to incorporate new statutory authority for a permanent OTC program, make several administrative changes to the TRICARE Pharmacy Benefits Program regulation to conform more closely to the statute (10 U.S.C. 1074g), and clarify some procedures regarding the uniform formulary. The legal authority for this proposed rule is 10 U.S.C. 1074g. 2. Summary of the Major Provisions of the Proposed Rule a. It would establish the process for identifying select OTC products for coverage under the pharmacy benefit program and the rules for making these products available to eligible DoD beneficiaries under the new authority enacted in section 702 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (NDAA–13). In general, approved OTC pharmaceuticals will comply with the mandatory generic policy as stated in CFR 199.21(j)(2) and will be available under terms similar to generic prescription medications, except that the need for a prescription and/or a copay may be waived in some circumstances. PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 b. It would conform the regulation to the statute regarding the number of points of service where non-formulary drugs are required to be available. They would be generally available in the retail program and the mail order program unless the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee recommends limiting the drug to a single point of service—retail or mail order—based on determinations that there is no significant clinical need and there is a significant additional government cost for access in both, and the recommendation is approved by the Director, Defense Health Agency (DHA). c. It would clarify the process for formulary placement of newly approved innovator drugs brought to market under a New Drug Application approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), giving the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee up to 120 days to recommend tier placement on the uniform formulary. During this period, new drugs would be assigned a classification pending status; they would be available in retail and mail order under terms comparable to non-formulary drugs. d. As a ‘‘housekeeping’’ change, it would conform the rule to the new statutory specifications for copayment amounts under section 712 of NDAA– 13. 3. Costs and Benefits The benefits of the proposed rule are that it will more closely conform the regulation to the statute and facilitate more effective administration of the TRICARE Pharmacy Benefits Program. The proposed rule will provide savings to the Department of a low-end estimate of $18.4 million and the high-end estimate of $26 million per year. B. Background In 1999, Congress enacted 10 U.S.C. 1074g to, among other things, establish a uniform formulary program to incentivize the use of more costeffective pharmaceutical agents and points of service. There are four points of service under the Pharmacy Benefits Program—military facility pharmacies, retail network pharmacies, retail nonnetwork pharmacies, and the TRICARE mail order pharmacy program (TMOP)— and three uniform formulary tiers—First Tier for generic drugs, Second Tier for preferred brand name drugs (also referred to as ‘‘formulary drugs’’), and Third Tier for non-preferred brand name drugs (also referred to as ‘‘nonformulary drugs’’). In addition to establishing procedures for assigning drugs to one of the three tiers, the statute includes several other E:\FR\FM\19SEP1.SGM 19SEP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 182 (Friday, September 19, 2014)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 56310-56312]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-22324]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Internal Revenue Service

26 CFR Part 1

[REG-105739-11]
RIN 1545-BK08


Removal of Allocation Rule for Disbursements From Designated Roth 
Accounts to Multiple Destinations

AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This document contains proposed amendments to the regulations 
that address the tax treatment of distributions from designated Roth 
accounts under tax-favored retirement plans. The proposed regulations 
would limit the applicability of the rule regarding the allocation of 
after-tax amounts when disbursements are made to multiple destinations 
so the allocation rule applies only to distributions made before the 
earlier of January 1, 2015 or a date chosen by the taxpayer that is on 
or after September 18, 2014. These regulations would affect 
administrators of, employers maintaining, participants in, and 
beneficiaries of designated Roth accounts under tax-favored retirement 
plans.

DATES: Written or electronic comments and requests for a public hearing 
must be received by December 18, 2014.

ADDRESSES: Send submissions to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-105739-11), Room 
5203, Internal Revenue Service, P.O. Box 7604, Ben Franklin Station, 
Washingtonm, DC 20044. Submissions may be hand-delivered Monday through 
Friday between the hours of 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-
105739-11), Courier's Desk, Internal Revenue Service, 1111 Constitution 
Avenue NW., Washington, DC, or sent electronically via the Federal 
eRulemaking Portal at http://www.regulations.gov (IRS REG-105739-11).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Concerning the regulations, Michael P. 
Brewer at (202) 317-6700; concerning submission of comments or to 
requests for a public hearing, Oluwafunmilayo (Funmi) Taylor at (202) 
317-6901 (not toll-free numbers).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    Section 402(a) provides generally that any amount distributed from 
a trust described in section 401(a) that is exempt from tax under 
section 501(a) is taxable to the distributee under section 72 in the 
taxable year of the distributee in which distributed. Under section 
403(b)(1), any amount distributed from a section 403(b) plan is also 
taxable to the distributee under section 72.
    If a participant's account balance in a plan qualified under 
section 401(a) or in a section 403(b) plan includes both after-tax and 
pretax amounts, then, under section 72(e)(8), each distribution (other 
than a distribution that is paid as part of an annuity) from the plan 
will include a pro rata share of both after-tax and pretax amounts. 
(Under section 72(d), a different allocation method applies to annuity 
distributions.)
    Under section 402A(d)(4), section 72 is applied separately with 
respect to distributions and payments from a designated Roth account 
and other distributions and payments from the plan.
    Section 402(c) prescribes rules for amounts that are rolled over 
from qualified trusts to eligible retirement plans, including 
individual retirement accounts or annuities (``IRAs''). Subject to 
certain exceptions, section 402(c)(1) provides that if any portion of 
an eligible rollover distribution paid to an employee from a qualified 
trust is transferred to an eligible retirement plan, the portion of the 
distribution so transferred is not includible in gross income in the 
taxable year in which paid.
    Under section 402(c)(2), the maximum portion of an eligible 
rollover distribution that may be rolled over in a transfer to which 
section 402(c)(1) applies generally cannot exceed the portion of the 
distribution that is otherwise includible in gross income. However, 
under section 402(c)(2)(A) and (B), the general rule does not apply to 
such a distribution to the extent that such portion is transferred in a 
direct trustee-to-trustee transfer to a qualified trust or to an 
annuity contract described in section 403(b) and such trust or contract 
provides for separate accounting for amounts so transferred (and 
earnings thereon), including separately accounting for the portion of 
such distribution which is includible in gross income and the portion 
of such distribution which is not so includible, or such portion is 
transferred to an IRA.
    In addition, section 402(c)(2) that, in the case of a transfer 
described in subparagraph (A) or (B), the amount transferred shall be 
treated as consisting first of the portion of such distribution that is 
includible in gross income (determined without regard to section 
402(c)(1)).
    Under section 402A, an applicable retirement plan may include a 
designated Roth account. An applicable retirement plan is defined in 
section 402A(e)(1) to mean a plan qualified under section 401(a), a 
section 403(b) plan, and a governmental section 457(b) plan. Section 
402A(d) provides that a qualified distribution (as defined in section 
402A(d)(2)) from a designated Roth account is not includible in gross 
income.
    Section 1.402A-1, Q&A-5(a), of the Income Tax Regulations 
prescribes taxability rules for a distribution from a designated Roth 
account that is rolled over. Q&A-5(a) provides, in part, that ``any 
amount paid in a direct rollover is treated as a separate distribution 
from any amount paid directly to the employee.''
    Section 402(f) requires that the plan administrator of a plan 
qualified under section 401(a) provide any recipient of an eligible 
rollover distribution with a written explanation describing certain 
provisions of law. Notice 2009-68, 2009-2 CB 423 (September 28, 2009), 
contains two safe harbor explanations that may be provided to 
recipients of eligible rollover distributions from an employer plan in 
order to satisfy section 402(f). The safe harbor explanation with 
respect to distributions that are not from a designated Roth account 
provides in part (under the heading ``If your payment includes after-
tax contributions'') that ``[i]f you do a direct rollover of only a 
portion of the amount paid from the Plan and a portion is paid to you, 
each of the payments will include an allocable portion of the after-tax 
contributions.'' Similarly, for distributions from a designated Roth

[[Page 56311]]

account, the safe harbor explanation provides in part (under the 
heading ``How Do I Do a Rollover?'') that ``[i]f you do a direct 
rollover of only a portion of the amount paid from the Plan and a 
portion is paid to you, each of the payments will include an allocable 
portion of the earnings in your designated Roth account.''
    Sections 403(b)(8)(B) and 457(e)(16)(B) provide that the rules of 
section 402(c)(2) through (7), (9), and (11) and the rules of section 
402(f) also apply to section 403(b) plans and governmental section 
457(b) plans.
    In response to Notice 2009-68, comments were received requesting 
changes to the rules regarding the allocation of basis among 
simultaneous disbursements to multiple destinations from a retirement 
plan that contains both after-tax and pretax amounts. Commenters 
indicated that some plan providers were treating disbursements to 
separate destinations not as separate distributions but rather as a 
single distribution of the aggregate disbursement amounts. These plan 
providers permitted allocation of all the after-tax amounts included in 
the disbursements to a Roth IRA. The commenters also pointed out that, 
even under the allocation method described in Notice 2009-68, a 
participant who wishes to disburse after-tax amounts to one destination 
and pretax amounts to another could accomplish this result in a series 
of steps. First, the participant could take an eligible rollover 
distribution as a single cash distribution. Second, by taking advantage 
of the rule in section 402(c)(2) that distribution amounts that are 
rolled over are treated as consisting first of pretax amounts, the 
participant could roll over the pretax amounts included in the 
distribution to one destination, such as a traditional IRA. The 
remaining amount of the distribution would be after-tax, which the 
participant could either roll over into a Roth IRA or retain without 
incurring any tax liability. The option to roll over all after-tax 
amounts into a Roth IRA, however, would be available only to taxpayers 
with sufficient funds available outside of the plan to be able to roll 
over the entire amount distributed, including an amount equal to the 20 
percent of the taxable portion of the distribution that is required to 
be paid to the IRS as withholding pursuant to Sec.  3405(c).
    These proposed regulations are being issued in conjunction with 
Notice 2014-54 (to be published in IRB 2014-41 (October 6, 2014)), 
which will permit a taxpayer to direct after-tax and pretax amounts 
that are simultaneously disbursed to multiple destinations so as to 
allocate them to specific destinations. Taxpayers will be able to 
direct these allocations in connection with disbursements that are 
directly rolled over, not only in connection with 60-day rollovers 
after receiving a distribution.

Explanation of Provisions

    The proposed regulations would limit the applicability of the 
existing requirement in Sec.  1.402A-1, Q&A-5(a), that ``any amount 
paid in a direct rollover is treated as a separate distribution from 
any amount paid directly to the employee.'' Under the proposed 
regulations, that separate distribution requirement would not apply to 
distributions made on or after January 1, 2015, or an earlier date 
chosen by the taxpayer. An earlier date chosen by the taxpayer for this 
purpose may not be earlier than September 18, 2014. See the ``Proposed 
Effective Date'' section of this preamble for a description of the 
rules that will apply after the separate distribution rule of Sec.  
1.402A-1, Q&A-5(a), no longer applies to distributions.

Proposed Effective Date

    These regulations are proposed to apply to distributions from 
designated Roth accounts made on or after January 1, 2015. For 
distributions from designated Roth accounts made on or after the 
applicability date of the Treasury decision that finalizes these 
proposed regulations (but no earlier than January 1, 2015), the rules 
in section III of Notice 2014-54 will apply.
    For distributions that are made on or after September 18, 2014 and 
before the applicability date of the Treasury decision that finalizes 
these proposed regulations, taxpayers may rely on these proposed 
regulations. Taxpayers relying on these proposed regulations should 
apply a reasonable interpretation of the last sentence of section 
402(c)(2) to allocate after-tax and pretax amounts among disbursements 
made to multiple destinations. For this purpose, a reasonable 
interpretation of the last sentence of section 402(c)(2) includes the 
rules issued by the IRS in section III of Notice 2014-54.

Statement of Availability of IRS Documents

    The IRS notices cited in this preamble are published in the 
Internal Revenue Bulletin or Cumulative Bulletin and are available from 
the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, 
Washington, DC 20402, or by visiting the IRS Web site at http://www.irs.gov.

Special Analyses

    It has been determined that this notice of proposed rulemaking is 
not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 
12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It also has 
been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act 
(5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to these regulations, and because 
the regulation does not impose a collection of information on small 
entities, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not 
apply. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, these 
regulations have been submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of 
the Small Business Administration for comment on their impact on small 
business.

Comments and Requests for Public Hearing

    Before these proposed regulations are adopted as final regulations, 
consideration will be given to any written (a signed original and eight 
(8) copies) or electronic comments that are submitted timely to the 
IRS. The Treasury Department and the IRS specifically request comments 
on the clarity of the proposed regulations and how they may be made 
easier to understand.
    All comments will be available for public inspection and copying at 
www.regulations.gov or upon request. A public hearing will be scheduled 
if requested in writing by any person that timely submits written 
comments. If a public hearing is scheduled, notice of the date, time, 
and place for the hearing will be published in the Federal Register.

Drafting Information

    The principal author of these proposed regulations is Michael P. 
Brewer, IRS Office of Division Counsel/Associate Chief Counsel (Tax 
Exempt and Government Entities). However, other personnel from the IRS 
and the Department of Treasury participated in the development of the 
proposed regulations.

List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1

    Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

Proposed Amendments to the Regulations

    Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is proposed to be amended as follows:

[[Page 56312]]

PART 1--INCOME TAXES

0
Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read in 
part as follows:

    Authority:  26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *

0
Par. 2. Section 1.402A-1 is amended by adding a sentence after the 
third sentence of paragraph A-5. (a) to read as follows:


Sec.  1.402A-1  Designated Roth Accounts.

* * * * *
    A-5. (a) * * * The preceding sentence does not apply to 
distributions made on or after January 1, 2015; in addition, a taxpayer 
may elect not to apply the preceding sentence to distributions made on 
or after an earlier date that is no earlier than September 18, 2014. * 
* *
* * * * *

John Dalrymple,
Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement.
[FR Doc. 2014-22324 Filed 9-18-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4830-01-P